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FINAL REPORT
“Media Relations Training for PNPM Mandiri Implementers and Journalism
Training for Middle Indonesia and Western Indonesia to Cover PNPM Mandiri
Stories”
Submitted to PNPM Support Facility
On 24 December 2010
Contact Information:
Imelda Salajan
Development Director
OnTrackMedia Indonesia
Komplek Ruko Golden Plaza Blok
Blok B-31 Jl. RS Fatmawati Jakarta
Web: www.ontrackmedia.or.id
E-mail: [email protected]
Handphone 0811 111402
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CONTENT
I.
Executive Summary………………………………………………………………………………….03
a) Concrete Outcomes & Success stories……………………………………………………..03
b) Table of free air time generated………………………………………………………………11
II.
Project Objectives……………………………………………………………………………………12
III.
Activities……………………………………………………………………………………………….13
IV.
Course Content………………………………………………………………………………….……15
V.
Kit Contents………………………………………………………………………………….………..27
VI.
Training Preparation & Module Development………………………………………….………..27
VII.
Pre & Post Test…………………………………………………....................................................29
VIII.
Feedback Result………………………………………………………………………….…………..31
XI.
Post Training Result…………………………………………………………………………………43
a) Details of piece broadcast/articles printed after the training……………………….…..43
b) Mentoring…………………………………………………………………………………………50
c) Facebook………………………………………………………………………………………….50
d) Competition………………………………………………………………………………………50
Annex 1: Frequently Asked Questions…………………………………………………..........................52
Annex 2: Responses from Station Managers……………………………………………………………..53
Annex 3: List of Participants…………………………………………………………………………………56
Annex 4: Pre & Post Test Question…………………………………………………………………………66
Annex 5: Emails to Participants……………………………………………………………………………..72
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PROJECT DESCRIPTION
Title
“Media Relations Training for PNPM Mandiri Implementers and Local Journalist Training for Middle
Indonesia and Western Indonesia to Cover PNPM Mandiri Stories”
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
a) Concrete Outcomes and Success Stories:
Ø Trained 42 journalists (6 TV, 14 Radio and 22 Newspapers journalists) in 2 journalism
workshops in Bali and Medan. The participating media reached more than 6.5 million people in
vulnerable communities in Middle and Western Indonesia. (Source: Journalists attending the
training in Bali and Medan)
Ø Trained 61 PNPM Mandiri Implementers from Middle and Western Indonesia in 2 media relations
workshop held in Bali and Medan.
Ø Created a synergy between the 61 PNPM Mandiri Implementers and the 42 journalists from 21
provinces for long term cooperation.
Ø Broadcast 98 news features on PNPM Mandiri on TV and radio stations across 21 provinces in
Middle and Western Indonesia.
Ø Broadcast 625 psa’s/promos about PNPM Mandiri on 6 TV and 14 radio stations in Jakarta,
West Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, Banten, Bali, West Kalimantan, Central
Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, Aceh, North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Bangka
Belitung, Riau Island, Riau, Lampung, Jambi, South Sumatra and Bengkulu
Ø Broadcast 20 hours of radio and television interactive phone-in programs about PNPM Mandiri.
Ø Printed 80 newspaper articles in Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java,
Banten, Bali, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, Aceh,
North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Bangka Belitung, Riau Island, Riau, Lampung, Jambi, South
Sumatra and Bengkulu.
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Ø The journalists continue to broadcast/print the psa’s/promos, articles and interactive programs on
PNPM Mandiri so these figures continue to rise.
Ø All PNPM Materials generated from this workshop were also circulated to the OnTrackers – an
alumni of over 700 previous OTMI journalism graduates across Indonesia that are committed to
covering stories that help their communities.
If World Bank had paid for this air time/publication it would have cost more than
US$150,000 (See table below.)
An MOU was signed with each participating broadcast media requiring them to broadcast a news
feature produced during the training and a minimum of 25 promo/psa’s featuring key messages about
PNPM Mandiri and promoting their interactive programs which give the public access to PNPM Mandiri’s
Implementers to ask their own questions. All stations honored the commitment but many went way
beyond the minimum required clearly demonstrating that they had understood the role they can play
in educating and mobilizing their communities. This commitment is illustrated by the results of the
competition which sought to reward the media who helped their communities most to learn about the
poverty alleviation initiative:
1. The winner of the TV station category from the journalism competition for Middle Indonesia was
Beruang TV from Balikpapan who broadcast a total of 10 news features and 32 psa/promos
from 2nd – 16 August 2010 to promote their one hour interactive dialogue program which
focused on the discussion of PNPM Mandiri rural in East Kalimantan. They received such a
good response from their audience that they plan to broadcast more programs like this in the
future.
2. The winner of the TV category for Western Indonesia was Bengkulu TV who broadcast an
interactive dialogue on December 6, 2010 featuring all three guest speakers that they had
been introduced to on the OTMI training. This proved that the relationship between the
implementers and the journalist continued and the implementers had to opportunity to
immediately put into practice what they had learnt. Bengkulu TV also broadcast total of 16
features and and 10 psa/promo to broadcast the interactive dialogue.
3. The Radio category Winner from the Bali workshop was Radio Idola FM Semarang who
broadcast a total of 14 features on PNPM Mandiri projects in seven villages including
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Tlogomulyo, Penggaron Kidul, Melati Baru and Tlogasari Kulon. Radio Idola also broadcast a
total of 25 promos and a 1 hour of interactive program on 25th August 2010 that focused on
PNPM Mandiri urban in Semarang.
4. Radio Trijaya FM Palembang did a relay broadcast of 4 one-hour interactive dialogue
programs from October to November to 11 radio stations in their network so a total of 44
hours of programming and so were the winners of the radio station category for Middle
Indonesia. They also broadcast and relayed 24 psa’s/features
5. The Winner from the newspaper category for Middle Indonesia was Nuris Iskandar from Borneo
Tribune who wrote a total of 11 newspaper articles from 2 August – 10 October 2010 and still
continues to write more articles on PNPM.
6. The winner of the newspaper category for Western Indonesia was Mohammad Rakhmat a
journalist from Harian Batam Pos who produced 5 features in the period from 17th – 20th
October 2010.
Other media showed great commitment – but not everyone could win! They will receive a
certificate to honor their dedication to their communities.
7. Bali TV broadcast 3 news features, 25 promos and an interactive dialogue with three
speakers from PNPM Mandiri rural in Bali.
8. Radio Sonora Surabaya FM, RRI Pontianak, OZ Radio station in Banda Aceh and Radio
Sonora FM Bangka held an interactive talk show with PNPM Mandiri Implementers who
attended the training as their guest speakers. This proves continued cooperation between
PNPM Mandiri Implementers and the journalists after the training.
9. Dedy Suhaeri wrote a total of eight articles starting from August 3rd-11th November 2010
10. Mohammad Rakhmat wrote a total of 5 features from the period of 15 October – 4 December
2010.
(See below for full details broadcasts and articles)
Evidence that OTMI’s training helped stations understand the importance of their role in raising awareness
about PNPM Mandiri came from the station manager comments which included:
1. Muamar Subki, the program manager of Beruang TV said: “We now have more contacts for
PNPM Mandiri. Before it was very difficult to get in touch with anyone but thanks to this
training a relationship between our Journalist and PNPM Mandiri implementers has been
developed”
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2. Hayuri Gusaptatur of Bengkulu TV: “We are very, very excited and supportive of this program.
We are keen to inform the public about PNPM Mandiri because our TV station is very
concerned about this issue. We realized that the media plays an important role and needs to
educate the public in Bengkulu about PNPM Mandiri. We are therefore planning to broadcast
and produce more programs and news features, PSA/promos and interactive dialogues using
the materials provided from the training in Medan. My hope is that Ontrack Media and PNPM
Support Facility will continue this program
3. Okti Radio Idola Semarang FM: “Thanks to Ontrack Media and PNPM Support Facility that
chose to work with our station. This program is wonderful because it built the capacity of our
journalist Yessy Safitri and also gave us the opportunity to create a relationship with the
PNPM Mandiri Implementers. We will continue to support Yessy Safitri to cover more stories
on PNPM Mandiri .”
4. Faturahman from Radio Trijaya FM Palembang: “Responses were really good which was
illustrated by the quality of the questions. The audience was really interested in finding out
about the fund management of PNPM Mandiri and the effectiveness of the program carried
out in the community. That is why we are planning to make PNPM Mandiri one of the regular
subjects in our Tuesday Program. We believe media plays an important role acting as a
watchdog of this program”
5. Errol Jonathans from Radio Sonora FM Surabaya: “PNPM Mandiri is a program that needs to
be more socialized. People need to know about this program so they can participate and use
it, but this will not happen without the help of the media. We now understand that PNPM
Mandiri is a program that people need to know about because it can provide a solution
especially for the poor people in Surabaya. We are really grateful to Ontrack Media and
PNPM Support Facility. Hopefully there will be many more programs like this in the future”
SEE FULL COMMENTS BELOW.
Overall Summary
OnTrackMedia Indonesia (OTMI) conducted two workshops side-by-side for PNPM Mandiri Implementers
and Journalists. The reason for holding the workshops together was to create a synergy between these two
powerful groups to empower them to spread information and knowledge about the poverty alleviation program
PNPM Mandiri program and the benefit it offers - to their communities. Some sessions were held individually
to build skills and others were held together to build relationships and understanding of each other's roles.
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The workshops were attended by a total of 61 PNPM Mandiri implementers and 42 journalists from 21
provinces in Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, Banten, Bali, West Kalimantan, Central
Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, Aceh, North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Bangka Belitung, Riau
Island, Riau, Lampung, Jambi, South Sumatra and Bengkulu
PNPM Mandiri Implementers learnt to speak powerfully and efficiently through the media, gaining control
over the way in which they are perceived and giving them the skills to find their public voice and deliver their
key messages to influencer groups and the public. The journalists learnt how to educate and inform their
communities about PNPM Mandiri. The workshop introduced the participants to PNPM’s positioning and
principles, how it works in the community and the importance of having community participation for it to be
effective.
To achieve these objectives OnTrackMedia and
PNPM Mandiri Support Facility conducted a 2 day
Implementer workshop in Bali on 26 & 27 July 2010
for Middle Indonesia and continued with a workshop
in Medan on October 11th & October 12 for Western
Indonesia. The workshop started one day before the
journalism training to prepare the PNPM Mandiri
Implementers to face the journalists on the second day.
The participant of media relations training for PNPM
Mandiri Implementers, Medan 11- 12 Oct 2010
The Media Relations Implementer workshop focused on:
Ø Knowing how the media works
Ø How to shape stories and key messages
Ø Interviewing tips and tricks
Ø Preparation of PNPM Mandiri implementers for the joint session with the journalists on identifying key
messages about PNPM Mandiri. For the workshop in Bali the joint session between PNPM Mandiri
Implementers and the journalists resulted in two press conferences and for Medan the joint session
resulted in a forum group discussion creating a list of topics about PNPM Mandiri in each province that are
news worthy for the journalists.
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Ø Conducting a pre and post test to gauge the participant’s knowledge of Media Relations before and after
the training.
OnTrackMedia also conducted a 3-day Journalism workshop in Bali on 27th, 28th and 30th of July in
Bali for Middle Indonesia and another workshop in Medan on 12th, 13th and 14th October 2010 for
Western Indonesia. The second day (overlapped with the implementer training). The workshop focused on:
Ø An ice breaker to get both groups
working together
Ø Understanding the power of the media
Ø The Media’s role in helping to raise
public awareness about the PNPM
Mandiri and acting as watch-dogs
The participant of journalism training to cover PNPM Mandiri
Stories for Middle Indonesia, Bali 29 – 31 July 2010
Ø Joint Sessions with the PNPM Mandiri Implementers in finding stories and news angles about PNPM
Mandiri projects.
Ø Interviewing techniques.
Ø Ways to interact with the community on issues they need to know about
Ø Assisting and escorting the journalists during their field visit activity
Ø Supervising and assisting with the writing of the articles and items for broadcast
Ø Conducting a pre and post test to see if the participants knowledge on PNPM Mandiri had grown as a
result of the training
The
introductory
session
encouraged
the
participants to log the potential audience reach of their
media outlets. Through this exercise they realized that
between the total of 42 participants from two workshops,
they reached more than six million and a half million
people. This exercise also focused the participants’
attention on how powerful the journalists' job is in
influencing and educating the public and therefore the
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responsibility the job brings in providing people with what they want and need. Particularly with PNPM
Mandiri – the journalists can help people understand what help is available to them, how they can access it
and how they can be a part of the decision making and implementation processes. The workshop helped
inspire local journalists to play their part in explaining PNPM and encouraging communities to share ideas and
knowledge of PNPM to make it work for them.
The workshops were also designed to improve the capacities and skills of the participants. Following
theory sessions, the trainers became co-Producers and helped the participants produce their first items for
broadcast/publication – a news item for TV and radio and a feature article for newspapers. This ensured
the quality of the pieces and gave them hands-on experience of the creative process so empowering them to
adopt similar standards when producing articles/productions in the future.
Perhaps more important than the immediate coverage gained by this media training initiative, is the
long-term skills and knowledge gained by the participants to continually cover PNPM Mandiri stories
creatively and regularly; to promote community involvement and commitment; to act a watch dogs to
ensure the projects are implemented without corruption or personal gain and to play their vital part in
educating and informing the public about issues they want and need to know about as well as the part
communities must play in ensuring their PNPM Mandiri project is a success.
As the objective of the training was to raise public awareness about PNPM Mandiri, OTMI signed an
MoU with participating media committing them to print/ broadcast the items produced. In the case of television
and radio, this MoU required the broadcast the news features produced in the training room, 25 times with adlibs repeating key messages and promoting an interactive phone-in programme giving the
public access to PNPM Mandiri Implementers to ask questions of their own. The newspaper MoU
required them to publish a minimum of two articles on PNPM stories after the training. This system had been
used on previous OTMI courses such as Local Journalism Training to cover PNPM Mandiri for Eastern
Indonesia in January 2010 which resulted in US $48,230 worth of media coverage. Overall similar OTMI
journalism workshops have resulted in almost $4 million dollars worth of free public awareness output in less
than 3 years.
The workshop also promoted a competition encouraging the participants to show their commitment to
their communities by publishing/broadcasting items over after the training to raise awareness of PNPM Mandiri
initiatives in their own areas. This competition rewarded those who worked the hardest to provide
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coverage but also generated much more coverage than the workshop itself. The competition encouraged
participants to continue implementing the training they had received both in higher standards of journalism and
in assisting their public to learn about PNPM Mandiri.
b) Table of Free Air Time Generated
The following table shows the airtime provided by the stations as their commitment to assist their
communities. Apart from a production contribution fee of 2.5m rupiah (TV) and 1.5m rupiah (radio), all
airtime was provided free by the stations. An average cost has been used to illustrate the value of the
airtime generated through OTMI's training initiative.
Each media outlet was provided with an “OnTrackMedia Indonesia Award for Services to their
Community Certificate” in recognition of their commitment. The estimate price for 60 second
psa/adlibs for radio and TV stations was based on the average 2010 rate card from local TV and radios
in Middle and Western Indonesia
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BROADCAST/PRINT
The following table shows the airtime provided by the stations as their commitment to assist their communities. Apart from a
small contribution towards broadcast costs, all airtime was provided free by the stations. An average cost has been used to
illustrate the value of the training.
II. OBJECTIVES
(a) Overall objective
1. To involve the implementers and media in educating the public and enhancing transparency and
accountability of PNPM Mandiri implementation
2. to build relations between PNPM implementers and media by conducting 2 workshops side-byside in order for the PNPM Mandiri implementers and media to understand each other's role and
enhance their capacity to inform, educate and engage the public as well as ensure transparency
and accountability of PNPM Mandiri
(b) Specific Objective (s)
The project’s purposes are:
1. To empower PNPM Mandiri implementers to promote the PNPM Mandiri program and the benefit
it creates for the community - through the media. Giving PNPM Mandiri implementers the skills to
deliver their key messages to influencer groups and the public.
2. To improve the media's ability to provide information about community empowerment, poverty
alleviation programs and development issues. To increase their knowledge of transparency and
good governance. Training included identifying stories, creative reporting and the journalists’ role
in acting as public watch dogs and mediators in enhancing transparency and accountability.
3. To establish a network and synergy between PNPM Mandiri implementers and journalists to work
together to spread information and knowledge about the poverty alleviation program.
4. To educate the public about issues and problems faced by PNPM Mandiri, through an interactive
phone in program, public service announcement and Journalism Competition
5. To inspire local journalists to play their part in educating the public about PNPM Mandiri by
teaching them about PNPM Mandiri - particularly it’s positioning and principles, its unique
mechanism and how it works for the community.
6. To produce and compile training kits and other training materials
7. to design pre & post tests & monitoring and evaluation tools in conjunction with World Bank
experts.
8. To organize field trips for journalists to see and understand how PNPM works in communities
and to make recordings and interviews for use in their pieces for broadcast/publication.
9. To assist the journalists to produce a news feature about PNPM Mandiri. The news features
formed part of the public awareness programming to promote key messages and build an
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audience for the upcoming interactive phone in program.
10. Produce an immediate public awareness campaign by getting TV and Radio stations to
broadcast the news features, psa and a one hour phone in programme with a PNPM
Mandiri expert as the guest. To get the newspapers to publish 2 news features on PNPM
Mandiri.
11. To provide PNPM training materials to OTMI's Journalist Alumni off over 700 media.
All manuals and materials created for the World Bank PNPM program were supplied to the
OnTrackers Network of over 700 media outlets. This includes examples of productions and
articles produced during the training to inspire and assist other media to cover PNPM effectively
through example.
III. ACTIVITIES
1. OTMI developed the curriculum and training materials for a journalism course and Implementer
media relations course for two training in Bali and in Medan
2. OTMI researched and produced the training manuals, DVD examples and kit for both courses.
This ensures the training can be shared with other PNPM Mandiri Implementers and other
journalists in the newsroom – so influencing a much wider group than the participants.
3. OTMI researched and identified the 42 media most likely to reach the largest number of PNPM
stakeholders in 21 provinces. (see annex1 below for details participant)
4. OTMI drew up and signed an MoU committing the media to full
participation in the program – training, output, and the competition
aimed at ensuring the public were given access to information about
the poverty alleviation scheme.
5. OTMI invited participants and arranged flights, accommodation,
training facilities and field trips.
6. OTMI worked with PNPM Mandiri Support Facility to contact and
arrange accommodation, flights and a meeting package for total of 61
PNPM Mandiri Implementers.
7. OTMI produced and compiled the training kits and other training
The journalist filling out the
post and pre test for
materials.
monitoring and evaluation
8. OTMI designed pre & post tests & monitoring and evaluation tools in conjunction with PNPM
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Mandiri Support Facility experts.
9. OTMI attended meetings and discussions through emails with World Bank to meet existing
and new requirements.
10. OTMI conducted two training course in Bali and Medan for 42 local print and electronic
journalists & 61 implementers from 21 Provinces: Jakarta, West Java, Central Java,
Yogyakarta, East Java, Banten, Bali, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, South
Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, Aceh, North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Bangka Belitung, Riau
Island, Riau, Lampung, Jambi, South Sumatra and Bengkulu
11. OTMI coordinated with PNPM to arrange four field trips to two PNPM Mandiri locations in Bali
and two in Medan (urban & rural) for journalists to see and understand how PNPM works in
communities. OTMI trainers assisted the journalists to produce a news items about PNPM,
which were used as part of the public awareness programming broadcast following the training.
12. OTMI created and maintained the Wartawan Peduli PNPM Mandiri Facebook group and
mailing list to provide assistance to journalists to continue coverage long-term following
the training.
13. OTMI established a competition for the journalists offering substantial prizes to provide them with
an incentive to continue commitment to their communities throughout the life of the project and to
create an understanding of the importance of PNPM Mandiri stories to their communities. The
competition required the participants to submit the most minutes (radio & TV) or the most column
millimeters (print) of media output before 22 November for the journalists in Bali and
December 6, 2010 for the journalists in Medan. Each entrant to the competition was sent and
OnTrackMedia Award for Services To Their Community Certificate.
14. OTMI set up Monitoring and evaluation tools to establish the success of the training and
provide PNPM Mandiri Support Facility with feedback and evidence of publication. This involved
regular communication with media outlets to ensure they fulfilled their obligations under the
MoU to broadcast/publish.
Analyzing the results of pre and post test. Gathering evidence of
the broadcasts/publication of PNPM items produced in the training. Analyzing the participant
feedback forms. Compiling reports.
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IV.
Course Content
A.1 Media Relations Training in Bali
In Bali The 2-day Implementer workshop was
held on 28th and 29th July 2010 at Hotel Santhi in
Denpasar, Bali for a total of 36 PNPM Mandiri
Implementers. OnTrackMedia Indonesia provided two
trainers – Febrina I Siahaan as the lead trainer and
Achmad Zihni Rifai as the co trainer. Ontrack also
provided one technical director and two training
assistants.
The Media Relations Training
The 36 Implementers were divided into six groups from the start and each had it own flip chart so they
could write the key messages resulting from their discussions during the training. On the first day the trainers
helped the Implementers to identifying what is news, how the media works and why PNPM Mandiri needs the
media and why media needs PNPM Mandiri. The Trainers, with the support from Citra Lestari and Desy
Mutialim from PNPM Mandiri Support Facility, also helped the implementers identify key messages that have
news value and were to be the topic for the press conferences with the journalists on the second day.
On the second day of the training the Implementers had the chance
to meet with the journalists for the first time during an ice breaking session.
Later on with the help of the trainers, the implementers prepared the
materials needed for the press conference. During the two press conference
simulations, the implementers had the chance to face the media and practice
what they had learnt.
DAY ONE
1. Pre-Test – designed to establish a benchmark of knowledge of the participants BEFORE the training.
2. Introductions: Who are we and what are we here for? This included Introductions from the trainers and
PNPM Support Facility, Citra I Lestari and Desy Mutialim as well as the participants themselves.
3. The function of the Media. Why PNPM Mandiri needs the media and vice versa. How the media can
change public opinion. This session was lead by Febrina I Siahaan and also assisted by Achmad Zihni
Rifai as the co trainer.
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4. How journalists work, identifying the criteria of what is news worthy, media Framing/media Mapping and
also understanding news angles from different media.
5. What is News and how to shape the Key Messages. The trainers helped the participants to identify the
news value and key message in stories about PNPM projects. The participants also learnt about news
values, building relationships with the media and meeting the needs of journalists to help them cover the
stories effectively.
6. Press conference preparation. At the end of the day the six groups were formed into two big groups who
had to choose the best key messages to be presented at the press conference the next day.
DAY TWO
1. Tips and tricks for interviews. The participants learnt how to answer questions and methods of
delivering a key message during an interview. This session was conducted by Febrina I Siahaan and
Gunawan the Technical Assistant, who put the participants in front of a camera for the first time.
2. Key Messages. The two big groups then choose the best two key messages that resulted from the
discussions with trainers and the PNPM Mandiri Team
3. Press Conferences. The trainer assisted the implementers to prepare for the press conference. Two
groups brought up two interesting subjects for the press conferences. One group choose one the most
successful PNPM Mandiri project where the community successfully built a road and raised extra funds
by giving the chance to local people to write a permanent message in the road surface for a donation.
Another group choose to ask the media to help find a former PNPM Mandiri worker who police were
hunting for embezzling PNPM Money. This was a good example of how to engage the media to ensure
funds are not lost through bad practices – but implementers were reminded to stay within deformation
laws of Indonesia by stating that the police have identified the person as being a suspect and not that
he/she is guilty. They must be careful to honor the Indonesian law, which states that a person is innocent
until proven guilty by the courts
4. POST QUIZ. This quiz is designed to ensure that all the participants have learnt the most important
messages about media relations. The quiz assists in monitoring and evaluation to show what the
participants now know.
5. CERTIFICATE, FEEDBACK AND FAREWELLS. The certificates are an important part of the participants
recognizing that they have done a good job. Each participant received a photograph of them receiving
their certificates with their trainers as well as a group photograph to maintain a relationship with their
group.
This encourages them to maintain their relationship with OTMI and their group in the
communication tools such as Facebook and Ontrackers.
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A.2 Media Relations Training in Medan
The 2-day Implementer workshop was held on 11th and
12th October 2010 at Hotel Grand Antares in Medan, North
Sumatra for a total of 27 PNPM Mandiri Implementers.
OnTrackMedia Indonesia provided two trainers – Syafiq Basri
Assegaf as the lead trainer and Achmad Zihni Rifai as the co
trainer for the workshop. Ontrack also provide one technical
director and two training assistants.
The 27 Implementers were divided into groups according to 10 province where they come from the start and
on the join session they are joint by journalist from the same province as well. On the first day the trainers
helped the Implementers to identify what is news, how the media works and why PNPM Mandiri needs the
media and why media needs PNPM Mandiri. The Trainers helped the implementers to identify key messages
that have news value and that can be shared on the joint session with the journalist on the second day.
On the first day the implementers also had sessions on Media Strategy, how to define your needs,
purpose and goal, messages, audience, problems, the opportunity to communicate through the media using
news, letters to the editor and by becoming sources. The implementers also prepared themselves for
tomorrow’s Interview session with the journalists.
They learnt how to explain what PNPM Mandiri is; how it works; the role of the public in ensuring the
accountability and transparency of the program. With the help from the trainers they also learnt what questions
the journalists are likely to ask and how to answer them. At the end of the first day the
implementers also had the opportunity to practice live interviews on camera with
feedback from the trainers.
On the second day the Implementers had the chance to meet with the journalists
for the first time during an ice breaking session. The icebreaking session was opened
with a speech from Mrs. Gati Gayatri, Direktur Pusat Informasi Kesejahteraan
Rakyat – Badan Informasi Publik.
17
The ice breaking session is a fun session where
implementers and journalists are divided into 10 groups
according to their province and with their creativity and teamwork they built a tower using random items such as straws,
cards, balloons, ice sticks etc.
The ice breaking session
proved to be an exciting way for the journalists and
implementers to get to know each other in a fun atmosphere.
After the ice breaking the implementers went back to the
classroom and with the help of the trainers, learnt how to write a simple statement and practice making their
own stories and received feedback one-on-one from the trainers. On the second day they also prepared the
materials needed for joint session such as how PNPM Mandiri can be a source of stories, how Implementers
could help and why journalists would cover stories on PNPM Mandiri. The journalists and implementers also
had joint session on deformation to ensure they understood the legal limitations of what they can say through
the media - such a “A person is innocent until proven guilty by the courts”.
After the deformation session the implementers and
journalists worked together in their provinces – identifying PNPM
Mandiri projects in their areas that would make good stories. They
had to identify different angles to the stories, who would need to be
interviewed as well as what pictures and sounds could be used to
make the media output more interesting and informative. The trainers
wrote each story and method of coverage on the flip chart – enabling
all participants to see how many stories can be created from PNPM Mandiri projects and how powerfully they
can be created.
The final joint session between the journalists and implementers ensured that the journalists
interviewed the implementers from their own area so they had gathered sound bites that could be used to
localize the items the journalists would go on to create from their field trips.
Mr. Sujana Royat, Deputi Menkokesra Bidang Penanggulangan
Kemiskinan Selaku Ketua Tim Pelaksana Pokja Pengendali PNPM Mandiri
attended the closing ceremony of the implementer workshop giving a
speech about the importance of PNPM Mandiri. He also assisted the
trainers in presenting the certificates and prizes for the implementers.
18
B.1 JournalismTraining
The training course in Bali was held for 3 days
on 29th, 30th and 31thJuly 2010 at Hotel Santhi
Denpasar at Patih Jelantik No. 1 with a total of 22
participants.
OnTrackMedia Indonesia provided four
trainers – one International and 3 Indonesian – providing
expertise in newspaper, radio, television and technical as
well as a translator and a training assistant.
On the first day the journalists had the opportunity to meet with the Implementers during an ice
breaking session. They were split into mixed groups featuring all the implementers and journalists from each
province. Each group had to make the tallest tower from random things such as cards, balloons, straws,
plastic cups etc. This was a fun activity and a good way to show them how to work together.
The second joint session was the press conferences where
Implementers had an opportunity to present their key messages to the media
and practice what they have learnt during the training and the training. The
journalists asked the questions and learnt more about PNPM Mandiri projects
and how they work.
Apart from the joint sessions, the journalists also had theory sessions
on the importance of meeting the needs of their audiences/readers, maintaining loyal audiences by showing
their commitment to their communities, acting as watchdogs and monitors of public projects and their duty as
journalists to be guardians of their communities.
The final session of the day allowed participants to speak directly with their trainers – television, radio
and newspaper – so they could plan their story to be conducted during the following day’s field trip.
On the second day the media went on a field trip to two locations providing examples of PNPM
Mandiri projects in action. The first team went to a PNPM Mandiri rural area in Sukawati, Gianyar where a
market had been built to provide trade and income to help boost the local economy. The second team went to
visit a PNPM Mandiri urban area in Segara Asih, Serangan, where a “keramba budidaya ikan” has been built
to improve the fisherman economical conditions on the Serangan Island.
During the visits the journalists conducted interviews, recorded sound and pictures alongside their
OTMI trainers to gather the materials they needed to produce their pieces for publication/broadcast. With
guidance, they were able to design and produce their pieces.
19
DAY ONE
1. Ice breaking – designed to introduce the journalist to Implementers in a fun and interactive games.
2. Pre-Test – designed to establish a benchmark of knowledge of the participants BEFORE the training.
3. Introductions: Who are we and what are we here for? This included conducting a mini poll to establish
how many people this group of journalists could reach – over 4.5 million. The session focused on helping
journalists to recognize the power they have and the responsibilities that come with it. The participants
learnt the goals of the workshop and how coverage of stories such as PNPM Mandiri, helps to educate
and inform their readers/audiences about issues that affect their lives and futures.
4. Role of the Media. This session and chapter in the manual assists the media in understanding that public
awareness cannot be achieved by a single article or broadcast. The public needs to be REPEATEDLY
reminded of messages if they are to ABSORB the information and TAKE THE ACTION required. The
media has a vital role to play in teaching the public what they want and need to know. Apart from news
coverage, newspapers and broadcasters have other methods of communicating this crucial information.
a)News
b)Features and documentaries
c) Public service announcements (psa’s)
d)Interactive programmes and articles
e)Press Conference
5. What is PNPM? This session was conducted by the Citra Lestari of PNPM Support Facility who gave a
general understanding of PNPM, how it works and what its advantages are.
6. The Imporntance of media participation. The training was also attended by Mrs. Gati Gayatri, The chief
of Information for The People Welfare Ministry, who is the coordinator of communication of PNPM Mandiri.
Mrs. Gati stressed the importance of media participation in making sure the PNPM Mandiri program is
accountable and transparent.
7. What is News? The trainers helped the participants to identify the news value in stories about PNPM
projects.
8. Interviewing Techniques. The participants were shown how to research, plan and conduct interviews so
they are as effective as possible. The manual goes into detail about types of interviews as well as the
“do’s and dont’s” and “tips and tricks” to get the best from interviewees. In the training session a special
video was shown which incorporates all these key points in a humorous way.
a) In-Depth Research and story preparations. OTMI Trainers helped the journalists to identify
20
background data and basic information about PNPM; where should they go to look for that
information; to identify the stakeholders related to PNPM project and how to treat to the information
gathered from them. This session included a detailed breakdown of the PNPM website and how it
could be used by journalists to localize their stories which were conducted by Citra Lestari of PNPM
Support Facility as an expert in how the website can assist journalists.
b) How to order information in a new story. This session equipped journalists to use the inverted
pyramid style of ordering information by prioritizing information from the most vital down to basic
information.
c) Vox Pops. Participants learnt the importance of including the voice of the people in programmes.
The public like to hear the opinions of ordinary people, not just the experts. Vox pops help reflect the
hopes and concerns of the public and are a crucial element in the news.
d) Joint session with the Implementers: 2 Press conferences were staged to give the opportunity for
the journalist to interact with the implementers and ask questions regarding the subjects.
e) Wish List. This session briefed the journalists on their assignment for the following day and focused
their attention on establishing what they needed to get on their field trip to make exciting TV, radio and
newspaper pieces. After a general session on establishing a “Wish List” of what they could gather –
human examples, vox pops, officials, experts etc. the participants were split into 3 groups –
newspaper, TV and radio – so they could have detailed discussions with their specific trainers.
f) How to develop in-depth stories using human examples: Journalists learnt how human examples
are a good way to start a story and to humanize it. Through human examples, journalists attract the
sympathy and understanding of the readers/audience as they will look at the story from their own
perspective rather than a piece that is loaded with data and statistics.
DAY TWO
v Field Visit – The participants and trainers were
divided into two teams.
The first team included the 3 TV journalists and six of the
newspaper journalists who went to PNPM Mandiri rural project
in Pasar Sukawati, Gianyar. They were assisted by the TV
trainer Imelda Salajan and Febrina I Siahaan the newspaper
trainer, Gunawan as Technical Trainer/cameraman, Citra I
Lestari from PNPM Support Facility.
As TV is the most complicated of the 3 media (requiring filmed interviews and pictures to illustrate
21
script) it was important to use the OTMI expert cameraman as a joint resource as the budget could not
allow for 3 cameramen and producers. As the 3 TV stations were from different coverage areas –
Balikpapan, Bali and Jogja it was possible to use the same footage and interviews to illustrate the stories
as their pieces would not be seen by rival stations. The participants were given the chance to practice their
skills by leading different interviews – but the final pieces were scripted and edited according to the needs
of their own audiences. The newspaper journalists were guided by Febrina I Siahaan the newspaper
trainer to fulfill their “Wish List” and had time to conduct personal interviews with the sources. The story
was about a market that was built with PNPM Mandiri funds. Some stalls were bought very cheaply by
poor people from the area for a 25 year period. Other stalls were hired on a yearly contract by outside
traders at a much hirer rate. These rentals ensured the maintenance and management of the market
would make the market self-sustaining.
The second team comprised of 6 radio and 6 newspaper journalists who went to Serangan Island to
cover the PNPM Mandiri stories for rural area. The visit was assisted by Desy Mutialim from PNPM
Mandiri, Ronny Hengst the OTMI Radio Trainer and Ahmad Zihni Rifai the OTMI Newspaper Trainer. In
the designated area, all participants were given the chance to do in-depth interviews and practice what
they’d learnt in the first day of the course. A local Bali TV cameraman was also sent with this team to
document the training. The journalists covered a success story about the fishermen in BKM Segara Asih,
Serangan Island who build “Keramba budidaya ikan” with PNPM Money. The project also empower
women in the village to create stalls selling grilled fish around Pura Sakenan. This project has improved
the life of people in BKM Segara Asih.
OTMI would like to especially mention Mr. Sentot Surya Satria (The Task Team Leader PNPM
Communication), Citra Lestari, Desy Mutialim, Iroh Rohayati Fatah and Ikhwan Maulana and all other
PNPM Team for all their support and help particularly in organizing the field trips. These were an
invaluable part of the training and provided great insight into the PNPM Mandiri project. Their knowledge
22
and assistance contributed greatly to the success of the workshop.
The field trip was also enhanced by the enthusiasm of the PNPM Mandiri staff themselves who went
to great lengths to make us all feel welcome and provide us with the interviewees and pictures needed.
DAY THREE
ü
Articles and Productions: On Day 3 OTMI staff were no longer trainers – but Co-Producers and
Editors. They were there to assist the participants to write their articles and make their pieces. Each
journalist wrote their own article/script asking for advice and help when needed. The item was then taken
to their trainer, who helped re-write and develop the article/script until it was made into a quality item. The
TV and Radio trainers assisted the participants to record and edit their pieces creatively while the
newspaper trainers compiled the articles with photographs into an OnTrackMedia mini newspaper on
PNPM Mandiri.
This detailed hands-on practical experience is an OTMI specialty and is the most valuable in putting
all the theory into practice. Having worked with the participants from the beginning to the end of their
pieces, the OTMI trainers gave the journalists new ideas on ways to make their pieces exciting,
informative and educational. Using many of the BBC styles of broadcasting, participants learnt about
writing to pictures and using sound effectively to grab the audiences’ attention. All participants learnt how
human examples take the story to the heart of the matter and make it relevant to their audiences. The
newspaper journalists recognized how to order their material in a way that made their articles grab their
readers attention with the first line and hold their attention as they revealed the most important information
at the beginning through to the details below.
From participant comments – OTMI's training was a major insight into their role both as providing their
readers/audiences with information that they wanted and needed to know as well as creative ways of
making that information easy to understand and interesting to read/listen to or watch.
ü
Show Time: This was the chance for all participants to view each
other's work. The session was presented in an exciting way to give
everyone a pat on the back for their hard work – but more importantly for
them to see the different ways that PNPM Mandiri stories can be
presented. It also illustrated how to localize a story to make it relevant to
the audience. For example, although the TV pieces had to use many of
the same shots and interviews – the two TV participants from outside Bali chose to angle their stories on
23
the PNPM Mandiri budgets allocated to their respective areas in Kalimantan and Yogyakarta for 2010.
The TV pieces were humanized, relevant and powerful pieces of television illustrating how PNPM Mandiri
could be utilized effectively if the community plays its part.
ü
POST QUIZ. The quiz was designed to ensure that all the participants had learnt the most
important messages about PNPM Mandiri. Although fun – it tests the participant about the information
they should know about PNPM Mandiri. The quiz also assists in monitoring and evaluation .
ü
CERTIFICATE, FEEDBACK AND FAREWELLS.
The certificates are an important part of the participants
recognizing that they have done a good job as well as
providing them with something to put on their office wall to
remind them that they should continue doing PNPM Mandiri
stories. Each participant can download their photographs
from the Facebook Club of themselves receiving their
certificates with their trainers as well as a group photograph to maintain a relationship with their group.
OTMI encourages them to stay in touch through tools such as Facebook Wartawan Peduli PNPM Mandiri
group and Ontrackers Mailing list.
ü
OTMI also encourages them to continue following OTMI activities to learn about other subjects that
will assist their communities such as bird flu and environmental issues. This OTMI alumni is assisting
PNPM Mandiri because it means all 700 plus OTMI's previous participants will also receive and be
encouraged to cover stories about PNPM Mandiri as well as the subjects they learnt about through OTMI.
B.1 Journalism Training in Medan
The journalism training workshop in Medan was held for
3 days on 12th, 13th & 14th October 2010 at Hotel Grand
Antares Medan, Jl. Sisingamangaraja No.273, Medan with a
total of 20 participants. OnTrackMedia Indonesia provided four
trainers – one International and 3 Indonesian – providing
expertise in newspaper, radio, television and technical as well as
a translator one training assistant.
24
On the first day the journalists had the opportunity to meet with the Implementers during an ice
breaking session. They were split into 10 groups featuring all the implementers and journalists from each
province. Each group had to make the tallest tower from random things such as cards, balloons, straws,
plastic cups etc. This was a fun activity and a good way to show them how to work together.
After ice breaking, the journalist went into their classroom and started a session on the role of the
media as educators and watch dogs. They also learnt why PNPM Mandiri is important for their communities
so why they should cover the story.
Citra, I Lestari from PNPM Support Facility presented a session on what PNPM Mandiri is; how it
works; What people can do for themselves and finding PNPM stories including through the PNPM website.
The journalists also had a session on interviewing techniques and using Vox Pops to include the voice
of the people in reports. They also learnt interviewing techniques including watching the training film “Harta
Karun” .
The journalists then joined the Implementers for the Deformation session lead by Achmad Zihni Rifai
This illustrated the legal restrictions placed on journalists such as Libel.
The second joint session was when the journalists and
implementers from the same province grouped together and had
an opportunity to sit and work together to identify stories in their
own areas about PNPM Mandiri. The implementers shared a list
of PNPM Mandiri projects in their areas with the journalists so
they could identify a story, the news angles they could use, the
sources they could interview, the photographs & TV pictures they
would need and sounds for radio journalist. The trainers gave
feedback to ensure a list of quality stories and methods of coverage were discussed with both groups helping
them recognize how many stories are available to help them keep the stories in the media and so educate
their communities about PNPM Mandiri.
The last joint session was when the journalists interviewed the implementers from their own areas so
they had a sound bites to localize their stories. The journalists then discussed the field trips they were to go on
the next day so they could draw up a wish list of the essential ingredients they would need in preparation for
the media visit.
25
Before the field visit on the second day the journalist
also had the chance to interview Mr. Sujana Royat, Deputi
Menkokesra Bidang Penanggulangan Kemiskinan Selaku
Ketua Tim Pelaksana Pokja Pengendali PNPM Mandiri. Mr.
Sujana Royat stressed the role of the media as educators
and watch dogs of their communities so they can learn about
the importance of the PNPM Mandiri programs in their areas.
The journalist were
also given an opportunity to ask
questions to Mr. Sujana Royat after his presentation and also had the opportunity to interviewed him after his
speech.
After a briefing session the media went on a field trip to
two locations providing examples of PNPM Mandiri projects in
action. The first team went to a PNPM Mandiri rural area in
Karang Berombak, Medan where a public washing and toilet
facility was built on land owned by a 70 year old women who
donated it to the community. The journalists also saw a bridge
which was built built to connect the community with the local
school. The bridge was built with PNPM Mandiri money but using labour given by the people themselves.
The community chose the project to make it easier for children to get to school and to make it safe – after a
young girl nearly drowned about falling through the old bridge. The journalists also visited a cricket farm built
with the assistance of a micro finance loan from PNPM Mandiri. The old man managed to expand his
business from 5 boxes of crickets to 50 boxes – generating enough income to support his family and pay back
his loan
The second team went to visit a PNPM Mandiri urban area
in Pantai Cermin, Kabupaten Sedang Bedagai, South Sumatra
where several micro finance projects had been to support small
businesses. There was also a community clean water project to
improve the health and facilities of the community.
During the visits the journalists conducted interviews,
recorded sound and pictures alongside their OTMI trainers to
gather the materials they needed to produce their pieces for publication/broadcast. With guidance, they were
able to design and produce their pieces.
26
V. KIT CONTENT
1/ Manual for the journalist which provides a permanent training tool for current
and future journalists to make creative and interactive programming and articles
that meet the wants and needs of the people.
2/ Media Relations manual for the PNPM Mandiri Implementers, which focused
on information about how to communicate with the media
3/ Info Kit and CD for the journalists on what is PNPM Mandiri
4/ DVD on tips and trick how to do an interview session with the journalist.
5/Other items such as: bags, notebooks, pens and brochures on PNPM Mandiri
VI. TRAINING PREPARATION AND MODULE DEVELOPMENT
Training equipment:
ü
Module I
“Pelatihan Wartawan untuk Peliputan Program Pemberdayaan Masyarakat” is a tailored-made module to
meet the needs of journalists and presenters in making features. The manual contents consists of:
Chapter I
: Introduction
Chapter II
: To raise public awareness
Chapter III
: Wish List
Chapter IV
: Interview
Chapter V
: Writing news stories
Chapter VI
: How to make Instant Features
Chapter VII
: Interactive Programs
Chapter VIII
: Stand Ups
Chapter IX
: The Importance of promoting Programs
Chapter IX
: Quiz
Chapter XI
: Sources Of Information
Chapter XII
: Press Conferences
Chapter XIII
: Ethics of Journalism
27
ü
Module II
“Strategi Berkomunikasi dengan Media untuk Pelaku PNPM Mandiri” is a tailored-made module to meet the needs
of PNPM Mandiri Implementers on media relations’ skill. The manual contents consists of:
Chapter I
: Introduction
Chapter II
: Why do you need the media?
Chapter III
: Basic knowledge of Media Relations and Shaping Messages
Chapter IV
: Printed Media and Electronic Media
Chapter V
: How to write Press Release
Chapter VI
: Press Conference
Chapter VII
: Interviews
Chapter VIII
: Press Briefings(Speech/Presentation)
Chapter IX
: Gesture/Body Language in front of camera
Chapter X
: Laws and Ethics
Equipment needed for the training.
1. Microphone
2. Recorders
3. Training essentials such as flip charts and stationery
4. Kit bags
5. PNPM Mandiri Info Kit & Bakti Info kit
6. DVDs/cassettes
7. Video Camera
8. 5 edit suites/lap tops (radio/TV)
9. DVD player
10. DVD recorder
11. In focus Projector
12. Multimedia Speakers
13. Participant feedback forms
14. Module Duplication
15. Certificates
28
VII. PRE AND POST TEST
A.1 Pre and Post Test for Journalists from the Bali Training
The Pre & Post test was designed to establish whether the participants on the course had actually learnt the
key messages. The results of the pre-test were compared with the results of the post-test to find out how well
the training educated the journalists. The 10 questions tested their knowledge of the most important
information that the public and journalists should know. In Bali, the result of the post test was outstanding.
12 journalists had perfect scores 10/10, 9 got 9/10 and only 1 got 8/10. This proved that all participants
went away with significant knowledge about PNPM Mandiri and as the graph below shows – 100% improved
considerably over the results of their pre test (see blue pre test and red post test).
(SEE ANNEX 2 FOR PRE & POST TEST QUESTIONS
A.2 Pre and Post Test for the Implementers from the Bali Training
The Pre & Post test was designed to establish whether the participants on the course had actually learnt the
key messages of the two days course. The results showed that all the implementers increased their
knowledge on the media relations with nobody getting less than 7/10. Two people got 9/10, 8 got 8/10
and the rest scored 7/10.
29
B.1 Pre and Post Test for Journalist in Medan
In Medan the results of the post test was outstanding. 7 journalists had perfect scores 10/10, 7 got
9/10, 3 got 8/10 and only 2 got 7/10. This proved that all participants went away with significant knowledge
about PNPM Mandiri and as the graph below shows – 100% improved considerably over the results of their
pre test (see blue pre test and red post test).
VIII. FEEDBACK RESULTS
B.2 Pre and Post Test for Implementers in Medan
In Medan the pre & post test showed that all the implementers increased their knowledge on the media
relations with nobody getting less than 7/10. A total of 13 people got perfect scores, five people got
9/10, 4 got 8/10 and the rest scored 7/10.
30
VIII. Feedback
A.1 Implementers Feedback from Bali Training
The Implementers were also given feedback forms to fill in at the end of the training to help gauge their
perceptions of the course and whether they have any suggestions on how it could be improved. OTMI
received high scores in all areas showing great effectiveness in the training, materials and practical exercises.
Statistic from Participants feedback forms (Implementers)
Scale: (1) strongly disagree up to (7) strongly agree
Questions
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
0
0
2
1
2
0
0
0
0
2
4
3
Do you think there is the need to
receive more balanced coverage
about your program in your local
media
How effective was this program in
identifying ways to increase
coverage for PNPM program?
Do you think the module and the
dvd is useful?
0
0
0
1
2
3
4
Do you think this training has met
your expectation?
0
0
0
0
2
4
5
Do you enjoy the discussion
session during the training?
0
6
After the training, are you going to
apply the knowlede you got so
PNPM Program will be more heard
in the media?
7
No
1
2
%
positive
response
(6 and 7)
92%
31
0
0
0
2
3
4
86%
27
94%
30
92%
30
94%
30
0
0
0
0
5
100%
31
31
7
8
9
10
11
12
Are you interested in working with
OnTrackMedia in the future?
0
0
0
1
1
2
Do you think that by bringing
journalist and PNPM Implementers
in the same workshop help create
relationship between PNPM and
media?
Is this training has given you ideas
about how to get media coverage
about your PNPM Program?
Do you think the session of why
PNPM need media and media need
PNPM useful?
Do you think that session on "Media
Strategy" is useful?
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
1
1
2
32
15
16
17
18
94%
32
0
0
0
1
1
2
0
0
0
0
3
0
Do you think the session on "Facing
the media" and preparing for
interview is useful?
Do you think the interview tips and
interview practice is useful?
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
2
0
2
Do you think the video showing on
interview technique is useful?
0
0
0
1
2
2
Do you think the session on
preparing for press conference is
useful?
Do you think the press conference
simulation is useful?
0
0
0
0
0
3
Do you think that you have make
useful media contacts that will be
beneficial for you to get media
coverage on your program in the
future
Please give critics and and
suggestion for the following trainers:
Febrina M.I Siahaan
Ahmad Zihni Rifai
0
0
0
3
3
0
0
0
0
1
2
0
94%
32
92%
33
94%
33
94%
32
92%
31
100%
33
0
0
0
0
0
3
100%
33
83%
30
92%
33
0
0
0
2
3
0
86%
31
19
Welda Purba
0
0
0
2
1
0
92%
33
20
Mira Kartawijaya
0
0
21
Gunawan
22
100%
33
13
14
94%
0
89%
0
2
2
1
31
0
2
1
2
31
0
92%
32
Feedback Result of Media Relations Training for PNPM Mandiri
Implementers
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
Total Score 50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
% positive response (4 and 5)
1
3
5
7
9 11 13 15 17 19 21
Questions
The Feedback results from the Bali Training show that the participants were very satisfied with the
method and content of the training. 100% of the participants felt the training felt has created a relationship
between the implementers and the media and will be useful for the implementers in the future to have these
media contacts. 100% of the participants believed that the session on preparing a press conference with
trainers was very effective. 100% of the participants also said the press conference simulation was very useful
because it gave them an opportunity to have practice on what is it like to be interviewed by the media
100% said they will apply the knowledge they got in the training; 94% felt that the discussion session
with the trainers was very effective and enjoyable for them, 94% found that session on facing the media was
valuable and very helpful in understanding more about how the media works
They felt the session on the tips and tricks for interviewing was very useful and they enjoyed the
practice of facing a camera. They also benefited from the discussion with the trainers on how to define key
messages. The general comments given by the implementers was that they were very satisfied and would like
to be invited again for another training because the knowledge they gained was very useful to them.
A.2 Journalist Feedback from Bali Training
The Journalist were also given feedback forms to fill in at the end of the training to help gauge their
perceptions of the course and whether they have any suggestions on how it could be improved. OTMI
received high scores in all areas showing great effectiveness in the training, materials and practical exercises.
33
Statistic from Participants feedback forms ( Journalist)
Scale: (1) strongly disagree up to (7) strongly agree
No
Questions
1 2 3 4 5 6
Do you feel your audience/readers need public
awareness regarding PNPM Mandiri?
0 0 0 0 0 0
1
0 0 0 0 3 0
2
How effective was this program in helping to identify
aspects of PNPM Mandiri?
0 0 0 1 2 0
4
Do you think that the module that gives information
on making news feature is effective?
Did the training give yourself confidence and ability
to produce article/feature or interactive program
effectively?
0 0 0 1 0 0
5
Is the field trip helped you in understanding more on
PNPM Mandiri?
3
7
22
%
positive
response
(6 and 7)
100%
18
82%
18
82%
21
0 0 0 0 1 0
95%
21
95%
18
0 0 0 2 2 0
6
Is the training given meet your expectations?
7
Do you feel comfortable in joining the discussion
session during the whole training?
82%
21
0 0 0 0 1 0
95%
18
0 0 0 3 1 0
8
82%
Do you think the training kit is useful?
21
0 0 0 0 1 0
9
Do you think after the training your media will be
interested in producing more news features and
interactive dialogue on PNPM Mandiri
0 0 0 1 0 0
10
Are you interested in working with Ontrack Media
Indonesia in the future?
95%
20
91%
22
12
Do you think you have made some good contacts at
the workshop to help you help the media to provide
more balanced coverage in the future?
Do you think this training helped you in making
program in order to increase the knowledge of your
audience?
13
Is the session on making piece/feature in the training
is effective?
11
0 0 0 0 0 0
100%
22
0 0 0 0 0 0
100%
21
0 0 0 0 1 0
95%
34
14
Do you think the presentation from PNPM Mandiri
Team and press conference simulation was useful?
22
0 0 0 0 0 0
100%
22
0 0 0 0 0 0
15
100%
How helpful The Trainer: Imelda Salajan
20
0 0 0 0 2 0
16
91%
Ronny Hengst
22
0 0 0 0 2 0
17
100%
Zihni Rifai
22
0 0 0 0 0 0
18
100%
Welda Purba
20
0 0 0 0 2 0
19
91%
Gunawan
Feedback Result of Journalism Training, Bali 2010
100%
80%
60%
Total Score
40%
% positive response (6 and 7)
20%
0%
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15 17
19
Questions
The Feedback from Bali showed that the participants were satisfied with the method and content of
the training. 100% felt that the the training was useful and they believed that their audiences really needed to
know more about PNPM Mandiri. 100% felt that the training gave them good contacts especially PNPM
Mandiri Implementers from their own area. 100% participant felt that the training gave them confidence and
the ability to produce articles/features or interactive programs. 100% felt the the presentation from PNPM
Mandiri team and the press conference simulation was very useful for them. 95% of the participants believed
35
that the session on making piece/feature in the training was effective.
95% found that the field trip was valuable and very helpful in understanding more about what PNPM
Mandiri and 95% felt comfortable joining the discussion session. 91% said they would like to work with
OnTrackMedia again.
The comments given by the participants said that the field trip was very useful for them to learn about
PNPM Mandiri, and helped them understand how the system helps the poor, giving them access to
interviewees for their items and especially the guidance and support of OTMI journalism experts to develop
their creative journalism skills.
The majority of participants said that the module provided knowledge on journalism and PNPM Mandiri
which will be useful for them when they return to their offices. They also would like to share the module with
their colleagues.
B.1 Implementers Feedback from Medan Training
Statistics from Participants feedback forms ( Implementers)
Scale: (1) strongly disagree up to (7) strongly agree
% positive
No
Questions
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
response (5, 6
& 7)
1
Do you think there is need for more
media coverage of PNPM Mandiri?
0
0
0
0
0
4
18
100%
2
How effective was this program in
identifying ways to increase coverage
for PNPM Program?
0
0
0
0
5
8
9
100%
0
0
0
0
6
9
7
100%
4
Did you think the discussion session on
session ways to communicate with the
media was effective?
0
0
0
0
7
9
6
100%
5
Do you think the interviewing tips and
trick session was useful?
0
0
0
0
1
12
9
100%
3
Did you think the session on how the
media works was useful?
36
6
Do you think that the interviewing
movie in plagiarist film was useful
0
0
0
0
3
10
9
100%
7
Do you think this training helped you
define your key message?
0
0
0
0
2
9
11
100%
8
Do you think the interview practice in
front of the camera was useful?
0
0
0
0
0
8
14
100%
0
0
0
2
3
5
14
100%
9
Do you think the ice breaking session
with the journalist was useful?
10
Did you think the writing practice
session was useful?
0
0
0
0
2
8
12
100%
11
Do you think the deformation/liabel
session is useful?
0
0
0
0
4
12
5
95,4%
12
Was the joint session with the journalist
on identifying stories was useful?
0
0
0
0
3
8
11
100%
0
0
0
2
1
9
8
86,4%
0
0
0
0
2
11
9
100%
0
0
0
0
1
7
14
100%
16
Has the training given you ideas about
how to gain media coverage about your
PNPM Mandiri program?
0
0
0
0
3
8
11
100%
17
Did you feel comfortable joining the
discussion session during the training
0
0
0
1
4
10
7
95,5%
13
14
15
Did you feel confident when the
journalist interviewed you?
Did the training help you understand
what was the journalist need?
Do you think that by bringing journalist
and PNPM Implementers in the same
workshop help create relationship
between PNPM and media?
37
Do you think the training kit was useful
0
0
0
0
1
11
10
100%
0
0
0
0
2
11
9
100%
0
0
0
0
2
10
11
100%
21
Please give critics and and suggestion
for the following trainers: Imelda
Salajan
0
0
0
0
2
10
10
100%
22
Syafiq Bassri Assegaf
0
0
0
0
1
6
15
100%
23
Achmad Zihni Rifai
0
0
0
0
0
10
12
100%
24
Gunawan
0
0
0
1
3
8
10
100%
25
Imelda Theresia
0
0
0
0
1
9
12
100%
18
Do you think that the manual is useful?
19
Do you think the training has met your
expectations
20
Feedback Result of Media Relations Training,
Medan 2010
Total Score
100
80
60
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20a 20b 20c 20d 20e
Questions
% Positive Responses (score 5-7)
The graph below shows the participants gave positive responses with many sections receiving 100%
and none below 80%. 100% of the implementers felt there was a need for more media coverage on PNPM
Mandiri and felt the training helped them to identify ways to increase coverage of PNPM Mandiri as well as
understanding how the media works and ways to communicate with the media.
38
The implementers also gave 100% positive responses about the usefulness of the sessions on
interviewing tips and tricks and the interviewing techniques training video as well as the effectiveness of the
training in helping them to shape key messages. 100% also found the interview practice in front of camera, ice
breaking session with the journalists and writing exercises effective. The implementers also scored 100% on
the joint session with journalists where they designed a list of topics learnt how implementers can meet the
journalists' needs. 100% also felt the training created an opportunity for journalists and implementers to create
a relationship and they will continue this relationship even after the training has finished. All the participants
were pleased with the standard of trainers, facilitators, manuals and the training kits. The general comments
that the implementers wrote on their feedback forms included how they would like this training to be a regular
workshop and not just once and also to have longer courses.
B.1 Journalist Feedback from Medan Training
Statistic from Participants feedback forms ( Journalist)
Scale: (1) strongly disagree up to (7) strongly agree
% positive response
No
Questions
1 2 3
4
5
6
7
(6 and 7)
0
0 0
0
6
3
11
100%
0
0 0
0
5
11
4
100%
How effective was this program in helping you to
understand PNPM Mandiri?
0
0 0
3
5
9
4
85%
Did the training help you identify ways to cover PNPM
Mandiri stories more creatively?
0
0 0
2
5
8
5
90%
Did the workshop empower you to educate your
communities about how they can play their part in making
the PNPM Mandiri scheme effective?
0
0 0
1
4
11
4
95%
Did the PNPM website session help you identify how to
find more PNPM Mandiri stories
0
0 0
4
5
5
6
80%
Do you feel your audience/readers need public
awareness regarding PNPM Mandiri?
1
Do you think the workshop helped you understand better
the role of journalist as educators and watch dog?
2
3
4
5
6
39
Do you think the presentation from PNPM Mandiri team
was useful?
0
0 0
1
6
7
6
95%
Did you think the interviewing technique session was
useful?
0
0 0
1
4
7
8
95%
0
0 0
1
3
5
11
95%
0
0 0
2
2
7
9
90%
0
0 0
2
7
6
5
90%
Did you think the joint session in identifying PNPM
Mandiri stories was useful?
0
0 0
2
4
8
6
100%
Did you think conducting the interviewing with the PNPM
Mandiri Implementers was useful?
0
0 1
1
4
6
8
85%
Did you think that the training side by side with the
implementers will help you to cover PNPM Mandiri stories
more effectively?
0
0 0
0
2
7
11
100%
Did you think you have made some good PNPM Mandiri
contacts at the workshop?
0
0 0
0
5
6
9
100%
Do you think “Making wish list” session was useful in
preparing for a story?
0
0 1
2
5
8
4
85%
Did the media visit help you understanding more about
PNPM Mandiri?
0
0 0
2
2
8
8
90%
Did the media visit help you produce a good story about
PNPM Mandiri?
0
0 1
0
3
10
6
95%
0
0 1
3
2
9
5
80%
0
0 0
1
3
8
8
95%
7
8
Did you think the film on interviewing was useful?
9
Did you think the ice breaking session was useful?
10
Do you think the deformation/libel was useful?
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Did the training meet your expectations?
19
Did you feel comfortable joining discussion sessions?
20
40
Did you think the training kit is useful?
0
0 0
2
8
6
4
90%
Did you think after the training your media will producing
more news about PNPM Mandiri
0
0 2
1
3
10
4
85%
Are you interested in working with Ontrack media
Indonesia in the future?
0
0 0
0
4
7
9
100%
0
0 0
0
4
12
4
100%
0
0 0
0
1
8
11
100%
0
0 0
1
3
11
5
95%
0
0 0
2
2
8
8
90%
0
0 0
3
3
8
6
85%
0
0 0
0
1
9
10
100%
21
22
23
How helpful was the trainer: Imelda Salajan
24
Zihni Rifai
25
Syafiq Basri
26
Ronny Hengst
27
Gunawan
28
Welda Purba
29
Feedback Result of Journalism Training, Medan 2010
Total Score
100
80
60
40
20
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24a 24b 24c 24d 24e 24f
Questions
% Positive Reponses (score5-7)
100% of the participants felt that the the training was useful and they believed that their
audience/readers really needed to know more about PNPM Mandiri. The journalists also scored 100% for how
this training had helped them understand the role of journalists as educators and watchdogs; how the joint
session with the implementers helped identify stories about PNPM Mandiri was effective and how useful it was
41
to hold side by side training workshops in order to cover PNPM Mandiri stories more effectively. The
journalists gave 100% positive response to how the training has created good contacts with PNPM Mandiri
implementers that will be useful for them in covering stories for the long term.
90% found that the field trip was valuable and very helpful in understanding more about what PNPM
Mandiri and 95% felt comfortable joining the discussion session. The journalists also gave positive responses
with scores from 90 – 100% on the overall training, manual, training kit, trainers and training assistants. 100%
of the journalists said that they would like to attend more workshops like this and the opportunity to work with
Ontrack Media again.
The general comments given by the participants said that the field trip was very useful for them to
learn about PNPM Mandiri, and helped them understand how the system helps the poor, giving them access
to interviewees for their items and especially the guidance and support of OTMI journalism experts to develop
their creative journalism skills.The majority of participants said that the module provided knowledge on
journalism and PNPM Mandiri which will be useful for them when they return to their offices. They also would
like to share the module with their colleagues.
42
IX. POST TRAINING RESULT
a) Details of pieces broadcast/printed after the Journalism Training in Bali
Remarks : 1’ (1 minute) ; 1’’ (1 seconds)
TV Stations
No
1
Name of Station
Tv Beruang
Specification
Feature/news
Promo
Interactive Program
Period
2-16 August 2010
2-16 August 2010
2-16 August 2010
Duration
173”
30” & 60”
45
Total Broadcast
10
32
2
2
Bali TV
Feature/News
Promo
19 October 2010
22 – 26 November
2010
5’
60”
3
25
Talkshow
29 November 2010
60’
1
Duration
Total
Broadcast
3
36
1
Radio Stations
No
Name of Station
Specification
Period
1.
Radio RRI Pontianak
1 – 8 August 2010
4-8 August 2010
9 August 2010
5’
60”
60’
2.
Radio Sonora Surabaya
4-7 August 2010
9-11 August 2010
August 2010
5’
60”
60’
11
10
1
3.
Radio Mara Ghita
Feature
PSA & Promo
Interactive
Program
Feature
Promo
Interactive
Program
Feature
Promo
23 August 2010
15 – 23 August
2010
5’
60”
2
25
Interactive
Program
Feature
Promo
Interactive
Program
23 August 2010
60’
1
25&29 August 2010
23-25 August 2010
25 August 2010
6’
60”
60’
14
25
1
4.
Radio Idola
43
5.
Radio Polaris FM
Feature
Promo
Interactive
Program
1 – 19 October
2010
1 – 19 October
2010
19 October 2010
5’
6
60”
25
60’
1
List of Articles Printed
No
Media
1.
Pikiran Rakyat
2.
3.
Kabar Banten
Radar Sampit
Journalist
Name
Dedy Suhaeri
Rapih
Herdiansyah
Syamsudin
Title
Bantuan Rp 27 Miliar Dialokasikan Bagi
121 Desa: Cililin dan Rongga Mendapat
Bagian Paling Besar
PNPM Seharusnya Fokus
Pemberdayaan Ekonomi
1 page “Laporan Khusus”:
1. Insipirasi PNPM:Ketika Perak
Tak Lagi Berkilau
2. Optimisme Wayan Suratni
4 Desa Dapat PNPM Pariwisata
Anggaran Kemiskinan Naik: PNPM
Mandiri Mendapat Proporsi Terbesar
Published
Date
03/08/2010
16/08/2010
19/08/2010
07/08/2010
13/11/2010
1 page “Laporan Khusus”:
1. Bangkit Bersama Boneka Batik
2. Tuhan Memanggilnya Lebih Dulu
15/11/2010
Laporan dari Pelatihan Wartawan di Bali,
Bagian 1:Ilmu Jurnalistik hingga PNPM
Laporan dari Pelatihan Wartawan di Bali,
Bagian 2: PNPM tak Boleh Diintervensi
Laporan dari Pelatihan Wartawan di Bali,
Bagian 3: PNPM Tingkatkan
Perekonomian
Laporan dari Pelatihan Wartawan di Bali,
Bagian 4:PNPM, Selamatkan Nelayan
Laporan dari Pelatihan Wartawan di Bali,
Bagian 5: Berhadapan dengan Pelaku
PNPM
Menengok kehidupan Nelayan di Desa
Serangan, Denpasar Selatan (1): Kelola
karamba, Tak Ada lagi Musim Paceklik
Melongok Kehidupan Nelayan di Desa
Serangan, Denpasar Selatan (2)
Hasil Keramba Lebih Jelas, Mulau
Jarang Melaut
03/08/2010
04/08/2010
05/08/2010
06/08/2010
07/08/2010
03/08/2010
04/08/2010
44
4.
KBRI Antara
Kalimantan Selatan
Abdul Hakim
Muhiddin
Pulau Serangan Potensi Kawasan
“Keramba Wisata” Bali
25/08/2010
5
Media Kalimantan
Fahriza
Dana Bangun Desa Rp 114M
15/11/2010
6
Indo Pos
Cholis Faizi
Tiga Negara Contoh PNPM Mandiri
Toleransi Nol Korupsi PNPM Mandiri
10/08/2010
16/09/2010
7
Harian Tribun Kaltim
Rahmad Taufik
Kisah Sukses Kelompok Nelayan Bali
Kembangkan Keramba Ikan
Bagian 1: Memetik Rezeki Tambahan di
Laut Desa Serangan
Utang Pemkot Rp 8,08M Untuk Tiga
Tahun Anggaran Kegiatan PNPM
Kisah Sukses Kelompok Nelayan Bali
Kembangkan Keramba Ikan
Bagian 2: PNPM Mandiri Bantu
Permodalan
Bank Dunia Pantau PNPM Kunjungi
Kelurahan Karang Asam Ilir
PNPM Dinilai Belum Optimal Tidak Ikuti
Pedoman Pelaksanaan
Rp 69 Miliar untuk PNPMdi Kutim
Warga Kedaung Protes Pelaksanaan
PNPM: Tuding Banyak Terjadi
Penyimpangan
PNPM Berhasil Turunkan Angka
Kemiskinan
Utang PNPM Ditambah
03/08/2010
Buah Reformasi di Kecamatan Sukawati
Buah Reformasi di Kecamatan Sukawati
(2)
Laporan Perjalanan Ke Bali (1): Melihat
Perkembangan Pemberdayaan
Masyarakat
Laporan Perjalanan Ke Bali (2): “I Love
Bali”
Laporan Perjalanan Ke Bali (3): Diklat
PNPM Dibuka Dengan Antusias
Anggaran PNPM Mandiri Akan
Dikucurkan
PNPM Tingkatkan IPM: “Kita Berikan
Dana, yang Kelola Langsung
Masyarakat”
02/08/2010
09/08/2010
8
9
Harian Suara Merdeka
Harian Borneo Tribune
Langgeng
Vincentius
Nur Iskandar
04/08/2010
04/08/2010
19/10/2010
21/10/2010
11/11/2010
26/08/2010
07/11/2010
16/11/2010
14/09/2010
15/09/2010
16/09/2010
30/09/2010
01/10/2010
45
Kalbar Kejar Realisasi lapangan: PNPM
Mandiri Bekerja Signifikan
PNPM Mandiri Bangun Taman Kanakkanak: Skala Prioritas Menyentuh
Langsung Masyarakat
PNPM Mandiri di Ketapang: Rp 53 Miliar
untuk dana Simpan Pinjam
PNPM Mandiri Membangun Perbatasan
02/10/2010
04/10/2010
05/10/2010
08/10/2010
10
Kedaulatan Rakyat
Anik Puspitasari
Pasar Seni Ubah Nasib Ketut
Nyaman Belanja di “Malioboronya” Bali
15/08/2010
11
Harian Bisnis Bali
Komang
Widagda
Buleleng Terima Kucuran Dana PNPM
Mandiri-KP Rp 750 Juta
PNPM Mandiri Siapkan Dana Rp 11,2
Trilyun
Seminar dan Lokakarya PNPM Mandiri
Perdesaan Badung Berkomitmen
Tanggulangi Kemiskinan
PNPM Mandiri Perkotaan dan Peran
Perempuan dalam Perwujudan civil
society
07/07/2010
Bebas Miskin dari Pasar
Dipertanyakan, Penyimpangan PNPM
Mandiri hanya 0,2 %
30/07/2010
1/08/2010
12
Surabaya Post
Denny Sagita
02/08/2010
8/10/2010
11/11/2010
b) Details of pieces broadcast/printed after the Journalism Training in Medan
Remarks : 1’ (1 minute) ; 1’’ (1 seconds)
TV Station
No
1
2
Name of Station
Padang TV
Bengkulu TV
Specification
Period
15 – 17 November
2010
Running text/Promo 15 -17 November
2010
Interactive Program 18 November 2010
Duration
3’
Total Broadcast
9
Feature/News
Feature/News
Interactive Program
November –
December 2010
6 December 2010
180
60’
1
5’
12’
60’
16
3
1
46
Radio Station
No
1
Name of Station
Radio Sonora FM
Bangka
Specification
Feature/news
Period
19 October 2010
Duration
5’
Total Broadcast
2
Promo talkshow
30 November - 2
December 2010
2 December 2010
60”
30
60’
1
20 October -19
November 2010
24 November – 28
November 2010
29 November 2010
60”
93
30”
25
60’
1
Interactive Program
2
Radio El John Jambi
Spot
Adlibs talkshow
Interactive Program
3
Radio Djati FM Banda
Aceh
Feature/News
60”
69
Interactive Program
17 October 2010 &
9 November 2010
18 October – 9
November 2010
9 November 2010
60’
1
Feature/News
19 October 2010
5’
2
Promo talkshow
19 October – 30
November 2010
- 25 October
2010
- 23 November
2010
- 27 November
2010
- 30 November
2010
60”
24
60’
4
Feature/News
3 November 2010
4’
2
Promo Talkshow
28 October – 3
November 2010
3 November 2010
60”
26
60’
1
Promo talkshow
4
Radio Trijaya FM
Palembang
Interactive Program
Broadcast in 11
Radio station
network Trijaya
Palembang
5
Radio Oz FM Banda
Aceh
Interactive Program
2
47
Newspapers
No
Media
Journalist Name
1
Batam Pos
Mohammad
Rakhmat
2
Padang Ekspress
Arzil, SS
Title
Media Berperan Perangi Kemiskinan
Raji, Peternak Jangkrik yang Sukses
setelah Ikut PNPM Mandiri
Sempat Gagal Selama Lebih Dua
Tahun
Menko Kesra Luncurkan PNPM
Khusus
BKM Realisasikan Dana Stimulasi
Rp 5, 785 Milliar
Harun, dari Nelayan Jadi Pengusaha
Tempe
Berani Mencoba, Tak Takut Gagal
15/10/2010
2015, PNPM Bakal Dihentikan
Dari Kegiatan Media On Track PNPM
Medan (1)
Ingin Jadikan Masyarakat Sejahtera
dan Mandiri
Dari Kegiatan Media On Track PNPM
di Medan (2/habis)
Berharap Setetes Air di Tanah Ujung
15/10/2010
19/10/2010
BKM Amanah Seriusi Tridaya
3
4
Bangka Pos
Lampung Post
Teddy Malaka
Rizki Elinda Sary
Published
Date
15/10/2010
15/10/2010
25/10/2010
4/12/2010
20/10/2010
5/11/2010
Proyek P2KP Diduga Bermasalah
Kredit Rp 70 Juta untuk Kampanye
PAUD tak Numpang Lagi di Balai
Proyek PNPM Dilaporkan ke
Kejaksaan
Dana PNPM Bergulir Rp 3 M
18/10/2010
Warga Pantai Tidak Lagi Mandi Air
Asin
Semangat Warga Bangun Sumur
Artesis
Warga Jejawi Balikbukit Semangat
Bangun Jalan
Mereka Hanya Membuat Kami
Berharap
70% PNPM untuk Infrastruktur
Anggaran PNPM Pemkot Kurang Rp8
Milliar
15/10/2010
12/11/2010
28/11/2010
30/11/2010
17/10/2010
22/10/2010
2/11/2010
7/11/2010
22/11/2010
48
5
Harian Rakyat Bengkulu
Heri Afrizal
6
Harian Waspada Medan
Mursal Alfa Iswara
7
Sriwijaya Post
Salman Rasyidin
8
Harian Sumut Pos
9
Tribun Pekanbaru
10
Jambi Ekspress
Dari Pelatihan Peliputan PNPM
Mandiri di Medan (1)
Media Berperan Penting dalam
Perangi Kemiskinan
Dari Peliputan PNPM Mandiri di
Medan (2) – Media Harus Mengawasi
Penyaluran Dana Langsung ke
Masyarakat
Dari Pelatihan Peliputan PNPM
Mandiri di Medan (3)
Tanggulangi Kemiskinan, PNPM
Mandiri Gelontorkan Rp 12 Triliun
Dari Pelatihan Peliputan PNPM
Mandiri di Medan (Habis)
Alokasi Dana PNPM Mandiri Bengkulu
Rp 115,52 M
Media Berperan Awasi PNPM
17/10/2010
BKM diminta Lebih Mandiri
Rp 40,75 M Pagu PNPM Mandiri
Madina
10/10/2010
26/11/2010
Camat Intervensi PNPM Mandiri Pulau
Beringin
60 Desa Dapat Dana PNPM
Tuntaskan Tunggakan SPP PNPM
25/10/2010
Kesuma Ramadhan Toleransi Nol Korupsi PNPM Mandiri
Manipulasi Anggaran, Ketua PNPM
Dipolisikan
Dian Majja Palti
Siahaan
Wisman Wazir
18/10/2010
19/10/2010
20/10/2010
20/10/2010
1/12/2010
5/12/2010
16/09/2010
23/11/2010
Gedung TK dari Program PNPM
Mandiri
PNPM Mandiri Pekanbaru Siapkan
2.000 Pengusaha Baru
19/11/2010
Salah Satu Karya PNPM Mandiri di
Medan. “Nyaris Ambruk, Kini Lebih
Aman”
Program PNPM Tembus 78 Ribu
Desa
17/11/2010
9/12/2010
17/11/2010
49
b) Mentoring
After the training ended, OTMI carried out the post training process which included follow up with the
participants by phone, emails, mailing list and Facebook. Zihni Rifai, the OTMI newspaper trainer, who also
has extensive broadcast experience – particularly as an News Editor - provided assistance, advice and
guidance. He regularly sent emails to the participants, replying to their questions. He gave comments
encouraging journalist to write more about PNPM Mandiri in their their own areas. Zihni is a well known and
experienced journalist so his expertise proved to be very useful in helping the journalists to continue their
commitment to their communities. Welda also maintained a relationship with the participants reminding them
of the prizes for the competition and encouraging them to continue coverage. After the journalism training in
Bali and Medan, Zihni Rifai has wrote total of seven letter from the period of September 5 – December 3,
2010. He encouraged and also give story ideas to cover on PNPM Mandiri to the journalist and most
important to find interesting angles for each story. His letters covers subject varied from: What PNPM Mandiri
story?, Exposing story of the misuse of PNPM Mandiri funds, CSR in PNPM Mandiri and US$30 Million Multi
Donor Fund for the program of alleviation of poverty due to disaster in Merapi, Mentawai and Wasior.
(Please See Annex 5 for the emails send out to all of the participants)
c) Facebook Wartawan Peduli PNPM Mandiri
OTMI established a Facebook fan Page “Wartawan Peduli PNPM Mandiri” where all the participants
can communicate with each other, send links to their news articles, write stories, discuss ideas and information
about PNPM Mandiri in their provinces. So far there are 163 members of the Facebook Wartawan Peduli
PNPM Mandiri and we believe this number will keep increasing. OTMI also created a note of the emails sent
out to the participants, so other journalists received this valuable information and tips on journalism.
e) Competition
OTMI devised a competition for the participants to encourage them to put into practice the skills they have
learnt and ensure that they covered stories to help educate the public about PNPM Mandiri. For the journalists
this means getting as many hours of broadcast or column centimeters printed of quality PNPM Mandiri issues.
The deadlines was 22 November for the training in Bali and 6 December for the training in Medan. The
announcement of the winners take place in Ontrack Media office on December 17, 2010.
50
The winners of the competition were:
Journalism Training in Bali
1. TV : BERUANG TV BALIKPAPAN
2. RADIO: IDOLA SEMARANG FM
3. NEWSPAPER: BORNEO TRIBUNE AND PIKIRAN RAKYAT BANDUNG
Journalism Training in Medan
1. TV: BENGKULU TV
2. RADIO: TRIJAYA FM PALEMBANG
3. NEWSPAPER: BATAM POS & HARIAN RAKYAT BENGKULU
The announcement of the winners
The prizes
TV Beruang the winner of tv station
Pikiran Rakyat the winner of printed media
51
Radio Idola Semarang the winner from radio
Muamar Subki from TV Beruang Balikpapan
received the prize
ANNEX 1
Summary of “Frequently Asked Questions” from the audiences of the TV/Radio interactive dialogue on PNPM
Mandiri. This is can be valuable information for all PNPM Mandiri management to gauge what the
public is asking about PNPM Mandiri.
It can be used in determining other public awareness
campaigns and provide media with information that will help them to prepare for interactive phone in
programs.
1. How did PNPM Mandiri decide how the money should be allocated to each village?
2. Can you explain more about Tanggung Renteng which is implemented in Java?
3. Can you explain more about the process of getting micro finance project in PNPM?
4. How long does it usually take from applying for funding until we actually get the PNPM fund?
5. What has PNPM or the government been doing to stop the misuse of PNPM money?
6. If there is a case where a member of TPK has run away with the money will the money be replaced?
7. What are the requirements to be a PNPM Mandiri implementer?
8. Can you tell me the requirements to be eligible for a PNPM Mandiri fund?
9. Is there any independent organization aside from the government which oversees the PNPM Mandiri
money allocation in Indonesia?
10. Aside from roads is there any program that PNPM Funds such as schools or hospitals?
11. Can you tell me how many percent PNPM Mandiri has alleviated poverty in Indonesia since it started?
12. I heard that villagers who are appointed to be the member of BKM are not paid? Is this true?
13. Can you tell me how PNPM Mandiri could help women more?
14. Can you tell me how to apply for micro finance money from PNPM Mandiri?
15. How long will the PNPM Mandiri project will last?
52
ANNEX 2
RESPONSES FROM THE STATION MANAGERS TO THE OVERALL PROJECT.
1. What response did you get from the audience?
No
1.
TV/Radio
Beruang TV,
Muamar Subki
Station manager
We now have more contacts with PNPM Mandiri. Before it
was very difficult to get in touch with but thanks to this
Training a relationship has been created between our
Journalist and PNPM Mandiri implementers.
2.
Bengkulu TV, Hayuri
Gusaptatur
3.
Bali TV, Dewi Tika
We are very very excited and supportive of this program.
We want to inform the public about PNPM Mandiri because
our TV station is very concerned about this issue. We
realized that the media plays an important role and needs
to socialize information to the public in Bengkulu about
PNPM Mandiri. We are therefore planning to broadcast and
produce more programs and news features, psa/promo and
interactive dialogue using the materials provided from the
training in Medan. My hope that Ontrack Media and PNPM
Support Facility will continue this program
Responses were really good, proven by the quality of the
questions. The audience was really interested in finding out
about the fund management of PNPM Mandiri and the
effectiveness of the program carried out in the community.
4.
Radio Idola
Semarang, Ibu Okti
Thanks to Ontrack Media and PNPM Support Facility for
choosing to work with our media. This program is wonderful
because it builds the capacity of our journalist Yessy Safitri
and also gives us the opportunity to create a relationship
with the PNPM Mandiri Implementers. We will continue to
support Yessy Safitri to cover more stories on PNPM
Mandiri .”
5.
Trijaya FM
Palembang, Bpk.
Faturahman
6.
Radio Mhara Gita
Bandung, Rofi
Ardianto
7.
RRI Pontianak, Bpk
Responses were really good and the quality of the
questions. The audiences were really interested in finding
out about the fund management of PNPM Mandiri and the
effectiveness of the program carried out in the community.
That is why we are planning to make PNPM Mandiri a
regular subject in our Tuesday Program. We believe that
media also plays an important role as a watchdog of this
program
Our audience responses were very good; because PNPM
Mandiri is a really big issue in West Java and it’s good that
we have this program. Hopefully there will be more projects
in the next year for this.
Good responses from our audience. PNPM Mandiri is a
53
Apollo
8.
9.
10.
Radio Sonora FM
Bangka, Harry
Susanto
Radio El John Jambi,
Bpk. Harta
Radio Djati FM, Bpk.
Harry
really important issue and we would like to keep educating
the public about this.
The audience in Bangka were really excited to tune in to
this interactive program
Responses we received were really good because our
audience in Jambi is really interested in finding out more
about PNPM Mandiri.
The response was very good. The questions from the
listeners mostly focused on the successes of PNPM
Mandiri projects in Aceh and the effectiveness of the PNPM
Mandiri projects in Aceh.
2. Do you have any comments about the benefits of this program to your audience?
No
TV/Radio
Station manager
1.
Beruang TV,
People in Balikpapan need to know more about PNPM
Muamar Subki
Mandiri and this program is really useful especially to our
audience and listeners
2.
Bengkulu TV, Hayuri
Gusaptatur
The audience is not very well informed about PNPM
Mandiri. A lot of people especially in Bengkulu still don’t
understand what PNPM Mandiri is all about so this program
was very useful to create awareness about PNPM Mandiri
in the community.
3.
Bali TV, Dewi Tika
The feature on the market in Sukawati was a very good
way to explain more about what PNPM Mandiri is and how
the community can benefit from this program.
4.
Radio Idola Semarang,
Ibu Okti
We have given our audience understanding and knowledge
about PNPM Mandiri and what the benefits of this program
are to the community.
5.
Trijaya FM Palembang,
Bpk. Faturahman
6.
Radio Mhara Gita
Bandung, Rofi Ardianto
7.
RRI Pontianak, Bpk
Apollo
8.
Radio Sonora FM
We have clearer information about what PNPM Mandiri is
and what programs are available for people in Palembang
to alleviate poverty.
We have given the understanding that PNPM Mandiri is a
program that people need to know because this is a
program that can be a solution especially for the poor
people in Bandung. We are really grateful to Ontrack Media
and PNPM Support Facility. Hopefully there will be many
more programs like this in the future.
We hope there will another project like this for next year.
This is a very good project and our listeners really enjoyed
the talk show.
The audience requested more interactive programs to gain
54
Bangka, Harry Susanto
Radio El John Jambi,
Bpk. Harta
9
10
Radio Djati FM, Bpk.
Harry
more in depth information about PNPM Mandiri
Phone calls and sms from our audience asked for more
interactive programs so they could learn more about PNPM
Mandiri in the future
The audience got information definitely and also an
awareness about PNPM itself
3. Did your station get any benefits from this program?
No
TV/Radio
Station manager
1.
Beruang TV,
With this program we received data and contacts with
Muamar Subki
PNPM Mandiri. We are also very grateful that our journalist
is better equipped through the training held by Ontrack and
PNPM Mandiri Support Facility.
2.
Bengkulu TV, Hayuri
Absolutely, this is a good program. Bengkulu TV supports it
Gusaptatur
100% and hopes there will be more projects like this next
year.
3.
Bali TV, Dewi Tika
4.
Radio Idola
Semarang, Ibu Okti
5.
Trijaya FM
Palembang, Bpk.
Faturahman
6.
Radio Mhara Gita
Bandung, Rofi
Ardianto
RRI Pontianak, Bpk
Apollo
7.
8.
9
10
Radio Sonora FM
Bangka, Harry
Susanto
Radio El John Jambi,
Bpk. Harta
Radio Djati FM, Bpk.
Harry
You know as a local media we are now well-informed about
PNPM Mandiri and committed to always bring our public
the latest information so we can help empower the public.
Now, we broadcast more features on PNPM villages
because it interests our audience and people tuned in
especially to listen to it.
We gained a lot especially through the relationship with the
PNPM Mandiri implementers. We are so happy because
we have a lot of contacts on PNPM Mandiri. They contact
us often and we share a lot of information. All of this thanks
to Ontrack and PNPM Mandiri Support Facility
As a local public station, we have to always broadcast and
inform according to the public’s interest and needs and
PNPM Mandiri is definitely such a topic.
We now have more information about PNPM Mandiri which
we can transfer to the public. The PNPM Mandiri
Implementers were really looking forward to the
cooperation which we offered and were grateful.
We are happy to be able to give to the public the
information about PNPM Mandiri and the program carried
out specially in Bangka
Clearly our station gained from this cooperation because
PNPM Mandiri is an issue that interests many listeners
especially in Jambi
We gained great benefit from this program especially how
this training helped to build the capacity or our journalist. I
hope many more of our journalists will have the chance to
attend programs like this.
55
ANNEX 3
List of Implementers from Bali Training
No
Nama Peserta
Asal
Alamat Kantor
Telp/Fax
HP
email
Daerah
1
Muhammad
Banten
Alfairi
Komp. Cilewi Indah Blok
0254-
081272300
[email protected]
Q no. 7
201332
477
om
Jl. H.S. Khozin no 11
0254-
081314864
[email protected]
Ciceri-Serang
200850
860
o.com
Serang - Banten
2
Yahya Hidayat,
Banten
S.E.
087877731
810
3
Jaelani
Banten
Jl. Raya Taktakan no. 55
081282083
Lontar Baru
58
Serang - Banetn
4
Insan Noventa,
S.Sos.
5
Firman Riyadi
Kalimantan Jl. Parit Haji Husin II
Barat
Komp. Alex Griya I no
081345756
[email protected]
711937
777
com
F11, Pontianak –
085822131
Kalimantan Barat
221
Kalimantan Jl. Purnama no. 6
Barat
0561-
Pontianak – Kalimantan
0561-
081257222
[email protected]
780439
997
o.co.id
0536-
081326060
[email protected]
3242601
555
il.com
0536-
081354131
[email protected]
3221534
515
ahoo.com
0541-
081398327
[email protected]
7772515
624
.com
Barat
6
Mulus Budianto
Kalimantan Jl. Muh. Husni Thamrin
Tengah
no. 9
Palangkaraya –
Kalimantan Tengah
7
Triyono
Kalimantan Jl. RTA Milono KM 1,5
Tengah
no. 9
Palangkaraya –
Kalimantan Tengah
8
Erri Suaheri
Kalimantan Jl. Kenangan I no, 67a
Timur
Samarinda – Kalimantan
Timur
56
9
Bagus Saputra
Kalimantan Jl. Kadrie Oening – BPM
Timur
10
Dadang
Abdullah
11
Anas Ma’ruf
Polem
Kalimantan Timur
Kalimantan Jl. Pangeran Antasari
Timur
no. 1
085250741
[email protected]
737675
820
oo.co.id
0541-
081347920
[email protected]
768977
596
rocketmail.dom
Samarinda – Kalimantan
[email protected]
Timur
com
0511-
081322255
[email protected]
31
4417133
868
com
Banjarmasin –
F:0511-
Kalimantan Selatan
4366447
0511-
081250504
[email protected]
3358849
70
022-
085222272
[email protected]
7510003
229
com
Kalimantan Jl. SKIP Lama no. 12 Rt
Selatan
0541-
70114
12
Fathur Rahmi
Gultom
Kalimantan Jl. D.I. Panjaitan no. 26
Selatan
Banjarmasin –
Kalimantan Selatan
13
Rohman
Jawa Barat Jl. Batu Permata II no. 1
Margacinta, Bandung –
Jawa Barat
087822272
229
14
15
Jaja Jamaludin
Sawadi
Jawa Barat
Jl. Turangga no. 45
081513327
[email protected]
Bandung – Jawa Barat
107
com
Jawa Barat Satker PNPM Provinsi
Jl. Soekarno Hatta 466
0227513586
Bandung – Jawa Barat
16
Harry Faddilah
Jawa
Tengah
Jl. Sompok Baru no. 96
024-
081129896
[email protected]
Semarang – Jawa
8450319
7
yahoo.com
[email protected]
Tengah
.id
17
Christianto Feri
Indra Gunawan
DI
Minggiran MJ 2/1337A
Yogyakarta Suryodiningratan,
0274-
081225727
[email protected]
384313
72
gmail.com
Yogyakarta
57
18
I Putu Firdaus
DI
Jl. Tentara Rakyat
Yogyakarta Mataram no. 21
0274-
081227368
[email protected]
587055
08
co.id
081329471
[email protected]
147
.com
Yogyakarta
19
Bachrul Ulum
Zuhri
20
21
DI
Jl. Balirejo no. 21
Yogyakarta Yogyakarta
Jawa
Jl. Jemursari no. 147
031-
081235886
[email protected]
Timur
Surabaya – Jawa Timur
8676432
26
oo.co.id
Anang
Jawa
Jl. Kertomenanggal 3/11
031-
081331500
[email protected]
Megacahyo W,
Timur
Surabaya – Jawa Timur
8437050
822
o.com
031-
085732505
8417551
055
Nugrahini SW
S.T.
22
23
Haris Wahyu
Jawa
Jl. Ahmad Yani 152C
031-
085755700
[email protected]
Adi
Timur
Surabaya – Jawa Timur
8288893
001
co.id
DKI
Jl. Ciputat Raya no. 28
021-
081314689
[email protected]
Jakarta
Kebayoran Lama – DKI
7238542
986
ahoo.co.id
Jl. Raya Pasar Minggu
021-
081281120
KM 19
79196118 605
Saiful Arief
Jakarta
24
Namah
DKI
Jakarta
Jakarta Selatan
25
Sri Kartika
DKI
Jakarta
081511083
[email protected]
Jl. Raya Pasar Minggu
021-
KM 19
79196118 071
oo.com
[email protected]
Jakarta Selatan
26
Wisnu
Purnomo Djati
DKI
Sekretariat PNPM
021-
081210803
Jakarta
Mandiri Pedesaan
79199648 06
om
Jl. Raya Pasar Minggu
021-
[email protected]
KM 19
79196118 608
Ditjen PMD Kementerian
Dalam Negeri
27
Rio Pongpadati
DKI
Jakarta
081514503
yahoo.com
Jakarta Selatan
58
28
Iroh Rohayati
Fatah
DKI
Jakarta
081221197
[email protected]
Ruko Permata Senayan
021-
Blok B3-B5
37940662 96
om
Ruko Permata Senayan
021-
[email protected]
Blok B3-B5
37940662 03
Jakarta Selatan
29
Wildan Hakim
DKI
Jakarta
081287295
oo.com
Jakarta Selatan
30
Marnia Nez
DKI
Jl. Penjernihan I / 19F
Jakarta
31
32
33
34
Imam Baihaqi
Purnomo
I Ketut Suparta
Made Reponi,
Bali
Bali
Bali
Bali
S.E, M.Si
35
Basuki Raharjo
Bali
081398275
[email protected]
858
om
Jl. Suli no. 18
0361-
081360319
[email protected]
Denpasar – Bali
227034
369
com
Jl. Suli no. 18
0361-
081136140
[email protected]
Denpasar - Bali
227034
9
oo.com
Jl. Suli no. 137
0361-
081236016
[email protected]
Denpasar - Bali
7438665
556
com
Jl. D.I Panjaitan no. 5
0361-
081338505
Denpasar - Bali
249805
155
Jl. Suli no. 18
0361-
081237002
[email protected]
Denpasar - Bali
227034
47
oo.com
081918197
892
36
I Gusti Agung
Bali
Karyawan
Ds. Keramas, Kec.
081338433
[email protected]
Blasbatus
609
hoo.com
Kab. Gianyar - Bali
37
Agus Susanto
Jawa
Tengah
Perum Srondol Bumi
024-
081229378
agus_susanto_st
Indah
7477604
244
@yahoo.com
Blok N/7 Banyumanik,
Semarang
59
List of Journalist attended the training in Bali
No
Nama Peserta
Nama Media
Alamat Kantor
Telp/Fax
HP
Email
1
Abdul Hakim M
KBRI Antara
Jl. Brigjen Hasan Basri
0511-
0811509066
[email protected]
Kalimantan
no. 1
Selatan
Banjarmasih –
Kalimantan Selatan
2
A. Purnawan
Radio Mara
Jl. Guntursari Wetan 27
Bandung 40264
3304741
o.com
05113304936
022-
081320526485
7323031
[email protected]
o.com
F: 0227307471
3
Andriyas
Kurniawan
Radio Sonora
Surabaya
Jl. Raya Darmo Permai
Utara
Surabaya
031-
081332338484
7327102
[email protected]
hoo.id
0317327100
4
Anik Puspitasari
Kedaulatan
Rakyat
Jl. P. Mangkubumi 42
DI Jogjakarta
DI Jogjakarta
0274-
081578790503
565685
[email protected]
hoo.com
F: 0274563125
5
Cholis Faizi
Indo Pos
Jl. Kebayoran Lama no.
08567337351
12A
6
Dedy Suhaeri
Pikiran Rakyat
Jawa Barat
Jl. Soekarno Hatta no.
147
Bandung
[email protected]
o.com
022-
08122018078
6037755
[email protected]
an-rakyat.com
0226031004
7
Denny Sagita
Surabaya Post
Jl. Mayjen Sungkono no
149-151
031-
081231030873
5667000
[email protected]
gmail.com
Surabaya
8
Eqie Baehaqi
Radio Polaris
FM
Jl. Lontar Baru no 43
Serang - Banten
0254-
08129514001
[email protected]
222776
087771319004
yahoo.com
08195108089
[email protected]
F: 0254222772
9
Fahriza
Media
Kalimantan
Jl. MT Haryono
Banjarmasin
ocketmai.com
60
10
11
I Made Trimaja
Jody Masardi
Bali TV
Radio DFM
Jl. Kebo Iwa 63
0361-
08124671126
[email protected]
Denpasar Bali
427372
0361-9151586
hoo.com
021-
08176334552
[email protected]
Perumahan Buncit
Indah
Jl. Mimosa I/A7 Pejaten
12
13
79190412
Jl. Kebo Iwa 63A
0361-
Komang
Harian Bisnis
Widagda
Bali
Denpasar Bali
416657
RB TV
Jl. Jagalan 36
0274-
Kristianto Agung
15
Harian Suara
Jl. Kaligawe KM. 4
024-
Vincentius
Merdeka
Semarang – Jawa
6580900
Muammar Subki
Tengah
TV Beruang
Jl. Soekarno Hatta KM
Balikpapan
1 Rapak Plaza
0811388636
0542-
komangwidagda
@yahoo.com
08157913658
557788
Langgeng
Jawa Tengah
yahoo.com
021-
Jakarta Selatan
Jogjakarta
14
79190416
[email protected]
hoo.com
08329028370
[email protected]
o.id
081381888462
7192000
muammarsubki
@gmail.com
Rl 20 Lantai 3,
Balikpapan
16
Muhammad
RRI Pontianak
Abrar
Jl. Jendral Sudirman
no. 7
0561-
081345966366
746080
[email protected]
hoo.com
[email protected]
Pontianak
oo.com
17
Nur Iskandar
Harian Borneo
Jl. Purnama no. 2
Tribune
18
Rapih
Herdiansyah
Kabar Banten
0561-
08125710225
6589458
Jl. Ahmad Yani no. 72
Serang - Banten
[email protected]
hoo.com
0254-
085692106455
[email protected]
216124
087871164155
gmail.com
0254216123
0254216126
61
19
Rahmad Taufik
Harian Tribun
Kaltim
Jl. Indrakilla
0542-
Gn. Samarinda,
081347485774
[email protected]
441190
o.com
Balikpapan
20
Syamsudin
Radar Sampit
Jl. MT Haryono
085249752035
[email protected]
Sampit
21
Topan Nanyan
Kalteng Pos
arsampit.com
Jl. Cilik Riwut KM 2,5
Palangkaraya –
0536-
085249076225
[email protected]
3224661
os.com
Kalimantan Tengah
22
Yughiantinah
Radio Idola
Grha Spirit Lt. 1
024-
Semarang
Komp. Niaga Artsri 1-3
081575180874
[email protected]
6732624
oo.com
[email protected]
Jl. Soekarno Hatta,
idola.com
Semarang
List of Implementers attended the training in Medan
Perkotaan
No
Provinsi
1
Aceh
2
Sumut
3
Sumbar
4
Riau
5
6
7
Nama
Jabatan
MR. MAD TA CAPACITY
ENOH
BUILDING
Ass. CAPACITY
SUSANTI
BUILDING
TA CAPACITY
AFRIADI
BUILDING
MR. IMAM TA CAPACITY
ASFAHANI BUILDING
Kepri
MULYANTO
Tanjung
AHMAD
Pinang
WIGIH
Bengkulu ANGGONO
PUTRO
N.RT.
Jambi
HERTI
FENDIANA
8
Babel
SETIYONO
9
Lampung
10
Sumsel -
11
OC -1
ALFITA
12
OC -1
MUH.
JUMHADI
RAHMAT
PINTONO
RACHMAT
GUNARTO
No. HP
Email
081-387-693-575
[email protected]
081-397-120-073
[email protected]
0812-674-388-0
[email protected]
081-295-004-77
[email protected]
TA CAPACITY
0812 2073 0565
BUILDING
[email protected]
TA CAPACITY
0813 779 71701
BUILDING
[email protected]
TA CAPACITY
0813 18084487
BUILDING
[email protected]
TA CAPACITY
BUILDING
TA CAPACITY
BUILDING
TA CAPACITY
BUILDING
NATIONAL
TRAINNER
NATIONAL
TRAINNER
08122839426
081281120020
085789034504
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
0811164235
[email protected]
081-314-248-965
[email protected]
62
13
OC -1
ROSWATY
14
OC -1
MA'MUN
SURYANA
NATIONAL
TRAINNER
NATIONAL
TRAINNER
081-163-132-3
[email protected]
081-362-900-792
[email protected]
Perdesaan
No
Provinsi
1
Sumsel
2
Bengkulu
3
Riau
4
Aceh
5
Jambi
6
Babel
7
Lampung
8
Kep. Riau
9
Sumbar
10
Sumut
Nama
Jabatan
No. HP
TL.
Putu Agus Provinsi/Korprov
08124638180
Brahmantiya PNPM
MP 0813739410001
Sumsel
Koordinator
081278629030
Ismail AZ
Provinsi
Ir.
Alman Koordinator
Hutabarat
Provinsi
081339404289
0761588960
Irham
Amin
Ahmad
Safrial
Rambe
0811685367/0651
27997
M Koordinator
Provinsi
Azlim Pitra
John
Odhius
Ade
Sunarya
Sutisna
Wawan
Hermawan
Surya
Dharma
Koordinator
Provinsi
Email
/
[email protected]
[email protected]
/
[email protected],
[email protected]
m
[email protected]
0812 7415 099/ 0741
605 05
Koordinator
Provinsi
0812 7241 7766/
08127114945 / 0717 [email protected]
438 190
0812 967 8480/ 0721
[email protected]
773728
Koordinator
Provinsi
0813 430 45345/ [email protected]
0771 315003
m
Koordinator
Provinsi
Koordinator
Provinsi
0813 88177073
0812 609 3135/ 061
778 30865
Koordinator
Provinsi
[email protected]
List of Journalist attended the training in Medan
No
Media
1
Batam
Televisi
2
Harian
Umum
Batam Pos
Address
Gedung Graha
Pena lt. 9 Jl.
Raya Batam
Centre
Gedung Graha
Pena lt. 2 Jl.
Raya Batam
Centre
Phone/Fax
Email
Journalist
-HP
(0778)465666,4625
45, fax 462378
[email protected] Devi Nur Eka
yahoo.co.id
Chayati
081372268017
(0778)460000, fax
462162
[email protected] Mohammad
pos.co.id
Rakhmat
081270121131
63
4
Tribun
Pekanbaru
Radio
Swara
Arum
Cendana
5
Harian
rakyat
Bengkulu
6
Bengkulu
TV
7
Bangka
Pos
8
Radio
Sonora
Bangka
9
Harian
Sriwijaya
Post
3
10
11
12
13
Jl. Imam
Munandar No.
383 Kec. Bukit
Raya,
Pekanbaru
27271
Mal Ska Lt. 3 Jl.
Soekarno Hatta
Pekanbaru
Jl. P. Natadirja
No. 69 km 7
Bengkulu
38225
Jl. Syamsul
Bahrun No. 2
Kelurahan
Bentining Kota
Bengkulu
Jl.
Abdurachman
Siddik No. 1B
(eks. Sriwijaya)
Pangkalpinang
Bangka 33131
Jl. Toniwen No.
77
pangkalpinang,
bangka 33137
Jl. Basuki
Rahmat no.
1608 B-D
palembang
Jl. Hang
Radio
Trijaya 87.6 Jebat No. 11
Palembang
FM
Jl. Kol. Pol. M.
Radio El
Thaher No. 888
John 96.8
Talang Banjar
FM
Jambi
Jl. Pattimura
km. 08 No. 35
Jambi
Kenali besar
Ekspres
Kota Jambi
Jl. Letjen
Harian
Suprapto No. 1
Waspada
medan
(0761)36345, fax
32776
[email protected] Dian Maja Palti
com
Siahaan
081371832745
(0761) 864088, fax
864278
www.radiocend
[email protected]
com
Hendro Hidayat
082172310980
(0736)22060,
20882, fax 346770
[email protected]
yahoo.com
Heri Aprizal, SP
081368535388
(0736)343274, fax
343274
[email protected]
o.com
Fery Yustika
Riza
08153909886
(0717)43708486,fax437082
[email protected]
apos.com
Teddy Malaka
0812-7818885
[email protected]
(0717)421660,
423778, fax 423778 gmail.com
Adi Febrianto
085267018290
(0711)313171, fax
312788
[email protected]
yahoo.com
H. Salman
Rasyidin
08127102733
(0711)319191,3210
40, fax 314131
[email protected]
ahoo.com
Fatkurohman
081977763187
(0741)7052788,
7034888/999, fax
755588
eljohn968jambi
@yahoo.com
Erawati
08127439639
(0741)668844,6494
0, fax 667330
[email protected]
l.com
Wisman Wazir
085266149088
(061) 4150858
mursal.ai.gmail.
com
Mursal Alfa
Iswara
081264422483
64
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Jl.
Sisingamangar
aja Km 8,5
No.134
Harian
Amplas- Medan
Sumut Pos 20148
Harian Pagi Jl. By Pass, KM
Padang
7 Padang,
Ekspres
Sumatera Barat
Jl. Proklamasi
No. 52 C-D
Padang,
Padang TV Sumatera barat
Radio
Jl. Raden
Komunitas Fatttah, Gg.
Suara Kota Bukit II No.
107.7 FM
15/33
Jl. Soekarno
Hatta No. 108
Lampung
Bandar
Post
Lampung
Radio Djati Jl. Kartini No. 2,
FM
Banda Aceh
Jl. T. Hamzah
Radio Bias Bendahara
Lambara
No.45 Kota
Rasisonia
Alam banda
Aceh
Aceh
(061) 7881661, fax
7883060
sumutpos2000
@yahoo.com
Kesuma
Ramadhan
081396292669
(0751) 778886,
778887
[email protected]
yahoo.com
Arzil, SS
08126755780
(0751)841916, fax
841914
liputanpadangtv
@gmail.com
Rio Johanes
085274694418
(0721) 7599133
suarakota107.7
[email protected]
0812 - 72382568
(0721) 783693, fax
783598
(0651)22772,
32425, fax 637643
[email protected]
ngpost.co.id
Rizki Elinda Sary 08197907377
[email protected]
m
Faizatul Husna
085260584483
065148653
hendra_fahrizal
@yahoo.com
Dodi Hermanto
Hendra Fahrizal
08126926126
65
ANNEX 4
PRE TEST & POST TEST
1. What does PNPM Mandiri stands for?
a) Program Nasional Peningkatan Masyarakat Mandiri
b) Pemberdayaan Negara Peningkatan Masyarakat Mandiri
c) Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Mandiri
d) Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Madani Mandiri
e) I don’t know
2. What is the goal of PNPM Mandiri?
a) To maintain stability in economy, politic and social culture
b) To improve the welfare and increase the employment of the poor independently by
creating/building the individual and collective capacity of the community
c) To reduce the country loan
d) To increase the regional fund (APBD)
e) I don’t know
3. When was PNPM Mandiri launched into national program?
a) 30 April 2006
b) 30 April 2007
c) 30 April 2008
d) 30 March 2007
e) I don’t know
4. Which PNPM Mandiri program below that has been established and harmonized into PNPM Mandiri?
a) Program Simpedes dan Koperasi Petani
b) Program Pengembangan Kecamatan (PPK) dan Program Pengentasan Kemiskinan Perkotaan
(P2KP)
c) Program ABRI masuk desa
d) All the above answers are true
e) I don’t know
66
5. Which of the programs below are core programs of PNPM Mandiri?
g) PNPM Mandiri for disadvantages area
h) PNPM Mandiri for regional socio-economic Infrastructure Development (PNPM Mandiri PISEW)
i)
PNPM Mandiri for Rural Infrastructure
j) All the above answers are true
k) I don’t know
6. Which department does PNPM Mandiri coordinate with?
f) Minister for Community welfare
g) Minister of Self Reliance Community
h) Minister for People’s Welfare
i)
Minister for women issues
j)
I don’t know
7. Which of the funds mentioned below is NOT included in PNPM Mandiri funds?
a) Community Block Grant Component (BLM)
b) Tax reduction for small business owners
c) Community collective account
d) Grant or loans from various donors
e) I don’t know
8. Which activities can be carried out with PNPM Mandiri funds?
a) All activities related to poverty reduction which are proposed and approved by the community
b) All activities approved by Minister for People’s welfare
c) All activities approved by the governor
d) None of above answers are correct
e) I don’t know
9. What is the PNPM Mandiri’s source of funding?
a) Government’s annual budget (APBN)
b) Regional fund (APBD)
c) Community contributions, grants and loans from various donors
d) All the above answers are true
67
e) I don’t know
10. In your opinion, what is the uniqueness of PNPM Mandiri?
The objectives of PNPM Mandiri are to improve the welfare and increase the employment of the poor
independently by creating/building the individual and collective capacity of the community to address various
issues in relation to life quality improvement, independence and welfare and using their economic and social
resources through independent development
68
PRE TEST & POST TEST IMPLEMENTERS
1. From the following statements, which one is NOT a main reason to cooperate with the media
a. To increase public awareness about your agency/program
b. To educate the public
c. To influence public opinion
d. All the above answers are true
2. From the following statements, which one is NOT a good way to respond to difficult questions?
a. It is really clear here that the problem is…..
b. Actually that problem is not part of my expertise, but I can inform you that….
c. No comment
d. That is a really good question. But before answering, I would explain that….
3. Which of the following statements is NOT a good way to answer questions from journalist?
a. Tell the reporter you do not know the answer
b. Make up an answer. What is important is that your agency/program looks good in front of media.
c. Tell the media that at the moment you do not know the answer, but you will try to seek the answer and
inform them later
d. Give a reference of another organization to the media
4. Are talk shows a good way to get information out to the public?
a. Yes, because talk shows give chances to public to ask questions of their own
b. No, because the public and the show host can ask difficult questions, so its better to avoid them.
c. Talk shows usually only cover lifestyle topics, so it will reduce your agency’s image if you take part.
d. Talk shows usually only cover politics and serious issues, so no one will listen to it.
5. What is the benefit of writing a press statement?
a. As a complement for a press conference
69
b. You can make sure that the media quotes the right information
c. To save time in a press conference because you can directly share the statement with the journalist
d. All the above answers are true
6. When is the best time to use an acronym?
a. Always, because the public needs to know them
b. Never, because the public might not know the acronym
c. Always use acronyms because the public already knows it
d. Only use acronyms if you give complete information on what it means
7. When is the right time for you to help media in finding sources?
a. Never
b. Always because it will makethe journalist jobs easier
c. Always, if sources are needed to make a piece better
d. Only if the sources are the formal spokes person for your organization
8. When you do an interview what should you pay attention to?
a. Avoids clicking pens
b. Watch everything you say when the microphone is still on
c. Give a good 20 second soundbite
d. All the above answers are true
9. When can you state that someone is guilty and announce their name to the public ?
a. Never, because this is related to laws and someone’s reputation
b. Only when we give official statements like in a press conference of press statement
c. Every time journalists need it, because this will make their job easier.
d. Only when the person is proven guilty by the court of law
70
10. What should you do when a journalist asks about a PNPM Mandiri facilitators who ran away with PNPM
money and their case is being process by the police?
a. Don’t answer their questions
b. Give off the record information or a background information about the issues to the journalist
and tell them to get the police to give them a quote.
c. Show the document and proof about the problem and quote from the police
d. Take note and report the journalist to the police
71
ANNEX 5
Letters to Participants
Letter one from Zihni = OTMI trainer encouraging more coverage:
1. Subject: What Story?
Date: September 5, 2010
What would be an interesting story to cover about PNPM Mandiri? This may be a question that comes
into your mind a lot. The first thing you should do is not give up. Perhaps what you need to do is a little
research before you decide what angle you want to use.
We are often faced with the reality that not all stories/events are “big” - meaning that the event has big
impact and influences a lot of people. There are events that are not “recent”. A lot of stories that we came
across are considered “usual” and “not new”. All of these things make us feel confused where do we want to
start our story.
A story or an event could be something “usual” and may even have been published before by your
media or other media. You need to remember that a story or an event from time to time can be looked at from
different angles. For an example, a story about a project of clean water that runs through three villages in the
sub district of Golewa, Kabupaten Ngada, Nusa Tenggara Timur. This story might have been published
before by a local media but why did a big national newspaper like KOMPAS cover the story again even putting
it on the front page – even though it was a year old?
I believe that KOMPAS made a smart decision - by covering the story again from the sociological
angle where the project in the PNPM Mandiri scheme turned out to bring conflict resolution between the
villagers. (KOMPAS, 31 Agustus 2010, That Water Pipe Helps Create Peace)
So we can see here that what we call “news worthy” is not solely reliant on a story or an event that
creates “a commotion” or has something that “creates a serious threat to the life of people”, “a lot of money”, “a
human right violation”, “emergency situation”, “public figures” etc. We can also look from the angle of how a
story is represented as interesting as can be. News will not drop from the sky but it’s the journalist's job to
make a story important and interesting.
Now, what kind of story are you working on right now? In your opinion, what is the best way to cover
that story? I hope this will be our next topic. Please give me your comments, opinions or suggestions that I am
sure will be very useful and interesting to discuss with. I’ll be waiting for your response. Good luck and keep on
writing.
72
2. Subject : Exposing Story on the misuse of PNPM Money, Date: October 10, 2010
Imagine a lot of money has been misused - up to billions of rupiah, surely its not “appropriate” for a
small village project like projects on PNPM Mandiri rural. But we all know that the little amount of BLM money
through PNPM Mandiri is vital to the success of a project to alleviate poverty. I think there are many
interesting angles that we could cover from the cases of misuse of funds of PNPM Mandiri.
For example the story of a villager that lost hope after their PNPM Mandiri money that they had been
waiting for so long, is stolen by the villagers who ran the program. You could also cover a story about the
villagers who struggled to have their proposal approved and suddenly the money has gone.
If we dig deep into a story, we can find elements of human interest in them. Just for example, the
exposure of the embezzlement of money from a PNPM Mandiri project in sub district Mapitara Kabupaten
Sikka, NTT. Here there was a story about how the villagers formed their own investigation team and finally the
fund was returned by the perpetrators.
Another story was about the efforts of a villager together with a consultant and PNPM Mandiri
implementer in the sub district of Bontoa, District Maros, South Sulawesi who solved a case embezzlement by
using pressure from the media. This kind of story is really interesting to cover.
Stories behind the event surrounding the struggle of the villagers mentioned above are not only
interesting but also inspiring. The following are the modus operandi that keep becoming the misuses of PNPM
Mandiri fund. It’s not impossible that in the field few cases provide elements of stories that are interesting to
write. Our job is to oversee, to search and to present a story well.
The Most Common Misuses of PNPM Rural funds.
1.The theft of micro funds by the administrator of UPK/Ketua Kelompok SPP where they form a fictitious group
to get funds
2. Marking up the price and volume of the equipment and tools for the infrastructure and construction.
3. The existence of a false tender to benefit certain party
4. Unnecessary requests for equipment for the construction
5. Payment without any certification on the material or the work
6. The money is collected from the villagers and used for personal gain
7. The Facilitator takes payment from UPK/TPK for the liquidity of fund and report writing.
8. Infrastructure is built at a lower quality and less volume than it should
9. The recruitment of the facilitators is not transparent and the indication of money politics in the recruitment
process.
10. The theft of BLM/DOK/SPP funds by forging the signature on the withdrawal slip, creating false receipts
and double bookkeeping.
73
11. The PNPM resources (money, information board, villagers meetings, facilitator etc) are used for the
interests of politics.
12. The PNPM activities are dominated by certain groups in the village or sub district, so the community does
not receive the maximum benefit.
For further inquiries or more information on the misuses of PNPM Mandiri funds you can:
SMS : 085710301234, Phone : 021 7988940 / 021 79988918 / 021 70417954, Fax : 021 7874712,
Email : [email protected]
Website : www.pnpm-perdesaan.org
Mailing : Unit Pengelolaan Pengaduan NMC Graha Pejaten Nomor 2, Jl. Pejaten Raya Pasar Minggu Jakarta
Selatan in each province
3. Subject : Village Meeting for a Project as a story idea, Date: November 2,2010
We have heard, all too often, about the village planning meetings through “Desa Musrenbag, Musrenbang
Kecamatan, when the mechanism of this participative planning is really only a formality. If this community
meeting is carried out according to the system, villages in Indonesia would be in a much more advance but we
still have villages that have only recently received electricity, clean water or road access to transportation.
Perhaps now, there will be controlled and goal oriented opportunities through PNPM Mandiri rural which
help communities come up with their own ideas for the village. The community will be asked to think and to
define what kind of village they want in the future, what institutions should be created, what monitoring and
evaluation mechanisms are suitable for themselves and their culture. The output of this program is to draw up
of a blue print of “Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Desa (RP JMDes) as the only document of
strategic planning that is binding and legal. Because RPJMDes stated with village rule, so it will binds all the
policy makers in that village. In other words, all the development programs carried out in that village must
aligned with the RPJMDes
There are many interesting angle and human interests that you can cover as a story starting from the
process of how the community finds out and determines the plan of the village development. Maybe the
villagers feel happy and useful, because this is the first time that they participated in formulating the
development plan. One thing for sure, they learn how to talk together and learn the process of democracy.
They have the opportunity to listen to each other's opinion and respect each other's opinion. This program
hopefully could provide a lot of angles to be cover in interactive dialogue in a radio. Maybe you can invite the
the representative of the community as one of the sources of the talk show.
On the training in Medan, the implementer from Lampung said that the villages in Lampung were in the
process of coming up with a village development blue print. Maybe if you are a journalist from that area you
could follow up the story and find out what is happening now. What I know for sure, in district Kebumen,
almost all villages in 2010 were creating their village development plans (RPJMDes) (http://www.pnpmperdesaan.or.id/?page=internews&id=250). How about the villages in your area?
74
4. Subject : CSR in PNPM Mandiri Date: November 5, 2010
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and PNPM Mandiri could be a good story idea, why not? The vice
president Boediono at the end of September asked the businessman in Indonesia to invest the CSR money for
poverty alleviation programs in PNPM Mandiri. According to the vice president the PNPM Mandiri program
has been proved to bring good results.
“We hope that companies can adopt certain villages and become their PNPM Mandiri project. This means
that the companies will be recognized as the owner of the project. I know that this has value and I don’t think
relying only on government programs will be enough” said vice president Boediono in the opening of
conference on CSR that took place in Indonesia Business Links in Balai Kartini, Jakarta in the end of
September.”
Private investment in PNPM Mandiri could be one of the models of cooperation between Public and
Private Partnership (PPP) where mechanism are still in the process of finalization by the government. One the
key successes of PNPM Mandiri is that every project is the result of community meetings not decisions from
policy makers. The vice president admits that he has seen the success of this program in certain areas, such
as the program of clean water in Manado that cost PNPM Mandiri money for 300.000.000 rupiah.
“The money was allocated to make a sewer system, micro finance for women, these are suggestions from
the community. This is the advantage of PNPM Mandiri, says the vice president.
The existence of guidance teams is urgently needed especially in villages that have not been developed to
give technical assistance, administrative support, monitoring and evaluation process which are the key
success of PNPM Mandiri program.
The idea on Public-Private Partnership (PPP), I think will be a very interesting story to cover. In your
province surely there are private companies that have the obligation to do CSR programs. Maybe you can
interview the management of those companies about the ideas of this partnership. How far do you think that
they will incorporate their CSR programs into PNPM Mandiri programs? What are the difficulties in carrying out
such programs for companies?
What do the PNPM Mandiri facilitators think about these ideas? What does the local government think
about this? How can they take part in the investment of CSR money into PNPM Mandiri programs in their
areas? Etc.
You can also give professional vision about the poverty alleviation program that are crucial to the
communities in your area. You can also cover this subject by quoting from the comment given by the
community figures, or even related NGO. ou can also ask the community about what poverty alleviation
program that they would like to see being carried out by companies in their community.
Best of luck to you!
75
5. Subject: What Next after PNPM Mandiri, Date: November 16, 2010
PNPM Mandiri will end in 2015. Why government stop the program in 2015? The assumption is
Indonesian’s welfare will be much better and independent. Indonesian average income estimated to reach
US$ 3,000 per capita per year.
Does this mean pro-poor program won’t be needed anymore? Sujana Royat - Deputi Menkokesra Bidang
Penanggulangan Kemiskinan yang juga Ketua Pokja Pengendalian PNPM Mandiri, said that the government
will still continue poverty reduction programs, but probably under different name – no longer called PNPM
Mandiri.
Up until now, no body has said what the next program would be like in the future. However, the situation
needs to be anticipated by local governments in district and sub district level. Because their communities,
which are the target/the subject of these poverty reduction programs already know/aware with PNPM Mandiri,
it is not going to be easy to introduce another new program to the community.
It’s never too early to talk about this issue, since there are still 18.5 million families live below the poverty
line. Five years is not a long time – this is why it’s important to know local governments’ vision about the
program in the future. Have the local governments had a deep thought about the program which will be
suitable for their people or any actions to maintenance the result of PNPM Program. How big is the chance for
the area to conduct the development programs based on community empowerment? How ready is the area to
conduct the program with their own budget? What local representatives have to say about the poverty
reduction programs? Etc.
It’s interesting to listen to the facilitators’ opinions, since they are the one who work directly with the
communities. They understand what’s going on the field. What they think will happen once PNPM Mandiri is
over? What kind of program would be suitable to replace PNPM Mandiri? What the communities’ said about
the program?
It’s also important to listen to those who criticize PNPM Mandiri. Some NGO’s criticize the big amount of
money allocated for the program yet still not show significant result in reducing the number of poor people.
What they think would be more suitable to improve the welfare of the population? What local government
should prepare in the next five years? Etc.
6. Subject: US$30 Million Multi Donor Fund for the program of alleviation of poverty due to disaster in
Merapi, Mentawai and Wasior, Date: December 1, 2010
Jakarta, December 1, 2010 – Australian Government (AusAID), Dutch Government, Denmark Government
(Danida), British Government (DFID), American Government (USAID) and European Union agreed to grant
US$30 million to Indonesian Government.
This fund will be used for the program of alleviation of poverty due to disaster in Merapi, Mentawai and
Wasior. The fund will be managed by Fasilitas Pendukung PNPM Mandiri (PSF) and distributed through
PNPM Mandiri.
Direktorat Jenderal Pemberdayaan Masyarakat dan Desa (PMD) Kementrian Dalam Negeri and Direktorat
76
Jenderal Penataan Bangunan dan Lingkungan, Kementerian PU will be responsible as implementing agency
under coordination of Kementrian Koordinator Kesejahteraan Rakyat which act as Pokja Pengendali PNPM
Mandiri.
The fund will be given directly to families through Direct Aid Program (Bantuan Langsung Masyarakat).
These families could start their own business under PNPM supervision. Those funds will also be used to
conduct skills training, give facilitations, guidance/management and program evaluation.
The multi donor fund will be sent from PSF to Finance Ministry to be transferred to collective account in
sub district level.
Since disaster management programs conducted in Aceh/Nias, PNPM Mandiri already had an operational
system to support the programs. The operational standards and procedures were made to sufficient special
needs occurred in emergency situations. The procedures have been a success in Aceh, Nias, Papua, NTT,
West Sumatera and West Java. In Aceh and Nias, PNPM have reached 3.000 villages (92% of disaster area)
in two years after tsunami occurred. PNPM Mandiri also built 30.000 houses through community based
reconstruction methods.
In disaster management program, PNPM will work together with Badan Nasional Penanggulangan
Bencana (BNPB) and Pokja Pengendali PNPM Mandiri / Tim Nasional Percepatan Pengurangan
Kemiskinan (TNP2K) to make sure the fund used in integrated way and reach bigger goals.
7. Subject: Keep Watching PNPM Mandiri, Date: December 3, 2010
Three years is considered to be a short time to see how effective PNPM Mandiri have works nationally,
especially to see the programs which are still running up to 2015. Anyway, we still could see the success or
the failure of the programs in local level, such as program in one village or one community.
For example, we could see specific achievements in one village – we could analyze whether the program
which is started years ago still running or not? Do the people in the village receive the benefits of the program
or was the program be a burden to them?
It is important to be transparent about the successful/failure variables, especially for the stakeholders. So
other areas could learn from other areas’ mistakes and not repeat it in the future – so the fund will be
effectively used and reach the targets.
Positive results of PNPM Mandiri might not be in physical results, but what important is the community
understanding about the importance to participate in develop their own area. Basically, the communities have
rights to know about the success achievements in their area; how the fund being managed and used; why
these projects succeed while others are not; why the hundred millions worth infrastructure broken easily, etc.
As we all know, PNPM Mandiri budget per year is quite big (on year 2010 the budget is around Rp 11.8
trillion and in 2011 the budget is around Rp 10.3 trillion. Please see the detail list on http://www.pnpmmandiri.org/index.php). With lots of money involved in the program, it is very important for media to be watch
dog and be the voice of the community to make sure all the programs run/conducted in the proper way – and
to report any deviations in the programs. Communities need to have access to all the problems / information –
that’s where media hold a part.
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