Tourisme Montréal

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Tourisme Montréal
February 2015
Tourisme Montréal | 800 boulevard René-Lévesque Ouest, bureau 2450
Montréal, Québec | H3B 1X9
Research Department
“Montréal is…” is a document that Tourisme Montréal has been producing since 1998. Updated every two
years, “Montréal is…” complements other Tourisme Montréal research documents and brings together a
series of information on an array of known and lesser known aspects of the Montréal destination. The
facts and figures in this document will help you get the most of Montréal, its resources and its sometimes
unexpected attractions.
Enjoy!
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Access ........................................................................................................................................................... 1
Active Transportation ..................................................................................................................................... 1
Air Transportation .......................................................................................................................................... 2
Architecture ................................................................................................................................................... 3
Arts and Culture ............................................................................................................................................. 4
Cinema .......................................................................................................................................................... 6
Climate........................................................................................................................................................... 6
Conventions ................................................................................................................................................... 7
Creativity and Innovation ............................................................................................................................... 7
Cultural Diversity ........................................................................................................................................... 8
Downtown ...................................................................................................................................................... 9
Economy ........................................................................................................................................................ 9
Education ..................................................................................................................................................... 10
Fashion ........................................................................................................................................................ 11
Fun and Pleasure in Montréal ..................................................................................................................... 12
Geography ................................................................................................................................................... 12
Healthcare and Services ............................................................................................................................. 12
Housing........................................................................................................................................................ 13
Industry ........................................................................................................................................................ 13
Language ..................................................................................................................................................... 15
Marine Transport ......................................................................................................................................... 15
Media ........................................................................................................................................................... 16
Montréal, International City.......................................................................................................................... 16
Neighbourhoods and Boroughs ................................................................................................................... 16
Nightlife ........................................................................................................................................................ 18
Population .................................................................................................................................................... 19
Public Safety ................................................................................................................................................ 19
Quality of Life ............................................................................................................................................... 19
Religious Patrimony..................................................................................................................................... 20
Restaurants ................................................................................................................................................. 22
Sports and Leisure ...................................................................................................................................... 22
Sustainable Development............................................................................................................................ 24
Tourism ........................................................................................................................................................ 27
Trivia ............................................................................................................................................................ 27
Underground Pedestrian Network ............................................................................................................... 29
Urban Transportation ................................................................................................................................... 29
Video Games ............................................................................................................................................... 30
Visual and Special Effects ........................................................................................................................... 31
Sources........................................................................................................................................................ 32
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
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ACCESS
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 Montréal is 63 kilometres (39 miles) from the U.S. border.

The closest border crossings of the states of New York and Vermont are a one-hour drive from
downtown Montréal.
o Covey Hill/Cannon’s Corner, NY (open from 8 a.m. to 12 a.m. from May 1 to October 31
and 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. from November 1 to April 30).
o Hemmingford/Mooers, NY
o St-Bernard-de Lacolle/Champlain, NY
o Lacolle Rte 221/Overton Corners, NY
o Lacolle Rte 223/Rouses Point, NY
2
o Noyan/Alburg Springs, VT.

The cities of Toronto, New York, Boston, Philadelphia and Washington are less than two hours
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away by plane.

By car, Montréal is two hours from Ottawa, two and a half hours from Québec City and five hours
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from Toronto.

Montréal has 53 bridges and 7 tunnels. Of these, 18 allow travellers to access and leave the
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island of Montréal.

In 2013, the construction of a detour bridge between Montréal and Nun’s Island was initiated. The
detour bridge will make it possible to isolate the Champlain Bridge in view of its replacement, as
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part of the project to construct a new bridge over the St. Lawrence River.
ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
 The City of Montréal plans to develop a ten-kilometer pathway, which would allow pedestrians and
cyclists to circle Mount Royal without interruption. The project should be completed by 2017.
Some parts of the circuit are already functional and highly popular, such as the path along Côte7
des-Neiges Road.

Walking
nd
o In 2013, Montréal was rated the 2 most walkable Canadian city in the 2014 Walkable
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Cities ranking. Montréal came out 9 in the full ranking, which includes several Canadian,
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American and Australian cities.
o Montréal has one permanently pedestrian street: Prince Arthur Street. Several other
streets shut down to traffic to become pedestrian during specific times of the year,
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including sections of Ste. Catherine Street East and West, and St. Paul Street East.
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o Montréal has 6,550 km of sidewalks.

Cycling
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o In 2013, Copenhagenize ranked Montréal as North America’s (and the world’s 11 ) most
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bicycle-friendly city based on the company's 2013 Bicycle Friendly Cities index.
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o According to Smarter Travel, in 2010 Montréal was one of the best cities for cycling.
o In 2009, Montréal was on Time Magazine’s top 10 list of best urban cycling trips. The loop
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along the Lachine Canal ranks third among the best urban cycling paths.
o In 2007, the Route verte (Green Route) that crosses Montréal (and the province from east
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to west) was declared the best cycling route by National Geographic.
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o In 2014, the annual Féria du vélo changed its name just before the 30 Tour de l’Île (Tour
of the Island). The Go Bike Montreal Festival took its place, offering several events such
as the Tour de l’Île, Metropolitan Challenge, Tour la Nuit, and Operation Bike-to-Work.
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About 30,000 cyclists invaded Montréal’s streets during the Tour de l’Île.
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o The entire island of Montréal boasts in excess of 650 km of cycling paths.
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
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
BIXI
o
o
o
o
o
o
Since May 2009, Montréal has had a self-serve bike rental service, called BIXI. This
service allows users to borrow a bike from one station, ride where they choose and then
drop it off at any other station in the network. Montréal currently has 411 stations and
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5,120 bikes in operation.
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BIXI is a hybrid word, a contraction of the words bicycle and taxi.
Each BIXI station is equipped with anchorage points to lock the bikes and a transactional
meter. To access a bike, a user simply inserts a subscription key (BIXI-key), an access
code or a credit or debit card into the meter. BIXI stations run on solar energy and include
information and advertising panels.
Montréal has the largest bike sharing station in North America. The King/de la Commune
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station has 110 docking points.
BIXI has expanded to more than 10 cities around the world, including New York, London,
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Melbourne, Boston and Toronto.
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BIXI has received multiple awards. It was ranked 19 in Time Magazine’s list of top
inventions for 2008. In addition, the system was awarded the Gold prize for the best
product of 2009 in the “Sustainable Energy and Development” category of the prestigious
Edison Best New Products Awards. The bicycle also received the 2010 Good Design
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Awards in the Environment Category.
AIR TRANSPORTATION
 Montréal is served by two airports:
o The Montréal–Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (Montréal-Trudeau), just 25
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minutes from downtown Montréal, handles all regular flights.
o The Montréal–Mirabel International Airport is 55 km northwest of Montréal and handles
cargo carriers. As of November 2004, passenger flights no longer fly into Montréal–
Mirabel International Airport. All flights have been transferred to Montréal-Trudeau.
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Mirabel remains open to cargo traffic and aircraft construction activity.

In 2013, Montréal ranked 4 among Canadian airports after Toronto, Vancouver and Calgary for
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passenger volume.

In 2014, 14 million passengers went through the Montréal-Trudeau Airport. In total, 177,165 tons
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of cargo were transported through the two Montréal airports.

In 2014, Aéroports de Montréal served 129 destinations, including 84 regular destinations and 45
seasonal destinations:
o Regular destinations: 27 destinations in Canada (including 12 in Québec), 23 in the
United States (in 21 cities) and 34 international destinations (in 34 cities).
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o Seasonal destinations: 19 destinations in summer and 26 destinations in winter.

Aéroports de Montréal has 28 regular passenger carriers (10 national, 14 international and 4
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transborder), as well as 23 cargo-only carriers.

Montréal-Trudeau has undergone and continues to undergo major expansion and modernization
designed in order to increase the terminal’s capacity and substantially enhance the level of
passenger service. A vast program, which was launched in 2000 and finished in 2009, included,
among others, the construction of several brand-new facilities, including a jetty for flights to the
United States, another for overseas flights and a huge international arrivals complex, with a
border crossing and a baggage terminal. The public arrivals complex was also expanded. The
domestic sector was renovated in 2007. The construction of a new transborder departure lounge
was completed in 2009. Between 2000 and 2011, improvements totalling some $1.9 billion were
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made.

Montréal-Trudeau Airport also wishes to implement express rail transfer service between its
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airport passenger terminal and Montréal’s Central Station.
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Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
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
In 2013, Aéroports de Montréal and the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) worked
together to implement a new computerized passport control system at the Montréal-Trudeau
airport. This new initiative aims to offer a smoother experience to passengers traveling to the
United States. In addition, the new SecurXpress service simplifies the process of
domestic/international security checks: passengers who use it benefit from express passage
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through security at a predetermined time.

In 2011, Montréal-Trudeau won the Best Improvement in North America title awarded by the
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Airport Council International.

Montréal-Trudeau recently received the ASQ Assured certification, a guarantee of rigorous
service quality management standards specifically designed for airports by Airports Council
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International.

According to Aéroports de Montréal, Montréal ranked 4 in North America for its number of direct
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flights to Europe in the summer of 2014.
th
ARCHITECTURE
 Montréal architecture is a juxtaposition of old and new, in which the legacy of events such as the
1967 World Exhibition and the 1976 Olympics plays an important role. As the industrial and
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financial centre of Canada in the 19 century, the city has its own impressive heritage.

The most common building materials used for Montréal houses are grey stone and red brick,
which were formed thousands of years ago when the entire region lay beneath the Champlain
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Sea. At the time, red clay and grey limestone made up this ancient seabed.

The outer staircases that grace many Montréal homes are one of the city’s distinctive features.
th
Towards the middle of the 19 century, people living in rural areas began to move to cities, which
led to the construction of two and three-story houses. Alarmed by the demographic pressure that
was reshaping the urban landscape, municipal officials brought in a new regulation requiring
home owners to keep a small green space in front of their property, which led to the idea of
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placing staircases outside. This way, owners didn’t have to heat a shared indoor space. The
design of these staircases dates back to a time when homes in the city’s more well-to-do
neighbourhoods were set back from the street. This started a trend, and soon duplexes and
triplexes appeared with outer staircases of all different shapes and sizes — L- and S-shaped,
straight, single and double. Exterior staircases were banned in 1940 as a result of pressure from
members of the Establishment, who were upset by this appalling fad. The ban was lifted in 1994
when, in the interests of preserving architectural harmony, outer staircases were allowed to be
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built on streets where the structures already existed.

The highest building in Montréal is the 1000 De la Gauchetière. The skyscraper is 205 metres
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high, has 51 floors and was built in 1992.

Montréal is home to the Canadian Centre for Architecture, whose purpose is to promote public
awareness of the role architecture plays in society, as well as to encourage scholarly architectural
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research and to foster innovative design practices.

In 2012, Travel + Leisure rated the McGill University campus as one of the most beautiful
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campuses in the world.

As of 2014, 74 Montréal buildings were LEED certified: of those, five are rated Platinum, 36 are
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rated Gold, and 33 are rated Silver. 144 other buildings are in the process of being certified.

Montréal's top green buildings:
o TOHU, cité des arts du cirque, is a fine example of green architecture. The pavilion was
built on the second largest urban landfill site in North America.
 The Saint-Michel Environmental Complex is located on a former landfill site. The
crater was progressively filled in and covered so as to become the second-largest
public park in Montréal. The park covers 69 hectares of land and will have
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expanded to 192 hectares by 2020. A sorting centre as well as the TOHU are
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located on the site.
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
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
o
o
o
o
The TOHU pavilion is located right next to Gazmont, a business that converts
biogases emitted from the landfill site into electricity. The electricity is conveyed to
the TOHU pavilion through a network of ducts installed in the floor of the building.
 The indoor temperature of the pavilion during the summer season is controlled by
passive geothermics and an ice bunker.
 Natural/hybrid ventilation consumes 70% less energy than traditional ventilation
systems. This system uses the funnel effect of the theatre to circulate air.
 A natural basin bordering the administrative sector of the building collects and
retains rainwater, thereby allowing it to flow gradually into the City of Montréal
rain sewers.
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 The inside was decorated with recycled materials.
The Lassonde Pavilions of the École Polytechnique de Montréal make up the first
structure in Québec that can be qualified as a green building. The pavilions were built
according to the LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) program of the
U.S. Green Building Council. The entire structure was built with the environment in mind,
from the concrete for the foundation to the paint for the walls. A drainage system that
filters both rainwater and water from the City of Montréal and reuses it in the toilets was
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installed, making it possible to save 92% of drinking water.
Montréal boasts the first residential building in North America to receive LEED Platinum
certification, the highest award in sustainable green building practices. Located on Parc
Avenue, the building in question is a duplex that was renovated/built in 2006. At the time
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the renovations were completed, it was considered North America’s greenest home.
The John Molson School of Management of Concordia University built one of the most
environmentally-friendly university buildings in the country. The building includes solar
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panels on the south-west wall, a green roof and low-flow plumbing.
The Rio Tinto Planetarium, a new addition to the Space for Life Complex near the
Biodome, officially opened its doors in April 2013 and is working toward LEED Platinum
Certification. Its green roof and predominantly wood construction make a bold and
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environmentally friendly statement.
ARTS AND CULTURE
 Montréal is:
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o Close to 150 theatre companies, including the National Theatre School of Canada;
o More than 100 professional dance companies, including Les Grands Ballets Canadiens
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de Montréal;
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o 32 artist centres;
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o 71 museums that attract close to 6.2 million visitors annually;
o 183 performance venues that present close to 8,000 performances per year, representing
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over 3 million tickets;
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o Over 100 festivals, many of which are of international calibre;
o 45 public libraries with over 4 million documents where over 11 million loans per year are
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made, or an average of 31.2 loans per year per library member and 6.8 per resident;
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o The largest natural sciences museum complex in Canada (Space for Life);
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o Internationally recognized art schools;
o Finally, original initiatives that have made Montréal a respected leader in circus, theatre,
children’s literature, contemporary dance and new media.

Montréal’s cultural pulse is the Quartier des spectacles, at the heart of downtown. Stretching out
from the corner of Sainte-Catherine Street and Saint-Laurent Boulevard, it covers a surface area
2
of approximately 1 km , encompassing the streets of City Councillors and St. Hubert, Sherbrooke
and René-Lévesque Boulevard. It boasts more than 30 performance halls with a seating capacity
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
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of close to 28,000, many major world-class festivals, art galleries and venues for alternative art.
The Quartier des spectacles employs 8,500 people in the cultural sector, from training to
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distribution and making to producing cultural events.

318 public art works from the municipal collection are scattered across the island of Montréal; of
these, 252 are displayed outside, and 84 are integrated into architecture. The public art collection
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includes sculptures, monuments, busts and contemporary art pieces. It is complemented by a
large number of private works of art.

Like New York, London and Paris, Montréal boasts a last-minute ticket office which is a veritable
cultural showcase. From its location called Le 2-22, at the corner of St. Laurent Boulevard and
Sainte-Catherine Street, in the heart of the Quartier des spectacles, La Vitrine offers a one-stop
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destination for discovering the city's cultural attractions.

Montréal’s music offering is extensive and varied. The Orchestre symphonique de Montréal
(OSM), directed by Kent Nagano, has garnered international recognition during its numerous
prestigious tours and recordings. The Opéra de Montréal is renowned for its interpretation of the
most celebrated works in lyrical opera. Additionally, Montréal is home to many other great
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orchestras and significant international music festivals.

Since September 2011, the Orchestre symphonique de Montréal boasts a new concert hall, the
Maison symphonique. Appropriately situated in the Quartier des spectacles, the venue can host
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an audience of 1,900 visitors, a choir of 200 singers, and an orchestra of 120 musicians. In
addition, since 2014, the Grand Orgue Pierre-Béique has been an integral part of the OSM. The
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6500-pipe organ owes its name to the OSM’s founder.

In May 2005, the City of Montréal inaugurated its Grande Bibliothèque nationale, symbol of a
leading cultural institution. The Grande Bibliothèque nationale welcomes close to 2.5 million
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visitors each year, and it has welcomed over 25 million visitors since it opened.

Approximately 10,000 people visit the Grande Bibliothèque each day, making it the busiest library
in North America and of La Francophonie (the French-speaking countries and communities of the
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world).
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In 2013, there was an average of 21.6 shows every evening on the island of Montréal.

In Montréal’s tourist districts, there is an average of 2.74 movie screens per km .

A Hill Strategies report found that, of all Canadian cities, in 2009 Montréal allocated the most
municipal funds to culture. The average investment total for the five cities (Vancouver, Ottawa,
Calgary, Montréal and Toronto) was $35 per person, while in Montréal that figure was $55 per
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person.

In May 2006, The Global Alliance for Cultural Diversity designated Montréal a “UNESCO City of
Design” within the Creative Cities Network. Montréal thus became the first North American city to
become part of UNESCO’s City of Design network after Buenos Aires and Berlin (2005), joining
other cities recognized by UNESCO for excellence in literature, music, gastronomy, cinema, folk
art and digital art. In giving out this award, UNESCO acknowledges the effort and the momentum
of both private and public sectors, the citizens of Montréal and the city’s potential for economic
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and social development in the field of design.

In 2012, the Bell Centre was the busiest venue in North America in terms of shows, and the 11
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busiest in the world. Excluding ticket sales for sporting events, the Bell Centre welcomed
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1,026,738 spectators in 2014.

At the Canadian Music Week Gala in 2011, the Canadian Music and Broadcast Industry honoured
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the Montréal International Jazz Festival by naming it Festival of the Year.

In 2011, Trip Advisor ranked Montréal 18
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destinations.
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2 68
th
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
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on its top-20 list of best history and culture
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
According to a report produced by the firm Hill Strategies that examined Canada’s most creative
and artistic neighbourhoods (using postal codes as a basis), it appears that of the 10
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neighbourhoods with the highest concentration of artists, 5 are in Montréal :
o The H2T zone is a creative force, with an artistic concentration of 7.8%. It extends from
Mont-Royal Avenue to Van Horne Avenue (and the railroad tracks) between St-Denis and
Jeanne-Mance streets. It is the “most creative neighbourhood in Canada”, with a
concentration close to 10 times higher than the Canadian average of 0.8%.
o The Plateau Mont-Royal (H2W) has 565 artists out of a total working population of 7,510,
or 7.5% of all employed people on the Plateau. The area is located between des Pins and
Mont-Royal avenues, St-Denis Street and Parc Avenue and neighbours the H2T zone. It
nd
is ranked 2 in Canada
rd
o The Old Montréal/Old Port area has a 6.0% concentration of artists, and shares 3 place
in Canada with a Toronto neighbourhood.
o The H2J zone, is next to the Plateau (from Rachel Street to Carrières Street between
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Papineau and St-Denis Streets), is 6 , ex aequo with another Toronto neighbourhood
with an artistic concentration of 5.3%.
o The H2V zone (Outremont) has an artistic concentration of 5.2% in its population,
th
matching ex aequo another Toronto neighbourhood and ranking 8 in Canada.

The 2017 project proposes to bring an ensemble of international conventions in architecture,
design and urban development to Montréal in a series of interrelated conventions. The year 2017
th
th
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will mark the 50 anniversary of Expo 67, Canada’s 150 and Montréal’s 375 birthdays
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respectively.
CINEMA
 Québec produces between 30 and 35 feature-length films per year, 85% of which are filmed in
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Greater Montréal.

Luc Besson, Jean-Pierre Jeunet, Win Wenders, Roland Emmerich, and Steven Spielberg are just
a few of the many filmmakers who have planted their director’s chair in Montréal to take
advantage of its natural landscapes, filming infrastructures, postproduction studios, cutting-edge
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visual effect techniques, and financial incentives.

Feature-length films shot in Montréal include X-Men: Days of Future Past (2013); Life of Pi (2012);
Mirror Mirror (2012); Incendies (2010); Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian (2009);
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008); The Spiderwick Chronicles (2008); Lucky Number
Slevin (2006); The Aviator (2004); The Day After Tomorrow (2004); The Terminal (2004); Catch
Me If You Can (2002) and Les Invasions barbares (filmed in 2002- film by Québec director Denys
Arcand, recognized as the best screenplay at the Cannes International Film Festival 2003, winner
of the Oscar for best foreign film at the 2003 Academy Awards and recipient of three Caesars in
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2004).

On average, Montréal secures between 30 to 50 special effects contracts for big-budget movies
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per year, each worth approximately 5 to 6 million dollars (refer to the Visual and Special Effects
section for more details).

Xavier Dolan, a young Montréal filmmaker, already has four full-length feature films to his credit,
all of which were selected at the Cannes and Venice film festivals. His latest movie, Mommy,
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made it into Cannes’ official competition in 2014 and won the Jury Prize.

Montréal has four giant IMAX screens: at the Montréal Science Centre in the Old Port; at the
Cinéma Banque Scotia on Sainte-Catherine Street; at the Forum, also on Sainte-Catherine Street
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and at Marché Central in the north of the island.
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CLIMATE
 The average annual rainfall in Montréal is 784.9 mm.

Montréal receives an average of 210 cm of snow a year.
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
6

Montréal’s heaviest snowstorm occurred on March 4, 1971 when 43.2 cm of snow fell on the city.

A total of 383.3 cm of snow, the heaviest snowfall ever recorded, blanketed Montréal during the
winter of 1970-1971.

With a mere 93.1 cm of snow, the winter of 1979-1980 set the record for the least amount of snow
to fall in an entire season.

January 15, 1957 was the coldest day ever recorded in Montréal when the temperature dipped to
–37.8ºC.

With the mercury soaring to 37.6ºC, August 1, 1975 was the hottest day ever recorded in
Montréal.

Between January 5 and 9, 1998, Montréal experienced the worst ice storm in its history when
100 mm of freezing rain fell on the city. Nearly 3.5 million people, or half the province of Québec,
were left without electricity in some cases for up to 33 days, and over $1.1 billion dollars in
insurance claims were filed.

Average monthly temperatures are as follows:
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

o
-10.2 C
o
-8.4 C
o
-2.3 C
o
5.7 C
o
13.4 C
o
18.2 C
o
20.9 C
o
19.6 C
o
14.6 C
o
8.1 C
o
1.6 C
o
-6.3 C
o
13.6 F
o
16.9 F
o
27.9 F
o
42.3 F
o
56.1 F
o
64.8 F
o
79.6 F
o
67.3 F
o
58.3 F
o
46.6 F
o
34.9 F
o
20.7 F
th
In 2014, French travel site Skycanner.fr ranked Montréal 4 in its list of cities across the world to
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visit in the fall, owing to its red maple leaves and Indian summer.
CONVENTIONS
 In 2014, for the second consecutive year, Country and City rankings 2013 listed Montréal as the
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third best city in North America and the 30 best city worldwide for hosting international
association events. Over 350 cities competed for these rankings, created by the International
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Congress and Convention Association (ICCA).

For the third consecutive year, Montréal is the top-ranking city for hosting international
conferences in America, according to the Union of International Association’s (UIA) International
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Meeting Statistics for the Year 2013.

Montréal’s Palais des congrès was among the finalists for the prestigious World’s Best Congress
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Centre award in 2014.
CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION
th
 According to the study led by Innovation Cities, in 2014, Montréal was the 10 most innovative
st
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American city and the 36 most innovative city in the world.

In May 2006, the Global Alliance for Cultural Diversity designated Montréal a UNESCO City of
Design as part of its Creative Cities Network, making Montréal the first North American city to join
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the UNESCO City of Design network.

Montréal stands out among other creative cities because of the innovation resulting from the
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synergy between sectors.
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
7

In May 2013, the Quartier de l’innovation (Innovation district) was officially launched by the École
de technologie supérieure and McGill University. The QI is a genuine living laboratory fostering
collaboration between researchers, companies, citizens as well as social and cultural
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organizations to enhance Montréal’s potential for creativity and innovation.

In May 2014, for the third consecutive year, Montréal hosted C2-MTL. The event’s aim is to
engage local and international business leaders by providing an immersive environment that
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fosters collaboration and the emergence of new business solutions.

In 2012, Montréal creativity and talent were in the spotlight once more at Barcelona's Mercè
Festival, notably due to a large-scale multimedia show produced by Moment Factory, titled
“Montréal signe l’Ode à la vie.” The Montréal-based studio lit up the facade of the Sagrada Familia
church with video projections, and the show won a Grand Prize at the 2013 Grafika Awards. A
delegation of Montréal organizations was on the spot, including Piknic Électronik, folk music group
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Le Vent du Nord, and Cirque Éloize.

In 2012, the Société des arts technologiques (SAT) and Sainte-Justine Hospital officially
inaugurated Living lab SAT/CHU Sainte-Justine, which includes a hospital room for children
located at the SAT and dedicated to researching and developing new therapeutic approaches.
The goal of this transdisciplinary project is to develop new uses for technological arts in the health
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sector.

Since its launch in 2001, Montréal's Moment Factory has created over 300 shows around the
world for clients such as Cirque du Soleil, Disney, Nine Inch Nails, Céline Dion, Microsoft,
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Montréal's Quartier des Spectacles and Madonna.

BIXI, Montréal’s self-serve bicycle rental service, was ranked 19 in Time Magazine’s list of the
best inventions of 2008. In addition, BIXI received the Gold award for the best product of 2009 in
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the Energy and Sustainability category of the prestigious Edison Best New Products Awards.

In 2007, Stationnement de Montréal's innovative Pay & Go system won the prestigious Award of
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Merit from the International Parking Institute in the Innovation in a Parking Operation category.

In March 2014, the Smart and Digital City office was created to make Montréal a world-wide
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leader among smart and digital cities.

Montréal was one of the semi-finalists in the Intelligent Community of the Year 2014 competition,
which highlights the performance of urban centres using technology to optimize services for
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citizens.
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CULTURAL DIVERSITY
 Just over one in 3 Montréalers is an immigrant. In fact, the 2011 National Household Survey
revealed that there were approximately 610,000 immigrants on the island of Montréal, or 33% of
the population, compared to 31% in the 2006 census. In 2011, the immigrant population of the
Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) was 23%.

The five main countries of birth of recent immigrants of Montréal’s CMA are Algeria, Morocco,
Haiti, France, and China. The total population from these countries accounts for 37% of the
CMA’s recent immigrants.

Catholicism, Islam, Orthodox Christianity, Judaism, and Buddhism, in that order, are the most
commonly practiced religions in the Montréal area. Christians represent 74% of the population of
Montréal’s CMA.

According to the 2011 census, visible minorities make up 30% of the Montréal Island's population.
Blacks are the largest visible minority at 28%, with Arabs second at 20%.

Montréal's very first Saint Patrick’s Day Parade was held in 1824.
According to the 2011
census, an estimated 223,000 Montréalers in the city’s CMA are of Irish descent.

Montréal is home to the largest Arab community in Canada. According to the 2011 National
Household Survey, more than 150,000 people from the visible Arab minority live in the region,
which represents 39.5% of Canada’s entire Arab population, 4.0% of Montréal’s population and
19.7% of Montréal’s entire population of visible minorities.
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
Over 120 ethnic groups are represented in the Metropolitan Montréal area.

According to the 2011 census, the principal countries of origin of immigrants to the Metropolitan
Montréal Area are:
o Italy (7.4%)
o Haiti (7.4%)
o Algeria (5.5%)
o Morocco (5.3%)
o France (5.0%)
o China (4.6%)

The boroughs and re-merged municipalities in Montréal where cultural communities most often
live are:
o Saint-Laurent: 52.4% of the population are immigrants;
o Côte-des-Neiges, Notre-Dame-de-Grâce: 47.7%;
o Saint-Léonard: 46.3%;
o Côte-Saint-Luc: 45.9%;
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o Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension: 43.9%.
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DOWNTOWN
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 Saint-Catherine Street measures a full 11 km in length.

The City of Montréal is currently planning a major project to replace the underground
infrastructures of Saint-Catherine Street West (between Atwater and De Bleury), which have been
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in use for over a century. The first phase of the work should begin by 2016.

A 2012 study by Agence Présence, a Paris-based communications agency, has placed Saintth
Catherine Street 25 out of the 30 most beautiful avenues in the world, beating out New York's
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famed Fifth Avenue that placed 26 in that ranking. The assessment was based on four criteria:
atmosphere of the avenue, interactions with passers-by, appearance of the sales outlet and
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quality of service by sales assistants.

Nine metro (subway) stations are located along Sainte-Catherine, allowing visitors to discover
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much of this famous street and downtown Montréal.

More than 160,000 vehicles park downtown each day.

There are 8,379 paid parking spaces (parking meters) along the streets of downtown (borough of
Ville-Marie), with 407 spaces available at an hourly rate of $1. The hourly rate of the remaining
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7,972 spaces is $3 per hour.

In 2015, downtown Montréal offers 11,290 hotel rooms.

Downtown Montréal boasts 58 movie screens.

The borough of Ville-Marie, also known as downtown Montréal, has 129 parks and mini-parks in
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its territory.
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ECONOMY
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 From an economic standpoint, Montréal ranks second in Canada, just behind Toronto.

Among the 20 largest metropolises in North America, Montréal ranks 1 in terms of competitive
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operating costs.

In 2013, Greater Montréal was placed 2 in North America in terms of offering companies of all
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business sectors the most competitive tax rates.

In 2013, 52,612 companies or establishments (all sectors combined) operated on the territory of
the Montréal agglomeration. 69% of these companies employ under 10 people; 653 of them
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employ over 200 people, and 13% of them are related to the retail sector.
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
In 2012, an Economist Intelligence Unit study entitled Hot Spots ranked Montréal the 22 most
competitive world city. The study compared 120 of the largest urban centres in 8 different
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categories based on 31 indicators. Although Montréal placed 22 overall, it did stand out in some
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of the categories: 1 in Environment and Natural Hazards category, 7 in Institutional
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Effectiveness and 16 for its Social and Cultural Character and Quality of Life.

According to a 2012 UBS study, out of 72 world cities, Montréal ranks 28 in terms of its citizens'
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purchasing power.

According to a study conducted in 2014 by Mercer Human Resource Consulting, among large
international metropolises, Montréal has one of the lowest costs of living: out of 211 cities,
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Montréal is the 123 most expensive city. In fact, Greater Montréal enjoys an enviable position
thanks to its stable inflation rate. The healthcare system in Québec is free, as it is based on the
principle of universality, as is education from elementary up to and including college, in both
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English and French.

In Montréal, there are over 3,000 financial companies (banking, insurance, securities, pension
funds, financial advice and fund management). Montréal’s financial sector employs 100,000
people and 25,000 financiers and represents 6.2% of the city’s gross domestic product. There are
5,200 finance students and 1,300 graduates each year in Montréal, and the city has over 30
research units dedicated to such areas as financial derivatives, retirement plan administration or
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financial engineering.

According to Long Finance and Z/Yen Group, two London firms, Montréal ranked 16 in the 2014
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Global Financial Centres Index.

In 2012, venture capital investments in Montréal totalled $409 million, making Montréal the
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number two Canadian city.

According to Red Herring, a California magazine specialising in the technology sector, in 2009 the
Solidarity Fund QFL headquartered in Montréal was among the Top 100 venture capital
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investment firms in the world.

A study conducted by the Boston Consulting Group ranked Montréal 21 among world cities in
terms of attracting talent. The study surveyed 203,000 people, who indicated the 5 cities where
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they would consider living.
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EDUCATION
 Montréal is home to 11 institutions of higher learning, including six major universities:
 Université de Montréal (French)
 Université du Québec à Montréal (French)
 McGill University (English)
 Concordia University (English)
 TÉLUQ (remote learning university);
 Université de Sherbrooke –Longueuil Campus.
o Three management and public administration institutions:
 HEC Montréal, a business school affiliated with the Université de Montréal.
 École nationale d'administration publique (ENAP), affiliated with the Université du
Québec.
 The École des sciences de la gestion of the Université du Québec à Montréal.
o Three engineering and scientific research establishments
 École de technologie supérieure (ÉTS)
 École Polytechnique de Montréal
 Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS)

According to the QS Best Student Cities index of 2013, Montréal ranks as the top university city in
nd
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Canada, the 2 best in North America and the 10 best in the world.
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
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o
In the fall of 2013, 187,038 students were enrolled in universities in Montréal. The fields of
study with the highest number of students enrolled were business administration sciences
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(20%), humanities (20%) and applied sciences (16%).

Montréal ranks first in Canada for the number of university degrees awarded to all students. The
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city boasts over 40,000 graduates each year.
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o In 2013, 47,167 university degrees were awarded in the Greater Montréal area.

In 2014-2015, McGill University ranked 39 among the top 400 universities in the world, according
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to Times Higher Education-QS. The university also ranked 20 overall in clinical, pre-clinical and
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health-care sciences.

In 2011, HEC Montréal’s intensive MBA program was listed as the 12 best MBA program outside
of the United States according to Forbes magazine. HEC Montréal was the only Canadian school
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included in the magazine’s ranking.

Montréal is the university research capital of Canada. In 2010, it ranked number one in Canada
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for money invested in university research.

There are 12 public colleges (CEGEPs) in the Montréal region: 9 French and 3 English. In the fall
of 2013, there was a total of 64,273 full-time students enrolled in those institutions, 22,286 of
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which were in the English network.

There are 5 school boards on the Island of Montréal: 3 French and 2 English. For the 2013-2014
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school year, there were 142,285 and 37,414 students enrolled, respectively.

For the 2013-2014 school year, the total number of students in the Montréal region's public and
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private school networks was 111,321 at the primary level, and 97,107 at the secondary level.

In 2011, 80.5% of the population of Montréal’s CMA has at least one diploma. This represents
over 2.5 million people:
o 22% of the population of Greater Montréal aged 15 and up has a high school diploma;
o 16.4% of the population has a certificate from a college, CEGEP or another non-university
institution;
o 14.6% of the population has a bachelor’s degree;
o 8.9% of the population has an academic certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor
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level.
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FASHION
 Montréal’s fashion industry, which represents some 50,000 jobs, is one of the third main fashion
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production centres in North America, along with Los Angeles and New York.

The North American Fur and Fashion Exposition in Montréal (NAFFEM) is the largest trade show
of its kind on the continent and the only exhibition of high-end furs and winter fashion in North
America. The exhibition, which is also one of the most prestigious marketing events of the fur
industry in the world, is organized every year by the Canadian Fur Trade Development Institute
138
(CFTDI).

Originally an important fur trade centre, today Montréal is still the fur capital of Canada, where
over 80% of all fur products are manufactured and where this historic and noble industry
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flourishes to this day.

Created in 1999, Sensation Mode organizes the Montréal Fashion and Design Festival, which will
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celebrate its 15 anniversary in 2015. It is to the credit of this innovative festival, the most
important outdoor fashion event in North America, that Montréal has become one of North
America’s premier fashion and design centres. Every year, the festival brings together designers
from here and abroad, singer-songwriters and performing artists to celebrate Montréal’s legendary
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passion for fashion.

Montréal is home to a dozen fashion, design and textile training schools. Over 1,800 students are
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registered in these programs each year.

Fashion could soon be represented by an industrial cluster in Montréal.
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
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FUN AND PLEASURE IN MONTRÉAL
 In 2012, Lonely Planet's Best in Travel 2013 guide placed Montréal among its Top Ten Cities,
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citing the unique Montréal way of life and the famed "joie de vivre" travellers will experience.

In 2011, Lonely Planet placed Montréal 3 among its Best Summer Cities.

In 2014, the MONTRÉAL EN LUMIÈRE festival was listed in National Geographic’s Best Winter
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Trips 2015.

For Montréalers, the weekend often begins on Thursday night with the traditional happy hour!

In 2009, Montréal was ranked second in the Lonely Planet travel guide’s list of best party cities,
behind Belgrade in Serbia. The guide praises the city’s many nightclubs, jazz clubs and the Just
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For Laughs Festival.

In 2009, Montréalers spent an average of 11.5% of the household budget on food, or 1.2
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percentage points more than the Canadian average.
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GEOGRAPHY
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o
 Montréal is located at 73 west longitude and 45 north latitude, just like Venice, Geneva, Lyon
and Milan.

The Island of Montréal covers a total surface area of 500 km .

As the crow flies, the island of Montréal is 50 kilometres long and 16 kilometres wide.

Montréal’s altitude is 17 metres above sea level.

The total length of the banks of the Island of Montréal is 267 kilometres.

The territory of the Montréal agglomeration has 75 islands, while the CMA is made up of more
than 380 islands.

The Saint Lawrence River ranks as the 17 largest waterway in the world.
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HEALTHCARE AND SERVICES
 There are currently 42 public health institutions and 38 private institutions on the Island of
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Montréal. These are :
Institution Type
Number of Institutions
Public
Private
Total
Childhood and Youth Protection Centres
2
0
2
Local Community Service Centres
12
1
13
Hospitals
25
4
29
Long-Term Care Facilities
27
28
55
Rehabilitation Centres
11
6
17
Note: Establishments with more than one mission type are counted several times in the list.
Source: Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, November 25, 2014

Montréal has the greatest number of beds available in the province of Québec: 7,441 for general
151
and specialized care (short-term care) and 16,147 for long-term care.

The Centre hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal (CHUM) and the McGill University Health
Centre (MUHC) are under construction. In the spring of 2015, patients will be moved to the new
152
MUHC in the West Island. The first phase of the CHUM complex will be completed in the heart
153
of the future Health District in the spring of 2016.

Between 2009 and 2011, the life expectancy at birth of Montréal women was 83.7 years and 79.2
154
years for Montréal men.

Montréal is one of the leading Canadian cities for fruit and vegetable consumption. In 2013, 44.4%
of Montréalers ate 5 or more fruits or vegetables per day. In comparison, only 38.6% of
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
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Torontonians consumed that amount of fruit and veggies each day, and only 39.7% of
155
Vancouverites did so.

In 2013, 22.5% of Montréalers smoked daily or occasionally. In 2006, a law was passed that
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prohibited smoking in Québec's restaurants and bars.
HOUSING
 In October 2013, Montréal’s vacancy rate was at 2.8%, compared to the Québec provincial rate of
158
3.1 % (10,000 residents or more).

In 2012, housing is 20% cheaper in Montréal than in Toronto or Vancouver.

In 2011, there were 907,393 private inhabited dwellings on the island of Montréal.

According to the 2011 census, 45% of dwellings on the island of Montréal are occupied by
tenants, versus 55% by owners. The number of homeowners, however, has increased by 7%
161
between 2006 and 2011. This difference is due in part to Montréal’s affordable rents.

RealNet Canada figures for 2012 show that Montréal is the second most active North American
162
city in terms of condo construction.

In December 2015, construction began on 19,689 homes in Montréal.

The highest percentage of tenant dwellings is in the downtown area (borough of Ville-Marie), at
164
74%.

In 2011, 84,013 residents lived in Montréal’s Business district (borough of Ville-Marie).

According to the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Montréal has one of the lowest
monthly rents in Canada. In 2013, the average monthly rent for a two-bedroom apartment in
Montréal was $730 per month, significantly lower than the Canadian average of $919 per month,
166
the Toronto average of $1,213 per month and the Vancouver average of $1,281 per month.

On average, Montréal households allotted 21% of their budget to housing in 2014, which
167
represents an annual expense of $13,776.

There is an average of 2.3 people per dwelling in the CMA of Montréal (census 2011).
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160
163
165
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
July 1 is an important date for Montréalers: it is dedicated to moving. Each year, nearly 200,000
households in Québec choose to move on this date, 100,000 of which are Montréal
169, 170
households.
This tradition most likely comes to us from Scotland, where every year on
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May 1 people were allowed to “break” their lease in order to find a new home. Scottish
immigrants continued this tradition when they settled in Québec. Moving day was eventually
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171
changed to July 1 to avoid disturbing the children’s school year.

In 2006, 183,360 Montréal residents moved, while staying on the island. According to
Statistics Canada, about 115,000 moves take place in Montréal each year. In 2006, 14.7% of the
172
Montréal population had moved the previous year.
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INDUSTRY
 Montréal has the largest bilingual labour force in Canada; over 50% of the population is
173
bilingual.

Montréal has a stable and highly qualified labour force: according to the 2006 census,
approximately 56% of Montréalers in the CMA of Montréal aged 15 and up have a post-secondary
174
diploma and about 27% are university graduates.

Montréal ranks 7th in North America for its concentration of jobs in the high-tech sector (that is,
the number of high technology jobs available versus the total employment in the region), ahead of
175
Toronto, Minneapolis and Phoenix.

Among the major cities in North America and G7 countries, the Montréal region offers the most
176
nd
competitive operating costs for companies. In 2013, the city ranked 2 among the 20 largest
177
North-American cities in terms of the competitiveness of corporate taxes, all sectors combined.

In 2014, KPMG’s Competitive Alternatives guide shows that Montréal’s operating costs, all sectors
combined, are 8.0% lower than those of the United States. This places the city ahead of 33 major
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
13
Canadian and American cities with a population of over 2 million people. In 2014, Montréal’s cost
advantage jumped from 5.2% in 2012 to 8.0% in 2014, which is due in part to the decline in the
178
Canadian dollar.

Research and Development:
o In 2010, Montréal ranked number one in Canada with regards to funds invested in
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sponsored university research.
o Montréal also ranks number one in Canada in terms of sums invested in university
180
research. In 2012, Montréal's largest universities managed a total of over $1.2 billion in
181
research funds.
182
o Montréal is also the Canadian city with the most university researchers. In 2012, the
183
city had a total of 5,848 researchers throughout all of its universities.
o With over 200 research centres and more than 1,500 institutions active in research and
development, in 2010, the agglomeration of Montréal was home to the largest research
184
complex in Canada.

High-tech sectors:
 In 2012, 7.2% of Montréal’s workforce is employed in high tech sectors. This rate
185
is comparable to those of San Diego and Dallas.
o Life Sciences and Health Technology (LSHT):
 In Metropolitan Montréal, more than 42,000 people are employed in the life
sciences sector in 600 different organizations, including some 300 public and
para-governmental research organizations; these organizations alone employ
186
over 12,000 researchers and professionals.
th
 Montréal ranks 6 among North-American cities for its concentration of
employment in the LSHT sector, with over 45,000 jobs in this sector.
 Montréal is one of the rare regions in the world that boasts two of the 100 best
universities in the world.
 Montréal offers a cost advantage of more than 14% in the LSHT sector,
compared with major competing cities.
o Aerospace Industry:
 Montréal is reputed for its expertise in the aerospace industry. The city is
particularly renowned for manufacturing, refurbishing and repairing airplane
187
engines, as well as for its expertise in avionics and landing gear.
 Montréal ranks second among the world’s aerospace capitals in terms of density
188
of employment. The city has over 43,500 workers employed by 215 companies.
 Montréal is Canada’s number one aerospace hub. 70% of the country’s research
and development, 55% of its sales and 50% of its workforce are concentrated in
the region. This sector represents an annual income of 12 billion dollars, and 80%
189
of its production is intended for export.
 The Montréal region is one of the few places in the world where almost all the
190
parts of an airplane are available within a 30-kilometre radius.
 Some of the most important international aerospace organizations are
headquartered in Montréal, including The International Civil Aviation Organization
(ICAO), the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and the International
191
Business Aviation Council (IBAC).
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 In 2012, Greater Montréal ranked 2 among North-American cities specializing in
192
aerospace for the competitiveness of its total operating costs.
193
o Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) :
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 In 2013, Greater Montréal ranked 3 among major North-American cities for its
concentration of employment in the Information and Communication
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
14



Technologies sector. This is an exceptionally dynamic sector, as it experienced a
4% increase between 2008 and 2009 despite the global economic downturn.
Between 2002 and 2012, the gross domestic product of the ICTs sector increased
by 25%, reaching nearly 10 billion dollars in 2012.
Some 5,000 private companies are located on the territory. Among these, 400 are
under foreign ownership. In total, over 90,000 people are employed in this sector
in Montréal, which represents over 8% of Montréal’s workforce.
Greater Montréal offers the most competitive operating costs in North America in
this sector.
LANGUAGE
194
 Montréal is the only francophone metropolis in North America.

Montréal is one of the rare cities in the world to be bilingual. Two major languages of
195
communication are used: English and French.

According to the 2011 census, 63.3% of the CMA of Montréal population is made up of native
French speakers; 11.6% of residents have English as their mother tongue, and 25.1% are
196
allophones.

Also according to the 2011 census, 53.3% of Montréalers (CMA) are fluent in both French and
English, representing the largest bilingual population in Canada. In comparison, only 7.6% of the
197
population of Toronto speaks both French and English.

In 2006, approximately 17.3% of the population was fluent in a third language.

In all, close to 80 languages are spoken in the Montréal region. According to the 2011 census, the
most common languages are, in order: French, English, Spanish, Arabic, Italian, Chinese and
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Romanian.
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MARINE TRANSPORT
 As the international port closest to North America's industrial heartland, the Port of Montréal is the
200
busiest container port on the Eastern seaboard.

The Port of Montréal is 1,600 kilometres from the Atlantic Ocean and has been open year round
th
201
since January 4 , 1964.

Every year, the Port of Montréal welcomes thousands of cruise ship passengers at its Iberville
marine terminal. In 2014, a total of 71,039 passengers, including 14,573 crew members, set foot
202
on the Port.

Every year, a Gold-Headed Cane is presented to the captain of the first ocean liner of the year to
reach port without a stopover. The tradition dates back to sometime around 1840. Until
203
approximately 1880, the prize offered was a top hat.

In 2013, the Port of Montréal received the Most Efficient Port Services award from the prestigious
204
Cruise Insight magazine.

In 2012, the Port of Montréal received four awards:
o For the first time, the Port of Montréal won the Most Responsive Port award, which
recognizes ports that respond the fastest and most efficiently to requests from cruise
shipping lines;
o For the third consecutive year, it also won the Best Turnaround Destination award, which
recognizes cruise destinations that offer passengers a superior welcome;
o For the second consecutive year, it won the Most Efficient Terminal Operator award,
which recognizes the most efficiently managed and operated cruise terminals; and,
o For a third year (2008, 2009 and 2011), it won the Best Turnaround Port Operations
award, which recognizes ports that stand out for the excellence of their cruise
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infrastructure.
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15
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MEDIA
 Montréal has four daily newspapers: three in French—La Presse, Le Devoir and Le Journal de
Montréal—and one in English—The Gazette, one of the oldest English-language newspapers in
North America.

There are also two free dailies, distributed from Monday to Friday, in Montréal: Métro, which is
available in close to 20 countries and its competitor, 24 Heures.

28 radio stations, including 9 in English and 4 in other languages, broadcast from the greater
Montréal area.

Several news agencies, including Agence France-Presse (AFP), and The Canadian Press, have
207
offices in Montréal.

Between January 1 , 2014 and October 1 , 2014, Montréal was the number one Québec tourist
destination that received the most publicity abroad. 58% of the media coverage on Québec
208
tourism is dedicated to the Montréal area alone.
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MONTRÉAL, INTERNATIONAL CITY
 Montréal, international city, is:
209
o 70 international organizations
nd
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o 2 most important consular city in North America, with 85 consulates general
211
o 20,000 foreign university students
212
o Over 120 ethnocultural communities
213
o More than 2,000 subsidiaries of foreign companies .

Montréal attracts more foreign students than any other Canadian city.

The Quartier international is a new urban space that was created in 2004 through a partnership
between the private and public sectors. The project represents an investment of over $90 million
and accounts for over 80% of employees in international organizations. This area is home to
Montréal’s Convention Centre (Palais des congrès) and to the headquarters of the Caisse de
215
dépot et placement du Québec.

Montréal is the civil aviation capital of Canada. The fact that it is home to the head offices of
three international organizations—the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the
International Air Transport Association (IATA) and the Société internationale des
telecommunications aéronautiques (SITA)—serves to consolidate its leadership position in that
regard. With ICAO, Montréal is the only Canadian city that is home to the head offices of a UN
217
organization.

Founded by the World Tourism Organization (WTO), a United Nations agency, the World Centre
of Excellence for Destinations opened in Montréal in 2007. The mission of this organization is to
research and create tools to promote sustainable tourism development for destinations around the
218
world.

The Global Campaign for Climate Action (GCCA) brings together over twenty of the most
important organizations from international civil society, including OXFAM, Greepeace and the
219
WWF. Its Secretariat was established in Montréal in 2009.

Montréal has more than one hundred International Finance Centres (IFCs). Financial groups from
the United States, France, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Greece, Tunisia, Lebanon and
220
Canada hold IFC certification.

In 2014, Montréal was ranked as the 10 most famous city in the world, according to a survey
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conducted by Forbes and the Reputation Institute.
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216
th
NEIGHBOURHOODS AND BOROUGHS
 On June 20, 2004, the referendum on the mergers and demergers of the different cities that make
up Montréal took place. On January 1, 2006, as prescribed by the Act respecting the consultation
of citizens with respect to the territorial reorganization of certain municipalities (adopted by the
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
16
National Assembly on December 18, 2003) and subsequent to the referendums of June 2004, 15
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former suburbs on the Island of Montréal were reconstituted.

The City of Montréal is comprised of 19 boroughs :
o Ahuntsic-Cartierville
o Anjou
o Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce
o Lachine
o LaSalle
o Le Plateau-Mont-Royal
o Le Sud-Ouest
o L’Île-Bizard–Sainte-Geneviève
o Mercier–Hochelaga-Maisonneuve
o Montréal-Nord
o Outremont
o Pierrefonds-Roxboro
o Rivière-des-Prairies–Pointe-aux-Trembles
o Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie
o Saint-Laurent
o Saint-Léonard
o Verdun
o Ville-Marie
o Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension

The island of Montréal (Montréal agglomeration) is made up of the city of Montréal and of these
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15 re-merged municipalities :
o Baie-d’Urfé
o Beaconsfield
o Côte-Saint-Luc
o Dollard-des-Ormeaux
o Dorval
o Hampstead
o Kirkland
o L’Île-Dorval
o Montréal-Est
o Montréal-Ouest
o Mont-Royal
o Pointe-Claire
o Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue
o Senneville
o Westmount

The main tourist districts of the Island of Montréal are
o Downtown
o Old Montréal/ Old Port
o Parc Jean-Drapeau
o Mount Royal and surrounding area
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Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
225
:
17
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
Plateau Mont-Royal
Hochelaga-Maisonneuve
Little Italy
The Village
Pôle des Rapides
West Island
The surrounding area
NIGHTLIFE
 Montréal is Canada’s nightlife capital. In 2012, Statistics Canada revealed that, of all major
Canadian cities, Montréal remains the most popular urban destination with foreign tourists for
going out to bars and/or nightclubs. In fact, 33.5% of foreign tourists visit a bar and/or nightclub
when they come to Montréal, placing the city ahead of Québec City (32.1%), Toronto (25.2%) and
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Vancouver (23.2%).

In November 2014, in Montréal’s tourist districts, there were 170 bars, or an average of 7.5 bars
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per km . In 2013, 97% of tourists who visited Montréal for pleasure, for two nights or more,
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declared themselves satisfied with the variety of bars and nightclubs they found here .

Montréal’s nightlife has a lot to offer. From microbreweries to discotheques, and cigar lounges to
electronic music clubs, not to mention the city’s traditional terraces, Montréal has something for
everyone.

Bars are open till 3 o’clock in the morning, but several after-hour clubs (without alcohol) stay open
all night long so partygoers can dance the night away!

It’s in five different neighbourhoods, each unique in its own way, that Montréal’s nightlife is at its
most intense:
o The Plateau Mont-Royal: The lively stomping grounds of artists and non-conformists,
young urban professionals and intellectuals, the Plateau is Montréal’s hippest and most
creative neighbourhood. Its cafés, bistros, bars and restaurants abound with a motley
crew of patrons that move to the beat of the latest trends. The area offers nearly 70
bars/bistros and 500 restaurants, most of which are located around Mont-Royal
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Avenue.
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o The Quartier Latin: In the early 19 century, Montréal’s francophone bourgeoisie first
established itself in the Quartier Latin. Today, as home to the Université du Québec à
Montréal (UQAM), the Collège du Vieux-Montréal and a number of major cultural
institutions, the neighbourhood vibrates with the vitality of student life. The area boasts
some 15 different spots where friends and colleagues can meet for a drink in a casual
atmosphere.
o The Village: Gay-friendly doesn’t begin to describe Montréal, a city founded on cultural
diversity where different lifestyles are not only accepted, but nurtured. Naturally, Montréal
is home to one of the largest gay communities in the world. And visitors here will always
feel safe and respected. The Village is a very animated district that boasts some 35 bars
to party at. Gay or straight, you’ll always be welcome in the Village!
o Crescent Street: This festive street, between René-Lévesque and Maisonneuve
boulevards, is home to an array of festivals, events and street shows. Crescent is
legendary for its “terrasses”, trendy restaurants, gourmet cuisine and its nightlife. Patrons
can choose from several lively restaurants and discotheques, trendy Irish pubs and a little
over 25 bars.
o Saint-Laurent Boulevard: The Montréal “Main” is where it’s at. With more than 60 bars,
resto-bars, discotheques and lounges between Sherbrooke Street and Mont-Royal
Avenue, St-Laurent Boulevard is another of Montréal’s nightlife hot spots.
o McGill Street: A magnificent stretch of heritage and style located in the west-end of Old
Montréal, McGill Street is lined with magnificent institutional and office buildings, trendy
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18
hotels (W and the Hôtel St-Paul) and some 40 boutiques, restaurants, and bars – some
even with terraces in the summer. In fact, McGill Street has welcomed a multitude of chic
new restaurants and bars in the last few years, making it one of the most popular nightlife
venues for Montréalers.

A number of other Montréal neighbourhoods – Villeray, Petite-Patrie, Rosemont, Griffintown, Little
Italy and Hochelaga-Maisonneuve, among others – also boast a number of hip watering holes.
However, as these lively bars are off the beaten tracks, they attract a mostly local crowd.

In November 2014, the Montréal agglomeration had a total of 3,900 restaurants and 430 bars,
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taverns and breweries, which employed a total of 52,800 people.

In 2014, Montréal was tied for 5 place in CNN’s top 10 nightlife cities, along with Barcelona and
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London.
th
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POPULATION
 In 2011, the Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) of Montréal recorded 3,824,211 residents, making it
nd
the 2 largest CMA in Canada after Toronto.

In 2013, the population of the Montréal agglomeration (island) was 1,959,987, an increase of 1%
over 2012.

The population of the city of Montréal was 1,649,519 residents in 2011, an increase of 1.8% over
2006.

In 2011, close to half of Québec’s population (48%) lived in the Montréal CMA. As for the island of
Montréal, it is home to 23% of Québec households.
PUBLIC SAFETY
 The low homicide rate and decrease in violent crimes in Montréal make the city one of the safest
metropolises in North America. In 2012, there were 1.2 homicides per 100,000 residents in
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Montréal, compared with 1.4 in Toronto and 1.5 in Vancouver. As for the United States, in 2009,
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there were 5.6 homicides per 100,000 residents in New York and 16.1 in Chicago.

The number of homicides in the metropolitan region stood at 28 in 2013 and declined by 20%,
235
compared to 2012. This is the city’s lowest rate since 1967.
Number of homicides from 2002 to 2013
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
47
42
41
35
43
42
29
31
37
35
35
28

The rate of hate crimes is also one of the lowest among Canada’s 10 major cities. In 2012, 2 hate
crimes per 100,000 people were reported in Montréal, compared to 5 in Toronto and 5 in
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Vancouver.

The Montréal metro system is one of the safest in the world. This is due in part to the presence of
over 100 police officers who patrol the metro and bus network every day, 24 hours a day, seven
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days a week.

In all, 95,345 criminal offences were reported in Montréal in 2013, a decrease of 24.9% since
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2009.

In 2013, crimes against a person decreased by 20.9% since 2009. During the same period,
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crimes against property decreased by 27.3%.
QUALITY OF LIFE
 In 2015, The Economist ranked Montreal as the second best place in the world to live. The ratings
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used an index of indexes, including safety, cost of living, business, and democracy.

A Léger Marketing poll conducted in 2011 found that, out of all Canadians, Montréalers are the
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most appreciative of their city's quality of life.
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
19

In 2010, Montréal ranked 2

The quality of life that Montréal offers is recognized internationally. In 2014, Montréal was ranked
rd
23 out of 223 world cities in a quality of life survey conducted by Mercer Human Resources
Consulting. The results of the survey take into account 39 quality of life determinants, specifically
the political, economic and sociocultural factors, the environment, public services, transportation
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and entertainment.

Montréal placed 24
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cities.

In 2012, the UN ranked Canada 11 in the world on the Human Development Index (HDI). The
index is based on three main indicators: life expectancy, access to education and standard of
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living.

According to the Union des Banques Suisses (UBS) in 2012, Montréalers have an average of 13
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paid days off per year.

While US employers are not obliged to grant paid holidays to their employees, Québec employees
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have the right to a minimum of two paid weeks of vacation per year.

According to the Union des Banques Suisses (UBS) in 2012, Montréalers worked an average of
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1,783 hours per year, less than the international average of 1,915 hours per year.

The city of Montréal boasts a network of 19 major parks for a total of 2,000 hectares of green
space. A favourite spot for relaxing and playing, these parks are great for recreational,
educational, cultural, sports and outdoor activities as well as a great venue for major public
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events.

The borough of Ville-Marie alone has and is responsible for the maintenance of 129 parks, mini
parks and green spaces which contribute to the quality of life of its citizens. There are some
112,000 trees growing in these green spaces, of which 104,000 are located in Mount Royal
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Park.

According to Walk Score, Montréal is Canada's 3 most walkable city.

In 2014, according to the Rough Guides tourist site, Montréal was ranked as the third friendliest
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city in the world, after Dublin in second, and Glasgow in first place.
th
nd
in Lonely Planet’s list of the World’s 10 Happiest Places.
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in British magazine Monocle's 2012 ranking of the world's most liveable
th
rd
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RELIGIOUS PATRIMONY
 Montréal is home to close to 500 places of worship built before 1975, Roman Catholic and
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Protestant for the most part, but also Jewish, Islamic, and Buddhist, among others.

Notre-Dame Basilica:
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o Montréal’s first parish church was built in 1672.
o A new church was erected south of this first church between 1824 and 1829. In 1830, the
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original church was destroyed, opening up space for the Place d’Armes.
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o The church was raised to the rank of a minor basilica in 1982.
o The basilica has long been the largest house of worship in North America, all faiths
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combined.
o The Notre-Dame-des-Neiges cemetery is affiliated with the Notre-Dame Basilica. Located
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on Mount Royal, it is the largest in Canada and third largest in North America.

Mary, Queen of the World Cathedral-Basilica:
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o The seat of the Roman-Catholic archdiocese in Montréal;
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o The third largest church in Québec;
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o Is a scale model of Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome;
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o Constructed between 1870 and1894.

Saint Joseph’s Oratory:
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o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
Saint Joseph’s Oratory was founded in 1904 by Brother André and was originally a small
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chapel. After several additions and expansions, the basilica was inaugurated in 1967.
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It has a seating capacity of 2,200.
The basilica’s dome is the third largest of its kind after Our Lady of Peace of
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Yamoussoukro (Ivory Coast) and Saint Peter’s Basilica (Rome).
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It is the largest church in Canada.
The basilica welcomed Pope Jean-Paul II in 1984, Mother Teresa in 1988 and the Dalaï
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Lama in 1993.
It is the most important pilgrimage site dedicated to Saint Joseph.
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The Oratory receives over 1.5 million visitors per year.
There are 283 steps from the square in front of the basilica to the street, 99 of which are
made of wood and are reserved for prayer; they are also used by pilgrims who wish to
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make the ascent on their knees.
The Saint Joseph’s Oratory set of bells includes 56 bronze bells and is one of the largest
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sets in North America.

Brother André was declared venerable in 1978, was beatified in 1982, and was formally
canonized in October 2010. He is the second well-known Québécois saint after Sainte Marguerite
d’Youville. Eight Canadian martyrs, of which six were Jesuit priests, as well as Marguerite
Bourgeoys, all born in France and died in Canada, were canonized before Brother André. Brother
André (André Bessette) was born in 1845 and died in 1937. Hundreds of people attribute their
miraculous recovery to him, even after his death. Brother André’s heart is preserved in a reliquary
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in the Oratory. Kateri Tekakwitha, who lived the last three years of her life in Kahnawake near
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Montréal, was also canonized in October 2012.

Built between 1684 and 1687, the Saint-Sulpice Seminary is the oldest building in Montréal’s
borough of Ville-Marie. The Society of Priests of Saint-Sulpice has been the sole owner since its
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construction.

Erected between 1843 and 1847, St. Patrick’s Basilica has been declared a historical monument
and designated a national historic site. St. Patrick’s congregation is made up largely of loyal
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anglophone catholic followers, namely of Irish origin. Several other Montréal churches as well
as the cemeteries of Notre-Dame-des-Neiges and Mount Royal have also been classified as
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historical monuments.

Québec’s Religious Patrimony Council took inventory of Québec houses of worship. The
evaluation of the patrimonial value of these locations was equally evaluated according to their
historical and symbolic value, the value of their art as well as the interior and exterior architecture.
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The places deemed definitely worth a visit are as follows :
Tradition
Construction
year
La-Visitation-de-la-Bienheureuse-Vierge-Marie Church
Catholic
1749
Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours Chapel
Catholic
1771
Notre-Dame Basilica
Catholic
1824
Sainte-Geneviève Church
Catholic
1843
Saint-Patrick’s Basilica
Catholic
1843
Saint-Pierre-Apôtre Church
Catholic
1851
Christ Church Cathedral
Anglican
1856
Saint-George’s Church
Anglican
1869
Mary, Queen of the World Cathedral-Basilica
Catholic
1870
Name
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Tradition
Construction
year
Saint-James’ Church
United
1887
Erskine and American Church
United
1893
La Citadelle-Salvation Army Church
Evangelical
1906
St. Joseph’s Oratory of Mount Royal
Catholic
1924
Presbyterian
1931
Name
Saint-Andrew and Saint-Paul’s Church
RESTAURANTS
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 In November 2014, Montréal's tourist districts had a total of 66.3 restaurants per km .

5,726 licenses in the food service industry were issued in Montréal in 2013, which represents
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27.7% of all the licenses in the industry in the province of Québec.

According to the Régie des alcools, des courses et des jeux, Montréal had 375 Bring Your Own
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Wine (BYOW) restaurants in October 2014.

In 2012, a survey conducted by the Union de Banques Suisses (UBS) on “Prices and Earnings”
th
among 72 world cities revealed that Montréal ranked 30 worldwide for the cost of a restaurant
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meal, with the highest ranking being for the most expensive city.

In November 2012, Tourisme Montréal launched the first edition of MTL à TABLE. Over 140
restaurants throughout the city took part in the 2014 edition, offering prix-fixe menus at $19, $29
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and $39.

After a 6-decade long ban, in March 2013, the City of Montréal finally gave the green light to street
food. Since then, a street food pilot project was implemented and re-conducted in 2014. In 2014,
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29 trucks shared 15 sites identified by the City of Montréal.

Each year, Montréal is host to the MONTRÉAL EN LUMIÈRE festival, which features three
components: culture, gourmet food and outdoor activities. In 2014, the festival celebrated its
fifteenth anniversary, offering a unique series of culinary events. The fine dining program of the
Festival has positioned itself as one of North America’s most important gourmet events,
reinforcing Montréal’s notoriety as a gastronomic destination as well as the enviable reputation of
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its chefs.

In 2014, the MONTRÉAL EN LUMIÈRE festival was listed in National Geographic’s Best Winter
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Trips 2015.

Following in Lyon’s footsteps, Montréal joined the Network of Good Food Cities of the World in
September 2007. Aside from Montréal, the member cities of this select network are: Aarhus,
Barcelona, Birmingham, Bordeaux, Brussels, Cape Winelands, Chicago, Gothenburg, Helsinki,
İzmir, Lausanne, Leipzig, Lisbonne, Lyon, Madrid, Osaka, Puebla, Rabat, Riga, Saint Louis,
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Stavanger and Turin.

In 2014, Thrillist ranked Montréal as the 13 best food city in the world.

In 2014, the Chocolate Academy, a network with 16 locations across the world, opened a location
in Montréal with a new concept and six distinctive spaces: a chocolate workshop, a creative
studio, a tasting room to indulge the senses, a bar area, an open space, and an auditorium. The
Montréal Chocolate Academy aims to provide a modern and spacious location where
professionals and individuals can enrich their knowledge of such fine arts as chocolate, pastries,
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ice cream, and pairings.
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SPORTS AND LEISURE
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 In Montréal, the major professional sporting teams are the following :
o Hockey – Montréal Canadiens and Montréal Stars (women’s team)
o Football – Montréal Alouettes
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
22
o
o
Soccer – Montréal Impact
Ultimate Frisbee – Montréal Royal

Montréal has 3 varsity football teams :
o The Concordia Stingers;
o The McGill Redmen;
o The Université de Montréal’s Carabins.

Montréal’s major sporting events are :
o Formula One Grand Prix du Canada
o The Rogers Cup Montréal
o Féria du vélo de Montréal
o Oasis de Montréal International Marathon
o Grand Prix Cycliste Pro tour de Montréal

Hockey:
o According to the International Ice Hockey Federation, hockey was born in Montréal when
rd
on March 3 , 1875 the very first hockey game in the world was played at the Victoria rink
291
in Montréal. The game apparently ended in a fight.
292
o The Canadian Amateur Hockey Association came into existence in 1886 in Montréal.
o The Montréal Canadiens Hockey Club has won the Stanley Cup 24 times since the turn of
the century, making it the second most successful championship sports team in the world
293
after the New York Yankees baseball team, which has won 27 World Series.
294
o The Montréal Canadiens Hockey Club celebrated 100 years of hockey in 2009.
o In 2010, following the Canadiens victory over the Penguins for the Eastern conference
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semi-final, 50,000 enthusiastic Habs fans took over downtown Montréal.

Soccer
o In 2013, Montréal counted some 41,000 soccer players, making soccer the most played
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federated sport in Québec.
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o In 2012, the Montréal Impact became a Major League Soccer franchise.

Automobile sport:
o Run since 1978 on the track on Montréal’s Île Notre-Dame, the Grand Prix of Canada is
one of the favourite races of the season for Formula One fans. In 2009, Montréal was not
included on the world championship racing calendar, but much to the delight of all fans,
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the only race on Canadian soil returned in 2010. Since then, approximately 300,000
299
spectators each year have attended this Grand Prix of Canada event.

Golf:
o
289
290
o
o
o

In 2007, Montréal hosted the prestigious Presidents Cup, a biennial competition which
pits the United States against the rest of the world (excluding Europe) in a team
300
tournament.
There are 60 public and private golf courses, all members of Golf Québec, located within
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a 40 km radius of Montréal.
Montréal is home to the very first golf club in North America—the Royal Montréal.
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Founded in 1873 on Mount Royal, the club is now located on Île Bizard in Montréal.
From 2010 to 2013, Montréal hosted a tournament on the PGA Championship circuit. The
303
Champions Tour is comprised of professional golfers aged 50+ years.
Surfing:
o There are a few places to surf in Montréal. About 500 surf enthusiasts regularly tackle the
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waves close to the Habitat 67 housing complex and the Lachine Rapids.
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
23
o
o

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The Habitat 67 wave, a standing wave, can reach 6 feet (1.82 metres) in height. Corran
306
Addison, an Olympic kayaker, was the first to ever surf this wave in 2001.
Near Lasalle in the Lachine Rapids, beginners can try their hand at the so-called "Vague
à Guy". The Lachine Rapids themselves are reserved for experienced surfers as they are
307
quite dangerous.
Others:
o Every year, Montréal's Jarry Park hosts the Rogers Cup, a Masters 1000 event on the
Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) tour. Alternating with Toronto, the women’s
competitions take place in even-numbered years and the men’s competitions, in odd308
numbered years.
o Established in 1863, the Lachine Rowing Club is the oldest operating rowing club in North
309
America.
o Since 2013, Montréal has been hosting a competition of the Circuit Québécois de Canot à
Glace (Québec Ice Canoe Circuit). The icy St. Lawrence River has been crossed by
th
canoe since the beginning of the colony in the 17 century. In Montréal, ice canoe river
th
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crossings date back to the late 19 century.
o Within a 100-kilometre (62 mile) radius of the city, Montréalers have access to 16 downhill
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ski runs.
o Surrounded by the St. Lawrence River, Montréal is a paradise for water-sports
enthusiasts, who can enjoy some 325 islands. For its part, the Montréal agglomeration
312
has 315 kilometres of river banks, 131 of which have public access.
o Montréal has 74 public pools, not counting wading pools and municipal water parks,
which works out to one pool for every 22 540 Montréalers. Among cities with a population
of over 1 million, only Philadelphia surpasses the city in terms of pools per number of
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inhabitants. What's more, in many neighbourhoods, pool access is free.
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o The Saint Lawrence teems with over 100 species of fish. According to the COURDO
program, in 2011 the water quality in the stretch of river between downtown and Montréal
East was good to excellent. That same year, QUALO program stations reported that the
water between those same two locations was suitable for water contact activities, such as
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swimming.
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Food and urban agriculture
 Montréal’s urban agriculture is flourishing. Lufa Farms is the world's first commercial rooftop farm,
2
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with over 40 varieties growing year-round in over 31,000 ft of greenhouses. In 2013, a second
greenhouse was built. In addition to numerous private initiatives, a number of companies (such as
the Palais des congrès) have set up their own green roof to provide a local source of produce. In
2015, it was estimated that approximately 128.2 hectares were devoted to urban agriculture in
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Montréal.

In addition to the rooftop garden, planted in 2011, Fairmont the Queen Elizabeth installed bee
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hives in 2012. The hotel grows over 70 varieties of fruits, vegetables and herbs and has 6
beehives. Fairmont the Queen Elizabeth garnered attention for this innovative project in 2014 and
also distinguished itself at the Gala de reconnaissance en environnement et développement
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durable de Montréal.

The Space for Life museum complex has also implemented a number of green initiatives.
Upcoming ones include an urban garden, to be planted in the next few years on the Grande Place
that connects the complex's four institutions, and the greening of the Insectarium's roof and walls.

Launched by Destination Centre-Ville towards the end of summer 2014, the alleyway market
allows visitors and locals to buy fresh fruit and vegetables downtown, in one of the alleyways
adjacent to Sainte-Catherine Street. The project was a huge success and could be repeated in
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2015.
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
24

Launched in the summer of 2011, in Montréal’s Centre-Sud neighborhood, Fruixi is a mobile
service that sells local produce and hosts workshops and activities on eco-nutrition. Owing its
outreach to its mobile nature, the organization now conducts its activity in the Ville-Marie, Plateau321
Mont-Royal, Hochelaga-Maisonneuve, and Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie boroughs.

After much strategic thinking, Montréal’s Conférence régionale des élus (CRÉ) and its partners
elaborated a plan for the development of a sustainable and fairly traded food system destined to
the Montréal community. Based on a clear, inclusive vision, The “Plan de développement SAM
2025” identifies 5 major targets and 14 specific lines of action to contribute to the evolution of all
four sectors of Montréal’s food system—production, transformation, distribution, and
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consumption.

In July 2013, Tourisme Montréal created a directory of Montréal’s sustainable restaurants. The
list, which included 19 restaurants and 2 caterers in 2014, identifies restaurants who apply
sustainable practices, based on a set of criteria developed by Viatao, Tourisme Montréal’s partner
323
for the project.
Certifications

In 2015, in Montréal, 49 hotels were certified by the Green Key program, a progressive evaluation
324
system developed by the Hotel Association of Canada. The Association Hôtellerie Québec has
also implemented a sustainability recognition program, the PRDD (“Programme de
reconnaissance en développement durable”), which is specifically dedicated to the hotel industry.
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In Montréal, seven hotels have received the program’s RéserVert certification.

Since 2014, all members of the Small Hotels Association of Montréal either have the RéserVert or
326
Green Key certification.

In 2015, 155 commercial buildings in Montréal were awarded the BOMA BESt certification.
Developed by the Building Owners and Managers Association (BOMA) of Canada, this national
327
award and environmental certification program is destined to existing commercial buildings.

As of 2014, 74 Montréal buildings were LEED certified: of those, five are rated Platinum, 36 are
328
rated Gold, and 33 are rated Silver. 144 other buildings are in the process of being certified.

In 2009, the Port of Montréal officially received the Green Marine certification. This evaluation
329
proves that the Port of Montréal’s performance exceeds the requirements of current regulations.
Festivals

In 2012, during Montréal’s festival season, Consortium Écho-Logique, a social economy
enterprise specializing in waste management on event sites, diverted 200 tons of recyclable
materials from landfills. In total, Consortium Écho-Logique’s services were used for 90 special
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events located in 8 regions of Québec. Of these 90 events, 75 took place in Montréal.

In 2013-2014, 10 festivals benefiting from Tourisme Montréal’s Event Assistance Program joined
the Club TRIBU project. Created by Tourisme Montréal in partnership with Takt-etik, this program
aims to help companies implement tangible projects focusing on sustainability within their
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organization.
Rankings
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 In 2011, Montréal ranked third among Canadian cities for its efforts to address climate change.

In 2009, Montréal was ranked one of the five greenest cities by TreeHugger.com, a well-known
333
website providing central and reliable information on sustainability.

Montréal is the first city in the world to have signed the National Geographic Society’s geotourism
charter. This important recognition highlights Montréal’s constant commitment towards the
effective management of sustainable tourist development. Thus, in June 2009, Tourisme Montréal
and the City of Montréal launched the very first geotourism map and guide of the Island of
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Montréal.
In addition, Géotourisme, a magazine published yearly since 2010, presents
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Montréal’s unique and exceptional features, as seen by Montréalers. The magazine is available in
335
paper and electronic formats and also has a mobile platform.

In 2007, Montréal became the first city in the French-speaking world to be officially designed as a
Regional Centre of Expertise for education on sustainable development. Granted by the United
th
Nations University, the title was announced during the 8 Colloque de Montréal en éducation
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relative à l’environnement.
Transport

In 2009, the City of Montréal was honoured with a Climatic Leadership Award for its
Transportation Plan. This award underlines the best initiatives to fight climate change. Montréal
won the award for:
o Its commitment to reduce 30% of the city’s greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 as
compared to 1990;
o Adopting a complete and detailed transportation plan;
o Its opposition to projects that would result in an increase or would develop the use of
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automobiles.

In 2013, the STM deployed a new Sustainable Development Plan and signed a Sustainability
Commitment with the American Public Transportation Association (APTA). In effect until 2020, the
new Sustainable Development Plan aims to improve the current environmental management
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system based on the ISO 14001 standard.

In 2013, the STM and Nova Bus signed a partnership agreement to a test conductive quickcharging system. Three all-electric buses will undergo a non-passenger testing phase in 2015,
and then be tested with the STM’s clientele from 2015 to 2018. This makes Montréal the first
North-American city to take part in Volvo’s City Mobility program, which is geared towards
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improving energy efficiency and reducing emission rates.

In 2010 and again in 2011, the STM received the Special Merit Award for Commitment to the
Environment at the International MetroRail convention in London. This award recognizes the
leadership exhibited by the STM with regards to sustainable development and the strategy
implemented to position public transportation as a wise environmental decision for the
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population.

The Montréal metro (subway) is also considered to leave the lowest carbon footprints in the
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world.

Since May 2009, Montréal has been offering the BIXI bike sharing service, which allows users to
rent a bike at a station, use it as a means of transportation, and return it at any of the network’s
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stations.

Since 2000, Montréal’s airport is certified to ISO 14001 for its environmental management system,
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which underwent a recertification audit in 2013.

To read about more sustainable transport initiatives, refer to the Active Transportation and Urban
Transportation sections.
Urban planning

Since 1997, Montréal has developed nearly a hundred green alleys. Initiated by voluntary citizens,
the “Ruelles vertes” project finds local residents renaturalizing Montréal’s back alleys to reclaim
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these spaces and improve the quality of urban life.

Inaugurated in October 2011, the Centre for Sustainable Development houses the offices of
various Québec environmental and social organizations. It also hosts an interpretation centre on
sustainable building and several conference rooms. Located on Sainte-Catherine Street within a
LEED Platinum certified building, the Centre acts as a sustainable development hub in the heart
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of the city.

To read about more green architecture initiatives, refer to the Architecture section.
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Tourism industry

Striving to address the major environmental issues facing the tourism industry, Tourisme Montréal
has been making an ambitious green shift in collaboration with various actors of the tourism
industry.
o In 2009, Tourisme Montréal oversaw the creation of Montréal’s Tourism Industry Green
Committee and three-fold Green Plan, with a vision to secure Montréal’s reputation as
one of North America’s best tourist destinations in terms of integrating environmental
practices.
o The Green Plan has been implemented since 2011 and is updated every two years. The
plan is designed to support the tourism industry’s efforts towards sustainable
development, communicating good practices, giving visibility to actors involved and
promoting the industry’s green approach towards professional associations and large
organizations.
Economy

A joint venture of the Montréal Exchange and Chicago Climate Exchange, the Montréal Climate
Exchange (MCeX) is a financial institution offering companies the flexibility to adjust to current
environmental issues at a lower cost, while encouraging them to reduce their greenhouse gas
emissions. The MCeX is a powerful tool in the fight against climate change. Its mission is to
provide a transparent, honest and ethical marketplace to trade contracts related to air pollutant
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and greenhouse gas emissions
TOURISM
 Montréal is Canada’s second most popular city after Toronto for the number of visitors that the city
welcomes every year. In 2012, approximately 26,625,000 people came to Montréal, of which
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8,956,000 were tourists (stays of 24 hours and longer).

Approximately 24,300 hotel rooms were available in the Montréal CMA in 2015.

The average price of a short stay in Montréal (including two meals with wine, a one-night stay at
the hotel for two people, a rental car (100 km) or public transportation and taxis and a few out-ofpocket costs (soft cover books, telephone calls, etc.) is approximately CAD 720. As such,
rd
st
Montréal ranks 43 internationally among 72 cities (with 1 place going to the least expensive
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city) for the price of a short stay, according to a 2012 Union des Banques Suisses (UBS) study.
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TRIVIA
 It is not known how Sainte-Catherine Street got its name, but a number of hypotheses have been
put forward: the street may have been named in honour of Catherine de Bourbonnais (1749th
1805), who lived on the street in the 18 century, or it may have been named after CatherineElizabeth, adopted daughter of Jacques Viger, the first mayor of Montréal, or it may bear the
350
name of the old country road that led to the Convent of the Sisters of Notre Dame.

In 1792, Saint-Laurent Boulevard, a road that bisects the island, became the dividing line between
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the city’s eastern and western sections.

Approximately 30 antique shops line Notre-Dame Street West between Peel and Atwater, an area
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known as Antique Alley.

According to some forty influential Montréal personalities, the 15 symbols that most define
Montréal are:
o Mount Royal
o The outdoor staircases of plexes
o The Jacques Cartier Bridge and St. Lawrence River
o The Montréal Canadiens
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o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
Olympic Stadium
Bagels
Buckminster Fuller’s geodesic dome (Biosphère)
Quartier des spectacles
Orange Julep
Place Ville Marie
Habitat 67
Poutine
Bixi
The Farine Five Roses sign
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Old Montréal.

For Montréalers, the five symbols that most define their city are, in order:
o Outdoor staircases;
o Olympic Stadium;
o The Montréal Canadiens ice hockey club;
o Old Montréal;
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o The Mount Royal cross.

Established in 1854, the Notre-Dame-des-Neiges Cemetery on Mount Royal is Canada’s largest
rd
cemetery and the 3 largest in North America, with an area of 1.39 km 2. Approximately 55 km of
routes and pathways crisscross the cemetery, which is the final resting place for over one million
355
people.

Montréal has an authentic Guimard metro grille. A gift from the Régie autonome des transports
parisiens to mark Expo 67, the metro grille (similar to the ones in Paris) was installed in 1967 at
the Square-Victoria station entrance, near the Montréal Exchange tower in the Quartier
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international.

Montréal has approximately 1,200,000 public trees.

Montréal is famous for its bagels, poutine and smoked meat. Montréal bagels are different from
New York and Toronto bagels in that they are made with eggs and are baked in wood ovens. In
comparison, New York bagels are made with water and are spongy, while Toronto bagels are
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usually baked in gas ovens.

The ruelle des Fortifications at the World Trade Centre is home to a piece of the Berlin Wall,
th
359
which the German city gave to Montréal to mark the 350 anniversary of its founding.

Montréal is one of the only major Canadian cities completely surrounded by water.

After Halifax, Montréal has the largest number of Titanic victims buried in its cemeteries—12 in
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all.

John Lennon and Yoko Ono held their legendary Bed-In from May 26 to June 2 1969 in Suite
1742 at Fairmont The Queen Elizabeth hotel in downtown Montréal. There, surrounded by
celebrities such as Tommy Smothers, Timothy and Rosemary Leary and Petula Clark, they wrote
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the peace anthem, “Give Peace a Chance.”

The cross on Mount Royal was built in 1924 in remembrance of the events of December 25 ,
1642, when a flood threatened to wash away the early French colony. On January 6, 1643, Paul
de Chomedey, Sieur de Maisonneuve, carried a cross by himself to the top of the mountain to
give thanks to God for sparing Ville-Marie from the floodwaters. Fibre-optic lighting, installed when
th
363
Montréal celebrated its 350 anniversary, now illuminates the cross.

The first car accident in Montréal occurred on Saturday, August 11, 1906 on Sainte-Catherine
364
Street, claiming the life of one person—Antoine Toutant.

Measuring a full 50 kilometres in length, Gouin Boulevard is the longest street in Montréal.
357
360
th
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
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365

Montréal is considered the official balcony capital, with more than one and a half million balconies
366
(71% of metropolitan area residents have at least one).

Following a winter snowstorm, the city of Montréal has more than 4,100 kilometres of streets and
367
6,550 kilometres of sidewalks to clear.

152 Montréal streets include the word “Saint” in their name.

8% of the residents of the Plateau neighbourhood declare themselves as artists on their tax
369
returns. This is 10 times the Canadian average of 0.8%.

A young Frenchman by the name of Asseline de Ronval was the first tourist to visit Montréal in
370
1662.

The Montréal melon is a green melon with a nutmeg taste that has been cultivated on the island of
th
Montréal since the 1700’s. In the 20 century, it became very popular with Americans and was
very expensive at the time ($1.50 for one slice, the same as the cost of a piece of steak at the
371
time).

In 1884, Montréaler Marcellus Gilmore Edson decided to patent peanut butter.
368
372
UNDERGROUND PEDESTRIAN NETWORK
 In 2007, National Geographic ranked Montréal’s Underground Pedestrian Network number one in
373
its top 10 list of the world’s best underground walking “tours”.

Montréal’s underground pedestrian city connects:
o 63 buildings;
o 43 indoor parking areas;
o 4,582 rooms in 9 hotels;
o 8 metro stations;
o 5 train stations and termini;
o 10 university buildings;
o 32 km of underground corridors;
o 2,000 businesses;
o movie theatres and other entertainment venues;
o the Musée d’art contemporain;
o the Musée Grévin;
o the Bell Centre;
374
o convention centres and exhibition space.

More than 500,000 people use the underground network every day.

The underground city can be accessed through 190 different entrances.
375
376
URBAN TRANSPORTATION
 Public transportation:
o Public transportation has changed a great deal since the first tram cars were pulled by
horses along Notre-Dame Street. Metro construction began in 1962 and, four years later,
the first metro car rolled along the tracks. Since then, lines have been added and
377
extended, with the most recent addition being three new stations in 2007.
o The Société de transport de Montréal (STM) serves the Island of Montréal. The city’s
public transportation system consists of five commuter train lines, four metro lines with 68
stations and 1,746 buses covering 220 routes, including 209 buses with wheelchair
378
access.
o The Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) operates 5 commuter train lines covering
204 kilometres, one express city bus, 16 terminals, 61 park-and-ride areas that include
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
29
o
o
30,731 parking spaces and 20 reserved lanes for a total of 85.2 kilometres of reserved
379
lanes in the metropolitan Montréal region.
 Municipalities to the west, northwest and southwest of the Island of Montréal are
linked to downtown Montréal by five commuter trains. These trains
(Montréal/Deux-Montagnes, Montréal/Vaudreuil-Hudson, Montréal/Blainville-StJérôme, Montréal/Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Montréal/Candiac) are completely
integrated into the STM bus and metro system.
380
Montréal's metro is considered to have one of the lowest carbon footprints in the world.
In 2011, the Champ-de-Mars station was named one of the world's most beautiful metro
381
stations.

Although the number of cars on Montréal roads increased by 6% between 2003 and 2008, that
same period saw a decrease in car usage. Montréal residents also increased their use of public
382
transportation by 10%.

The Montréal taxi industry in 2011 :
o Number of taxi license owners in Montréal: 4,437
o Number of taxi drivers in Montréal: 10,861, of which roughly 1.2% are women
o Average age of drivers (male and female): 50 years old
o Cost of a taxi ride:
 Cost at the start of a ride: $3.45
 Taximeter rate: $1.70 per kilometre
 Cost for waiting: 63 cents per minute
o In the City of Montréal, there are 269 taxis for every 100,000 residents.
th
o Montréal ranks 49 out of 73 cities worldwide for the cost of a 5-kilometre taxi ride in an
urban area during the day with tip included, first place going to the most inexpensive
384
city.

Montréal has 7 freeways and 18 bridges/tunnels allowing motorists to access and to leave the
385
island.

In 2011, Montréal ranked 1 among international cities for the least painful commute, according to
386
a global survey performed by IBM. In 2010, 47% of Montréalers reported taking less than 30
387
minutes to get to their office or school.
383
st
VIDEO GAMES
 Greater Montréal is known for its dynamic video game sector. The increasing overlap of the video
388
game and film industries has also considerably strengthened the development of the latter.

Montréal boasts Canada’s only research chair on artificial intelligence for video games. Affiliated
with the Université de Montréal, the NSERC-Ubisoft Industrial Chair on Learning Representations
389
for Immersive Video Games was created in 2011.

In 2010, Warner Bros Games, a subsidiary of Warner Bros, settled in Montréal. In 2012, the studio
created the game Batman Arkham City for Wii. The company plans to employ 500 people by
390
2018.

In 1997, Ubisoft opened a studio in Montréal. In 2014, Ubisoft Montréal, who designed such
popular games as Assassin's Creed, Prince of Persia and Watch Dogs, was crowned Studio of
391
the Year at the Golden Joystick Awards in London.

Assassin’s Creed, one of the most profitable games ever made, was produced in Montréal.
Montréal is indeed considered to be one of the world’s biggest centres for video game
392
production.

Montréal boasts an enviable reputation throughout the world for its video game sector. In 2014,
Cloudcade, a California start-up specializing in mobile gaming, announced the opening of a studio
393
in Greater Montréal.
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30
VISUAL AND SPECIAL EFFECTS
 Montréal is strengthening its position as a global creativity and innovation centre in the visual
effects sector. In 2013, there was a substantial increase in the number of contracts, foreign
394
productions and plans carried out in Québec, compared to 2012.

Today, Montréal is internationally renowned as a leader in visual effects expertise. In fact, in
February 2012, Montréal launched the seventh section of the Visual Effects Society, a non-profit
society dedicated to advancing the arts, sciences, and applications of visual effects and to
395
improving the welfare of its members.

On average, Montréal secures between 30 to 50 special effects contracts for big-budget movies
396
per year, each worth approximately 5 to 6 million dollars.

There are 50 cutting-edge film studios in Montréal, including one of the largest ones in North
2
2
America: Studio H at Mel’s Cité du cinema, which spans 36,500 ft (3 346 m ) and is located five
397
minutes away from downtown Montréal.

In 2013, Framestore, one of the three biggest animation and visual effects studios for the
television and film industry, settled in Montréal to serve its primarily Hollywood and New York
clientele. In early January 2014, Cinesite, a British company specializing in special effects for film,
opened a studio in Montréal. Its first mandate consisted of designing the special effects of The
Man from U.N.C.L.E., directed by Guy Ritchie. Moving Picture Company also settled in Montréal
398
in February 2013.

On September 25 2014, Atomic Fiction, a California-based company known throughout the world
for its work on such productions as Star Trek Into Darkness, Transformers: Age of Extinction,
Need for Speed, and Flight, announced its decision to open a subsidiary in Greater Montréal. The
399
visual effects studio plans to create 100 jobs.

In March 2014, the French company BUF, a European leader in the animation and visual effects
industry, announced its decision to open a subsidiary in Greater Montréal. BUF has contributed to
the artistic success of over 75 films, including Fight Club and Avatar. The company has also
400
worked on over 800 advertisements.

Montréal is internationally renowned for its creativity in the field of technological entertainment and
imaging software. About 80% of the visual effects and animation software programs used
401
throughout the world were developed in Montréal.

Films such as Titanic, Jurassic Park, Godzilla and Spy Kids used software that was made in
Montréal to create their special effects. Others, such as Mr. Magorium’s Wonder Emporium and
402
Avatar, entrusted Montréal studios with realizing their visual effects.
th
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
31
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The information presented in this document was taken from or is based on the following sources:
Access
1
Google maps, http://maps.google.com, réf. d’octobre 2014.
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3
Aéroports de Montréal. Services aériens, http://www.admtl.com/fr, réf. d’octobre 2014.
4
Google maps, http://maps.google.com, réf. d’octobre 2014.
5
Ville de Montréal. « Liste - Ponts et tunnels de l'île de Montréal », Banque d’information 311,
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Les ponts Jacques Cartier et Champlain incorporés. « Ponts et structures » « Nouveau pont de contournement
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2
Active Transportation
7
Hacker-B., Daphnée. « Le flanc cache du mont Royal », Le Devoir, 17 octobre 2014, http://www.ledevoir.com/art-devivre/loisirs/421278/le-flanc-cache-du-mont-royal, réf. de novembre 2014.
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« Most Walkable Cities in the United States, Canada, and Australia on Walk Score », Walk Score,
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Ville de Montréal. « Piétonnisation au centre-ville », Arrondissement de Ville-Marie,
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2014.
10
Ville de Montréal. « Chaussées et trottoirs », Info-Travaux,
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2014.
11
The Copenhagenize Index 2013. http://copenhagenize.eu/index/14.html, réf. d’octobre 2014.
12
Sitarz, Kate. « Ten great cities for walking and biking ». SmarterTravel.com, 21 juin 2010.
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13
Bland, Elizabeth. « Top 10 Urban Biking Trips ». Time, 7 août 2009.
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14
National Geographic. « Top 10 Cycle Routes », National Geographic,
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15
Vélo Québec. « Festival Go vélo», Vélo Québec, http://www.veloquebec.info/fr/govelo/Festival-Go-velo-Montreal,
réf. d’octobre 2014.
16
Ville de Montréal. « Aménagements cyclables », Ville de Montréal,
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17
BIXI. « Vélo », BIXI Montréal, https://montreal.bixi.com/rouler-a-bixi/velo, réf. d’octobre 2014.
18
BIXI. « Foire aux questions », BIXI Montréal, http://montreal.bixi.com/foire-aux-questions, réf. d’octobre 2014.
19
BIXI. « La plus grande station de vélos en libre-service du continent est maintenant à Montréal », Bixi
(Communiqué), 17 juillet 2014, https://montreal.bixi.com/about-bixi/news/2014/Juillet/la-plus-grande-station-de-velosen-libre-service-du-continent-est-maintenant-a-montreal, réf. d’octobre 2014.
20
BIXI (Montréal). Wikipedia, http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/BIXI_(Montr%C3%A9al), réf. d’octobre 2014.
21
BIXI (Montréal). Wikipedia, http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/BIXI_(Montr%C3%A9al), réf. d’octobre 2014.
Air Transportation
22
Google Maps, http://maps.google.com, réf. d’octobre 2014.
Aéroports Internation Montréal-Mirabel. Wikipédia,
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/A%C3%A9roport_international_Montr%C3%A9al-Mirabel, réf. d’octobre 2014.
24
Airports Council International – North America. 2013 North American Airport Traffic Summary (Top 50 Airports –
Passengers). s.d. http://www.aci-na.org/content/airport-traffic-reports, réf. d’octobre 2014.
25
Aéroports de Montréal. Rapport annuel 2013, 2014, 48pages.
26
Aéroports de Montréal. Rapport annuel 2013, 2014, 48 pages.
27
Aéroports de Montréal. Rapport annuel 2013, 2014, 48 pages.
23
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
32
28
Compilation des Rapports annuels de 2000 à 2011 d’Aéroports de Montréal.
Communication avec Aéroports de Montréal, juin 2012.
30
Aéroports de Montréal. Rapport annuel 2013, 2014, 48 pages.
31
Airports Council International. « Most improved airport in North America », Airport Service Quality Awards,
http://www.airportservicequalityawards.com/best-improvement-north-america, réf. d’octobre 2014.
32
Aéroports de Montréal. Rapport annuel 2013, 2014, 48 pages.
33
e
Aéroports de Montréal. Communiqué de presse. Une offre exceptionnelle l’été prochain : Montréal-Trudeau au 4
rang en Amérique du nord pour le nombre de vols directs vers l’Europe, 17 février 2014, 2 p.
29
Architecture
34
Ville de Montréal, Ministère des Affaires culturelles. Les maisons de Montréal, Montréal, 1992, 40 p.
Désiront, André. « Les escaliers extérieurs de nos villes », La Presse, 29 mai 2008,
http://blogues.lapresse.ca/desiront/2008/05/29/les-escaliers-exterieurs-de-nos-villes/, réf. de novembre 2014.
36
Ville de Montréal, Ministère des Affaires culturelles. Les maisons de Montréal, Montréal, 1992, 40 p.
37
« Le 1000 rue de la Gauchetière », SkyscraperPage.com, http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7078, réf.
d’octobre 2014.
38
Centre canadien d’architecture. « Survol institutionnel », Centre canadien d’architecture,
http://www.cca.qc.ca/fr/collection/294-survol-institutionnel, réf. d’octobre 2014.
39
Kelso, Stirling. « World's Most Beautiful Universities », Travel + Leisure, septembre 2012,
http://www.travelandleisure.com/articles/worlds-most-beautiful-universities, réf. de décembre 2012.
40
Conseil du bâtiment durable du Canada. « Page de recherche des profils de projets LEED », Conseil du bâtiment
durable du Canada, http://www.cagbc.org/CBDCA/LEED/ProfilsdeProjetsLEED/LEED/projectprofile_FR.aspx, réf. de
janvier 2015.
41
Communication courriel avec la Ville de Montréal, décembre 2012.
42
TOHU. « Complexe environnemental de Saint-Michel », TOHU, http://tohu.ca/fr/quartier-tohu/cesm/complexeenvironnemental-de-st-michel.html, réf. de novembre 2012.
43
TOHU. « À propos », TOHU, http://tohu.ca/fr/a-propos/la-tohu-batiment-vert/, réf. de novembre 2014.
44
Filippi, Carole. « Polytechnique vert », La science au Québec, 18 octobre 2005.
http://www.sciencepresse.qc.ca/archives/quebec/capque1005d.html, réf. d’octobre 2014.
45
Bonneau, Danielle. « De plus en plus de maisons vertes à Montréal », La Presse, 14 juin 2008, p. MON TOIT2.
46
« Concordia inaugure un des pavillons les plus écologiques au pays », Les Affaires, 29 août 2009, p. 18.
47
Gervais, Lisa-Marie. « Lier l’homme au firmament », Le Devoir, 22 août 2009, p. A1.
35
Arts and Culture
48
Communication courriel avec la Ville de Montréal, 20 décembre 2012.
Communication courriel avec la Ville de Montréal, 20 décembre 2012.
50
Conseil des arts et des lettres du Québec. « Statistiques principales des centres d'artistes en arts visuels et en arts
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51
Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ) et Observatoire de la culture et des communications du Québec (OCCQ).
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52
Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ) et Observatoire de la culture et des communications du Québec (OCCQ).
« Visiteurs dans les institutions muséales répondantes, régions administratives et ensemble du Québec, 2009-2013»,
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53
Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ) et Observatoire de la culture et des communications du Québec (OCCQ).
« Nombre d'établissements pour certains groupes et sous-groupes de la culture et des communications, par régions
administratives, Québec, 2008-2012 », Banque de donnée des statistiques officielles, 7 janvier 2014,
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54
Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ) et Observatoire de la culture et des communications du Québec (OCCQ).
« Statistiques des représentations payantes en arts de la scène selon la discipline des spectacles, Montréal, 2013»,
er
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Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
33
55
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56
Communication courriel avec la Ville de Montréal, Division de la planification et du développement du réseau des
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57
Ville de Montréal. « Un lieu », Espace pour la vie,
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59
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60
Communication courriel avec la Ville de Montréal, novembre 2014.
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La Vitrine. « À propos de La Vitrine », La Vitrine, http://www.lavitrine.com/, réf. de novembre 2014.
62
Montréal International. « Vie culturelle », Montréal International, http://montrealinternational.com/vivre-vieculturelle/, réf. de novembre 2014.
63
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64
Harrison-Julien, Pasquale. « L’orgue de la Maison Symphonique se fait entendre », La Presse, 16 janvier 2014,
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65
« La Grande bibliothèque atteint les 25 millions de visiteurs », La Presse, 16 mai 2014,
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67
Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ) et Observatoire de la culture et des communications du Québec (OCCQ).
« Statistiques des représentations payantes en arts de la scène selon la discipline des spectacles, 2013, Montréal »,
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68
Cinoche.com, http://www.cinoche.com/, réf. novembre 2014.
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70
Montréal Ville UNESCO de design, http://mtlunescodesign.com, réf. de novembre 2014.
71
Brousseau-Pouliot, Vincent. « Michael Jackson: de nouveaux sommets pour le Cirque », La Presse, 18 juillet 2012,
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72
Communication courriel avec le Centre Bell, janvier 2015.
73
Équipe Spectra, Communiqué. Le festival International de Jazz de Montréal élu « Festival de l’année » lors de la
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74
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75
Hill Stratégies Recherche. Cartographie des artistes et des travailleurs culturels dans les grandes villes du Canada,
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Mission Design. « Sommet mondial et congrès architecture + design + urbanisme », Mission Design,
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Cinema
77
Montréal International. « Cinéma et télévision », Montréal International,
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78
Montréal International. « Cinéma et télévision », Montréal International,
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Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
34
79
« Most Popular Titles With Location Matching "Montréal, Québec, Canada" », IMDb,
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80
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81
« Xavier Dolan : un culot monstre, une précocité démente », L’OBS Culture, 8 octobre 2014,
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82
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Climate
83
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84
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Conventions
85
ICCA Statistics Report, 2013. Country and City Rankings, International Association Meetings Market, 56 p.
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87
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86
Creativity and Innovation
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89
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90
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91
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93
Ville de Montréal « Montréal signe l’Ode à la vie remporte un Grand Prix Grafika 2013! – Montréal et Moment
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Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
35
Cultural Diversity
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102
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104
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107
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108
Google maps, http://maps.google.com, réf. d’octobre 2014.
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111
Communication courriel avec Tourisme Québec, février 2015.
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Cinoche.com, http://www.cinoche.com/, réf. d’octobre 2014.
113
Ville de Montréal. « Parcs et espaces verts », Arrondissement de Ville-Marie,
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Economy
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Economist Intelligence Unit. Hotspots : Benchmarking global city competitiveness, janvier 2012, 35 p.
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Education
126
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Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
36
127
Direction de la recherche, des statistiques et de l’information du ministère de l’Éducation, des Loisirs et des Sports,
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128
Montréal International. Le Grand Montréal. Le pouvoir de vous faire réussir. Les facteurs d’attractivité 2013-2014,
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130
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Direction de la recherche, des statistiques et de l’information du ministère de l’Éducation, des Loisirs et des Sports,
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Fashion
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138
Communication courriel avec le Conseil canadien de la fourrure, octobre 2012.
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Communication courriel avec le Conseil canadien de la fourrure, octobre 2012.
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Fun and Pleasure in Montréal
143
Tourisme Montréal. « Selon l'édition 2013 du guide Best in Travel de Lonely Planet - Montréal se classe au
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147
Statistique Canada. Tableau 203-0001 - Enquête sur les dépenses des ménages (EDM), dépenses des
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Geography
148
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Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
37
149
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Healthcare and Services
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156
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166
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168
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169
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170
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171
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172
Statistique Canada. Recensement 2006, réf. d’octobre 2014.
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173
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175
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176
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179
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189
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194
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196
Statistique Canada. Recensement 2011, réf. d’octobre 2014.
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198
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200
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213
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215
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220
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221
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l'Enquête sur les voyages internationaux (EVI), réalisées en 2012.
Les calculs informatisés découlant de ces microdonnées ont été réalisés par Recherche Resolutions Inc, pour le
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227
Communication avec la Ville de Montréal, novembre 2014.
228
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Population
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Statistique Canada. Tableau 253-0004 - Enquête sur les homicides, nombre et taux (pour 100 000 habitants)
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238
Service de police de la Ville de Montréal. Bilan annuel 2013, avril 2014, 54 pages.
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241
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277
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278
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296
Communication courriel avec la Ville de Montréal, novembre 2014.
297
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44
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l'Enquête sur les voyages internationaux (EVI), réalisées en 2012.
Montréal is… 2015 – Updated February 2015
45
Les calculs informatisés découlant de ces microdonnées ont été réalisés par Recherche Resolutions Inc, pour le
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