(1) occupied the present day United States and Canada undis

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(1) occupied the present day United States and Canada undis
Chapter 17: Issues in Russia
and the Republics
Ch. 17:1 - Regional Conflict
Ch. 17:1 – Regional Conflict
violent uprisings
1. Some of the most _______________________
have taken place in
the __________________,
a region that stretches between the
Caucasus
___________
Seas
Black and _____________
Caspian
Soviet Union began to breakup in the late _________,
2. As the ________________
1980s
ethnic groups in the Caucasus began to take up
several of the ________________
arms to win their own __________________
independent
_________
territories.
Russia
Chechnya’s demands for independence from __________
3. _______________
wars
triggered two savage ______________
that have caused over 100,000
casualties
_______________.
The first invasion was in 1994 and the second in
1999.
Chechnya,
sometimes called
“Russia’s
Vietnam”, is
located in
southwest Russia
in the Caucasus
region east of
Georgia.
Chechnya was the scene
of terrible violence, death
and destruction in the
1990s-2001.
Chechnya
Russia’s Vietnam
Russian tanks plow through Chechnya.
Wounded Russian draftee in Chechnya
Russian soldiers
in Chechnya
Chechnya - 2000
Loved ones display photos of those who
have “disappeared” in Chechnya
4. __________
were causing problems even before
Ethnic tensions in ____________
Georgia
Soviet
South Ossetians in central Georgia had
the ___________
collapse. ___________________
1989 to join__________________
North Ossetia
been struggling since _________
in Russia.
Conflict has also plagued the region _________
south of Georgia, where
5. ___________
Azerbaijan
Armenia
_____________
and ________________
fought over a mountainous area
Nagorno-Karakbakh
called ____________________.
hope for the future of _____________.
Caucasus
6. Many believe that there is some ________
Armenia
Azerbaijan
In April 2001, the leaders of_______________
and_________________
diplomats reported progress in the ________
talks
met in Florida. Western _____________
peace settlement
aimed at a lasting ________________________.
Ossetia is
located west
of Chechnya
and is divided
into North
Ossetia, in
Russia, and
South Ossetia,
in Georgia.
A soldier loading a howitzer gun
in South Ossetia (Georgia)
Nagorno-Karakbakh
is located in the
eastern part of
Azerbaijan. Both
Armenia and
Azerbaijan claim this
mountainous area.
The conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh
has displaced thousands of people
and caused tremendous suffering
to the local people.
Georgia
Edvard Shervardnadze
7. In _____________,
the government of President______________________
stabilizing force. (He resigned in 2003.)
has been a ______________
Russia’s public support for the war in__________________
Chechnya
8. ____________
was high
October 1999 but this support has now ______________.
declined
when it began in ______________,
Terrorism in Russia
September 4-16, 1999: a series of four apartment bombings
kill 293 people in the Russian cities of Buynaksk, Moscow
and Volgodonsk. The bombings are largely responsible for
instigating the counter-terrorism operation in Chechnya.
August 11, 2000: A bomb in pedestrian tunnel leading to
Tverskaya Metro station kills 13.
October 23, 2002: About 40 terrorists enter a Moscow
theater during the "Nord-Ost" performance and take 850
people hostage. Russian forces carry out a daring rescue
operation, which results in the release of some 730 hostages
and the death of all the terrorists. At least 170 people died in
total (including some 130 hostages).
February 6, 2004: A suicide bomber kills 41 people in the
tunnel near Avtozavodskaya Metro station in the Russian
capital.
August 31, 2004: A suicide bomber blows herself up outside
Rizhskaya station, killing 10 and injuring another 50.
September 1, 2004: Although every terrorist attack is
deplorable, Beslan continues to carry overpowering
emotions. On the official first day of school for Russian
students, Chechen terrorists take 1,100 people (including
777 children) hostage inside of School Number One in the
town of Beslan, North Ossetia, an autonomous republic in
the North Caucasus region of the Russian Federation. The
siege ends three days later in the deaths of over 300, 156 of
them children.
Ch. 17:2
The Struggle for
Economic
Reform
Ch. 17:2 – The Struggle for Economic Reform
Soviet collapse
After the ___________________,
Russia tried to move quickly toward a
capitalist system. In January 1992, Russia removed__________________
price controls
____________
government
on goods that had been set by the Soviet ________________.
In the same year,
government-owned
Russia began to sell ________________________
businesses—a process
privatization
called__________________.
money
Because few Russians had enough ____________
to buy large businesses,
vouchers
policy had
leaders offered_________________
to the public. But the __________
success
40 percent of the
mixed _____________.
By the end of the 1990s, nearly ____________
population lived below the___________________.
poverty line
Russian _______________
Privatization has
helped to create
new companies,
new wealth and
corruption in
Russia.
Plans for
Gazprom’s
new headquarters
in St. Petersburg
Poverty and other social problems are seen
throughout Russia today.
slow
capitalism
Russians have made ________,
if painful, strides toward _______________.
obstacle
distance decay
A major ____________
facing economic reformers is___________________
distances
-another way of saying that increasing _____________
between places tends
interactions among them. Government officials _____
far from
to reduce ______________
Moscow sometimes won’t implement the government’s
the capital in ___________
reform programs. In order to gain more ___________
control over regional
__________
Vladimir Putin created seven
leaders, Russian president, ________________,
restructure
federal districts
large___________________.
As the government tries to _____________
powerful enemy
the economy, it must also face a ____________________—organized
crime.
Russian Mafia
The ___________________,
as the republic’s criminal organization is
1990s
sometimes labeled, grew rapidly in the ___________,
and they continue.
Yuri Ulianitski
Deceased
Aleksandr Solonik
Deceased
Viktor Anatoliyevich
Arrested
Semion Mogilevich
Arrested
Russia’s prime _____________
reported increases in____________
minister
tax
customs
and ______________
revenues. Government officials said the
economy
increases are a sign that the Russian ____________
track
_____________
is on __________.
social
political
Despite many _____________and
______________problems,
Russia has
economic
earth
emerged as one of the leading ____________powers
on __________.