Big Trees of the Midwest

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Big Trees of the Midwest
The University of Notre Dame
Big Trees of the Midwest
Author(s): Kendall Laughlin
Source: American Midland Naturalist, Vol. 37, No. 3 (May, 1947), pp. 788-796
Published by: The University of Notre Dame
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2421475 .
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BigTreesoftheMi'dwest
KendallLaughlin
theresults
of myexplorations
The purposeof thisarticleis to summarize
line:-Beginningat
of woodlands
in thearea enclosedwithinthe foliowing
Niles,Mich.,SouthBend,Plymouth,
BentonHarbor,Mich.,thencethrough
to Jeffersonville,
Kokomoand Indianapolis
Ind.,thencedowntheOhio and
Riversto thesoutheast
corner
of Arkansas,
thencewestalongthe
Mississippi
southern
bordersof Arkansasand Oklahomaand northalongthe western
bordersof
bordersof Oklahomaand Kansasand east alongthe northern
River
Kansasand Missourito FortMadisonIowa,thenceup theMississippi
of Illinois,thenceeastto Beloit,Wis.,thenceENE
corner
to thenorthwest
via theC. M. St.P. & P. Railroadto Racine,Wis.
and
The listof bigtreesat theend of thisarticleshowsthedimensions
of eachspeciesor hybrid
thatI havefound
locationof thelargest
individual
areshown,
thisarea. Whereboththediameter
and thecircumference
within
themeasurements
weretakenat 4V2feetabovetheground,butwhereonly
is shownit was measured
at about5 feetabovethegroundor
thediameter
beneath
thelowestlimb,whichever
wasless.
woodlands,
oftenseparatedby section
Different
portionsof continuous
of refnamesforconvenience
line roads,are sometimes
knownby different
tractsis
erence. In the statistical
studieshereineach of suchaggregated
yields
studyof suchaggregated
woodlands
treatedas a unit. A statistical
severalinteresting
results.
91% of thetreesin thebigtreelistoccurin coloniesand only9% occur
singly,
i. e., onein a woodland.
woodof thetreesin eachaggregated
By addingtogether
thediameters
of themaglandshownin theappended
bigtreelist,suchtotalis a measure
nitudeof thetimber
in eachof suchtracts.The resultsare shownin the
following
table:
RANK
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
TRACT
TurkeyRun .Glenwood,Ark.Big Oak Tree State Park, Mo.
Hot Springs,Ark.-Swope Park
Morton Grove, III.
Cox Woods
Indiana Dunes State Park
MountainFork
.
Chechupinqua -
-
788
: TOTAL OF
: TOTAL
DIAMETERS
NUMBER
370
3211/8
299
2271/
177
1701/2
1681/2
1211/16
112
981/2
OF SPECIES AND
HYBRIDS
RATIO
Genera
Species
51
43
25
49
56
---29
62
67%
72%
64%
65%
55%
----72%.
58%
52
48%
19471
LAUGHLIN:
BIG TREES
OF THE MIDWEST
789
The data shownin thelast twocolumnsabovehaveno bearing
on the
methodused in ratingthevarioustractsbuttheyare includedbecausethey
are availableformostof thetractsand becauseof theirinterest
to botanists.
It maybe notedthatthenumber
of speciesin the firsttractin the list,
TurkeyRun,is nearlythesameas in thelasttractin thelist,Chechupinqua.
ratioof generato speciesin TurkeyRun,67, attests
The highest
percentage
in Chechupinqua,
of genera,
whilethelowpercentage
to a widediversity
48,
is tlheresultof theremarkable
of theRosaceae.
development
All of the abovetractsare knownmoreor less to natureloversof the
of thepublicly
stateswheretheyare located. The acquisition
ed tracts
owJ
for public enjoymenthas been the cu1m-nation
of sacriiicesor heroicefforts
of public spiritedcitizens,and in the case of privatelyowned tractscredit
shouldbe givento the protection
affordedby the owners. A briefdescription
of thetractsand theirhistoryare therefore
appropriate.
TURKEY RUN
TurkeyRun State Park of Indiana, comprising1520 acres,is located on
Sugar Creekin northeastern
Parke County4 milesnorthof Marshall. Sugar
Creek passes here thrua resistantformationof red sandstone,the erosionof
whichhas producedunique scenery. The big treesare scattered,some being
in the creekgorge,some on the slopes of side canyons,and otherson the
unerodedtablelandabove the gorge.
This tractwas homesteadedby Salmon Lusk in 1826. His son, John,
a bachelor,jealouslyguardedhis treesfromthe rapacityof lumbermen.After
JohnLusk's death in 1915 at the age of 75 it was necessaryto divide the
propertyamongnumerousheirs. In 1916 the 1600 acre Lusk tractwas sold
at an auctionto the Hoosier VeneerCo. for$30,200.
Thru prodigiouseffortsand publicityRichardLieber, pioneerccnsctvationist,aided by Mrs. JulietV. Strauss,procuredsufficient
state fundsto
buy the tractfor the state. And so, thruthe devotionof JohnLusk to his
treesand the dogged persistenceof Mr. Lieber and Mrs. Strauss this foremost tractof timber,the firstin Indiana's self-supporting
statepark system,
was preservedfromdestruction.
GLENWOOD,
ARK.
The town of Glenwood,Ark., is located on the Caddo Riverjust above
the point whereit emergesfromthe Cossatot Mountains onto the Athens
Plateau. All of the big treesof largespeciesin the appendedlist are in the
rivervalley (whichwas traversed
by Hernando De Soto in 1541); two others
are on slopes of BurnhamMt.
I attributethe big treesof Glenwoodto the optimumclimaticconditions.
A ten year precipitationrecord shows an average annual precipitation
of
56.25 inches, which comes very near being the greatestin the Weather
Bureau's recordsin the entirearea coveredby this survey. The wind movementis lightand wind damage is unknown,so that the treesgrowto great
heights.
790
THE
AMERICAN
MIDLAND
NATURALIST
[Vol. 37
areprivately
Nearlyall thebigtreesof Glenwood
ownedand thegreater
partare on groundownedby RobertFranksof Glenwood.
BIG OAK TREE STATE PARK, Mo.
This tractof superbly
magnificent
virgintimber
is locatedin Mississippi
County,Missouri,20 milessouthof Charleston
and 2 milesnorthof the
River. An excursion
to relaMississippi
amongthesetowering
trees,limited
tivelyfewspeciesby longages of adjustment,
is likea tripto a lostworld
evento a hardened
hiker.
andis a revelation
The original
objective
wasthepurchase
of 80 acresbelonging
to a lumber
forthepurposeof savinga big BurOak, secondin theappended
company
list. The statenowowns1007 acres. It is curiousto see thesehugeBur
on saturated
soil undera denseforestcanopyso farsouth.
Oaks growing
Creditmustbe givento Gov. LloydC. Stark,Mr. ElginDavis of East
in
Prairieand othercitizensof Mississippi
Countyfortheirtimelyefforts
devisingwaysand meansto acquirethe originaltract. Missourians
may
remnant
of MississippiRiverbottomwell be proud of this magnificent
landtimber.
HOT SPRINGS, ARK.
Here are theHot SpringsNationalParkand thetownof Hot Springs.
The diversetopography
and the protection
afforded
in thisoldestof our
a goodlynumber
nationalparkshaveproduced
of outstanding
specimens
of
bothmountain
and valleytypesof trees.
MORTON GROVE, ILL.
This tractconsistsof a stripof timber
bordering
theNorthBranchof
theChicagoRiver,extending
fromOaktonStreetto Lake Avenue.It comprisesthe Miami,St. Paul, Linne,Harmsand Glenview
MemorialWoods
in the35000acresof theCook CountyForest
and contains
thefinest
timber
Preserves.
Fourofthefivebigtreesin theappended
listbelongtolargespeciesofwide
The factthatmostof themare hydrophytes
distribution.
and theoccurrence
of manymajestic
Cottonwoods
suggest
thepresence
of a hydrologic
factor.I
froma thunderstorm
suspectthatthefactoris theAugustrainfall,
resulting
centernorthwest
of Chicago. The axis of the4 inchAugustisohyet
runs
thruMortonGrove.
Not muchcan be said aboutthepasthistory
of thistractexceptthatit
oncesupported
an Indianpopulation
of fivethousand
souls.
SWOPE PARK
1386acres,is in thesoutheast
cornerof Kansas
SwopePark,comprising
City,Mo. It is the secondlargestcityparkin the UnitedStates,being
Parkin Philadelphia.
exceeded
onlybyFairmont
The Blue River,a smallstreamof ancientgeologichistory,
bordered
by
a broadhighbottomand limestone
bluffs100 feethigh,meanders
thruthe
1947]
LAUGHLIN:
BIG TREES
OF THE MIDWEST
791
middleof the park. Beforetheglacialperiodthe presentchannelof the
MissouriRiverbelowKansasCitywasthechannelof theKansasRiver;and
to itspresof theice sheettheMissouriRiverwasdisplaced
aftertheretreat
of its tribuentlocationand thechannelof thebig riverand thechannels
so thiatthechannelof theBlue Riveris
tariesweredeepenedconsiderably,
thehigh
in itsancienthighbottom.Oddlyenough,
nowdeeplyentrenched
bottomis the onlypartof theparkthatis mostlytreeless.
and uplands
soil of thebluffs
and richlimestone
The variedtopography
of
thegrowth
of manyspecies,aidedby a highpercentage
haveencouraged
in theAmerican
Forestry
Assn.'s
sunshine.This parkb6asts8 champions
list (one of whichis justoutsidethepark). In thispark,wheretheOzark
Oaks, 5
florasoverlap,
thereare 10 speciesof Oaks,3 hybrid
and northern
speciesof Hickoriesand 3 speciesof Elms. This totalof 21 speciesand
thanin any
of the threedominant
generaof the regionis greater
hybrids
otherwoodland.
The bulk of Swope Park was a giftof 1354 acresfromThomasH.
Swope,whois honoredby his mausoleum.Later8 acreswerecut out of
theparkby the "highline" of theK. C. S. Railway.A fewyearsago 40
acreswereaddedbypurchase.
COX WOODS
200 acres,is located2 milessoutheast
of Paoli,
Cox Woods,comprising
U. S. Highway150 and Indianahighway37. -Thenorthern
Ind.,between
thefinest
on LickCreekand contains
specimens
bordering
partis bottomland
of BlackMaple in America. The southern
partis mostlyhillywiththe
in a smalltributary
of a portion
valley. The hillsoilis a redclay,
exception
partthere
whichis deeplyerodedin theabsenceof trees. In thesouthern
Black
of WhiteOak, Northern
Red Oak, Tuliptree,
are largespecimens
showthe
Dogwood. Photographs
Walnut,WhiteAsh,Beechand Flowering
withcloselyspacedspindlingsaplingsshooting
mostintensecompetition,
upwardto thelight.
aboutthe soil or the
favorable
Thereseemsto be nothing
particularly
of largetrees,so thatcreditmustbe
climateto producesucha densegrowth
the U. S. ForestServiceforthe
givento the Cox familyand, latterly,
of thistract.
stateofpreservation
excellent
in 1942fromtheWood-MosaicCo.
The south150 acreswaspurchased
theefforts
of the
for$24,150,whichwasraisedbypublicsubscription
through
aidedby
Paoli MeridianClub and thePioneerMothersof IndianaSociety,
theAmerican
Assn'spublicity.The north50 acres,knownas the
Forestry
abouttwoyearsago
on LickCreek,waspurchased
Cox tract,bordering
Jeff
thrutheefforts
for$1800,halfof whichwas raisedby publicsubscription
of the Paoli MeridianClub and theotherhalfappropriated
by the U. S.
ForestService.
in theHoosierNationalForest.
CoxWoodsis nowembodied
792
THE
AMERICAN
MIDLAND
NATURALIST
[Vol. 37
INDIANA DUNES
2221 acres,is locatedat
The IndianaDunes State Park,comprising
Lake Michiganand theChicago
Tremont,
PorterCounty,Indiana,between
SouthShore& SouthBend Railroad. It is exactlythreemileswidefrom
of 3.3 mileson the lake. High moving
east to westand has a frontage
heightof 196 feetabove
sanddunesborderthelakeand reacha maximum
a growth
of BlackOak,Witch-Hazel,
thelake. The sterile
sandhillssupport
of the
Sassafrasand Chokecherry,
withSmoothBasswoodon thesummits
displayof
dunes. The lowlandssouthof the dunespresenta bewildering
of species,
thanin
62, is greater
fifty-odd
speciesof trees. The totalnumber
anyotherwoodlandof similarsize and includesborealrelictsand southern
invaders.
Elm
The treesare not conspicuously
large. The largestis an American
Red Oaks,Pin
35 inchesin diameter.WhiteOaks, BlackOaks,Northern
BlackGums,Red MaplesandBeechesexceed
Oaks,WhitePines,Tuliptrees,
2 feetin diameter.
factis thatall thesmallspeciesof trees
The outstanding
dendrological
attainphenomenal
size in thisparticular
tract. In theWarrenDunes State
Parkof Michigan,
a tractof similaraspect,onlytwospeciesattaina larger
sizethanin theIndianaDunes.
MOUNTAIN
FORK
of a gigantic
The rankof thistractis theresultof theoccurrence
Baldthelargestand oldesttreein theentireareacoveredbythissurvey.
cypress,
This treeis locatedhalfa milewestof MountainForkRiver,halfa mile
McCurtain
northof U. S. Highway70 and 2 mileswestof Eagletown,
County,Oklahoma. It is on groundthatwas oncetheseatof government
oftheChoctawNation.
on relatively
of thisremarkable
The existence
dryground
tree,growing
at thenorthwestern
limitof therangeofthespecies,
provesthedendrologists'
on dryland;it grows
thattheBaldcypress
makesits bestgrowth
contention
theBaldin wateronlyto escapethecompetition
of otherspecies.Evidently
in the
in thislocality
at an earlyage and thrived
cypress
gaineda foothold
absence
ofmuchcompetition.
ThereareotherBaldcypresses
5 feetindiameter
woodsbutthe
andthereareofcourseotherspeciesoftreesin thesurrounding
number
is notlarge.
mansionof theChoctaw
owned,the former
This tractis nowprivately
as theowner's
residence.
Nation'snativegovernor
serving
CHECHUPINQUA
tractextendsalongtheDes PlainesRiverfromBelThe Chechupinqua
montAvenueto Devon Avenueand includesinteresting
typesof woods
overtheleveldriftplainfornearlya mileeastof theriver. It
spreading
Woods
Woods,SchillerWoods and Robinsons
includesthe Chechupinqua
oftheCookCountyForestPreserves.
of 52 species,Chechupinqua
an excellent
With a representation
presents
crosssectionof the floraof theChicagoregion. The Rosaceaeare found
1947]
LAUGHLIN:
BIG TREES
OF THE MIDWEST
793
in greatvarietyand numbers.The Hawthornforests,
composedof the
speciesmollis,punctata,
crus-galli,
disperma,
sertata,
calpodendron
and succulenta(gemmosa),reachtheirgreatest
development
here. The shrubby
Hawthorns
with
growin densethickets,
themedium
treesformdarkcanopies
interwoven
branches,
andthelargespeciesgrowin openfashion.The variable
Quercusellipsoidalis,
appearing
in 4 forms,
is verycommon.The Ashesare
verynumerous
and the Greenand WhiteAshesreacha largesize. The
GreenAsh in theappendedlist,on thenorthbankof theDes PlainesRiver
in Robinsons
Woods,whichhasa diameter
of3 feet5 inches,
a circumference
of 12 feet,a spreadof 71 feetand a heightof 54 feet,is thelargest
in the
Mississippi
Valley. Partof theChechupinqua
Woods is of thenatureof a
ofOaks,Elms,AshesandsomeRedandSilverMaples.
parkforest,
composed
halfa sectiongivento ClaudeLa Framboise
Chechupinqua
includes
and
twosections
of landgivento ChiefChechupinqua
of thePotawatomi,
Ottawa
with
and ChippewaNationsin a treatymade by the Federalgovernment
in 1833. Thisgiftto ChiefChechupinqua,
thosenations
whoseEnglishname
wasAlexander
fortheaid he gaveto survivors
ofthe
Robinson,
wasa reward
FortDearbornMassacre. ChiefChechupinqua
died in 1872 at theage of
in Robinsons
110yearsandis buriedin theRobinson
family
cemetery
Woods.
His descendants
stilllivein Robinsons
Woods.
SUMMARY
thelargest
1. In a dendrological
of eachspecies
survey
individual
listing
of forest
treein an areaequivalent
to fiveor sixstates,
thetreesarefoundto
in
be widelyscattered
but theyhavea strongtendency
to be concentrated
groupsscattered
thruout
the area. 91% are foundin groups.
2. By treating
eachcontinuous
tractof woodlandas a unitand adding
thediameters
of thetreesin thelistdescribed
abovefoundin eachof such
suchtotalis a measure
of themagnitude
of thetimber
tracts,
foundtherein.
The highest
ranking
woodlands
arewellknownto natureloversin theregion
In twoinstances
roundabout.
factors
of rainfall,
whichis themostimportant
in thegrowth
influence
of trees,
areindicated.
3. A briefhistory
of thetenhighest
is given,-asa
ranging
woodlands
to thegenerosity
or perseverance
tribute
of publicspirited
citizens
whohave
madethesetractsavailableforpublicenjoyment,
and to privateownersfor
theirpreservation-and
to efforts
as a stimulus
to preserve
otheroutstandof specimens
of America's
ingtracts
vanishing
timber.
794
THE
AMERICAN
MIDLAND
NATURALIST
[Vol.37
LIST OF BIG TREES
|
SPECIES
I
|__
_
_
_
DIAMETER
__
| FER-|
|EN
9'4"
Taxodium distichum-
1
LOCATION
CIRCUMCE
|
129'3" Mountain Fork Valley, McCurtain Co.,
l
j Oklahoma
21'1" [Big Oak Tree State Park, Missouri
Com. Barry CountryClub, Twin Lakes,
I| Wisconsin
I
iTurkeyRun StatePark, Indiana
Platanus occidentalis------ 4'912
"
ITurkeyRun State Park, Indiana
Quercusalba ----------4'61V2
IMiamisWoods, Cook Co., Illinois
4'41/2 13'
Populus delloides------------1
113'3" |Loose Park, Kansas City,Missouri
----| 4'4"
Cleditsia triancanthos
ITurkeyRun State Park, Indiana
Liriodendrontulipifera--I 4 V2" I
1" 112'7" Big Oak Tree State Park, Missouri
*CarNalaciniosa----------------|3'1
WarrenWoods, Three Oaks, Michigan
3'1 1"
Quercus borealis -----------3'1 1" 12'2" Big Oak Tree StatePark, Missouri
Quercus palustris ---------Big Oak Tree State Park, Missouri
3'11"
Quercus prinus2 112'5" Glenwood,Arkansas
3'1 %2"
Quercus shumardi---------*Quercusfalcata
B O
1
1 O'7" Big Oak Tree State Park, Missouri
3'3"
pagodaefolia -------------11'5" Linne Woods, Cook Co., Illinois
3'1o"
Acer saccharinium-----------Cox Woods, Paoli, Indiana
Fraxinusamericana--------3'1O
ITurkeyRun State Park, Indiana
3'9"
Juglans nigra --------11'6" Brush Creek at Holly St., Kansas City,
Celtis occidenlalis ---------3'8"
*Quercus macrocarpa ..-1 6'5"
5'10"
Ulmus americana ------------1
1 Missouri
Wa-en Woods, Thkee Oa.ks,Miclhig?n
3'8"
10'2" Black PartridgeWoods, Cook Co., Ill.
3'8"
Tilia americana-------------Big Oak Tree State Park, Missouri
j
3'6"
Ulmus thomasi---------------Glenwood,Arkansas
1
-- 3'6"
LiouidambarsfMraciflua
Fraxinus pennsvlvanica
3'5"1
112' IRobinsonsWoods, Cook Co., Illinois
lanceolata -----------------White Pines State Park, Illinois
3'4"
Pinus slrobus -----------------1 iHarms Woods, Cook Co., Illinois
3'4
Quercus bicolor-------------Cox Woods, Paoli, Indiana
---- 3'4"1
Quercusmuehlenbergii
Cox Woods, Paoli, Indiana
3'3'2
Fagus grandifolia------------I
I10' IDunesPark,Illinois
*Quercusellipsoidalis----- 3'3"
110'7" IFunksGrove, Illinois
3'3"
Ulmus fulva -----------------IVan MeterState Park, Missouri
3'2"
|
Quercus velutina-----------ITurkeyRun State Park, Indiana
3'1"
Prunusserolina---------------I
1 8'9" IFunksGrove, Illinois
Fraxinusquadrangulata-- 2' 11
INear SpringSt., Hot Springs,Arkansas
Quercus phellos --------- 2'10" I
19'1 " ITurkeyRun State Park, Indiana
p2'1"
Acer nigrums
l 2'10" 1 9'1 " ICox Woods, Paoli, Indiana
IGlenwood,Arkansas
Quercusnigra ----------------2'81V21
ILoose Park, Kansas City,Missouri
2'7"
Quercusimbricaria---------iHot SpringsNational Park, Arkansas
1 8'
2'7"
Quercus stellata--------------I
I
Glenwood,Arkansas
2'7"
.Ulmus alata IGlenwood,Arkansas
2'61/21
Bettla nigra Glenwood,Arkansas
--- 2'6"
1
Pinus faeda - ---NorthMt., Hot Springs,Arkansas
2'6"
Pinus echinala TurkeyRun State Park, Indiana
2'51/2"
Car_a ovafa -8'1" Army& Navy Gen. Hospital,Hot
2'512
Cellis laevigala ---------------l SDrings,Arkansas
|
l
t
Acer saccharophorum --
I
t
Recognizedby the AmericanForestryAssn. as the largestof its kindin th! U.S.
19471
LAUGHLIN:
BIG TREES
OF THE MIDWEST
795
LIST OF BIG TREES-(Continued)
SPECIES
_ _
_
_ _
_
DIAMETER
_
_
CIR-
LOCATION
CUMFER-
_ENCE
|
*Quercus runcinala ---2'5V2"
*Tilia caroliniana
rhoophila ---------------------2'5"
Nyssa splvatica ---------------2'5"
Tsuga canadensis ------------1
2'4"
*Tilia palmeri ------------------1
2'4"
Acer rubrum1 2'2"
*Quercus bebbiana ------------1
2'1"
Acer negundo -----------------2'1
Carya cordiformis ----------2'
Morus rubra -------------------2'
1'1 1"
*Ulmus serotina -----
1 8'8" IHeathwoodPark, Kansas City,Kansas
*Populus
I
I
I
I7'1" Glenwood,Arkansas
|FountainSt., Hot Springs,Arkansas
iTurkeyRun State Park, Indiana
7'4" IScarrittPoint,Kansas City,Missouri
IDunes State Park, Indiana
6'8" Swope Park, Kansas City,Missouri
6'7" Linne Woods, Cook Co., Illinois
6'3" Swope Park, Kansas City,Missouri
6'2" ISwope Park, Kansas City,Missouri
5'1 1"IGlenwood,Arkansas
Juniperus
-virginiana
5'5" IGlenwood,Arkansas
-------- 1'10"
1'10" I 5' 10" ChechupinquaWoods, Cook Co., Illinois
Juglanscinerea---------------Fraxinus nigra ---------------1
1'9'2"
Billy Caldwell's Reserve,Chicago,Illinois
Maclura pomifera ----------1
'9"
iSwope Park, Kansas City,Missouri
Gymnocladus dioicus ------1 '9"
iParkwoodPark, Kansas City,Kansas
5'1" ISouthof Swope Park, Kansas City,Mo.
*Quercus bushii ---------------1'8"
*Crataegus mollis -------------1'8"
6'1" IMortonArboretum,
Lisle, Illinois
J
Diospyros virginiana------11'8"
Swope Park, Kansas City,Missouri
Quercus marilandica ------1 '71 2"
Southof Swope Park, Kansas City,Mo.
*Carya lexana arkansana
11'7"
5'1" 1HotSpringsNational Park, Arkansas
tacamahaca
candicans .-- -
1'7"
*Crataegus puncata ----------I
1'6"
Aesculus glabra -------------1'6"
Carya fomenfosa ------------1'5"
Oslrya virginiana ------------1
I'4"
Casfanea dentafa1'4"
Carya glabra-1
'2"
Castanea ozarkensis
1'2"
1I '2"
Sassafras albidum1'
Cercis canadensis Carpinus caroliniana ------I 11'2
11"I
*Salix longipes mardi 10"
*Populus grandidentata ---Populus tremuloides-------- 912
9"1
*Malus ioensis -----------------9"
Amelanchier arborea ---Cornus florida-9"
9"
I
Magnolia Iripelala -8"
8"
*Cralaegus crus-galli8"
*Rhamnus cathartica8"
Bumelia lanuginosa*Prunus americana ------------ 71 2
Asimina iriloba --------------7"
*Craetaegus seriata ------------ 7"
4'9" Dunes Park, Illinois
4'10" Billy Caldwell's Reserve,Chicago,Illinois
TurkeyRun State Park, Indiana
AlbertPike Camp, Ouachita Nat. Forest,
1 Arkansas
4'2" Palos Park Woods, Cook Co., Illinois
|
|Dunes StatePark, Indiana
ITurkeyRun State Park, Indiana
3'5" IHot SpringsNationalPark, Arkansas
Van MeterState Park, Missouri
3'3" NorthTerrace Park, Kansas City,Mo.
|Glenwood,Arkansas
2' 11 Glenwood,Arkansas
I l"lDunes StatePark, Indiana
2'1
IDunes State Park, Indiana
Swope Park, Kansas City,Missouri
Dunes State Park, Indiana
1 ICox Woods, Paoli, Indiana
J West Mt., Hot Springs,Arkansas
Hot SpringsNationalPark, Arkansas
2'
ChechupinquaWoods, Cook Co., Illinois
2'6" SchillerWoods, Cook Co., Illinois
Hot SpringsNational Park, Arkansas
Saline River,OuachitaNat. Forest,Ark.
1'11" Hot SpringsNationalPark, Arkansas
2'4" IGlenviewMemorialWoods, Cook Co., Ill.
* Recognizedby theAmericanForestryAssn. as the largestof its kindin theU.S.
796
THE
AMERICAN
MIDLAND
NATURALIST
[Voi. 37
LIST OF BIG TREES-(Continued)
SPECIES
Prunus pensyl-vanica-------Robinia pseudoacacia ------51
l
Malus sotllardi ----- - 1
*Crataegus arduennae ------I
*Crataegus disperma -----*Crataegus calpodendron 1
*Rhus tpphina - - Ilex opaca ---------- *Cephalan!hus occidentalis
*Viburnum lentago -----------*Viburnum rafidulum ------
I
7"
7"
7"
6"
6"
6"
6"
6"
6"
6"
6
LOCATION
CIR-
DIAMETER
i
CUMFERENCE
1'10"1Chechupinqua Woods, Cook Co., Illinois
lEagle Mt., Polk Co., Arkansas
Burnham Mt., Glenwood, Arkansas
IDunes State Park, Indiana
1'9" ISwope Park, Kansas City, Missouri
2'4" ISchillerWoods, Cook Co., Illinois
Lisle, Illinois
1 l'll"jMorton Arboretum,
l'lO"IDunes State Park, Indiana
1
Ouachita National Forest,Arkansas
1 1'6" ISouthof Lisle, Illinois
6"
1'7" IDunes State Park, Indiana
1'4" BennettSpring State Park, Dallas Co.,
6"
l Missouri
I
1
5"
11'4" |Dunes State Park, Indiana
*Alnus incana -----------------Bard Spring,Ouachita Nat. Forest,Ark.
5" j
WPrunuslanata -----------------fDunes State Park, Indiana
Rhus vernix ---------------------5"
Dunes State Park, Indiana
42
Salix interior 4"
1'2" IDunes State Park, Indiana
*Hamamelis virginiana ---IRiverGrove,Illinois
4"
Crataegus succulenta1
ChechupinquaWoods, Cook Co., Illinois
4"
l
Dunes Park, Illinois
4"
Prunus virginiana
IWarrenDunes State Park, Michigan
4"
Ptelea trifoliata-4" 1 I'
ITurkeyRun StatePark, Indiana
*Euonymus atropurpureus 1
ILittleBrushyCreek, Ouachita Nat. For*Acer leucoderme ------------f3112"
I
est, Arkansas
IBlack PartridgeWoods, Cook Co., Illinois
f 9" 1DunesState Park, Indiana
IHot SpringsNationalPark, Arkansas
'10"ISwopePark, Kansas City, Missouri
IHot SpringsNational Park, Arkansas
fDunes State Park, Indiana
IDunes State Park, Indiana
Dunes State Park, Indiana
11"I Swope Park, Kansas City,Missouri
Mt., Glenwood,Arkansas
IfBurnham
3"
lWest Mt., Hot Springs,Arkansas
-2
2"11
iChechupinquaWoods, Cook Co., Illinois
Rhus glabra -------9" Swope Park, Kansas City,Missouri
*Viburnum prunifolium
212"
Glenwood,Arkansas
Cralaegus marshallii -----2V8"
Zanthoxylumnamer-canum *2 1/16"1 7" |Pawpaw Woods, Cook Co., Illinois
1DunesState Park, Indiana
| l 2 1/16"I
*Cornus alternifolia ---------- 312"
3"
*Juniperus communis
3" 1
Alnus rugosa --------*Quercus prinoides ------------ 3"
3"
Celtis pumila georgiana 3"
Malus coronaria 3" 1
Crataegus delecia
3"
Rhus copallina 3"1
*Cornus drummondi
3"1
Vaccinium arboreum -
1'
* Recognizedby the AmericanForestryAssn. as the largestof its kindin the U.S.

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