inductive biblestudy

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inductive biblestudy
Inductive biblestudy - the method
A summary explaining the Method
inductive biblestudy
Youth with a Mission - H. Zenger - 3266 Wiler, Switzerland - +41 32 391 70 36 - [email protected] - www.biblestudy.ch
Table of content
The method - overhead pages (with space for notes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
The procedure at a glance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Reading times for each book of the Bible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
What are figures of speech? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Book overview - sample page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Literature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
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The method - overhead pages (with space for notes)
On the following pages you will see the overheads/slides, which I will use during lectures about the method.
There is room for notes on these pages, so you may concentrate on the content of the lecture, and you don’t have to
type or write like mad, just to get the information down.
The files are also available in PDF-Format either through your course-leaders or on our website.
This method goes along with some “working papers” on a given book (eg. Ephesians or Philemon etc.), so some more
“Material” is used in order to learn how do work this way of studying.
Just a word about this method:
In Youth with a Mission we call this method the “inductive approach to biblestudy”, or simply “inductive biblestudy”. There
are also other possible names for this way of working when you study your Bible. Some decades ago also the term
“critical biblestudy” was used for example.
The following explanation is a “simple” way of using this method, in a setting that would allow you to do your studies
besides any other work or job. So we are talking about what would be possible for someone to do in his or her spare time.
Still this would mean to invest time and energy, but cleary in a limited way.
While this method is the same as in the Schools of Biblical Studies in principle, it is not the same in terms of depth or
investment of time. So in the School of Biblical Studies, we would go much deeper especially in analyzing paragraphs (will
be explained) than in this simplified method here.
Our concern for setting up this “simplified version” was: how could someone with a limited amount of available time still
study the Bible inductively, and how could this be communicated in a simple way to people who are not trained in
acedemic studies? The result is summed up in these pages.
Of course we continually work on this, as we have used this method for many years now in various church settings in
Switzerland, but so far the use of this method by many and various people and their feedback has shown that this is a
practicable way of doing Bible Study.
It is by far not the only way, of this we are aware, but it is none the less a very thorough way and it has helped many
people to find a new approach of studying their Bibles and discovering the relevant message of the Bible for their own
lives and the life of the Church.
This way it is at least a valid contribution to the fact that many people do not know how they could read or study their
Bibles, but still live with the permanent challenge, that they should none the less do it.
So we hope that this will also be a valid contribution to your life of study and that God may continually “meet” you in your
times with him, when you read and study the Bible.
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The procedure at a glance
Survey
Survey Method
Observe
Analysis
Analytic Method
Read the book as a whole (answer already what you can)
• What kind of literature is this?
• What is the general theme or the main thought?
• What is the author’s intention/purpose with this book/letter?
• How is the message structured?
• Who wrote this to whom, when, where and why?
Read the book paragraph by paragraph & give each paragraph
a title (max. 4/5 words, unchanged & out the respective
paragrap)
Read again paragraph by paragraph and observe:
Interpret
•
What language is being used - what DOES the text say?
(Prose or Poetry? Theological statements? Exhortation or
Command? Narrative? Parable? Prophecy? Song?)
•
What is going on IN the text - what is the CONTENT?
(Who does what, to whom, when, where, why, how and with
what Result? - and possibly more questions)
Language
Read once more paragr. by paragr. & work on the meaning ?
•
•
What DID the terms used MEAN?
(Terms, figures of speech or rhetorical figures?)
What DID the text MEAN in history or culture THEN?
(People, Times, Places)
Meaning
After some paragr.: How are they structured, connected?
•
How is the text structured, arranged, arguments?
Structure
(Comparison, Contrast, Repetition, Emphasis or DeEmphasis, Continuity - where do themes end, Summary
Sentences)
Synthesis
Synthetic Method
Apply
As you work: Be open for God to speak to you through various
passages. Whatever he says, or you believe he says, write it down, to
be able to think and pray about this & to see if he is confirming it
later.
Observe
Read the WHOLE book again and aks some more questions:
keeping in mind what you have discovered so far:
•
How is the whole book structured?
(Topical, Chronolog., Geograph., Biograph., Logical, in
Letter-, Drama-, or Poetic Form or as Anthology?)
•
Answer the remaining open questions of the Survey Method
•
If possible draw a visual Chart of the book (Horizont. Chart)
•
Let the whole book have an impact on you
(Re-evaluate your findings, Impressions, think through the
Applications, get a final total impression of the book )
Interpret
Apply
METHODS
STEPS
QUESTIONS
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Reading times for each book of the Bible
The Old Testament:
The New Testament:
The Pentateuch:
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
3h35
3h10
2h30
3h
2h35
The historical books (Gospels & Acts):
The Early Prophets:
Joshua
Judges
1&2 Samuel
1&2 Kings
2h10
2h
2h15 & 2h10
2h40 & 2h30
The Latter Prophets:
The Major Prophets:
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Ezekiel
3h10
3h55
2h25
The Minor Prophets:
Hosea
Joel
Amos
Obadiah
Jonah
Micah
Nahum
Habakkuk
Zephaniah
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi
35min
15min
30min
5min
10min
20min
10min
10min
10min
10min
35min
15min
2h10
1h15 & 55 & 40 & 35 & 1h15
1h35
The festal scrolls (Meggilloth):
Ruth
Song of Songs (S. of Solomon)
Ecclesiastes
Lamentations
Esther
15min
15min
30min
20min
30min
The book of Daniel:
Daniel
1h10
The Chronistic writings:
1&2 Chronicles
Ezra
Nehemiah
2h35 & 2h 10
40min
55min
Old Testament reading time 59h 15
2h30
1h45
2h55
The Acts:
Acts of the Apostles
2h40
The Letters of Paul (Pauline writings):
The Early Letters:
Galatians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Romans
20min
15min
10min
1h
40min
1h
The Prison Letters:
Philippians
Philemon
Colossians
Ephesians
15min
5min
15min
20min
The Pastoral Letters:
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Titus
15min
10min
10min
The Catholic (general) letters & Hebrews:
The Writings:
The books of Wisdom:
Job
Psalms
Proverbs
The Synoptic Gospels:
Matthew
Mark
Luke
The Catholic Letters:
James
1 Peter
2 Peter
Jude
15min
15min
10min
5min
Hebrews
45min
The Johannine writings:
The Gospel of John
2h35
The Letters of John:
1 John
2 John
3 John
15min
5min
5min
Revelation
1h10
New Testament reading time 20h 25
Total Reading time of the whole Bible 79h 40
Reading out loud in a NRSV-English version, rather fast reading
with the purpose to get a primary overview of a book. Readings
in other versions or languages might be slower or faster.
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What are figures of speech?
Simile
Direct comparison of 2 things ess. diffrent - like/as/so
Example: Jer 23:29; Mat 3:16
Parable
Extended Simile, not comparing individual terms, but the point of a story.
Example: Mat 13:33 (God makes great things out of small beginnings - yeast in leaven)
Metaphor
Indirect comparison. Substitutes name of one for another. Like simile but no connectives.
Example: Gen 49:9,14,17; Luk 13:31f (Fox)
Allegory
Extended metaphor in form of a story
Example: S of S 2:15 (Girls=Vineyards, threatened by the Young men=Foxes ask for help)
Irony
Implying something diffrent even opposite. humour/sarcasm
Example: 1 Ki. 2:22; 2 Cor. 11;19f
Personification
Giving inanimate objects the attributes of life
Example: Prov 20:1; 1 Cor. 15:55
Hyperbole
Exaggeration with intent to emphasize and intensify.
Example: Gen 11:4; Ps 3:7; Mat 23:24
Rhetorical question
Questions posed for which no answer is expected.
Example: Gal 3:1-5,19,25
Litotes
Use of understatement. opposite of hyperbole - often irony
Example: Is 10:7b; Rom 1:13
Metonomy
Substitution of one term for another. (circumcision-jews)
Example: Gen 6:11 (Earth=Inhabitants); Mat 20:22b (Cup=Content of cup, suffering)
Synecdoche
Part of something is mentioned, but the whole is meant. Like Metonomy, often not distiguishable
Example: Gen 19:8 they have come under the shelter of my roof (roof is for whole house)
Anthropomorphism
Understanding of God as human being with human attributes.
Example: Ex 15:6 Your right hand - O Lord - is glorious in power
Idiom
Expression belonging to particular language, often with meaning that cannot be guessed from the
words only without cultural or linguistic background.
Example: 2Sam 3:10 from Dan to Beersheba (means whole of Israel from north to south).
Euphemism
Mild expression for something that is offensive
Example: Gen 24:2 (under my tigh=Penis); Mat 1:25 (did not know her=no sexual rel.ship)
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Book overview - sample page
Literature
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Atmosphere
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Terms/Themes
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Structure
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Reason / Effect
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Author / Place
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Recipients / Place
Date
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Booktitle
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Keyverse(s)
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Chapters : ________ Verses : ________
Read in : ________
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Literature
Some reccomendations on books that are very helpful for Biblestudy. Either you may want to use the books while working
on your Bibletext, or you may want to read them for Background information or some extra studies.
These books are in general not very complicated, yet you will have to actively think along as you read. In terms of
Language they are reasonably simple to understand, and they are good tools for Biblestudy.
New Bible Dictionary (Recommended for the b-sbs or the sbs)
Ein kompaktes, einbändiges Lexikon, welches sich vorzüglich als Arbeitsbuch für das Bibelstudium
eignet. Mehr als 6000 Artikel zu Geschichte, Archäologie, Personen und Geographie der Bibel. Das
Lexikon wird laufend nachgeführt und überarbeitet und ist somit auf einem guten, modernen Stand.
Natürlich hat das Lexikon als einbändiges Werk vom Volumen her seine Grenzen, aber es ist trotzdem
ein sehr umfassendes Werk und genügt allemal für das persönliche Bibelstudium.
ISBN: 978-3-417-24678-0
Verlag: Brockhaus/Brunnen
Autor: Fritz Rienecker / Gerhard Maier
Preis: ca. Fr. 37.Das Grosse Bibellexikon (2 Bände)
Für all diejenigen, die es gerne etwas umfangreicher haben als im "Lexikon zur Bibel" und die auch
gerne mehr Grafiken und Bilder zur Hand haben möchten, empfiehlt sich die neuere Ausgabe des
Grossen Bibellexikons in zwei Bänden.
Früher in drei, zwischendurch als wirklich heftiges Buch in einem Band erhältlich, sind nun die vielen
Informationen in zwei Bänden im Schuber herausgegeben worden.
3000 Stichworte - 2500 Artikel - 1500 Abbildungen, Karten, Diagramme etc.
ISBN 3-417-26300-X
ISBN-13 978-3-417-26300-8
Verlag: SCM R. Brockhaus Verlag
Herausgeber: Helmut Burkhardt, Fritz Grünzweig, Fritz Laubach, Gerhard Maier
Preis ca. Fr. 97.Atlas Bibel und Geschichte des Christentums (Empfohlen für die b-sbs)
Ein relativ neu erschienener Bibelatlas, der zu den historisch geordneten geografischen Informationen
auch nach der Zeit der Bibel weiter in die Zeit der Kirchengeschichte hineingeht. Gute Karten und Artikel
und eigentlich schon fast ein Muss für das Bibelstudium.
ISBN: 978-3-417-26263-6
Verlag: Brockhaus/Haan
Herausgeber: Tim Dowley
Preis: ca. Fr. 23.Effektives Bibelstudium (Empfohlen für die b-sbs)
Ein sehr hilfreicher Einstieg in die Arbeit der Bibelauslegung, und eine Hilfe, wie man mit den
verschiedenen Gattungen der Bücher in der Bibel umgehen kann. Fee & Stuart helfen dem Leser, sich
auch über die Absicht der Bibelbücher Gedanken zu machen, und damit ein Werkzeug zu erhalten,
einen richtigen Zugang zu den Büchern der Bibel zu finden. Natürlich bleibt dann die Arbeit der
Auslegung immer noch zu tun, aber man kann es viel effizienter tun.
ISBN: 978-3-7655-1351-0
Verlag: Brockhaus/Brunnen
Autor: Gordon D. Fee / Douglas Stuart
Preis: ca. Fr. 37.bsbs-modul-0-methode-e.wpd / 2011-08-23 / Heinz Zenger - b-sbs Wiler / Page 23 of 25
Bibelkunde Neues Testament
Eine Übersicht in Tabellen- und Textform über alle Bücher des Neuen Testaments von Prof. Peter Wick.
Zur Vertiefung von Bibelwissen und als Überblick über die Bücher. Peter Wick behandelt in diesen
Büchern sowohl den Inhalt als auch den Aufbau der Bücher, und natürlich auch die Fragen, die sich mit
dem historischen Zusammenhang auseinandersetzen, in welchem die Bücher entstanden sind.
ISBN-10: 3-17-018137-8
Verlag: Kohlhammer Verlag
Autor: Prof. Dr. Peter Wick
Preis: ca. Fr. 28.Apostel, Lehrer und Propheten - Band 1 - Die Evangelien und die Apostelgeschichte
Eine Einführung in das Neue Testament in 3 Bänden. Als Hintergrund zur eigenen Arbeit an
Bibelbüchern sehr geeignet. Thomas Weissenborn führt gründlich und methodisch durch die Bücher des
Neuen Testaments. Er beleuchtet sowohl den geschichtlichen und literarischen Rahmen der Bücher, als
auch den Inhalt und die speziellen Aspekte jedes einzelnen Buches. Dabe spricht er auch Themen an,
die in der theologischen Welt kontrovers diskutiert werden. Das Buch ist auch für Laien verständlich,
ohne dass es dabei oberflächlich wird.
ISBN: 978-3-86122-710-5
Verlag: Francke Verlag
Autor: Thomas Weissenborn
Preis: ca. Fr. 28.Apostel, Lehrer und Propheten - Band 2 - Leben und Briefe des Apostels Paulus
Eine Einführung in das Neue Testament. Band 2 der Reihe von Thomas Weissenborn.
ISBN: 978-3-86122-710-6
Verlag: Francke Verlag
Autor: Thomas Weissenborn
Preis: ca. Fr. 28.Apostel, Lehrer und Propheten - Band 3 - Petrusbriefe bis Offenbarung
Eine Einführung in das Neue Testament. Band 2 der Reihe von Thomas Weissenborn.
ISBN: 978-3-86122-722-9
Verlag: Francke Verlag
Autor: Thomas Weissenborn
Preis: ca. Fr. 28.2000 Jahre Kirchengeschichte - VIER Bände
Eine sehr gute Einführung in die Kirchengeschichte von Prof. Armin Sierszyn. In 4 Bänden wird von der
Entstehung der ersten Gemeinden bis in die heutige Zeit die Entwicklung der Kirche besprochen.
Sämtliche wichtigen "Stationen" werden beleuchtet, trotzdem ist die Sprache auch für Laien interessant
und vorallem verständlich. Ein Buch das man an einem Stück durchlesen, oder auch als
Nachschlagewerk immer wieder zur Hand nehmen kann. Das gesamte Werk ist auch für nicht-Theologen
sehr gut verständlich.
Band 1 - von den Anfängen bis zum Untergang des weströmischen Reichs
ISBN: 978-3-7751-2294-2
Verlag: Hänssler Verlag, Reihe: Theologie
Autor: Armin Sierszyn
Preis: ca. Fr. 38.bsbs-modul-0-methode-e.wpd / 2011-08-23 / Heinz Zenger - b-sbs Wiler / Page 24 of 25
Band 2 - Das Mittelalter (ca. von 500 bis 1500)
ISBN: 978-3-7751-2711-0
Preis: ca. Fr. 37.Band 3 - Reformation und Gegenreformation
ISBN: 978-3-7751-3247-3
Preis: ca. Fr. 37.Band 4 - Die Neuzeit (ca. 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert)
ISBN: 978-3-7751-3524-5
Preis: ca. Fr. 35.Das Alte Testament
Eine Einführung in das Alte Testament. Als Hintergrund zur eigenen Arbeit an Bibelbüchern sehr
geeignet. Die Autoren LaSor, Hubbard, Bush sind Professoren für Altes Testament am Fuller Theological
Seminary. Deutscher Herausgeber Dr. Helmut Egelkraut, Professor für Theologie und Mission an der
Columbia International University.
Das Buch beleuchtet Einleitungsfragen der Bibel, Geschichte des Volkes Israel (und umliegende Völker)
und alttestamentliche Theologie. Die mittlerweise vierte Auflage ist auf dem aktuellen Stand der
wissenschaftlichen Forschung. Das Buch ist mittlerweile zu einem Standardwerk für Altes Testament
geworden. Trotzdem ist es auch für Nichttheologen gut lesbar und verständlich.
ISBN: 978-3-7655-9344-4
Verlag: Brunnen Verlag, Reihe: TVG-Lehrbücher
Autoren: William S. LaSor, David A. Hubbard und Frederic W. Bush
Preis: ca. Fr. 88.Das Buch ist im Moment kaum lieferbar, eine neue Auflage hätte im Okt 2010 erscheinen sollen, hat
sich aber noch verzögert.
The Bible (English Standard Version ESV for the b-sbs)
For Biblestudy you would want to use a bible translation, which is as accurately as possible, or “close to the original
Text”, in order that you still get some impression of the Hebrew or Greek text that is “behind” our translation. In
English this is either the English Standard Version (which we use in our papers as well), or the New Revised
Standard Version or American Standard Version. For more information, ask your Bookdealer.
Of importance is also that the Print will distract you as little as possible from simply “reading the text. In other words;
it should help you to read without distractions, parallel passages or explanations should be outside of the text, it
should have as few titles as possible within the text (they were not part of the original text). More about this in the
explanation of the method - Overhead 11.
Für Software, bitte die Webseite der b-sbs konsultieren (www.bibelstudium.ch -> b-sbs)
Used Literature:
see this list just above
Dr. Earl Morey “Search the Scriptures for yourself”
Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, Wann entstand das neue Testament - John A.T.
Robinson, Methodical Biblestudy - Robert A. Traina, and Books by Howard Hendriks, Prof.
Peter Wick, A. Kuen, Karl Barth, etc.
bsbs-modul-0-methode-e.wpd / 2011-08-23 / Heinz Zenger - b-sbs Wiler / Page 25 of 25

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