IOM Assisted Voluntary Return Assistance to Victims of Trafficking

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IOM Assisted Voluntary Return Assistance to Victims of Trafficking
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
IOM Assisted Voluntary Return Assistance to
Victims of Trafficking
- CT training, Umeå 7 May 2012
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Introduction
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The speaker:
•
•
•
Jacob Twisttmann Jørgensen
AVRR Programme Officer and Head of Unit, IOM Helsinki
International
Organization
forReintegration
Migration (IOM)
Working with
Assisted Voluntary
Return and
for +8 years
IOM and Länsstyrelsen, Stockholm
•
Planned project on AVRR for victims of trafficking and foreign nationals in
prostitution in Sweden
• Support Swedish authorities in offering AVRR to the beneficiaries in Sweden
• Provide beneficiaries with a safe and dignified return option as well as support
in the country of return
•
Expected project launch August 2012 – 14 months (August 2012 – September
2013)
Overview of Activities, Facts and Figures
2
Contents
1. Introduction
2. IOM HelsinkiInternational
4.
AVRR in general
ii.
The three AVRR stages
iii. AVRR and VoTs
AVRR project from Sweden
i.
Project objective
iii.
For the beneficiaries
iv.
Reintegration package
Organization for Migration
(IOM)
ii. For the authorities
3. Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration
i.
3
5.
IOM assisted cases from Sweden
6.
Summary
Overview of Activities, Facts and Figures
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2) Introduction to IOM Helsinki
Slide
IOMTitle
Helsinki
IOM Helsinki
•Established 1994
•Regional Office until 1st
July 2011
•Now coverage of
Finland, Denmark,
Sweden and Estonia
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Slide Title
3) Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR)
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Slide
AVRRTitle
in general
•
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One of the most important areas of work of IOM internationally
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IOM AVRR programmes in Europe for over 30 years
Supported by the organization’s world-wide network of offices and partners
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Asylum seekers, refugees, irregular migrants, victims of trafficking, unaccompanied
minors, medical cases…..
•
Common vision across all IOM AVRR activities:
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Voluntariness
Respect for the individual and her/his rights
The informed decision of the migrant/returnee to return
Support in the return process, both before and after return when available
IOM Helsinki arranges Voluntary Returns from Finland, Sweden, and Denmark
The three AVRR stages
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1. Pre-departure preparations
•
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Information and counselling to beneficiaries
Travel documentation
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
2. Travel arrangements
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Bookings and transit visa waivers
Departure and transit assistance at airports
Escorts as necessary
3. Post-arrival
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•
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Reception assistance
Onward transportation
Referral to partners, as necessary
Reintegration assistance, monitoring and follow-up
Overview of Activities, Facts and Figures
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Slide
Title
AVRR
of VoTs
• Why AVRR for victims of trafficking?
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If staying is not an option / not the best option
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Safe return form (risk assessments / security considerations)
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Assistance before, during and after travel (the three stages)
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Urgent travel arrangements / expertise often needed
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Support for socal rehabilitation and reintegration, sustainability
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Monitoring and follow-up
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Slide Title
4) AVRR project from Sweden
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Slide Title
Project
objective
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Slide
For
theTitle
authorities
• Information on AVRR and project procedures
• Assistance in counselling
• Focal points at Länsstyrelsen Stockholm and IOM
• Support from IOM in pre-departure preparations
• Travel documents, information provision....
• Budget considerations
• The project will finance return and reintegration
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Slide
For
theTitle
beneficiaries
• Information on AVRR in their own languages
• Focal point at IOM – in Helsinki or country of return
• Structured and consistent offer of help
• Safe and voluntary travel arrangements, incl. escort, transit,
reception
• Also domestic in Sweden and country of return
• Reintegration package
• Monitoring and follow-up
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Slide Title package
Reintegration
• Monthly subsistence allowance for three months
• Reintegration package
• Training, education, business setup...
• Medical assistance (as needed)
• Housing assistance (as needed)
• Referrals for psychosocial assistance, legal advice etc.
• Goal:
• Support social integration and rehabilitation
• Prevent re-trafficking
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Slide Title
5) IOM Assisted Cases from Sweden
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Slide Title
IOM assisted
cases Sweden #1
Return November 2010 – Romania
•Romanian male in Sweden, identified VoT (forced begging)
•Severe physical and mental disabilities
• Social worker Sweden  Romanian Embassy in Sweden  IOM Bucharest 
IOM Helsinki  Social worker Sweden
•Social Office agreed to pay the travel
•IOM Helsinki advised Social Office on travel document acquisition
•Return with IOM escort from IOM Bucharest
• Escort met with returnee the day before the travel
•Handover to ANTIP on arrival and onward transportation to final destination by IOM
Update 2012: After the return, the returnee apparently left Romania again and
travelled to Italy
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Slide Title
IOM assisted
case Sweden #2
Return December 2011 – Slovakia
•Slovakian female in in Sweden, two minor children
• Social worker Sweden  Länsstyrelsen  IOM Bratislava  IOM Helsinki  Social
worker Sweden
•Return of mother covered by IOM Bratislava return programme, but children not eligible
•Social Office in Sweden agreed to pay travel of children + two escorts from the Social Office
•IOM Helsinki made travel arrangements for all persons to Vienna
•Family picked up in Vienna by IOM Bratislava, transportation to Slovakia
•Provision of shelter, social counselling and mediation, career counselling, contact with social
office and school in area of residence
•Some material (food) and financial help
Update 2012: Mother and children are still provided assistance under the IOM
Bratislava assistance programme, including shelter.
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Slide Title
IOM assisted
case Sweden #3
Ongoing May 2012 – Uganda
•Ugandan male in Sweden
• Länsstyrelsen  IOM Helsinki  Social worker Sweden
•Not identified as VoT but considered vulnerable and in need of support
•Next steps:
• Faciliate direct contact between returnee and IOM Kampala/speaker of the
returnee’s mother tongue (build trust, get relevant information)
• Identify support needs in Uganda
• Identify possible support provided from Sweden
• Assist with travel, including travel document acquisition
Update 2012: Case still open / might pursue options for staying in Sweden
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Slide Title
6) Summary
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Summary
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• Possible project start August 2012 – September 2013
• Help Swedish authorities help the beneficiaries
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
• Considerations
• Voluntariness
• Security
• All cases and all return countries and contexts are different
• “Do not harm”
• “Reintegration begins before the return”
• Pilot project – attempt
to find the best solution
for Sweden
Overview
of Activities,
Facts
and Figures
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Thank you!
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International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Jacob Twisttmann Jørgensen, AVRR Programme Officer
E-mail: [email protected]
Tel.: +358 50 414 0391 (mobile)
Overview of Activities, Facts and Figures
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