Kelsey Kunkel BME 281 Section 1 October 10



Kelsey Kunkel BME 281 Section 1 October 10
Kelsey Kunkel
BME 281
Section 1
October 10th, 2012
 Smart Textiles: Wearable devices that allow
the efficiency of gathering data with ease and
accessibility by using biotelemetry and its
 Biotelemetry is the process of measuring
human physiological functions by a mean of
Early 1990s: MIT students started research
on smart clothing for military use.
 Not wearable and very cumbersome to move
around in.
1998: Beginning of the integration between
fashion and technology – most notably by
Levi and Phillips Electronics.
 2001-present: Started to integrate medical
uses into clothing.
 ZOLL LifeVest®
 Life Shirt by Vivometrics
Current Technology
ZOLL LifeVest
 Wearable defibrillator
 If heart palpitations or an alarming rhythm
of the heart is detected, the vest gives a signal to
the patient.
 If the signal is not stopped by the patient, then the
defibrillator gives off the conducting gel, then sending a
shock to the patient.
VivoMetrics LifeShirt
 Places ECG sensors on the body, which
then the data is transmitted to the data
recorder, which is then transmitted to the doctor.
Sensatex Smart Shirt
 Developed by Georgia Institute of Technology
 T-shirt with a fiber grid – data is then wirelessly
transferred to a PDA with Bluetooth technology.
Limitations of Current
Not waterproof
 Can it be worn in the water for continual use? Can
it be worn in the rain?
 Is it covered by insurance?
 If it is, are there additional costs that need to be
 Under FDA law, medical devices must go under
calibration to pass government requirements.
Future Technology
Weather proof and waterproof systems
 Possibly smart textiles that can be worn outside the comfort
of the home.
Wireless transmitters that can collect data even
outside 4G (Bluetooth) areas.
Smart Textiles for children
Automatic calibrations
Data can be sent to doctor via smart phone application
or tablet application
 The doctor can collect data in real time.
Integration of other fabric materials that could help
improve versatility
 Yarn, spandex material for exercise clothing
Works Cited
"LifeShirt New Era in Ambulatory Monitoring." LifeShirt New Era in Ambulatory Monitoring. N.p., n.d. Web.
07 Oct. 2012. <>.
Linn, Hosun. "Smart Underwear for Diabetic Patients." Smart Underwear for Diabetic Patients 6.1 (2009):
1-11. Print.
"Medical Devices." 7. Equipment and Calibration. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012.
"Personal Health." Protex. N.p., n.d. Web.
Poon, Carmen C.Y., Qing Liu, Hui Gao, Wan-Hua Lin, and Yuan-Ting Zhang. "Wearable Intelligent Systems
for E-Health." Journal of Computing Science and Engineering 5.3 (2011): 246-56. Print.
"Smart Shirt." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Aug. 2012. Web. 07 Oct. 2012.
Suh, Minyoung, Kate Carroll, and Nancy Cassill. "Critical Review on Smart Clothing Product Development."
Journal of Textile and Apparel Technology and Management 6.4 (2010): 1-18. Print.
Veltink, Peter, and Danilo De Rossi. "Wearable Technology for Biomechanics: E-textile or Micromechanical
Sensors? [Conversations in BME]." IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine 29.3 (2010): 3743. Print.
"VWN VR Interface Overviews: VivoMetric LifeShirt." VWN VR Interface Overviews: VivoMetric LifeShirt.
N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012.
"Welcome to ZOLL LifeVest." ZOLL Medical Corporation. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012.