Fact File: Bascule bridges

Transcription

Fact File: Bascule bridges
© Dave Morris / Speirs + Major
Twin Sails
What: Double Leaf Bascule
Where:Poole, Dorset
Who:
Engineers: Ramboll
(formerly Gifford)
Architects: Wilkinson Eyre
Top Trump Scores
Year Built
2012
Clear span
27m
How:Steel
Total length
Fact
The design of the Bridge echoes its
surrounding context: as the triangular
lifting sections move and cross they
resemble sails in the harbour.
Ingenuity5
139m
Beauty4
© Timothy Soar
Scale Lane Bridge
What: Swing / Box beam
Where: Kingston upon Hull, England
Who:
Engineers:
Alan Baxter Associates .
Architects:
McDowell+Benedetti
How:Steel
Fact
The movement of the bridge activates
ringing bells and lights as part of an art
installation, with pedestrians able to
step on and off due to the slow speed.
Top Trump Scores
Year Built
2013
Clear span
35m
Total length
53m
Ingenuity5
Beauty3
©Steve Speller
Rolling Bridge
What: Rolling / Truss
Where: London, England
Who:
Engineer:
How:
SKM Anthony Hunts
Architect:
Heatherwick Studio
Steel, timber
Fact
The bridge slowly and smoothly curls
out of its circular sculptural formation,
transforming into a pedestrian
footbridge.
Top Trump Scores
Year Built
Clear span
Total length
2004
c.7.5m
12m
Ingenuity4
Beauty4
© Graeme Peacock
Gateshead Millennium Bridge
What: Where:
Who:
Tilting / Arch
Gateshead, England
Engineer: Gifford
Architect: Wilkinson Eyre
How:Steel
Fact
This pedestrian and cycle bridge is
known as the ‘Winking Eye’ because
of its shape and tilt mechanism that
allows ships to pass underneath.
It was also one of the catalysts for
regeneration in the area.
TOP TRUMP SCOREs:
Year Built
2001
Clear span
105m
Total length
126m
Ingenuity5
Beauty4
© ICE
Tower Bridge
What: Where:
Who:
Bascule
London, England
Engineer:
John Wolfe Barry
Architect: Horace Jones
How:
Steel, Cornish granite,
Portland stone
Fact
The bridge’s high level walkways were
closed to the public in 1910 due to under
use, and only reopened 72 years later in
their current covered form as part of the
Tower Bridge Exhibition.
Top Trump Scores
Year Built
1894
Clear span
61m
Total length
244m
Ingenuity4
Beauty3
© Sean McClean / CC by 2.5
Falkirk Wheel
What: Where:
Who:
Transporter
Falkirk, Scotland
Engineer: Arup,
Butterley
Architect: RMJM
How:Steel
Fact
The world’s only rotating boat lift, the
Falkirk Wheel uses the same amount
of energy as boiling 8 household kettles
and is the height of 8 double decker
buses. It connects the Forth and Clyde
canal with the Union Canal.
Top Trump Scores
Year Built
2002
Clear span
c.20m
Total length
unknown
Ingenuity5
Beauty4
© Knight Architects
Lower Hatea River Crossing
What: Rolling Bascule
Where: Whangarei, New Zealand
Who:
Engineers:
Peters and Cheung
Architects: Knight
Top Trump Scores
Year Built
2013
Clear span
25m
How:Steel
Total length
Fact
Widely known as Te Matau a Pohe,
the bridge is modelled on a traditional
Maori fish hook - symbolising safe
travels on the water.
Ingenuity4
265m
Beauty5
Pero’s Bridge
What: Rolling Bascule
Where: Bristol, England
Who:
Eilis O’Connell (sculptor)
Structural Engineers: Arup
How:Concrete
Fact
Fabricated by David Abels Boat
Builders in Bristol, the bridge was
floated down the Harbour to be
fitted. The bridge is named after Pero
Jones an 18th century African slave
who was brought to Bristol.
Top Trump Scores
Year Built
Clear span
Total length
1999
10m (bascule)
52m
Ingenuity3
Beauty3
Pamban Rail Bridge
What: Cantilever, Truss
double leaf bascule
Where:Rameswaram, India
Who:Scherzer
How:
Crushed metal stone,
cement, steel , boulders
Fact
Prior to the construction of a parallel
road bridge in 1988, this railway bridge
was used daily as a means for pilgrims
to access the temple on Rameswaram
Island. Until 2010 it was India’s longest
sea bridge and has 145 piers.
Top Trump Scores
Year Built
1914
Clear span 68.5m (bascule)
Total length
2065m
Ingenuity3
Beauty3
© US Navy / CC BY 2.0
El Ferdan Swing Bridge
What: Cantilever Truss
Where: Suez Canal, Egypt
Who:
Weyer Beratende
Ingenieure GmbH
How:Steel
Fact
Currently in its fifth incarnation, and the
world’s longest swing bridge, El Ferdan
Bridge takes 15 minutes to open at 90°
to allow boats to pass.
Top Trump Scores
Year Built
2001
Clear span
340m
Total length
640m
Ingenuity4
Beauty3
© Huw / CC BY 2.0
tees Transporter Bridge
What: Cantilever truss/Transporter
Where: Middlesbrough, England
Who:
Cleveland Bridge &
Top Trump Scores
Year Built
1911
Clear span
180m
How:Steel
Total length
260m
Fact
This Grade II* Listed bridge is fully
operational and uses a gondola car
suspended by steel cables to ferry
passengers across the River Tees,
taking two minutes to cross.
Ingenuity3
Engineering Co.
Engineers: Georges Camille
Imbault & Co.
Beauty3
© Klaus Frahm
Kieler Hörn Bridge
What: Where:
Who:
3 segment folding bascule
Kiel, Germany
Architects:
Gerkan, Marg and Partners
Engineers: Schlaich
Bergermann and Partner
How:Steel
Fact
Designed specifically so that the folding
mechanism of the bridge is visible, it
pulls back in three sections creating an
‘N’ formation, to enable ships to pass
through.
Top Trump Scores
Year Built
1997
Clear span
26m
Total length
105m
Ingenuity4
Beauty4
© Jay Hallsworth / CC BY NC SA 2.0
Newport Transporter Bridge
What: Where:
Who:
Suspension / Truss
Gwent, Wales
Engineer:
Georges Camille Imbault
Architect:
Ferdinand Arnodin
How:Steel
Fact
The Grade I Listed, 108 year old bridge
was originally constructed to transport
steelworks across the river, however
now allows pedestrians to walk across
the top and enjoy spectacular views.
Top Trump Scores
Year Built
1906
Clear span
181m
Total length
197m
Ingenuity3
Beauty4
© John Hoey / CC BY 2.0
Mystic River Bridge
What: Bascule / Truss
Where:Mystic, Connecticut
Who:
Thomas Ellis Brown
How:Steel
Top Trump Scores
Fact
The moving parts of this bridge are
positioned on the outside; creating a
fascinating visual spectacle each time
it opens to allow river traffic to pass.
Year Built
1920
Clear span
26m
Total length
66m
Ingenuity3
Beauty2
© dvelec.com/ CCBY-NC-ND 2.0
Pont Gustave Flaubert
What: Vertical lift bridge
Where:Rouen, France
Who:
Engineers: Arcadis
Architect: Aymeric Zublena
& François Gillard
How:Concrete, steel
Fact
Named after French novelist Gustave
Flaubert, Europe’s tallest lift bridge
takes approximately 12 minutes to lift
the main deck to 55 metres, allowing
tall vessels to pass under it.
Top Trump Scores
Year Built
1969
Clear span
116m
Total length
180m
Ingenuity4
Beauty3

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