Serbia – Economy
In recent years, Serbia has seen an increasingly swift foreign direct investment trend, including auto industry ( Fiat ), metal processing ( US
Steel ), building materials (Lafarge ), food and beverages ( Carlsberg, Coca Cola and Nestle), textiles (Golden Lady, Pompea), leather
(Progetti Company, Falc East), and ICT ) Microsoft and Siemens). By countries, most cash investments in the 2000–2012 period came
from Austria ($2.68 billion), Greece ($1.62 billion),Norway ($1.55 billion),Germany ($1.30 billion) and Italy ($0.95 billion), while major
investor countries also include Slovenia, Netherlands, Russia and France. The actual amount of investments from countries such as the
US and Israel is significantly higher than the official figure due to their companies investing primarily through European affiliates.
The average growth of Serbia's GDP in the last ten years was 4.45% per year. GDP structure by sector in 2012 was: services 63.8%,
industry 23.5%, agriculture 12.7%.GDP structure by components in 2011 was: private consumption 74.3%, public consumption 20.6%,
investments 28.6%, exports 30,7%, imports 54,2%
Based on the already registered positive trends in the Serbian economy and assuming that, despite the recent slowdown in external
demand and in Serbia‟s main trade partners, Germany and Italy, exports will continue to be a driver of economic growth in the forecast
period it is expected that the economy of Serbia will grow by 2.0% in 2014. In the forecast period, exports will be more and more supported
by investment and private consumption as growth drivers.
The accession of Serbia to the European Union is the process of the Republic of Serbia being admitted into the framework of the European
Union as a full-fledged member state. Serbia officially applied for European Union membership on 22 December 2009, and the European
Commission recommended making it an official candidate on 12 October 2011. After the vote of the 27 EU foreign ministers on 28
February 2012, where with 26 votes for and 1 vote against, a candidate status recommendation was issued, and Serbia received full
candidate status on 1 March. On 28 June 2013 the European Council endorsed the Council of Ministers conclusions and
recommendations to open accession negotiations with Serbia.
During to recent visit to Serbia in Febriary 2014, Austrian Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz has stated that his country will support the
reforms that Serbia needs to implement and that he expects Serbia to join European union in next 4-6 years.
Belgrade is the financial center of Serbia and Southeast Europe with total 17.000.000 m² office space, and is home to the country's central
bank. Currently, over 600,000 people are employed in 120.286 companies, 22,600 enterprises and 50,000 shops.
With 6,924 companies in the sector (2013 data), Belgrade is one of information technology centers in this part of Europe, with strong
growth. Microsoft Development Center located in Belgrade was at the time of its establishment fifth such center in the world. Many world IT
companies choose Belgrade as regional or European center such as Asus, Intel, Dell, Huawei, NCR etc.
New Belgrade is the main business district in the country. It offers a range of facilities such as hotels, congress halls (Sava Centar), class
A and class B office buildings, sporting facilities (Belgrade Arena), shopping malls (Ušće and Delta City) and business parks (Airport City
The Belgrade Stock Exchange is also located in New Belgrade. Currently, over 1.2 million square meters of land is under construction in
New Belgrade and the estimated value of construction in the next two and half years is over 1.5 billion Euros.
Serbia overcame the problems of inflation in the mid-1990s, and Belgrade has been growing strongly ever since. As of 2009, over 40% of
Serbia's GDP is generated by the city, which also has 31.4% of Serbia's employed population. The city of Belgrade's 2012 nominal GDP is
estimated at 1,341 billion RSD (about 16 billion USD), which amounts to 806,000 RSD ($9,500) per capita. In September 2013, the
average monthly net salary in Belgrade was 53,564 RSD ($635), while gross salary was 73,970 RSD ($877). In the annual Economist
Intelligence Unit survey in 2013, Belgrade ranked 86th most expensive among 131 world cities.
Rakovica district
The municipality of Rakovica is located south of downtown Belgrade, 9-10 kilometers (~6 mi) from Terazije, downtown Belgrade. It is
bordered by the municipalities of Savski Venac on the north, Voždovac on the west and Čukarica on the east and south. Its neighborhood
of Resnik marks the southernmost point of the Belgrade City Proper
Rakovica covers an area of 31.8 square kilometers (12.3 sq mi). It is located in a hilly area, with numerous hillocks out of which many got
urbanized and developed into Belgrade neighborhoods: Miljakovac (193 m/633 ft), Petlovo Brdo (205 m/673 ft; the top of the hill is in the
municipality of Čukarica), Kanarevo Brdo, Labudovo Brdo, Straževica, Košutnjak, Vidikovac, etc.
According to the 2011 census population of municipality was 108,413. Previously one of the urban Belgrade's municipalities with highest
population growth, since the 1990s the growth slowed down. However, Rakovica remains one of the most densely populated municipalities
of Belgrade with 3,738 inhabitants per square kilometer (9,680 /sq mi).
Rakovica is one of the most industrialized parts of Belgrade. Some of the factories in the area include: Industrija motora Rakovica – IMR
(engine factory), Rekord (tire factory), 21 Maj (tractors and other agricultural vehicles factory), Frigostroj (coolers and air conditioners
factory), IMP (foundry), Tehnogas MESSER (oxygen and acetylene factory), etc. Most of these factories suffered badly in the transition
process. Another industrialized area of the municipality is the neighborhood of Kijevo with the quarry which supplies the entire Belgrade's
building industry with stone and slates. The remaining industry is also mostly into construction and building (building companies and
cement plants Komgrap, Graditelj, etc.).
Rakovica is located on important traffic routes. The valley of Rakovički potok is a route to the Kružni put, suburban road of Belgrade and
the future part of the projected Belgrade beltway, and a Belgrade-Požarevac railway, while the valley of Topčiderka is a route to the
Belgrade-Niš railway. The other important roads in the municipality are Patrijarha Dimitrija street which goes through the middle of the
urbanized area and Ibarska magistrala on the western edge of the municipality.
Rakovica has lower unemployment rate compared to Serbia and other cities except Belgrade.
Rakovica Municipality Location
Existing Retail Stock
The retail market in Rakovica is in the early phases of development.
Currently there are no retail park format schemes in the town.
This fact represents a market gap that definitely should be considered in future development of Rakovica retail market.
There is no pedestrian nor high street areas.
The map demonstrates that penetration from international retailers is limited to the McDonalds and Jysk (in Robna kuća Beograd ).
It is also clear that there is no integrated retail warehousing developments in the city at present, and that overall the retail market is
Shopping Centers
In Rakovica at the present there are 2 shopping centers in the city from which TC Vidikovac is the first generation SC and Robna kuća
Beograd as second generation shopping center.
Located on the main road entering Vidikovac from Belgrade is Bazar Vidikovac comprising of approximately 5,000 sq m occupied mostly by
local retailers. Mayor tenants are Lilly, Costa coffee, Handy. All other retailers are local who occupy from 10-100 sq meters like exchange
office, jewelry, hair dresser, shoe man, bookies, pharmacy, cafe bar etc.
Robna kuća Beograd is located in Rakovica center occupied by 1,000 sq m Roda Hypermarket at ground floor. Delfi book shop occupies
100 sq meters of ground floor. First floor is equally divided by Metro shoes and Urban jungle shoes, each tenant occupying 500 sq meters.
Second floor is reserved for Jysk.
Robna kuća Beograd
TC Vidikovac
Stand Alone Retail
Maxi supermarket 1 is located on the main road which connects Rakovica and Vidikovac covering 1200 sq meters
Maxi supermarket 2 with approximately 800 sq meters is located in centre of Kanarevo brdo on Borska/Vukasoviceva intersection.
McDonalds is located on Pilota Mihaila Petrovića/Kneza Višeslava intersection next to the TC Vidikovac
Tehnomanija is the only W&B retailer in the area. It is located in Kanarevo Brdo next to Maxi supermarket.
Maxi supermarket 1 (Pilota Mihaila Petrovića)
Maxi supermarket 2 (Kanarevo brdo)
Retail Market Conclusion
All relevant parameters indicates that Serbia is moving more quickly towards a consumer based dynamic which is creating a „demandsqueeze‟ on existing stock, requiring an increase in supply.
Further economic growth will create increased demand in the long term.
This rapid increase in consumer spending makes Serbia one of Europe‟s hot spots for retail growth and has been the driver of demand
from retailers looking to access the market.
The topography of Rakovica with a Valley gives excellent visibility and walk to and drive to a 10 minute catchment of 110,000
Despite schemes above, Rakovica has very low provisions of retail centre space per inhabitant compared to mayor cities in Serbia and
The retail market in Rakovica is at the early stages of evolution and chronically undersupplied with lack of strong international tenants
which, along with positive investment and economic climate in Serbia, represents opportunity for other international retailers to enter
Serbian and Rakovica market.
According to above mentioned biggest advantage is foreseen for international retailers that have already enter the country but have no
units in the region of Rakovica such as New Yorker, Takko, Deichmann, DM, C&A, H&M, Sport Vision, CBT.
New Reatil Park schemes will therefore have a strong competitive advantage over existing schemes as consumers have historically,
across all markets, shown a preference for shopping in a single location which provides the broadest range of goods.