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Vol.2No.1|2015
PrintISSN2244-274x
OnlineISSN2423–2335
Journal of
Research in
Education
Editorial Board
Editor in Chief
JonathanO.Etcuban,Ph.D.
Campus Research Director
University of Cebu - Main
Associate Editors
LizaL.Chua,Dev.Ed.D.
Dean, College of Teacher Education
University of Cebu - Main
DelfinT.Cabañero,Ph.D.
Chairperson, College of Teacher Education
University of Cebu - Main
MenchoA.Montezon,Ed.D.
Faculty, College of Teacher Education
University of Cebu - Main
NildaL.Arcipe,MAT
Faculty, College of Teacher Education
University of Cebu - Main
Publishing Manager
CynthiaS.Abellanosa,Ph.D.
EDITORIAL POLICY
TheJournalofResearchinEducationisopentotheglobalcommunityofscholarswhowish
tohavetheirresearchespublishedinapeer-reviewedjournal.Contributorscanaccessthewebsite:
www.journals.uc.edu.ph.
Articles are contributed by the students and faculty of the College of Teacher Education,
UniversityofCebuandfromthescientificcommunity.Thefrequencyofissueistwiceayear.The
efficiencyandeffectivenessoftheeditorialreviewprocessarecriticallydependentupontheactions
ofthebothresearchauthorsandthereviewers.Anauthoracceptstheresponsibilityofpreparingthe
researchpaperforevaluationbyindependentreviewers.Theresponsibilityincludessubjectingthe
manuscripttoevaluationbypeersandrevisingitpriortosubmission.Thereviewprocessisnotto
beusedasameansofobtainingfeedbackatearlystagesofdevelopingtheresearchpaper.
Reviewersandeditorsareresponsibleforprovidingconstructiveandpromptevaluationof
submitted research papers based on the significance of their contribution and on the rigors of
analysisandpresentation.
ThePeerReviewSystem
Definition.Peerreview(alsoknownasrefereeing)istheprocessofsubjectinganauthor’s
scholarlywork,researchorideastothescrutinyofotherswhoareexpertsinthesamefield.Peer
review requires a community of experts in a given (and often narrowly defined) field who are
qualified and able to perform impartial review. Peer review refers to the work done during the
screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This normative process encourages
authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and prevents the dissemination of
unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations and personal views. Peer review increases the
probabilitythatweaknesseswillbeidentified,and,withadviceandencouragement,fixed.Forboth
grant-fundingandpublicationinascholarlyjournal,itisalsonormallyarequirementthatthesubject
isbothnovelandsubstantial.
Type.Thedouble-blindreviewprocessisadoptedforthejournal.Thereviewer/sandthe
author/sdonotknoweachother’sidentity.
Recruiting Referees. The task of picking reviewers is the responsibility of the editorial
board.Whenamanuscriptarrives,editorialofficesolicitsreviewsfromscholarsorotherexpertsto
referee the manuscript. In some cases, the authors may suggest the referees’ name subject to the
Editorial Board’s approval. The referees must have an excellent track record as researchers in the
field evidenced by researches published in refereed journals, research-related awards, and an
experience in a peer review. Referees are not selected from among the author’s close colleagues,
students,orfriends.Refereesaretoinformtheeditorofanyconflictofinterestthatmayarise.The
Editorial Board often invites research author to name people whom they considered qualified to
referee their work. The author’s input in selecting referees is solicited because academic writing
typically is very specialized. The identities of the referees selected by the Editorial Board are kept
unknowntoresearchauthors.However,thereviewer’sidentitycanbedisclosedundersomespecial
circumstances.DisclosureofPeerReviewcanbegrantedunderthefollowinggrounds:asevidence
toprovethatthepublishedpaperunderwentpeerreviewasrequiredbytheuniversityforranking
and financial incentives, for regularity bodies and as the Commission on Higher Education,
AccreditationofPrograms.Requestforpeerreviewresultsshallbemadeinwriting.
Peer Review Process. The Editorial Board sends advance copies of an author’s work to
expertsinthefield(knownas“referees”or“reviewers”)throughe-mailoraWeb-basedmanuscript
processing system. There are two or three referees for a given article. Two experts of the topic of
researchandoneisanexpertinresearchandstatisticswhoshallreviewthetechnicalcomponentsof
the research. These referees return to the board the evaluation of the work that indicates the
observed weaknesses or problems along with suggestions for improvement. The board then
evaluates the referees’ comments and notes opinion of the manuscript before passing the decision
withthereferees’commentsbacktotheauthor(s).
Criteria for Acceptance and Rejection.Amanuscriptisacceptedwhenitis(1)endorsed
for publication by 2 or 3 referees; (2) the instructions of the reviewers are substantially complied;
(3)ethicalstandardsandprotocolsarecompliedforstudiesinvolvinghumansandanimals;and(4)
the manuscript passed the plagiarism detection test with a score of at least 80 for originality,
otherwisethemanuscriptisrejected.Thereferees’evaluationsincludeanexplicitrecommendation
of what to do with the manuscript, chosen from options provided by the journal. Most
recommendationsarealongthefollowinglines:
• Unconditionalacceptance
• Acceptancewithrevisionbasedonthereferee’recommendations
• Rejection with invitation to resubmit upon the major revisions based on the referees’ and
editorialboard’srecommendations
• Outrightrejection
Insituationswheretherefereesdisagreesubstantiallyaboutthequalityofawork,thereare
a number of strategies for reaching a decision. When the editor receives very positive and very
negativereviewsforthesamemanuscript,theboardwillsolicitoneormoreadditionalreviewsasa
tie-breaker. In the case of ties, the board may invite authors to reply to a referee’s criticism and
permit a compelling rebuttal to break the tie. If the editor does not feel confident to weigh the
persuasivenessofarebuttal,theboardmaysolicitaresponsefromtherefereewhomadetheoriginal
criticism.Inrareinstances,theboardwillconveycommunicationsbackandforthbetweenanauthor
andareferee,ineffectallowingthemtodebateonapoint.Eveninsuchacase,however,theboard
doesnotallowrefereestoconferwitheachotherandthegoaloftheprocessisexplicitlynottoreach
aconsensusortoconvinceanyonetochangehis/heropinions.
GUIDEFORAUTHORS
The Journal of Research in Education is an institutional peer reviewed research journal
publishedbytheUniversityofCebuResearchOffice.Thejournalispublishedtwiceayear.Forpaper
submission, the paper must be an original copy, about 4,000 words, single-spaced, and with
appropriatelyformattedtablesandfigures.Theresearchabstractmusthave200wordsandatleast
4keywordsorphrases.
ManuscriptPreparation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Organize the paper following these major headings: Title, Author(s) and address(es),
Abstract, Introduction, Framework, Objectives of the Study, Methodology, Results and
Discussion, Conclusion, Recommendations, and References. The References should be
substantially consist of articles published in current content-covered or peer-reviewed
journals.
Typetheentiremanuscriptsingle-spacedonashortwhitebondpaper(8.5x11inches)on
onesideonlywith1.5inchesmarginonleftsideandalltherestis1inchusingaCambria
fontsizeof12fortheTitle,11fortheAuthor(s),10forbodyofthemanuscript.Tablesand
figuresmustbeCambriaoffontsize8.
Leavetwospacesbeforeandafterthemajorheadingsandonespaceafterthesub-headings.
Donotusefootnotesratheruseendnotesifrequiredbythediscipline.
Spell-outacronymsorunfamiliarabbreviationswhenthesearementionedforthefirsttime
inthetext.
Write the scientific names completely with author(s) when it is first mentioned in the text
andwithoutauthorinsucceedingreferences.Scientificnamesshouldbewritteninitalicsor
boldface.
Donotspell-outnumbersunlesstheyareusedtostartasentence.
7.
Use the metric system only or the International System of Units. Use the abbreviations of
units only beside numerals (e.g. 6 m); otherwise, spell out the units (e.g. kilometers from
here). Do not use plural forms or periods for abbreviations of units. Use the bar for
compoundunits(e.g.1kg/ha/yr).Placeazerobeforethedecimalinnumberlessthan1(e.g.
0.25).
8. WhenpreparingTablesandFigures,considerthejournal’sprintedpageof5.75x8.5inand
thereductionthatwillbenecessary.TitlesofTablesandCaptionsofFiguresshouldbeas
short as possible and understandable without referring to the text. Captions of Figures
shouldbetypedsingle-spacedonaseparatesheet.Figuresshouldconsistonlyofsimpleline
drawings, computer-generated graphics or good quality black and white photographs.
Photographsshouldbeoriginalfiguresthatarenotelectronicallyenhancedandsubmittedin
ajpegorpngfile.LabelofFiguresshouldbeofsuchasizesothattherearestilllegibleeven
after reducing the size by as much as 50%. Use preferably Adobe Photoshop CS, Adobe
IndesignCSand/orPDFcomputer-generatedgraphics.
9. Cite references in the text as author (year). Writing of et al. in the list of
references/literature cited is discouraged but instead all the names of authors are
mentioned;referencesinpressas(author,inpress)andunpublishedreferenceas(author,
unpubl.dataorauthor,pers.comm.).iftwoormorereferencesarecited,arrangethemby
year.
10. Manuscriptsshouldbeasconciseasthesubjectandresearchmethodpermit,generallynot
toexceed4,000words,single-space.
11. Topromoteanonymousreview,authorsshouldnotidentifythemselvesdirectlyorindirectly
in their papers or in experimental test instruments included in the submission. Single
authorsshouldnotusetheeditorial“we”.
12. A cover page should show the title of the paper, all authors’ names, titles and affiliations,
emailaddresses,andanyacknowledgments.
Pagination:Allpagesincludingtables,appendicesandreferences,shouldbeseriallynumbered.
Numbers:Spell-outnumbersfrom1toten,exceptwhenusedintablesandlists,andwhenusedwith
mathematical,statistical,scientific,ortechnicalunitsandquantities,suchasdistances,weightsand
measures.
PercentageandDecimalFractions:Innontechnicalcopy,usethewordpercentinthetext.
Hyphens:Useahyphentojointunitmodifiersortoclarifyusage.Forexample:across-sectionalequation;re-form.SeeWebster’sdictionaryforcorrectusage.
Keywords:Theabstractmustbefollowedbyatleastfourkeywordstoassistinindexingthepaper
andidentifyingqualifiedreviewers.
Abstract/Introduction
An abstract of about 200 words should concisely inform the reader of the manuscript’s topic, its
method,anditsfindings.KeywordsandtheDataAvailabilitystatementsshouldfollowtheAbstract.
Thetextofthepapershouldstartwithasectionlabeled“Introduction,”whichprovidesmoredetails
about the paper’s purpose, motivation, methodology, and findings. Both the Abstract and the
Introduction should be relatively nontechnical yet clear enough for an informed reader to
understandthemanuscript’scontribution.Themanuscript’stitlebutneithertheauthor’snamenor
otheridentificationdesignations,shouldappearontheAbstract.
Citations:In-textcitationsaremadeusinganauthor-yearformat.Citedworksmustcorrespondto
thelistofworkslistedinthe“References”section.
1. In the text, works are cited as follows: author’s last name and year, without comma, in
parentheses.
2. Forcitedworksthatincludemorethanoneworkbyanauthor(orsameco-authors)thatis
published in the same year, the suffix a, b, etc., is to follow the date in the within-text
citationsandinthe“References”section.
3. Whenanauthor’snameismentionedinthetext,itneednottoberepeatedinthecitation.
4. Citationstoinstitutionalworksshoulduseacronymsorshorttitleswherepracticable.
5. If the paper refers to statutes, legal treatises, or court cases, citations acceptable in law
reviewsshouldbeused.
Conclusions: Conclusions should be brief answer to the objectives of the study. They are not
repetitionsofthediscussionsbutarejudgmentsoftheresultsobtained.
References:Everymanuscriptmustincludea“References”sectionthatcontainsonlythoseworks
citedwithintext.Eachentryshouldcontainallinformationnecessaryforunambiguousidentification
ofthepublishedwork.
SubmissionofManuscripts
Authorsshouldnotethefollowingguidelinesforsubmittingmanuscripts:
1. Manuscripts currently under consideration by another journal or publisher should not be
submitted.Theauthor/smuststateuponsubmissionthattheworkhasnotbeensubmitted
orpublishedelsewhere.
2. Formanuscriptsreportingonfieldsurveysorexperiments:Iftheadditionaldocumentation
(e.g.questionnaire,case,interviewsschedule)issentasaseparatefile,thenallinformation
thatmightidentifytheauthor(s)mustbedeletedfromtheinstruments.
3. Manuscripts should be submitted via email as Microsoft Word file to the Editor In Chief at
emailaddress:[email protected]is
encouragedforsubmission.Theeditorsandreviewersneedtorefertothesetools.
4. Revisionsmustbesubmittedwithin2monthsfromthedecisionletterinvitingarevision.
5. Vitalinformationisavailableatwww.uc.edu.ph
Comments
The Journal of Research in Education welcomes submission of comments on previous
articles.Commentsonarticlespreviouslypublishedinthejournalwillgenerallybereviewedbytwo
reviewers, usually an author of the original article (to assist the editor in evaluating whether the
submitted comment represents the prior article’s accuracy) and an independent reviewer. If a
commentisacceptedforpublication,theoriginalauthorwillbeinvitedtoreply.Allothereditorial
requirements,asenumeratedabove,applytoproposedcomments.
Openaccessandcopyrightpolicy
Thisisanopenaccessjournalwhichmeansthatallcontentisfreelyavailablewithoutcharge
totheuserorhis/herinstitution.Usersareallowedtoread,download,copy,distribute,print,search,
or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the
publisherortheauthor.
PublicationEthicsandPublicationMalpractice
The Journal of Research in Education is committed to upholding the highest standards of
publicationethicsandtakesallpossiblemeasuresagainstanypublicationmalpractices.Allauthors
submitting their works to the Journal of Research in Education for publication as original articles
attest that the submitted works represent their contributions and have not been copied or
plagiarized in whole or in part from other works. Any departures from the above rules should be
reported directly to the Editor-in-Chief who is unequivocally committed to providing swift
resolutionstoanyofsuchtypeofproblems.
Journal of Research in Education
TableofContents
1 TraditionalDanceoftheThirdGenerationBadjaoinAlaska,Mambaling,
CebuCity
JenieRoseBaclayon;MarkAnthonyBayo;ErikaJuneDelaPeña;Jeedal
Mancao;NoelJoper&CeasarNimor
8 TheUseofMnemonicsinLearningChemistry
ChristineAlfeche;RayVincentIlagan;DaisyLoyloy;ChriszylFaithSalazar;
XerxesSalon;SimounDanielTabasa&NielNadela
18 TheTraditionalDressingEtiquetteoftheMaranaosinCebuCity
ChaunceyLouieAbellana;ManuelBungie,Jr.;AbdaliCapal;GerlyAnn
Dagatan;KentStevenMendoza;SuelloNhiellonah&CaesarNimor
27 SpeakingCompetencyofCollegeEducationStudentsinaUniversity
MaureenAngelicaDesquitado;PrincessCharlynCantago;ChristineJoy
Dueñas;ChristinePrimacio;GennoBlanco&YuveniaPino
38 MotivationandAcademicPerformanceoftheAccountancyStudents
inaUniversity
NecesierenceLecias;JennocyLitas;RyanMacarayo;StellaMarisMantos;
ElizabethMendevil;HoneyMontederamos;GenelynCharmineMosquite;
ChristinePagobo;JesylPardo;VinaNinaQuiseo;AngelicaRapon;Anacris
Torion;AldonaJaneVerallo&MaryAnnSalazar
46 ContextualCluesforStudents’CognitiveDevelopment
BeverlyCabusas;EllaCampomanes;KristylRayCanillas;
NicomedesLumontad&RogacianoMelgar
55 ListeningComprehensionofEnglishMajorStudentsinaUniversity
NianneRoseGuardiano;ChristilynSaagundo;MarilynTolentin;
VirgienAdobas;AylRoseGavito&MenchoMontezon
65 ContentandUtilizationofMathDigest
VerniceAnnNgo
80 ModelsasLearningDevicesforTeachingConceptsinEarthScience
ClaireDesamparado;FrancisJoyEnclonar;SimonFontanoza;Louiela
Garciano;JamesNeri;HaroldTurbanos&NeilNadela
89 AssessmentofAnalyticalProficiencyinUsingLaplaceTransformsin
SignalAnalysis
RogelioLansa
100 SemanticMappingforVocabularyBuildingAmongCollegeStudents
AndrewLeoCastrodes;SimplicioCruda,Jr.;MayAnnDamuag;
CheryldelaCerna&NicomedesLumontad
106 InteractiveWeb-basedSimulatoronBinaryTreesandMinheapsasa
ToolforTeachingDataStructures
MyrlizaVillamor

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