Malaysia IBS International Exhibition 2006

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Malaysia IBS International Exhibition 2006
a bi-lingual promotional publication on Industrialised Building Systems
Issue 2 2006 : ISBN 983-2724-29-5
Malaysia IBS International Exhibition
2006 (MIIE06): “Development
Through IBS Integration”
Why KM
Crucial for the
Realisation of
National IBS
Roadmap?
Bajet 2007:
Mencergaskan
Sektor
Pembinaan
Domestik
Identifying
Modular
Research
Design Rules
Priority Area in (Part 1)
IBS
Issue 2 2006
ISBN 983-2724-29-5
Penasihat
Datuk Ir. Hamzah Hasan
Lembaga Pengarang
Ir Elias Ismail
Ir. Noraini Bahri
Syurhawati A. Rahim
Rozaiman Hassan
Rofizlan Ahmad
Roziawati Razali
Terbitan
Unit Teknologi Binaan
Bahagian Pembangunan Teknologi Binaan
CIDB Malaysia
Tingkat 8, Grand Seasons Avenue,
No. 72, Jalan Pahang
53000 Kuala Lumpur
Malaysia
Tel:
Fax:
Email:
Web:
+603-26170200
+603-40451808
[email protected]
www.cidb.gov.my
IBS Digest merupakan suatu penerbitan dwibahasa oleh CIDB Malaysia untuk promosi
berkenaan Sistem Binaan Berindustri
(Industrialised Building Systems, IBS). Ia
mula diterbitkan semenjak tahun 2005 dan
diedarkan secara percuma untuk rujukan
industri. Versi elektronik (pdf ) boleh dimuat
turun daripada www.cidb.gov.my.
Muka Hadapan: Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre
Dari Meja Pengarang
03
Artikel
08
10
19
21
MIIE 2006
• Malaysia IBS International Exhibition
04
Kordinasi Modular (MC)
• Modular Design Rules - Part One
23
Usahawan
• Penggunaan Wood Wool Cement Board sebagai Bahan Binaan
& Sistem Innovatif di dalam Industri Binaan
25
Berita
• Kursus Kordinasi Modular Modul 1, Ipoh, Perak
• Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Pemandu IBS Bil 2/2006 Sesi 2005-2007
• Workshop on Timber Application to Complement Modular Co-ordination & IBS
• International Construction Week (ICW 2006)
• Forum Pelaksanaan Silibus IBS/ MC di IPTA: FAQ
14
14
14
27
28
Pengumuman
• Program Pendaftaran Syarikat/ Pengeluar & Komponen IBS
30
KANDUNGAN
• Why KM Crucial for the Realisation of National IBS Roadmap?
• Identifiying Research Priority Area in IBS
• Bajet 2007: Mencergaskan Sektor Pembinaan Domestik
• Infusing Aesthetical Emotions for Better Marketing of IBS Components to Architects
DARI MEJA PENGARANG
Edisi IBS Digest pada kali ini memberi fokus kepada Malaysia IBS International
Exhibition 2006 atau lebih dikenali sebagai MIIE06. Ia akan berlansung di
Akademi Binaan Malaysia Wilayah Tengah dari 21 hingga 24hb. November 2006.
Seramai 10 pakar IBS dari Malaysia dan luar negara akan membentangkan kertas
masing-masing di sesi seminar yang akan berlansung pada 21 hingga 23hb.
November 2006. Pada hari terakhir MIIE2006 pula akan diadakan sesi bengkel
selari berkenaan teknologi konkrit pratuang, kordinasi modular, rekabentuk
struktur keluli dan kemampanan di dalam rekabentuk bangunan. Tarikan utama
MIIE2006 adalah pada pameran dalam dewan yang akan disertai oleh lebih 100
syarikat dan organisasi berkaitan industri IBS; serta tiga struktur IBS berskala
sebenar yang dibina di perkarangan ABM. Seramai 3,000 peserta seminar dan
pengunjung pameran dijangka akan ke MIIE2006 pada hujung November ini dan
oleh itu, jangan ketinggalan!
Turut dipaparkan di dalam edisi ini adalah mengenai kandungan Bajet
2007 dengan memberi fokus kepada angka-angka belanjawan berkaitan sektor
pembinaan. Sememangnya, pada waktu ini para penggiat industri memberi
fokus kepada Bajet 2007; iaitu belanjawan pertama yang dibentangkan selepas
pengumuman Rancangan Malaysia Kesembilan. Keberkesanan Roadmap
IBS 2003-2010 amat bergantung kepada projek-projek kerajaan yang dapat
memberikan ‘kickstart’ kepada program IBS ini. Namun begitu, di samping
memberi perhatian kepada projek-projek pembangunan (‘hard side’), adalah
juga penting untuk tidak melupakan kepentingan komponen ‘soft side’ seperti
Pengurusan Pengetahuan (Knowledge Management) dan Modal Insan (Human
Capital) berkenaan IBS. Program pengindustrian sektor pembinaan tidak akan
berjaya sekiranya hanya mereka di peringkat kepimpinan tertinggi yang peka
sedangkan para pegawai pelaksana masih bersikap negatif dan gagal menerap
pengetahuan mengenai pembinaan IBS. Juga, program-program ‘soft side’ akan
memastikan pembangunan industri yang mampan bagi menghadapi cabaran
globalisasi.
Di dalam menyokong program pembangunan ‘soft side’ berkenaan
IBS, pihak CIDB bergiat aktif dalam meneruskan program-program berkaitan
latihan pekerja binaan; terutamanya mengenai pembangunan program
latihan berasaskan National Occupancy Skill Standard (NOSS) untuk pemasang
komponen konkrit pratuang dan lain-lain jenis IBS. Namun begitu, penglibatan
daripada pihak industri adalah tidak begitu menggalakkan terutamanya bagi
program-program yang melibatkan sesi bengkel dan perbincangan. Adalah
diseru agar lebih ramai penggiat industri tampil untuk membantu programprogram pembangunan ‘soft side’ anjuran CIDB dan tidak hanya membataskan
penglibatan untuk mengejar projek-projek pembinaan semata-mata.
“Development Through IBS Integration”
CIDB Malaysia
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
03
MIIE 2006
21 - 24 NOVEMBER 2006
AKADEMI BINAAN MALAYSIA (WILAYAH TENGAH)
JALAN CHAN SOW LIN
KUALA LUMPUR
MALAYSIA
CIDB Malaysia is proud to host the MALAYSIA IBS INTERNATIONAL
EXHIBITION 2006. It is the first international exhibition focusing on
IBS and is aimed to provide a platform for all construction industry
players and IBS practitioners to network, share ideas and discover the
latest state-of -the art technology in IBS.
MIIE 2006 comprise of three main activities;
• Full Scale Structures
• In-hall Exhibitions
• Seminars
Do not miss the opportunity to participate in the event of such
stature.
Organized by:
Construction Industry Development Board, Malaysia
Supported by:
Ministry of Works
Master Builders
Association Malaysia
Ministry of Entrepreneur & Cooperative Development
International Islamic
University Malaysia
Public Works Department
Institution of Engineers,
Malaysia
Univesiti Putra Malaysia
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
Kolej Universiti Teknikal
Kebangsaan Malaysia
Pertubuhan Arkitek Malaysia
04
Malaysian Structural Steel
Association
Kementerian Perumahan dan
Kerajaan Tempatan
The Speakers
TAN SRI Ir. JAMILUS HUSSEIN
President, KLIA Premier Holding Sdn. Bhd.
Topic : Progress of IBS in the Malaysian Construction Industry: Establishing the Command Centre
The keynote address updates on the progress of the adoption of IBS by developers, contractors, and professionals in Malaysia
and to what extent the IBS Roadmap has been implemented as well as the reason for any shortfall, if any. The paper also touches
on the management issues of the IBS programme and the need to have a centralized management facility in order to be more
effective and to facilitate the needs of consumers of IBS. The role of the IBS centre at the ABM in the JKR Workshop Complex
will be elaborated. Ir. ELIAS ISMAIL
General Manager, Technology Development Division,
Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) Malaysia,
Topic: IBS and Construction Industy Master Plan 2005-2015
Ir. ELIAS will highlight the need to implement Industrialised Building System (IBS) programmes and activities identified in
the IBS Roadmap 2003-2010 as endorsed by the Cabinet. Whilst, to implement the success of CIDB’s vision, Construction
Industry Master Plan 2005-2015 will coordinate and reconcile many activities along the supply as well as the value chain of
construction towards the betterment of the construction industry.
FRAN WAGSTAFF
President, Mid-Peninsula Housing Coalition, California, USA
Topic: Integration of Social and Financial Sustainability in Developing High Quality Affordable Housing.
Ms FRAN WAGSTAFF will touch on the challenges and barriers that affordable housing developers like Mid-Peninsula have
face in developing sustainable housing projects. Significant emphasis will be made on how innovative financial engineering
has supported Mid-Peninsula’s long-term sustainability, despite the influence of negative public perception and the impact of
government policies on affordable housing.
DR. RAHINAH IBRAHIM
Deputy Dean Research, Graduate Studies and International Affairs,
Faculty of Design and Architecture, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
Topic: Computer-Integrated Architecture / Engineering / Construction Collaboration during Design of
Industrialised Global Project.
Dr. RAHINAH IBRAHIM will share her experience working on several A/E/C global projects at Stanford University where
significant impact has been achieved by architects, engineers, and builders in the design phase using ICT and other analysis
tools. Interesting insights on how ICT can mitigate problems arising from inefficient knowledge flows during the design and
construction of global projects will be revealed.
DR. SHUKE MIAO
General Manager, Mortenson China Limited, Shanghai, China
Topic : Virtual Construction Planning in Project Delivery: Experience by M.A. Mortenson
Dr. SHUKE MIAO will present how architects, engineers, and builders use IT during the construction phase of global projects.
He will present the benefits, barriers and problems in applying them during construction. Dr. Miao will illustrate case studies
of renowned projects he has worked on that utilise computer-integrated design and construction approach, such as in the Walt
Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles. Through M.A. Mortenson’s experience, he will explain how industry players can play a role
in advancing IT research in the development of effective tools and methodologies for industry applications.
Dr. Ryan J. Orr
Executive Director, Collaboratory for Research on Global Projects,
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, USA
Topic : Expanding Beyond the Malaysian Market: Challenges and Strategies of Developing Major Projects
Abroad.
Dr. RYAN will explain how developers, general contractors, systems contractors, and engineering consultants incur unforeseen
costs when they enter unfamiliar markets and fail to understand local institutions - beliefs, values, conventions, and rule-systems
- and he will present the strategies that these different kinds of firms develop to minimize these unforeseen costs.
NIK AHMAD FAIZUL A MALLEK
Industry Development Director, Innovacia Sdn. Bhd.
Topic : Supply Chain Management in IBS Industry
En. NIK AHMAD FAIZUL A MALLEK will address related issues such as IBS strategic planning, product development, lean
management, knowledge management and value innovation within the broader context of strategic positioning through
Supply Chain Management. In addition to recommendations on globalization era way-forward strategies for designers,
manufacturers, contractors, associations and distributors, IBS initiative best practices be also shared, and insights reinforced
by case studies on Open Building and Open Collaboration will be presented.
IBS Digest
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Issue 2 2006
05
Supply Chain
Tentative
Seminar Program
MIIE 2006
Day One (21 Nov 2006) Management
Day Three (23 Nov 2006) IBS
Industry
Seminar Highlight: Sustainable Development Through IBS
Integration
Seminar Highlight 1: Construction Automation and
Organisational Planning & Management
08:30
09:30
10:30
11.30
12:30
14:30
15:30
17:00
09:30
10:30
11:00
Registration
Opening Ceremony
Press Conference and Break
Keynote Address:
Tan Sri Ir. Jamilus Hussein President,
(KLIA Premier Holding Sdn Bhd)
Lunch
Paper 1: IBS and Construction Industry
Master Plan 2005-2015
by Ir. Elias Ismail
(CIDB Malaysia)
Q&A
End of Day 1
Sustainable
Development
12:30
Seminar Highlight 2: Construction Automation and,
Organisational Planning & Management.
Exhibitions open all day
Day Two (22 Nov 2006) Seminar Highlight: Integrated Sustainable Design For
Industrialised Implementation
09:30
10:30
11:00
12:30
14:30
15:30
16:30
17:00
Paper 2: “Integration of Social and Financial
Sustainabilities in Developing High Quality
Affordable Housing”
by Fran Wagstaff
(Mid Peninsula Housing Coalition, California, USA)
Morning Break
Paper 3: Computer Integrated Architecture/
Engineering/ Construction Collaboration
during Design of Industrialised Building
by Dr. Rahinah Ibrahim
(Universiti Putra Malaysia)
Lunch
Paper 4: t.b.a.
by Dato’ Prof. Ruslan Khalid
(Ruslan Khalid Associates, Malaysia)
Paper 5: t.b.a.
by Dr. Ir. Ahmad Fikri Hussein
(Dr. Fikri & Associates Sdn. Bhd, Malaysia)
Q&A
End of Day 2
Computer
Integrated
Exhibitions open all day
14:30
15:30
16:30
17:00
|
Issue 2 2006
Virtual
Construction
Day Four (24 Nov 2006) Parallel Workshops
Workshop A
Workshop B
Workshop C
Workshop D
Precast Concrete Technology
(CIDB and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia)
Modular Coordination Training
(CIDB, Universiti Putra Malaysia and
Department of Works, Malaysia)
Structural Steel - Design and Application (CIDB and Malaysia Structural Steel Association)
Incorporating Sustainable Issues
During the Design of IBS Buildings
(Universiti Putra Malaysia)
Exhibitions open all day
Modular
IBS Digest
Paper 8: Virtual Design Team Planning and
Monitoring of Global Projects
by Dr. Ryan J. Orr
(Stanford University, USA)
Paper 9 : t.b.a.
by Dato’ A.K. Nathan
(Eversendai Engineering Group of Companies, Malaysia)
Q&A
End of Day 3
Exhibitions open all day
Architecture
Coordination
Paper 6: “Virtual Construction Planning in
Project Delivery: Experience by M.A Mortenson
- Walt Disney Project”
by Dr. Shuke Miao
(Mortenson China Limited, China)
Morning Break
Paper 7 : Supply Chain Management
in IBS Industry
by Nik Ahmad Faizul A. Mallek
(Innovacia Sdn. Bhd., Malaysia)
Lunch
06
Precast
Technology
The MIIE 2006 Show-Case:Full Scale IBS Structures With MC Design
The construction of life-size structures at the compound of the Akademi Binaan Malaysia Wilayah Tengah, Kuala Lumpur will be the first ever
attempt at show-casing the innovative expertise of Malaysian Construction Players and the benefits of IBS & MC such as:
• high quality finished products and minimal wastage;
• faster completion due to the replacement from conventional system to prefabricated components;
• neater, cleaner and safer sites due to reduction of construction debris, site workers and materials.
Three full scale show houses that will be built await visitors wishing to view a diverse range of products and techniques in the
construction technology market. The full scale structures will demonstrate attempts at using the open system – a combination of multi IBS
products and components in building designed according to MS 1064, the MC design standard.
IBS Show-cases Under Construction
List of the Sponsors
Pryda (Malaysia) Sdn. Bhd.
- Roof trusses
BPB Malaysia Gypsum Sdn Bhd
- Internal wall partitions
IJM Building Systems Sdn Bhd
- Formwork systems
Corporate Builders Sdn Bhd
- PC Walls
Baktian Sdn Bhd
- PC Walls
ACP Industries Bhd
- Half Slabs
Setia Precast Sdn Bhd
- PC Walls
Eastern Pretech Sdn Bhd
- Hollow Core Slabs & Toilet Pod
PJD Concrete Products Sdn Bhd
- PC Walls
Zenbes Sdn Bhd
- Blocks
CSR Building Materials (M) Sdn Bhd
- Light-weight Blocks
Lafarge Roofing Systems Sdn Bhd
- Roof Tiles
VS Interior Décor Sdn Bhd
- Railings
Hoe Fock Wooden Works Sdn Bhd
- Wooden Windows & Door Frames
STO Sea Sdn Bhd
- Painting
Johan Ceramics Berhad
- Tiles
IBS Digest
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Issue 2 2006
07
ARTIKEL
why
Knowledge Man
CRUCIAL FOR THE REALISATION OF
NATIONAL IBS ROADMAP?
By Nik Ahmad Faizul, Industry Development Director, & Wan Amrul Mustapha, Chief Knowledge Architect, Innovacia Sdn Bhd
Knowledge was the driving force behind the Industrial Age. It
was somehow subsided and nearly forgotten until the next
wave arrived which is the Digital Age. This new age has resurfaced knowledge again as one of the key dimension to propel
global growth. Hence, Knowledge Management (KM) is now an
important discipline and an essential source that our economy
cannot afford to do without, if we were to have competitive
advantage and remained relevant.
As part of efforts to steer various sectors towards our
Vision 2020, the Malaysian government has also launched the
National Knowledge-Based Economy Masterplan which was
first announced by the government in the Budget 2000. This
masterplan marks yet another key government initiative to further
accelerate the development of the nation into a knowledge-based
economy. It provides strategic framework outlining the changes to
the fundamentals of the economy.
In Wikipedia, KM refers to a range of practices used
by organizations to identify, create, represent, and distribute
knowledge for reuse, awareness and learning across the
organization. From business standpoint, Harvard Business
Review refers KM as the way companies generate, communicate,
and leverage their intellectual assets.
These National IBS Roadmap and Knowledge-Based
Economy Masterplan have provided a good base information
related the policy targets and objectives. However, this information
alone will not progress our industrialisation effort. It is only a
reference document on policy direction. As such, strategies still
need to be formulated downstream within each sector. In doing
so, we need to capture our industry knowledge, consolidate,
reconfigure and strategise to our best competitive advantage, in
order to progress.
We have also seen over the last ten years, highly
significant event took placed on the advancement and explosion
of information and communication technology (ICT) driven by the
liberalization of global economies. This has lead to tremendous
transformation in the manner businesses are being executed.
The world is not only becoming borderless but also flatter
instead of round as the bestseller writer, Thomas L Friedman put
it. Information are now highly accessible and being exploited
to an unimaginable scale. The rat race for market positioning
is as fierce as ever through the capitalization of information,
knowledge and innovation.
This scenario has also lead major economies to have
greater access than ever before into countries such as India and
China to exploit its competitive resources leading to a more
competitive product and services in the marketplace.
With this challenging phenomenon, it is now overdue
and absolutely critical that we need to expedite our readiness, the
know-how and competitiveness of our Malaysian Construction
Industry in order to survive and sustain; an industry which is now
minus 1.6 % growth based on 2005 government statistics. The
fragmented nature of our industry need to be consolidated and
reconstructed in order to realize the government’s aspirations
on the National IBS Roadmap which targets the industry to be
industrialized by the year 2010.
A COMPANY IS
NOT A MACHINE
BUT A LIVING
ORGANISM.
Ikujiro Nonaka, KM Guru specialising on Japanese
Business Strategies
IBS Digest
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Issue 2 2006
08
TO REMAIN COMPETITIVE – MAYBE
EVEN TO
,
SURVIVE
BUSINESSES WILL HAVE
TO CONVERT THEMSELVES
INTO ORGANIZATIONS OF
KNOWLEDGEABLE
SPECIALISTS.
Peter Drucker, KM Guru
To one of KM guru, the late Peter Drucker, leaders often
mistake information for knowledge. Information is data endowed
with relevance and purpose. Converting data into information thus
required knowledge. And knowledge, by definition, is specialized.
Another misconception on KM is that it is ICT oriented.
ICT is purely a tool to an end. It should not be treated as the driving
factor for KM. Business strategies and direction instead, are the true
drivers for KM. With a cohesive and collaborative effort involving
government and industry, we are in position to consolidate our
fragmented industry information and ignite our latent intellectual
assets. We believe such assets do exist based on our exposure in
national mega infrastructural projects over the past 15 years as well
as the world is now being flatten with information at the press of a
button.
“The development of human capital, the upgrading of the mentality and intellectual capacity of a nation is one of the biggest
challenges under the Ninth Malaysia Plan. If we wish to become a knowledge-based economy, if we wish to be a developed country
and maintain that developed status, the development of human capital must be a priority. In the context of globalisation, high
quality human capital has become a necessity, not merely a luxury.”
anagement
YAB Dato’ Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, 9MP Speech, 31st. March 2006
However, efforts on the ‘HOW TO’ for the National IBS
Roadmap seems way behind and need to be urgently accelerated.
One of the major factor for this delay is that the industry by nature,
is very much project based instead of program based. The soft
aspect has not been fully exploited especially on the management
of industry knowledge.
The current industry however, perceived as having
assets, financial capital and staff would be sufficient to realize
company objectives. It is more focus on the tangible aspect of the
organization. The crucial intangible elements were completely
overlooked and this has impacted our competitiveness.
In conclusion and as way forward, we clearly need to
A knowledge based construction industry would induce
diagnose ourselves as individual, company, associations, industry
a conducive environment to propel the acceleration of our IBS
as well as the policy makers on the state of our readiness to
Roadmap. However, current mindset on ‘information protectionism’
persevere the demanding and exhaustive rat race for market
need to be phased out. This is very much due to the current ‘Red
positioning, and most critically our existence and sustainability in
Ocean’ overcrowded marketplace whereby companies are engaged
this ever challenging Global climate.
in head-to-head competition struggling to survive, let alone to
sustain.
IBS on the other hand, is a new industry
with endless opportunities. In order to commence
The Forgotten Components
with this exploration, it has to start with knowledge
sharing as the new working culture within the
industry. This approach encourages investment
on ‘trust’ which in turn, will lead companies who
Knowledge
• Human Capital
• Social Capital
• Corporate Capital
used to be in competition, to better understand
managemant
each other and collaborate for improved market
positioning in this new ‘Blue Ocean’ industry.
• Data
• Successes
The Forgotten Components
• Relationships
• Info
• Mapping
• Capability
• Capacity
• Connectivity
• Software
• Hardware
• Incentives
• Education
• Training
• Team
• Communities
• Physical Assets
• Lessons Learnt
It is only with this ‘Open Collaboration’
environment that we are able to induce
participation, develop and steer, impactful
downstream strategies to support the roadmap
implementation.
Information
management
Information
technology
Infrastructure
This effort on KM however, need to be
driven from both top and bottom ends of industry
heirarchy. Apart from being policy driven, each
industry organization plays an equally crucial role
Source: Alex Bennet, former Chief Knowledge Officer of the US Department of Navy
in developing industry’s intellectual capability.
This effort will result in the organization to
be more specialize and therefore provides an
improved strategic positioning for the industry as
a whole.
The ultimate way forward is for us to inject into ourselves
Based on the above, we need to create our own speciality
intellectual knowledge which will lead us to the Know-How by
and niche in order to sustain. It is only through KM that this can
becoming the specialist within the marketplace. This can be
be achieved and therefore, necessitates companies to review their
achieved by being more open minded, unbiased, neutral, patriotic,
internal organizational strategies and methodologies.
passionate and aggressive in our efforts to support and participate
The essence of KM in an organization is best put forward
by Alex Bennet, former Chief Knowledge Officer of US Department
of Navy. She describes the essence of knowledge management is
built on intellectual capital, which includes human capital, social
capital and corporate capital. All three are essential components of
enterprise knowledge (see diagram).
in the realisation of our National IBS Agenda █
Note: The contributors are currently attached
with Innovacia Sdn. Bhd. : A knowledge and
technology based industry development
firm providing specialist and customised
consultancy services to the Government
and Construction Industry communities in
strategic areas namely in the promotion of
KM, human capital development, product
& services development, and the Malaysia
Government’s National Agenda on IBS
initiative on off-site construction. They can
be contacted at [email protected]
Human capital is our greatest resource. It is made up
of an individual’s past, present and future. Social capital related
to communications, human and virtual networks, relationship,
collaborations, etc. As for Corporate Capital, it covers intellectual
property, corporate assets and organizational processes. Knowledge
Management can be viewed as a process for optimizing the
effective application of intellectual capital to achieve organizational
objectives.
IBS Digest
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Issue 2 2006
09
ARTIKEL KARYA
identifying
RESEARCH PRIORITY AREA
in INDUSTRIALISED
BUILDING SYSTEMS
(IBS)
(This article is based on the discussions during the Workshop on Aligning R&D Priority Area to CIMP 2006 - 2015 on 26th. - 28th. May, 2006 at
Guoman Port Dickson)
Introduction
Industrialised Building Systems
Construction Industry Master Plan (CIMP) 20062015 has set the scene for the industry stakeholders
to align their activities with the Master Plan
objectives. One of the Strategic Thrust entrusted in
CIMP is the role of R&D to synergize and fill the gap
required to achieve the strategic plan’s goals. The
importance of R&D emphasizes the effort required
from both the industry players, and researchers to
improve and strategize the Malaysian construction
industry as stated in Strategic Thrust 5 i.e. innovate
through research and development and adopt
new construction methods. In order to realize the
Strategic Trust, two recommendations are proposed
in CIMP to drive the industry forward.
The content of Strategic Thrust 5 simplified in Figure 1 realized the
importance of IBS as the way forward for the construction in reducing
labour dependency which is expected to grow to 5 million people in 2010
(Utusan, 19th. June, 2005).
These recommendations are:
Continuously innovate construction process and
techniques,
Stimulate R&D activities through resource-pooling
initiative amongst key players and provision of R&D
infrastructure.
Despite policy and promotion of IBS, the implementation is still slow
except in Klang Valley. The common critical success factors identified to
address the slow uptake of IBS by the construction stakeholders include:
• Lack of driver/s from the construction industry stakeholders,
• Government initiatives (i.e. directives, incentives, secure projects)
are required,
• Price competitiveness
• Whole life cycle costing
• IBS Supply Chain
• Information Sharing
• One channel of implementation from Government Agency
(i.e. JKR, KPKT)
• Centre of Research Excellence for the implementation of IBS
• Aesthetics
• Quality Control, speed
• Lack of knowledge on IBS
Strategic Thrust 5
In order to realize the implementation and expected target of IBS in Malaysia, CIDB together with the stakeholders and experts
have successfully published a document titled IBS Roadmap 2003-2010 (summarized in Figure 2) as the action plan for the industry
to refer to and implement.
CIMP 2006-2015 and IBS Roadmap 2003 - 2010 are the strategic directions for the industry to move forward. The understanding of
each of the document needs to be discussed with the stakeholders to strategize and to implement IBS.
IBS Digest
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Issue 2 2006
10
Strategic Thrust 5
Innovate through research and development (R&D) and adopt
new construction methods
Recommendation 11
Continuosly innovate construction processes and techniques
Encourage the adoption of new construction techniques and technology
Encourage the development of manpower to support adoption of IBS/MC
Continue to develop materials (components and machines) to support adoption of IBS
Continue to enhance management processes and materials to encourage adoption of IBS
Provide monetary (economic and financial) support to encourage acceptance of IBS
Market and promote IBS/MC
Recommendation 12
Stimulate R&D activities through resource-pooling initiative
amogst key players and provision of R&D infrastructure
A workshop was held between 26th.
May - 28th. May, 2006 to discuss this
issue. The workshop organized by
CREAM and Technology Division,
CIDB has attracted more than twenty
representatives from the industry’s
stakeholder that aims to determine
the problem statement in each of
the Strategic Thrust in CIMP and
conclude with the R&D proposals to
each of the Strategic Thrust. Due to
the time constraints, however only
Strategic Thrust 5 has been discussed
and debated at length.
Leverage on CIDB’s CREAM to spur construction R&D
Collaborate with other Centres of Research Excellence (CORE) for construction R&D
Establish funding requirements and sources of funding
Strengthen intellectual property rights (IPR) for R&D
Base Year 2006
Target for 2015
CSF: Knowledge
Innovation
Construction R&D as a % of construction GDP or volume
To improve 100%
% of IBS/ precast used in construction projects
Above 80%
Number of patents registered in the construction industry
To improve 50%
Number of commercialized value-realised R&D output
To improve 50%
Workshop on Aligning
R&D to CIMP and IBS
Roadmap
Figure 1 Strategic Thrust 5
Problem Statement
related to IBS
Main Components/ Elements
Manpower
Materials
Management
Monetary
Marketing
(Components & Machines)
(Process & Methods)
(Economic & Finance)
(Promotion)
Develop NOSS
Enforce the use of MC
through UBBL
Worker’s training &
certification
Publication of
reference books and
case study reports
Training on mould
making for IBS
components
Writing new CIS
Site supervisory
training and
certification
programme on IBS
Develop standard
construction
components and
preapproved building
plans
CPD Courses for
members of BEM and
BAM
Introduce IBS/MC
syllabus to Diploma/
Degree courses
Continuous training on
IBS/MC courses
Policy to reduce
foreign workers
Develop the
Buildability Design
Code
Continue R&D to
produce local IBS
innovations
Generate IBS
Verification
Programme and
Resource Centre for
selection process and
certification
Include IBS/MC
knowledge into Project
Managers training
modules
Use IBS to construct
30% of the 150,000
units of houses to be
built by SPN
Offer contractors
training and
certification
programme
To collect data on
going and completed
IBS/MC projects
Develop Quality
Assurance programme
for each type of IBS
Study to fore-cast 5
years IBS components’
need for the CI
Develop QMS
templates for design,
production and
installation
Enforce IBS usage in
gov. (building) projects
from 30% in 2004 to
70% in 2006
Develop Software for
MC components
Introduce Buildability
Programme and
enforce it through local
authority in 2008
Publish IBS books and
journals
Offer tax incentives
for Bumi component
manufacturees in 2005
Produce more studies
on IBS usage in the
industry
Develop interactive
database for
components and costs
Offer green lane
approval program
Round table
discussions on IBS
(effectiveness of the
programs)
Update website on
IBS, MC, OBS
Offer levy exemptions
Develop database for
pre-approved building
plans
Offer training schemes
and loan for Bumi
contractor
Conduct IBS lobby
group programs
Demonstrate IBS
through IBS village
showcase
Promote IBS in the
mass media
IBS/MC roadshow
at the national and
international level
Establish IBS as the
criteria for MCIEA
Continue coordination
programs through IBS
Steering committee
and WG
Introduce Open
Building Systems
Concept
Figure 2
Industrialised Building Systems (IBS) Roadmap 2003-2010
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
11
The big picture related to the slow
uptake of IBS identified during
discussion is depicted in Figure 3.
• Price?
• Compatibility and demand
(tendering, awarding process)
• Government policy, initiatives,
directives, way forward, secure projects.
• One channel (i.e. JKR)
• Centre of Research Excellence
• Open System
• Quality Control, speed
This picture is translated into four categories: product, marketing,
• Lack of Knowledge
funding, certification and best practices. The problem statement and
R&D topics related to each of these categories as highlighted and
agreed in the workshop are explained in Table 1 to Table 4 below:
Figure 3 The Big Picture
Table 1 Product Category
New Construction Materials – light weight ,
Emphasis R&D on lightweight material such as timber etc.
Problem Statement: Product
Connections and Joints – Research and establish standard and
catalog of connections and joints – Universal joints. More R&D to
be done on universal joint (combination of wet and dry joint)
Precast Manufacturer not keen to proceed with open system
concept
No major structural problem related to IBS, but more towards
workmanship i.e. more on supervision work
Waterproofing to construction
Concrete structure inspection and monitoring – case study after/
before implementation
Product scope- too focus on precast concrete components
Design for IBS – minimal usage of MC
Develop instruction manuals through collecting, collating,
verifying and codification of IBS practises for Malaysia
Open system non existence
Recycling of aggregate, tiles and debris for re-use
Joints, too proprietary
More research on alternative material apart from concrete eg.
fibre, nanotech, etc .
Lightweight component. (e.g. panel use in Finland)
Japan, etc)
A good architecture should utilise local materials in the context of
Malaysian climate
Precast concrete – too focus on heavy instead of light weight
Alternative material not fully exploited
More R&D on lightweight building material
Process/activity in IBS to be friendly, fast and be continuously
improve
Material handling technologies – bar coding, JIT planning
IBS requires information sharing/database/integration/ on tools,
machine, manpower, material along the supply chain
Comprehensive study on impact of transportation and logistics
cost on IBS
Government agencies e.g. JKR prefers wet joint whereas
developer prefers dry joint, (universal joint?) (or combination)
To identify and rectify existing barriers in all Government
implementation, regulatory and approval agencies
Table 2 Marketing Category
R&D Topics: Product
Publication and information dissemination in journals, e.g.,
ACEM and IEM journals, on the latest development - Joints and
waterproofing solutions go unheard
Problem statement: Marketing
Product driver- driven by manufacturer instead of customer
Implementation, monitoring and data acquisition on projects
– archiving system to keep records – database repository
Industry marketing strategies –needs be treated as consumer
products – consumer oriented
IP claims and ownership issues – results of R&D cannot be simply
published. Need to have a framework to work on
Fragmented database
Research on ‘Open System’ (including universal Joints)
implementation in Malaysia
Metrication of dimension is not a problem with the availability
of Architectural, Structural and QS related software which are
interoperable but not real time,
Research into an easy way of monitoring quality of raw material,
e.g., cement grade, etc.
Product cost base on elemental costing not as a marketing
package – consumer driven and cost effective
Production efficiency and production methods for IBS (upstream
R&D)
To build back the tainted image of IBS,
Establish category of manufacturers for production of IBS by way
of setting up level of difficulty for each product category
To conform and align with UBBL requirement and expedite the
application process,
Ready made reinforcement for IBS-Mechanization and Automation
of reinforcement manufacturing
Contractor education in IBS and their commitment to IBS
initiative- educate the contractor available to apply IBS
LED lamps for general lighting – Light distribution and lense
technology – electrical technology such as energy efficiency,
wiring design one part of component
Institutions of higher learning to teach and promote IBS with
incentives from CIDB/CREAM
Increase manpower to initiate programs on innovative designs
–Manpower improvement on IBS for CIDB
Modular designs – “lego” concept – modular coordination to
standard the component
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
12
Table 3 Funding Category
R&D on Marketing
Problem Statement: Funding
To identify overall framework for product scope in relation to local
and global market – framework on R&D
Disconnectivity of funding from one phase to another not
highlighted/clear/transparent eg. Prototyping cost not costed
Priority for R&D on manpower (to attract back Malaysian to
construction)
Researcher not conversant with cost and costing
Mismatch of area of research
Design parametric for repository of accidents, projects,
implementations, performance data of installed systems – Safety and
health issue
Commercialisation – minimal support documentation by CIDB/
govt.- e.g. bankers
CREAM to initiate studies in the industry and follow through with
these initiatives – liaison between industry and the academia
Database on fund providers not available for researchers
Industry want instant results – academia can only come out with
results at a later time. IBS roadmap to address the market timelines,
i.e., plan ahead initiatives before embarking on the project
Research on customer needs in Malaysia and open market
Research on other sectors on consumer products eg electronics and
its re-adaptation to Malaysia building industry-living lifestyle
R&D on Funding
Research on integrated marketing approach on products and services
eg. to introduce marketing package as per consumer’s affordability/
choice.
Research on operational issue related to funding from R&D,
prototyping and commercialisation (for product research)
IBS for low cost housing - continue
Research on software on to support researchers not conversant
with cost and costing for commercialisation
To get the academia to study the market – appreciation of industry
problems
Table 4 Certification and Best Practices
To treat industry as a databank for the academia to understand and
innovate from
Problem Statement: Certification and Best Practices
Commercial impact on MC usage on product design, manufacturing,
etc – all the regulatory in the same line. Insurance study.
IBS certification on products and services non existence
MC certification not widely known
No best practices on IBS published
R&D on Certification and Best Practices
CIDB to operationalize cerification related to IBS product and
services
To provide case studies on good implementation of IBS project
Develop detailed course content for all practitioners, e.g., local
authorities and consultants – more to awareness from all parties
universities, ACEM, CIDB and manufacturers
To identify the best practices of IBS i.e. Japan, Finland, Germany
The Way Forward
The discussion on aligning of R&D requirement to CIMP
and IBS Roadmap as tabled in this workshop has provided
the insights to zoom into the four categories (i.e. product,
marketing, funding, certification and best practices) as way
forward to be taken on board for future R&D initiatives by the
academia and industry. IBS must be considered in holistic
approach (social, economy and environment) that aligns with
the 5M strategy addressed in IBS Roadmap. The emphasis
on the 5M strategy is paramount to ensure innovation in
the construction process exists and the initiatives to reduce
labour dependency materialised █
Please send comments and suggestions to:
[email protected]
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
13
Kursus Kordinasi Modular Modul 1 yang telah diadakan pada 06 Sept 06 di Hotel Syuen,
Ipoh, Perak ini telah dianjurkan oleh CIDB dengan kerjasama pihak Unit Perancang
Ekonomi Negeri Perak (UPEN). Ianya bertujuan untuk memberi penerangan awal
mengenai penggunaan Kordinasi Modular di dalam sesuatu projek.
Kursus yang diadakan selama satu hari ini telah dihadiri seramai
69 orang yang mewakili sebanyak 39 buah agensi pelaksana (pihak berkuasa
tempatan) dari seluruh Negeri Perak. Melalui maklum balas yang diterima
daripada borang penilaian yang telah dikembalikan, lebih separuh peserta
menyatakan program dan objektif kursus tersebut adalah sangat baik. Para
peserta juga memberikan komen agar program ini diadakan di masa akan
datang dengan memperbanyakkan contoh-contoh projek, membawa lawatan
tapak projek IBS dan memanjangkan sesi tersebut agar dapat memberi lebih
pemahaman dan pendedahan kepada mereka.
Penceramah bagi kursus tersebut terdiri daripada En. Rofizlan Ahmad
(CIDB), En. Zulkifli Ismail (UIA), En. Shaharudin Shahzaini (USM), Dr Taksiah A.
Majid (USM) dan Pn. Sumarni Ismail (UPM) █
Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Pemandu IBS Bil 2/2006 Sesi 2005-2007
Mesyuarat Jawatan Kuasa Pemandu IBS Bil 2/2006 telah di adakan pada 22 Sept 06. mesyuarat yang dipengerusikan oleh Yg Bhg. Tan Sri
Dato’ Ir Jamilus Hussain ini bertindak sebagai penasihat dalam menyusun dan membangunkan aktiviti-aktiviti pelaksanaan IBS ke dalam
industri pembinaan negara. Jawatankuasa ini juga memberi cadangan dan nasihat bagi apa-apa bentuk program, aktiviti, penyelidikan dan
pembangunan dalam membantu pelaksanaan IBS dan Roadmap IBS 2003-2010 agar lebih licin dan efektif.
Selain daripada itu, Jawatankuasa ini juga bertindak sebagai sumber rujukan mengenai pemakaian sistem IBS dalam perancangan,
spesifikasi dan lain-lain. Mesyuarat yang bersidang 2 kali setahun ini, terdiri daripada wakil-wakil daripada pihak kerajaan seperti Kementerian
Perumahan dan Kerajaan Tempatan, CIDB, JKR dan Perbadanan Produktiviti Negara (NPC), daripada pihak Universiti seperti Universiti Putra
Malaysia, Kolej Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, daripada NGO pula seperti Persatuan Arkitek Malaysia, SIRIM Malaysia, Institut Penyelidikan
Perhutanan Malaysia (FRIM), Master Builders Association Malaysia (MBAM), Malaysia Structural Steel Association (MSSA), Dewan Perniagaan
Melayu Malaysia dan wakil daripada PECB, UEM, Taisei dan ACP Industries █
On the 23th August 2006, CIDB together with Forest Research
Institute Malaysia (FRIM) as main organizer, organized
Workshop on Timber Application to Complement Modular
Co-ordination and IBS.
Workshop on Timber Application to
Complement Modular Co-ordination and IBS
BERITA
Kursus Kordinasi Modular Modul 1, Ipoh, Perak
Industrialised Building System (IBS) has been
employed in the Malaysian Construction Industry for quite
some time. But so far, its have been not widely utilized
especially in IBS. The application of timber in IBS is only
confined to prefabricated roof trusses, and this use is also
being threatened due to a few inappropriate applications
that led to mishaps and further tarnish its reputation.
Timber has been losing its importance and increasingly
being replaced by concrete, steel and aluminium in the local
building industry. Even though there were some trials by
some companies to produce prefabricated timber buildings
for low-cost housing scheme, the design and construction
were not based on standardized dimensions that comply
with MC concept. This workshop had focus on these current
issues on timber utilization, how and when to incorporate
timber into MC & IBS and engineered timber based products
for future application especially in building industry.
The speakers were Ir Noraini Bahri from CIDB, Ar
Zawidatul Asma from JKR, Dr Wong Tuck Meng from MTC,
Dr Mohamad Omar Mohd Khaidzir from FRIM, Mr Ng Wu Pin
from Pryda (Malaysia), Dr Badorul Hisham from USM and Mr
Mazlan Mohd Tahir from UKM. At the end of the day, Dr Tan Yu
Eng chaired panel discussion on “Timber in IBS and MC: The
Way Forward” with Ir Elias Ismail (CIDB) Dr Abd Rashid Abd
Malek (FRIM), Dr Wong Tuck Meng (MTC) and Ar Zawidatul
Asma (JKR) as panel members █
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
14
On A Lighter Note
One morning a contractor called an architectural
firm and asked to speak to an architect regarding a
particular project.
The receptionist, with a voice full of regret, said,
“I’m sorry, sir, but the architect recently died a
slow, agonizing death out on a project site.” The
contractor stated his condolences and hung up.
About an hour later the same contractor called
back and asked to speak to an architect regarding
the same project. Again, the receptionist gave the
contractor the bad news: “I’m sorry Sir, but the
architect recently died a slow, agonizing death
out on a project site.” As before, the contractor
mumbled his regrets and hung up.
This pattern repeated itself each hour throughout
the morning, until, at last, the receptionist
recognized the contractor’s voice and lost her
patience, whereupon she said to him, “Sir, why do
you keep calling here when you know I’m going to
say the architect has recently died a slow, agonizing
death out on a project site?”
The contractor, exploding with long-suppressed
maniacal laughter, gasped, “Because I love to hear
you say it!”
CIDB PUBLICATIONS
CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY
TITLE: INDUSTRIALISED BUILDING SYSTEM (IBS) ROADMAP 2003-2010
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
PRICE: DISTRIBUTED FREE OF CHARGE
TITLE: CATALOGUE OF PREFABRICATED TIMBER
COMPONENTS FOR BUILDING WORKS 2004/2005
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
983-2724-22-8
PRICE: DISTRIBUTED FREE OF CHARGE
TITLE: MANUAL FOR IBS CONTENT SCORING SYSTEM (IBS SCORE)
PUBLISHED DATE: 2005
ISBN:
983-2724-30-9
PRICE: RM10.00
TITLE: CATALOGUE OF PRECAST CONCRETE
COMPONENTS FOR INFRASTUCTURE WORKS
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
983-2724-27-9
PRICE: RM10.00
TITLE: IBS REFERENCE MATERIALS CD
PUBLISHED DATE: 2005
ISBN:
PRICE: RM50.00
TITLE: JOINTS & TOLERENCES FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
PUBLISHED DATE: 2001
ISBN:
PRICE: RM5.00
TITLE: SIZING GUIDE FOR PRECAST CONCRETE BUILDINGS COMPONENTS FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
983-2724-24-4
PRICE: RM10.00
TITLE: IMPLIKASI KORDINASI MODULAR DALAM UNDANG-UNDANG & PERATURAN BANGUNAN
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
PRICE: RM5.00
TITLE: MODULAR DESIGN GUIDE
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
983-40002-4-3
PRICE: RM20.00
TITLE: PERLAKSANAAN KORDINASI MODULAR DI DALAM INDUSTRI PEMBINAAN
PUBLISHED DATE: 2001
ISBN:
PRICE: RM5.00
TITLE: CATALOGUE OF PRECAST CONCRETE
COMPONENTS FOR BUILDING WORKS 2004/2005
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
983-2724-26-0
PRICE: RM10.00
TITLE: DESIGN CONCEPT USING COMPONENT & BUILDABILITY
PUBLISHED DATE: 2001
ISBN:
PRICE: RM5.00
TITLE: CATALOGUE OF METAL FRAME & METAL FRAMEWORK FOR BUILDING WORKS 2004/2005
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
983-2724-25-2
PRICE: RM10.00
TITLE: STANDARD INDUSTRI PEMBINAAN CIS 1 1998 STANDARD PERUMAHAN KEBANGSAAN BAGI PERUMAHAN KOS RENDAH SATU & DUA TINGKAT
PUBLISHED DATE: 1998
ISBN:
983-40002-0-0
PRICE: RM18.00
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
15
“ GLOBALIZATION
COMPANY THAT SEAR
NOT JUST TO SELL OR T
INTELLECTU
- THE WORLD’S B
GREATES
-Jack Welch, Ex-CEO, General El
HAS CHANGED US INTO A
RCHES THE WORLD,
TO SOURCE, BUT TO FIND
UAL CAPITAL
BEST TALENTS AND
ST IDEAS.”
lectric on Knowledge Management
Siri Poster Projek IBS
Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre
IBS Digest | Issue 2 2006
TITLE: STANDARD INDUSTRI PEMBINAAN CIS 2
1998 STANDARD PERUMAHAN KEBANGSAAN BAGI PERUMAHAN KOS RENDAH RUMAH PANGSA
PUBLISHED DATE: 1998
ISBN:
983-40002-1-9
PRICE: RM18.00
TITLE: PANDUAN KERJA KONKRIT DI TAPAK PEMBINAAN
PUBLISHED DATE: 2001
ISBN:
983-40002-6-X
PRICE: RM10.00
TITLE: STANDARD INDUSTRI PEMBINAAN CIS 3
2005 STANDARD PERUMAHAN KEBANGSAAN BAGI PERUMAHAN KOS SEDERHANA RENDAH SELAIN RUMAH PANGSA
PUBLISHED DATE: 2005
ISBN:
983-2724-39-2
PRICE: RM10.00
TITLE: PROCEEDINGS OF THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY RESEARCH ACHIEVEMENT SEMINAR 2002 (CIRAS 2002)
PUBLISHED DATE: 2002
ISBN:
983-40002-7-8
PRICE: DISTRIBUTED FREE OF CHARGE
TITLE: STANDARD INDUSTRI PEMBINAAN CIS 4
2005 STANDARD PERUMAHAN KEBANGSAAN BAGI PERUMAHAN KOS SEDERHANA RENDAH RUMAH PANGSA
PUBLISHED DATE: 2005
ISBN:
983-2724-40-6
PRICE: RM10.00
TITLE: PROCEEDINGS OF THE RAIN WATER HARVESTING AS TOOL FOR SUSTAINABLE WATER MANAGEMENT
PUBLISHED DATE: 2002
ISBN:
983-40002-8-6
PRICE: DISTRIBUTED FREE OF CHARGE
TITLE: STANDARD INDUSTRI PEMBINAAN CIS 5
2004 QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR PREFABRICATED TIMBER TRUSS SYSTEMS
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
983-2724-23-6
PRICE: RM10.00
TITLE: DESIGNING, MANAGING & SUPPORTING CONSTRUCTION PROJECT THROUGH INNOVATION & IT SOLUTION
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
983-2724-17-1
PRICE: DISTRIBUTED FREE OF CHARGE
TITLE: STANDARD INDUSTRI PEMBINAAN CIS 6
2005 QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR TREATMENT OF TIMBER FOR ROOF TRUSSES WITH COPPER-CHROME-
ARSENIC WOOD PRESERVATIVE
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
983-2724-41-4
PRICE: RM10.00
TITLE: QUALITY ASSESSMENT SYSTEM IN CONSTRUCTION (QLASSIC)
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
PRICE: RM15.00
TITLE: CATALOGUE 2004 CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY STANDARDS CATALOGUE
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
983-2727-16-3
PRICE: RM20.00
TITLE: MASTER PLAN FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY & HELATH IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY 2005-2010
PUBLISHED DATE: 2005
ISBN:
PRICE: DISTRIBUTED FREE OF CHARGE
TITLE: MALAYSIAN STANDARD MS 1064:
PART 1 TO PART 10
PUBLISHED DATE: 2001
CONTACT: SIRIM BHD
TEL:
03 5544 6000
TITLE: IBS SURVEY 2005
PUBLISHED DATE: 2006
ISBN:
983-2724-46-5
PRICE: RM10.00
TITLE: INDUSTRIALISED BUILDING SYSTEMS
PUBLISHED DATE: 2004
ISBN:
983-2871-67-0
PRICE: RM40.00
CONTACT:UPM PRESS
TEL:
03 8946 8851
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
18
2007:
Asri Adnan - Unit Penyelidikan, Parlimen Malaysia
mencergaskan
SEKTOR PEMBINAAN
DOMESTIK
Menurut perangkaan, sektor pembinaan domestik mengalami
penguncupan sejak tahun 2004. Kajian menunjukkan bahawa antara
punca penguncupan ini adalah kerana berkurangnya bilangan
projek-projek infrastruktur tempatan berikutan penyiapan beberapa
projek-projek besar infrastruktur pada tahun-tahun sebelumnya
dan kelembapan aktiviti-aktiviti subsektor kejuruteraan awam.
Oleh yang demikian, Bajet 2007 yang
dibentangkan oleh YAB Perdana Menteri, merangkap
Menteri Kewangan, di Dewan Rakyat pada 1hb September
2006 yang lalu, memberi penekanan, antara lainnya,
kepada mencergaskan industri pembinaan tempatan.
Sebanyak RM27.5 bilion telah diperuntukkan
dibawah peruntukan pembangunan bagi tahun 2007 untuk
pelbagai projek pembangunan yang juga merangkumi
projek-projek Rancangan Malaysia Kesembilan dan projekprojek PFI. Sebanyak RM4 bilion akan dibelanjakan dalam
beberapa projek PFI sahaja bagi 2007.
Antara projek infrastruktur yang siap dibina pada tahun
2004 termasuk Lebuh Raya Pantai Timur (Fasa Pertama), Lebuh Raya
SILK, Penchala Link, Lebuh Raya Ekspres Pantai Baru dan Lebuh Raya
Ekspres Koridor Guthrie.
Selain itu, perbelanjaan kerajaan yang lebih rendah dan
berpilih dalam projek-projek infrastruktur yang besar juga turut
menjadi faktor penyumbang.
Beberapa minggu sebelum pembentangan
Bajet 2007, YAB Perdana Menteri telah mengumumkan
mengenai 880 projek pembangunan baru dibawah RMK9
dengan jumlah nilai RM15 bilion yang bakal dilaksanakan
melalui proses tender dalam tempoh yang terdekat.
Sebahagian daripada projek-projek ini dijangka akan mula
dilaksanakan pada suku keempat 2006.
Jadual 1 dan Jadual 2 berikut menunjukkan perbandingan bilangan
dan nilai kontrak sejak 2003 sehingga separuh pertama 2005:
Jadual 1 : Nilai kontrak sektor pembinaan 2003 – 1H 2005
Nilai Kontrak (RM bilion)
Zon
2003
Utara
5.19
Tengah
19.84
Selatan
11.86
Timur
3.91
Sabah/Sarawak
6.06
Jumlah
46.86
Perubahan (%)
12.8
2004
4.42
18.77
11.55
1.86
4.44
41.04
(12.4)
Senarai di muka surat sebelah adalah senarai
awal yang dikeluarkan oleh kerajaan setelah mendapat
maklumat yang diperlukan daripada kementeriankementerian yang terbabit.
1H 2005
1.74
7.72
3.54
1.65
1.65
16.3
(14.6)
Subsektor kejuruteraan awam dijangka
mencatatkan peningkatan dengan perlaksanaan projekprojek infrastruktur RMK9 disamping projek-projek
yang sedang dalam pembinaan seperti Lebuhraya Kuala
Lumpur-Putrajaya, Lebuhraya Senai-Desaru, Lebuhraya
Duta-Ulu Kelang dan kerja menaiktaraf Lapangan Terbang
Antarabangsa Kota Kinabalu (KKIA).
Sumber : Lembaga Pembinaan Industri Pembinaan (CIDB)
Jadual 2 : Bilangan kontrak sektor pembinaan 2003 – 1H 2005
Bilangan Kontrak
Zon
Utara
Tengah
Selatan
Timur
Sabah/Sarawak
Jumlah
Perubahan (%)
2003
827
1,621
856
397
539
4,240
(15.6)
2004
799
1,604
821
294
457
3,975
(6.2)
Walaubagaimanapun, mengimbas kembali
kepada pembentangan Bajet 2006, dimana sektor
pembinaan dijangka pulih pada kadar 3.0% pada 2006
daripada penguncupan 1.1% pada 2005, Laporan
Ekonomi 2006/2007 (bertarikh September 2006) yang
dikeluarkan oleh Kementerian Kewangan mengunjurkan
pertumbuhan sektor pembinaan yang lebih rendah iaitu
0.7% pada tahun 2006. Perangkaan rasmi menunjukkan
bahawa pada tahun 2005, sektor pembinaan mengalami
penguncupan sebanyak 1.6%.
1H 2005
329
627
358
174
185
1,673
(22.4)
Sumber : Lembaga Pembangunan Industri Pembinaan (CIDB)
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
19
ARTIKEL
Bajet
Oleh yang demikian,
keberkesanan
perlaksanaan
projek-projek pembangunan
dibawah RMK9 kini menjadi
semakin
kritikal
kepada
pertumbuhan positif sektor
pembinaan domestik. Menurut
Kementerian
Kewangan,
berikutan
peluang
kerja
pembinaan yang terhad dan
terdapatnya lebihan kapasiti
dalam
negara,
beberapa
firma-firma tempatan yang
berwibawa telah meneroka
pasaran luar, terutamanya di
India dan Timur Tengah dan
memperoleh kontrak untuk
membinan jalan, lebuh raya dan
bangunan dengan anggaran
kontrak bernilai RM15.3 bilion
yang meliputi 36 buah negara.
Ringkasan Projek Yang Sedia Untuk DiTender
Kementerian/Jabatan
Jabatan Perdana Menteri
Perbendaharaan
Kem. Perusahaan Perladangan & Komoditi
Kem. Pertanian & Industri Asas Tani
Kem. Kemajuan Luar Bandar & Wilayah
Kem. Sumnber Asli & Alam Sekitar
Kem. Perd. Antarabangsa & Industri
Kem. Kerja Raya
Kem. Pengangkutan
Kem. Tenaga, Air & Komunikasi
Kem. Sains, Teknologi & Komunikasi
Kem. Pelajaran
Kem. Kesihatan
Kem. Kebudayaan, Kesenian & Warisan
Kem. Belia & Sukan
Kem. Sumber Manusia
Kem. Penerangan
Kem. Pengajian Tinggi
Kem. Pertahanan
Kem. Hal Ehwal Dalam Negeri
Kem. Keselamatan Dalam Negeri
JUMLAH
S u n g g u h p u n
demikian, lebihan kapasiti
dalam negara ini perlu diberi
perhatian yang sewajarnya.
Menurut National Property
Information Centre (NAPIC),
urus
niaga
hartanah
keseluruhan
berkurangan
4.1% kepada 133,322 urus
niaga bagi tempoh enam
bulan pertama 2006 (JanuariJun 2005: 0.5%; 136,945 urus
niaga) dengan pertumbuhan
negatif
dicatatkan
dalam
semua subsektor. Urus niaga
kediaman yang meliputi 64.5%
daripada jumlah keseluruhan
bilangan urusniaga susut 3.4%
dalam tempoh terbabit, diikuti
urus niaga pertanian yang juga
susut 6.6%, komersil susut 1%,
pembangunan susut 6.6% dan
perindustrian susut 9.8%.
Projek RMKe-9
Projek PFI
Bil. Projek
Bil. Projek
68
12
2
2
7
8
2
65
24
12
10
140
27
5
3
0
2
25
21
2
18
455
Jumlah
Jumlah Bil. Projek
3
1
1
2
0
4
0
1
2
0
0
357
0
1
0
1
8
0
17
3
24
425
71
13
3
4
7
12
2
66
26
12
10
497
27
6
3
1
10
25
38
5
42
880
Sektor pembinaan pada hari ini semakin mencabar dengan faktor-faktor seperti kualiti, kos dan
kepuasan pelanggan menjadi fokus kepada dayasaing keseluruhan syarikat-syarikat pembinaan tempatan.
Banyak negara di dunia sedang menambahbaik sektor pembinaan mereka dengan meningkatkan lagi
penggunaan teknologi, memperkenalkan proses dan perolehan yang lebih inovatif, memperbaiki ciri-ciri
keselamatan di tapak-tapak pembinaan dan mengoptimumkan penggunaan tenaga buruh.
Syarikat-syarikat pembinaan tempatan harus lebih berani dan drastik dalam pengurusan
perniagaan mereka dan beranjak kepada penggunaan teknologi yang lebih lestari dalam jangkapanjang
dan mengambil inisiatif untuk mengambilpakai kaedah-kaedah pembinaan yang lebih efisyen dengan
penggunaan tenaga buruh yang minimum seperti penggunaan Industrialized Building System (IBS)
untuk jangkapanjang █
Property Sales Status Q1
Status Jualan Hartanah Q1 2006
Chart 1
Sales Performance of New Housing Scheme
(Q1 2006)
30,000
Chart 2
Total Number of Overhang Property by Sector
(Completed)
Chart 4
Total Number of Unsold Property by Sector
(Not Constructed)
Chart 3
Total Number of Unsold Property by Sector
(Under Construction)
50
25,000
80,000
25,000
25,000
70,000
40
60,000
20,000
20,000
20,000
10
Q1 2005
Q2 2005
Units Launched
Sales Performance
Q3 2005
Q4 2005
Units Sold
Q1 2006
Units
10,000
20,000
5,000
5,000
0
30,000
10,000
20
5,000
15,000
40,000
Units
Units
10,000
15,000
Units
30
15,000
Sales Performance
50,000
10,000
0
0
0
Q1 2005
Q2 2005
Q3 2005
Residential
Q4 2005
Q1 2006
Q1 2005
Shop
Residential
Industrial
IBS Digest
Q2 2005
Industrial
|
Issue 2 2006
20
Q3 2005
Q4 2005
Shop
Q1 2006
Q1 2005
Q2 2005
Residential
Industrial
Q3 2005
Q4 2005
Shop
Q1 2006
for Better Marketing of IBS Components
to Architects
by Dr. Hjh. Rahinah Ibrahim and Raja Ahmad Azmeer Raja Ahmad Effendi
It was some time during the peak media discussions on the
marketability of our national cars when Raja and I started
discussing about the possible missing link in the equation to
commercialise a local product after its development. Although
Raja is very much into furniture, I am into building. Our common
ground is that we are both involved in one type of product
development, albeit at a much different scale. We understand
the lifecycle process for a product very well. We did wonder
aloud why a certain car model thought to have high sale
potential ended up otherwise. That was the time when I started
to learn about product emotions. Product emotions involve the
process of psychological interaction between a consumer and
a product where the product has the ability to elicit emotions
(Desmet 2002) .
Desmet (2002) describes these emotions as real and have the
same qualities as the emotions we experience in our social
interactions. Raja and I started wondering whether there is a
potential for IBS components to become more marketable to
the architects if we were to introduce the concept of aesthetical
emotions during an IBS component’s development process.
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
Aesthetical emotions involve the process of psychological
interaction between a designer and a manufactured product
where the product has the ability to elicit aesthetical preferential
emotions. If we could, there is potential for the country to
increase the utilisation of IBS components in a building
project. Norman (2004) has identified three types of affective
response and processing which occur during the psychological
interaction between a product (in our case, an IBS component)
and a consumer (in our context, the architect).
The three types of processing are visceral, behavioural and
reflective processing. Visceral processing usually deals with the
attractive element of a product such as beauty. It is associated
with the understanding of how things look, feel and sound.
On the other hand, behavioural processing is about activities
that relate to the subconscious level of everyday action such as
walking, running, talking etc. that is about the everyday use of
the product.
21
ARTIKEL
Infusing Aesthetical Emotions
The image of boxy buildings does not augur well with architects.
In addition, the cold and hard ambience that concrete is known
to represent does not help when the objective of the design is to
create a warm and friendly environment, especially if they are for
housing projects.
At the behavioural processing level, a design firm must first learn
about Modular Coordination (MC) dimensioning system before
they can easily transition into what we term as the IBS design
mode. The IBS design mode refers to the automatic subconscious
reference to IBS systems during the design process. The difficulty
here lies in the willingness by the design firms to integrate a learning
curve among their staff in order for IBS to transition seamlessly into
the design phases. Without this conscious effort, it will be hard to
move forward towards our IBS Roadmap’s 2010 vision.
In our situation, the architect would automatically think about IBS
construction without thinking much about it during design. The last
reflective processing is related to the consumer’s image or prestige when
using certain products. It is the provision of an avenue for architects to
show off to people the creative product they are hired for.
Let us now look at the IBS concept per se and see if we could explain
some of the feelings architects feel about utilising IBS for their building
projects. At the visceral processing level, let us review the appealing
attractiveness of IBS. A number of our architect friends feel that IBS
tends to give a lower design creativity image. The designs tend to
be monotonous and repetitive in order to meet the economic gains
during the building period. Indeed, the gain is for the builder in terms
of productivity and delivery efficiency.
The precision efficiency exudes the “engineering” approach which of
course, is not on the priority list of design aesthetics. Many feel that the
engineering precision somewhat impose control on the creative design
flair from emerging freely into the building’s architectural design.
At the third reflective processing level, we believe that many
architects still think that cheaper construction delivery means they
may have to “strip down” some architectural elements in order to
simplify their designs. Therefore, how could they show off their
design skills when the end-product could simply be designed and
delivered by an IBS components manufacturer? In summarising
our assessment, we came to a conclusion that we may be required
to inject a new factor we are calling aesthetical emotions into the
design process of IBS components especially during the earlier
conceptual design phase of a building project.
Our next step forward is planning a strategy on how we can
integrate the aesthetical emotions into the critical phases of the
property development lifecycle in order to increase the buy-ins
from architects and supported by the owners. Unlike the utilitarian
products (such as the rice cooker or an electric kettle) that are
produced through the industrial design processes, a building
project commands a different level of scale complexity involving a
bigger project team and more complex processes. In other words,
we know that only through research can we strategically infuse the
aesthetical emotions into the design process of IBS components.
Readers would have noted that the type of research is most
unlikely such as that of a typical engineering research. We
are proposing the utilisation of the scientific and established
approach in qualitative research since we are dealing with the
psychological realm of the architects and owners. The strategies
for infusing aesthetical emotions will have to be derived from
field observations and in-depth interviews of professionals in the
construction industry on top of requiring a deep understanding of
the design and manufacturing processes of IBS components. It is
our opinion that the infusion of aesthetical emotions into the IBS
components will gradually improve the architects’ preference for
using IBS components in their building projects.
1. Desmet, P. and P. Hekkert. 2002.
The Basis of Product Emotions.
Taylor and Francis : London.
2. Norman, D. 2004. Emotional Design:
Why We Love (Or Hate) Everyday
Things. Basic Books : London.
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
22
one
by Zawidatul Asma Ghazali, Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia
(Note: This is the first section of a six-part article on the design rules based on the
Malaysian Standard for Modular Coordination in Buildings, MS 1064.)
Introduction
Modular Design Rules
The decision to replace the existing imperial system of weights
and measures in Malaysia with the metric system in 1972 provides
a unique opportunity for technological advancement and
rationalization in the building industry. The program for change to
the metric from 1972 to 1982, however, faced with much difficulty
due to the complexity and fragmented nature of the building
industry. A coherent system of coordinating dimensions in the
building process is crucially needed to facilitate the communication
at all levels in the building industry. The approval of the
recommendation for the introduction of modular coordination in
building in Malaysia by the Government in April 1986 constitutes a
positive step to streamline the industry towards proper metrication
in building planning, design, construction and manufacturing of
building materials and building components.
2-1 General Modular Rules
The introduction of modular coordination in the industry
not only provides dimensional basis for the coordination of
dimensions and of those buildings incorporating them, but also it
acts as a tool towards rationalization and industrialization of the
building industry.
1-1 Basis of Modular Coordination
• The use of modules (basic module and multi-modules)
• A reference system to define coordinating spaces and zones for
building elements and for the components which form them.
• Rules for locating building elements within the reference system.
• Rules for sizing building components in order to determine their
work sizes.
• Rules for defining preferred sizes for building components and
coordinating dimensions for buildings.
1-2 Benefits of Modular Coordination
The use of Modular Coordination as a dimensional basis for the
building industry will pave the way for the creation of open design
principles and rules which combine freedom in architectural
planning and flexibility in the choice of construction method.
It offers designers the possibility of incorporating standardized
modular components in building projects effectively due to the
following advantages:
• Dimensional coordination for simplification and clarification
of the building process. It provides a common language for the
building industry players, thus creating better coordination and
cooperation between various parties.
• Limitation of variants in dimensions of components, reducing
design time especially with the use of standardized modular
components.
• Standardisation of building components, thus reducing
manufacturing and installation costs.
• Prefabrication of standardized components to minimize wastage
of materials, manpower and construction time.
• Industrialisation of the building process through the increased
usage of modern technologies such as Computer Aided Design
and Drafting and Computer Aided Manufacturing.
|
2-1-4 Horizontal Planning Module
The horizontal planning module for structural framework is
based on the multi module 3M. Mh = 3M (300mm)
The selection of the suitable horizontal planning modules
is based on the functional requirements of the building
and the components to be used for economic design. Refer
Table 1.
Modular Coordination is essentially based on:
IBS Digest
2-1-1 Basic Module M = 100mm
The basic module is the fundamental unit in Modular
Coordination and is represented by the letter M.
It is adopted internationally.
2-1-2 Multi Modules 3M, 6M, 9M, 12M, 15M etc.
Multi modules are used as planning modules for the main
dimensions of building framework such as floor span,
column distances, etc. It is the multiples of the basic
module M.
2-1-3 Sub Modules 50mm (0.5M), 25mm (0.25M)
Sub modules are used as for sizing of components
requiring increment smaller than M.
Issue 2 2006
23
2-1-5 Vertical Planning Module
Mv = 1M (100mm)
3M
6M
9M
12M
3
6
6
9
9
12
12
12
15
18
18
18
21
24
24
24
27
27
30
30
33
36
36
36
36
39
42
42
45
45
48
48
48
54
54
60
60
63
66
72
72
72
78
81
84
84
etc.
Table 1: Series of multi
modular sizes for
Horizontal Controling
Dimensions
15M
15
30
45
60
75
etc.
KORDINASI MODULAR (MC)
MODULAR DESIGN
RULES :part
2-1-6 Reference System – Modular Grids
The modular grid is formed by the planning modules and the basic module.
The modular planning grid is used mainly for the design of the structural
framework. Modular components are normally placed in the modular grid
with their edges along the modular lines. The advantage of using grids is that
they provide a continuous reference system in a project.
Boundary Reference
Boundary reference is used to coordinate the position of
the building components and determines the nominal size
of the component by placing the component within two
parallel modular grids or planes so that it fills the space or
modular zone between the grids or planes.
Inter axial Reference
Inter axial reference is used to coordinate the position and
dimensions of the building component by a combination
of axial and boundary reference.
Axial Reference
Axial reference is used to coordinate the position of a
particular component by placing the component so that
the middle axis coincides with a modular coordinating
grid/plane.
Flush Reference
Flush reference is used to coordinate the position of
building component by placing one surface (eg. upper
surface of a floor) of the component flush on to a modular
coordinating grid / plane.
2-1-8 Sizing of Component
Basic Modular Grid
This is the smallest planning grid used as a basis for developing other grids.
The basic modular grid is normally shown only on small scale drawings to
clarify the relationships between components. Each square is 1M by 1M ie.
100mm x 100mm.
Coordinating Size
The coordinating size of a component refers to the size which
accommodates the work size of component and allowances
for joints and tolerances in order to ensure proper fit during
assembly. Coordinating size of a component is always
modular.
Multi Modular Grid
The multi modular grid is formed with the intervals being multi modules. They
can either be squares with same intervals in both directions or rectangular.
These grids are based on recommended multi modules. They are used in
key plans, showing the building layouts and the positions of main building
components.
Tartan Grid
The tartan grid is an interrupted modular planning grid in which the intervals
or bands of interruption are regularly spaced in both directions and are of
different modular order to the general modular planning grid.
joint preference plane
coincide with modular
plane
2-1-7 Positioning of Building Elements
In order to coordinate the positions and dimensions of building
spaces and elements, different types of reference methods are
used:
joint preference displaced
from modular plane
Joints
Modular coordination provides a coordinated and an
effective system for identifying suitable joints locations.
Every joint should relate to a joint reference plane.
Tolerance
Coordinating size of a component should include
tolerances required in production and placing
(manufacturing and assembly). Tolerances to be
considered are product tolerances, installation tolerances
and interfacing tolerances █
(to be continued in IBS Digest Edition 1, 2007)
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
24
WOOD WOOL
CEMENT BOARD
sebagai bahan binaan & system inovatif
didalam industri binaan
Satu Penyelesaian Yang Berasaskan Ekonomi Kepada Peningkatan Kualiti Dan Efisiensi Untuk Industri
Pembinaan Malaysia
Pengenalan
Hasil usaha gigih oleh dua orang
usahawan Nor Azizi Mohd Said dan
Hazrin
Jamaluddin
menyebabkan
tertubuhnya Corakmas Engineering
Sdn Bhd (Corakmas). Ianya adalah
sebuah syarikat bumiputra yang
berlandaskan aktiviti-aktiviti didalam
bidang kejuruteraan, pembinaan dan
perdagangan.
di dalam industri pembinaan di Malaysia ini
masih kurang, walhal produk ini telah bertapak
di Eropah semenjak 80 tahun dahulu.
Nor Azizi lulusan Mechanical
Engineering dan Hazrin Jamaluddin
lulusan MBA dari Amerika Syarikat
telah berkecimpung di dalam industri
pembinaan selama 4 tahun. Hasrat
mereka untuk mengenalkan produk
bahan binaan yang boleh membuat
perubahan ketara didalam industri
pembinaan telah tercapai dengan
perlantikan Corakmas sebagai pembekal
dan wakil syarikat perkilangan bagi
produk Wood Wool Cement Board.
Daripada perbincangan dengan pihak
Corakmas, kelebihan dari aspek teknikal, ciriciri produk, cara dan metodologi pembinaan
dan penjimatan kos adalah amat ketara sekali.
Berikut adalah ringkasan maklumat mengenai
WWCB :
Menurut mereka, Corakmas
menyediakan kepakaran dan khidmat
nasihat didalam penggunaan Wood
Wool Cement Board seperti:
• Ianya merupakan bahan binaan yang
diperbuat daripada kayu dan simen
• Dikilang dan dikeluarkan dalam bentuk panel
/ papan
• Mempunyai banyak kelebihan dan
penggunaan yang meluas
Projek-projek mereka terdiri
daripada pembinaan rumah-rumah
banglo persendirian dan pusat-pusat
kitar semula seluruh Malaysia di bawah
Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat
Malaysia. Menurut mereka, kesedaran,
kefahaman, penerimaan dan sambutan
bagi produk WWCB sebagai bahan
binaan alternatif
Pengenalan Kepada Produk
Wood Wool Cement Board
(WWCB)
Ciri-Ciri Produk WWCB
1. Penasihat teknikal didalam teknologi
binaan dan projek pembinaan.
2. Syarikat pengurusan projek (PMC)
untuk perlaksanaan projek.
3. Sebagai rakan teknologi dengan
kontraktor utama.
4. Pembekal.
Buat masa ini selain daripada Eropah,
penggunaan yang meluas bagi produk WWCB
banyak terdapat di Amerika Utara dan Selatan,
dan Asia (seperti Jepun, Taiwan, Filipina dan
indonesia).
Penebatan
• Mempunyai penebatan haba yang
baik.
•Penyerapan akustik bagi meningkatkan
suasana yang lebih menyenangkan.
Ketahanan Api
75 mm WWCB = ketahanan selama 2
jam
Kalis Air
Direndam dalam air selama 10 tahun
tanpa reput atau mudarat.
Ketahanan kepada Organisma
Ketahanan kepada anai-anai, kereputan
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
25
Membina rumah tanpa
memerlukan struktur
konvensional
Semua dinding dinaikkan
ke paras siling dalam
masa 1 hari.
Penyambungan
menggunakan konkrit
akan memberikan
WWCB kekuatan
maksimum.
USAHAWAN
Penggunaan
Penggunaan & Aplikasi WWCB
Faedah dan Kelebihan Menggunakan WWCB
• Pembinaan
1. Pengurangan kos asas :
• Tiada atau kurang piling digunakan.
• Foundation yang ringan.
• Pengubahsuaian
• Dinding
• Siling
• Panel “Sound Proofing”
• Bilik sejuk
• Panel Akustik untuk Auditorium
• Siling Akustik - penyerapan bunyi
• Bangunan Tinggi - “permanent formwork”
• Ruang Dalaman - dinding dalaman, tandas
dan sinki dapur
• Ketahanan Api - siling, dinding dan pintu
tahan api
• Penebatan Haba - siling, dinding dan lantai
2. Kos buruh berkurangan :
• Sistem bangunan yang mudah dan inovatif.
• Menggunakan peralatan yang senang dan mudah.
• Bahan binaan yang ringan dan mudah alih.
3. Jangkamasa pembinaan lebih cepat :
• Penggunaan acuan yang minimum.
• Penggunaan lepa yang kurang.
4. Kualiti tinggi dan penjimatan kos :
• Gaya hidup berkualiti disebabkan penebatan haba yang berkesan
(75 mm board sama dengan 60 cm dinding batu).
• Tidak perlu pembaikan pulih dan pelepaan yang banyak
(tiada keretakan, pereputan
dan serangan anai-anai).
Berat Wood Wool Cement Boards adalah lebih
kurang 25 % daripada berat batu bata atau 15
% daripada berat konkrit.
Substruktur :
• Penggunaan asas yang minima.
• Tiada atau kurang cerucuk digunakan
disebabkan penggunaan superstruktur yang
berkurangan.
WWCB NOT
ONLY OFFERS A
BUILDING METHOD
WITH
Bangunan:
• Penggunaan tiang dan rasuk yang lebih
ringan (penjimatan kos).
• Masa pembinaan lebih cepat.
• Kurang pekerja.
• Pengurangan penggunaan lepa (mempunyai
permukaan rata).
• Tiada atau kurang pembaziran bahan
binaan.
COST
SAVINGS…
BUT ALSO WITH
AND
STRENGTH
QUALITY
Sebagai rumusan, rumah yang menggunakan
WWCB akan memberikan:
• Pengurangan kos elektrik disebabkan
penebatan haba yang berkesan.
• Penurangan kos baikpulih (tiada keretakan
dan kulat).
Usahawan:
Corakmas Engineering Sdn Bhd.
Produk:
Wood Wool Cement Board
Hubungi:
www.corakmas.com
DINDING WOOD WOOL CEMENT BOARD
DINDING BATU BATA
• Struktur Berat = 2200kg/m3
• Asas Besar
• Cerucuk yang Dalam
• Struktur Ringan = 380kg/m3
• Asas Kecil
• Tiada/ Kurang Cerucuk
= Tiada Penjimatan
= Penjimatan Kos
Nota: Di dalam usaha menyokong Roadmap IBS dan hasrat kerajaan untuk membangunkan penggiat IBS di kalangan Bumiputera, ruangan USAHAWAN ini
diadakan bertujuan untuk menampilkan usahawan-usahawan IBS Bumiputera dan juga produk, perkhidmatan atau teknologi yang ditawarkan. Di samping itu,
maklumat-maklumat mengenai program pembangunan usahawan IBs oleh pihak kerajaan dan swasta akan turut ditampilkan di keluaran-keluaran IBS DIgest
yang akan datang.
IBS Digest
| Issue 2 2006
26
INTERNATIONAL
CONSTRUCTION WEEK
Minggu Pembinaan Antrabangsa 2006 atau lebih dikenali sebagai International
Construction Week (ICW2006) telah diadakan dengan jayanya pada bulan September
lepas. Edisi kelapan ICW tersebut telah dirasmikan oleh Y.B Menteri Kerja Raja, Dato’
Seri S. Samy Vellu, di Kuala Lumpur Convetion Centre (KLCC) pada 13hb. September
2006. Tarikan utama ICW2006 adalah Malbex 2006 yang telah berlansung dari 13
hingga 16 September 2006. Meraikan edisi ke-23nya, ia kekal sebagai pameran industri
pembinaan yang terulung dan tertua di Malaysia. Ia merupakan acara tahunan yang
amat dinanti-nantikan oleh penggiat industri pembinaan dan merupakan tempat
pertemuan tahunan untuk mereka berkongsi idea, menjalankan urusan perniagaan,
membentuk hubungan strategik dan mendapatkan maklumat terkini mengenai
perkembangan industri pembinaan. Para penggiat industri IBS tempatan juga tidak
ketinggalan untuk mengambil bahagian di dalam pameran tersebut.
Turut diadakan sepanjang ICW2006 adalah beberapa siri pertandingan, seminar dan persidangan. Ini meliputi Pertandingan
Kemahiran Malaysia (14-18 Ogos 2006), Malaysian Construction Sector Review 2005/2006 and Outlook Seminar (21 Ogos 2006), Quantity
Surveying National Convention (4-5 September 2006), Asia Pacific Structural Engineering and Construction Conference (APSEC 2006) (5-6
September 2006), Exploring Global Construction Opportunities Seminar pada 14 September 2006 dan The Model Terms of Construction
Contract for Subcontract Work Seminar 15 September 2006. Penutup tirai siri acara pembinaan yang dianjurkan oleh CIDB pada tahun ini
adalah Malaysian Construction Industry Excellence Awards (MCIEA06) (24 November 2006) serta acara IBS yang amat dinantikan oleh para
penggiat industri iaitu Malaysia IBS International Exhibition (MIIE06) yang akan diadakan pada 21 hingga 24 November 2006 █
IBS Digest
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Issue 2 2006
27
BERITA
ICW2006
BERITA
Forum Perlaksanaan Silibus
IBS/MC
di IPTA: FAQ
Pada 9 Mei 2006 pihak CIDB telah menganjurkan Forum Silibus IBS/
MC yang dihadiri oleh pensyarah-pensyarah IPTA dan pihak industri.
Majlis forum dimulakan dengan ucapan kata-kata aluan oleh Pengurus
Kanan, Bahagian Pembangunan Teknologi Binaan CIDB, Ir. Noraini
Bahri. Ucapan beliau lebih merujuk kepada isi kandungan ucapan
Bajet 2006 yang mana usaha menggalakkan penggunaan IBS akan
diteruskan bagi mengurangkan penggantungan kepada tenaga kerja
kurang mahir serta pekerja asing. Beliau juga memaklumkan bahawa
tujuan forum seperti ini diadakan adalah untuk memberi pendedahan
kepada pensyarah-pensyarah IPTA mengenai penggunaan IBS/MC
dalam bidang pembinaan.
Majlis diteruskan dengan penyampaian taklimat berkaitan dengan
Silibus IBS/MC oleh Prof. Madya. Dr. Ahmad Fauzi Abdul Wahab
daripada UTM, Skudai. Isi kandungan taklimat menerangkan tentang
kandungan silibus IBS/MC yang telah dibentuk sebelum ini yang mana
merangkumi perkara-perkara berikut:
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
Komponen Silibus
Aspek-aspek yang akan dipertimbangkan
Pendekatan pembentukan IBS
Penekanan silibus
Pelaksanaan kursus
Perkembangan semasa
Setelah itu panel-panel dari industri membentangkan kertas kerja
mereka dan sesi tersebut dipengerusikan oleh Y.Bhg Datuk Prof. Madya
Dr. Abu Bakar Mohamad Diah selaku Timbalan Rektor, Kolej Universiti
Teknologi Kebangsaan Malaysia dan Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Pakar
MC.
Ahli-ahli panel adalah terdiri daripada wakil-wakil organisasi berikut:
Encik Othman Jaki (SP Setia)
Dr. Ahmad Fikri Hussein (Dr. Fikri Asscociate S/B)
Ar. Lim Peng Keang (Arkitek)
Pn. Gan Ryu Chyn (Eastern Pretech)
Pada sebelah petangnya, forum soal jawap berkaitan dengan Silibus
IBS/MC dijalankan dengan dipengerusikan oleh Prof. Madya Dr. Ideris
Zakaria selaku Ahli Jemaah Dekan-Dekan Kejuruteraan IPTA. Sessi ini
juga disertai oleh ahli-ahli panel tersebut serta Puan Salina Bt. Hassan
(Bluescope Lysaght).
Petikan dari sesi soal jawab tersebut telah
diklasifikasikan dan dirumus mengikut topik-topik
penting yang dibincangkan:
Soalan: Skeptik Terhadap IBS
Terdapat persepsi atau pandangan tentang
kelemahan-kelemahan yang ada dalam pembinaan
IBS yang sering diperkatakan terutamanya seperti
kebocoran pada sambungan (joint). Adalah tidak
adil sekiranya hanya kelebihan IBS sahaja yang
didedahkan kepada pelajar.
Jawapan:
Terdapat pelbagai perubahan dan inovasi yang
telah dilakukan terhadap tahap kualiti IBS sejak 1981
untuk meningkatkan kualiti bahan dan penggunaan
IBS. JKR telah pun melaksanakan beberapa projek IBS
sebelum ini dan didapati tiada masalah yang timbul
mengenai kualiti pembinaan IBS sehingga kini.
Soalan: Perlaksanaan Silibus IBS/MC di IPT
Adakah silibus IBS yang dibangunkan akan dimasukkan dalam program undergraduate atau post graduate?
Bagaimanakah kaedah penilaian subjek? Adakah silibus IBS/MC dapat dilaksanakan dalam masa terdekat ini
kerana pengenalan subjek baru di universiti hanya boleh dilaksanakan selepas cadangan tersebut diluluskan
oleh Dewan Senat?
Jawapan:
Silibus dibangunkan untuk program Sarjana Muda dan boleh digunakan sebagai panduan untuk merangka
subjek yang akan diajarkan kepada pelajar IPTA. Kaedah pelaksanaan subjek IBS di IPTA tidak terhad kepada
mana-mana kaedah. IPTA berhak menentukan samada subjek ini adalah subjek wajib atau elektif. Begitu juga
dengan kaedah pemarkahan. Ianya bergantung kepada cara pelaksanaan IPT masing-masing. Pihak IPT bebas
menentukan kaedah penerapan IBS dalam sistem pembelajaran masing-masing.
Ia telah dihantar ke Jabatan Pendidikan Tinggi (JPT) untuk tindakan. Betapa cepat ia akan dilaksanakan
bergantung kepada arahan dan panduan dari JPT kepada IPTA-IPTA untuk tindakan selanjutnya.
Dalam persediaan ini CIDB berusaha mengumpulkan sebanyak mungkin pakar dalam bidang ini untuk memberi
pendedahan dan membantu pihak IPTA khasnya para pensyarah untuk mengajar subjek IBS kepada pelajar.
Pensyarah yang akan mengajar IBS di IPTA perlu diberikan pendedahan dalam rekabentuk IBS/MC sebelum
mengajar matapelajaran ini kepada pelajar.
IBS Digest
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Issue 2 2006
28
Soalan : Tumpuan Penggunaan IBS/MC di Malaysia
Didapati bahawa CIDB lebih memberikan tumpuan kepada
penggunaan precast concrete di dalam forum ini berbanding
dengan komponen-komponen IBS yang lain.
Jawapan:
Pihak industri perlu memainkan peranan dalam pendedahan
IBS kepada pelajar IPT. Ini boleh terlaksana melalui latihan
industri atau praktikal.Penggunaan IBS di luar negara adalah
amat menggalakkan kerana faktor yang berbeza terutamanya
berkaitan dengan kos buruh binaan. Ini ditambah lagi dengan
kekurangan tools bagi membantu dalam kerja-kerja rekabentuk
IBS. Untuk itu, industri amat memerlukan graduan-graduan
yang mempunyai pengetahuan yang baik mengenai IBS kerana
sebelum ini, industri perlu melatih semula graduan dengan
menyediakan latihan untuk tempoh yang lama sebelum
mereka mahir dengan penggunaan dan rekabentuk IBS. Oleh
itu, industri amat mengharapkan agar bilangan graduan yang
mempunyai pengetahuan IBS akan meningkat sekiranya silibus
IBS dimasukkan dalam sistem kokurikulum IPTA. Buat masa ini
pendedahan mengenai IBS kepada pelajar pada masa ini telah
ada tetapi tidak begitu mendalam dan masih tidak memadai.
Jawapan:
Jawatankuasa sememangnya menyedari bahawa tumpuan lebih
diberikan kepada penggunaan precast concrete berbanding
dengan steel formwork, steel frame, prefab timber dan block work.
Walau bagaimana pun ini adalah sebagai langkah permulaan bagi
mempromosikan penggunaan IBS dalam industri pembinaan.
Adalah diharapkan agar dengan kejayaan precast concrete akan
dapat mengembangkan lagi penggunaan komponen IBS yang lain.
CIDB juga bercadang untuk mempromosikan block work system
seperti mana pelaksanaan promosi penggunaan precast concrete
sebelum ini. Ini adalah kerana kos block work yang lebih murah
dapat memberi peluang kepada lebih banyak syarikat untuk
menyertainya.
Soalan: Penggunaan IBS/MC di Agensi Kerajaan
Sejauh manakah aplikasi penggunaan IBS dalam pelaksanaan
kerja-kerja pembinaan oleh agensi kerajaan terutamanya
Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR).
Soalan : Peranan M&E dalam IBS
Adakah rekabentuk IBS boleh mengambilkira pemasangan
yang fleksibel untuk servis-servis seperti wayar, powerpoint dan
sebagainya.
Jawapan:
Penggunaan IBS di JKR tidak begitu meluas kerana kurangnya
pendedahan terhadap sistem ini kepada jabatan. Pihak JKR
berharap agar pereka JKR diberikan pendedahan dan latihan
yang cukup untuk menghasilkan rekabentuk IBS untuk projekprojek yang akan datang. Salah satu masalah yang ada dan perlu
ditangani ialah penggunaan standard/piawai oleh industri yang
berbeza-beza antara satu sama lain.
Jawapan:
Dalam hal ini terdapat beberapa kelemahan dari segi perancangan
(planning) dalam M&E. Dari aspek penyediaan servis yang felksibel
ini, kaedah perancangan perlu lebih teratur pada peringkat awal
rekabentuk khasnya M&E dan sebagainya. Ini juga memerlukan
jurutera atau arkitek yang berpengalaman. Penyediaan siling
tergantung juga berupaya menangani masalah pemasangan dan
penempatan servis-servis.
Soalan : Hubungan Universiti-Industri Dalam R&D IBS
Bagaimanakah tahap penglibatan Malaysia di dalam pelaksanaan
R&D IBS, dan setakat manakah kesanggupan pihak industri
untuk bekerjasama dengan universiti dalam melaksanakan
kerja-kerja R&D IBS?
Soalan: Peranan Industri Dalam Silibus IBS/MC di IPT
Sejauh manakah kepentingan sumbangan pihak industri kepada
silibus IBS untuk IPTA? Bagaimana industri memainkan peranan
dalam pelaksanaan IBS dalam kandungan kokurikulum di IPTA.
Jawapan:
Pihak industri perlu memainkan peranan dalam pendedahan IBS
kepada pelajar IPT. Ini boleh terlaksana melalui latihan industri atau
praktikal.
Penggunaan IBS di luar negara adalah amat menggalakkan kerana
faktor yang berbeza terutamanya berkaitan dengan kos buruh
binaan. Ini ditambah lagi dengan kekurangan alat bagi membantu
dalam kerja-kerja rekabentuk IBS. Untuk itu, industri amat
memerlukan graduan-graduan yang mempunyai pengetahuan
yang baik mengenai IBS kerana sebelum ini, industri perlu melatih
semula graduan dengan menyediakan latihan untuk tempoh yang
lama sebelum mereka mahir dengan penggunaan dan rekabentuk
IBS. Oleh itu, industri amat mengharapkan agar bilangan graduan
yang mempunyai pengetahuan IBS akan meningkat sekiranya
silibus IBS dimasukkan dalam sistem kokurikulum IPTA. Buat masa
ini pendedahan mengenai IBS kepada pelajar pada masa ini telah
ada tetapi tidak begitu mendalam dan masih tidak memadai.
Jawapan:
Beberapa pihak industri sebelum ini sudah pun menjalankan
kajian penyelidikan dan pembangunan dengan pihak CREAM.
Kajian yang sedang dijalankan adalah mengenai kesan Seismik.
Kerjasama antara pihak IPTA dan industri adalah perlu. Kerjasama
boleh dilaksanakan melalui projek penyelidikan dengan pihak
industri. Dengan adanya penyelidikan yang dijalankan oleh pihak
IPTA, industri berpendapat bahawa ini adalah salah satu usaha
jangka panjang yang memberi manfaat kepada industri. Pihak
industri juga sentiasa bersedia untuk berkongsi pengalaman
dan kepakaran mengenai IBS dengan pihak unversiti. Industri
juga tidak keberatan untuk memberikan sumbangan dalam
bentuk kepakaran atau material.
Adalah disarankan agar pihak universiti dan industri sedia untuk
berkerjasama untuk memajukan IBS serta melihat kepada kesan
jangkamasa pendek disamping kesan jangka masa panjang.
Soalan: Peranan Industri Dalam Silibus IBS/MC di IPT
Sejauh manakah kepentingan sumbangan pihak industri kepada
silibus IBS untuk IPTA? Bagaimana industri memainkan peranan
dalam pelaksanaan IBS dalam kandungan kokurikulum di IPTA.
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
29
PENGUMUMAN
PROGRAM PENDAFTARAN SYARIKAT/
PENGELUAR & KOMPONEN
IBS
Latarbelakang
Pendaftaran
Kelebihan
Semenjak tahun 2003, pihak
Lembaga
Pembangunan
Industri Pembinaan Malaysia
(CIDB)
mula
mengadakan
program penyenaraian syarikatsyarikat pengeluar komponen
IBS. Sehingga Julai 2006,
sebanyak 138 syarikat pengeluar
dan 347 komponen IBS telah
disenaraikan. Walau bagaimana
pun, usaha pengumpulan ini
tidak membabitkan sebarang
proses penilaian, sama ada pada
syarikat mahu pun komponen
tersebut.
Penyenaraian
adalah lebih kepada bentuk
pendedahan kepada industri
dan
tiada
nilai
tambah
ditawarkan oleh pihak CIDB.
Mulai Julai 2006, CIDB telah mengedarkan borang
– borang pendaftaran syarikat/pengeluar dan
komponen IBS kepada para pengeluar IBS bagi
mendaftarkan syarikat dan komponen IBS mereka.
Pendaftaran syarikat/pengeluar dan komponen
IBS merupakan proses pendaftaran syarikat
yang mengeluarkan komponen - komponen
IBS dengan berpandukan kriteria-kriteria yang
telah ditetapkan. Melalui proses pendaftaran
ini, CIDB dapat menjalankan program penapisan
pengeluar IBS berdasarkan kepada kriteria yang
telah ditetapkan dan ia juga menggalakkan para
pengeluar komponen IBS untuk a g a r
mempunyai program kawalan kualiti, ‘product
performance requirement’, ’standard operating procedure’ dan lain-lain. Selain daripada itu, ia
dapat mengelakkan lambakan sistem IBS yang
tidak bermutu di pasaran.
Antara kelebihan yang dinikmati oleh syarikat/
pengeluar komponen IBS ini apabila pendaftaran
adalah:
Proses penilaian dan
pendaftaran syarikat IBS dan
komponen IBS dilihat adalah
perlu kerana penggunaan
komponen-komponen
IBS
memerlukan
komitmen
yang tinggi dari segi aspek
keselamatan. Sebagai contoh,
sebagai
syarikat/pengeluar
komponen IBS, ia haruslah
mempunyai
sekurangkurangnya mempunyai “Method
of Construction/ Method of
Statement / Installation Manual
/ Safety Installation”. Ini adalah
untuk
mempermudahkan
para pembeli atau pemasang
komponen
IBS
tersebut
melakukan
kerja-kerja
pengangkutan dan pemasangan
di tapak.
Buat masa ini, pendaftaran tersebut
tidak dikenakan sebarang bayaran. Syarikatsyarikat tempatan yang membangunkan/
mengeluarkan
komponen-komponen
IBS
berikut adalah dipanggil untuk mendaftar:
i. Precast concrete systems
ii. Steel framing systems
iii. Steel formwork systems
iv. Timber framing systems
v. Blockwork systems.
Setiap borang mengandungi lima bahagian
iaitu:
i. Bahagian A – Maklumat mengenai syarikat.
ii. Bahagian B – Maklumat sistem, komponen
atau produk keluaran
iii. Bahagian C - Manual sistem pemasangan/
prosedur piawaian seperti ‘method of
construction, method statement’ dll.
iv. Bahagian D – Kriteria IBS seperti cara
pengeluaran,
produktiviti dll.
v. Bahagian E – Deklarasi
Issue 2 2006
iii. CIDB akan mempromosikan pengeluar yang
berdaftar secara tidak langsung.
Untuk maklumat lanjut sila hubungi :
i. Precast Concrete Components & Block
System BSI 1A
ii. Metal framing Systems BSI 1B
iii. Metal Formwork Systems BSI 1C
iv. Timber Framing Systems BSI 1D
|
ii. Di masukkan ke dalam pengkalan data CIDB dan
mempermudahkan agensi-agensi kerajaan untuk
mendapatkan maklumat bagi syarikat/pengeluar
dan komponen binaan IBS. Pengkalan data ini akan
digunakan oleh CIDB untuk menyenaraikan syarikat/
pengeluar dan komponen binaan IBS yang mana
senarai ini boleh digunakan oleh pihak kerajaan dan
lain-lain untuk mengenal pasti syarikat/pengeluar
dan komponen binaan IBS.
iv. Para pemain industri dapat memilih pengeluar IBS
yang berkualiti melalui bank data CIDB █
CIDB telah mengeluarkan sebanyak 4
jenis borang pendaftaran syarikat/ pengeluar
IBS (IBS Company Registration Form) seperti
berikut:
IBS Digest
i. Syarikat mereka akan diberikan “IBS Status
Company”. “IBS Status Company”
merupakan
pengiktirafan yang diberikan kepada syarikatsyarikat yang telah melepasi kriteria - kriteria yang
telah ditetapkan oleh CIDB.
30
Che Zakaria Aziz
Tel : 03-26170362
Email : [email protected]
Syahrul Nizam Aziz
Tel : 03-26170365
Email : [email protected]
Borang pendaftaran syarikat/pengeluar dan
komponen IBS boleh di dapati di Ibu Pejabat CIDB,
Bahagian Pembangunan Teknologi Binaan,
Tingkat 8, Grand Seasons Avenue,
Jalan Pahang, 53000
Kuala Lumpur.
Atau terus dapatkan di laman web:
http//www.cidb.gov.my
IBS DIGEST
SOAL SELIDIK
BORANG
Borang Soal Selidik IBS Digest
Komen dan cadangan daripada pembaca adalah amat dialu-alukan untuk penambahbaikan berterusan majalah ini.
Sila tandakan ‘X’ di petak berkaitan:
Susunatur Grafik dan Teks
Lemah
Sederhana
Baik
Amat Baik
Kandungan
Lemah
Sederhana
Baik
Amat Baik
Foto
Lemah
Sederhana
Baik
Amat Baik
Komen/Cadangan
Sila fakskan borang ini ke 03-4045 1808 (Unit Teknologi Binaan, BPTB, CIDB Malaysia)
Sumbangan karya ilmiah boleh dihantar ke : [email protected]
IBS Digest
|
Issue 2 2006
31

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