What is The Ecological Systems Theory ? Urie Bronfenbrenner

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What is The Ecological Systems Theory ? Urie Bronfenbrenner
What is The Ecological Systems
Theory ? Urie Bronfenbrenner
PREPARED BY : NUR ATIKAH
FOR WEEK 2 STUDY
Ecological systems theory:
This theory looks at a child’s development within the context of the system of
relationships that form his or her environment. Bronfenbrenner’s theory
defines complex “layers” of environment, each having an effect on a child’s
development. This theory has recently been renamed “bioecological systems
theory” to emphasize that a child’s own biology is a primary environment
fueling her development. The interaction between factors in the child’s
maturing biology, his immediate family/community environment, and the
societal landscape fuels and steers his development. Changes or conflict in
any one layer will ripple throughout other layers. To study a child’s
development then, we must look not only at the child and her immediate
environment, but also at the interaction of the larger environment
as well.
In other words, humans` developments are influenced by variety of factors
starting from the direct interaction, such as family and friends, the
relationship with neighbors, schools authority and in a larger environments
such as laws and society.
Vedio ??
 ECO
Micro
system
The micro
system's
setting is
the direct
environme
nt we have
in our lives.
Your
family,
friends,
classmates,
teachers,
neighbors
and other
people who
have a
direct
contact
The Meso
system
involves the
relationships
between the
microsystems
in one's life.
This means
that your
family
experience
may be
related to
your school
experience.
Macro
system
The macro
system
setting is
the actual
culture of
an
individual.
The
cultural
contexts
involve the
socioecono
mic status
Other terms
 The Exosystem
 The Chronosystem
 The exosystem is the setting in
 The chronosystem includes the
which there is a link between the
context where in the person does
not have any active role, and the
context where in is actively
participating. Suppose a child is
more attached to his father than
his mother. If the father goes
abroad to work for several
months, there may be a conflict
between the mother and the
child's social relationship, or on
the other hand, this event may
result to a tighter bond between
the mother and the child.
transitions and shifts in one's
lifespan. This may also involve
the socio-historical contexts that
may influence a person. One
classic example of this is how
divorce, as a major life transition,
may affect not only the couple's
relationship but also their
children's behavior. According to
a majority of research, children
are negatively affected on the
first year after the divorce. The
next years after it would reveal
that the interaction within the
family becomes more stable and
agreeable.
What do you think about these
people?
HOW THEY TURN
UP TO BE LIKE
THIS?
WHY DO THEY
CHANGE THEIR
IDENTITY?
Just think
about it.
People are influenced by
the different types of
environmental systems. .
Therefore it is very
important for us to
understand it in order to
understand human` s
development and how +
why people become what
they are now.
THANK YOU…GOOD LUCK!!!
Nur Atikah
PHD in Social Work
[email protected]
0135893245
References
 Bronfenbrenner, U. (1990). Discovering what
families do. In Rebuilding the Nest: A New
Commitment to the
 Bronfenbrenner's Ecological
Systems.youtube.com.27 October 2011.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sjhDYR1NbZY