A compilation of fatawa (edicts) of different scholars

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A compilation of fatawa (edicts) of different scholars
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A compilation of fatawa (edicts) of different scholars and
institutions on issues relating to love, sex and rape
(Also including some additional medical or other matters)
Monday, August 04/08/2008,
Version 5,22
Batch One
(With rectification of some of the errors in the previous versions)
Ustadh,
Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
Johannesburg
South Africa
[email protected]
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Contents
Introduction
Pornographic films
1. Is it permissible for a husband and his wife to see a porn movie together?
2. One of the spouses suffers sexual coldness and is not excited except through viewing
sexual films. Is this permissible? We heard someone say that watching such films for those
who are unmarried is allowed. Is this correct? Guide us to a solution.
3. I used to visit porn sites but have now left it. However, sometimes, that desire arises and I
can't stop it?
Menstruation (Haidh)
1. Can I pleasure myself via rubbing my penis between my wife’s breast during her menstrual
periods?
2. We had Sex during menstruation. Does this constitute a Islamic divorce?
3. Details from the Mabsut of Imam Sarakhsi, Bada’i-us-Sanaai and Tahaawi
4. Can I have romance/intimacy with my wife while she is in the state of impurity (menses and
after child birth [Nifaas] )?
5. A fatwa from Al-Azhar regarding sex during menstruation
6. Ruling on having intercourse with a menstruating woman whilst wearing a condom
7. The Hanafi view relative to sex during menstruation
8. A woman’s fulfilment of her sexual need during menstruation
Adultery (Zina)
1. He is unsure if she inserted his penis in her vagina. So did he commit Zina?
2. Did he commit adultery of the highest form (actual Zina) if he did not break her virginity?
3. I kissed a man and touched his genitals, and he did the same to me. What is the Kaffarah?
Can I marry another person.
4. Hadith on Allah’s anger upon Zina
5. I committed Zina while married. I am now pregnant and want to marry the person with
whom I made Zina.
6. The consequences of Zina before marriage
7. Wali’s duty after coming to know about Zina committed by the wife
8. Disciplining Those Who like that Illegal Sexual Intercourse should be circulated among the
Believers
The spouses looking at each other in the nude
1. Can the spouses look at the naked bodies of each other?
2. Can a couple bath together in the nude?
3. Is it allowed for me to see my wife fully naked on camera, while we are chatting online, as I
am very far from here and this is the only way calms me down?
4. Caressing your wife all over her body
5. Is it permissible for women to wear sexy lingerie for their husbands, and, in hot climates,
just wear lingerie under the burkha (an outer female garment which covers the female from
head to toe)?
Sexual Format
1. Can I practice coitus interruptus
2. Is talking allowed during intercourse?
3. Am I entitled to refuse him to enter my vagina from behind my bums?
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4.a Thinking of the attributes of another women while having sex with your wife.
4.b He imagines that he is having intercourse with someone other than his wife.
4.c She imagines enjoyment with non-specific imaginary men before intercourse
5. What is the ruling regarding a man who drank his wife’s milk (after extraction) or directly
sucked milk from the breasts of his wife (immaterial whether this is during sex or at any other
time?
6. Suppplication (Dua) before sex
7. 7. Having intercourse with one wife in front of the other
Oral Sex
1. Am I allowed to have oral sex with my wife as foreplay not actually swallowing any fluid?
2. Can I suck my husband’s penis?
3. Can the wife kiss her husband’s male organ?
Anal Issues
1. Another man inserted his finger in my anus. Will this prohibit me from getting married to a
chaste Muslim
2. Can I enter my wife’s anus with a condom?
3. A man’s placing his finger/s in his wife’s anus
4. Can my husband enter me from behind?
5. Consensual Anal Sex
6. He had anal intercourse with a foreign woman but they have repented. Is it permissible for
them to get married?
7. My husband threatens to commit adultery if I do not allow him anal sex. Can I, in this case
allow him anal sex if I fear getting divorced or loosing is love?
8. Who were the first group of people to do sodomy?
9. The punishment for sodomy and lesbianism
10. Anal sex between a married couple does not break the marriage although it is Haraam
11. Can we have anal sex if we dont want to have children?
12. The curse of Rasulullah SAW on those doing anal sex
13. Inserting ice in the wife’s anus
14. The Islamic position on homosexuality
Masturbation
1. During menstruation, I am obviously not allowed to have intercourse with my wife. Is my
wife allowed to masturbate for me with her breast or hands?
1.1 I want to know if it is permissible for me to masturbate not alone but only while am having
sex with my husband because that is the only way i can enjoy sex with him?
2.1 Hanafi view on the impermissibility of masturbation. Al-Azhar Fatwa
2.2 The Shafi view on the impermissibility of masturbation
2.3 Sheikh Saleh Fawzaan concurs on the impermissibility of masturbation
2.4 Fatwa of Shaykh Mahmood Khaleel Harraas
3. Can I masturbate a man to whom I made Nikah
4. His wife is not very interested in intercourse so he resorts to masturbation
5. Ruling on masturbation and how to cure the problem
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5.1 He is a student living in Denmark and he is suffering with the secret habit
5.2 Homoeopathy remedies for female Masturbation
6. Masturbating without using the hands
7. Masturbation and bathing
8. Using a vibrator
9. A medical perspective of masturbation from a non-Muslim Chinese practitioner
10. I have heard some body who use his own hand to satisfy his sexual need that means with
out meeting with woman. What does Islam say about this kind of bad habit?
11. Case One: The results of masturbation
12. Masturbating to remove sperm
13. Masturbation, its rules etc. from the Encyclopaedia of Islamic Jurisprudence – Kuwait
Ministry of Awqaf.
Penis issues and Impotency
1. Penis enlargement via oral medication
2. I have been married for about 7 months but haven't had sex yet, because my husband
can't perform, he has the evil) on us. How long can i stay with him? They say that it is due
to hasad (jealousy) but I still love him I don't want to leave him please help!
3. Sexual enhancement with wife...
Psychological problems and evil thoughts instilled by Shaytaan
1. It’s a long while that I am unmarried. Can I imagine that I am married and living a married
life?
2. She wants to give up prayer as she feels shy before Allaah because she is committing
zina
Intimacy during fasting
1. Where can my husband enjoy me while I am fasting?
Massage Services
1. Ejaculation during massage
2. Getting a pelvic massage to eliminate impotence
Kissing
1. Can a eight year old boy kiss a non-Mahram female?
Aids - HIV
1. My spouse has aids. Can I refuse to have sex with him/her?
Sexual disinterest or aversion to sex
1. My husband does not have sex with me!
2. Wife’s sexual rights
Loving another man’s wife
1. Me and my friend desire to exchange our wives with each other after a divorce
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Sexual Abuse
1. I was abused eight times before marriage.
2. I am a victim of sexual abuse at home when I was a very young child. Our household
situation was really crazy.... I am still traumatized by it, and feel deep despair about life and
my personal situation... Is there any way out of this?
Rape
1. He raped his wife’s daughter (from a previous husband)
Husband’s inability to sexually satisfy his wife
1. Her husband is not satisfying her sexual desire
2. Wife sexually dissatisfied with husband
3. Wife seeking a divorce due to sexual weakness of husband
4. Premature Ejaculation and marriage
5. Sex with husband not satisfying
Ramadhan and fasting issues
1. He had intercourse with his wife without ejaculating during the day in Ramadaan, because
he was unaware that this is haraam, and he did not have a bath afterwards
2. Masturbating when fasting
3. Ruling on the fast of one who thinks about sex then ejaculates
Nocturnal emissions/ Wet dreams
1. The difference between erotic dreams and looking at women
2. Sex with your wife after menses ends but before she makes a ghusl
3. How to repent from having intercourse with one’s wife after her period has ended and
before she has done ghusl
Resisting sexual desires and temptations
1. How do we resist sexual desires
2. Looking at pictures of women led him to commit the “secret vice”
3. Fantasizing about one’s wife: My wife has had to go abroad and has been there now for
about four months. Although we miss each other tremendously and talk on the phone
every day I often find myself imagining and fantasizing about my wife which leads me to a
state of arousal. Is this allowed or should I try to stop thinking about my wife when my
thoughts take this path, also, is this healthy?
Contact with the non-Mahram
1. Man writing romantic letters to his former wife
Where must you have sex
1. Is it permissible for him to have intercourse with his wife in the bathroom?
2. Can we put any Islamic wall piece like some surah's in our bedroom?
Curbing sexual desires
1. Homoeopathy remedies for Nymphomania
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Other Matters
1. Discussing sex
2. Is it permissible for husband and wife to discuss sexual issues and, perhaps, use various
figurative words for the private organs or clearly use the nouns specified for the sexual
organs.
3. Can you read erotic and sexual literature?
4. Parents preventing their married children from consummation
Assisting others to engage in illicit sexual activities
1. Lending your vehicle to another for the purpose of Haraam sexual activities
Taharah (Purification) issues
1. Can a junub sleep or eat without having to make wudhu or ghusl?
2. The use of garments for Ibadah when you have already sweated in them during the state of
janaabah
3. Emission of sperm (from the male’s penis) shortly after bathing from Janabah
4. Purification rules when sex was not done in the female’s vagina, and the male and female
have released or discharged fluids from their private organs
5. Is sperm pure (Taahir) – The Hanafi view
6. He inserted his penis in me but did not ejaculate. Is Ghusl compulsory?
7. He used his fingers to masturbate me (female). I did discharge. Is Ghusl compulsory?
8. We were caressing each other. His penis leaked with the pre-semen (prostatic transparent
fluid). Does this make Ghusl waajib?
9. Rubbing his erect penis over her vagina or elsewhere without actually penetrating her.
10. Removing the sperm from the vagina before performing Ghusl (ritual bath)
11. Nocturnal emission or wet dream of a female
12. My wife played with my penis (or I did it myself). I felt my penis getting hard and could feel
a sensation that sperm has most likely been released from the scrotal sack into the veins
of the penis. I thus put my mind off sex in order not to release sperm from my penis. Do I
still have to make ghusl.
13. If a female has an orgasm without intercourse
Sexual rights
1. Sexual rights when having more than one wife
2. Can she refuse her husband’s request for intercourse if she knows that he will miss Fajr
prayer?
Halaalah
1. My husband issued me three (3) talaaqs (Islamic forms of divorce). I went through the
process of halaalah and stayed with my new husband for a few weeks but did not have
sexual intercourse. Am I halaal to remarry my ex-husband.
2. The Maliki view relating to the essentiality of punishing persons who engage in Tahliel
Contraceptives
1. The Morning After Pill
2. Is contraception permissible? Is it disliked? What is the better way?
Sex during pregnancy
1. Can you explain if Islam allows sex while the wife is pregnant? If yes, up to which month of
the pregnancy is it allowed?
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2. Relations with one's wife whilst she is pregnant
Consummation of a marriage and the female’s virginity
1. Having trouble consummating my marriage...
2. My husband has not consummated our marriage for ten years?
3. Wife is unwilling to consummate
Sex Toys
1. Aides for Bedroom Relations
2. RE: Aides for Bedroom Relations: Can these be used alone? Can these “aides” or sex toys
such as vibrators be used alone to alleviate one’s loneliness?
3. Sex Instruments
4. Sex Dolls
Bondage
1. Spouse's fantasies (bondage etc) about intimacy
Arabic
‫ ﻓﺼﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺁداب اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ واﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻴﺘﻪ‬: ‫ ﻡﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻡﺤﻤﺪ اﻟﻌﺒﺪري ) اﺑﻦ اﻟﺤﺎج ( اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻜﻲ‬- ‫اﻟﻤﺪﺧﻞ‬
‫ع‬
ِ ‫ﺼ ٌﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﺁدَاب اﻟﺠﻤَﺎ‬
ْ ‫َﻓ‬
Other books you can read
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Introduction
By Ustadh, A.F. Ebrahim
The joy of sex is ingrained within human nature by Allah. The need for this joy is inherent
within all normal people. The fulfilment of this joy also provides mental relaxation and that
allows the human to function void of mental distress. It is a means of love and closeness. It is
the normal means to children and building a family.
It is unfortunate that Muslims, due to not acquiring the required levels of primary Islamic
education, fail to learn the rules pertaining to sex. They therefore, due to various other
influences, learn incorrect and Haraam (prohibited) forms of sexual conduct from the internet,
porn films, normal films with sexual scenes, erotic literature, personal sexual experiences of a
Halaal or Haraam nature and through association with those who do not know the orders of
Islam in this regard.
Islam governs this function
1. Sex can only be done between married spouses i.e. a male and female who are married
to each other. Gay and lesbian relationships are prohibited.
2. Anal sex is prohibited.
3. Sex during the female menstruation period is prohibited. Allah has ordered this in the
Quran.
4. There is no prohibition relating to the time of sex but sex is not allowed during the period
of wearing the Ihraam during the Haj and Umrah (minor pilgrimage) which is made in
Mecca.
It is also not allowed during the hours when a Muslim is fasting (not eating from the entry
of Fajr prayer time [true dawn] to sunset) in the month of Ramadhan or during any other
fast that is kept.
5. As long as penetration of the penis is in the vagina, all styles of sex are allowed.
6. Caressing and foreplay is allowed and essential to the psychology of sex.
When married to two wives
1. You are not allowed to have threesome sex.
2. Sex between the husband and each wife needs to be in their mutual privacy and both
wives should not be simultaneously naked with the husband. Nor can any of the two
wives watch the other wife having sex with the husband.
3. The husband, immediately after having sex with one wife, may have sex with the second
wife without having to bath but it is preferable that he makes wudhu (ablution) after
having sex with the first wife and before having sex with the next wife.
4. If both wives lived at the same residence, nothing is wrong if each of them had sex with
the husband in the same room provided that this was done in privacy and not before the
other wife.
5. Each wife is only allowed to see the other to levels allowed by the Shariah. Women
cannot be totally nude before other women. This rule is not only in public places but also
in regard to the private environments of their homes or personal spaces.
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Supplication before intercourse
There is a sunnah (prophetic supplication) to be read by both spouses before engagement
with sex. – Bismillaahi Allaahumma janniebnash Shaytaana wa jannibish Shaytaana maa
razaaqtanaahu (In the name of Allah, O Allah! Save us from the Shaytaan/devil and distance
the Shaytaan from that [child] which You may bestow us)
It is preferable that both spouses be with ablution (wudhu) before sex.
Rules relating to purification due to sexual activity
When the male’s penis leaks with prostatic fluid (transparent slimy pre-semen release) it
becomes obligatory for him to renew his wudhu (ablution as specified in Islam) before doing
certain forms of worship.
However, when sperm is released by the male, whether before sex, during sex or after sex,
then it becomes obligatory for him to have a complete bath (the entire body must be made
wet, water be placed to clean nostrils and he must gargle his mouth).
Also, the moment the penis head enters the vagina – immaterial whether he ejaculated or not
-, both spouses are obligated to have a bath before the performance of the 5 salaah or doing
other acts of worship which require you to be in a state of purity
Our answers
I attempt as best as possible to answer in the light of the primary and secondary sources of
Islamic Law.
I later decided to include some of the answers given by other prominent scholars of Islam.
Where their views are quoted without any criticism, it should be noted that these were
included for the sake of including other opinions and therefore their opinion may not
necessarily be accepted by us.
----------------------------------Pornographic films
1. Is it permissible for a husband and his wife to see a porn movie together?
It is not permissible to watch porn, immaterial whether you married or unmarried, and
immaterial whether you watch it alone and secretly or whether you see it with your husband/
wife.
Watching pornographic films is totally prohibited and cannot even be sanctioned as a curative
measure for those suffering with ED (erectile dysfunction).
Ustadh, Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2. One of the spouses suffers sexual coldness and is not excited except through
viewing sexual films. Is this permissible? We heard someone say that watching such
films for those who are unmarried is allowed. Is this correct? Guide us to a solution.
From the Fatawa of Wahbah Zuhaily (downloaded from the net) - Sex, adultery, etc
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‫ إذا آﺎن أﺡﺪ اﻟﺰوﺝﻴﻦ یﻌﺎﻧﻲ ﻡﻦ ﺑﺮود ﺝﻨﺴﻲ وﻻ یﺜﺎر إﻻ ﺑﻤﺸﺎهﺪة اﻷﻓﻼم اﻟﺠﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﻬﻞ ﻋﻤﻠﻪ هﺬا ﺝﺎﺋﺰ؟ ﻓﻘﺪ‬.‫ﺱﻤﻌﻨﺎ ﻡﻦ أﺡﺪهﻢ أن ﻡﺸﺎهﺪة هﺬﻩ اﻷﻓﻼم ﻟﻐﻴﺮ اﻟﻤﺘﺰوج ﻡﺒﺎح ﻓﻬﻞ هﺬا ﺹﺤﻴﺢ أرﺵﺪوﻧﺎ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺤﻞ‬
‫ ﻟﺬا ﻓﻼ یﺤﻞ ﻡﺜﻞ هﺬﻩ اﻟﻤﺸﺎهﺪة ﻗﻄﻌ ًﺎ ﻟﻌﻼج ﺑﺮود ﺝﻨﺴﻲ أو‬،‫ اﻟﻨﻈﺮ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺤﺮام ﻡﻬﻤﺎ آﺎﻧﺖ اﻷﺱﺒﺎب ﺡﺮام‬-1
‫ ﻓﻌﻼج اﻟﺒﺮود یﻜﻮن‬،‫ أﻡﺎ ﻡﺎ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻋﻦ أﺡﺪهﻢ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻗﻮل ﺧﻄﺄ ورأي ﺵﺎذ ﻻ یﻠﺘﻔﺖ إﻟﻴﻪ‬.‫ ﻓﻬﺬا ﻡﻨﻜﺮ‬،‫ﻟﻤﺠﺮد اﻟﺘﺸﻬﻲ‬
.‫ وﻻ ﺕﺼﻠﺢ ﻟﻠﻌﻼج‬،‫ أﻡﺎ هﺬﻩ اﻷﻓﻼم اﻟﺠﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺵﺮ ﻡﺤﺾ‬،‫ﺑﺘﻨﺎول اﻟﻌﻼج اﻟﻤﺒﺎح‬
Translation by Ustadh, Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
Johannesburg, South Africa
Can you view sexual or pornographic films
One of the spouses suffers sexual coldness and is not excited except through
viewing sexual films. Is this permissible? We heard someone say that watching
such films for those who are unmarried is allowed. Is this correct? Guide us to a
solution.
To view the Haraam (impermissible) is Haraam, immaterial what the reasons may be. It is
therefore totally not permissible to view such material to cure sexual coldness or for mere
lust. This is a detested evil. As for the view quoted by someone (one its permissibility for
the unmarried), it is incorrect and is an irregular opinion that cannot be acknowledged at
all. The cure for (sexual) coldness should be through the use of permissible curative
measures. These sexual films are purely evil and are not acceptable for curative
measures.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Shaikh Buti allows watching such films in the case of sexual coldness. This is a serious
deviation from the path of Haqq.
by A.F.Ebrahim
‫ﻡﺤﻤﺪ ﺱﻌﻴﺪ رﻡﻀﺎن اﻟﺒﻮﻃﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻡﻴﺰان اﻟﺸﺮیﻌﺔ‬
‫اﻟﺒﻮﻃﻲ اﻟﺬي یﺰایﺪ ﺑﺪرء اﻟﻤﻔﺎﺱﺪ وﺱﺪ اﻟﺬراﺋﻊ یﺒﻴﺢ ﻟﻠﻤﺮأة اﻟﺘﻲ ﺕﻌﺎﻧﻲ ﻡﻦ ﺑﺮودة ﺝﻨﺴﻴﺔ أن ﺕﺸﺎهﺪ اﻷﻓﻼم‬
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. I used to visit porn sites but have now left it. However, sometimes, that desire arises
and I can't stop it?
1. The feeling towards evil is natural. Every human being has a Shaytaan with him/her that
whispers bad and evil to the person. Allah has given every individual the strength and
courage to fight the evil whispers of the Shaytaan. If you were used to see porn sites and now
stopped, that is a courageous step in the right direction. You have been feeding yourself with
evil and now you are not. You will experience the normal withdrawal symptoms. The
Shaytaan will also enhance those evil feelings. Be firm and strong. You will overcome that
fight soon and be clean from that evil. Courage and Mujaahadah are the most important steps
to be successful. Whenever you have an evil feeling, recite ‘laa hawla walaa quwwata illaa
billaah’ and divert your mind to something else.
And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Menstruation time
‫‪11‬‬
‫‪1. Can I pleasure myself via rubbing my penis between my wife’s breasts during her‬‬
‫?‪menstrual periods‬‬
‫‪I am married. Usually I have intercourse at a one or two night interval but during my wife's‬‬
‫‪menstruation I ejaculate by rubbing between her breasts using only her upper parts of the‬‬
‫?‪body. Is it Ja’iz (permissible)? If not then how can I fulfil my sexual desire during this period‬‬
‫‪Answer‬‬
‫‪1. It is permissible.‬‬
‫‪Abdool Kader Hoosen : [email protected]‬‬
‫‪2. Yes, it is permissible.‬‬
‫‪And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best‬‬
‫‪Mufti E Salejee (Durban) [email protected]‬‬
‫‪-------------------------------------------‬‬‫?‪2. We had Sex during menstruation. Does this constitute an Islamic divorce‬‬
‫‪Sex during menstruation is not considered a divorce‬‬
‫‪Ahmed Fazel‬‬
‫‪--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------‬‬‫‪3. Details from the Mabsut of Imam Sarakhsi‬‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻻﺱﺘﺤﺴﺎن – اﻟﻤﺒﺴﻮط ﻟﻠﺴﺮﺧﺴﻲ‬
‫ج‬
‫ﺾ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ ُ‬
‫َﻓ َﺄﻡﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﺘ ِﺰﻟُﻮا اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺵ ُﺮ ُﻩ ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ } ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻖ ُﻡﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴُ‬
‫ﺤﱡﻠ ُﻪ َو َی ْﻔ ُ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺺ َی ْﻜ ُﻔ ُﺮ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺮَا ٌم ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ج َ‬
‫ﺾ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ ُ‬
‫َﻓ َﺄﻡﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻄ ْﻬ ِﺮ َوﻗَﺎ َل ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ‬
‫ﺤ ْﺮ َﻡ َﺔ َﺕ ْﻤ َﺘ ﱡﺪ إﻟَﻰ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ن { َدﻟِﻴ ٌﻞ َ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻬ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َی ْ‬
‫ﺾ { َوﻓِﻲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ } َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﻘ َﺮﺑُﻮ ُهﻦﱠ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﺪ َﻗ ُﻪ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َیﻘُﻮ ُل َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َآ َﻔ َﺮ‬
‫ﺾ َأ ْو َأﺕَﻰ آَﺎ ِهﻨًﺎ َﻓ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َﻡ ْﺄﺕَﺎهَﺎ َأ ْو َأﺕَﺎهَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺡَﺎ َﻟ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺕَﻰ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ } ‪َ :‬ﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻌ َﻠﻤَﺎ ِء‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻐﻔَﺎ ِر َو ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻮ َﺑ ِﺔ وَاﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ط ِء ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻠ َﺰ ُﻡ ُﻪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ { َو َﻟ ِﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ِﺑﻤَﺎ َأ ْﻧ َﺰ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺮ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻃ َﺌﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺁ ِ‬
‫ن َو ِ‬
‫ق ِﺑﺪِیﻨَﺎ ٍر َوِإ ْ‬
‫ق‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﺪ َ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺾ َﻓ َﻌ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﺪ َ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺾ َﻓ َﻌ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻃ َﺌﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ َأ ﱠو ِل ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ن َو ِ‬
‫ﻦ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ‪ :‬إ ْ‬
‫َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝﻠًﺎ ﺝَﺎ َء إﻟَﻰ‬
‫ن َر ُ‬
‫ي َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ ﻡَﺎ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺠ ُﺘﻨَﺎ ( ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑ ِﻤ ْﺜ ِﻠ ِﻪ ‪َ ) .‬و ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻜﻔﱠﺎ َر َة ﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﺜ ُﺒ ُ‬
‫ﺡﺪِیﺜًﺎ ﺵَﺎذ‪‬ا َو َﻟ ِﻜ ﱠ‬
‫ﻒ دِیﻨَﺎ ٍر َو َروَى ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬
‫ِﺑ ِﻨ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺪ ُﻗﻨِﻲ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬إﻧﱠﻚ َﺕ ْﺄﺕِﻲ‬
‫ﻖ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ َوﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬إﻧﱢﻲ َرَأیْﺖ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﻨَﺎ ِم َآ َﺄﻧﱢﻲ َأﺑُﻮ ُل َدﻡًﺎ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺼﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫اﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﻐ ِﻔ ْﺮ اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ ُﻌ ْﺪ َو َﻟ ْﻢ ُی ْﻠ ِﺰ ْﻡ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻜﻔﱠﺎ َر َة‬
‫ﻚ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ ٍﺮ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ‪ :‬ا ْ‬
‫ف ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﺘ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺾ ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻡ َﺮَأﺕَﻚ ﻓِﻲ ﺡَﺎ َﻟ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺲ َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﺌ َﺰ ِر َو َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻤ ِﺘ َﻊ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ن َی ْ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ‪َ :‬ﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ع َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﺘ َﻠﻔُﻮا ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫وَا ْ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﻚ َو ُه َﻮ ِروَا َی ُﺔ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى َذِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵﻌَﺎ َر اﻟ ﱠﺪ ِم َو َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ِ‬
‫ﺠ َﺘ ِﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٌﺪ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ‪َ :‬ی ْ‬
‫َوﻗَﺎ َل ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﻬﻤَﺎ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ َر ِ‬
‫ﻲ َﻡ َﻊ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﺧﱡ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﻬ ْﻢ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َو َذ َآ َﺮ ُﻩ ا ْﻟ َﻜ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ َر ِ‬
‫ﻒ َﻡ َﻊ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺱ َ‬
‫ي َﻗ ْﻮ َل َأﺑِﻲ یُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺤﻄَﺎ ِو ﱡ‬
‫ﻄْ‬
‫ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ َو َذ َآ َﺮ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ﱟﻞ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ َﻡ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻌﻤَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى َو َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﺮ َﻡ َﺔ ِﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ ا ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ن َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﺪﻟَﺎ ِل ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ } ُﻗ ْﻞ ُه َﻮ َأذًى { َﻓﻔِﻴ ِﻪ َﺑﻴَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َو ْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄﻟْﺖ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻗ ﱠﺮ َة رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل َ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡﻌَﺎ ِو َی َﺔ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ دِیﻨَﺎ ٍر َ‬
‫ﺖ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ي ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِﻜﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ص َو ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺨﺼُﻮ ٍ‬
‫َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺚﺁَ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ٍ‬
‫ﻚ َوﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵﻌَﺎ َر اﻟ ﱠﺪ ِم َو َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ﱠﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ :‬ی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺾ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ﺡَﺎ ِﺋ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ َو ِه َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻡَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ح َی ْﻌﻨِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ٍء إﻟﱠﺎ اﻟ ﱢﻨﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﺾ ُآﻞﱡ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ع وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ :‬ی ِ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻌﻤَﺎ ُل ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى َﻓ ُﻬ َﻮ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ا ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻌﻤَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى َﻓ ُﻜﻞﱡ ِﻓ ْﻌ ٍﻞ ﻟَﺎ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﻡ ُﺔ ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ ِﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ ا ْ‬
‫ﺾ َو ُ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ق ﻓِﻲ َزﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﻞ ﺑَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ِﻡ ْﻠ َ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ }‬
‫ﺡﺠﱠ ُﺔ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﺌ َﺰ ِر َو ُ‬
‫ع َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ُﻪ ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺾ َوﻗَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ن َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻖ َآﻤَﺎ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠ ٌ‬
‫ﺡﻠَﺎ ٌل ُﻡ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻖ َ‬
‫ﻀ ٍﻮ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َﻓﻤَﺎ ا ﱠﺕ َﻔ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﺘ ِﺰﻟُﻮا اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ اﻟْﺂ َﺙﺎ ُر ﺹَﺎ َر‬
‫ﻋ ْ‬
‫ع ِﺑ ُﻜﻞﱢ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺮِی َﻢ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺾ { َﻓﻈَﺎ ِه ُﺮ ُﻩ َی ْﻘ َﺘﻀِﻲ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ‬
‫ﻋﻤﱠﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄﻟُﻮا ُ‬
‫ن َو ْﻓﺪًا َ‬
‫ي } َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻈﱠﺎ ِه ِﺮ ‪َ .‬و ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺱﻮَا ُﻩ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َهﺬَا اﻟﻈﱠﺎ ِه ِﺮ َو َﺑ ِﻘ َ‬
‫ﺨﺼُﻮﺹًﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﺮ ٌة َأ ْﻧ ُﺘ ْﻢ َﻟ َﻘ ْﺪ‬
‫ﺱَ‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻏ ِﺘﺴَﺎ ِل ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ت َو َ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﺒﻴُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻗﺮَا َء ِة ا ْﻟ ُﻘﺮْﺁ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺾ َو َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫‪12‬‬
‫ﺲ َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﺌ َﺰ ِر َو َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ َرﺱُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄﻟْﺖ َ‬
‫ﻋﻤﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄ ْﻟ ُﺘﻤُﻮﻧِﻲ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ َﻤ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ‬
‫ﺚ } ُأمﱢ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ { َوﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻏ ِﺘﺴَﺎ َل ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻄﻌْﺖ َو َذ َآ َﺮ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ َ‬
‫ن ﻧُﻮ ٌر َﻓ َﻨ ﱢﻮ ْر َﺑ ْﻴﺘَﻚ ﻡَﺎ ا ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ُﻪ َو ِﻗﺮَا َء ُة ا ْﻟ ُﻘﺮْﺁ ِ‬
‫َﺕ ْ‬
‫ش َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﻓ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ُ :‬آﻨْﺖ ﻓِﻲ ِﻓﺮَا ِ‬
‫ش َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ﻡَﺎﻟَﻚ َأ َﻧ ِﻔﺴْﺖ ُﻗﻠْﺖ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﻔﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﻠﻠْﺖ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤﻀْﺖ ﻓَﺎ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻊ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ َ‬
‫ن اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻌِﻚ َﻓ َﻔ َﻌﻠْﺖ َﻓﻌَﺎ َﻧ َﻘﻨِﻲ ﻃُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِﻞ { وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀَ‬
‫‪َ :‬ﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ا ْﺋ َﺘ ِﺰرِي َوﻋُﻮدِي إﻟَﻰ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ ْآ ِﺘﻔَﺎ ِء‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠ َﺘ ِﻨ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺮَا َم َﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ن ُیﻮَا ِﻗ َﻊ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻊ َﻓﻠَﺎ َی ْﺄ َﻡ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ب ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َوِإذَا َﻗ ُﺮ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ٌم َ‬
‫ج ُﻡ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ِﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ } َأﻟَﺎ إ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ط َذ َه َ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺘﻴَﺎ ٍ‬
‫عا ْ‬
‫ن َهﺬَا َﻧ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﺌ َﺰ ِر َوآَﺎ َ‬
‫ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫س َوﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺧ َﺬ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻘﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٌﺪ َأ َ‬
‫ن َی َﻘ َﻊ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ { َو ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺵُ‬
‫ﺤﻤَﻰ یُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻮ َل ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َر َﺕ َﻊ َ‬
‫ﺡﻤَﻰ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َﻡﺤَﺎ ِر ُﻡ ُﻪ َﻓ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺡﻤًﻰ َو ِ‬
‫ﻚ ِ‬
‫ِﻟ ُﻜﻞﱢ َﻡ ِﻠ ٍ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ ﱢﺕﺰَا ِر َ‬
‫ف ﻓِﻲ َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﻰ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺘﻠَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﻦا ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﺘﱠﺎ ِﺑﻌِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻊ َو َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻒ ﻓِﻲ َذِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ُﻊ ا ْﻟ ُﻜ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺡﻘِﻴ َﻘ َﺔ اﻟِﺎ ﱢﺕﺰَا ِر َﺑ ْﻞ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﺮ ِة َوﻡَﺎ‬
‫ع ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ن إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ ُﻢ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ‪ :‬ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد ِﺑ ِﻪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﺌ َﺰ ِر َﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ق‬
‫ج َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺝ َﺘ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ دُو َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻀَ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َﺪ ﱠﻓ َﺄ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر َو َی ْﻘ ِ‬
‫ﻦ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﺴُ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫َﻓ ْﻮ َﻗﻬَﺎ َوآَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ ﱡﺒ ِﻪ ِﺑ ِﻬ ْﻢ َو ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺘ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸ ﱡﺒ ٌﻪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻴﻬُﻮ ِد َو َﻗ ْﺪ ُﻧﻬِﻴﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻚ َﺕ َ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫س‬
‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﺑ َ‬
‫ي } َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺵﻬَﺎ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ن َی ْﻌ َﺘ ِﺰ َل ِﻓﺮَا َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر َوﻟَﺎ َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ﱠﻨ ِﺔ َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﻏ ُ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ :‬أ َﺕ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َوﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ت َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓ َﺒ َﻠ َﻎ َﻡ ْﻴﻤُﻮ َﻧ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ َﻓ َﺄ ْﻧ َﻜ َﺮ ْ‬
‫رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ َﻓ َﻌ َﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺾ{‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ ﻓِﻲ ﺡَﺎ َﻟ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ش وَا ِ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻌﻨَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ِﻓﺮَا ٍ‬
‫ن ُیﻀَﺎ ِ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ آَﺎ َ‬
‫‪----------------‬‬
‫ﺑﺪاﺋﻊ اﻟﺼﻨﺎﺋﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺕﺮﺕﻴﺐ اﻟﺸﺮاﺋﻊ‬
‫أﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ اﻟﻜﺎﺱﺎﻧﻲ اﻟﺤﻨﻔﻲ‬
‫ب ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َﻜﺮَا َه ِﺔ وَا ْﻟ َﻜﻠَﺎ ُم ﻓِﻲ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻜﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻤﱠﻰ ِآﺘَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺔ َو َﻗ ْﺪ ُی َ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ وَا ْﻟ ِﺈﺑَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤْ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴﻤﱠﻰ ِآﺘَﺎ َ‬
‫ن ( َو َﻗ ْﺪ ُی َ‬
‫ﺤﺴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْ‬
‫ب اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫) ِآﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺔ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ) َأﻡﱠﺎ (‬
‫ﺠﻤُﻮ َ‬
‫ت ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺎ ِ‬
‫ت وَا ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤﻈُﻮرَا ِ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ن َأ ْﻧﻮَا ِ‬
‫ب َوﻓِﻲ َﺑﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ ا ْﻟ ِﻜﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﻰ ا ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻲ َﺑﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺽ َﻌ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺹ ِﻞ ﻓِﻲ َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َو ُه َﻮ ُر ْؤ َی ُﺔ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َو ُی ْﺬ َآ ُﺮ َو ُیﺮَا ُد ِﺑ ِﻪ ِﻓ ْﻌ ُﻞ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺹ َﻔ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ِء َ‬
‫ﺸ ْ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ن ُی ْﺬ َآ ُﺮ َو ُیﺮَا ُد ِﺑ ِﻪ َآ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺴَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺄوﱠ ُل ﻓَﺎﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺤﺴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻤ َﻴ ِﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ب ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺺ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻜﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺨﺼِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﺘ َﻤ َﻞ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺴﻨًﺎ ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ي َرَأیْﺘﻪ َ‬
‫ﺴﻨْﺖ َآﺬَا َأ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺴﻨًﺎ ُیﻘَﺎ ُل ا ْ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ﻲ ِء َ‬
‫ﺸ ْ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ع)‬
‫ﺴ ُﻨﻬَﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻌ ْﻘ ُﻞ وَاﻟﺸﱠ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻪ َی ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َو ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮهَﺎ َو ِﻟ َﻜ ْﻮ ِﻧﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺲ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺴٍ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺡﻜَﺎ ِم ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ص ﻋَﺎ ﱠﻡ ِﺔ ﻡَﺎ أُو ِر َد ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺘﺼَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻤ َﻠ ٍﺔ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ﺹ ِﻪ ِﺑ َﺒﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺘﺼَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ُﻡ ْﻘ َﺘﻀَﺎهَﺎ ﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫َوَأﻡﱠﺎ ( اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﺎهَﺎ َووَا َﻓ َﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻤ َﻴ ٌﺔ ﻃَﺎ َﺑ َﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺔ َﻓ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ وَا ْﻟ ِﺈﺑَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻤ َﻴ ُﺔ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ع ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ٍم َﻡ ْﻜﺮُو ٌﻩ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ت َو ُآﻞﱡ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َﺑﻴَﺎ ُ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟﻐَﺎ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻤ َﻴ ُﺔ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻜﺮَا َه ِﺔ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ت َو َآﺬَا اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْ‬
‫ت وَا ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎﺡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻈُﻮرَا ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺒﱡﻮا‬
‫ن ُﺕ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺴَﻰ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ْﻴ ٌﺮ َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ َو َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴﺌًﺎ َو ُه َﻮ َ‬
‫ن َﺕ ْﻜ َﺮهُﻮا َ‬
‫ﻋﺴَﻰ َأ ْ‬
‫ك َو َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ } َو َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺒ ِﺔ وَاﻟ ﱢﺮﺽَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﺒَﺎ َر َ‬
‫ﺽ ﱡﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻤ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻜﺮَا َه َﺔ ِ‬
‫ﺺ‬
‫ﻦ َﻧ ﱢ‬
‫ع ِﺑ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﻡ ُﺘ ُﻪ ِﺑ َﺪﻟِﻴ ٍﻞ َﻡ ْﻘﻄُﻮ ٍ‬
‫ﺖ ُ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْﺜ ُﺒ ُ‬
‫ﺤ َﺮا َم َوﻟَﺎ َی ْﺮﺽَﻰ ِﺑ ِﻪ إﻟﱠﺎ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤﺐﱡ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ع ﻟَﺎ ُی ِ‬
‫ﺵ ﱞﺮ َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ { وَاﻟﺸﱠ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴﺌًﺎ َو ُه َﻮ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ع ِﺑ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َﻡ ْﻘﻄُﻮ ٍ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﻡ ُﺘ ُﻪ ِﺑ َﺪﻟِﻴ ٍﻞ َ‬
‫ﺖ ُ‬
‫ق َوﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْﺜ ُﺒ ُ‬
‫ﻃﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺮَاﻡًﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴﻤﱢﻴﻪ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ُی َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓﻌَﺎ َد ُة ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َﻌﺰِی ِﺰ َأ ْو َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﻜﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺠ َﻤ ُﻊ َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ َﻓ َﻴﻘُﻮ ُل‬
‫ﺴﻤﱢﻴﻪ َﻡ ْﻜﺮُوهًﺎ َو ُر ﱠﺑﻤَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﻚ ُی َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺼﺤَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ ِﻜﺮَا ِم رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ َو َ‬
‫ﺧﺒَﺎ ِر اﻟْﺂﺡَﺎ ِد َوَأﻗَﺎوِی ِﻞ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻃ ٍﻊ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑ َﺪﻟِﻴ ٍﻞ ﻇَﺎ ِه ٍﺮ ﻟَﺎ ِﺑ َﺪﻟِﻴ ٍﻞ ﻗَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﻡ َﺘ ُﻪ َﺙ َﺒ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ﺵﻌَﺎرًا ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡﺮَا ٌم َﻡ ْﻜﺮُو ٌﻩ إ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻋ ُﺔ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺠﻤُﻮ َ‬
‫ت ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮﻡَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻖ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺔ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َﻓ َﻨﻘُﻮ ُل َو ِﺑﺎَﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻮﻓِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺠﻤُﻮ َ‬
‫ت ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺤﱠﻠﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ت وَا ْﻟ ُﻤ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َ‬
‫ن َأ ْﻧﻮَا ِ‬
‫) َوَأﻡﱠﺎ ( َﺑﻴَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﺡﱢ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﻡ ُﺘ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺖ ُ‬
‫ع َﺙ َﺒ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺝﻤِﻴﻌًﺎ َو َﻧ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻖ اﻟ ﱢﺮﺝَﺎ ِل وَاﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء َ‬
‫ﺡﱢ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﻡ ُﺘ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺖ ُ‬
‫ع َﺙ َﺒ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ن َﻧ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺹ ِﻞ َﻧ ْﻮﻋَﺎ ِ‬
‫ب ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻜﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫اﻟ ﱢﺮﺝَﺎ ِل دُو َ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻌ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻀﻬَﺎ َﻡ ْﺬآُﻮ ٌر ﻓِﻲ َﻡﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﺝﻤِﻴﻌًﺎ َﻓ َﺒ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ﻖ اﻟ ﱢﺮﺝَﺎ ِل وَاﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء َ‬
‫ﺡﱢ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﻡ ُﺘ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺖ ُ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء ) َأﻡﱠﺎ ( اﱠﻟﺬِي َﺙ َﺒ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ﱢ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﻡ ُﺔ اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ب َو ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٌﺪ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ا ْﻟ ِﻜﺘَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺐ َو َﻧ ْﺒ َﺪُأ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﺑ َﺪَأ ِﺑ ِﻪ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﺐ َﻓﻠَﺎ ُﻧﻌِﻴ ُﺪ ُﻩ َو َﻧ ْﺬ ُآ ُﺮ ﻡَﺎ ﻟَﺎ ِذ ْآ َﺮ َﻟ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻜ ُﺘ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﻜ ُﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ُﺮ ُم ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻚ َو َی ْ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪهَﺎ ﻓِﻲ َﺑﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺽ َﻊ َأ َ‬
‫ث َﻡﻮَا ِ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ َﻜﻠَﺎ ُم ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ َﺙﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ‪َ ) .‬أﻡﱠﺎ (‬
‫ﺤ ُﺮ ُم ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َو َی ْ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﺚ ﻓِﻲ َﺑﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ وَاﻟﺜﱠﺎ ِﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ُﺮ ُم ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َو َی ْ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫وَاﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ ﻓِﻲ َﺑﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻖ اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ُء ﻓِﻲ َهﺬَا‬
‫ع اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء َﻓ َﻨﻘُﻮ ُل َو ِﺑﺎَﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻮﻓِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺹُﻮ ُل إﻟَﻰ َﻡ ْﻌ ِﺮ َﻓ ِﺘ ِﻪ إﻟﱠﺎ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َﻡ ْﻌ ِﺮ َﻓ ِﺔ َأ ْﻧﻮَا ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺄوﱠ ُل َﻓﻠَﺎ ُی ْﻤ ِﻜ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ُﻢ‬
‫ﺤ َﺮ ِم َو ُه َﻮ اﻟﺮﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ِﻢ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱠﺮ ِ‬
‫ع ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻦﱠ َذوَا ُ‬
‫ت َو َﻧ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ع ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻦﱠ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻤﻠُﻮآَﺎ ُ‬
‫ت َو َﻧ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ع ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻦﱠ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻨﻜُﻮﺡَﺎ ُ‬
‫ع َﻧ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺱ ْﺒ َﻌ ُﺔ َأ ْﻧﻮَا ٍ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ا ْﻟﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ع‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ِﺔ اﻟ ﱠﺮﺽَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َﺮ ٍم َو ُهﻦﱠ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤَﺎ ِر ُم ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ِﻢ ِﺑﻠَﺎ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱠﺮ ِ‬
‫ع ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻦﱠ َذوَا ُ‬
‫ﺖ وَا ْﻟ َﻌ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ وَا ْﻟﺨَﺎ َﻟ ِﺔ َو َﻧ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ح آَﺎ ْﻟُﺄ ﱢم وَا ْﻟ ِﺒ ْﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َﺮ ُم ﻟِﻠ ﱢﻨﻜَﺎ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺮَا ِﺋ ُﺮ‬
‫ت ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻨ ِﺒﻴﱠﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺤ َﺮ َم َو ُهﻦﱠ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺹﻠًﺎ َوﻟَﺎ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﻢ َﻟ ُﻬﻦﱠ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻟَﺎ َر ِ‬
‫ع ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻦﱠ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻏﻴَﺎ ِر َو َﻧ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ت ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ع ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻦﱠ َﻡ ْﻤﻠُﻮآَﺎ ُ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ ُﻤﺼَﺎ َه َﺮ ِة َو َﻧ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َﻌ ﱢﻢ وَا ْﻟ َﻌ ﱠﻤ ِﺔ وَا ْﻟﺨَﺎ ِل وَا ْﻟﺨَﺎ َﻟ ِﺔ ) َأ ﱠﻡﺎ (‬
‫ح َآ ِﺒ ْﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺮﱢ ُم اﻟ ﱢﻨﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ُﻢ اﱠﻟﺬِي ﻟَﺎ ُی َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺮ ٍم َو ُه َﻮ اﻟﺮﱠ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ِﻢ ِﺑﻠَﺎ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱠﺮ ِ‬
‫ع ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻦﱠ َذوَا ُ‬
‫َو َﻧ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻃ ُﺆهَﺎ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َﻟ ُﻪ َو ْ‬
‫ﺱﻬَﺎ إﻟَﻰ َﻗ َﺪ ِﻡﻬَﺎ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َر ْأ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ َو َﻡ ﱡ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ إﻟَﻰ َز ْو َ‬
‫ج اﻟﻨﱠ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺰ ْو ِ‬
‫ت َﻓ َﻴ ِ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟ َﺄوﱠ ُل َو ُهﻦﱠ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻨﻜُﻮﺡَﺎ ُ‬
‫اﻟﻨﱠ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻦ { َوَأ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ َﻡﻠُﻮﻡِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺖ َأ ْیﻤَﺎ ُﻧ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻬ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ َأ ْو ﻡَﺎ َﻡ َﻠ َﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْزوَا ِ‬
‫ن إﻟﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ ﺡَﺎ ِﻓﻈُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُه ْﻢ ِﻟ ُﻔﺮُو ِ‬
‫ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ } َوَاﱠﻟﺬِی َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻃ ُﺆهَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺡَﺎ َﻟ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َﻟ ُﻪ َو ْ‬
‫ﻖ ا ْﻟﺄُوﻟَﻰ إﻟﱠﺎ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﻃﺮِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺡﻠَﺎﻟًﺎ َﻟ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫نإ ْ‬
‫ﺲ َﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ﱢ‬
‫ق اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ك‬
‫ﺾ ِﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ َﺕﺒَﺎ َر َ‬
‫ن{‬
‫ﻄ ُﻬ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َی ْ‬
‫ﺾ َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﻘ َﺮﺑُﻮ ُهﻦﱠ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﺘ ِﺰﻟُﻮا اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺾ ُﻗ ْﻞ ُه َﻮ َأذًى ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄُﻟﻮﻧَﻚ َ‬
‫َو َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ } َو َی ْ‬
‫ع ِﺑﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ دُو َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺺ اﱠﻟﺬِي َﺕ َﻠ ْﻮﻧَﺎ ‪َ .‬و َه ْﻞ َی ِ‬
‫ﻋﻤُﻮ ِم اﻟ ﱠﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺹ ًﺔ َ‬
‫ﺨﺼُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺾ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ت ﺡَﺎ َﻟ ُﺔ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫َﻓﺼَﺎ َر ْ‬
‫ج؟‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٌﺪ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر َوﻗَﺎ َل ُﻡ َ‬
‫ع ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻒ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻟَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﺱ َ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ َوَأﺑُﻮ یُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻒ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺘ ِﻠ َ‬
‫ُا ْ‬
‫ﻀ ُﻬ ْﻢ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ﻗَﺎ َل َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ﺦ ﻓِﻲ َﺕ ْﻔﺴِﻴ ِﺮ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻬ َﻤﺎ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﻒ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺸَﺎ ِی ُ‬
‫ﺧ َﺘ َﻠ َ‬
‫ﻚ وَا ْ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵﻌَﺎ َر اﻟ ﱠﺪ ِم َو َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ِ‬
‫ﺠ َﺘ ِﻨ ُ‬
‫َی ْ‬
‫‪13‬‬
‫ﻀ ُﻬ ْﻢ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ َﻡ َﻊ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘﻬَﺎ إﻟَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺮ ْآ َﺒ ِﺔ َوﻗَﺎ َل َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ح ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ﱠﺮ ِﺕﻬَﺎ َوﻟَﺎ ُیﺒَﺎ ُ‬
‫ق ُ‬
‫ع ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﺮ ِة َﻓ َﻴ ِ‬
‫ق اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻌ َﻤ ُﻞ ِﺑ ُﻌﻤُﻮ ِم َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻬﻤَﺎ ِﺑﻤَﺎ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ َﻊ ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﺌ َﺰ ِر ﻟَﺎ َﻡ ْﻜﺸُﻮﻓًﺎ َو ُی ْﻤ ِﻜ ُ‬
‫ج َﻟ ِﻜ ْ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ﱠﺮ ِﺕﻬَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ُ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ع ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر َﻓ َﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤﻠًﺎ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر َﻓ َﻴﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ج َﻡ َﻊ ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﺌ َﺰ ِر إ ْذ ُآﻞﱡ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘﻬَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﺮ ِة َوﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ق اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َی َﺘﻨَﺎ َو ُل ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄﻟُﻮﻧَﻚ َ‬
‫ك َو َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ } َو َی ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ ﻇَﺎ ِه ُﺮ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ َﺕﺒَﺎ َر َ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ ( َﻗ ْﻮ ِل ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ ‪َ ) .‬و ْ‬
‫ﺱ ْﺒﺤَﺎ َﻧ ُﻪ َو َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻆ َواَﻟﻠﱠ ُﻪ ُ‬
‫ِﺑ ُﻌﻤُﻮ ِم اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ‬
‫ﺱ ﱢﻴ َﺪ َﺕﻨَﺎ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ي َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻊ ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى َو َﻗ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﺮ َﻡ ُﺔ ِﺑ َﻤ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺺ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ ﱡ‬
‫ﺾ َأذًى َﻓ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻌ َﻞ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺾ ُﻗ ْﻞ ُه َﻮ َأذًى { َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵﻌَﺎ َر اﻟ ﱠﺪ ِم َو َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺖ َی ﱠﺘﻘِﻲ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ ( َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻬﻤَﺎ ﻡَﺎ‬
‫ﻚ ) َو َو ْ‬
‫ﺾ َﻓﻘَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻤﱠﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺌ َﻠ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ج اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ن َأ ْزوَا َ‬
‫ي } َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﺮ ِة َو َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َﻗﻬَﺎ { َو ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺱﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل } َﻟﻨَﺎ ﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َر ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ُر ِو َ‬
‫ج‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ب ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ع ِﺑ َﻬﺎ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َی ْﻘ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ َ‬
‫ن اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻌ ُﻬﻦﱠ { َو ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ن ُﺙﻢﱠ ُیﻀَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن َی ﱠﺘ ِﺰ ْر َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﻡ َﺮ ُه ﱠ‬
‫ﻀَ‬
‫ﺡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ُآﻦﱠ إذَا ِ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺡﻤَﻰ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َﻡﺤَﺎ ِر ُﻡ ُﻪ َﻓ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ن ِ‬
‫ﺡﻤًﻰ َوِإ ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ ِ‬
‫ن ِﻟ ُﻜﻞﱢ َﻡ ِﻠ ٍ‬
‫ﺤﺮَا ِم ﻗَﺎ َل َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ } َأﻟَﺎ إ ﱠ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ ُﻮﻗُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺱ َﺒ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺨ ِﺬ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻤ ِﺘ ُﻊ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻔ ِ‬
‫ن َی َﻘ َﻊ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ { وَا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺵُ‬
‫ﺤﻤَﻰ یُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻮ َل ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َر َﺕ َﻊ َ‬
‫ن َی َﻘ َﻊ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ { َوﻓِﻲ ِروَا َی ٍﺔ } َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺵُ‬
‫ﺤﻤَﻰ یُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻮ َل ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺡَﺎ َم َ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ ُﻮﻗُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺮَا ِم‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺒ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺮَا ِم ‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺒ ُ‬
‫ع ِﺑ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ َ‬
‫ن اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ن َی َﻘ َﻊ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َد ﱠل َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺵُ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻮ َﻟ ُﻪ َﻓﻴُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻤَﻰ َو َی ْﺮ َﺕ ُﻊ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻮ َل ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫َیﺤُﻮ ُم َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى ﻋَﺎ َد ًة َﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺨﻠُﻮ َ‬
‫ج ﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻮ َل ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠ ٌﺔ َ‬
‫ﺤﱠ‬
‫ﺝ َﻨ ِﺒ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ) َوَأﻡﱠﺎ ( اﻟْﺂ َی ُﺔ ا ْﻟ َﻜﺮِی َﻤ ُﺔ َﻓ ُ‬
‫ﺨ ْﻠ َﻮ ُة ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺹُﻠ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡﺮَا ٌم َأ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ي َﻡ َﻊ ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر َﻓ ُ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى َذِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َهﺬَا‬
‫ﺤ ِﻤ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ﱢﻴ َﺪ ِﺕﻨَﺎ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻌﻤَﺎ َل ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى َو َﻗ ْﻮ ُل َ‬
‫ع ِﺑ ِﻪ ا ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻓ ْﺮ ِﻗ ِﻪ إﻟَﻰ َﻗ َﺪ ِﻡ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ وَاﻟﱠﻠ ْﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ إﻟَﻰ َز ْو ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َﻟﻬَﺎ اﻟﻨﱠ َ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة َی ِ‬
‫ﺾ َو َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺘﻨَﺎ ُﻗ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺹﻴَﺎ َﻧ ًﺔ َﻟﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺪﻟَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻞ ِ‬
‫َﺕ ْﻮﻓِﻴﻘًﺎ َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺔ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻨﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ إﻟَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ اﻟﻨﱠ َ‬
‫ط ِء َﻓ َﻬﺬَا َأ ْوﻟَﻰ َو َی ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َو ُه َﻮ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻤﻜِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﻞ َﻟﻬَﺎ ﻡَﺎ ُه َﻮ َأ ْآ َﺜ ُﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ﺾ ا ْﻟ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ‬
‫ﺱ ﱢﻴ َﺪ ِﺕﻨَﺎ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻟﻤَﺎ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﺠَﺎ ِﻧ َﺒ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ﱡ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﺄ َد َ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ إَﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأ ْوﻟَﻰ إﻟﱠﺎ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡﻠَﺎ ٌل ﻓَﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ع ِﺑ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ َ‬
‫ن اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﻈ َﺮ إﻟَﻰ ﻡَﺎ ِﻡﻨﱢﻲ َوﻟَﺎ‬
‫ﻈﺮْت إﻟَﻰ ﻡَﺎ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ َوﻟَﺎ َﻧ َ‬
‫ﺾ َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َوﻡَﺎ َﻧ َ‬
‫ﺖ ُﻗ ِﺒ َ‬
‫رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﺾ َو َﻧ ﱠﺒ َﻪ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻗ ْﺮﺑَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺄ ُﻧ ُﻪ َﻧﻬَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻋ ﱠﺰ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ َو ُه َﻮ َآ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ن اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺔ ﻓِﻲ ُدﺑُﺮهَﺎ ِﻟَﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ إ ْﺕﻴَﺎ ُ‬
‫َی ِ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻲ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱟ‬
‫ﺱ ﱢﻴ ِﺪﻧَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﺤﺮِی ِﻢ َو ُر ِو َ‬
‫ن َأ ْوﻟَﻰ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺶ َوَأ َذ ﱡم َﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﻞ َأ ْﻓ َ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َﻤ َ‬
‫ﺾ َأذًى وَا ْﻟ َﺄذَى ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﺪ َﻗ ُﻪ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ َیﻘُﻮ ُل َﻓ ُﻬ َﻮ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺕَﻰ ﺡَﺎ ِﺋﻀًﺎ َأ ْو ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة ﻓِﻲ ُد ُﺑ ِﺮهَﺎ َأ ْو َأﺕَﻰ آَﺎ ِهﻨًﺎ َﻓ َ‬
‫َرﺱُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل } َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ي َأ ْدﺑَﺎ ِر ِه ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ { َأ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء ﻓِﻲ َﻡﺤَﺎ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺕﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ { } َﻧﻬَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُﻡ َ‬
‫آَﺎ ِﻓ ٌﺮ ِﺑﻤَﺎ ُأ ْﻧ ِﺰ َل َ‬
‫ع‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﻞ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ن ِ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻐﺮَى َو ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﻃ ﱠﻴ َﺔ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟﻠﱡﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ﱢﻤ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ﺼﺤَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ ِﻜﺮَا ِم رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ت اﻟْﺂﺙَﺎ ُر ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ﺝَﺎ َء ْ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻖ َﻗﻀَﺎ ِء‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺧﺮَى َوِإ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ َی ْﺜ ُﺒ ُ‬
‫ﺹ ًﺔ دَارًا ُأ ْ‬
‫ت ﺧَﺎ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸ َﻬ َﻮا ِ‬
‫ن ِﻟ َﻘﻀَﺎ ِء اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺹ ًﺔ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ت ﺧَﺎ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸ َﻬﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﻖ َﻗﻀَﺎ ِء اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ْﻧﻴَﺎ ﻟَﺎ َی ْﺜ ُﺒ ُ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻗﻀَﺎ ِء ا ْﻟﺤَﺎﺝَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺚ َ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺮ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﺒ ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ت ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﻬﻮَا ُ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ إﻟَﻰ ا ْﻧ ِﻘﻀَﺎ ِء اﻟ ﱡﺪ ْﻧﻴَﺎ إﻟﱠﺎ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ُر ﱢآ َﺒ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﺔ َﺑﻘَﺎ ِء اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ت َو ِه َ‬
‫ا ْﻟﺤَﺎﺝَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻖ َﻟ ُﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ َﻠ ْ‬
‫ﺹ ًﺔ وَاﻟ ﱡﺪ ْﻧﻴَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ ُﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻬ َﻮ ِة ﺧَﺎ ﱠ‬
‫ﻖ َﻗﻀَﺎ ِء اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َﻟ َﺜ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْدﺑَﺎ ِر َﻓ َﻠ ْﻮ َﺙ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ِﻤ ُﻞ ا ْﻟ ُﻮﻗُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ ﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﺔ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْ‬
‫َوﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺵﺮح ﻡﻌﺎﻧﻰ اﻵﺙﺎر ﻟﻠﻄﺤﺎوي‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻨﻜﺎح‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ ِﻟ َﺰ ْو ِ‬
‫ﺾ ﻡَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ُ‬
‫ﺑَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ َﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﻨﺼُﻮ ٍر ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻌ َﺒ ُﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮﻧَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮﻧَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ دَاوُد ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ َﺮ َة ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻌﻬَﺎ { ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ﺾ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ ُیﻀَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﺡَﺎ ِﺋ ٌ‬
‫ن َﺕ ﱠﺘ ِﺰ َر َو ِه َ‬
‫ﺡﺪَاﻧَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ن َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َی ْﺄ ُﻡ ُﺮ إ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ‪ } :‬آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮٍو ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺚ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﺮ ْی ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﺒ ْﻴ ٍﺪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﻌ َﺒ ٍﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َی ْﻌﻠَﻰ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺵ ُﺮهَﺎ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺵ ْﻌ َﺒ ُﺔ ‪َ :‬وﻗَﺎ َل َﻡ ﱠﺮ ًة ‪ُ :‬یﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر‬
‫ﺾ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َوَأﻧَﺎ ﺡَﺎ ِﺋ ٌ‬
‫ﺵ َﺮﻧِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱡ‬
‫ﺖ ‪ُ } :‬ر ﱠﺑﻤَﺎ ﺑَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ق‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺴﺮُو ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺸ ْﻌ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺲ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻦ یُﻮ ُﻧ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺤﻤﱠ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ط ‪ .‬ح ‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ﺱﺒَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﺱ ٌﺪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮﻧَﺎ َأ َ‬
‫ن ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َرﺑِﻴ ٌﻊ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﺆذﱢ ُ‬
‫{‪َ .‬‬
‫ن َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ‬
‫ﺖ ‪ } :‬آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﻴﻤُﻮ َﻧ َﺔ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺵﺪﱠا ٍد ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴﺒَﺎ ِﻧ ﱢ‬
‫ق اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ط‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺱﺒَﺎ ٌ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﻴ ٌ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ‪َ ,‬و ُهﻦﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺵ ُﺮ ِﻧﺴَﺎ َء ُﻩ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ُیﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮﻧِﻲ‬
‫ﺐ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َو ْه ٍ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮﻧَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺲ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ یُﻮ ُﻧ ُ‬
‫ﺾ{‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺚ َیﻘُﻮ ُل‬
‫ن اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺐ‪:‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َو ْه ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َﻧ ْﺪ َﺑ َﺔ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺰ َﺑ ْﻴ ِﺮ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋ ْﺮ َو َة ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺐ َﻡ ْﻮﻟَﻰ ُ‬
‫ﺡﺒِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ب‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺵﻬَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺚ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺲ وَاﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫یُﻮ ُﻧ ُ‬
‫ﺱﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ‬
‫ن َر ُ‬
‫ﺖ ‪ } :‬آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ج اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﻴﻤُﻮ َﻧ َﺔ َز ْو ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ُﺑ َﺪیﱠ ُﺔ َﻡ ْﻮﻟَﺎ ُة َﻡ ْﻴﻤُﻮ َﻧ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺚ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ { ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْو اﻟ ﱡﺮ ْآ َﺒ َﺘ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺨ َﺬ ْی ِ‬
‫ف ا ْﻟ َﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ إزَا ٌر َی ْﺒُﻠ ُﻎ َأ ْﻧﺼَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺾ ‪ ,‬إذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺡَﺎ ِﺋ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻧﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ِه َ‬
‫ﺵ ُﺮ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ َة ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ُیﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﻦ َو ْه ٍ‬
‫ﺚ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺬ َآ َﺮ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻞ ﻡَﺎ َذ َآ َﺮ ُﻩ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ٌﺪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬ﻗﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َرﺑِﻴ ٌﻊ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﺆذﱢ ُ‬
‫ﺠ َﺰ ًة ِﺑ ِﻪ ( ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺚ ) ُﻡ ْ‬
‫اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻄ ِﻠ َﻊ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َی ﱠ‬
‫ن ُیﺠَﺎ ِﻡ َﻌﻬَﺎ إﻟﱠﺎ َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺾ ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ ِﻟ َﺰ ْو ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺐ َﻗ ْﻮ ٌم إﻟَﻰ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻌ َﻔ ٍﺮ ‪َ :‬ﻓ َﺬ َه َ‬
‫ﺱﻮَا ًء ﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺚ‪َ ,‬‬
‫اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ‬
‫ﻦ ﻗَﺎ َل ِﺑ ِﻪ َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻚ ِﺑ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ اﱠﻟﺬِي َذ َآ ْﺮﻧَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ﱠﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﺘﺠﱡﻮا ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻮ َر ٍة ‪ .‬وَا ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ي ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ْیﻀًﺎ ِﺑﻤَﺎ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺘﺠﱡﻮا ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺔ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َ‬
‫َر ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ ُﻢ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗ ْﻮ ِل َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪ .‬وَا ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮٍو‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺹ ِﻢ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ق‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡﻌَﺎ ِو َی َﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮﻧَﺎ ُز َه ْﻴ ُﺮ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻌ ِﺪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱞ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ دَاوُد ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺖ؟‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ َﺙ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ إذَا َأ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄﻟُﻮ ُﻩ ‪ :‬ﻡَﺎ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ب َوآَﺎﻧُﻮا َﺙﻠَﺎ َﺙ ًﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َ‬
‫ﺨﻄﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ْﺑ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﺕﻮْا ُ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺪ اﻟ ﱠﻨ َﻔ ِﺮ اﱠﻟﺬِی َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ‪َ },‬‬
‫اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻡ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ َرﺱُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄﻟْﺖ َ‬
‫ﺡ ٌﺪ ُﻡ ْﻨ ُﺬ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ َأ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄ َﻟﻨِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻲ ٍء ‪ ,‬ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄ ْﻟ ُﺘﻤُﻮﻧِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺾ ‪َ .‬ﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫َی ْﻌﻨُﻮ َ‬
‫‪14‬‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َﻓ ْﻬ ٌﺪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأﺑُﻮ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ُﻪ { ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻄ ِﻠ ُﻊ َ‬
‫ﻀ ﱢﻢ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َی ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻘﺒِﻴ ِﻞ وَاﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ‪ِ ,‬ﻡ ْ‬
‫وﺱﻠﻢ َﻓ َﻘﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ﻟ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ب‬
‫ﺨﻄﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ْﺑ َ‬
‫ن َﻗ ْﻮﻡًﺎ َأ َﺕﻮْا ُ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ ,‬أ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠ ِﻠ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮٍو ا ْﻟ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺹ ِﻢ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ق‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱﺮَاﺋِﻴ ُﻞ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ن ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ﻏﺴﱠﺎ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮٍو‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺹ ُﻢ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ي ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ﻋَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻌُﻮ ِد ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ َﺮ َة ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأﺑُﻮ دَاوُد ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄﻟُﻮ ُﻩ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َذ َآ َﺮ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬‬
‫َﻓ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋ َﺒ ْﻴ ُﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﻌ َﺒ ٍﺪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱡ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮﻧَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َﻓ ْﻬ ٌﺪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َذ َآ َﺮ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ن َﻗ ْﻮﻡًﺎ َأ َﺕﻮْا ُ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ ,‬أ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠ ِﻠ ﱢ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ ْﻴ ٍﺮ ‪َ ,‬ﻡ ْﻮﻟًﻰ ِﻟ ُﻌ َﻤ َﺮ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮٍو ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺹ ٍﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ق‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ُأ َﻧ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ َز ْی ِﺪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮٍو ‪َ ,‬‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺽ َﻊ‬
‫ﺐ َﻡﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﺝ َﺘ َﻨ َ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر إذَا ا ْ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫س ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻘَﺎﻟُﻮا ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ َﺑ ْﺄ َ‬
‫ﺧﺮُو َ‬
‫ﻚﺁَ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬وﺧَﺎ َﻟ َﻔ ُﻬ ْﻢ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﻦ ﻟَﺎ ُﻧ ْﻨ ِﻜ ُﺮ‬
‫ﺤُ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄﻧﱠﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺠ َﺔ َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻓ ْﻌ ِﻞ َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻠﺎ ُ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﺪ ِم ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎﻟُﻮا ‪َ :‬أﻡﱠﺎ ﻡَﺎ َذ َآ ْﺮ ُﺕ ْﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر‬
‫ﻦ َﻧﻘُﻮ ُل ‪َ :‬ﻟ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺤُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻨَﺎ ‪َ .‬ﺑ ْﻞ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ًﺔ َ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
‫ﺚ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ُ‬
‫ن َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻴﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺾ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪ ,‬ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ن ِﻟ َﺰ ْو ِ‬
‫َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ٌﺔ َ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
‫ﺚ‪ُ ,‬‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ُ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺾ ‪َ .‬وِإ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ث ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪُو ِ‬
‫ﻚ َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ ُ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ َﻌ َﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺽ َﻊ اﻟ ﱠﺪ ِم ‪َ ,‬آﻤَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺐ َﻡﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﺝ َﺘ َﻨ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ُﻪ ‪ ,‬إذَا ا ْ‬
‫َوﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺠ ٍﺔ َ‬
‫ﺤﱠ‬
‫ﺲ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺚ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی َ‬
‫ن َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻟ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ح َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑَﺎ َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﺄﻡﱠﺎ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺾ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪ ,‬ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ن ِﻟ َﺰ ْو ِ‬
‫َأ ْﻧ َﻜ َﺮ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻓِﻲ َهﺬَا ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺲ َﻟ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ إﻟﱠﺎ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن َﺑ ْﻌ ُﺪ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ ‪ :‬إﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﺒ ْﺮهَﺎ ُ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪ِ ,‬ﻡﻤﱠﺎ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َر َو ْی ُﺘ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َأ َ‬
‫ﻒ ﻡَﺎ َذ َه ْﺒ ُﺘ ْﻢ َأ ْﻧ ُﺘ ْﻢ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ِه َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬و ُیﺨَﺎ ِﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺤُ‬
‫ﻖ ﻡَﺎ َذ َه ْﺒﻨَﺎ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ َﻧ ْ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪ ,‬ﻡَﺎ ُیﻮَا ِﻓ ُ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َﻓ ْﻬ ٌﺪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻚ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ ,‬ﻡَﺎ َذ َآ ْﺮ ُﺕ ْﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻀَ‬
‫ﺡ ْ‬
‫َی ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ِﺑ ِﻨﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ إذَا ِ‬
‫ن َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ‬
‫ﺖ ‪ :‬آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻦ } ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺮ َة ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َﻡ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ق‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺲ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُز َه ْﻴ ُﺮ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأﺑُﻮ ِإ ْ‬
‫یُﻮ ُﻧ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻟ َﺄ َر ِﺑ ِﻪ { ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻬﺬَا َ‬
‫ن َأ ْﻡ َﻠ َﻜ ُﻜ ْﻢ ِﻟ َﺄ َر ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو َأ ْﻡ َﻠ َ‬
‫ﺾ ‪َ ,‬و َﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻨ ُﻪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ ‪َ ,‬وَأﻧَﺎ ﺡَﺎ ِﺋ ٌ‬
‫ﺵﻌَﺎ ٍر وَا ِ‬
‫ﺵ ُﺮﻧِﻲ َوَأﻧَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪ُ ,‬یﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ﺝَﺎ َء َ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻠﻤﱠﺎ ﺝَﺎ َء َهﺬَا َ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺔ ﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻚ إﺑَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻔِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ ُﺮهَﺎ ﻓِﻲ إزَا ٍر وَا ِ‬
‫ن ُیﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺔ‬
‫ﻚ إﺑَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ َه َﻜﺬَا َﻡ ﱠﺮ ًة ‪َ ,‬و َه َﻜﺬَا َﻡ ﱠﺮ ًة ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪﻧَﺎ ‪َ -‬‬
‫ن َهﺬَا ‪ِ -‬‬
‫ﺵ ُﺮهَﺎ ‪ ,‬آَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َﺕ ﱠﺘ ِﺰ َر ُﺙﻢﱠ ُیﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫َی ْﺄ ُﻡ ُﺮهَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻖ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ َل اﱠﻟ ِﺬي‬
‫ﺝ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬ﻡَﺎ ُیﻮَا ِﻓ ُ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﺝﻤِﻴﻌًﺎ ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌ َﻨ َﻴ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﺰ ْی َﻤ َﺔ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأﺑُﻮ ا ْﻟ َﻮﻟِﻴ ِﺪ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺤﻤﱠ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻦ َذ َآ ْﺮﻧَﺎ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟﱠﻠﺬِی َ‬
‫ﻲ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی َﺜ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤْ‬
‫ﺹﱠ‬
‫َ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ‬
‫ﺸ َﺮﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻴﻬُﻮ َد آَﺎﻧُﻮا ﻟَﺎ َی ْﺄ ُآﻠُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺲ } َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﻧ ٍ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺖ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ﺙَﺎ ِﺑ ٍ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ َﻤ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺡﻤﱠﺎ ُد ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴﱡ‬
‫ﻄﻴَﺎ ِﻟ ِ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺾ ﻓِﻲ َﺑ ْﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻴ ِ‬
‫ن َﻡ َﻊ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫َی ْﻘ ُﻌﺪُو َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄﻟُﻮﻧَﻚ َ‬
‫ﺝ ﱠﻞ } َو َی ْ‬
‫ﻋ ﱠﺰ َو َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺄ ْﻧ َﺰ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﻚ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ .‬ﻓ ُﺬ ِآ َﺮ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ٍء ‪,‬‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﺹ َﻨﻌُﻮا ُآﻞﱠ َ‬
‫ﺾ { ‪َ .‬ﻓﻘَﺎ َل َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ا ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﺘ ِﺰﻟُﻮا اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺾ ُﻗ ْﻞ ُه َﻮ َأذًى ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺹ ًﺔ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻋﻬَﺎ ﺧَﺎ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ٍء ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﺾ ُآﻞﱠ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﺚ ‪َ ,‬أ ﱠﻧ ُﻬ ْﻢ آَﺎﻧُﻮا َﻗ ْﺪ ُأﺑِﻴﺤُﻮا ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ِ‬
‫ع { ‪َ .‬ﻓﻔِﻲ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺧﻠَﺎ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ُل ِﺑ َﻌ ْﻴ ِﻨ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺱﻮَا ُﻩ ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ج دُو َ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟ َﻔ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫َو َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄ َل‬
‫ﺝﻠًﺎ َ‬
‫ن َر ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ِﻗﻠَﺎ َﺑ َﺔ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ب‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َأیﱡﻮ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮٍو ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﺒ ْﻴ ُﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ﺧَﺎ ِﻟ ٍﺪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮُو ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ دَاوُد ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ دَاوُد ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ( ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻲ ٍء إﻟﱠﺎ َﻓ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ) ُآﻞﱡ َ‬
‫ﺖ ﺡَﺎ ِﺋﻀًﺎ ؟ ( َﻓﻘَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ) ﻡَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ إذَا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ق‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺴﺮُو ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ َﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸ ٍﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َﻡ ْﻌ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ب‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َأیﱡﻮ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ َﺒ ْﻴ ُﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ﺧَﺎ ِﻟ ٍﺪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮُو ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮﻧَﺎ َ‬
‫‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ُﻡ ﱠﺮ َة ‪,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ ُﺑ َﻜ ْﻴ ٍﺮ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺚ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺚ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺵ َﻌ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ن ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َرﺑِﻴ ٌﻊ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﺆذﱢ ُ‬
‫ﻚ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ‪ِ ,‬ﻡ ْﺜ َﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ :‬ﻓ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺖ ؟ ( ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﺽ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأﺕِﻲ إذَا ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ُﺮ ُم َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ) ﻡَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄﻟْﺖ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋﻘَﺎ ٍل ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﺡﻜِﻴ ِﻢ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋﻘِﻴ ٍﻞ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫َﻡ ْﻮﻟَﻰ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈﻧﱠﺎ َرَأ ْیﻨَﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ َة َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻖ اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﻃﺮِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻬ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺢ َﻡﻌَﺎﻧِﻲ اﻟْﺂﺙَﺎ ِر ‪َ .‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ َو ْ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻖ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻃﺮِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ب ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻬﺬَا َو ْ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺮ َم‬
‫ﺖ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺽ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر َأ ْیﻀًﺎ ‪ُ .‬ﺙﻢﱠ إذَا ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َﻟ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ن ُیﺠَﺎ ِﻡ َﻌﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺾ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺰ ْو ِ‬
‫َﺕﺤِﻴ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َذ َآ ْﺮﻧَﺎ ‪,‬‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر َ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺧ َﺘ َﻠﻔُﻮا ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ﺑِﺎ ﱢﺕﻔَﺎ ِﻗ ِﻬ ْﻢ ‪ .‬وَا ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﻞ َﻟ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪ ,‬ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ج ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻠﻤﱠﺎ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻔ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻢ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻤ ُﻪ ُ‬
‫ﺠ َﻌ َﻞ ُ‬
‫ﻀ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﻓ َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ‪َ ,‬و َﻡ َﻨ َﻊ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻤ ُﻪ ُ‬
‫ﺠ َﻌ َﻞ ُ‬
‫ﻀ ُﻬ ْﻢ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻢ ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺡ ُﻪ َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫َﻓ َﺄﺑَﺎ َ‬
‫ج‪,‬‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻔ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻜ ِﻤ ِﻪ ؟ ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﺮَأ ْیﻨَﺎ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َﻜ َﻢ َﻟ ُﻪ ِﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺵ َﺒ ُﻪ ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ُﻴ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُه َﻮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ي ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﻨ ْﻌ َﻠ َﻢ َأ ﱡ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟﻨﱠ َ‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺧ َﺘ َﻠ ُﻔﻮا ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫اْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ُﻢ ﻡَﺎ‬
‫ﻚ ُ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘﻮِي ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ج ﻟَﺎ یُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى ا ْﻟ َﻔ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ‪َ ,‬و َرَأ ْیﻨَﺎ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺪ وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻬ َﺮ وَا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝ ُ‬
‫یُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴﺌًﺎ َو َی ْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺵ َﺒ ُﻪ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر َأ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻢ ﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َذ َآ ْﺮﻧَﺎ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﺜ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻢ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ‪ ,‬ﻟَﺎ ُ‬
‫ع َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻢ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ُﻤ ُﻪ ُ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ﺾ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻴﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ِﻢ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ُه َﻮ ﻓِﻲ ُ‬
‫ن َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ َ‬
‫ج ‪ .‬ﻓَﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻔ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻌ َﻔ ٍﺮ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ‪ُ :‬ﺙﻢﱠ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺬ ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ِﺑ ِﻪ َﻧ ْﺄ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺔ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻦ َر ْ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ِﺪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ج ‪َ .‬و َهﺬَا َﻗ ْﻮ ُل ُﻡ َ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻔ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺔ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ َر ْ‬
‫ﺐ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َذ َه َ‬
‫ﻲ َﺕ ُﺪلﱡ َ‬
‫ﺢ اﻟْﺂﺙَﺎ ِر ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا ِه َ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ب ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻲ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻈﺮْت َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫َﻧ َ‬
‫ﻦ َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي} َ‬
‫ع ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ﻡَﺎ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ع ‪َ :‬ﻓ َﻨ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﺙﻠَﺎ َﺙ ِﺔ َأ ْﻧﻮَا ٍ‬
‫ﺝ ْﺪﻧَﺎهَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻚ َأﻧﱠﺎ َو َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٌﺪ ‪َ .‬و َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺐ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َذ َه َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬ﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْﻨ ِﻊ‬
‫ﻚ َدﻟِﻴ ٌﻞ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر { ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ﺾ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﺵ ُﺮ ِﻧﺴَﺎ َء ُﻩ َو ُهﻦﱠ ُ‬
‫ن ُیﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺮ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ﻡَﺎ َروَى‬
‫عﺁَ‬
‫ب ‪َ .‬و َﻧ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻌ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟِﺈزَا ِر ‪ِ ,‬ﻟﻤَﺎ َﻗ ْﺪ َذ َآ ْﺮﻧَﺎ ُﻩ ﻓِﻲ َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺵ َﺮ ِة َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺾ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َذ َآ ْﺮﻧَﺎ ُﻩ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻦ َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﻨﻪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ ْﻴ ُﺮ ‪َ ,‬ﻡ ْﻮﻟَﻰ ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﻦ َآﻠَﺎ ِم َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺾ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻴ ِ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻨ ِﻊ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َدﻟِﻴ ٌﻞ َ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻌ ِﻪ ‪َ .‬ﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﻨﻪ إیﱠﺎ ُﻩ } ﻡَﺎ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺴﺆَا ِل ُ‬
‫ب ِﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺝﻮَا ٌ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ ُه َﻮ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪َ ,‬و ِذ ْآ ُﺮ ُﻩ ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ع‬
‫ن ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﻘﺼِﻴ َﺮ ‪َ .‬و َﻧ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺱﺆَا ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬ﻟَﺎ ُﻧ ْﻘﺼَﺎ َ‬
‫ب ُ‬
‫ﺝﻮَا َ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر { َﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺖ ﺡَﺎ ِﺋﻀًﺎ ؟ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ إذَا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺲ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﻨﻪ َ‬
‫ﺁَ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺾ دُو َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻴ ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺢ ِﻟ ِﺈ ْﺕﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ُﻡﺒِﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺬِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َﻗ ْﺪ َذ َآ ْﺮﻧَﺎ ُﻩ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﻧ ٍ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺮ ﻡَﺎ ُه َﻮ ‪ ,‬ﻡَﺎ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻈ ْﺮﻧَﺎ‬
‫ﺱﺨًﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ ؟ َﻓ َﻨ َ‬
‫ﺠ َﻌُﻠ ُﻪ ﻧَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺒ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻨ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﺹَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﺕ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ي َه َﺬ ْی ِ‬
‫ﻈ َﺮ َأ ﱡ‬
‫ن َﻧ ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﺄ َر ْدﻧَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ن َﺕ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ج ‪َ ,‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻔ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤﺐﱡ‬
‫ن َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ُی ِ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻬُﻮ ُد َ‬
‫ﻋﻤﱠﺎ آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺧﺒَﺎ ٌر َ‬
‫ﺲ ‪ ,‬ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ إ ْ‬
‫ﺚ َأ َﻧ ٍ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ُ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا َ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ب)‬
‫س رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ‪ ,‬ﻓِﻲ ِآﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻚ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺨﻠَﺎ ِﻓ ِﻬ ْﻢ ‪َ ,‬ﻗ ْﺪ َر َو ْیﻨَﺎ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ب ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ ُی ْﺆ َﻡ ْﺮ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ِﺑ ِ‬
‫ُﻡﻮَا َﻓ َﻘ َﺔ َأ ْه ِﻞ ا ْﻟ ِﻜﺘَﺎ ِ‬
15
‫ﻦ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َﻡ ُﻪ‬
ْ ‫ع َﻡ‬
ُ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ﱢﺕﺒَﺎ‬
َ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ﻦ َهﺪَى اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﻓ ِﺒ ُﻬﺪَا ُه ْﻢ ا ْﻗ َﺘ ِﺪ ِﻩ { َﻓﻜَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﻚ اﱠﻟﺬِی‬
َ ‫ﻚ َأ َﻡ َﺮ ُﻩ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ } أُو َﻟ ِﺌ‬
َ ‫ﺠﻨَﺎ ِﺋ ِﺰ ( َو َآ َﺬ ِﻟ‬
َ ‫ا ْﻟ‬
‫ب َآﻠَﺎ ِم‬
ِ ‫ﺝ ِﺘﻨَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﻦا‬
ْ ‫ ِﻡ‬, ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ‬
َ ‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻬُﻮ ُد‬
ْ ‫ﺦ ﻡَﺎ آَﺎ َﻧ‬
َ‫ﺴ‬
َ ‫ن اﱠﻟﺬِي َﻧ‬
َ ‫ َﻓﻜَﺎ‬. ‫ﺵﺮِی َﻌ َﺘ ُﻪ‬
َ ‫ﺦ‬
ُ‫ﺴ‬
َ ‫ﺵﺮِی َﻌ ٌﺔ َﺕ ْﻨ‬
َ ‫ث َﻟ ُﻪ‬
َ ‫ﺤ ُﺪ‬
ْ ‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َی‬
َ ‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻧ ِﺒﻴَﺎ ِء‬
ْ ‫ِﻡ‬
‫ َﻓﻔِﻲ‬. ‫ﻄ َﺔ َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ‬
َ‫ﺱ‬
ِ ‫ ﻟَﺎ وَا‬, ‫ﺲ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬
ٍ ‫ﺚ َأ َﻧ‬
ِ ‫ﺡﺪِی‬
َ ‫ ُه َﻮ ﻡَﺎ ُه َﻮ ﻓِﻲ‬, ‫ﺖ‬
ٍ ‫ع َﻡ َﻌﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ َﺑ ْﻴ‬
ِ ‫ﺝ ِﺘﻤَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﺾ َو ُﻡﺆَا َآ َﻠ ِﺘﻬَﺎ وَاﻟِﺎ‬
ِ ‫ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ‬
‫ق‬
َ ‫ﺡ َﺔ ِﻟﻤَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ‬
َ ‫ ا ْﻟِﺈﺑَﺎ‬, ‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ‬
ُ ‫ﺚ‬
ِ ‫ﺡﺪِی‬
َ ‫ن اﱠﻟﺬِي ﻓِﻲ‬
َ ‫ َوآَﺎ‬. ‫ج‬
ِ ‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻔ َﺮ‬
َ ‫ﻋﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ دُو‬
ِ ‫ﺝﻤَﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﺡ ُﺔ‬
َ ‫ إﺑَﺎ‬, ‫ﺲ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ َهﺬَا‬
ٍ ‫ﺚ َأ َﻧ‬
ِ ‫ﺡﺪِی‬
َ
‫ﺲ‬
ٍ ‫ﺚ َأ َﻧ‬
ُ ‫ﺡﺪِی‬
َ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ﺲ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ إذَا آَﺎ‬
ٍ ‫ﺚ َأ َﻧ‬
ِ ‫ﺤﺪِی‬
َ ‫ﻚ ُﻡ َﺘ َﻘ ﱢﺪﻡًﺎ ِﻟ‬
َ ‫ن َذ ِﻟ‬
َ ‫ن َیﻜُﻮ‬
ْ ‫ﺱ َﺘﺤَﺎ َل َأ‬
ْ ‫ ﻓَﺎ‬. ‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر‬
َ ‫ﺤ‬
ْ ‫ وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻨ َﻊ ﻡَﺎ َﺕ‬, ‫ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر‬
َ‫ﺱ‬
ِ ‫رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ُه َﻮ اﻟﻨﱠﺎ‬
, ‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ‬
َ ‫ﺧ ٌﺮ‬
‫ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ُﻡ َﺘ َﺄ ﱢ‬: ‫ﺖ‬
َ ‫ َﻓ َﺜ َﺒ‬. ‫ َو ُﻡﺆَا َآ َﻠ ِﺘﻬَﺎ َو ُﻡﺸَﺎ َر َﺑ ِﺘﻬَﺎ‬, ‫ﺾ‬
ِ ‫ع َﻡ َﻊ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ‬
ِ ‫ﺝ ِﺘﻤَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ب اﻟِﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﺝ ِﺘﻨَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ ﻟِﺎ‬, ‫ﺦ‬
, ‫ﺢ اﻟْﺂﺙَﺎ ِر‬
ِ ‫ﺼﺤِﻴ‬
ْ ‫ ِﺑ َﺘ‬, ‫ﻦ َهﺬَا‬
ْ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ‬
َ ‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺔ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ‬
ْ ‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ َر‬
َ ‫ﺐ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأﺑُﻮ‬
َ ‫ﻚ ﻡَﺎ َذ َه‬
َ ‫ﺖ ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ‬
َ ‫ َﻓ َﺜ َﺒ‬. ‫ﺢ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ‬
َ ‫ﺾ اﱠﻟﺬِي ُأﺑِﻴ‬
ِ ‫ﺦ ِﻟ َﺒ ْﻌ‬
ٌ‫ﺱ‬
ِ ‫َوﻧَﺎ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ‬
َ ‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺔ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ‬
ْ ‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٌﺪ َر‬
َ ‫ﺐ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ُﻡ‬
َ ‫وَا ْﻧ َﺘﻔَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َذ َه‬
The above needs to be translated. I don’t have time now
4. Can I have romance/intimacy with my wife while she is in the state of impurity
(menses and after child birth [Nifaas] )?
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
A man can be intimate with his wife when she is menstruating or in nifaas. This falls into three
categories:
1 – Being intimate and having intercourse with her in the vagina. This is haraam according to
the consensus of the Muslims and the text of the Qur’aan. Allaah says (interpretation of the
meaning):
“They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: that is an Adha (a harmful thing for a husband
to have a sexual intercourse with his wife while she is having her menses), therefore, keep
away from women during menses and go not unto them till they are purified (from menses
and have taken a bath)”
[al-Baqarah 2:222]
2 – Being intimate by kissing, embracing, touching etc. parts that are above the navel and
below the knee. This is permissible according to scholarly consensus.
See Sharh Muslim by al-Nawawi, and al-Mughni, 1/414
3 – Being intimate with regard to the area between the navel and the knee, apart from the
front or back passage. The scholars differed as to whether this is permissible. Imam Abu
Haneefah, Imam Maalik and al-Shaafa’i were of the view that this is haraam, and Imam
Ahmad was of the view that this is permissible; the latter view was also shared by some
Hanafis, Maalikis and Shaafa’is. Al-Nawawi said: The evidence for this view is stronger and it
is the preferred view.
Those who say that it is permissible quoted evidence from the Qur’aan and Sunnah.
With regard to Qur’aanic evidence, they quoted the verse mentioned above (interpretation of
the meaning):
16
“…therefore, keep away from women during menses and go not unto them till they are
purified (from menses and have taken a bath)”
[al-Baqarah 2:222]
The phrase fi’l-maheed (translated as during menses) refers to both the time of menstruation
and the site of menstruation, which is the vagina. So long as the woman is menstruating,
having intercourse with her in the vagina is haraam.
Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni, 1/415:
The fact that the site of bleeding is mentioned specifically indicates that it is permissible to be
intimate in other areas.
With regard to the Sunnah, Muslim (302) narrated from Anas that the Jews, if any of their
women was menstruating, would not eat with them or meet with them in their houses. The
companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about that, then Allaah revealed the verse
(interpretation of the meaning):
“They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: that is an Adha (a harmful thing for a husband
to have a sexual intercourse with his wife while she is having her menses), therefore, keep
away from women during menses and go not unto them till they are purified (from menses
and have taken a bath). And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as
Allaah has ordained for you (go in unto them in any manner as long as it is in their vagina).
Truly, Allaah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and loves those who purify
themselves”
[al-Baqarah 2:222]
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “So do
everything except intercourse.” News of that reached the Jews and they said, “What does this
man want? He does not leave any of our affairs but he differs from it!”
What is meant by “they would not meet with them in their houses” is that they would not mix
with them or stay in the same room with them. This was the view of al-Nawawi.
Abu Dawood (272) narrated from ‘Ikrimah from one of the wives of the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) that when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) wanted to engage in any intimacy with one of his wives when she was
menstruating, he would put a piece of cloth over her private part. Al-Haafiz said: its isnaad is
qawiy (strong); it was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 242.
It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 5/395:
It is haraam for the husband to have intercourse with his wife in her vagina when she is
menstruating, but he may be intimate with her everywhere else.
It is better for the man, if he wants to be intimate with his wife when she is menstruating, to
tell her to wear something to cover her between the navel and the knees, then he may be
intimate with her in any other area.
Al-Bukhaari (302) and Muslim (2293) narrated that ‘Aa’ishah said: “If one of us was
menstruating and the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
wanted to be intimate with her, he would tell her to wear an izaar (waist wrapper) at the peak
of her menstruation, then he would be intimate with her.”
17
Muslim (294) narrated that Maymoonah said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) would be intimate with his wives above the izaar (waist wrapper) when
they were menstruating.
“The peak of her menstruation” means at the beginning when the flow is heaviest. This was
the view of al-Khattaabi.
Ibn al-Qayyim said in Tahdheeb al-Sunan, commenting on hadeeth no. 2167 from ‘Awn alMa’bood:
The hadeeth “Do everything except intercourse” clearly indicates that what is forbidden is only
intercourse in the site of menstruation, which is intercourse in the vagina, but everything else
is permissible. The hadeeth which speak about the izaar (waist wrapper) do not contradict
that, because that is a precautionary measure and is better.
It may be that a distinction is made between the beginning of the period and the end, so that it
is mustahabb to cover the area between the navel and the knee when the bleeding is
heaviest, which is at the beginning of the period.
Al-Haafiz said:
This is supported by the hadeeth narrated by Ibn Maajah with a hasan isnaad from Umm
Salamah, that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would avoid intimacy
with her for three (days), then he would be intimate with her after that.
Note:
The rulings mentioned above apply to both menstruating women and women in nifaas
(bleeding after childbirth).
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, after mentioning the rulings on a man
being intimate with his wife when she is menstruating:
The woman in nifaas is like the woman who is menstruating in this regard.
Al-Mughni, 1/419.
And Allaah knows best.
Islam Q&A
5. A fatwa from Al-Azhar regarding sex during menstruation
‫ ﻓﺘﺎوى دار اﻹﻓﺘﺎء ﻟﻤﺪة ﻡﺎﺋﺔ ﻋﺎم‬: ‫اﻟﻜﺘـــﺎب‬
. ‫ ﻡﻦ أﺡﻜﺎم اﻟﻤﻤﻨﻮﻋﺎت واﻟﻤﺒﺎﺡﺎت‬: ‫اﻟﺒــﺎب‬
.‫ ( اﻟﺠﻤﺎع ﻓﻰ اﻟﻨﻔﺎس‬1099 ) ‫اﻟﻤﻮﺽﻮع‬
.‫ ﻓﻀﻴﻠﺔ اﻟﺸﻴﺦ أﺡﻤﺪ هﺮیﺪى‬: ‫اﻟﻤﻔﺘﻰ‬
.‫ م‬1972 ‫یﻮﻟﻴﺔ‬5
:‫اﻟﻤﺒﺎدئ‬
.‫ﻡﺠﺎﻡﻌﺔ اﻟﺮﺝﻞ اﻡﺮأﺕﻪ وهﻰ ﻧﻔﺴﺎء ﻡﺤﺮم ﺵﺮﻋﺎ‬1 .‫ﺝﻤﻬﻮر اﻟﻔﻘﻬﺎء ﻋﻠﻰ أﻧﻪ یﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮ اﷲ وﻻ ﺵﻰء ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻡﻦ اﻟﺼﺪﻗﺔ أو ﻏﻴﺮهﺎ‬2 -
18
/.‫ ﻡﻦ اﻟﺴﻴﺪ‬: ‫ﺱﺌﻞ‬
‫ وﻟﻤﺎ ﺧﺮج ﻡﻨﻬﺎ وذهﺐ إﻟﻰ ﻡﻨﺰﻟﻪ‬،‫ﺑﻄﻠﺒﻪ اﻟﻤﺘﻀﻤﻦ أﻧﻪ آﺎن یﺮﻗﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ ﻹﺝﺮاء ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺝﺮاﺡﻴﺔ ﻓﻰ ﺧﺼﻴﺘﻪ‬
.‫ وﻟﻢ یﻤﺾ ﻋﻠﻰ وﺽﻌﻬﺎ أآﺜﺮ ﻡﻦ واﺡﺪ وﻋﺸﺮیﻦ یﻮﻡﺎ‬،‫وآﺎﻧﺖ زوﺝﺘﻪ ﻗﺪ وﺽﻌﺖ وﻟﻢ ﺕﺰل ﻧﻔﺴﺎء‬
.‫ وﺑﻌﺪ أن أﻓﺎق وﺝﺪ أﻧﻪ وﻗﻊ ﻓﻰ اﻟﻤﺤﺮم‬.‫وﺕﺒﻌﺎ ﻟﺮﻏﺒﺘﻪ اﻟﺠﺎﻡﺤﺔ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺝﺎﻡﻊ اﻡﺮأﺕﻪ وهﻰ ﻡﺎ ﺕﺰال ﻓﻰ ﻡﺪة اﻟﻨﻔﺎس‬
.‫وﺑﺪأ ﺽﻤﻴﺮﻩ یﺆﻧﺒﻪ ﻹﺕﻴﺎﻧﻪ هﺬﻩ اﻟﻔﻌﻠﺔ اﻟﺸﻨﻌﺎء‬
.‫وﻃﻠﺐ اﻟﺴﺎﺋﻞ اﻹﻓﺎدة ﻋﻦ اﻟﺤﻜﻢ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻰ‬
‫ ﻷن دم اﻟﻨﻔﺎس أذى یﺠﺐ اﻋﺘﺰال‬،‫ یﺤﺮم ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺮﺝﻞ أن یﺠﺎﻡﻊ اﻡﺮأﺕﻪ اﻟﻨﻔﺴﺎء ﻓﻰ اﻟﻔﺮج وﻡﺎ دوﻧﻪ‬: ‫أﺝﺎب‬
.‫اﻟﻨﻜﺎح ﻓﻰ ﻡﺪﺕﻪ‬
.‫ﻓﺈذا ﺝﺎﻡﻊ اﻟﺮﺝﻞ اﻡﺮأﺕﻪ وهﻰ ﻧﻔﺴﺎء ﻓﻰ ﻡﺪة اﻟﻨﻔﺎس ﻓﺈﻧﻪ یﻜﻮن ﺁﺙﻤﺎ‬
‫ وﻡﻦ ﺙﻢ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ اﻟﺴﺎﺋﻞ أن یﺘﻮب إﻟﻰ‬.‫وﺝﻤﻬﻮر اﻟﻔﻘﻬﺎء ﻋﻠﻰ أﻧﻪ یﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮ اﷲ وﻻ ﺵﻰء ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻡﻦ اﻟﺼﺪﻗﺔ أو ﻏﻴﺮهﺎ‬
‫ ﺙﻢ ﻻ یﻌﻮد إﻟﻰ ﻓﻌﻠﻪ أﺑﺪا واﷲ ﻏﻔﻮر رﺡﻴﻢ یﻘﺒﻞ اﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ ﻋﻦ‬،‫اﷲ ویﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮﻩ ویﻨﺪم ﻋﻠﻰ ارﺕﻜﺎﺑﻪ هﺬا اﻟﻔﻌﻞ اﻟﻤﺤﺮم‬
.‫ﻋﺒﺎدﻩ ویﻌﻔﻮ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺴﻴﺌﺎت‬
.‫وﻡﻤﺎ ذآﺮ یﻌﻠﻢ اﻟﺠﻮاب ﻋﻦ اﻟﺴﺆال‬
.‫واﷲ ﺱﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ وﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ أﻋﻠﻢ‬
***********************************************
6. Ruling on having intercourse with a menstruating woman whilst wearing a
condom
Question:
I know that its not permissible having intercourse with a women during menses. It is
medically proved that these liquids discharge from the virgina of the women is
harmful to men. However, is it permissible if he wears a condom or if she wears a
women’s condom?
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
It is not permissible for the husband to have intercourse with his wife when she is
menstruating, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: that is an Adha (a harmful thing for a
husband to have a sexual intercourse with his wife while she is having her menses),
therefore, keep away from women during menses and go not unto them till they are
purified (from menses and have taken a bath). And when they have purified
themselves, then go in unto them as Allaah has ordained for you (go in unto them in
any manner as long as it is in their vagina). Truly, Allaah loves those who turn unto
Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves (by taking a bath and
cleaning and washing thoroughly their private parts and bodies for their prayers)”
[al-Baqarah 2:222]
So it is not permissible to have intercourse with a menstruating woman until she has
become pure (her menses has ended) and she has done ghusl.
19
There is a stern warning against having intercourse with a menstruating woman, as alTirmidhi (135) and Abu Dawood (3904) and Ibn Majaah (639) narrated from Abu
Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever has intercourse with a menstruating woman, or
with a woman in her back passage, or who goes to a fortuneteller and believes what
he says, has disbelieved in that which was revealed to Muhammad.” Classed as
saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.
The husband may enjoy intimacy with his menstruating wife in ways other than
intercourse. See the answer to question no. 36722.
Secondly:
Allaah has enjoined keeping away from menstruating women, i.e., not having
intercourse with them until they become pure (the menses ends) and they have done
ghusl. So one must obey that and it is haraam to have intercourse with her even if one
is wearing a condom, because the one who has intercourse whilst wearing a condom
is still having intercourse, and if he has intercourse with his wife whilst she is
menstruating, he falls into sin and disobedience.
Hence the fuqaha’ (may Allaah have mercy on them) stated that it is haraam to have
intercourse with a menstruating woman even if that is with a barrier.
It says in Asna’l-Mataalib (1/100) and also in Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj (1/390), which are
both Shaafa’i books:
Similarly it is haraam to have intercourse with her (i.e. the menstruating woman) in
her vagina even with a barrier. End quote.
It says in Kashshaaf al-Qinaa’ (1/201) and also in al-Furoo’ (1/262), which are
Hanbali books: Even if intercourse is with a barrier that he wraps around his penis or
a bag into which he inserts it. End quote.
Thirdly:
As well as being haraam, intercourse at the time of menses is also harmful to both the
man and the woman. The doctors have listed a number of diseases that may be caused
for both the man and the woman as a result of this:
1-
It may cause the woman to bleed heavily
2- Intercourse during menses leads to the introduction of germs into the uterus,
which may be more susceptible to infection at the time of menses
3- There is a recent study which speaks of the relationship between the
incidence of cervical cancer and frequent intercourse at the time of menses.
See also the answer to question no. 43028.
‫‪20‬‬
‫‪This is the reason behind the prohibition, and there may be other reasons behind it,‬‬
‫‪such as it being a test for the one who is accountable, to see to what extent he will‬‬
‫‪obey and how righteous he is, and how he will refrain from that which Allaah has‬‬
‫‪forbidden.‬‬
‫‪And Allaah knows best.‬‬
‫‪Islam Q&A‬‬
‫‪7. The Hanafi view relative to sex during menstruation‬‬
‫اﻟﻤﺒﺴﻮط ﻟﻠﺴﺮﺧﺴﻲ اﻟﺤﻨﻔﻲ‬
‫ج‬
‫ﺾ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ ُ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻹﺱﺘﺤﺴﺎن ‪ِ :‬‬
‫ﻋ َﺘ ِﺰﻟُﻮا اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺵ ُﺮ ُﻩ ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ } ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻖ ُﻡﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴُ‬
‫ﺤﱡﻠ ُﻪ َو َی ْﻔ ُ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺺ َی ْﻜ ُﻔ ُﺮ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺮَا ٌم ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ج َ‬
‫ﺾ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ ُ‬
‫َﻓ َﺄﻡﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻄ ْﻬ ِﺮ َوﻗَﺎ َل ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ‬
‫ﺤ ْﺮ َﻡ َﺔ َﺕ ْﻤ َﺘ ﱡﺪ إﻟَﻰ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ن { َدﻟِﻴ ٌﻞ َ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻬ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َی ْ‬
‫ﺾ { َوﻓِﻲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ } َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﻘ َﺮﺑُﻮ ُهﻦﱠ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﺪ َﻗ ُﻪ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َیﻘُﻮ ُل َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َآ َﻔ َﺮ‬
‫ﺾ َأ ْو َأﺕَﻰ آَﺎ ِه ًﻨﺎ َﻓ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َﻡ ْﺄﺕَﺎهَﺎ َأ ْو َأﺕَﺎهَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺡَﺎ َﻟ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺕَﻰ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ } ‪َ :‬ﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻌ َﻠﻤَﺎ ِء‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻐﻔَﺎ ِر َو ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻮ َﺑ ِﺔ وَاﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ط ِء ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻠ َﺰ ُﻡ ُﻪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ { َو َﻟ ِﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ِﺑﻤَﺎ َأ ْﻧ َﺰ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ق‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﺪ َ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺾ َﻓ َﻌ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺮ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻃ َﺌﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺁ ِ‬
‫ن َو ِ‬
‫ق ِﺑﺪِیﻨَﺎ ٍر َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﺪ َ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺾ َﻓ َﻌ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻃ َﺌﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ َأ ﱠو ِل ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ن َو ِ‬
‫ﻦ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ‪ :‬إ ْ‬
‫َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝﻠًﺎ ﺝَﺎ َء إﻟَﻰ‬
‫ن َر ُ‬
‫ي َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ ﻡَﺎ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺠ ُﺘﻨَﺎ ( ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑ ِﻤ ْﺜ ِﻠ ِﻪ ‪َ ) .‬و ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻜﻔﱠﺎ َر َة ﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﺜ ُﺒ ُ‬
‫ﺡﺪِیﺜًﺎ ﺵَﺎذ‪‬ا َو َﻟ ِﻜ ﱠ‬
‫ﻒ دِیﻨَﺎ ٍر َو َروَى ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬
‫ِﺑ ِﻨ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺪ ُﻗﻨِﻲ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬إﻧﱠﻚ َﺕ ْﺄﺕِﻲ‬
‫ﻖ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ َوﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬إﻧﱢﻲ َرَأیْﺖ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﻨَﺎ ِم َآ َﺄﻧﱢﻲ َأﺑُﻮ ُل َدﻡًﺎ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺼﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫اﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﻐ ِﻔ ْﺮ اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ ُﻌ ْﺪ َو َﻟ ْﻢ ُی ْﻠ ِﺰ ْﻡ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻜﻔﱠﺎ َر َة‬
‫ﻚ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ ٍﺮ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ‪ :‬ا ْ‬
‫ف ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﺘ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺾ ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻡ َﺮَأﺕَﻚ ﻓِﻲ ﺡَﺎ َﻟ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺲ َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﺌ َﺰ ِر َو َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻤ ِﺘ َﻊ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ن َی ْ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ‪َ :‬ﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ع َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﺘ َﻠﻔُﻮا ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫وَا ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﻚ َو ُه َﻮ ِروَا َی ُﺔ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى َذِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵﻌَﺎ َر اﻟ ﱠﺪ ِم َو َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺐ ِ‬
‫ﺠ َﺘ ِﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٌﺪ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ‪َ :‬ی ْ‬
‫َوﻗَﺎ َل ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﻬﻤَﺎ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ َر ِ‬
‫ﻲ َﻡ َﻊ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﺧﱡ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﻬ ْﻢ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َو َذ َآ َﺮ ُﻩ ا ْﻟ َﻜ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ َر ِ‬
‫ﻒ َﻡ َﻊ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺱ َ‬
‫ي َﻗ ْﻮ َل َأﺑِﻲ یُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺤﻄَﺎ ِو ﱡ‬
‫ﻄْ‬
‫ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ َو َذ َآ َﺮ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ﱟﻞ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ َﻡ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻌﻤَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى َو َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﺮ َﻡ َﺔ ِﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ ا ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ن َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﺪﻟَﺎ ِل ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ } ُﻗ ْﻞ ُه َﻮ َأذًى { َﻓﻔِﻴ ِﻪ َﺑﻴَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫َﺕ َﻌﺎﻟَﻰ َو ْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄﻟْﺖ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻗ ﱠﺮ َة رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل َ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡﻌَﺎ ِو َی َﺔ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ دِیﻨَﺎ ٍر َ‬
‫ﺖ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ي ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِﻜﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ص َو ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺨﺼُﻮ ٍ‬
‫َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺚﺁَ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ٍ‬
‫ﻚ َوﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵﻌَﺎ َر اﻟ ﱠﺪ ِم َو َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ﱠﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ :‬ی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺾ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ﺡَﺎ ِﺋ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ َو ِه َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻡَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﻲ ٍء إﻟﱠﺎ اﻟ ﱢﻨﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﺾ ُآﻞﱡ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ن‬
‫ع وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ح َی ْﻌﻨِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ :‬ی ِ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻌﻤَﺎ ُل ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى َﻓ ُﻬ َﻮ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ا ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻌﻤَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى َﻓ ُﻜﻞﱡ ِﻓ ْﻌ ٍﻞ ﻟَﺎ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﻡ ُﺔ ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ ِﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ ا ْ‬
‫ﺾ َو ُ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ق ﻓِﻲ َزﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﻞ ﺑَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ِﻡ ْﻠ َ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ }‬
‫ﺡﺠﱠ ُﺔ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﺌ َﺰ ِر َو ُ‬
‫ع َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ُﻪ ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺾ َوﻗَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ن َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻖ َآﻤَﺎ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠ ٌ‬
‫ﺡﻠَﺎ ٌل ُﻡ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ اﻟْﺂﺙَﺎ ُر ﺹَﺎ َر‬
‫ﻖ َ‬
‫ﻀ ٍﻮ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َﻓﻤَﺎ ا ﱠﺕ َﻔ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْ‬
‫ع ِﺑ ُﻜﻞﱢ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺮِی َﻢ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺾ { َﻓﻈَﺎ ِه ُﺮ ُﻩ َی ْﻘ َﺘﻀِﻲ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﺘ ِﺰﻟُﻮا اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ‬
‫ﻋﻤﱠﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄﻟُﻮا ُ‬
‫ن َو ْﻓﺪًا َ‬
‫ي } َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻈﱠﺎ ِه ِﺮ ‪َ .‬و ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺱﻮَا ُﻩ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َهﺬَا اﻟﻈﱠﺎ ِه ِﺮ َو َﺑ ِﻘ َ‬
‫ﺨﺼُﻮﺹًﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﺮ ٌة َأ ْﻧ ُﺘ ْﻢ َﻟ َﻘ ْﺪ‬
‫ﺱَ‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻏ ِﺘﺴَﺎ ِل ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ت َو َ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﺒﻴُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻗﺮَا َء ِة ا ْﻟ ُﻘﺮْﺁ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺾ َو َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺲ َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﺌ َﺰ ِر َو َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ َرﺱُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄﻟْﺖ َ‬
‫ﻋﻤﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄ ْﻟ ُﺘﻤُﻮﻧِﻲ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ َﻤ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ‬
‫ﺚ } ُأمﱢ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ { َوﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻏ ِﺘﺴَﺎ َل ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻄﻌْﺖ َو َذ َآ َﺮ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ َ‬
‫ن ُﻧﻮ ٌر َﻓ َﻨ ﱢﻮ ْر َﺑ ْﻴﺘَﻚ ﻡَﺎ ا ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ُﻪ َو ِﻗﺮَا َء ُة ا ْﻟ ُﻘﺮْﺁ ِ‬
‫َﺕ ْ‬
‫ش َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ﻡَﺎﻟَﻚ َأ َﻧ ِﻔﺴْﺖ ُﻗﻠْﺖ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﻔﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﻠﻠْﺖ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤﻀْﺖ ﻓَﺎ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ش َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﻓ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ُ :‬آﻨْﺖ ﻓِﻲ ِﻓﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻊ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ َ‬
‫ن اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻌِﻚ َﻓ َﻔ َﻌﻠْﺖ َﻓﻌَﺎ َﻧ َﻘﻨِﻲ ﻃُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِﻞ { وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀَ‬
‫‪َ :‬ﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ا ْﺋ َﺘ ِﺰرِي َوﻋُﻮدِي إﻟَﻰ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ ْآ ِﺘﻔَﺎ ِء‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠ َﺘ ِﻨ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺮَا َم َﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ن ُیﻮَا ِﻗ َﻊ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻊ َﻓﻠَﺎ َی ْﺄ َﻡ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ب ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َوِإذَا َﻗ ُﺮ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ٌم َ‬
‫ج ُﻡ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ِﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ } َأﻟَﺎ إ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ط َذ َه َ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺘﻴَﺎ ٍ‬
‫عا ْ‬
‫ن َهﺬَا َﻧ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﺌ َﺰ ِر َوآَﺎ َ‬
‫ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫س َوﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺧ َﺬ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻘﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٌﺪ َأ َ‬
‫ن َی َﻘ َﻊ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ { َو ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺵُ‬
‫ﺤﻤَﻰ یُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻮ َل ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َر َﺕ َﻊ َ‬
‫ﺡﻤَﻰ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َﻡﺤَﺎ ِر ُﻡ ُﻪ َﻓ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺡﻤًﻰ َو ِ‬
‫ﻚ ِ‬
‫ِﻟ ُﻜﻞﱢ َﻡ ِﻠ ٍ‬
‫ف ﻓِﻲ َﻡ ْﻌ َﻨﻰ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺘﻠَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﻦا ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﺘﱠﺎ ِﺑﻌِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻊ َو َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻒ ﻓِﻲ َذِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ُﻊ ا ْﻟ ُﻜ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺡﻘِﻴ َﻘ َﺔ اﻟِﺎ ﱢﺕﺰَا ِر َﺑ ْﻞ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ ﱢﺕﺰَا ِر َ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﺮ ِة َوﻡَﺎ‬
‫ع ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ن إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ ُﻢ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ‪ :‬ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد ِﺑ ِﻪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﺌ َﺰ ِر َﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ق‬
‫ج َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺝ َﺘ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ دُو َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻀَ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َﺪ ﱠﻓ َﺄ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر َو َی ْﻘ ِ‬
‫ﻦ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﺴُ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫َﻓ ْﻮ َﻗﻬَﺎ َوآَﺎ َ‬
‫س‬
‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﺑ َ‬
‫ي } َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸ ﱡﺒ ِﻪ ِﺑ ِﻬ ْﻢ َو ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺘ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸ ﱡﺒ ٌﻪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻴﻬُﻮ ِد َو َﻗ ْﺪ ُﻧﻬِﻴﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻚ َﺕ َ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵﻬَﺎ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ن َی ْﻌ َﺘ ِﺰ َل ِﻓﺮَا َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر َوﻟَﺎ َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ﱠﻨ ِﺔ َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﻏ ُ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ :‬أ َﺕ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َوﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ت َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓ َﺒ َﻠ َﻎ َﻡ ْﻴﻤُﻮ َﻧ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ َﻓ َﺄ ْﻧ َﻜ َﺮ ْ‬
‫رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ َﻓ َﻌ َﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺾ{‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ ﻓِﻲ ﺡَﺎ َﻟ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ش وَا ِ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻌﻨَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ِﻓﺮَا ٍ‬
‫ن ُیﻀَﺎ ِ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ آَﺎ َ‬
‫‪8. A woman’s fulfilment of her sexual need during menstruation‬‬
21
When women are having their periods, they cannot have intercourse with their
husbands until their normal Haid time is over. According to the Hanafi thought, if the
woman has sexual urges and wants to relieve her sexual tension, can she rub her
private parts against her husbands private parts while there is some sort of material in
between the husband and wife or if the wife is wearing underwear but they are not
actually having intercourse? Can the wife rub her private parts to relieve herself? What
can she do if she has sexual urges while her periods? What is a woman to do?
Answer
During a woman's menstrual period, actual sexual intercourse is impermissible, as is
any direct skin-to-skin contact between her navel and knees. [Ibn Abidin, Radd alMuhtar] Everything else permissible remains permissible--such as the types of actions
with her husband described in your question.
See:
Menstruation: Intercourse and sexual relations during period
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=1&ID=2025&CATE=117
However, self-masturbation is impermissible. Please search SunniPath Answers
(http://qa.sunnipath.com) for related answers.
And Allah alone gives success.
Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, SunniPath Academy Teacher
Notes by Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
In the case when a female is in periods, she will not be allowed to relieve herself
sexually by rubbing any area of her private organs or the area between her navel to
her kness on her husband.
Zina
1. He is unsure if she inserted his penis in her vagina. So did he commit Zina?
He is in love with someone and is so obsessed with her and cannot take her off his mind. He
proposed marriage to her many times and she refused she was married before (not any
more) and her husband abused her socially and sexually. She offered him to sleep with him
without marriage but he refused fearing committing haram. When asked why not, she told
him because she has to test herself first if she is good enough for marriage (because of her
previous husband’s abuse) My friend told me she clearly was predominated by tremendous
psychological forces, as she wants to prove to herself first she is fit for
marriage before getting into it.
As time passed by, my friend could not resist the temptation and they met at his house, they
both got naked and as he touched her private parts, he curbed himself and backed away
fearing ending up having sex with her (insertion). So he got up and left and asked her to
leave!
Months later, they met alone at some place, despite 100 times proposing marriage, she kept
saying no, they both got naked in the heat of the moment and she grabbed his private and
brought it close to her private part! As soon as he realized it, he pulled back and asked her
22
did you insert it anywhere, she said no!
What he is not sure about that his private touched her somewhere as he was sleeping behind
her in bed. Again he asked if his private was inserted in her rear or front, she said no where
because he pulled back and did not let her.
I know the above sounds gross as I am grossed out myself but I promised to ask for him
because he is feels so guilty. Did he or did he not commit zina?
Reply
Your male friend has not committed actual zina (adultery) since he did not have sex with her
and neither did he have intentions to have sex or insert his penis in her vagina or anus.
Both of them should seek repentance for sleeping naked together. Your friend has indeed
brought himself close to actual adultery by placing himself in a position where he would have
most likely been tempted to have sex. His mere wilful insertion of his penis head into her
vagina (or anus - despite it being a Haraam act) would be sufficient to classify him as a
person who made Zina.
There are different levels of Zina. I'm sure if he inserted his penis in her, he would have felt
some degree of moistness or wetness around his organ. However, both of them might have
got their sexual organs moist during their foreplay resultantly not allowing him to be absolutely
certain whether he entered her to some degree or not.
Since he had no intention to make Zina (enter her), he should not live with the thought that he
made Zina (had sex). Allah is All Forgiving, All Merciful.
Convince them to marry. Try to speak to her on his behalf. The punishment of adultery is very
severe and it is very noble for your male friend to have the fear of Allah.
Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim, Johannesburg, South Africa
-------------------------------------------------2. Did he commit adultery of the highest form (actual Zina) if he did not break her
virginity?
A person intended to commit zina for the first time with a girl, but decided not to anymore
when he found out that the girl is a virgin since he couldn’t penetrate.
Will he be considered as someone who has had sexual intercourse?
Reply
If the head of his penis entered her vagina, then both would have been considered
to have made Zina immaterial whether her virginity broke or not.
Ahmed Fazel
-----------------------------------------------------------3. I kissed a man and touched his genitals, and he did the same to me. What is the
Kaffarah? Can I marry another person.
Allah is all forgiving all Merciful. The touching of the genitals, kissing etc was all wrong to do,
but there is no Kaffarah for it. All you have to do is ask Allah to forgive you. Allah will forgive
you. Don’t tell anyone that he touched your genitals or that you had a feel of his genitals.
23
The good part is you did not have sex with him and therefore you still a virgin.
You can get married again to anyone. If any other person proposes to get married to you, you
should not tell him that you kissed a man before or that you caressed another man or that you
played and held the penis or genitals of someone else.
Next time do not do this. All you have to do is to ask Allah for forgiveness. Allah will forgive
you.
Ustadh, Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
Johannesburg, South Africa
-----------------------------------------------------------4. Hadith on Allah’s anger upon Zina
I have heard from a Sheikh saying that “Allah is more angered to the person who
breaks the virginity of a Muslim Girl in a Haram Way / Adultery than a person who
demolishes the whole Ka’abah And later on the Sheikh said that it was an authentic
Hadith. If there is such a Hadith can you please give a reference to that hadith and if
there is no such a hadith is there any hadith which is similar to that one
Personally, I have not heard of such a hadith. If you manage to come across the source, we
would appreciate to receive the details.
There are thousands of ahadith. Most Ulama do not even personally own such sources
because the Muslim community economically rapes them.
Therefore, it would be good if you invest in good Islamic literature so that you can get
acquainted with the necessary information required for our daily Islamic needs.
Jazakallah
-------------------------------------------------------5. I committed Zina while married. I am now pregnant and want to marry the person
with whom I made Zina.
My ex-husband divorced me (1 talaaq) 3 months ago. Now I want to marry again, but I’m
pregnant 4 months from my future husband. I haven’t been sleeping with my ex- husband for
a year.
Do I have to wait to deliver the baby to marry or can I marry now?
Reply
You have to wait until you delivered your baby, then only can you marry another person
Ustadh, Ahmed Fazel
Response from questioner
Ok, but the father of the child to be born is my future husband. Will Allah forgive my sin?
I have asked many many times for talaaq, before I committed adultery, but my ex-husband
was very stubborn and refused to divorce me.
Second Reply
24
I have not heard your husband’s grounds for refusing to divorce you. Nevertheless, even if he
was wrong, you were totally unjustified in committing adultery while you were still married to
him.
The format of getting atonement for adultery while in marriage is, in Shariah terms, to be
stoned to death. Normally, there no visible evidence of the adultery (Actual sex act) remains
after the conclusion of the adulterous sexual activity. In your case, your admission of what
you have done and the pregnancy is evidence of the evil you have committed.
Shariah, in your case, defines stoning to death. Since you most likely are not living in an
Islamic state, and would, most likely, never ever have the courage to accept to be stoned to
death, you have to eternally cry to Allah for committing adultery. He alone knows whether He
shall forgive you.
Ustadh, Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
---------------------------------------------6. The consequences of Zina before marriage
I am a girl in early twenties. I was raised in a Islamic manner by my parents who are pious
and god fearing. I was always god fearing too but I got into a great sin and have lost my
peace of mind. I had a friend who is a guy who is equally interested in Islam, Da'wah etc. We
worked at the same office. His father too is a pious person and his family set up is just like
mine. We are from two different but neighbouring countries and living in a third country. We
became good friends due to our mutual interests and after sometime fell in love. That’s where
I gave in to Shaytaan, but I realise it only now. After sometime we became too close in every
sense, including a close physical relation. Every time he promised me that I am his wife and
we are surely getting married soon, so its not a big issue (to have sex). Though we were
aware it was a sin, I was blinded by the love for him and trusted him so much (due to which I
consented to have sex).
At the end, end of last year, he told his family about me, but his religious father didn’t like it
only because I am from a different area and he forcefully married his son off to another girl.
This guy promised me he wouldn’t leave me for any reason but he bent to his dad's pressure
and married that girl and he later met me once and he was sad too ( I thought) and he
promised me that we would be together in the next world Insha Allah and lets ask forgiveness
from Allah for the sin we committed.
I accepted that it was our fate and left him wishing him a happily married life. He promised me
he'll send me mails every month on a certain date which is the date he proposed me
earlier. We agreed that in that mail he will be only asking how I am, nothing else, so that I
know he still keeps his promise of meeting in the heaven and he will never forget me etc.
But then he never mailed me afterwards, after a long time I sent him a mail asking how he is
and whether his promise is still valid. But he never responded, I tried to call him but no
answer. I didn’t expect anything from him in this world except that he will keep praying Allah
for our forgiveness and for us to be together in the Heaven Insha Allah.
I know his dad forcefully married him off to another girl and he is living with her, all what I
expected from him is that he will keep his promise of the next world. I know it might sound
totally silly but I loved him so much and still love him so much that I cannot forget him, so I
valued this last promise so much. Also since I have committed such a big sin of having a
physical relation with him, I have decided not to marry ever, in the hope that Allah will forgive
mine and his sin if I continue to pray for that and ask for forgiveness. But I have lost my peace
of mind. I clearly understand that he has forgotten me completely and he has told that its a
waste that he fought with his parents to marry me, because he has got a better wife now. Also
he told me that he doesn’t want to pray for that promise anymore as his stand is changed
25
now. What I understand from that is that now he doesn’t have the wish to be together in the
next world either.
Now we have stopped talking completely as I do not want to be a distraction to his married life
and do not want to be associated to any sin anymore.
I feel so betrayed, this guy convinced me to love him so much and made me fall for him
through his Islamic talks. At the beginning, I didn’t accept him, he convinced me so much
saying he can convince his family and we would be a perfect match. Also he promised me in
the name of Allah thousands times to convince me to be physically close to him, every time
saying he is my husband and Allah knows that, though people do not know.
Every time he told me how he wouldn’t even think of marrying another one because how he
would answer Allah if he does that. But now he has completely changed and he has broken
all the promise to me including the last promise he gave me that he will continue to pray for us
to be together in the next world Insha Allah. He said thinks change and for me to change too
and to marry someone else.
I feel so betrayed, I feel as if he has used me when he wanted to and I feel as if I have got the
punishment from Allah for trusting and loving a guy more than the command of Allah and
committing a great sin. I hate the idea of marrying when my parents are talking about it now.
They know that I liked this guy but no body knows I was this close to him. They are looking for
religious educated guys for me. But I don’t want to marry ever. First of all, I had given all my
love to this guy and I cant think of another person, secondly I feel vomitish to think the idea of
marriage as I already had a close relation with this guy.
I have lost my sleep and happiness and peace of mind because of this. I have committed a
great sin and I have been betrayed by the person I loved most. I try to get back my peace of
mind by reading more Quran and doing more social works etc. But I have lost interest in
everything.
Can you please answer me the following questions?
Will I get forgiveness for this sin?
How do I get peace of mind when I know how much I am betrayed?
I am hurt and continuously crying for this last 6 months, how do I console myself?
If I had loved this guy truly, will I get to live with him in the hereafter?
He was so loving and caring at that time, only after his marriage he feels no value to the
relation we had before. So will I still get him when he doesn’t love me anymore and when he
doesn’t pray anymore that I should be his wife in the hereafter at least?
How do I avoid getting married when my parents are pressuring me?
I will get peace of mind if I know just that this guy still has that same love for me but he
doesn’t anymore and we will be together in the heaven Insha Allah. Is it ok to hope to like this
when he is married to another person and when he doesn’t have that desire anymore?
Wassalam.
Reply
Dear Sister
May Allah care for you, protect you, forgive you and grant you all the comfort you need.
Forgiveness for sex before marriage has its format in the Shariah. I do not know whether it is
Waajib (compulsory) for a person who has done such an act while being unmarried to inform
26
an Islamic Qadhi about what he/she has perpetrated. Nevertheless, you most likely living in
countries where the Shariah laws are not applied. Even if you were, you would not have the
guts to accept the Shariah punishment of being lashed/whipped. You thus need to ask
forgiveness for your entire life. Allah alone knows whether He shall forgive you without
meeting punishment in this world or the Hereafter. Allah is All-Forgiving, All-Merciful and He is
also All-Mighty and has the full power to punish if He so wills. Insha-Allah if your Taubah is
real sincere, Allah will look at you favourably.
You cannot get peace of mind in regard to his betrayal since you, yourself, have betrayed the
orders of Allah. Dating and intimacy prior to marriage has no validity in Islam. You opened
your legs and allowed him sexual gratification. You violated the orders of Allah and your
personal dignity. Rather, learn to forget him on the basis that he was not in your taqdeer.
Never think of him, and despite his betrayal, never think of the same nor try to find reasons
why he betrayed you. What has happened is history. Forget it. Learn a lesson for the future.
Get peace of mind by turning to Allah. Forget the past. Live a life of obedience to the orders of
Allah. Build your spirituality.
Sister, if you cry for a million years, it will not restore your virginity.
Also, perpetually crying for a man with no dignity will worsen your health, emotions and
mental stability. That human animal took your virginity. He used you. He enjoyed you. He
committed to you. He promised you. He laid nude on you, and ultimately he dumped you. He
was not man enough to inform his parents that he had sex with you. He did not respect the
fact that you as a person will one day aspire to marry but will fear to do so because you lost
your virginity. He did not care about mentally and emotionally affecting your entire life with the
thoughts of a shattered love. He made you entitled to the punishment of Allah for the nature of
the sin you mutually perpetrated. If Allah does not pardon you, will you not be facing
punishment for that in this world or in the Hereafter? Is such a man worth crying for? Forget
him, forget his charms, forget his looks and forget the moments of sexual gratification and
love. Destroy or give away every gift he gave you. Let nothing remind you of him. Find
consolation with the fact that despite your inner consciousness regarding the loss of virginity,
you are Muslim. You have Allah. You have the doors of Taubah. Learn to accept that the
world is full with billions of love cases that have drowned in despair.
Unfortunately, when we fall in love, without gaining the right to allow our emotions to be
attached, we jeopardise our sanity and feelings. Love turns the world into an existence that
must serve the dictates of the lovers. We, in this state, reject the orders of Allah. Our minds
enter the dark crevices of illicit sexual pleasure. The heart looses bearing and the compass of
life leads us to live in an abstract framework of false happiness and intimacy.
When the human eye of the lover sets its target on another victim or another soul, then life
trembles due to betrayal and the collapse of an empire of aspirations built in the atmosphere.
Then only do the realities of life face us. The only do we realize the mistakes. Then only do
you find yourself with an irreplaceable loss of virginity.
I am not Allah, I cannot say whether you shall live with him in the Hereafter. If you have never
married in this existence, I do not know whether you and other unmarried females would be
wedded to persons of your choice. Thousands of ahadith would have to be studied for the
solutions on these matters. It is strange that you seek, in the Hereafter, a man who violated
Allah’s orders. You seek a man that dumped you immaterial of how much you try to lessen
the pain by trying to justify why he married another female and left you.
Love and marriage is generally a mutual choice. If he does not pray that you be his wife in the
Hereafter, how would you then be his wife? He has already concluded that sex and other
things you flattered him with, have no more value to him. He had his sexual needs met. He
enjoys another valley now. His eyes have opened to the variety of women that exists out
there. If he tasted you, who knows – How many others did he enjoy?
Don’t be a fool by avoiding to look at marriage. Your parents cannot force you into marriage.
However, don’t write it off. You may be lucky to get a man who is a million times better than
27
the other. Be happy. Somewhere out there, Allah has written – Insha-Allah someone else for
you.
It is not ok for you to desire to be his wife when he is married to another although the Shariah
allows a man to have four wives. The practicality of the matter is that most Muslim men never
have a second wife. The more you live with the false hope the more you will suffer and you
will let go of good opportunities to marry. Eventually you will be a old lady with no husband.
You will regret not getting married.
Go get married and have Halaal sex.
Ustadh, Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
---------------------------------------7. Wali’s duty after coming to know about Zina committed by the wife
A few years ago I acted as the wali at the Nikah for a very close friend. Recently I found
that she is committing zina. Is it my responsibility to approach her? What is the role
and responsibilities of a wali or brother/friend after marriage? Please provide your
guidance. I would like to talk to her as soon as possible.
Reply
Some Madhahib only allow specific family related adult Muslim males to be a Wali for a
female.
Some jurists of the Hanafi Madhhab may perhaps allow any Muslim adult to act as a Wali
since they do not consider it essential to have a Wali.
Nevertheless, the Wali is primarily required, as given in the hadith, for the approval of the
marriage. We do not find any further specified function of the wali. However, we can infer from
the purpose of the requirement of a Wali at the inception of the marriage that his function is to
cater for her interests in all necessary issues pertaining to the marriage. Thus, she should
have recourse to him throughout the marriage to resolve disputes or to have him mediate in
their affairs if necessary. The Wali also has to be fair towards her husband and not violate his
interests.
Since you have come to know that the female is engaged in adultery, you should verify the
truth thereof with her and ensure that she stops and that she becomes faithful. If it is
established that she thereafter continues her unfaithfulness, then I view it essential to notify
her husband and end the marriage.
The Shariah requirements for establishing Zina via four witnesses would be almost
impossible. Therefore, the only way would be through her admission of guilt.
Ustadh, Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
-----------------------------------------8. Disciplining Those Who like that Illegal Sexual Intercourse should be circulated
among the Believers
Disciplining Those Who like that Illegal Sexual Intercourse
should be circulated among the Believers
This is a third instance of discipline directed at those who hear evil talk, believe it to some
28
extent, and start to spread it; they should not spread such talk or pass it on to others. Allah
says:
﴾ٌ‫ب َأﻟِﻴﻢ‬
ٌ ‫ﻋﺬَا‬
َ ‫ﻦ ءَا َﻡﻨُﻮ ْا َﻟ ُﻬ ْﻢ‬
َ ‫ﺸ ُﺔ ﻓِﻰ اﱠﻟﺬِی‬
َ ‫ﺤ‬
ِ ‫ن أَن َﺕﺸِﻴ َﻊ ا ْﻟﻔَـ‬
َ ‫ﺤﺒﱡﻮ‬
ِ ‫ﻦ ُی‬
َ ‫ن اﱠﻟﺬِی‬
‫﴿ِإ ﱠ‬
(Verily, those who like that Fahishah should be circulated among those who believe, they will
have a painful torment) meaning, those who like to see evil talk about them (the believers)
appear,
﴾‫ب َأﻟِﻴ ٌﻢ ﻓِﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ْﻧﻴَﺎ‬
ٌ ‫ﻋﺬَا‬
َ ‫﴿ َﻟ ُﻬ ْﻢ‬
(they will have a painful torment in this world) means, because of the prescribed punishment,
and in the Hereafter because of the torment in Hell.
﴾َ‫﴿وَاﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َی ْﻌ َﻠ ُﻢ َوأَﻧ ُﺘ ْﻢ َﻻ َﺕ ْﻌ َﻠﻤُﻮن‬
(And Allah knows and you know not.) means, return the matter to Him and you will be guided.
Imam Ahmad recorded from Thawban that the Prophet said:
‫ﺐ‬
َ ‫ﻃ َﻠ‬
َ ‫ﺴ ِﻠ ِﻢ‬
ْ ‫ﻋ ْﻮ َر َة َأﺧِﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ‬
َ ‫ﺐ‬
َ ‫ﻃ َﻠ‬
َ ‫ﻦ‬
ْ ‫ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َﻡ‬،ْ‫ﻋ ْﻮرَا ِﺕ ِﻬﻢ‬
َ ‫ﻄُﻠﺒُﻮا‬
ْ ‫ َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ‬،ْ‫ﷲ َوﻟَﺎ ُﺕ َﻌﻴﱢﺮُو ُهﻢ‬
ِ ‫ﻋﺒَﺎ َد ا‬
ِ ‫»ﻟَﺎ ُﺕ ْﺆذُوا‬
«‫ﺤ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َﺑ ْﻴ ِﺘ ِﻪ‬
َ‫ﻀ‬
َ ‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َی ْﻔ‬
َ ،ُ‫ﻋ ْﻮ َر َﺕﻪ‬
َ ‫ﷲ‬
ُ ‫ا‬
(Do not annoy the servants of Allah, nor abuse them, nor seek their hidden shortcomings.
Whoever seeks out the faults of his Muslim brother, Allah will expose his faults and degrade
him, even if he is hiding in his house.)
‫ت‬
ِ ‫ﻄ َﻮ‬
ُ‫ﺧ‬
ُ ‫ﻦ ءَا َﻡﻨُﻮ ْا َﻻ َﺕ ﱠﺘ ِﺒﻌُﻮ ْا‬
َ ‫ ی َﺄ ﱡیﻬَﺎ اﱠﻟﺬِی‬- ‫ف ﱠرﺡِﻴ ٌﻢ‬
ٌ ‫ن اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ َرءُو‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺘ ُﻪ َوَأ ﱠ‬
ْ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ُﻜ ْﻢ َو َر‬
َ ‫ﻀ ُﻞ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ‬
ْ ‫﴿ َو َﻟ ْﻮ َﻻ َﻓ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬
َ ‫ﻀ ُﻞ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ‬
ْ ‫ﺤﺸَﺂ ِء وَا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻨ َﻜ ِﺮ َو َﻟ ْﻮ َﻻ َﻓ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َی ْﺄ ُﻡ ُﺮ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻔ‬
ِ ‫ﻄـ‬
َ ‫ﺸ ْﻴ‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱠ‬
ِ ‫ﻄ َﻮ‬
ُ‫ﺧ‬
ُ ‫ﻦ َوﻡَﻦ َی ﱠﺘ ِﺒ ْﻊ‬
ِ ‫ﺸ ْﻴﻄَـ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
﴾ ‫ﻋﻠِﻴ ٌﻢ‬
َ ‫ﺱﻤِﻴ ٌﻊ‬
َ ‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ ُی َﺰآﱢﻰ ﻡَﻦ َیﺸَﺂ ُء وَاﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ َأﺑَﺪًا َوﻟَـ ِﻜ ﱠ‬
َ ‫ﻦ َأ‬
ْ ‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺘ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ َزآَﻰ ﻡِﻨﻜُﻢ ﱢﻡ‬
ْ ‫َو َر‬
(20. And had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy on you, and that Allah is full of
kindness, Most Merciful.) (21. O you who believe! Follow not the Khutuwat of Shaytan. And
whosoever follows the footsteps of Shaytan, then, verily, he commands Al-Fahsha' and the
evil deeds. And had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy on you, not one of you
‫‪29‬‬
‫‪would ever have been pure from sins. But Allah purifies whom He wills, and Allah is All‬‬‫)‪Hearer, All-Knower.‬‬
‫‪From‬‬
‫‪http://www.qtafsir.com/‬‬
‫‪The spouses looking at each other in the nude‬‬
‫?‪1. Can the spouses look at the naked bodies of each other‬‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪایﺔ ‪ -‬آﺘﺎب اﻟﻜﺮاهﻴﺔ‬
‫اﻟﺤﻨﻔﻲ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻬ َﻮ ٍة‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ إﻟَﻰ ﺱَﺎ ِﺋ ِﺮ َﺑ َﺪ ِﻧﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ق ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﻃﻠَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ( َو َهﺬَا إ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ إﻟَﻰ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َﻟ ُﻪ َو َز ْو َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﻡ ِﺘ ِﻪ اﱠﻟﺘِﻲ َﺕ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ اﻟﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َل ) َو َی ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ق‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﻡﺘِﻚ وَا ْﻡ َﺮَأﺕِﻚ { " َو ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺼﺮَك إﻟﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻏﺾﱠ َﺑ َ‬
‫ﺹ ُﻞ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم " } ُ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻬ َﻮ ٍة ‪ .‬وَا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ح ﻓَﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺒ ِﻪ ِﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻮ َر ِة ﺹَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ إﻟَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻈ َﺮ ُآﻞﱡ َوا ِ‬
‫ن ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْوﻟَﻰ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ َأ ْوﻟَﻰ ‪ ,‬إﻟﱠﺎ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ن ُﻡﺒَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﺸﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺲ وَا ْﻟ َﻐ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ﱢ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ث‬
‫ﻚ یُﻮ ِر ُ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠ ﱡﺮ َد ا ْﻟﻌِﻴ ِﺮ { " َو ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ن َﺕ َ‬
‫ﺠ ﱠﺮدَا ِ‬
‫ع َوﻟَﺎ َی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘﻄَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ِﺘ ْﺮ ﻡَﺎ ا ْ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪ ُآ ْﻢ َأ ْه َﻠ ُﻪ َﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم " } إذَا َأﺕَﻰ َأ َ‬
‫ن َأ ْﺑ َﻠ َﻎ ﻓِﻲ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻈ َﺮ ِﻟ َﻴﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ‪ :‬ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْوﻟَﻰ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺼِﻴ ِﻞ َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﻰ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ن ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ن ِﻟ ُﻮرُو ِد ا ْﻟ َﺄ َﺙ ِﺮ ‪َ .‬وآَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫اﻟ ﱢﻨ ْ‬
‫اﻟﱠﻠ ﱠﺬ ِة ‪.‬‬
‫‪In terms of the above, a person may look at the vagina of his wife. Thus, the spouses may‬‬
‫‪look at the naked bodies of each other immaterial if this be with or without desire. However, it‬‬
‫‪is preferable to abstain there from if there be no need. Also, they should attempt to cover‬‬
‫‪themselves as far as possible and abstain from becoming naked before each other as wild‬‬
‫‪donkeys do.‬‬
‫‪Ibn Umar viewed that it is more preferable to look as this allows for greater pleasure.‬‬
‫اﻟﻌﻨﺎیﺔ ﺵﺮح اﻟﻬﺪایﺔ‬
‫ﺢ ﻓِﻲ ِرﻋَﺎ َی ِﺔ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ إﻟَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ‪ ,‬وَاﻟ ﱠﺘﺴَﺎ ُﻡ ُ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْﻗﺴَﺎ ِم َﻧ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻢ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺦ ( َهﺬَا ُه َﻮ ا ْﻟ ِﻘ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﻡ ِﺘ ِﻪ إ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ اﻟﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َل ) َو َی ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺘ ُﻪ‬
‫ﻲ ُأ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ َوَاﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ِه َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻢ َأ َﻡ ِﺘ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺠُﻮ ِ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َﻟ ُﻪ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﻡ ِﺘ ِﻪ اﱠﻟﺘِﻲ َﺕ ِ‬
‫ﻒ ﻇَﺎ ِه ٌﺮ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ﱠﻴ َﺪ ُﻩ ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ﱢﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓِﻲ َآﻠَﺎ ِم ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﺮﺕِﻴ ِ‬
‫ط ِء َﻓ َﺘ ْﻨ َﺘﻔِﻲ‬
‫ﺡ ﱢﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْﺒ ِﻨ ﱠﻴ ٌﺔ َ‬
‫ﺝﻤِﻴ ِﻊ ا ْﻟ َﺒ َﺪ ِ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ إﻟَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ن إﺑَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ إ َﻟ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ع ُ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺮﺽَﺎ ِ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ُﻢ َأ َﻡ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ب وَاﻟ ﱡﺜ ْﻔ ِﺮ ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ﻗِﻴ َﻞ ُه َﻮ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻗﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ْﺘ ٍﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ع َ‬
‫ﻲ َﻧ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ن ِﻟ ْﻠَﺄ ْهِﻠ ﱢ‬
‫ﺼ ُﻪ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱢﺬ ْآ ِﺮ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ﺸﱡ‬
‫ﺡ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻤَﺎ ُر ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺑِﺎ ْﻧ ِﺘﻔَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ ‪ .‬وَا ْﻟﻌِﻴ ُﺮ ‪ُ :‬ه َﻮ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ِﻮﻗَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻈ َﺮ ‪َ :‬ی ْﻌﻨِﻲ َو ْﻗ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ‪ :‬ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْوﻟَﻰ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻲ َأ ْیﻀًﺎ ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﻮ ُل ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْه ِﻠ ﱡ‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﺱ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ یُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ع ‪ُ .‬ر ِو َ‬
‫ك‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ َ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ ِﻟ َﻴ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻲ َﻓ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺲ ِه َ‬
‫ج ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ َأ ْو َﺕ َﻤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺲ َﻓ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َی َﻤ ﱡ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄﻟْﺖ َأﺑَﺎ َ‬
‫رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄﻡَﺎﻟِﻲ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﺝ ُﺮ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻈ َﻢ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ن َی ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ﻚ َﺑ ْﺄﺱًﺎ ؟ ﻗَﺎ َل ﻟَﺎ ‪َ ,‬أ ْرﺝُﻮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ َه ْﻞ َﺕﺮَى ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪It is narrated from Abu Yusuf R.A. in the Amaali (his dictations): I had asked Imam Abu‬‬
‫‪Hanifah R.A. whether he sees a problem in regard to a person touching (caressing) his wife’s‬‬
‫?‪vagina or her touching (caressing) his penis so that he becomes sexually exited towards her‬‬
‫‪He replied: No, I have the hope that (their) reward would be magnified (for pleasuring each‬‬
‫‪other in a Halaal way).‬‬
‫ﺡﺎﺵﻴﺔ اﻟﺪﺱﻮﻗﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺸﺮح اﻟﻜﺒﻴﺮ‬
‫ﺑﺎب ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﻜﺎح و ﻡﺎ یﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َﻧ َ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺒ ِﻪ ) َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﺪ ﺹَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺝ ْﺰ ٍء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ ُآﻞﱢ ُ‬
‫ط ِء َﻧ َ‬
‫ﺢ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺢ ُﻡﺒِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﺹﺤِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ح َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻲ ِﻧﻜَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو َ‬
‫ي ِﻟ ُﻜﻞﱟ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﻞ َﻟ ُﻬ َﻤﺎ ( َأ ْ‬
‫) َو َ‬
‫ﺹ َﻞ َﻟ ُﻪ‬
‫ث ا ْﻟ َﻌﻤَﻰ ُﻡ ْﻨ َﻜ ٌﺮ ﻟَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ یُﻮ ِر ُ‬
‫ﻈ َﺮ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ن َﻧ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ج ( َوﻡَﺎ َو َر َد ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
30
-----------------------------------------------2. Can a couple bath together in the nude?
Yes, they can.
Ahmed Fazel
------------------------------3. Is it allowed for me to see my wife fully naked on camera, while we are chatting
online, as I am very far from here and this is the only way calms me down?
I am of the opinion that it is Haraam to unnecessarily take photographs of animate beings.
The creation of temporary digital images may also be considered by some Fuqahaa as
impermissible.
Since it is permissible to view your wife when she is fully naked, it does not imply taking a
nude picture of her is allowable because she is your wife.
Personally, all I can say is that if you do see your wife nude over web cam, you will not be
sinning in regard to viewing your wife but may be sinning in regard to the creation of
temporary digital images. Thus, I advice you to abstain from watching her nude or in clothes
over web cam.
Allah knows best.
To an extent of necessity perhaps some scholars may allow you to see other persons over
web cam. This is not much different from CCTV where clients and others in a building are
monitored from particular monitor/s.
A web cam can be used to create a digital picture/photo that can be stored or for the
transmission of digital images that are produced in great speed in order to appear as a live
transmission on the other pc.
Ustadh, Ahmed Fazel
---------------------------------4. Caressing your wife all over her body
‫اﻷم – آﺘﺎب اﻟﻨﻔﻘﺎت‬
‫ن ﺵَﺎ َء اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ﻗَﺎ َل‬
ْ ‫س ِﺑ ِﻪ إ‬
َ ‫ﺴ ِﺪ َﻓﻠَﺎ َﺑ ْﺄ‬
َ ‫ﺠ‬
َ ‫ﺝﻤِﻴ ِﻊ ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ﻦ َو‬
ِ ‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻟ َﻴ َﺘ ْﻴ‬
َ ‫ج َﺑ ْﻴ‬
ِ ‫غ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ‬
ِ ‫ﻲ ( َﻓ َﺄﻡﱠﺎ اﻟﺘﱠ َﻠﺬﱡ ُذ ِﺑ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ إ ْﺑﻠَﺎ‬
‫) ﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱡ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َوﻟَﺎ َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َﻟﻬَﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﺤ‬
ْ ‫ﻃﱠﻠ َﻘﻬَﺎ َﺙﻠَﺎﺙًﺎ َو َﻟ ْﻢ ُی‬
َ ‫ن‬
ْ ‫جإ‬
ٍ ‫ﺤ ِﻠ ْﻠﻬَﺎ ِﻟ َﺰ ْو‬
ْ ‫ك َﻟ ْﻢ ُی‬
َ ‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ِة َﻓ ِﺈذَا َأﺹَﺎ َﺑﻬَﺎ ِﻓﻴﻤَﺎ ُهﻨَﺎ‬
ُ ‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ َﻡ ِﺔ َأ ْو ا ْﻟ‬
ْ ‫ﺱﻮَا ٌء ُه َﻮ ِﻡ‬
َ ‫َو‬
‫ن‬
َ ‫ﺝ ٌﺔ َو َﻟ ْﻮ آَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َﻟﻬَﺎ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ َز ْو‬
َ ‫ﻏ ْﺮ َم‬
ُ ‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ َوﻟَﺎ‬
َ ‫ن ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ن َأ َﻗ ﱠﺮ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻌ ْﻮ َد ِة َﻟ ُﻪ َأ َد ُﺑ ُﻪ دُو‬
ْ ‫ﺖ إﻟَﻰ ا ْﻟ ِﺈﻡَﺎ ِم َﻧﻬَﺎ ُﻩ َﻓ ِﺈ‬
ْ ‫ن َذ َه َﺒ‬
ْ ‫َﺕ ْﺮ ُآ ُﻪ َوِإ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ‬
ْ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ‬
َ ‫ﺐ‬
َ ‫ﺝ‬
َ ‫ﻦ َﻓ َﻌ َﻠ ُﻪ َو‬
ْ ‫ َﻡ ْﻬ َﺮ ِﻡ ْﺜ ِﻠﻬَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َل َو َﻡ‬- ‫ﺹﺒًﺎ َﻟﻬَﺎ‬
ِ ‫ن ﻏَﺎ‬
َ ‫ن آَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ إ‬- ‫ﻏ ِﺮ َم‬
ْ ‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َوُأ‬
َ - ‫ن َﻓ َﻌ َﻠ ُﻪ‬
ْ ‫ إ‬- ‫ﺡﺪﱠ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ‬
ُ ‫ﻓِﻲ ِزﻧًﺎ‬
. ‫ﺡﺠﱠ ُﻪ‬
َ ‫ﺴ َﺪ‬
َ ‫َوَأ ْﻓ‬
(Imam Shafi said) As for enjoyment (i.e. a husband gaining pleasure via holding and
caressing with his wife) in areas other than through having actual sex in her vagina
like the area between her bums (excluding the rectum) and the rest of the body, there
is nothing wrong with it - Insha-Allah. This is equally valid in the case of a slave as
well as in regard to free women. However, if he had had (forbidden sex) in the anal
31
passage (in a valid marriage not done for the purpose of Halaalah), he would not be
regarded to have made her Halaal for any (previous) husband (of hers) who had
divorced her thrice, not would (the anal intercourse in a valid marriage) classify her as
a Muhsinah (in regard to the rules of hadd, thus if she commits adultery with another
prior to have had sex with her husband in her vaginal passage, she would not be
stoned to death). She should not leave him to have anal sex. If she reports the matter
to the Imam (Islamic caliph, judge or authority), the latter must prohibit him from
such an act. If he (her husband) subsequently confesses to have returned to such an
act, he (the Imam) will discipline him by punishment to an extent that is less than
Hadd. He (her husband) will not be required to pay any compensation to her in regard
to such an act (of anal intercourse) since she is his wife. However, if he has done such
an act (of anal sex) in an act of (consensual) adultery, the hadd of adultery will be
imposed on him, but he would have to provide Ghurm (compensation) if he had raped
her1 to the value of dowry that would be bestowed to someone of her status. He (AshShafi) said: and whoever does it (anal sex) will be obligated to have a bath thereafter,
and this would nullify his hajj (if this was done while he was in the state of ihram
doing hajj).
Translation by Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
5. Is it permissible for women to wear sexy lingerie for their husbands, and, in hot
climates, just wear lingerie under the burkha (an outer female garment which covers
the female from head to toe)?
It is permissible for a female to wear such clothing only for and only in front of her husband.
It is also important to take into cognisance the following Hadith of Rasulullah [sallallaahu
alayhi wasallam] “Modesty is a branch of Imaan”.
and Allah Ta'ala Knows Best
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Notes by Ahmed Fazel
As long as the awrah of the female is covered, there is no prohibition in the Shariah against
her wearing such underwear even if she is not married. Since a female is allowed to be naked
before her husband, she is allowed to a greater degree to wear such garments for him for the
purpose of sexual appeal.
In fact, in contemporary society where men often view nude women in magazines,
newspapers, television; and see semi-nudes at work or elsewhere, it becomes somewhat
repugnant for them to view their spouses in non-attractive clothing. Thus, for the purpose of
their mutual pleasure and to excite her husband’s visual appeal, she may fully gratify his
desire to see her in the diverse varieties of such apparel.
Taqwa is a different matter. When the couple are on the level of taqwa and the level of their
spirituality increases, nothing stops them from engaging in sex in the dark only or without
seeing the bodies of each other. The allowed should not be made prohibited nor should we
impose strictness on every person since the natures of people differ.
Sexual Format
1
Together or before meeting the punishment of the hadd to him (Ahmed Fazel)
32
1. Can I practice coitus interruptus?
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻌ ْﺰ ِل‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ إﻟﱠﺎ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْذ ِﻧﻬَﺎ ( } ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َﻧﻬَﻰ‬
َ ‫ﻦ َز ْو‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ﻦ َأ َﻡ ِﺘ ِﻪ ِﺑ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ إ ْذ ِﻧﻬَﺎ َوﻟَﺎ َی ْﻌ ِﺰ ُل‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ل ) َو َی ْﻌ ِﺰ ُل‬
َ ‫ﻗَﺎ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻬ َﻮ ِة‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ِة َﻗﻀَﺎ ًء ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
ُ ‫ﻖ ا ْﻟ‬
‫ﺡﱡ‬
َ ‫ط َء‬
ْ ‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻮ‬
‫ َو ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬, { ‫ﺵﺌْﺖ‬
ِ ‫ن‬
ْ ‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ إ‬
َ ‫ﻋ ِﺰ ْل‬
ْ ‫ ا‬: ‫ َوﻗَﺎ َل ِﻟ َﻤ ْﻮﻟَﻰ َأ َﻡ ٍﺔ‬, ‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ِة إﻟﱠﺎ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْذ ِﻧﻬَﺎ‬
ُ ‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ِة ِﺑ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ إ ْذ ِﻧﻬَﺎ‬
ُ ‫ﻖ ا ْﻟ‬
‫ﺡﱡ‬
َ ‫ﺺ‬
‫ﺠ ﱢ‬
َ ‫ﺨﻴﱢ ُﺮ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ﺤﺼِﻴﻠًﺎ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻮ َﻟ ِﺪ َو ِﻟ َﻬﺬَا ُﺕ‬
ْ ‫َو َﺕ‬
ُ ‫ط ِء َﻓ ِﻠ َﻬﺬَا ﻟَﺎ ُی ْﻨ َﻘ‬
ْ ‫ﻖ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﺄ َﻡ ِﺔ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻮ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
َ ‫ َوﻟَﺎ‬, ‫ﺐ وَا ْﻟ ُﻌ ﱠﻨ ِﺔ‬
.‫ح‬
ِ ‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َذ َآ ْﺮﻧَﺎ ُﻩ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱢﻨﻜَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺤ َﺘ ُﻪ َأ َﻡ َﺔ‬
ْ ‫ن َﺕ‬
َ ‫ﺴ َﺘ ِﺒ ﱡﺪ ِﺑ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻮﻟَﻰ َو َﻟ ْﻮ َآﺎ‬
ْ ‫َو َی‬
This refers to the male removing his penis from the vagina of his wife before he ejaculates his
semen into her. It was done in the early days to prevent pregnancy.
In our era, condoms and various other medications are used to prevent pregnancy. However,
there are many situations when a man does not have a condom or his spouse is not on the
pill (or other medication to prevent pregnancy). Thus, he is allowed to practice coitus
interruptus, but it requires his wife’s consent.
Ahmed Fazel
--------------------------------------------------------------------2. Is talking allowed during intercourse?
Yes. However, as Muslims, adopt a level of modesty in your speech and abstain from
vulgarity and filthy expressions when expressing your pleasure or seeking a greater intensity
thereof.
I think it essential to also not answer your cell phone or phone calls in this period.
Unfortunately, the decorum demanded in Islamic speech is also dwindling in society. Thus,
instead of a spouse saying “I need to make love or need you in bed” he/she now says “I need
a fuck”. This, in Shariah terms, is immoral.
Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
--------------------------------------------------3. Am I entitled to refuse him to enter my vagina from behind my bums?
My husband has indicated that when we have sex he would like to try it from behind. I feel
very uneasy about this and I need too know if it is haraam and if it is not can I refuse this?
Reply
It is not Haraam for him to enter your vagina from behind.
You can refuse him to have sex in such a format if you are uneasy. Although, Islam
encourages and orders a man’s wife to sexually gratify him in formats allowed by Islam, yet
this does not imply that a man acts as an animal or that he disrespects her morality. No man
is entitled to rape his wife. Allowance for a given format of sex does not imply an automatic
right for him to impose himself upon you on an occasion that has to be passionate and
mutually gratifying.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4. Thinking of the attributes of another women while having sex with your wife
‫اﻟﻔﺘﺎوى اﻟﻔﻘﻬﻴﺔ اﻟﻜﺒﺮى‬
33
‫أﺡﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻡﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﺡﺠﺮ اﻟﻬﻴﺘﻤﻲ اﻟﺸﺎﻓﻌﻲ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻨﻜﺎح‬
‫ﺤﺮﱠ ُم ؟‬
َ ‫ﺝ َﻨ ِﺒ ﱠﻴ ٍﺔ َﻓ َﻬ ْﻞ ُی‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َأ‬
ِ‫ﺱ‬
ِ ‫ﺝ َﺘ ُﻪ ُﻡ َﺘ َﻔ ﱢﻜﺮًا ﻓِﻲ َﻡﺤَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺝ ٍﻞ ﺝَﺎ َﻡ َﻊ َز ْو‬
ُ ‫ﺱ ِﺌ َﻞ ( ﻓِﻲ َر‬
ُ ‫) َو‬
‫ﻦ‬
ُ ‫ﺝ َﻤ ِﺘ ِﻪ ا ْﺑ‬
َ ‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ َﺕ ْﺮ‬
َ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َذ ِﻟ‬
َ ‫ﻂ ا ْﻟ َﻜﻠَﺎ َم‬
َ‫ﺴ‬
َ ‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َو َﻗ ْﺪ َﺑ‬
ِ ‫ي ِﺑ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َی‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﺰ ِر ﱡ‬
ُ ‫ﺱ ِﻢ ْﺑ‬
ِ ‫ب ( ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ اﱠﻟﺬِي َأ ْﻓﺘَﻰ ِﺑ ِﻪ َأﺑُﻮ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ‬
َ ‫) َﻓ َﺄﺝَﺎ‬
‫ﺴﻬَﺎ ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ َﺘ َﻜﱠﻠ ْﻢ َأ ْو‬
َ ‫ﺖ ِﺑ ِﻪ َأ ْﻧ ُﻔ‬
ْ ‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙ‬
َ ‫ﻦ ُأ ﱠﻡﺘِﻲ ﻡَﺎ‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ن اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ َﺕﺠَﺎ َو َز ﻟِﻲ‬
‫ﺚ}إ ﱠ‬
ِ ‫ﺤﺪِی‬
َ ‫ﻋ َﺪ َم اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﺄﺙِﻴ ِﻢ ِﻟ‬
َ ‫ﺢ‬
َ‫ﺝ‬
‫ﻃ َﺒﻘَﺎ ِﺕ ِﻪ َو َر ﱠ‬
َ ‫ﻲ ﻓِﻲ‬
ّ ‫ﺴ ْﺒ ِﻜ‬
‫اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻮ ِم‬
‫ﺤﺮِی َﻢ َﻗ ْﻮ ُل ا ْﻟﻘَﺎﺽِﻲ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
ْ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا هـ َو ُی َﺆیﱢ ُﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺘ‬
َ ‫ﻋ َﺰ َم‬
َ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َو َهﺬَا َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﻌ َﻤ ْﻞ ِﺑﻤَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﻋ َﺰ َم‬
َ ‫ي ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻌ َﻤ ِﻞ اﱠﻟﺬِي‬
ْ ‫َﺕ ْﻌ َﻤ ْﻞ ِﺑ ِﻪ { َأ‬
‫ﻦ‬
ْ ‫ﺚ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ { َﻓ َﻤ َﻨ َﻊ ِﻡ‬
َ ‫ﺨﺒِﻴ‬
َ ‫ﺤﺮﱠ ُم اﻟﺘﱠ َﻔﻜﱡ ُﺮ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ } َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ َﻴ ﱠﻤﻤُﻮا ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َﻟ ُﻪ ُی‬
ِ ‫ﻈ ُﺮ ِﻟﻤَﺎ ﻟَﺎ َی‬
َ ‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ اﻟﻨﱠ‬
ِ ‫ﻦ َﺕ ْﻌﻠِﻴ ِﻘ ِﻪ َآﻤَﺎ ﻟَﺎ َی‬
ْ ‫ِﻡ‬
. ‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ‬
ْ ‫ﺱ ْﺒﺤَﺎ َﻧ ُﻪ َو َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َأ‬
ُ ‫ َواَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ‬, ‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ‬
ِ ‫ﻈ ِﺮ إﻟَﻰ ﻡَﺎ ﻟَﺎ َی‬
َ ‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ‬
ْ ‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َآﻤَﺎ َﻡ َﻨ َﻊ ِﻡ‬
ِ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺘ َﻴ ﱡﻤ ِﻢ ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ ﻟَﺎ َی‬
This is impermissible immaterial whether done by the husband or whether the wife fantasizes
that she is busy with another man.
4.b He imagines that he is having intercourse with someone other than his
wife
What is the ruling if, whilst having intercourse with his wife, a man imagines that
she is some other woman and gets pleasure from that?.
Praise be to Allaah.
What this man is doing is something that the scholars have stated is haraam, because
even if he is only having intercourse with his wife, he is imagining himself
committing zina and feeling pleasure as a result.
Ibn al-Haaj al-Maaliki (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
A man should stay away from such thoughts and from this abhorrent characteristic
which unfortunately is widespread, which is that when a man sees a woman he likes,
he goes to his wife but he imagines that woman whom he has seen. This is a kind of
zina, because our scholars said concerning one who takes a glass of water and
imagines that it is wine that he is drinking, that that water becomes haraam for him.
What is mentioned does not apply only to men, rather women are included in it too
and that is even worse, because usually women nowadays go out and look at people,
and if a woman sees someone whom she likes, she may keep thinking of him, then
when her husband has intercourse with her she imagines that image which she has
seen, so both of them may come under the heading of zina. We ask Allaah to keep us
safe and sound. End quote.
Al-Madkhal, 2/194, 195
Ibn Muflih al-Hanbali (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
Ibn ‘Aqeel said – and he emphasized the prohibition in al-Ri’aayah al-Kubra: If, when
he is having intercourse with his wife, he imagines the image of another woman or a
male, then he is sinning. End quote.
Al-Furoo’, 3/51
34
Wali al-Deen al-‘Iraaqi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
If he has intercourse with his wife but in his mind he is having intercourse with
someone who is forbidden for him, and he imagines in his mind that he is having
intercourse with that forbidden image, that is haraam for him, and that is because he is
imagining himself committing a haraam action. End quote.
Tarh al-Tathreeb, 2/19
And Allaah knows best
4.c She imagines enjoyment with non-specific imaginary men before intercourse
Ruling on sexual fantasies
We got married three and a half years ago, and he is very good and very
religiously committed. We worship Allaah together as much as we can, praise be
to Allaah. But the problem started with me from the beginning of the marriage.
Whilst having intercourse he had to tell me sexual stories and I would use my
imagination, because I could not reach climax otherwise. In order to feel satisfied
I have to fantasize. The problem with me is that I feel guilty every time after
having intercourse, because the images that I fantasize about stay with me– I
never imagine myself with any other person at all, only people whom I do not
know. I told him about this problem and he did not get angry, but I feel like it is a
kind of betrayal. What should I do? Please advise me. What is the Islamic ruling?.
Praise be to Allaah.
Firstly:
Sexual fantasies are among the thoughts that cross a person’s mind because it is
something that is stored in the subconscious which is affected by the environment
in which he lives and the scenes that he sees. These are thoughts that occur to
most people, especially the youth, but they vary from one person to another with
regard to their type, strength and effect.
Islamic sharee’ah is the sharee’ah of the fitrah (natural state of man) and it is in
harmony with human nature, and it takes into account the psychological
fluctuation that Allaah has made a part of the human make-up. So it does not go
beyond human limitations or impose impossible burdens.
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Allaah burdens not a person beyond his scope”
[al-Baqarah 2:286]
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah has forgiven
my ummah for whatever crosses their mind so long as they do not speak of it or
act upon it.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (2528) and Muslim (127).
Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said commenting on this hadeeth:
35
Whatever crosses a person’s mind, so long as he does not dwell on it or continue
to think of it, he is forgiven for it, according to scholarly consensus, because it
does not happen voluntarily and he has no way of avoiding it.
Al-Adhkaar (p. 345).
Passing fancies come under the heading of that which crosses a person’s mind,
which is forgiven according to the hadeeth quoted above. So if a person imagines
haraam things that came to his mind unbidden, there is no blame or sin on him,
rather he has to ward them off as much as he can.
Secondly:
If a person dwells on haraam thoughts and calls them to mind, then the fuqaha’
differed as to how to view this situation – is it covered by that forgiveness or does
it come under the heading of thinking and resolving 9to do something haraam)
for which a person may be called to account?
This issue was discussed by the fuqaha’ in the following manner:
If a man is having intercourse with his wife and is thinking of the charms of
another woman, so that he imagines he is having intercourse with her, are those
thoughts and fantasies haraam? The fuqaha’ differed concerning that.
The first view is that it is haraam, and that the one who deliberately brings
haraam images to mind whilst having intercourse with his wife is sinning.
Ibn ‘Aabideen al-Hanafi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
The view that is closest to the spirit of our madhhab is that it is not permissible,
because imagining that woman as if he is having intercourse with her is imagining
oneself committing a sin with a woman who is not permissible for him.
Haashiyat Radd al-Muhtaar (6/272).
Imam Muhammad al-‘Abdari, who is known Ibn al-Haaj al-Maaliki (may Allaah
have mercy on him), said:
A man should refrain from thinking such thoughts and tell others to avoid this
behaviour too, i.e., this obnoxious characteristic that has unfortunately become
very common, which is when a man sees a woman whom he likes, he goes to his
wife and has intercourse with her, and starts to imagine that woman whom he
has seen.
This is a kind of zina (adultery) because of what our scholars (may Allaah have
mercy on them) have said about the one who takes a tankard and drinks water
from it, but he imagines that it is alcohol that he is drinking – so that water
becomes haraam for him.
What we have mentioned does not apply only to men, rather it also includes
women, and it applies even more so to them, because what is common nowadays
is that they go out or look out from windows, and if they see someone whom they
like, they start thinking about him, then when they have intercourse with their
husbands they bring that image that they have seen to mind, so each of them
36
may be committing zina in some sense – we ask Allaah to keep us safe from
that.
He should not only avoid that himself, he should also draw his family’s and other
people’s attention to it, and tell that this is haraam and is not permitted.
Al-Madkhil (2/194, 195).
Ibn Muflih al-Hanbali (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
Ibn ‘Aqeel stated in al-Ri’aayah al-Kubra that if a man imagines the image of
another woman who is forbidden to him whilst having intercourse with his wife,
he is sinning, but a passing thought that he cannot prevent does not constitute a
sin.
Al-Adaab al-Shar’iyyah (1/98).
The evidence for this opinion is the view favoured by a number of scholars, that if
thoughts that cross the mind become entrenched and may turn into something
that one resolves to do, then they come under the heading of things for which
one is accountable, and that haraam fantasies that a person deliberately calls to
mind are not covered by forgiveness, because they have been thought of
deliberately and the person will be called to account for that.
Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The reason why passing
thoughts are forgiven is what we have mentioned above, that they cannot be
avoided. But it is possible to avoid dwelling on them. Hence dwelling on them is
haraam.
Al-Adhkaar (345).
The second view is that it is permissible, and that there is no sin on the one who
does that. This is the view of a number of later Shaafa’i scholars, such as al-Subki
and al-Suyooti.
They said: That is because there is no resolve or determination to sin in fantasies.
He may imagine that he is having intercourse with that woman, but there is no
resolve in his heart or any plan to do that, rather he may refuse if given the
opportunity to do it.
It says in Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj fi Sharh al-Minhaaj (7/205, 206) – which is a Shaafa’i
book:
Because when he thinks of that or imagines it, it does not occur to him to actually
commit zina or do any of the things that lead to it, let alone resolve to do it. All
that is happening to him is that he imagines something reprehensible as
something good. End quote.
See: al-Fataawa al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kubra (4/87).
It seems that the correct view is the view that such fantasies are makrooh, even
if we do not say that they are haraam. That is for the following reasons:
1-
Many psychologists regard sexual fantasies as a psychological disorder if
they dominate a person’s thinking to such an extent that he cannot enjoy
37
any pleasure except through these fantasies, and that may lead to
abnormal sexual fantasies.
2-
Islamic sharee’ah teaches the principle of sadd al-dharaa’i’ or blocking
the means that may lead to haraam things and closing every door that
may lead to evil. It is to be expected that sexual fantasies may lead to a
person committing haraam deeds. A person who frequently imagines
something and wishes for it will inevitably develop the motive to do it and
will try to do it a great deal. So he starts by looking at haraam images,
and his eyes become accustomed to looking at haraam things, then he will
try to fulfil his fantasies.
3-
Most of these fantasies comes to people’s mind by haraam means in
people’s minds, such as permissive satellite channels and by watching
scenes of decadent societies from kaafir lands all over the world, where
there is no modesty and watching sex scenes is becoming a daily habit, as
is obvious to anyone who live or works in those countries.
4-
Finally, such fantasies may lead to spouses losing interest in one
another, so the wife is no longer attractive to her husband, and vice versa,
which leads to marital problems, and then sufferings and problems start.
For all of these reasons, our advice to everyone who is tested with such fantasies
is to hasten to put a stop to them and rid himself of them. The following means
may be of help:
1 –Completely avoiding everything that may provoke such fantasies, such as
haraam movies and TV shows which are shown on satellite TV, as well as
avoiding reading stories that generate such fantasies. We have already discussed
on our site the fact that it is haraam to read such sexual stories. See the answer
to question no. 34489.
Al-Ghazaali said in Ihya’ ‘Uloom al-Deen (1/162):
The way to ward off distracting thoughts is to cut off their source, i.e. avoid the
means that could create these thoughts; if the source of such thoughts is not
stopped, it will keep generating them. End quote
2 – Regularly reciting the adhkaar that are prescribed in sharee’ah, especially
that which is said before having intercourse: “Allaahumma jannibna al-shaytaana
wa jannib al-shaytaana ma razaqtana (O Allaah, keep the Shaytaan away from us
and keep the Shaytaan away from that with which You bless us).” Narrated by alBukhaari (141)and Muslim (1434).
3 – Focusing on the present enjoyment instead of that which is absent. In both
spouses there is that which will keep the other from thinking of haraam things. If
each spouse focuses on the attractions of the other, they will not be distracted by
fantasies of other things.
4 – Imagine if your husband had fantasies like you do, would you accept that?
Wouldn’t that make you feel unhappy? How can you accept to make your
husband feel like that? Try to use this thought to get rid of what you are feeling.
38
5 – Consult psychologists. There is nothing wrong with your going to a female
psychologist or family doctor and asking her for advice; you may find something
to help you in-sha Allaah.
I ask Allaah to guide and bless you and your husband.
And Allaah knows best.
Islam Q& A
5. What is the ruling regarding a man who drank his wife’s milk (after extraction) or
directly sucked milk from the breasts of his wife (immaterial whether this is during sex
or at any other time?
(355 ‫ ص‬/ 3 ‫ )ج‬- ‫ ﺵﺮح اﻟﻤﻮﻃﺄ‬- ‫اﻟﻤﻨﺘﻘﻰ‬
‫ي َﻓﻘَﺎ َل‬
‫ﺵ َﻌ ِﺮ ﱠ‬
ْ ‫ﺱ َﺄ َل َأﺑَﺎ ﻡُﻮﺱَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﺄ‬
َ ‫ﺝﻠًﺎ‬
ُ ‫ن َر‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ٍﺪ َأ ﱠ‬
َ ‫ﻦ‬
ِ ‫ﺤﻴَﻰ ْﺑ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َی‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎﻟِﻚ‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨِﻲ‬
َ ‫ و‬- 1115
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ‬
َ ‫ﻚ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل‬
َ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ‬
َ ‫ﺖ‬
ْ ‫ﺡ ُﺮ َﻡ‬
َ ‫ﻄﻨِﻲ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ ﻡُﻮﺱَﻰ ﻟَﺎ ُأرَاهَﺎ ِإﻟﱠﺎ َﻗ ْﺪ‬
ْ ‫ﺐ ﻓِﻲ َﺑ‬
َ ‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﺪ ِیﻬَﺎ َﻟ َﺒﻨًﺎ َﻓ َﺬ َه‬
ْ ‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأﺕِﻲ ِﻡ‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ﺖ‬
ُ ‫ﺼ‬
ْ ‫ﺼ‬
ِ ‫ِإﻧﱢﻲ َﻡ‬
‫ﻋ َﺔ ِإﻟﱠﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺴﻌُﻮ ٍد ﻟَﺎ َرﺽَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َﻡ‬
ُ ‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ‬
َ ‫ﺖ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل‬
َ ‫ﺝ َﻞ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ ﻡُﻮﺱَﻰ َﻓﻤَﺎذَا َﺕﻘُﻮ ُل َأ ْﻧ‬
ُ ‫ﻈ ْﺮ ﻡَﺎذَا ُﺕ ْﻔﺘِﻲ ِﺑ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠﺮ‬
ُ ‫ﺴﻌُﻮ ٍد ا ْﻧ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َﻡ‬
ُ ‫اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ‬
‫ﻇ ُﻬ ِﺮ ُآ ْﻢ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َأ‬
َ ‫ﺤ ْﺒ ُﺮ َﺑ ْﻴ‬
َ ‫ن َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ﻲ ٍء ﻡَﺎ آَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﺵ‬
َ ‫ﻦ‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ﺴ َﺄﻟُﻮﻧِﻲ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َأ ُﺑﻮ ﻡُﻮﺱَﻰ ﻟَﺎ َﺕ‬
ِ ‫ﺤ ْﻮ َﻟ ْﻴ‬
َ ‫ن ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ﻡَﺎ آَﺎ‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ َأرَاهَﺎ ِإﻟﱠﺎ َﻗ ْﺪ‬
ِ ‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠ َﺒ‬
ْ ‫ي ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ ِﻡ‬
ِ ‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﺪ‬
ْ ‫ﺡ ْﻜ ِﻢ ﻡَﺎ ُﻡﺺﱠ ِﻡ‬
ُ ‫ﻦ‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ﺱ َﺄ َﻟ ُﻪ‬
َ ‫ﺼ ٌﻞ ( َو َﻗ ْﻮ ُل َأﺑِﻲ ﻡُﻮﺱَﻰ ِﻟﱠﻠﺬِي‬
ْ ‫ ) َﻓ‬- 1115
‫ َو َﻗ ْﺪ ا ْﻧ َﻌ َﻘ َﺪ‬، ‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻔ َﻘﻬَﺎ ِء‬
ْ ‫ﺡ ٌﺪ ِﻡ‬
َ ‫ﺧ ْﺬ ِﺑ ِﻪ َأ‬
ُ ‫ﺐ َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﺄ‬
ٌ ‫ﺤﺮﱢ ُم َو ُه َﻮ َﻡ ْﺬ َه‬
َ ‫ع ا ْﻟ َﻜﺒِﻴ ِﺮ ُی‬
َ ‫ن َرﺽَﺎ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ﱠ‬
َ ‫ﻦ َرأَى ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ‬
ْ ‫ﻋ َﻠﻴْﻚ َﻟ َﻌﱠﻠ ُﻪ ِﻡ ﱠﻤ‬
َ ‫ﺖ‬
ْ ‫ﺡ ُﺮ َﻡ‬
َ
. ‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ‬
َ ‫ع َأﺑِﻲ ﻡُﻮﺱَﻰ‬
ِ ‫ﻦ ُرﺝُﻮ‬
ْ ‫ﻇ َﻬ َﺮ ِﻡ‬
َ ‫ﺧﻠَﺎ ِﻓ ِﻪ َﻡ َﻊ ﻡَﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
َ ‫ع‬
ُ ‫ﺝﻤَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ا ْﻟ ِﺈ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َوِإ ْﺑﺪَا ِء‬
َ ‫ﺝ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﻜَﺎ ِر‬
ْ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َو‬
َ ‫ﺝ َﻞ‬
ُ ‫ﻈ ْﺮ ﻡَﺎ ُﺕ ْﻔﺘِﻲ ِﺑ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠﺮ‬
ُ ‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻬُﺎ ْﻧ‬
َ ‫ﻰ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ‬
ِ‫ﺽ‬
َ ‫ﺴﻌُﻮ ٍد َر‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َﻡ‬
ِ ‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ‬
َ ‫ﺼ ٌﻞ ( َو َﻗ ْﻮ ُل‬
ْ ‫) َﻓ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺱﱠﻠ َﻢ َأ ﱠ‬
َ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َو‬
َ ‫ﺹﻠﱠﻰ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ‬
َ ‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ‬
َ ‫ي‬
َ ‫ﺱﱠﻠ َﻢ ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ ُر ِو‬
َ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َو‬
َ ‫ﺹﻠﱠﻰ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ‬
َ ‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ﻋ ْﻠ ٌﻢ‬
ِ ‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ُﻩ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ‬
ِ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺨَﺎ َﻟ َﻔ ِﺔ َﻟ ُﻪ َو َﻟ َﻌﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﻗ ْﺪ آَﺎ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺴﻌُﻮ ٍد َأ ﱠ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َﻡ‬
ُ ‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ‬
َ ‫ﻋ َﺘ َﻘ َﺪ‬
ْ ‫ َو َﻟ ْﻮ ا‬، ‫ﺲ ُﻡﺼِﻴﺒًﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺠ َﺘ ِﻬ ٍﺪ َﻟ ْﻴ‬
ْ ‫ن ُآﻞﱠ ُﻡ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ﱠ‬
َ ‫ﻚ َو َی ْﻘ َﺘﻀِﻲ َذ ِﻟ‬
َ ‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َذ ِﻟ‬
َ ‫ﻋ ِﺔ َأ ْو‬
َ ‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺠَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﻋ َﺔ ِﻡ‬
َ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺮﺽَﺎ‬
. ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ‬
َ ‫غ َﻟ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﻜَﺎ ُر‬
َ ‫ﺐ َﻟﻤَﺎ ﺱَﺎ‬
ٌ ‫ُﻡﺨَﺎ ِﻟ َﻔ ُﻪ ُﻡﺼِﻴ‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
َ ‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ‬
ْ ‫ﻇ َﻬ َﺮ ِﻡ‬
َ ‫ع ِإﻟَﻰ ﻡَﺎ‬
ٌ ‫ﻇ ُﻬ ِﺮ ُآ ْﻢ ُرﺝُﻮ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َأ‬
َ ‫ﺤ ْﺒ ُﺮ َﺑ ْﻴ‬
َ ‫ﻲ ٍء ﻡَﺎ دَا َم َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ‬
ْ ‫ﺵ‬
َ ‫ﻦ‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ﺴ َﺄﻟُﻮﻧِﻲ‬
ْ ‫ﺼ ٌﻞ ( َو َﻗ ْﻮ ُل َأﺑِﻲ ﻡُﻮﺱَﻰ ﻟَﺎ َﺕ‬
ْ ‫) َﻓ‬
. ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ‬
ْ ‫ﻋ َﺘ َﻘ َﺪ ِﻡ‬
ْ ‫ﺱﺆَا ِﻟ ِﻪ ِﻟ َﻤﺎ ا‬
َ ‫ﻦ َﺕ َﻔ ﱡﻮ ِﻗ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِﻌ ْﻠ ِﻢ‬
ُ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
َ ‫س‬
ِ ‫ﺼ ِﺮ اﻟﻨﱠﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﻋ ْﻠ ِﻤ ِﻪ َو َﺕ َﻘ ﱡﺪ ِﻡ ِﻪ َو َﻗ‬
ِ ‫ﺴﻌُﻮ ٍد َو‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َﻡ‬
ِ ‫ﻀ ِﻞ ا ْﺑ‬
ْ ‫وَا ْﻧ ِﻘﻴَﺎ ٌد ِﻟ َﻔ‬
The above details pertain to the following question recorded in the Muwatta of Imam
Malik:
Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that a man said to Abu Musa alAshari, "I sucked some milk from my wife's breasts and it went into my stomach."
Abu Musa said, "I can only but think that she is (therefore) haram (prohibited) for
you." Abdullah ibn Masud said, "Reflect at what opinion you are giving the man."
Abu Musa said, "Then what do you say?" Abdullah ibn Masud said, "There is no
establishment of relationship by fosterage except by suckling in the first two years."
Abu Musa said, "Do not ask me about anything for as long as this learned man is
among you."
This record neither entails any rebuke against the husband who sucked his wife’s
breasts. The person who sucked his wife’s breasts was perturbed not because he
sucked her breasts but because some milk entered his belly. This indicates that he
enjoyed his passionate episode of sucking her breasts and in this process was perhaps
unaware that he would be sucking out some of her milk. He thus sought a fatwa since
39
he feared that she might have thus become impermissible to him as a wife due to
having drunk milk from her breasts.
Abdullah bin Mas’ood R.A. clarified that this did not make her haraam unto him since
the ruling of fosterage only relates to children in the first two years immediately after
birth. Therefore, his marriage was valid.
There is thus nothing wrong if a man kisses and sucks his wife’s breast or her nipples.
This is a normal human instinct ingrained within men to be attracted to the breasts of
females, and sucking the same results from the passionate expressions of love and
desire for sexual intimacy.
(28 ‫ ص‬/ 17 ‫ )ج‬- ‫ﻡﻄﺎﻟﺐ أوﻟﻲ اﻟﻨﻬﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺵﺮح ﻏﺎیﺔ اﻟﻤﻨﺘﻬﻰ‬
( ‫ﻲ ) ِﺑ َﻠ َﺒ ِﻨ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫ اﻟ ﱠ‬: ‫ي‬
ْ ‫ﺽ َﻌ ْﺘ ُﻪ ( َأ‬
َ ‫ن ) َﻓ َﺄ ْر‬
ِ ‫ﺡ ْﻮﻟَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﻲ ( َﻟ ْﻢ َی ِﺘ ﱠﻢ َﻟ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺒ ﱟ‬
َ ‫ﺖ ِﺑ‬
ْ ‫ﺝ‬
َ ‫ َﻓ َﺘ َﺰ ﱠو‬، ‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ‬
ٌ ‫ﺝ ًﺔ َﻟﻬَﺎ َﻟ َﺒ‬
َ ‫ﺝ ٌﻞ ) َز ْو‬
ُ ‫ﻖ ( َر‬
َ ‫ﻃﱠﻠ‬
َ ‫) َوِإذَا‬
، ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ( َأ َﺑﺪًا‬
َ ‫ﺖ‬
ْ ‫ﺡ ُﺮ َﻡ‬
َ ‫ع ) َو‬
ِ ‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺮﺽَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﺼ ْﻴﺮُو َر ِﺕﻬَﺎ ُأﻡﱠ ُﻪ ِﻡ‬
َ ‫ﻲ ِﻟ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
ْ ‫ﺡﻬَﺎ ( ِﻡ‬
ُ ‫ﺦ ِﻧﻜَﺎ‬
َ‫ﺴ‬
َ ‫ﻖ ) إ ْرﺽَﺎﻋًﺎ آَﺎ ِﻡﻠًﺎ ا ْﻧ َﻔ‬
ِ ‫ﻄﱢﻠ‬
َ ‫ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ‬: ‫ي‬
ْ ‫َأ‬
‫ﺡﻠَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻞ َأ ْﺑﻨَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ‬
َ ‫ﻦ‬
ْ ‫ج ) ا ْﻟ َﺄ ﱠو ِل َأ َﺑﺪًا ( ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ِﻡ‬
ِ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ( اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو‬
َ )‫ﺖ‬
ْ ‫ﺡ ُﺮ َﻡ‬
َ ( ‫ِﻟﻤَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ) َو‬
According to the above details, as well as other Shariah sources, the formation of milk
in a females breasts is considered to be the result of sexual intercourse.
In the above case, a man divorces his wife within whom milk was formed due to his
sexual relationship. She then marries a male child who has not yet passed two lunar
years since his birth. She then breasts feeds him with milk in her breasts that was
formed as a result of her sexual relationship to the husband she had in her previous
marriage. By providing full fosterage to her new husband during his years of infancy,
her marriage to him (this child) had automatically become annulled since she became
his foster mother through fosterage.
In this precedent, the child was fostered, and it led to the end of the child’s marriage
to the lady who fostered him. However, she continued to breast feed him. Despite
other questions in this regard, the basic principle established is that the milk
emanating from a Muslim woman’s breast is pure and halaal.
Thus, although it may not be preferable to drink your own wife’s milk, there would be
no sin upon any one who had done this. It would neither place the husband into an
impure state since what he drank was Taahir (pure).
Ahmed Fazel
…and Allah knows best
I have drunk my wife's breast milk. Is that permissible? She has stopped breastfeeding my child since he is nearly 2, but I want her to continue giving me some -- is
that haram? Or can I continue even if she may dislike it?
Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful & Compassionate
From a previous question answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani:
40
The husband is not permitted to drink his wife's milk because, in the words of imam
al-Haskafi in al-Durr al-Mukhtar, quoting Sharh al-Wahbaniyya,
'It is a part of a human being and to make use of it without a real need to do so is
Haram.' [Radd al-Muhtar, 3:212, Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya].
This a general rule in the sacred law: No part of a human being may be sold or used
for nourishment or other 'deriving of benefit' (intifa'), beyond that which the Sacred
Law has permitted. The baby's drinking the mother's milk is an exception, based on
textual permission, due to the 'real need' (durura) to do so.
Wassalam, SunniPath Fiqh Team
6. Supplication (Dua) before sex
Fatwa No. :
Fatwa Title :
Fatwa Date :
81669
What Muslim husband says to his wife before sex
/ 01-06-1999
Question
I am going to get married. What do I have to tell my wife before sleeping with
her? What is an Islamic wedding like?
Fatwa
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and blessings and peace be upon our
Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
We ask Almighty Allah to complete his blessing on you, and make your wife a
blessing for you and grant you both good pious offspring. When a person
desires to have sex with his wife, he should say “In the name of Allah, O’ Allah,
protect us from Satan and keep the Satan away from what you bestow upon
us”. IBN ABBAS reported The Prophet Muhammad (Blessings and peace of Allah
be upon him) said:“ When a person has sex with his wife and recites this Du'a
(supplication) , If Allah gives them a baby, Satan will not harm him/her".
When he meets his wife for the first time, he should put his hand on her head
and recite. “O’ Allah I ask from you her goodness and the goodness on which
she is created, and I seek refuge with you from her badness, and from the
badness on which she is created”.
You should know, my dear brother that marriage is a tremendous sign of Allah,
Allah says:” (interpretation of the meaning): " And among His signs is this, that
He created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in
tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (Hearts):
verily in that are signs for those who reflect. You should know that your wife
has some rights over you, you must fulfil them before you ask your rights from
her, Allah says:” (interpretation of the meaning): “ And they women have rights
(over their husbands) Similarly (to those of their husbands) over them, to what
is reasonable, but men have a degree ( of responsibility) over them. You should
live with her with good manners, and deal with her, as you like her to deal with
you. Allah says: (interpretation of the meaning): " And live with them
honourably. If you dislike them, it may be that you dislike a thing and Allah
brings through it a great deal of goodness”. And The Prophet Muhammad
(Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said:” A believer man should not
hate a believer woman, if he dislikes a quality of her, he may be pleased with
41
another quality ". We seek Allah to perpetuate your happiness and make your
marriage full of joy. Allah knows best.
Fatwa answered by:
The Fatwa Centre at Islamweb
Notes by Ahmed Fazel
In the very similar manner that reading the English translation of the Quran does not provide
the type of reward and spiritual benefits that are granted by the Arabic text, there are
indications in the ahadith towards reading the supplications directly as given by Nabi SAW.
This would enable reaping the benefits of the supplications. Thus, it is advisable that the
Arabic versions of these supplications be used.
7. Having intercourse with one wife in front of the other
Is it permissible for a man married to two or more woman to engagane sexual encounters with
his wives all at once?
Meaning : can he have sex with one wife and have the second wife join, even if they can't see
each other?.
Praise be to Allaah.
Having intercourse with one wife in the presence of the other and where she can see is
something concerning which there should be no dispute that it is haraam.
1 – al-Hasan al-Basri said: They – meaning the Sahaabah and senior Taabi’een – used
to regard wajs as makrooh, which means having intercourse with one when the other
can hear the sounds. The word “makrooh” according to the earlier scholars means that
it is haraam.
Narrated by Ibn Abi Shaybah in al-Musannaf, 4/388
2 – Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: If two wives agree to live
together in one house, that is permissible, because they each have the right to their
own house, but they may give up that right. Similarly they may agree to let him sleep
between them in one bed. But if they agree to let him have intercourse with one of
them when the other one is looking, that is not permissible, because it is vile and
despicable and is not appropriate, and it does not become permissible even if they
agree to it.
al-Mughni, 8/137
3 – al-Hajaawi the author of Zaad al-Mustanqi’ said: It is makrooh to have intercourse
where anyone can see.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen commented on these words by saying:
It is very strange that he limited himself to describing it as makrooh. This covers two
issues. The first is having intercourse where the awrahs of both partners can be seen.
Undoubtedly limiting oneself to saying that this is makrooh is a mistake, because it is
obligatory to cover the ‘awrah. If it is in a place where anyone can see their ‘awrahs,
this is undoubtedly haraam, and what this author says is not correct at all.
42
The second is having intercourse in a place where the ‘awrah cannot be seen. Limiting
oneself to saying that this is makrooh is also subject to further discussion. For
example, if they are covered with a blanket and he starts to have intercourse with her,
and the movements can be seen. This is undoubtedly more likely to be haraam,
because it is not appropriate for a Muslim to lower himself to such a level.
This may also provoke desire in the person who sees this, and that may lead to evil
consequences.
The correct view concerning this matter is that it is haraam to have intercourse with a
woman in view of anyone, unless the onlooker is a child who does not understand
what is happening; in this case it does not matter. But if the child understands what is
happening then intercourse should not take place where he can see, even if he is a
child, because a child may speak about what he has seen unintentionally.
Sharh Kitaab al-Nikaah min Zaad al-Mustanqi’, tape 17.
And Allaah knows best.
Islam Q&A
Oral Sex
1. Am I allowed to have oral sex with my wife as foreplay not actually swallowing any
fluid?
You can kiss around the vagina and caress it. For you to suck her vagina is Makrooh (Highly
reprehensible) and could even be Haraam due to the licking of impure vaginal fluids even if
these be minimal. All vaginal fluids emanating from the female are Najis impure (in terms of
Hanafi fiqh). It is Haraam to lick and swallow such fluids.
Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
--------------------------------------------2. Can I suck my husband’s penis?
It is highly reprehensible for you to suck your husband’s or any male's penis. It would become
Haraam when the penis begins to leak with prostatic fluid (pre-semen lubricating fluid which is
generally transparent) or with semen.
Also, the man cannot suck the wife's or any other woman's vagina.
Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
-------------------------------------------------------3. Can the wife kiss her husband’s penis?
Yes. Remember that kissing is different from sucking. Also, this does not imply that it should
be kissed after it is removed from the female’s vagina while it is wet with the vaginal fluids.
Ahmed Fazel
-----------------------------------------
43
Anal Issues
1. Another man inserted his finger in my anus. Will this prohibit me from getting
married to a chaste Muslim
I have committed oral sex (only oral sex, not zinaa or fornication) with a man. I have been
feeling the utmost remorse about it. I can’t sleep, I can’t think of eating, and I have repented
from my sins. May Allah (swt) accept my repentance.
This man inserted his little finger into my anus. Is this anal sex? Is anal sex only restricted to
the insertion of the penis into the anus?
I am in love with a chaste man whom I wish to marry but I am unsure if the marriage will be
permissible due to the above act. I cannot take back my sin, I can only ask for forgiveness
from Allah (swt). Will my marriage to this chaste partner be legal?
Answer
Your marriage to the chaste person will be legal.
In regard to the other person having inserted his finger in your anus, it will not be anal sex
since the definition of anal sex in Islam means "he inserted his actual penis in your anus". His
insertion of his finger in your anus is a reprehensible act that is a manifestation of perversion
of the mind resultant through reading erotic literature or viewing porn, etc...
Anal sex "penis in an anus" is Haraam even between married persons.
May Allah accept your repentance
Oral is also Haraam according to some scholars and Makruh Tahriemi according to others.
However such an act with a person to whom you are not married with is Haraam. It is a form
of Zinaa but not the highest form thereof.
Unfortunately Muslim females have progressed in the Satanic art of unrestricted and immoral
sexual behaviour. Thus, before marriage, the loving partners or the persons consenting to
pleasure each other no more limit themselves to the Haraam act of kissing before marriage
but also lay nude with each other, pleasure each other via oral or have sex. Resultantly, the
respectably seeming Muslim sister or brother who subsequently marries a truly chaste person
has in reality violated the rights of that chaste individual who deserved a chaste person.
No sane and morally upright Muslim male would like to marry a Muslim sister who did an oral
or "Blow job" (in slang terms) to any man. Nor would a morally upright Muslim sister like to
marry a Muslim male who did an oral or "Blow job or whatever it is called" (in slang terms) to
any other woman.
In fact, a Muslim who uses his tongue to read Quran and Zikr does not deserve to
passionately engage his tongue with a tongue that sucked the sperm of another. In fact such
an act, besides its Islamic implications of sucking impure fluids, is also not even allowed
between a husband and wife.
You are not required to disclose your past in this regard. Allah is All-Forgiving, All-Merciful.
Allah will forgive you. We have also supplicated for your forgiveness.
The mental torture and agony you suffer in this regard is a good reminder that must eternally
act as a barrier against engaging into adulterous acts and actual adultery. However, you must
not eternally psychologically suffer in regard to this matter since that will harm your health and
person. The act committed should reside deep behind in your memory cells brought to the
44
foreground only when faced with similar situations. It must not be something by which you
daily afflict your inner being. Allah is Most Forgiving Most Merciful and always waiting for His
servants to repent.
Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
Johannesburg, South Africa
---------------------------------------------------------2. Can I enter my wife’s anus with a condom?
To enter her anus is haraam, even if it be with a condom. You can enter her vagina from
behind with or without condom
Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
---------------------------------------------------------3. A man’s placing his finger/s in his wife’s anus
When doing sex with my wife I use my fingers in her ass and vagina.
Firstly, the Shariah had prohibited anal sex immaterial of whatever form of joy any of the
parties receive by in this form.
Placing your fingers in her anal passage is a dirty act. Such filthy forms of sexual conduct is
proliferated via digital porn formats and printed porn.
You could caress her around her vagina before or after intercourse. As for placing your
fingers in her vagina to sexually excite her would be a form of masturbation that has been
allowed by the jurists between married persons.
Medically, by putting your finger in her anus, you placing your fingers in an area highly
concentrated with bacteria. Does your personal level of hygiene not dictate to you to be clean.
It will be better for you to push your finger up your own anal passage and then taste it. This is
appropriate medication for your perverted sexual tendencies.
Ustadh, Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
4. Can my husband enter me from behind?
Yes he can have sex with you from behind provided that he enters your vagina and not your
anal passage. He can have you in every conceivable position for as long as his penis enters
your vagina.
The scholars of the Four Madhahib and other schools of the Ahlus-Sunnah unanimously, in
the light of Qur'an, Sunnah, and the authentic Consensus of the Sahabah agree that sodomy
is unconditionally forbidden (including with one's wife). It is declared as one of the major sins
(kaba'ir).
Ustadh, Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
-----------------------------------------------------------------5. Consensual Anal Sex
45
It's very natural to be slightly embarrassed or uncomfortable in the face of this issue
but we have to admit that sex is a natural part of our existence. Also, teens and
adolescents will be curious and they will search for answers. If they have nowhere or
no one reliable to go to because of embarrassment, they will go to more readily
available but unreliable or un-Islamic sources. This might end doing more harm than
good. I hope providing this information will benefit everyone - parents and kids alike.
Anal intercourse with one's wife is a major sin, whether it occurs at the time of
menstruation or not. The Prophet SAWS (Peace & Blessings of Allah be upon Him)
cursed the one who does this: "Cursed is the one who approaches his wife in her
rectum" (Reported by Imaam Ahmad, 2/479; see also Saheeh al-Jaami', 5865).
The Prophet SAWS (Peace & Blessings of Allah be upon Him) also said: "The one
who has intercourse with a menstruating woman, or with a woman in her
rectum, or who goes to a fortune-teller, has disbelieved in what was revealed to
Muhammad." (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, no. 1/243; see also Saheeh al-Jaami',
5918).
In spite of the fact that many wives of sound nature refuse this, there are some
husbands who threaten their wives with divorce if they do not obey them (in this
matter), and some even deceive their wives, who are too shy to ask scholars about it,
into thinking that it is permissible. The Prophet SAWS (Peace & Blessings of Allah
be upon Him) said that a man may approach his wife in any way he likes, from the
front or the back, so long as intercourse takes place in the place from through which a
child is born. There is no doubt that the rectum is the place from which waste matter
is expelled, not the place from which a child is born.
Another reason why some may commit this immoral act is that they enter upon what
should be a clean married life with some jaahili (ignorant) traditions and odd
practices, or with memories of scenes from indecent movies, for which they have not
repented to Allaah.
This act is forbidden even if both partners agree to it. Mutual consent to a haraam
deed does not make it halaal.
I ask Allah to bestow upon us a proper understanding of His religion and to make us
adhere to its limits, for He is the All-Hearing, the One Who answers prayers.
Taken from www.themodernreligion.com
6. He had anal intercourse with a foreign woman but they have repented. Is it
permissible for them to get married?
Question:
We had anal intercourse, but we repented and regretted. We love each other very
much we cannot separate. We want to marry and live a happy life. Is it permissible for
46
us to get married?
We follow the ibadhi madhab, and it prohibits marriage between a man and a woman
who committed adultery even if they repent. The evidence for this is that Umar ibn alkhattab separated a man who married a woman during her ‘iddah and said: “they shall
never be together”, another evidence narrated by Ali, A’esha, and albaraa bin azeb,
that “if a man and a woman who committed adultery got married, their relationship
remains adultery forever”. Trust cannot be there between two who tested each other
before marriage. What is your opinion?.
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Firstly:
You should understand that looking for the right opinion on practical fiqhi matters is
something good, and it indicates that a person is seeking the truth that Allaah has
enjoined. Even better than this is that a Muslim should look for the correct belief that
will save him from the misguided sects which the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) spoke of. He said that there would be seventy-two sects, “all of
which will be in the Fire” meaning that they are misguided and deserve this warning
of Hell.
If you both regret what you did and have repented sincerely, then it is permissible for
you to get married, and there is no reason why you should not do so.
As for what you say about ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab preventing the one who married a
woman during her ‘iddah from ever marrying her, it seems – if this is a sound report –
that this was a punishment (ta’zeer) to the one who committed a sin, and it was not a
confirmation of a shar’i ruling that this is haraam.
What you have quoted from some of the Sahaabah, that they ruled that a couple who
committed zina and then get married would remain adulterers forever, may be
understood as applying to those who did not repent.
Ibn Hazm (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
It was narrated from Ibn Mas’ood that he said concerning the one who marries a
woman after committing zina with her: They are still adulterers. Then he narrated that
Saalim ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar was asked about a man who committed zina with a
woman then married her. He said: Ibn Mas’ood was asked about that and he said:
“And He it is Who accepts repentance from His slaves” [al-Shoora 42:25].
Ibn Hazm said:
The two opinions (of Ibn Mas’ood) are in harmony, because he only allowed
marrying that woman after repentance. End quote.
Al-Muhalla (9/63)
47
And Allaah knows best.
Islam Q&A
7. My husband threatens to commit adultery if I do not allow him anal sex. Can I, in this
case allow him anal sex if I fear getting divorced or loosing is love?
I m 26 years old and married. My husband wants me to perform oral sex and anal
sex but I have heard that oral sex is prohibited in Islam and that performing anal
sex breaks the nikah (marriage). Please guide me because my husband says that
he wants me to satisfy him completely and if I wont then he would go to some
other woman. He argues that if I say that it is not allowed in the Shariah ( I wish
may Allah bless him with real Imaan (Ameen).)... but what should I do, being a
wife I don’t want my husband to go for any other woman.. I want to satisfy him
completely... please advice me what should I do. I’m in great trouble....- A
Muslim sister
Reply
Oral is impermissible. Anal is Haraam but it will not annul the marriage between you
and him. However, this does not imply, that you must therefore let him enjoy you in a
Haraam format.
I know that as a married female it is very difficult to make certain choices. This is a
test of your Imaan. You cannot be obedient to a man when he demands you to be
disobedient to Allah. Thus, even if you have the fear of getting divorced, or fear that
he will stop loving you and begin to engage in adultery then also, you should not
allow him to abuse you. Prevent him all cost to abuse you. Do not engage in oral or
anal sex. If he divorces you, Allah will grant you a better man. Have patience (Sabr).
You must not let him have you anally or orally even if you think he is the best man
that you ever came across.
Your brother in Islam
Ahmed Fazel
8. Who were the first group of people to do sodomy?
The people of Loot Alayhis Salaam. They lived in the vicinity of the Dead Sea. They were
subsequently destroyed by Allah when they refused to stop.
9. The punishment for sodomy and lesbianism
‫اﻟﻤﺒﺴﻮط ﻟﻠﺴﺮﺧﺴﻲ اﻟﺤﻨﻔﻲ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﺤﺪود‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﻬﻤَﺎ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ وَاﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻌﺰِی ُﺮ ﻓِﻲ‬
ِ ‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ َر‬
َ ‫ﻒ َو ُﻡ‬
َ ‫ﺱ‬
ُ ‫ﺤ ﱡﺪ ﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ِل َأﺑِﻲ یُﻮ‬
َ ‫ﺝ َﻨ ِﺒ ﱠﻴ ًﺔ ﻓِﻲ ُد ُﺑ ِﺮهَﺎ َﻓ َﻌ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َأﺕَﻰ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة َأ‬
ْ ‫) ﻗَﺎ َل ( َو َﻡ‬
, ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬﻤَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺐ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻌﺰِی َﺮ‬
ُ ‫ﺝ‬
ِ ‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ یُﻮ‬
َ ‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َأﺑِﻲ‬
ِ ‫ط‬
ُ ‫ﻚ اﻟﱢﻠﻮَا‬
َ ‫ َو َآ َﺬ ِﻟ‬, ‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬
َ ‫َﻗ ْﻮ ِل َأﺑِﻲ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻲ اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱢ‬
ْ ‫ﺡ ُﺪ َﻗ ْﻮ َﻟ‬
َ ‫ َو ُه َﻮ َأ‬, ‫ﻦ‬
ِ ‫ﺼ َﻨ ْﻴ‬
َ ‫ﺤ‬
ْ ‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ ُﻡ‬
َ ‫ن آَﺎﻧَﺎ‬
ْ ‫نإ‬
ِ ‫ﺠ َﻠﺪَا‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َو ُی‬
ِ ‫ﺼ َﻨ ْﻴ‬
َ ‫ﺤ‬
ْ ‫ن آَﺎﻧَﺎ ُﻡ‬
ْ ‫نإ‬
ِ ‫ﺝﻤَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ُی ْﺮ‬
َ ‫ن‬
ِ ‫ﺤﺪﱠا‬
َ ‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ُهﻤَﺎ ُی‬
ِ ‫َو‬
} : ‫ﻦ َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ي‬
َ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُآﻞﱢ ﺡَﺎ ٍل ِﻟﻤَﺎ ُر ِو‬
َ ‫ن‬
ِ ‫ ُی ْﻘ َﺘﻠَﺎ‬: ‫ﺧ َﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل‬
َ ‫ َوﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ٍل ﺁ‬, ‫رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ‬
‫ﻚ‬
َ ‫ﺤ ﱠﻞ َذ ِﻟ‬
َ ‫ﺱ َﺘ‬
ْ ‫ﻦا‬
ْ ‫ﻖ َﻡ‬
‫ﺡ ﱢ‬
َ ‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َﻧﺎ ﻓِﻲ‬
ِ ‫ﻚ‬
َ ‫ﺱ َﻔ َﻞ { َو َﺕ ْﺄوِی ُﻞ َذ ِﻟ‬
ْ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ وَا ْﻟ َﺄ‬
ْ ‫ﺝﻤُﻮا ا ْﻟ َﺄ‬
ُ ‫ﻋ َﻞ وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻔﻌُﻮ َل ِﺑ ِﻪ { َوﻓِﻲ ِروَا َی ٍﺔ } ُا ْر‬
ِ ‫ُا ْﻗ ُﺘﻠُﻮا ا ْﻟﻔَﺎ‬
‫‪48‬‬
‫ﺾ َأ ْو َأﺕَﻰ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ َﺕ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺕَﻰ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ َﺕ ُﻪ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ي } َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺚ اﱠﻟﺬِي ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻚ َو ُه َﻮ َﺕ ْﺄوِی ُﻞ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ َﻞ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َیﺼِﻴ ُﺮ ُﻡ ْﺮ َﺕﺪ‪‬ا َﻓ ُﻴ ْﻘ َﺘ ُﻞ ِﻟ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱡﺪ‬
‫ﻖ ِﺑ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ن َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ َﻞ ِزﻧًﻰ َﻓ َﻴ َﺘ َﻌﱠﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺠ ُﺘ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ( َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ) .‬و ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ { َی ْﻌﻨِﻲ إذَا ا ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َﻡ ْﺄﺕَﺎهَﺎ َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َآ َﻔ َﺮ ِﺑﻤَﺎ ُأ ْﻧ ِﺰ َل َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺺ ﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕ َﻌﺎﻟَﻰ } َأ َﺕ ْﺄﺕُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺸ ٌﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ﺸ ٌﺔ ‪َ ,‬و َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ُﻞ ﻓَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺺ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺄﻡﱠﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ﻓَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ُﻢ َﻓ ِﻠ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺚ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﺤﻈُﻮ ٍر ﻟَﺎ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻪ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َو ْ‬
‫ج َ‬
‫ج ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ض َو ُه َﻮ إیﻠَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻏ َﺮ ٌ‬
‫ي َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ِﻓ ْﻌ ٌﻞ َﻡ ْﻌ َﻨ ِﻮ ﱞ‬
‫ﺚ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ { َو ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟﻔَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺮﻋًﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ُآﻞﱡ‬
‫ﺱ ْﺘ ُﺮ ُﻩ َ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ج َی ِ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ َﻓ ْﺮ ٌ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻘ ُﺒ َﻞ وَاﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ َﺮ ُآﻞﱡ وَا ِ‬
‫ﻚ ُآﻠﱡ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ َﺪ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺢ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِء َو َﻗ ْﺪ ُو ِ‬
‫ﺱ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺪ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺒ َﻬ َﺔ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ِﻟ َﻘ ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﻃ ْﺒﻌًﺎ ِﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ‬
‫ﺸ َﺘﻬًﻰ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ إ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ َیﺼِﻴ ُﺮ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ُﻞ َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﻤ َ‬
‫ع ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ف اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻌ ِﺮ ُ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ إ ﱠ‬
‫ﻃ ْﺒﻌًﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺘﻬًﻰ َ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫وَا ِ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺒ َﻬ َﺔ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻦ َوﻟَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺽ َﻌ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ج ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺲ ا ْﻟﺈِیﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ِﺘﺴَﺎ ُل ِﺑ َﻨ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫ﻒ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ُﻘ ُﺒ ِﻞ وَاﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ َو ِﻟ َﻬﺬَا َو َ‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ ِﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﻦ َو َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤﺮَا َر ِة َواﻟﻠﱢﻴ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﻮ ُر ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ َﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﻮ ُر َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ُﻞ َﻡ ْﻤﻠُﻮآًﺎ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻘ ُﺒ ِﻞ َوﻟَﺎ ُی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬و ُی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘﺒَﺎ ِر ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﻠ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻞ ﺑِﺎ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻤ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﺮ َﻡ ِﺔ ُهﻨَﺎ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺾ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ِ‬
‫َﺕ َﻤ ﱡ‬
‫ن‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺖ َﻓ ُﻴ َﺘ َﻮ ﱠه ُﻢ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َﻡ ْﻨ َﺒ ٌ‬
‫ك ا ْﻟ َﻤ َ‬
‫ن ُهﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺢ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِء ُهﻨَﺎ َأ ْﺑ َﻠ ُﻎ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻘ ُﺒ ِﻞ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺱ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬و َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﺮ َﻡ ِﺔ ُهﻨَﺎ َأ َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺾ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ُ‬
‫َﺕ َﻤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺱﺒِﻴ ِﻞ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺲ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻜﻠَﺎ ُم َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬و َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻀﻴِﻴ ُﻊ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِء ُهﻨَﺎ َأ َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ن َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َﺕ َﻮ ﱡه َﻢ ُهﻨَﺎ َﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺼ ْﺪ اﻟﺰﱠاﻧِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﻘ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮﺙًﺎ َوِإ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ُﻞ َ‬
‫فا ْ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺘﻠَﺎ ُ‬
‫نا ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ‬
‫فا ْ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺘﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﻞ إﻟﱠﺎ آَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ ا ْﻟ َﻤ َ‬
‫ﺺ َوﻡَﺎ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ َهﺬَا إیﺠَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺖ َو َﻟ ِﻜ ﱠ‬
‫س ﻟَﺎ َی ْﺜ ُﺒ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﺪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻘﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫س ﻓَﺎ ْﻟ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﻘﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن ِﻗﻴَﺎﺱًﺎ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ ﻟَﺎ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ َ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ ٍﺰ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﺈِیﺠَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻖ ﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡﱢ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺺ َو َر َد ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻞ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ا ْﻟﻔَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺵ َﺮ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ َﻞ ﻓِﻲ َﻡ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﺑَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱟﻞ ُه َﻮ‬
‫ﺵ ِﺮ ﻓِﻲ َﻡ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱟﻞ ُه َﻮ ُﻗ ُﺒ ٌﻞ َﻓﺈِیﺠَﺎ ُﺑ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ َ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺺ ِﺑﺈِیﺠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ُهﻨَﺎ َو َر َد اﻟ ﱠﻨ ﱡ‬
‫َﻓ َﻜ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ‪َ :‬هﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ُﻞ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ن ِﻗﻴَﺎﺱًﺎ َوَأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺝﻤِﻴ ِﻊ ا ْﻟ َﻤﻌَﺎﻧِﻲ ﻟَﺎ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ت ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺴَﺎوَا ِة ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ُد ُﺑ ٌﺮ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ُﺙﺒُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺼﻠُﻮا َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ْه ُﻞ اﻟﱡﻠ َﻐ ِﺔ َﻓ َ‬
‫ط َوﻡَﺎ َزﻧَﻰ ‪َ ,‬و َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ ؟ َﻓ ُﻴﻘَﺎ ُل ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ت َ‬
‫ﺱ ُﻢ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْﺙﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ َهﺬَا اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ِﺑ ِﺰﻧًﺎ ُﻟ َﻐ ًﺔ ‪َ ,‬أﻟَﺎ َﺕﺮَى َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ُی ْﻨﻔَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ َوﻟَﺎ ُﺑﺪﱠ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َو َز ﱠﻧﺎ ُء َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ ﻏَﺎ َی َﺮ َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ﻓِﻲ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻃﱞ‬
‫ن ﻟُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺒﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ي ذِي َذ َآ ٍﺮ َﻟﻬَﺎ ُﻡ ِ‬
‫ﺡﺮﱟ ﻓِﻲ ِز ﱢ‬
‫ت ُ‬
‫ﻒ ذَا ِ‬
‫ﻦ َآ ﱢ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِﺋ ُﻞ ‪ِ :‬ﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺚ } إذَا‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ .‬وَاﱠﻟﺬِي َو َر َد ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺲ وَا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻨ َﺘ ِﻬ ِ‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ ِﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻊ َ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻟ َﻬﺬَا ﻟَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻟ ْﻠ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ ا ْﻟﻤُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘﺒَﺎ ِر ا ْ‬
‫اْ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻖ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﺙ ِﻢ ‪َ ,‬أﻟَﺎ َﺕﺮَى َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل } َوِإذَا َأ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ن { َﻡﺠَﺎ ٌز ﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﺜ ُﺒ ُ‬
‫ﺡﱢ‬
‫ﺡﻘِﻴ َﻘ ُﺔ اﻟﱡﻠ َﻐ ِﺔ ِﺑ ِﻪ وَا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻞ َﻓ ُﻬﻤَﺎ زَا ِﻧﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻞ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫َأﺕَﻰ اﻟﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺸ ًﺔ َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ﺱﻤﱠﻰ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ َﻞ ﻓَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ ‪َ ,‬آﻤَﺎ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻖ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﺙ ِﻢ دُو َ‬
‫ﺡﱢ‬
‫ن { وَا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ َة َﻓ ُﻬﻤَﺎ زَا ِﻧ َﻴﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻘ ُﺒ ِﻞ‬
‫ﻄَ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ َﺮ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َوﻡَﺎ َﺑ َ‬
‫ﺶ ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ﺸ ًﺔ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل } َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﻘ َﺮﺑُﻮا ا ْﻟ َﻔﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ﺱﻤﱠﻰ ُآﻞﱠ َآﺒِﻴ َﺮ ٍة ﻓَﺎ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ { ُﺙﻢﱠ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ُﻞ دُو َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻃ ْﺒ ُﻊ ُآﻞﱢ وَا ِ‬
‫ﺝﺮًا َو َ‬
‫ع َز ْ‬
‫ﺸﺮُو ٌ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺪ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪ ُهﻤَﺎ ‪َ ,‬أ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ :‬أ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َو ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱡﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻠ ِﻪ َو َ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ اﱠﻟﺬِي َﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻄ ْﺒ ِﻌ ِﻪ َﻓ َﻴ َﺘ َﻤ ﱠﻜ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻔﻌُﻮ ُل ِﺑ ِﻪ ُﻡ ْﻤ َﺘ ِﻨﻌًﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َی ْﺪﻋُﻮ إﻟَﻰ ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻘ ُﺒ ِﻞ َوِإذَا ﺁ َل ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻡ ُﺮ إﻟَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟﻔَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ ُدﻋَﺎ ِء اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫اﻟ ﱡﻨ ْﻘﺼَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ٌﺪ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ َﻞ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻘ ُﺒ ِﻞ ُﻡ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ش ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ﺹﻴَﺎ َﻧ ًﺔ ِﻟ ْﻠ ِﻔﺮَا ِ‬
‫ع ِ‬
‫ﺸﺮُو ٌ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﻄ ْﺒ ِﻊ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ ‪َ :‬أ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ َﺒ ِﺒ ِﻪ ﻋَﺎ َﻟ ٌﻢ ‪َ ,‬وِإ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأﺵَﺎ َر ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ‬
‫ﺴ ُﺪ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺝ ْﺮﻡًﺎ َی ْﻔ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِء ﻟَﺎ وَا ِﻟ َﺪ َﻟ ُﻪ ِﻟ ُﻴ َﺆ ﱢد َﺑ ُﻪ َﻓ َﻴﺼِﻴ ُﺮ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻖ ا ْﻟ َﻮ َﻟ ُﺪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺨﱠﻠ ُ‬
‫ش َو َی َﺘ َ‬
‫ِﻟ ْﻠ ِﻔﺮَا ِ‬
‫ن‬
‫ش ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َیﺠُﻮ ُز َأ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ﱡﺮ اﻟ ﱠﺜﻠَﺎ َﺙ ِﺔ { ‪َ .‬وِإذَا ﺁ َل ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻡ ُﺮ إﻟَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ َی ْﻨ َﻌ ِﺪ ُم َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﻰ َﻓﺴَﺎ ِد ا ْﻟ ِﻔﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ } َو َو َﻟ ُﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤﺪُو ِد ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ‬
‫ﺧ َﻞ َﻟﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ًﺔ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َﻡ ْﺪ َ‬
‫ن ُﻡﻘَﺎ َی َ‬
‫ﻚ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻪ اﱠﻟﺬِي ﻗَﺎﻟَﺎ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﺮ َﻡ ِﺔ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن ِﺑ ِﺰیَﺎ َد ِة ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺠ َﺒ َﺮ َهﺬَا اﻟ ﱡﻨ ْﻘﺼَﺎ ُ‬
‫ُی ْ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺤ َﺮﻗَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻖ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ َأ ﱠﻧ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ُی ْ‬
‫ﺼﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َﺑ ْﻜ ٍﺮ اﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄَﻟ ِﺔ ﻓَﺎ ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮ ِو ﱡ‬
‫ﺼﺤَﺎ َﺑ ُﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻓِﻲ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻒ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ َﺘ َﻠ َ‬
‫اْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ‬
‫ن آَﺎﻧَﺎ َ‬
‫نإ ْ‬
‫ﺠ َﻠﺪَا ِ‬
‫ﻲ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ‪ُ :‬ی ْ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱞ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﻃ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬وآَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﱢﻠﻮَا َ‬
‫ﺝﺪُوا َ‬
‫ﻦ ُو ِ‬
‫ﺴ ْﺒ َﻌ ِﺔ اﱠﻟﺬِی َ‬
‫ﺑِﺎﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِر َو ِﺑ ِﻪ َأ َﻡ َﺮ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺮ َی ِﺔ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﺄﻡَﺎ ِآ ِ‬
‫س رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ‪ُ :‬ی َﻌﻠﱠﻰ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ﱠﺒﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬وآَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺼ َﻨ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ن آَﺎﻧَﺎ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫نإ ْ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َو ُی ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺼ َﻨ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺡﺠَﺎ َر ًة { اﻟْﺂ َی َﺔ ‪َ ,‬وآَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬ ْﻢ ِ‬
‫ﻄ ْﺮﻧَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺠ َﻌ ْﻠﻨَﺎ ﻋَﺎ ِﻟ َﻴﻬَﺎ ﺱَﺎ ِﻓ َﻠﻬَﺎ َوَأ ْﻡ َ‬
‫ﺤﺠَﺎ َر ِة َو ُه َﻮ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ } َﻓ َ‬
‫ُﺙﻢﱠ ُی ْﻠﻘَﻰ َﻡ ْﻨﻜُﻮﺱًﺎ َﻓ ُﻴ ْﺘ َﺒ ُﻊ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﻬﻤَﺎ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٌﺪ َر ِ‬
‫ﻒ َو ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﺱ َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َیﻤُﻮﺕَﺎ َﻧ ْﺘﻨًﺎ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ یُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻊ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤﻮَا ِ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ َأ ْﻧ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َﺒﺴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺰ َﺑ ْﻴ ِﺮ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ُی ْ‬
‫ﻋﻘُﻮ َﺑ ِﺘ ِﻬﻤَﺎ‬
‫ﻆ ُ‬
‫ﺧ َﺘ َﻠﻔُﻮا ِﻓﻲ َآ ْﻴ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ َﺕ ْﻐﻠِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ‪َ ,‬وِإ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ ا ْ‬
‫ﺴﻠﱠ ُﻢ َﻟ ُﻬﻤَﺎ َأ ْﻧ ُﻔ ُ‬
‫ﺼﺤَﺎ َﺑ ُﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ ُی َ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ا ﱠﺕ َﻔ َﻘ ْ‬
‫َﻓ َﺄ َ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ َوَأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬ ْﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺝ ُ‬
‫ﻲ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ِﺑﻤَﺎ یُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱟ‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ َﻗ ْﻮ َل َ‬
‫ﺝْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َو َر ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ ْﺬﻧَﺎ ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻬ ْﻢ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ ا ﱠﺕ َﻔﻘُﻮا َ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺝ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﺘ َﻠﻔُﻮا ﻓِﻲ ﻡُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺺ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َو َﻡ َﻊ َهﺬَا ا ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﺮﻓُﻮا َﻧ ﱠ‬
‫ﺲ ِﺑ ِﺰﻧًﺎ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻬ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ن َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ َﻞ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺼﺤَﺎ َﺑ ُﺔ ا ﱠﺕ َﻔﻘُﻮا َ‬
‫اﷲ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ‪ :‬اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َوﻟَﺎ ُی ْﻤ ِﻜ ُ‬
‫ن َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ َﻞ َ‬
‫ن َهﺬَا ا ﱢﺕﻔَﺎﻗًﺎ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺺ َﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻊ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘﻬَﺎ ُد ﻓِﻲ َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻈﻦﱡ ِﺑ ِﻬ ْﻢ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ ُی َ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ع ُﻡ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َر ٌة َﻓ َﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻌﺰِی ُﺮ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َیﻘِﻴﻨًﺎ ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ َورَا َء‬
‫ﺸ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻘُﻮ َﺑ َﺔ َﻟﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝﺮِی َﻤ ٌﺔ ﻟَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺖ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱢﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ِﺑ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َﺑ ِﻘ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫إیﺠَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺮﻋًﺎ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ َﻌ َﻠ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﻖ َﻓ َﻠ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺡﱟ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻓﻲ َ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴﺌًﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َرأَى َ‬
‫ي ا ْﻟ ِﺈﻡَﺎ ِم إ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺔ َﻡ ْﻮآُﻮ ٌل إﻟَﻰ َر ْأ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫‪10. Anal sex between a married couple does not break the marriage although it is‬‬
‫‪Haraam‬‬
‫‪Question‬‬
‫‪I got married 6 years ago. After nikaah I had anal sex with my wife. A year after that‬‬
‫‪I gave two divorces to my wife in anger . Time passed and again on two occasions I‬‬
‫‪gave her talaq once thrice and once one time.‬‬
‫‪I then contacted a scholar to put me wise on the issue he said that since I had anal sex‬‬
‫‪with my wife after the nikaah so after the anal sex my nikaah was void and since I‬‬
‫‪gave her the divorces after that thus they did not take effect. Please put me wise‬‬
49
whether my nikaah is there or has it broken what is the status of the divorces that I
had uttered.
Response
Anal sex is Haraam but does not end or terminate a valid Shariah marriage.
You subsequently gave two talaaqs. I presume you took her back in her iddah after the
two talaaqs (if these were clear or Raj’ie talaaqs) or made a new nikah with her after
the iddah of the two talaqs.
You followed this with a another talaaq (immaterial if this was three divorces in one
expression, three divorces in separate expressions which followed each other, or only
one divorce). This therefore ends your marriage. The subsequent divorce given
thereafter (immaterial if this was three divorces in one expression, three divorces in
separate expressions which followed each other, or only one divorce) has no effect
whatsoever.
This response is in terms of Hanafi fiqh.
Ustadh, Ahmed Fazel
11. Can we have anal sex if we dont want to have children?
Answer:
No.
12. The curse of Rasulullah SAW on those doing anal sex
Anal sex is prohibited by ijma (scholarly consensus), because of the clear texts
prohibiting it. [Ibn Qudama, al-Mughni]
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) cursed the one who
engages in anal sex. [Musnad Ahmad]
When the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) has cursed an act , it
means that the act is prohibited by Allah, doing it distances you from His mercy, and
that since the act is Divinely prohibited, the curse would lead the “cursed" (mal`un) to
be punished in some way or the other. Thus, the person who has perpetrated such an
act should seek forgiveness, otherwise the curse is bound to effect him since it was
uttered by a prophet whose supplications and curses would be accepted. The
Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) cursed certain matters in order
that we take admonition and avoid them.
There is grave spiritual harm and there would definitely be physical, or other forms of
harm in such an act.
13. Inserting ice in the wife’s anus
50
Fatwa No. :
92694
His wife asks him to insert a penis – shaped ice item in her anus
Fatwa Title :
during intercourse
Fatwa Date :
03 Muharram 1428 / 22-01-2007
Question
Firstly I apologise for any inconvenience I cause to you due to this question. I
am going to be open with you. My wife and I both know that anal sex is haram.
My wife has some desires. She wants me to perform intercourse with her
(vaginal) and at the same time me to insert a piece ice in a shape of a penis in
to her rectum. Is this act permissible for us. I apologise again.
Fatwa
All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none
worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad
Messenger.
is His slave and
It is permissible for each spouse to enjoy the entire body of the other, to look at it
and touch it even the private parts with the exception of the two following matters:
1) To have sexual intercourse in the vagina when the wife is in menses or during
post partum bleeding.
2) To have anal sex.
There is evidence in the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Prophet
that the
above two cases are prohibited. Apart from the two above cases, everything else is
permissible.
However, what you mentioned could lead to something more obnoxious which is
anal sex. Indeed, the devil lures a person step by step until he leads him to commit
major grave sins, by inciting him to commit small sins at the beginning, and then he
gradually moves him until he leads him to destruction.
Indeed, the Prophet
gave us a clear example as he
said: "… The example of
this is like the shepherd who grazes his herd in the vicinity of an exclusively
reserved pasture but it is always apprehensive that some of his animals might get
into the pasture."
Moreover, this practice (putting ice in the anus) could cause a heath problem, or one
may touch an impurity when doing so, and it is enough to say that each one of these
two things is forbidden.
For more benefit on the ruling of inserting objects in the anus in general, please
refer to Fataawa 89146 and 89475.
Allaah Knows best.
Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Center at Islamweb
14. The Islamic position on homosexuality
THE ISLAMIC POSITION ON HOMOSEXUALITY
51
In today’s society we are observing a dramatic change of attitude within the populous. While
secularism is being highly promoted, people are becoming more and more unconscious of
Allah (God). Many have and are resorting to denying Him and thus severing all ties with
Him. The immediate consequence of this is that such people begin a gradual process of
losing the sense of distinguishing between right and wrong and eventually all wrong
becomes right to them. When they reach this stage they will do whatever is in their means to
justify the wrong they are engaged in until it becomes acceptable to the people around them
who are opposing them. Today there are many innovative or unnatural actions within our
society that people are indulged in, some more than others. Among the many that we are
currently witnessing, one of the most outstanding ones is homosexuality.
Here in Canada, gay movements have existed for a considerable amount of time. For many
years they have been working hard towards the goal of complete acceptance of the
homosexual lifestyle within society as the moral equivalent of heterosexuality. Their
advancements have reached to the stage that in February 2005 a bill is scheduled to be
proposed in Parliament in which the term ‘marriage’ will be redefined in a manner that it will
be inclusive of gay and lesbian marriage: If passed, they will be entitled to all the benefits,
rights and privileges enjoyed by heterosexual couples and all institutions except religious
ones (for a short period of time) will be subjected to state enforcement.
While Canadians stand divided on the issue of whether homosexuality in general and gay
marriages in specific is acceptable, the unfortunate thing which we are witnessing today is
that some ‘muslims’ are in support of homosexuality and gay marriages claiming that there
is nothing wrong with it in Islam. In order to verify this claim it is important that we refer to the
book of our Creator and the teachings of our Prophet (s.a.w.), for Allah has instructed us;
“And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger if you believe
in Allah and the last day. That is the best (way) and best in result”. (Holy Quran 4:59)
When turning to the Quran we find that we are all the descendants of one man i.e. Adam
(a.s.) Allah states,
“O mankind, fear your Lord who created you from one soul…” (Holy Quran 4:1).
After creating the first of mankind, Allah created from him a female partner, He mentions,
“…and he created from it its mate …” (Holy Quran 4:1) i.e. Hawwa (a.s.) who was
created from the left rib of Adam (a.s.). Allah then further mentions the purpose of creating a
female partner for Adam (a.s.), by stating,
“… and dispersed from both of them many men and women..” (Holy Quran 4:1) i.e. for
the sake of procreation. This point has been further elaborated in another verse in which
Allah states,
“And Allah has made for you from yourselves mates and has made for you from your
mates sons and grandsons…” (Holy Quran 16:72).
From these verses it becomes evident that the aim of Allah creating a female mate for a
man and instilling within them carnal desires is to achieve procreation in order to preserve
the human race here on earth. Thereafter Allah has limited lawful procreation between man
and woman who are joined in the union of marriage, Allah mentions,
“And they who guard their private parts. Except on their wives..., for indeed they will
not be admonished. But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the
transgressors.” (Holy Quran 23: 5 - 7).
In this verse Allah has ruled out all other forms of sexual activities, whether natural or
52
unnatural as unlawful and forbidden. This includes homosexuality. Allah has then closed all
the doors of those avenues that would lead one towards falling victim to these unlawful acts
by ordering,
“And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse, indeed it is ever an immorality
and is evil as a way.” (Holy Quran 17:32)
Homosexuality is negatory of the natural role and aim of sexual activity. Its tendency’s were
no where to be found in the first inhabitants of this earth. This unnatural practice originated
in the satanic influenced people who dwelled in Sodom and Gomorrah during the era of
Ibrahim (a.s.). In order that they should abandon this immorality, Allah had sent to them Lut
(a.s) [the nephew of Ibrahim a.s.] as a Prophet. Allah relates,
“And (we had sent) Lut when he said to his people, “Do you commit such immorality
as no one has preceded you with from among the worlds (i.e. peoples)? Indeed you
approach men with desire, instead of woman! Rather you are a transgressing
people”. (Holy Quran 7:80-81)
But the people of Sodom and Gomorrah were not very receptive to Lut (a.s) nor did they
accept his message and advise. Rather they outright rejected him, became very sarcastic
towards him and began issuing threats to him as Allah explains,
“The people of Lut rejected the messengers. When their brother Lut said to them,
“Will you not fear Allah? Indeed I am for you a trustworthy messenger. So fear Allah
and obey me. And I do not ask you for it any payment. My reward is only from the
Lord of the worlds. Do you approach males among the worlds and leave what your
Lord has created for you as your mates? But you are a transgressing people!” They
said (in response), “If you do not desist, O Lut, you will surely be of those evicted”
(Holy Quran 26:160-167)
However Lut (a.s.) did not give up his duty and continued to invite them towards the truth
and a moral way of life until finally the city dwellers began to demand the exile of Lut (a.s.)
as Allah relates,
"But the answer of his people was only that they said, “Expel the family of Lut from
your city! Indeed they are people who keep themselves pure”. (Holy Quran 27:56)
At that point Lut (a.s.) turned to Allah and supplicated,
“My Lord, save me and my family from (the consequence of ) what they do:” (Holy
Quran 26:69)
Allah accepted this prayer and saved his family as He states,
“So we saved him and all his family. Except an old woman (Lut’s wife) among those
who remained behind (due to her disbelief). Then we destroyed the others.” (Holy
Quran 26:170 -173)
Allah explains in another verse as to how these people were destroyed.
“So the shriek seized them at sunrise. And we made the highest part (of the city) it’s
lowest and rained upon them stones of hard clay. Indeed in that are signs for those
who discern!” (Holy Quran 15: 73-74)
From this incident one can clearly observe how loathsome homosexuality is to Almighty
Allah for He sent upon these people multiple punishments such as has never been
53
witnessed before, all in succession. It is for this reason the Prophet (s.a.w.) has expressed,
“Indeed the most frightening thing I fear upon my nation is the practice of the people
of Lut.” (Ibn Majah, Tirmidhi, Hakim)
In another narration reported by Tabrani in his ‘Al-Awsat’ on the authority of Abu Hurairah
(r.a.) the Prophet (s.a.w.) has further clarified the position of a homosexual in the eyes of
Allah by stating,
“Allah has cursed seven (groups) from his creation, from above his seven skies and
he has repeated the curse upon one of those groups three times. He has cursed each
one of them (i.e. those groups) with such a curse which will suffice them (for their
destruction)”. He (then) said, “Cursed is the one who practices the act of the People
of Lut! Cursed is the one who practices the act of the People of Lut! Cursed is the one
who practices the act of the People of Lut!..”. (Tabrani in Al-Awsat)
The Prophet (s.a.w.) has also explained the outcome of that society in which this unnatural
practice becomes prevalent. Ibn Umar (r.a.) has narrated,
“The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) turned towards us and said, “Never does indecency
emerge within a people to the extent that they publicize it except plague and torments
spread within them, the likes of which have not passed in their predecessors who
have passed away.” (Ibn Majah, Bazzar, Baihaqi).
Jabir bin Abdullah (r.a.) has related,
“The Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “…And when sodomy increases Allah lifts His hand from
the creation (thereafter) He does not care in which valley they perish.” (Tabrani)
From all this information it becomes clear that homosexuality has no place in Islam. This act
is such that it is not even observed among beasts and a person who engages in it intensifies
Allah’s anger to the extent that Allah will not even consider looking at him. Ibn Abbas (r.a.)
has narrated,
“The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) mentioned, “Allah does not glance towards that man
who approaches another man or woman (for fulfilment of his sexual desires) in (their)
anus.” (Tirmidhi).
May Allah save us all from developing such an unnatural habit and give us the ability to help
those who are deviating far from the natural ways instructed by Almighty Allah. Ameen.
Jami'yyatul Ulama Canada - Sh. Omar Subedar
Masturbation
1. During menstruation, I am obviously not allowed to have intercourse with my wife.
Is my wife allowed to masturbate for me with her breast or hands?
It is impermissible for her to personally masturbate herself before you immaterial if this excites
you.
‫‪54‬‬
‫‪However, it is permissible for her to masturbate you with her hands immaterial whether she is‬‬
‫‪in menstruation or not.‬‬
‫رد اﻟﻤﺤﺘﺎر )اﻟﻤﺬهﺐ اﻟﺤﻨﻔﻲ(‬
‫ﺝ ٌﺔ َوﻟَﺎ َأ َﻡ ٌﺔ‬
‫ﺲ َﻟ ُﻪ َز ْو َ‬
‫ﻏ َﻠ َﺒ ْﺘ ُﻪ اﻟﺸﱠ ْﻬ َﻮ ُة َو َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻬ َﻮ ِة ‪َ ,‬أﻡﱠﺎ إذَا َ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْ‬
‫ن ﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻒ إذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ي ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻜ ﱢ‬
‫ﺡﺮَا ٌم ( َأ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء َ‬
‫) َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ف اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ) َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ ُآ ِﺮ َﻩ ( اﻟﻈﱠﺎ ِه ُﺮ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ‬
‫ﺐ َﻟ ْﻮ ﺧَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﺚ ‪َ ,‬و َی ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َآﻤَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ َأﺑُﻮ اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻜِﻴ ِﻨﻬَﺎ ﻓَﺎﻟ ﱠﺮﺝَﺎ ُء َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َوﺑَﺎ َل َ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻟ َﺘ ْ‬
‫َﻓ َﻔ َﻌ َﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻮ ِم ‪:‬‬
‫ج ﻓِﻲ ﺑَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﻌﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َﺕ َﺄ ﱠﻡ ْﻞ َو َﻗ ﱠﺪ ْﻡﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻚ ِﺑ َﻤ ْﻨ ِﺰ َﻟ ِﺔ ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻮ َأ ْﻧ َﺰ َل ِﺑ َﺘ ْﻔﺨِﻴ ٍﺬ َأ ْو َﺕ ْﺒﻄِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫َآﺮَا َه ُﺔ َﺕ ْﻨﺰِی ٍﻪ ; ِﻟَﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴﺪَا ِ‬
‫ب ُﻡ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ﱟﺪ َو َﺕ ْﻌﺰِی ٍﺮ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ي ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ( َأ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َء َ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ك ) َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ َوﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻈ ْﺮ ﻡَﺎ َآ َﺘ ْﺒﻨَﺎ ُﻩ ُهﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ َأ ْو ﺧَﺎ ِد َﻡ ِﺘ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻧ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ِﺑ َﻴ ِﺪ َز ْو َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻤ ِﻨ َ‬
‫ن َی ْ‬
‫َیﺠُﻮ ُز َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ ُﻗ ْﻠﻨَﺎ ُﻩ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺙ ٍﻢ َ‬
‫َو َآﺬَا ِﻡ ْ‬
‫‪The above text indicates that the Hanafi view allows a woman to masturbate her‬‬
‫‪husband‬‬
‫أﺱﻨﻰ اﻟﻤﻄﺎﻟﺐ )اﻟﻤﺬهﺐ اﻟﺸﺎﻓﻌﻲ(‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻦ ُه ْﻢ ِﻟ ُﻔﺮُو ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻤ ِﺘ ُﻊ ِﺑﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ِﺮ َﺑ َﺪ ِﻧ ِﻬﻤَﺎ ) ﻟَﺎ َی ِﺪ ِﻩ ( ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ } َوَاﱠﻟﺬِی َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ َوﺝَﺎ ِر َی ِﺘ ِﻪ ( َآﻤَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ِﺑ َﻴ ِﺪ َز ْو َ‬
‫) َو َﻟ ُﻪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ن { َو َهﺬَا ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ َورَا َء َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻚ ُه ْﻢ ا ْﻟﻌَﺎدُو َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓﺄُو َﻟ ِﺌ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ َﺘﻐَﻰ َورَا َء َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ { إﻟَﻰ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ } َﻓ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْزوَا ِ‬
‫ن إﻟﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡَﺎ ِﻓﻈُﻮ َ‬
‫‪The above text indicates that the Shafi view allows a woman to masturbate her‬‬
‫‪husband‬‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻘﻨﺎع ﻋﻦ ﻡﺘﻦ اﻹﻗﻨﺎع )ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺬهﺐ اﻟﺤﻨﺒﻠﻲ(‬
‫ع‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ن اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ع ) ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻘ ُﺒ ِﻞ َو َﻟ ْﻮ ( آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ن ( اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺖ إذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺹ َﻔ ٍﺔ آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ي ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ﱢ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ ُآﻞﱠ َو ْﻗ ٍ‬
‫ع ِﺑ َﺰ ْو َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ج ا ِﻟﺎ ْ‬
‫) َوﻟِﻠ ﱠﺰ ْو ِ‬
‫ﺺ‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ ﱞ‬
‫ﺤﺮِی ُﻢ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ { وَاﻟ ﱠﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﺙ ُﻜ ْﻢ َأﻧﱠﻰ ِ‬
‫ث َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ َﻓ ْﺄﺕُﻮا َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ ٌ‬
‫ﻋﺠِﻴ َﺰ ِﺕﻬَﺎ ( ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ } ِﻧﺴَﺎ ُؤ ُآ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ِﺔ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻘ ُﺒ ِﻞ ) ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ع ِﺑﻬَﺎ إ َذ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺲ َﻟ ُﻪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻀ ﱡﺮهَﺎ ( َﻓ َﻠ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺾ َأ ْو َی ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻔﺮَا ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸ ِﻐ ْﻠﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱﻮَا ُﻩ ) ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ ُی ْ‬
‫ن ِ‬
‫ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ دُو َ‬
‫ﻇ ْﻬ ِﺮ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠﺘﻨﱡﻮ ِر َأ ْو َ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ع ) َو َﻟ ْﻮ آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻀ ﱡﺮهَﺎ َﻓ َﻠ ُﻪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َو َﻟ ْﻢ َی ُ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸ َﻐ ْﻠﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺚ َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ف َو َ‬
‫ﺵ َﺮ ِة ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﺮُو ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﻤﻌَﺎ َ‬
‫ع‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ج) َ‬
‫ن زَا َد ( اﻟﺰﱠ ْو ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ِﺑ َﻴ ِﺪهَﺎ َو َی ْﺄﺕِﻲ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻌﺰِی ِﺮ َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ ُﻩ ‪َ ) .‬و َﻟ ُﻪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ َو َ‬
‫ﺐ ( َآﻤَﺎ َروَا ُﻩ َأ ْ‬
‫َﻗ َﺘ ٍ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘﻬَﺎ ِد ا ْﻟ ِﺈﻡَﺎ ِم ( ﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ﺝ َﻊ إﻟَﻰ ا ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ ُﻡ َﻘ ﱠﺪ ٍر َﻓ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺺ وَا ْﻟﻘَﺎﺽِﻲ ‪ ) .‬ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﻟﻘَﺎﺽِﻲ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻔ ٍ‬
‫ﻲ ٍء ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ( ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺢ َ‬
‫ﺹُﻮ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ف ﻇَﺎ ِه ُﺮ َآﻠَﺎ ِم‬
‫ﻃ ِﺌ ِﻪ إذَا زَا َد ﻗَﺎ َل ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺼَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ُﻪ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِآ ُﻢ آَﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ َﻔ َﻘ ِﺔ َو َآ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ن َﺕﻨَﺎ َزﻋَﺎ َﻓ َﻴ ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ :‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻲ اﻟﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ﺦ َﺕ ِﻘ ﱡ‬
‫اﻟﺸﱠ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺝ َﻌ َﻞ ( َ‬
‫ﻀ ﱡﺮهَﺎ ) َو َ‬
‫ﺾ َأ ْو َی ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻔﺮَا ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸ ِﻐ ْﻠﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ن ﻇَﺎ ِه َﺮ َآﻠَﺎ ِﻡ ِﻬ ْﻢ ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ ُی ْ‬
‫ﻚ َوَأ ﱠ‬
‫ف َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺧﻠَﺎ ُ‬
‫ب ِ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ِ‬
‫َأ ْآ َﺜ ِﺮ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ﱠﺘ ٍﺔ َوﻟَﺎ ُی ْﻜ َﺮ ُﻩ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﻌﺪَى َ‬
‫ﺝﻠًﺎ ا ْ‬
‫ﺲ َر ُ‬
‫ﺢ َأ َﻧ ٌ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻞ ) َأ ْر َﺑﻌًﺎ ﺑِﺎﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِﻞ َوَأ ْر َﺑﻌًﺎ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨﻬَﺎ ِر َوﺹَﺎ َﻟ َ‬
‫اﻟ ﱡﺰ َﺑ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻟ َﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ت ُآﻠﱡﻬَﺎ ( ﻟَﺎ ُﺕ ْﻜ َﺮ ُﻩ ﻓِﻲ َﻟ ْﻴ َﻠ ٍﺔ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼﻔَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻃ ُﺔ وَا ْﻟ َﻐ ْﺰ ُل وَاﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﺨﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄیﱠﺎ ِم َو َآﺬَا اﻟﺴﱠ َﻔ ُﺮ وَاﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻔﺼِﻴ ُﻞ وَا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠﻴَﺎﻟِﻲ َوﻟَﺎ َی ْﻮ ٍم ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َﻟ ْﻴ َﻠ ٍﺔ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ٍة‬
‫ع ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﻄ ﱡﻮ ٌ‬
‫ي ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ) َﺕ َ‬
‫ﻦ َو ْﻗ ِﺘ ِﻪ ‪َ ) .‬وﻟَﺎ َیﺠُﻮ ُز َﻟﻬَﺎ ( َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ض َ‬
‫ج َﻓ ْﺮ ٍ‬
‫ﺧﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﺚ ﻟَﺎ ُﺕ َﺆدﱢي إﻟَﻰ إ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄیﱠﺎ ِم َ‬
‫اﻟﱠﻠﻴَﺎﻟِﻲ َوﻟَﺎ َی ْﻮ ٍم ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ ﻟِﺎ ْﻡ َﺮَأ ٍة َأ ْ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ َﺑ ْﻴ ِﺘ ِﻪ إﻟﱠﺎ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْذ ِﻧ ِﻪ ( ِﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪ -‬ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪ } -‬ﻟَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﺹ ْﻮ ٍم َو ُه َﻮ ُﻡﺸَﺎ ِه ٌﺪ إﻟﱠﺎ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْذ ِﻧ ِﻪ َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﺄ َذ َ‬
‫َوﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ َﺑ ْﻴ ِﺘ ِﻪ إﻟﱠﺎ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْذ ِﻧ ِﻪ َوﻡَﺎ َأ ْﻧ َﻔ َﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ﺵَﺎ ِه ٌﺪ إﻟﱠﺎ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْذ ِﻧ ِﻪ َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﺄ َذ ُ‬
‫ﻄ ٍﺮ {‬
‫ﺸْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻧ َﻔ َﻘ ٍﺔ ِﺑ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ إ ْذ ِﻧ ِﻪ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ُی َﺮ ﱡد إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِﺑ َ‬
‫َﺕﺼُﻮ َم َو َز ْو ُ‬
‫س‪).‬‬
‫ﺾ { َو َآﺬَا ِﻧﻔَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﺘ ِﺰﻟُﻮا اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺾ ( ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ } وَا ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻃ ُﺆهَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤﺮُم َو ْ‬
‫ي ) َو َی ْ‬
‫َروَا ُﻩ ا ْﻟ ُﺒﺨَﺎ ِر ﱡ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ َأ ْو ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ )‬
‫ﻋ َﻨ ْ‬
‫ف َ‬
‫ﺧ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻃ ُﺆهَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ُﺮ ُم َو ْ‬
‫ﺾ ( َﻓ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺽ ِﺔ ﻓِﻲ ﺑَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ط ِء ) ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ُﻢ ( َو ْ‬
‫ﻚ ) َو ُ‬
‫َو َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ( َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻖ ﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﺄﺕُﻮا اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤﻴِﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ن اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ ﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ط ُء ) ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ ( ِﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪ -‬ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪ } -‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ُﺮ ُم ( ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫َو َی ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻞ ﺝَﺎ َﻡ َﻊ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ َﺕ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ ُد ُﺑ ِﺮهَﺎ { َروَا ُهﻤَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ إﻟَﻰ َر ُ‬
‫س َﻡ ْﺮﻓُﻮﻋًﺎ ‪ } :‬ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ﱠﺒﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ُه َﺮ ْی َﺮ َة وَا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ { َو َ‬
‫َأ ْدﺑَﺎ ِر ِه ﱠ‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﺪ َﻗ ُﻪ َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َآ َﻔ َﺮ ِﺑﻤَﺎ ُأ ْﻧ ِﺰ َل‬
‫ﻋﺮﱠاﻓًﺎ َﻓ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺕَﻰ ﺡَﺎ ِﺋﻀًﺎ َأ ْو ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة ﻓِﻲ ُد ُﺑ ِﺮهَﺎ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو َأﺕَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ُه َﺮ ْی َﺮ َة َﻡ ْﺮﻓُﻮﻋًﺎ } َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻪ ‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ { ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﺮوَى ﺝَﺎ ِﺑ ٌﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل " آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﺙ ُﻜ ْﻢ َأﻧﱠﻰ ِ‬
‫ث َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ َﻓ ْﺄﺕُﻮا َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ ٌ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ { َروَا ُﻩ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺙ َﺮ ُم َو ِﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ } ِﻧﺴَﺎ ُؤ ُآ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُﻡ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻮ ُل " َﻓ َﺄ ْﻧ َﺰ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ } ِﻧﺴَﺎ ُؤ ُآ ْﻢ‬
‫ﺝﺎ َء ا ْﻟ َﻮ َﻟ ُﺪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َورَا ِﺋﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻞ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ َﺕ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ن إذَا ﺝَﺎ َﻡ َﻊ اﻟﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻴﻬُﻮ ُد َیﻘُﻮﻟُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ .‬وﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻖ َ‬
‫ن ﻟَﺎ َی ْﺄ ِﺕ َﻴﻬَﺎ إﻟﱠﺎ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺄﺕَﻰ ُﻡ ﱠﺘ َﻔ ٌ‬
‫ﻏﻴْﺮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ْﻠ ِﻔﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ َی َﺪ ْیﻬَﺎ َو ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﺑ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ { ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ ٌ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﺙ ُﻜ ْﻢ َأﻧﱠﻰ ِ‬
‫ث َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ َﻓ ْﺄﺕُﻮا َ‬
‫ﺤﺮِی َﻤ ُﻪ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ َﻢ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﻋ ﱢﺰ َر ( إ ْ‬
‫ﻃ ِﺌﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ ) ُ‬
‫ي َو ْ‬
‫ن َﻓ َﻌ َﻞ ( َأ ْ‬
‫ج ) َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ِروَا َی ٍﺔ َأ ﱠی ُﺘﻬَﺎ ُﻡ ْﻘ ِﺒ َﻠ ًﺔ َو ُﻡ ْﺪ ِﺑ َﺮ ًة إذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ي اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْوﺝَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن َﺕﻄَﺎ َوﻋَﺎ ( َأ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ َوﻟَﺎ َآﻔﱠﺎ َر ًة ‪َ ) .‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ﺼ َﻴ ًﺔ ﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻟِﺎ ْر ِﺕﻜَﺎ ِﺑ ِﻪ َﻡ ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ق‬
‫ط ِء ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ ُﻓ ﱢﺮ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ( َأ ْ‬
‫ن) َ‬
‫ق َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ) َﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ َی ْﻨ َﺘ ِﻪ ُﻓ ﱢﺮ َ‬
‫ﻲ( َ‬
‫ط ِء ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ ) َو ُﻧ ِﻬ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺝ َﺘ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻞ َز ْو َ‬
‫ي َأ ْآ َﺮ َﻩ اﻟﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫َﺑ ْﻴ ِﻨ ِﻬﻤَﺎ ) َأ ْو َأ ْآ َﺮ َهﻬَﺎ ( َأ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻟ َﻴ َﺘ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َرﻗِﻴ ِﻘ ِﻪ ا ْﻧ َﺘﻬَﻰ ‪َ ) .‬و َﻟ ُﻪ اﻟﺘﱠ َﻠﺬﱡ ُذ َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُﺮ ِﺑ ِﻪ ( ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َی ْﻔ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺮ َو َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ا ْﻟﻔَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ق َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺦ َآﻤَﺎ ُی َﻔﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫اﻟﺸﱠ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ط ِء‬
‫ﻦ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َی ْﺪﻋُﻮ إﻟَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻟ َﻴ َﺘ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ط َء َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ن ‪َ :‬آ ِﺮ َﻩ ا ْﻟ ُﻌ َﻠﻤَﺎ ُء ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ﱢﺮ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺼُﻮ ِ‬
‫ي ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻮ ِز ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ج ( ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ َوﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫إیﻠَﺎ ٍ‬
‫‪55‬‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﺪﺧَﺎ ُل َذ َآ ِﺮ ِﻩ َو ُه َﻮ ﻧَﺎ ِﺋ ٌﻢ (‬
‫ﺝ ِﺔ ) ا ْ‬
‫ي اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو َ‬
‫ﺲ َﻟﻬَﺎ ( َأ ْ‬
‫ع َآﺬَا ﻗَﺎﻟَﺎ ) َو َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﺰ َم ِﺑ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻔﺼُﻮ ِل ﻗَﺎ َل ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻔﺮُو ِ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ َو َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻬ َﻮ ٍة ( َو َﻟ ْﻮ ﻧَﺎ ِﺋﻤًﺎ ‪) .‬‬
‫ﺴ ُﻪ َو َﺕ ْﻘﺒِﻴُﻠ ُﻪ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺔ ) َﻟ ْﻤ ُ‬
‫ي اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو َ‬
‫ف ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ِﺑ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ إ ْذ ِﻧ ِﻪ ) َو َﻟ َﻬﺎ ( َأ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ﱡﺮ ٌ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ) ِﺑﻠَﺎ إ ْذ ِﻧ ِﻪ ( ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َﺕ َ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ح ( َوﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱢﻨﻜَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن ) َو َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ﻓِﻲ ِآﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ع َو ُی ْﻜ َﺮ ُﻩ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ُﻩ ( ِﻟ َﺘ َﻌ ﱡﺬ ِر ِﻩ إ َذ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫َوﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﻟﻘَﺎﺽِﻲ َیﺠُﻮ ُز َﺕ ْﻘﺒِﻴ ُﻞ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ت‪.‬‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ ِﻟ ْﻠﻘَﺎذُورَا ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﺪ ِﺑ ُﺮ ا ْﻟ ِﻘ ْﺒ َﻠ َﺔ َو َآﺬَا اﻟﻨﱠ َ‬
‫س ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻠُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺼ َﺮ َو َآﺬَا ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻒ ا ْﻟ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻀ ِﻌ ُ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ُی ْ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ إﻟَﻰ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻲ اﻟﻨﱠ َ‬
‫اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱡ‬
‫‪The above text indicates that the Hambali view allows a woman to masturbate her‬‬
‫‪husband‬‬
‫ﻡﻄﺎﻟﺐ أوﻟﻰ اﻟﻨﻬﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺵﺮح اﻟﻤﻨﺘﻬﻰ )اﻟﻤﺬهﺐ اﻟﺤﻨﺒﻠﻲ(‬
‫ي ِ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ع ( ِﺑ َﺰ ْو َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ج ) اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ي ‪ :‬اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو ِ‬
‫) َو َﻟ ُﻪ ( َأ ْ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َﻌﺠِﻴ َﺰ ِة ﻓِﻲ ُﻗ ُﺒ ٍﻞ ( ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ن ) ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ٍﺔ ﺵَﺎ َء ) َو َﻟ ْﻮ ( آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻀﺮﱠ (‬
‫ﺱﻮَا ُﻩ ) ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ َی ُ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺺ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ ‪ ,‬دُو َ‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ ﱞ‬
‫ﺤﺮِی ُﻢ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ { ‪ .‬وَاﻟ ﱠﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﺙ ُﻜ ْﻢ َأﻧﱠﻰ ِ‬
‫ث َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ َﻓ ْﺄﺕُﻮا َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ ٌ‬
‫ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ‪ِ } :‬ﻧﺴَﺎ ُؤ ُآ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ع)‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓ َﻠ ُﻪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸ َﻐ ْﻠﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﺮهَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْ‬
‫ﺚ َﻟ ْﻢ َی ُ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ض ( َو َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻓ ْﺮ ٍ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ُﻪ ِﺑﻬَﺎ ) َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺸ َﻐ ْﻞ ( ا ْ‬
‫ﻋ ُﻪ ِﺑﻬَﺎ ) َأ ْو َی ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫ا ْ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ِﺑ َﻴ ِﺪهَﺎ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ ُی ْﻜ َﺮ ُﻩ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ ُﻩ ) َو َﻟ ُﻪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ َو َ‬
‫ﺤ َﻮ ُﻩ َآﻤَﺎ َروَا ُﻩ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ( َو َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻇ ْﻬ ِﺮ َﻗ َﺘ ٍ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﺕﻨﱡﻮ ٍر َأ ْو َ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫َو َﻟ ْﻮ آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ت ُآﱡﻠﻬَﺎ ( ﻟَﺎ ُﺕ ْﻜ َﺮ ُﻩ ﻓِﻲ َﻟ ْﻴ َﻠ ٍﺔ‬
‫ﺼﻨَﺎﻋَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻃ ُﺔ وَا ْﻟ َﻐ ْﺰ ُل وَاﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﺨﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄیﱠﺎ ِم ‪َ ,‬و َآﺬَا اﻟﺴﱠ َﻔ ُﺮ وَاﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻔﺼِﻴ ُﻞ وَا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠﻴَﺎﻟِﻲ َأ ْو َی ْﻮ ٍم ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َﻟ ْﻴ َﻠ ٍﺔ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ض َ‬
‫ج َﻓ ْﺮ ٍ‬
‫ﺧﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﺚ ﻟَﺎ ُی َﺆدﱢي إﻟَﻰ إ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄیﱠﺎ ِم َ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َو ْﻗ ِﺘ ِﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠﻴَﺎﻟِﻲ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َی ْﻮ ٍم ِﻡ ْ‬
‫اﻟﻤﻮﺱﻮﻋﺔ اﻟﻔﻘﻬﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ‬
‫ﺝ ْﺪ ﻡَﺎ ِﻧ ٌﻊ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ َﻡ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺔ ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ یُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو َ‬
‫ﺝﻮَا ِز اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ ُﻔ َﻘﻬَﺎ ِء َ‬
‫ﻏ َﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺔ ‪َ - 14 :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﻖ اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو َ‬
‫ﻃﺮِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء َ‬
‫اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺞ ( ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ﺡﱞ‬
‫ف‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘﻜَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﺹ ْﻮ ٌم ‪ ,‬ا ْ‬
‫س‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺾ ‪ِ ,‬ﻧﻔَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﻈ ْﺮ ) َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻧ ِﻊ ُا ْﻧ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻟ َﺒﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬آﻤَﺎ َﻟ ْﻮ َأ ْﻧ َﺰ َل ِﺑ َﺘ ْﻔﺨِﻴ ٍﺬ َأ ْو َﺕ ْﺒﻄِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ا ْ‬
‫ﺚ ِﺑ َﺬ َآ ِﺮ ِﻩ َﻓ َﺄ ْﻧ َﺰ َل ُآ ِﺮ َﻩ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻌ َﺒ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ َﺕ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻮ َه َﺮ ِة ‪َ :‬و َﻟ ْﻮ َﻡ ﱠﻜ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ﱢر َ‬
‫ﺡ ُ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﻧ َﻘ َﻞ ﺹَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺾ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ِﺑ َﻜﺮَا َه ِﺘ ِﻪ َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ :‬وﻓِﻲ َﻓﺘَﺎوَى ا ْﻟﻘَﺎﺽِﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻜﺮَا َه ِﺔ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻨﺰِی ِﻬ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ .‬وﻓِﻲ ِﻧﻬَﺎ َی ِﺔ اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْی ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﻠﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺑﺪِی َ‬
‫ن ا ْﺑ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻲ َء َ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫َوﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺒ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻌ ْﺰ َل ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﻌ ْﺰ ُل َﻡ ْﻜﺮُو ٌﻩ ‪.‬‬
‫ن ِﺑ ِﺈ ْذ ِﻧ ِﻪ إذَا َأ ْﻡﻨَﻰ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ُی ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ِﺑ َﻴ ِﺪهَﺎ ُآ ِﺮ َﻩ َوِإ ْ‬
‫ت ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة َذ َآ َﺮ َز ْو ِ‬
‫ﻏ َﻤ َﺮ ْ‬
‫َﻟ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﻡﻮاهﺐ اﻟﺠﻠﻴﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺵﺮح ﻡﺨﺘﺼﺮ اﻟﺨﻠﻴﻞ‬
‫ﻓﺼﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻴﺎن ﺡﻜﻢ اﻟﺤﻴﺾ واﻟﻨﻔﺎس‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْه ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬ َه ِ‬
‫ﺡﺪًا ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ َأ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ِﺑ َﻴ ِﺪهَﺎ َوﻟَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ي ‪ :‬ﻇَﺎ ِه ُﺮ ُﻩ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َیﺠُﻮ ُز َﻟ ُﻪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻏَﺎ ِز ﱟ‬
‫ﺖ إزَا ٍر ( ش ‪ :‬ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ص ) َأ ْو َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺹ ِﻬ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻋﻤُﻮ ُم ُﻧﺼُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺝﻮَا ِز ِﻩ ‪َ ,‬و ُ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺵﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ( ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡﻴَﺎ ِء ‪ُ ) .‬ﻗ ْﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺠﻮَا ِز ِﻩ َأﺑُﻮ ﺡَﺎ ِﻡ ٍﺪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ح ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺹ ﱠﺮ َ‬
‫ﻚ َو َﻗ ْﺪ َ‬
‫ح ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺹ ﱠﺮ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﻚ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﺎهَﺎ ‪َ ,‬آ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺄ ُﻧ ُﻪ ِﺑ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺸﺪﱡ إزَا َرهَﺎ َو َ‬
‫ﺾ َﺕ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ :‬وَا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ُ‬
‫ﺲ ﻗَﺎ َل ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ یُﻮ ُﻧ َ‬
‫ﻚ ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺼﺮِی َ‬
‫آَﺎﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ي ‪ُ :‬یﺠَﺎ ِﻡ ُﻌﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﺎهَﺎ ‪َ ,‬أ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺄ َﻧ ُﻪ ِﺑ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ َو َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻃ ِﺈ ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ي وَا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َو ُه َﻮ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﺒﺨَﺎ ِر ﱢ‬
‫ق‬
‫ط ِء ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺝﻮَا ِز ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ف ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺧﻠَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﺑﺸِﻴ ٍﺮ ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﺎهَﺎ ‪ ,‬ا ْﻧ َﺘﻬَﻰ ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻄ ِﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو ﻡَﺎ ﺵَﺎ َء ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ ُه َﻮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻜَﺎ ِﻧﻬَﺎ َو َﺑ ْ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﺈ َزا ِر ‪ ,‬ا ْﻧ َﺘﻬَﻰ ‪ .‬ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ‬
‫ﺵﺮح ﻡﺨﺘﺼﺮ اﻟﺨﻠﻴﻞ ﻟﻠﺨﺮﺵﻲ‬
‫ﺑﺎب اﻟﻄﻬﺎرة ‪ -‬ﻓﺼﻞ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺨﻴﺾ‬
‫ن َو َیﺠُﻮ ُز ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﻓ ْﻮ َﻗ ُﻪ ِﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﺮ ِة وَاﻟ ﱡﺮ ْآ َﺒ ِﺔ ُهﻤَﺎ ﺧَﺎ ِرﺝَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺖ إزَا ٍر َو ُه َﻮ ﻡَﺎ َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ع ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ َ‬
‫ي َو َﻡ َﻨ َﻊ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ﻄ ِﻨﻬَﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻜَﺎ ِﻧﻬَﺎ َو َﺑ ْ‬
‫ي ُیﺠَﺎ ِﻡ ُﻌﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﺎهَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺄ ُﻧ ُﻪ ِﺑ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﺎهَﺎ { ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺄ ُﻧ ُﻪ ِﺑ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺸﺪﱡ إزَا َرهَﺎ َو َ‬
‫ﺾ َﺕ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺎ ِﺋ ُ‬
‫واﻟﺴﻼم } ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ َی ِﺪهَﺎ‬
‫ﺝﻮَا ُز ا ْ‬
‫ﻦ َهﺬَا َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺬ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﺎهَﺎ ا هـ ‪َ ,‬و ُی ْﺆ َ‬
‫َأ ْو ﻡَﺎ ﺵَﺎ َء ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ ُه َﻮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺵﺮح ﻡﺨﺘﺼﺮ اﻟﺨﻠﻴﻞ ﻟﻠﺨﺮﺵﻲ‬
‫ﺑﺎب أﺡﻜﺎم اﻟﺤﺞ واﻟﻌﻤﺮة‬
‫ﻓﺼﻞ ﺡﺮم ﺑﺎﻹﺡﺮام ﻋﻠﻰ اﻡﺮأة‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﺧ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْر ِﺕﻜَﺎﺑًﺎ ِﻟ َﺄ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ إﻟﱠﺎ ِﺑ ِﻪ َﻗ ﱠﺪ َﻡ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﻨ َﺪ ِﻓ ْﻊ َ‬
‫ﻦإ ْ‬
‫ﻲ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َأ ْم ﻟَﺎ َﻟ ِﻜ ْ‬
‫ﺸَ‬
‫ﺧ ِ‬
‫ﺡﺮَا ٌم َ‬
‫ﺺ ِﺑ َﻴ ِﺪ ِﻩ َ‬
‫ﺨ ِ‬
‫ﺸْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ َء اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫نا ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻢ َأ ﱠ‬
‫اْ‬
‫ﺠﻮَا ُز‬
‫ﺢ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝُ‬
‫ف وَاﻟﺮﱠا ِ‬
‫ﺧﻠَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ ِﺑ َﻴ ِﺪ َز ْو َ‬
‫ﻦ َوﻓِﻲ ا ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺪ َﺕ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻔ َ‬
‫‪The madhahib which allow a female to masturbate her husband would likewise allow their‬‬
‫‪husbands to masturbate them during periods when they are not in menstruation. However,‬‬
‫‪56‬‬
‫‪the husband’s allowance for masturbating his wife is through the use of his natural hands and‬‬
‫‪fingers fingers. Thus, a dildo or any other sexual toy to pleasure the female should not be‬‬
‫‪used‬‬
‫‪Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim‬‬
‫‪-----------------------------------------------‬‬‫‪1.1 I want to know if it is permissible for me to masturbate not alone but only while am‬‬
‫?‪having sex with my husband because that is the only way i can enjoy sex with him‬‬
‫)‪Yes, it is permissible. (Shaami vol.2 pg.399; HM Saeed‬‬
‫‪and Allah Ta'ala Knows Best‬‬
‫‪Mufti Ebrahim Desai‬‬
‫)‪FATWA DEPT. (Askimam website‬‬
‫‪Note:‬‬
‫‪I think this allowance is limited to when a woman’s husband masturbates her. It would not be‬‬
‫‪allowed for her to masturbate herself.‬‬
‫‪2.1 Hanafi view on the impermissibility of masturbation. Al-Azhar Fatwa‬‬
‫‪The following view also advocates that punishment ought to be given to a person who‬‬
‫‪masturbates.‬‬
‫اﻟﻜﺘـــﺎب ‪ :‬ﻓﺘﺎوى دار اﻹﻓﺘﺎء ﻟﻤﺪة ﻡﺎﺋﺔ ﻋﺎم‬
‫اﻟﺒــﺎب ‪ :‬ﻡﻦ أﺡﻜﺎم اﻟﻤﻤﻨﻮﻋﺎت واﻟﻤﺒﺎﺡﺎت ‪.‬‬
‫‪-------------------------‬‬‫اﻟﻤﻮﺽﻮع ) ‪ ( 612‬ﺡﻜﻢ اﻻﺱﺘﻤﻨﺎء‪.‬‬
‫اﻟﻤﻔﺘﻰ ‪ :‬ﻓﻀﻴﻠﺔ اﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻡﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﺨﻴﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝﻤﺎدى اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪ 1335‬هﺠﺮیﺔ ‪ 3 -‬اﺑﺮیﻞ ‪ 1917‬م‪.‬‬
‫اﻟﻤﺒﺎدئ‪:‬‬
‫ ‪1‬اﻻﺱﺘﻤﻨﺎء ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻒ ﺡﺮام ویﻌﺰر ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻪ ﺵﺮﻋﺎ‪.‬‬‫ ‪2‬ﻻ یﺤﻞ اﻻﺱﺘﻤﺘﺎع ﺑﻐﻴﺮ اﻟﺰوﺝﺔ واﻷﻡﺔ‪.‬‬‫ﺱﺌﻞ ‪ :‬إن ﻋﺎدة اﻻﺱﺘﻤﻨﺎء ﺑﺎﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﺪ ﻓﺸﺖ ﻓﻰ اﻟﻘﻄﺮ اﻟﻤﺼﺮى ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﺸﺒﺎن‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎم ﺑﻌﺾ اﻷﻃﺒﺎء یﻨﻬﻮﻧﻬﻢ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ویﺒﻴﻨﻮن أﺧﻄﺎرهﺎ اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻟﻜﻰ یﺮﺕﺪع آﻞ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ وﻗﺪ ﻗﺎل ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻨﺎس إﻧﻬﺎ ﻡﻦ ﺽﺮوب اﻟﺰﻧﺎ أى أﻧﻬﺎ ﻡﺤﺮﻡﺔ‪.‬‬
‫وﻗﺎم ﻓﺮیﻖ ﺁﺧﺮ یﻨﺎﻗﺸﻬﻢ ﻓﻰ ذﻟﻚ ﺑﺪﻋﻮى أن اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺱﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ وﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ إﻧﻤﺎ ﺡﺮم اﻟﺰﻧﺎ ﻡﻨﻌﺎ ﻻﺧﺘﻼط اﻟﻨﺴﻞ وﻡﻦ ذﻟﻚ‬
‫یﻨﺸﺄ ﺽﺮر اﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮع‪.‬‬
‫وﻟﻤﺎ آﺎﻧﺖ ﻋﺎدة اﻻﺱﺘﻤﻨﺎء ﺕﻀﺮ ﺑﺼﺎﺡﺒﻬﺎ ﺝﺴﻤﺎﻧﻴﺎ إﻻ أﻧﻤﺎ ﻻ ﺕﺤﺪث ﻧﺴﻼ ﻓﻼ ﺕﻜﻮن إذن ﻡﻦ اﻟﺰﻧﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻨﺮﺝﻮ ﺡﻞ هﺬﻩ اﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫أﺝﺎب ‪ :‬اﻃﻠﻌﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ هﺬا اﻟﺴﺆال‪.‬‬
‫وﻧﻔﻴﺪ أﻧﻪ ﻗﺎل ﻓﻰ ﺵﺮح اﻟﺪر ﻡﺎ ﻧﺼﻪ )ﻓﻰ اﻟﺠﻮهﺮة اﻻﺱﺘﻤﻨﺎء ﺡﺮام وﻓﻴﻪ اﻟﺘﻌﺰیﺮ( آﻤﺎ أﻧﻪ ﺹﺮح ﻓﻰ رد اﻟﻤﺤﺘﺎر‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺪر اﻟﻤﺨﺘﺎر ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﻟﻮ أدﺧﻞ ذآﺮﻩ ﻓﻰ ﺡﺎﺋﻂ وﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺡﺘﻰ أﻡﻨﻰ أو اﺱﺘﻤﻨﻰ ﺑﻜﻔﻪ ﺑﺤﺎﺋﻞ یﻤﻨﻊ اﻟﺤﺮارة یﺄﺙﻢ‬
‫أیﻀﺎ‪.‬‬
57
‫وﻗﺪ اﺱﺘﺪل اﻟﺰیﻠﻌﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺪم ﺡﻞ اﻻﺱﺘﻤﻨﺎء ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻒ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ } واﻟﺬیﻦ هﻢ ﻟﻔﺮوﺝﻬﻢ ﺡﺎﻓﻈﻮن إﻻ ﻋﻠﻰ أزواﺝﻬﻢ‬
‫ وﻗﺎل ﻓﻠﻢ‬، 7 - 5 ‫ ﻓﻤﻦ اﺑﺘﻐﻰ وراء ذﻟﻚ ﻓﺄوﻟﺌﻚ هﻢ اﻟﻌﺎدون { اﻟﻤﺆﻡﻨﻮن‬.‫أو ﻡﺎ ﻡﻠﻜﺖ أیﻤﺎﻧﻬﻢ ﻓﺈﻧﻬﻢ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻡﻠﻮﻡﻴﻦ‬
.‫یﺒﺢ اﻻﺱﺘﻤﺘﺎع إﻻ ﺑﻬﻤﺎ أى اﻟﺰوﺝﺔ واﻷﻡﺔ‬
.‫ﻓﺄﻓﺎد ﻋﺪم ﺡﻞ اﻻﺱﺘﻤﺘﺎع أى ﻗﻀﺎء اﻟﺸﻬﻮة ﺑﻐﻴﺮهﻤﺎ‬
‫وﻗﺪ اﺱﺘﺪل ﺹﺎﺡﺐ اﻟﺪر ﻋﻠﻰ ذﻟﻚ ﺑﺤﺪیﺚ ) ﻧﺎآﺢ اﻟﻴﺪ ﻡﻠﻌﻮن( وﻡﻦ ذﻟﻚ یﻌﻠﻢ أن اﻻﺱﺘﻤﻨﺎء ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻒ ﻋﻠﻰ وﺝﻪ ﻡﺎ‬
.‫ﺝﺎء ﺑﺎﻟﺴﺆال ﺡﺮام یﻌﺰر ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻪ ﺵﺮﻋﺎ‬
*********************************************************************
2.2 The Shafi view on the impermissibility of masturbation
‫اﻷم‬
‫اﻟﺸﺎﻓﻌﻲ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻨﻔﻘﺎت‬
‫ن { ) ﻗَﺎ َل‬
َ ‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ { َﻗ َﺮَأ إﻟَﻰ } ا ْﻟﻌَﺎدُو‬
ِ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْزوَا‬
َ ‫ن إﻟﱠﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ ﺡَﺎ ِﻓﻈُﻮ‬
ِ ‫ﻦ ُه ْﻢ ِﻟ ُﻔﺮُو‬
َ ‫ﺝ ﱠﻞ } َوَاﱠﻟﺬِی‬
َ ‫ﻋ ﱠﺰ َو‬
َ ‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ‬
ْ ‫ب اﻟِﺎ‬
ُ ‫ﺑَﺎ‬
‫ج‬
ِ ‫ﺱﻮَى ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْزوَا‬
ِ ‫ﺤﺮِی ُﻢ ﻡَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﺖ َأ ْیﻤَﺎ ُﻧ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﺕ‬
ْ ‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ َأ ْو ﻡَﺎ َﻡ َﻠ َﻜ‬
ِ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْزوَا‬
َ ‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ إﻟﱠﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﻈ ِﻬ ْﻢ ِﻟ ُﻔﺮُو‬
ِ ‫ﺡ ْﻔ‬
ِ ‫ن َﺑ ﱢﻴﻨًﺎ ﻓِﻲ ِذ ْآ ِﺮ‬
َ ‫ﻲ ( َﻓﻜَﺎ‬
‫اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱡ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ َﺘﻐَﻰ‬
ْ ‫ﺝ ﱠﻞ } َﻓ َﻤ‬
َ ‫ﻋ ﱠﺰ َو‬
َ ‫ن ا ْﻟ َﺒﻬَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻢ ُﺙﻢﱠ َأ ﱠآ َﺪهَﺎ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل‬
َ ‫ت دُو‬
ِ ‫ﻦ اﻟْﺂ َد ِﻡﻴﱠﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ ِﻡ‬
ِ ‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻤِﻴ‬
َ ‫ج َو ِﻡ ْﻠ‬
َ ‫ن ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْزوَا‬
‫ﻦ َأ ﱠ‬
ٌ ‫ن َو َﺑ ﱢﻴ‬
ُ ‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْیﻤَﺎ‬
ْ ‫َوﻡَﺎ َﻡ َﻠ َﻜ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء َواَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ‬
ْ ‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ اﻟِﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﻦ َوﻟَﺎ َی‬
ِ ‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻤِﻴ‬
ِ ‫ﺝ ِﺔ َأ ْو ﻓِﻲ ِﻡ ْﻠ‬
َ ‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻌ َﻤ ُﻞ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺬ َآ ِﺮ إﻟﱠﺎ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو‬
ِ ‫ن { َﻓﻠَﺎ َی‬
َ ‫ﻚ ُه ْﻢ ا ْﻟﻌَﺎدُو‬
َ ‫ﻚ َﻓﺄُو َﻟ ِﺌ‬
َ ‫َورَا َء َذ ِﻟ‬
‫ﻀ ِﻠ ِﻪ { َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﺎهَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َﻓ‬
ْ ‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ ُی ْﻐ ِﻨ َﻴ ُﻬ ْﻢ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ ِﻡ‬
َ ‫ن ِﻧﻜَﺎﺡًﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺠﺪُو‬
ِ ‫ﻦ ﻟَﺎ َی‬
َ ‫ﻒ اﱠﻟﺬِی‬
ْ ‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻌ ِﻔ‬
ْ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ َوﻗَﺎ َل ﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ } َو ْﻟ َﻴ‬
ْ ‫َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َأ‬
‫ﻦ‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ﻒ‬
‫ﻒ { ِﻟ َﻴ ُﻜ ﱠ‬
ْ ‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻌ ِﻔ‬
ْ ‫ﺎ َﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ‬‫ﻏ ِﻨﻴ‬
َ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ﻦ آَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ ُی ْﻐ ِﻨ َﻴ ُﻬ ْﻢ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َو ُه َﻮ َآ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﻡَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َﻴﺘِﻴ ِﻢ } َو َﻡ‬
َ ‫ﺼ ِﺒﺮُوا‬
ْ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ ِﻟ َﻴ‬
ْ ‫َواَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َأ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ َأ ْو ﻡَﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْزوَا‬
َ ‫ن إﻟﱠﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ ﺡَﺎ ِﻓﻈُﻮ‬
ِ ‫ﻦ ُه ْﻢ ِﻟ ُﻔﺮُو‬
َ ‫ﺝ ﱠﻞ } َوَاﱠﻟﺬِی‬
َ ‫ﻋ ﱠﺰ َو‬
َ ‫ن ﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ‬
َ ‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ ﻗَﺎ َل َوآَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﻒ َأ ْو‬
ٍ ‫ﺴ َﻠ‬
َ ‫َأ ْآ ِﻠ ِﻪ ِﺑ‬
‫ﺖ‬
ْ ‫ﺴ ﱢﺮ َی ًﺔ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﻡ َﻠ َﻜ‬
َ ‫ن ُﻡ َﺘ‬
َ ‫ن َﺕﻜُﻮ‬
ْ ‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة َأ‬
ِ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َی‬
َ ‫ﻦ ِﺑﻬَﺎ اﻟ ﱢﺮﺝَﺎ ُل ﻟَﺎ اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ُء َﻓ َﺪ ﱠل‬
َ ‫ﻃﺒِﻴ‬
َ ‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺨَﺎ‬
‫ن َأ ﱠ‬
ٌ ‫ﺖ َأ ْیﻤَﺎ ُﻧ ُﻬ ْﻢ { َﺑﻴَﺎ‬
ْ ‫َﻡ َﻠ َﻜ‬
‫ﻃ َﺒ َﺔ‬
َ ‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺨَﺎ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﺒﻬَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻢ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
ِ ‫ﺤﺮِی ِﻢ إ ْﺕﻴَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﺕ‬
َ ‫ﺡ ٌﺔ َو َدﻟَﺎ َﻟ ٌﺔ‬
َ ‫ﺤ ٌﺔ إﻟﱠﺎ ِﺑ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ َﻡ ْﻨﻜُﻮ‬
َ ‫ﺡ ٌﺔ ﻟَﺎ ﻧَﺎ ِآ‬
َ ‫ﺴﺮﱠا ٌة َأ ْو َﻡ ْﻨﻜُﻮ‬
َ ‫َیﻤِﻴ ُﻨﻬَﺎ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ُﻡ َﺘ‬
.‫ﻦ‬
ِ ‫ﺝ ْﻴ‬
َ ‫ﺾ اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو‬
ِ ‫ﻦ َﻓﺮَا ِﺋ‬
ْ ‫ﻚ ِﻡ‬
َ ‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ َذ ِﻟ‬
َ ‫ث ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ َو‬
ُ ‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻤِﻴﺮَا‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﻌﺪﱠ ُة َو َﻟ ُﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
َ ‫ض‬
ِ ‫ت ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻔﺮُو‬
ِ ‫ج ﻓِﻲ اﻟْﺂ َد ِﻡﻴﱠﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﺡﻠَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ‬
ْ ‫ِﺑ ِﺈ‬
2.3 Sheikh Saleh Fawzaan concurs on the impermissibility of masturbation
I am prone to masturbation
Question: I am a student who is prone to masturbation. So my desires have overcome me
such that I have not fasted during Ramadhaan as a result and have abstained from
performing my (obligatory) prayers for a long while. And now I try to exert myself, and most of
the time I succeed (in refraining from masturbation) such that sometimes I perform the witr
prayer at night and likewise before I sleep. So, with all this, are my prayers accepted or do I
have to make up the prayers? And what is the ruling regarding masturbation, keeping in mind
that I mostly do it when I watch the television or video?
Response: Practicing masturbation is haraam (prohibited) because it is seeking pleasure in
other than what Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta'aala) has permitted. Allaah has not permitted the
seeking of pleasure and satisfying the sexual desires except with (one's own) wife or with that
which the right hand possesses. Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta'aala) says:
{And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts). Except
from their wives or (the captives and slaves) that their right hands possess, for then,
they are free from blame}, [Soorah al-Mu.minoon, Aayaat 5-6]
So, any (form of) seeking pleasure with other than (one's own) wife or with that which the right
hand possesses is considered prophibited and going against (the Law of Allaah).
The Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) advised the youth with a remedy which would
alleviate (any) raging desires and the danger of (these) desires, as he (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa
sallam) said:
58
((O gathering of youth! Whoever amongst you is able, then he should get married,
since that is indeed more protective for the eyes and the private parts; and whoever is
unable, then he should fast, for that is indeed better for him)), [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree V.7, P.117]
So, the Messenger (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) advised with ridding ourselves of our
desires and distancing ourselves from its dangers by one of two ways: either by fasting - for
one who is unable (to get married) or by marrying - for one who is able (to get married).
This indicates that there is no third (option) for the youth to try. So, masturbation is haraam
(prohibited) and is (thus) not permissible in any circumstance according to the majority of the
people of knowledge.
You are therefore required to repent to Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta'aala) and not to revert to
this act (of masturbating, rather) to distance yourself from that which affects (excites) your
desires, as you have mentioned that you watch television and video and see (images) which
excite the desires. So, that which is obligatory upon you is to distance yourself from seeing
such (images) and not turn the television or video on to watch these things which excite your
desires. This is because this is from the means to evil, and the Muslim is required for himself
to close (all) the doors to evil, and (in return) the doors to good shall be opened for him
(inshaa.-Allaah).
So, distance yourself from all evil and fitnah that comes your way. And from the greatest
causes of fitnah and evil are these films and soap operas which depict women in a manner
which excites the desires. You are therefore required to distance yourself from these and
(further) remove the means to this (evil).
As regards repeating the witr and naafilah prayers, then you are not required to do so, since
the (previously mentioned evil) acts do not nullify the witr (prayer) or the tahajjud (prayer); (as
regards you having) masturbated, then this in itself is prohibited and you are sinning by doing
so. However, the acts of worship which you have already performed according to (that which
has been legislated in) the Sharee'ah, then they are not nullified except by shirk or
apostatising - and Allaah's Refuge is sought. As regards acts other than shirk and
apostatising, then they do not nullify acts (of worship), however, they are regarded as sinful.
Shaykh Ibn al-Fowzaan
al-Muntaqaa min Fataawa Fadheelatush-Shaykh Saalih Ibn Fowzaan - Volume 4, Page 272,
Fatwa No. 277
2.4 Fatwa of Shaykh Mahmood Khaleel Harraas
The one who masturbates
Question: We have heard a lot about the one who masturbates, so is there a hadith (prophetic
statement) with the meaning that the one who masturbates and the one who has intercourse
with a slave woman is cursed whatever the situation? I implore you to give this subject it's
right, and may Allaah cause you to be of benefit.
Response: I do not recall any hadith regarding the masturbator being cursed, however, I have
read that a youth was sitting in the gathering of Ibn 'Abbaas (radhi-yAllaahu 'anhumaa) and
waited until everyone had left, whereupon he asked Ibn 'Abbaas about that. So Ibn 'Abbaas
said: ((Oh! Oh! Having intercourse with the slavewoman is better than that, and that is
better than committing zinaa)), [Transmitted by al-Bayhaqee and Ibn Hazam in alMuhallaa].
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And I have also read in some of the books of the Hanaabilah the permissibility of
masturbating for he who fears falling into zinaa (Adultery). However, (the) gravity (of
masturbating) is regarded the same as eating from the (already) dead carcass (i.e. if you
have no other food and fear you will die if you do not eat from it), so it is not permissible for
him to do so except for that which alleviates the dire necessity. And Allaah is the Most
knowledgeable.
Shaykh Mahmood Khaleel Harraas
Fataawa Shaykh Mahmood Khaleel Harraas - Page 282-283
3. Can I masturbate a man to whom I made Nikah?
I was asked
My husband and I have had our Nikka Alhamdu lillah. Several months are left before the
wedding party.
We agreed to no intercourse until the wedding night, but he would like me to masturbate him
or give him oral sex. He feels he can't wait until the wedding and he gets wet dreams every
night and believes if I do this for him, he will not get nightly wet dreams and it would fulfil
some of his desires. I don't feel comfortable doing this, especially since we don't have a place
of our own with privacy to do such acts and the Mahr (dowry) has not been paid in full yet
(because we agreed that it should be paid in full be the time of the wedding). I asked him to
wait till the wedding night, but he believes that he has the right as my husband to get
masturbated or get oral sex from me since in Islam we are married and don't need to wait till
the wedding. What should I do?
Reply
Dear Sister
It is allowable for you to masturbate your husband.
It is Haraam for you to suck all the impure liquids that emanate from the male organ.
The head of the male organ is a place, like the opening of the female organ, where the urinary
discharge takes place. Sperm and pre-coital emissions are classified as Najis in the fiqh
analysis of Imam Abu Hanifah. We read Quran with our tongues and the mouth,
besides allowing us speech, is for the Zikr of Allah.
Imam Shafi, has not classified sperm to be Najis, but this does not imply he has allowed oral
sex. Only those brainwashed by non-Islamic and animalistic sexual tendencies use sophistic
arguments to try and justify the permissibility of oral sex.
In Islam, once you are validly married with two adult male Muslim witnesses and the consent
of your Wali (natural guardian), you are free to have sex with your husband. A valid Nikah
establishes the marriage bond and needs no further wedding function.
Unfortunately, some people do a private Nikah without the consent of the Wali and want a
marriage function few months down the line. On the wedding date, they re-marry in the masjid
so that the public thinks that they are now getting married. In the interim, they start enjoying
each other and regularly engage in sex. The wedding night brings no new joy to them
because they were already sexual partners. In terms of most schools of Islamic law, marriage
without a Wali's consent is invalid. The Hanifah school allows marriage without a Wali's
consent in particular cases.
Allah forbid, many men promised to marry women, and after sufficiently influencing them,
encase in adultery and Zina prior to the actual marriage. In many cases, where such males
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then refused to marry the female for various justified or unjustified reasons, the females are
the persons who suffer the indignity. Some of these females end up pregnant, others then
fear to marry any other male for fear that they would be exposed since they have lost their
virginity.
In your case, your husband (if you made a valid Nikah) cant wait to satisfy himself till the
marriage night, where and how did he satisfy his lusts and animalistic desires prior to meeting
you?
Men who engage with sex with diverse women prior to marriage would very seldom stick to
their wives after marriage.
The Indian cultural idea in some families of getting a Nikah validly done and having a wedding
only few months or awhile later has got nothing to do with Islam. Islam did not refuse a
married couple to enjoy Halaal sex.
Some parents and families are beginning to accept that a Nikah be done on the pretext that
people see their daughter and to-be son-in-law together. Thus, rather than their meeting in
Haraam and going out together in a Haraam way, the Nikah must be done to justify their
talking and going out to eat and other places. At the same time, they stipulate that no
intercourse takes place till after the wedding function. This simultaneous stipulation is absurd
since all adult Muslims who are married know they can have sex. Parents turn a blind eye to
the reality of the case. They are actually consenting to their sexual association but denying it
through an excuse of the wedding function.
Where a valid Nikah has been done, consummation of the marriage is allowed and a Walimah
must be done. It is Sunnah to have a Walimah.
The fact that the Mahr is not fully paid, does not prohibit a man who is validly married to have
sex with his wife. Although the Mahr is the right of the female, she becomes entitled to it on
the basis of the contract of marriage, and cannot deny a man sexual rights to her if he has not
discharged the Mahr unless of course where this was stipulated prior to the marriage.
Ustadh
Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
-----------------------------------------------------------4. His wife is not very interested in intercourse so he resorts to masturbation
Question:
I am a man of a strong desire. I like to have intercourse everyday. When I try to start it with
my wife, she refuses for weak reasons like saying she is tired or lazy to make ghusl or
because she wants to delay it to next day. So I have intercourse with her only twice a week. I
cannot be patient. So I have to masturbate by my hand fearing to fall into adultery. Although I
know it is haram, I masturbate about three times a week while my wife is beside me and she
knows what I am doing. My wife cares a lot about beautifying herself and using perfumes, but
she becomes annoyed if I ask her for sex. Am I sinful to masturbate by my hand? If yes, then
does my wife share in this sin?.
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Firstly:
The husband has to treat his wife kindly, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“and live with them honourably” [al-Nisa’ 4:19]
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Part of living with one’s spouse honourably is having intercourse, which is obligatory upon the
husband, as much as is sufficient to satisfy her, so long as it does not harm him physically or
distract him from earning a living.
The wife is obliged to obey her husband if he calls her to his bed, and if she refuses then she
is sinning, because of the report narrated by al-Bukhaari (32370 and Muslim (1436) from Abu
Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) said: “If a man calls his wife to his bed and she does not come to him, and he
goes to sleep angry with her, the angels will curse her until morning.”
Shaykh al-Islam [Ibn Taymiyah] (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: She has to obey him if
he calls her to his bed, and this is a duty that is obligatory upon her. … If she refuses to
respond to his call, then she is being disobedient and wilfully defiant. … as Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
“As to those women on whose part you see ill-conduct, admonish them (first), (next) refuse to
share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly, if it is useful); but if they return to obedience,
seek not against them means (of annoyance” [al-Nisa’ 4:34]
End quote from al-Fataawa al-Kubra (3/145, 146).
But it is not permissible for the husband to force his wife to do that for which she is not able
with regard to intercourse. If she has an excuse because she is sick or she cannot bear it,
then she is not sinning if she refuses to have intercourse.
Ibn Hazm (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Both slave women and free women are
enjoined not to refuse the master or husband if he calls them for intercourse, so long as the
woman who is called is not menstruating or sick and likely to be harmed by intercourse, or
observing an obligatory fast. If she refuses with no excuse then she is cursed. End quote from
al-Muhalla (10/40).
Al-Bahooti (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
The husband has the right to enjoy his wife at any time, so long as that does not keep her
from performing obligatory duties or harm her; he does not have the right to enjoy her in that
case, because that is not part of living with them honourably. But if it does not distract her
from that or cause her harm, then he has the right to enjoyment. End quote from Kashshaaf
al-Qinaa’ (5/189).
The wife whose husband is harming her by having intercourse too often may come to some
agreement with her husband concerning a specific number that she can put up with, and if he
does more to such an extent that it is harmful to her, then she has the right to refer the matter
to the qaadi (judge), who may determine a specific number and oblige both husband and wife
to adhere to that.
Secondly:
Masturbation is haraam, because of evidence that we have quoted in the answer to question
no. 329.
There is no sin if the husband is masturbated by his wife’s hand, because it is permissible for
him to enjoy her2; the same applies if he ejaculates outside the vagina, because of the
general meaning of the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
2
Footnote by Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim: There is no clear evidence in the Shariah that indicates that your
wife can masturbate you or you can masturbate your wife. Allowance for sexual enjoyment in the
Shariah pertains to the normal sexual act and the associated foreplay and romance or love making prior
to the sexual act. If masturbation is Haraam for the male upon himself, what is the difference in
masturbating himself from having his wife masturbate him? If the Shariah allows you to enjoy your
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“And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts)
6. Except from their wives or (the slaves) that their right hands possess, __ for then, they are
free from blame” [al-Mu’minoon 23:5,6].
This has been discussed in the answer to question no. 826.
If the wife will be harmed by intercourse, she will not be harmed if her husband enjoys her in
other ways, so she has to allow him to do that.
Both spouses have to tackle this problem in a kind, loving and frank manner; and each of
them should understand the rights and duties that they have, because most marital problems
stem from ignorance of that.
Some husbands are keen to satisfy their own desires, and they hasten to do that without
caring about their wives or paying attention to their right to pleasure, so the wife finds no
enjoyment in it and is put off by it, and it becomes a problem and a burden for her.
Hence we say: Strive to create love and affection between you and your wife; pay attention to
her situation and understand her feelings; avoid that which will harm her or hurt her. Tell her
of the shar’i ruling concerning this issue and help her to follow it, and do not put her off, and
be moderate in your approach, and you will get what you want.
May Allaah help us and you to obey Him and seek His pleasure.
And Allaah knows best.
Islam Q&A
http://www.islamqa.com/index.php?ref=99756&ln=eng
5. Ruling on masturbation and how to cure the problem
Question:
I have a question which I am shy to ask but another sister who has come to Islam recently
wants an answer to and I do not have an answer (with dilaa’ils [evidences] from the Qur'an
and Sunnah). I hope you can help and I hope Allah will for give me if it is inappropriate but as
Muslims we should never be shy in seeking knowledge. Her question was "Is it permissible in
Islam to masturbate?"
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Masturbation (for both men and women) is haraam (forbidden) in Islam based on the following
evidence:
First from the Qur’aan:
Imam Shafi’i stated that masturbation is forbidden based on the following verses from the
Qur’aan (interpretation of the meaning):
"And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts). Except from
their wives or (the captives and slaves) that their right hands possess, - for them, they are
free from blame. But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors." 23.5-7
Here the verses are clear in forbidding all illegal sexual acts (including masturbation) except
for the wives or that their right hand possess. And whoever seeks beyond that is the
transgressor.
"And let those who find not the financial means for marriage keep themselves chaste, until
Allah enriches them of His bounty." 24.33. This verse also clearly orders whoever does not
have the financial means to marry to keep himself chaste and be patient in facing temptations
(including masturbation) until Allah enriches them of His bounty.
wife, it does not imply that you can now enjoy her physical body in any way whatsoever e.g. by
entering her anus.
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Secondly, from the sunnah of the Prophet
(peace be upon him):
Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood said, "We were with the Prophet while we were young and had no
wealth whatsoever. So Allaah’s Messenger said, "O young people! Whoever among you can
marry, should marry, because it helps him lower his gaze and guard his modesty (i.e. his
private parts from committing illegal sexual intercourse etc.), and whoever is not able to
marry, should fast, as fasting diminishes his sexual power." Bukhari:5066. The hadeeth
orders men who are not able to marry to fast despite the hardship encountered in doing so,
and not to masturbate despite the ease with which it can be done.
There are additional evidences that can be cited to support this ruling on masturbation, but
due to the limited space we will not go through them here. Allaah knows what is best and
most correct.
As for curing the habit of masturbation, we recommend the following suggestions:
1) The motive to seek a cure for this problem should be solely following Allaah’s orders and
fearing His punishment.
2) A permanent and quick cure from this problem lies in marriage as soon as the person is
able, as shown in the Prophet’s
hadeeth.
3) Keeping oneself busy with what is good for this world and the hereafter is essential in
breaking this habit before it becomes second nature after which it is very difficult to rid oneself
of it.
4) Lowering the gaze (from looking at forbidden things such as pictures, movies etc.) will help
suppress the desire before it leads one to commit the haraam (forbidden). Allaah orders men
and women to lower their gaze as shown in the following two verses and in the Prophet’s
hadeeth (interpretations of the meanings):
"Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things) and protect their
private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.). That is purer for them. Verily, Allah is all-aware of
what they do. And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden
things) and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.) ..... " 24.30-31
Allaah’s messenger said: "Do not follow a casual (unintentional) look (at forbidden things) with
another look." Al-Tirmidhi 2777. This is a general instruction by the Prophet
to abstain
from all that may sexually excite a person because it might lead him/her to commit the
haraam (forbidden).
5) Using one’s available leisure time in worshipping Allaah and increasing religious
knowledge.
6) Being cautious not to develop any of the medical symptoms that may result from
masturbation such as weak eyesight, weak nervous system, and/or back pain. More
importantly, feeling of guilt and anxiety that can be complicated by missing obligatory prayers
because of the need to shower (ghusl) after every incidence of masturbation.
7) Avoiding the illusion that some youth have that masturbation is permissible because it
prevents them from committing illegal sexual acts such as fornication or even homosexuality.
8) Strengthening one’s willpower and avoiding spending time alone as recommended by the
Prophet
when he said "Do not spend the night alone" Ahmad 6919.
aforementioned hadeeth and fast when possible, because
9) Following the Prophet’s
fasting will temper one’s sexual desire and keep it under control. However, one should not
overreact and swear by Allaah not to return to the act because if one does not honor one’s
promise, one would be facing the consequences of not living up to one’s oath to Allaah. Also,
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note that medication to diminish one’s sexual desire is strictly prohibited because it might
permanently affect one’s sexual ability.
10) Trying to follow the Prophet’s
recommendation concerning the etiquette of getting
ready for bed, such as reading well-known supplications, sleeping on the right side, and
avoiding sleeping on the belly (the Prophet
forbade sleeping on the belly).
11) Striving hard to be patient and chaste, because persistence will eventually, Allaah willing,
lead to attaining those qualities as second nature, as the Prophet
explains in the following
hadeeth:
"Whoever seeks chastity Allaah will make him chaste, and whoever seeks help from none but
Allaah, He will help him, and whoever is patient He will make it easy for him, and no one has
ever been given anything better than patience." Bukhari:1469.
12) Repenting, asking forgiveness from Allaah, doing good deeds, and not losing hope and
feeling despair are all prerequisites to curing this problem. Note that losing hope is one of the
major sins punishable by Allaah.
13) Finally, Allaah is the Most Merciful and He always responds to whoever calls on Him. So,
asking for Allah’s forgiveness will be accepted, by His will.
Wallahu a’lam. And Allah knows what is best and most correct.
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
5.1 He is a student living in Denmark and he is suffering with the secret habit
Question:
I am a 24 yr old from India studying in Denmark , alhamdulillah I don’t miss any
prayers prescribed to us and when I go out I don’t look at women, neither I watch
movies except two or three in a year nor do I have relations with any girl, but I used to
masturbate in teenage. When I go to sleep I recite all duas prescribed by sunnah and
try to sleep in the state of wudhu, at least once in a week I myself don’t know I
wakeup in the middle of the night and start masturbating or I visit pornographic
websites until I fulfill my desire, my intention was not even 1% to do these things in
the middle of the night while going to bed but in the day time these whims and desires
cross my mind. In the next morning I feel regretful of what I did last night and every
time I used to correct it for some days again the same thing happens, this is the most
regretful and the most sad period since I born because this is continuing since 3 years
and I don’t feel peace and satisfaction in my life, since I am disobeying Allah. Every
time I do taubah to Allah and promise that I won’t go back to this habit, I break that
promise. I have read your previous answers with regard to masturbation habits, but I
would like from you little more specific answer to this question. I would be very
grateful to you throughout my life, I also request you to do dua for me.
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
On this site we have discussed many issues to do with masturbation, and we have
mentioned the ruling on it, that it is haraam, as well as ways of protecting oneself
against it and ways of giving it up – see question no. 329. It seems that you have read
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all of that, and that you want something that applies specifically to you, so we will
discuss some specific issues with you:
-1The fact that you pray regularly, are keen not to form relationships with girls, your
determination not to fall into this bad habit and your regret after doing it are all good
and will be included in the balance of your good deeds, in sha Allaah. We encourage
you to carry on with that and build on it, and do not give up. Your faith has to
continue to increase; do not give the shaytaan any opportunity to harm you and make
you feel that you are contradicting yourself or stop you regretting and repenting, lest
you become one of the doomed.
-2Do not add to this bad habit other sins that will incur the wrath of your Lord, may He
be glorified and exalted. If your desire overwhelms your faith and reason, and leads
you to practice this bad habit, what is making you commit other sins that incur the
wrath of Allaah? What we mean is looking at corrupt websites. Fear Allaah with
regard to yourself and do not fan the flames of desire in your heart by looking at
haraam things or reading pornographic stories or other things that provoke desire.
There is no excuse for any of that because you have control over whether you do it or
not.
-3Unfortunately you are living in a permissive country and studying in a mixed
environment, where you see evil and immoral things which may cause you to fall into
this habit. There is no doubt that committing this sin is less serious than committing
zina, if we assume that you have the opportunity to commit this immoral action and it
is the matter of choosing between zina and masturbation. But if you really want to rid
yourself of this habit and other sins, then you have to rid yourself of the things that
provoke these desires, such as living in a permissive country, looking at haraam
things and mixing in haraam ways.
-4What we have mentioned in our previous answers is sufficient for you and others who
sincerely wish to rid themselves of this habit. But we will tell you of two important
things which we hope will help you to rid yourself of this habit and other haraam
things:
(i)
First of all, we ask you: could you do this bad habit in front of your family and
brothers? Could you do it in front of your friends and neighbours? Could you do it in
front of any of the scholars or the Sahaabah? We are certain that your answer will be:
No, I could not do that, no matter what levels my desire reached. Is that not the case?
Well, do you know that you are doing it before the Lord of the heavens and the
earth?! Do you know that the Creator of the universe can see you when you are doing
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it? Do you know that when you do it the noble angels can see you? How can you
regard Allaah as the least of those who can see you?
Who is most deserving that you should feel shy before them – those from whom you
conceal your action so that they will not say bad things about you, or the One Who
warns you of punishment for your action?
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“They may hide (their crimes) from men, but they cannot hide (them) from Allaah; for
He is with them (by His Knowledge), when they plot by night in words that He does
not approve”
[al-Nisa’ 4:108].
Imam Ibn Jareer al-Tabari (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
What Allaah means in the words “They may hide (their crimes) from men” is that
these people who are fooling themselves conceal what they do of betrayal and sin
“from men” who could not do them any harm except saying bad things about them
because of what they do, if they find out about it.
“but they cannot hide (them) from Allaah” Who is watching them, and none of their
deeds are hidden from Him, and He is the One Who can punish and hasten the
punishment; He is the One before Whom they should feel shy, above all others, and
He is the One Who should be respected so that He will not see them do anything that
they would not like any of His creation to see them doing.
“for He is with them (by His Knowledge)” means: Allaah is watching them.
Tafseer al-Tabari (9/191)
Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Sa’di (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
This is due to weakness of faith and lack of certain belief, because in their case fear of
other people is greater than fear of Allaah, so they strive by both permissible and
forbidden means to make sure that they are not found out by other people, but despite
that they challenge Allaah by committing major sins and they did not care that He
sees them and that He is with them by His knowledge in all their affairs, especially
when they do that which does not please Him.
Tafseer al-Sa’di (p. 200)
(ii)
You do not know when you will die, do you? And you do not know in what condition
you will die, do you? Stop for a moment and think about it. What if Allaah were to
take your soul in death when you were doing this bad habit? Would this be a good end
or a bad one? What if you were to be raised from your grave when the last thing you
were doing is this habit? Perhaps you have heard the stories that are widely
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propagated in words and images about those foolish girls whose end came when they
were committing evil actions. Who can guarantee that you – or us – will have a good
end? Who has any control over the manner and time of death except Allaah?
We hope that you will think about what we have said to you, and ask your Lord with
all sincerity to cleanse your heart and physical faculties from sins and evils. It was
narrated from Abu Dharr in a hadeeth qudsi that the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said that Allaah said: “O My slaves, all of you are astray except
those whom I guide, so ask Me for guidance and I will guide you.” Narrated by
Muslim.
So hasten to fill your time with beneficial things and strive to keep company with
righteous people who can take care of you. Hasten to get married, for there is no
permissible way of fulfilling your desires except marriage. It is not essential for you
to have your parents’ permission.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “O young men,
whoever among you can afford it, let him get married, for it is more effective in
lowering the gaze and guarding one’s chastity. And whoever cannot afford it, let him
fast, for it will be a shield for him.”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari (4778) and Muslim (1400)
Imam al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
Whoever among you can afford to get married, let him do so, and whoever cannot
afford to get married should fast so as to reduce his desire. Based on this the words
are addressed to youth who are the ones who usually desire women and cannot avoid
thinking of their physical desires.
Sharh Muslim (9173).
Strive to save yourself. We ask Allaah to enable you to do that which He loves and
which pleases Him, and to purify your heart and physical faculties, and to make you
steadfast in faith and certain belief, and to grant you a good end.
See also the answer to question no. 20229 for information on ways to help you lower
your gaze; no. 20161 for information on solving the problem of desire; and 39768
where we have mentioned the health effects of this habit on the body, mind, face and
memory, and ways of ridding oneself of this habit and avoiding it.
And Allaah is the Source of strength.
Islam Q&A
5.2 Homoeopathy remedies for female Masturbation
Homoeopathy remedies from “Homoeopathy – the Complete Handbook Dr. K.P.S.
Dhama & Dr. (Mrs) Suman Dhama
UBS publishers India – 2000 reprint
68
1. Masturbation; resulting in leucorrhoea and hysterical disturbances; shy and timid patient
Pulsatilla 200 or 1M weekly (3)
2. Habit of masturbation due to excessive sexual desire
Origanum 30 or 200 6 hourly
3. Habit of masturbation due to itching of vulva and vagina
Caladium s.30 or 200 2 hours
4. To remove the bad effects of excessive masturbation; sexual melancholia; guilty look on
the face
Staphysagria 3o or 200 4 hourly
5. Sexual melancholia due to habit of masturbation; voluptuous crawling extending up in
abdomen; superiority complex
Platina 200 or 1M
weekly (3)
6. Habit of masturbation due to pruritus of vulva; worse at night; better during menstruation
Zincum met.30 4 hourly
7. Habit of masturbation due to pruritus of vulva; vagina dry and sore; sadness in mind
Natrum mur.30 or 200 4 hourly
8. Masturbation due to itching of clitoris; sexual thoughts
Sulphur 200 or 1M 4 hourly (3)
Biochemic remedy Calcarea phos. 200 X
4 hourly
Biochemic Remedies Calcarea phos. 30X and Natrum mur. 12X
4 hourly
Other Important remedies:
Acid-phos, Phosphorus, lachesis, Gelsemium, and Tuberculinum, etc..
6. Masturbating without using the hands
Question:
One young adult asked if masturbation was permissible. Not by doing it with hand but by
stimulating oneself in different ways. Sheikh it is very embarrassing for me to ask you, i still
can't figure out how that young man did? So stimulating oneself without touching the private
part itself. I don't know how to answer this.
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Masturbation is haraam, as is indicated by the Qur’aan and Sunnah. See question no. 329.
Masturbation does not necessarily mean using the hands. Whether it is done using the hand
or not, or by touching the private part or not, it is still haraam. The scholars have stated this
clearly, including Ibn ‘Aabideen in his commentary on al-Durr al-Mukhtaar. Some people may
do that using a machine or dummy etc, which are known as “sex toys”. This is also not
permitted. Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said that masturbation
using the hands or otherwise is haraam according to the evidence of the Qur’aan and
69
Sunnah, and sound opinion, etc. Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, ed. By Ashraf ‘Abd alMaqsood, 2/931-932.
Islam Q&A
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
7. Masturbation and bathing
Islam Questions & Answers - www.islam-qa.com
Question Reference Number:: 44945
Title: If maniy3 comes out after doing ghusl4 from janaabah
Home > Jurisprudence and Islamic Rulings > Acts of Worship > Purity > Full Ablution >
Question:
I am a young man. I try very hard to avoid the secret habit5 but unfortunately I am too
weak sometimes. After I do ghusl, it so happens that some thin, sticky liquid comes
out. Does this mean that I have to do ghusl even if it is maniy (sperm)? Please note that
it comes out without any feelings of desire. Or is it permissible to remove the impurity
by washing it away?
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Firstly: You have to repent to Allaah from the secret habit and give it up, and beware
of the consequences of sinning repeatedly, because the Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) said: “If a person commits a sin, a black spot appears on his
heart. If he stops and seeks forgiveness and repents, his heart is cleansed, but if he
goes back to it, it increases until it covers his entire heart. This is the raan which
Allaah mentions (interpretation of the meaning): ‘Nay! But on their hearts is the Raan
(covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn’ [al-Mutaffifeen 83:14].”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3257; Ibn Maajah, 4234; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in
Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, no. 2654. Please see also question no. 329, where there is an
explanation of how to give up this bad habit.
Secondly: If a person does ghusl after having a wet dream or intercourse, then
something comes out of him after that, unaccompanied by feelings of desire, he does
not have to do ghusl again. . Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: If
a person has a wet dream or has intercourse, and ejaculates, then he does ghusl, then
some semen comes out of him, the well-known view narrated from Ahmad is that he
does not have to do ghusl again. Al-Khallaal said: there are many reports from Abu
‘Abd-Allaah – i.e., Imam Ahmad – that say that all he has to do is wudoo’, whether he
urinated or not, and this is the view that he settled on. This was also narrated from
‘Ali, Ibn ‘Abbaas, ‘Ata’, al-Zuhri, Maalik, al-Layth, al-Thawri and Ishaaq. Sa’eed ibn
3
Sperm
4
Having a full bath together with ensuring that the entire body including the hair has been made wet.
You also have to gargle your mouth and ensure that water is placed in the nostrils.
5
Masturbation
70
Jubayr said: He does not have to do ghusl unless that was accompanied by feelings of
desire.
There is also another opinion, which is that it does not matter if that happened after
urinating, and he does not have to do ghusl in that case, but if it happened before
urinating, then he does have to do ghusl. This is the view of al-Awzaa’i and Abu
Haneefah, and was also narrated from al-Hasan. That is because this is the left overs
of what was emitted as a result of desire, so ghusl is required as it was in the first
instance. But after urinating, it comes out without gushing and with no feelings of
desire, and we cannot be sure that it is something left over from the first instance,
because if it were something left over then it would not have stayed after urinating.
Al-Qaadi said: there is also a third opinion, which is that he has to do ghusl in either
case. This is the view of al-Shaafa’i, because what matters is that it has come out, as
in the case of all the things that nullify purity. He said elsewhere: he does not have to
do ghusl, because the janaabah is one and the same so there is no need for two ghusls.
It is as if it all came out in one go… From al-Mughni, 1/128.
The correct view is that if it comes out with no feelings of desire, then ghusl is not
required, as it says in al-Insaaf, 1/232; and in Kashshaaf al-Qinaa’, 1/141, where it
says “If semen comes out after doing ghusl then ghusl is not required. Or if semen
comes out “after doing ghusl following intercourse in which he did not ejaculate”,
with no feelings of desire, then no ghusl is required; and if the remaining semen
comes out with no feelings of desire he does not have to do ghusl, because of the
report narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas, that he was asked about something coming out of a
person after he had done ghusl from janaabah. He said: “Let him do wudoo’.”
Something similar was narrated by Imam Ahmad from ‘Ali. And because this is one
emission of semen so only one ghusl is required, as if it all came out in one go. And
because it came out with no feelings of desire, as in the case when it is emitted
because of cold. This is the reason that Ahmad gave; he said: because the desire is
past, and rather it is a nullification of purity and I hope that wudoo’ will be sufficient.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The words “if
something comes out after that, he does not have to do (ghusl) again” mean: if he does
ghusl for this emission of semen, then some more comes out when he starts to move
about, then he does not have to repeat ghusl. The evidence for that is as follows:
1 – The reason is one and the same, so two ghusls are not required.
2 – When it comes out after that, it is not accompanied by feelings of pleasure. And
ghusl is only required if it comes out with feelings of pleasure.
But if semen is emitted anew with feelings of desire, then ghusl is required as a result
of this new reason.
From al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 1/281. See also question no. 12352.
Thirdly: What is prescribed when doing ghusl from janaabah is to remove whatever
of semen etc has contaminated the body, then to start to do ghusl beginning with the
parts of the body that are washed in wudoo’, then pouring water over the rest of the
71
body, because this is proven in the description of the ghusl of the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him). Al-Bukhaari (251) and Muslim (476) narrated that
Maymoonah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: I prepared water for the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) for ghusl. He pour water with his right
hand onto his left and washed them (his hands), then he washed his private part, then
he wiped his hand on the ground, then he washed it. Then he rinsed his mouth and
nose, then he washed his face, and poured water on his head. Then he shifted position
and washed his feet. Then he was brought a cloth but he did not use it.”
If you remove some impurity etc that does not invalidate ghusl because what is
required in ghusl is to wash the entire body with water – as well as rinsing the mouth
and nose, according to the correct opinion – with the intention of doing ghusl. It is not
a condition of removing impurity that one should avoid touching impurity whilst
doing so.
And Allaah knows best.
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8. Using a vibrator
Details of Fatwa
Title of Fatwa
A Divorced Woman Using a Vibrator (Artificial Penis)
Date of Fatwa
28/ May/ 2001
Date of Reply
28/ May/ 2001
Topic Of Fatwa
Sexual Relations
Question of Fatwa
As-Salamu `alaykum. I have received many questions
from Muslim women about using an artificial penis
(vibrator). I really need a detailed answer about these
important questions, and please provide evidence on the
topic because people request so. The questions are: 1)
Does Islam allow a divorced Muslim woman to use a
vibrator in order to satisfy her sexual desire instead of
committing sex with another man? 2) Is it allowed in
Islam for a married woman to use a vibrator as a sexual
aid with the permission of her husband? May Allah grant
you great reward for your efforts and I thank you for
help.
Name of Mufti
Islam Online Fatwa Committee
Content of Reply
Wa`alaykum As-Salaamu Warahmatullahi
Wabarakaatuh. In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious,
Most Merciful. All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and
peace and blessings be upon His Messenger. Thank you
very much for being interested in visiting our site and
showing confidence in us. Sheikh `Abdel-Khaliq Hasan
72
Ash-Shareef gives the following answer: Highlighting the
attributes of true believers, Almighty Allah says in the
Qur'an: "Those who guard their sexual organs except
with their spouses or those whom their right hands
possess, for (with regard to them) they are without
blame. But those who crave something beyond that are
transgressors, (Al-Mu'minoon: 5-7) In this verse, Allah,
Exalted be He, outlines the way sexual desires are
satisfied, and regards any other form of satisfying sexual
desire (such as masturbation) as transgression or
violation of Allah's Bounds. This applies to both men and
women, although women are supposed to be more
bashful and modest than men. The majority of scholars
consider masturbation Haram. Imam Malik bases his
judgement on the forgoing verse arguing that someone
who masturbates is one of those who "crave something
beyond that." On the other hand, it is reported that
Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal regards semen as an excretion
of the body like other excreta, and permits its expulsion
the same way bloodletting is permitted. Ibn Hazm holds
the same view. However, the Hanbali jurists permit
masturbation only under two conditions: first, the fear of
committing fornication or adultery, and second, not
having the means to marry. Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi
comments: We are inclined to accept the opinion of
Imam Ahmad in a situation in which there is sexual
excitation and danger of committing the Haram. For
example, a young man has gone abroad to study or
work, thereby encountering many temptations which he
fears he will be unable to resist, may resort to this
method of relieving sexual tension provided he does not
do it excessively or make it a habit. Yet, better than this
is the Prophet's advice to the Muslim youth who is
unable to marry; namely, that he seeks help through
frequent fasting, for fasting nurtures will-power, teaches
control of desires, and strengthens the fear of Allah. The
Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, is reported to
have said, "O youth, whoever of you is able to marry, let
him marry, for it spares one looking at what one should
not, or lapsing in adultery. And if he cannot marry, let
him observe fasting, for it is a shield against evil."
(Reported by Muslim.) (Quoted from The Lawful and the
Prohibited in Islam.) Thus, a divorced Muslim woman is
allowed to use a vibrator to satisfy her sexual desire if it
is the last resort – instead of committing fornication. But
a married woman (if there is no dire necessity to warrant
it) is not allowed to do so, since she will be regarded as
one who "craves something beyond that," which is
condemned by the aforementioned verse. Allah Almighty
knows best.
9. A medical perspective of masturbation from a non-Muslim Chinese practitioner
How can excessively masturbating be bad for you? And what is impotence EXACTLY?
73
Masturbation is neither good nor bad, depending on how often you can afford to do so without
affecting the functions of other organs. In one recently published study, ninety-five percent of
men and eighty-seven percent of women have practiced masturbation occasionally. The
study further indicated those men usually experience an orgasm when they masturbate and
learn how to masturbate before engaging in any sexual intercourse. Another important finding
showed males who masturbate frequently during adolescence continue this sexual behavior
into their adulthood with the frequency increasing.
Is this addictive behavior of masturbation harmful to your body? To answer this question, one
has to understand how ejaculating works. An orgasm or ejaculation discharges the bioelectric
energy (bio-energy) stored by the parasympathetic nervous subsystem via the sympathetic
nervous action. It is supposed to discharge the bio-energy stored in the sexual organs. This is
why an orgasm is associated with a burst and subsequent release of tension. When the
sexual organs are insufficiently charged, the sympathetic system will draw the energy from
other organs, deactivating the associated organs and slowing down the response of the
Central Nervous System (CNS) which is the commander of the endocrine and nervous
function. So, frequent masturbation and consequent ejaculation will result in depleting other
organs of bio-energy since the sexual organs can’t support the release of bio-energy being
drawn from over-masturbation.
The association of masturbation with guilt and anxiety is partly due to the ignorance of the fact
masturbation is not harmful. These negative sentiments are partly due to centuries of religious
teachings that masturbating is sinful. In addition, many of us have received negative
messages about masturbation from our parents or have even been punished when caught
masturbating as children. The cumulative effect of these influences is usually confusion and
guilt, which is often difficult to sort out. However, the only time masturbation can be ‘bad’ or
harmful is when it becomes compulsive. Compulsive masturbation, like all other compulsive
behaviors, is a sign of an emotional problem and needs to be addressed by a mental health
specialist. Sex, of course, is extremely pleasurable and all things pleasurable are addictive.
Over-masturbation can cause serious problems that aren’t limited to the bedroom. Frequent
masturbation should be addressed.
So, contrary to ancient and popular beliefs, masturbation does not lead to unbridled lust,
make you blind or deaf, give you the flu, drive you crazy, grow hair on your hand, make you
stutter, or kill you. Rather, masturbation is a natural and harmless expression of sexuality in
both men and women and a perfectly good way to experience sexual pleasure. In fact, some
experts argue that masturbation improves sexual health by increasing an individual's
understanding of his or her own body and of what is erotically pleasing, building selfconfidence and fostering self-acceptance. This knowledge can then be carried forth to make
for a more satisfying sexual relationship with one's partner, both through each partner's
comfort with mutual masturbation and because of the ability to tell each other what is most
pleasing. It is a good idea for a couple to discuss their attitudes about masturbation and to
calm any insecurities a partner may have if the other should sometimes favor masturbation
over sexual intercourse. In some relationships, masturbation may be mutually acceptable.
Done alone or in the presence of a partner, the act can be pleasing and add to mutual
intimacy if it is not experienced as a rejection. Like most behaviors, without proper
communication, the act of masturbation can be a sign of anger, alienation, or displeasure with
the way the relationship is progressing.
Overcoming society's negative stereotypes and one's personal feelings about masturbation
can allow men and women the freedom to explore and experience their own sexuality in a
private, satisfying manner. One word of caution: in keeping with the practices of safer sex,
masturbation with a partner can be an enjoyable alternative to intercourse, as long as you
avoid contact with your partner's semen or vaginal fluids, especially if you have any cuts or
open sores. But, to reiterate, masturbation will become harmful if done excessively. Here is
why:
Over-masturbation or over-ejaculation drains the body of Human Growth Hormones, DHEA,
and testosterone, which are used for recharging the CNS and the parasympathetic (bio-
74
energy restoring) function of each organ. As a result, the endocrine-associated organs slow
down hormone production. The eyes become very sensitive to sunlight due to the deficiency
of the bio-energy in the visual nerves (the erectile drug Viagr* (trademarked name not allowed
here) produces the similar side effect - blue vision). The ears buzz due to the deficiency of
bio-energy in the hearing nerves. The heart beats irregularly due to insufficient bio-energy in
the auto-rhythmic and contractile fibers. Blood pressure becomes too high or too low due to
insufficient levels of bio-energy in the kidneys to regulate the kidney renin-release
mechanism. A higher volume of sweat and bouts of fatigue occur due to the insufficient bioenergy in the adrenal cortexes, which produce DHEA to pacify the sympathetic nervous
function. The patient also experiences pains and spastic cramps in the muscles and joints (in
particular, in the lower back area due to the lack of DHEA and testosterone to feed the local
cells and neurons) and his waist becomes very weak.
However, optimal masturbation can help discharge the excessive bio-energy built-up in the
organs and prevent the endocrine system from receiving a negative feedback signal from the
CNS, slowing down its hormone production. Excessive testosterone in the bloodstream or
excessive bio-energy in certain organs will relay negative signals to the brain to temporarily
disable the hormone bursting ability during a sexual encounter.
If a man has never had sex or has yet to discharge for a long time (sometimes six to ten days
are long enough), he will temporarily lose his ability to power his penis to an extreme. There is
an endocrine cycle in the body, which allows you to discharge bio-energy/semen/sperm to
promote the endocrine function and to recharge your body, instead of damaging your body.
You must figure out your endocrine cycle in order to understand when masturbation becomes
damaging. The endocrine cycling depends on age, diet, or dietary supplements.
We are able to shorten the endocrine cycle -- that is, increase intercourse frequency and use
sex to recharge the body at the same time -- for the middle aged and seniors with our
supplements. However, we are discouraging young men to do so, because sex is very
addictive. Hence, our supplements are formulated to rescue these unfortunate persons who
have suffered from sexual dysfunction due to over-masturbation in their adolescence or
youth. Sexually dysfunctional problems usually result from long-term practices of multiple
ejaculation in one love session or in one day.
When the CNS bioelectricity runs low, the endocrine function can not produce sufficient HGH,
DHEA, and testosterone to charge the parasympathetic sexual nerve, which is responsible for
powering the erection and keeping the ejaculation control valve tight. This will result in a weak
erection and premature ejaculation. In particular, during a sexual encounter, it can produce a
burst of DHEA/testosterone and 5-alpha reductase enzyme to power the erection for a longer
period to finish sexual intercourse. If a man can’t erect by any means, he is impotent. If he
can erect with hand jobs or oral sex, he has a weak erection and will experience premature
ejaculation. That is why porn stars in adult movies can never make the porn actresses
achieve an orgasm with a weak erection.
It is apparent excessive masturbation/sex can damage a person’s body and produce negative
side effects hazardous to your health. It is also clear masturbation is a double-edged sword. If
done according to your endocrine cycle or if kept at a minimum, it can have pleasurable
effects and positive results. However, if it is done excessively, it can be very damaging. So,
the answer to whether or not masturbation is good or bad is simply -- yes and no.
Copyright (C) since 1997 Dr. N.K. Lin. All rights reserved.
10. I have heard some body who use his own hand to satisfy his sexual need that
means with out meeting with woman . What does Islam say about this kind of bad
habit?
75
SOLO SEX (MALE AND FEMALE MASTURBATION)
The torments are great for those who achieve insufficient satisfaction from sexual intercourse
and return to masturbation, or never give it up. Everywhere they look, their friends are
unashamedly enjoying the pleasures of normal sexual relationship. No part of society caters
for them and they are even cowardly shy to campaign for "Masturbators Liberation." Sex life
for most of them is fairly empty.
One of the most humiliating problems that the constant male masturbator suffers from when
he attempts to have sexual relationship is premature ejaculation or the failure to maintain an
erection. When he is masturbating, he tends to reach his orgasm as quickly as possible, but
in sexual intercourse he normally has to attempt to control his excitement, which can impose
a great strain on a person who indulged in self-abuse over a lengthy period.
Therefore people who continuously masturbate, lose out all round. The physical pleasure
becomes reduced to a natural act like urination, or excreting, and at the back of their minds
there is an awareness that they are missing on the real pleasures of life. No adult can
honestly claim to masturbate without a guilty feeling of complete uselessness. Masturbation is
merely an exhaustive, rather than constructive undertaking, resulting in nothing but total loss.
Once orgasm has been achieved there is Nothing else left, except for a feeling of complete
emptiness.
The following extracts from the writings of a dignified physician of the Unani “Greek” medicine
will give one some idea of the damage done through masturbation: "Most often, students,
bachelors or widowers and hypocritical godly persons are its victims. It is such an evil practice
that has ruined many families and many more are being ruined today. The lack of manly
vigour and decline in the standard of young men's health is evidence enough for this horrible
social evil, eating into the vitals of an otherwise healthy nation. If only our young men could
foresee the consequences of this evil at their own hands bring on them! It can be said with
some certainty that eighty percent of our young men are the victims of masturbation. This
accursed practice affects equally the heart, the brain, the liver, the stomach, the kidneys
along with the reproductive organs. This practice makes the muscles and the nerves of the
reproductive organ sagging and lifeless. Accumulation of fluids in the veins makes it unfit for
its normal function. There is extreme feebleness in the power of erection. The heat of the
friction between the delicate muscles of the organ and the tough hide of the hand damages
the former beyond repair." (Miftahi, Modesty and Chastity in Islam)
Following the excitement which accompanies masturbation, comes the feeling of shame,
anger, humiliation, and the sense of futility. This sense of guilty and humiliation deepens as
the years go on, into a suppressed rage, because of the impossibility to escape. The one
thing that it seems impossible to escape from, once the habit is formed, is masturbation. It
goes on and on, on into old age, in spite of marriage. And it always carries this secret feeling
of futility and humiliation. And this is, perhaps, the deepest and most dangerous cancer of our
civilization. Instead of being a comparatively harmless vice, masturbation is certainly the most
dangerous sexual vice that a society can be afflicted with, in the long run.
MASTURBATION UNDER ISLAMIC LAW
Islam strictly forbids the waste of seminal fluid through masturbation. The one who discharges
his seminal fluid with his hand is damned. This evil practice removes the normal bright look of
a man's face, and he looks melancholy and dejected. He loses his health and quite frequently
his vitality and sexual stamina through this disgusting practice.
The Qur'aan declares: "The Believers are those who abstain from sex except with those
joined to them in marriage bond, or those whom their right hand possess for (in their case)
they are free from blame, but those who crave something beyond that are transgressors."
Beyond the wife and slave woman all ways and means of sexual satisfaction are unlawful.
They include adultery, sodomy, masturbation, etc. From this it can be deduced that
76
masturbation falls under the context 'but those who crave ...' and is therefore immoral and a
sin in Islam. Views expressed by the Shafi'i jurists on this matter are clearly illustrated by
Imam Nawawi whose opinion is typical of the Shafi'i Jurists as a whole. He declared that
masturbation was absolutely forbidden. It was only permitted when it was performed by the
hand of a man's wife or concubine, for he has a right to the enjoyment of her hand as he has
to the rest of her body."6
The author of Subul al Salam according to al-Juzairi, states: "Some of the Hanbali and Hanafi
Jurists are of the opinion that masturbation may be permissible in the event that one fears
(that is, not engaging in it) would lead to his committing adultery, fornication. But be cautious
that such a view is weak and is not to be relied upon."
According to Maliki school of thought masturbation is deduced to be illegal from the following
hadith narrated by 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (Radhiallaahu Anhu): "We were with the Prophet
(Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) while we were young and had no wealth whatsoever. The
Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "O assembly of youths ; whoever among you
possesses the physical and financial resources to marry, should do so, because it helps him
guard his modesty, and whoever is unable to marry, should fast, as fasting diminishes his
sexual power.’
Therefore, the jurists of this school are of the opinion that if masturbation was permitted, the
Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) would have acknowledged its permissibility because
this is much simpler than fasting. Since the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) did not
mention it, demonstrates that it is prohibited.
From the evidence presented so far, it can be seen that Shari’ah not only classifies this type
of unnatural waste of seminal fluid as illegal, but also advocated strict measures for its
prevention.
[ Morality in Islam, Acaciaville]
The above answer was taken from the AskImam website : Camperdown, Kwa-Zulu Natal.
11. Case One: The results of masturbation
I need guidance in the light of Shariah (Quran and Hadith). I’m twenty years old. Eleven
years before, a catastrophe occurred in my life and the aftermath of that mistake still
appearing on my life. When I was 10 years old. I used to sit in bad company. Thereafter, my
life segregated from the path of rectitude , and I began to make dreadful mistakes.
Then I came to know about sex. Our housemaid was 11 years old and I sexually harassed
her. It was not a rape because I did not have intercourse. I only kissed and did heavy petting
several times. She did not tell anyone for five years. This was done whenever I got a chance
after every two or three months. To satisfy my lust, I also sexual harassed my neighbour’s
daughter who was four years younger then me (kissing, heavy petting 6 times). Then again, I
kissed another girl one time... That was over when I was 16 years old then. Later, I realized
the dreadful mistakes which I have made. I thus went to my housemaid and begged for
forgiveness...but my neighbour’s daughter was young to understand all of this, and I also
have no reach to her. That is why I cant beg her for forgiveness.
I save myself from intercourse by regular Masturbation. I lost everything; my academics, my
self-respect, my personality, crashes in my soul which threw me into an abyss of external pain
and affliction. I now have a confused personality and I still satisfy myself by Masturbation.
Masturbation is gift of my sins. I want to know what the Shrariah (Quran and Hadith) says
about a person like me. I want to confess...
6
Source and verification of this view is essential (Ahmed Fazel)
77
I am presently under psychiatric observation. I cannot remember memorize things especially
in studies. Please guide me what shall I do. I don’t know what to do. Its true, I lost hope.
Should I tell doc my story?
Reply
Due to the societies we live in, the associations we have and the things we see in magazines
and view on television, the images of male attachment and physical contact in the nude
become instilled in our minds from an early age.
Various levels of desire or degrees of love then begin to breed in the heart as it yearns to
achieve the emotional feelings of love and intimacy. Engagement with these thoughts give the
mind a free reign to unveil its inner ability to allow the biological being to express its physical
indications for love. This is expressed through driving the mind to make physical expressions
of love, and is expressed by your thinking that you with the persons or images of your desire
and you begin to mentally express that you making love. This escalates to provide sensation
in the sexual organ. In privacy, masturbation is the climax of this sensation and allows you to
be convinced of the joy of sex due to the sexual sensation achieved in the organ.
The desire and need for sex and intimacy then drives you to regularly seek this mental
escapade which is then satisfied through masturbation. It is not denied that this is the natural
instinct within the human biological and animal self. What needs to be known is that this is not
allowed in the Shariah. Sexual expressions are governed.
The need for sex and intimacy drives you to spend plenty time alone in your private thoughts.
This free time becomes the devils workshop and you fantasize about the female you like or
love. You think about where you will meet her, how you will pet her, how you will undress her
and how you eventually would have sex. The multitude of porn images and sexual literature
you have seen then automatically enters your fantasy domain where you gain moments of
sexual gratification and false feelings of love.
You must learn to forget the past sexual expressions you made to the neighbour’s daughter
and to the maid. Sincere taubah is sufficient, and know that such acts are wrong. Never allow
or accept others to be sexually abused in the future.
Sincere taubah will eliminate the sin of masturbation – Insha-Allah. However you require the
training and mental discipline to abstain from it since it naturally demands plenty time and
drains you of energy that is required for the fulfilment of your mental and other tasks. This
training is not developed overnight and will not be easily achieved without focus or without
fulfilling the orders of Allah.
Normally you should not expose you sins to another person but since a doctor ought to be
guiding you gain your dignity, your self-esteem etc, it would be acceptable to inform him of
your concerns and your past since you seem to be unable to control and manage your
history.
Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
12. Masturbating to remove sperm
Fatwa No. :
Fatwa Title :
Fatwa Date :
87123
Masturbating to remove sperm
02 Muharram 1425 / 23-02-2004
Question
Sometimes while I am sitting on the toilet, I ejaculate a little sperm, which comes
out as a result of pressing out excrement. After realizing this, I get out the rest of
sperm by masturbation, knowing that, if I don’t do this, I will, all the time, have
problems in Wudu; because, some water like sperm comes out. Is what I am doing
78
alright?
Fatwa
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and may His blessings and peace be
upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
What comes out of a male’s penis is either sperm, or pre-seminal fluid or Wadi, a
white liquid (like water). Each of these has its own ruling and characteristic. The
sperm is a sticky fluid which flows out from the penis with strength and with lust,
and its smell is like the smell of paste, so if this flows out with strength and with
desire, then one has to make Ghusl.
The pre-seminal fluid is also a sticky liquid but it is softer than the sperm. It usually
comes out after one’s desires have been stimulated and it usually flows out in a
discontinuous manner.
As for the Wadi, it is a white coagulated liquid, it usually comes out after urinating.
We think that what you consider as sperm is only a pre-seminal fluid. Anyway, if
what comes out of your sex organ is sperm, and flows out without a desire and not
with strength, then it is not obligatory to make Ghusl for that according to the
majority of scholars, and it is obligatory to have Wudu only, like in case of the
Wadhi and pre-seminal liquid.
As for masturbation you are resorting to, it is Haram. The excuses that you are
presenting are only the tricks of Satan to make you fall into what is forbidden to
you.
If that comes out of your sex organ again, it is enough to wash and clean it out, then
have Wudu. If it comes out again, and you become certain about that, then you have
to make Wudu again.
Allah knows best.
Fatwa answered
The Fatwa Centre at Islamweb
by:
13. Masturbation, its rules etc. from the Encyclopaedia of Islamic Jurisprudence
– Kuwait Ministry of Awqaf.
‫اﻟﻤﻮﺱﻮﻋﺔ اﻟﻔﻘﻬﻴﺔ‬
‫وزارة اﻷوﻗﺎف اﻟﻜﻮیﺘﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻲ ِﺑ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
ُ ‫ﺧﺮَا‬
ْ ‫ إ‬: ‫ﻄﻠَﺎﺡًﺎ‬
ِ‫ﺹ‬
ْ ‫ وَا‬. ‫ﻲ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
َ ‫ﺧﺮُو‬
ُ ‫ﺐ‬
َ ‫ﻃ َﻠ‬
َ ‫ي‬
ْ ‫ َأ‬, ‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﻤﻨَﻰ‬
ْ ‫ﺼ َﺪ ُر ا‬
ْ ‫ َﻡ‬: ‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء‬
ْ ‫ اﻟِﺎ‬- 1 : ‫ﻒ‬
ُ ‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ٌء اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻌﺮِی‬
ْ ‫ا‬
‫ﻦ‬
ْ ‫ﺺ ِﻡ‬
‫ﺧ ﱡ‬
َ ‫ َو ُه َﻮ َأ‬- 2 . ‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ‬
َ ‫ﺝ ِﻪ ِﺑ َﻴ ِﺪ َز ْو‬
ِ ‫ﺧﺮَا‬
ْ ‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ٍم َآ ِﺈ‬
َ ‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ ُﻡ‬
َ ‫ َأ ْو‬, ‫ﺸ ْﻬ َﻮ ِة‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﺪﻋَﺎ ًء ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
ْ ‫ﺝ ِﻪ ِﺑ َﻴ ِﺪ ِﻩ ا‬
ِ ‫ﺧﺮَا‬
ْ ‫ َآ ِﺈ‬, ‫ن‬
َ ‫ﺤ ﱠﺮﻡًﺎ آَﺎ‬
َ ‫ ُﻡ‬, ‫ع‬
ٍ ‫ﺝﻤَﺎ‬
ِ
‫ﻲ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﺪﻋَﺎ ِء ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
ْ ‫ﻦا‬
ْ ‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء َﻓﻠَﺎ ُﺑﺪﱠ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ‬
ْ ‫ َأﻡﱠﺎ اﻟِﺎ‬, ‫ﺐ‬
ٍ ‫ﻃ َﻠ‬
َ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ﻈ ِﺔ َودُو‬
َ ‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ا ْﻟ َﻴ ِﻘ‬
َ ‫ن ﻓِﻲ‬
ِ ‫ﺼﻠَﺎ‬
ُ ‫ﺤ‬
ْ ‫ َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َی‬, ‫ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻡﻨَﺎ ِء وَا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا ِل‬
. ‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء َو َﻟ ْﻮ َﻡ َﻊ ُوﺝُﻮ ِد ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻞ‬
ْ ‫ َو َی َﻘ ُﻊ اﻟِﺎ‬. ‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة‬
ْ ‫ﺝ ِﻞ َو ِﻡ‬
ُ ‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺮ‬
ْ ‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ِﻡ‬
ْ ‫ن اﻟِﺎ‬
ُ ‫ َو َیﻜُﻮ‬. ‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻤﻨِﻲ ِﺑ َﻮﺱِﻴ َﻠ ٍﺔ ﻡَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﻈ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ‬
َ ‫َی َﻘ‬
‫ﺼ َﺪ‬
َ ‫ن َﻗ‬
ْ ‫ إ‬: ‫ﺤ َﻔ ِﺔ‬
ْ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺘ‬
َ ‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺮوَا ِﻧ ﱢ‬
‫ َوﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱢ‬. ‫ﺤﺮَا َر َة َی ْﺄ َﺙ ُﻢ َأ ْیﻀًﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﻤﻨَﻰ ِﺑ َﻜ ﱢﻔ ِﻪ ِﺑﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ٍﻞ َی ْﻤ َﻨ ُﻊ ا ْﻟ‬
ْ ‫ َﻟ ْﻮ ا‬: ‫ﻦ‬
َ ‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺑﺪِی‬
ِ ‫ﺝَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﺑ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ َء‬
ْ ‫ن اﻟِﺎ‬
‫ح اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ُﺔ وَا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ُﺔ ِﺑ َﺄ ﱠ‬
َ ‫ﺹ ﱠﺮ‬
َ ‫ َﺑ ْﻞ‬. ‫ﺼ ْﻮ ِم‬
‫ﻄﻠًﺎ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
ِ ‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ًء ُﻡ ْﺒ‬
ْ ‫نا‬
ُ ‫ َیﻜُﻮ‬- ‫ َو َﻟ ْﻮ َﻡ َﻊ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻞ‬- ‫ﻀ ﱢﻢ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ٍة ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا َل‬
َ ‫ِﺑ‬
.‫ﺚ‬
ِ ‫ﺤ‬
ْ ‫ﺡ ِﺘﻠَﺎ ِم ُأ ْﻓ ِﺮ َد ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﺒ‬
ْ ‫ع وَاﻟِﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﺠﻤَﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا ِل ِﺑ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ آَﺎ ْﻟ‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ﺡﻴَﺎﻧًﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﻒ َأ‬
ُ ‫ﺨ َﺘ ِﻠ‬
ْ ‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء َی‬
ْ ‫ن ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا ُل ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ‬
َ ‫ َو َﻟﻤﱠﺎ آَﺎ‬. ‫ﻈ ِﺮ‬
َ ‫ﺼ ُﻞ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ‬
ُ ‫ﺤ‬
ْ ‫َی‬
‫‪79‬‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻜ ِﺮ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺵ َﺮ ِة ‪َ ,‬أ ْو ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ ْ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْﻧ َﻮا ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮهَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻴ ِﺪ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو َ‬
‫ن اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ( ‪َ - 3 :‬یﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫) َوﺱَﺎ ِﺋ ُﻞ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻤ َﻠ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ‪} :‬‬
‫ﺡﺮَا ٌم ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻬ َﻮ ِة َﻓ ُﻬ َﻮ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﺪﻋَﺎ ِء اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠ ﱠﺮ ِد ا ْ‬
‫ن ِﻟ ُﻤ َ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻴ ِﺪ إ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻴ ِﺪ ‪ - 4 .‬أ ‪ -‬اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ َﺘﻐَﻰ َورَا َء َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ َأ ْو ﻡَﺎ َﻡ َﻠ َﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْزوَا ِ‬
‫ن ‪ ,‬إﻟﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ َﻡﻠُﻮﻡِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺖ َأ ْیﻤَﺎ ُﻧ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻬ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ﻈﻮ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ ﺡَﺎ ِﻓ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُه ْﻢ ِﻟ ُﻔﺮُو ِ‬
‫َوَاﱠﻟﺬِی َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺔ‬
‫ع إﻟﱠﺎ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱ ْﺒﺤَﺎ َﻧ ُﻪ َو َﺕﻌَﺎ َﻟﻰ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺢ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ ُ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ ُی ِﺒ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﺘﺠَﺎ ِوزُو َ‬
‫ن ُه ْﻢ اﻟﻈﱠﺎ ِﻟﻤُﻮ َ‬
‫ن { ‪ .‬وَا ْﻟﻌَﺎدُو َ‬
‫ﻚ ُه ْﻢ ا ْﻟﻌَﺎدُو َ‬
‫َﻓﺄُو َﻟ ِﺌ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ ‪َ :‬أﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻡ ْﻜﺮُو ٌﻩ َﺕ ْﻨﺰِیﻬًﺎ ‪ .‬ب ‪َ -‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ ِﺈﻡَﺎ ِم َأ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ .‬وﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ٍل ِﻟ ْﻠ َ‬
‫ﺤ ُﺮ ُم ِﺑ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ َﺄ َﻡ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬و َی ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴﻜِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻴ ِﺪ ِﻟ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻤ َﻠ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﺑ ْﻞ ﻗِﻴ َﻞ ِﺑ ُﻮﺝُﻮ ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪,‬‬
‫ﺨﺸَﻰ َﻡ َﻌﻬَﺎ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﻰ َﻓ ُﻬ َﻮ ﺝَﺎ ِﺋ ٌﺰ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻃ ِﺔ ا ْﻟﻐَﺎ ِﻟ َﺒ ِﺔ اﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ُی ْ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻬ َﻮ ِة ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻔ ِﺮ َ‬
‫اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ .‬وﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ٍل‬
‫ﻀ َﺮ َر ْی ِ‬
‫ﻒ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ ﱢ‬
‫ب َأ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗﺒِﻴ ِﻞ ا ْر ِﺕﻜَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻀﺮُو َر ُة ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ُﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤﻈُﻮ ِر اﱠﻟﺬِي ُﺕﺒِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗﺒِﻴ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ن ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن ِﻓ ْﻌ َﻠ ُﻪ ﺡِﻴ َﻨ ِﺌ ٍﺬ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﻋﺒَﺎرَا ُ‬
‫ﻖ ‪َ .‬و ِ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻮ ِم َﺑﺪِیﻠًﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺘﻠَﺎ ُم ُﻡﺰِی ٌﻞ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ن َﻟ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ف اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﻰ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟَﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ُﺮ ُم َو َﻟ ْﻮ ﺧَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ ‪َ :‬أﻧﱠ ُﻪ َی ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ ِﻟ ْﻠ ِﺈﻡَﺎ ِم َأ ْ‬
‫ﺁَ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺑﺪِی َ‬
‫ح ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺹ ﱠﺮ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﺮ َﻡ َﺔ ِﻟ ُﻮﺝُﻮ ِد ا ْﻟ َﺒﺪِی ِﻞ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ اﻟﺼﱠ ْﻮ ُم ‪ .‬ج ‪َ -‬و َ‬
‫ﻀﺮُو َر ِة ‪َ ,‬وا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺠﻮَا َز ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ :‬ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ُﺕﻔِﻴ ُﺪ اﻟِﺎ ﱢﺕﺠَﺎ َه ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﻰ ِﺑ ِﻪ َو َ‬
‫ص ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺨﻠَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ِﺑ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻮ َﺕ َﻌ ﱠﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ‬
‫ع‪َ -‬‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺸ َﻤ ُﻞ ُآﻞﱠ ا ْ‬
‫ج َی ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺵ َﺮ ِة ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ دُو َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎ َ‬
‫ج ‪ - 5 :‬اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺵ َﺮ ِة ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ دُو َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎ َ‬
‫اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء‬
‫ﻒ َأ َﺙ ُﺮ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ ِﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺲ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو َﺕ ْﻘﺒِﻴ ٍﻞ ‪َ .‬وﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو َﺕ ْﻔﺨِﻴ ٍﺬ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو َﻟ ْﻤ ٍ‬
‫ج ‪َ ,‬أ ْو َﺕ ْﺒﻄِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ط ٍء ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻦ َو ْ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ وَا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻜ ِﺮ ‪ِ -‬ﻡ ْ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻞ ِﺑ ِﻪ اﻟﺼﱠ ْﻮ ُم‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ ِﺔ ‪َ .‬و َی ْﺒ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻴ ِﺪ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﺙ ِﺮهَﺎ ﻓِﻲ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺵﻴَﺎ ِء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِﻌﺒَﺎ َد ِة َ‬
‫ِﺑ َﻬ ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﺙ ِﺮ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺞ َ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ﻒ َأ َﺙ ُﺮ ُﻩ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬دُو َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻴ ِﺪ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ ِﻠ ُ‬
‫ن َآﻔﱠﺎ َر ٍة ‪َ .‬وﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﻖ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟ ﱠﺬ ٍة َو َد ْﻓ ٍ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱡ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ‪ ,‬إذَا َ‬
‫ﺐ ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ َی ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻖ ا ْﻟ ُﻔ َﻘﻬَﺎ ُء َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ‪ - 6 :‬ا ﱠﺕ َﻔ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ِﺘﺴَﺎ ُل ِﻡ ْ‬
‫اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ط‬
‫ﺵ َﺘ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ ِر ‪ .‬وَا ْ‬
‫ف ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺧﻠَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻚ َﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻨ ُﻪ ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ َو ِﻟ ْﻠﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ َﻗ ْﻮ ٌل ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ِروَا َی ٌﺔ َ‬
‫ﻖ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ َﺮ َة ﺑِﺎﻟﱠﻠ ﱠﺬ ِة وَاﻟ ﱠﺪ ْﻓ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ج ِﺑ َﻠ ﱠﺬ ٍة َو َد ْﻓ ٍ‬
‫ﺨ ُﺮ َ‬
‫ن َی ْ‬
‫ﻲ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ َﺄ َﺙ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟ ﱠﺬ ٌة ‪,‬‬
‫ﻲ ٌء َﻡﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ ُر ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻠَﺎ َیﺠِﺐ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻖ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ُﺔ ِﻟ َﺘ َﺮ ﱡﺕ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺲ ﺑِﺎ ْﻧ ِﺘﻘَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠ‬
‫ن َأ َ‬
‫ﻄ َﻊ ِﺑ ِﻪ َآﺜِﻴ ٌﺮ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ ‪َ .‬أﻡﱠﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ب ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ َ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎهِﻴ ُﺮ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َهﺬَا ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ِ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬ َه ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ آَﺎ ﱠﻓ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ ُﻌ َﻠﻤَﺎ ِء ‪,‬‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺧﺮُو َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ َﻢ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺎ ِل ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓﻠَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ٌء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ج ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺨ ُﺮ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َذ َآ َﺮ ُﻩ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ َی ْ‬
‫ﺴَ‬
‫ﺹ ْﻠ ِﺒ ِﻪ َﻓ َﺄ ْﻡ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻨ َﺒ ٍﻞ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﺈﻡَﺎ ِم َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ َر ُة َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱡﺮ ْؤ َی ِﺔ ‪ .‬وَاﻟ ﱢﺮوَا َی ُﺔ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ِﺘﺴَﺎ َل َ‬
‫ﻖ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻋﱠﻠ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ َﺪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﱢﻠ ِﻪ َو َﻗ ْﺪ ُو ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﻲ ‪ :‬ا ْﻧ ِﺘﻘَﺎ ُل ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﺡﻘِﻴ َﻘ ِﺘﻬَﺎ ِه َ‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ َﺔ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﻮ ُر ُرﺝُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫َی ِ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟﺸﱠ ْﻬ َﻮ ُة ُﺙﻢﱠ َأ ْﻧ َﺰ َل َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ‬
‫ﺱ َﻜ َﻨ ْ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ َﺮ ‪َ .‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺵ َﺒ َﻪ ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺖ ﺑِﺎ ْﻧ ِﺘﻘَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻪ َﻓ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺼ َﻠ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ُیﺮَاﻋَﻰ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ اﻟﺸﱠ ْﻬ َﻮ ُة ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫َوَأ ْیﻀًﺎ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤﻮﱠا ِز ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺹ َﺒ َﻎ وَا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬وَأ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ َو ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َی ِ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ .‬و ِﻟ َﺘ ْﻔﺼِﻴ ِﻞ ﻡَﺎ َی َﺘ َﻌﱠﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻖ ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺾ ُوﺽُﻮ ُء ُﻩ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ َﻗ ْﻮ ُل ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َی ْﻨ َﺘ ِﻘ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ‪َ ,‬و َﻟ ِﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻒ ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺱ َ‬
‫َوﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ یُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ٌﻞ ( ‪.‬‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﺢ) ُ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠ َ‬
‫ﺼَ‬
‫ﻈ ْﺮ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ُا ْﻧ ُ‬
‫ﺼ َﻞ ‪ .‬وَا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ي َوﺱِﻴ َﻠ ٍﺔ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ِﺑ َﺄ ﱢ‬
‫ﺖ ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ن َأ ْﻧ َﺰ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة إ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ‪َ - 7 :‬ی ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ِﺘﺴَﺎ ُل ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ِﻡ ْ‬
‫اْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺔ ‪َ .‬و َهﺬَا‬
‫ﺖ َﻗﻀَﺎ ِء ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱﻬَﺎ َو ْﻗ َ‬
‫ﺝﻠُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ُ‬
‫ﻈ َﻬ ُﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻨﺠَﺎ ِء ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ﻡَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﺴُﻠ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﻞ اﱠﻟﺬِي َﺕ ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ﺼ َﻞ إﻟَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ َ‬
‫ن َی ِ‬
‫ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا ِل َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ُه َﻮ ﻇَﺎ ِه ُﺮ اﻟ ﱢﺮوَا َی ِﺔ ِ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ن ُﺑﺮُو َز ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﺱ َﻨ ٍﺪ ( ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﺪَا ) َ‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ ُﺔ وَا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ُﺔ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬و ِﺑ َﻬﺬَا ﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ُﺔ وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡ ِﻢ‬
‫ﺲ إﻟَﻰ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ِ‬
‫ن َی ْﻨ َﻌ ِﻜ َ‬
‫ﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة َأ ْ‬
‫ن ﻋَﺎ َد َة َﻡ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُ‬
‫ﺤﱢﻠ ِﻪ یُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺠﺮﱠ ُد اﻟِﺎ ْﻧ ِﻔﺼَﺎ ِل َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺮﻃًﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﺑ ْﻞ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﺲ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬وﻋَﺎﻡﱠ ُﺔ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻮ َم ِ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻞ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻴ ِﺪ ُی ْﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻮ ِم ‪ - 8 :‬اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫َأ َﺙ ُﺮ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ف ‪َ ,‬وَأﺑُﻮ‬
‫ﺱﻜَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻬ َﻮ ٍة َأ ْوﻟَﻰ ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ ِﺮ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻄ ٌﺮ ‪ ,‬ﻓَﺎ ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا ُل ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ إ ْﻧﺰَا ٍل ُﻡ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ج ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟﺈِیﻠَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ع ﺹُﻮ َر ًة َو َﻡ ْﻌﻨًﻰ ‪َ .‬و َﻟﺎ َآﻔﱠﺎ َر َة ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َﻡ َﻊ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﺑﻄَﺎ ِل ِ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻞ ِﺑ ِﻪ اﻟﺼﱠ ْﻮ ُم ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﻌ َﺪ ِم ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ َی ْﺒ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺺ‬
‫ع ‪َ ,‬و ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َﻧ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ ِﺔ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ إ ْﻓﻄَﺎ ٌر ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪ َﻗ ْﻮ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬وَأ َ‬
‫وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ُﻡﻘَﺎ ِﺑ ُﻞ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻌ َﺘ َﻤ ِﺪ ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َﻜﻔﱠﺎ َر ِة َﻡ َﻊ ا ْﻟ َﻘﻀَﺎ ِء ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ِروَا َی ٌﺔ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُوﺝُﻮ ِ‬
‫ع ‪َ .‬و ُﻡ ْﻌ َﺘ َﻤ ُﺪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ َ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َﻜﻔﱠﺎ َر ِة ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َوﻟَﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ ُوﺝُﻮ ِ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َﻜﻔﱠﺎ َر ِة‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ُﻤ ْﻘ َﺘﻀَﺎهَﺎ ُوﺝُﻮ ُ‬
‫ي ُیﻔِﻴ ُﺪ َذِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻄ َﺒ ِﺮ ﱢ‬
‫ﻒ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ َﻠ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡﻜَﺎهَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬وَاﱠﻟﺘِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻤُﻮ ُم ِروَا َی ِﺔ اﻟﺮﱠا ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱢ‬
‫َو ُ‬
‫ع‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺵ َﺒ َﻪ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا َل ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓِﻲ إ ْﻧﺰَا ٍل َﻓ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ﱡﺒ ٌ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َﻜﻔﱠﺎ َر ِة ‪َ :‬أﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﺕ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُوﺝُﻮ ِ‬
‫ِﺑ ُﻜﻞﱢ ﻡَﺎ َی ْﺄ َﺙ ُﻢ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻓﻄَﺎ ِر ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟ ﱠﺪﻟِﻴ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ﺖ ﻋَﺎ َد ُﺕ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا َل َأ ْم ﻟَﺎ ‪,‬‬
‫ﺱﻮَا ٌء َأآَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ َأ ْم ﻟَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﺕ َﻜ ﱠﺮ َر اﻟﻨﱠ َ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻮ َم ِ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻞ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ُی ْﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫‪َ - 9‬أﻡﱠﺎ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻮ ِم ﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ٍل ﻟِﻠﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ َأ ْیﻀًﺎ ‪َ ,‬وﻗِﻴ َﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻄ ٌﻞ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻜﺮَا ِر ُﻡ ْﺒ ِ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ ‪ .‬وَاﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ن َﺕ َﻜ ﱠﺮ َر اﻟﻨﱠ َ‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ ُﺔ َﻡ َﻌ ُﻬ ْﻢ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﺑﻄَﺎ ِل إ ْ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﺪ ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ﻈ َﺮ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َی ْﻔ ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘﺪَا َم اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺲ ﺑِﺎ ْﻧ ِﺘﻘَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠ‬
‫ت " َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ إذَا َأ َ‬
‫ﻄ َﺮ ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻲ " ا ْﻟﻘُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ﻋَﺎ َد ُﺕ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا َل َأ ْﻓ َ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫إْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺘ َﻠﻔُﻮا ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ ا ْ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠﻘًﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻌ َﺘ َﻤ ُﺪ ﻟِﻠﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َآﻔﱠﺎ َر َة ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ إﻟﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻄ ُﺮ ِﺑ ِﻪ اﻟﺼﱠﺎ ِﺋ ُﻢ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ُﺔ ﻟَﺎ ُی ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ت ﺡَﺎ َﻟﺘَﺎ ُﻩ َو َ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ت اﱠﻟﺘِﻲ َﺕ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟﺤَﺎﻟَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋَﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻜﻔﱠﺎ َر ُة‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﺒ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ﻋَﺎ َد ُﺕ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا َل َأ ْو ا ْ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ َوآَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ن َﺕ َﻜ ﱠﺮ َر اﻟﻨﱠ َ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻜﻔﱠﺎ َر ُة ‪ .‬إ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘﺪَا َﻡ ٍﺔ َﻓﻈَﺎ ِه ُﺮ َآﻠَﺎ ِم ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ا ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠﺮﱠ ُد اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ن ‪َ .‬أﻡﱠﺎ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﺪ َم ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا ِل َﻓ َﻘ ْﻮﻟَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ﻋَﺎ َد ُﺕ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻄﻌًﺎ ‪َ .‬وِإ ْ‬
‫َﻗ ْ‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ ِﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻔﻜِﻴ ِﺮ َﻓﻠَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ ٍة ‪َ - 10 .‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻈ َﺮ ٍة وَا ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ن َأ ْﻡﻨَﻰ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ :‬آ ﱠﻔ َﺮ إ ْ‬
‫ﺴﱡ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﺪ ﱠو َﻧ ِﺔ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َآﻔﱠﺎ َر َة ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﺪ ُﻡ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺚ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﺑﻄَﺎ ُل وَا ْﻟ َﻜﻔﱠﺎ َر ُة َو َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ ‪ِ ,‬ﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ِﻢ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ُﻤ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫‪80‬‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻘَﺎﻟُﻮا ِﺑ َﻌ َﺪ ِم ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻓﺴَﺎ ِد ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا ِل ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻔﻜِﻴ ِﺮ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪} :‬‬
‫ﺺ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﺮ َﻡ ِﻜ ﱢ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻔ ٍ‬
‫ﻋﺪَا َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ ُﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫َأﻡﱠﺎ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺧﺘَﺎ َر ُﻩ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﺑﻄَﺎ ِل ‪ ,‬وَا ْ‬
‫ﺺ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﺮ َﻡ ِﻜ ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻔ ٍ‬
‫ﺴﻬَﺎ ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ ْﻌ َﻤ ْﻞ َأ ْو َﺕ َﺘ َﻜﱠﻠ ْﻢ ِﺑ ِﻪ { ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑ ِﻪ َأ ْﻧ ُﻔ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻟُﺄ ﱠﻡﺘِﻲ ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻔ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﻦ َی َﺘ َﻔ ﱠﻜﺮُو َ‬
‫ﺱ ْﺒﺤَﺎ َﻧ ُﻪ اﱠﻟﺬِی َ‬
‫ح اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ ُ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺘﻴَﺎ ِر ‪َ ,‬و َﻡ َﺪ َ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﺴ َﻤﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﻖ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ ْﻠ ِ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﻞ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻀ ُﺮ َو َﺕ ْﺪ ُ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻜ َﺮ َة ُﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻘِﻴ ٍﻞ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ت اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬وَأ َﻡ َﺮ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ َﻔ ﱡﻜ ِﺮ ﻓِﻲ اﻟْﺂﻟَﺎ ِء ‪َ .‬وَﻟ ْﻮ آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺘ َﻔ ﱡﻜ ِﺮ ﻓِﻲ ذَا ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َ‬
‫ض ‪َ ,‬و َﻧﻬَﻰ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ َﺄ ْر ِ‬
‫ﻚ ِﺑﻬَﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻖ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ َی َﺘ َﻌﱠﻠ ْ‬
‫َﻡ ْﻘﺪُو ٍر َ‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ ِﺔ وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ وَا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻴ ِﺪ ِ‬
‫ف ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘ َﻜﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻞ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ف ‪َ - 11 :‬ی ْﺒ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘﻜَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ﻓِﻲ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫َأ َﺙ ُﺮ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ف ( ‪َ .‬أﻡﱠﺎ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘ َﻜﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﻈ ْﺮ ) ا ْ‬
‫ﻚ ُا ْﻧ ُ‬
‫ن ‪َ .‬و ِﻟ َﺘ ْﻔﺼِﻴ ِﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻄﻠَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻈ َﻬ َﺮ ا ْﻟ ُﺒ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﻦا ْ‬
‫ﺡﺪًا ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َذ َآ َﺮ ُﻩ َﻗ ْﻮﻟًﺎ وَا ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن ِﻡ ْ‬
‫‪ ,‬إﻟﱠﺎ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬و َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻞ ِﺑ ِﻪ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﺒ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ف ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘﻜَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻞ ِﺑ ِﻪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ وَاﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻔﻜِﻴ ِﺮ َﻓﻠَﺎ َی ْﺒ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُ‬
‫ﻄﻬَﺎ َر ِة ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ یُﻮ ِ‬
‫ط اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ف ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ ِﻔ ْﻘﺪَا ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘﻜَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻄﻠَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َآﻠَﺎ ِﻡ ِﻬ ْﻢ ُﺑ ْ‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ ُﺔ ‪ ,‬إ ْذ ُی ْﻔ َﻬ ُﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﻟ ِﻜ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻴ ِﺪ ِ‬
‫ﺞ ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺤﱡ‬
‫ﺴ ُﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺞ وَا ْﻟ ُﻌ ْﻤ َﺮ ِة ‪ - 12 :‬ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻔ ُ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫َأ َﺙ ُﺮ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺞ ِﺑ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺤﱡ‬
‫ﺴ ُﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠﺰَا ِء ‪َ .‬و َی ْﻔ ُ‬
‫ن ِﺑ َﻤ ْﻨ ِﺰ َﻟ ِﺘﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤﺮِی ِﻢ وَاﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻌﺰِی ِﺮ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ج ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺵ َﺮ ِة ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ دُو َ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َد ٌم ‪ِ ,‬ﻟَﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ آَﺎ ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫َی ِ‬
‫ع اﻟ ﱠﺪ ِم َو َو ْﻗ ِﺘ ِﻪ‬
‫ن َﻧ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻈُﻮ ٍر ‪َ .‬و ِﻟ َﺒﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱﻴًﺎ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َأ ْﻧ َﺰ َل ِﺑ ِﻔ ْﻌ ٍﻞ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن ﻧَﺎ ِ‬
‫ي َو َﻟ ْﻮ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝﺒُﻮا ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻘﻀَﺎ َء وَا ْﻟ َﻬ ْﺪ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬وَأ ْو َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻋﻤُﻮ ِم َآﻠَﺎ ِم‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ﻡَﺎ ُی ْﻔ َﻬ ُﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺞ ِ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ﻚ آَﺎ ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡﺮَا ٌم ( ‪ .‬وَا ْﻟ ُﻌ ْﻤ َﺮ ُة ﻓِﻲ َذِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻈ ْﺮ ) إ ْ‬
‫ُا ْﻧ ُ‬
‫ط ٍء‬
‫ﻦ َو ْ‬
‫ﺡﻮَا ِل ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺾ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺞ ﻓِﻲ َﺑ ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ َﻔﺴَﺎ َد ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝ ُ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ یُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ﻇَﺎ ِه َﺮ َآﻠَﺎ ِم َﺑ ْﻬﺮَا ٌم َو َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﻟ ِﻜ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝﱢ‬
‫ا ْﻟﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﺖ َﻓ ْﺮﺽًﺎ ‪َ - 13 .‬أﻡﱠﺎ ا ِﻟﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ْ‬
‫ﺚ إ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ﱡ‬
‫ن َأ ْﻡ َﺮهَﺎ َأ َ‬
‫ي ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻌ ْﻤ َﺮ ِة ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ َﻬ ْﺪ َ‬
‫ﺝ ُ‬
‫َوِإ ْﻧﺰَا ٍل یُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ﱠﺮ ِد ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻜ ِﺮ َأ ْو‬
‫ج ِﺑ ُﻤ َ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘﺪَا َﻡ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻈ ٍﺮ َأ ْو ِﻓ ْﻜ ٍﺮ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ِﺑ َﻨ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﺪﻋَﺎ ِء ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎِﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬ﺑِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺞ ِ‬
‫ﺤﱡ‬
‫ﺴ ُﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻜ ِﺮ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َی ْﻔ ُ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺞ ِ‬
‫ﺤﱡ‬
‫ﺴ ُﺪ ِﺑ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴﻴَﺎﻧًﺎ ‪َ .‬وﻟَﺎ َی ْﻔ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻬﻠًﺎ َأ ْم ِﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺪًا َأ ْم َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮا ٌء َأآَﺎ َ‬
‫ي ُوﺝُﻮﺑًﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َه ْﺪ ٌ‬
‫ﺴ ْﺪ َو َ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﻔ ُ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ ‪َ ,‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻔﻜِﻴ ُﺮ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﺪ َی ُﺔ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ ِﺔ َﺕ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬و ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤﻨَﺎ ِﺑ َﻠ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ ِﻓ ْﺪ َی َﺔ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ِ‬
‫وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺺ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﺮ َﻡ ِﻜ ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻔ ٍ‬
‫ﻓَﺎ ْﻧ َﻔ َﺮ َد ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﺪ َی ِﺔ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ‬
‫ﺝ ْﺪ ﻡَﺎ ِﻧ ٌﻊ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ َﻡ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺔ ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ یُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو َ‬
‫ﺝﻮَا ِز اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ ُﻔ َﻘﻬَﺎ ِء َ‬
‫ﻏ َﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺔ ‪َ - 14 :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﻖ اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو َ‬
‫ﻃﺮِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء َ‬
‫اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺞ ( ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ﺡﱞ‬
‫ف‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋ ِﺘﻜَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﺹ ْﻮ ٌم ‪ ,‬ا ْ‬
‫س‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺾ ‪ِ ,‬ﻧﻔَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﻈ ْﺮ ) َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻧ ِﻊ ُا ْﻧ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻟ َﺒﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬آﻤَﺎ َﻟ ْﻮ َأ ْﻧ َﺰ َل ِﺑ َﺘ ْﻔﺨِﻴ ٍﺬ َأ ْو َﺕ ْﺒﻄِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ا ْ‬
‫ﺚ ِﺑ َﺬ َآ ِﺮ ِﻩ َﻓ َﺄ ْﻧ َﺰ َل ُآ ِﺮ َﻩ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻌ َﺒ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ َﺕ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻮ َه َﺮ ِة ‪َ :‬و َﻟ ْﻮ َﻡ ﱠﻜ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ﱢر َ‬
‫ﺡ ُ‬
‫ﺤ َﻨ ِﻔ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ وَاﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﻧ َﻘ َﻞ ﺹَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺾ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ِﺑ َﻜﺮَا َه ِﺘ ِﻪ َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ :‬وﻓِﻲ َﻓﺘَﺎوَى ا ْﻟﻘَﺎﺽِﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻜﺮَا َه ِﺔ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻨﺰِی ِﻬ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ .‬وﻓِﻲ ِﻧﻬَﺎ َی ِﺔ اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْی ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﻠﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺑﺪِی َ‬
‫ن ا ْﺑ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻲ َء َ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫َوﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺒ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻌ ْﺰ َل ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﻌ ْﺰ ُل َﻡ ْﻜﺮُو ٌﻩ ‪.‬‬
‫ن ِﺑ ِﺈ ْذ ِﻧ ِﻪ إذَا َأ ْﻡﻨَﻰ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ُی ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ِﺑ َﻴ ِﺪهَﺎ ُآ ِﺮ َﻩ َوِإ ْ‬
‫ت ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة َذ َآ َﺮ َز ْو ِ‬
‫ﻏ َﻤ َﺮ ْ‬
‫َﻟ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ ﺡَﺎ ِﻓﻈُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُه ْﻢ ِﻟ ُﻔﺮُو ِ‬
‫ق ‪ ,‬ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ‪َ } :‬وَاﱠﻟ ِﺬی َ‬
‫ﻋُﻠ ُﻪ ﺑِﺎ ﱢﺕﻔَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺤﺮﱠ ُم ُی َﻌﺰﱠ ُر ﻓَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ُء ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء ‪ - 15 :‬اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻘُﻮ َﺑ ُﺔ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ َﻡﻠُﻮﻡِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺖ َأ ْیﻤَﺎ ُﻧ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻬ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ َأ ْو ﻡَﺎ َﻡ َﻠ َﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْزوَا ِ‬
‫إﻟﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ{‪.‬‬
‫‪Penis issues and Impotency‬‬
‫‪1. Penis enlargement via oral medication‬‬
‫‪Am I allowed to take pills to enlarge my penis. I am very afraid that I would not be able to‬‬
‫‪satisfy my wife. I have done a nikah with a good Muslim sister but I am afraid that I would not‬‬
‫‪be able to satisfy her, as I have a small penis.‬‬
‫‪I know this is the way Allah has created me. I am very thankful for this, but there are pills you‬‬
‫‪can take to enlarge your penis permanently, and there are no side affects. So could someone‬‬
‫‪please get back to me with an answer from the quran and the sunnah ..‬‬
‫‪Reply‬‬
‫‪For as long as the medication's ingredients are Halaal, you may use that to enlarge your‬‬
‫‪penis.‬‬
‫‪As for your wanting proof from Quran and hadith, I would advise you to carefully read the‬‬
‫‪Quran from cover to cover and inform me if you find any verse which you think allows or‬‬
‫‪prohibits your penis enlargement via oral medication.‬‬
81
There are also thousands of ahadith. I suggest you read all the ahadith and locate the
relevant ahadith. Perhaps the purchase cost of the ahadith texts would cost you fifty thousand
dollars. Then learn Arabic for six or seven years and study the science of hadith for another
few years so that you can learn how to understand and interpret the ahadith otherwise you
will be attempting to rape the Halaal time of Islamic scholars who have more important things
to do then concentrating their energies to find evidence in the ahadith for you to enlarge your
small organ. We would then evaluate the matter.
Alternatively, employ someone and pay him a decent salary to read the few hundred
thousand ahadith in order to find the answer. I personally have neither all the resources and
am neither going to focus my short life in reading few hundred thousand ahadith for the sake
of your small organ and your need to enlarge it.
After reading much sexual literature, the truth or untruth of many issues pertaining to sexual
performance of benefits of penis enlargement cannot be ascertained since confidentiality is
maintained and people have no access to verify the correctness of the information. Trusting
general medical opinion is perhaps a safe way in some matters.
When the ahadith advocated seeking a marriage partner, the ahadith advised us to look for
certain attributes, and likewise, the female is also instructed to look at the same attributes of
Deen (virtue, good character, morality, honesty, obedience to Allah) prior to external and
other attributes.
The ahadith did not regard the partners incompatible to each other on the basis that the male
may have a small penis in comparison to the possible size of a female's vagina. In fact, in
one hadith where Nabi SAW instructs us to satisfy our sexual needs with our wives when you
become attracted by the beauty of other females, Nabi SAW says something to the meaning
of “for verily she has the Mithl (similar organ) to that which your wife has”. Thus, this hadith is
sufficient to indicate that sexual gratification of both the spouses is not necessarily depended
on the size of the male’s organ. It is another issue all to gather if the male does not get an
erection or suffers from ED (Erectile dysfunction).
The size of a female's vagina is not necessarily relative to the size of her body in the same
manner that a male's organ/penis size is not dependent upon his height or fatness or
shortness. Also, the size of your organs may not necessarily be directly related to the level of
pleasure that you can grant her.
Plenty factors relating to relaxation between the spouses, their mental and inner harmony to
enjoy love, the degree of foreplay and extent of love for each other all determine the levels of
their mutual enjoyment. However, the amalgamation of all these positive factors do not
necessarily imply that a male is, therefore, enabled to fully or satisfactorily sexually satisfy the
level of his wife's desire.
Sexual experience between the couple would enable the female to determine whether she is
satisfied or not. In the event that she fails to be satisfied by you, nothing prevents you from
acquiring permissible medication to satisfy her.
Do not be mislead by advertisements which destroy your concept of manhood or which
eliminate your manly feelings by mocking the size of your penis. Since you are married, let
your wife honestly tell you whether you fulfil her needs or whether she recommends that you
improve your performance through permissible avenues. Islam does not deny halaal pleasure
or the enhancement of this halaal pleasure via halaal avenues.
Enlarging your penis through surgical procures and implants is something not advisable and I
do not know the levels of success in this regard. Medical professionals can better give you
details thereof.
However, oral medication, as long as it is from Halaal ingredients, would not be prohibited.
People use various vitamins etc to increase muscle size or body size. Here also, they would
only be allowed Islamically permissible medication and drugs for such purposes since in all
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cases of sport, the need to increase muscular size or gain super strength does not really stem
from a real need.
Remember that, sometimes, when we interfere with the natural size of particular organs etc,
we have biological and other side effects, some of which are eternally damaging. Many drugs
which are claimed to be void of side effects may only manifest the bad results long after the
damage is already done.
Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
----------------------------------------2. I have been marred for about seven (7) months but haven't had sex yet because my
husband can't perform. He has the evil on us. How long can i stay with him? They say
that it is due to hasad (jealousy) but I still love him I don't want to leave him please
help!
May Allah Ta'ala in his infinite mercy grant both of you a lasting and fulfilling marriage and
help you to overcome the present problem, ameen. Sister, has your husband been examined
by a doctor? Please do take him to one if he has not been for professional help. There may
just be some simple tests which need to be conducted. If it is found that the problem is
somewhat complicated, then you may be referred to the relevant professional folk within the
medical field for expert help.
This problem is sometimes a minor one and sometimes not. It is best to make dua and at the
same time seek constructive help.
The time period for you to remain with him depends on the findings of the relevant
professional folk and your own decision thereafter. If all fails, you could perhaps seek the
assistance of an aamil. May Allah Ta'ala reward you for your patience. Ameen.
And Allah Ta'ala knows best.
Sister Fadila
Social Dept
CHECKED & APPROVED: Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Notes by Ahmed Fazel
This is a typical case where the problem is most likely medical. The husband fails to realize
the gravity of the situation. He has just married but fails to seek advice and treatment or to
discuss his ED (Erectile dysfunction) problem.
Generally, in Hanafi fiqh, the wife has the right to seek an annulment of the marriage if her
husband did not have sex with within a year after her case is forwarded to an Islamic court.
Unfortunately, his wife neither discusses the matter with him, suffers in silence and gets the
wrong advise from ignorant friends who are obsessed with the idea of Sihr (black magic and
witchcraft) – [ Called Jaadoo in the Indian gujraati language]. She therefore comes to believe
that he cannot have sex since someone has placed a form of evil spell upon him or both of
them so that the marriage ends. Although we do not deny the possibilty of such an occurance,
if medical solutions do not rectify the problem, the parties often end up at charlatans who
dupe them into believing that a non-Muslim or impure Jinn has affected them, or that some
form of Sihr was conducted against them. The charlatan then calls them at some regulat
interval, gives them “Blown over water” (considered more holy than zamzam by the
misguided), writes a unintelligible grid of numbers or other details on paper (sometimes using
safron as ink) and instructs the so-called affected with certain non-sunnah and/or sunnah
given supplications.
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In the India-Pakistan region, tradtionally a Hakeem (herbalist or trained profesioanal in natural
medications) would be approached for treatment. Presently, besides original viagra, a host of
other generic versions are flooding the markets and can freely be ordered through the net.
The so-called Aamil (unheard of in the time of Nabi SAW - in the prophetic period the noun
Aamil was used for those who collected the Zakaah), who is often a professional charlatan
and conman then weaves his craft of deception to earn money and attempt to drain the
frustrated client with 207 or 974 fables crafted from his imagination and experience in the art
of deception. Often, this charlatan is from India or Pakistan, and sometimes has the full
external appearance of a Mufti or Aalim. In fact some do have the titles of Aalim or Mufti
Sahib. The Aamil is regarded to have the powers to eliminate the effects of Sihr through
recitation of particular incantations and through his association with the jinn.
Others provide amulets and other weird prescriptions like hitting in (blown over) nails in
particular or all corners of the house, slaughtering a black goat, and other products of their
trade. We do not even know how they come about with such solutions.
There are also cases where financail problems fail to allow the couple to get the required
treatment.
This problem seems to become more common and it is essential for individuals to personally
ensure that they do not seek to marry if they are impotent. Medical and other physical
reactions of the male penis towards sexual fulfillment and desire would be indicative to some
or other level of a man’s ability to have sex. Since the level of piety in our times is very poor,
individuals freely allow their mental float into the imainary world of sexual pleasure to take its
course. They thus know whether they have erections or are unable to acquire an erection.
It is not denied that the level of physical attraction to the other spouse also determines the
extent of sexual desire or the ability to acquire an erection.
3. Sexual enhancement with wife...
Is it permissible for a man to take a 100% natural herbal medicine to enhance one's
sexual relationship with one's wife and which also lengthens the size of a mans penis
during erection. It is simply to have a healthier sexual relationship and to satisfy each
others needs. As we all know there are many other available natural products allowed
in Islam to fulfil this need. It is also said that black seed oil and honey are beneficent to
a healthy sexual relationship. And Viagra is also permissible despite it having many
chemicals in it (It is also said that it lengthens a mans penis and widens it). So my
question is...Is it permissible in Islam to take a 100% safe natural herbal medicine to
obtain a longer and better sexual relationship with one's wife and to lengthen the penis
in size for the purpose of satisfying each other?
Answer:
In the name of Allah Most Merciful Most Compassionate
If there is no harm in taking the medicine, then it is permissible. But one should keep
in mind that today sex has become an obsession and a goal in itself, in Islam sex is a
means for children and satisfaction for both husband and wife and not a sport.
And Allah alone gives success.
Answered by SunniPath Answer Service Team
Psychological problems and evil thoughts instilled by Shaytaan
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1. It’s a long while that I am unmarried. Can I imagine that I am married and living a
married life?
You cannot live a married life in your imagination. This will lead to masturbation and may later
lead to a desire to get illicit sex.
Also, this pattern of thought is not a normal psychological state to be in since it would engage
your mind into deep thought, constant yearning for a non-existent love, and lead you to
withdraw from the realities of the world. Find interest things in life to occupy your idle mind.
Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
-------------------------------------------2. She wants to give up prayer as she feels shy before Allaah because she is
committing zina
Question:
I know that zina is an immoral and evil action, and I feel too shy to stand before Allaah in
prayer after doing ghusl for janaabah because of engaging in zina (unlawful sexual relations).
I ask Allaah for forgiveness. Believe me, I do not feel happy and content in myself because of
what I am doing, but I am trying to soothe my conscience. Should I go back to praying or not,
whilst continuing to commit zina?
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Undoubtedly zina is one of the major sins, one of the worst crimes, one of the most evil and
immoral of actions. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And come not near to unlawful sex. Verily, it is a Faahishah (i.e. anything that transgresses
its limits: a great sin, and an evil way that leads one to hell unless Allaah Forgives him)”
[al-Isra’ 17:32]
“And those who invoke not any other ilaah (god) along with Allaah, nor kill such person as
Allaah has forbidden, except for just cause, nor commit illegal sexual intercourse and
whoever does this shall receive the punishment.
The torment will be doubled to him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein in
disgrace” [al-Furqaan 25:68-69]
Hence Allaah decrees a severe punishment in this world for those who commit zina, namely
the hadd punishment. Allaah says, describing the punishment for the unmarried person who
commits zina:
“The fornicatress and the fornicator, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let not pity
withhold you in their case, in a punishment prescribed by Allaah, if you believe in Allaah and
the Last Day. And let a party of the believers witness their punishment.”
[al-Noor 24:2 – interpretation of the meaning]
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But for the muhsan (one who is or has been married) who commits zina, the punishment is
execution. It says in the hadeeth narrated by Imam Muslim in his Saheeh that the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If a previously-married man (commits
zina) with a previously-married woman, (the punishment is) one hundred lashes and stoning.”
(al-Hudood 3199).
Because of the abhorrence and obscenity of this action, even the monkeys are offended by it,
and they carried out the hadd punishment of stoning on a monkey which committed zina, as
was narrated in Saheeh al-Bukhaari from ‘Amr ibn Maymoon who said: “During the
Jaahiliyyah I saw a monkey which had committed zina, so the other monkeys got together
and stoned it, and I stoned it with them.” (al-Manaaqib, 5360).
How can an adult, accountable Muslim whom Allaah has honored with Islam be content to
stoop to the level of animals and beasts which, whenever their desire is provoked, they satisfy
it however they want? The seriousness of this sin is not limited to punishment in this world
only, rather the punishment in the Hereafter is far greater and far worse. According to a
hadeeth narrated by Imam al-Bukhaari from Samurah ibn Jundub, the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Two (angels) came to me last night, woke me up and
set out with me… until we came to something like a tannoor (clay oven), in which there was
shouting and voices. We looked inside and saw naked men and women, towards whom
flames came from beneath them. When the flames reached them, they cried out. I said to
them [the two angels], ‘Who are these people?’… They told me, ‘As for the men and women
in the structure like a tannoor oven, they are the adulterers and adulteresses…’” (6525).
If a person dies committing this sin, what will be his situation? What will he say to his Lord
when he stands before Him for judgement?? Is this the way to give thanks for the neverending, innumerable blessings of Allaah? Is this the way to give thanks for the blessings of
good health? Do you think that Allaah does not see you when you are committing this great
sin? Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Truly, nothing is hidden from Allaah, in the earth or in the heaven” [Aal ‘Imraan 3:5]
Do you not know that these physical faculties with which you are disobeying your Creator will
testify against you on the Day of Resurrection? Have you not heard the words of the
Compeller (al-Jabbaar):
“Till, when they reach it (Hell-fire), their hearing (ears) and their eyes and their skins will testify
against them as to what they used to do.
And they will say to their skins, ‘Why do you testify against us?’ They will say: ‘Allaah has
caused us to speak.’ He causes all things to speak, and He created you the first time, and to
Him you are made to return” [Fussilat 41:20-21 – interpretation of the meaning]?
So our answer is that you must hasten to repent sincerely from this great sin, regret deeply
what you have done, immediately give it up and give up everything that may lead to it. The
causes of zina include the following:
1 – Unveiling and wanton display by uncovering the face, hair or any part of the body. It was
narrated in the hadeeth that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“There are two types of the people of Hell whom I have not seen… Women who are clothed
yet naked, who have gone astray and try to lead others astray also. Their heads look like the
humps of camels, leaning to one side. They will never enter Paradise nor even smell its
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fragrance, although its fragrance may be detected from such and such a distance.” (Narrated
by Imam Muslim, al-Libaas wa’l-Zeenah, 3971).
2 – Being alone with a man who is not a mahram for you, because the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No man should be alone with a (nonmahram) woman unless her mahram is present.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3842).
3 – Beware of mixing with those whom you are not permitted to mix with, for zina only
happens as a result of that. You must pay attention to your conscience and do not pay
attention to the whispers of the Shaytaan when he tries to make zina look attractive and to
make this crime seem insignificant. The Shaytaan has sworn by Allaah’s Glory that he will
mislead the sons of Adam. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“[Iblees (Satan)] said: ‘By Your Might, then I will surely, mislead them all,
Except Your chosen slaves amongst them (i.e. faithful, obedient, true believers of Islamic
Monotheism)’” [Saad 38:82]
The Shaytaan has gained a victory over you in this way, but he will not stop at making you fall
into this sin, rather he is striving to make sure that you will abide in Hell for eternity – we seek
refuge with Allaah from that – by making the idea of giving up prayer on the basis of this false
reasoning seem attractive to you.
Because giving up prayer constitutes kufr or disbelief in Allaah. In Saheeh Muslim it is
narrated that Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah said: “I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) say, ‘Between a man and kufr and shirk there stands his
giving up prayer.’” (al-Eemaan, 116). And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
said: “The covenant that differentiates us from them is prayer; whoever gives it up is a kaafir.”
(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, al-Eemaan, 2545; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan
al-Tirmidhi, 2113)
So you have to pray a great deal for forgiveness, repent and make du’aa’. You have to pray
regularly and pray a great deal, and strive to be humble and focused in prayer, because
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“and perform As-Salaah (Iqaamat-as-Salaah). Verily, As-Salaah (the prayer) prevents from
Al-Fahshaa’ (i.e. great sins of every kind, unlawful sexual intercourse) and Al-Munkar (i.e.
disbelief, polytheism, and every kind of evil wicked deed)” [al-‘Ankaboot 29:45]
“And perform As-Salaah (Iqaamat-as- Salaah), at the two ends of the day and in some hours
of the night [i.e. the five compulsory Salaah (prayers)]. Verily, the good deeds remove the evil
deeds (i.e. small sins)” [Hood 11:114]
You should not think that repentance is too difficult or feel that Allaah will never accept your
repentance, for the Shaytaan is keen to sow the seeds of despair in your heart.
You should note that whoever repents, Allaah will accept his repentance and change his bad
deeds into good deeds. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
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“Except those who repent and believe (in Islamic Monotheism), and do righteous deeds; for
those, Allaah will change their sins into good deeds, and Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most
Merciful.
And whosoever repents and does righteous good deeds; then verily, he repents towards
Allaah with true repentance” [al-Furqaan 25:71]
The gate of repentance is open, and no one can stand between you and repentance. The
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah will accept the repentance
of His slave so long as the death rattle has not yet reached his throat.” (Narrated by alTirmidhi, al-Da’waat, 3460; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi,
2802).
Allaah rejoices over this repentance. According to a hadeeth narrated by Imam Muslim in his
Saheeh from Anas ibn Maalik, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) said: “Allaah rejoices over the repentance of His slave when he repents more than
any one of you would rejoice if he were travelling in the wilderness and his camel which was
carrying his food and drink wandered off, and he despaired of ever finding it, then he comes
to a tree and lies down in its shade, thinking that he will never see his camel again, then
whilst he is like that he sees it standing next to him, so he seizes its reins and says, ‘O Allaah,
You are my slave and I am Your Lord!’ making this mistake because he is so happy.” (Baab
al-Tawbah, 4932).
Finally, after you have repented you must cut off all the routes that may lead to evil, by means
of the way prescribed in sharee’ah which Allaah has permitted, namely marriage. You should
note that it is not permissible for a Muslim man or woman to marry a person who has
committed zina unless he or she repents to Allaah. If he repents and gives up this sin, then it
is permissible for you to marry him after he repents. Please see questions no. 11195 and
2627.
May Allaah help us and you to repent sincerely. And Allaah knows best. May Allaah send
blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad.
Islam Q&A
Intimacy during fasting
1. Where can my husband enjoy me while I am fasting?
He cannot caress her between the navel to the end of her knees. If she does feel that she
reached orgasm during playing her fast will be broken.
Thus they must not play with each other to the extent that will cause them to reach sexual
climax.
Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
Massage Services
1. Ejaculation during massage
I was having some pains all throughout my body, especially in my muscles and joints;
therefore, I decided to get massage therapy. I made a search and found a spa club that has
male masseurs. I had not wanted to commit a sin, so I did not ask for a female therapist. I
thought everything would be OK, but when the therapy started, the masseur started to give
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me a massage using special oils. That was relaxing at the beginning, but I was aroused and
had an erection. I kept reciting A’oozu and Bismillah to keep satan away. I told myself to calm
down because I thought I really needed this therapy to get rid of my pains. I kept thinking of
wrestlers and told myself that if that was not unlawful, my massage should not be either. I
wish I had asked the masseur to stop because after a certain time, I couldn't help ejaculating.
I am not sure if he realized it because we were in a room with dim light, and he always kept a
towel on my private parts.
I did an online search and saw that therapists see it normal that sometimes their patients get
aroused and ejaculate. They get it as a physiological response to relaxation. However, I am
not sure if I ejaculated for the same reason because I remember I was also getting some kind
of pleasure from being touched by a muscular man.
Since I am not married, I do not know much about sexual experience. That's why I cannot
decide exactly how I felt. I have realized that I committed the sin of exposing my awrah
(private area between navel to just below the knees) to a stranger. Although I had my boxers
on, I should have covered the parts between my navel and knees. I repent to Allah for that.
Besides, there is another thing that gives me greater pain. Do you think my situation
constitutes zina in Islamic law? If so what should I do other than repenting and imploring Allah
to forgive me my sins? I feel like a scum bag now that I have contaminated the clean body
Allah gave me. Is there a way to wash all the evil away? Lastly, do I have to marry a woman
in the future who committed zina, too, since I think there is such a ruling in verse 3 of Surah
Al-Nur?
PS: I do not follow a specific madhhab although I am of a Sunni background. I try to do what
does not cause shirk
Answer
There are different levels of Zina.
The reasons why you got an erection was most probably because you allowed your mind to
float into the dark avenues of illicit sexual gratification while you were massaged. You felt that
it was fine to do so since the person massaging you cannot witness what is in your mind and
cannot see your penis getting erect. Thus, you eventually could not control yourself and
brought your mind to a level of ejaculation.
This is not like actual Zina (adultery) with a female. It is near the point of masturbation. Thus
make Taubah and conceal the matter. Allah is all forgiving.
You can marry any Muslim who is willing to accept you as a husband immaterial if she is
virgin or non-virgin. The verse you quoted has a different interpretation
Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
----------------------------------------------------2. Getting a pelvic massage to eliminate impotence
Fatwa No. :
Fatwa Title :
Fatwa Date :
86158
Efforts to overcome impotence
11 Rajab 1424 / 08-09-2003
Question
In Malaysia there are lots of advertisements even by Muslims that offer
"traditional massage". Among the claimed benefits of these massages are: 1)
To overcome the problems of inability to erect (impotence). 2) For enlargement
of the penis, etc. The process involves the "massager-other people" to massage
our private parts to ease the blood flow. On the Internet, there are websites
that teach you how to touch yourselves to overcome the problems faced. In my
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case, I believe my need is more to resolve the problem of impotence. I am
confused. Is this acceptable in Islam? Furthermore, is this considered as
altering Allah's creation even though not by surgery? Also, is it good to be
naked even on our own?
Fatwa
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and may His blessings and peace be
upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
The individual, staying by himself, may expose his private parts if necessary;
otherwise it is disliked to do so according to Islamic teachings. The authority for
the permissibility of staying naked in private is this Hadith: Abu Hurairah
narrated that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said: The Apostle Ayoub
was having a bath naked when locusts of gold fell on him. [Reported by alBukhari ]
The under mentioned Hadith is an authority to prove that it is disliked to expose
your private parts when it is unnecessary to do so. It is narrated that Allah's
Apostle said: "Cover your private parts (Awrah) except before your wife or the
female captives that you possess. A companion said: What if there are persons
of the same sex in a place? The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said: "Try
hard not to expose your private parts to others". The companion said: What if I
am by myself? Allah's Apostle said: "You are to feel more shy from Allah than
you do from human beings" . [The Hadith is reported by Abu Dawood , alTirmizi , al-Nasa'e , Ibn Majah and Ahmad ]
The treatment for impotence as for other ailments is permissible provided some
rules and restrictions are fulfilled:
1. There is a high probability that such treatment will be effective in your case.
2. It will not result in changing Allah's Creation.
3. It will not unnecessarily expose your private parts to strangers. This means
that if it is possible for you to do the massage by yourself or by your wife it is
not permissible for you to let others do it for you.
You may better see specialist doctors who prescribe the best drug for your case
instead of exposing your private parts to masseurs. Furthermore, it is not
advisable to browse Internet sites for allegedly trying to learn the techniques of
this massage, because you may be tempted to see pornography.
Allah knows best.
Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Centre at Islamweb
Kissing
1. Can a eight year old boy kiss a non-Mahram female?
What the minimum age must be for a man in front of whom I must do niqaab, as I recently
went to a family friend's house and was not sure whether to remove my niqaab in front of the
11 year old boy ( I’m 17 years old).
Also is it permissible for a 7/8 year old boy to whom i have no relation to kiss me on the
cheek.
Reply
In the same way that females become physically mature (Baalighah) at different ages, there is
no fixed age at which a boy becomes mature. Perhaps 12 is a safe age for a boy, which you
could use as a guiding measure for the purpose of Hijaab.
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However, covering the face (wearing a Niqaab) before non-Mahrams is considered obligatory
by some jurists while others do not regard covering the face as a compulsion. Thus, it would,
as a matter of taqwa, be preferable for you to cover your face.
Yes it is permissible for a 7/8 year old boy to whom you have no relation to kiss you on the
cheek. However, this should not be encouraged. The boy who is non-Mahram to you should
be taught from a young age to distance himself from non-Mahrams otherwise the habit
continues and could lead towards the desire for passionate kissing and other things that
follow.
Aids
1. My spouse has aids. Can I refuse to have sex with him/her?
Yes, if your husband/wife has aids it is your right to refuse to have sex with him/her. In fact, it
is your Shariah duty to refuse to have sex with him/her in order to protect your life. Allowing
yourself to have sex with someone having aids is almost suicidal since you accepting to get
infected and suffer a slow death. You are then also lowering or eliminating the chance of
getting another spouse after death/divorce from the present one.
Also, where it is proved that the other spouse has contracted aids due to illicit sexual activity,
the husband can divorce his wife (or the wife can request for a divorce or an annulment of the
marriage.
Sexual disinterest or aversion to sex
1. My husband does not have sex with me!
There are many reasons why couples stop having sex with each other.
1. In cases where both the spouses are enjoying extra-marital affairs, they sleep in the same
bed but never care of enjoying each other sexually because both are fulfilling themselves out
of the home.
2. Where one party is enjoying Haraam sex outside marriage, the other party begins to suffer
loss of love and sexual intimacy.
3. Then there are genuine cases where sexual activity ends without any Haraam activity from
both of the spouses. This is also due to many factors.
3.1 This can be a result of constant mutual argumentation which results in the loss of love and
interest from one or both the parties.
3.2 Where spouses are happy, but no sexual activity takes place, the parties should pay
attention towards their physical well being, appearance and dressing. Exercising, losing fat
and getting fit is essential in a marriage. The spouses should also attempt at making
themselves attractive to each other.
3.3 Where the husband has ED (erectile dysfunction), the Shariah does not stop him from
getting medical help. Fortunately Mr. Viagra (sidenafil citrate) lives all over society and can
be used after medical advise. Various other medical treatments are available.
2. Wife’s sexual rights
Fatwa No. :
Fatwa Title :
Fatwa Date :
86403
Sexual rights of a wife
08 Sha'baan 1424 / 05-10-2003
Question
91
What are the wife's rights related to sexual relationships. What should a wife do
if her husband can't satisfy her sexually. He is very good husband in all ways
but just doesn't have interest in sex. He has some physical problem due to
which we unable to have kids but he is still fit for intercourse but now with the
passage of time he is loosing interest in sex. The wife wants to have sex and
still want to try again and again for kids, still hopeful. The wife is really upset
because of her husband's attitude. She is easily attracted to bad movies and at
times wants to enjoy through movies. What should she do?
Fatwa
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and may His blessings and peace be
upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
The husband should deal honourably and kindly with his wife in everything,
above all, in regards to the expenditure and the sexual relationships. In fact her
right to sexual intercourse is given priority over other rights as the main
objective behind marriage is to satisfy the sexual desire of both spouses. And if
the husband satisfies his wife's sexual desire he is rewarded for that if he had
the proper intention before indulging in sex with her. Muslim reported that the
Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said: There is a Sadaqah in man's sexual
intercourse. [ Muslim ]
Ibn Qudamah said: Imam Ahmad was once asked whether the man was
rewarded for having sex with his wife while he did not have any desire for sex.
Ahmad replied affirmatively.
The wife also should beautify herself for her husband to please him and excite
his desire using any lawful means. She can even tell him expressingly about her
desire and need for sex.
As for using pornographic films and photos, this is forbidden. It is but a Satan's
gate to sin and depravity. So fear Allah, be patient and seek the Reward of
Allah. We ask Allah to guide you and ease your matters.
So, be patient and tell your husband about the reward he could get anytime he
satisfies your sexual need.
Allah knows best.
Fatwa answered
The Fatwa Centre at Islamweb
by:
Loving another man’s wife
1. Me and my friend desire to exchange our wives with each other after a divorce
We are two Muslim male friends, living close to each other in London. We both are married
and almost same status and about 40 years of age.
We have one common problem with our wives that we have absolutely different minds, like or
dislikes etc. It is quite normal in partnerships! We found that what I like to have or to do
anything, my friend's wife likes and my wife dislikes, on other hand what my friend likes or
thinks his wife is against it but my wife likes that. We both have always a non stop fight at
homes because of different minds, there is no sukoon (Mental tranquillity) in both of our lives.
There are so many things are common in other's partner that we thought that if it is allowed in
Islam why we should not divorce our wives and marry other's wife. Both women are first
cousin to each other! We have decided to leave children with mothers. We both have 2
children each. The kids have the same ages. Please tell us if it is allowed to do this? Any
conditions on it? etc..
Reply
92
Only matured minds who have married understand the statement "marriage is not a bed of
roses".
The issues in life and absence of Islamic values leads to greater problems. This then
escalates into either constant and daily argumentation which then leads to domestic violence,
socially remaining apart from each other, illicit relationships and ultimately into divorce.
Matters can get more ugly when the divorce does not end hell on earth but starts another hell
in regard to custody of the children, their care, legal battles and mental stress.
When you get too close, socially, to another man's wife, you do not see her life beyond the
screens of her skin, complexion, figure, physical attraction, sweet speech, kindness and
hospitality. Your mind then begins to entertain the thought of "how nice would sex be with her
and you would enjoy her". These satanic attractions captivate your mind and continue to
linger. In fact, these mental ideas and sexual cravings then escalate with every sight of the
person/s unto whom you become sexually attracted. These emotions lead you to further
disgust the partner you have and you begin to regularly contemplate the thought of how nice
life would be in another woman's arm or how passionately you would sexually enjoy another
man's wife.
Iblis's deputy, one or many of the Shaytan's, has now psychologically counselled the weak
state of both of your minds to divorce each other's wives so that each of you can marry the
other's wife after their respective periods of iddah. If you do this, the sexual fantasy will end
fast and you will see the reality of life through other lenses. You will be unable to care for
each other's kids in the manner that express feelings and sentiments for your own kids.
The minds of your new wives will then linger in the other's (or previous) home since each of
you will necessarily have to have an association with your kids which will be in the homes of
each other. A new chapter of problems will brew between each of you and his new wife. Both
of you will then decide that the grass was greener in the patch where you previously were.
Your close association with each other is dangerous. You need to end association with each
other. Only let your wives contact their first cousins when necessary or after long intervals.
Both of your families must not socially integrate otherwise you would be prone to engage in
illicit sexual activity with each others wives. In fact, both of you will begin to condone such
activity.
Right now, both of you are most likely hating to sleep with your own wives and when you lay
in bed since your mind dances in the court of Shaytaan contemplating how joyful the other
women would be.
I suggest that each of you begin to make your salaah. Read at least 200 times Astagfirullah
after each Salaah. Direct your children towards a more Islamic pattern of life. Both of you
should also abstain from unnecessary association with the opposite sex since each of you is
driven by Shaytaan to seek love elsewhere.
Perhaps if you are both inactive with your spouses, see if, after proper medical advise,
whether Viagra (or some similar product) can get both of you busy.
May Allah grant both of you marital bliss.
Ustadh, Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
-------------------------------------------------------------Sexual Abuse
1. I was abused 8 times before marriage.
93
Question:
I am a 19 years old girl. I grew up in a religious family, they taught us la ilaha illa Allah,
Muhammad Rasool Allah (There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is His messenger). They
planted the principles of Islam in our minds and the pillars of it in our hearts. All praise be to
Allah for this great grace.
I was sexually abused eight times by a person related to my family. He became a nightmare
in my life. I still see him in all faces. After a period of time I got rid of these horrible memories
by Allah’s help then by my fiancée’s. I told my fiancée everything happened in details;
because he eventually got to some how know of my past through some people whom I do
not know. These people gave my fiancée the number of the man who abused me and my
fiancée called him. That person told him lies about me, things that have nothing to do with
what has really happened. So I had to tell him the truth and explain when he told me that he
found out. My fiancée understood my situation and helped me to forget the matter. After this
we had a problem, so I suggested staying away from each other for sometime to calm down,
until we find some solution. Then he shocked me by his reaction, which is separation. I tried
to understand why he decided this. I found that he who previously helped me is now telling
me how weak and narrow minded I am. His revenge was destroying my life.
I tried then to bring this problem to an end, but he insisted on consulting a scholar in the
matter. He asked me to ask the scholar about the reward that will be waiting for him, and what
he should do especially that he can not stop thinking of taking revenge.
Please tell me about a similar story that happened in the past, and what shall I do now? No
one believes that I am innocent but Allah knows best that I am. I do not complain of my grief
but to Allah the All-Knowing.
I want to tell you that recently I been very firm with my fiancée, while I am the reason for his
suffering. But I realised my mistake and I want to make up. Tell me what I should do.
Finally: please excuse me and forgive me. Please answer my question as soon as possible.
May Allah reward you.
You may be wondering why I did not tell my family about what happened although it was
repeated eight times. The reason is the fear, my fear of the scandal especially that he was
threatening and hitting me, and that there is no talk about these matters at all at our home.
I wish you understand me, may Allah reward you.
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Firstly:
We ask Allah to relieve your distress and grief for the effects of molestation are many and
great. We ask Allah to destroy those molesters and those who are not kept in check by
religious commitment, reason or decent human nature for they have no respect for religious
teachings. They have thus corrupted their reason and lost their decent human nature.
If we are surprised by anything, it is that this criminal molested you at the age of 16. This is an
age in which one is big and able to shout and defend oneself, especially since that happened
a number of times. You could also have stopped him by telling your family. No matter how cut
off the family members may be from one another, they would not take such incidents lightly.
We think that this criminal molester has conveyed this message to your fiancé and told him
that you agreed to what he did, and he is the one who has made him change his attitude
towards you.
We believe that you were forced, and that you could not escape from his evil actions. We
want to support you at this hard time, so we say:
94
This is something that Allah decreed for you. Chaste Muslim women in prisons in Muslim and
kaafir countries have suffered a great deal from molestation and rape at the hands of Muslim
and kaafir evildoers. One's heart would break when hearing their stories and one would wish
that he had died before hearing such things.
Our consolation is that Allah will wreak vengeance upon these criminals, and that Allah will
decree reward for our sisters, but they should seek reward with Him for these calamities.
They must bear with patience that which Allah has decreed for them. It is not permissible for
them to commit suicide and kill themselves, for that is a crime and a major sin. We are not
saying that it is something easy for the woman who has been molested, rather it is a serious
matter, and the effects on the molested woman are grave. Some of them suffer mental
illnesses, and some commit suicide or think of suicide. Some of them follow a path of
deviation and haraam relationships with strangers. Some of them become depressed and
alienated from their husbands. Hence it is essential for the woman who has been molested to
seek reward for what has happened to her and to bear its effects with patience, and to seek
strength by acts of obedience and faith so that Allah may honour her with purity of heart and
peace of mind.
Secondly:
Those who told your fiancé about what happened to you were wrong, and they have to repent
and seek forgiveness, because it is not permissible for them to make people’s honour a topic
to chat about in their gatherings, or to create troubles among people, or to cause them harm.
What they should have done was to conceal it and not spread it among people. They should
realize that they have sisters and daughters, and for certain they would not want people to do
to them the same that they have done to those who were affected by this calamity.
It was narrated from Sahl ibn Sa’d that ‘Uwaymir came to ‘Aasim ibn ‘Adiyy, who was the
chief of Banu ‘Ajlaan and said: What do you say about a man who finds a man with his wife?
Should he kill him then you would kill him, or what should he do? Ask the Messenger of
Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about that for me. ‘Aasim came to the
Prophet (S) and said: O Messenger of Allaah, but the Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) disliked such questions. ‘Uwaymir asked him and he said:
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) disliked the question
and considered it shameful.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari (4745) and Muslim (4929).
Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: With regard to the words “The Messenger
of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) disliked such questions and
considered it shameful”, what is meant is that he disliked questions for which there is no
need, especially if it involves uncovering the secrets of a Muslim man or woman, or
spreading evil or disclosing something condemnable about a Muslim man or woman.
Thirdly:
You do not have to divulge this secret to anyone, even if he proposes marriage to you. People
are not able to keep secrets. There is hardly any Muslim whose religious commitment or
reason is sound enough to conceal a matter like this or overlook it.
As your fiancé has treated you in this manner and wants to separate, this indicates that he
has been influenced by what that criminal said, and he may have already decided that life
with you will be miserable. What we advise you to do is keep away from him altogether and
do not marry him, because you cannot be sure that it would not affect your lives after that.
Ask Allah for guidance concerning this separation by praying istikhaarah, and asking Allah to
divert you from marrying him if marriage to him will be bad for your religious and worldly
affairs, and ask Allah to decree good for you and make you content with it.
95
So pray istikhaarah; you can find more information about it in the answer to question no.
11981.
If your fiancé wants to change his mind about separation, he should understand that his
reward with Allah will be great if he conceals what he knows about something that was
beyond your control. But this must be based on full conviction; it should not be an emotional
decision that will soon change. If he wants to come back and get married, then it is not
permissible for him to criticize you or blame you for what happened to you, rather it is
recommended that he keep quiet and be patient in the hope of reward from Allaah.
And Allaah knows best.
Islam Q&A
2. I am a victim of sexual abuse at home when I was a very young child. Our household
situation was really crazy.... I am still traumatized by it, and feel deep despair about life
and my personal situation... Is there any way out of this?
Answer:
In the Name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful.
Dear Sister,
I pray this message reaches you in better health and spirits.
Please bear with me, as a few points need to be discussed:
1. Too often, sexual abuse is swept under the carpet in our communities. This does not
help; in fact, it makes matters worse because the perpetrators believe that they can get
away with their actions.
2. When someone is sexually abused by a family member, this a double betrayal.
First, that person broke the trust of kinship. Second, that person took advantage of the
family member's loyalty not to reveal the secret.
3. Healing from sexual abuse is a lifelong process, which involves both the individual
and the family. Until the family acknowledges that you were hurt and they failed to
protect you, things will not move forward. Until the abuser takes responsibility for his
actions, things will not go forward. And until you stop blaming yourself, things will
not move forward.
4. Things are not alright and you should not pretend otherwise. There is nothing
wrong with seeking professional help. In fact, you owe this to yourself. Your family
also needs to seek therapy. You've mentioned other disturbing incidents, including
attempted suicide. All of these problems need to be dealt with. Pretending that's
everything's okay is a sure recipe for disaster since these problems will continue to
fester.
5. I understand that you're concerned about your parents' health. Yes, they might not
have the best reaction if you seek therapy. But you owe it to yourself to begin the
96
healing process. And until you begin to heal yourself, it's not going to be possible to
help those around you.
May Allah Ta'ala give you and your family healing from these illnesses and
forgiveness for your sins.
And Allah knows best.
Answered by Ustadha Zaynab Ansari, SunniPath Academy Teacher
Rape
1. He raped his wife’s daughter (from a previous husband)
I’m a married man. My father died before my birth. My mother is now married to his younger
brother. I have two step brothers and two step sisters. Life was going very smoothly
Alhamdulillah. I had no complaint towards my stepfather until I came to know that my
stepfather raped my sister. He loved me very much.
I work outside the city and my wife lives with me. Few days ago when I went home my
sister told me about what he did to her.
She told me that my stepfather has been sexually abusing her and had forcefully had sex
with her about fifteen times in last five years. I was shocked to here this because I never
expected this from a person whom I respected more than the respect I could have showed
to my father if he was alive.
My sister has bore this matter for the last five years and has kept quite for her own respect.
Now our stepfather has started black mailing her by misguiding my mother about her
character. He also demands that she fulfils all her duties as a daughter i.e. serving food,
water, pressing clothes etc. which I think are very difficult for her. Even if she hesitates, he
shows his anger in front of everybody and, especially, teases her mother saying that her
daughters are like this and that.
It is very difficult for me to respond.
1. What should be my sisters’ response be if he tries to do it again?
2. Is she still bound to respect her or fulfil her daughterly duties? If not how can she
convince her mother, as our mother considers that my stepfather is not less than an angel?
3. She does not even wants to see his face but he starts shouting in front of our mother
(who is a hepatitis patient and we love her very very much). We do not want to inform her
because she’ ill simply die.
4. Since my stepfather is mentally sick and psychologically ill (in terms of his secret sexual
assault), he can sexually assault any one else. How do we warn my younger sister and my
wife?
5. As he is my stepfather, and until I came to know of this shameful act, I loved him very
much. How could I stop his entry in my house?
6. What should be my behaviour with him?
Please answer me as soon possible in light of Quran and Sunnah.
Reply
97
1. If possible, your sister should not live within your household. She must me immediately
taken away to live with trustable family members (an aunt or another safe uncle,
grandparents etc)
Likewise, if you have any other sisters (real or step) who are young and could be
endangered by his sexual assault and misconduct, they should also be taken away to
live elsewhere.
I do prefer that you and your mother engage in a serious family meeting, and via the
assistance of some Islamic or other social organization, make preparations to relocate
all together elsewhere if the house in which you people reside with him does not belong
to your mother or family. If it does, you should report him and no longer allow him
admission into your home.
The punishment for rape in Islam is the same as the punishment for zina (adultery),
which is stoning to death if the perpetrator is married, and one hundred lashes and
banishment for one year if he is not married. This is provided that the rapist confesses.
If a woman is raped, she should press charges against the person who raped her. If it
is proved, by means other the confession of the rapist, that she was raped, then the
court must apply discretionary punishment or ta`zir on the rapist. Such discretionary
punishment may reach the death penalty, according to some schools of thought. This is
based wholly on the fact that such a rape was confirmed through medical tests, diverse
forms of analysis and court procedures without acquiring an actual confession of the
rapist himself.
In cases where the rapist confesses the crime, then the penalty for zina (illegitimate
sexual intercourse) is to be applied to him. If he is not married, then he is to be whipped
100 lashes. If he is married, then he is to be stoned to death.
Ibn `Abdul-Barr (may Allah bless his soul) said: The scholars unanimously agreed that
the rapist is to be subjected to the hadd punishment if there is clear evidence against
him, or if he admits to that. Otherwise, he is to be punished (in other formats) (i.e., if
there is no proof that the hadd punishment for zina may be carried out against him
either because he does not confess or because there are no four witnesses to his act,
then the judge may punish him and stipulate a punishment that will deter him and
others like him). There is no punishment for the woman if it is true that he forced her
and overpowered her. (Al-²Istidhkār, 7/146).
In terms of the following details in the Hanafi madhhab, if a man has sex with his wife’s
daughter (from a previous marriage), that man’s marriage with his wife automatically
ends eternally. She does not require to seek an annulment of the marriage.
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻨﻜﺎح‬
- ‫ أﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ اﻟﻜﺎﺱﺎﻧﻲ اﻟﺤﻨﻔﻲ‬-
‫ﺑﺪاﺋﻊ اﻟﺼﻨﺎﺋﻊ‬
‫ح‬
ِ ‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻢ اﻟ ﱢﻨﻜَﺎ‬
ُ ‫ن ﻡَﺎ َی ْﺮ َﻓ ُﻊ‬
ُ ‫ﺼ ٌﻞ َﺑﻴَﺎ‬
ْ ‫َﻓ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﻡ ٌﺔ ُﻡ َﺆ ﱠﺑ َﺪ ٌة‬
ُ ‫ق ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ‬
ٍ ‫ﻃﻠَﺎ‬
َ ‫ وَا ْﻟ ُﻔ ْﺮ َﻗ ُﺔ ِﺑﻬَﺎ ُﻓ ْﺮ َﻗ ٌﺔ ِﺑ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ‬, ‫ﺊ ُأمﱠ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ِﺕ ِﻪ َأ ْو ا ْﺑ َﻨ َﺘﻬَﺎ‬
َ‫ﻃ‬
ِ ‫ن َو‬
ْ ‫َو ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺼَﺎ َه َﺮ ُة اﻟﻄﱠﺎ ِر َﺋ ُﺔ ِﺑ َﺄ‬
‫ﺼ ُﻞ إﻟﱠﺎ‬
ُ ‫ﺤ‬
ْ ‫ َوَأ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َی‬, ‫ص‬
ُ ‫ﺨﻠَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﻀﻬَﺎ ا ْﻟ‬
ِ ‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻘﺼُﻮ َد ﻓِﻲ َﺑ ْﻌ‬
‫ق ﻓِﻲ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺝُﻮ ِﻩ ُآﱢﻠﻬَﺎ ﺑَﺎ ِﺋ َﻨ ٌﺔ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
ُ ‫ وَا ْﻟ ُﻔ َﺮ‬, ‫ع‬
ِ ‫ﺤ ْﺮ َﻡ ِﺔ اﻟ ﱠﺮﺽَﺎ‬
ُ ‫َآ‬
.‫ﻖ‬
ُ ‫ َواَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻮﻓﱢ‬, ‫ ﻓَﺎ ْﻓ َﻬ ْﻢ‬, ‫ح‬
ِ ‫ﺲ ِﺑﻘَﺎ ِﺑ ٍﻞ ِﻟ َﺒﻘَﺎ ِء اﻟ ﱢﻨﻜَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َﻟ ْﻴ‬
َ ‫ﻀﻬَﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻤ‬
ِ ‫ َوﻓِﻲ َﺑ ْﻌ‬, ‫ﻦ‬
ِ ‫ﺑِﺎ ْﻟﺒَﺎ ِﺋ‬
In terms of the following details, Imam Ash-Shafi does not consider (willful)
zina to terminate a Halaal marital bond between two spouses. Thus, according to
him, there is more reason that the marriage of a man will not automatically
98
dissolve if he had forced/raped his wife’s daughter (from another man) to have
sex with him.
‫ ﻟﻺﻡﺎم اﻟﺸﺎﻓﻌﻲ‬‫آﺘﺎب اﻷم‬
‫ﻡﺨﺘﺼﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﻜﺎح‬
. ‫ﻦ َﻡ َﻊ اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِه ِﺪ‬
ِ ‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻴ ِﻤﻴ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﺠَﺎ ِﻡ ِﻊ َو ِﻡ‬
ْ ‫ﺤﻠَﺎ َل ِﻡ‬
َ ‫ﺤﺮﱢ ُم ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ﻡَﺎ ﺝَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ﻟَﺎ ُی‬
.‫س‬
ٍ ‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ‬
َ ‫ﻦ‬
ُ ‫ﺤﻠَﺎ َل َوﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ‬
َ ‫ﺤﺮﱢ ُم ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ﻲ ( رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ﻟَﺎ ُی‬
‫) ﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱡ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ُﺕ ُﻪ ا ْﺑ َﻨ ُﻪ‬
ْ ‫ﺽ ﱢﺪ ِﻩ ﻗَﺎ َل ﻟِﻲ ﻗَﺎ ِﺋ ٌﻞ َیﻘُﻮ ُل َﻟ ْﻮ َﻗ ﱠﺒ َﻠ‬
ِ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
َ ‫ﻲ ٌء‬
ْ ‫ﺵ‬
َ ‫س‬
ُ ‫ﺤﻠَﺎ ِل َﻓﻠَﺎ ُیﻘَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺽ ﱡﺪ ا ْﻟ‬
ِ ‫ﺤﺮَا َم‬
َ ‫ن ا ْﻟ‬
‫ﻲ ( ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫) ﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱡ‬
‫ت‬
ِ ‫ﺡ ﱠﺮ َم ُأ ﱠﻡﻬَﺎ‬
َ ‫ن اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ إ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻗ َﺒ ِﻞ َأ ﱠ‬
ْ ‫ ِﻡ‬: ‫ﺤﻠَﺎ َل ؟ ُﻗﻠْﺖ‬
َ ‫ﺤﺮَا ُم ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ﺤﺮﱢ ُم ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ﺝﻬَﺎ َأ َﺑﺪًا ِﻟ َﻢ ُﻗﻠْﺖ ﻟَﺎ ُی‬
ِ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َز ْو‬
َ ‫ﺖ‬
ْ ‫ﺡ ُﺮ َﻡ‬
َ ‫ﺸ ْﻬ َﻮ ٍة‬
َ ‫ِﺑ‬
‫ت ِﺑ ِﻪ‬
َ ‫ﺡ ِﻤ ْﺪ‬
ُ ‫ﺝﻤَﺎﻋًﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﺝﻤَﺎﻋًﺎ ُﻗﻠْﺖ‬
ِ ‫ﺝﻤَﺎﻋًﺎ َو‬
ِ ‫ﺝ ُﺪ‬
ِ ‫ َأ‬: ‫ﺤﻠَﺎ ِل َﻓﻘَﺎ َل‬
َ ‫ﺤﺮَا ُم ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ‬
َ ‫س ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ن ُیﻘَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﺠ ْﺰ َأ‬
ُ ‫ح َﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ َی‬
ِ ‫ﺤ َﻮهَﺎ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱢﻨﻜَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ِﻧﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ُﻜ ْﻢ َو َﻧ‬
‫ﺤ َﺮﻡًﺎ ِﺑ ِﻪ ِﻟُﺄمﱢ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأﺕِﻚ َوﻟِﺎ ْﺑ َﻨ ِﺘﻬَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﺝ َﻌﻠَﻚ َﻡ‬
َ ‫ﺡﻘُﻮﻗًﺎ َو‬
ُ ‫ﺐ‬
َ ‫ﺝ‬
َ ‫ﺹ ْﻬﺮًا َوَأ ْو‬
ِ ‫ﺴﺒًﺎ َو‬
َ ‫ﺝ َﻌ َﻠ ُﻪ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﻧ‬
َ ‫ﺡ ُﺪ ُهﻤَﺎ ِﻧ ْﻌ َﻤ ٌﺔ َو‬
َ ‫ﺖ ِﺑ ِﻪ َوَأ‬
َ ‫ﺝ ْﻤ‬
ِ ‫ﺝﻤَﺎﻋًﺎ ُر‬
ِ ‫َو‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
َ ‫ﺤﺮَا َم اﱠﻟﺬِي ُه َﻮ ِﻧ ْﻘ َﻤ ٌﺔ‬
َ ‫ﺲ ا ْﻟ‬
ُ ‫ن َی ْﻌ ُﻔﻮَا َﻓ َﺘﻘِﻴ‬
ْ ‫ﺧ َﺮ ِة ﺑِﺎﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِر إﻟﱠﺎ َأ‬
ِ ‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ َوﻓِﻲ اﻟْﺂ‬
َ ‫ﺝ ِﻌ َﻞ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ِﻧ ْﻘ َﻤ ًﺔ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ْﻧﻴَﺎ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ‬
ُ ‫ُﺕﺴَﺎ ِﻓ ُﺮ ِﺑ ِﻬﻤَﺎ َو‬
‫ﺡﱠﻠﻬَﺎ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ‬
َ ‫ج َﻓ َﺄ‬
ٍ ‫ع َز ْو‬
ِ ‫ﺠﻤَﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ ِﺑ‬
ِ ‫ﻄﱠﻠ َﻘ َﺔ َﺙﻠَﺎﺙًﺎ َﺕ‬
َ ‫ﺝﺪْت ا ْﻟ ُﻤ‬
َ ‫ َﻓ َﻠ ْﻮ ﻗَﺎ َل ﻟَﻚ ﻗَﺎ ِﺋ ٌﻞ َو‬: ‫ﺤﻠَﺎ ِل اﱠﻟﺬِي ُه َﻮ ِﻧ ْﻌ َﻤ ٌﺔ ؟ َو ُﻗﻠْﺖ َﻟ ُﻪ‬
َ ‫ا ْﻟ‬
‫ج ﻗِﻴ َﻞ‬
ٍ ‫ﺡﱠﻠﻬَﺎ ِﺑ ِﺈﺹَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ َز ْو‬
َ ‫ن اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َأ‬
‫ﺊ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
ُ‫ﻄ‬
ِ‫ﺨ‬
ْ ‫ إذًا ُﻧ‬: ‫ع ﻗَﺎ َل‬
ٌ ‫ﺝﻤَﺎ‬
ِ ‫ع َو‬
ٌ ‫ﺝﻤَﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﺤﻠَﺎ َل ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ‬
َ ‫ﺡ ﱠﺮﻡْﺖ ِﺑ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ع َآﻤَﺎ‬
ٍ ‫ﺠﻤَﺎ‬
ِ ‫ع َآ‬
ٌ ‫ﺝﻤَﺎ‬
ِ
‫ﺤﺮﱢ ُﻡ ُﻪ‬
َ ‫ﺤﻠَﺎ ُل َوﻟَﺎ ُی‬
َ ‫ﺤﺮﱢ ُﻡ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ﻲ ٌء ُی‬
ْ ‫ﺵ‬
َ ‫ن‬
ُ ‫ َأ َﻓ َﻴﻜُﻮ‬: ‫ج ﻗَﺎ َل‬
ٍ ‫ج َوِإﺹَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ َز ْو‬
ٍ ‫ح َز ْو‬
ِ ‫ﺡ ﱠﺮ َم اﻟﻠﱠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ﻓِﻲ ِآﺘَﺎ ِﺑ ِﻪ ِﺑ ِﻨﻜَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﻚ ﻡَﺎ‬
َ ‫َو َآ َﺬ ِﻟ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ إذَا َزﻧَﻰ ِﺑ َﺄ ْر َﺑ ٍﻊ‬
َ ‫ﺤ ُﺮ ُم‬
ْ ‫ﺴ ًﺔ َأ َﻓ َﻴ‬
َ ‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء ﺧَﺎ ِﻡ‬
ْ ‫ﺢ ِﻡ‬
َ ‫ن َی ْﻨ ِﻜ‬
ْ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأ‬
َ ‫ﺤ ُﺮ ُم‬
ْ ‫ﺢ َأ ْر َﺑﻌًﺎ َﻓ َﻴ‬
ُ ‫ َﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ َی ْﻨ ِﻜ‬: ‫ﺖ‬
ُ ‫ﺤﺮَا ُم َﻓ َﺄﻗُﻮ ُل ِﺑ ِﻪ ؟ ُﻗ ْﻠ‬
َ ‫ا ْﻟ‬
‫ َﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ‬: ‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ؟ ُﻗﻠْﺖ‬
ِ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َز ْو‬
َ ‫ﺤ ُﺮ ُم‬
ْ ‫ ) ﻗَﺎ َل ( َو َﻗ ْﺪ َﺕ ْﺮ َﺕ ﱡﺪ َﻓ َﺘ‬. ‫ﺤﻠَﺎ ُل‬
َ ‫ﺤﺮَا ُم ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ َی ْﻤ َﻨ ُﻌ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻤ َﻨ ُﻌ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ‬: ‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء ﻗَﺎ َل‬
ْ ‫ﻲ ٌء ِﻡ‬
ْ ‫ﺵ‬
َ
‫ َأﻡﱠﺎ ﻓِﻲ ِﻡ ْﺜ ِﻞ ﻡَﺎ‬: ‫ﺤﻠَﺎ َل ُﻗﻠْﺖ‬
َ ‫ﺤﺮﱢ ُم ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ﺤﺮَا َم ُی‬
َ ‫ﺝ ْﺪﺕُﻚ ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ ) ﻗَﺎ َل ( َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َأ ْو‬. ‫ﺝ َﻌ ُﻞ ﻡَﺎ َﻟﻬَﺎ َﻓ ْﻴﺌًﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﻖ َوَأ ْﻗ ُﺘُﻠﻬَﺎ َوَأ‬
ِ ‫ﺨ ْﻠ‬
َ ‫ﺝﻤِﻴ ِﻊ ا ْﻟ‬
َ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
َ ‫َو‬
ْ ‫ﺧ َﺘ َﻠ ْﻔﻨَﺎ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ‬
ْ‫ا‬
. ‫ﻲ ٍء‬
ْ ‫ﺸ‬
َ ‫ﺲ ِﺑ‬
َ ‫ﻚ ِﻟ َﻜ ْﺜ َﺮ ِﺕ ِﻪ َوَأ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻴ‬
َ ‫ﻲ ( رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ َﺕ َﺮآْﺖ َذ ِﻟ‬
ّ ‫ ) ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﺰ ِﻧ‬. ‫ﻦ َأ ْﻡ ِﺮ اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء َﻓﻠَﺎ‬
If she is a follower of the Shafi madhhab, I instruct that your mother should demand of
him to issue a talaaq. If he does not do so, she must apply for a fask/tafriq (annulment)
and end the marriage.
It is also my view that she should, as a result of his actions, neither sleep with him, nor
have sex, nor serve his needs (food and other issues).
Report the matter, without fearing any degree of shame, to police or local authorities
and any Ulama or Islamic organization who can responsibly deal with the matter.
I think it important to disgrace this dog (your stepfather) in his work environment. Inform
his employers and close friends. Also notify the neighbours.
2. Considering the fact that your stepfather raped her on numerous occasions, she must
not serve him since he is entitled to the Hadd (Islamic punishment of being stoned to
death). However, this may be difficult to prove in court. Also, the Hadd may not be
applied in your country of residence especially if you live in a non-Muslim state.
She needs to honestly disclose all the details to your mother. If this is hard for her, she
must do so with the assistance of one or more honourable Muslim ladies, Islamic social
workers or non-Muslim social organisations which deal with such matters.
It is not your sister’s (from your real mother and father) duty to serve him since she is
not his daughter. It is rather a moral duty to some level or the other, which is possibly
augmented to some level if your stepfather was paying for her clothing, food, residence
and other needs.
3. Your mother will not die if she is informed of the matter. If, in the worst case scenario,
she dies, it is something we will just have to accept and deal with.
She may be hurt for a long while and suffer the pain of realizing who she married.
However, it is better for her to suffer this then to allow the present suffering borne by
your sister. It is better for your mother to loose her marriage then continue to live with a
wild dog in Muslim garb.
‫‪99‬‬
‫‪4. Your stepfather’s sexual cravings and lust were most likely also executed against many‬‬
‫‪others in society. He might be a serial rapist as well with a particular tendency to select‬‬
‫‪young females who he can terrorize.‬‬
‫‪Men like these are very gullibly called by us as “psychologically ill,” but in reality they‬‬
‫‪may well be normal people with violent tempers and very high degrees of craving for‬‬
‫‪sex due to a history of illicit sexual activity and other factors.‬‬
‫‪It is your duty to protect your household. Thus, all members of your family must be‬‬
‫‪informed. Also inform your stepbrother’s brothers and sisters and/or others from his‬‬
‫‪family members whom you know.‬‬
‫‪5. If you are living separately form where he lives, ask your wife and family not to open the‬‬
‫‪door for him. Phone the police the moment he comes and tell them you fear getting‬‬
‫‪raped. Directly tell him that you know what he done. If you living in an Islamic state‬‬
‫‪seek advise as to how the courts would deal with the matter. If you living in a non‬‬‫‪Islamic state, then also acquire legal advise that can curb his activity.‬‬
‫‪6. In terms of Maliki fiqh, a mustakrahah (female rape victim) cannot marry unless she‬‬
‫‪makes Istibrā² (passes a waiting period to establish being free from pregnancy) through‬‬
‫‪a period of three haid (menstrual cycles).‬‬
‫ﺾ‬
‫ﺡ َﻴ ٍ‬
‫ث ِ‬
‫ﺴﻬَﺎ ِﺑ َﺜﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ئ َﻧ ْﻔ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﺒ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺢ َ‬
‫ﺼ َﺒ ُﺔ ﻟَﺎ ُﺕ ْﻨ َﻜ ُ‬
‫ﻚ وَا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻐ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َل ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٌ‬
‫‪The following are the Maliki rules in the case of the diverse modes of rape‬‬
‫اﻹﺕﻘﺎن واﻹﺡﻜﺎم ﻓﻲ ﺵﺮح ﺕﺤﻔﺔ اﻟﺤﻜﺎم اﻟﻤﻌﺮوف ﺑﺸﺮح ﻡﻴﺎرة‬
‫ﻡﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ أﺡﻤﺪ اﻟﻔﺎﺱﻲ )ﻡﻴﺎرة(‬
‫ﺑﺎب ﻓﻲ اﻟﻀﺮر وﺱﺎﺋﺮ اﻟﺠﻨﺎیﺎت‬
‫ب‬
‫ﻏ ِﺘﺼَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ٌﻞ ﻓِﻲ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫َﻓ ْ‬
‫ﺼﺒَﺎ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ٍة ُﻡ ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺊ ِﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻃٌ‬
‫َووَا ِ‬
‫ﺝﺒَﺎ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َو َ‬
‫ق ِﻡ ْﺜ ِﻠﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ط ُء َو َﻟ ْﻮ ِﺑ َﺒ ﱢﻴ َﻨ ْﻪ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ن َﺙ َﺒ َ‬
‫إْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ُﻡ ْﻌ ِﻠ َﻨ ْﻪ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ِﺑ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ﻏَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ َﻡ ْﻪ‬
‫ﺺ َ‬
‫َوﻗِﻴ َﻤ ُﺔ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻘ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ َﻤ ْﻪ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى ِﺑ ْﻜ ٍﺮ َو َ‬
‫َه ْﺒﻬَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠﻤَﺎ‬
‫ﺚ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ُﺘ ِﺮقﱠ َ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ َﻮ َﻟ ُﺪ ُا ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ﻓِﻴ ِﻬﻤَﺎ‬
‫ك َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﺪ َﻡ ْﻊ ذَا َ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺖ َأ ْو َﺙ ﱢﻴﺒًﺎ ‪,‬‬
‫ق ِﻡ ْﺜ ِﻠﻬَﺎ ِﺑ ْﻜﺮًا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َو َزﻧَﻰ ِﺑﻬَﺎ ُﻡ ْﻜ َﺮ َه ًﺔ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َی ِ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة َوَأ ْآ َﺮ َهﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺼ َ‬
‫ﻏ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْ‬
‫َی ْﻌﻨِﻲ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺘ ُﻪ‬
‫ط ِء ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ وَادﱠ َ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُوﻗُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺒ ًﺔ ُی ْﻤ ِﻜ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ط ِء َأ ْو ِﺑ َﺒ ﱢﻴ َﻨ ٍﺔ ِﺑ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ﻏَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ط ُء إﻡﱠﺎ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْﻗﺮَا ِر ِﻩ َأ ْو ِﺑ َﺒ ﱢﻴ َﻨ ٍﺔ َ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ن َﺙ َﺒ َ‬
‫إْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮهَﺎ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ق ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ; َﻓ َﻴﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺼﺪَا ِ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ َﺪ ُم ُوﺝُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻇ ُﻢ ِﺑ َﻬ ِﺬ ِﻩ اﻟﺼﱡﻮ َر ِة ِﻟ َﺌﻠﱠﺎ ُی َﺘ َﻮ ﱠه َﻢ َ‬
‫ﻏﻴﱠﺎ اﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻃ ُﺆ ُﻩ َﻟﻬَﺎ َو َ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ ُیﺸَﺎ َه ْﺪ َو ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة ‪َ ,‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َأ َﻡ ًﺔ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺮ ًة ‪َ ,‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة ُ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ق ‪َ .‬و َهﺬَا إ ْ‬
‫ﺼﺪَا ِ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡﺮَى ﻓِﻲ ُوﺝُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ط ِء َأ ْو ِﻗﻴَﺎ ِم ا ْﻟ َﺒ ﱢﻴ َﻨ ِﺔ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻗﺮَا ِر ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺪ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑ َﺄ َ‬
‫ﻚ َو َﺙ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ َﻢ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴ ﱢﻴ ِﺪهَﺎ إذَا َ‬
‫ﻖ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺖ َأ ْو آَﺎ ِﻓ َﺮ ًة ‪َ ,‬و َو َﻟ ُﺪ ُﻩ َرﻗِﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ َﻤ ًﺔ آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َأ ْو َﺙ ﱢﻴﺒًﺎ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼﻬَﺎ ِﺑ ْﻜﺮًا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ﻡَﺎ َﻧ َﻘ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ َﻢ ِﺑ ِﺮ ﱢﻗﻬَﺎ ‪ .‬ا هـ َﻓ َﺘ َﺄ ﱠﻡ ْﻠ ُﻪ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ح ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪ :‬إذَا َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺮ ُﻩ اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِر ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠﻤَﺎ َو َﻓ ﱠ‬
‫ﺚ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻚ َﻧ ﱠﺒ َﻪ ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺝُﻮ ِﻩ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬآُﻮ َر ِة َو َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻇَﺎ ِه ٍﺮ َواَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺺ‬
‫ق ِﻡ ْﺜ ِﻠﻬَﺎ َوﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ َﻡ ِﺔ ﻡَﺎ َﻧ َﻘ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺮ ًة َﻓ َﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﻜ َﺮ َﻩ َأ َﻡ ًﺔ َأ ْو ُ‬
‫ﻦا ْ‬
‫ﻚ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ت ‪َ ( :‬و َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ِة َ‬
‫ﻃ َﺌﻬَﺎ َﻓ َﻌ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫) ﻗَﺎ َل ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻘ ﱢﺪﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ط ُء ِﺑ َﺄ ْر َﺑ َﻌ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ ‪َ ,‬و َهﺬَا إذَا َﺙ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َﻡ َﻊ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ق َ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا َ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ ﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ف َﻗ ْﻮ ِل َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺧﻠَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺖ َأ ْو َﺙ ﱢﻴﺒًﺎ ‪ِ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ َﻤ ِﻨﻬَﺎ ِﺑ ْﻜﺮًا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺒ ِﺘ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َﻡ َﻊ ِﻗﻴَﺎ ِم ا ْﻟ َﺒ ﱢﻴ َﻨ ِﺔ َ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُﻡﻌَﺎ َی َﻨ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو َأ َﻗ ﱠﺮ ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ َﻬﺪَا َء َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ‪ .‬ا هـ‬
‫ﺖ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو ا ﱠد َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ق َوﻟَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﺼﺪَا ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﻃ َﺌﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ُد ُﺑ ِﺮهَﺎ َوَأ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َی ِ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة َو َو ِ‬
‫ﺼ َ‬
‫ﻏ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻦا ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻢ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ب ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻘ ﱠﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ح َ‬
‫ﻄ َﺮ َد اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِر ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ا ْ‬
‫‪100‬‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة‬
‫ﻋ ْ‬
‫ﺨ ْﻠ َﻮ ِة وَا ﱠد َ‬
‫ب وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻏ ِﺘﺼَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺸﻬَﺎ َد ُة إﻟﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ط ِء ‪َ ,‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺸﻬَﺎ َد ِة َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﺪ إﻟﱠﺎ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻗﺮَا ِر َأ ْو ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺼﺒًﺎ ﺡَﺎ ٌل‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ِة َو ُﻡ ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻌ َﻤ ُﻞ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ﱠﻮ َ‬
‫ﺊ ُﻡ ْﺒ َﺘ َﺪٌأ َ‬
‫ﻃٌ‬
‫ﺵﺪِی َﺪ ًة ‪َ .‬ووَا ِ‬
‫ﻋﻘُﻮ َﺑ ًﺔ َ‬
‫ﺐ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َﺑ ْﻞ ُیﻌَﺎ َﻗ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َ‬
‫ط َء َوَأ ْﻧ َﻜ َﺮ ُه َﻮ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ ُﺮ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻤ َﻠ ُﺔ ا ْﻟ ُﻜ ْﺒﺮَى َ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ ُﺮ ُﻩ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺝﺒَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻤ َﻠ ُﺔ َو َ‬
‫ق ِﻡ ْﺜ ِﻠﻬَﺎ ُﻡ ْﺒ َﺘ َﺪٌأ ‪َ ,‬و ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا ُ‬
‫ﺼ ِﻪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻌ َﻤ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬآُﻮ ِر ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺨﺼِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺊ ِﻟ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﻃٍ‬
‫ﻦ وَا ِ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ َﻢ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﺒﻨَﺎ ِء‬
‫ﺱﻮَى ‪َ ,‬و ُ‬
‫ﺐ َو ُه َﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻔﻌُﻮ ِل اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ ِﻟ َﻬ ْ‬
‫ف َ‬
‫ﺐ َﻡ ْﻌﻄُﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ َﻤ ٍﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺹ َﻔ ُﺔ َﺑ ﱢﻴ َﻨ ٍﺔ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺊ ‪َ ,‬و ُﻡ ْﻌ ِﻠ َﻨ ٌﺔ ِ‬
‫ﻃٍ‬
‫وَا ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ِة وَا ْﻟ َﺄ َﻡ ِﺔ َواَﻟﻠﱠ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺽﻤِﻴ ُﺮ ﻓِﻴ ِﻬﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ْﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺊ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﻃِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِﻟ ْﻠﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﺽﻤِﻴ ُﺮ َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ َﻢ َو َ‬
‫ع ‪َ ,‬و ُ‬
‫ي ﺵَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺐ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻟِﻠﻨﱠﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻮَى َﻓﻔِﻲ‬
‫ﺐ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺪ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ذَا ا ْﻟ َﻐ ْ‬
‫ن َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ُﻤ ُﻪ َیﻔِﻲ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫َﺕ ْﻔﺼِﻴ ِﻠ ِﻪ َﺑﻴَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﺵ ِﻬ ْﺮ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗ ْﺪ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻮَى َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ُﺜﻤَﺎ اﻟ ﱠﺪ ْ‬
‫َﻓ َ‬
‫ﻈ ْﺮ‬
‫ﻀ ِﻞ ُﻧ ِ‬
‫ح وَا ْﻟ َﻔ ْ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ وَاﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺑِﺎﻟﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺘﺮَاﺧِﻲ َز َﻡﻨَﺎ‬
‫ن َﺕ ُﻜ ْ‬
‫َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻤ ٍﻞ ﻟِﻠ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ‬
‫ف َو ِﺑ َ‬
‫ت ِﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ٍ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ي‬
‫ﺡ ُﻤﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ َﺑ ِﺮ ّ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُﺜﻤَﺎ َر ِ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ ِﺮ‬
‫ﺝ ُﺒ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﺪ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻓَﺎ ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻞ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ ِل ﺡَﺎﻟًﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ك ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫َوذَا َ‬
‫ﺹ ْﻮﻧًﺎ ُﻧ ِﻘ ْﻞ‬
‫ﺤ ْﺰ َ‬
‫ﺡَﺎ ٌل َﻟﻬَﺎ َأ ْو َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ ُ‬
‫ن َﻓﻔِﻲ‬
‫ﺹ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ﱠﻤ ْ‬
‫ن َﺕ ُﻜ ْ‬
‫َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﻒ ُﻗ ِﻔﻲّ‬
‫ﺨ ْﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺠﺎ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺨﺮِی ً‬
‫ُوﺝُﻮ ِﺑ ِﻪ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ن َﻧ َﻜ ْﻞ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ إ ْ‬
‫ﺚ ﻗِﻴ َﻞ ﻟَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻞ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ﻓَﺎ ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻬ ُﺮ َﻡ ْﻊ َیﻤِﻴ ِﻨﻬَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ف‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ ِر ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻌﻔَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫َوﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ف‬
‫ﺧﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻒ ِﺑﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻠ ٌ‬
‫َﻡ ْﻬ ٌﺮ َوﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱ ﱠﺘ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄ َﻟ َﺔ إﻟَﻰ ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﻢ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻮَى ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة َو َﻗ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠ ﱠﺮ ِد َد ْ‬
‫ﻚ ِﺑ ُﻤ َ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻢ ﻡَﺎ إذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺐ ِﺑ َﺒ ﱢﻴ َﻨ ٍﺔ َذ َآ َﺮ ُهﻨَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺼ ُ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻢ ﻡَﺎ إذَا َﺙ َﺒ َ‬
‫َﻟﻤﱠﺎ َﻗ ﱠﺪ َم ُ‬
‫َأ ْو ُ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ َل ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل ‪ ,‬ﻟَﺎ ُی ْﻌ َﻠ ُﻢ َآ ْﻮ ُﻧ ُﻪ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺨ ْﻴ ِﺮ َوِإﻡﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮرًا ﺑِﺎﻟﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ; إﻡﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺝ َﻞ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ﱠﺪﻋَﻰ َ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ﱠ‬
‫َو َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻚ ﺡَﺎ َﻟ َﺔ‬
‫ﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫ن َﺕ ﱠﺪ ِ‬
‫ﺡﻮَا ٍل ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻲ ُآﻞﱟ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ إﻡﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻓ َﻬ ِﺬ ِﻩ َﺙﻠَﺎ َﺙ ُﺔ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻖ َو ِﻗﱠﻠ ِﺔ اﻟﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ﺴ ِ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮرًا ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻔ ْ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫َد ﱢیﻨًﺎ َأ ْو ﻟَﺎ ‪َ ,‬وِإﻡﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫ن َﺕ ﱠﺪ ِ‬
‫ت ُﻡ َﺘ َﻌﱢﻠ َﻘ ًﺔ ِﺑ ِﻪ َوِإﻡﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻋ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ إذَا ا ﱠد َ‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱠﺜﻤَﺎ ِﻧ َﻴ ِﺔ َ‬
‫ن َو َﺕ َﻜﱠﻠ َﻢ ﻓِﻲ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺑﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻀﻲﱢ َزﻡَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻚ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ُﻡ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻪ َوﺝَﺎ َء ْ‬
‫ُوﻗُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮ َأ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ‬
‫ن َﻓ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻀﻲﱢ َزﻡَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل َﺑ ْﻞ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ُﻡ ِ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ ِل ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل ‪َ ,‬و َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ ُﻘ ْﻢ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْو َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺘ َﻬ ِﺮ ﺑِﺎﻟﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻦ َوﻟِﻠ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ ِر ﺑِﺎﻟﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﻗ ْﺬ ِﻓﻬَﺎ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ َ‬
‫ﻋﻮَى ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟ ﱠﺪ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َو َﺕﺮَا َ‬
‫ﺵ ِﻬ َﺮ ﺑِﺎﻟﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﺖ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْ‬
‫إذَا ا ﱠد َ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ ُﺮ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ َﻗ ْﻮﻟَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ﱢﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ ٌﻞ َﻓﻔِﻲ ُوﺝُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻈ َﻬ ْﺮ ِﺑﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺒ ِﻬﻤَﺎ َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ف ﻡُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺘﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن ﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱠا ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ ٌﻞ َو َی َﺘ َﻌ ﱠﺪ ُد ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ َﺮ ِﺑﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺐ إﻟَﻰ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺼ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ذَا ا ْﻟ َﻐ ْ‬
‫ن َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ُوﺝُﻮ ُﺑ ُﻪ َوِإﻟَﻰ َهﺬَا ُآﱢﻠ ِﻪ َأﺵَﺎ َر ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ :‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ي‬
‫ﺡ ُﻤﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ َﺑ ِﺮ ّ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُﺜﻤَﺎ َر ِ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻤ ِﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ي ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ ,‬أ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺒ ِﺔ إﻟَﻰ‬
‫ت َﻟ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َهﺬَا ُآﻠﱡ ُﻪ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱢﻨ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ ْ‬
‫ﻖ ُ‬
‫ﻖ ِﺑﻠَﺎ َﺕ َﻌﱡﻠ ٍ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ﻟَﺎ ِﺋ ٍ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻜﺮَاهًﺎ َ‬
‫ﺖا ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْ‬
‫ن ا ﱠد َ‬
‫ﺧﻠِﻴ ٍﻞ ( َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ َ‬
‫) َوﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺦ َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺮ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ ِر‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ :‬وﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟﺜﱠﺎ ِﻡ ِ‬
‫ح ِﺑ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺹ ﱠﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ َآﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َوﻟَﺎ َیﻤِﻴ َ‬
‫ق َ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا َ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻞ َﻓﻠَﺎ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ‪َ ,‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ اﻟﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻢ‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱠﺜﻠَﺎ َﺙ ِﺔ ُ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ ِل ﺡَﺎﻟًﺎ ‪ ,‬ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺑﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ك ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪ُ .‬ﺙﻢﱠ َذ َآ َﺮ ﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ :‬وذَا َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َ‬
‫ن ﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡﺮَى َأ ْ‬
‫ﻒ َوَأ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ِﻠ ٌ‬
‫ف َﻡ ْﻬ ٌﺮ َوﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻌﻔَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬ َﻞ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻟﺤَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ ِل ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل َو َﺕﺮَاﺧَﻰ ِﻗﻴَﺎ ُﻡﻬَﺎ َأ ْیﻀًﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َذ َآ َﺮ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ُی ْﻨ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻮَى َ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟ ﱠﺪ ْ‬
‫ﻡَﺎ إذَا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ف‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ ﻟِﻠ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ وَا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ ِر ﺑِﺎﻟﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻜ ُﻢ َآﻤَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺼﻴَﺎ َﻧ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬ﻓَﺎ ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ َﻡ ْﻮﺹُﻮ َﻓ ٍﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ َﻢ َآ ْﻮ ُﻧﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡَﺎُﻟﻬَﺎ َأ ْو ُ‬
‫ﺨ ﱠﺮﺝَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ ِل ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل َﻗ ْﻮﻟَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ف َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱢﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ﺼﻴَﺎ َﻧ ِﺔ َﻓﻔِﻲ ُوﺝُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ َﻢ َآ ْﻮ ُﻧﻬَﺎ َﻡ ْﻮﺹُﻮ َﻓ ًﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ُآﱢﻠ ِﻪ َأﺵَﺎ َر ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪:‬‬
‫ق َوِإﻟَﻰ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺼﺪَا َ‬
‫ت ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ َﺬ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َوَأ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻠ َﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻴ ِﻤﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن َﻧ َﻜ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﻋﻮَاهَﺎ َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻟ َﺮ ﱢد َد ْ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ َی ْ‬
‫َآ ْﻮ ِﻧﻬَﺎ ﻟَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱠﺜﻠَﺎ َﺙ َﺔ ‪َ .‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ ِل ﺡَﺎﻟًﺎ ‪ ,‬ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺑﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ك ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫َوذَا َ‬
‫ﺖ‪,‬‬
‫ف ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ ِر ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻌﻔَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫َوﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤﱡﻠ ُﻪ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻦ َﻓ َﻤ َ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ ِر ﺑِﺎﻟﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻮَى َ‬
‫ﻦ َﺕﻤَﺎ ِم اﻟ ﱠﺪ ْ‬
‫َﻓ ُﻬ َﻮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ي‪,‬‬
‫ﺡ ُﻤﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ َﺑ ِﺮ ّ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُﺜﻤَﺎ َر ِ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ ِل ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ ُی َﻔﺼﱠ ُﻞ ﻓِﻴ َﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻮَى َ‬
‫ﺚ اﻟ ﱠﺪ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻔﺼِﻴ ِﻞ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة َ‬
‫ﻦ َﺕ ْﻘﺪِی ٍﻢ ‪َ ,‬و ُﻓ ِﻬ َﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ٌﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َو َآ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ُﻡ َﺆ ﱠ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻇ ِﻢ ‪َ ,‬واَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ‬
‫ظ اﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ن ﺡَﺎ ُل ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة َهﺬَا ﻡَﺎ ُﺕ ْﻌﻄِﻴ ِﻪ َأ ْﻟﻔَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻒ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻜ ُﻢ ﻡَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ‪َ ,‬آ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﺑ ْﻞ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ ِر ﺑِﺎﻟﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫إذَا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺱ ْﺒﺤَﺎ َﻧ ُﻪ َو َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َأ ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫‪101‬‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺼﻠًﺎ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم َ‬
‫ﺵ ٍﺪ ﻓِﻲ ُﻡ َﻘ ﱢﺪﻡَﺎ ِﺕ ِﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ُﻡ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُر ْ‬
‫ﺼ ِﻞ َآﻠَﺎ َم ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻇ ُﻢ ﻓِﻲ َه َﺬا ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﺘ َﻤ َﺪ اﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ح ( ‪َ :‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ا ْ‬
‫) ﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِر ُ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻋﻮَاهَﺎ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َد ْ‬
‫ﻃ َﺌﻬَﺎ َوﻟَﺎ َﺑ ﱢﻴ َﻨ َﺔ َﻟﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ َو َو ِ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﻜ َﺮ َهﻬَﺎ َﻓﻐَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ا ْ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْ‬
‫ن ا ﱠد َ‬
‫ت َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ ﻡَﺎ َﻧﺼﱡ ُﻪ ‪َ :‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺑﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ‪,‬‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َو ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻢ َ‬
‫ﻚ َی ْﻨ َﻘ ِ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻖ ِﺑ ِﻪ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻞ ُﻡ ﱠﺘ َﻬ ٍﻢ َیﻠِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َر ُ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫ن َﺕ ﱠﺪ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﻖ ِﺑ ِﻪ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺢ ﻟَﺎ َیﻠِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻞ ﺹَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َر ُ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫ن َﺕ ﱠﺪ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪ ُهﻤَﺎ ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫َأ َ‬
‫ﺤ ًﺔ‬
‫ﺽَ‬
‫ﺸ ﱢﺒ َﺜ ًﺔ ﻓَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘﻐِﻴ َﺜ ًﺔ ُﻡ َﺘ َﻌﱢﻠ َﻘ ًﺔ ِﺑ ِﻪ ُﻡ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻲ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َﺕ ْﺄ ِﺕ َ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪ ُهﻤَﺎ ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ :‬أ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻢ إﻟَﻰ َو ْ‬
‫ﻦ َی ْﻨ َﻘ ِ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َه َﺬ ْی ِ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫‪َ ,‬و ُآﻞﱡ وَا ِ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑ ْﻜﺮًا ‪.‬‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺴﻬَﺎ َﺕ ﱠﺪﻋِﻲ إ ْ‬
‫َﻧ ْﻔ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄ َﻟ ِﺔ َأ ْر َﺑ َﻌ ُﺔ َأ ْﻗﺴَﺎ ٍم ‪َ :‬ﻓ َﺄﻡﱠﺎ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻤ َﻠ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ِﺑ ْﻜ ٌﺮ َﻓ َﻴ ْﺄﺕِﻲ ﻓِﻲ ُ‬
‫ﺚ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﺪﻡَﻰ ‪َ ,‬و ِه َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫ن َﺕ ﱠﺪ ِ‬
‫وَاﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ﱡﺒ ٍ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َﺕ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ ُﻡ َﺘ َﻌﱢﻠ َﻘ ٍﺔ ِﺑ ِﻪ َﻓ َﻬﺬَا ﻟَﺎ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬و ِه َ‬
‫ﻖ ِﺑ ِﻪ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺢ ﻟَﺎ َیﻠِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻞ ﺹَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َر ُ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫ن َﺕ ﱠﺪ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻢ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ﱠو ِل َو ُه َﻮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻢ ا ْﻟ َﺄوﱠ ُل ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ ٌﻞ‬
‫ﻈ َﻬ ْﺮ ِﺑﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ ٌﻞ ‪َ ,‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ َﺮ ِﺑﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ف َو َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َوَأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻲ َء َ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ف َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺧﻠَﺎ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ط ِء ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ٍة‬
‫ﺵ َﺘﺮَاهَﺎ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو ِﺑ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻞ وَا ﱠدﻋَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ا ْ‬
‫ط ِء َأ َﻡ ِﺔ َر ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﻗ ﱠﺮ ِﺑ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ف ﻓِﻴ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺘﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱢﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ج ُوﺝُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺨﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫َﻓ ُﻴ َ‬
‫ﺺ‬
‫ﺐ َو ُه َﻮ َﻧ ﱡ‬
‫ﺵ َﻬ َ‬
‫ﺐ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْﺬ َه ِ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺝ َﻊ َ‬
‫ن َﺕ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ إﻟﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْﺬ َه ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﺪ َ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ َﻓ ُﺘ َ‬
‫وَا ﱠدﻋَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﺕ َﺰ ﱠو َ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺽَ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﺡﺒِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْه ِﻞ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ َﻟ َﺔ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل ‪َ ,‬أ ْو َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ِه َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻪ إذَا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ ُل ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل ﻓِﻲ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫َو َآﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِل‬
‫ﻋﻮَاهَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻒ ِﺑ َﺪ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬و َی ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻗ ْﻮ َﻟ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ف َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱢﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ج ُوﺝُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺨ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ َل ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل َﻓ َﻴ َﺘ َ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َوآَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫َأ ْه ِﻞ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄ َﻟ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺵ ٍﺪ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َی ْﺄﺕِﻲ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُر ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪ .‬ا هـ َوِإ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا ُﻗﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َﻟﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺖ َوآَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻠ َﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن َﻧ َﻜ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ِﺑ َﺄ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ﻟَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻗﻴَﺎ ِﻡﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻖ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِ‬
‫ف ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﺮُو ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠ َﺬ ْی ِ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ﱠﺘ ٌﺔ َآﻤَﺎ َذ َآ ْﺮﻧَﺎ َأ ﱠوﻟًﺎ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﺬ ُآ ْﺮ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫َأ ْر َﺑ َﻌ ُﺔ َأ ْﻗﺴَﺎ ٍم َﻡ َﻊ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺧ ْﻴﺮًا ‪.‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠﻤِﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُر ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل َأ ْو َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ُﻡ ﱠﺪ ٍة ‪َ ,‬وﺑَﺎﻗِﻲ َآﻠَﺎ ِم ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺝﺰَا ُهﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻇ ِﻢ رﺡﻤﻬﻤﺎ اﷲ َو َ‬
‫ﺵ ٍﺪ َآ َﻜﻠَﺎ ِم اﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺖ َﺕ َﻌﱡﻠﻘَﺎ‬
‫ﺡ َﺒ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻮَى ﺹَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺚ َد ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠﻘَﺎ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻂ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻘ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱡﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﺪ ﻟِﺎ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ف ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ُ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ ﻟَﺎ ِز ِم‬
‫ﺡ ْﻠ ُﻔ ُﻪ َﻟ َﺪ ْی ِﻪ َ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺠ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺪ َﻓ ِﻌ ْﻨ َﺪ ُﻩ َی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﻧﻔَﻰ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫َو َﻡ ْ‬
‫ب‬
‫ﻋﻮَا َهﺎ َآ ِﺬ ْ‬
‫ن َد ْ‬
‫ﺤﻠِﻴ ُﻔ ُﻪ ِﺑ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻧﻜُﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ َﻟﻬَﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻤِﻴ ُ‬
‫َو ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن‬
‫ق ﻡَﺎ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺼﺪَا َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺬ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫َو َﺕ ْﺄ ُ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ن َﺕ ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱡﺪهَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ ا ﱢﺕﻔَﺎﻗًﺎ إ ْ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺴْ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ن َوﻟَﺎ ﺡَﺎ ٌل َ‬
‫ﺹ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺲ َﻟﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ َآﺬَا ِﻟ ْﻠ ُﻤ ْﻨ َﺒ ِﻬ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻋ َﺪ ُم ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻢ‬
‫ﺖ َﺕ َﻮﻗﱠﻰ ﻡَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﺡَﺎﻟًﺎ إذَا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟﺎ َﺕ َﺘ َﻮﻗﱠﻰ َذ ِﻟﻜَﺎ‬
‫ن َﺕ ُﻜ ْ‬
‫َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﺨﺮِیﺠًﺎ َﺑﺪَا ُهﻨَﺎ ِﻟﻜَﺎ‬
‫ﻒ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻓَﺎ ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺚ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺖ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ ِل ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْو ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ ِر ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺪ ْی ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ﻏ ِﺘﺼَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ إذَا ا ﱠد َ‬
‫ت َ‬
‫َﺕ َﻜﱠﻠ َﻢ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺑﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ت ُﻡ َﺘ َﻌﱢﻠ َﻘ ًﺔ ِﺑ ِﻪ ِﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺝَﺎ َء ْ‬
‫ﺖ َﺕ َﻌﱡﻠﻘَﺎ َﻓ ُﻬ َﻮ ُﻡﻘَﺎ ِﺑ ُﻞ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ َﻗ ْﺒ ُﻞ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺡ َﺒ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻮَى ﺹَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺚ َد ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﻦ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺘﺮَاﺧِﻲ َز َﻡﻨًﺎ‬
‫ن َﺕ ُﻜ ْ‬
‫َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ ٌﻞ َأ ْو ﻟَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ُﻡﺮَا ُد ُﻩ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ َﺮ ِﺑﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻂ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻘ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺢ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ت ُﻡ َﺘ َﻌﱢﻠ َﻘ ًﺔ ِﺑﺼَﺎ ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮ ُهﻨَﺎ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ إذَا ﺝَﺎ َء ْ‬
‫َﻓ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ق‪.‬‬
‫ﻃﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ف َﻓﻔِﻴ ِﻪ َﻗ ْﻮﻟَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ﱡﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫َوَأﻡﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َوﻟَﺎ َیﻤِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ ِﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِﻓﻬَﺎ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ن ‪َ :‬ﻡ ْﺬ َه ُ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َه َﺬ ْی ِ‬
‫ق َو َﻡ َ‬
‫ﺼﺪَا ُ‬
‫ﺐ َﻟﻬَﺎ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫ﺖ َو َو َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻠ َﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن َﻧ َﻜ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﺕ ْﻜﺬِی ِﺒﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ﻒ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ َو َی ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ ﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ف ا ﱢﺕﻔَﺎﻗًﺎ ‪َ ,‬هﺬَا‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓ ُﺘ َ‬
‫ﻦ َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل ‪َ ,‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﺡ ْ‬
‫ﺼﻴَﺎ َﻧ ِﺔ َو ُ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة َﻡ ْﻌﺮُو َﻓ ًﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻦإ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ َﻟ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺚ ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬وِإ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأﺵَﺎ َر ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺸ ﱡﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺢ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل َﻡ َﻊ اﻟ ﱠﺘ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﺹَﺎ ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻮَى َ‬
‫ُآﻠﱡ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺪ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َﺕ َﻌﱡﻠﻘَﺎ‬
‫ﺡ َﺒ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻮَى ﺹَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺚ َد ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫‪102‬‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة إ ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ُی ْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ ُل ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل َﻓ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ت ُﻡ َﺘ َﻌﱢﻠ َﻘ ًﺔ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻨ َﺒ ِﻬ ِﻢ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻡ ُﺮ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻜ ِﻢ ﻡَﺎ إذَا ﺝَﺎ َء ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺔ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َأﺵَﺎ َر ِﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺨ ْﻤ َ‬
‫ت ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺑﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓﻔِﻲ‬
‫ﻦ َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ق َأﺵَﺎ َر ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ :‬آﺬَا َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ ِﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِﻓ ِﻪ ا ﱢﺕﻔَﺎﻗًﺎ ‪َ ,‬وِإﻟَﻰ اﻟِﺎ ﱢﺕﻔَﺎ ِ‬
‫ف َﻓﻠَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﺼﻴَﺎ َﻧ ِﺔ وَا ْﻟ َﻌﻔَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺖ َﻡ ْﻌﺮُو َﻓ ًﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱢ‬
‫آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َأﺵَﺎ َر ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪:‬‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬وِإﻟَﻰ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺨ ﱠﺮﺝَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن ُﻡ َ‬
‫ف َﻗ ْﻮﻟَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ﱢﺪهَﺎ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ َﺪ ُم ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ َآﺬَا ِﻟ ْﻠ ُﻤ ْﻨ َﺒ ِﻬ ِﻢ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ َﺘ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ف‪,‬‬
‫ﺡ ﱢﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ ِﻟﻠ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﻜﻠَﺎ ُم إ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ ُه َﻮ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ ِل ﻟَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﺢ َأ ْو ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ت ُﻡ َﺘ َﻌﱢﻠ َﻘ ًﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟﺼﱠﺎ ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺺ ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ إذَا ﺝَﺎ َء ْ‬
‫ﺨ َ‬
‫َو َﻗ ْﺪ َﺕ َﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْو َ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ا ْﻧ َﻘ َﻠ َﺒ ْ‬
‫ن َﻧ َﻜ َﻞ َ‬
‫ق َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا ٌ‬
‫ﺊ َوﻟَﺎ َی ْﻠ َﺰ ُﻡ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﻃَ‬
‫ﻦ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ َو ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻌ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻤِﻴ ُ‬
‫ف َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱢﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ط َ‬
‫ﺱﻘُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َهﺬَا َﻧ ﱠﺒ َﻪ ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺹﺪَا ُﻗﻬَﺎ ‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ﻒ َو َی ْﻠ َﺰ ُﻡ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻠ ُ‬
‫َﻓ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺠ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ َل ﺡَﺎ ٍل َﻓ َﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺤﻠِﻴ ُﻔ ُﻪ َو َﻡ ْﻊ ُﻧﻜُﻮ ٍل َی ْﻨ َﻘ ِﻠ ْ‬
‫َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫َﻓ َﻤ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻟَﺎ َﺕ َﺘ َﻮﻗﱠﻰ َذ ِﻟﻜَﺎ‬
‫ن َﺕ ُﻜ ْ‬
‫َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﺨﺮِیﺠًﺎ َﺑﺪَا ُهﻨَﺎ ِﻟﻜَﺎ‬
‫ﻒ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻓَﺎ ْﻟ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺴ ِﻢ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ﱠو ِل َو ُه َﻮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ت َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ ﻡَﺎ َﻧﺼﱡ ُﻪ ‪َ :‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ح ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺑﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ت إ ْﺙ َﺮ ﻡَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َل ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻘ ﱢﺪﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺴﻬَﺎ َﻓ َﻬﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ﻓِﻲ َﻓﻀِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺸ ﱢﺒ َﺜ ًﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﻗ ْﺪ ﺑَﺎ َﻟ َﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ُﻡ َﺘ َﻌﱢﻠ َﻘ ًﺔ ِﺑ ِﻪ ُﻡ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬و َﺕ ْﺄ ِﺕ َ‬
‫ﻖ ِﺑ ِﻪ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺢ ﻟَﺎ َیﻠِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻞ ﺹَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َر ُ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫َﺕ ﱠﺪ ِ‬
‫ف َأ ْم ﻟَﺎ ؟ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﻒ ‪َ :‬ه ْﻞ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺘ ِﻠ َ‬
‫ﺴﻬَﺎ ‪ ,‬وَا ْ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ﻓِﻲ َﻓﻀِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ ٌﻞ ِﻟﻤَﺎ ﺑَﺎ َﻟ َﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ َﺮ ِﺑﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻂ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻘ ُ‬
‫ُی ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟﻬَﺎ‬
‫ف َوﻟَﺎ َیﻤِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ﻟَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﺽَ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﺡﺒِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺡﻜَﻰ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ف ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ إﻟَﻰ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫َﻓ َﺬ َه َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن َﻧ َﻜ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﻋﻮَاهَﺎ َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺐ َد ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠﻰ َﺕ ْﻜﺬِی ِ‬
‫ﻒ َ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ َﻟ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِل ِﺑ َﺄ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ﻟَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱡ َﻟ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِل ِﺑ َﺄ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻦ ﻟَﺎ ُﺕﺒَﺎﻟِﻲ ِﺑ َﻔﻀِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻡ ﱠﻤ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺴﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُﺕﺒَﺎﻟِﻲ ِﺑ َﻔﻀِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻡ ﱠﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا َﻗﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َهﺬَا إذَا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺖ وَا ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﻠ َﻔ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺴﻬَﺎ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُﺕﺒَﺎﻟِﻲ ِﺑ َﻔﻀِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻡ ﱠﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺪًا إذَا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱠ َﻟ ُﻪ َﻗ ْﻮﻟًﺎ وَا ِ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ َل ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل َﻟ ْﻢ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ًﺪا ‪َ .‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﺪ َﻟ ُﻪ َﻗ ْﻮﻟًﺎ وَا ِ‬
‫ﺴﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ُﺘ َ‬
‫َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ .‬ا هـ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻗ ْﻮ َﻟ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ف َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱢﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ج إیﺠَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺨ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺴﻬَﺎ َﻓ َﻴ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﻟَﺎ ُﺕﺒَﺎﻟِﻲ ِﺑ َﻔﻀِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻡ ﱠﻤ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫‪َ ,‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺘ ِﻬ ِﺮ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫َوﻓِﻲ ا ﱢدﻋَﺎ ِﺋﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ن ِﻟ ْﻠ ُﻤ ْﻌ َﺘ ِﺒ ِﺮ‬
‫ﻖ ﺡَﺎ َﻟﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ِ‬
‫ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻔ ْ‬
‫ﺚ َو ِﺑ ْﻜ ٌﺮ َﺕ ْﺪﻡَﻰ‬
‫ﺸ ﱡﺒ ٍ‬
‫ﺡَﺎ ُل َﺕ َ‬
‫ﻋﻤﱠﺎ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ َ‬
‫ط ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱﻘُﻮ ُ‬
‫َﻓﺬِي ُ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ ْﺮ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ ٌﻞ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ف وَاﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﻒ ُﻡ ْﻌ َﺘ َﺒ ْﺮ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻠ ٌ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻬ ِﺮ َ‬
‫َوﻓِﻲ ُوﺝُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ُﺒ ْﻪ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺚ ﻗِﻴ َﻞ إ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﻄُﻠ ُﺒ ْﻪ‬
‫ﺢ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺹﱢ‬
‫ﻒ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻠ ٍ‬
‫َﻓ َﺒ ْﻌ َﺪ َ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺠ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ َل ﺡَﺎ ٍل َﻓ َﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺤﻠِﻴ ُﻔ ُﻪ َو َﻡ ْﻊ ُﻧﻜُﻮ ٍل َی ْﻨ َﻘ ِﻠ ْ‬
‫َﺕ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ‬
‫َوﺡَﺎ َﻟ ٌﺔ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َزﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ ِﻞ‬
‫ﺱﻮَى َﻡ ْﻊ َ‬
‫ﻂ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﺪ ﺱَﺎ ِﻗ ٌ‬
‫ﻓَﺎ ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﺸ ْ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﻨ َﻜ ِ‬
‫ق َﺙ ﱠﻢ إ ْ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا َ‬
‫َوﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻠ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ٌء ﻓَﺎ ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺠِ‬
‫ﺴْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْﻡ ِﺮ ِﻩ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﺡ َﻠ َﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ن َأﺑَﻰ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﺝ َﺒ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ق ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْﺜ ِﻞ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ا ْ‬
‫ﺼﺪَا ِ‬
‫َو ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺸ ﱢﺒ َﺜ ًﺔ ِﺑ ِﻪ َأ ْو َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ‬
‫ي َﻡ َﻊ َآ ْﻮ ِﻧﻬَﺎ ُﻡ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻖ ِﺑﺤَﺎ َﻟ َﺘ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ ِر ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ﻏ ِﺘﺼَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْ‬
‫ت ﻡَﺎ إذَا ا ﱠد َ‬
‫َذ َآ َﺮ ﻓِﻲ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺑﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ﱡﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻂ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻘ ُ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑ ْﻜﺮًا َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ت َﺕ ْﺪﻡَﻰ ‪ ,‬إ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ﱢﺒ َﺜ ًﺔ ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو ﺝَﺎ َء ْ‬
‫ت ُﻡ َﺘ َ‬
‫ن ﺝَﺎ َء ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ن َﻓ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻀﻲﱢ َزﻡَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ُﻡ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ ٌﻞ َأ ْو ﻟَﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ َﺮ ِﺑﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ف َﻡﻌًﺎ َ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ ٌﻞ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﻈﻬُﻮ ِر ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻏﻴﱠﺎ ِﺑ ُ‬
‫ف وَاﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ُﺙﻢﱠ َ‬
‫ي ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻤﱠﺎ ‪َ .‬أ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َﻧ ﱠﺒ َﻪ ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ‬
‫ي َﻓﻠَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ َﺮ ‪َ .‬أ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻤ ِﻞ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ق ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ‬
‫ﺼﺪَا َ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ُ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َآ ْﻮ ِﻧﻬَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﻒ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺘ ِﻠ َ‬
‫ق َأ ْم ﻟَﺎ ؟ ُا ْ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا ٌ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬ه ْﻞ َﻟﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺪ ْی ِ‬
‫ط ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱﻘُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ت ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْر َﺑ َﻌ َﺔ‬
‫ﻖ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺑﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِ‬
‫ﺸ َﺘ َﻬ ِﺮ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ َﻟ ِﺔ َﻧ ﱠﺒ َﻪ ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ :‬وﻓِﻲ ا ﱢدﻋَﺎ ِﺋﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺢ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺹﱢ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﺄ َ‬
‫ﻚ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َیﻤِﻴ ِﻨﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪:‬‬
‫ﻲ ِﻗﻴَﺎ ُﻡﻬَﺎ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َزﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻢ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ َﻟ ِﺔ اﻟﺜﱠﺎ ِﻧ َﻴ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬و ِه َ‬
‫ُﺙﻢﱠ َذ َآ َﺮ ُ‬
‫‪103‬‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ‬
‫َوﺡَﺎ َﻟ ٌﺔ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َزﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ق َﻟﻬَﺎ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﺪ َوﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ ٌﻞ َﻓ ُﺘ َ‬
‫ﻈ َﻬ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َوﻟَﺎ ِﻟ ِﺰﻧَﺎهَﺎ ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ﻟَﺎ ِﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِﻓﻬَﺎ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻂ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺪ ﺱَﺎ ِﻗ ٌ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱠﺜﻠَﺎ َﺙ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬وَأ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺑﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋﻮَى‬
‫ﺹﺤﱠ ُﺔ َد ْ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ َﺮ َﻟ ُﻪ ِ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْﻡ ِﺮ ِﻩ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺲ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُ‬
‫ﺠﱠ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ُﻪ َو َی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺴُ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ ا ْﻟ ِﺈﻡَﺎ ُم ﻓِﻲ َأ ْﻡ ِﺮ ِﻩ َﻓ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل َوِإ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ َی ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ن َﻧ َﻜ َﻞ‬
‫ﺊ َو َﺑﺮِي َء ‪َ ,‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ﻃَ‬
‫ﻒ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ َو ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﻠ َ‬
‫ﻲ ٌء َ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْﻡ ِﺮ ِﻩ َ‬
‫ﻈ َﻬ ْﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْ‬
‫ئ ‪َ .‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻮَاهَﺎ َﺑ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ن َد ْ‬
‫ﻄﻠَﺎ ُ‬
‫ق َأ ْو ُﺑ ْ‬
‫ﺼﺪَا ُ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة َﻟ ِﺰ َﻡ ُﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ق ِﻡ ْﺜ ِﻠﻬَﺎ ‪َ .‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺹﺪَا ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺐ َﻟﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫ﺖ َو َو َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻠ َﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺠ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ َل ﺡَﺎ ٍل َﻓ َﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﺴ ِ‬
‫ﺸ َﺘ َﻬ ُﺮ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻖ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِ‬
‫ﺸ َﺘ َﻬ ِﺮ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻔ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻜﻠَﺎ َم ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺼﻠًﺎ ِﺑ ِﻪ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ت ُﻡ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻠﱠ ُﻪ َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ َأ ﱠو ِل َه ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺑﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن َﻡ َ‬
‫ﺖ ( َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم َأ ﱠ‬
‫) ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ َل ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل ‪َ ,‬واَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺲ َﻡ ْ‬
‫َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻖ َوﻟَﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُیﺸَﺎ ُر إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫ن َﺕ ﱠﺪ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻢ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ َو ُه َﻮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َﺄوﱠ ُل ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ت ‪َ ( :‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫) ﻗَﺎ َل ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻘ ﱢﺪﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ ٌﻞ َوﻟَﺎ‬
‫ﻈ َﻬ َﺮ ِﺑ َﻬﺎ َ‬
‫ن َی ْ‬
‫ﺴﻬَﺎ ‪ ,‬إﻟﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱡﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ِﻟ َﻨ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َوﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ف ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱡﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﻲ ُﻡ َﺘ َﻌﱢﻠ َﻘ ًﺔ ِﺑ ِﻪ َﻓ َﻬﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫َﺕ ْﺄ ِﺕ َ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْﻡ ِﺮ ِﻩ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻒ َﻟ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْﻡ ِﺮ ِﻩ ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ﻡَﺎ َی ْﻜ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺲ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُ‬
‫ﺠﱠ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ُﻪ َو َی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺴُ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ ا ْﻟ ِﺈﻡَﺎ ُم ﻓِﻲ َأ ْﻡ ِﺮ ِﻩ َﻓ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ق َﻟﻬَﺎ َو َی ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ق ِﻡ ْﺜ ِﻠﻬَﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺹﺪَا َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺖ َوا ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﻠ َﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن َﻧ َﻜ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﻒ َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻠ َ‬
‫ﺱ ُﺘ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ٌء ُا ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْﻡ ِﺮ ِﻩ َ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ْ‬
‫َی ْﻨ َﻜ ِ‬
‫ﺸ ﱢﺒ َﺜ ًﺔ‬
‫ﻲ ُﻡ َﺘ َﻌﱢﻠ َﻘ ًﺔ ِﺑ ِﻪ ُﻡ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻖ َو َﺕ ْﺄ ِﺕ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُیﺸَﺎ ُر إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫ن َﺕ ﱠﺪ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻢ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ َو ُه َﻮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َوَأﻡﱠﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﻒ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺘ ِﻠ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ ٌﻞ ‪ .‬وَا ْ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ َﺮ ِﺑﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ‪َ ,‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َو َ‬
‫ف ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻂ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻘ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ ُی ْ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑ ْﻜﺮًا َﻓ َﻬﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫َﺕ ْﺪﻡَﻰ إ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﺙﻠَﺎ َﺙ ِﺔ َأ ْﻗﻮَا ٍل ‪:‬‬
‫ق َﻟﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺼﺪَا ِ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ُوﺝُﻮ ِ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺡﺮَى َأ ْ‬
‫ﺼﻬَﺎ َﻓ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﺄ َﻡ ِﺔ ﻡَﺎ َﻧ َﻘ َ‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫ﺐ ; ِﻟ َﺄﻧﱠ ُﻪ إذَا َو َ‬
‫ﺼ ِ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ ِآﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺵ َﻬ َ‬
‫ﻲ ِروَا َی ُﺔ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺐ َو ِه َ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪهَﺎ ‪َ :‬أﻧﱠ ُﻪ َی ِ‬
‫َأ َ‬
‫ق ِﻡ ْﺜ ِﻠﻬَﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺹﺪَا َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ِة َ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻟ ْﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫یُﻮ ِ‬
‫ن‬
‫ف ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬و َﻟ ْﻮ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤﺪُو ِد ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﺬ ِ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ ﻓِﻲ ِآﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ ِروَا َی ُﺔ ﻋِﻴﺴَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻲ ٌء َو ِه َ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﺐ َﻟﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫وَاﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ق ﻓِﻲ َزﻡَﺎ ِﻧ ِﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْز َر ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺵ ﱠﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َأ َ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َء َﻟﻬَﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺮ ًة َوﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺖ ُ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫قإ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َأ َﻡ ًﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼﺪَا ُ‬
‫ﺐ َﻟﻬَﺎ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ إﻧﱠ ُﻪ َی ِ‬
‫ﺽَ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﺝﺸُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺚ َﻗ ْﻮ ُل ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫وَاﻟﺜﱠﺎ ِﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻦ؟‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْو ِﺑ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ َیﻤِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﺐ ِﺑ َﻴﻤِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﺴﻬَﺎ ‪َ :‬ه ْﻞ َی ِ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﻓﻀِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺖ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻮَاهَﺎ َﻡ َﻊ ﻡَﺎ َﺑ َﻠ َﻐ ْ‬
‫ق ِﺑ َﺪ ْ‬
‫ﺼﺪَا ُ‬
‫ﺐ َﻟﻬَﺎ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫ﻒ إذَا َو َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺘ ِﻠ َ‬
‫وَا ْ‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﺽُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ .‬و ُه َﻮ َأ ْو َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬و َذ َه َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺬ إﻟﱠﺎ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ إﻟَﻰ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﺄ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺬ ُﻩ ِﺑ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ َیﻤِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ َﺕ ْﺄ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺵ َﻬ ُ‬
‫َﻓ َﺮوَى َأ ْ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﺧ َﺬ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َوَأ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻠ َﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن َﻧ َﻜ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﻒ ُه َﻮ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻠ َ‬
‫ﺱ ُﺘ ْ‬
‫ق وَا ْ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا ٌ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ َل ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل َﻟ ْﻢ َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ ‪َ .‬وِإ ْ‬
‫َواَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ َهﺬَا‬
‫ﻒ ﻓِﻲ ِذ ْآ ِﺮ ِﻩ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺦ ُه َﻮ اﱠﻟﺬِي َﺕ ِﺒ َﻊ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﺆﱢﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠﻬُﻮ َل ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل إ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ن ﺵَﺎ َء اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ ‪ .‬ا هـ َو َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ ‪َ :‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ﺹﺪَا َﻗﻬَﺎ إ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ ِﻟ َﻢ َﻓ َﻌ َﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻢ َواَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﻘ ْ‬
‫‪Husband’s inability to sexually satisfy his wife‬‬
‫‪1. Her husband is not satisfying her sexual desire‬‬
‫‪Question:‬‬
‫‪I know that I am supposed to go to him when he calls me to his room, even if I'm not in the‬‬
‫‪appropriate mood. I also know that lying is a despicable thing, but pleasing my husband is‬‬
‫?‪utmost on my mind. So is it wrong of me to fake having a sexual climax with my husband‬‬
‫‪This is a terrible problem for me, because I don't want to lie, but it embarrasses my husband if‬‬
‫‪he cannot fulfil my pleasure. This pretending is hard to stop, and also extremely embarrassing‬‬
‫‪for me to admit to my husband. Please help me, and also remember me in your du'ahs.‬‬
‫‪Answer:‬‬
‫‪Praise be to Allaah.‬‬
‫‪We ask Allaah to reward you with good for your patience and for fulfilling your husband’s‬‬
‫‪desires in obedience to the command of your Lord.‬‬
104
The solution to the problem you mention is through frankly speak to your husband about the
matter. This will not mean embarrassing your husband7 or accusing him of being
inconsiderate.
This problem often stems from the fact that the husband is not aware that there is a problem
at all,8 not from the fact that he is inconsiderate. The husband may go ahead and have
intercourse and not pay attention to some things that he should be doing, one of which is
fulfilling his wife’s needs. Perhaps you could benefit by reading some books on the topic
which explain the basis of the relationship and intimacy between a man and a woman such as
Tuhfat al-‘Aroos by Mahmood Mahdi Istanbuli.9
The point is that there is nothing wrong with speaking to your husband about this matter, and
suggesting that he read about it. Speaking frankly is preferable to suffering in this manner,
and the problem can be solved easily.
This does not excuse the woman from sharing some of the responsibility. She also has things
that she must do, such as adorning herself for her husband, being loving towards him and
encouraging him to be intimate with her.10
We ask Allaah to set the Muslims’ affairs straight.
And Allaah knows best.
Islam Q&A
2. Wife sexually dissatisfied with husband
The question is regarding a wife's dissatisfaction with her husband, sexually. She has
tried to speak to him, to no avail. In all other respects he is a kind human being, but her
frustration is growing. What can she do about this problem, she doesn't want to leave
him, but she is scared of falling into fitnah.
Answer:
7
Ahmed Fazel: Speaking to him on the matter would not imply that you intend to embarrass him but it
is a fact that a male would generally be embarrassed by his inability or sexual weakness. Thus, the wife
needs to comfort him in this regard so that he no more feels embarrassed, and begins to work on
resolving the matter.
8
Ahmed Fazel: Depending on the social environment of your upbringing, the male maybe ignorant of
some matters or the fact that pre-mature ejaculation is a sexual problem that requires to be addressed.
Most men in non-Muslim states would not be ignorant of this matter. Some feign ignorance in order to
avoid acceptance of their sexual inability or their sexual problem.
9
Ahmed Fazel: I do not know if an English translation is available. However, old texts written through
limited experience of the sexual world should not be the only basis of advise. Make use of
contemporary medical and other expertise in this regard as well.
10
Ahmed Fazel: Even if the wife is negatively reacting in some or all of these areas it does not mean
that a male’s inability is due to her sexual conduct and behaviour. It is true that her conduct can
seriously impair the male’s willingness to cohabit or destroy his sexual drive at a given moment or
period.
105
In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate. May His abundant blessing
and most perfect of peace be on His Beloved Prophet, the best of creation, and his
family, companions and followers.
It is the wife’s religious right that the husband take the reasonable means to fulfil her
sexual desires. [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar, Kitab al-Nikah]
She should sit and discuss this with her husband in suitable ways, and explain the
situation, making clear that this is her right and his responsibility. When not possible
through actual intercourse, the husband could do this through other means, such as
bringing her to satisfaction using his hands.
Honest discussion on the basis of love and affection could reveal issues each party has
that can be resolved in reasonable mutually-acceptable ways. Argument rarely works.
And Allah alone gives success.
Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, SunniPath Academy Teacher Faraz Rabbani
Notes by Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
The general issues in this regard either relate to the male’s inability to sustain an
erection for a period, long enough to allow his spouse to achieve orgasm.
Often, the males health or physical energy is also not good enough to allow him to
satisfactorily satisfy his wife’s full or repeated desire for sexual gratification within a
short period.
The truth of the matter is that just as males seek to ejaculate and achieve sexual
satisfaction, females likewise seek the pleasure of actual sex and desire the ecstacy of
feeling a male organ within their vagina. This right should not be ignored or rejected.
Neither must this this real need be relegated to the domain of masturbation since the
psychological perceptions and sensation of the two are absolutely diverse especially
in the case when the act is done with high levels of love and emotional relations.
When a woman is saying she is scared to fall into fitnah, she is expressing that she has
a need for a man to grant her sexual satisfaction and enjoyment. The issue of sexual
enjoyment is diverse from sexual satisfaction or her ability to be gratified by her
husband’s sexual performance. This is highlighted by the fact that Muslim females,
like their non-Muslim counter parts in the contemporary world, also read sexual
literature, watch porn and other movies with sexual scenes and would perhaps freely
discuss sexual matters with friends (even if this be classified as impermissible in
particular cases). By the term fitnah she also expresses that her husband’s inability,
and her resultant sexual frustration is driving her towards regularly towards
contemplating on having sex with another person in order to taste the joy of sex to a
realistic level or to a level at which she fanticizes. This is real serious because it leads
to disrespect towards the husband, and he is regarded as impotent or a sex failure. The
implications may not only be a divorce but may lead the female to seek sexual
comfort from numerous persons until she finds an individual who she deems to grant
her such satisfaction.
106
3. Wife seeking a divorce due to sexual weakness of husband
Fatwa No. :
Fatwa Title :
Fatwa Date :
89145
Wife wants divorce claiming he is sexually weak
22 Thul-Qi'dah 1425 / 03-01-2005
Question
I got married last month to a woman who is 46 years-old. She is my next wife, and I
have divorced the first one. A week after getting married, she asked for divorce. She
mentions that I am weak in sex. I said, I didn't know that I'm that weak but if I am I
will visit doctor or so or take some kind of pills. She refused and demanded her
alimony and so on, and began threatening not to let me leave the country till she gets
her divorce. She is now in the Persian Gulf.
Honestly, I didn't cheat her and I love her. She loves me I'm sure. What should I do?
I'm here is the States now and I signed a paper at one of lawyers for divorce and to
pay her the alimony. What if I don't want to divorce, should she give me time to
visit a doctor or so?
Fatwa
All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none
worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad
Messenger.
is His slave and
If the harm that is mentioned is the inability of sexual intercourse (being sexually
impotent) and there is no erection, then she can ask for divorce. But you have the
right to keep her for one year as ruled by 'Umar
. She has no right to ask for
divorce unless she did not know the harm before the marriage contract, or that she
knew that after the marriage contract but did not express herself in a way that shows
that she agrees with the situation. However, if the harm is not because of being
sexually impotent then she has no right to ask for divorce. We advise her to be
patient, beautify herself and be kind to you, and we advise you to seek treatment if
you have any weakness in having sexual intercourse with her. If your wife insists on
asking for divorce and marital life between yourselves has worsened, then it is more
appropriate to divorce her, and it is permissible for you not to divorce her until she
pays a compensational amount of money to you.
Finally, we draw your attention to the following matters:
Firstly, if you have uttered or written the wording of divorce to her, then she is
divorced regardless whether or not the lawyer has completed the procedures of
divorce.
Secondly, marriage and divorce are very complicated issues, and there are often
arguments and disagreements about them, so it is more appropriate to refer to an
Islamic court of justice.
Thirdly, it is not permissible for a Muslim to reside in a non-Muslim country if he is
not able to perform his religious rites. If you are from a Muslim country, you are
obliged to return to it unless there is a necessity or a dire need for staying in the nonMuslim country.
Fourthly, which is the most important of these matters, is that one should be careful
about the seriousness of men chatting with women through the internet as this
includes many prohibitions. It is most likely that the people who meet through the
internet and then marry, their marriage will fail as it is not established on religious
principles.
107
Allaah knows best.
Fatwa answered
The Fatwa Centre at Islamweb
by:
4. Premature Ejaculation and marriage
Fatwa No. :
Fatwa Title :
Fatwa Date :
85342
Premature Ejaculation and marriage
17 Shawwaal 1423 / 22-12-2002
Question
Does premature ejaculation prevent me from getting married?
Fatwa
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and may His blessings and peace be
upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
Premature ejaculation does not constitute a hindrance from marriage. But it
could have some effect on the wife's enjoyment and gusto of sex. In this case,
the man might ejaculate before the woman has reached her orgasm.
The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said: "If one of you has sex with his
wife and gets his orgasm before her, he should not hasten her." [Abd al
Razzaaq].
Any man who suffers from premature ejaculation could see a doctor and get any
appropriate lawful treatment for this. One may also people himself with
anything while having sex as this might help him stay longer to make his wife
get satisfaction.
Allah knows best.
Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Centre at Islamweb
5. Sex with husband not satisfying
Fatwa No. :
Fatwa Title :
Fatwa Date :
85977
Sex with husband not satisfying
24 Rabee' Al-Aakhir 1424 / 25-06-2003
Question
I have been married for two years now. I am 17 years old and my husband
is 26. The amount of sex he gives me is not enough. I always have the
desire. Just a while ago, I used to masturbate allot. I had an orgasm 2-3 a
day while he was at work. I always felt guilty and repented. Now I have
stopped, Al-Hamdu Lillah! But he still does not give me enough sex. I am
tempted to masturbate again. I tried fasting but that makes me have more
desires. When we do have sex, it is either too slow so that he doesn't
ejaculate too fast or we have it fast and he ejaculates fast. It is very difficult
for me because I got married at such a young age to keep chaste. Please
help. I don't know who else to ask. I am embarrassed.
Fatwa
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and may His blessings and peace
be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
One of the most important rights of the wife is to satisfy her sexual desire.
This right is more emphasized than her right for expenditure. The obligatory
sexual intercourse should be sufficient to meet the wife's sexual desire
108
without harming himself. This differs from one man to the other and from
one woman to the other. The husband should know that when he has
intercourse with his wife with the intention of preserving her chastity Allah
rewards him for that. We would like to urge this young wife to stop
practicing masturbation as it is a form of the transgressions mentioned in
the following verse: {But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the
transgressors;}[23: 7]. Moreover, she should disclose to her husband what
she feels. But more importantly, we advise her to spend her free time in
that which would profit her in this life and the Hereafter. In fact, if one does
not occupy himself in that which is good, his time is stolen by bad thought,
and sinful acts. Now, if the wife is alone at home and her husband is at
work, she should use that free time in learning the Qur'an and the good
useful books as well as performing good and lawful leisure activities. Allah
knows best.
Fatwa answered
The Fatwa Center at Islamweb
by:
Ramadhan and fasting issues
1. He had intercourse with his wife without ejaculating during the day in Ramadaan,
because he was unaware that this is haraam, and he did not have a bath afterwards
Question:
I got married nine years ago. During the first year of marriage I used to engage in foreplay
with my wife during the day in Ramadaan and I used to have intercourse without ejaculating. I
was unaware that that is haraam, because I thought that if I did not ejaculate, it did not break
the fast.
After the first year, I did not do that again. That was so that I could avoid doubtful things.
Since I got married until now, I have repeated what I did during the first year of engaging in
foreplay with my wife, but that was during the night in Ramadaan and during the night and
day at other times of the year, when I had intercourse without ejaculating, and I did not do
ghusl because I thought that if I did not ejaculate, I did not need to do ghusl.
I hope that you will answer, noting that what happened was the result of ignorance on my
part, and that you will tell me what my wife and I should do.
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
This question includes two issues:
1 – Intercourse on the part of one who is fasting
2 – Rulings on one who has intercourse but does not do ghusl
Firstly:
109
If a person who is fasting has intercourse with his wife during the day in Ramadaan, one of
the following two scenarios must apply:
The first scenario: he thinks that having intercourse without ejaculating is not haraam during
the day in Ramadaan, so he has intercourse and he is ignorant or unaware of the ruling.
The second scenario: he knows that having intercourse (during the day in Ramadaan) is
haraam but he does not know what the punishment is.
With regard to the first scenario, Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him)
said:
The most correct view is the view of those who say that whoever does one of the things that
break the fast or one of the things that are forbidden during ihraam or one of the things that
invalidate the prayer and is unaware of it, then there is no sin on him, because Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
“Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error” [al-Baqarah 2:286]
and Allaah has said: “I have done that.”
So if this man who had intercourse with his wife during the day in Ramadaan was unaware of
the ruling, and he thought that the kind of intercourse that is haraam is the kind in which
ejaculation occurs, then he does not have to do anything.
But in the second scenario, if he knew that intercourse (during the day in Ramadaan) is
haraam, but he did not know that there is expiation (kafaarah) for that, then he has to offer the
expiation, because there is a difference between ignorance of the ruling and ignorance of the
punishment. Ignorance of the punishment is no excuse, but ignorance of the ruling is an
excuse.
Hence the scholars said: If a person drinks an intoxicant thinking that it will not cause
intoxication, or thinking that it is not haraam, then there is no sin on him. But if he knows that
it will cause intoxication and that it is haraam, but he does not know that he is to be punished
for that, then he should be punished and he is not excused from that. Based on this, we say
to the questioner that so long as you did not know that intercourse without ejaculation was
haraam, there is no sin on you or on your wife, if she was also ignorant of the ruling as you
were.
Secondly:
The effect of this action on fasting and prayer.
With regard to fasting, janaabah (being in a state of impurity following sexual activity) does
not have any effect on it, because the fasting of a person who is in a state of janaabah is
valid. But not doing ghusl in order to pray poses a problem, because prayer is not valid
without doing ghusl because the person remains in a state of janaabah. Most of the scholars
are of the view that this person must make up all the prayers for which he did not do ghusl,
but is it known that this man will have had intercourse and ejaculated, and then done ghusl.
But he may not know how often he did that. So we say to him that he should try to work it out
and do his best to make up the prayers, to be on the safe side. But if you did not know
anything about this and it did not cross your mind that simply having intercourse without
ejaculating would mean that ghusl was essential, then we hope that you do not have to do
anything, i.e., that you do not have to make up the prayers. But you do have to repent and
seek forgiveness for your negligence in not asking about the matter.
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Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, al-Liqa’ al-Shahri
See also the answer to question no. 9446
Islam Q&A
Note by Ahmed Fazel: I need to study the views of other Ulama on the above fatwa.
2. Masturbating when fasting
Question:
I happened to had masturbated while I was fasting during ramadhan. Then I read in one of
Islamic question/answer column in a newspaper that the act of masturbation invalidate the
fasting but no "kaffarah" is required i.e. freeing a slave or fasting for 60 days. Is this true?
The other question is that at that time I did not know that kaffarah is not required so I ate (I
though my fasting is invalid so I ate). does this will make me do the kaffarah or not.
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
No doubt masturbation is haraam according to most of the scholars, as Shaykh al-Islam Ibn
Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said. If this happened in Ramadaan, this is worse,
and if there was ejaculation of sperm because of the masturbation, the violation of the sanctity
of the fast is even more severe in sin. From the time the maniy (semen) is ejaculated, the fast
is broken, but the person should still fast for the rest of that day. It is not permissible for him to
stop fasting, because of the sanctity of the month. You have to repent for breaking your fast
by deliberately ejaculating, and you also have to repent for not keeping the fast for the rest of
the day and for violating the sanctity of the fast by doing something else that broke the fast,
namely eating food. You also have to fast one day to make up for breaking your fast. Increase
the number of good deeds (hasanaat) you do and observe naafil (supererogatory) fasts, for
good deeds (hasanaat) cancel out bad deeds (sayi’aat). And Allaah is Forgiving and Merciful.
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
3. Ruling on the fast of one who thinks about sex then ejaculates
Question:
If a man was sitting and thinking (about sex), then he went to sleep and ejaculated, whilst he
was fasting during the day in Ramadaan, does that invalidate his fast, and does he have to
make it up?
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Whoever thinks about sex and ejaculates, or has a wet dream and ejaculates, that does not
invalidate his fast, but he has to do ghusl from janaabah, because when Umm Sulaym asked
him, “Does a woman have to do ghusl if she has a wet dream?” the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Yes, if she sees water.”
The same ruling applies to men, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: “Water is for water.”
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With regard to his fast, it is valid, because a wet dream is not something that happens by
choice. Similarly, thinking is something which is forgiven by Allaah, because the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah has forgiven my ummah for wrong
thoughts that cross their minds, so long as they do not speak of them or act upon them.”
This is all kindness from Allaah.
Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz, vol. 1, p. 243.
Nocturnal emissions/ Wet dreams
1. The difference between erotic dreams and looking at women
Question:
Erotic dreams increase desire, so what is the difference between erotic dreams and looking at
non-mahram women via the TV?
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Comparing these two things is intrinsically false, and whatever is built on a false basis is also
false, and this is due to a number of things:
Firstly:
The word ihtilaam (translated here as erotic dream) refers to what a person sees in his sleep,
which includes a man seeing images of intercourse and imagining the sexual act in his sleep.
This is something natural which all men and women see. There is nothing wrong with it and
there is no sin on a person because of that.
It was narrated in the hadeeth of Umm Sulaym that she asked the Prophet of Allaah (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about a woman who sees in her dream what a man
sees. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If a
woman sees that she should do ghusl.” (Narrated by Muslim, al-Hayd, 469)
Secondly:
Erotic dreams are beyond a person’s control and he has no power to prevent them. Rather is
a means of the body ridding itself of excess material that may harm it if it remains in the body.
Hence sometimes a person may see something in his sleep, and sometimes he may not see
anything but still experience nocturnal emissions. Hence it is not haraam. Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning): “Allaah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets
reward for that (good) which he has earned” [al-Baqarah 2:286]
With regard to masturbation, it is haraam because it happens by a person’s intention and will.
See the answer to question 329.
The same applies to looking at women, because this happens by a person’s choice and
intention, and he does it deliberately. Hence it is not allowed.
Because a person is unable to prevent a sudden glance, he will not be brought to account for
that, rather the sin is in following it with another glance. It says in the hadeeth: “O ‘Ali, do not
follow one glance with another, for you are allowed the first but not the second.” (Narrated by
al-Tirmidhi, al-Adab, 2701; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, no. 2229).
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What is meant by “you are allowed the first” is if that does not happen intentionally, and “but
not the second” means because it is done by your own choice, so it is a sin on you.
Thirdly:
Allaah has commanded the believers to lower their gaze. Allaah says (interpretation of the
meaning):
“Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their
private parts (from illegal sexual acts)” [al-Noor 24:30]
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also commanded
likewise. It was narrated that Jareer said: “I asked the Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) about a sudden look. He said, ‘Avert your gaze.’” (Narrated
by Abu Dawood, al-Nikaah, 1836; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood,
no. 1880. Hence it is obligatory to obey the command of Allaah and His Messenger. Allaah
says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And let those who oppose the Messenger’s (Muhammad’s) commandment (i.e. his Sunnah
legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah
(disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered by a tyrant) should befall them
or a painful torment be inflicted on them” [al-Noor 24:63]
What people should know and believe is that Allaah does not burden people with things that
are too difficult for them or impose hardship upon them. He does not enjoin any impossible
commands. This includes lowering the gaze, for it is within a person’s reach to obey this
command.
But because the way to Paradise is lined with difficult things and the way to Hell is lined with
whims and desires, Allaah has made this a test and a trial for His slaves. So whoever obeys
the command of Allaah and keeps away from that which Allaah has forbidden, the
consequences will be good for him and he will have a good Hereafter. And the converse also
applies (i.e., one who goes against Allaah’s commands will have bad consequences).
Fourthly:
Allaah has commanded us to lower our gaze and has forbidden us to look at women because
of the great evil and mischief that result from that. For looking is the harbinger of zina
(unlawful sexual relationships) – Allaah forbid. Hence it says in the hadeeth that Allaah has
decreed for the son of Adam his share of zina, which will inevitably catch up with him, and the
zina of the eyes is looking, the zina of the tongue is speaking; the heart wishes and hopes
and the private parts confirm that or deny it.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, al-Qadar, 6122). So if
a person lowers his gaze and refrains from looking at that which Allaah has forbidden, how
could he be motivated to commit immoral actions? What the Muslim must do is to keep away
from everything that may lead to immorality, whether that is looking at women, or thinking
thoughts that provoke and increase desire. Whoever does those things will only make more
worry and distress for himself, to no avail.
As the poet said:
“If you let your gaze wander, this will cause you a lot of heartache.
You will see things that you will desire but you are unable to acquire them, yet you are unable
to bear that with patience.”
“How many looks have been fatal to the heart of the one who looked,
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as fatal as an arrow, but with no bow and no string.”
And it was said that being patient in lowering one's gaze is easier than trying to put up with
the pain that comes afterwards.
We ask Allaah to guide us all. And Allaah knows best. May Allaah bless our Prophet
Muhammad.
Islam Q&A
Note by Ahmed Fazel: I fully agree with the above
Sex with your wife after menses ends but before she makes a ghusl
1. How to repent from having intercourse with one’s wife after her period has ended
and before she has done ghusl
Question:
I went through all the Questions and Answers relating to Masturbation and Having Intercourse
after the Periods but without her Ghusl. I just wanted the clarification for the above in the
sense, Is there any Repentance like Dua or anything to overcome the Sin he or she has
committed?
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Having intercourse with a menstruating woman in her vagina is haraam, because Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
“They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: that is an Adha (a harmful thing for a husband
to have a sexual intercourse with his wife while she is having her menses), therefore, keep
away from women during menses” [al-Baqarah 2:222]
Whoever does that has to seek the forgiveness of Allaah and repent to Him, and he has to
give a dinar or half a dinar in charity as expiation for what he has done. Ahmad and the
authors of al-Sunan narrated with a jayyid isnaad from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased
with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever has
intercourse with his wife when she is menstruating should give a dinar or half a dinar in
charity.” Whichever you give is sufficient.
It is not permissible to have intercourse with one's wife after she has become pure, i.e., after
the bleeding has stopped, and before she has done ghusl, because Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
“and go not unto them till they are purified (from menses and have taken a bath)”
[al-Baqarah 2:222]
Allaah has not given permission for a man to have intercourse with a menstruating woman
until her bleeding stops and she purifies herself, i.e., does ghusl. Whoever has intercourse
with his wife before she has done ghusl has committed a sin and has to offer expiation
(kafaarah).
See Fataawa al-‘Ulama’ fi ‘Ushrat al-Nisa’, p. 51
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Fatwa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah
With regard to the way to rid oneself of sins that a man and woman have committed, please
see Question No. 14289, 329.
You have to repent to Allaah for going against the prohibition mentioned in this aayah and for
not paying heed to the words (interpretation of the meaning):
“And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allaah has ordained for
you” [al-Baqarah 2:222]
That is done by regretting what has happened and resolving not to do it again, and by doing a
lot of good deeds, for good deeds wipe out bad deeds. And Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most
Merciful.
Islam Q&A
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
Note by Ahmed Fazel: I need to study the views of other Ulama on the above fatwa.
Resisting sexual desires and temptations
1. How do we resist sexual desires
Question:
I am a young married girl of twenty-one, my desires rule over me and leave me restless,
confused, frustrated and resentful, tell me how to get rid of evil desires in Islam ?
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Sexual desire is something that has been created in man and it cannot be got rid of. Getting
rid of it is not something that is required of the Muslim; rather what is required of him is to
refrain from using it in haraam ways, and to use it in the ways that Allaah has permitted.
The problem of desire in a young woman may be solved by taking two steps.
The first step is to reduce and weaken the things that may provoke desire in a person. This
may be achieved in a number of ways, including the following:
1 – Lowering the gaze and refraining from looking at that which Allaah has forbidden. Allaah
says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and
protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts)” [al-Noor 24:31]
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do not follow one glance with
another, for the first is allowed but not the second.” There are many sources of haraam
looking, such as looking directly at young men and thinking about their attractive looks, or
looking at pictures in magazines and movies.
2 – Avoiding reading stories and novels which focus on the sexual aspect, and avoiding
reading internet websites which deal with such topics.
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3 – Keeping away from bad company.
4 – Avoiding thinking about desire as much as possible. Thinking in and of itself is not
haraam, but if one thinks about it for too long, that may lead a person to haraam actions.
5 – Spending one's time in useful pursuits, because spare time may lead one to fall into
haraam things.
6 – Avoiding as much as possible going to public places where young men and women mix.
7 – If a girl is tested with studying in a mixed environment, and cannot find any alternative,
she has to remain modest, serious and dignified, and should avoid sitting with young men and
speaking to them as much as possible. She should restrict her relationships to friendships
with righteous female classmates.
The second step is:
To strengthen the factors that will prevent one acting in accordance with one’s desires. This is
achieved in a number of ways, including the following:
1 – Strengthening the faith in one’s heart and strengthening one’s relationship with Allaah.
This may be achieved by remembering Allaah a great deal, reading Qur’aan, thinking of the
names and attributes of Allaah, and doing a lot of naafil prayers. Belief strengthens the heart
and soul, and it helps one to resist temptation.
2 – Fasting, as taught by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when he
said: “O young men, whoever among you can afford to, let him get married, for it is more
effective in lowering the gaze and in guarding one’s chastity. Whoever cannot afford it, then
let him fast, for it will be a shield for him.” This is addressed to young men, but it also includes
young women.
3 – Strengthening one’s resolve and willpower, for this will make a young woman able to
resist and control her desires.
4 – Remembering what Allaah has prepared for righteous young women. Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
“Verily, the Muslims (those who submit to Allaah in Islam) men and women, the believers men
and women (who believe in Islamic Monotheism), the men and the women who are obedient
(to Allaah), the men and women who are truthful (in their speech and deeds), the men and the
women who are patient (in performing all the duties which Allaah has ordered and in
abstaining from all that Allaah has forbidden), the men and the women who are humble
(before their Lord Allaah), the men and the women who give Sadaqaat (i.e. Zakaah and
alms), the men and the women who observe Sawm (fast) (the obligatory fasting during the
month of Ramadaan, and the optional Nawafil fasting), the men and the women who guard
their chastity (from illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allaah
much with their hearts and tongues. Allaah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great
reward (i.e. Paradise)” [al-Ahzaab 33:35]
5 – Thinking about the lives of righteous women who guarded their chastity, such as Maryam,
whom Allaah praises in the Qur’aan (interpretation of the meaning):
“And Maryam (Mary), the daughter of ‘Imraan who guarded her chastity. And We breathed
into (the sleeve of her shirt or her garment) through Our Rooh [i.e. Jibreel (Gabriel)], and she
testified to the truth of the Words of her Lord [i.e. believed in the Words of Allaah: “Be!” and
he was; that is ‘Eesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary) as a Messenger of Allaah], and (also
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believed in) His Scriptures, and she was of the Qaanitoon (i.e. obedient to Allaah)”
[al-Tahreem 66:12]
And thinking about the immoral, fallen women, and comparing between the two types, for
there is a huge difference between them.
6 – Choosing righteous companions and spending time with them, so that they can help one
another to obey and worship Allaah.
7 – Comparing the effects of immediate fulfillment of desire when a girl responds to haraam,
which is followed by loss of pleasure and all that is left is regret and sorrow, with patience and
striving against one’s whims and desires, and realizing that the pleasure of conquering one’s
whim and desires is far greater than the pleasures of enjoying haraam things.
8 – Seeking help by calling upon Allaah and asking Him for help. The Qur’aan tells us the
lesson to be learned from the story of Yoosuf (peace be upon him):
“He said: ‘O my Lord! Prison is dearer to me than that to which they invite me. Unless You
turn away their plot from me, I will feel inclined towards them and be one (of those who
commit sin and deserve blame or those who do deeds) of the ignorant’
So his Lord answered his invocation and turned away from him their plot. Verily, He is the
All-Hearer, the All-Knower” [Yoosuf 12:33 – interpretation of the meaning]
Shaykh Muhammad al-Duwaysh
2. Looking at pictures of women led him to commit the “secret vice”
Question:
What is the ruling on looking at pictures of promiscuous women and then doing the “secret
vice” (masturbation) for fear of falling into zina (fornication) or homosexuality? May Allaah
reward you with good.
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
With regard to the ruling on looking at naked pictures, please see question # 8861.
With regard to your committing the “secret vice”, your looking at something haraam led you to
commit another haraam action. Perhaps it may lead you in the future to commit one of the
major sins – Allaah forbid – such as fornication or homosexuality.
Doing the “secret vice” is haraam. It is important that you see question no. 329.
What you have to do is to repent to Allaah from the sins that you have committed, and keep
away from every haraam thing that may provoke desire. You will not find any better means
than fearing Allaah, then protecting yourself by means of marriage. If you cannot get married,
then you have to fast, for it will be a shield for you. This is the advice of the Prophet SAWS
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to young men. Try not to be unoccupied as far
as you can, and seek the help of Allaah. And Allaah knows best. May Allaah bless our
Prophet Muhammad.
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Al-Akhlaaq (characteristics) – al-Akhlaaq al-Madhmoomah (Blameworthy characteristics) .
Islam Q&A
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
3. Fantasizing about one’s wife
My wife has had to go abroad and has been there now for about four months.
Although we miss each other tremendously and talk on the phone every day I often
find myself imagining and fantasizing about my wife which leads me to a state of
arousal. Is this allowed or should I try to stop thinking about my wife when my
thoughts take this path, also, is this healthy?
Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful & Compassionate
It would not be permitted to arouse yourself in a matter that would lead you to do the
impermissible.
Faraz.
Please also see the following links in answer to your question:
Thinking of Other Women in a Sexual Way... Turning to Allah, Repentance, Seeking
Sufficiency in the Halal, and Thanking Allah for His Blessings
The Ruling on Masturbation: Prohibitively Disliked
What is Sincere Repentance
Sunni Path Fiqh Team
Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, SunniPath Academy Teacher
Contact with the non-Mahram
1. Man writing romantic letters to his former wife
Question:
Is it halaal or haraam for a person to write or call former spouse in romantic way after that
person is remarried and also is it appropriate to keep former spouse's cards and pictures in
the bedroom where newly married couple resides?
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Firstly:
After a woman has been divorced and her ‘iddah is finished, she becomes a “stranger” (i.e.,
non-mahram) to her former husband, so it is not permissible for him to correspond with her or
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talk to her or shake hands with her or be alone with her. Such actions on his part or on hers
pave the way for immorality, let alone being haraam in and of themselves.
1 – Shaykh Muhammad Saalih ibn ‘Uthaymeen said:
It is not permissible for any person to correspond with a woman who is not his mahram,
because of the fitnah (temptation) involved in that. The person who is sending these letters
may think that there is no fitnah involved, but the Shaytaan will keep at him until he tempts the
man by means of the woman and vice versa.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded those who hear the
Dajjaal to keep away from him, and he said that a man may come to him as a believer, but
the Dajjaal will keep at him until he tempts him and leads him astray.
There is a great deal of temptation and danger in correspondence between young men and
young women, so they must keep away from it, even though the questioner may say that
there is no love involved.
Fataawa al-Mar’ah al-Muslimah, 2/578
2 – Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah al-Jibreen said, when he was asked about corresponding with a nonmahram woman:
This action is not permissible, because it will provoke desire between them and will make
them want to meet one another. This kind of correspondence often causes fitnah (temptation)
and plants the seeds of zina in the heart, which leads to evil actions. So we advise those who
are seeking that which is in their own best interests and who wish to protect themselves to
avoid writing to or speaking with non-mahrams, etc., so as to protect their religious
commitment and their honour, and Allaah is the Source of help.
Fataawa al-Mar’ah al-Muslimah, 2/578, 579
Secondly:
It is not permissible for a husband or a wife to keep pictures of one another after the ‘iddah
following talaaq has ended, because they have become strangers (i.e. non-mahrams) to one
another and Allaah has forbidden them to look at one another. Allaah says (interpretation of
the meaning):
“Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their
private parts (from illegal sexual acts). That is purer for them. Verily, Allaah is All-Aware of
what they do.
And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things),
and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts)” [al-Noor 24:30-31]
Moreover, for the husband to keep pictures of his former wife in the bedroom of his new wife
is contrary to good treatment of the new wife, and it will generate jealousy and hatred towards
the first wife, and rancour and hatred towards her husband.
Hence it is not permissible for the husband to keep pictures of his former wife or to
correspond with her.
If the divorce is not the third and final talaaq, in which the husband is not permitted to take
back his wife until after she has been married to another husband, and if the husband thinks
that the reasons for the divorce no longer apply and that they can adhere to the limits set by
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Allaah and that each of them will be able to treat the other properly, then in such a case he
can take her back with a new marriage contract so that she will be his wife again, especially if
he has children from her whom he fears may be adversely affected by their parents’
separation.
Marriage to another woman does not mean that he cannot re-marry the divorced wife if he
thinks that he is able to take care of both.
And Allaah knows best.
Islam Q&A
Where must you have sex
1. Is it permissible for him to have intercourse with his wife in the bathroom?
Question:
What is the ruling on a man having intercourse with his wife in the bathroom? Some people
take a bath with their wives and may become aroused. What is the answer?
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
My brother, may Allaah help you to do that which is good and make you satisfied with that
which He has permitted you so that you will have no need of that which He has forbidden.
What you have mentioned in your question may be answered by noting the following :
1 – The modern kinds of washrooms in modern houses such as those in your country differ
greatly from the places used in the past for relieving oneself, which were places where dirt,
filth and impurities collected. Modern washrooms are not like that, rather they can be kept
clean and there is no impurity in them. Therefore they are not like the places that people used
for relieving themselves in the past, and there are obvious differences between them. On this
basis there is no real reason why one should not fulfil one's sexual desire in such places
when necessary, in the manner that you mentioned.
2 – A man’s fulfilling his sexual desire with his wife may often happen as the result of
stimulation, by looking or touching etc. Hence fulfilling his desire when it is provoked in such
situations is a means of keeping himself chaste and lowering his gaze [from looking at other
women]. This is what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught us to
do, according to the hadeeth narrated by Muslim (1403) from Jaabir, who says that the
Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) saw a woman and he
came to his wife Zaynab, whilst she was tanning a skin and preparing it for dyeing, and he
fulfilled his need. Then he went out to his companions and said: “Woman comes and goes in
the shape of a devil [i.e., she causes temptation], so if any one of you sees a woman, let him
go and have intercourse with his wife, for that will take away what he feels in his heart.” This
was also narrated by Ahmad, 19403; Ibn Maajah, 1853. Ibn Hibbaan narrated in his Saheeh,
4171, that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Abi Awfa said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said: ‘No woman fulfils all her duties towards Allaah until she fulfils all her
duties towards her husband. If he asks her [for his conjugal rights] even when she is on the
back of a camel, she should respond to him.’”
3 – At the same time, the Muslim should not forget, when his desire is provoked, to bear in
mind the intention of keeping chaste and of enjoying that which is good and permissible. Then
doing that will be an act of charity and righteousness on his part, as the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “In the intimacy of any one of you there is charity.”
They said, “O Messenger of Allaah, if any one of us fulfils his desire will there be reward for
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him in that?” He said, “Do you not see that if he does it in a haraam way, that will be a sin on
him? So if he does it in a halaal way, he will be rewarded for that.” (Narrated by Muslim, 1006,
from the hadeeth of Abu Dharr). A man should also recite the du’aa’ that was narrated from
the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) for this situation. The Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When any one of you wants to have
intercourse with his wife, let him say: ‘Bismillaah, Allaahumma jannibna al-Shaytaana wa
jannib al-Shaytaana ma razaqtana (In the name of Allaah, O Allaah, keep the Shaytaan away
from us and from that with which You may bless us)’, then if it is decreed that they should
have a child from that, the Shaytaan will never be able to harm him.” (Narrated by alBukhaari, 6388; Muslim, 1434, from the hadeeth of ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Abbaas).
May Allaah grant you strength and bless you.
Dr. ‘Abd al-Wahhaab ibn Naasir al-Turaydi.
2. Can we put any Islamic wall piece like some surah's in our bedroom?
It is not advisable to put frames with verses of the Qur’aan in one’s bedroom.
and Allah Ta'ala Knows Best
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Curbing sexual desires
Homoeopathy remedies for Nymphomania
Homoeopathy remedies from “Homoeopathy – the Complete Handbook Dr.
K.P.S.Dhama & Dr. (Mrs) Suman Dhama
UBS publishers India – 2000 reprint
1. Coition creates more desire for sex; worse during menstruation
Tarentula h.200 or 1M weekly (3)
2. Worse before and during menses; unable to control herself
Veratrum-alb.30
4 hourly
3. Worse before menses and during pregnancy; easily influenced for coition
Phosphorus 200
4. In young girls; forced to masturbate due to excessive desire for sex
Origanum 30
4 hourly
5. During menses or after suppression of menses; excessive sexual urge.
Platina 200 or 1M weekly (3)
6. Clitoris erects after masturbation with excessive desire; worse before menses
Calc-phos. 12x or 30 4 hourly
7. Swelling and irritation of vulva with excessive desire; sexual mania
Cantharis 30 or above 4 hourly
121
8. When there is intolerance of the weight of the clothing around waist; loquacious and
jealous women; especially at the time of change of life (menopause)
Lachesis 200 or 1M weekly (3)
9. Excessive desire with ailments of uterus; prolapsus and pulsation in neck of uterus
Lilium tig.30 or 200 4 hourly (3)
10. Excessive sexual excitement with enlarged and indurated uterus; least touch causes
violent sexual excitement
Murex 200 or 1 M 4 hourly (3)
11. Nymphomania; libidinous thoughts and lascivious dreams; sexual passion
Salix nig.Q or 30 4 hourly
12. Insatiable excitement with great violence; fear of dark
Stramonium 200 or 1M 4 hourly (3)
Biochemic remedy Calcarea phos. 200 X
4 hourly
Other Matters
1. Discussing sex
The following hadith indicates that, in case of need, a female can indirectly state
that her husband had intercourse with her.
Having sex the night before entering into ihram
Sahih Muslim Book 7, Number 2698:
Muhammad b. al-Muntashir reported on the authority of his father: I asked 'Abdullah
b. 'Umar (Allah be pleased with them) about a person who applied perfume and then
(on the following) morning entered upon the state of lhram. There upon he said: I do
not like to enter upon the state of Ihram shaking off the perfume. Rubbing of tar (upon
my body) is dearer to me than doing this (i. e. the applying of perfume), I went to
'A'isha (Allah be pleased with her) and told her that Ibn 'Umar stated:" I do not like to
enter upon the state of Ihram shaking off the perfume. Rubbing of tar (upon my body)
is dearer to me than doing it (the applying of perfume)." Thereupon 'A'isha said: I
applied perfume to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) at the time of his
entering upon the state of Ihram. He then went round his wives and then put on Ihram
in the morning.
Ahmed Fazel
2. Is it permissible for husband and wife to discuss sexual issues and, perhaps, use
various figurative words for the private organs or clearly use the nouns specified for
the sexual organs.
122
Permissible but you should abstain from foul language. Also, this discussion should not
lead to disclosing to each other the private sexual lives of others. Nor should such
information be sought from others unless necessary.
Ahmed Fazel
3. Can you read erotic and sexual literature?
You may read sexual literature that is void of photographic pornography ensuring that such
reading is for the purpose of sexual knowledge, and that any material within such literature
which violates the Shariah is not practised. Sometimes, some good literature is available but
may include nude photography. Such pages must be cut-off if possible or folded or covered
with something so that it does not lead any of the spouses to enjoy or admire the nude figures
of other persons.
Even though erotica (sexual literate in the form of sexual episodes or imaginary sexual
experience and conduct) may be void of illustrations or nude photographs, the reading thereof
is not for educational purposes. The primary function of such literature is to drive the mental
thoughts into the realm of sexual fantasies, incite the desire for intimacy and sex and to
provide some level of reading pleasure that hightens the want for sexual gratification or incites
the sexuality to a level of arousal that leads to masturbation or seeking sex. It would thus not
be permissible. Nor would you be allowed to sell or buy such literature. Reading such material
is addictive and could lead towards seeking haraam forms of pleasure with others or in
regular masturbation.
4. Parents preventing their married children from consummation
Fatwa No. :
Fatwa Title :
Fatwa Date :
81945
Wishes to have sex with wife but mother prevents it
/ 01-06-1999
Question
I got married to my cousin just a month ago. The nikaah was done, but
culturally I have to have a separate ceremony to bring home my wife and
complete the marriage. I wish to have sex with my wife but my mother wants
to prevent this. Can anyone, including my mother, stop her son and his wife
from having sex? Is this permissible for my mother? My wife is presently in
Pakistan. I want her to come to England next month. My mother is also n
Pakistan, but refuses to agree with me. My mother wants to come alone first,
then go back after a few of months and then bring my wife to England. But I
want my wife to come as soon as possible and do not accept my mother’s idea.
Does Islam allow my mother to control my marriage life? I fear that she will
intervene in me and my wife's relationship whenever she wants to. I love both
my mother and my wife, but cannot give up my haqq (right).
Fatwa
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and blessings and peace be upon our
Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
May Allah bless for you, and bless upon you, and bring the two of you together
in good.
We advise you to solve your problem wisely and carefully. Be calm and
confident so that you can get rid of this dilemma without any negative effects.
No one has the right to prevent a husband from enjoying his wife, if the
marriage was done in the legal way. But you should try to convince your mother
123
by explaining to her your dire need to be with your wife, so that your life will be
settled and you may guard yourself from evils. Inform her that these things are
recommended in Shari'ah. Address her in terms of honour and ask her
compassion with polite speech. Indeed a mother is always sympathetic and kind
hearted.
Allah knows best.
Fatwa answered by:
The Fatwa Centre at Islamweb
Assisting others to engage in illicit sexual activities
1. Lending your vehicle to another for the purpose of Haraam sexual activities
Question
My friend indulges in wrong activities. He once asked for a car for the same wrong
doing, the other friend knew that what he will be going to do but still gave the car.
This friend does oral sex .The person who owns the car felt ashamed, and had since
never allowed his car for such a purpose again. Will he be equally responsible and
how can he now give redemption for that sin.
Answer
In regard to his fear that he will have partial sin for knowingly borrowed a vehicle in
which someone was to engage in sex or Haraam, he might have a sin equal to the
nature of the sin committed or the sin to be committed. There is no compensation
prescribed for assisting in the perpetration of this form of Haraam. Thus, there is
nothing that he can do but to regularly and always ask Allah for sincere forgiveness,
and to ensure that he never ever repeats the same.
(Ahmed Fazel: I do not know who had answered the above but it is correct)
Taharah (Purification) issues
1. Can a junub sleep or eat without having to make wuðū² or ghusl?
The adīth indicating that a junub does not have to bath or make wuðū² before
sleeping.
³Ā²ishah R.A. says: Rasūlullāh S.A.W. used to go to sleep in the state of being junub
(in major impurity) without having used any water (for any form of purification).11
11
The work “ Mukhta ar An-Nāsikh wal Mansūkh fī adīth i Rasūlillāh by Dr. ³Izz-ud-dīn usain
Ash-Shaikh, p11, 1993 First Print, Beirut, Dār-ul-kutub-il-²imīyah states (that this adīth was)
“Narrated by Abu Daud, Tirmidhi and Ahmed. Baihaqi has classified it as 6a ī . ²Ibn azm said
“The adīth of ²Abū ²Ishāq is thābit (established) and 6a ī . Ahmed Shakir also classified it as
authentic in his annotations on the Sunan Tirmidhi (1- 203,206). Refer to Al-Muntaqā by ²Ibn
Taimīyah (1-133) adīth no. 367.”
‫‪124‬‬
‫‪This adīth indicates that a junub does not have to bath or make wuðū² before‬‬
‫‪sleeping immaterial whether this be during the day or at night since there is no details‬‬
‫‪limiting the sleep to be only at night.‬‬
‫‪Two adīths indicating that a junub does have make wuðū² before eating or‬‬
‫‪sleeping.‬‬
‫‪1. ³Ā²ishah R.A. says: Whenever Rasulullah S.A.W. was a junub, and intended to eat‬‬
‫‪or sleep, he used to make wuðū² in the same way he made his wuðū² for alāh.12‬‬
‫اﻟﺘﻠﺨﻴﺺ اﻟﺤﺒﻴﺮ‬
‫أﺡﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﻡﺤﻤﺪ اﻟﻜﻨﺎﻧﻲ )اﻟﻌﺴﻘﻼﻧﻲ( اﻟﺸﺎﻓﻌﻲ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻄﻬﺎرة ‪ -‬ﺑﺎب اﻟﻐﺴﻞ‬
‫ن‬
‫ن َرﺱُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ‪َ } :‬أ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد َأ ْیﻀًﺎ َ‬
‫ﺚ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻨ ِ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ُ‬
‫َوَأﻡﱠﺎ ﻡَﺎ َروَا ُﻩ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺢ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ دَاوُد ‪ُ :‬ه َﻮ َو ْه ٌﻢ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل َیﺰِی ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﺲ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ ‪ :‬إﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺲ ﻡَﺎ ًء { َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َأ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َی َﻤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨ ٌ‬
‫َیﻨَﺎ ُم َو ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫ب‬
‫ﻋﱠﻠ َﻠﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ِآﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺪًا ‪ِ ,‬ﻟَﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺬ َﻓﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺲ ﻡَﺎ ًء " َو َآ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ن َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ :‬و َﻟ ْﻢ َی َﻤ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﻄٌﺄ ‪َ ,‬وَأ ْ‬
‫ﺚ دُو َ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ٌﻢ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ج ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺧَ‬
‫ن ‪ُ :‬ه َﻮ َ‬
‫هَﺎرُو ُ‬
‫ﻒ َأﺑَﺎ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺙ َﺮ ِم ‪َ :‬ﻟ ْﻮ َﻟ ْﻢ ُیﺨَﺎ ِﻟ ْ‬
‫ﺚ ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻲ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ُ‬
‫ن ُی ْﺮوَى َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺢ ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﺹَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻤﻴِﻴ ِﺰ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل ُﻡ َﻬﻨﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺮ َو ُة َوَأﺑُﻮ‬
‫ﻚ َروَى ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد ‪َ ,‬و َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْ‬
‫ﻒ َو َﻗ ْﺪ وَا َﻓ َﻘ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ ُﻩ َﻟ َﻜﻔَﻰ ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻜ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ق ﻓِﻲ َهﺬَا ; إﻟﱠﺎ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ ُﻢ َو ْ‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ِإ ْ‬
‫ق ‪َ .‬آﺬَا ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ ,‬و َﺕﺴَﺎ َه َﻞ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﻄٌﺄ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺧَ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪﺙُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻤ َﻊ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡ َﻔ ﱢﻮ ٍز ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ َﻤ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ‪,‬‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد ﻓِﻲ ِر َوا َی ِﺔ ُز َه ْﻴ ٍﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺱﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ق َﻗ ْﺪ َﺑ ﱠﻴ َ‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َأﺑَﺎ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ َﻬ ِﻘ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤَ‬
‫ﺹﱠ‬
‫ع ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫َﻧ ْﻘ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺸ ِﺒ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِﻌ َﻠ ِﻞ ‪ُ :‬ی ْ‬
‫ﻄ ِﻨ ﱡ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﺪﱠا َر ُﻗ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻮﻟِﻴ ِﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻔﻘِﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡﻜَﺎ ُﻩ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِآ ُﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺞ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺮ ْی ٍ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺝ َﻤ َﻊ َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
‫ق ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﻂ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻏ َﻠ ٌ‬
‫ن َهﺬَا َ‬
‫ن َأ ﱠ‬
‫ي ‪َ :‬ی َﺮ ْو َ‬
‫ﺾ َأ ْه ِﻞ ا ْﻟ ِﻌ ْﻠ ِﻢ ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل اﻟ ﱢﺘ ْﺮ ِﻡ ِﺬ ﱡ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺹﺤِﻴ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺨ َﺒﺮَا ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻴ ِﻪ ‪ِ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ ‪َ ,‬و ُی َﺆیﱢ ُﺪ ُﻩ ِروَا َی ُﺔ َ‬
‫ﺲ ﻡَﺎ ًء ِﻟ ْﻠ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا َد ﻟَﺎ َی َﻤ ﱡ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ َﻤ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺘ ِﻪ َﻓ ُﻴ ْ‬
‫ﺹﱠ‬
‫َﺕ ْﻘﺪِی ِﺮ ِ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ‬
‫ﺲ ﻡَﺎ ًء { َأ ْو آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺢ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َی َﻤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺒ َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ ُی ْ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة َ‬
‫ﺽُﺄ ُوﺽُﻮ َء ُﻩ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِﻞ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َی َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ِﻨ ُ‬
‫ن ُی ْ‬
‫ﻆ ‪ } :‬آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ ِﺑ َﻠ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻚ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴ ٌﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺚ ‪َ ,‬و ُی َﺆیﱢ ُﺪ ُﻩ ﻡَﺎ َروَا ُﻩ ُه َ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ِ‬
‫ف ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺘﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻗ َﺘ ْﻴ َﺒ َﺔ ﻓِﻲ ا ْ‬
‫ﺝ َﻤ َﻊ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺠﻮَا ِز ‪َ ,‬و ِﺑ َﻬﺬَا َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻟ َﺒﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻡ َﺮ ْی ِ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِﻬﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺹﺤِﻴ َ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺡﺒﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﺰ ْی َﻤ َﺔ وَا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ َروَا ُﻩ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ق‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋﻄَﺎ ٍء ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ِﻡ ْﺜ ُﻞ ِروَا َی ِﺔ َأﺑِﻲ ِإ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺹُﻠ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ن ﺵَﺎ َء { َوَأ ْ‬
‫ﺽُﺄ إ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ؟ ﻗَﺎ َل َﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ َو َی َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨ ٌ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪﻧَﺎ َو ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َأ َیﻨَﺎ ُم َأ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄ َل اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ‪َ :‬أﻧﱠ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫} ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪ ُآ ْﻢ َأ ْه َﻠ ُﻪ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َﺑﺪَا َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َأ َ‬
‫ﺚ ‪ } :‬إذَا ُأ ِﺕ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﻴ ْﺄﺕِﻲ ‪َ - ( 10 ) - 188 .‬‬
‫ن ﺵَﺎ َء " ‪َ ,‬آﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪ :‬إ ْ‬
‫ﻦ دُو َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ َ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺡﺒﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﺰ ْی َﻤ َﺔ وَا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ وَا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ي ‪َ ,‬و َروَا ُﻩ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺨ ْﺪ ِر ﱢ‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ٍﺪ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺚ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ٌﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺽ ْﺄ َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ُوﺽُﻮءًا { ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ُیﻌَﺎ ِو َد ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة { ‪.‬‬
‫ﺽ ْﺄ ُوﺽُﻮ َء ُﻩ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ } :‬ﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ َﺰ ْی َﻤ َﺔ وَا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ َﻬ ِﻘ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻂ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻌ ْﻮ ِد { ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻲ ِروَا َی ِﺔ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺸُ‬
‫وَا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِآ ُﻢ ‪َ ) ,‬وزَادُوا ( ‪َ } :‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
‫ﻒ َ‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ٍﺪ ‪َ ,‬و َو َﻗ َ‬
‫ﺚ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ ِد َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ إ ْ‬
‫ﻒ َ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ :‬ﻟ َﻌﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻢ َی ِﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻡ ْﺜُﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ َﻬ ِﻘ ﱡ‬
‫ﻲ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ َی ْﺜ ُﺒ ُ‬
‫ن اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠ‬
‫َوﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺲ اﻟﺜﱠﺎ ِﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺚ َأ َﻧ ٍ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ :‬و ُی َﺆیﱢ ُﺪ َهﺬَا َ‬
‫ﺽﻌِﻴ َﻔ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ َد ْی ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ‪ِ ,‬ﺑ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ وَا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺚ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ ِد َ‬
‫إ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ‬
‫ﺽ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ َروَى َأ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ٍﻞ وَا ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ِﻧﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ ِﺑ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ف َ‬
‫ن َیﻄُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ } :‬أﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ َ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ { َو ُیﻌَﺎ ِر ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ِ‬
‫ت َﻟ ْﻴ َﻠ ٍﺔ ‪َ ,‬ی ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ِﻧﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ ذَا َ‬
‫ف َ‬
‫ﺚ َأﺑِﻲ رَا ِﻓ ٍﻊ ‪َ } :‬أﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻃَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ِ ,‬ﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻨ ِ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺹَ‬
‫َوَأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َأﺑُﻮ‬
‫ﻃ َﻌ َ‬
‫ﺚ َ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ُ‬
‫ﺐ { َو َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻃ َﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺡﺪًا ؟ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬هﺬَا َأ ْزآَﻰ َوَأ ْ‬
‫ﺴﻠًﺎ وَا ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﺠ َﻌُﻠ ُﻪ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ َﻓﻘِﻴ َﻞ ‪ :‬یَﺎ َرﺱُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َأﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫َو ِ‬
‫ﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ ِﻠ َﻔ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻲ َو ْﻗ َﺘ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻓ َﻌ َﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻡ َﺮ ْی ِ‬
‫ﺤﻤُﻮ ٌل َ‬
‫ي ‪ُ :‬ه َﻮ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺢ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل اﻟ ﱠﻨ َﻮ ِو ﱡ‬
‫ﺹﱡ‬
‫ﺲ َأ َ‬
‫ﺚ َأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ُ‬
‫دَاوُد ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬‬
‫‪6a ī Muslim. Kitāb-ul-Ghusl, Bābu – wuŸū² -il- junub ²idhā ²arād-an-nawm. adīth No. 132. Also‬‬
‫‪Bukhari Hadith 287 - Narrated ³Abdullah: ³Umar asked the Prophet "Can anyone of us sleep while he‬‬
‫"‪is junub?" He replied, "Yes, if he performs ablution.‬‬
‫‪12‬‬
125
2. In another adīth, it is narrated from ³Umar R.A. that he asked Rasūlullāh S.A.W.:
Can any one of us sleep when he is a junub. He replied: Yes, if he has made wuðū².13
Analysis
The first adīth indicates the practical action of Rasūlullāh S.A.W. in this regard
without him expressing any explicit command in this regard. The next adīth clearly
expresses a positive response that although it is permissible to sleep in the state of
impurity, this is only allowed if you have made wuðū².
If the second two narrations which express the essentiality of making wuðū² before
sleeping is literally viewed, then it expresses an obligation.
³Ā²ishah R.A. has narrated two conflicting narrations in this regard. The narration that
expresses that Rasulullah S.A.W. used to make wuðū² in the same way he made his
wuðū² for alāh whenever he was a junub is more authentic than the other according
to Imam Tirmidhi who has narrated both these narrations, it is therefore preferable to
act upon it instead of the other.
What is somewhat perplexing is why did , ³Ā²ishah R.A. not provide details on
whether making the ablution was the last act of Nabi S.A.W. in this regard so that we
could have been assured of the abrogation of the earlier narration where Nabi S.A.W.
did not make wudhu when he intended to sleep in the state of janabah.
However, ³Ā²ishah R.A. also narrates a few other ahadith where she says:
Whenever Rasulullah S.A.W. intended to sleep while he was a junub, , he used to
wash his private parts and make wuðū² in the same way he made his wuðū² for alāh.
(Bukhari Hadith 286). This hadith strengthens the argument of Imam Tirmidhi as well
as further adds the essentiality of washing the private parts.
Narrated Abu Salama : I asked 'Aisha "Did the Prophet use to sleep while he was
junub?" She replied, "Yes, but he used to perform ablution (before going to bed).
Bukhari Hadith 284
In another hadith, Umar ibn al-Khattab narrates that Nabi S.A.W also instructed him
to wash his penis together with making wudhu:
Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Dinar that Abdullah ibn Umar
related that Umar ibn al-Khattab mentioned to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah
bless him and grant him peace, that he would sometimes become junub in the night.
The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, "Do
wudu and wash your penis, and then sleep." Malik :: Book 2 : Hadith 2.20.78
13
Narrated by Tirmidhī who has classified it as 6a ī . He then said that the adīth narrated through
³Umar R.A. is the best narration in this regard and is most 6a ī . Refer to Tufat-ul-²a wadhī, the
commentary of Tirmidhī (1- 382) No. 120.
126
Other ahadith indicating the practice of companions which show that they did
not make a complete wuðū² like that which is done before alāh
Malik Hadith 2.20.80
Yahya related to me from Malik from Nāfi that Abdullah ibn Umar, if he wished to
sleep or eat while being junub, would wash his face, and his arms to the elbows, and
wipe his head. Then he would eat or sleep.
Malik :: Book 2 : Hadith 2.20.78
Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Dinar that Abdullah ibn Umar
related that Umar ibn al-Khattab mentioned to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah
bless him and grant him peace, that he would sometimes become junub in the night.
The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, "Do
wudu and wash your penis, and then sleep."
Both the above ahadith are authentic. We do not have chronological details to specify
which hadith was narrated before the other. Thus, the first implies an act of Abdullah
ibn Umar which would not have been done if there was no allowance for it. However,
it is possible that this was a personal choice. If we have definite details that he acted
as he did based on details in the second hadith, then he must have interpreted wudu to
refer to washing some limbs without the essentiality of doing a complete ablution as
done for salaah. However, after studying the narration of ³Ā²ishah R.A., we are
assured that doing wudu refers to the format of wudu for salaah.
In the above hadith, the junub also has to wash his penis. Thus, a female junub has to
also was her farj (vagina), and has to likewise make wudhu before sleeping.
If the second hadith, was narrated by Abdullah bin Umar at a later stage, he must have
stopped practicing upon his initial format of only washing his face and arms, and
making masah of his head, and then not washing his feet.
However, based on the following hadith, it is possible that Ibn Umar R.A. initially
thought that it is sufficient to wash his face, hands to the elbows and make masah
without thereafter washing the feet. However, the following hadith quoted by Ibn
Abbas does not assuredly indicate that Nabi S.A.W. washed his face and hands only
after having become junub, since Nabi SAW did this after passing urine subsequent to
leaving his bed.
‫ أﺡﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﻡﺤﻤﺪ اﻟﻜﻨﺎﻧﻲ )اﻟﻌﺴﻘﻼﻧﻲ( اﻟﺸﺎﻓﻌﻲ‬- ‫اﻟﺘﻠﺨﻴﺺ اﻟﺤﺒﻴﺮ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻄﻬﺎرة – ﺑﺎب اﻟﻐﺴﻞ‬
‫ َو ُی َﺆیﱢ ُﺪ ُﻩ‬, ‫ﺐ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﺄ ْآ ِﻞ َأ ْو اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ ِم‬
ٌ ‫ﺝ ُﻨ‬
ُ ‫ﺽ َﺄ َو ُه َﻮ‬
‫ﺝ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ إذَا َﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
ْ ‫ﺴ ُﻞ ِر‬
ِ ‫ن ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻐ‬
َ ‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ آَﺎ‬
ُ ‫ﻦ‬
ِ ‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ , ‫ﻃ ِﺄ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻮ ﱠ‬
ٌ ‫َو َروَى ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ ِﺑ ﱡ‬: ‫س‬
ٍ ‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ‬
َ ‫ﻦ‬
ِ ‫ﺚ } ا ْﺑ‬
ِ ‫ﺡﺪِی‬
َ ‫ﻦ‬
ْ ‫ن ِﻡ‬
َ ‫ﺡﺒﱠﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﻦ‬
ِ ‫ث { َوﻟِﺎ ْﺑ‬
ْ ‫ﺤ ِﺪ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ َﻟ ْﻢ ُی‬
ْ ‫ ﻗَﺎ َل } َهﺬَا ُوﺽُﻮ ُء َﻡ‬: ‫ﺚ‬
ُ ‫ﺡ ْﻴ‬
َ ‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ دَاوُد‬
ِ ‫ﺱ َﻨ‬
ُ ‫ﻲ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱟ‬
َ ‫ﺚ‬
ُ ‫ﺡﺪِی‬
َ
{ ‫ ُﺙﻢﱠ ﻧَﺎ َم‬, ‫ﺝ َﻬ ُﻪ َو َآ ﱠﻔ ُﻪ‬
ْ ‫ﺴ َﻞ َو‬
َ ‫ﻏ‬
َ ‫ ُﺙﻢﱠ‬, ‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻗَﺎ َم َﻓﺒَﺎ َل‬
‫ َﻓ َﺮَأیْﺖ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱠ‬, ‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َﻡ ْﻴﻤُﻮ َﻧ َﺔ‬
ِ
Answer
‫‪127‬‬
‫‪Based on the fact that since Imam Tirmidhi has classified the narration of ³Umar R.A.‬‬
‫‪as most authentic in this regard, it is essential for a junub to make wuðū² before‬‬
‫‪sleeping, and based on the other narration, a junub must also make wuðū² before‬‬
‫‪eating.‬‬
‫‪Based on the more authentic narrations of Imam Bukahri, it is essential for a junub to‬‬
‫‪make wuðū² before sleeping.‬‬
‫‪The Malikiyah view it as Mustahabb for a junub to make full wudhu, as done for‬‬
‫‪salaah, before sleeping‬‬
‫أﺑﻮ اﻟﻌﺒﺎس أﺡﻤﺪ اﻟﺼﺎوي اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻜﻲ‬
‫اﻟﺸﺮح اﻟﺼﻐﻴﺮ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ب ِﻟ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ ‪َ .‬ﻟ ِﻜ ﱠ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة ‪َ .‬آﻤَﺎ ُی ْﻨ َﺪ ُ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ ُوﺽُﻮءًا آَﺎ ِﻡﻠًﺎ َآ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ِء اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ‪ - -‬إذَا َأرَا َد اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ َم َﻟ ْﻴﻠًﺎ َأ ْو َﻧﻬَﺎرًا َأ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ِ‬
‫ب ِﻟ ْﻠ ُ‬
‫ي ُی ْﻨ َﺪ ُ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ﺾ ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم‬
‫ﻀ ُﻪ ُآﻞﱡ ﻧَﺎ ِﻗ ٍ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َی ْﻨ ُﻘ ُ‬
‫ف ُوﺽُﻮ ِء َ‬
‫ﺨﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ع ‪ِ ,‬ﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻄُﻠ ُﻪ إﻟﱠﺎ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻟَﺎ ُی ْﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ِ‬
‫ُوﺽُﻮ َء ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺡﺎﺵﻴﺔ اﻟﺼﺎوي ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺸﺮح اﻟﺼﻐﻴﺮ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺔ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻦ إزَا َﻟ ِﺔ اﻟ ﱠﻨﺠَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮهَﺎ ِﻟﻤَﺎ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺖ اﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ﺝَﺎ َﻡ َﻌﻬَﺎ َأ ْو َ‬
‫ع ‪ ,‬آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻪ إذَا َأرَا َد ا ْﻟﻌُﻮ َد ِﻟ ْﻠ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﺐ َأ ْیﻀًﺎ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ِ‬
‫ب ِﻟ ْﻠ ُ‬
‫‪ُ :‬ی ْﻨ َﺪ ُ‬
‫ب ِﻟ ْﻠُﺄ ْﻧﺜَﻰ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮهَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ُی ْﻨ َﺪ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺔ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ; ِﻟ َﺌﻠﱠﺎ ُی ْﺆ ِذ َیﻬَﺎ ِﺑ َﻨﺠَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ َﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫ﺧﺮَى َو َ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻮﻃُﻮ َء ُة ُأ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻀ ِﻮ ‪َ .‬وﻗِﻴ َﻞ إ ْ‬
‫َو َﺕ ْﻘ ِﻮ َی ِﺔ ا ْﻟ ُﻌ ْ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ َﺮ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻪ ‪َ :‬و َﻟ َﻌ ﱠﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻤُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺵ َﻴ ِﺔ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺨﻨَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺤﱠﻠﻬَﺎ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل َ‬
‫ﺠ َﻠ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬و َر ﱠد ُﻩ ) ﻋﺐ ( ِﺑ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ُی ْﺮﺧِﻲ َﻡ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻓ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َآﻤَﺎ َذ َآ َﺮ ُﻩ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ِﻔ ِﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ع َو َﺕ َﻨ ﱡ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺧﺼُﻮﺹًﺎ ِﺑ َﻔ ْﻮ ِر ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺠ َﻠ َﺔ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻓ ْ‬
‫َآﻠَﺎ ُم ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫اﻟﺘﺎج واﻹآﻠﻴﻞ ﻟﻤﺨﺜﺼﺮ ﺧﻠﻴﻞ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻄﻬﺎرة – ﺑﺎب ﻓﻲ اﻟﻐﺴﻞ‬
‫ﻓﺼﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻡﻮﺝﺒﺎت اﻟﻐﺴﻞ‬
‫ﺐ‪:‬‬
‫ﺡﺒِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ع ( َروَى ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻞ إﻟﱠﺎ ِﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ) ﻟَﺎ َﺕ َﻴ ﱡﻤ ٍﻢ َو َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﺒ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱞ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻟ َﻨ ْﻮ ِﻡ ِﻪ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﺮ َﻓ َﺔ ‪ُ :‬وﺽُﻮ ُء ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫) َو ُوﺽُﻮ ِﺋ ِﻪ ِﻟ َﻨ ْﻮ ٍم ( ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ع‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ث َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺪ ٍ‬
‫ﺾ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ن ﻟَﺎ َی َﺘ َﻴ ﱠﻤ َﻢ َوﻟَﺎ َی ْﻨ َﺘ ِﻘ َ‬
‫ن َﻓ َﻘ َﺪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ َء َأ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ :‬ﻓ َﻌ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ إ ْ‬
‫ﺨ ِﻤ ﱢ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ِﻪ اﻟﱠﻠ ْ‬
‫ﻂ ِﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺸَ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻟ َﻴ ْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ِ‬
‫ُوﺽُﻮ َء ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫اﻟﺘﺎج واﻹآﻠﻴﻞ ﻟﻤﺨﺜﺼﺮ ﺧﻠﻴﻞ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻄﻬﺎرة – ﺑﺎب ﻓﻲ اﻟﺘﻴﻤﻢ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻟ َﻨ ْﻮ ٍم ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻨﻮِي ِﺑ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﺪ ﱠو َﻧ ِﺔ ‪ :‬إذَا َﺕ َﻴ ﱠﻤ َﻢ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻒ َﻟ ْﻢ َی َﺘ َﻨ ﱠﻔ ْﻞ ِﺑ ِﻪ َوﻟَﺎ َی َﻤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤ ٍ‬
‫ﺼَ‬
‫ﺲ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺹﻠَﺎ ًة َوﻟَﺎ َﻡ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ( ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱟ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ َ‬
‫) ﻟَﺎ ِﺑ َﺘ َﻴ ﱡﻤ ٍﻢ ِﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺤﻔًﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺼَ‬
‫ُﻡ ْ‬
‫‪The view of the Hanaabilah‬‬
‫اﻹﻧﺼﺎف – ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﺱﻠﻴﻤﺎن اﻟﻤﺮداوي – ﺡﻨﺒﻠﻲ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻄﻬﺎرة – ﺑﺎب اﻟﻐﺴﻞ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ ( إذَا َأرَا َد ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َی َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ َﻓ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ط َء ﺙَﺎ ِﻧﻴًﺎ ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﺐ إذَا َأرَا َد اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ َم ‪َ ,‬أ ْو ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْآ َﻞ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻟ ْﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ َ‬
‫َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ ) َو ُی ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻪ َو ُوﺽُﻮ ُء ُﻩ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ُی ْ‬
‫ب ‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬ َه ِ‬
‫ﺢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺼِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠﻘًﺎ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺐﱠ َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺱ ُﺘ ِ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ َم ‪ُ :‬ا ْ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ :‬ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻲ اﻟﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ﺦ َﺕ ِﻘ ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﺸﱠ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ص َ‬
‫ي ‪َ :‬هﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻨﺼُﻮ ُ‬
‫ح ا ْﻟ ُﺒﺨَﺎ ِر ﱢ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺝ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َر َ‬
‫ﻂ ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َﻓ َﻘ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ .‬وﻗِﻴ َﻞ‬
‫ﺺ َ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ ,‬ﻧ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬ َه ِ‬
‫ﺢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ب ‪ُ :‬ی ْﻜ َﺮ ُﻩ َﺕ ْﺮ ُآ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺤﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ ﻡَﺎ ﻇَﺎ ِه ُﺮ ُﻩ ُوﺝُﻮ ُﺑ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻌﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِل ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫َآﻠَﺎ ِم َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻪ َو ُوﺽُﻮ ُء ُﻩ َﻗ ْﺒ َﻠ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺐﱠ َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺱ ُﺘ ِ‬
‫ب ‪ُ :‬ا ْ‬
‫ﺧﺘَﺎ َر ُﻩ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎﺽِﻲ ‪َ .‬وِإذَا َأرَا َد ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْآ َﻞ ‪َ ,‬و َآﺬَا اﻟﺸﱡ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ ُی ْﻜ َﺮ ُﻩ ‪ ,‬وَا ْ‬
‫ﻂ‪.‬‬
‫ﺾ َﻓ َﻘ ْ‬
‫ﻀ َﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َی َﺪ ُﻩ َو َی َﺘ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ َی ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ﻂ َو َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َﻓ َﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ُی ْ‬
‫ب ‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠﻘًﺎ ‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ﺐ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬ َه ِ‬
‫ﺢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ع‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ ُﻔﺮُو ِ‬
‫ﺡ ُ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬وﺹَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﺒ ْﻴﺪَا َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺺ َ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠﻘًﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻧ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬ َه ِ‬
‫ﺢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُآﻞﱢ َﻗ ْﻮ ٍل ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ ُی ْﻜ َﺮ ُﻩ َﺕ ْﺮ ُآ ُﻪ َ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫‪128‬‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺐﱠ َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺱ ُﺘ ِ‬
‫ط ِء ُا ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﺕﻤِﻴ ٍﻢ ‪َ .‬وِإذَا َأرَا َد ُﻡﻌَﺎ َو َد َة ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ُﻪ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺤَ‬
‫ﺹﱠ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ ُهﻤَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ﱠﺪ َﻡ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱢﺮﻋَﺎ َی ِﺔ ‪َ .‬وﻗِﻴ َﻞ ‪ُ :‬ی ْﻜ َﺮ ُﻩ ‪َ .‬‬
‫‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﻦ َﺕﻤِﻴ ٍﻢ‬
‫ﻂ ‪َ .‬ذ َآ َﺮ ُﻩ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َﻓ َﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ُی ْ‬
‫ب ‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠﻘًﺎ ‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ﺐ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬ َه ِ‬
‫ﺢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠﻰ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻪ َو ُوﺽُﻮ ُء ُﻩ َ‬
‫َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ص ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ﱠﺪ َﻡ ُﻪ‬
‫ع ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ ُی ْﻜ َﺮ ُﻩ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻨﺼُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻔﺮُو ِ‬
‫ﺺ َ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ ,‬ﻧ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬ َه ِ‬
‫ﺢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ﻟَﺎ ُی ْﻜ َﺮ ُﻩ َﺕ ْﺮ ُآ ُﻪ َ‬
‫‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ِ‬
‫ع اﻟ ﱠﺪ ِم آَﺎ ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺾ وَاﻟ ﱡﻨ َﻔﺴَﺎ ُء َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ا ْﻧ ِﻘﻄَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﺕﻤِﻴ ٍﻢ ‪َ .‬ﺕ ْﻨﺒِﻴ ٌﻪ ‪ :‬ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِﺋ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ُﻪ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺤَ‬
‫ﺹﱠ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱢﺮﻋَﺎ َی ِﺔ ‪َ .‬وﻗِﻴ َﻞ ُی ْﻜ َﺮ ُﻩ ‪َ .‬و َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ُ :‬ﻗﻠْﺖ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺤ َﺮ ْی ِ‬
‫ﺠ َﻤ ِﻊ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْ‬
‫ب ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل ﻓِﻲ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْآ ِﻞ وَاﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ ِم ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺐ َﻟ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ُء ِﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻪ ﻟَﺎ ُی ْ‬
‫ا ْﻧ ِﻘﻄَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺾ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﺡَﺎ ِﺋ ٌ‬
‫ﺝﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺘﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ِه َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ﺤﺒَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْ‬
‫وَا ْ‬
‫ب ُوﺽُﻮ ِﺋﻬَﺎ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ ِم ُهﻨَﺎ ‪َ .‬ﻓﻮَا ِﺋ ُﺪ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ :‬ﻟ ْﻮ‬
‫ﺤﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ِﻌ ُﺮ ﺑِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻤﻬُﻮ ِر ‪ُ :‬ی ْ‬
‫ع ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل ‪:‬‬
‫ط ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻔﺮُو ِ‬
‫ث ‪َ ,‬أ ْو ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨﺸَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َﺪ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ﱠﻔ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ث َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ِء ‪َ :‬ﻟ ْﻢ ُی ِﻌ ْﺪ ُﻩ ﻓِﻲ ﻇَﺎ ِه ِﺮ َآﻠَﺎ ِﻡ ِﻬ ْﻢ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺘ ْﻌﻠِﻴ ِﻠ ِﻬ ْﻢ ِﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ َ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ُﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻤﻠَﺎ ِﺋ َﻜ ُﺔ َﺑ ْﻴﺘًﺎ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ .‬و َﻗﺎ َل } ﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﺪ ُ‬
‫ﻄﻬَﺎ َر َﺕ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺡﺪَى اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ إ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َیﺒِﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ :‬أﻧﱠ ُﻪ ُیﻌِﻴ ُﺪ ُﻩ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻲ اﻟﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ﺦ َﺕ ِﻘ ﱢ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫َوﻇَﺎ ِه ُﺮ َآﻠَﺎ ِم اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ب ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺜﻠَﺎ َﺙ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺤﺒَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْ‬
‫ن َذ َآ َﺮ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻖ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟﻔَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﻄ ِﻨ ّ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ َوَأﺑُﻮ دَاوُد وَاﻟﺪﱠا َر ُﻗ ْ‬
‫ﺚ َروَا ُﻩ ا ْﻟ ِﺈﻡَﺎ ُم َأ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ٌ‬
‫ﺐ { َو ُه َﻮ َ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨ ٌ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﻀ ُﻞ ‪ُ .‬ﻗﻠْﺖ ‪َ :‬ﻓ ُﻴﻌَﺎیَﻰ ِﺑﻬَﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ُآﻞﱢ َﻡ ﱠﺮ ٍة َأ ْﻓ َ‬
‫ﺴُﻠ ُﻪ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻞ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ ِم ‪َ .‬و ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ :‬‬
‫وَا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ُء ُهﻨَﺎ ﻟَﺎ َی ْﺒ ُ‬
‫‪The view of the Shafi scholars‬‬
‫اﻟﺘﻠﺨﻴﺺ اﻟﺤﺒﻴﺮ‬
‫أﺡﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﻡﺤﻤﺪ اﻟﻜﻨﺎﻧﻲ )اﻟﻌﺴﻘﻼﻧﻲ( اﻟﺸﺎﻓﻌﻲ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻄﻬﺎرة‬
‫ﺑﺎب اﻟﻐﺴﻞ‬
‫ﻒ َأ ْیﺪِیﻨَﺎ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ ِﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻦ إﻧَﺎ ٍء وَا ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َأﻧَﺎ وَاﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱡ‬
‫ﻏ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺖ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ‪ُ } :‬آ ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺚ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ُ‬
‫‪َ - ( 8 ) - 186‬‬
‫ﺤ َﻮ ُﻩ ‪- ( 9 ) - 187 .‬‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ َﻤ َﺔ َو َﻡ ْﻴﻤُﻮ َﻧ َﺔ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺚ ُأمﱢ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِﺜﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻆ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬآُﻮ ِر ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬ﺑِﺎﻟﱠﻠ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻖ َ‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ { ُﻡ ﱠﺘ َﻔ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة {‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ ُوﺽُﻮ َء ُﻩ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ ,‬ﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨ ٌ‬
‫ن َی ْﺄ ُآ َﻞ َأ ْو َیﻨَﺎ َم َو ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ إذَا َأرَا َد َأ ْ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱡ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ‪ } :‬آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺚ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨﺒًﺎ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ن َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ إذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪ } :‬آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد َ‬
‫ﻖ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻃﺮِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ٍﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻆ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِﺑ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﺎ ُﻩ ‪َ ,‬و َﻟ ْﻔ ُ‬
‫ﻖ َ‬
‫ُﻡ ﱠﺘ َﻔ ٌ‬
‫ن‬
‫ن إذَا َأرَا َد َأ ْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ‪ } :‬آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ َﻤ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻖ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻃﺮِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة { َو َﻟ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ ُوﺽُﻮ َء ُﻩ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ن َی ْﺄ ُآ َﻞ َأ ْو َیﻨَﺎ َم ‪َ ,‬ﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫َوَأرَا َد َأ ْ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨ ٌ‬
‫ن َیﻨَﺎ َم َو ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪ } :‬إذَا َأرَا َد َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺮ َو َة ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ن َی َﻨﺎ َم { َو ِﻟ ْﻠ ُﺒﺨَﺎ ِر ﱢ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ ُوﺽُﻮ َء ُﻩ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ ,‬ﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨ ٌ‬
‫َیﻨَﺎ َم َو ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد ‪.‬‬
‫ﻦ ِروَا َی ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ " َو ُه َﻮ َأ ْیﻀًﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻈ ِﻪ إﻟَﻰ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ :‬ﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ ‪ِ ,‬ﺑ َﻠ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة { َو َروَا ُﻩ اﻟ ﱠﻨﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ﱡ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ َو َﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ َﻓ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﻏ َ‬
‫‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ :‬ﻗ ْﺪ َأ ْ‬
‫ن َی ْﺄ ُآ َﻞ ‪ُ .‬ﻗ ْﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺐ إذَا َأرَا َد َأ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َﻜ ِﻢ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺚ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻌ َﺒ ُﺔ َ‬
‫ك ُ‬
‫ن ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ﺕ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻘﻄﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺧ ْﻴ َﺜ َﻤ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫َو َروَى ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ي‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺨﻠﱠﺎ ُل َ‬
‫ﺡﻜَﺎ ُﻩ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ث ِﺑ ِﻪ ِﻟ َﺘ َﻔ ﱡﺮ ِد ِﻩ ِﺑ ِﺬ ْآ ِﺮ ا ْﻟَﺄ ْآ ِﻞ ‪َ ,‬آﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱢ ُ‬
‫ن ُی َ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻃﺮِی ِﻘ ِﻪ َﻓ َﻠ َﻌﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕ َﺮ َآ ُﻪ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ٌﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ َﻤ َﺔ َوَأﺑِﻲ ُه َﺮ ْی َﺮ َة ‪,‬‬
‫ﺚ ُأمﱢ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺧ َﺰ ْی َﻤ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻪ وَا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺚ ﺝَﺎ ِﺑ ٍﺮ ‪ِ ,‬‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺐ ‪ِ ,‬ﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْآ ِﻞ ِﻟ ْﻠ ُ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ُء ِ‬
‫ن َیﻨَﺎ َم‬
‫ن إذَا َأرَا َد َأ ْ‬
‫ﻆ } آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ‪ِ ,‬ﺑ َﻠ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ َﻤ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻖ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻃﺮِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻂ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َروَى اﻟ ﱠﻨﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ﱡ‬
‫ﺱِ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْو َ‬
‫ﻄ َﺒﺮَا ِﻧ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ب { َوَأﻡﱠﺎ ﻡَﺎ َروَا ُﻩ‬
‫ﺸ َﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ َی َﺪ ْی ِﻪ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َی ْﺄ ُآ ُﻞ َأ ْو َی ْ‬
‫ﻏ َ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺮ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﺄ ُآ َﻞ َأ ْو َی ْ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة ‪َ ,‬وِإذَا َأرَا َد َأ ْ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ ُوﺽُﻮ َء ُﻩ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ ,‬ﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨ ٌ‬
‫َو ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺐ‪,‬‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨ ٌ‬
‫ن َیﻨَﺎ ُم َو ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫ن َرﺱُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ‪َ } :‬أ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد َأ ْیﻀًﺎ َ‬
‫ﺚ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻨ ِ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ُ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ﻄٌﺄ ‪,‬‬
‫ﺧَ‬
‫ن ‪ُ :‬ه َﻮ َ‬
‫ﻦ هَﺎرُو ُ‬
‫ﺢ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َداوُد ‪ُ :‬ه َﻮ َو ْه ٌﻢ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل َیﺰِی ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﺲ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ ‪ :‬إﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺲ ﻡَﺎ ًء { َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َأ ْ‬
‫َوﻟَﺎ َی َﻤ ﱡ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻤﻴِﻴ ِﺰ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل ُﻡ َﻬﻨﱠﺎ‬
‫ﻋﱠﻠ َﻠﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ِآﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺪًا ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺬ َﻓﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺲ ﻡَﺎ ًء " َو َآ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ن َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ :‬و َﻟ ْﻢ َی َﻤ ﱠ‬
‫ﺚ دُو َ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ٌﻢ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ج ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫َوَأ ْ‬
‫ق ﻓِﻲ َهﺬَا ; إﻟﱠﺎ‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻒ َأﺑَﺎ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺙ َﺮ ِم ‪َ :‬ﻟ ْﻮ َﻟ ْﻢ ُیﺨَﺎ ِﻟ ْ‬
‫ﺚ ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻲ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ُ‬
‫ن ُی ْﺮوَى َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺢ ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﺹﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ َﻤ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋ ْﺮ َو ُة َوَأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻚ َروَى ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد ‪َ ,‬و َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْ‬
‫ﻒ َو َﻗ ْﺪ وَا َﻓ َﻘ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ ُﻩ َﻟ َﻜﻔَﻰ ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻜ ْﻴ َ‬
‫إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ ُﻢ َو ْ‬
‫ع ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ق ‪َ .‬آﺬَا ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ ,‬و َﺕﺴَﺎ َه َﻞ ﻓِﻲ َﻧ ْﻘ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﻄٌﺄ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺧَ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪﺙُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻤ َﻊ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡ َﻔ ﱢﻮ ٍز ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫َوﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺝ َﻤ َﻊ َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد ﻓِﻲ ِروَا َی ِﺔ ُز َه ْﻴ ٍﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺱﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ق َﻗ ْﺪ َﺑ ﱠﻴ َ‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َأﺑَﺎ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ َﻬ ِﻘ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤَ‬
‫ﺹﱠ‬
‫َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺨ َﺒﺮَا ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺒ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِﻌ َﻠ ِﻞ ‪ُ :‬ی ْ‬
‫ﻄ ِﻨ ﱡ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﺪﱠا َر ُﻗ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻮﻟِﻴ ِﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻔﻘِﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡﻜَﺎ ُﻩ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِآ ُﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺞ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺮ ْی ٍ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺘ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺹﱠ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﺕ ْﻘﺪِی ِﺮ ِ‬
‫ق ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﻂ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻏ َﻠ ٌ‬
‫ن َهﺬَا َ‬
‫ن َأ ﱠ‬
‫ي ‪َ :‬ی َﺮ ْو َ‬
‫ﺾ َأ ْه ِﻞ ا ْﻟ ِﻌ ْﻠ ِﻢ ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل اﻟ ﱢﺘ ْﺮ ِﻡ ِﺬ ﱡ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺹﺤِﻴ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ ‪َ ,‬و ُی َﺆیﱢ ُﺪ ُﻩ ِروَا َی ُﺔ َ‬
‫ﺲ ﻡَﺎ ًء ِﻟ ْﻠ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا َد ﻟَﺎ َی َﻤ ﱡ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ َﻤ ُﻞ َ‬
‫َﻓ ُﻴ ْ‬
‫ﻆ‪:‬‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ ِﺑ َﻠ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻴ ِﻪ ‪ِ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻦ ِﻟ َﺒﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻡ َﺮ ْی ِ‬
‫ﺲ ﻡَﺎ ًء { َأ ْو آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺢ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َی َﻤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺒ َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ ُی ْ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة َ‬
‫ﺽُﺄ ُوﺽُﻮ َء ُﻩ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِﻞ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َی َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ِﻨ ُ‬
‫ن ُی ْ‬
‫} آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋﻄَﺎ ٍء ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻚ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴ ٌﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺚ ‪َ ,‬و ُی َﺆیﱢ ُﺪ ُﻩ ﻡَﺎ َروَا ُﻩ ُه َ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ِ‬
‫ف ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺘﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻗ َﺘ ْﻴ َﺒ َﺔ ﻓِﻲ ا ْ‬
‫ﺝ َﻤ َﻊ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺠﻮَا ِز ‪َ ,‬و ِﺑ َﻬﺬَا َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻦ } ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِﻬﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺹﺤِﻴ َ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺡﺒﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﺰ ْی َﻤ َﺔ وَا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ َروَا ُﻩ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ق‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ِﻡ ْﺜ ُﻞ ِروَا َی ِﺔ َأﺑِﻲ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺹُﻠ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ن ﺵَﺎ َء { َوَأ ْ‬
‫ﺽُﺄ إ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ؟ ﻗَﺎ َل َﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ َو َی َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨ ٌ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪﻧَﺎ َو ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َأ َیﻨَﺎ ُم َأ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄ َل اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ن ُیﻌَﺎ ِو َد ‪,‬‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪ ُآ ْﻢ َأ ْه َﻠ ُﻪ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َﺑﺪَا َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َأ َ‬
‫ﺚ ‪ } :‬إذَا ُأ ِﺕ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﻴ ْﺄﺕِﻲ ‪َ - ( 10 ) - 188 .‬‬
‫ن ﺵَﺎ َء " ‪َ ,‬آﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪ :‬إ ْ‬
‫دُو َ‬
‫ن وَا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِآ ُﻢ ‪) ,‬‬
‫ﺡﺒﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﺰ ْی َﻤ َﺔ وَا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ وَا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ي ‪َ ,‬و َروَا ُﻩ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺨ ْﺪ ِر ﱢ‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ٍﺪ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺚ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ٌﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺽ ْﺄ َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ُوﺽُﻮءًا { ُﻡ ْ‬
‫َﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة { ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ﺽ ْﺄ ُوﺽُﻮ َء ُﻩ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ } :‬ﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ َﺰ ْی َﻤ َﺔ وَا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ َﻬ ِﻘ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻂ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻌ ْﻮ ِد { ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻲ ِروَا َی ِﺔ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺸُ‬
‫َوزَادُوا ( ‪َ } :‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ ِد‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ إ ْ‬
‫ﻒ َ‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ٍﺪ ‪َ ,‬و َو َﻗ َ‬
‫ﺚ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ ِد َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ إ ْ‬
‫ﻒ َ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ :‬ﻟ َﻌﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻢ َی ِﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻡ ْﺜُﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ َﻬ ِﻘ ﱡ‬
‫ﻲ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ َی ْﺜ ُﺒ ُ‬
‫اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺖ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺲ اﻟﺜﱠﺎ ِﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺚ َأ َﻧ ٍ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ :‬و ُی َﺆیﱢ ُﺪ َهﺬَا َ‬
‫ﺽﻌِﻴ َﻔ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ َد ْی ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ‪ِ ,‬ﺑ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ وَا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺚ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪129‬‬
‫ﻦ‪,‬‬
‫ﺴ َﻨ ِ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ َوَأ ْ‬
‫ﺽ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ َروَى َأ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ { َو ُیﻌَﺎ ِر ُ‬
‫ﺴ ٍﻞ وَا ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ِﻧﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ ِﺑ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ف َ‬
‫ن َیﻄُﻮ ُ‬
‫‪َ } :‬أﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ َﻓﻘِﻴ َﻞ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ َو ِ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ِ‬
‫ت َﻟ ْﻴ َﻠ ٍﺔ ‪َ ,‬ی ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ِﻧﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ ذَا َ‬
‫ف َ‬
‫ﺚ َأﺑِﻲ رَا ِﻓ ٍﻊ ‪َ } :‬أﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻃَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺚ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ُ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َأﺑُﻮ دَاوُد ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﻃ َﻌ َ‬
‫ﺚ َ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ُ‬
‫ﺐ { َو َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻃ َﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺡﺪًا ؟ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬هﺬَا َأ ْزآَﻰ َوَأ ْ‬
‫ﺴﻠًﺎ وَا ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﺠ َﻌُﻠ ُﻪ ُ‬
‫یَﺎ َرﺱُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َأﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺚ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ - ( 11 ) - 189 .‬‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ ِﻠ َﻔ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻲ َو ْﻗ َﺘ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻓ َﻌ َﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻡ َﺮ ْی ِ‬
‫ﺤﻤُﻮ ٌل َ‬
‫ي ‪ُ :‬ه َﻮ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺢ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل اﻟ ﱠﻨ َﻮ ِو ﱡ‬
‫ﺹﱡ‬
‫ﺲ َأ َ‬
‫َأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪ ُآ ْﻢ َﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ ْﺮ ُﻗ ْﺪ { ﻗَﺎ َل ‪:‬‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ َأ َ‬
‫ﺐ ؟ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ ‪ ,‬إذَا َﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨ ٌ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪﻧَﺎ َو ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬یَﺎ َرﺱُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َأ َی ْﺮ ُﻗ ُﺪ َأ َ‬
‫ﻦ} ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫‪ُ :‬ر ِو َ‬
‫ي ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻆ ا ْﻟ ُﺒﺨَﺎ ِر ﱢ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﺄوﱠ ُل َﻟ ْﻔ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺚ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻖ َ‬
‫ﺽ ْﺄ { ُﻡ ﱠﺘ َﻔ ٌ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻞ َﻓ ْﺮﺝَﻚ َو َﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﻏ ِ‬
‫َو ُی ْﺮوَى َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ } :‬ا ْ‬
‫ﺐ ؟ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪:‬‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨ ٌ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪﻧَﺎ َو ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺧ َﺰ ْی َﻤ َﺔ ‪َ } :‬أ َیﻨَﺎ ُم َأ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ إذَا ﺵَﺎ َء { َوﻟِﺎ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َی ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ْﺄ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ ِﻟ َﻴ َﻨ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ٍﻢ ‪َ } :‬ﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ ِﻟ َﻴ َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ِروَا َی ٍﺔ ِﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻞ‬
‫ﻏ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ْﺄ وَا ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِﻞ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝﻨَﺎ َﺑ ٌﺔ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ ُﺮ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ُﺕﺼِﻴ ُﺒ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﻦ َذ َآ َﺮ } ُ‬
‫ﺨ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ن ﺵَﺎ َء { َوﻓِﻲ ِروَا َی ٍﺔ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺽُﺄ إ ْ‬
‫َیﻨَﺎ ُم َو َی َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﺄ ْآ ِﻞ َأ ْو‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨ ٌ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ َو ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺝ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ إذَا َﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ِر ْ‬
‫ن ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻃ ِﺄ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ك ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َﻧ ْﻢ { ‪َ .‬و َروَى ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٌ‬
‫َذ َآ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺚ}‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ن ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺒﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ث { َوﻟِﺎ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺪ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟ ْﻢ ُی ْ‬
‫ﺚ ‪ :‬ﻗَﺎ َل } َهﺬَا ُوﺽُﻮ ُء َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ دَاوُد َ‬
‫ﺱ َﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓِﻲ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱟ‬
‫ﺚ َ‬
‫ﺡﺪِی ُ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ ِم ‪َ ,‬و ُی َﺆیﱢ ُﺪ ُﻩ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ُﻪ َو َآ ﱠﻔ ُﻪ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ ﻧَﺎ َم {‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ َو ْ‬
‫ﻏ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻗَﺎ َم َﻓﺒَﺎ َل ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َﻡ ْﻴﻤُﻮ َﻧ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺮَأیْﺖ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ِ‬
‫س ‪ِ :‬ﺑ ﱡ‬
‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫اﻟﻔﺘﺎوى اﻟﻔﻘﻬﻴﺔ اﻟﻜﺒﺮى – أﺡﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻡﺤﻤﺪ اﻟﻬﻴﺘﻤﻲ اﻟﺸﺎﻓﻌﻲ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻄﻬﺎرة ‪ -‬ﺑﺎب اﻟﻐﺴﻞ‬
‫ط ٍء‬
‫ج َو ُوﺽُﻮ ٌء ِﻟ َﻨ ْﻮ ٍم َو َو ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َﻓ ْﺮ ٍ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ٍ‬
‫ب ِﻟ ُ‬
‫ب ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ ِﻌﺒَﺎ َر ُة ِﻟ ْﻠِﺈ ْرﺵَﺎ ِد ) َو ُﻧ ِﺪ َ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗ ْﻮ ِل ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺌ َﻞ ( ‪َ -‬ﻧ َﻔ َﻊ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪َ -‬‬
‫) َو ُ‬
‫ن وَا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻐﻤَﻰ‬
‫ﺠﻨُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺱﺒَﺎ َﺑﻬَﺎ إﻟﱠﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺴﻨُﻮ َﻧ ِﺔ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻏﺴَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺵﻴَﺎ ِء ؟ َآﻤَﺎ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َی ْﻨﻮِي ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻃ ْﻌ ٍﻢ َه ْﻞ َی ْﻨﻮِي ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ َء ِﻟ َﻬ ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫َو ُ‬
‫ك َوِإﻟﱠﺎ َﻓﻤَﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ن ُﻗ ْﻠ ُﺘ ْﻢ ِﺑ ِﻪ َﻓﺬَا َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َﻓ َﻴ ْﻨﻮِي ُآ ﱞﻞ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ َر ْﻓ َﻊ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄ َﻟ َﺔ‬
‫ب ( ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ :‬ﻗ ْﺪ َذ َآﺮْت ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ق ؟ ) َﻓ َﺄﺝَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ ؟ ( َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺼ َﻮ ِر‬
‫ﺝﻤِﻴ ِﻊ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻦ ) وَا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ح َﻡ َﻊ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺒَﺎ َر ُة اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬و ِ‬
‫ﺴﻨُﻮ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ ُآﻞﱢ ُوﺽُﻮ ٍء َﻡ ْ‬
‫ب َﻡ َﻊ َﻧﻈَﺎ ِﺋ ِﺮهَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ح ا ْﻟ ُﻌﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺹ ﱠﻮ َﺑ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻮ ا ْﻟﻐِﻴ َﺒ ِﺔ َو َ‬
‫ﻲ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻓِﻲ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱡ‬
‫ﺺ َ‬
‫ﻲ َآﻤَﺎ َﻧ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﱡ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻦﱡ ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ُء ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ُء اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫اﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ُﻗ ْﻠﻨَﺎ ُی َ‬
‫ﺐ ﻟَﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻀَﺎ ِء ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْر َﺑ َﻌ ِﺔ َﻡ َﻊ اﻟ ﱢﻨ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ وَاﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﺮﺕِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ َ‬
‫ﺵﱢ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ِﻨﺪًا إﻟَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َی ْﺄﺕِﻲ َ‬
‫ع ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻤُﻮ ِ‬
‫ي ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﻨ َﻮ ِو ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻤ َﻞ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻌ َﺘ َﻤ ِﺪ َ‬
‫ﺵﱡ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﺒ َﻌ َﺪ اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫غ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ ا ْ‬
‫ﺼﺒﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧﻠَﺎﻓًﺎ ِﻟ ْﻠ ُﻤ َﺘ َﻮﻟﱢﻲ وَا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺠﺮﱠ ُد اﻟ ﱠﻨﻈَﺎ َﻓ ِﺔ ِ‬
‫ي اﱠﻟﺬِي ُه َﻮ ُﻡ َ‬
‫اﻟﱡﻠ َﻐ ِﻮ ﱢ‬
‫ﻲ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﱡ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا َد ِﺑ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺺ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ن ﻇَﺎ ِه َﺮ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ِﻢ ِﺑ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺚ َ‬
‫ﺨﺒِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻜﻠَﺎ ِم ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ َء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ب اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱢ‬
‫ﺤﺒَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْ‬
‫ا ْ‬
‫ب ( ا هـ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺬﻧُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻄﻬِﻴ ُﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺄ َﺙ ِﻢ وَاﻟ ﱠﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺪ ِﺑ ِﻪ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻜﻔِﻴ ُﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝﺮَى َوِإ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ِﻢ ﻟَﺎ ُی َﺆﺙﱢ ُﺮ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ ُی َﺆیﱢ ُﺪ ُﻩ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ح‬
‫ﺵ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻃ ِﺒﻲﱡ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺢ ِﺑ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ ِروَا َی ٍﺔ ( ا هـ ‪َ .‬و َﻧ َﻘ َﻠ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻘ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺼﺮِی ِ‬
‫ي ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺘ ْ‬
‫ط ِء اﻟﱡﻠ َﻐ ِﻮ ﱢ‬
‫ﻲ ‪ ) :‬ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا ُد ِﺑ ِﻪ ِﻟ ُﻤﻌَﺎ َو َد ِة ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺤﻠِﻴ ِﻤ ﱡ‬
‫َﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا َد ِﺑ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ِء ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻤﻬُﻮ ِر َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺽ ْﺄ " َو َﻧ َﻘ َﻞ َ‬
‫ن " َﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ َﻡﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻞ َﻓ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺨ َﺒ ِﺮ } َﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْآ َﺜ ِﺮ ا ْﻟ ُﻌ َﻠﻤَﺎ ِء ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ٍﻢ َ‬
‫ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ إذَا َأرَا َد‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ } آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َی َﺪ ْی ِﻪ ِﻟﻤَﺎ َروَا ُﻩ اﻟ ﱠﻨﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ّ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ِﻟ ْﻠ َﺄ ْآ ِﻞ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺠ ُﻪ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ب { ا هـ ‪َ .‬وَاﱠﻟﺬِي َی ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺸ َﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ َی َﺪ ْی ِﻪ ُﺙﻢﱠ َی ْﺄ ُآ ُﻞ َأ ْو َی ْ‬
‫ﻏ َ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺮ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﺄ ُآ َﻞ َأ ْو َی ْ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ ‪َ ,‬وِإذَا َأرَا َد َأ ْ‬
‫ﺐ َﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨ ٌ‬
‫ن َیﻨَﺎ َم ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻲ اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ‬
‫ج ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ﱠو ِل وَا ْﻟ َﻴ َﺪ ْی ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ث ‪َ ,‬وَأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ َﺪ ِ‬
‫ﻒ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺨﻔِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻜﻞﱢ ; ِﻟﻤَﺎ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﱡ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا َد ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ُء اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻋﱡ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺮَا َد ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ُء اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ح ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬآُﻮ ِر ‪َ ,‬و ِﺑﻤَﺎ ُذ ِآ َﺮ ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺒَﺎ َر ُة اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﻨ ِﺔ ﻟَﺎ َآﻤَﺎُﻟﻬَﺎ ( ا ْﻧ َﺘ َﻬ ْ‬
‫ﺹ ُﻞ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺼ ُﻞ ِﺑ ِﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ُ‬
‫َی ْ‬
‫ﺼ َﺪ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺱﺒَﺎ َﺑﻬَﺎ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﻀَﺎ ِء ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْر َﺑ َﻌ ِﺔ َﻡ َﻊ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﺮﺕِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺰ َﺋ ِﺔ ﻟَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻧﻴﱠﺎ ِﺕ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ُی ْﻌ َﻠ ُﻢ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َی ْﻨﻮِي ِﺑ ِﻪ ِﻧ ﱠﻴ ًﺔ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َوَأ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ اﻟﻨﱢﻴﱠ ُﺔ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺡﻘِﻴ َﻘ ُﺔ‬
‫ﺼ َﻞ َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺴﺆَا ِل ‪َ ,‬وِإﻡﱠﺎ ِﻟ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬآُﻮ َر ِة ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ َﺙ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْآ َﺒ َﺮ ﻓِﻲ ﺹُﻮ َر ِة ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻒ َ‬
‫ﺨ ﱠ‬
‫ﺹ َﻐ ِﺮ إﻡﱠﺎ ِﻟ ُﻴ ِ‬
‫ث ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﺪ ِ‬
‫ُهﻨَﺎ َر ْﻓ ُﻊ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺾ‬
‫ف ِﺑ َﻨ ْﻘ ِ‬
‫ﺧﻠَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﺝﺮَى ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺼ َﻮ ِر اﱠﻟﺘِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ ُﺙ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻮ اﻟ ﱠﺘ َﻜﱡﻠ ِﻢ ِﺑ َﻜﻠَﺎ ٍم ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ إ ْﺙ ٌﻢ َأ ْو َی ْﺮ َﺕ ِﻔ ُﻊ َ‬
‫ﻄﻬَﺎ َر ِة ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ُﻴ َﻜﻔﱠ ُﺮ إ ْﺙ ُﻤ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َﻧ ْ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ن وَاﻟ ﱢﺬ ْآ ِﺮ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺮ َر ُهﻨَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻮ ا ْﻟ َﺄذَا ِ‬
‫ﺚ وَا ْﻟ ِﻌ ْﻠ ِﻢ َو َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ِ‬
‫ن وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻮ ِﻗﺮَا َء ِة ا ْﻟ ُﻘﺮْﺁ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ِء ‪َ ,‬أ ْو َی ْﺰدَا ُد َﺕ َﺄ ﱡهُﻠ ُﻪ َو َﺕ ْﻌﻈِﻴ ُﻤ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻏﺴَﺎ ِل‬
‫ﻦ ِﻧﻴﱠﺘﻪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ ُهﻨَﺎ َو َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ق َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ث ُی َﻔﺮﱢ ُ‬
‫ﺤ َﺪ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َﻮ َر ْﻓ ِﻊ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ ُﻗ ْﻠﻨَﺎ ُﻩ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َی ْﻨﻮِي ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ِء َﻧ ْ‬
‫َه ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟ َﻔﻮَا ِﺋ ِﺪ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﺘ َﺮ ﱢﺕ َﺒ ِﺔ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ َر ْﻓ ُﻊ‬
‫ﺼ َﺪ ﻓِﻲ َأ ْﻡ ِﺮ ِهﻤَﺎ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﺜﻨَﺎ ُء َه َﺬ ْی ِ‬
‫قا ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ُی َﺆیﱢ ُﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ن وَا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻐﻤَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺠﻨُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺱﺒَﺎ ُﺑﻬَﺎ إﻟﱠﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺴﻨُﻮ َﻧ ِﺔ َأ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﺨﻔِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺼ َﻮ ِر ﻡَﺎ َﻡ ﱠﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ِء ﻓِﻲ ِﺕ ْﻠ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُآﻞﱟ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ِﻧﻴﱠ ُﺔ َر ْﻓ ِﻌﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻜﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻃِﻠ َ‬
‫ﻚ ُ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ َﻤ َﻠ ِﺔ ; َﻓ ِﻠ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺧﻔَﺎ َء ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َواَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ‬
‫ق ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ﻇَﺎ ِه ٌﺮ ﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻮهَﺎ َﻓ َﺘ َﺄ ﱠﻡ ْﻞ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺼ ُﻞ إﻟﱠﺎ ِﺑ ِﻨ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ َر ْﻓ ِﻌ ِﻪ َأ ْو َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ث َوﻡَﺎ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ُﻩ ‪َ ,‬و َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺪ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺱ ْﺒﺤَﺎ َﻧ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫‪Notes by Ahmed Fazel: I have not yet studied the commentaries on these narrations,‬‬
‫‪nor checked other ahadith. I have neither read all the other views of the Fuqaha of the‬‬
‫‪other madhahib, or of all the fuqahaa of any one of the madhahib, on the matter. The‬‬
‫‪above details and inferences are thus subject to correction.‬‬
‫‪2. The use of garments for Ibadah when you have already sweated in them during the‬‬
‫‪state of janaabah‬‬
130
Malik Hadith 2.23.89
Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar used to sweat in a
garment while he was junub and then pray with it on.
3. Emission of sperm shortly after bathing from Janabah
Islam Questions & Answers
www.islam-qa.com
Question Reference Number: 44945
Title: If maniy comes out after doing ghusl from janaabah
Home > Jurisprudence and Islamic Rulings > Acts of Worship > Purity > Full Ablution >
Question:
I am a young man. I try very hard to avoid the secret habit but unfortunately I am too
weak sometimes. After I do ghusl, it so happens that some thin, sticky liquid comes
out. Does this mean that I have to do ghusl even if it is maniy (sperm)? Please note that
it comes out without any feelings of desire. Or is it permissible to remove the impurity
by washing it away?
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Firstly: You have to repent to Allaah from the secret habit and give it up, and beware
of the consequences of sinning repeatedly, because the Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) said: “If a person commits a sin, a black spot appears on his
heart. If he stops and seeks forgiveness and repents, his heart is cleansed, but if he
goes back to it, it increases until it covers his entire heart. This is the raan which
Allaah mentions (interpretation of the meaning): ‘Nay! But on their hearts is the Raan
(covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn’ [al-Mutaffifeen 83:14].”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3257; Ibn Maajah, 4234; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in
Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, no. 2654. Please see also question no. 329, where there is an
explanation of how to give up this bad habit.
Secondly: If a person does ghusl after having a wet dream or intercourse, then
something comes out of him after that, unaccompanied by feelings of desire, he does
not have to do ghusl again. . Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: If
a person has a wet dream or has intercourse, and ejaculates, then he does ghusl, then
some semen comes out of him, the well-known view narrated from Ahmad is that he
does not have to do ghusl again. Al-Khallaal said: there are many reports from Abu
‘Abd-Allaah – i.e., Imam Ahmad – that say that all he has to do is wudoo’, whether he
urinated or not, and this is the view that he settled on. This was also narrated from
‘Ali, Ibn ‘Abbaas, ‘Ata’, al-Zuhri, Maalik, al-Layth, al-Thawri and Ishaaq. Sa’eed ibn
Jubayr said: He does not have to do ghusl unless that was accompanied by feelings of
desire.
There is also another opinion, which is that it does not matter if that happened after
urinating, and he does not have to do ghusl in that case, but if it happened before
131
urinating, then he does have to do ghusl. This is the view of al-Awzaa’i and Abu
Haneefah, and was also narrated from al-Hasan. That is because this is the left overs
of what was emitted as a result of desire, so ghusl is required as it was in the first
instance. But after urinating, it comes out without gushing and with no feelings of
desire, and we cannot be sure that it is something left over from the first instance,
because if it were something left over then it would not have stayed after urinating.
Al-Qaadi said: there is also a third opinion, which is that he has to do ghusl in either
case. This is the view of al-Shaafa’i, because what matters is that it has come out, as
in the case of all the things that nullify purity. He said elsewhere: he does not have to
do ghusl, because the janaabah is one and the same so there is no need for two ghusls.
It is as if it all came out in one go… From al-Mughni, 1/128.
The correct view is that if it comes out with no feelings of desire, then ghusl is not
required, as it says in al-Insaaf, 1/232; and in Kashshaaf al-Qinaa’, 1/141, where it
says “If semen comes out after doing ghusl then ghusl is not required. Or if semen
comes out “after doing ghusl following intercourse in which he did not ejaculate”,
with no feelings of desire, then no ghusl is required; and if the remaining semen
comes out with no feelings of desire he does not have to do ghusl, because of the
report narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas, that he was asked about something coming out of a
person after he had done ghusl from janaabah. He said: “Let him do wudoo’.”
Something similar was narrated by Imam Ahmad from ‘Ali. And because this is one
emission of semen so only one ghusl is required, as if it all came out in one go. And
because it came out with no feelings of desire, as in the case when it is emitted
because of cold. This is the reason that Ahmad gave; he said: because the desire is
past, and rather it is a nullification of purity and I hope that wudoo’ will be sufficient.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The words “if
something comes out after that, he does not have to do (ghusl) again” mean: if he does
ghusl for this emission of semen, then some more comes out when he starts to move
about, then he does not have to repeat ghusl. The evidence for that is as follows:
1 – The reason is one and the same, so two ghusls are not required.
2 – When it comes out after that, it is not accompanied by feelings of pleasure. And
ghusl is only required if it comes out with feelings of pleasure.
But if semen is emitted anew with feelings of desire, then ghusl is required as a result
of this new reason.
From al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 1/281. See also question no. 12352.
Thirdly: What is prescribed when doing ghusl from janaabah is to remove whatever
of semen etc has contaminated the body, then to start to do ghusl beginning with the
parts of the body that are washed in wudoo’, then pouring water over the rest of the
body, because this is proven in the description of the ghusl of the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him). Al-Bukhaari (251) and Muslim (476) narrated that
Maymoonah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: I prepared water for the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) for ghusl. He pour water with his right
hand onto his left and washed them (his hands), then he washed his private part, then
‫‪132‬‬
‫‪he wiped his hand on the ground, then he washed it. Then he rinsed his mouth and‬‬
‫‪nose, then he washed his face, and poured water on his head. Then he shifted position‬‬
‫”‪and washed his feet. Then he was brought a cloth but he did not use it.‬‬
‫‪If you remove some impurity etc that does not invalidate ghusl because what is‬‬
‫‪required in ghusl is to wash the entire body with water – as well as rinsing the mouth‬‬
‫‪and nose, according to the correct opinion – with the intention of doing ghusl. It is not‬‬
‫‪a condition of removing impurity that one should avoid touching impurity whilst‬‬
‫‪doing so.‬‬
‫‪And Allaah knows best.‬‬
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‫اﻟﻤﺼﻨﻒ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺪ اﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻡﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ أﺑﻲ ﺵﻴﺒﺔ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻄﻬﺎرات‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ‬
‫ﻲ ُء َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ج ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ اﻟﺸﱠ ْ‬
‫ﺨ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺐ َی ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ُ‬
‫) ‪ ( 168‬ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺽُﺄ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻲ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ی َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱟ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ث َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِر ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ق َ‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﺵﺮِی ٌ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ ٍﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل َ‬
‫)‪َ (1‬‬
‫ﺽُﺄ ‪.‬‬
‫س ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ی َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﻨﺼُﻮ ٍر َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴ ٌﻢ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙ َﻨﺎ ُه َ‬
‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َز ْی ٍﺪ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﺝَﺎ ِﺑ ِﺮ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟﺤَﻮ ِﻓ ﱢ‬
‫ﺡﺒﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫)‪َ (2‬‬
‫ﺽُﺄ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ َﺒ ْﻴ ٍﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ی َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ِﺪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َﻧﺒَﺎ َﺕ َﺔ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺱ ْﻔﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َوآِﻴ ٌﻊ َ‬
‫)‪َ (3‬‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺴﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ُء َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪﻡَﺎ َی ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ج ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ اﻟﺸﱠ ْ‬
‫ﺨ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َی ْ‬
‫ي ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة وَاﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺰ ْه ِﺮ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﻋﱢ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْوزَا ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺲ َ‬
‫ﻦ یُﻮ ُﻧ َ‬
‫ﻋﻴﺴَﻰ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ِ‬
‫)‪َ (4‬‬
‫ن‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ ُﻬﻤَﺎ َو َی َﺘ َﻮﺽﱠﺂ ِ‬
‫ن َﻓ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺴﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل َی ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َذ َآ ِﺮ ِﻩ‬
‫ج ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺨ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ ُﺙﻢﱠ َی ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َی ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ﱠﻴ َﺔ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫)‪َ (5‬‬
‫ﻋﺮُو َﺑ َﺔ َو َ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ َی ُﺒ ْﻞ َﻓ ْﻠ ُﻴ ِﻌ ْﺪ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ َﻓﻠَﺎ ُیﻌِﻴ ُﺪ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ن َی ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ن ﺑَﺎ َل َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻲ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬إ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﻲ ٌء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻲ ُء‬
‫ﻦ َذ َآ ِﺮ ِﻩ اﻟﺸﱠ ْ‬
‫ج ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺨ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ َﻓ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َی ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫)‪َ (6‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡﻤﱠﺎدًا َ‬
‫ﺤ َﻜ َﻢ َو َ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄ ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻌ َﺒ َﺔ ﻗَﺎ َل َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ﱠﻴ َﺔ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َذ َآ َﺮ ُﻩ ‪.‬‬
‫َﻓﻘَﺎﻟَﺎ ‪َ :‬ی ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻲ ُء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ج ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ اﻟﺸﱠ ْ‬
‫ﺨ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َز ْی ٍﺪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة َی ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﺝَﺎ ِﺑ ِﺮ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗﺘَﺎ َد َة َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋﺮُو َﺑ َﺔ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ِﺪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ك َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎ َر ِ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫)‪َ (7‬‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ُء ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻡَﺎ ِء اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫اﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮع ﺵﺮح اﻟﻤﻬﺬب‬
‫یﺤﻴﻰ ﺑﻦ ﺵﺮف اﻟﻨﻮوي‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻄﻬﺎرة‬
‫ﺑﺎب ﻡﺎ یﻮﺝﺐ اﻟﻐﺴﻞ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺱﻮَا ٌء آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ﺙَﺎ ِﻧﻴًﺎ ; َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ِﻪ َﻟ ِﺰ َﻡ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ب ‪َ -‬ﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ ُﻘ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻲ‪َ -‬‬
‫ج ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ َﻡ ِﻨ ﱞ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ُﺙﻢﱠ َ‬
‫ﻏ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄ َﻟ ُﺔ اﻟﺜﱠﺎ ِﻧ َﻴ ُﺔ ( إذَا َأ ْﻡﻨَﻰ وَا ْ‬
‫) ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺚ‬
‫ب ‪َ ,‬و ِﺑ ِﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻖ َ‬
‫ﻲ ‪ ,‬وَا ﱠﺕ َﻔ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِﻓ ِﻌ ﱡ‬
‫ﺺ َ‬
‫ﻲ َأ ْو َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َﺑ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬هﺬَا َﻡ ْﺬ َه ُﺒﻨَﺎ َﻧ ﱠ‬
‫ن َیﺒُﻮ َل َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﻚ َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠﻘًﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ِه َ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﻦ رَا ْه َﻮ ْی ِﻪ ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ ُ‬
‫ق ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻒ َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َ‬
‫ي َوَأﺑُﻮ یُﻮ ُ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﺜ ْﻮ ِر ﱡ‬
‫ﺱ ْﻔﻴَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻚ َو ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٌ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ ﻓِﻲ ِروَا َی ٍﺔ َ‬
‫َوَأ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِه ْﻢ رﺽﻲ اﷲ‬
‫ي َو َ‬
‫ﻋﻄَﺎ ٍء وَاﻟ ﱡﺰ ْه ِﺮ ﱢ‬
‫س َو َ‬
‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺐ وَا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ﻃَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﻲ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻨ ِﺬ ِر َ‬
‫ﺡﻜَﺎ ُﻩ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ت ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺵ َﻬ ُﺮ اﻟ ﱢﺮوَایَﺎ ِ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ‬
‫ﻏ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻲ اﱠﻟﺬِي ا ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َﺑ ِﻘ ﱠﻴ ُﺔ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َﻓﻠَﺎ ُ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱡ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ ُﺙﻢﱠ َ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ ﺑَﺎ َل َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ ‪ :‬إ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﻢ َوﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫‪133‬‬
‫ﺴ ْﻞ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ‬
‫ن ﺑَﺎ َل َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺲ َهﺬَا ‪ ,‬إ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻜ ُ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﺪ َوَأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ﺙَﺎ ِﻧﻴًﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ِروَا َی ٌﺔ ﺙَﺎ ِﻟ َﺜ ٌﺔ َ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ َوِإﻟﱠﺎ َﻓ َﻴ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴ ِﻊ َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪} " :‬‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻬ َﻮ ٍة ‪َ .‬دﻟِﻴُﻠﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻬ َﻮ ٍة َوِإﻟﱠﺎ َو َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫َﻡ ِﻨ ﱞ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠﻘًﺎ آَﺎ ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻮ ِل وَا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺾ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ث َﻓ َﻨ َﻘ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ ٍ‬
‫ع َ‬
‫ق ‪َ ,‬و ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َﻧ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ث‬
‫ﺡﺪَا ِ‬
‫ع َوﺱَﺎ ِﺋ ِﺮ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِء { " َو َﻟ ْﻢ ُی َﻔ ﱢﺮ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ُء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫‪4. Purification rules when sex was not done in the female’s vagina, and the male and‬‬
‫‪female have released or discharged fluids from their private organs‬‬
‫اﻟﻤﺼﻨﻒ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺪ اﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻡﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ أﺑﻲ ﺵﻴﺒﺔ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻄﻬﺎرات‬
‫ج‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ُیﺠَﺎ ِﻡ ُﻊ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ َﺕ ُﻪ دُو َ‬
‫) ‪ ( 108‬ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱟ‬
‫ﻦ} َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﺼ َﺔ ا ْﻟ َﻔﺰَا ِر ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗﺒِﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺮ َآ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ زَا ِﺋ َﺪ َة َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱟ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ ٍﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل َ‬
‫)‪َ (1‬‬
‫ﺤﺘِﻲ ِﺑ ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﺖ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺝﻠًﺎ َﻡﺬﱠا ًء َوآَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َل ُآﻨْﺖ َر ُ‬
‫ﺝﻠًﺎ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄ َﻟ ُﻪ َﻓ َﺄ َﻡﺮْت َر ُ‬
‫ن َأ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘﺤِﻲ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﻓ ُﻜﻨْﺖ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻞ { ‪.‬‬
‫ﻏ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺢ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ َء ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻀْ‬
‫ي ﻓَﺎ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻞ َذ َآﺮَك َوِإذَا َرَأیْﺖ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْد َ‬
‫ﻏ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ْﺄ وَا ْ‬
‫ي َﻓ َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄ َﻟ ُﻪ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪ :‬إذَا َرَأیْﺖ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬ َ‬
‫َﻓ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ِﺑ ِﻤ ْﺜ ِﻠ ِﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺼ َﺔ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗﺒِﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺮ َآ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ْﻴ ٍﺪ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋﺒِﻴ َﺪ ُة ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫)‪َ (2‬‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ث ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِر ِ‬
‫ﺝﻠًﺎ َﻡﺬﱠا ًء‬
‫ﻲ ُآﻨْﺖ َر ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱞ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺒ ٍﻞ ﻗَﺎ َل } ﻗَﺎ َل َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ﺧَﺎ ِﻟ ٍﺪ َ‬
‫ﺱﻤَﺎﻋِﻴ ُﻞ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ إ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ٍﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﺑ ْ‬
‫ﺤﻤﱠ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ُﻡ َ‬
‫)‪َ (3‬‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ { ‪.‬‬
‫ن َأ َﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﻓ َﺄ َﻡ َﺮﻧِﻲ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴﻠْﺖ َﻓ َﺒ َﻠ َﻎ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻏ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻚا ْ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴﺌًﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َﻓ ُﻜﻨْﺖ إذَا َرَأیْﺖ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ إﻟﱠﺎ‬
‫ﺴُﻠ ُﻪ َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ َﺕ ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ ِء َز ْو ِ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ َة ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻄَﺎ ٍء ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ ُیﺼِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﻋﱢ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْوزَا ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺲ َ‬
‫ﻦ یُﻮ ُﻧ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ﻋِﻴﺴَﻰ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫)‪َ (4‬‬
‫ﺴ ْﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺧ َﻞ َﻓ ْﻠ َﺘ ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ن َد َ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﻞ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ُء َﻓ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﺪ ُ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َل َی ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ن َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ُیﺠَﺎ ِﻡ ُﻊ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ َﺕ ُﻪ دُو َ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ َﻢ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺪ ﱟ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺰ َﺑ ْﻴ ِﺮ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺱ ْﻔﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َوآِﻴ ٌﻊ َ‬
‫)‪َ (5‬‬
‫ن ُی ْﻨ ِﺰ َل ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ إﻟﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َﻓ ْﺮ َ‬
‫َو َﺕ ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻨ ِﺒ ِﻪ َﻓ ُﻴﺼِﻴ ُﺒﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ِﻠ ُﻢ وَا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ُﺕ ُﻪ إﻟَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َی ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﻜﺤُﻮ ٍل ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ ُﺑ ْﺮ ٍد َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫)‪َ (6‬‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ َﻓ َﺘ ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺐ َﻓ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ن ُیﺼِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺚ َأﺹَﺎ َﺑﻬَﺎ إﻟﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ﺴ ٌﻞ َو َﺕ ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻄﻬَﺎ‬
‫ن ُأﺧَﺎ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺹﻐِﻴ َﺮ ًة َﻓ ُﻜﻨْﺖ ُأﺹِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺵ َﺘ َﺮیْﺖ ﺝَﺎ ِر َی ًﺔ َ‬
‫س ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻓﺮَا ٍ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َز َآ ِﺮیﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻧ َﻤ ْﻴ ٍﺮ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫)‪َ (7‬‬
‫ﻲ َﻓ َﻴ ْﻜﻔِﻴﻬَﺎ ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ُء ‪.‬‬
‫َﻓ َ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻞ َوَأﻡﱠﺎ ِه َ‬
‫ﻏ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َأﻡﱠﺎ َأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻌ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄﻟْﺖ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻲ َأ ْﻧ َﺰ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ن ِه َ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َل إ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ُیﺼِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ ِهﺸَﺎ ٍم َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ ُأﺱَﺎ َﻡ َﺔ َ‬
‫)‪َ (8‬‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ ِء اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ِﺪهَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ب ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ﻡَﺎ َأﺹَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﻠ ْ‬
‫ﻏ َ‬
‫ت َو َ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َﻟ ْﻢ ُﺕ ْﻨ ِﺰ ْل َﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ن ِه َ‬
‫ﺖ َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻠ ْ‬
‫ﻏ َﺘ َ‬
‫اْ‬
‫‪5. Is sperm pure (Taahir) – The Hanafi view‬‬
‫ﺵﺮح ﻡﻌﺎﻧﻲ اﻵﺙﺎر‬
‫أﺡﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻡﺠﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺱﻼﻡﺔ اﻟﻄﺤﺎوي‬
‫آﺘﺎب ﻓﻲ اﻟﻄﻬﺎرة‬
‫ﺤ َﻜ ِﻢ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻌ َﺒ ُﺔ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺸ ُﺮ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ق ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ِﺑ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﺮزُو ٍ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺲ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺠ ٌ‬
‫ﻲ َه ْﻞ ُه َﻮ ﻃَﺎ ِه ٌﺮ َأ ْم َﻧ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ِﻢ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ب ُ‬
‫ﺑَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ‬
‫ﺡ َﺘ َﻠ َﻢ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺮَأ ْﺕ ُﻪ ﺝَﺎ ِر َی ٌﺔ ِﻟﻌَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ‪ ,‬ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ن ﻧَﺎ ِزﻟًﺎ َ‬
‫ث ‪َ :‬أﻧﱠ ُﻪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِر ِ‬
‫ﻦ } َهﻤﱠﺎ ِم ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ َﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺸ ُﺔ رﺽﻲ‬
‫ﺖ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻘَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ت ِﺑ َﺬِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َﺙ ْﻮ َﺑ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﻮ ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو َی ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َأ َﺙ َﺮ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ َی ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ َﺮ َة ﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ب َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ { ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ن َأ ْﻓ ُﺮ َآ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ‪َ :‬ﻟ َﻘ ْﺪ َرَأیْﺘﻨِﻲ َوﻡَﺎ َأزِی ُﺪ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﻌ َﺒ ٍﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻲ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َﻓ ْﻬ ٌﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ ِد ِﻩ ِﻡ ْﺜَﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺤ َﻜ ِﻢ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺬ َآ َﺮ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻌ َﺒ ُﺔ ‪َ :‬أﻧَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝﺮِی ٍﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل ُ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺐ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َو ْه ُ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َهﻤﱠﺎ ٍم َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﺨ ِﻌ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ َﻢ اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺤ َﻜ ِﻢ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺔ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ُأ َﻧ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ َز ْی ِﺪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮٍو ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﺒ ْﻴ ُﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫‪134‬‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ َﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺶ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋﻮَا َﻧ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺡﻤﱠﺎ ٍد ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﻴﻰ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ َﺮ َة ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﻮ ُﻩ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ ِد ِﻩ‬
‫ﺶ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺬ َآ َﺮ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َز ْی ٍﺪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ َﺒ ْﻴ ُﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻲ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱞ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َﻓ ْﻬ ٌﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﻮ ُﻩ ‪َ .‬‬
‫َهﻤﱠﺎ ٍم ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺬ َآ َﺮ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ َﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺶ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺺ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺡ ْﻔ ٌ‬
‫ي ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أﻧَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺪ ﱟ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻒ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ دَاوُد ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ یُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﻨﺼُﻮ ٍر ‪,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻚ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺵﺮِی ٌ‬
‫ﻲ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤﻤﱠﺎ ِﻧ ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َﻓ ْﻬ ٌﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ‪ِ ,‬ﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫َیﺰِی َﺪ ‪َ ,‬و َهﻤﱠﺎ ٍم َ‬
‫ﺡﻤﱠﺎ ٍد‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺴﻌُﻮ ِد ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ َﺮ َة ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأﺑُﻮ دَاوُد ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َهﻤﱠﺎ ٍم ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ َﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠ ُﻪ‬
‫ن َأ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ } :‬ﻟ َﻘ ْﺪ َرَأیْﺘﻨِﻲ َوﻡَﺎ َأزِی ُﺪ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َهﻤﱠﺎ ٍم ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ َﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ي ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺱﻤَﺎ َء ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َﻡ ْﻬ ِﺪ ﱡ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ِﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ دَاوُد ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻒ َدﱠﻟﻜْﺘﻪ { ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺝ ﱠ‬
‫ب َﻓ ِﺈذَا َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺜ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺝﻨَﺎ َﺑ ًﺔ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ﻏ ِ‬
‫ﺸ ُﺔ ‪َ ,‬وَأﻧَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ﻟ َﻘ ْﺪ َرَأ ْﺕﻨِﻲ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ} َ‬
‫ﺨ ِﻌ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ َﻢ اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ ُ‬
‫ﺹ ٌﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ن ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ وَا ِ‬
‫َﻡ ْﻴﻤُﻮ ٍ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ َﻌ َﻞ ِﺑ ِﻪ َه َﻜﺬَا‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْ‬
‫ب َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﻓﻤَﺎ َیﺰِی ُﺪ َ‬
‫ﺐ َﺙ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ :‬ﻟ َﻘ ْﺪ َرَأیْﺘﻨِﻲ َوِإ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َﻟ ُﻴﺼِﻴ ُ‬
‫َﺙ ْﻮﺑِﻲ َﻓﻘَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻄَﺎ ٍء ‪} ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋﱡ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ٍﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْوزَا ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ٌﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻮﻟِﻴ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ دَاوُد ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُد َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫َﺕ ْﻌﻨِﻲ َی ْﻔ ُﺮ ُآ ُﻪ { ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ دَاوُد‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻲ{‪َ .‬‬
‫ب َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﺕ ْﻌﻨِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ‪ُ :‬آﻨْﺖ َأ ْﻓ ُﺮ ُآ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻧ ْﻮ َﻓ ٍﻞ َ‬
‫ث ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِر ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺨ َﻠ ٍﺪ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺵ ٍﻢ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ هَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َز ْی ٍﺪ َ‬
‫ﺡﻤﱠﺎ ُد ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﺪ ٌد ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻌ َﻔ ُﺮ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺱﻤَﺎﻋِﻴ َﻞ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦإ ْ‬
‫ي ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُﻡ َﺒﺸﱢ ُﺮ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ﱢﺮ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ اﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ دَاوُد ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ط َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ك ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ‪ُ } :‬آﻨْﺖ َأ ْﻓ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺮ َو َة َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺰ ْه ِﺮ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن‪َ ,‬‬
‫ُﺑ ْﺮﻗَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺮﺡِﻴ ِﻢ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﺮ ِﻗ ﱡ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ف{‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻃﻨَﺎ َی ْﻮ َﻡ ِﺌ ٍﺬ اﻟﺼﱡﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻡ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َوآَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻦ } ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤ َﺮ َة َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ٍﺪ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺤﻴَﻰ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َی ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋﱢ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْوزَا ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َﺑ ْﻜ ٍﺮ َ‬
‫ﺸ ُﺮ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ي ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ِﺑ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﻤ ْﻴ ِﺪ ﱡ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺤ ُﻪ ‪ ,‬إذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴُ‬
‫ﺴُﻠ ُﻪ َأ ْو َأ ْﻡ َ‬
‫ﻏ ِ‬
‫ن یَﺎ ِﺑﺴًﺎ ‪َ ,‬وَأ ْ‬
‫ب َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪ ,‬إذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ك ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ‪ُ :‬آﻨْﺖ َأ ْﻓ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُﺑ ْﺮ ٍد َأﺧِﻲ َیﺰِی َﺪ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ َﺜ ُﺮ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ي ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺪ ﱟ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻒ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ِﺑﻲ دَاوُد ﻗَﺎ َل ﺙﻨﺎ یُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ي‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺤ َﻤ ْﻴ ِﺪ ﱡ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺵﱠ‬
‫ﻃﺒًﺎ { َ‬
‫َر ْ‬
‫ب َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ك ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ‪ُ } :‬آﻨْﺖ َأ ْﻓ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﺨ ِﻌ ﱢ‬
‫ﺵﻘﱠﺎ َﻟ َﺔ اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ِزیَﺎ ٍد َ‬
‫ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﻃَﺎ ِه ٌﺮ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱠ‬
‫ن إﻟَﻰ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ذَا ِهﺒُﻮ َ‬
‫ي رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ‪َ :‬ﻓ َﺬ َه َ‬
‫ﻄﺤَﺎ ِو ﱡ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻌ َﻔ ٍﺮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ { ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻚ ِﺑ َﻬ ِﺬ ِﻩ اﻟْﺂﺙَﺎ ِر ‪َ .‬وﺧَﺎ َﻟ َﻔ ُﻬ ْﻢ‬
‫ﺠﻮا ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺘ ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ُﻢ اﻟ ﱡﻨﺨَﺎ َﻡ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬وَا ْ‬
‫ﻚ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻤ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ن َو َﻗ َﻊ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬وَأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ ُﺪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ َء َوِإ ْ‬
‫‪َ ,‬وَأ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ ُی ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ب َیﻨَﺎ ُم‬
‫ت ﻓِﻲ ِذ ْآ ِﺮ ِﺙﻴَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺠ َﺔ َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ ﻓِﻲ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ اﻟْﺂﺙَﺎ ِر ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ إ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ ﺝَﺎ َء ْ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
‫ﺲ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎﻟُﻮا ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺠ ٌ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻘَﺎﻟُﻮا ‪َ :‬ﺑ ْﻞ ُه َﻮ َﻧ َ‬
‫ﺧﺮُو َ‬
‫ﻚﺁَ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫س ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ ِم ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ َوﻟَﺎ َﺕﺠُﻮ ُز‬
‫ﻂ وَا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻮ ِل وَاﻟ ﱠﺪ ِم ﻟَﺎ َﺑ ْﺄ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺔ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟﻐَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ﺠ َ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ ﻓِﻴ َﻬﺎ َو َﻗ ْﺪ َرَأ ْیﻨَﺎ اﻟ ﱢﺜﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ب ُی َ‬
‫ت ﻓِﻲ ِﺙﻴَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ َو َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ ْﺄ ِ‬
‫ﺢ اﻟﻨﱠ ْﻮ ُم‬
‫ﺼُﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻨَﺎ َﻟ ْﻮ ُآﻨﱠﺎ َﻧﻘُﻮ ُل ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﺠ ًﺔ َ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
‫ﺚ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ُ‬
‫ن َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ .‬وِإ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻲ َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱡ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ُة ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َیﺠُﻮ ُز َأ ْ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َﺑ ْﻌ ُﺪ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬و َﻧﻘُﻮ ُل ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻖ ﻡَﺎ َر َو ْی ُﺘ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ﻚ َو ُﻧﻮَا ِﻓ ُ‬
‫ﺢ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺲ َﻓ ِﺈذَا ُآﻨﱠﺎ ُﻧﺒِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺠ ِ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺜ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ﺝَﺎ َء َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ي ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴﺌًﺎ ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻒ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ ُﻧﺨَﺎ ِﻟ ْ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ُة ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺢ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺼُﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ إذَا َأﺹَﺎ َﺑ ُﻪ‬
‫ن ُی َ‬
‫ب َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ اﱠﻟﺬِي آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺖ َﺕ ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ ِﺑ َﺜ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮِو ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻀ ِﻞ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻔ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸ ُﺮ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ك َو ِﺑ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎ َر ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ن ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡﺴﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺤﻴَﻰ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺲ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ یُﻮ ُﻧ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱡ‬
‫ب َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱠ‬
‫ﻏ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ‪ُ :‬آﻨْﺖ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻦ } ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َیﺴَﺎ ٍر َ‬
‫ن ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ ْﻴﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن‪َ ,‬‬
‫َﻡ ْﻴﻤُﻮ ٍ‬
‫ﻲ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأﺑُﻮ‬
‫ﺸ ٍﺮ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ﱢﻗ ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ ِﺑ ْ‬
‫ن ُﺑ َﻘ َﻊ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِء َﻟﻔِﻲ َﺙ ْﻮ ِﺑ ِﻪ { ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة َوِإ ﱠ‬
‫ج إﻟَﻰ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺨ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﻓ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ ِد ِﻩ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮٍو ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺬ َآ َﺮ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ُﻡﻌَﺎ ِو َی َﺔ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮٌو ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﺬ َآ َﺮ‬
‫ن ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أﻧَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ هَﺎرُو َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴ َﺒ َﺔ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َیﺰِی ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻲ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﻮ ُﻩ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ اﱠﻟﺬِي‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﺸ ُﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ َﺕ ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ ِﺑ َﺜ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻌ َﻔ ٍﺮ ‪َ :‬ﻓ َﻬ َﻜﺬَا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ ِد ِﻩ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ِﺑ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُأمﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ ,‬ﻡَﺎ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻖ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ وَا َﻓ َ‬
‫ن ﻟَﺎ ُی َ‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﻮ ِﺑ ِﻪ اﱠﻟﺬِي آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ َو َﺕ ْﻔ ُﺮ ُآ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱠ‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﺕ ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ن ُی َ‬
‫آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َیﺰِی َﺪ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َرﺑِﻴ َﻌ َﺔ َ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻌ َﻔ ِﺮ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨِﻲ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻀ َﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﺑ ْﻜ ِﺮ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ق ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺱﺤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ي ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ِإ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َرﺑِﻴ ٌﻊ ا ْﻟﺠِﻴ ِﺰ ﱡ‬
‫ﺡﺒِﻴ َﺒ َﺔ ‪َ .‬‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺡﺒِﻴ َﺒ َﺔ‬
‫ﺧ َﺘ ُﻪ ُأمﱠ َ‬
‫ﺱ ْﻔﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡﻌَﺎ ِو َی َﺔ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺞ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺧﺪِی ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡﻌَﺎ ِو َی َﺔ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺲ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗ ْﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮیْﺪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺡﺒِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄ َل ُأ ْ‬
‫ن ‪َ :‬أﻧﱠ ُﻪ } َ‬
‫ﺝﻌُﻚ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ؟‬
‫ب اﱠﻟﺬِي ُیﻀَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺜ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ُی َ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱡ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َه ْﻞ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ج اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫َز ْو َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺚ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟﻬِﻴ َﻌ َﺔ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮٌو ‪ ,‬وَا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮﻧِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺐ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َو ْه ٍ‬
‫ﺲ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أﻧَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ یُﻮ ُﻧ ُ‬
‫ﺼ ْﺒ ُﻪ َأذًى { ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺖ َﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ إذَا َﻟ ْﻢ ُی ِ‬
‫َﻓﻘَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ دَاوُد ﻗَﺎ َل ‪:‬‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻚ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻖ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ َأ ْیﻀًﺎ ‪ ,‬ﻡَﺎ ُیﻮَا ِﻓ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ ِد ِﻩ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫َیﺰِی َﺪ َﻓ َﺬ َآ َﺮ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺖ‪}:‬‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻖ َ‬
‫ﺵﻘِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺚ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺵ َﻌ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ث‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِر ِ‬
‫ﺙﻨﺎ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻘﺪﱠ ِﻡﻲﱡ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ﺧَﺎ ِﻟ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ْﻴ ٍﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َﻓ ْﻬ ٌﺪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻧﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ { ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺤ ِ‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ ﻓِﻲ ُﻟ ُ‬
‫ن َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻟَﺎ ُی َ‬
‫آَﺎ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َذ َآ ْﺮﻧَﺎ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻌ َﻔ ٍﺮ ‪َ :‬ﻓ َﺜ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻔﻨَﺎ ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﻓِﻲ ُﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ ِد ِﻩ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺚ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺬ َآ َﺮ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺵ َﻌ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻌ َﺒ َﺔ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻨ َﺪ ٌر َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺖ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬و َﺙ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ٌء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ب اﱠﻟﺬِي َیﻨَﺎ ُم ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ إذَا َأﺹَﺎ َﺑ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺜ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُی َ‬
‫َرﺱُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪َ ,‬ﻟ ْﻢ َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ ِم ‪ ,‬ﻟَﺎ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪ ,‬إ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ ُه َﻮ ﻓِﻲ َﺙ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ُد َو َهﻤﱠﺎ ٌم َ‬
‫ﻡَﺎ َذ َآ َﺮ ُﻩ ا ْﻟَﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴ َﺒ َﺔ ﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻲ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ ,‬ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْه ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِل اﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺔ ِﻟ َﺄ ْه ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِل ا ْﻟ َﺄ ﱠو ِل َ‬
‫ﺤﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ن ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة ‪َ .‬ﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ َﺙ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ}‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻠ َﻘ َﻤ َﺔ وَا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ َﻢ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺸ ٍﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َﻡ ْﻌ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ ﺧَﺎ ِﻟ ٍﺪ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺤﻴَﻰ ﻗَﺎ َل َأﻧَﺎ ﺧَﺎ ِﻟ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َی ْ‬
‫ﺤﻴَﻰ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ب َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ یَﺎ ِﺑﺴًﺎ ِﺑ َﺄﺹَﺎ ِﺑﻌِﻲ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ك ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ُآﻨْﺖ َأ ْﻓ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺴُﻠ ُﻪ { ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َوﻟَﺎ َی ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ُی َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ َﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﻨﺼُﻮ ٍر ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻚ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺵﺮِی ٌ‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ٍﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أﻧَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺤﻤﱠ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َﻓ ْﻬ ٌﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺐ ﻗَﺎﻟَﺎ ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ﺧَﺎ ِﻟ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺵ َﻌ ْﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ن ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ ْﻴﻤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ج َو ُ‬
‫ﺤﺠﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤﻤﱠ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ِﻡﺜْﻠﻪ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫َهﻤﱠﺎ ٍم ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺖ‪:‬‬
‫ﻦ } ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ِد ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ َﻢ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡﻤﱠﺎ ٍد َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ َﻤ َﺔ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺡﻤﱠﺎ ُد ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ِ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْ‬
‫ﺱ ٌﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪:‬‬
‫ن ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َرﺑِﻴ ٌﻊ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﺆذﱢ ُ‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ { ‪َ .‬‬
‫ب َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ُﺙﻢﱠ ُی َ‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ُآﻨْﺖ َأ ْﻓ ُﺮ ُآ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫‪135‬‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡﺠَﺎ ِه ٍﺪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺢ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ َﻧﺠِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ج ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﻋ َﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ْﻴ ٌﺪ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨِﻲ ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﻮ ْی ٍﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ُﺔ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺙﻨﺎ َﻗ َﺰ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺱ ُﻢ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ن ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﻴﻤُﻮ ٍ‬
‫س ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ﻋِﻴﺴَﻰ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ إیَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ق ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ﺁدَم ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﺮزُو ٍ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺮ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة ‪َ ,‬آﻤَﺎ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ك ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ َﺕ ْﻔ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ‪ِ ,‬ﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮا ‪َ :‬ﻓﻔِﻲ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ اﻟْﺂﺙَﺎ ِر َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ َ‬
‫ﺖ َﺕ ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻃﻬَﺎ َر ِﺕ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َیﺠُﻮ ُز َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪﻧَﺎ َدﻟِﻴ ٌﻞ َ‬
‫ﺲ ﻓِﻲ َهﺬَا ِ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻌ َﻔ ٍﺮ ‪َ :‬و َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ ِم ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫َﺕ ْﻔ ُﺮ ُآ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َﻓ ْﻬ ٌﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪:‬‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى ‪َ .‬‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻌ َﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ي ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ َأﺹَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺲ َآﻤَﺎ َﻗ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺠ ٌ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻪ َﻧ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓِﻲ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ب وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱡ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟﺜﱠ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻬ ُﺮ ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ِﺑ ِﻪ َهﺬَا ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ُه َﺮ ْی َﺮ َة ﻗَﺎ َل ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ٍﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻘ ُﺒ ِﺮ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺠﻠَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ِﺪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋﱡ‬
‫ﻦ َآﺜِﻴ ٍﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْوزَا ِ‬
‫ﺤﻤﱠ ُﺪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺙﻨﺎ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ب { ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ‬
‫ﻄﻬُﻮ ُر ُهﻤَﺎ اﻟ ﱡﺘﺮَا ُ‬
‫ﺨ ﱢﻔ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬أ ْو ِﺑ َﻨ ْﻌ ِﻠ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪ ُآ ْﻢ ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى ِﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺊ َأ َ‬
‫ﻃَ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َل َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ } إذَا َو ِ‬
‫ﻚ ﻡَﺎ َر َو ْیﻨَﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻪ ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻜ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻃﻬَﺎ َر ِة ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى ﻓِﻲ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻚ َدﻟِﻴ ٌﻞ َ‬
‫ﺲ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ِﻬﻤَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ئ َ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺰ ُ‬
‫ب ُی ْ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟ ﱡﺘﺮَا ُ‬
‫ن َذِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻌ َﻔ ٍﺮ ‪َ :‬ﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻪ‬
‫ك َو ُه َﻮ ﻓِﻲ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ب ِﺑ ِﺈزَا َﻟ ِﺘ ِﻬ ْﻢ إیﱠﺎ ُﻩ َ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻬ ُﺮ اﻟﺜﱠ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻚ َی ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ُهﻤَﺎ َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ُﻤ ُﻪ ِ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ َﻤ ُﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ‪ُ ,‬ی ْ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ اﻟْﺂﺙَﺎ ِر‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺲ ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﺎﱠﻟﺬِي َو َﻗ ْﻔﻨَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺠ ٌ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻪ َﻧ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ﻓِﻲ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻬ ُﺮ اﻟﻨﱠ ْﻌ ُﻞ ِﺑ ِﺈزَا َﻟ ِﺘ ِﻬ ْﻢ إیﱠﺎ ُﻩ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى َی ْ‬
‫ﺲ ‪َ ,‬آﻤَﺎ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺠ ٌ‬
‫َﻧ َ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ َو َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ئ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺰ ُ‬
‫ن یَﺎ ِﺑﺴًﺎ َو ُی ْ‬
‫ك إذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻚ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻬ ُﺮ ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ َأﺹَﺎ َﺑ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ب َی ْ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﺜ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﻲ ‪ُ ,‬ه َﻮ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮ ِو ﱠی ِﺔ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﺐ إﻟَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻗ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺐ ذَا ِه ٌ‬
‫ﺲ ؟ ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﺬ َه َ‬
‫ﺠ ٌ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬أﻃَﺎ ِه ٌﺮ ُه َﻮ َأ ْم َﻧ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ِﻤ ِﻪ ُه َﻮ ﻓِﻲ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َهﺬَا ‪َ ,‬دﻟِﻴ ٌﻞ َ‬
‫ﻲ ٍء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ دَاوُد ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ ,‬ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺠﺴًﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َذ َآ َﺮ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪهَﺎ ‪َ -‬ﻧ َ‬
‫ن‪ِ -‬‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻡَﺎ َی ُﺪلﱡ َ‬
‫ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻌ َﺒ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ٍﺪ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺤﻴَﻰ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﺪ ٌد ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ َﺮ َة ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺤ ُﻪ " ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻀْ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ َﺮ ُﻩ ﻓَﺎ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻠ ُﻪ َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ِ‬
‫ب " إذَا َرَأیْﺘﻪ ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠﺜ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﻲ إذَا َأﺹَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺖ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ‬
‫ﻦ ِزیَﺎ ٍد َﻗﺎ َل ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﻦ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ﺵ َﻌ ْﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ن ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ ْﻴﻤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ ِد ِﻩ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺵ ْﻌ َﺒ ُﺔ َﻓ َﺬ َآ َﺮ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُ‬
‫َو ْه ٌ‬
‫ﺸ ُﺮ‬
‫ق ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ِﺑ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﺮزُو ٍ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ث َ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱢ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ﱠﻤﺘِﻲ ُﺕ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻤﻌْﺖ َ‬
‫ﺺ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﺡ ْﻔ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻌ َﺒ ُﺔ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أﻧَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ ٍﺮ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﻚ َدﻟِﻴ ٌﻞ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪهَﺎ ‪ .‬ﻗِﻴ َﻞ ‪َ :‬ﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ِﻪ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻧﺠَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱﻨَﺎ ِد ِﻩ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ﻓ َﻬﺬَا ‪َ ,‬ﻗ ْﺪ َد ﱠل َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻌ َﺒ ُﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺬ َآ َﺮ ِﺑِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ب‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ اﻟ ﱠﺜ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ت ِﺑ َﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻂ وَا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻮ ِل وَاﻟ ﱠﺪ ِم ‪َ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ َﻡ َﺮ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻐَﺎ ِﺋ ِ‬
‫ت ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ُﻢ ﺱَﺎ ِﺋ ِﺮ اﻟ ﱠﻨﺠَﺎﺱَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪهَﺎ ‪ُ ,‬‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ُﻤ ُﻪ ِ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َذ َآﺮْت ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻮ آَﺎ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺢ َوَأ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ ُﺑﺪﱠ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻀُ‬
‫ﻄﻬﱢ ُﺮ ُﻩ اﻟﻨﱠ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َﻡﻜَﺎ ُﻧ ُﻪ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ ُی َ‬
‫ﺨ ِﻔ َ‬
‫ن َﺙ ْﻮﺑًﺎ َﻟ ْﻮ َأﺹَﺎ َﺑ ُﻪ َﺑ ْﻮ ٌل َﻓ َ‬
‫ﺽ َﻌ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬أﻟَﺎ َﺕﺮَى َأ ﱠ‬
‫ف َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ُآﱢﻠ ِﻪ إذَا َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﻌ ِﺮ ْ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ‪ -‬إذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻲ‪ِ -‬‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ُﻢ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺔ ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻠﻤﱠﺎ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨﺠَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻃﻬُﻮ َر ُﻩ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َی ْﻌ َﻠ َﻢ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ِﻪ ُآﱢﻠ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ت ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ‬
‫ف ﺱَﺎ ِﺋ ِﺮ اﻟ ﱠﻨﺠَﺎﺱَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪهَﺎ ‪ِ ,‬ﺑ ِ‬
‫ن ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻤ ُﻪ ‪ ,‬آَﺎ َ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺢ ‪َ ,‬ﺙ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻀُ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ َﻡ ْﻌﻠُﻮ ٍم ‪ -‬اﻟﻨﱠ ْ‬
‫ب‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺜ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ُﻌ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺢ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ﺹَﺎ ِﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ ,‬ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ُﺮ ِو َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻒ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺘ َﻠ َ‬
‫اْ‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ْﻮ ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ َﺔ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ك ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬أﻧﱠ ُﻪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ ْﻌ ٍﺪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺐ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺼ َﻌ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺼ ْﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴ ٌﻢ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل َأﻧَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ٌﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُه َ‬
‫‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ث‬
‫ﻚ َآﻤَﺎ ُی ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺮ ْو ِ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ َﻤ ُﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ُﻩ ‪ -‬ﻃَﺎ ِه ٌﺮ ‪َ .‬و ُی ْ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ‪ِ -‬‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن ‪ ,‬آَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ِﻤ ُﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫َﻓ َﻬﺬَا َی ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺮ َو َة‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ِهﺸَﺎ ِم ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ ِﻟﻜًﺎ َ‬
‫ﺐ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َو ْه ٍ‬
‫ﺲ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أﻧَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ یُﻮ ُﻧ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ُﻩ ‪ -‬ﻃَﺎ ِه ٌﺮ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻌ ِﻞ ﻟَﺎ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ‪ِ -‬‬
‫ﺤﻜُﻮ ِم ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ‪ ,‬ﻓِﻴ ِﻬ ْﻢ‬
‫ب رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻓِﻲ َر ْآ ٍ‬
‫ﺨﻄﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﺘ َﻤ َﺮ َﻡ َﻊ ُ‬
‫ﺐ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ا ْ‬
‫ﻃ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ ﺡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺤﻴَﻰ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َی ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ب رﺽﻲ اﷲ‬
‫ﺨﻄﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ ُﺮ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﺘ َﻠ َﻢ ُ‬
‫ﺾ ا ْﻟ ِﻤﻴَﺎ ِﻩ ‪ .‬ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﺑ ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ﻖ ‪َ ,‬ﻗﺮِیﺒًﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻄﺮِی ِ‬
‫ﺾ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫س ِﺑ َﺒ ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ﱠﺮ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ َ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ص ‪َ ,‬وَأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻌَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮُو ْﺑ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺘﻠَﺎ ِم ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ﻡَﺎ َرأَى ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠ َﻌ َﻞ َی ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ ﺝَﺎ َء ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ َء ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺮ ِآ َ‬
‫ﺠ ْﺪ ﻡَﺎ ًء ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْآ ِ‬
‫ﺢ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ َی ِ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺒ َ‬
‫ن ُی ْ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻪ َو َﻗ ْﺪ آَﺎ َد َأ ْ‬
‫ﺢ ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ َأ َر ُﻩ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻀُ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ﻡَﺎ َرَأیْﺖ َوَأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﻏ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ ُﺮ ‪َ :‬ﺑ ْﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ع َﺙ ْﻮﺑَﻚ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻘَﺎ َل ُ‬
‫ب ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺪ ْ‬
‫ﺹ َﺒﺤْﺖ ‪َ ,‬و َﻡ َﻌﻨَﺎ ِﺙﻴَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮٌو ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻔ َﺮ ‪َ .‬ﻓﻘَﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺮ َو َة َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ِهﺸَﺎ ِم ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮﺝْﺖ‬
‫ﺖ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﺼ ْﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َز ْی ِﺪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ ِﻟﻜًﺎ َ‬
‫ﺐ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َو ْه ٍ‬
‫ﺲ ﻗَﺎ َل َأﻧَﺎ ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ یُﻮ ُﻧ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺘ َﻠﻤْﺖ ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻞ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬واَﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﻡَﺎ َأرَاﻧِﻲ إﻟﱠﺎ َﻗ ْﺪ ا ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﺘ َﻠ َﻢ َو َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻈ َﺮ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا ُه َﻮ َﻗ ْﺪ ا ْ‬
‫ف َﻓ َﻨ َ‬
‫ﺠ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ب إﻟَﻰ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺨﻄﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫َﻡ َﻊ ُ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺤﻴَﻰ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺢ ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ َی َﺮ ُﻩ ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﺄﻡﱠﺎ ﻡَﺎ َروَى َی ْ‬
‫ﻀَ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ﻡَﺎ َرأَى ﻓِﻲ َﺙ ْﻮ ِﺑ ِﻪ َو َﻧ َ‬
‫ﻏ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﻏ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺴﻠْﺖ ‪ ,‬ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻏ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺹﱠﻠﻴْﺖ َوﻡَﺎ ا ْ‬
‫ﺵ َﻌﺮْت ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺡ ٌﺪ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأ َ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة َو َﻟ ْﻢ ُی ْﻨ ِﻜ ْﺮ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻖ َو ْﻗ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ َﻓ َﻌ َﻞ ﻡَﺎ ﻟَﺎ ُﺑﺪﱠ َﻟ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟﻀِﻴ ِ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ُﻬ َﻮ َی ُﺪلﱡ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َرأَى ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُﻡﺘَﺎ َﺑ َﻌ ِﺘ ِﻬ ْﻢ إیﱠﺎ ُﻩ َ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ن َﻡ َﻌ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺪ ﱠل َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ِﻡ ﱠﻤ ْ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺢ ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ َأ َر ُﻩ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِء " َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀُ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ .‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ " َوَأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻄ َﻊ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َی ْﻘ َ‬
‫ﻚ" َ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺢ ﻡَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ َأ َر ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ َأ َﺕ َﻮ ﱠه ُﻢ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َأﺹَﺎ َﺑ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َأ َﺕ َﻴ ﱠﻘ ُ‬
‫ﻀُ‬
‫ن َأرَا َد ِﺑ ِﻪ " َوَأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ِﻤ ُﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َی ْ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ َﺮ َة ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأﺑُﻮ ا ْﻟ َﻮﻟِﻴ ِﺪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِء ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻒ َو َیﻘُﻮ ُل ‪َ :‬هﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﺒ َﻠ ُﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﺄ َﻧ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ ُی ْ‬
‫ﺸﱠ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ب‪"-‬‬
‫ﺐ اﻟ ﱠﺜ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﻲ ُیﺼِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ُه َﺮ ْی َﺮ َة ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ -‬ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺔ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻃ ْﻠ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺰ ْه ِﺮ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﻌ َﻤ ٍﺮ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ك‪َ ,‬‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎ َر ِ‬
‫ﺼ ٍﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ﻦ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺠﺴًﺎ ‪َ .‬‬
‫ن َیﺮَا ُﻩ َﻧ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻗ ْﺪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ب ُآﻠﱠ ُﻪ " ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻬﺬَا َی ُﺪلﱡ َ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻞ اﻟ ﱠﺜ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﻏ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬وِإﻟﱠﺎ ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ِ‬
‫ن َرَأیْﺘﻪ ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫إْ‬
‫ﺴﺤُﻮا‬
‫س رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل " ا ْﻡ َ‬
‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺝ َﺒ ْﻴ ٍﺮ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ِﺪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺐ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺡﺒِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺱ ْﻔﻴَﺎ ُ‬
‫‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأﺑُﻮ ُﻧ َﻌ ْﻴ ٍﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َ‬
‫ﺵ َﻌ ْﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ن ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ ْﻴﻤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ ُ‬
‫ن َیﺮَا ُﻩ ﻃَﺎ ِهﺮًا ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻗ ْﺪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺧ ٍﺮ " ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻬﺬَا َی ُﺪلﱡ َ‬
‫ِﺑ ِﺈ ْذ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ َﺮ َة ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺤ َﻮ ُﻩ ‪َ .‬‬
‫س رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋﻄَﺎ ٍء ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ دِیﻨَﺎ ٍر ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮِو ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻌ َﺒ ُﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﻲ ُیﺼِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄﻟْﺖ ا ْﺑ َ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ٍﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﺱَ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺝ َﺒ َﻠ َﺔ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻌ ٍﺮ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺱ ْﻔﻴَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َﺑﺸﱠﺎ ٍر ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ ُ‬
‫إ ْﺑﺮَاهِﻴ ُﻢ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺴﻠًﺎ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﺴﻤﱠﻰ َ‬
‫ﺢ َﻗ ْﺪ ُی َ‬
‫ﻀَ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺢ ‪ ,‬ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻀِ‬
‫ن َأرَا َد ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ ْ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺤ ُﻪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِء " ‪َ .‬ﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َیﺠُﻮ ُز َأ ْ‬
‫ﻀْ‬
‫ب ﻗَﺎ َل " ا ْﻧ َ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﺜ ْﻮ َ‬
‫ﺤ ُﺮ ِﺑﺠَﺎ ِﻧ ِﺒﻬَﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْ‬
‫ﻀ ِﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ُﺮ ِﺑﺠَﺎ ِﻧ ِﺒﻬَﺎ { َی ْﻌﻨِﻲ َی ْ‬
‫ﺢ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْ‬
‫ﻀُ‬
‫ف َﻡﺪِی َﻨ ًﺔ َی ْﻨ َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺮ ُ‬
‫َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ } إﻧﱢﻲ َﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋﻮَا َﻧ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ َﺮ َة ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأﺑُﻮ ا ْﻟ َﻮﻟِﻴ ِﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻚ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ ‪َ ,‬أرَا َد َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ن ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ َﻤ ُﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫َو ُی ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻠ ِ‬
‫ب اﱠﻟﺬِي ُیﺠَﺎ ِﻡ ُﻊ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َأ ْه َﻠ ُﻪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪:‬‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺜ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ُی َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ُﻩ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺱ ُﻤ َﺮ َة َوَأﻧَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺌ َﻞ ﺝَﺎ ِﺑ ُﺮ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ ْﻴ ٍﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ُ :‬‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺪ َﺙﻨَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َﺑ ْﻜ َﺮ َة ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺵﺮ‪‬ا ‪َ .‬‬
‫ﺢ ﻟَﺎ َیﺰِی ُﺪ ُﻩ إﻟﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻀَ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀُ‬
‫ﺴُﻠ ُﻪ َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﻨ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴﺌًﺎ َﻓ َﺘ ْﻐ ِ‬
‫ن َﺕﺮَى ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺹ ﱢﻞ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬إﻟﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗﻄِﻴ َﻔ ٍﺔ َأﺹَﺎ َﺑ ْﺘﻬَﺎ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﺲ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺌ َﻞ َأ َﻧ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َرﺵِﻴ ٍﺪ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ُ :‬‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺤﻴَﻰ ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻜﺮِی ِﻢ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َی ْ‬
‫ي ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ﱢﺮ ﱡ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻮﻟِﻴ ُﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ﺙﻨﺎ اﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ‬
‫ف ‪َ ,‬وَﻟ ْﻢ َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺘﻠَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻒ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َهﺬَا اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺘ َﻠ َ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻌ َﻔ ٍﺮ ‪َ :‬ﻓ َﻠﻤﱠﺎ ا ْ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻠﻬَﺎ ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻏ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ُﻌﻬَﺎ ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬ا ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺝﻨَﺎ َﺑ ٌﺔ ﻟَﺎ َی ْﺪرِي َأ ْی َ‬
‫َ‬
136
‫ﺝ ْﺪﻧَﺎ‬
َ ‫ َﻓ َﻮ‬, ‫ﻈ ِﺮ‬
َ ‫ﻖ اﻟ ﱠﻨ‬
ِ ‫ﻃﺮِی‬
َ ‫ﻦ‬
ْ ‫ﻚ ِﻡ‬
َ ‫ﻋ َﺘ َﺒ ْﺮﻧَﺎ َذ ِﻟ‬
ْ ‫ﻒ ُه َﻮ ؟ ا‬
َ ‫ﺡ ْﻜ ِﻤ ِﻪ َآ ْﻴ‬
ُ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
َ ‫ﻦ َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َدﻟِﻴ ٌﻞ‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫َر َو ْیﻨَﺎ ُﻩ‬
‫ث‬
ٌ ‫ﺡ َﺪ‬
َ ‫ﺝﻬَﺎ‬
ُ ‫ﺧﺮُو‬
ُ ‫ﺵﻴَﺎ ِء اﱠﻟﺘِﻲ‬
ْ ‫ﻈ َﺮ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ‬
ُ ‫ن َﻧ ْﻨ‬
ْ ‫ َﻓ َﺄ َر ْدﻧَﺎ َأ‬. ‫ت‬
ِ ‫ﻄﻬَﺎرَا‬
‫ﺐ َأ ْآ َﺒ َﺮ اﻟ ﱠ‬
ُ ‫ﺝ‬
ِ ‫ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ یُﻮ‬, ‫ث‬
ِ ‫ﺡﺪَا‬
ْ ‫ﻆ ا ْﻟ َﺄ‬
َ ‫ﻏ َﻠ‬
ْ ‫ﺡ َﺪﺙًﺎ َأ‬
َ ‫ﻲ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
َ ‫ﺧﺮُو‬
ُ
‫ﻚ َد ُم‬
َ ‫ َو َآ َﺬ ِﻟ‬. ‫ﺴ ِﻬﻤَﺎ‬
ِ ‫ن ﻓِﻲ َأ ْﻧ ُﻔ‬
ِ ‫ﺠﺴَﺎ‬
َ ‫ َو ُهﻤَﺎ َﻧ‬, ‫ث‬
ٌ ‫ﺡ َﺪ‬
َ ‫ﺝ ُﻬﻤَﺎ‬
ُ ‫ﺧﺮُو‬
ُ , ‫ﻂ وَا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻮ َل‬
َ ‫ َﻓ َﺮَأ ْیﻨَﺎ ا ْﻟﻐَﺎ ِﺋ‬. ‫ﺴﻬَﺎ ؟‬
ِ ‫ﺡ ْﻜ ُﻤﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ َﻧ ْﻔ‬
ُ ‫ﻒ‬
َ ‫َآ ْﻴ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑﻤَﺎ َذ َآ ْﺮﻧَﺎ‬
َ ‫ َﻓ َﻠﻤﱠﺎ َﺙ َﺒ‬. ‫ﻈ ِﺮ‬
َ ‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﻨ‬
َ ‫ق َآ َﺬ ِﻟ‬
ِ ‫ َو َد ُم ا ْﻟ ُﻌﺮُو‬, ‫ﺴ ِﻬﻤَﺎ‬
ِ ‫ن ﻓِﻲ َأ ْﻧ ُﻔ‬
ِ ‫ﺠﺴَﺎ‬
َ ‫ َو ُهﻤَﺎ َﻧ‬, ‫ث‬
ٌ ‫ﺡ َﺪ‬
َ ‫ ُهﻤَﺎ‬, ‫ﺽ ِﺔ‬
َ ‫ﺱ ِﺘﺤَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﺾ وَاﻟِﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﺤ ْﻴ‬
َ ‫ا ْﻟ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻪ‬
ِ ‫ﺖ َأ ْیﻀًﺎ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َﻧ ْﻔ‬
َ ‫ َﺙ َﺒ‬, ‫ث‬
ٌ ‫ﺡ َﺪ‬
َ ‫ﻲ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱢ‬
َ ‫ﺧﺮُو‬
ُ ‫ن‬
‫ﺖ َأ ﱠ‬
َ ‫ َو َﻗ ْﺪ َﺙ َﺒ‬, ‫ﺴ ِﻪ‬
ِ ‫ﺲ ﻓِﻲ َﻧ ْﻔ‬
ٌ ‫ﺠ‬
َ ‫ َﻓ ُﻬ َﻮ َﻧ‬, ‫ﺡ َﺪﺙًﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺝ ُﻪ‬
ُ ‫ﺧﺮُو‬
ُ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ن ُآﻞﱠ ﻡَﺎ آَﺎ‬
‫َأ ﱠ‬
ٌ ‫ﺠ‬
َ ‫َﻧ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
ْ‫ﻋ‬
َ ‫ﻚ‬
َ ‫ي ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ‬
َ ‫ ﻡَﺎ ُر ِو‬- ‫ن یَﺎ ِﺑﺴًﺎ‬
َ ‫ إذَا آَﺎ‬- ‫ﺡ ْﻜ ِﻤ ِﻪ‬
ُ ‫ﺡ ِﺔ‬
َ ‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ َأﻧَﺎ ا ﱠﺕ َﺒ ْﻌﻨَﺎ ﻓِﻲ إﺑَﺎ‬
َ , ‫ﻈ ُﺮ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ‬
َ ‫ َﻓ َﻬﺬَا ُه َﻮ اﻟﻨﱠ‬. ‫ﺲ‬
. ‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﻬ ْﻢ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ‬
ِ ‫ َر‬, ‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ‬
َ ‫ َو ُﻡ‬, ‫ﻒ‬
َ ‫ﺱ‬
ُ ‫ َوَأﺑِﻲ یُﻮ‬, ‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ‬
َ ‫ َو َهﺬَا َﻗ ْﻮ ُل َأﺑِﻲ‬. ‫اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ‬
6. He inserted his penis in me but did not ejaculate. Is Ghusl compulsory?
Yes, the moment the head of the male organ enters the female organ, ghusl (having a full
body bath) becomes compulsory immaterial whether he ejaculated or not.
Ahmed Fazel
7. He used his fingers to masturbate me (female). I did discharge. Is Ghusl
compulsory?
Yes.
Ahmed Fazel
8. We were caressing each other. His penis leaked with the pre-semen (prostatic
transparent fluid). Does this make Ghusl waajib?
No. it does not. Ghusl is compulsory when semen is discharged. However, if he notices the
colour of the pre-semen lubricative fluid to be more white rather than transparent, this is
indicative of the emission of semen that has already began to flow out with the pre-semen
fluid. Thus, in this case he must bath.
Ahmed Fazel
-------------------------------9. Rubbing his erect penis over her vagina or elsewhere without actually penetrating
her
‫اﻟﻔﺘﺎوى اﻟﻬﻨﺪیﺔ‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻄﻬﺎرة‬
‫اﻟﺒﺎب اﻷول‬
‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ اﻟﺨﺎﻡﺲ‬
‫ج َﻓﻔِﻴ ِﻪ‬
ِ ‫ج ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ‬
ِ ‫ﺠ ﱡﺮ ٍد وَا ْﻧ ِﺘﺸَﺎ ٍر َو ُﻡﻠَﺎﻗَﺎ ِة ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ‬
َ ‫ﺸ ًﺔ ِﺑ َﺘ‬
َ ‫ﺡ‬
ِ ‫ﺵ َﺮ ًة ﻓَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺵ َﺮ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ َﺕ ُﻪ ُﻡﺒَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺸ ُﺔ ( إذَا ﺑَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺡ‬
ِ ‫ﺵ َﺮ ُة ا ْﻟﻔَﺎ‬
َ ‫) َو ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎ‬
‫ ﻟَﺎ‬: ‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٌﺪ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬
َ ‫ﺤﺴَﺎﻧًﺎ َوﻗَﺎ َل ُﻡ‬
ْ ‫ﺱ ِﺘ‬
ْ ‫ ا‬- ‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﻬﻤَﺎ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ‬
ِ ‫ َر‬- ‫ﻒ‬
َ ‫ﺱ‬
ُ ‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ َوَأﺑِﻲ یُﻮ‬
َ ‫ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ُء ﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ِل َأﺑِﻲ‬
‫ َآﺬَا ﻓِﻲ‬. ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺘﻮَى‬
َ ‫ﺢ َوﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻨَﺎﺑِﻴ ِﻊ َو‬
ُ ‫ﺼﺤِﻴ‬
‫ب ُه َﻮ اﻟ ﱠ‬
ِ ‫ﻂ َوﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱢﻨﺼَﺎ‬
ِ ‫ َآﺬَا ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺤِﻴ‬. ‫س‬
ُ ‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َو ُه َﻮ ا ْﻟ ِﻘﻴَﺎ‬
َ ‫ُوﺽُﻮ َء‬
. ‫ َآﺬَا ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻘ ْﻨ َﻴ ِﺔ‬. ‫ﻃﻬَﺎ َر ِة ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة‬
َ ‫ض‬
ِ ‫ﺝ ِﻞ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻧ ِﺘﻘَﺎ‬
ُ ‫ﺸ ِﺔ ﻟَﺎ ُی ْﻌ َﺘ َﺒ ُﺮ ا ْﻧ ِﺘﺸَﺎ ُر ﺁ َﻟ ِﺔ اﻟ ﱠﺮ‬
َ ‫ﺡ‬
ِ ‫ﺴ ِﺔ ا ْﻟﻔَﺎ‬
َ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺘﺘَﺎ ْرﺧَﺎ ِﻧﻴﱠﺔ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﻠَﺎ َﻡ‬
10. Removing the sperm from the vagina before performing Ghusl (ritual bath)
Fatwa No. :
Fatwa Title :
Fatwa Date :
91607
Removing the sperm from the vagina before performing Ghusl
(ritual bath)
27 Safar 1427 / 28-03-2006
Question
‫‪137‬‬
‫‪What is the method of performing Ghusl (a ritual bath) after having sex? Is it‬‬
‫‪correct that a woman is obliged to insert her hand in her vagina in order to remove‬‬
‫?‪the sperm that remained at the beginning of the womb‬‬
‫‪Fatwa‬‬
‫‪All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none‬‬
‫‪is His slave and‬‬
‫‪worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad‬‬
‫‪Messenger.‬‬
‫‪There are two kinds of Ghusl (a ritual bath): Obligatory and sufficient. For more‬‬
‫‪details on these kinds of Ghusls, please refer to Fatwa 82245.‬‬
‫‪Furthermore, it is not an obligation for a woman to insert her hand in her vagina in‬‬
‫‪order to remove the sperm that remained in it after sexual intercourse with her‬‬
‫‪husband, as this is difficult. There is nothing that suggests this in Islamic legislation.‬‬
‫‪Finally, it should be noted that the sperm that comes out of a woman’s vagina after‬‬
‫‪having a bath, does not necessitate her to perform Ghusl again. It only nullifies‬‬
‫‪ablution.‬‬
‫‪Allaah Knows best.‬‬
‫‪Fatwa answered‬‬
‫‪The Fatwa Centre at Islamweb‬‬
‫‪by:‬‬
‫‪11. Nocturnal emission or wet dream of a female‬‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻌ َﻤ ُﻞ ﻓِﻲ ُ‬
‫ن ُأمﱠ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺰ َﺑ ْﻴ ِﺮ } َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺮ َو َة ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ﺵﻬَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻞ ) ص ( ‪ ) :‬ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٌ‬
‫ت ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﻨَﺎ ِم ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻞ ﻡَﺎ َیﺮَى اﻟﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة إذَا َرَأ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َﻟﻬَﺎ َرﺱُﻮ ُل‬
‫ﺝ ُﻞ َأ َﺕ ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻟ َﺮﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة َﺕﺮَى ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﻨَﺎ ِم ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻞ ﻡَﺎ َیﺮَى اﻟﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ ْﻴ ٍﻢ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َﻟﻬَﺎ َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺸ ُﺔ ُأفﱟ ﻟَﻚ َو َه ْﻞ َﺕﺮَى َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺖ َﻟﻬَﺎ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻞ َﻓﻘَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ َﻓ ْﻠ َﺘ ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ن اﻟﺸﱠ َﺒ ُﻪ { ( ‪.‬‬
‫ﻦ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْی َ‬
‫ﺖ َیﻤِﻴﻨُﻚ َو ِﻡ ْ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﺕ ِﺮ َﺑ ْ‬
‫اﻟﻤﻨﺘﻘﻰ ﺵﺮح اﻟﻤﻮﻃﺄ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َﻟﻬَﺎ َرﺱُﻮ ُل‬
‫ﺡ ِﺘﻠَﺎ ِم َأ َﺕ ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا ِل وَاﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻞ ُﺕﺮِی ُﺪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫) ش ( ‪َ :‬ﻗ ْﻮُﻟﻬَﺎ } ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة َﺕﺮَى ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﻨَﺎ ِم ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻞ ﻡَﺎ َیﺮَى اﻟﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺖ َﻟﻬَﺎ‬
‫ﻚ } َﻓﻘَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َیﺮَى َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ ُﻢ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻤﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮهَﺎ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻞ { َﻓ َﺄ ْ‬
‫اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ َﻓ ْﻠ َﺘ ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة‬
‫ﺖ َو َه ْﻞ َﺕﺮَى َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء { ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ت ِﺑ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ِﻟﻤَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ظ َ‬
‫ﻏﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﻰ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﻜَﺎ ِر ِﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟﻬَﺎ وَا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ُﺔ ُأفﱟ ﻟَﻚ َ‬
‫ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺧ ْﻴﺮًا َوﻡَﺎ‬
‫ﻚ إﻟﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ دِیﻨَﺎ ٍر ﻡَﺎ ُأرَا ُﻩ ُیﺮِی ُﺪ ِﺑ َﺬِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺖ َیﻤِﻴﻨُﻚ { ﻗَﺎ َل ﻋِﻴﺴَﻰ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫} َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َﻟﻬَﺎ َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﺕ ِﺮ َﺑ ْ‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﺽ ُﻌ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻧَﺎ ِﻓ ٍﻊ َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﺎ ُﻩ َأ َ‬
‫ب ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺘﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﺴﺒِﻴ ٍﻞ َوِإ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ ُه َﻮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ب ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﺕ َﺮا ِ‬
‫ﺲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ب َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ن َﺕ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ب إﻟﱠﺎ ا ْﻟ ِﻐﻨَﻰ َﻓ َﺮأَى َأ ﱠ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﺕﺮَا ُ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬﻠْﺖ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻞ َهﺬَا َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َﻗ ﱠﻞ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ إ ْذ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َهﺬَا َواَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﻌ ْﻠ ِﻢ َو َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﺎ ُﻩ َ‬
‫ت َیﺪَاك ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﺎ ُﻩ ا ْﻓ َﺘ َﻘ َﺮ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َهﺬَا َو َﻗ ْﺪ ﻗِﻴ َﻞ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠ َﻬﻠِﻴ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻘﻠُﻚ َأ َﺕ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺞ ِﺙ ْﻜﻠَﺘﻚ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﺕ َﻌﱡﻠ ِﻢ ِﻡ ْﺜ ِﻞ َهﺬَا َآﻤَﺎ َﺕﻘُﻮ ُل ُا ْﻧ ُ‬
‫ﺾ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡ‬
‫ﻲ َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﺎ ُﻩ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺹ َﻤ ِﻌ ﱡ‬
‫ن ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َآ ْﻴﺴَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﻌ ْﻠ ِﻢ َو ُه َﻮ َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﻰ َﻗ ْﻮ ِل ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺡﻈﱡﻚ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻔ ْﻘ ِﺮ ‪َ .‬وﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﺪﱠا ُو ِديﱡ َو َﻗ ْﺪ‬
‫ع َ‬
‫ب َو َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﺪ ُ‬
‫ﺖ َیﺪَاك َأﺹَﺎ َﺑ َﻬﺎ اﻟ ﱡﺘﺮَا ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﻰ َﺕ ِﺮ َﺑ ْ‬
‫ن ُﺕ ْﺜ َﻜ َﻞ َوﻗَﺎ َل َأﺑُﻮ ُ‬
‫ُأﻡﱡﻚ ﻟَﺎ ُیﺮِی ُﺪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺝﺮَى‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َ‬
‫ﺹ ﱠﻴﺮُوا اﻟﺘﱠﺎء ﺙَﺎ ًء َ‬
‫ﻂ َ‬
‫ﻲ ُﻟ َﻐ ُﺔ ا ْﻟ ِﻘ ْﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺞ َوﻗَﺎ َل ِه َ‬
‫ب اﱠﻟﺬِي ُه َﻮ اﻟﺜﱠ َﺒ ُ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺘﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﻐ َﻨ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ﺑِﺎﻟﺘﱠﺎ ِء ُیﺮِی ُﺪ ا ْ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َل َﻗ ْﻮ ٌم َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﺕ ِﺮ َﺑ ْ‬
‫ب ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻋَﺎ َد ِة ا ْﻟ َﻌ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻃ َﺒﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﺧَﺎ َ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫ﻇ َﻬ ُﺮ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﺘﱠﺎ ِء ﻓَﺎ ًء وَا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ب َآﻤَﺎ َأ ْﺑ َﺪﻟُﻮا ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻨ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َﻌ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْﻟ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ب‬
‫ت َیﺪَاك ُیﻘَﺎ ُل َﺕ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﺎهَﺎ ا ْﻓ َﺘ َﻘ َﺮ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َﻓ ْﻘ َﺮ ُﻩ َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻟَﺎ ُیﺮِیﺪُو َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﻜَﺎ ِر ِﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻈ َﺔ ِ‬
‫ن َه ِﺬ ِﻩ اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻔ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻌ َﻠﻤُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻃ ْﺒﻬَﺎ َو ُه ْﻢ ُی ْ‬
‫ُﺕﺨَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َو ْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ َ‬
‫ﻚ ِﺑﻌَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ َﻌ َﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ِﻤ ُﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ب َآ ْﺜ َﺮ ًة َو َی ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﻐﻨَﻰ ﺹَﺎ َر ﻡَﺎُﻟ ُﻪ آَﺎﻟ ﱡﺘﺮَا ِ‬
‫ب إذَا ا ْ‬
‫ب َوَأ ْﺕ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﻖ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱡﺘﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﺼ َ‬
‫ن إذَا ا ْﻓ َﺘ َﻘ َﺮ َﻓ َﻠ ِ‬
‫ُﻓﻠَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ب ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺼﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َو ُه َﻮ ﻟَﺎ ُی ِﻘﺮﱡ إﻟﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﺐ َﻟﻬَﺎ ِﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﻜَﺎ ِرهَﺎ َﻡﺎ َأ َﻗ ﱠﺮ َ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﺄدِی ِ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ن َیﻘُﻮ َل َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻗﻮَا ِل َأ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َﻟ ُﻪ ُﻗ ْﺮ َﺑ ًﺔ إ َﻟﻴْﻚ َی ْﻮ َم ا ْﻟ ِﻘﻴَﺎ َﻡ ِﺔ { َﻓﻠَﺎ َی ْﻤ َﺘ ِﻨ ُﻊ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻌ ْﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺒﺒْﺘﻪ ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َل } اﻟﻠﱠ ُﻬﻢﱠ َﻓ َﺄ ﱡیﻤَﺎ ُﻡ ْﺆ ِﻡ ٍ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﺴ َﺮ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻚ َﺕ ِﺮ َﺑ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺡﺒِﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ ْﻴ ٍﻢ َو َروَى َ‬
‫ﺝ َﺮ َو ِﻟ ُﻴ َﻜ ﱠﻔ َﺮ ِﺑﻬَﺎ ﻡَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْﺘ ُﻪ ِﻟُﺄمﱢ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ِﻟ ُﺘ ْﺆ َ‬
‫َﻟﻬَﺎ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱡ‬
‫ﺵ َﺒ َﻪ‬
‫ن اﻟﺸﱠ َﺒ ُﻪ { ُیﺮِی ُﺪ َ‬
‫ﻦ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْی َ‬
‫ﺼ ٌﻞ ( ‪َ :‬و َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ } ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ ‪َ ) .‬ﻓ ْ‬
‫ت ُﺕﺮَاﺑًﺎ َواَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫َو ُه َﻮ ِﺑ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َﻗ ﱠﺪ ْﻡﻨَﺎ ُﻩ َوﻗِﻴ َﻞ َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﺎ ُﻩ ا ْﻡ َﺘ َﻠ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ﻡَﺎ ٌء َی ْﺪ َﻓ ُﻌ ُﻪ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ﱠﺬ ِة ا ْﻟ ُﻜ ْﺒﺮَى َآﻤَﺎ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ن ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ﻡَﺎ ًء َﺕ ْﺪ َﻓ ُﻌ ُﻪ ِ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺪ َأ َﺑ َﻮ ْی ِﻪ َأ ْو ِﻟ َﺄﻗَﺎ ِر ِﺑ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ َو َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﻰ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻟ َﺄ َ‬
‫اﻟِﺎ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫‪138‬‬
‫ﺸ ِﺒ ُﻪ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟ َﻮ َﻟ ُﺪ ُی ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﻖ ﻡَﺎ ُء ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻋﻤُﻮ َﻡ َﺘ ُﻪ َوِإذَا َ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺒ ُﻪ ُ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟ َﻮ َﻟ ُﺪ ُی ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ﻡَﺎ َء ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة َ‬
‫ﻖ ﻡَﺎ ُء اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺱ َﺒ َ‬
‫اﻟﱠﻠ ﱠﺬ ِة ا ْﻟ ُﻜ ْﺒﺮَى َﻓ ِﺈذَا َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ‬
‫ج اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ َﻤ َﺔ َز ْو ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُأمﱢ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ َﻤ َﺔ َ‬
‫ﺖ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺐ ِﺑ ْﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َز ْی َﻨ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺮ َو َة َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ِهﺸَﺎ ِم ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﺧﺆُو َﻟ َﺘ ُﻪ ‪ ) .‬ص ( ‪ ) :‬ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٌ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﺤ َﺔ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻧﺼَﺎ ِر ﱢ‬
‫ﻃ ْﻠ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ ْﻴ ٍﻢ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ُة َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ت ُأمﱡ ُ‬
‫ﺖ } ﺝَﺎ َء ْ‬
‫ي إﻟَﻰ َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﺖ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ إذَا َرَأ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﺘ َﻠ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻲا ْ‬
‫ﺴ ٍﻞ إذَا ِه َ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻖ َه ْﻞ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤِ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ن اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ ﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﺖ یَﺎ َرﺱُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ إ ﱠ‬
‫َﻓﻘَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺤﻴَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ن ُی ْ‬
‫ﻚ ﻟَﺎ َی ْﺄ ُﻡ ُﺮ َأ ْ‬
‫ن ُﺕﺮِی َﺪ ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ِﻤ ُﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻖ َی ْ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤِ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ن اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ ﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ َء { ( ‪ ) .‬ش ( ‪َ :‬ﻗ ْﻮُﻟﻬَﺎ یَﺎ َرﺱُﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ إ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺝ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺘَﺎ َ‬
‫ي َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟﻬَﺎ ِﻟﻤَﺎ ا ْ‬
‫ﻦ َی َﺪ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺖ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘﺤِﻲ َوِإ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ َﻗ ﱠﺪ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ِذ ْآ ِﺮ ِﻩ ا ْﻡ ِﺘﻨَﺎ ُ‬
‫ن ُﺕﺮِی َﺪ ِﺑ ِﻪ ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻤ َﺘ ِﻨ ُﻊ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ َﺘ ِﻤ ُﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻖ َو َی ْ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟﻬَﺎ‬
‫ﺖ َهﺬَا ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َه ﱢﻢ َأ ْﻡ ِﺮ دِی ِﻨﻬَﺎ َﻓ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟﻬَﺎ ُﺑ ﱞﺪ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ِذ ْآ ِﺮ ِﻩ َو َﻟ ْﻢ َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻲ اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ُء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤِ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْﻡ ٍﺮ َی ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴﺆَا ِل َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ي‬
‫ﻋ ْﻠ ِﻤ ِﻪ ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ وَاﻟﺘﱠ َﻮﺹﱡ ُﻞ إ َﻟﻰ ِ‬
‫ﺴﺆَا ُل َ‬
‫ﺐ َی ْﻠ َﺰ ُم اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺝ ٌ‬
‫ﻖ وَا ِ‬
‫ﺡﱞ‬
‫ﺤﻴَﺎ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ إﻟﱠﺎ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ن َأ ْﻡﺮًا ُی ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ِﺑ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َوِإ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ٌﻞ ( ‪َ :‬و َﻗ ْﻮُﻟﻬَﺎ َه ْﻞ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ) .‬ﻓ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻲ اﻟﺪﱢی ِ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َﻔ ﱠﻘ ْﻬ َ‬
‫ﺤﻴَﺎ ُء َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻧ ْﻌ َﻢ اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ُء ِﻧﺴَﺎ ُء ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻧﺼَﺎ ِر َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﻤ َﻨ ْﻌ ُﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ت ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ َء‬
‫ﺡ ِﺘﻠَﺎ ِم َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ إذَا َرَأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ٌﻞ َآﻤَﺎ َی ْﻠ َﺰ ُم اﻟ ﱢﺮﺝَﺎ َل ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ُﺕﺮِی ُﺪ َه ْﻞ َی ْﻠ َﺰ ُﻡﻬَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﺘ َﻠ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻲا ْ‬
‫ﺴ ٍﻞ إذَا ِه َ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻚ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸﺪِی ِﺪ ا ْﻟﻴَﺎ ِء َو َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ِﺑ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻪ ُه َﻮ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱡ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ج ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺨ ُﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ﱠﺬ ِة ا ْﻟ ُﻜ ْﺒﺮَى َوﻡَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﻖ ِ‬
‫ُیﺮِی ُﺪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ َء اﻟﺪﱠا ِﻓ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟﻬَﺎ‬
‫ﻚ َﺑ ﱢﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َﻓ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺐ ِﺑ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ن َﻡ َﻌ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا ُل َﻓﻠَﺎ َی ِ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َو ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ ﻟَﺎ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺐ ِﺑ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ن َﻡ َﻌ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺰَا ُل َﻓ َﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺘﻠَﺎ َم ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻄ ْﻠ ِﻊ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ُﺘ ُﻪ َآﺮَا ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺾ ﺧَﺎ ِﺙ ٌﺮ رَا ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َأ ْﺑ َﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ﻡَﺎ ُء اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻒ ِﻟﻤَﺎ ِء اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄ َﻟ ٌﺔ ( ‪َ :‬وﻡَﺎ ُء ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ُﻡﺨَﺎ ِﻟ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ) .‬ﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻡ َﺮ ْی ِ‬
‫ق َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫َو َﻓ ْﺮ ٌ‬
‫ﺹ َﻔ ُﺮ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻖ َأ ْ‬
‫َوﻡَﺎ ُء ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة َرﻗِﻴ ٌ‬
‫‪12. My wife played with my penis (or I did it myself). I felt my penis getting hard and‬‬
‫‪could feel a sensation that sperm has most likely been released from the scrotal sack‬‬
‫‪into the veins of the penis. I thus put my mind off sex in order not to release sperm‬‬
‫?‪from my penis. Do I still have to make ghusl‬‬
‫اﻟﻤﺤﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﻵﺙﺎر‬
‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ أﺡﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺱﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺧﺰم‬
‫اﻟﻈﺎهﺮي‬
‫آﺘﺎب اﻟﻄﻬﺎرة‬
‫ﺴ ِﺪ ُآﱢﻠ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺠ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﺝ َﺒ ُﺔ َ‬
‫ﺵﻴَﺎ ُء ا ْﻟﻤُﻮ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ت ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ َء { َو َﻟ ْﻮ‬
‫ﺠﻨَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ ِﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺴﻼم ‪ } :‬إذَا َرَأ ْ‬
‫ﻇﻬُﻮ ِر ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ إﻟﱠﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺲ َآﻤَﺎ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮا َﺑ ْﻞ ﻡَﺎ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ :‬و َهﺬَا َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱞ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َل َ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨﺒًﺎ َﺑ ْﻌ ُﺪ ‪,‬‬
‫ﺲ ُ‬
‫ﺴ ٌﻞ ‪ِ ,‬ﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ُ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺝ َ‬
‫ﻈ َﻬ ْﺮ ﻡَﺎ َو َ‬
‫ﻲ َﻗ ْﺪ ﺹَﺎ َر ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺜَﺎ َﻧ ِﺔ َو َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻨ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َأ ْی َﻘ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻡ َﺮًأ ا ْﻟ َﺘ ﱠﺬ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ َﺬ ﱡآ ِﺮ َ‬
‫َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱟ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﺤ ُﻮ َﻗ ْﻮ ِل َﻡﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ي َﻧ ْ‬
‫ن ﻗِﻴ َﻞ ‪َ :‬ﻗ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﻨ ِﺔ ‪َ .‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ن َأ ْو اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻘﺮْﺁ ِ‬
‫ن ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ َﻓ َﻌ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﺒ ْﺮهَﺎ ُ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ُوﺝُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ﱠدﻋَﻰ َ‬
‫َو َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻲ وَا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱟ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺢ َ‬
‫ﺹﱠ‬
‫ن َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َو َﻗ ْﺪ َ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ دُو َ‬
‫ﺠ َﺔ ﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ِل َأ َ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
‫ﻋﻄَﺎ ٍء ‪ُ .‬ﻗ ْﻠﻨَﺎ ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ ُ‬
‫س َو َ‬
‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫وَا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻃ ِﻞ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡﻨِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َوﻟَﺎ َأﺑُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻚ ﻡَﺎِﻟ ٌ‬
‫ﺧ ْﺬ ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺹﻠَﺎ ٍة ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ َی ْﺄ ُ‬
‫ﺽ ِﺔ ِﻟ ُﻜﻞﱢ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘﺤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ َ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺰ َﺑ ْﻴ ِﺮ إیﺠَﺎ ُ‬
‫س وَا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ ٍ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﺧﺮَى ‪َ .‬و ِﺑﺎَﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻮﻓِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺠ ٍﺔ ﻓِﻲ ُأ ْ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄ َﻟ ٍﺔ َ‬
‫ﺠ ًﺔ ﻓِﻲ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
‫س رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻲ وَا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱞ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫‪13. If a female has an orgasm without intercourse‬‬
‫‪If a female has an orgasm without intercourse, is she required to perform ghusl‬‬
‫?‪before she can say her prayers‬‬
‫‪Praise be to Allaah.‬‬
‫‪If maniy (fluid emitted at the point of climax) comes out of a woman without‬‬
‫‪intercourse, she has to do ghusl. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be‬‬
‫‪upon him) commanded women to do ghusl if they notice water (fluid), as was‬‬
‫‪reported by Maalik in al-Muwatta’ (1/51), and by al-Bukhaari (282) and al-Nasaa’i‬‬
‫‪(1/114) from Umm Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said: Umm‬‬
‫‪Sulaim, the wife of Abu Talhah, came to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and‬‬
‫‪blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said, “O Messenger of Allaah, Allaah is not‬‬
‫)‪too shy to tell the truth. Does a woman have to do ghusl if she has an (erotic‬‬
‫‪dream?” He said, “Yes, if she sees water (fluid).” In this hadeeth, he (peace and‬‬
‫‪blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded women to do ghusl if they see‬‬
‫‪water, i.e., maniy.‬‬
139
Al-Baghawi said in Sharh al-Sunnah (2/9): Ghusl for janaabah (impurity
following sexual activity) is waajib (obligatory) if either of the following applies:
either the tip of the penis penetrates the vagina, or the gushing liquid is emitted
by the man or the woman… The scholars said that ghusl does not become
obligatory unless one is sure that what one feels of wetness comes from the
gushing liquid.
Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni (1/200): The Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) connected doing ghusl to seeing (the fluid) when he said: “If
you see the water and if the water gushed out , then do ghusl.” The ruling does
not apply otherwise.
Ibn Hajar said in al-Fath (1/389): This indicates that ghusl is obligatory for
women, if they emit fluid at the point of climax.
Ibn Rajab said in al-Fath (1/338): This hadeeth indicates that if a woman sees
an (erotic) dream and notices the fluid when she wakes up, she has to do ghusl.
This was the view of the majority of scholars and no dissenting view is known
except for that of al-Nakha’i, who is the odd one out.
This hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) makes
the matter quite clear, which is that if any fluid is emitted by the woman –
whether it is a little or a lot – then she has to do ghusl.
On the basis of the above, if a woman feels that some fluid has come out of her
vagina, even if it is only a little, then she has to do ghusl, because of the report
to that effect. It is not sufficient for her to do wudoo’ in this case unless the fluid
which was emitted was not the kind of fluid for which ghusl is required, such as
madhiy (lubricating secretion) etc., in which case wudoo’ is sufficient. And Allaah
knows best.
Islam Q&A
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
Sexual rights
1. Sexual rights when having more than one wife
Malik : Book 2 : Hadith 2.23.90
Malik was asked whether a man who had women and slavegirls could have
intercourse with all of them before he did ghusl. He said, "There is no harm in a man
having intercourse with two of his slave girls before he does ghusl. It is disapproved
of, however, to go to a freewoman on another's day. There is no harm in making love
first to one slave girl and then to another when one is junub."
The above was the view of Imam Maalik.
The following hadith is given in Bukhari
Volume 1, Book 5, Number 268:
Narrated by Qatada:
140
Anas bin Malik said, "The Prophet used to visit all his wives in a round, during the
day and night and they were eleven in number." I asked Anas, "Had the Prophet
the strength for it?" Anas replied, "We used to say that the Prophet was given the
strength of thirty (men)." And Sa'id said on the authority of Qatada that Anas had
told him about nine wives only (not eleven).
We learn the following from it
1. The strength and power of any Nabi should not be compared to normal human
beings. The Sahabah also accepted that Nabi SAW’s strength to serve his wives
was a divinely given ability. Human strength is not to be always measured in
terms of our normal biological and physical bodies.
2. This hadith does not mean “Na oozubillah” (We seek Allah’s refuge) that Nabi
SAW was sex crazy or that he had to have sex with many women.
3. Since he had numerous wives, he fulfilled all their rights. He also fulfilled these
rights in terms of the days he stayed with each of them. Likewise, he also had the
right to sex with any of them whenever he required to do so. He thus sometimes
successively had sex with all his wives since this did not terminate his energy or
his ability to fulfil the sexual rights of any one of his wives.
This hadith also teaches us that when a man has more than one wife, then
although his time be allocated to living with a specific wife on any day, he is
allowed to have sex with any other wife of his on that very same day if he has the
ability to do so.
This hadith does not detract the character of Nabi SAW. Rather, it emphasizes his
human nature and his human need to also have intercourse. It does not mean
that since he is a Nabi, he cannot have intercourse or that some of his private
sexual activity remain unknown. Rather, his activity is a teaching to us.
Other ahadith in this regard also teach us that when you have two wives and
have sex with both of them, one shorlty after the other, then it is allowable to
have sex with the second without having made ghusl after having intercourse
with the first wife.
Also, this hadith indicatively teaches us, after amalgamation of other rules
relating to women seeing the Awrah of other women, etc, about the
impermissibility of having sex with more than one woman at the same time in a
single room. Thus, the allowance for more than one wife does not imply that you
can engage in sexual activity or sleep with both wives together at the same time
in one location. Such an act would be immoral. This type of sexual conduct is
termed as “Threesome” in contemporary sexual literature and terminology, and is
unfortunately done by some Muslims when they engage in Zina.
All the ahaadih in Bukhari are absolutely authentic. Some ahadith may not be
applied by other Madhahib due to technical differences in the format of
interpretation as well as due to the existence of other equally authentic ahaadith
that were reported by other Sahabah.
Ustadh, Ahmed Fazel Ebrahim
2. Can she refuse her husband’s request for intercourse if she knows that he will miss
Fajr prayer?
141
Question
I know that a woman is cursed by all the angels of the paradise if she refuses an
intimate relation when her husband orders her. However, can she refuse when the act
of sex would lead to a major sin, e.g. for example she is afraid that her husband does
not purify himself before the prayer of fajr, or that he drags this state of impurity after
an hour after a fixed prayer time? If she makes love with him but that knows that he
will then sin by not making salaah, would she also be considered as sinning? What do
you advise in such a case?
Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.
Falling short in performing the obligatory prayers and delaying them until the time for
them is over is a major sin, and the one who does that habitually and takes the matter
lightly is in grave danger. It will lead to his doom in the Hereafter and to his being a
loser before Allaah.
The wife must also help her husband to obey Allaah and help him to avoid sins as
much as possible, with kind words and beautiful exhortation, and by using the means
that are prescribed in sharee’ah, not those that are forbidden.
If you can agree with your husband upon a time after which you will both be able to
offer the prayer on time and regularly, then that is best.
Otherwise, you do not have to do anything other than advising him, and helping him
to pray by dealing with him kindly and gently. If he responds, then praise be to
Allaah, otherwise he is the one who will bear the sin, not you. It is not permissible for
you to refuse to share his bed if you know that he is falling short. Every accountable
person must bear the consequences of his actions, and will be asked about what his
hands have earned – no one else.
Moreover, if there is something that keeps the husband from attending prayer in
congregation, this is a sin, but it is less serious than his failing to offer the prayer at
the proper time. The sin in that case is serious, if the person did it deliberately.
Whatever the case, we ask Allaah to guide you and accept your deeds, because we can
see that you care about your and your husband’s prayer. We ask Him to fill all the
Muslims with love for Him and hope in Him and fear of His punishment.
And Allaah knows best.
Islam Q&A
Halaalah
142
1. My husband issued me three (3) talaaqs (Islamic forms of divorce). I went through
the process of halaalah and stayed with my new husband for a few weeks but did not
have sexual intercourse. Am I halaal to remarry my ex.
Sexual intercourse is a prerequisite for the Halaalah to be valid. You are not Halaal to marry
your ex.
and Allah Ta'ala Knows Best
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Notes by Ahmed Fazel:
Halaalah is a temporary marriage, and the male who marries for the purpose of sexual
gratification void of the intention of a permanent nikah, as well as the ex-husband for whom
this is done are both cursed on the blessed tongue of Rasulullah SAW.
All the Madhahib prohibit it. However, according to the Hanafi madhhab, if a marriage was
done for such a purpose, the marriage, if consummated, would then have the effect of
allowing the female to return to her previous husband with a new nikah after the Muhallil
(second husband who consummates the marriage) divorces her. This is inferred from the
linguistic implications of the word “Muhallil” and “Muhallil lahu”. She then has to sit in the
iddah of such a divorce.
According to another fiqh source, if such a marriage has been arranged for a man who
desires to return to his ex-wife, and the latter fears that the person marrying her would not
divorce her, then the lady marrying her must place a condition e.g. “ the moment you have
had sex once with me, I would be regarded as having been granted a single “talaaq baa’in”
(irrevocable divorce). Thus, the Muhallil will then not benefit form entertaining the idea of
prolonging his sexual gratification; nor would he have the right to take her back in her iddah
period.
We have heard cases of where the wife delights in such gratification and there could always
be possibilities of this leading to another secret affair.
Very often, this becomes a matter of great social stigma when the matter becomes the talk of
the community and the process of backbiting regarding the matter reaches phenomenal
proportions. Both spouses then suffer the consequences of this matter.
2. The Maliki view relating to the essentiality of punishing persons who engage in
Tahliel
‫ﻡﻮاهﺐ اﻟﺠﻠﻴﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺵﺮح ﻡﺨﺘﺼﺮ اﻟﺨﻠﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺑﺎب اﻟﺴﻜﺮ‬
‫ﻚ‬
َ ‫ﺤ ِﻮ َذ ِﻟ‬
ْ ‫ط ِء ا ْﻟ ُﻤﻜَﺎ َﺕ َﺒ ِﺔ َو َﻧ‬
ْ ‫ﺝ َﻨ ِﺒ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ َو َو‬
ْ ‫ﺨ ْﻠ َﻮ ِة ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﺄ‬
َ ‫ وَا ْﻟ‬, ‫ﻄ َﻊ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ‬
ِ ‫ق ﻡَﺎﻟًﺎ ُﻗ‬
َ ‫ﺱ َﺮ‬
َ ‫ﻦ‬
ْ ‫ﻃ ِﺔ َی ْﻠ َﺰ ُم اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻌﺰِی ُﺮ ِﻟ َﻤ‬
َ ‫َوﻗَﺎ َل ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻠﻘُﻮ‬
‫ﺤﻠِﻴ ِﻞ‬
ْ ‫ﺵﻬَﺎ َد ِة اﻟﺰﱡو ِر وَاﻟ ﱠﺘ‬
َ ‫ق وَا ْﻟ َﻌ َﻤ ِﻞ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱢﺮﺑَﺎ َو‬
ِ ‫ﺱﻮَا‬
ْ ‫ﺶ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ‬
‫س وَا ْﻟ ِﻐ ﱢ‬
ِ ‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻐﻤُﻮ‬
ِ ‫ن ا ْﻟ َﺒﻬِﻴ َﻤ ِﺔ َو ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻴﻤِﻴ‬
ِ ‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﻨَﺎ ِء َوِإ ْﺕﻴَﺎ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ اﻟِﺎ‬
ْ ‫ِﻡ‬
‫ﻂ‬
ْ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َه ُﺆﻟَﺎ ِء اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻌﺰِی ُﺮ َﻓ َﻘ‬
َ ‫ﺐ‬
ُ ‫ﺠ‬
ِ ‫ﺠ ْﻬ ٍﻞ َﻓ َﻴ‬
َ ‫ن ُی ْﻌ َﺬرُوا ِﺑ‬
ْ ‫ﻲ إﻟﱠﺎ َأ‬
‫ن وَا ْﻟ َﻮ ِﻟ ﱡ‬
ِ ‫ﻚ اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْوﺝَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺴ ﱢﺮ َو َآ َﺬ ِﻟ‬
‫ح اﻟ ﱢ‬
ِ ‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ِﻧﻜَﺎ‬
َ ‫ﺸﻬَﺎ َد ِة‬
‫وَاﻟ ﱠ‬
Contraceptives
1. The Morning After Pill
I have been under the impression that in Islam it is forbidden to use the morning after
pill as it is an abortive method of birth control. A friend recently argued that it was not,
143
and that it is permissible to use it. Could you please provide a detailed response as to
what the majority of scholars say regarding this issue?
Answer
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful
The morning-after pill (emergency contraception) is estimated to prevent about 85%
of pregnancies. It is thought to work by:
a) Stopping the ovaries from releasing an egg,
b) Preventing sperm from fertilizing any egg that may have already been released; or,
(importantly)
c) Stopping a fertilized egg from attaching itself into the womb lining. (See: The
official brochure of Schering Health Care Limited, manufacturers of Levonelle pills).
Other experts state:
Popularly dubbed the morning-after pill, the drug Levonelle can actually be taken up
to 72 hours after intercourse. The 1861 Offences against the Person Act prohibits the
supply of any poison or other noxious thing with intent to cause miscarriage. SPUCs
argument is based on the fact that the drug stops an embryo from implanting in the
lining of the womb. The organisation successfully applied last year for leave to bring
a judicial review of the government’s decision to reclassify the drug as suitable for
over-the-counter sale. The court will be asked to consider ?what is the precise
moment at which a woman becomes pregnant. Is it when the egg is fertilized, or when
the resulting embryo is implanted in the womb? If it is the former, then the court
could rule that emergency contraception causes a miscarriage and is illegal.?
From an Islamic perspective, temporary contraception is permitted in cases of
individual needs as explained in earlier posts. The various methods of temporary and
reversible contraception prevent the sperm from fertilizing the egg, hence they are
permitted. However, if a particular method was to expel the fertilized ovum and
prevent it from attaching itself into the womb lining, then the ruling would be
somewhat different.
Shaykh Taqi Usmani (may Allah preserve him) states whilst discussing the
employment of a loop as a means of contraception:
In the first case where the loop acts as a preventive measure against fertilization, it is
similar to any other contraceptive and the rules regarding al-azl (withdrawal method
& temporary contraception in general) may be applied to the loop also, i.e. its use is
permissible in Shari'a in cases of individual needs, like the sickness or the weakness
of the woman where pregnancy may endanger her health.
In the second case, however, (when fertilization takes place, and the fertilized ovum is
expelled from the uterus by the loop), the rules of al-azl cannot be applied, because in
that case it is not merely a preventive measure; rather, it expels the fertilized ovum
from the uterus after conception. Therefore, it acts as a device to effect an abortion.
144
Hence, the rules of abortion shall apply. As the loop expels the fertilized ovum within
two weeks, its use cannot be held as prohibited totally. However, being a device of
abortion, its use is not advisable and it should be restricted to the cases of the real
medical needs only. (Contemporary Fatawa, P: 136-137)
In light of the above Fatwa, it becomes clear that if a reversible contraceptive device
acts after the sperm has fertilized the egg and the device merely prevents a fertilized
egg from implanting itself into the womb lining, then the ruling on employing such a
contraceptive device would be different. The ruling on such contraceptive devices
would be similar to that of carrying out an abortion at an earlier stage, which is
impermissible unless there is a genuine and valid reason.
Therefore, the morning-after pill will have the same ruling as the loop, for it may
work by stopping a fertilized egg from attaching itself into the womb, as mentioned
above.. Thus, the rules of an early abortion would apply in this case also; and hence it
should only be used in extreme medical conditions.
In conclusion, the ruling on employing the loop, the morning-after pill or any other
method that may act after the egg has been fertilized as a means of contraception is
somewhat different to the general ruling on reversible contraception (al-azl).
Reversible contraception is generally permitted if practised on an individual level,
whilst employing any method that may prevent a fertilized egg from implanting itself
into the womb will not be allowed except in certain medical conditions, for which one
should consult a reliable scholar of knowledge and piety.
Selling the morning-after pill
As far as selling the morning after pill is concerned, one should keep in mind the
juristic (fiqhi) principle which states:
Everything that it is possible to use in a permitted manner is lawful to sell (See: Radd
al-Muhtar, 6/391)
Hence, it would be permitted (halal) to sell the various types of contraceptives
including the morning-after pill, as they have legally permissible uses. The morningafter pill (as explained earlier) can be used in cases of medical need; hence, it would
be permitted to sell it. It is analogous to selling a knife, in that one may use it to cut a
fruit, but unfortunately it could be used to stab someone.
Thereafter, if it does end up being used unlawfully, the seller will not share the sin or
blame, because that unlawful action was purely through the deliberate willful action
of the purchaser, not because of ones selling. One does not even need to ask or
investigate about why it is being used. Assume it is a lawful use.
However, if in a particular case, the seller was certain of it being used unlawfully, it
would best be to avoid selling it to that particular individual.
And Allah knows best
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Answered by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari
Darul Iftaa, Leicester, UK
2. Is contraception permissible? Is it disliked? What is the better way?
Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, SunniPath Academy Teacher
Answer
In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate
May Allah's peace and blessings be upon His Messenger Muhammad, his folk,
companions, and followers
Contraception is permitted. However, it is superior not to engage in contraception
without genuine reason or benefit, because the Qur'an and Sunna have encouraged
having children, and there is great benefit to the individual and society in raising
righteous children.
Allama Jad al-Haqq (Allah have mercy on him), the pious late 20th Century Shaykh
al-Azhar, wrote in a fatwa dated 1399 AH (1979 CE), that:
1. Contraception is permitted if the husband and wife agree, as there is nothing in the
Qur'an or Sunna to prohibit it; rather, the hadiths and practice of the Companions of
the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) indicate permissibility, and this is
confirmed by the words of the jurists across the schools of Islamic law.
2. It is not permitted to engage in contraception without the agreement of the spouse-for both husband and wife.
2. Contemporary forms of contraception, whether used by the husband or the wife, are
akin to the `azl (ejaculating outside the vagina) mentioned in the hadiths, as is
explicitly understood from the words of the jurists of the Hanafi and other schools.
Rather, they are superior, more natural, and less harmful.
3. It is not permitted to use irreversible contraception--such as sterilization.
4. It is not permitted for there to be state-imposed forcible population planning.
[Summarized from Jad al-Haqq's fatwa, from Mawsu`at Fatawa Dar al-Ifta' alMasriyya]
Other contemporary fuqaha state likewise.
While some texts indicate that it is somewhat disliked (makruh tanzihan) to do so, this
is not what most of the major jurists of the Hanafi school state. Even jurists who
stated that it is disliked mentioned that if there is a sound reason or benefit to engage
in contraception then it is not disliked. In our times, this would include reasons such
as having a manageable family size, when one does not have the support of extended
families in raising the children; the desire to give the children the attention, education,
146
and support they need in difficult times; genuine (physical or emotional) health
reasons, and so on.
However, we understand at the same time that one of the purposes (maqasid) and
wisdoms of marriage is to have children, as mentioned by Imam Ghazali in his Ihya'
Ulum al-Din.
The Qur'an and Sunna of the Beloved Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be
upon him) have encouraged having children. There is great benefit to the individual
and society in having children. Not only does having righteous children maintain
healthy communities and societies, but it also teaches humanity: few things are more
effective in teaching good character, mercy, compassion, and true love as having
children does.
This is why the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "Marry
and multiply." [Abu Dawud and Nasa'i]
Regarding the Permissibility of Contraception
Sayyiduna Jabir ibn Abd Allah (Allah be pleased with him), the notable Companion
of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) relates that,
"We used to engage in contraception (`azl) while the Qur'an was being revealed. Had
it been something that was interdicted, the Qur'an would have forbidden it." [Bukhari
(5209); Muslim (4220)]
Kāsani (Allah have mercy on him) states in Bada'i` al-Sana'i` (2.334-335),
"It is disliked to engage in contraception (`azl, preventative ejaculation) with one's
wife without her permission. This is because intercourse with ejaculation is the means
to having a child, and having a child is her right. By resorting to contraception
[without her permission], having a child is prevented, which is akin to being a reason
for not fulfilling her right.
However, if the contraception was with the wife's agreement (rida), then it is not
disliked. In such a case, she will have willingly forgone her right."
This is also mentioned by Marghinani in al-Hidaya, and Nasafi in Kanz al-Daqa'iq.
Zayla`i confirms this in his commentary on Kanz al-Daqa'iq. [Tabyin al-Haqa'iq
Sharh Kanz al-Daqa'iq, 6.21]
Ibn Taymiyya (Allah have mercy on him) and others relate that the permissibility of
contraception with the wife's permission is agreed upon by the four schools of Sunni
Islam. [al-Fatawa al-Kubra, 2.101]
Ibn Nujaym (Allah have mercy on him) says in al-Bahr al-Ra'iq Sharh Kanz alDaqa'iq,
"The permissibility of contraception (`azl) is the position of the generality of scholars,
because of the [abovementioned] hadith in Bukhari..." [3.214]
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Is Contraception Disliked, Though?
Ibn Nujaym then quotes Ibn al-Humam (Allah have mercy on him), who mentioned in
his magnificent commentary on al-Hidaya, Fath al-Qadir, that some scholars of the
Hanafi school considered contraception to be permitted yet disliked, while others did
not consider it disliked. [ibid.]
Mulla Khusro, the great Ottoman master jurist, said in al-Durar, that it is permitted to
engage in contraception. He does not state that it is disliked. [1.315] Shurunbulali
(Allah have mercy on him) does likewise in his marginal commentary, alShurunbulaliyya. In fact, he relates that some scholars permitted it even without
permission because of the bad times.
The Fatawa Hindiyya, compiled by some of the greatest jurists of Moghul India under
commission from the righteous Sultan Aurangzeb, explicitly negates that it is disliked
by stating,
"Contraception is not disliked with the wife's permission... " [1.315]
This is also what Haskafi relates in al-Durr al-Mukhtar, and is confirmed by the
words of Ibn Abidin in his marginal commentary (hashiya), Radd al-Muhtar.
And Allah alone gives success.
Faraz Rabbani
‫( ویﻜﺮﻩ ﻟﻠﺰوج أن یﻌﺰل ﻋﻦ اﻡﺮأﺕﻪ اﻟﺤﺮة ﺑﻐﻴﺮ‬335-334/2) :‫ﻗﺎل ﺱﻠﻄﺎن اﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎء اﻟﻜﺎﺱﺎﻧﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺪاﺋﻊ اﻟﺼﻨﺎﺋﻊ‬
‫ ﻓﻜﺄﻧﻪ ﺱﺒﺒﺎ‬, ‫ وﺑﺎﻟﻌﺰل یﻔﻮت اﻟﻮﻟﺪ‬, ‫ وﻟﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻮﻟﺪ ﺡﻖ‬, ‫رﺽﺎهﺎ ; ﻷن اﻟﻮطء ﻋﻦ إﻧﺰال ﺱﺒﺐ ﻟﺤﺼﻮل اﻟﻮﻟﺪ‬
‫اﻟﻌﺰل ﻟﻴﺲ‬: ‫ وإن آﺎن اﻟﻌﺰل ﺑﺮﺽﺎهﺎ ﻻ یﻜﺮﻩ ; ﻷﻧﻬﺎ رﺽﻴﺖ ﺑﻔﻮات ﺡﻘﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻔﺘﺎوى اﻟﻬﻨﺪیﺔ‬, ‫ﻟﻔﻮات ﺡﻘﻬﺎ‬
‫ ﻗﺎﻟﻮا وآﺬﻟﻚ اﻟﻤﺮأة‬. ‫ﺑﻤﻜﺮوﻩ ﺑﺮﺽﺎ اﻡﺮأﺕﻪ اﻟﺤﺮة أو ﺑﺮﺽﺎ ﻡﻮﻟﻰ اﻡﺮأﺕﻪ اﻷﻡﺔ وﻓﻲ اﻷﻡﺔ اﻟﻤﻤﻠﻮآﺔ ﺑﻐﻴﺮ رﺽﺎهﺎ‬
‫یﺴﻌﻬﺎ أن ﺕﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﻹﺱﻘﺎط اﻟﺤﺒﻞ ﻡﺎ ﻟﻢ یﺴﺘﺒﻦ ﺵﻲء ﻡﻦ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ‬
Sex during pregnancy
1. Conjugal relations during pregnancy
Can you explain if Islam allows sex while the wife is pregnant? If yes, up to which
month of the pregnancy is it allowed?
Answer
It is perfectly fine for a couple to continue having intercourse right up until the final
days before child birth, provided sound medical advice is not neglected. No sacred
injunction is violated in having intercourse during pregnancy.
And Allah knows best.
Answered by Mufti Yusuf Mullan
2. Relations with one's wife whilst she is pregnant
148
Question:
In a book printed and translated by Darul Ishaat called “The wisdom Behind the
Command of Islam” by Shaykh Muhammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi. In the section - The
reason a man may marry more than one wife - it is mentioned on p.219 that "The
reason sexual intercourse must not be had with a pregnant wife is, besides the
likelihood of miscarriage, the sensual behaviour of the parents will be reflected on the
child in the womb and when he is born he might grow up to be immoral. The child in
the womb surely gets the influence of it's parent's sexual excitement and that become
part of his nature.: Is this undesirability of cohabiting with one's wife whilst pregnant
merely from a (proven) medical point of view, or is it a ruling from the Shari'ah?
Answer:
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,
Engaging in sexual intercourse and cohabiting with ones wife while she is pregnant is
perfectly permissible from an Islamic perspective.
Sayyiduna Sad ibn Waqqas (Allah be pleased with him) reports that a man came to
the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) and said: I practice coitus
interruptus (withdrawal method) with my wife. The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu
Alayhi Wasallam) inquired: Why do you do that? He replied: A man is more
apprehensive regarding his child. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give
peace) said: If this was harmful then it would have been harmful to the Persians and
Romans (Sahih Muslim).
The great Hanafi scholar, Mulla Ali al-Qari (Allah have mercy on him) states in the
explanation of this Hadith in his famous treatise Mirqat:
The statement “A man is more apprehensive regarding his child” is referring to the
child in the stomach of the wife. Meaning, so that she does not conceive again, thus
have twins, which will be a cause of both becoming weak. Or it refers to the child she
is breast feeding, meaning sexual intercourse is harmful to the suckling child.
The statement of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) “If this
was harmful?” means, if sexual intercourse was harmful during the period of
breastfeeding or when the woman is pregnant. (Mirqat al-Mafa?tih, 6/238).
From the above, one may conclude that Islamically there is nothing wrong in sexual
relations during pregnancy.
What if there is harm?
However, many scholars have stated that if a particular woman is advised by a
physician that it is harmful for the child or herself that she engages in sexual
intercourse, then it should be avoided.
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Also, the husband should ensure that he is gentle and tender with his wife during the
act of intercourse. He should avoid positions that may cause discomfort to the
pregnant wife, especially in the last few months of the pregnancy, when the wife can
become tired and exhausted very easily. (Ahmad Kan’an, Usul al-Mua’sharah alZawjiyyah, p.79).
And Allah knows best
Answered by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari UK
Consummation of a marriage and the female’s virginity
1. Having trouble consummating my marriage...
I got married about seven months ago. My husband and I have never consummated the
marriage because I just can't bring myself to do it. I have deep-rooted fears of pain and
embarrassment. He is very understanding and every so often we try but we don't get
very far. I just don't feel like doing it. Is my marriage invalid? Is it wrong for me to deny
this to my husband? What should we do?
Answer:
This does not affect the legal validity of your marriage in any way.
Allah has blessed you with an understanding husband. Be thankful to Allah for this.
As for consummating the marriage and having a fulfilling sexual life, this is
something that needs to be dealt with sensitively. It may be best to seek counselling
for this matter: as you realize, sexual desires are as human as the need for food, and
marriage is meant to enable both spouses to fulfil these desires in a wholesome
manner. If they remain unfulfilled, it can cause great damage to the marriage.
After each prayer, make heart-felt private dua to Allah that He make this matter easy
for you. Consider it an expression of your love for your husband, a fulfilment of your
duty as a wife, as determined by Allah out of His Wisdom, and a means of emotional
and physical self-fulfilment.
Be convinced that it is not difficult: everyone married goes through this, and it is
meant to be something pleasurable, not painful. Especially given that Allah has
granted you a loving and understanding husband, gradual yet sure steps towards
consummation will mean that you experience fulfilment rather than frustration, and
pleasure rather than pain.
And Allah alone gives success.
Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, SunniPath Academy Teacher
Notes by A F Ebrahim
150
The issue of pain is natural to some degree depending on the format of intercourse
and the time taken to open a female’s virginity. However, this is very short lived and
limited. Thereafter it only becomes pleasurable.
In so far as embarrassment is concerned, This is, for married persons, a Halaal act that
is encouraged in the sunnah for procreation as well as for serving the human
biological need for sex. Without it, not even you would have been born. It would be
natural for a female who grows up in an environment or home with morality to have
this great inner sense of preserving her dignity and sense of respect. However, having
sex in a Halaal situation is not at all against such dignity. In a marriage situation, it
helps to preserve your dignity further. It is naturally known that marriage would entail
engagement with sex, if your fear of experiencing pain or feelings of embarrassment
were to extreme levels you would not even want to have been married, but the fact
that you accepted to marry is indicative of your inner willingness to taste of these joys
of marriage. You should thus liberate your mind and slowly give in towards sharing
the experience since the misery of waiting for the event of consummation may
continue for a long while and would not allow your husband to gain his lawful right of
fulfilment
Sometimes, the levels of sexual repression within given types of families could instill a high
level of negativity towards sexual activity, and this historical background requires to be readjusted towards a normal understand of human sexuality.
2. My Husband Has Not Consummated Our Marriage For Ten Years?
My friend has been married for the last ten years. Her husband has never
consummated their marriage. He told her very early on in their marriage that he could
not have any relations with her due to psychological problems. The wife suspected him
of being more interested in men but never found concrete proof of him being gay or
having a relationship with a man.
Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful,
Praise be to Allah. May the peace and blessings of Allah shower upon our Beloved
Messenger, his family, companions, and those who follow them.
Dear Sister,
Please go to a reliable scholar immediately. This situation is extremely serious and
highly irregular. I am afraid that I cannot further comment on the situation except to
say that you most definitely have grounds for a khul' divorce.
From the beginning of the marriage, the right of sexual intercourse was taken from
you. When your husband fails to give you the most basic of your rights, you have
grounds for divorce. However, since you have subjected yourself to artificial
insemination, the circumstances of your marriage have been complicated. Please go
talk to a qualified Islamic scholar. Additionally, you and your husband should also
seek the help of a qualified family psychologist.
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May Allah make things easy for you and give you peace.
Answered by Ustadha Zaynab Ansari, SunniPath Academy Teacher
Umm Salah (Zaynab Ansari)
Notes by Ahmed Fazel
Since the response entails details not included in the question (e.g. the artificial
insemination) we assume that although the full details of the case have not been
disclosed, the female may or may not be having a child due to the artificial
insemination.
However, this would prevent her from seeking a divorce on the grounds of her
husband’s impotency. Also, the divorce would not be limited to the Khulah format.
The marriage could be terminated by an Annulment (Faskh) process if she (As the
wife) seeks an annulment. This then implies that she hopes to be eventually married to
someone who would also fulfil her sexual needs.
Although I do not deny the benefit of advice from a psychologist, but since the latter
category of professionals are generally trained through a Kufr based educational
framework that is void of Islamic ethics, rules and perspectives, it is essential to
subject such advice to the scrutiny of good or qualified Islamic scholarship.
3. Wife is unwilling to consummate
I have recently gotten married, however I have not consummated my marriage. Is my
marriage still valid? What shall I do? I feel that my wife does not wish to have
intercourse.
Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
Praise be to Allah. May the peace and blessings of Allah shower upon our Beloved
Messenger, his family, companions, and those who follow them.
Dear Brother,
Your marriage is still valid. However, your wife's lack of interest in intercourse is
something which both of you should address. This is a sensitive topic, and because I
don't know exactly why your wife has not consummated the marriage with you, I can
only give you general advice.
I know that your feelings may be hurt, but please try to avoid arguing with your wife.
Instead, why don't you sit down with her and gently and tactfully broach the subject.
Ask your wife what you can do to set her at ease so that you can proceed with marital
intimacy. Ask her what's on her mind. Find out what her concerns are. Some Muslim
women, especially if they come from certain cultural backgrounds, may go into
marriage not knowing very much at all about physical intimacy. Your wife may be
152
feeling embarrassed, or uncomfortable, or she may even fear that she will be hurt in
the process. Your job is to allay her fears and assure her that you will be kind, loving,
and gentle.
Try to spend as much alone time as you can with your wife. You don't necessarily
have to talk about this particular situation all the time. Just try to foster intimate,
loving communication with her, and insha'Allah, she may be receptive to other things.
Try to do things that she finds relaxing, whether it's going somewhere nice together,
spending a quiet evening at home, or whatever you think she might find enjoyable.
And keep in mind that it's always important for a husband and wife to pray and
remember Allah together. This can also bring you closer.
If none of the above works for you and your wife still avoids intimacy, then it is time
for you to take your wife to a marriage counsellor. Your wife might have some deeper
concerns that would best be addressed by a professional counsellor. Whatever the
case may be, remain patient and ask Allah to open your wife's heart to you.
And Allah knows best. And Allah alone gives success.
Answered by Ustadha Zaynab Ansari, SunniPath Academy Teacher
Umm Salah (Zaynab Ansari)
Sex Toys
1. Aides for Bedroom Relations
Answered by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari
Question:
Answer:
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,
Sexual relations between the spouses are vital and one of the most important aspects
of marriage. It purifies and prevents one from falling into fornication and the
unlawful. As such, the spouses may fulfil their sexual needs in any way they desire as
long as it does not violate any injunction of Shariah.
Islam also generally abstained from placing many restrictions with regards to
bedroom behaviour; rather (with the exception of certain harmful and unhealthy
practices) it left it to the spouses as how they should enjoy one another in their sexual
relations.
From the various forms of pleasing one another, the usage of sex toys/aids, such as
vibrators, dildos, lubricants, etc have become (or is becoming) a common
phenomenon. Islamically, there is nothing wrong in using such toys provided two
conditions are met:
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1) The toy must not be harmful in any way to the spouses, for inflicting harm upon
yourself is unlawful.
2) The toy must not have an animate figure to it.
If the above two conditions are taken care of coupled with the permission and consent
of the spouse, there seems no hindrance from employing such toys.
And Allah knows best
Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari
Darul Iftaa, Leicester, UK
www.daruliftaa.org
Notes by AF Ebrahim
1. Jurists of the four main schools who have allowed spouces to pleasure each other via
masturbation have given this allowance on the basis of inference from a Quranic verse which
permits the spouces to enjoy the private organs of each other. The verse indicatively and
primarily refers to the actual act of sex where the male’s penis is inserted into his wife’s
vagina.
Although they have extended the general nature of the verse to refer to an allowance to
masturbate each other, with the exception that a man cannot masturbate his wife during her
menses, we do not find in classical literature any detail of the Sahabah engaging in
masturbating their spouces.
Vibrators (for females) dildos etc are external tools generally used by females to masturbate
either alone or before others. Where females use such aids to gain sexual pleasure, and do
so by their own individual action (e.g. where she uses her own hands to thrust a dildo in and
out of her vagina) or automatically (via the inner electronic operation of a female vibrator),
immaterial whether it be done before their husbands, it is equivalent to self masturbation and
prohibited.
Whether, such toys are allowable thorugh mutual action is questionable and doubtful. The
above fatwa gives an allowance for a man to masturbate his wife via a dildo possibly on the
basis of inferring that if he is allowed to do so by his own fingers why cant he do so on the
basis of an external instrument against which there is no clear prohibition in the case when he
himself, as her husband, becomes an agent in the process of providing pleasure. The
argument I present against this is that the usage of such a tool, though done via the agent of
a spouse does not comply to the instructions of the Quranic verse used to infer the allowance
for spouces to enjoy each other since it refers to the direct persons and does not refer, in any
sense, to the usage of any external instrument in the gaining of such pleasure.
2. The second condition stated hereabove has no bearing to the actual fatwa since the issue
of animate pictures or forms on any surface or object is secondary to the fatwa at hand. It is
stupid to say a man can masturbate his wife via a dildo if it has no animate objects designed
on its surface but cannot pleasure his wife with a dildo if the dildo has an imprint of any
animate object.
3. The above fatwa also freely allows the use of lubricants, which undoubtedly is beneficial for
the spouces to use in order to ease and facilitate the motion of the penis within the vagina.
The functional role of such lubricants also enables, depending on the ingredients thereof, the
female to gain further pleasure or allows her to engage in sex without being fully ready in a
biological sense to engage in the act of sex.
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If the Shariah has prohibited us from consuming Haraam, it does not mean that inserting
alchohol in a person’s anus would thus be allowed because it would not be equivalent to
drinking it. Lubricants placed over the penis or inserted around the vagina are chemically
formulated not to harm the vagina since it the act of sex would naturally demand that these
lubricants would enter the vagina immaterial whether the male uses a condom or not. It is
thus my view that unless you are guaranteed of the halaal nature of the ingredients of such
lubricants, these should not be utilized. Rather use petroleum jellies or other such lubricants
which may provide less pleasure and sensation but would ensure that no Haraam ingredient
is allowed to enter the female vagina.
2. RE: Aides for Bedroom Relations: Can these be used alone?
Can these “aides” or sex toys such as vibrators be used alone to alleviate one’s
loneliness?
Answer:
No, this would be considered a form of masturbation, which is unlawful (haram) and
sinful, being considered a form of zina.
[see below]
Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, SunniPath Academy Teacher
3. Sex Instruments
Fatwa No. :
Fatwa Title :
Fatwa Date :
82945
Use of sex instruments
19 Rabee' Al-Awwal 1422 / 11-06-2001
Question
It is allowed to use sex instruments in Islam like Penis (vibrators and other sex
instruments) for single woman and man?
Fatwa
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and blessings and peace be upon our
Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
According to Sharia it is unlawful, for the Muslim to use these instruments. Their
users are contradicting the correct Fitra (human beings' natural predispositions)
and going beyond what Allah has made lawful to them. Allah Says
(interpretation of meaning): {And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private
parts, from illegal sexual acts). Except from their wives or (the captives and
slaves) that their right hands possess, for then, they are free from blame; But
whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors;}[23:5-7].
Such instruments have a very bad side affect on the person using them. It
makes the person lose interest in the opposite sex and this is against the
natural law of the cosmos and it can lead to disaster. Allah Says (interpretation
of meaning): {And that He (Allâh) creates the pairs, male and female, from
Nutfah (drops of semen male and female discharges) when it is
155
emitted;}[53:45-46].
The use of vibrators and similar sexual instruments causes defects to the genital
parts of their user. We advise whoever can not marry to avoid Haraam
(forbidden) means as they can never be a cure. We advise him/her to apply the
Shariah remedy to sexual desire that is fasting, lowering the gaze and abiding
by what Allah has prescribed and avoiding what He has forbidden.
Allah knows best.
Fatwa answered by:
The Fatwa Centre at Islamweb
4. Sex Dolls
Fatwa No. :
Fatwa Title :
Fatwa Date :
85010
Sex dolls
07 Sha'baan 1423 / 14-10-2002
Question
I'm 23, single; and studying in the UK. I have been in the UK for 5 years
and, thank God, I didn't do any sins (drinking or Zina). I wanted to ask if
sex dolls are Haram, because it is really difficult living here without a
partner, and I don't want to get married until I finish my study and start
working.
Fatwa
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the World; and may His blessings and peace
be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
Allah, the Exalted, Says: {And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private
parts, from illegal sexual acts) Except from their wives or (the captives and
slaves) that their right hands possess, for then, they are free from blame;
But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors;} [23: 57].
Imam al-Shanqiti (may Allah's Mercy be upon him), while commenting on
the above verse in his book Adwaa al-Bayaan, said: 'Allah has stated that
those who guard their chastity, i.e. from committing illegal sex as Zina and
sodomy and so on are the true successful believers. He also stated that
guarding one's chastity does not prevent him from taking pleasures with his
wife or his concubine (woman slave) and he is not to be blamed since this is
his right according the contract of marriage or possession in case of
concubine. But, whoever seeks pleasure in other channels and means, i.e.
not in marriage or concubine, he is considered sinful and transgressor who
transgresses the Divine Limitations' .
Therefore, we state that it is Haram to use "sex dolls" for enjoyment and
one has to guard his private parts except from his wife or what he
possesses of woman slave.
Allah knows best.
Fatwa answered The Fatwa Center at Islamweb
156
by:
Bondage
Spouse's fantasies (bondage etc) about intimacy
Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, SunniPath Academy Teacher
Question:
My spouse has sexual fantasies (for example with bondage and chastity
belts and stuff). Are such things permitted?
Answer:
Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,
In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate
May Allah's peace and blessings be upon His Messenger Muhammad, his folk,
companions, and followers
The basis of marital relations is that they are to be lived "in a good way" (bi'l ma`ruf),
as Allah tells us in the Qur'an. Each spouse strives to give the other their rights-including the fulfilment of their sexual needs--but within this paradigm of "in a good
way."
The wife does not have to obey unreasonable sexual requests such as bondage or the
use of sex toys. If she decides to agree to such matters--in a way that is not physically,
emotionally, or relationally harmful nor demeaning or unbecoming of Allah's
honoring of humans--then this is purely her own decision, and the husband does not
have the right to "demand" such matters.
The sunna with disagreements and differences is not to dwell on them, but to find
solutions that go beyond them to matters both parties agree upon. As the scholars
mention, "In lawful and good matters there is a sufficiency from having to resort to
the unlawful and dubious."
And Allah alone gives success.
Wassalam,
Faraz Rabbani
‫‪157‬‬
‫‪Arabic‬‬
‫اﻟﻤﺪﺧﻞ‬
‫ﻡﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻡﺤﻤﺪ اﻟﻌﺒﺪري ) اﺑﻦ اﻟﺤﺎج ( اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻜﻲ‬
‫ﻓﺼﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺁداب اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ واﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻴﺘﻪ‬
‫ع‬
‫ﺼ ٌﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﺁدَاب اﻟﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫َﻓ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ٌﺪ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ن َﻡ َﻌ ُﻪ َأ َ‬
‫ﻚ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺽ َﻴ ُﺔ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝ ٌﺔ إﻟَﻰ َأ ْه ِﻠ ِﻪ ﻓَﺎﻟﺴﱡﻨﱠ ُﺔ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺖ َﻟ ُﻪ ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ع ِﺑ َﺄ ْه ِﻠ ِﻪ َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺼ ٌﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﺁدَا ّﺑ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫َﻓ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ٌﺔ إﻟَﻰ َأ ْه ِﻠ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺖ َﻟ ُﻪ ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ إذَا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ك ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ َأ ْو ﺝَﺎ ِر َی ِﺘ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬إ ْذ ذَا َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ َز ْو َ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ ,‬و ِذ ْآ ُﺮ ا ْﻟ ِﻬ ﱢﺮ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﺕ ْﻨﺒِﻴ ٌﻪ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬و ِه ﱞﺮ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ َﻌ َﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮا ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ج اﻟ ﱠﺮﺽِﻴ َﻊ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ﺨ ﱠﻴ ٌﺮ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺱ ْﺘ ُﺮهَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻮ َر ٌة ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﻌ ْﻮ َر ُة َی َﺘ َﻌ ﱠﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ; إ ْذ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻈﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﺕ ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻴ َﻨ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ن ﺱَﺎ ِﻟﻤًﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻘﺼُﻮ ُد َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺮ اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِﻞ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َﻗ ْﺪ‬
‫فﺁ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴﻌًﺎ ِﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ َی ْﺒﻘَﻰ َز َﻡ ُﻨ ُﻪ ُﻡ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ن َو ْﻗ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ﱠو َل اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِﻞ َأ ْوﻟَﻰ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ ُﻩ َﻟ ِﻜ ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ﱠو َل اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِﻞ َأ ْو ﺁ ِ‬
‫ِﻓ ْﻌ ِﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺮ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺝ ٌﻪ ﺁ َ‬
‫ﺨﺘَﺎ ِر ‪َ .‬و َو ْ‬
‫ﻦ َو ْﻗ ِﺘﻬَﺎ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة َ‬
‫ج اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﻋ ٍﺔ َأ ْو إﻟَﻰ إ ْ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺢ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺼ ْﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َیﺌُﻮ ُل إﻟَﻰ َﺕ ْﻔﻮِی ِ‬
‫ﻖ َ‬
‫َیﻀِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُﺑﺨَﺎ ِر ا ْﻟ َﻤ ِﻌ َﺪ ِة ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ ُی َﻐﻴﱢ ُﺮ‬
‫ﻲ ٌء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﻒ َ‬
‫ﻖ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻔ ِﻢ وَا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻧ ِ‬
‫ﺐ َﻧ ْﻮ ٍم ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َی َﺘ َﻌﱠﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻘِﻴ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِﻞ إذَا َﻓ َﻌ َﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫نﺁِ‬
‫َو ُه َﻮ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﺹ َﻠﻮَا ُ‬
‫ع‪َ -‬‬
‫ﺡ ِﺒ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ُﻡﺮَا ُد اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِر ِ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺪ ِهﻤَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺹَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱ َﺒﺒًﺎ ِﻟ َﻜﺮَا َه ِﺔ َأ َ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪ ُهﻤَﺎ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺵ ﱠﻤﻬَﺎ َأ َ‬
‫ﻒ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺔ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ِﻢ َأ ْو ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻧ ِ‬
‫رَا ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺒ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬و َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱﻠَﺎ ُﻡ ُﻪ ‪َ -‬دوَا ُم ا ْﻟُﺄ ْﻟ َﻔ ِﺔ َوا ْﻟ َﻤ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َو َ‬
‫اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ن َی ْﺄ ِﺕ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻚ ُیﻨَﺎﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ‪َ .‬أﻟَﺎ َﺕﺮَى إﻟَﻰ َﻧ ْﻬ ِﻴ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َ‬
‫ﻂ‬
‫ﺸَ‬
‫ﻲ َﺕ ْﻤ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻟ َﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻟ ِﻠﻘَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻨﻬَﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َﺄ ﱠه ْﺒ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﻃﺮُوﻗًﺎ َﻟ ْﻴﻠًﺎ ِﻟ َﺌﻠﱠﺎ َی ْﺪ ُ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻞ َأ ْه َﻠ ُﻪ ُ‬
‫اﻟﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺼ َﻤ ِﺔ وَا ْﻟُﺄ ْﻟ َﻔ ِﺔ وَا ْﻟ َﻤ َﻮ ﱠد ِة ‪َ ,‬أﻟَﺎ َﺕﺮَى إﻟَﻰ ِﻓ ْﻌ ِﻠ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ْدﻋَﻰ إﻟَﻰ َﺑﻘَﺎ ِء ا ْﻟ ِﻌ ْ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻴﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺐ َو َﺕ َﺘ َﺄ ﱠه َ‬
‫ﻄ ﱠﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ َو َﺕ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺸ ِﻌ َﺜ ُﺔ َو َﺕ ْﺪ ُه َ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ن َی ْﺒ َﺪَأ ِﺑ ِﺰیَﺎ َر ِة َﺑ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪهَﺎ ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻟ َﻔﻮَا ِﺋ َﺪ ‪َ .‬أ َ‬
‫ﺼﱠﻠﻰ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ن إذَا َﻗ ِﺪ َم ِﻡ ْ‬
‫اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺪ َﻓ َ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﺱ َﻔ ٍﺮ َﺑ َﺪَأ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ب إﻟَﻰ َر ﱢﺑ ِﻪ ِﻟ ُﻴ َﻨ ﱢﺒ َﻪ ُأﻡﱠ َﺘ ُﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ‬
‫ﻀ َﻞ ﻡَﺎ ُه َﻮ َﻡ ْﻨﺴُﻮ ٌ‬
‫ن ُی َﻔ ﱢ‬
‫ﺴﺠُﻮ ِد ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ع ‪ ,‬وَاﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ع َﻟ ُﻪ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱡﺮآُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺨﻀُﻮ ِ‬
‫َر ﱢﺑ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺡﱞ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻬ ْﻢ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ َﺄ ْﻧ ُﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﺕ ْﻘﺪِی ِﻢ ﻡَﺎ ُه َﻮ ِﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻈ ُﻬ ْﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺧﺬُو َ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ َﺑ ُﻪ َو َﻡﻌَﺎ ِر َﻓ ُﻪ َی ْﺄ ُ‬
‫ن َأ ْ‬
‫ﻆ ﻡَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ‪,‬‬
‫ج ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟﻐَﺎ ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺨﺮُو ِ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ إﻟَﻰ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُی ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ﱠﻢ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﻞ َﺑ ْﻴ َﺘ ُﻪ " َﻟ ْﻢ َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻗﺪُو ِﻡ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا َﻓ َﺮﻏُﻮا ‪َ ,‬و َد َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ﺡِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺴﻠَﺎ ِم َ‬
‫ُر ْؤ َی ِﺘ ِﻪ وَاﻟ ﱠ‬
‫س‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱡﻨﻔُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺒ ِﺔ َﺑ ْﻐ َﺘ ًﺔ َﻗ ْﺪ َیﺌُﻮ ُل إﻟَﻰ َذهَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن ِﻟﻘَﺎ َء ا ْﻟ َﺄ ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟُﺄ ْه َﺒ َﺔ ِﻟ ِﻠﻘَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧﺬُو َ‬
‫ن َأ ْه َﻠ ُﻪ َی ْﺄ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ﱠ‬
‫َو ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ﻡَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ِذ ْآ ُﺮ ُﻩ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫س َأ ﱠﻧ ُﻬ ْﻢ ﻡَﺎﺕُﻮا‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َآﺜِﻴ ٍﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﺡ ِﻜ َ‬
‫ﺴﺮُو ِر ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ُ‬
‫ح وَاﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻔ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ك ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺲ إ ْذ ذَا َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ اﻟﱢﻠﻘَﺎ ِء ِﻟ ُﻘ ﱠﻮ ِة ﻡَﺎ َی َﺘﻮَاﻟَﻰ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻦ َهﺬَا‬
‫ﺵ ﱠﺪ ِة ا ْﻟ َﻬ ﱢﻢ وَا ْﻟ َﻐ ﱢﻢ ‪َ .‬و ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﺐ َﻓﻤَﺎﺕُﻮا ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠ َﺄ ْﺕ ُﻬ ْﻢ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺼَﺎ ِﺋ ُ‬
‫ح ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﻮ ٌم َﻓ َ‬
‫ﺵ ﱠﺪ ِة ا ْﻟ َﻔ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﺴﺮُو ُر َﻓﻤَﺎﺕُﻮا ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝَﺄ ُه ْﻢ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺐ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺒ ِ‬
‫ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺼﺪﱢی ُ‬
‫ﻒ اﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﺱ ُ‬
‫ب ﻡَﺎ َﻓ َﻌ َﻠ ُﻪ یُﻮ ُ‬
‫ا ْﻟﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ب ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ع ِﺑ َﺄﺑِﻴ ِﻪ َی ْﻌﻘُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻒ ﺑِﺎﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻄ ِ‬
‫ﻖ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺘ َﻠ ﱡ‬
‫ﺧ َﺒ َﺮ ِﺑ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺤ ُﻪ َآﻤَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺠ َﺪ رِی َ‬
‫ﺺ ِﻟ َﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺱ َﻞ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ﺙَﺎ ِﻧﻴًﺎ ا ْﻟ َﻘﻤِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺡﻴَﺎ ِء ‪ُ ,‬ﺙ ﱠﻢ َأ ْر َ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ َﻢ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻡ ْﻮﺝُﻮ ٌد ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﻞ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﺒﺸِﻴ َﺮ َأ ﱠوﻟًﺎ َ‬
‫َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َأ ْر َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
‫ﻋ َﺰ َم َ‬
‫ع ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َﻟ ُﻪ إذَا َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘﻤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻚ َو َﻗ َﻊ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺘ ِﻪ َوَأ َﺙ ِﺮ ِﻩ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺸ ﱢﻢ رَا ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻪ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺝ ﱠﻞ ﻓِﻲ ِآﺘَﺎ ِﺑ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻌﺰِی ِﺰ َﻓﺰَا َد ُأ ْﻧ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ﱠﺰ َو َ‬
‫َ‬
‫اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻔ َﻠ ٍﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﺑ ْﻞ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﺘ ُﻪ َو ِه َ‬
‫ﻲ َز ْو َ‬
‫ن َی ْﺄ ِﺕ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ َو ُه َﻮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﺾ ا ْﻟ َﻌﻮَا ّم ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ َﻡ ْﻨ ِﻬ ﱞ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ َز ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ َی ْﻔ َﻌُﻠ ُﻪ َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َ‬
‫ع ِﺑ َﺄ ْه ِﻠ ِﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻟﻤَﺎ ُه َﻮ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ إذَا َرأَى َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ َﻗ ْﺪ ا ْﻧ َﺒ َﻌ َﺜ ْ‬
‫ﻚ‪َ ,‬‬
‫ﺴ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ ُﻘ ْﺒ َﻠ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ ﺵَﺎ َآ َﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠ ﱠ‬
‫ح ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻞ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡﻬَﺎ ِﺑﻤَﺎ ُه َﻮ ُﻡﺒَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﻋ َﺒﻬَﺎ َو ُیﻤَﺎ ِز َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ ُیﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺤﺐﱡ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ َة ُﺕ ِ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ َﺑ ﱢﻴ َﻨ ٌﺔ ‪َ ,‬و َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ َذِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻤ ُﺔ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َﻓﺤِﻴ َﻨ ِﺌ ٍﺬ َی ْﺄﺕِﻴﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ِ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬وَأ ْﻗ َﺒ َﻠ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻟ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْ‬
‫ﺸ َﺮ َ‬
‫ُیﺮِی ُﺪ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ﻟَﺎ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ش َ‬
‫ﺸﻮﱢ ُ‬
‫ﻲ َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ ُی َ‬
‫ﺝ َﺘ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َﺕ ْﺒﻘَﻰ ِه َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻔ َﻠ ٍﺔ َﻗ ْﺪ َی ْﻘﻀِﻲ ُه َﻮ ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا َأﺕَﺎهَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ﻡَﺎ ُی ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﻨ َﺔ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن دِی ُﻨﻬَﺎ ‪ُ .‬ﺙﻢﱠ إذَا َأ َﺕﺎهَﺎ َﻓ َﻴ ْﻤ َﺘ ِﺜ ُﻞ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻡ ُﺮ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻧﺼَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺮ َ‬
‫ن دِی ُﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا َﻓ َﻌ َﻞ ﻡَﺎ ُذ ِآ َﺮ َﺕ َﻴ ﱠ‬
‫َی ْﻨﺼَﺎ ُ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ ُآ ْﻢ إذَا َأﺕَﻰ إﻟَﻰ َأ ْه ِﻠ ِﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪:‬‬
‫ن َأ َ‬
‫ﺚ ﻗَﺎ َل } ‪َ :‬ﻟ ْﻮ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َ‬
‫ﺢ َ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺚ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ِ‬
‫َیﻘُﻮ َل ﻡَﺎ ﺝَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ { ‪,‬‬
‫ﻂ َ‬
‫ﺴﱠﻠ ْ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬و َﻟ ْﻢ ُی َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴﻄَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻀﺮﱠ ُﻩ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ َر َزﻗْﺘﻨَﺎ َﻓ ُﺮ ِزﻗَﺎ َو َﻟﺪًا ‪َ ,‬ﻟ ْﻢ َی ُ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴﻄَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ﱢﻨ ْ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴﻄَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝ ﱢﻨ ْﺒﻨَﺎ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻢ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ اﻟﻠﱠ ُﻬﻢﱠ َ‬
‫ِﺑ ْ‬
‫‪158‬‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺠ ُﺪ َآﺜِﻴﺮًا ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن ﻗَﺎ َل ﻗَﺎ ِﺋ ٌﻞ َﻗ ْﺪ َﻧ ِ‬
‫ج َو َﻟ ُﺪ ُﻩ َآﻤَﺎ ُذ ِآ َﺮ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ‪َ .‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﻨ َﺔ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻡ َﺘ َﺜ َﻞ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺵﱠ‬
‫َوﻟَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﻨ َﺔ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ِذ ْآ ُﺮ ُﻩ ﻡَﺎ‬
‫ن وَا ِﻟ َﺪ ُﻩ َﻟ ْﻮ ا ْﻡ َﺘ َﺜ َﻞ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ب ‪َ :‬أ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠﻮَا ُ‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱠﺬﻡِﻴ َﻤ ِﺔ ﻓَﺎ ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺼﻔَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﺹ َﻔ ٍﺔ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ِ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺨ ُﺮﺝُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻦ َی ْ‬
‫َأ ْوﻟَﺎ ِد ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎ َرآِﻴ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
‫ﺲ َ‬
‫ﺚ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻟ َﻐ َﻠ َﺒ ِﺔ ُﻗ ﱠﻮ ِة ﺑَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْﻗ ِ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﻨ ِﺔ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺖ ﻟِﺎ ْﻡ ِﺘﺜَﺎ ِل اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻦ َی ْﺜ ُﺒ ُ‬
‫س ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﻘﻠِﻴ ُﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ٌء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﺼ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ن دِی َﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﺄ ِﺕ َﻴﻬَﺎ َﻟ َﻴﺼُﻮ َ‬
‫ع ‪َ ,‬وَأ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻖ َز ْو َ‬
‫ﺡﱠ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫ن ُیﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﺵ َﻬﻮَا ِﺕﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺼِﻴ ِﻞ َﻟﺬﱠا ِﺕﻬَﺎ َو َ‬
‫َﺕ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻌ ْﺒ ِﺪ ﻡَﺎ دَا َم‬
‫ﻋ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻤُﻮ ِم َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم } ‪َ :‬واَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ك ﻓِﻲ ُ‬
‫ﺼ َﻞ إ ْذ ذَا َ‬
‫ﺤ ُ‬
‫ﺽﻬَﺎ َﻓ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ َﺕ َﺒ ًﻌﺎ ِﻟ َﻐ َﺮ ِ‬
‫َﻗﻀَﺎ ُء ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﺘ ُﻪ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻔ َﻠ ٍﺔ َﻓ َﻴ ْﻘﻀِﻲ ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﺘ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﻚ َی ْﺄﺕِﻲ َز ْو َ‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﻨ َﺔ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ف اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻦ ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻌ ِﺮ ُ‬
‫س َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ن َأﺧِﻴ ِﻪ { ‪َ ,‬و َآﺜِﻴ ٌﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻌ ْﺒ ُﺪ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻦ إﻡﱠﺎ َﻓﺴَﺎ ُد دِی ِﻨﻬَﺎ َوِإﻡﱠﺎ َﺕ ْﺒﻘَﻰ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴ َﺌ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺪ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺒﺒًﺎ ِﻟ َﺄ َ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻃﺮًا ‪َ ,‬آﻤَﺎ َﺕ ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺒﻬَﺎ ِﺋ ُﻢ َﻓ َﻴﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺾ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ َو َ‬
‫ﻲ َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ ْﻘ ِ‬
‫ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ِه َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﺘ ُﺮ ُهﻤَﺎ ;‬
‫ﻲ ٌء َی ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺚ ﻟَﺎ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ن ِﺑ َ‬
‫ن ﻟَﺎ ُیﺠَﺎ ِﻡ َﻌﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ُهﻤَﺎ َﻡ ْﻜﺸُﻮﻓَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺸ ﱢﻮ َﻓ ًﺔ ِﻟ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ًﺔ ُﻡ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺸ ﱢﻮ َ‬
‫ُﻡ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻖ رﺽﻲ اﷲ‬
‫ﺼﺪﱢی ُ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻚ َوﻋَﺎ َﺑ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ :‬آﻤَﺎ َی ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ ا ْﻟﻌِﻴﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﻧﻬَﻰ َ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻘ ِﺒ َﻞ ا ْﻟ ِﻘ ْﺒ َﻠ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ‬
‫ﺢ َﻓﻠَﺎ ُیﺠَﺎ ِﻡ ُﻊ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻄٍ‬
‫ﺱْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ َﺑ ِﺮ ﱠی ٍﺔ َأ ْو َ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ‪َ ,‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ﺡﻴَﺎ ًء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ك َ‬
‫ﺱ ُﻪ إ ْذ ذَا َ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻪ ُی َﻐﻄﱢﻲ َر ْأ َ‬
‫ﺠﻮَا ُز ‪.‬‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ ُر ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠﻮَا ِز وَا ْﻟ َﻜﺮَا َه ِﺔ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻒ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ َﻠ ُ‬
‫ﺖ َﻓ ُﻴ ْ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ َﺑ ْﻴ ٍ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﺪ ِﺑ َﺮهَﺎ ‪َ ,‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َی ْﻌ َﻠ َﻢ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ َﻗ ْﺪ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ َﺑ ْﻞ َی ْﺒﻘَﻰ ُه َﻨ ْﻴ َﻬ ًﺔ َ‬
‫ش َ‬
‫ﺸﻮﱢ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ ُی َ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠ َﻞ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻘﻴَﺎ ِم ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ن ﻟَﺎ ُی َﻌ ﱢ‬
‫ﻃ َﺮ ُﻩ َأ ْ‬
‫َو َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َﻟ ُﻪ إذَا َﻗﻀَﻰ َو َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
‫ﺾ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬و َی ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ن یُﻮﺹِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ُﺘﻬَﺎ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻘﺼُﻮ ُد ُﻡﺮَاﻋَﺎ ُة َأ ْﻡ ِﺮهَﺎ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻀ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻧ َﻘ َ‬
‫ﺴﺌُﻮ ُل ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻬ َﺪ ُﻩ ‪َ ,‬واَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﺠ َﺘ ِﻬ ْﺪ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ َﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ن إ َﻟ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺴَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺽ ٌﻊ ﻟَﺎ ُی ْﻤ ِﻜ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬و َهﺬَا َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ن إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡﺴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ‬
‫ﻚ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺌ َﻞ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٌ‬
‫س ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ُ‬
‫ﺾ اﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ﻡَﺎ َی ْﻔ َﻌُﻠ ُﻪ َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ﺠ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ُﺰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮ ُء َ‬
‫ﻋﻤﱠﺎ َی ْﻌ ِ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﺘﺠَﺎ ُو ِز َ‬
‫ﻚ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻚ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ ٍﺪ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ‪َ :‬وِإ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ َأ ْﻧ َﻜ َﺮ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ ُر ْ‬
‫ﻂ ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫َﻓ َﺄ ْﻧ َﻜ َﺮ ُﻩ َوﻋَﺎ َﺑ ُﻪ ‪ُ ,‬ه َﻮ اﻟ ﱠﻨﺨِﻴ ُﺮ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﻜﻠَﺎ ُم اﻟﺴﱠ ْﻘ ُ‬
‫ﻒ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴ َﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ ِﻞ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ت ‪َ ,‬وِإﻡﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْآ َﻤ ِﻞ ا ْﻟﺤَﺎﻟَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ ِﻟ َﻴﻨَﺎ َم َ‬
‫ن َی ْﻐ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻦ إﻡﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺪ َأ ْﻡ َﺮ ْی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َ‬
‫ﺨ ﱠﻴ ٌﺮ َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗﻀَﺎ ِء إ َر ِﺑ ِﻪ َﻓ ُﻬ َﻮ ُﻡ َ‬
‫غ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ُﺙﻢﱠ إذَا َﻓ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺡﺒِﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ َأ ْو ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ُء َه ْﻞ َی َﺘ َﻴ ﱠﻤ ُﻢ َأ ْم ﻟَﺎ ؟ ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ ,‬وَا ْ‬
‫ﻄﻬَﺎ َر َﺕ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺡﺪَى اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ إ ْ‬
‫ِﻟ َﻴﻨَﺎ َم َ‬
‫ﺐ ‪ :‬ﻟَﺎ َیﻨَﺎ ُم‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻒ إذَا َﺕ َﻌ ﱠﺬ َر َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺘ ِﻠ َ‬
‫ع َرﺝَﺎ َء‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ي ِ‬
‫ن َی ْﻨ ِﻮ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ َﺘ َﻴ ﱠﻤ ْﻢ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َیﻨَﺎ ُم إﻟﱠﺎ ِﺑ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ٍء َأ ْو َﺕ َﻴ ﱡﻤ ٍﻢ ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ن َﺕ َﻌ ﱠﺬ َر َ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َی َﺘ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺠ ُﻨ ُ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ب ‪ :‬رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬
‫ﺨﻄﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ ُﺮ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻌ َﻠﻤَﺎ ِء اﻟﺼﱠﺎ ِﻟﺤِﻴ َ‬
‫ن ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺱﻠَﺎ ُم ‪َ ,‬و َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ن َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ َو َﻟ ٌﺪ َی ْﻜ ُﺜ ُﺮ ِﺑ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ؟‬
‫ﻚ یَﺎ َأﻡِﻴ َﺮ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﺆ ِﻡﻨِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻬ َﻮ ٌة ﻗِﻴ َﻞ َﻟ ُﻪ ‪َ :‬و ِﻟ َﻢ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺝ ٌﺔ ‪َ ,‬وَأﻃَﺄ ُهﻦﱠ َوﻡَﺎ ﻟِﻲ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ج اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ ﻟِﻲ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
‫إﻧﱢﻲ َﻟ َﺄ َﺕ َﺰ ﱠو ُ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٌﺪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ا ْﻟُﺄ َﻡ َﻢ َی ْﻮ َم ا ْﻟ ِﻘﻴَﺎ َﻡ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َﻟ ُﻪ إذَا‬
‫ﻦ ُیﻜَﺎ ِﺙ ُﺮ ِﺑ ِﻪ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻇ ْﻬﺮِي َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ج اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺨ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ن ُی ْ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬رﺝَﺎ َء َأ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻪ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻦ َﻡﺸِﻴ َﺌ ِﺔ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ َﺘ ِﻘ َﺮ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َو َی َﺘ َﺒ ﱠﺮَأ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ﱠﻞ ‪َ ,‬وَأ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ﱠﺰ َو َ‬
‫ﻚ إﻟَﻰ َﻡﺸِﻴ َﺌ ِﺔ َر ﱢﺑ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ن َی ِﻜ َﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫َﻧﻮَى ﻡَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ‪َ ,‬و َﻓ َﻌ َﻞ ﻡَﺎ ُذ ِآ َﺮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺚ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﺝ ُﺘ ُﻪ ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ﺝَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ن ُﺕ ْﻘﻀَﻰ ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺽﻌًﺎ ُﻡ َﺘ َﺬﱢﻟﻠًﺎ َﻟ َﻌ ﱠﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ك ُﻡ َﺘﻮَا ِ‬
‫ن إ ْذ ذَا َ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ُﻗ ﱠﻮ ِﺕ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬وَأ ْ‬
‫َو َﺕ ْﺪﺑِﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡِﺎ َﺋ ِﺔ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ٍة ُآﻠﱢ ِﻬﻦﱠ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ َﻠ َﺔ َ‬
‫ﻦ دَاوُد ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻤﺎ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ﻟ َﺄﻃُﻮ َﻓ ﱠ‬
‫ن ْﺑ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ ْﻴﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻲ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َﻧ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺢ} َ‬
‫ﺼﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝﻤِﻴﻌًﺎ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ف َ‬
‫ن ﺵَﺎ َء اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﻓﻄَﺎ َ‬
‫ن ﺵَﺎ َء اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ َی ُﻘ ْﻞ ‪ :‬إ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ُ :‬ﻗ ْﻞ ‪ :‬إ ْ‬
‫ﺱﺒِﻴ ِﻞ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻤ َﻠ ُ‬
‫س ُیﺠَﺎ ِه ُﺪ ِﻓﻲ َ‬
‫َﺕ ْﺄﺕِﻲ ِﺑﻔَﺎ ِر ٍ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻞ ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪َ :‬وَاﱠﻟﺬِي َﻧ ْﻔﺴِﻲ ِﺑ َﻴ ِﺪ ِﻩ َﻟ ْﻮ‬
‫ﻖ َر ُ‬
‫ﺸﱢ‬
‫ت ِﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ ٌة ﺝَﺎ َء ْ‬
‫ﺤ ِﻤ ْﻞ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻦﱠ إﻟﱠﺎ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ٌة وَا ِ‬
‫َﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻖ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮ ُء ِﺑ َﻤﺸِﻴ َﺌ ِﺔ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َﻌﱠﻠ َ‬
‫ﻦ َهﺬَا َأ ْ‬
‫ﺹ ُﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن ‪ { ,‬ﻓَﺎ ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺝ َﻤﻌُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺱﺒِﻴ ِﻞ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ُﻓ ْﺮﺱَﺎﻧًﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ن ﺵَﺎ َء اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﻟﺠَﺎ َهﺪُوا ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬إ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡﺸِﻴ َﺌ ِﺘ ِﻪ َآﻤَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم‬
‫َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ‪َ ,‬و َی ِﻜ َﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻡ َﺮ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َی َﺘ َﺒ ﱠﺮَأ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫‪159‬‬
‫ن َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ َأ ْو ا ْﻟ ُﻮﺽُﻮ ِء َﻓ َﻴ ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ َآﻤَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم َأ ﱠوﻟًﺎ ‪َ ,‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ن َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ ا ْﻟ ُﻐ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ع ِﺑ َﺄ ْه ِﻠ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن َیﻌُﻮ َد إﻟَﻰ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ن َﺑﺪَا َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ُﺙﻢﱠ إ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ َذ َآ َﺮ ُﻩ ُﺙﻢﱠ ﻋَﺎ َد ‪ ,‬ﻗَﺎ َل‬
‫ﻏ َ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ن إذَا َأرَا َد َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم آَﺎ َ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫ن َیﻌُﻮ َد ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ ْﻞ َذ َآ َﺮ ُﻩ َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ ْﻐ ِ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ن ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻄ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َآ ْﺜ َﺮ ُة َهﺬَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻀ َﻮ َو ُی َﻨﺸﱢ ُ‬
‫ﺴ َﻞ اﻟ ﱠﺬ َآ ِﺮ ُی َﻘﻮﱢي ا ْﻟ ُﻌ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﻚ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ض رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ‪َ :‬وِإ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ َﻓ َﻌ َﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋﻴَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ا ْﻟﻘَﺎﺽِﻲ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻟ َﻬﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ َﺑ َﺪ ِﻧ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡﺰَا ِ‬
‫ﺹﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ‪َ ,‬و ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُﻗ ﱠﻮ ِة اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺨﺮُوا ِﺑ ِﻪ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ َدﻟِﻴ ٌﻞ َ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َﻤ ﱠﺪﺡُﻮا ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﻔ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ب َأ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻌ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺄ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ن ﻗَﺎ َل ﻗَﺎ ِﺋ ٌﻞ ‪َ :‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ ْﺄﻟُﻮ ِﻓ ِﻬ ْﻢ ‪َ ,‬وﻋَﺎ َد ِﺕ ِﻬ ْﻢ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ج َ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َ‬
‫ﺝﻠًﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َر ُ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻡَﺎ َء َأ ْر َﺑﻌِﻴ َ‬
‫ﻲ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱡ‬
‫ﻄَ‬
‫ﻋِ‬
‫ُأ ْ‬
‫ب‬
‫ﺠﻮَا ُ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻤَﺎ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱﻠِﻴ َ‬
‫ﻀ ُﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻧ ِﺒﻴَﺎ ِء وَا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َأ ْﻓ َ‬
‫ح ‪ ,‬وَاﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱡ‬
‫ن َآ ْﺜ َﺮ َة َهﺬَا َﻡ ْﻤﺪُو ٌ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ َﻗ ﱠﺮ ْر ُﺕ ْﻢ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﺹ َﻠﻮَا ُ‬
‫ن ُآﻠ‪‬ﺎ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ب ‪َ :‬أ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠﻮَا ُ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻞ ؟ ﻓَﺎ ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﻡَﺎ َء ﻡِﺎ َﺋ ِﺔ َر ُ‬
‫ﻄَ‬
‫ﻋِ‬
‫ن ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ﻓِﻲ َآ ْﻮ ِﻧ ِﻪ ُأ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ ْﻴﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻲ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َﻧ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ‬
‫ﺐ ُﻡ ْﻠﻜًﺎ ﻟَﺎ َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ ِﻟ َﺄ َ‬
‫ﻃ َﻠ َ‬
‫ن ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ ْﻴﻤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻲ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ُ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠ َﺒ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻨ ِﺒ ﱡ‬
‫ﺼ َﺪ ُﻩ َو َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َﻡ ْﻘ ِ‬
‫ﻄَ‬
‫ﻋِ‬
‫ﺱﻠَﺎ ُﻡ ُﻪ ُأ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬﻤَﺎ َو َ‬
‫اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ك ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ق ِﺑ ِﻪ ﺱَﺎ ِﺋ َﺮ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﻠُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﻡَﺎ َیﻔُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻄَ‬
‫ﻋِ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬و َآ ْﺜ َﺮ ُة اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء َﻓُﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺄ ِ‬
‫ك اﻟ ﱢﺰیَﺎ َد ُة ﻓِﻲ َهﺬَا اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻤﻠُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺄ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﺑ ْﻌ ِﺪ ِﻩ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻞ‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ ِء ﻡِﺎ َﺋ ِﺔ َر ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻀﻠًﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ َﻓ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻞ وَا ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ ِء َر ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺝﺰُو َ‬
‫ﺤﺼِﻴ ِﻞ َآ ْﺜ َﺮ ِة اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء َﻓ ُﻬ ْﻢ ﻋَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺝﺪُوا ا ْﻟ ُﻘ ْﺪ َر َة َ‬
‫ن َو َ‬
‫ك َوِإ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﻤﻠُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻄَ‬
‫ﻋِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒﺪًا َﻓُﺄ ْ‬
‫ن َﻧ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎ َ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺧﺘَﺎ َر َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒﺪًا ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ن َﻧ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎ َﻡ ِﻠﻜًﺎ َأ ْو َﻧ ِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎ َ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ﱢﻴ َﺮ َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ُ‬
‫‪ .‬وَاﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱡ‬
‫ﻚ َآﻤَﺎ‬
‫ﺝﻠًﺎ َﻓﺤَﺎُﻟ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ َر ُ‬
‫ﻲ ﻡَﺎ َء َأ ْر َﺑﻌِﻴ َ‬
‫ﻄَ‬
‫ﻋِ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ُأ ْ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱡ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻀُﻠ ُﻬ ْﻢ ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬وِإ ْ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻡَﺎ َی ْﻔ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َرﺱُﻮ ِل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ؟ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻟ ِﺈ َر ِﺑ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻘ ْﺒ َﻠ ِﺔ ﻟِﻠﺼﱠﺎ ِﺋ ِﻢ ‪َ ,‬وَأ ﱡی ُﻜ ْﻢ َأ ْﻡ َﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺌ َﻠ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ُﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ َﻟﻤﱠﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺖ ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻜ ﱠﺮ َﻡ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﺑ ْﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺮ ﱠی ِﺔ ِﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺡﻮَا ِل ا ْﻟ َﺒ َ‬
‫ن ﻟَﺎ َی ْﺄﺕِﻲ ِﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم آَﺎ َ‬
‫وﺱﻠﻢ َﻓ َﺪ ﱠل َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ اﻟِﺎ ْﻗ ِﺘﺪَا ِء ِﺑ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ‪َ .‬أﻟَﺎ َﺕﺮَى إﻟَﻰ َﻗ ْﻮ ِل ُ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺮ ﱠی ِﺔ ِﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺲ ا ْﻟ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻖ َﺕ ْﺄﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻃﺮِی ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺐ إ َﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡ ﱢﺒ َ‬
‫ﺝ ٌﺔ ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم } ‪ُ :‬‬
‫ﻦ ﺡَﺎ َ‬
‫ج اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ ﻟِﻲ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﺘ َﻘ ﱢﺪ ِم ِذ ْآ ُﺮ ُﻩ ‪ :‬إﻧﱢﻲ َﻟ َﺄ َﺕ َﺰ ﱠو ُ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻤ ِﺔ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ‪:‬‬
‫ﻈ ْﺮ إﻟَﻰ ِ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة { ﻓَﺎ ْﻧ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻴﻨِﻲ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ُﻗﺮﱠ ُة َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻌ َﻠ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ُء ‪َ ,‬و ُ‬
‫ث اﻟﻄﱢﻴ ُ‬
‫ُد ْﻧﻴَﺎ ُآ ْﻢ َﺙﻠَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة‬
‫ﻦ ُد ْﻧﻴَﺎ ُآ ْﻢ َﻓ َﺄﺽَﺎ َﻓﻬَﺎ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻬ ْﻢ دُو َﻧ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َﻓ َﺪ ﱠل َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺒﺒْﺖ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ ,‬و َﻟ ْﻢ َی ُﻘ ْﻞ ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ﱢﺒ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة‬
‫ﻋ ْﻴﻨِﻲ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ُﻗﺮﱠ ُة َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻌ َﻠ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم } ‪َ :‬و ُ‬
‫ﺝ ﱠﻞ َی ُﺪلﱡ َ‬
‫ﻋ ﱠﺰ َو َ‬
‫ﺡﺒﱡ ُﻪ ﺧَﺎﺹ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑ َﻤ ْﻮﻟَﺎ ُﻩ َ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫واﻟﺴﻼم آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ي اﻟﻈﱠﺎ ِه ِﺮ َﻡ َﻠ ِﻜ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺮ ﱠ‬
‫ن ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َﺑ َ‬
‫ﺸﺮِی َﻔ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤﻌَﺎﻧِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻌ ِﻠ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺖ َ‬
‫ﺵ َﺘ َﻤ َﻠ ْ‬
‫ك إﻟﱠﺎ ِﻟﻤَﺎ ا ْ‬
‫{ ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ ذَا َ‬
‫ﺸﺮِیﻌًﺎ َﻟﻬَﺎ ﻟَﺎ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺮ ﱠی ِﺔ إﻟﱠﺎ َﺕ ْﺄﻧِﻴﺴًﺎ ِﻟُﺄ ﱠﻡ ِﺘ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺡﻮَا ِل ا ْﻟ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ٍء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ن ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ﻟَﺎ َی ْﺄﺕِﻲ إﻟَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻃِ‬
‫ا ْﻟﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ}‬
‫ﺴﻜِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺤﻤِﻴ َﺪ ِة ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﻟﺠَﺎ ِه ُﻞ ا ْﻟ ِﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺨﺼَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠﻠِﻴ َﻠ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ف ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻬ ِﻞ ِﺑ َﻬ ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْوﺹَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻚ َآﻤَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ‪َ ,‬و ِﻟ ْﻠ َ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ٍء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْ‬
‫ج إﻟَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺤﺘَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ق { َأﻟَﺎ َﺕﺮَى إﻟَﻰ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻓِﻲ ِآﺘَﺎ ِﺑ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻌﺰِی ِﺰ } ‪ُ :‬ﻗ ْﻞ ﻟَﺎ َأﻗُﻮ ُل‬
‫ﺱﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﻄﻌَﺎ َم ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﻤﺸِﻲ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫‪ :‬ﻡَﺎ ِل َهﺬَا اﻟ ﱠﺮﺱُﻮ ِل َی ْﺄ ُآ ُﻞ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻠ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻚ { ‪َ ,‬و َﻟ ْﻢ َی ُﻘ ْﻞ إﻧﱢﻲ َﻡ َﻠ ٌ‬
‫ﻚ { َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ } :‬ﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ إﻧﱢﻲ َﻡ َﻠ ٌ‬
‫ﺐ َوﻟَﺎ َأﻗُﻮ ُل َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ إﻧﱢﻲ َﻡ َﻠ ٌ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ُﻢ ا ْﻟ َﻐ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َوﻟَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺧﺰَا ِﺋ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨﺪِي َ‬
‫َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻨِﻲ ﻓِﻲ َﻡﻌَﺎﻧِﻴ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ﻟَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ذَا ِﺕ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻜﺮِی َﻤ ِﺔ ‪ ,‬إ ْذ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺴ َﺒ ِﺔ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻬ ْﻢ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ إﻟﱠﺎ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱢﻨ ْ‬
‫ﻒ ا ْﻟ َﻤ َﻠ ِﻜ ﱠﻴ َﺔ َ‬
‫َی ْﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻲ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ِذ ِﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺠﻠِﻴ ُﻞ َأﺑُﻮ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺱ ﱢﻴﺪِي اﻟﺸﱠ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺸ َﺮ ‪َ .‬و ِﻟ َﻬﺬَا ﻗَﺎ َل َ‬
‫ﻖ ا ْﻟ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﺤُ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺮ ﱠی َﺘ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ َی ْﻠ َ‬
‫ﻖ َﺑ َ‬
‫ﺤُ‬
‫اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َی ْﻠ َ‬
‫ﺡﺠَﺎ ِر ‪َ ,‬و َهﺬَا ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺲ آَﺎ ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ٌﺮ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺡَ‬
‫ت َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟﻴَﺎﻗُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺲ آَﺎ ْﻟ َﺄ ْﺑﺸَﺎ ِر َآﻤَﺎ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸ ٌﺮ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺹ َﻔ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ‪ُ :‬ه َﻮ َﺑ َ‬
‫ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻓِﻲ ِ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ن َﻡ َﻠ ِﻜ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬و َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻃِ‬
‫ﻲ ا ْﻟﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن َﻡ َﻠ ِﻜ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﺄ ْﻓﻬَﺎ ِم ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺪ ﱠل َ‬
‫ﺱﺒِﻴ ِﻞ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻘﺮِی ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ َ‬
‫ن َهﺬَا ‪,‬‬
‫ﺝ ُﻜﻤَﺎ { ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺝﻨِﻲ اﱠﻟﺬِي َأ ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ هَﺎ ُهﻨَﺎ ُی ْﻔ َﻬ ُﻢ َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﻰ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم } ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ َﻧ ْﻔ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡ َﻠ َ‬
‫ﻃِ‬
‫ا ْﻟﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن‬
‫ت ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ } ‪ :‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻪ اﱠﻟﺬِي ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ﻓِﻲ َﻡ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺲ ِﻟ ْﻠُﺄ ﱠﻡ ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﺄﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﺑَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺵ َﺒ َﻬ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َوﻡَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‪,‬‬
‫ﺱﻠِﻴ َ‬
‫ع ِﻟ ِﺮ ْﻓ َﻌ ِﺔ َﻡﻨَﺎ ِز ِل ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺵ ﱠﺪ ِة اﻟْﺂﻟَﺎ ِم ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﺄ ْوﺝَﺎ ِ‬
‫ب ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﺑَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َذِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺾ ا ْﻟ ُﻌ َﻠ َﻤﺎ ِء ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ‪ :‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ت { ﻗَﺎ َل َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ﺴ َﻜﺮَا ٍ‬
‫ت َﻟ َ‬
‫ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ب َﺕ ْﺄﻧِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ﺑَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺚ ا ْﻧ َﺘﻬَﻰ ‪َ .‬و َهﺬَا ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی َ‬
‫ن ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻜ ْﻢ { ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻋُ‬
‫ﻚ َآﻤَﺎ یُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻋُ‬
‫َو ِﻡ ْﺜُﻠ ُﻪ َﻗ ْﻮُﻟ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم } ‪ :‬إﻧﱢﻲ أُو َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻲ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ﻓِﻲ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم } ‪ :‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮﺝَﺎ ِﻧ ﱡ‬
‫ﺱ ﱢﻴﺪِي َأﺑُﻮ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺮ ﱠی ِﺔ َآﻤَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻗَﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْهُﻠ ُﻪ ‪,‬‬
‫ب ‪َ ,‬أﻟَﺎ َﺕﺮَى إﻟَﻰ َﻗ ْﻮ ِل ِﺑﻠَﺎ ٍل رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺡِﻴ َ‬
‫ﻄ ِﺮ ِ‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺱ َﻜﺮَا ُ‬
‫ت َ‬
‫ﺴ َﻜﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ن ِﺕ ْﻠ َ‬
‫ت{إ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴ َﻜﺮَا ٍ‬
‫ت َﻟ َ‬
‫ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫‪160‬‬
‫ن َهﺬَا‬
‫ﺡ ْﺰ َﺑ ْﻪ ا ْﻧ َﺘﻬَﻰ ‪َ .‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤﺪًا ‪َ ,‬و ِ‬
‫ﺡ ﱠﺒ ْﻪ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻏﺪًا َأ ْﻟﻘَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ِ‬
‫ﻃ َﺮﺑَﺎ ُﻩ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬وَا َ‬
‫ﺢ َ‬
‫ق ‪ ,‬وَا َآ ْﺮﺑَﺎ ُﻩ َﻓ َﻔ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﺴﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫َو ُه َﻮ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺰ ُﺑ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻤَﺎ ﺑَﺎﻟُﻚ ِﺑ ِﻠﻘَﺎ ِء اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َو ِ‬
‫ﺤﺒُﻮ ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱡ‬
‫ﻃ َﺮ َﺑ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِل ِﺑ ِﻠﻘَﺎ ِء َﻡ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺮ ا ْﻟ ِﻌﺒَﺎ َر ُة َ‬
‫ﺽ ٌﻊ َﺕ ْﻘ ُ‬
‫ﻦ { ‪َ ,‬و َهﺬَا َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ُﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻗ ﱠﺮ ِة َأ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َﻟ ُﻬ ْﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ِﻔ َ‬
‫ﺲ ﻡَﺎ ُأ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ِﻟ ْﻠ َﻤ ْﻮﻟَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻜﺮِی ِﻢ } ‪َ :‬ﻓﻠَﺎ َﺕ ْﻌ َﻠ ُﻢ َﻧ ْﻔ ٌ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ض إ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋﺮَا ِ‬
‫ض وَا ْﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻡﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻄ َﺮُأ َ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺮ ﱠی ِﺔ ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﺡﻮَا َل ا ْﻟ َﺒ َ‬
‫ن َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َهﺬَا َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺹ ُﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻀ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﺎ ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻒ َﺑ ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ﺹ ِ‬
‫َو ْ‬
‫ﻃ ُﻨ ُﻪ َﻡ َﻊ‬
‫ﻖ ‪َ ,‬وﺑَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺨ ْﻠ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ ِﺕ ِﻪ ﻇَﺎ ِه ُﺮ ُﻩ َﻡ َﻊ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﺁ ِ‬
‫ﺸﻐُﻮ ٌل ِﺑ َﺮ ﱢﺑ ِﻪ ُﻡ ْﻘ ِﺒ ٌﻞ َ‬
‫اﻟﻈﱠﺎ ِه ِﺮ ﻓِﻲ اﻟﻈﱠﺎ ِه ِﺮ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ﱢﻴ ِﺪ‬
‫ﻒ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺾ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْو ِﻟﻴَﺎ ِء َﻓ َﻜ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺤﺴُﻮﺱًﺎ ﻓِﻲ َﺑ ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ُﺪ ُﻩ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﻟ ِﻢ اﻟﻈﱠﺎ ِه ِﺮ ‪َ .‬هﺬَا َﺕ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓ ُﻬ َﻮ ﻏَﺎ ِﺋ ٌ‬
‫ن َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻖ ‪َ ,‬و َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺨ ْﻠ ِ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫َر ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺰ َﺑ ْﻴ ِﺮ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺮ َو ُة ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﻒ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺴ َﻠ ِ‬
‫ﺾ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َﺑ ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﺡ ِﻜ َ‬
‫ﺱﻠَﺎ ُﻡ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬أﻟَﺎ َﺕﺮَى إﻟَﻰ ﻡَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َو َ‬
‫ت اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺹ َﻠﻮَا ُ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺧﺮِی َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟْﺂ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺄ ﱠوﻟِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺠﻤِﻴ ِﻊ َﺑ َﺪ ِﻧ ِﻪ ‪,‬‬
‫ﺖ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ِﻟ َﺌﻠﱠﺎ َﺕ َﺘ َﻌﺪﱠى ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝ ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﻄﻌُﻮا ا ْﻟ َﻘ َﺪ َم اﱠﻟﺘِﻲ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﻘ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻠ ِﻪ َﻓ َﺄرَادُوا َأ ْ‬
‫رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ َﻟﻤﱠﺎ َأﺹَﺎ َﺑ ْﺘ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َﺄ َآ َﻠ ُﺔ ﻓِﻲ ِر ْ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة َﻓ َﻠﻤﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻚ إﻟﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َذِﻟ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺝ ُﺘ ُﻪ ‪ :‬إ ﱠﻧ ُﻜ ْﻢ ﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﻘ ِﺪرُو َ‬
‫ﺖ َﻟ ُﻬ ْﻢ َز ْو َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓﻘَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬ ْﻢ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﺄﺑَﻰ َ‬
‫َﻓﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ‬
‫ﻄﻌُﻮا ﻟِﻲ َ‬
‫ن َﺕ ْﻘ َ‬
‫ن َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ِﺑ ِﻪ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻬ ْﻢ ‪َ :‬أ ُﺕ ِﺮیﺪُو َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪﻗِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺹﻠَﺎ ِﺕ ِﻪ رَﺁ ُه ْﻢ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫غ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻄﻌُﻮهَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻠﻤﱠﺎ َﻓ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﻀﺮُوا َﻓ َﻘ َ‬
‫ﺡ َ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة َ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ﻃَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﻲ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ﱢ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﺡ ِﻜ َ‬
‫ﻚ ﻡَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺵ َﻌﺮْت ِﺑ ُﻜ ْﻢ ‪َ ,‬و َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن ﺵَﺎ َء اﻟﻠﱠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َﻓﻘَﺎﻟُﻮا َﻟ ُﻪ ‪ُ :‬ه َﻮ ذَا َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬واَﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ﱠﺮ ِة إ ْ‬
‫ﺨ َﺒ َﺮ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻈﺮُو َ‬
‫ﺱﻮَا ِﻗ ِﻬ ْﻢ َی ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫س ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ع اﻟﻨﱠﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻄﻮَا َﻧ ٌﺔ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻬ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ﺱُ‬
‫ﺖ ُأ ْ‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ ‪َ ,‬وا ْﻧ َﻬ َﺪ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺪ ُی َ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺾ‬
‫ﺡﻜَﺎ َی ُﺔ َﺑ ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ﺖ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ٍء ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ُﻌ ْﺮ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْ‬
‫ﻋﻬَﺎ َو َﺕ َﺄ ﱡﺙ ِﺮ ِه ْﻢ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ُوﻗُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬ ْﻢ ِ‬
‫ﺸ ﱠﺪ ِة ا ْﻧ ِﺰﻋَﺎ ِ‬
‫ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﺌ َﻞ َأ ْهُﻠ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة َﺕ َﻜﱠﻠﻤُﻮا َو َﻟ َﻐﻄُﻮا ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ُ‬
‫ﺧ َﻞ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻀ َﺮ ِﺕ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا َد َ‬
‫ﺡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ٌﺪ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ َﺑ ْﻴ ِﺘ ِﻪ ﻟَﺎ َی َﺘ َﻜﱠﻠ ُﻢ َأ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ إذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺧﺮِی َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﺘ َﺄ ﱢ‬
‫ﺵﻜَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻪ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ إذَا‬
‫نإ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ِﻜ ٌﻞ ‪َ ,‬و َﺑﻴَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﺡ ِﻜ َ‬
‫ﻲ ٍء ‪َ ,‬وﻇَﺎ ِه ُﺮ ﻡَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺸ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ُﻌ ُﺮ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة ﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓﻘَﺎﻟُﻮا ‪ :‬إﻧﱠ ُﻪ إذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ُیﺰِی ُﻞ‬
‫ﺱ ﱢﻴﺪِي َأﺑُﻮ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺼﻠَﺎ ِة ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻒ َی َﺘ َﺄﺕﱠﻰ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻮ ِﻓ َﻴ ُﺔ ِﺑ َﺄ ْرآَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ٍء ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ ُذ ِآ َﺮ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻜ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺸ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ُﻌ ْﺮ ِﺑ َ‬
‫َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِﻟ َﺘ ْﻮ ِﻓ َﻴ ِﺔ‬
‫ﺸ ِﺮ ﱠی ِﺔ َ‬
‫ﺾ ﺡَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﺑﻘَﺎ ِء َﺑ ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ن َﻓ ْﺮﺽًﺎ َﻓﻠَﺎ ُﺑﺪﱠ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ض وَاﻟ ﱠﻨ َﻔ ِﻞ ‪َ ,‬و َیﻘُﻮ ُل ‪ :‬إ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ق َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺵﻜَﺎ َل َﻓ ُﻴ َﻔ ﱢﺮ ُ‬
‫َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔﻨَﻰ اﻟﺬﱠا ِآ ُﺮ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬ ُآﻮ ِر ‪.‬‬
‫ﺤﻀُﻮ ِر ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺤﻘِﻴ َﻘ ُﺔ ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻔ ِﻞ َﻓ َ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ض ‪َ ,‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫َأ ْرآَﺎ ِ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْآ ِﻞ ِﺑ َﻬ ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺜَﺎ َﺑ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻴَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ { ,‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻬ َﻮ ِة ِ‬
‫ﻦ َی ْﺄ ُآ ُﻞ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ن } ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﺆ ِﻡ َ‬
‫ﺚ ا ْﻟﻮَا ِر ِد ﻓِﻲ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﺼ ٌﻞ ( ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫‪َ ) :‬ﻓ ْ‬
‫ﻚ إذَا َأرَا َد ْﺕ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ ﻟَﺎ‬
‫ﻲ َﻟﻬَﺎ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن ُی َﻮ ﱢﻓ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ْ‬
‫ت ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻴ ْﻌ َﻤ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﻬﻮَا ِ‬
‫ت وَاﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْآ َﺒ ِﺮ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻠﺬُوذَا ِ‬
‫ع ‪ ,‬إ ْذ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫َﻓﻤَﺎ ﺑَﺎﻟُﻚ ِﺑ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َﻟ ِﻜ ْ‬
‫ف ﻡَﺎ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺽﻌَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻬ َﻮ ِة َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َﻗ ْﺪ ُر ﱢآ َ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ ,‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟﻐَﺎ ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺐ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻄُﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ إرَا َد ِﺕﻬَﺎ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻄ ِﻠ ُﻊ َ‬
‫َی ﱠ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻚ ِﻡ ْﺜ ُﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺽﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓ ْﻠ ُﻴ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺐ ِﻟ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠ ِ‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ ُآﻠﱠ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا َرأَى ِﻡ ْﻨﻬَﺎ َأﻡَﺎرَا ِ‬
‫ﺤﻴَﺎ ِء ﻡَﺎ َی ْﻐ ُﻤ ُﺮ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻄﺎهَﺎ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ك ِﺑﻤَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ِذ ْآ ُﺮ ُﻩ‬
‫ﻒ إ ْذ ذَا َ‬
‫ﺼ ُ‬
‫ﺽﻬَﺎ َﻓ َﻴ ﱠﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ُﻪ ﺕَﺎ ِﺑﻌًﺎ ِﻟ َﻐ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ ,‬ﻓَﺎ ْﻟﺤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻏ َﺮ ُ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺹ ُﻞ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺲ إﻟَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻄ َﺮ ‪َ ,‬و َﺕ ْﻠ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻦ َو َﺕ َﺘ َﻌ ﱠ‬
‫َﺕ َﺘ َﺰ ﱠی َ‬
‫ﻋﻴَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻪ { ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم } ‪َ :‬واَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻬ َﻮ ِة ِ‬
‫ﻦ َی ْﺄ ُآ ُﻞ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم } ‪ :‬ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﺆ ِﻡ ُ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺠﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺽﺮُو َر ٌة َأآِﻴ َﺪ ٌة ِﻟ ْﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﺙ ﱠﻢ َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ َآﺜِﻴ ٌﺮ ‪َ ,‬و َهﺬَا إذَا َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن َأﺧِﻴ ِﻪ { إﻟَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻌ ْﺒ ِﺪ ﻡَﺎ دَا َم ا ْﻟ َﻌ ْﺒ ُﺪ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ َرأَى‬
‫ﺴ ﱠﻨ َﺔ ِﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم } ‪َ :‬ﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َی ْﻤ َﺘ ِﺜ َﻞ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺠ َﺒ ْﺘ ُﻪ َﻓ ُﻴﺮِی ُﺪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫ن َﻗ ْﺪ َرأَى ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة َأ ْ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻞ َأ ْ‬
‫َو ْﻗ ِﺘ ِﻪ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻃ َﻠ ِﺒﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻟ ِﻜ ْ‬
‫ت َ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ َأﻡَﺎرَا ِ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻠَﺎ َی ْﻨ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ن َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ { َﻓِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ ِ‬
‫ن اﱠﻟﺬِي ِ‬
‫ت َأ ْه َﻠ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ﺠ ُﺒ ُﻪ َﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ ْﺄ ِ‬
‫ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻜ ْﻢ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة ُﺕ ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﺘ َﻘ ﱢﺪ ِم ِذ ْآ ُﺮهَﺎ ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َو َر َد } َ‬
‫ﻋ َﺒ َﺔ َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ َﻡ َﻊ اﻟْﺂدَا ِ‬
‫ك ا ْﻟ ُﻤﻠَﺎ َ‬
‫ن ﻟَﺎ َی ْﺘ ُﺮ َ‬
‫َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ن اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ُی ْﺒ ِﺪ ُل َﻟ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺽﻬَﺎ ﺡُﻮ ِر ﱠی ًﺔ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ َﻮ َ‬
‫ﺠ َﺒ ْﺘ ُﻪ َﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ ُﻘ ْﻞ ‪ :‬اﻟﻠﱠ ُﻬﻢﱠ َأ ْﺑ ِﺪ ْل ﻟِﻲ ِ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْه ٌﻞ ‪َ ,‬و َرأَى ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟ ْﻢ َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻓِﻴ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺽﻬَﺎ ﺡُﻮ ِر ﱠی ًﺔ { َأ ْو َآﻤَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َل ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم‬
‫ﻋ َﻮ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫‪161‬‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺴ َﻔﻬَﺎ ِء ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ إ ْﺕﻴَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﺾ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ َﺙ ُﻪ َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ﺸﻨِﻴ َﻊ اﱠﻟﺬِي َأ ْ‬
‫ﺢ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ َأ ْو ﺝَﺎ ِر َی ِﺘ ِﻪ َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ َﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻘﺒِﻴ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﻔ َﻌ َﻞ َﻡ َﻊ َز ْو َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺬ ْر َأ ْ‬
‫ﺼ ٌﻞ ( َو ْﻟ َﻴ ْ‬
‫) َﻓ ْ‬
‫ﺠﻮَا ِز ‪,‬‬
‫ﻚ إﻟَﻰ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴﺒُﻮا َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻟ ِﻜ ﱠﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﻧ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺼﺮُوا َ‬
‫ﺱﻠَﺎ ِم ‪َ ,‬و َﻟ ْﻴ َﺘ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﻟ ْﻮ ا ْﻗ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻀ َﻠ ٌﺔ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄ َﻟ ٌﺔ ُﻡ ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ﻲ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ﻓِﻲ ُد ُﺑ ِﺮهَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و ِه َ‬
‫ﻚ إ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ‬
‫ﺴ َﺒﻬَﺎ إﻟَﻰ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َﻧ َ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺹ َﻞ َﻟﻬَﺎ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ﻟَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻲ ِروَا َی ٌﺔ ُﻡ ْﻨ َﻜ َﺮ ٌة َ‬
‫ﻚ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ‪َ ,‬و ِه َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ن ‪ :‬إﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻡ ْﺮ ِو ﱞ‬
‫َو َیﻘُﻮﻟُﻮ َ‬
‫ن ﻡَﺎ ِﻟﻜًﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﻄ ِﺒﻘُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻚ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ب ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬وَأ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ َﻓ ُﻬ َﻮ ُﻡ َﺘ َﻘ ﱠﻮ ٌل َ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﺪ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن ُو ِ‬
‫ﺴ ﱢﺮ ‪َ ,‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ﺴ َﺒﻬَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻜﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫َﻧ َ‬
‫ﺼ ِﺒ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ‬
‫ﻒ ِﺑ َﻤ ْﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺘﻬَﺎ َﻓ َﻜ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ إﺑَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﺠ ﱡﻞ َ‬
‫ﺵﻴَﺎ ُء َآﺜِﻴ َﺮ ٌة ُﻡ ْﻨ َﻜ َﺮ ٌة َی ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َهﺬَا َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺱ ﱟﺮ ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ب ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟ ُﻪ ِآﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫َﻟ ْﻢ َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ُﺬ ُه ْﻢ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬ ْﻢ ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﺄ ُ‬
‫ﺸﺪﱢ ُد َ‬
‫ن ُی َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ َﺑ ْﻞ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺺ دُو َ‬
‫ﺧ ٍ‬
‫ﺨﻠِﻴ َﻔ َﺔ ِﺑ ُﺮ َ‬
‫ﺨﺺﱠ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ن َی ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺾ ﻡَﺎ َﻧ َﻘﻠُﻮا َ‬
‫ﻚ إﻟﱠﺎ ِﺑ َﻨﻘِﻴ ِ‬
‫ف ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٌ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﺨﻠِﻴ َﻔ ِﺔ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺝﺮَى َﻟ ُﻪ َﻡ َﻊ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْﺜ َﻞ ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠﻤِﻴ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﺱَﺎ ِﺋ ِﺮ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِه ْﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ت َ‬
‫ﻦ َد َرﺝَﺎ ِﺕ ِﻬ ْﻢ إﻟَﻰ َد َرﺝَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ ُی ْﻨ ِﺰ َﻟ ُﻬ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺔ َ‬
‫ﺴﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱢ‬
‫ف‬
‫ﻚ ﻡَﺎ ِزﻟْﺖ ُﺕ ِﺬلﱡ ا ْﻟُﺄ َﻡﺮَا َء ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻬﺬَا ُه َﻮ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﺮُو ُ‬
‫ﺨﻠِﻴ َﻔ ُﺔ َﻡ ﱠﺮ ًة ‪ :‬یَﺎ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َآﻤَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻃ ِﺄ َ‬
‫إ ْﻗﺮَا ِء ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ط ُء ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ َأ َیﺠُﻮ ُز َو ْ‬
‫ﺸﻬُﻮ َر ِة ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮ ِو ﱠی ِﺔ َ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻚ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻜ ُﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺌ َﻞ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ ﺡَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻪ َﻡ َﻌ ُﻬ ْﻢ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ُ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻬُﻮ ُد ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ {‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﺙ ُﻜ ْﻢ َأﻧﱠﻰ ِ‬
‫ث َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ َﻓ ْﺄﺕُﻮا َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ ٌ‬
‫ﺴ َﻤﻌُﻮا َﻗ ْﻮ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ } ‪ِ :‬ﻧﺴَﺎ ُؤ ُآ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ب ؟ َأ َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﺮ ٌ‬
‫ُد ُﺑ ِﺮهَﺎ ؟ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أﻡَﺎ َأ ْﻧ ُﺘ ْﻢ َﻗ ْﻮ ٌم َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ ُﻡ ْﻘ ِﺒ َﻠ ًﺔ َأ ْو ُﻡ ْﺪ ِﺑ َﺮ ًة َأ ْو ﺑَﺎ ِر َآ ًﺔ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻒ ِ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ { ﻗِﻴ َﻞ ‪َ :‬ﻡ ْﻌﻨَﺎ ُﻩ َآ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ت ؟ ‪ .‬وﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ } َأﻧﱠﻰ ِ‬
‫ﺚ ﻟَﺎ َﻧﺒَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻴ ُ‬
‫ع َ‬
‫ن اﻟﺰﱠ ْر ُ‬
‫َأ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ َأ ْیﻀًﺎ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬ﻡ ْﻌﻨَﺎ ُﻩ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫س ‪َ ,‬و ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻋﺒﱠﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻟ ْﻴ ٍﻞ َأ ْو َﻧﻬَﺎ ٍر ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ع ‪َ ,‬وﻗِﻴ َﻞ َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﺎ ُﻩ َﻡﺘَﻰ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻊ اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْر ِ‬
‫َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺌ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ َﻓﻠَﺎ َﺕ ْﻌ ِﺰﻟُﻮا ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ن ِ‬
‫ﻋ ِﺰﻟُﻮا ‪َ ,‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ن ِ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ إ ْ‬
‫ﻒ ِ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﺙ ُﻜ ْﻢ َآ ْﻴ َ‬
‫َﻓ ْﺄﺕُﻮا َ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ُه َﺮ ْی َﺮ َة رﺽﻲ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ َﻨ ِﻨ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ج َأﺑُﻮ دَاوُد ﻓِﻲ ُ‬
‫ﺧ ﱠﺮ َ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻠ ٌﻢ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َ‬
‫ﻦ ؟ َأ ْو ﻗَﺎ َل ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ُﻡ ْﺆ ِﻡ ٌ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪ُ :‬أفﱟ ُأفﱟ َأ َی ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺝﻮَا ِز َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺤﺼِﻴ ِﻞ‬
‫ن وَاﻟ ﱠﺘ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺒﻴَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺕَﻰ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة ﻓِﻲ ُد ُﺑ ِﺮهَﺎ { ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل ﻗَﺎ َل َرﺱُﻮ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ } ‪َ :‬ﻡ ْﻠﻌُﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ‪,‬‬
‫ﺵ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ﻖ ﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﺄﺕُﻮا اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ َﻡﺤَﺎ ﱢ‬
‫ﺤﱢ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤﻴِﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْ‬
‫ن اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ ﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل } ‪ :‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﺢ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺖ ُﺕﺒِﻴ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ َأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮ ِو ﱠی ِﺔ َ‬
‫ﻚ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻜ ُﺘ ِ‬
‫ج ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْوﻟَﺎ ِد { ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ﻗِﻴ َﻞ ِﻟﻤَﺎ ِﻟ ٍ‬
‫ﺨ َﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺕَﻰ اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ن َﻡ ْ‬
‫َﻡ ْﻠﻌُﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﺴ َﻤ ُﻊ اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ‬
‫ﻲ ﻋَﺎﻓَﺎك اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َأﻡَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧﺮَى ‪َ :‬آ َﺬﺑُﻮا َ‬
‫ﻲ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل ﻓِﻲ ُأ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧﺮَى ‪َ :‬آ َﺬﺑُﻮا َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل َﻡ ﱠﺮ ًة ُأ ْ‬
‫ب َﻡ ْ‬
‫َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬آ َﺬ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ع ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻊ اﻟ ﱠﺰ ْر ِ‬
‫ث إﻟﱠﺎ ﻓِﻲ َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ { َه ْﻞ َیﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﺙ ُﻜ ْﻢ َأﻧﱠﻰ ِ‬
‫ث َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ َﻓ ْﺄﺕُﻮا َ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ ٌ‬
‫َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َیﻘُﻮ ُل } ‪ِ :‬ﻧﺴَﺎ ُؤ ُآ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ َﻗ ْﺪ َو َر َد َ‬
‫ﻒ اﻟ ﱠﻨﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ّ‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻄ ﱠﻴ َﺔ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻲ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻋِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻔﺴِﻴ ِﺮ ﻟِﺎ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ِآﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻊ ا ْﻟ َﻮ َﻟ ِﺪ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ط ُء إﻟﱠﺎ ﻓِﻲ َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺕَﻰ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة ِﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل } ‪َ :‬ﻡ ْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ﺡﺮَا ٌم { ‪َ ,‬و ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء ﻓِﻲ َأ ْدﺑَﺎ ِر ِه ﱠ‬
‫ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل } ‪ :‬إ ْﺕﻴَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ِﺑﺎَﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ وَا ْﻟ َﻴ ْﻮ ِم‬
‫ﻖ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺘﱠ َﺒ ُﻊ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ ِﻟ ُﻤ ْﺆ ِﻡ ٍ‬
‫ﺤﱡ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ { ﻗَﺎ َل رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ‪َ :‬و َهﺬَا ُه َﻮ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ُد ُﺑ ِﺮهَﺎ َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ َآ َﻔ َﺮ ِﺑﻤَﺎ ُأ ْﻧ ِﺰ َل َ‬
‫ﻃ ِﺒﻲﱢ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺘ ْﻔﺴِﻴ ِﺮ ِﻟ ْﻠ ُﻘ ْﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ُﺮ ُﻩ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ﺵ ُﺪ ﻟَﺎ َر ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬واَﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺢ َ‬
‫ﺼﱠ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َزﱠﻟ ِﺔ ﻋَﺎ ِﻟ ٍﻢ َﻟ ْﻢ َﺕ ِ‬
‫ج ﻓِﻲ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ اﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِز َﻟ ِﺔ َ‬
‫ن َی ْﻌ ُﺮ َ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺮ َأ ْ‬
‫اﻟْﺂ ِ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻦ َیﺴَﺎ ِر ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺱﻌِﻴ ِﺪ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻨ ِﺪ ِﻩ َ‬
‫ي ﻓِﻲ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻓ َﻌ َﻠ ُﻪ ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل ‪َ ,‬و َروَى اﻟ ﱢﺘ ْﺮ ِﻡ ِﺬ ﱡ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ َﺕ ْﻜﻔِﻴ ُﺮ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻈ ْﺮ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ َی ْﻮ َم‬
‫ﻦ َأﺕَﻰ ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة ﻓِﻲ ُد ُﺑ ِﺮهَﺎ َﻟ ْﻢ َی ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪ :‬ﻗَﺎ َل } ‪َ :‬ﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ُه َﺮ ْی َﺮ َة َ‬
‫ﺤﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ب َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺝ ﱢﺪ ِﻩ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ﺵ َﻌ ْﻴ ٍ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮِو ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗﺘَﺎ َد َة َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻨ ِﺪ ِﻩ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﻓِﻲ ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴﱡ‬
‫ﻄﻴَﺎ ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﻘﻴَﺎ َﻡ ِﺔ { ‪َ .‬و َروَى َأﺑُﻮ دَاوُد اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ي‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ﻓِﻲ ُد ُﺑ ِﺮهَﺎ { ‪َ ,‬و ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻋﻨِﻲ إ ْﺕﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻐﺮَى َأ ْ‬
‫ﻃ ﱠﻴ ُﺔ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟﻠﱡﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ِ } :‬ﺕ ْﻠ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُ‬
‫ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻲ ُء َ‬
‫ﺖ اﻟﺸﱠ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْﻨ ِﺬ ِر ‪َ :‬وِإذَا َﺙ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ .‬ﻗَﺎ َل ا ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء ﻓِﻲ َأ ْدﺑَﺎ ِر ِه ﱠ‬
‫ط إ ْﺕﻴَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻤ ِﻞ َﻗ ْﻮ ِم ﻟُﻮ َ‬
‫ن َﺑ ْﺪ ُء َ‬
‫س َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻃَﺎ ُو ٍ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ف‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﺮُو ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ِﺪ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﺠﻠِﻴ ِﻞ َأﺑِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺦ ا ْﻟ ِﺈﻡَﺎ ِم ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ِآﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺱﻮَا ُﻩ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻤﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻲ ِﺑ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺱ ُﺘ ْﻐ ِﻨ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ُا ْ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ‬
‫ﺼ ْﻐﺮَى ‪َ .‬و َروَى َ‬
‫ﻃ ﱠﻴ ُﺔ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ْﻤ ُﺘ ْﻢ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ اﻟﻠﱡﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓﻘَﺎ َل ‪َ :‬أﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺌ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ُﻪ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠﻴ‪‬ﺎ َآ ﱠﺮ َم اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َو ْ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ي َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻇ َﻔ ٍﺮ ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺑِﺎ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ٍﻞ ُر ِﻓ َﻊ إَﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻗ ْﺪ َأﺕَﻰ‬
‫ﻦ َر ُ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄ َﻟ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺲ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ َﻓ َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﻧ ٍ‬
‫ﻚ ْﺑ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺧ َﻞ َ‬
‫ﻃﻲﱠ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺪِی َﻨ ِﺔ َد َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ﺱ ِﻢ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ِ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺡ ِﻜ َ‬
‫ق َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ‪َ ,‬وَأﻡﱠﺎ ﻡَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻚ َﻓ َﻔ ﱢﺮ ْ‬
‫ن ﻋَﺎ َد إﻟَﻰ َذِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺽ ْﺮﺑًﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺝ َﻌ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ن ﺕُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺲ ‪َ :‬أرَى َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َﻧ ٍ‬
‫ﻚ ْﺑ ُ‬
‫ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ َﺕ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ ُد ُﺑ ِﺮهَﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻘَﺎ َل َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ ِﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻂ اﻟ ﱠﻨ َﻘ َﻠ ِﺔ ‪,‬‬
‫ﺽ ْﺒ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﺱُﻮ ِء َ‬
‫ﺤ َﻤ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ﻦ إﺽَﺎ َﻓ ِﺘ ِﻪ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻬ ْﻢ َﺑ ْﻞ ُی ْ‬
‫ﺢ َﻡ َﻊ ﻡَﺎ ُذ ِآ َﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺼُﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻠَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﻒ َأﺝَﺎزُوا َذِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ن َﻗ ْﻮﻡًﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ُی َﻮﱢﻟ ِﻬ ْﻢ َی ْﻮ َﻡ ِﺌ ٍﺬ ُد ُﺑ َﺮ ُﻩ {‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ َﺮ { ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َل } ‪َ :‬و َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻈ ْﻬ ِﺮ ﻗَﺎ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ } ‪َ :‬و ُی َﻮﻟﱡﻮ َ‬
‫ﺱ ٌﻢ ﻟِﻠ ﱠ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ َﺮ ا ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬ ْﻢ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠ‬
‫ﺵ ِﺘﺒَﺎ ِﻩ َ‬
‫وَاﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫‪162‬‬
‫ﺐ ُﻧﺰُو ِل‬
‫ﺱ َﺒ ُ‬
‫ﻇ ْﻬ ِﺮهَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ُﻗ ُﺒ ِﻠﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ِﺔ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ُد ُﺑ ٍﺮ ا ْﻧ َﺘﻬَﻰ ‪َ .‬ی ْﻌﻨِﻲ َأ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ ُﺕ ْﺆﺕَﻰ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ُﻗ ُﺒ ٍﻞ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻇ ْﻬ َﺮ ُﻩ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة ُﺕ ْﺆﺕَﻰ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ﱠﻧ ُﻬ ْﻢ آَﺎﻧُﻮا‬
‫ن ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝﺮُو َ‬
‫ﻋﺘَﺎ َد ُﻩ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﻬَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺼ َﻨ ُﻊ ِﺑﻬَﺎ ﻡَﺎ ا ْ‬
‫ﺐ َی ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻧﺼَﺎ ِر َﻓ َﺬ َه َ‬
‫ج ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﺕ َﺰ ﱠو َ‬
‫ﺝﺮِی َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﻬَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺝﻠًﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َر ُ‬
‫اﻟْﺂ َی ِﺔ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ‪,‬‬
‫ﺹ َﻨ ْﻊ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ف ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ ٍ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺖ ‪ُ :‬آﻨﱠﺎ ُﻧ ْﺆﺕَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻗَﺎ َﻟ ْ‬
‫ت َﻓ َﺄ ْﻧ َﻜ َﺮ ْﺕ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻠ ِﻘﻴَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ت ‪َ ,‬و ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ت ‪َ ,‬و ُﻡ ْﺪ ِﺑﺮَا ٍ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻧﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻬ ْﻢ ُﻡ ْﻘ ِﺒﻠَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ن ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َی َﺘ َﻠ ﱠﺬذُو َ‬
‫ث َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ ٌ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َﻓ َﺄ ْﻧ َﺰ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ } ‪ِ :‬ﻧﺴَﺎ ُؤ ُآ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫ﺱﺮَى َأ ْﻡ ُﺮ ُهﻤَﺎ َﻓ َﺒ َﻠ َﻎ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﺘ ِﻨ ْﺒﻨِﻲ َ‬
‫َوِإﻟﱠﺎ ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻴﻬُﻮ َد‬
‫ي َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺽ ِﻊ ا ْﻟ َﻮ َﻟ ِﺪ ‪َ .‬و ُر ِو َ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ َﻡ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ت َی ْﻌﻨِﻲ ِﺑ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ ْﻠ ِﻘﻴَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ت ‪َ ,‬و ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ت ‪َ ,‬و ُﻡ ْﺪ ِﺑﺮَا ٍ‬
‫ي ُﻡ ْﻘ ِﺒﻠَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ { َأ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﺙ ُﻜ ْﻢ َأﻧﱠﻰ ِ‬
‫َﻓ ْﺄﺕُﻮا َ‬
‫ث َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ ٌ‬
‫ﺡ َﻮ َل َﻓ َﺄ ْﻧ َﺰ َل اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ } ‪ِ :‬ﻧﺴَﺎ ُؤ ُآ ْﻢ َ‬
‫ن َو َﻟ ُﺪ ُﻩ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َورَا ِﺋﻬَﺎ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻞ َأ ْه َﻠ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َﻓ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ن إذَا ﺝَﺎ َﻡ َﻊ اﻟﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫آَﺎﻧُﻮا َیﻘُﻮﻟُﻮ َ‬
‫ﻖ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻘ ِﻞ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻃﺮِی ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ي َأ ْیﻀًﺎ ‪َ .‬هﺬَا ﻡَﺎ ُه َﻮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﺒﺨَﺎ ِر ﱡ‬
‫ﺧ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻟ َﺄﺑِﻲ دَاوُد ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻨ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺌ ُﺘ ْﻢ { ا ْﻧ َﺘﻬَﻰ ‪ِ .‬ﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﺮ َﺙ ُﻜ ْﻢ َأﻧﱠﻰ ِ‬
‫َﻓ ْﺄﺕُﻮا َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ َﺄذَى‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺾ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ج ﻓِﻲ ﺡَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ط ُء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻔ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬ ْﻢ ‪ :‬إذَا ُﻡ ِﻨ َﻊ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺔ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠﻤَﺎ ُؤﻧَﺎ َر ْ‬
‫ﻈ ِﺮ َﻓ َﻘ ْﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ُ‬
‫ﻖ اﻟ ﱠﻨ َ‬
‫ﻃﺮِی ُ‬
‫َوَأﻡﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻄ ُﻬ ْﺮ َ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َی ْ‬
‫ﺾ َوﻟَﺎ َﺕ ْﻘ َﺮﺑُﻮ ُهﻦﱠ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﺘ ِﺰﻟُﻮا اﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺾ ُﻗ ْﻞ ‪ُ :‬ه َﻮ َأذًى ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄﻟُﻮﻧَﻚ َ‬
‫ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺕﻌﺎﻟﻰ } ‪َ :‬و َی ْ‬
‫ﺾ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َد ِم ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ ﱡﺪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َأ َ‬
‫ﺱ ُﺔ اﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ِه َ‬
‫ﺽ ٍﻊ ﻟَﺎ ُﺕﻔَﺎ ِر ُﻗ ُﻪ اﻟ ﱠﻨﺠَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻬ ِﺮ ﻏَﺎ ِﻟﺒًﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻓﻤَﺎ ﺑَﺎﻟُﻚ ِﺑ َﻤ ْﻮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ َأیﱠﺎ ٌم َیﺴِﻴ َﺮ ٌة ِﻡ ْ‬
‫{ ‪َ ,‬و ِه َ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ِﺈزَا ِر‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﻄ َﻠﻘًﺎ ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺮ ٌم ُﻡ ْ‬
‫ط ِء ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ َﻓ ُﻬ َﻮ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ن ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ع إﻟﱠﺎ ﻡَﺎ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘ ْﻤﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱞﻞ ِﻟﻠِﺎ ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ َة ُآﱠﻠﻬَﺎ َﻡ َ‬
‫ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮا َأ ْیﻀًﺎ ‪ :‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ﻃ ُﺆهَﺎ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱡﺪ ُﺑ ِﺮ ﻟَﺎ َﻡ ْﻨ َﻔ َﻌ َﺔ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻬ َﻮ ِة ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة ‪َ ,‬و َو ْ‬
‫ن ﺕَﺎ ِﺑ َﻌ ًﺔ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن َﺕﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻬ َﻮ َة اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺾ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ َأیﱠﺎ ِم ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ط َء‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ َﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺽﻬَﺎ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧِﻲ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻏ َﺮ َ‬
‫ن َﺕﻨَﺎ َل َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻬ َﻮ ِﺕﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺚ َ‬
‫ﻋ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ﺑَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤﺮِی ُ‬
‫ﺡ ُﺪ ُهﻤَﺎ َﺕ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ :‬أ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َو ْ‬
‫ﻀ ﱠﺮ ُر ِﺑ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َﻟﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َﺑ ْﻞ َﺕ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻀ ﱡﺮهَﺎ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﻞ َی ُ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َﻤ َ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑﻬَﺎ‬
‫ﻋ ﱠﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺔ اﱠﻟﺘِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺼ َﻠ ِﺔ ا ْﻟ َﻘﺒِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺨ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َﻘ ْﻮ ِل ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻪ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ ‪َ ,‬وﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﻆ ﻓِﻲ َﻧ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻔ َ‬
‫ن َی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺼ ٌﻞ ( َو َی َﺘ َﻌ ﱠﻴ ُ‬
‫‪َ ) .‬ﻓ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ َة اﱠﻟﺘِﻲ رَﺁهَﺎ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻋ ْﻴ َﻨ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِﺕ ْﻠ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻌ َﻞ َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺠ َﺒ ْﺘ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬وَأﺕَﻰ َأ ْه َﻠ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋَ‬
‫ﺝ َﻞ إذَا َرأَى ا ْﻡ َﺮَأ ًة َأ ْ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﻲ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ ,‬و ِه َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻠﻮَى ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟﻐَﺎ ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻴ َﻨ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﻮ َر َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ب ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ َء َﻓ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺧ َﺬ آُﻮزًا َی ْ‬
‫ﻦ َأ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬ ْﻢ ﻓِﻴ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺔ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠﻤَﺎ ُؤﻧَﺎ َر ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱢﺰﻧَﺎ ِﻟﻤَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ ُ‬
‫ع ِﻡ ْ‬
‫َو َهﺬَا َﻧ ْﻮ ٌ‬
‫ﻖ ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪ :‬إﻧﱠ ُﻪ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ِﺙ ُ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ َﻟ َﻘ ْﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل ﻟِﻲ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺑ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﺒ ْﻠﻮَى َ‬
‫ﻋ ﱠﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺡﺮَاﻡًﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َهﺬَا ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ َء َیﺼِﻴ ُﺮ َ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺸ َﺮ ُﺑ ُﻪ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ ْﻤ ٌﺮ َی ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺝ ُﺮ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ُی ْﺆ َ‬
‫ع َز ْو َ‬
‫ﺝﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻴ َﻨ ْﻴ ِﻪ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻦ رَﺁهَﺎ َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻌ َﻞ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ن ﻗَﺎ َل ‪ :‬إذَا َ‬
‫ﺐ إﻟَﻰ ا ْﻟ ِﻌ ْﻠ ِﻢ َﻓ َﺄ ْﻓﺘَﻰ ِﺑ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ُی ْﻨ َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﻔﺘَﻰ ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ا ْ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻬ ِﻞ ‪,‬‬
‫ﺠ ﱠﻬ ِﻞ ﺑِﺎ ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻬ ِﻞ وَا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ُوﺝُﻮ ِد ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺝﻌُﻮ َ‬
‫ن دِی َﻨ ُﻪ َﻓ ِﺈﻧﱠﺎ ِﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َوِإﻧﱠﺎ إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ رَا ِ‬
‫ﻚ ﺹَﺎ َ‬
‫ن ﻗَﺎ َل إذَا َﻓ َﻌ َﻞ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻋﱠﻠ َﻠ ُﻪ ِﺑ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ج َأ ْو‬
‫ﺨﺮُو ُ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ َهﺬَا اﻟ ﱠﺰﻡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺐ َ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟﻐَﺎ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ ﱡﺪ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﻲ َأ َ‬
‫ﺧَﻠ ٌﺔ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َﺑ ْﻞ ِه َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ ُﻩ َﺑ ْﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ُة دَا ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ َو ْ‬
‫ﺺ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺮ ُ‬
‫ﺨ َﺘ ﱡ‬
‫َوﻡَﺎ ُذ ِآ َﺮ ﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟﺼﱡﻮ َر َة اﱠﻟﺘِﻲ‬
‫ﺖ ِﺕ ْﻠ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﻌ َﻠ ْ‬
‫ﺝﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ع ِﺑ َﺰ ْو ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘﻤَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ِ‬
‫ﻃ ِﺮهَﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻖ ِﺑﺨَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ُﺒ َﻬﺎ َﺕ َﻌﱠﻠ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُی ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ت َﻡ ْ‬
‫ق َﻓ ِﺈذَا َرَأ ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﻄﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫اﻟﻨﱠ َ‬
‫ب‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘﻨَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺮ َ‬
‫ﺴﻠَﺎ َﻡ َﺔ ِﺑ َﻤ ﱢﻨ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﺎ َی ْﻘ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﺄ ُل اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡ ٍﺪ ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ﻓِﻲ َﻡ ْﻌﻨَﻰ اﻟﺰﱠاﻧِﻲ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ن ُآﻞﱡ وَا ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻴ َﻨ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻴﻜُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫َرَأ ْﺕﻬَﺎ َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻲ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ‬
‫ﺵﱡ‬
‫ﻄ ْﺮﻃُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺡﺮَا ٌم ﻟَﺎ َیﺠُﻮ ُز ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َذ َآ َﺮ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺨ ِﺒ ُﺮ ُه ْﻢ ِﺑ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ ُه ْﻢ ‪َ ,‬و ُی ْ‬
‫ﺲ إﻟﱠﺎ ‪َ ,‬ﺑ ْﻞ ُی َﻨﺒﱢ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َأ ْه َﻠ ُﻪ َو َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺴ ِﻜ ِﺮ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺵ َﺒ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ب ا ْﻟ َﻌ ْﺒ ُﺪ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ َء َ‬
‫ﺵ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ﻗَﺎ َل } ‪ :‬إذَا َ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َأﺑِﻲ ُه َﺮ ْی َﺮ َة َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﺡﺪِیﺜًﺎ َ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡﺮَاﻡًﺎ {‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻚ ا ْﻟﻤَﺎ ُء َ‬
‫َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻟ َﻐ ْﻴ ِﺮهَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َآﺜِﻴﺮًا ﻡَﺎ َی ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴﺌًﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َﻓﻠَﺎ َی ْﺬ ُآ ُﺮ َ‬
‫ن َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻬﻤَﺎ ﻡَﺎ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺝ َﺘ َﻤ َﻊ ِﺑ َﺄ ْه ِﻠ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬وآَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺼ ٌﻞ ( َو َی ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َﻟ ُﻪ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ إذَا ا ْ‬
‫‪َ ) .‬ﻓ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ِﺘ ِﻪ َأ ْو ﺝَﺎ ِر َی ِﺘ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َهﺬَا َﻗﺒِﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ َز ْو َ‬
‫ن َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِه ْﻢ ﻡَﺎ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺹﺤَﺎ ِﺑ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺴ َﻔﻬَﺎ ِء َهﺬَا ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻌﻨَﻰ َﻓ َﻴ ْﺬ ُآ ُﺮ َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺾ اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ع َﻟ ُﻬ ْﻢ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻤﺼَﺎ ِد ِر ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﻤﻮَا ِر ِد َآﻤَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ‪َ ,‬و َآﻤَﺎ‬
‫ﺨ ْﻴ ُﺮ ُآﻠﱡ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ اﻟِﺎ ﱢﺕﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﻡﻀَﻰ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻓ ْﻌ ِﻞ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﻔ ْﻌ ِﻞ َآﻔَﻰ ِﺑ ِﻪ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ َﻟ ْﻢ َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ع‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬و َه َﺬا اﻟﻨﱠ ْﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِه ْﻢ آَﺎ ِﺋﻨًﺎ ﻡَﺎ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺝﺮَى َﺑ ْﻴ َﻨ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﻲ ٍء َ‬
‫ﺸ ْ‬
‫ث َأ ْه َﻠ ُﻪ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱢ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ﻟَﺎ ُی َ‬
‫س ِﺑﻤَﺎ ُذ ِآ َﺮ َﻓ َﻜ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺡﺪًا ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ث َأ َ‬
‫ﺤﺪﱢ ُ‬
‫ﻟَﺎ ُی َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺒ َﺔ‬
‫ﺐ وَاﻟ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء ا ْﻟ َﻤ َﻮ ﱠد َة وَا ْﻟ َﻤ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱢﺮﺝَﺎ ِل ا ْﻟ َﺄﺝَﺎ ِﻧ ِ‬
‫ث َﺑ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺪ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ُی ْ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺢ إ ْذ َأ ﱠ‬
‫س ‪َ ,‬و ُه َﻮ َﻗﺒِﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫َأ ْیﻀًﺎ ِﻡﻤﱠﺎ َی َﺘﺴَﺎ َه ُﻞ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ َآﺜِﻴ ٌﺮ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﺒ َﺔ‬
‫ث ا ْﻟ َﻤ َﻮ ﱠد َة وَا ْﻟ َﻤ َ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺪ ُ‬
‫ﺴﻠَﺎ ُم ُی ْ‬
‫ﺝ َﻬ ِﺘ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ﺴﻠﱢ ُﻢ َ‬
‫ﻄ ُﺮ ِﺑﺒَﺎ ِﻟ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ُی َ‬
‫ﺨِ‬
‫ﻦ َی ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻞ إﻟَﻰ َأ ْه ِﻠ ِﻪ َﻓ ُﻴ ْﺜﻨِﻲ َﻟ ُﻬ ْﻢ َ‬
‫َﻓ َﻴ ْﺄﺕِﻲ اﻟﺮﱠ ُ‬
‫‪163‬‬
‫ﺤ ﱠﻤ ٍﺪ رﺡﻤﻪ اﷲ‬
‫ﺱ ﱢﻴﺪِي َأﺑُﻮ ُﻡ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺐ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴﻠَﺎ ِم َﻧﺼِﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﺲ ﻟِﻠ ﱢﻨﺴَﺎ ِء ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻒ ‪ :‬رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ﺴ َﻠ ِ‬
‫ﺾ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ ﻗَﺎ َل َﺑ ْﻌ ُ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫س اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺱﻮَا ِ‬
‫ب ‪َ ,‬و ُدﺧُﻮ َل َو ْ‬
‫ث َﻟ ُﻬﻦﱠ ا ْﻟ َﻤ َﻮ ﱠد َة ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻘﻠُﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ِﺪ ُ‬
‫ﺴﻠَﺎ َم َﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ُی ْ‬
‫ن َﻟ ُﻬﻦﱠ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ن ُی َﺒﱢﻠ َﻎ ا ْﻟ ِﺈ ْﻧﺴَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻒ ُی ْﻤ ِﻜ ُ‬
‫َیﻘُﻮ ُل ‪َ :‬آ ْﻴ َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻬ ْﻢ ‪ :‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ ُﺔ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠﻤَﺎ ُؤﻧَﺎ َر ْ‬
‫ﺵﻨِﻴ َﻌ ٌﺔ ‪َ .‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َﻗﺎ َل ُ‬
‫ﻦ َه ِﺬ ِﻩ ا ْﻟﻌَﺎ َد ِة ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ﱠﻧﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺬ ْر ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ن َو َﻧ َﺰﻏَﺎ ِﺕ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ْﻠ َﻴ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴﻄَﺎ ِ‬
‫وَا ْﻟ َﻬﻮَى وَاﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺨ ِﻪ َأ ْو َﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺝﺮَى َﻟ ُﻪ َﻡ َﻊ َ‬
‫ث ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮ ُء ِﺑﻤَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺤ ﱢﺪ َ‬
‫ن ُی َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮَأ ِة اﻟﺸﱠﺎ ﱠﺑ ِﺔ ﻓِﻲ اﻟِﺎ ْﺑ ِﺘﺪَا ِء ِﺑ ِﻪ اﻟﻠﱠ ُﻬﻢﱠ إﻟﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ع َ‬
‫ﺸﺮُو ٍ‬
‫ﺲ ِﺑ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ﺴﻠَﺎ َم َﻟ ْﻴ َ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺾ‬
‫ﺐ ﻓِﻲ َﺑ ْﻌ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ُ‬
‫ب إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َی ِ‬
‫ب ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﻬﺬَا َﻡ ْﻨﺪُو ٌ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟْﺂدَا ِ‬
‫ﻒ ﻓِﻲ دِی ِﻨ ِﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ج إ َﻟ ْﻴ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻜﻠﱠ ُ‬
‫ﺤﺘَﺎ ُ‬
‫َی ْﻌ َﺘ ِﻘ ُﺪ ُﻩ ﻓِﻲ َﻡﺴَﺎ ِﺋ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ ِﻌ ْﻠ ِﻢ َأ ْو ﻡَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﺔ َأ ْو‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ اﻟﺰﱠ ْو َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﻞ َ‬
‫ﻚ َأوﱠ ُل َﻟ ْﻴ َﻠ ٍﺔ َﺕ ْﺪ ُ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﺑ ِﻘ َ‬
‫ﺼ ﱡﺮ ِﻓ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ َﺑ ْﻴ ِﺘ ِﻪ َﻟ ِﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﺁدَا ِﺑ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ َﺕ َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ا ْﻟ َﻜﻠَﺎ ُم َ‬
‫ﻃِ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻤﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﺝ ًﺔ‬
‫س َز ْو َ‬
‫ﺹ َﻴ ُﺔ َﻡ ْﻘ َﺪ ُم اﻟ ﱠﺮ ْأ ِ‬
‫ﺹ َﻴ ِﺘﻬَﺎ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟﻨﱠﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻧَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻀ َﻊ َی َﺪ ُﻩ َ‬
‫ن َی َ‬
‫ﺐ َﻟ ُﻪ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺤ ﱡ‬
‫ﺴ َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻦ ُی ْ‬
‫ﻚ َآﻤَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم َﻟ ِﻜ ْ‬
‫ف ﻓِﻲ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺼﺮﱡ ُ‬
‫ا ْﻟﺠَﺎ ِر َی ُﺔ ‪ ,‬ﻓَﺎﻟﺘﱠ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ُﺙﻢﱠ َیﻘُﻮ َل ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﺼﱢﻠ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﱠﻠ ِﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ‪َ ,‬و ُی َ‬
‫ﻲ َ‬
‫ﺖ َأ ْو َﺙ ﱢﻴﺒًﺎ َﻓ ُﻴ ْﺜ ِﻨ َ‬
‫ﺖ َأ ْو ﺝَﺎ ِر َی ًﺔ ِﺑ ْﻜﺮًا آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫آَﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺴﺒِﻴ ِﻠ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻲ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻀَ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َی ْﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺝ َﺒ ْﻠ َﺘﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺵ ﱢﺮ ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺵ ﱢﺮهَﺎ َو َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬وَأﻋُﻮ ُذ ﺑِﻚ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ َﺒ ْﻠ َﺘﻬَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺧ ْﻴ َﺮ ﻡَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺧ ْﻴ َﺮهَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺄﻟُﻚ َ‬
‫اﻟﻠﱠ ُﻬﻢﱠ إﻧﱢﻲ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺴﻤﱢﻲ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ ُی َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ن َﻟ ْﻢ َی ُﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻦإ ْ‬
‫ﺐ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْی َﻤ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻊ إﻟَﻰ ا ْﻟﺠَﺎ ِﻧ ِ‬
‫ﺸ ﱠﻬ ْﺪ ُﺙﻢﱠ َی ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻬ ِﻪ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َی َﺘ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َو ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﻧ ْﻮ ِﻡ ِﻪ َﻓ ْﻠ ُﻴ ِﻤ ﱠﺮ َی َﺪ ُﻩ َ‬
‫ﻆ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﻴ َﻘ َ‬
‫َﻓ ِﺈذَا ا ْ‬
‫ﺝﻨَﺎ َﺑ ٍﺔ َﻗ َﺮَأ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺲ َﺙ ْﻮ َﺑ ُﻪ َﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺴﺮَى ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا َﻟ ِﺒ َ‬
‫ﺧ ُﻞ َی َﺪ ُﻩ ا ْﻟ ُﻴ ْﻤﻨَﻰ ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ ُﻜﻢﱢ َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ ا ْﻟ ُﻴ ْ‬
‫ﺲ َﺙ ْﻮ َﺑ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬و ُی ْﺪ ِ‬
‫اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﻠ َﺒ ُ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱡ‬
‫ﻚ آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻴ َﻨ ْﻴ ِﻪ َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ك اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ َم َ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬و َیﺪَا ُﻩ ُﺕ َﻌﺮﱢ ُ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻤﺮَا َ‬
‫ﺧ ِﺮ ﺱُﻮ َر ِة ﺁ ِل ِ‬
‫ض { إﻟَﻰ ﺁ ِ‬
‫ت وَا ْﻟ َﺄ ْر ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﻤﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﻖ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺧ ْﻠ ِ‬
‫ن ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫}‪:‬إ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻤ ُﺪ‬
‫ﺴﻤَﺎ ِء ُﺙﻢﱠ َیﻘُﻮ ُل ‪ :‬اﻟﻠﱠ ُﻬﻢﱠ ﻟَﻚ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻈ ُﺮ إﻟَﻰ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ش َﻓ َﻴ ْﻨ ُ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ِﻔﺮَا ِ‬
‫ﺴﻤﱢﻲ اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َو َیﻘُﻮ ُم ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ َی ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ ‪ُ .‬ﺙﻢﱠ ُی َ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻤ ُﺪ َأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﻚ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻴ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ض َو َﻡ ْ‬
‫ت ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َﺄ ْر ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﻤﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﺖ َﻗﻴﱡﻮ ُم اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻤ ُﺪ َأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬وﻟَﻚ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻴ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ض َو َﻡ ْ‬
‫ت وَا ْﻟ َﺄ ْر ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﻤﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﺖ ﻧُﻮ ُر اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫َأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﻖ‪,‬‬
‫ﺡﱞ‬
‫ﺠﻨﱠ ُﺔ َ‬
‫ﻖ ‪ ,‬وَا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺡﱞ‬
‫ﻖ ‪َ ,‬و ِﻟﻘَﺎؤُك َ‬
‫ﺤﱡ‬
‫ﻋﺪُك ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻖ ‪َ ,‬و َو ْ‬
‫ﺤﱡ‬
‫ﻖ ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﻮﻟُﻚ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﺤﱡ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪َ ,‬أ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓِﻴ ِﻬ ﱠ‬
‫ض َو َﻡ ْ‬
‫ت وَا ْﻟ َﺄ ْر ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﻤﻮَا ِ‬
‫ب اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫َر ﱡ‬
‫ﺹﻤْﺖ ‪َ ,‬وِإ َﻟﻴْﻚ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠﻴْﻚ َﺕ َﻮ ﱠآﻠْﺖ ‪َ ,‬وِإ َﻟﻴْﻚ َأ َﻧﺒْﺖ ‪َ ,‬وﺑِﻚ ﺧَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﻠ ْﻤﺖ ‪َ ,‬وﺑِﻚ ﺁ َﻡﻨْﺖ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫ﻖ ‪ ,‬اﻟﻠﱠ ُﻬﻢﱠ ﻟَﻚ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺡﱞ‬
‫ﻋ ُﺔ َ‬
‫ﻖ ‪ ,‬وَاﻟﺴﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﺡﱞ‬
‫وَاﻟﻨﱠﺎ ُر َ‬
‫ﻋﺬَاﺑَﻚ‬
‫ب ِﻗﻨِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺖ ‪َ ,‬ر ﱢ‬
‫ﺖ إ َﻟﻬِﻲ ﻟَﺎ إ َﻟ َﻪ إﻟﱠﺎ َأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠﻨْﺖ ‪َ ,‬أ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺮرْت ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺧﺮْت ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﻏ ِﻔ ْﺮ ﻟِﻲ ﻡَﺎ َﻗ ﱠﺪﻡْﺖ ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ َأ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡَﺎ َآﻤْﺖ ﻓَﺎ ْ‬
‫ن َأﺑُﻮ اﻟ ﱠﺪ ْردَا ِء رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ َیﻘُﻮ ُل إذَا ﻗَﺎ َم‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ‪َ , .‬وآَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱢ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻋﺒَﺎدَك ‪َ .‬ه َﻜﺬَا َو َر َد َ‬
‫ﺚ ِ‬
‫َی ْﻮ َم َﺕ ْﺒ َﻌ ُ‬
‫ﺼ ُﺮ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﻘ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ ُﻘﺮْﺁ ِ‬
‫ﺵ ْﻴﺌًﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ُﻨﺒًﺎ َﻓﻠَﺎ َی ْﻘ َﺮُأ َ‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫ن آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻲ ا ْﻟ َﻘﻴﱡﻮ ُم ‪َ .‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺤﱡ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱡﻨﺠُﻮ ُم ‪َ ,‬وَأ ْﻧ َ‬
‫ن ‪َ ,‬وﻏَﺎ َر ْ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ُﻌﻴُﻮ ُ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِﻞ ‪ :‬ﻧَﺎ َﻡ ْ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ي ِﻧ ﱠﻴ ٍﺔ َی ْﻠ َﺒ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱢﺬ ْآ ِﺮ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺬآُﻮ ِر ‪َ ,‬و َﻗ ْﺪ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ﻡَﺎ َی ْﻔ َﻌ ُﻞ ﻓِﻲ ِو ْر ِد ِﻩ ﺑِﺎﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِﻞ ‪َ ,‬و َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺲ َﺙ ْﻮ َﺑ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َآ ْﻢ َﻟ ُﻪ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻚ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ِﺑ َﺄ ﱢ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ ِﻩ ‪َ .‬و َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻏ ْﻴ ِﺮ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻮ ِم إﻟَﻰ َ‬
‫ﺱ ِﺘﻔَﺎ َﻗ ِﺔ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ اﻟِﺎ ْ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ﱢﺬ ْآ ِﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻦ إﻋَﺎ َد ِﺕ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬وﻡَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ِذ ْآ ُﺮ ُﻩ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋْ‬
‫ﻏ َﻨﻰ َ‬
‫ب َﻓ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻧ ﱠﻴ ٍﺔ ﻓِﻲ َأ ﱠو ِل ا ْﻟ ِﻜﺘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻘ ٍﺪ ‪,‬‬
‫ث ُ‬
‫ﺡ ِﺪ ُآ ْﻢ إذَا ُه َﻮ ﻧَﺎ َم َﺙﻠَﺎ َ‬
‫س َأ َ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻗَﺎ ِﻓ َﻴ ِﺔ َر ْأ ِ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴﻄَﺎ ُ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم } ‪َ :‬ی ْﻌ ِﻘ ُﺪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗ ْﻮ ِﻟ ِﻪ َ‬
‫َﻡ ْﺄﺧُﻮ ٌذ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻘ َﺪ ٌة‬
‫ﺖ ُ‬
‫ﺤﱠﻠ ْ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ ا ْﻧ َ‬
‫ن َﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻘ َﺪ ٌة ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ُ‬
‫ﺤﱠﻠ ْ‬
‫ﻆ َﻓ َﺬ َآ َﺮ اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ا ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘ ْﻴ َﻘ َ‬
‫نا ْ‬
‫ﻃﻮِی ٌﻞ ﻓَﺎ ْر ُﻗ ْﺪ ‪َ ,‬ﻓِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻘ َﺪ ٍة َ‬
‫ن ُآﻞﱢ ُ‬
‫ب َﻡﻜَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻀ ِﺮ ُ‬
‫َی ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠﻴْﻚ َﻟ ْﻴ ٌﻞ َ‬
‫ﺲ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ن { ‪َ ,‬و َآ َ‬
‫ﺴﻠَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺲ َآ ْ‬
‫ﺚ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﺧﺒِﻴ َ‬
‫ﺢ َ‬
‫ﺹ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﺲ ‪َ ,‬وِإﻟﱠﺎ َأ ْ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻃ ﱢﻴ َ‬
‫ﺢ َﻧﺸِﻴﻄًﺎ َ‬
‫ﺹ َﺒ َ‬
‫ﻋ َﻘ ُﺪ ُﻩ ُآﱡﻠﻬَﺎ َﻓَﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ُ‬
‫ﺤﱠﻠ ْ‬
‫ﺹﻠﱠﻰ ا ْﻧ َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻘ َﺪ ٌة َآﻤَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َل ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َﻓ َﻴ ْﺬ َه ُ‬
‫ﺖ ُ‬
‫ﺤﱠﻠ ْ‬
‫ﺝ ﱠﻞ ا ْﻧ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻞ ا ْﻟ ُﻌ َﻘ ِﺪ اﻟ ﱠﺜﻠَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺐ إ ﱠﻧﻤَﺎ ُه َﻮ ِﻟ َﺄ ْ‬
‫ا ْﻟﻐَﺎ ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ﱠﺰ َو َ‬
‫ن ُه َﻮ َذ َآ َﺮ اﻟﱠﻠ َﻪ َ‬
‫ث ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈ ْ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺹﻠﱠﻰ َذ َه َ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ إ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ ِﺑ َﻘ ْﺪ ِر َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻜ َ‬
‫ﺐ َﻡ َﻌﻬَﺎ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ ُﻌ ْﻘ َﺪ ُة اﻟﺜﱠﺎ ِﻧ َﻴ ُﺔ َﻓ َﻴ ْﺬ َه ُ‬
‫ﺤﱠﻠ ْ‬
‫ﺽ َﺄ ا ْﻧ َ‬
‫ن َﺕ َﻮ ﱠ‬
‫ﻚ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ إ ْ‬
‫ﺴ ِﻞ ِﺑ َﻘ ْﺪ ِر َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻜ َ‬
‫ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺡ ْﻜ َﻤ ِﺔ‬
‫ك إﻟَﻰ ِ‬
‫ﺡ َﻤ َﻨﺎ اﻟﱠﻠ ُﻪ َﺕﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ َوِإیﱠﺎ َ‬
‫ﻈ ْﺮ َر ِ‬
‫ﺲ ‪ .‬ﻓَﺎ ْﻧ ُ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻃ ﱢﻴ َ‬
‫ﻲ َآﻤَﺎ ﻗَﺎ َل ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َﻧﺸِﻴﻄًﺎ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻞ ُآﻠﱡ ُﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َﺑ ِﻘ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ َﻜ َ‬
‫ﻦ‪,‬‬
‫ﻃﻮِی َﻠ َﺘ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ َر ْآ َﻌ َﺘ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ُی َ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺧﻔِﻴ َﻔ َﺘ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺼﻠﱢﻲ َر ْآ َﻌ َﺘ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ع َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ إذَا َﻓ َﻌ َﻞ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﺮ ُء ﻡَﺎ ُذ ِآ َﺮ ُی َ‬
‫ﺵ َﺮ َ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ َآ ْﻮ ِﻧ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺡﺘﱠﻰ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ﺧﻔِﻴ َﻔ َﺘ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َ‬
‫ع َﻟ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم َأ ﱠوﻟًﺎ َر ْآ َﻌ َﺘ ْﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺸ َﺮ َ‬
‫ﺚ ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َ‬
‫ﺤﺪِی ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ ﺝَﺎ َء ﻓِﻲ ا ْﻟ َ‬
‫ﻚ َ‬
‫ﻦ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ج إﻟَﻰ َأ َﻗ ﱠﻞ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ُﺙﻢﱠ َی َﺘ َﺪ ﱠر ُ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻃُﻮ ِل‬
‫ﺼ ُﻞ َﻟ ُﻪ ﻡَﺎ َی ْﻘ ِﺪ ُر ِﺑ ِﻪ َ‬
‫ﺤ ُ‬
‫ط اﱠﻟﺬِي َی ْ‬
‫ﺐ اﻟ ﱠﻨﺸَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴ َﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺠ َﺪ ِﺑ َ‬
‫ﺡ َﺪ ًة َﻓ َﻴ ِ‬
‫ﺐ َأ َﺙ ُﺮهَﺎ َﻡ ﱠﺮ ًة وَا ِ‬
‫ن ُآﱡﻠﻬَﺎ ‪َ ,‬و َی ْﺬ َه َ‬
‫ﺸ ْﻴﻄَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﻘ ُﺪ اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ُ‬
‫َﺕ ْﺬ َه َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺧ ُﻞ َی َﺪ ُﻩ ا ْﻟ ُﻴ ْﻤﻨَﻰ ﻓِﻲ ُآ ﱢﻤ ِﻪ ا ْﻟ َﻴﻤِﻴ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َأﻧﱠ ُﻪ ُی ْﺪ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ﻓِﻲ ِﻗﻴَﺎ ِم اﻟﱠﻠ ْﻴ ِﻞ ‪َ .‬وﻡَﺎ َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ِذ ْآ ُﺮ ُﻩ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﺵ َﺮ َ‬
‫ا ْﻟ ِﻘﻴَﺎ ِم اﱠﻟﺬِي َ‬
‫ع ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺱ َﺘﻄَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻡَﺎ ا ْ‬
‫ﺤﺐﱡ اﻟ ﱠﺘ َﻴ ﱡﻤ َ‬
‫ﻲ ﺹﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺱﻠﻢ ُی ِ‬
‫ن اﻟ ﱠﻨ ِﺒ ﱡ‬
‫ﺸ َﺔ رﺽﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ } ‪ :‬آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗ ْﻮ ِل ﻋَﺎ ِﺋ َ‬
‫َأ ﱠوﻟًﺎ َﻡ ْﺄﺧُﻮ ٌذ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ‬
‫ﻚ ُآﻠﱠ ُﻪ َ‬
‫ﺖ َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ﺼ َﻠ ْ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺄ ِﻧ ِﻪ ُآﱢﻠ ِﻪ ‪ُ ,‬ﺙﻢﱠ َﻓ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ا ْﻟ َﺄ ْﻓﻌَﺎ َل ُآﱠﻠﻬَﺎ ِﺑ َﻘ ْﻮ ِﻟﻬَﺎ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺝ ِﻠ ِﻪ ‪َ ,‬و َﺕ َﻨ ﱡﻌ ِﻠ ِﻪ { َﻓ َﻌ ﱠﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻃﻬُﻮ ِر ِﻩ ‪َ ,‬و َﺕ َﺮ ﱡ‬
‫ﺵ ْﺄ ِﻧ ِﻪ ُآﱢﻠ ِﻪ ﻓِﻲ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪164‬‬
‫ﻄﻬُﻮ َر‬
‫ت اﻟ ﱡ‬
‫ح ‪َ ,‬ﻓ َﺬ َآ َﺮ ْ‬
‫ب َأ ْو ُﻡﺒَﺎ ٌ‬
‫ﺐ َأ ْو َﻡ ْﻨﺪُو ٌ‬
‫ﺝ ٌ‬
‫ث ‪ :‬إﻡﱠﺎ وَا ِ‬
‫ﺡﺪَى َﺙﻠَﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﻦإ ْ‬
‫ﺨﻠُﻮ ِﻓ ْﻌُﻠ ُﻪ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ﻒ ﻟَﺎ َی ْ‬
‫ن ا ْﻟ ُﻤ َﻜﱠﻠ َ‬
‫ﻋ ﱠﻴ ِﺔ ; ِﻟ َﺄ ﱠ‬
‫ﺸ ْﺮ ِ‬
‫ﻋ َﺪ ِة اﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ا ْﻟﻘَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﻚ َآ َﺬ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ن َذ ِﻟ َ‬
‫ت ‪َ ,‬وِإ َذا آَﺎ َ‬
‫ﺲ ا ْﻟ ُﻤﺒَﺎﺡَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻨ ِ‬
‫ت ‪ ,‬وَاﻟ ﱠﺘ َﻨ ﱡﻌ َﻞ ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺲ ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْﻨﺪُوﺑَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺠ ْﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺝ َﻞ ِﻟ ِ‬
‫ت ‪ ,‬وَاﻟ ﱠﺘ َﺮ ﱡ‬
‫ﺝﺒَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺲ ا ْﻟﻮَا ِ‬
‫ﺝ ْﻨ ِ‬
‫ِﻟ ُﺘﺸِﻴ َﺮ ِﺑ ِﻪ إﻟَﻰ ِ‬
‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻡَﺎ‬
‫ﺴﺮَى َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ ا ْﻟ ُﻴ ْﻤﻨَﻰ َ‬
‫ﻦ ا ْﻟ َﻴ ِﺪ ا ْﻟ ُﻴ ْ‬
‫ع ا ْﻟ ُﻜﻢﱢ ِﻡ ْ‬
‫ع َﺙ ْﻮ َﺑ ُﻪ َﻓ َﻴ ْﺒ َﺪُأ ِﺑ َﻨ ْﺰ ِ‬
‫ع ‪َ ,‬ﻓ ِﺈذَا َﻧ َﺰ َ‬
‫ﺴ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﺰ ِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻜ ُ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫ن َیﻜُﻮ َ‬
‫ﺲ َﻓ َﻴ ْﻨ َﺒﻐِﻲ َأ ْ‬
‫اﻟﱡﻠ ْﺒ ِ‬
‫ج ِﻡ ْﻨ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺨﺮُو ِ‬
‫ﺠ ِﺪ ‪َ ,‬وا ْﻟ ُ‬
‫ﺴِ‬
‫ﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ ُدﺧُﻮ ِل ا ْﻟ َﻤ ْ‬
‫ع اﻟ ﱠﻨ ْﻌ ِﻞ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َﻧ ْﺰ ِ‬
‫َﺕ َﻘ ﱠﺪ َم ِﻡ ْ‬
‫‪Other books you can read‬‬
‫& ‪1. Solution to Youth’s Problem by Asghar Ali Chowdhry. Adam Publishers‬‬
‫‪Distributors. Shandar Market, Chitli Qabar, Delhi-6, India. www.adampublishers.com‬‬
‫‪or [email protected] Third Edition 2001.‬‬
‫‪Notes: This book provides some homeopathic remedies for the ill effects of‬‬
‫‪masturbation, and for curing impotency.‬‬