Plant Selection - Bloomington Community Orchard

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Plant Selection - Bloomington Community Orchard
Orchard OperaBons Plant SelecBon Sub-­‐commiEee Contributors: Chris Kearney Bruce Behan Lucille Bertuccio Phil Casper Ross Gay Megan Hutchison Phil O’Connor Jami Scholl Michael Simmons Amy Roche Shaun M Ziegler Created By: Shaun M Ziegler 4/11/2010 Plant Our Vision Here Our First Organic MaEer Plant SelecBon Sub-­‐commiEee PresentaBon Outline: I.  Resources for Plant Selec2on II.  Plant Selec2on Considera2ons III.  Cover Crops IV.  Beneficial Insect, Companion, and Guild Plants V.  Fruits: Na2ves, Classic Orchard Fare, Unique VI.  Berries and Cane Fruits VII. Nuts VIII. Vines hEp://www.anamcaragardens.com/ Plant SelecBon ConsideraBons • • Perform well with our soil and climate • Disease Resistance • Diversity • NaBve VarieBes • Flavor • Broad Spread of Ripening & Harvest Times • • • Trees that have Dwarf or Semi-­‐Dwarf Rootstock (small at maturity) •  Unique & EducaBonal Helpful Resources -­‐ Online   NaBonal Sustainable Agriculture InformaBon Service (ATTRA) hEp://aEra.ncat.org/   Sustainable Agriculture Research and EducaBon (SARE) hEp://www.sare.org/   USDA CooperaBve State Research, EducaBon, and Extension Service -­‐ www.csrees.usda.gov/   USDOT – Indiana Na:ve Plant Compila:on List -­‐ hCp://
www.Ewa.dot.gov/environment/rdsduse/in.htm Helpful Resources -­‐ Print  
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The Apple Grower: Guide for the Organic Orchardist -­‐ Michael Phillips Edible Forest Gardens (2 volume set) -­‐ Dave Jacke The Grape Grower: A Guide to Organic ViBculture – Lon J. Rombough The New Organic Grower -­‐ Eliot Coleman Building Soils For BeEer Crops -­‐ Fred Magdoff & Harold van Es Cover Cropping In Vineyards -­‐ University of California Organic Gardener’s Handbook of Natural Insect & Disease Control -­‐ Barbara W. Ellis & Fern M. Bradley The Biological Farmer -­‐ Gary Zimmer Rodale's New Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening -­‐ Edited by Bradley, Ellis, and Phillips Organic Farming: The Ecological Systems – Charles Francis Bio-­‐Dynamic Farming PracBce -­‐ Friedrich SaEler and Eckard v. WisBnghausen IntroducBon to Permaculture – Bill Mollison Permaculture: A Designers' Manual – Bill Mollison From the Ground Up Cover Crops and Soil Building • IncorporaBon of Rich Organic Material & Nutrients– • Compost • Cover Crops/Green Manure • Leguminous Cover Crops – Incorporate Fixed Nitrogen from Root Associated Rhizobacteria • Plant SelecBon Ideas: • Clover -­‐ Red & White • Vetch • Cowpeas • Soybeans • Velvet Beans • Crotalaria • Guar • Winter Hardy Peas and LenBls • Alfalfa • Non-­‐Leguminous Cover Crops • Stabilize Soil • Reduce CompacBon – Improve Friability • Add Biomass •  Discourage Weeds • Improve Tilth • Direct Use of Plants (Grains) • Plant SelecBon Ideas • Buckwheat • Sorghum • Millet • Rye • Winter Wheat Bring in Some Friends: Beneficial Insects, Companion Plants and Guild Members   Plant Beneficial Insectary, Companion, and Guild Plants (NaBves)  
Plant SelecBon Ideas   Asteracea Family (Sunflower Family) : Asters (heath, smooth, frost, red-­‐stem Marigolds, Thistle, Tansy, …   Alliums (Onion Genus): nodding onion, wild garlic, wild leek, chive …   Umbelliferae/Apiaceae Family: Parsley, Dill, Carrot, Florence Fennel, …   Comfrey   Echinacea   Black-­‐eyed Susan   Alfalfa   Buckwheat   Clover   Columbine   Tickseed   BuEerfly weed   Milkweed   Vibernum – Maple leaf, Black Haw   PotenBlla   RaElesnake master   Phlox, Lovage, Zizia, Spiderwort NATIVE FRUIT TREES PLANT SELECTION IDEAS Wells and Overlease CulBvars Paw Paw – Indiana Banana (3) Persimmon: Meader, Ruby, & Male (3) American Plum (2) TradiBonal Orchard Fruit Trees PLANT SELECTION IDEAS TART CHERRY Montmorency(2) -­‐ Northstar (2) Seckel European Pears (3) Blake’s Pride Comice European Pears cont’d Asian Pears – Korean Giant (2) Peaches -­‐ Elberta, Harkin, Indian Free (3) Indian Free Elberta Japanese Plum (2) Methley Santa Rosa Fig (1) – Chicago Hardy var. Ashmead’s Kernal Apples (4) Calville Blanc William’s Pride Liberty Apples cont’d Unique Orchard Fruit Trees PLANT SELECTION IDEAS Medlar (1) Royal or Macrocarpa Var. Quince (1)– Aromatnaya var. Berries and Cane Fruits PLANT SELECTION IDEAS Service Berry Alleghany/Laevis sp. (1) Red Mulberry (1) Elderberry (1) – Black Lace var. Strawberries Everbearing var. Red Raspberries Lathom and Mammoth var. Gogi Berry/ Woljerry Nuts PLANT SELECTION IDEAS American Hazelnut (Filbert) Chestnut (1) Blight Resistant Hybrid Vines and Others PLANT SELECTION IDEAS Grapes-­‐ Concord Issai Kiwi Rose: Rosa Rugosa Review of the Working List   Fruit  
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2 Paw-­‐Paw Trees: Overlease and Wells 3 Persimmon: Meader, Ruby, Male 2 American Plum Trees 4 Tart Cherry Trees: 2 each Montmorency and North Star 3 European Pear Trees: Seckel, Comice, Blake’s Pride 2 Asian Pear Trees: Korean Giant 3 Peach Trees: Elberta, Harkin and Indian Free 2 Japanese Plum Trees: Santa Rosa and Methley 1 Fig Tree: Chicago Hardy 4 Apple Trees: Liberty, William’s Pride, Ashmead’s Kernel, and Calville Blanc 1 Medlar Tree: Royal or Macrocarpa 1 Quince Tree: Aromatnaya   Berries 1 Service Berry: Laevis   1 Red Mulberry Tree   Elderberries: Black Lace   Strawberries: any ever-­‐bearing variety   Red Raspberries: Lathom and Mammoth   Goji or Wolf Berry   Nuts   1 American Hazelnut   1 Hybrid Chestnut   Vines and Others   Grapes: Concord   Issai Kiwi   Roses: Rosa Rugosa  
THANKS EVERYONE!
Picture Sources: Slide # 2 3 5 8 9 Picture Source Credits Shaun Ziegler -­‐ 4/10/2010 Shaun Ziegler -­‐ 4/10/2010 hEp://www.anamcaragardens.com/ hEp://s.wordpress.com/wp-­‐content/themes/pub/benevolence/images/masthead.jpg hEp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e7/Sky_with_puffy_clouds.JPG hEp://www.thegrassseedstore.co.uk/images/White_clover_overseeding.jpg hEp://www.faqs.org/photo-­‐dict/photofiles/list/106/3088clover.jpg hEp://www.curiouscountrycreaBons.com/images/products/rye-­‐stalks.jpg hEp://www.faqs.org/photo-­‐dict/photofiles/list/106/3088clover.jpg hEp://www.flowers-­‐cs.com/Pictures/buckwheat.jpg&imgrefurl hEp://www.fabiovisenBn.com/photography/photo/14/heath_aster%20_ericoides4623.jpg hEp://pics.davesgarden.com/pics/2007/10/07/bigcityal/f4af6d.jpg hEp://www.abnaBveplants.com/_ccLib/image/plants/DETA-­‐94.jpg hEp://www.localplanet.org/images/wild-­‐leek.jpg hEp://www.library.illinois.edu/vex/toxic/wonion/10-­‐16-­‐12.jpg hEp://www.wallwork.me.uk/garden/wild_carrot_flower_large.jpg hEp://downstreamer.files.wordpress.com/2008/07/dill.jpg hEp://libarynth.org/_media/echinacea_600w.jpg hEp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/15/Columbine_flower.JPG hEp://www.northcreeknurseries.com/_ccLib/image/plants/DETA-­‐162.jpg hEp://epsc.wustl.edu/~rlk/wgnss/rlk_3016l_FP_BuEerfly_Weed.jpg hEp://www.greenurbanliving.co.nz/imagelibrary/88.jpg hEp://ventnorpermaculture.files.wordpress.com/2008/05/green-­‐lacewing.jpg hEp://www.sciencedaily.com/images/2008/09/080902225429.jpg hEp://stevenanz.com/ridgewood/original/tachinid_fly_6074.jpg hEp://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/beneficial.htm#af Picture Sources cont’d: Slide # 11 12 13 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Picture Source Credits hEp://ianramjohn.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/pawpaw.jpg hEp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asimina_triloba_red_fern_farm.jpg hEp://www.agriculture.purdue.edu/fnr/stoutwoods/vrtrail/pawpaw.jpg hEp://www.catskillnaBvenursery.com/image/diospyros-­‐meader-­‐big.jpg hEp://www.burntridgenursery.com/images/meaderfruiuull.JPG hEp://www.garden.org/ediblelandscaping/images/nov07/persimmon2.jpg hEps://commerce.earthlink.net/www.slowfoodusa.org/ark/images/wild_plum.jpg hEp://www.scoEsblufflandscaping.com/Pictures/large_shrubs/amplum.jpg hEp://www.arborday.org/trees/graphics/trees/detail/Montmorency-­‐Cherry_1.jpg hEp://www.fast-­‐growing-­‐trees.com/North-­‐Star-­‐Cherry.htm hEp://www.centuryfarmorchards.com/images/seckel1.jpg hEp://www.centuryfarmorchards.com/images/seckel2.jpg hEp://trade.usapears.com/vimages/images/media_images/46336_comice_wholeandhalf.jpg hEp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Blake%27s_Pride_pears.jpg hEp://img4.sunset.com/i/2005/09/korean-­‐pear-­‐m.jpg?300:300 hEp://www.eat-­‐it.com/plants.php?func=view&id=36 hEp://www.accessjapan.co.uk/newlookimages/Peach%20blossom760.jpg hEp://www.netstate.com/states/symb/flowers/images/peach_blossom.jpg hEp://tallcloverfarm.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2008/10/indianfree_tree.jpg hEp://tallcloverfarm.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2008/10/indianfree_peach.jpg hEp://www.arborday.org/trees/graphics/trees/detail/Methley-­‐Plum_1.jpg hEp://www.arborday.org/trees/graphics/trees/detail/Methley-­‐Plum_2.jpg hEp://www.millerorchards.com/images/ProductPhotos/Fruitstand%20santa%20rosa.JPG hEp://i333.photobucket.com/albums/m388/Dieseler58/0d291485.jpg hEp://bloomingtongrowers.locallygrown.net/files/product/image/12031/chicagohardyfig.jpg hEp://www.thebackofmymind.com/galleryImages/fruitTrees_2007/santaRosaPlum_04.jpg Picture Sources cont’d: Slide # 23 24 26 27 29 30 31 32 33 Picture Source Credits hEp://farm1.staBc.flickr.com/118/265543060_04c5e099f8.jpg hEp://www.thegardenerseden.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2009/11/Heirloom-­‐Apple-­‐Calville-­‐Blanc-­‐dHiver.jpg hEp://hearEoheart.files.wordpress.com/2009/05/libertyinbloom.jpg hEp://freemanfarms.net/images/Liberty.jpg hEp://farm4.staBc.flickr.com/3098/2733436509_ee1998c76c.jpg hEp://www.motherearthnews.com/uploadedImages/Blogs/Relish!/Windfall-­‐Apples.jpg hEp://en.academic.ru/pictures/enwiki/77/Medlar_pomes_and_leaves.jpg hEp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/Medlar_blossom.JPG hEp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mespilus hEp://www.parkseed.com/web_images/ParkSeed/products/47638z.jpg hEp://tallcloverfarm.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2009/10/quince-­‐blossom2.jpg hEp://i145.photobucket.com/albums/r219/elitemidwest/alleghanyserviceberry.jpg hEp://4.bp.blogspot.com/_IWJxAQItYHQ/SeZUFi8FS8I/AAAAAAAABUA/OI_400Q3yh8/s400/DETA3-­‐160.jpg hEp://www.abnaBveplants.com/_ccLib/image/plants/DETA-­‐160.jpg hEp://www.edupic.net/Images/Plants/mulberry1032.JPG hEp://www.wildflower.org/image_archive/640x480/SAW/SAW_02272.JPG hEp://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/m/wmoru2-­‐wplarge12229.jpg hEp://www.woodlandgardensct.com/_images//black_lace_sambucus.JPG hEp://z.about.com/d/gardening/1/0/4/H/Sam_nigraBlackLace.jpg hEp://faculty.maryvillecollege.edu/crain/ornithology/Colleen/Elderberries.Photo.2.jpg hEp://z.about.com/d/gardening/1/0/N/5/SambucusBlackLaceFoliage.jpg hEp://firstchurchofdirt.org/ptblog/uploads/chandler%20strawberries.jpg hEp://www.erc.umd.edu/news/press_releases/images/plant_comparison.jpg hEp://farm1.staBc.flickr.com/17/20595821_7d64896520.jpg hEp://www.millernurseries.com/images/products/product_28.jpg hEp://www.cals.uidaho.edu/sandpoint/images/Raspberry%20red%20Killarney.JPG Picture Sources cont’d: Slide # Picture Source Credits hEp://2.bp.blogspot.com/_YSoTOhWS3y8/RlxLtxlM8qI/AAAAAAAAAIA/5lKip2AWBxE/s400/RRaspberry%2Bflowers.JPG 34 hEp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/32/Woljerry_Farm_Berries_Closeup_Ningxia_174.jpg hEp://healthyhomegardening.com/images/gardengeek/goji_364.jpg hEp://pics.davesgarden.com/pics/2008/05/27/darius/b63f30.jpg 35 hEp://www.vuishandwildlife.com/IMAGES/cwp/American%20Hazelnut3.jpg hEp://www.treetopics.com/corylus_americana/american_hazelnut_1763.jpg hEp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3f/Hazelnuts.jpg 36 hEp://Bnypic.com/view.php?pic=25k04sp&s=5 hEp://www2.volstate.edu/JSchibig/TACFCHESTNUTFLOWERS.JPG hEp://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2009/dorman_step/images/chestnut%20male%20female%20flowers%206%20WI
%20tjv.JPG 37 hEp://www.kolibrikerteszet.hu/files/Kepek/rosa/Rosa%20Rugosa.jpg hEp://www.rampantscotland.com/colour/graphics/rosa_rugosa_drummond01081s.jpg 38 hEp://www.nycgovparks.org/kids/LPimages/grape_library.jpg hEp://www.zagat.com/img/buzz/20080414_Ask_WineGrapes_half.jpg hEp://www.knowledgerush.com/wiki_image/2/2f/Concord_grape_plant.jpg hEp://www.wonderfulhome.info/crw_5003-­‐01s.jpg 39 hEps://www-­‐secure.mcfayden.com/product_images/1821_EF_KiwiHardyIssai_LIM.jpg hEp://www.garten.cz/images_data/3274-­‐acBnidia-­‐arguta-­‐issai-­‐mini-­‐kiwi.jpg hEp://www.urbanhayseed.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2009/06/img_7345.jpg hEp://s333.photobucket.com/albums/m393/mark43210/Aristolochia/?acBon=view&current=Aristol_gig2_2.jpg 43 hEp://www.physics.unlv.edu/~jeffery/astro/sun/surface/sun_uv_prominence_002.jpg 

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