The CoastView Project: 3rd Annual (Final) Report

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The CoastView Project: 3rd Annual (Final) Report
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
The CoastView Project: 3rd Annual (Final)
Report – Part 1
Developing Coastal Video Systems in Support of Coastal
Zone Management
Project Acronym:
Contract Number:
Period Covered:
Sections Included:
Project Co-ordinator:
Project Home Page:
CoastView
EVK3-CT-2001-0054
1 May 2004 to 1 May 2005
Section 1, Management Report. Section 2,
Executive Summary. Section 3, Workpackage
Progress, Section 4, Technology
Implementation Plan, Appendices
Dr. Mark Davidson, University of Plymouth, UK
www.TheCoastViewProject.org
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Final Report I
CoastView. Partner Information
N°
1
Institution/Organisation
2
Institute of Marine Studies,
University of Plymouth (UPl)
WL | Delft Hydraulics (WL)
3
Utrecht Univesiteit (UU)
4
University of Bologna (UBo)
5
University of Cantabria (UCa)
6
Rijkswaterstaat, National
Institute for Coastal and Marine
Management - RIKZ (RWS)
UK Environment Agency
(UKE)
7
8
9
University of Copenhagen
(UCo)
Emillia-Romagna, Regional
Government (ERRG)
10
University of Ferrara (UF)
11
Santander Port Authority (SPA)
12
International Centre for Coastal
Resources Research (CIIRC)
Street name and
number
Drake Circus
Plymouth
Country
Code
UK
Dr
Davidson
First
Name
Mark
P.O. Box 177
2600 MH Delft
P.O. Box 80.115
3508 TC Utrecht
DISTART Idraulica,
Viale Risorgimento,
2, 40136 Bologna
Av Los Castros s/n,
39005
Santander,
Cantabria
Delft
NL
Mr
Aarninkhof
Stefan
Utrecht
NL
Dr.
Kroon
Aart
Bologna
IT
Prof.
Lamberti
Alberto
Santander
SP
Prof.
Medina
P.O.Box 20907, 2500
EX Den Haag
Den Haag
NL
Dr.
Peterborough
UK
Copenhagen
Kingfisher House
Goldhay Way
Orton Goldhay
Øster Voldgade 10,
DK-1350
Servizio Difesa del
Suolo, Regione
Emilia Romagna, Via
dei Mille, 21, 40121
Bologna
Dipartimento di
Scienze Della Terra,
Coastal Processes
Research Unit, Corso
E. I d’Este 32, 44100
Ferrara
Carlos Haya 23,
39005 Santander ,
Cantabria
C/. Jordi Girona, 1-3,
Campus Nord-UPC,
Mòdul D-1 08034,
Barcelona
Post
Code
PL4
8AA
PE2
5ZR
Town/City
Title
Family Name
Telephone N°
Fax N°
E-Mail
+44 1752
232450
+31 15 285 88
89
+31 30 253 38
64
+39 051 20
93749
+44 1752
232406
+31 15 285 85
82
+31 30 253 11
45
+39 051 644
8346
[email protected]
c.uk
[email protected]
lft.nl
[email protected]
Raúl
+34 942
201810
+34 942
201860
[email protected]
Spanhoff
Ruud
+31 70 3114
230
+31 70 3114
321
[email protected]
nvenw.nl
Ms
Rawson
Jane
+44 1733
371811
+44 1733
231840
[email protected]
nt-agency.gov.uk
DK
Dr.
Aagaard
Troels
+45 3532 2500
+45 3532 2501
[email protected]
Bologna
IT
Ing.
Albertazzi
Carlo
+39 051
6396865
+39 051
6396941
[email protected]
a-romagna.it
Ferrara
IT
Dr.
Ciavola
Paolo
+39 0532
293720
+39 0532
206468
[email protected]
[email protected]
Santander
SP
Eng.
Marcano
David
+34 942
203605
+34 942
203632
[email protected]
der.com
Barcelona
SP
Dr.
Jiménez
José A.
+34-934016468
+34-932806019 / 3493-4011861
[email protected]
[email protected]
ing.unibo.it
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Final Report I
Contents list
Contents
Section 1, Management Report
1.1. Objectives of the reporting period
1.2. Scientific/Technical progress made in different workpackages according to the planned schedule:
1.2.1. Gantt chart update
1.2.2. Manpower / Financial resource review tables
1.3. Milestones and deliverables obtained
1.4. Deviations from the work plan or / and schedule and their impact to the project
1.4.1. Project progress
1.4.2. Project manpower
1.4.3. Project finances
1.5. Co-ordination of the information between partners and communication activities
1.6. Difficulties encountered at the management and co-ordination level and proposed / applied
solutions.
Section 2, Executive Summary
2.1 Objectives
2.2 Scientific achievements
2.3 Socio-economic relevance and policy implications
2.4 Conclusions
2.5 Keywords
2.6 Publications
Section 3, Workpackage Progress
Partner reports under the following headings:
3.1. Objectives
3.2. Methodology and scientific achievements related to Work Packages including contribution from
partners
3.3. Socio-economic relevance and policy implication
3.4. Discussion and conclusion
3.5. Plan and objectives for the next period
Section 4, Technology Implementation Plan
Appendix I – Report on Error Bounds and CSIs by Aart Kroon
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Section 1. Management Report
1.1 Objectives of the reporting period
The general objectives of the CoastView project are to:
•
•
•
•
•
Simplify the task of the coastal manager by developing simple video-derived parameters
(Coastal State Indicators or CSIs) that are directly related to management issues, and are
informative about the current state and evolutionary trends of the environment. These Coastal
State Indicators will have relevance to the fields of coastal protection, navigation, recreation
and ecosystem protection
Develop improved video systems for delivering CSIs promptly to the coastal manager at the
appropriate temporal and spatial scales.
Develop algorithms for the estimation of CSIs
Conduct field measurements in order to provide ground-truth measurements and derive
confidence limits for video-derived CSIs
Produce schemes for the interpretation of CSIs and prediction of the coastal state
The specific objectives for this reporting period were to:
1. To maintain the forum established in the first two years of the project for discussion between
national/regional -scale coastal managers and scientists in order to refine the Coastal State
Indicators (CSIs) established over the first year of the project. These discussions were used to
develop key demonstration CSIs for each of the four CoastView field sites.
2. To produce a final report on CSIs
3. To collect continuous video image data from all established and new video stations
4. To provide backup for both new and existing sites during the CoastView project
5. To collect six monthly bathymetric surveys in support of video measurements at each
CoastView site
6. To collect continuous wave and tidal information in support of video data at each CoastView
site
7. To refine prototype algorithms for the extraction of CSIs from video data
8. To validate CSI algorithms by direct comparison with field data collected in WP3
9. To evaluate error bounds for CSIs where appropriate
10. To organise dissemination workshops for coastal managers and end-users
11. To produce a project dissemination CD
12. To update the project website
13. To finalise the production of a journal special issue summarising the CoastView project.
14. To quality check calibrated data before archiving
15. To manage the archiving of all of the data collected during the CoastView project
16. To act as a central data bank for all project partners
17. To distribute data freely between project partners
All of the objectives for the reporting period have been achieved with minimal deviation from
the original project work plan outlined in the description of work. All members of the
consortium were engaged in the project, communicating effectively and contributing in
accordance with expectations.
The specific objectives listed above were all achieved within the framework of the following
workpackages:
WP1. Coastal state indicators
WP2. Video system development, deployment and data acquisition
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WP3. Supporting in-situ measurements
WP4. Image interpretation and analysis
WP5. Dissemination & exploitation
WP6. Data standards & management
Scientific and technical progress made within the workpackages is discussed in the following sections:
1.2 Scientific/Technical progress made in different workpackages according to the
planned schedule:
WP1. Coastal state indicators (CSIs), (Leader UPl)
A coastal state indicator may be simply defined as a parameter that facilitates a management decision.
The general objectives relating to this workpackage in the description of work (DoW) are to:
•
•
•
Develop video-derived, user function and resource related indicators describing the coastal
state dynamics in support of coastal zone management.
Promote interaction between scientists and coastal zone managers
Produce a report on coastal state indicators and standards for continuous coastlines and coastal
inlets (delivered to the Commission in year 1).
Background (Years 1 & 2)
The reader is referred to section 1.2 of the second annual project report for a detailed summary of
activities in workpackage 1 during the first two years of the project. In brief the following tasks were
achieved in the first two years of the project:
Year 1
• Promoting communication between scientists and national scale coastal managers
• Developing a methodology for defining CSIs
• Defining a system that directly links CSIs with specific coastal management issues which
includes a benchmarking process, as well as intervention and assessment procedures. This
process is the called the ‘Frame of Reference Approach’.
• Production of an initial report on CSIs relevant to each of the CoastView field sites. (See the
first annual report for details on these activities)
Year 2
• Simplification in the terminology used in defining CSIs
• Focus on demonstration CSIs for each of the CoastView field sites
• Re-casting demonstration CSIs within the ‘Frame of Reference’.
Year 3 Progress
In the final year of the project we have:
• Continued discussions between scientists and coastal managers. These discussions have
focussed around the evaluation of specific demonstration CSIs for each of the CoastView field
sites. The discussions have involved both coastal managers within the CoastView consortium
as well as regional and national scale coastal managers form outside.
• Produced a final report on Coastal State indicators to be submitted to the Commission (D18)
There has been a close interplay between work in this work package and the refinement of CSI
algorithms in WP4. Work developed in this workpackage has also been keenly disseminated in WP5 in
the form of end user workshops, conferences, dissemination CDs and a journal special issue.
The first report (‘Initial Report on Coastal State Indicators’ already delivered to the Commission, D1)
details the outcomes of the CSI workshop. In the initial report we define our strategy and philosophy
for defining CSIs. Also in this first report there is a review national and site specific coastal
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management problems which the coastal video systems may help to address, and a listing of CSIs
which the consortium evaluated as being worthy of investigation at each site.
The final report (D18) details the refined methodology which has been developed within the
CoastView project for defining effective CSIs; a methodology that we feel will be of great value to
other projects which aim to develop indicators for management purposes. Also detailed are advances
in video technology before and during the CoastView project. The potential for coastal video systems
to help managers deal more effectively with coastal protection, navigation and recreational safety and
planning is reviewed with specific reference to the demonstration CSIs developed within the
CoastView project. Finally, the report looks at the value of CSIs and video-derived variables for the
enhancing the predictability of coastal systems, primarily in terms of their hydro- and morphodynamics. The report ends with a critical review of the process and a look to the future. Here we avoid
repetition of the content of the report and refer the reader to this report for further information on this
critical aspect of the project. This report is designed to disseminate the project outcomes to the
European Commission and is not intended for general circulation (it is marked confidential). Wider
dissemination of the content of this report will be through the special issue of Coastal Engineering
which will be dedicated to the CoastView project.
WP2. Video system development, deployment and data acquisition (Leader WL)
The general objectives listed in the DoW for this workpackage are:
•
•
•
•
To develop and improve video systems for the measurement of coastal state indicators
(complete)
To deploy two new video systems at sensitive coastal sites with clearly defined management
problems (complete)
To monitor four morphologically dissimilar sites over a three year period using specialised
video equipment (ongoing)
To provide backup for both new and existing sites during the CoastView project (ongoing)
All work in this workpackage is complete. Two new video stations have been deployed at El Puntal,
Spain and Lido di Dante, Italy, (D6). Video installation design tools have been developed by Delft
Hydraulics (D8). These design tools have been used to design the coastal video systems used within
the CoastView project and are now being implemented to design all new video installations. Within
the timeframe of the CoastView project there have been significant advancements in the video
technology (D9), including the implementation of new high resolution digital camera and self
contained video systems which run on solar and wind power (e.g. the Egmond, CoastView system).
Work carried out in WP2 has led to long time-series of video image data (D19) which has all been
achieved under WP6 and delivered to the commission on portable hard drive.
The specific objectives 3 & 4 listed in Section 1.1 have comprised the only remaining work expected
within WP2 during the reporting period.
3. To collect continuous video image data from all established and new video stations. Data has been
recorded successfully from all CoastView sites over the reporting period with no problems to
report.
4. To provide backup for both new and existing sites during the CoastView project. Video systems
have been maintained at all four CoastView sites throughout the duration of the project
Due to the success of the project all of the CoastView video systems will be maintained beyond the
CoastView project by the site managers responsible. In most cases the associated coastal manager is
actively helping to keep the systems on line.
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WP3. Supporting in-situ measurements (Leader UBo)
A summary of the data collect in this workpackage is given in Table 3 under the discussion of WP6.
The general objectives listed in the DoW for this workpackage are:
• To provide supporting ground truth measurements for the video derived estimates of CSIs at
each of the four field sites in the form of:
- Short-term (3 weeks), high frequency (>1Hz), process measurements of waves,
currents, sediment transport and bathymetry.
- Long-term (2.5 to 8 years including archived data) monitoring of the coastal
morphodynamic state, waves, tides and bathymetry.
• To measure and gain a better understanding of the hydrodynamic and sediment transport
processes responsible for the coastal evolution observed using the video system.
The specific objectives for the reporting period 5-7 listed in Section 1.1 address these objectives.
5. To collect six monthly bathymetric surveys in support of video measurements at each
CoastView site. These long-term measurements have been undertaken to plan at the sites of the
existing video stations (Teignmouth & Egmond) since the start of the project. Bathymetric
surveys for the new sites have been collected on a six monthly basis since the installations of
the new systems at El Puntal and Lido di Dante.
6. To collect continuous wave and tidal information in support of video data at each CoastView
site. These measurements are now ongoing at all sites. All work is proceeding to plan.
Comment on progress
All work within this workpackage is complete and the associated deliverables have been successfully
achieved without exception. The short-term field measurements (Deliverable D10) were completed at
each of the CoastView field sites within the second year of the project. All short-term data obtained are
of a good standard and have provided the necessary data for the validation for video derived variables
(D20) developed in WP4. The long-term measurements of waves and tides (D21) and bathymetric
surveys (D11) are also completed. All the data is now fully calibrated and has been submitted to the
UPl who are the co-ordinators of the WP6 (Data standards and Management). Deliverables D10, D11,
D20 and D21 will be delivered to the Commission on a portable hard drive – full details of the data
achieving procedures are given under WP6. Data used in this workpackage has provided essential
supporting data for the video systems, validation for CSIs and has been utilised extensively in the
project for the publication of the journal special issue. Additionally, the data collected in WP3 has
been of direct value to coastal managers associated with the CoastView field sites. For example the
managers of the Port at Teignmouth were found the bathymetric surveys extremely useful for gaining
an appreciation of how the navigation channel was changing and estimating the necessary dredging
requirements. The data has also been used to provide the basis of several PhD research programmes
and scientific publications (see WP5).
WP4. Image interpretation and analysis (Leader UU)
The specific objectives stated in Section 1.1 that relate to this reporting period address the first two
points listed above. These were:
7.
8.
9.
To develop prototype algorithms for the extraction of CSIs from video data.
To validate CSI algorithms by direct comparison with field data collected in WP3
To evaluate error bounds for CSIs where appropriate
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There has been a strong focus on WP4 during the reporting period. In particular the consortium has
concentrated their efforts on the most promising demonstration CSIs for each of the CoastView field
sites. Details of the CSI algorithms under development were given in the second annual report.
Refinements to these algorithms during the reporting period are given in the final report on coastal
state indicators and are not discussed in detail here to avoid repetition.
The expected deliverables sited under WP4 are listed below:
D12 – New robust algorithms, user-friendly algorithms for the estimation of CSIs: New algorithms
have been developed for the improving navigational safety, monitoring shoreline stability,
enhancing the safety of bathers and assisting with the planning of recreation facilities.
D13 – Error bounds for CSIs: Error bounds for CSIs have been developed for all CSIs where
appropriate, primarily by utilising the direct field measurements obtained in WP3. For example
beach and bathymetric surveys were used to confirm coastal recession rates indicated by CSI and
the direct measurements were used to identify the location of navigational markers. A report on
this work is included in appendix I this report.
D15 – Time series of CSIs Time series of shoreline position, position of the navigation channel and the
location of channel markers are just a few examples of CSI time series generated in this work.
D16 – New models for forecasting the long term evolution of CSIs: This topic is discussed in a special
chapter of the final report on coastal state indicators (Smit et al., 2005).
Full details of CSI development and evaluation are given in the final report on CSIs and are not
repeated in detail here. Dissemination of WP4 deliverables is discussed under WP5.
Additionally, there is a report on error bounds and CSIs in appendix I of this volume written by
the UU, the co-ordinators of WP4
WP5. Dissemination & exploitation (Leader UCa)
(NB. See section 2 of this report for a full and comprehensive list of dissemination activities over the
reporting period).
The general objectives for WP5 stated in the DoW are:
•
•
•
•
•
To produce a CoastView web-site with video data online (Deliverable D5). Complete √
To provide training sessions for academics and end users for the routine operation of video
systems and analysis of data (Deliverable D7). Complete √
To organise workshops to demonstrate the utility of the new video coastal zone monitoring
system and software to coastal zone managers in the Netherlands, Italy, Spain and the UK.
Complete √
To produce a demonstration compact disk illustrating the capabilities coastal zone monitoring
system. Complete √
To produce a journal special issue summarising the outcomes of the CoastView experiment.
Papers are complete and will shortly be under review. The expected publication date will
be October 2005.
The specific objectives stated in Section 1.1 and achieved within the reporting period were:
10. To organise dissemination workshops for coastal managers and end-users. Complete √
11. To produce a project dissemination CD: The whole consortium have contributed greatly to the
production of the project dissemination CD. This has required a large amount of project effort
by all partners but is an essential part of the dissemination process. A copy has been submitted
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to the Commission. The CD is currently being circulated to nation and local scale coastal
managers, scientist, students and the general public. Complete √
12. To update the project website – The CoastView website is regularly updated by UPl. The
website includes current images from all the CoastView field sites as well as a complete
archive of the image data collected so far. Complete √
13. To finalise the production of a journal special issue summarising the CoastView project. We
are currently in the process of initiating the paper review process and envisage publication in
October 2005.
Comment on progress (WP5)
Project effort relating to dissemination of project outcomes has been particularly vigorous during the
final year of the project. As well as continuing with the usual dissemination activities (e.g. TV and
press reports, scientific publications, PhD/MSc theses, conferences and public presentation and
university courses) the consortium has been active in producing an excellent dissemination CD. This
dissemination CD (included in the appendix of volume II of the final report) has served to effectively
disseminate the project outcomes to the general public, coastal managers, end-users, students and
scientists.
Another primary focus over the reporting period is the production of the journal special issue. This
dedicated CoastView journal will present and excellent summary of the CoastView project to the
scientific community. Papers are now ready for review and it is anticipated that the issue will be
published in the winter of 2005.
End-user workshops have been carried out at each of the CoastView field sites. The material generated
for the dissemination CD has also been used as a basis for the presentation and structure of some of the
CoastView workshops. The precise form of the workshops varied from site to site depending on the
target audience. Some examples are given below:
Italy: A dedicated CoastView meeting was held which was aimed at disseminating the CoastView
results. This was held on the 15th of February 2005 in Riccione, (on Emilia-Romagna coast).
General theme: “The coastal defence: a priority of the regional ICZM programme”. (guidelines for
Integrated Coastal Zone Management towards a Sustainable Development approved by EmiliaRomagna Regional Government, first in Italy, on the 20th of January 2005, after 3 years of work. )
The presentations were organized as follows:
• (Alberto Lamberti - UBo) Introduction to the CoastView Project
¾ Webcams on Emilia-Romagna coast
¾ The Argus Program
¾ The Argus System
¾ Some Applications (Barcelona, Egmond)
¾ Advantages and limits of the system
¾ Conclusions
• (Silvia Medri - UBo) Video monitoring of intertidal beach topography of the protected area in
Lido di Dante
¾ Brief description of the site of Lido di Dante
¾ Long term monitoring of intertidal beach topography
1. Qualitative evolution of the beach
2. Quantitative evolution of the daily mean shoreline position
3. Forecasting of the shoreline position
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¾ Short term monitoring of intertidal beach topography: effect of storms on intertidal beach
bathymetry
1. Example of typical N-E high storm
2. Example of typical S-E frequent wave conditions
3. Check of the defence structures efficiency
• Clara Armaroli - UF) Monitoring of intertidal beach topography of a natural beach
¾ Study of the impacts of storms on the shoreline position
¾ Evaluation of the intertidal zone variations in the topographic sections, using ARGUS as
topographic instrument
¾ Definition of the “behaviour” for the studied area
• (Paolo Ciavola - UF) Morphodynamics of submerged bars in a unprotected beach.
¾ Time scale of morphodynamics of the bars system
¾ Study of bar morphology
¾ Filter of seasonal effects
¾ Morphology: position and bar shape, position and morphology of rip channel
• (Renata Archetti - UBo)Wave and currents
¾ What is a timestack
¾ Where timestacks are designed
¾ Hydrodynamics in Lido di Dante
¾ Examples of measurement of wave period, wave number, wave celerity and wave run up
¾ Rough estimation of wave height
¾ Longshore currents at the parallel barrier
• (Alberto Lamberti - UBo) Applications for navigation and tourism
¾ Tourism (the cases of El-Puntal and Lido di Dante):
1. Presences and preferences analysis
2. Estimation of the bearing capacity
3. Risk assessment for bathing hazard: rip-current
4. Morphological change
¾ Navigation (the cases of El-Puntal and Teignmouth):
1. Monitoring of pattern and presence of ships
2. Channel monitoring
3. Planning of dredging
• (Carlo Albertazzi and Mauro Ceroni - RER) Conclusions of the Project and its application in
ICZM perspectives.
¾ Role of Emilia-Romagna Regional Government in the Project
1. Final use of applied research, and synergy between Region and University
2. Transfer of results and technologies into the country
¾ Coastal defence
¾ Environmental quality, tourism and navigation
¾ Conclusions on the Project
1. Positive judgement of the instrument and on the possibilities to employ it
2. Importance of its capability of:
ƒ continuous monitoring
ƒ monitoring very dynamic processes
ƒ monitoring in almost real time
ƒ collecting long time series of data to be inserted in the Regional Coastal Data
Base
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ƒ maintenance of the ARGUS station in Lido di Dante
3. Applications
ƒ monitoring of artificial beach nourishments
ƒ monitoring of the submerged and intertidal beach
ƒ monitoring of coastal engineering structures (breakwaters, groins, port piers)
ƒ monitoring and defence of natural zones
¾ Other forms of monitoring
UK: (NB: please also see the dissemination list under UPl). In stead of hosting one large workshop it
was decided that a more effective and interactive workshop for the UK would result through the
organisation of a number of smaller workshops and disseminating at different levels. There were three
primary target audiences within the UK; national scale coastal mangers, regional scale coastal
managers and the general public.
1. National scale coastal managers:
ƒ A dissemination meeting was organised by Justin Ridgewell (the UKE
CoastView partner). Presentations were delivered to Environment Agency
national coastal survey users.
ƒ Dissemination of the results of the project within England and Wales was
achieved through the activities of the Environment Agency’s Shoreline
Management National Advisory Service. This involved the transfer of the
knowledge about coastal state indicators and the outcome of the project,
including their relevance to coastal management, to a wider group of coastal
managers in the UK.
ƒ A paper was given at the DEFRA Flood and Coastal Management Conference,
July, 2004.
ƒ There was a meeting with the Environment agency to discuss the use of
CoastView methodologies to monitor and protect the Dorset coastline. They are
currently considering installing a coastal video system.
2. Regional Scale / general public: Dissemination at a regional scale involved frequent
meeting with regional mangers, particularly those associated with the CoastView field
sites (e.g. Teignmouth Port Authority, Associated British Ports, The Harbour Master,
Teignbridge District Council).
ƒ Presentation to coastal mangers and the general public at the Teign Estuary
Partnership Conference
ƒ Meeting with Teingbridge District Council to discuss the application of coastal
video systems to enhance beach safety – CoastView procedures will be
implemented by the Council and lifeguards in summer this year at Teignmouth.
Netherlands:
Spain: There were four primary dissemination activities in Spain and these are detailed below:
1. IAHR – XXI Latinoamerican Conference of Hydraulic
(São Pedro, Brazil). 18-22 October 2004
IAHR – XXI Congreso Latinoamericano de Hidráulica (São Pedro, Brasil)
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2. The coastal management in Colombia
(Cartagena and Bogota, Colombia) 14-16 April 2004
La Gestión Costera en Colombia.
•
•
Application of cameras systems in Ports and
Beaches.
CoastView experiences
3. State Port Holding (Port sector in Spain)
Puertos del Estado (España). 24 January 2004
• Application of cameras systems in Ports management.
• European experiences (COASTVIEW)
o El Puntal Case – Large port example
o Teignmouth Case – Small port example
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4. ECOPLAYAS (Beach sector)
Conference of beach management (España). 1 March 2005. Application of cameras systems in Beach
management. European experiences (COASTVIEW): England, Netherlands, Italy and Spain
WP6. Data standards & management (Leader UPl)
The general and specific objectives of WP6 specified in Section 1 and the DoW are:
14. To ensure that the appropriate data is collected to satisfy CoastView objectives: Complete√.
Care was taken at the start of the project to ensure that all video systems were re-programmed
where required so that all the proposed CSIs could be evaluated. Special care was required to
re-program the video collection prior to the intensive field campaigns.
15. To establish a standard format and accuracy for all data collected in the CoastView project.
Complete√. UPl have produced a data management strategy that is included in Appendix II of
the first annual report submitted to the Commission.
16. To quality check data prior to sending the data for achieving. Complete√.
17. To ensure synchronous ground truth and video measurements: This task is important for
comparing data from the intensive field campaign with the rapidly sampled video data and was
performed prior to and during the intensive field measurement periods. Complete√.
18. To manage the archiving of all of the data collected during the CoastView project. Complete√.
19. To act as a central data bank for all project partners. Complete√.
20. To distribute data freely between project partners. Complete√.
A summary table of some of the data collected within the CoastView project is given in Table 3. This
table is by no means exhaustive; it concentrates on the contractual obligations laid out in the
Description of Work. The predicted timing of data collection is shown by blue shading. The actual
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Final Report I
timing of the data collection is shown by a tick if the data has been archived or a cross if has been
collected but not submitted to the UPl server. In Table 3 the term ‘short-term’ refers to the intensive
process measurements designed to validate CSIs and ‘Bathy’ is a bathymetric survey. The ‘V’ symbol
represents the installation of a new video station.
Comment on progress
WP6 has been successfully completed and all related deliverables are in place. Alongside
workpackages 4 and 5 project effort has been very intense in WP6 during the reporting period. The
priorities during the reporting period have been to produce checked, calibrated and archived
hydrodynamic, bathymetric and video data (D23). The most effective and useful way of achieving this
goal was to produce a database format that is an extension to the current CoastView website. The
result is an extremely user friendly database which can be accessed through the CoastView website
interface on a portable hard drive. The data is supported with documentation, presentations and
pictures. Due to the enormity of the data collected during the CoastView project (approximately
200GB) the only way of effectively delivering this information was on a portable hard drive. A copy of
the database has been provided to the Commission. The website automatically runs when plugged into
a USB port. The database can be accessed by selecting the data achieve button on the main menu.
From this point three categories of data may be easily accessed; short-term data, long-term data and
video image data. There are several help files available to help interpret the datasets.
CD ROMs of calibrated data have also been produced (D24). These data include all the project data
with the exception of the video data (due to size restrictions). These have been distributed to between
all partners and to the Commission. These CDs will also be available to interested parties, initially
(within the next three years) with the consent of the partners involved.
13
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
Table 3. Expected, collected and archived data.
Partner
2002/3
A
UPl –
Bathy
M J
J
A
S
√
O
2003/4
N
D
J
F
√
M A
M J
J
A
S
O
√
2004/2005
N
D
J
F
M A
√
M J
J
A
S
√
O
N
D
J
F
M
√
UPl –
Waves
UPl –
Tides
UPl –
Short
term
UPl /
OSU
Image
data
UU –
Short
term
RWS –
Bathy
√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ X X X X X
RWS Waves
RWS –
Tides
WLImage
data
UCo–
Short
term
Ubo –
Bathy
√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √
Ubo –
Tides
Waves
√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ V √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √
√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √
Ubo –
Short
term
√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ X X X X X
√
√
√
√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √
√ √
√
√
√ √
√
√
√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √
√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √
√ √
√
V
V
√
√
14
CoastView, Jun-05
Partner
Final Report I
2002/3
A
M J
J
A
S
O
2003/4
N
D
J
F
UF –
Short
term
UF –
Bathy
UCa –
Short
term
SPA
waves
SPA
Tides
M J
V
√
V
√ √
J
A
S
O
2004/2005
N
√
V
D
J
F
√
M A
M J
√
J
A
S
O
N
D
√
J
F
M
√
√
√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √
V
SPA –
Bathy
CIIRC–
Short
term
Key
M A
Predicted
√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √
V
√
V
√
√ Collected
V
New Video
Installation
√
√ √ √ √ √ √
√
Additional Data
15
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
1.2.1 Gantt chart update
Work Packages
A
M
J
J
Time in months
A S O N D
J
F
M
WP1: Coastal state indicators
1.1 Workshop to define CSIs and indicator standards
1.2 Review of Coastal state indicators
1.3 Complete reports on coastal state parameters for each site
WP2: Video system development, deployment & data acquisition
2.1 Order new video system hardware
2.2 Install new video stations
2.3 Reprogramming video in line with Coastview objectives
2.4 Continuous video monitorig at new and old sites
2.5 Development of improved video monitoring system
2.6 Station support
M
WP3: Supporting in-situ measurements
3.1 Order Equipment
3.2 Equipment development & preparation
3.3 Deploy wave & tide gauges
3.4 Bathymetric surveys
3.5 Continuous monitoring (waves & tides) at 4 sites
3.6 Process measurements & video ground-truth data
3.7 High-frequency (daily) bathymetry surveys
WP4: Image interpretation & analysis
4.1 Develop prototype algorithms for CSIs
4.2 Test prototype CSI software against field data
4.3 Produce final algorithms and error bounds for CSIs
4.4 Evaluation and interpretation of coastal state parameters
4.5 Derive new models for the long-term coastal state evolution
WP5: Dissemination & exploitation
5.1 Training video system users (coastal managers & academics)
5.2 Establish CoastView web-site
5.3 Complete Demonstration CD
5.4 Exploitation workshops
5.5 Journal special issue
WP6: Data standards & management
6.1 Establish protocol for data collection
6.2 Data archiving & quality control
6.3 Data distribution (within the consortium)
Reports & meetings
Meetings
Reports
3M
Key: M Maintenance
FM Final Meeting
6M
3M
FR Final Report
FM
FR
See project progress (Section 1.4.1) for a discussion of the above.
16
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
Work-package
A
P
WP3
A
P
WP4
A
P
WP5
A
P
UPl 20.00 17.24 3.00 2.40 15.00 22.84 24.00 29.40 8.00
0.50
1.95 15.00 27.90 5.25
WL 4.20 4.00 15.10 8.93
UU 4.00 3.00 2.00 0.50 11.00 28.40 21.00 37.50 5.00
UBo 4.00 5.00 3.00 4.00 30.43 27.50 23.40 28.50 5.00
UCa 4.00 4.00 3.00 3.00 15.00 16.00 15.00 21.00 5.00
6.80
7.60 7.80
RWS 7.00 7.50 2.00 2.70 14.60 16.50
2.00
1.70
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00 0.00
UKE
6.85 4.00
UCo 2.00 2.10 1.00 0.00 15.00 16.50 10.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00 1.00
RER 2.00 3.07 0.00 1.85
UF 2.00 2.00 1.00 1.00 15.00 15.00 11.00 18.00 4.00
3.00
3.50
0.00
0.00 1.00
SPA 2.00 3.00 0.00 0.00
CIIRC 2.00 4.00 1.00 0.00 15.00 16.00 19.00 19.80 4.00
Total 55.20 56.61 31.10 24.38 134.53 164.19 145.70 196.55 50.05
Contractural
Project Total 55.20 55.20 31.10 31.10 134.53 134.53 145.44 145.44 50.05
% of Project
100
Total
103
100
78
100
122
100
135
100
WP6
A
P
Total
Project
A
8.34 20.00 19.28
1.45 3.00 3.11
7.00 3.00 2.50
12.00 3.00 3.00
11.00
8.70
0.30
6.10
1.08
4.00
0.96
4.00
64.93
3.00
3.00
3.80 3.50
0.00 0.00
3.00 4.00
0.00 0.00
3.00 3.00
0.00 0.00
3.00 2.00
44.80 43.39
90.0
43.1
46.0
68.8
45.0
42.0
2.0
35.5
3.0
36.0
6.0
44.0
461.4
% Achieved
P
WP2
Contractural
Effort
Planed / Actual
WP1
111
110
172
116
129
111
100
100
200
119
124
104
50.05 44.80 44.80 461.2
130
100
97
100
119
1.2.1 Manpower resource review table. Figures include project paid manpower plus uncharged (AC) staff time. P=predicted contractual, A=Actual.
Red figures < 100%. Units are in person-months. See Section 1.4.2 for a discussion of the above.
17
CoastView, Jun-05
445882
227151
241944
157678
197390
222120
12189
190314
18017
144240
35042
125190
2017157
% Total
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-7414
0
0
0
-7414
Spent
99%
Total
Contractual budget
99%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
Free Label
Spent
39564 39030
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
39564 39030
% Total
Spent
0
0
0%
0
0
0%
0
0
0%
13500 14000 104%
0
0
0%
45600 76974 169%
0
0
0%
0
0
0%
0
0
0%
0
0
0%
0
0
0%
7000 1824 26%
66100 92798
140%
Administration
Contractual budget
% Total
Spent
0
0 0%
0
0 0%
0
0 0%
4000
1000 25%
0
0 0%
81600 58623 72%
0
0 0%
0
0 0%
0
0 0%
0
0 0%
12000
8621 72%
0
0 0%
97600 68244
70%
Other Costs
Contractual budget
% Total
88%
Spent
103%
54%
69%
102%
101%
45%
61%
84%
145%
128%
17%
166%
Contractual budget
54863
17135
14576
13217
26066
10372
3649
26850
9420
29327
2005
19961
227441
Subcontract
% Total
85%
53311
31750
21000
13000
25867
23250
5939
32000
6500
23000
12000
12000
259617
Spent
98%
73%
58%
56%
100%
14%
0%
118%
197%
100%
0%
31%
Contractual budget
44966
7256
9338
3662
12735
2801
0
11844
29755
14999
0
759
138116
Travel & Subs.
% Total
103%
45684
10000
16151
6502
12735
20000
0
10001
15134
15000
8284
2427
161918
Spent
92%
123%
95%
103%
100%
107%
89%
103%
114%
89%
100%
100%
Contractual budget
215066
249201
156604
78770
115014
206404
9168
88975
9111
51873
21003
78011
1279200
Consumables
% Total
233933
202196
164469
76507
115014
192013
10244
86414
8000
58200
21000
77898
1245888
Spent
5670 4412 78%
6000 5910 99%
0
0
0%
18556 5943 32%
10876 6989 64%
4500 8865 197%
0
0
0%
30180 11224 37%
0
0
0%
24000 23317 97%
0
0
0%
5000 2416 48%
104782 69076
66%
Manpower
Contractual budget
110%
% Total
94%
126%
90%
88%
98%
127%
75%
88%
74%
99%
100%
101%
Spent
1.2.2
63861
257459
36104
22508
32161
97866
6166
27779
4728
23903
16802
20997
610333
Contractual budget
67720
204355
40324
25613
32898
77277
8195
31719
6400
24040
16800
20865
556206
Durable Equip.
% Total
Spent
UPl
**WL
UU
UBo
UCa
**RWS
**UKE
UCo
**RER
UF
**SPA
CIIRC
Total
% of
Project
Total
Overheads
Contractual budget
Category
Amount
approved
in yrs 1-2
& spent in
yr3, and %
of total
budget
spent to
date
Final Report I
422198 95%
536961 118%
216622 90%
139100 88%
192964 98%
461906 104%
18983 78%
166672 88%
45600 127%
143419 99%
48431 69%
123969 99%
2516824
eligible payment 97%
1960884
Financial resource review table (values in Euros). Blue figures = under 100%, Red figures = over 100%. See Section 1.4.3 for a discussion of
the above. ** = 50% EU Funding
18
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
1.3 Milestones and deliverables obtained
DL
Deliverables list
Nature1
Dissemination
level2
1, 5, 11,
17, 23, 31,
35
W, Re
RE
Generic and site specific coastal state indicators and standards - WP1
1
Me, Re
RE
D3 √
CoastView data collection protocols - WP6
1
Me, Re
RE
D4 √
Infrastructure for data handling - WP6
1
Me, Eq
RE
D5 √
CoastView web-site - WP5
7
De
PU
D6 √
Two new video stations - WP2
8
Eq
RE
D7 √
Training sessions for scientists & end-users - WP5
8
W
RE
D8 √
Video installation design tools for coastal managers - WP2
11
S
RE
17
Eq
RE
22
Da
RE
Deliverable
No
Deliverable title
D1 √
Definition of CSIs, including the initial CSI workshop & 6-monthly
workshops -WP1
D2 √
D9 √
D10 √
Improved video systems capable of providing high quality data for
the computation of coastal state indicators - WP2
Short-term process measurements (waves, currents, sediment
transport and bed morphology) from four European field sites - WP3
Delivery
date
D11 √
Six-monthly bathymetric surveys at four field-sites - WP3
29
Da
RE
D12 √
New robust, user-friendly algorithms for the estimation of CSIs WP4
29
S
RE
D13 √
Error bounds for video derived CSIs - WP4
29
Me
RE
D14 √
Demonstration CD - WP5
30
De
PU
D15 √
Time series of CSIs for four field sites - WP4
34
Da
RE
D16 √
New models for forecasting the long-term evolution of CSIs - WP4
34
Th / Me
RE
D17 √
Exploitation workshops - WP5
34
W
RE
D18 √
Report on key coastal state indicators for each site - WP1
35
Re
PU
D19 √
Long-term (3-8years), high frequency (hourly) video data at 4
coastal sites - WP2
35
Da
RE
D20 √
Ground truth measurements for video derived CSIs - WP3
35
Da
RE
D21 √
Long-term (2.5 to 8 years including archived data) measurements of
waves, tides and meteorological conditions at four field sites - WP3
35
Da
RE
D22 √
Journal special issue - WP5
35
De
PU
D23 √
Checked and calibrated data archive of hydrodynamic, bathymetric
and video data - WP6
35
Da
RE
D24 √
CDs of calibrated data in an accessible data base form - WP5
35
Da
RE
11
Nature of the deliverable: Re = Report, Da = Data set, Eq = Equipment, Pr = Prototype, Si = Simulation, Th = Theory,
De = Demonstrator, Me = Methodology, W = Workshop, S = Software, √ Achieved, √ Partially achieved, X On target
12
Dissemination level using one of the following codes: PU = Public, RE = Restricted to a group specified by the consortium (including the
Commission Services). CO = Confidential, only for members of the consortium (including the Commission Services).
19
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
CoastView Milestones
No.
Milestone
M1
√
M2
√
M3
√
M4
√
M5
√
M6
√
Define a functional set of CSIs, indicator standards [D1-WP1; D2-WP1], and
data collection and handling protocols [D3-WP6; D4-WP6]
Establish new video stations [D6-WP2], initiate CoastView Web-site [D5-WP5]
& train video users [D7-WP5]
Complete re-programming of video systems to collect data in line with
CoastView objectives [D1-WP1; D2-WP1; D9-WP2]
Complete prototype algorithms for the evaluation of CSIs from video data [D1WP1; D2-WP2; Prototype algorithms development in WP4]
Completion of supporting process measurements [D10-WP3] and
implementation of long-term sampling [WP3].
Review and revise CSIs [WP1] and provisional CSI algorithms [WP4] after
comparison with ground-truth and process data [WP3] and consultation
between scientists and end-users [6-monthly workshops in WP1]
Produce improved video systems for the monitoring of CSIs, camera
configuration design tools for end-users and developments to standard analysis
software [D9-WP2].
Mid-term assessment. Are deliverables D1 to D9 in place? Are video-derived
CSIs useful? Do we continue CoastView? Do we re-evaluate procedure or
continue as planned? [Decisions made in CSI workshops WP1 & mid-term
meeting]
Produce final algorithms for the evaluation of CSIs [D12-WP4; D13-WP4]
M7
√
M8
√
M9
√
M10
√
M11
√
M12
√
M13
√
M14
√
Complete ground-truth and process measurements [D11-WP3; D20-WP3; D21WP3]
Complete application and validation of new CSI algorithms to video data from
all four CoastView field sites and the estimation of error bounds for videoderived CSIs [D19-WP2; D12-WP4; D13-WP4; D15-WP4]
Derive and test new models for the long-term evolution of the coastal state
[D16-WP4]
Complete data quality checking, archiving and distribution [D23-WP6; D24WP5]
Complete planned dissemination of project outcomes (including: The
CoastView Web-site [D5-WP5], A demonstration CD [D14-WP5],
Exploitation workshops in the Netherlands, UK, Italy and Spain [D17-WP5], A
Journal special issue [D22-WP5], A report on coastal state indicators for each
site [D18-WP1]
Date
Reached
(Month 1)
(Month 8)
(Month 7)
(Month 9)
(Month 16)
(Month 17)
(Month 17)
(Month 17)
(Month 29)
(Month 34)
(Month 35)
(Month 35)
(Month 35)
(Month 35)
Key:
M
= Milestone (e.g. M1 = milestone number one)
WP
= Workpackage (e.g. WP1 = workpackage one)
D
= Deliverable (e.g. D1 = Deliverable one, see Deliverable Table)
[D10-WP3]= Deliverable 10 in workpackage 3
(Month n) = Deliverable month, (e.g. (Month 2) = This milestone will be reached on the second
month of the project on a scale of 0-35).
√ = Completed (or partially completed if coloured blue)
X = On target
20
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
1.4 Deviations from the work plan or / and schedule and their impact to the project
1.4.1 Project Progress
There are no major deviations from the proposed work plan to report. Inspection of the
deliverables and milestone tables above shows that all work has now been successfully completed
without exception.
In the second annual report it was suggested that due to delays during the contract negotiation
stage (relating to the involvement of our US partners) we would be requesting an unfunded
extension to the project. However, due to efficient progress in the final year were have managed to
complete all project work within the original timeframe. It was not necessary therefore to pursue
an extension to the project.
1.4.2 Project Manpower
Section 1.1.1 provides a tabular summary of the manpower effort expended by all partners under
each workpackage. This table summarises the predicted and actual manpower spent on each
workpackage by each partner. Most importantly comparisons are made relative to the contractual
manpower specified within the Contract Preparation and the Description of Work. In each case the
predicted and actual manpower estimates are derived from the partner reports and the contractual
amounts correspond to the values stated in Contract Preparation and Description of Work. Notice
that these figures include both project funded and unfunded labour. The right hand column
provides a summary of the percentage of the contractual effort expended by each partner. In all
cases this effort exceeds 100%, the overall figure being 119%. The breakdown of project effort
under WP headings (the bottom row of table 1.2.1) shows that the actual project effort has
conformed very closely to the predicted value for each workpackage. The only exception only WP
for which the effort is significantly less than 100% is WP2 (78%). This is primarily due to the fact
that the video installations did not require the same level of effort as first anticipated and they
performed well with only minimal maintenance. Project effort was much higher than expected
under the fieldwork headings (WP3), CSI algorithm development (WP4) and dissemination of
project outcomes (WP5).
UPl
Originally the UPl had budgeted for 12 months of Technician time (Peter Ganderton). However,
due to the demands of the fieldwork (WP3, repair and maintenance of field equipment) and data
achieving (WP6) it was found necessary to employ Peter Ganderton for an extra 3.4 person
months in year 3. This was made possible due to savings made on staffing reported in the second
annual report (page 41).
UU
Dr I van Enckevort left the University before the end of the project (3 months earlier). This was
already foreseen in summer 2004 and in the fall of 2004 dr F Ribas got a contract in order to do
CoastView work. She had to travel a couple of times between Barcelona and Utrecht for the
project as well. The research assistant drs A Tuijnder helped at the end phase of the project. Due
to all these changes in personnel and due to the tasks in the CoastView project A Kroon was
spending more hours on the project (not paid by the project). The hours of S. Quartel are also
extra and not paid by the project.
UCa
During this period UCa has performed several tasks that were not initially included in the project
description of work. For example, UCa has taken the responsibility of editing the Demonstration
CD. Additionally, the development of several images algorithms like the beach user’s counter,
21
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
that were not initially foreseen, has been developed. That extra effort required an extra man
power. One pre-doctoral student was included in the team in order to help mainly in WP 4 and 5.
UKE
There is slight under-spend of time from the predicted expenditure in the CPFs due to the
allocated 0.5 man months allocated to the work of a technician not being used, in practice the key
staff have undertaken all necessary tasks resulting in slightly less expenditure than predicted.
UCo
Contrary to expectations at the outset, UCo did not become heavily involved in video image
analysis interpretation so the time spent on this work package falls below what was planned.
Instead, more time has been spent on the complex data analysis and management of the in-situ
data.
UF
Please notice that the total man-effort during the project is 43 months, while the planned one was
of 36 months. If one looks at the breakdown within work-packages, the increased staff time was
mainly dedicated to WP4 (Image interpretation & Analysis). Off course this does not imply an
increase in staff time funds claimed.
Indeed, the financial resources were found within the financial allocation foreseen in the
Technical Annex. Originally it was planned to employ as research assistant, an experienced person
(post-doc with several years of experience). However, in the end a young graduate was employed
as main project research assistant, the resources left were used to simultaneously employ other
young personnel (engineer, PhD students), to give support towards the end of the project.
CIIRC
During this final year there has been some adjustment of man months to balance the effort
dedicated during the first two years (see previous progress reports). This adjustment has not
affected the work foreseen in the project.
1.4.3 Project Finances
Details of spending by all partners under various headings is summarise in a matrix presented in
section 1.2.1. Total spending on the project amounts to ??% of the total budget.
Specific deviations in the costs from the project work plan (reported by partners) are summarised
below:
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Final Report I
1.5
Co-ordination of the information between partners and communication
activities
Communication between partners has been effectively achieved by project meetings, workshops,
fieldwork interaction and visits.
Meeting
Kick-off & CSI Workshop: 1-3 May '02
Argus Training Workshop: 17-18 Sept. '02
6 Month Meeting (Year 1) 19-20 Sept. ’02
Annual Meeting (Year 1) 31 March to 1 April, ’03
Argus Workshop, 2-4 April, '03
Mid-term: 23-24 Sept. '03
Annual (Year 2): 4-6 March. '04
6 Month (Year 3): 18-19 Sept. '04
Final Meeting: 28-30 March.'05
Venue
Egmond, Netherlands
Plymouth, UK
Plymouth, UK
Utrecht, Netherlands
Delft, Netherlands
Santander, Spain
Bologna, Italy
Lisbon, Portugal
Lanzarote, Canary Is.
Table 1.5.1: CoastView Project Meetings
Work within the CoastView project has been conducted in seven strategic phases which have been
organized coincidently with the six monthly project meetings:
Phase I (Kick-off meeting, Egmond):
CSI Workshop
Definition of coastal management issues and an initial working set of CSIs
Initial CSI report
Phase II (Six month meeting, Plymouth):
Definition of fieldwork activities required to support CSI validation
Phase III (Annual meeting, Utrecht / Delft):
Presentation of provisional CSI algorithms
Assessment of the new video stations.
Adoption of the frame of reference
Phase IV (Mid-term Meeting, Santander):
Recasting CSIs within the ‘frame of reference’, including demonstration examples
for each CoastView field site.
Phase V (2nd Annual Meeting in Bologna):
Refining algorithms for the delivery of demonstration CSIs, (where these CSIs are
clearly linked to the frame of reference)
Final definition of the journal special issue structure
Phase VI (Lisbon):
Presentation of special issue papers
Planning of dissemination workshops and demonstration CD
Phase VII (Final Meeting, Lanzerote):
Finalise the journal special issue
Finalise the T.I.P.
1.6
Difficulties encountered at the management and co-ordination level and
proposed / applied solutions.
There are no serous management / co-ordination problems to report here. The project has
succeeded in meeting all of the proposed project milestones and all the CoastView deliverables
are now in place.
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Final Report I
SECTION 2: Executive Summary (Reporting period: 24-36 months)
Contract n°
EVK3-CT-2001-0054 Reporting period:
24-36 Months
Title
CoastView: Developing coastal video systems in support of coastal zone management
Objectives:
The primary focus of project effort during the final year of the project has been on the development of algorithms
for the delivering the demonstration Coastal State Indicators (CSIs), dissemination of project outcomes and
achieving, calibration and distribution of data. The following objectives have been achieved within the reporting
period. To:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Maintain the forum established in the first year of the project for discussion between national/regional -scale
coastal managers and scientists in order to refine the CSIs established over the first two years of the project.
Collect continuous video image data from all established and new video stations
Provide backup for both new and existing sites during the CoastView project
Collect six monthly bathymetric surveys in support of video measurements
Collect continuous wave and tidal information in support of video data
Refine prototype algorithms for the extraction of demonstration CSIs
Validate CSI algorithms by direct comparison with field data
Evaluate error bounds for CSIs where appropriate
Disseminate the CoastView activities to the scientific community, local/national coastal managers and the
general public
Update the project website (www.TheCoastViewProject.org).
Finalise the production of a journal special issue summarising the CoastView project.
Quality check calibrated data before archiving
Archive all of the data collected during the CoastView project in an accessible database format
Distribute data freely between project partners
Produce a dissemination CD ROM
Produce a data distribution CD ROM
Host end user workshops
Scientific achievements:
• A methodology has been developed and refined which provides an effective framework for communication
between scientist, coastal zone managers and policy makers. The ‘Frame of Reference’ procedure combines
policy and science and involves unambiguous CSIs which are directly related to management issues, and
clearly instruct pre-defined management intervention and evaluation procedures.
• A series of demonstration video-derived CSIs have been defined which assist coastal zone management in
the areas of coastal protection, navigation and recreational safety and planning.
• Demonstration CSIs have been critically evaluated and confidence limits have been established.
• Journal special issue of Coastal Engineering (under review) summarising the CoastView contributions to the
practical monitoring and management of the coastline using video-derived CSIs.
• The use of video data to enhance the predictive capacity of coastal systems has been critically appraised.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implications:
CoastView has demonstrated that video-derived CSIs have the potential to enhance the management of our coastal
zones. It has been shown within the CoastView project that video-derived CSIs can improve management
procedures pertaining to navigation, coastal protection and recreational planning and safety. The project has
involved a close integration and regular colloquia between coastal zone managers (both national and regional) and
scientists. The interaction process has been optimised in terms of productivity by invoking a new procedure (the
Frame of Reference Approach) developed within the project timeframe. The procedure helps to structure
discussions between coastal managers, policy makers and scientists and leads to effective CSIs which are closely
linked to management issues and have predefined intervention/ evaluation procedures. Due to the work conducted
within the CoastView project national scale coastal managers in Italy, Spain, Netherlands and UK are now aware of
the potential of these systems and are considering the broader application of this technology to their coasts. There is
clear enthusiasm and an ongoing commitment to the use of video for coastal zone management in all of the
CoastView field site countries.
Conclusions:
The CoastView project has developed and refined a means of defining effective CSIs and demonstrated their
effectiveness in the areas of coastal zone management, navigation and recreational planning and safety. Computer
algorithms have been developed for the automatic extraction of CSIs from video data. The accuracy of video-
24
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
derived CSIs has been assessed and confidence limits have been evaluated. Long time-series of video images have
yielded similarly long estimates of CSIs. These series have been used to evaluate the predictability of coastal
systems might be enhanced through the application of video.
Key project outcomes have been disseminated to coastal managers, the general public, scientists and students via
scientific publications, journal special issues, the CoastView website, conference and public presentations direct
meetings, lectures, short courses, dissemination CD ROMs and workshops.
Due to the work carried out within the CoastView project there is real evidence of uptake of the technology in all of
the CoastView countries. In the Netherlands have coastal managers have a continued commitment to the use of
coastal video systems; four new systems are being installed in the UK (making a total of 6). A similar situation
exists in Italy where the CoastView system will be maintained and new installations are planned.
Keywords: Coastal State Indicators, CSIs, Video Systems, Coasts, Coastal Zone Management, CoastView, Coastal
Protection, Navigation, Recreation, Tourism, Hazards, Monitoring, Frame of Reference, Prediction
Publications: See section 2.6
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CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
2.6 Project Output (Publication & Dissemination)
Theses
Delft Hydraulics (WL)
Aarninkhof, S. G. J. (2003). Nearshore Bathymetry derived from Video Imagery. PhD.
Thesis, Delft University of Technology, 175 pp.
Cohen, A.B. (2003). Video-derived observations of longshore currents. M.Sc. Thesis,
Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geoscienses. Delft
Hydraulics Report Z2802.40.
Van Koningsveld, M. (2003). Matching Specialist Knowledge with End User Needs.
Ph.D. Thesis, Twente University, Enschede, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-365-1897-0.
University of Plymouth (UPI)
Kingston, K. (2003). Applications of complex adaptive system approaches to coastal
systems. PhD Thesis, Univ. of Plymouth.
Marino-Tapia, I.J, (2003). Cross-shore sediment transport processes on natural beaches
and their relation to sand bar migration patterns. PhD Thesis, Univ. of Plymouth, 305pp
Siegle, E., (2003). Sediment transport and morphodynamics at an estuary mouth: A
study of coupled remote sensing and numerical modelling. PhD Thesis, Univ. of
Plymouth, 257pp
Bernardes (2005) - Medium term (months to years) morphodynamic modelling of a
complex estuarine system. PhD Thesis, Univ. of Plymouth, 194pp
CoastView theses which will be finish this year:
Nigel Aird (2005) – Onshore sandbank migration in the month of a natural estuary. PhD
Thesis, Univ. of Plymouth
University of Ferrara (UF)
Benati, A. (2003). Stima del trasporto solido di fondo del torrente Bevano e relazione con
le variazioni morfologiche alla foce, Msc Thesis Università degli Studi di Ferrara.
University of Ferara
Capatti, D. (2004). Caratteristiche geomorfologiche e vegetazionali delle dune comprese
tra Lido di Dante e Foce Bevano (RA). Msc Thesis University of Ferrara, Faculty of
Sciences, Degree in Natural Sciences.
Filippi, D. (2004). Progetto CoastView: rilevamenti topografici e geodetici per il
monitoraggio geomorfologico della costa a sud di Ravenna. Msc Thesis University of
Ferrara, Faculty of Engineering, Degree in Civil Engineering
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CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
Gardelli, M. (2003). Variazione della linea di riva e della morfologia sulle spiagge della
fascia Lido di Dante - Foce Bevano. Msc Thesis University of Ferrara, Faculty of
Sciences, Degree in Earth Sciences.
University of Bologna (UBo)
Pagani, (2003). Caratterizzazione idrodinamica e morfologica di un ambito costiero con
tecniche di analisi di immagine4. Degree Thesis. University of Bologna, Faculty of
Environmental Sciences, Ravenna, Italy.
International Centre for Coastal Resources Research (CIIRC)
Valdemoro, H. I. (2005). La influencia de la morfodinámica en los usos y recursos
costeros. PhD. Thesis, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, 163 pp + Anejos
University of Cantabria (UCa)
Bastón S. (2004).. Seguimientos de la morfodinámica de “El Puntal” de Santander a
corto medio-plazo empleando imágenes de video. Tesina del Master (MSc) en Ciencias
y Tecnologías para la gestión de la costa. Universidad de Cantabria, España.
The next theses will be finished this year:
Osorio A. (2005) – Utilización de sistemas de video para la gestión de la costa. PhD
Theses. Universidad de Cantabria
Utrecht Univesiteit
De Jager, S. , (2004) Intertidal bar dynamics within a tidal cycle at Egmond beach, NL.
MSc
Den Otter, Y. (2004).Rip channel dimensions and behavior at the intertidal beach of
Egmond, NL MSc
Schretlen, J. (2004) Tidal effects on the beach morphology at Egmond, NL MSc.
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CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
Legend:
UPI: University of Plymouth (United Kingdom)
WL: Delft Hydraulics (The Netherlands)
UU: Utrecht Univesiteit (The Netherlands)
UBo : University of Bologna (Italy)
UCa : University of Cantabria (Spain)
RWS: Rijkswaterstaat, National Institute for Coastal and Marine Management-RIKZ (The
Netherlands)
SPA: Santader Port Authority (Spain)
CIIRC: International Centre for Coastal Resources Research (Spain)
OSU: Oregon State University (USA)
UKE: Environment Agency (United Kingdom)
UCo: University of Copenhagen (Denmark)
ERRG: Emillia-Romagna, Regional Government (Italy)
UF: University of Ferrara (Italy)
Journal / Conference papers
Participant
centres
Author/Title/Presentation place
UPI
Aird, N., Davidson, M.A. and Marino-Tapia, I.J., (2004).Physical
processes associated with onshore bank migration adjacent an
estuary mouth. Proc. 29th Int. Conf. Coastal Eng.,Lisbon, Portugal.
UPI
Bernardes, MEC, Davidson, MA, Dyer, KR and George, KJ.
(2004) Towards Medium-Term (order of months) Morphodynamic
Modelling of the Teign Estuary, UK. Work originally submitted to
the XII International Conference on Physics of Estuaries and
Coastal Seas, Merida, Mexico (18-22 October 2004).
UPI
Bernardes, M.E.C., Davidson, M.A., Dyer, K.R. and George,
K.J., (2004). Waves and grain-size effects on the morphodynamic
evolution of the Teign estaury (UK). Coastal Dynamics '05,
Barcelona, Spain (04-08/04/2005).
UPI
Mariño Tapia, I. J.; Aird, N.; Davidson, M. A.; Kingston, K. And
Ganderton, P. (2004). Tidally Modulated Sediment Transport
Processes on a Shore-Attached Sandbar. Journal of Coastal
Research, SI 39. In press.
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CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
UPI
Mariño Tapia, I.J., T.J.O’Hare, P.E. Russell, M.A. Davidson,
D.A. Huntley. 2004. Sandbar dynamics from a parametric
morphodynamic model. Proceedings of the 29th International
Conference in Coastal Engineering, ASCE, In press
UPI
Mariño-Tapia,I., P.E. Russell, T.J.O’Hare, M.A. Davidson, D.A.
Huntley. Cross-shore sediment transport on natural beaches and
their relation to sand bar migration patterns: Part 1. Field
observations. Journal of Geophysical Research. submitted
UPI
Mariño-Tapia,I., T.J.O’Hare, P.E. Russell, M.A. Davidson, D.A.
Huntley. Cross-shore sediment transport on natural beaches and
their relation to sand bar migration patterns: Part 2. A simple model
for sandbar behaviour. Journal of Geophysical Research.
Submitted
UPI
Morris, B.D., Davidson, M.A., Huntley, D.A. (2004). Estimates of
the seasonal morphological evolution of the Barra Nova Inlet using
video techniques. Cont. Shelf Res. 24/2, 263-278
UPI
Pilgrim D.A. (2002). Sea pictures reveal all. Marine Scientist.
Issue No. 1 Autumn 2002 IMAREST publications, 16-18.
UPI, UKE
Richards, J., Rawson, J. and Davidson, M. (2004). The
CoastView Project: Video technology for the coastal manager. 39th
DEFRA (Dept. for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) Flood
and Coastal Management Conference (29th June 2004, York).
UPI
Siegle, E., Huntley, D.A. & Davidson, M.A., 2002, Modelling
water surface topography at a complex inlet system – Teignmouth,
UK. Journal of Coastal Research, SI36, 675-685
UPI
Siegle, E., Huntley, D.A., and Davidson, M.A., (2003), Sediment
transport patterns and morphodynamics at a complex inlet system.
Proceedings of the International Conference on Coastal Sediments
2003. CD-ROM Published by World Scientific Publishing Corp. and
East Meets West Productions, ISBN 981-238-422-7.
UPI
Siegle, E., Huntley, D.A. & Davidson, M.A., (2004). Tidally
modulated sediment transport processes on a shre-attached bar.
Journal of Coastal Research. SI 39. ICS 2004. Brazil. ISSN 07490208
UPI
Siegle, E., Huntley, D.A. & Davidson, M.A., 2004. Physical
controls on the dynamics of inlet sandbar systems. Ocean
Dynamics 54, 360-373
UPI,WL,OSU
Davidson M. A., S.G.J. Aarninkhof, M. Van Koningsveld and
R.A. Holman. (2004). Developing Coastal Video Monitoring
Systems In Support of Coastal Zone Management. Journal of
Coastal Research. SI 39. ICS 2004. Brazil. ISSN 0749-0208
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CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
WL,UPI
Van Koningsveld, M., Davidson, M. and Huntley, D.A. (2003). A
process evaluation of end user oriented knowledge development;
The CoastView project. Accepted for publication in Journal of
Coastal Research.
WL,UPI
Van Koningsveld M.; M.A. Davidson; D.A. Huntley (2004).
“Matching Science with Coastal Management Needs; The Search
for Appropriate Coastal State Indicators. Journal of Coastal
Research
WL
Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Turner, I.L., Dronkers, T.D.T., Caljouw, M.
and Nipius, L. (2003). A video-based technique for mapping
intertidal beach bathymetry. Coastal Engineering 49 (2003), pp.
275-289.
WL
Cohen, A.B., Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Chicadel, C. and Battjes, J.A.
(2004). Video-derived observations of alongshore currents.
Accepted for presentation at the ICCE 2004, Lisbon (Portugal)
WL
Turner, I.L., Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Dronkers, T.D. and McGrath, J.
(2004). CZM Applications of Argus Coastal maging at the Gold
Coast, Australia. Jnl. of Coastal Research 20(3), pp. 739-752
WL
Van Koningsveld, M. and Mulder, J.P.M. (2003). Sustainable
coastal policy developments in the Netherlands; a systematic
approach revealed. Journal of Coastal Research, 20(2), pp. 375385
Van Koningsveld, M., Stive, M.J.F, Mulder, J.P.M., De Vriend,
H.J., Ruessink, B.G. and Dunsbergen, D.W. (2003). Usefulness
WL, UU,RWS
and effectiveness of coastal research; a matter of perception?
Journal of Coastal Research, 19(2), pp. 441-461
WL,RWS
Van Koningsveld, M., Mulder, J.P.M. and Stive, M.J.F. (2004).
Balancing management needs and research demands, a challenge
to coastal engineering. Accepted for presentation at the ICCE 2004,
Lisbon (Portugal)
WL,RWS
Van Koningsveld, M. and Mulder, J.P.M. (2003). Development of
a sustainable coastal policy in the Netherlands; a systematic
approach revealed. Journal of Coastal Research (in press)
WL, UU
Aarninkhof, S.G.J. and Ruessink, B.G. (2002). Quantification of
surf zone bathymetry from video observations of wave breaking.
Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union, 83(47), Fall Meet.
Suppl., p. F687.
WL,UU
Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Ruessink, B.G. and Roelvink, J.A. (2003).
Quantification of surf zone bathymetry from video observations of
wave breaking. Proc. of Coastal Sediments Conf., Clearwater
Beach (Florida), USA.
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CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
WL, UU
Aarninkhof, S.G.J. and Ruessink, B.G. (2004). Video
observations and model predictions of wave breaking in the
nearshore zone. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote
Sensing, 42(11), 2612- 2622.
WL, UU
Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Ruessink, B.G. and Roelvink, J.A. (2005).
Nearshore subtidal bathymetry from time-exposure images.
Journal of Geophysical Research, in press.
WL
Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Wijnberg, K.M., Roelvink, J.A. and Reniers,
A.J.H.M. (2005). Quantification of 2DH subtidal bathymetry from
video. Accepted for publication at Coastal Dynamics Conf.,
Barcelona (Spain).
WL,UU
Stive, M.J.F., Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Van Koningsveld, M. and
Ruessink, B.G. (2004). 'Video monitoring in support of coastal
management. Accepted for presentation at the ICCE 2004, Lisbon
(Portugal)
WL, UU
Wijnberg, K.M.., Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Van Koningsveld, M.,
Ruessink, B.G. and Stive, M.J.F. (2004). 'Video monitoring in
support of coastal management. Proc. of Int. Conf. on Coastal Eng.,
Lisbon (Portugal), Lisbon (Portugal)
UU,WL
Kroon, A, Quartel, S, Aarninkhof, S. (2003). Spatial and
Temporal Variability of Water Line Positions on a Sandy Beach
Eos Trans. AGU, 84(52), Ocean Sci. Meet. Suppl., Abstract
OS22J-03.
UU,WL
Ruessink, B.G., Van den Boogaard, H.F.P. and Van Enckevort,
I.M.J. (2002). Data-driven modelling of nearshore sandbar position.
Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union, 83(47), Fall Meet.
Suppl., p. F718.
UU
Quartel, S, Kroon, A. (2003). Seasonal Volumetric Beach
Changes at a Sandy Beach in Noordwijk, The Netherlands. Eos
Trans. AGU, 84(52).Ocean Sci. Meet. Suppl., Abstract OS32F-09,
2003
UU
Quartel, S.(2004), Seasonal volumetric changes of an intertidal
beach. Proc. NCK-days (Netherlands Center for Coastal
Research)
UU,RWS
Kroon, A., De Kruif, A.C., Quartel, S., Reintjes, C.M. Reintjes,
(2003). Influence of storms on the sequential behavior of bars and
rips. Proc. Coastal Sediments'03, ASCE, 11 pp.
UU,RWS
Kroon, A, Spanhoff, R, Aarninkhof, S.(2005), Seasonal effects
and the impact of beach morphology on the variability of water line
positions. Proc. of Coastal Dynamics’05, ASCE.
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CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
RWS, UU
Spanhoff, R, Kroon, A, De Keijser, S.2005,. Shoreface
nourishment as a natural laboratory. Proc. of Coastal Dynamics’05,
ASCE
UCo, UU
Aagaard, T., Kroon, A., Andersen, S., Sørensen, R.M., Quartel,
S. and Vinther, N. Intertidal beach change during storm
conditions; Egmond, The Netherlands. Revised paper submitted,
Marine Geology
UCo
Aagaard T. and Hughes M. (2005) Breaker turbulence and
sediment resuspension in the swash zone of gently sloping
beaches. Coastal Dynamics '05, Barcelona (conference
presentation).
UCo
Aagaard T and Hughes M (2005). A study on sediment
suspension and turbulence in the swash zone of dissipative
beaches. Submitted to Marine Geology
Albertazzi, C., Archetti, R., Armaroli, C., Ceroni, M., Ciavola, C.,
Lamberti, L., Medri, S., (2003). The CoastView Project.
ERRG,UBo,UF
Proceedings of Medcoast Conference, Ravenna, Italy, pp. 235246.
Albertazzi C., R. Archetti, C. Armaroli, M. Ceroni, P. Ciavola, A.
Lamberti, S. Medri (2003). The Coastview Project. Proc. of the VI
ERRG,UBo,UF MEDCOAST International Conference on the Mediterranean
Coastal Environment, 7 10 Ottobre 2003. Ravenna. Italy. Ed E.
Ozhan (Ed.), Vol.1, pp 235 246.
ERRG,UBo
Albertazzi, R. Archetti, C. Armaroli, M. Ceroni, P. Ciavola, A.
Lamberti, S. Medri . (2003). Il Progetto Coastview. Presentation at
“XXI Giornata dell’Ambiente, Convegno Aree Costiere, Erosioni e
ripascimento - Degrado di spiagge e coste”1. Accademia dei Lincei.
5 June 2003, Rome, Italy.
UBo
Archetti R. Tirindelli M., Gamberini, G., Lamberti A. (2003).
Analysis of currents around a low crested barrier: comparison
between field and numerical results. Proc. of the VI MEDCOAST
International Conference on the Mediterranean Coastal
Environment, 7-10 October 2003. Ravenna. Italy. Ed E. Ozhan
(Ed.), pp 1731 1740.
UBo
Archetti R. and Lamberti A. Monitoraggio idrodinamico di una
spiaggia protetta: confronto tra misure ed elaborazioni di immagini.
Università degli Studi di Bologna.
UBo
Archetti R., Tirindelli M. and Lamberti A.: Field Measurements of
Hydrodynamics around a Beach Defence System
UBo
Cappietti L., Martinelli L. and Zanuttigh B. Experimental analysis
of piling-up and filtration in presence of low crested structures.
32
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
UBo
Christensen E.D., Zanuttigh B. and Zyserman J.A. Validation of
Numerical Models Against laboratory Measurements of Waves
and Currents Around Low-Crested Structures
UBo
Lamberti A. and Zanuttigh B. An integrated approach to beach
management in Lido di Dante, Italy
UBo
Lamberti A., Zanuttigh B. and Kramer M. Wave and current
flows around low-crested structures
UBo
Lamberti A., Zanuttigh B., Tirindelli M. Evaluation of Overtopping
Processes over Low-Crested Structures
UBo
Lamberti A., Zanuttigh B., and Martinelli L. Wave run-up,
overtopping and per collation over low-crested structures.
UBo
Martinelli L., Archetti R., Clementi E. and Lamberti A. Effetti
morfologici associati ad un sistema di strutture tracimabili: prove di
laboratorio ed osservazioni in campo
UBo
Martinelli L., Zanuttigh B., Clementi E., Guerrero M. and
Lamberti A. Experimental analysis and 2DH numerical simulations
of morphodynamics around lowcrested sctructures
UBo
Marzetti S. and Zanuttigh B. Socio-economic valuation of beach
protection from erosion in Lido di Dante (Italy)
UBo
Tirindelli M. and Lamberti A. Evaluation of wave-induced loads
on low-crested structure elements.
UBo
Tirindelli M. and Lamberti A. Wave-induced forces on structural
and biotic elements of low-crested structures
UBo
Tirindelli M. and Lamberti A. Impulsive forces induced by
breaking waves on biotic elements attached to Low Crested
Structures
UBo
Van der Meer J.W., Wang B., Wolters A., Zanuttigh B. and
Kramer M. Oblique wave transmission over low-crested structures
UBo
Van der Meer J.W., Briganti R., Wang B., Zanuttigh B. Wave
Transmission at low-crested structures, including oblique wave
attack.
UBo
Zanuttigh B. and Lamberti A.
coastal defence structures
UBo
Zanuttigh B., Martinelli L. and Lamberti A. Hydrodynamics
induced by low-crested rubble-mound structures: wave basin
experimental analysis and 2DH numerical simulations
UBo
Zanuttigh B., Guerrero M. and Lamberti A. 3D Experimental
Analysis of wave reflection at
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Final Report I
analysis and numerical simulations of hydrodiynamics around low
crested structures.
UF
Armaroli, C., Ciavola, P., Balouin, Y., Gatti, M. (2004). An
integrated study of shoreline variability using GIS and Argus
techniques. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue 39,
Proceedings of ICS 2004 International Coastal Symposium, Vale
do Itajaì, Brazil, in press.
UF
Armaroli, C., Baluoin, Y., Ciavola, P., Zanella, M. (2005). Bar
changes due to storm events using Argus: Lido di Dante, Italy.
Proceedings of Coastal Dynamics 2005, Barcelona, Spain, in
press.
UF
Balouin, Y., Ciavola, P., Anfuso, G., Armaroli, C., (2003).
Relationship between bar migration and swash duration: field
assessments at Lido di Volano beach, Adriatic Sea, Northern Italy.
Proceedings of 3rd IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and
Estuarine Morphodynamics, A. Sanchez-Arcilla and A. Bateman
(ed.), IAHR, Barcelona, Spain, 1-5 September 2003, pp. 11211133.
UF
Balouin, Y., Ciavola, P., Anfuso, G., (2003). Processus de
migration des barres intertidales sous l’impact du “swash”. Etudes
en Adriatique Septentrionale. Proceedings of 9eme Congrès
Français de Sedimentologie, ASF, Paris, n° 38, pp. 24-25.
UF
Balouin, Y., Michel, D., Ciavola, P., de Resseguier, A., (2003).
Morphodynamique d’une embouchure tidale: le Bevano, Italie du
NE. Apports de la technique de traçage fluorescent en domaine
Congrès
Français
de
subtidal.
Proceedings
of
9eme
Sedimentologie, ASF, Paris, n° 38, pp. 26-27.
UF
Balouin, Y., Ciavola, P., Anfuso, G., Armaroli, C., Corbau, C.,
Tessari, U. (2004). Morphodynamics of intertidal sand bars: field
studies in the northern Adriatic, NE Italy. Journal of Coastal
Research, Special Issue 39, Proceedings of ICS 2004, Vale do
Itajaì, Brazil, in press.
UF
Balouin, Y., Ciavola, P., Michel, D. (2004). Support of subtidal
tracer studies to quantify the complex morphodynamics of a river
outlet: the Bevano, NE Italy. Journal of Coastal Research, Special
Issue 39, Proceedings of ICS 2004 International Coastal
Symposium, Vale do Itajaì, Brazil, in press.
UF
Balouin, Y., Ciavola, P., Armaroli, C. (2005). Sediment transport
pattern and coastal evolution at Lido di Dante beach, Adriatic Sea.
Proceedings of Coastal Dynamics 2005, Barcelona, Spain, in
press.
UF
Baluoin, Y., Ciavola, P., Armaroli, C., Capatti, D. (2005).
34
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
Nearshore bars as a natural protection of beaches, field evidences
from Lido di Dante beach, Adriatic Sea. Proceedings of ICCCM’05
Conference on Coastal Conservation and Management in the
Atlantic and Mediterranean, Tavira, Algarve, Portugal, in press.
UF
Ciavola, P., Corbau, C., Cibin, U., Perini, L., (2003). Mapping of
the Coastal Zone of the Emilia-Romagna Region using
Geographical Information Systems. Proceedings of Medcoast
Conference, Ravenna, Italy, pp. 2363-2374.
UF
Ciavola P., Gatti, M., Armaroli, C., Balouin, Y., (2003).
Valutazione della variazione della linea di riva nell’area di Lido di
Dante (RA) tramite GIS e monitoraggio con GPS cinematico.
Proceedings of XXI Giornata dell’Ambiente, Aree Costiere,
Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Roma, Italy.
UF
Ciavola, P., Balouin, Y., Armaroli, C. (2005). River mouth
development in the northern Adriatic: the Bevano case study and
the dilemma of no-intervention. Proceedings of ICCCM’05
Conference on Coastal Conservation and Management in the
Atlantic and Mediterranean, Tavira, Algarve, Portugal, in press.
UF
Gardelli, M., Armaroli, C., Ciavola, P. (2005). Studio della
variazione della linea di riva tramite l’analisi di immagini video e
strumenti GIS. Proceedings of Convegno Nazionale Montagne e
Pianure, Padova, Italy, in press.
CIIRC
Gracia, V., Jiménez, J.A. and Juliá, A. (2003). La tormenta de
Noviembre de 2001. Características e impactos a lo largo del litoral
catalán. VII Jornadas Españolas de Costas y Puertos. Libro de
Resúmenes, 504-506
CIIRC
Gracia, V. and Jiménez, J.A. (2004). Unexpected(?) response of
infrastructures and beaches along the spanish mediterranean
coast to the extrem storm of november of 2001. 29th ICCE, ASCE,
Lisbon (accepted for oral presentation).
CIIRC
Jiménez, J.A. and Sánchez-Arcilla, A. (2003). A long-term
(decadal) evolution model for microtidal barrier systems. Coastal
Engineering, (accepted).
CIIRC
Jiménez, J.A. and Valdemoro, H.I. (2003). La influencia de la
dinámica costera en la explotación turística de las playas (I).
Erosión a largo plazo. Equipamiento y Servicios Municipales, 109,
28-37.
CIIRC
Jiménez, J.A., Valdemoro, H.I. and Sánchez-Arcilla, A. (2003).
Bayed beaches behaviour under storms. Effects of storm direction,
intensity, duration and water level on beach erosion. Proceedings
of the Int. Conf. Coastal Sediments 2003. CD-ROM Published by
World Scientific Publishing Corp. & East Meets West Productions,
35
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
Corpus Christi, Texas, USA. ISBN 981-238-422-7.
CIIRC
Jiménez, J.A. and Valdemoro, H.I. (2003). The influence of
coastal dynamics on recreational use of Mediterranean beaches.
(Submitted).
CIIRC
Jiménez, J.A., Valdemoro, H.I. and Gracia, V. (2004). Utilización
de indicadores para la evaluación de riesgos de infraestructuras en
playas urbanas. VI Congreso y exposición internacional de playas,
ECOPLAYAS 2004, Santander.
CIIRC
Valdemoro, H.I., Jiménez, J.A., Sánchez-Arcilla, A., Gracia, V.,
Montoya, F., Galofré, J. and Peña, C. (2002). Beach
management in a highly eroding coast with strong ecological
constraints. Proc. 28th Int. Coastal Eng. Conf., ASCE, 3832-3844.
CIIRC
Valdemoro, H.I., Jiménez, J.A., Cáceres, A. and Gracia, V.
(2003). Utilización de indicadores en gestión de costas. Aplicación
a la evaluación de riesgos de infraestructuras en playas urbanas.
VII Jornadas Españolas de Costas y Puertos. Book of Abstracts,
504-506.
CIIRC
Valdemoro, H.I. and Jiménez, J.A. (2005). The influence of
coastal dynamics on the use and exploitation of Mediterranean
tourist beaches. Coastal Management, (in review).
CIIRC
Mendoza, E.T. and Jiménez, J.A. (2004). Factors Controlling
vulnerability to storm impacts along the Catalonian Coast. 29th
ICCE, ASCE, Lisbon (accepted for oral presentation).
UCa
Gonzalez, Castanedo, Medina, Gonzalez. (2003). Aplicaciones
del sistema de modelado costero (SMC) y nuevas líneas de
investigación. VII Jornadas Españolas de Costas y Puertos
UCa
González M., Medina, R., Osorio, A (2004). Sistema de Modelado
Costero Español (SMC). XXI Congreso Latinoamericano de
Hidráulica. Sao Pedro. Provincia de Sao Paulo. Brasil
UCa
Medina R., Martin F.L., Osorio A., (2004). Utilización de sistemas
de observación mediante video para el diseño de actuaciones y
gestion de playas. VI congreso internacional de Playas.
ATEGRUS.
UCa
Medina, R., Martín M., Osorio, A. (2004) Utilización de sistemas
de observación mediante video para el diseño de actuaciones y
gestión de playas. VI Congreso y exposición internacional de
playas “ECOPLAYAS 2004”. Palacio de la Magdalena, Santander,
España.
UCa
Osorio A., Martin F., Medina R. (2003). El Proyecto
COASTVIEW: seguimiento de la evolución de la playa del Puntal.
36
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
VII Jornadas Españolas de Costas y Puertos.
UCa
Osorio A., Medina R., González M. Martin F. (2004). Utilizacion
de sistemas de observación mediante vídeo para el diseño de
actuaciones y gestión de puertos y playas. XXI Congreso
Latinoamericano de Hidraúlica São Pedro, Estado de São Paulo,
Brasil.
UCa, SPA
Osorio A., Medina R., Gonzalez M, Bastón S., Marcano D.
(2005) Gestión de la navegación empleando técnicas de video. VIII
Jornadas españolas de Ingeniería de costas y puertos.
UCa, UPI
Martín, Davidson, Medina, Losada. (2003). Utilización de
cámaras de vídeo como herramienta de gestión del litoral. Foro
nacional sobre gestión integral de zonas costeras.
Reports
Participant
centres
Author/Title/Presentation place
WL
Aarninkhof, S.G.J. (2004). Practical issues for using Argus
(Praktische Facetten Inzet Argus), in Dutch. WL | Delft Hydraulics
Report Z3781
WL
Cohen, A.B. (2003). Video-derived observations of longshore
currents. M.Sc. Thesis, Delft University of Technology, Faculty of
Civil Engineering and Geoscienses. Delft Hydraulics Report
Z2802.40.
WL
Cohen, A.B. and Aarninkhof, S.G.J. (2005). Applicability of optical
wave measurements at Egmond (Toepasbaarheid van optische
golfmetingen te Egmond), in Dutch. WL | Delft Hydraulics report
Z3828.
WL
Nipius, L.J. (2002). Evaluation of Nourishments at Egmond with
Argus Video Monitoring and Delft3D-MOR. M.Sc. Thesis, Delft
University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and
Geoscienses. Delft Hydraulics Report Z2822.51.
WL
Reijntjes, C.M. and Aarninkhof, S.G.J. (2003). Definitions and
quantification of ‘Coastal State Indicators’. WL | Delft Hydraulics
Report Z3536 (in Dutch).
WL
Roelvink, J.A., Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Wijnberg, K.M. and Reniers,
A.J.H.M. (2003). Quantification of 2D subtidal bathymetry from video.
WL | Delft Hydraulics report Z3536.
WL, UU
Ruessink, B.G. and Van den Boogaard, H.F.P. and Aarninkhof,
37
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
S.G.J. (2002). Integration of Argus video data and nearshore sandbar
models. WL | Delft Hydraulics Report Z3290.
WL
Wijnberg, K.M. and Aarninkhof, S.G.J. (2003). Monthly evolution of
a nourished beach. WL | Delft Hydraulics Report Z3290.
WL
Wijnberg, K.M., Roelvink, J.A. and Aarninkhof, S.G.J. (2004). Bed
variability in the surf zone at the storm- and seasonal time scale,
mapped by Argus video techniques. WL | Delft Hydraulics report
Z3781.
WL
Wijnberg, K.M. (2005). Applicability of video-derived coastal state
indicators for CZM purposes (Bruikbaarheid voor de kustbeheerder
van door Argus gemeten beheersparameters), in Dutch. WL \ Delft
Hydraulics report Z3781
WL,UPI
Aarninkhof, S.G.J. and Kingston, K.S. (2002). The Argus Runtime
Environment. Guidelines on the installation and use (User manual).
WL | Delft Hydraulics Report Z2802
WL,UPI
Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Kingston, K.S. and Morelissen, R. (2003). The
Argus Runtime Environment Release 2003. Guidelines on the
installation and use (User manual). WL | Delft Hydraulics Report
Z2802, update of Aarninkhof and Kingston (2002).
UPI
Davidson, M.A. (2004). Sea Pictures Revel All. Article in Teign
Scene. Issue 10, Summer 2004. Published by Teign Estuary
Partnership.
CIIRC
Jiménez, J.A. (2002). A brief overview of management problems in
Spain. Coastal State Indicators Report. CoastView.
CIIRC, WL
Jiménez, J.A. and van Koningsveld, M. (2002). Coastal State
Indicators. A bridge between science and coastal management.
Coastal State Indicators Report
UF
Ciavola, P., Billi, P. (2004). Report on the Argus system and on Lido
di Dante beach for the fieldtrip to the site with scientists from the
Italian Association of Physical Geographers and Geomorphologists
(AIGEO). Ravenna, Italy.
UCa
De la Hoz D. (2004). Estudio sobre la distribución de usuarios en la
playa de “El Puntal” de Santander empleando imágenes de video.
Proyecto fin de carrera de Ingeniería de Caminos Canales y Puertos.
Universidad de Cantabria. Santander, España.
Appearance in media.
Participant
centres
Author/Title/Presentation place
38
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
UF
Ciavola, P. (2002). Un “guardone” di nome Argus spia la costa. Article on local
press “Il Resto del Carlino” Ravenna, Italy, n.249.
UF
Ciavola, P. (2004). Banca della sabbia di fronte a Lido di Dante. Article on local
press “Il Resto del Carlino” Emilia Romagna, Italy, n.66.
UPI
Davidson, M.A. (2002) Press release in Western Daily Press (Bristol Area).
Swimmer safety and the CoastView project – Wednesday 6th November 2002
UPI
Kingston, K. (2002) Interview by Carlton Television. (Regional UK Channel)
1 Sept '02. Ken Kingston outlined coastal video research on regional TV
UCa
Medina R., Martin FL. (2003). Dissemination of CoastView project to Diario
montañes (Local journal)
UCa
Medina R., Martin FL. (2003). UC Comunicación (Internal UCa journal)
UCa
Medina R., Martin FL. Sociedad Española de Radiodifusion (SER). National
radio Station
UCa
Medina R., Martin FL. Onda Cero (Local Radio Station)
UCa
Medina R. ,Osorio A. (2005) Gestión de las playas como recursos turísticos con
la ayuda de sistemas de vídeo. Boletín Red Costera de invemar. Boletín
CoPraNet (Coastal Practice Network)
UCa
Osorio A., Medina R. (2005) Gestión de las playas como recursos turísticos con
la ayuda de sistemas de vídeo. Boletín Red Costera de invemar.
http://www.invemar.org.co/redcostera1/invemar/noticias.jsp?idart=1535&idcat=26
UU
Quartel S.,(2003) Coastal changes and ARGUS at Egmond beach. Local Radio
Station (RTV Noord-Holland)
WL
Stive, M.J.F. and Aarninkhof, S.G.J. (2003) Interview for TV-West / Rijnmond /
Zeeland on the potential of artifical surfing reefs at the Holland coast and the use
of Argus for the monitoring of their impact.
WL
Aarninkhof, S.G.J. and Solvik, L. (2002) Radio interview for Radio NoordHolland on the evaluation of beach nourishments with Argus video at Egmond,
The Netherlands.
WL
Aarninkhof, S.G.J. (2003)Video legt zeebodem en kustlijn vast. Stations basis
hoogwaardige informatie (In Dutch). Article in Cobouw, December 4, 2003.
WL
Reniers, A.J.H.M. and Aarninkhof, S.G.J. (2004) Waarom rollen golven het
strand op? Artikel in de Telegraaf, October 23, 2004.
WL
Stive, M.J.F. (2003). Baywatch guards sand bars. Appearance in national
newspaper (Volkskrant). March 2003
39
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
WL
Stive, M.J.F. . (2003). Strolling sand bars. Appearance in national newspaper
(NRC Handelsblad), March 2003
WL
Stive, M.J.F.(2004) De ogen van de kust. Batterijen camera’s en het raadsel van
de terugwandelende zandbanken (In Dutch). Delft Integraal, April 2004
WL
Stive, M.J.F and Aarninkhof, S.G.J (2003) Interview for |TV-West / Rijnmond /
Zeeland on the potential of artifical surfing reefs at the Holland coast and the use
of Argus for the monitoring of their impact. April 10, 2003
UBo
Medri S. (2003), Torri in riva al mare, Article on local press “Ravenna &
Dintorni”, Ravenna, Italy. n.77.
Lectures and presentations
Participant
centres
Author/Title/Presentation place
UF
Ciavola, P. (2003). Beach morphodynamics. Lecture for the Master
course in Integrated Coastal Zone Management. Ravenna campus,
Italy.
UF
Ciavola, P., Armaroli, C., Balouin, Y. (2003), Ravenna: Fieldtrip to
the Argus Site for the students of the Department of Geography of the
University of Copenhagen. Ravenna campus, Italy.
UF
Ciavola, P., Armaroli, C., (2003). Valutazione della variazione della
linea di riva nell'area di Lido di Dante (RA) tramite GIS e monitoraggio
con GPS cinematico. Oral Presentation at Accademia Nazionale dei
Lincei, XXI Giornata dell'Ambiente, Aree Costiere, Roma, Italy.
UF
Ciavola, P.,
participants.
UF
Ciavola, P., Cibin, U., Perini, L. (2003), Lido di Dante: Visit to the
Lido di Dante site with end users from the Geological Survey of the
Emilia Romagna Region.
UF
Ciavola, P. (2004). Beach morphodynamics using Video Tools.
Lecture for the PhD course in Marine Environmental Sciences.
Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
UPI
Davidson, M. EPSRC Coastal Zone Networks Conference
(COZONE). 25th June King’s College, London, Invited Speaker
UPI
Davidson, M.A. 2004. The CoastView Project, Poster Presentation at
the Eurocean conference in Galway, Ireland 10th -13th May 2004.
Ceroni,
M,
(2003),
Bologna:
internal
meeting;
40
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
UPI
Davidson, M.A. 2004. Dissemination of CoastView outcomes to the
next generation of coastal scientists. Round Table Discussion at the
Internat. Coastal Symposium, Brazil -DEVELOPING COASTAL
VIDEO MONITORING SYSTEMS IN SUPPORT OF COASTAL
ZONE MANAGEMENT
UPI
Davidson, M.A. & Ken Kingston 2004. Training coastal zone
managers and scientists. Undergraduate lectures to 2nd, 3rd Year
degree level & MSc. students on video remote sensing.
UPI
Davidson, M.A. & Ken Kingston 2004. Dissemination to Naval
Cadets & Staff on the capabilities of coastal video systems and their
practical implementation. Seminar to the Britannia Royal Naval
College Dartmouth
UPI
Davidson, M.A. 2004. Overview of the CoastView Project and the
practical outcomes to date. American Geophysical Union, Ocean
Sciences Meeting, Portland, USA. Invited Speaker
UPI
Davidson, M.A., 2004. Developing useful coastal state indicators
(CSIs): The CoastView Project. Invited keynote speaker at the
European Land Ocean Interaction Conference in Portoroz, Slovenia.
(November 2004).
UPI
Davidson, M.A., 2004. Coastal Video Monitoring Systems.
Presentation to the UK Meteorological Office, Plymouth, 2nd February,
2005.
UPI
Davidson, M.A. Video monitoring for coastal zone management.
End-user workshop conducted as part of the Environment Agency
National Survey Users Group Board Meeting, 9th February 2005,
Solihull, UK.
UCa
Medina R., Martin FL. (2003). Dissemination of CoastView to UIMP.
Universidad Internacional Menendez Pelayo
UCa
Medina R., Martin FL. (2003). Dissemination of CoastView project to
Fundacion Marcelino Botin
UCa
Medina R., Martin FL. (2003). Dissemination of CoastView project to
Hoteles USA . ARGUS referred in the Hotel WEB site and link to
ARGUS
UCa
Medina R., Martin FL. (2003). Dissemination of CoastView project to
Dirección general de Costas. Ministerio de Medio ambeinte
UCa
Medina R., Martin FL. (2003). Dissemination of CoastView project to
Puertos del Estado
UCa
Medina R., Martin FL. (2003). VI Encuentro de alto nivel entre
Universidad y empresa. ASEGRE
41
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
UCa
Osorio, A.,Medina, R. (2004) Utilización de sistemas de observación
mediante video para el diseño de actuaciones y gestión de playas. V
Curso Iberoamericano de Tecnología, Operaciones y Gestión
Medioambiental en puertos.
CIIRC
Jiménez, J.A. (2003). Algunos aspectos de la gestión costera en
España. II Congresso sobre Planejamento e Gestão da Zona Costeira
dos Países de Expressão Portuguesa, Recife, Brazil [invited
conference].
CIIRC
Jiménez, J.A. (2004). Les platges i las sevas funcions. Crietris per
avaluar la seva qualitat. V Jornadas GIZC, Gestió de la qualitat en el
litoral, Generalitat de Catalunya, l’Estartit, (September, 2004) [invited
conference].
CIIRC
Jiménez, J.A. (2004). Como utilizar y aplicar Indicadores fiables para
evaluar los Riesgos de Infraestructuras en las Playas Urbanas. 1
hour Lecture in Curso de Gestión y Explotación de Playas. Institute
for International Research, Valencia (October, 2004).
CIIRC
Jiménez, J.A. (2004). Elementos para la planificación: Funciones,
usos y calidad de la costa. Encontro Nacional de Gerenciamiento
Costeiro, ENCOGERCO, Salvador de Bahía, Brazil, (November,
2004) [invited conference].
UU, RWS
Kroon, A., De Kruif, A.C., Quartel, S., Reintjes, C.M. Reintjes
(2003). Influence of storms on the sequential behavior of bars and
rips. Proceedings of Coastal Sediments'03, ASCE.
UU
Kroon, A.(2004), Geomorphology Group in the UK. Coastal Problems
and the application of video-images.
UU
Kroon, A., (2004) Possibilities of the ARGUS system for safety,
tourism and recreation. Hotel Huis ter Duin
WL, UU
Aarninkhof, S, Kroon, A., (2004) ARGUS applications for coastal
problems: what can we learn from COASTVIEW. All coastal
specialists in Ministry of Public Works, NL
WL, UU
Aarninkhof, S.G.J. and Kroon, A. (2004). Argus workshop at the
Ministry of Public Works Rijkswaterstaat on the applicability of Argus
video monitoring systems.
WL
Aarninkhof, S.G.J. and Cohen, A.B. (2005). Innovative techniques
in support of beach management. Workshop at a meeting of the EUfunded COPRANET project, March 12 (2005), Zandvoort (NL).
WL
De Kruif, A.C. and Aarninkhof, S.G.J. (2004). End-user workshop
Zandvoort on the applicability
of Argus video monitoring at
42
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
Zandvoort.
UBo
Medri S., Il Progetto Coastview, Presentation at Local Conference
“Terra di Mare: Progettare il litorale”2, 23 August 2003, Lido di Dante,
Ravenna, Italy.
ERRG,
UBo,UF
Albertazzi, C., Archetti, R., Armaroli, C., Ceccaroni, G., Ceroni,
M., Ciavola, P., Lamberti, A., Medri, S. (2003) II progetto
CoastView, Poster at Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, XXI Giornata
dell'Ambiente, Aree Costiere, Roma, Italy.
UF, UBo,
ERRG
Armaroli, C., Ceroni, M., Medri, S., Archetti, R., Albertazzi, C
(2004), Bologna: internal meeting,
43
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
Section 3. Workpackage Progress
This section includes specific summaries of the activities of all partners under the specified
heading, including:
•
•
•
•
•
Objectives
Methodology and scientific achievements related to Work Packages including contribution
from partners
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication
Discussion and conclusion
Plan and objectives for the next period
These summaries are given in the following order:
N°
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Institution/Organisation
Institute of Marine Studies, University of Plymouth (UPl)
WL | Delft Hydraulics (WL)
Utrecht Univesiteit (UU)
University of Bologna (UBo)
University of Cantabria (UCa)
Rijkswaterstaat, National Institute for Coastal and Marine Management - RIKZ (RWS)
UK Environment Agency (UKE)
University of Copenhagen (UCo)
Emillia-Romagna, Regional Government (ERRG)
University of Ferrara (UF)
11
12
Santander Port Authority (SPA)
International Centre for Coastal Resources Research (CIIRC)
44
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
Partner: University of Plymouth
Report written by: Mark Davidson
Date: April 31, 2004
(NB Full details of UPl’s activities are included in the main body of the second annual report.
The following is a very brief summary that avoids unnecessary repetition of material presented
in Section 1.1 of the second annual report).
45
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
Partner Report
Partner: WL | Delft Hydraulics
Report written by: Stefan Aarninkhof
Date: Wednesday, 01 June 2005
Work Package 1 – Coastal State Indicators
Objectives for this period:
Development of uniform ‘Frame of Reference’ schemes for all CSI’s relevant at the
various CoastView sites
Main Achievements:
Contribution to the development of these schemes.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Frame of reference approach. This approach will play a key-role in the CoastView
special issue
Results:
Sound definition of CSI’s.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
The implementation of the different CSI’s for actual use in the field of CZM needs
further attention.
Work Package 2 – Video system development
Objectives for this period:
Ongoing collection of video data at Santander and Lido di Dante
Main Achievements:
•
•
•
Ongoing collection of video data
Upgrade of Argus data collection software
Operational use of wind- and solar-powered stand-alone Argus video station in
Egmond.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Ongoing data collection. Near real-time video data of the Egmond sites as well as El
Puntal (Spain) and Lido di Dante (It) can be viewed at www.wldelft.nl/argus.
Upgrade of data collection software. The Argus data collection software was updated
to handle cyclic data collection schemes. This implies that the user is fully flexible in
46
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
the specification of data collection schemes, including collection of multiple
snap/timex/variance images per hour and the simultaneous collection of timestacks
of variable length.
Results:
The Argus stations were found to operate robustly and yield good quality video data.
In February 2005, the Egmond Coast3D station was hit by lightning, which seriously
damaged the video hardware. At the moment, new hardware components are being
ordered; the re-installation of the station is scheduled for June 2005.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Work Package 3 – Supporting in-situ measurements
Objectives for this period:
None
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Work Package 4 – Image interpretation and analysis
Objectives for this period:
Development and validation of techniques to derive video-based CSI’s
Ground-truthing of video-derived CSI’s
Advanced analysis of the evolution of video-derived CSI’s in time.
Main Achievements:
Calibration and validation of our model to quantify 2DH nearshore morphology from
plan-view merged video images, on the basis of time-averaged patterns of wave
breaking.
Ground-truthing of the Momentary Intertidal Coastline (MICL) approach against the
traditionally used Momentary Coastline (MCL) methodology, followed by application
of the MICL approach at Egmond.
Operationalization of Oregon State University routines to estimate directional wave
spectra from time stacks and application at Egmond.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Mapping 2DH subtidal bathymetry: Interpretation of nearshore video observations
47
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
with the help of sophisticated data analysis techniques, wave decay models and
morphological models. Results are reported in:
Wijnberg, K.M., Roelvink, J.A. and Aarninkhof, S.G.J. (2004). Bed variability in the
surf zone at the storm- and seasonal scale, mapped by Argus-video
techniques. Preliminary results using SBM-2DH. WL | Delft Hydraulics report
Z3781.
Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Wijnberg, K.M., Roelvink, J.A. and Reniers, A.J.H.M. (2005).
Quantification of 2DH subtidal bathymetry from video. Proc. of Coastal
Dynamics Conf., Barcelona, Spain.
Ground-truthing of MICL approach: Quantification of time series of MCL and MICL
evolution from bi-annual surveys of bathymetry, assessment of MICL capability to
represent relevant trends in MCL evolution, determination of the accuracy of videoderived MICL’s in this context and application to Egmond. Results are reported in:
Wijnberg, K.M. (2004). Bruikbaarheid voor de kustbeheerder van door Argus
gemetne beheersparameters (in Dutch). WL | Delft Hydraulics report Z3781.
Wijnberg, K.M.., Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Van Koningsveld, M., Ruessink, B.G. and
Stive, M.J.F. (2004). 'Video monitoring in support of coastal
management. Proc. of Int. Conf. on Coastal Eng., Lisbon (Portugal), Lisbon
(Portugal)
Determination directional wave spectra: Operationalization of OSU-based routines to
estimate directional wave spectra from video, and application of this functionality to 6
months of time stack data collected at Egmond. Results are reported in:
Cohen, A.B. and Aarninkhof, S.G.J. (2005). Toepasbaarheid optische golfmetingen
te Egmond (in Dutch). WL | Delft Hydraulics report Z3828.
Results:
Calibration of the model to map 2DH subtidal bathymetry, in combination with the
inclusion of an increased number of images have resulted in a considerable
improvement of model accuracy. The example below (Figure 1) shows the effect of
variable settings of the wave dissipation parameter gamma (cf. Battjes and Janssen,
1978). The calibrated model allowed for the analysis of seasonal variability in the
location of sand bars, thus demonstrating the added value of the availability of highresolution data (as compared to traditional annual surveys).
B
ed
el
ev
ati
on
z
(m
γ = 0.5
Simulation
Sept 1999 - Sept 2000
Cross-shore distance x (m)
B
ed
el
ev
ati
on
z
(m
γ = 0.8
Simulation
Sept 1999 - Sept 2000
Cross-shore distance x (m)
Figure 1: Application of SBM-2DH to Egmond. Results along central array for
variable settings of the wave breaking parameter gamma.
Investigations on the utility of the MICL concept have shown that (i) trends in MICL
48
CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
correlate well to trends in MCL evolution and (ii) the MICL can robustly be quantified
from video. Because of the high-resolution character of the MICL data, error bands
on the prediction of the future development of the MICL location considerably
decrease (Figure 2). As a result, this positively affects uncertainties on one-year
predictions of MICL locations at Egmond.
Figure 2: Ten-year trend MICL based on Jarkus data only (solid, black) and 10 -year
trend MICL based on Jarkus and Argus data together (solid, gray), with confidence
intervals (dashed).
The wave study aimed to asses the applicability of OSU-based routines to quantify
directional wave spectra from time stack imagery, focusing on the reliability of results
as a function of the distance to the video station as well as for different hydrodynamic
regimes. The analysis demonstrated remarkably robust performance of the model for
typical, short wave North Sea conditions, even at larger distances from the video
station. An example result is given below:
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CoastView, Jun-05
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Figure 3: Example application of OSU’s directional wave analysis software at
Egmond (NL).
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Work Package 5 – Dissemination and Exploitation
Objectives for this period:
Disseminate pre-existing knowledge Delft Hydraulics & dissemination of the
CoastView project and results
Main Achievements:
Various publications to disseminate the CoastView project as well as the outcome.
Active involvement in end-user workshops
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Active involvement in the preparation and organization of an end-user dissimination
workshop, organized in Zandvoort in September 2004. The meeting focussed on the
integral use Argus video monitoring in support of various CZM purposes. The Dutch
Ministry of Public Works Rijkswaterstaat is in charge of the organization of this
meeting.
Organization of a coastal erosion workshop during the COPRANET meeting in
Zandvoort (NL), March 9-11, 2005. This workshop paid attention to the added value
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CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
of video monitoring techniques for local city councils.
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Work Package 6 – Data standards and management
Objectives for this period:
Attendance to project meetings
Contributions to the set up of the CoastView Special Issue (Coastal Engineering
journal)
Main Achievements:
Attendance to all workshops
Contribution to several papers in de CE Special Issue, including the lead authorship
on two of them.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Mark Davidson, Mark Van Koningsveld, Arno de Kruif, Jane Rawson, Rob Holman
Alberto Lamberti, Raul Medina, Aart Kroon & Stefan Aarninkhof. The
CoastView Project: Developing video-derived coastal state indicators in support
of coastal zone management.
Kroon, A., Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Gonzalez, M., Osorio A., Aagaard, T., Holman, R.A.,
Spanhoff, R. Application of remote sensing video system for coastline
management problems
J.A. Jiménez, A. Osorio, I. Marino-Tapia, A. Kroon, R. Medina, M. Davidson, R.
Archetti, P. Ciavola, S. Aarnikhof. Beach recreation planning using videoderived coastal state indicators.
Smit, M.W.J., Aarninkhof, S.G.J., Wijnberg,K.M., González, M., Kingston, K.S.,
Southgate, H.N., Ruessink, B.G., Holman, R.A., Davidson, M. and Medina, R.
The role of video imagery in predicting daily to monthly coastal evolution
Mark Van Koningsveld, Mark Davidson, David Huntley, Raul Medina, Stefan
Aarninkhof, José Jiménez, Justin Ridgewell, Arno de Kruif. Evaluation Of The
Coastview Project: Lessons Learned And Outlook To The Future.
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
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Final Report I
Partner Report
Partner: Utrecht University
Report written by: dr Aart Kroon
Date: 29 April 2005
Work Package 1 – Coastal State Indicators
Objectives for this period:
Contribute to the final stage on key CSIs for the Egmond site. Further
exploiting the CSIs at Egmond and discussing them with end users.
Main Achievements:
Summary of CSIs at Egmond site.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Only in reporting and discussions with end users.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Similar to the 2nd year of the project, we intensified the discussion with end users
(e.g. meeting on November 8 in 2004 with Ministry of Transport and Public Works in
the Netherlands about the relevance of CSIs in coastal management.
Discussion and conclusion:
We had some discussions about the list of CSIs with end users. RWS was the main
initiator of that in the Dutch case.
Work Package 2 – Video system development
Objectives for this period: None
Main Achievements: We participated in discussions about new ARGUS video
techniques to better monitor the time varying variables (Pixel intensity series). For
this reason, the principal scientist form UU also participated in the ARGUS workshop
in Oregon (workshop was not paid by this CoastView project).
Methodology and scientific achievements: None
Results: None
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication: None
Discussion and conclusion: ARGUS III generation video cameras will probably be
capable of a better determination of video-derived variables like longshore current
velocities or rip current velocities.
Work Package 3 – Supporting in-situ measurements
Objectives for this period:
Continue measuring offshore background data on waves and water levels,
and intertidal beach topographies.
Main Achievements: Continued the series till the end of the project.
Methodology and scientific achievements: Beach surveys at Egmond and Noordwijk
and offshore data from the North Sea (by RWS).
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Results: Set of high quality beach surveys used to estimate video-derived profiles
and used to estimate volumetric changes. Background data are used to determine
the offshore wave characteristics and water levels (help to determine the energy
going towards the beach).
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Data will help to a better understanding of natural beach changes and will help to
determine the margins of natural change.
Discussion and conclusion: None
Work Package 4 – Image interpretation and analysis
Objectives for this period:
Report the different methods and error bars of video-derived CSIs.
Main Achievements:
Report on this stated objective.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Some extra scripts were made to automise the derivation of CSIs.
Results:
We developed time-series on CSIs like beach width, Momentarily Intertidal
Coastline position, high-water exceedence curves, etc.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Now we have some reliable tools for the coastal manager for a better monitoring and
management of the shores. Not only in cases of beach safety problems, but also in
cases of beach use problems.
Discussion and conclusion:
We really derived some very valuable CSIs that we can offer to the coastal
managers. We also put the results of our Egmond site in some of the special issue
papers for the Journal of Coastal Engineering (e.g. the ones pointing at coastline
management issues and beach use).
Work Package 5 – Dissemination and Exploitation
Objectives for this period:
Help to further promote the results of the CoastView projects to the general
public and especially to end users (managers)
Main Achievements:
We helped with the dissimination CD (Egmond part and the part on the
coastline management issue). The principal scientist from UU also champions
one of the special issue papers.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
None
Results:
Participated in a discussion at Dutch Ministry of Transport and Public Works
with some end users (together with WL). Contributed the small parts to the
dissimination CD (Main workers: University of Cantabria).
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Especially the products of this WP will be going to a broad audience of end-users
and may hopefully get a great impact on the video techniques in cases of coastal
management in the near future.
Discussion and conclusion:
None
Work Package 6 – Data standards and management
Objectives for this period:
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CoastView, Jun-05
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Send the final data (WP3 continuous background data) to the responsible
overall partner (University of Plymouth).
Main Achievements:
Objective is fulfilled.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Communication and exchange via the web-site and internet.
Results:
All data, including the background data we deliverd are stored.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Easy access of the data after closure of the project (main result and all credits for this
goes to University of Plymouth). Interested end-users can see what is happening.
Discussion and conclusion:
None
Any additional relevant information not covered elsewhere on this form
We, as scientists, were very pleased that the project leader M. Davidson and the
leader of WP5 R. Medina initiated a special issue on the CoastView project. We
eagerly reserved extra time in paper writing and we think that the CoastView project
is not only good in the exchange of ideas and methods between scientists and endusers, but also between different groups of scientists in Europe.
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Partner Report
Partner: University of Bologna UBo
Report written by: Alberto Lamberti, Renata Archetti and Silvia Medri
Date: 08/04/05
Work Package 1 – Coastal State Indicators
Objectives for this period:
- Definition of CSIs
- Report on key coastal state indicators for each site
Main Achievements:
- List of the most relevant CSIs for Management policy of Emilia -Romagna coastal
zone
- Report on key coastal state indicators for Lido di Dante
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Promotion of the interaction between scientists and coastal zone managers through
discussions with the involved partners (scientists and end users) in the process of
coastal management.
Results:
Confirmation of the list of main strategic and operative objectives and related CSIs,
reviewed on the basis of the possibility to obtain them from video images.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Demonstration of the importance of the use of CSIs in the process of decision making
by Emilia-Romagna Regional Government.
Discussion and conclusion:
Plan and objectives for next period:
Work Package 2 – Video system development
Objectives for this period:
Long-term, high frequency (hourly) video data at Lido di Dante.
Main Achievements:
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CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
Long-term (2 years) and high frequency (hourly) video data acquisition and collection
in Lido di Dante, including automatic snapshot, timex, variance, day-timex images
and timestacks.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Automatic acquisition and collection of all the mentioned video data in the Lido di
Dante server.
Results:
Upgraded Database archiving all the video data.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Plan and objectives for next period:
Work Package 3 – Supporting in-situ measurements
Objectives for this period:
- Ground truth measurements for video derived CSIs
- Long term measurements of waves, tides and meteorological conditions at Lido di
Dante
Main Achievements:
- Ground truth measurements of shoreline were carried out during an intensive
fieldwork in the period 15-22 July 2004
- Long term measurements of waves data were collected by the National Wave
Network; Tidal data were obtained from the National Tidal Network
Methodology and scientific achievements:
- A data set of 40 shorelines was collected at the beach of Lido di Dante in the period
15-22 July 2004. The shoreline surveys were conducted by moving a DGPS in
cinematic mode over a distance of about 700 meters alongshore, in the protected area
delimitated by the external groins, at the instantaneous centre of the swash zone. In
order to estimate the intertidal beach slope everyday of the fieldwork about 60 crossshore transects were surveyed too.
The post processing correction of the single frequency DGPS (model SR510 by
LEICA Geosystems) data through the corresponding RINEX files of a properly close
Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) gave out data with centimetre
precision. The used data (courtesy of Prof.ssa Susanna Zerbini) are those of the
CORS managed by the Department of Geophysics of University of Bo, located in
Marina di Ravenna, about 8 Km far from the survey area.
- The long term measurements of the wave buoys, located in Punta della Maestra (30
NM North from the study site) and Ancona (about 75 NM SE from the study site)
were analysed with the result that their averaged conditions can be considered
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CoastView, Jun-05
Final Report I
representative of the offshore wave conditions in Lido di Dante.
The long term tidal data were collected in Porto Corsini harbour, very close to the
study site. A comparison of these data with in situ-measurements (during the intensive
hydrodynamic campaign in Nov 2003 – Jan 2004) showed that Porto Corsini data are
representative of the tidal level in the site of Lido di Dante with a total error of 0.06
m.
Results:
- The comparison of Argus video derived data of shoreline position with the
corresponding GPS data shows a very good agreement. Concerning the planimetric
cross-shore position of the shorelines, the Median absolute difference between video
derived data and corresponding GPS data is about 0.75m, that is a reasonable spread,
the dynamic of the shoreline itself considered.
- The long term field measurements of the site show that the site is exposed to two
main climate conditions: most frequent storms come from S-SE (Scirocco) while the
strongest ones come from N-NE (Bora). Offshore waves reach 3.5 m average height
every year and about 6 m every 100 years.
Besides, waves and currents were measured also in the short term inside and outside
the protected area. During several field campaigns (29 Nov. - 28 Dec in 2004) the
wave height reached 0.9 m inside the area (20m from the central gap), and 1.8 m
outside the protected area (50 m offshore the northern Low Crested Structure, LCS)
during intense storms from N. Current velocities through the gap, due to tide
oscillation and during severe storms to wind and waves, can reach up to 0.5 m/s.
These currents are responsible of the strong erosion at the gap, therefore special
maintenance is requested at the gap and at the roundheads.
The comparison between wave height inside and outside the LCS allowed the
estimation of the wave transmission coefficient kt (ranging from 0.35 to 0.65). As
expected, kt increases with the sea water level (swl). Comparing the swl inside and
outside the structure you can see a strong set up during intense storms ranging
between 0 and 0.4 m, for very high wave height.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Work Package 4 – Image interpretation and analysis
Objectives for this period:
- New robust, user-friendly algorithms for the estimation of CSIs
- New models for forecasting the long-term evolution of CSIs
Main Achievements:
a) Development of algorithms for the analysis of evolution and prediction of
morphological video-derived CSIs:
-mean daily shoreline position;
-intertidal beach bathymetry.
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b) Development of algorithms for the estimation of video-derived hydrodynamic
CSIs:
- wave run-up;
- wave period;
- frequency of breaking waves;
- longshore currents at the parallel breakwater.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
a)
The analysis of the mean daily shoreline position, that is the daily mean location of
the shoreline identified on merged plan-view daytimex images of the beach, was
carried out for year 2004, 1.detecting and understanding the dynamic trend of the
shoreline and 2.forecasting its behaviour for the near future.
In order to describe the qualitative evolution of the beach, a movie showing the beach
and the shoreline variations for everyday in 2004 was made. The waterline elevation
was chosen as the mean value of daily tide calculated only during daylight, when
images were collected. The movie shows also the corresponding values of the Root
Mean Square Wave Heights and the Tidal Level.
1.Then analysing in quantitative way the data used for the movie, the shoreline
displacements in cross-shore direction were estimated for different areas of interest
(the southern cell, the northern cell, the whole protected area, the unprotected zone).
Carrying out a multivariate analysis of these data (through multiple linear regression
of the positions on the corresponding values of tidal level and wave height (Hrms) the
evolutionary trend of the beach in the studied period was obtained for the whole
protected area in Lido di Dante.
2. On the basis of these data a forecast of the mean daily shoreline position at the end
of 2005 was estimated by extrapolation. This analysis doesn't want to be an accurate
calculation of the position, but it gives and indication of the beach condition. The
position was predicted relative to three different forcing conditions: calm condition
(mean tide and mean wave), medium danger (high tide and fairly high wave height),
high danger (high tide and high wave height).
- The analysis of the protected inter-tidal beach bathymetry in Lido di Dante was
carried out by tracking the hourly shoreline variations with the sea water level on
timex images during one tidal cycle or more consecutive tidal cycles, in order to
rebuild the three-dimensional solid of the inter-tidal beach.
The inter-tidal bathymetry of the protected area in Lido di Dante during 2004 was
derived at a rate of about 1 solid every 10-30 days, depending on the tide levels, the
sea-weather condition, the images quality. The bathymetry was reconstructed always
in calm days, paying particular attention to the days before and after for the main
storms. The comparison of the intertidal beach solids before and after the storms,
provides the evaluation of the effect of the storms, and of the waves in general, on the
protected beach.
Carrying out this analysis for the entire year the regularities in the beach response to
the typical forcing wave conditions were found, allowing the understanding and the
prediction of the beach behaviour subject to specific wave attacks.
The efficiency of the defence system has been verified.
b) Hydrodynamics
- Timestack were designed in order to detect information on currents and on breaking
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frequency of waves. They were collected in November 2004 – January 2005.
All the stacks have been collected with the standard frequency of 2 Hz for a duration
of 7 minutes (420 s) with camera 2 and with camera 3.
The estimation of the wave peak period and mean period was done by the spectral
analysis of the intensity signal of the pixels. Results were compared with the spectrum
of sea level measurement performed with pressure gauges, always with very good
agreement.
Breaking waves are easily recognizable on a designed cross-shore timestack: they
appear as a fast contrast of intensity in time. This behaviour is the basis of the
methodology proposed for the detection of the number of breaking waves in every
single cross shore location. The signal is high pass filtered from long period
component and through a zero-crossing analysis the waves are detected.
- Video monitoring algorithms have been validated with velocity and wave data
acquired by the ADCP during the field campaigns.
Results:
a)
- 1. As a result of the mentioned multivariate analysis, a plot showing the evolutionary
trend of the whole protected area in Lido di Dante for 2004 was obtained. The final
issue is that there isn't evidence of accretion or erosion, but oscillations of about 5
meters around the mean value are observed, documenting a substantial stability of the
beach or a very small erosion, when uncertainties are considered. This is also
confirmed by the analysis of the video-derived intertidal bathymetry in the same
period.
2. Considering the building location present on the beach in Lido di Dante very close
to the sea or at the back of it, it was concluded that that the present degree of defence
is insufficient.
- During 2004, the reactions of the protected intertidal beach in Lido di Dante to the
highest extreme events from North-East (typically pseudo-rotations of the beach
surface) tend to compensate with the effects of the lower but more frequent SouthEast forcing waves, so that the overall variations of the studied area in the year are
small. The plot of the mean cross-shore variation of the shoreline, estimated from the
analysis of the intertidal bathymetry, shows a trend (calculated by linear regression)
that indicates the maintenance of a quite stable configuration during the year. The
defence system (defence structures plus one beach-nourishment (1600 cubic meters
March, 2004)), clearly, avoided a net dispersion of sand, limiting its movements
inside the area delimited by the breakwater and the groins, allowing a certain stability,
or at least a very small erosion ([0,-3] m), uncertainties being considered.
This is the same conclusion found with the previous analysis of the mean daily
shoreline evolution made on daytimex images.
b) Hydrodynamics
Implementation of algorithms for the detection of wave periods, wave number, wave
direction frequency of breaking waves for wave propagating onshore and frequency of
breaking waves for waves propagating on the parallel structure, wave run up on the
beach and longshore currents along the parallel breakwater.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Algorithms for the estimation and forecasting of CSIs allow an easier video –
monitoring of the beach.
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Discussion and conclusion:
The Argus video monitoring of the protected beach in Lido di Dante allows the
continuous qualitative and quantitative description of the intertidal beach bathymetry
and its evolution, with performances unreachable with the traditional monitoring
techniques.
The defence system in Lido di Dante seems to be effective.
Plan and objectives for next period:
Work Package 5 – Dissemination and Exploitation
Objectives for this period:
- Demonstration CD
- Exploitation workshops
- Journal special issue
- CDs of calibrated data in an accessible data base form
Main Achievements:
- Demonstration CD was made in collaboration with the other Coastview partners.
- Organization of the National Meeting in Riccione on 15 February 2005, in the
framework of the conference ‘La difesa della costa: una priorità del programma
GIZC’ (‘The coastal defence: a priority of the regional ICZM programme’);
realization of the meeting CD including all the presentations, their explanation and
other related documents (thesis) as dissemination instrument.
- Attendance of the International Conference on Coastal Engineering ‘ICCE 2004’ in
Lisbon, September 2004.
- Attendance of the XXIX National Hydraulic Conference in Trento, 7 –10 September
2004: Lamberti A., Archetti R. (2004), ‘Monitoraggio idrodinamico di una spiaggia
protetta. Confronto tra misure ed elaborazioni di immagini’ (‘Hydrodynamic
monitoring of a protected beach. Comparison between measures and image analysis’)
- Journal special issue was made in collaboration with the other Coastview partners
- CDs of calibrated data in an accessible data base form was made by Coastview
Consortium
Methodology and scientific achievements:
- Reporting the work made during the Project, pointing out the main obtained results.
- Meeting planning and dissemination to the Italian Universities and agencies
involved in coastal studies.
Results:
- Demonstration CD
- Meeting setting with a large interested audience of scientists, local government
officers and technicians and bathing resort managers.
- Journal special issue
- CDs of calibrated data in an accessible data base form
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Proceeding by the local government officers, interested in the Project results, to
evaluate the possibility of installing new video stations in Emilia-Romagna key
coastal sites and try to find the proper fund for Lido di Dante station maintenance.
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Discussion and conclusion:
Appreciation by the institutional audience of the scientific approach in the coastal
zone management and of its potentialities for their future work.
Work Package 6 – Data standards and management
Objectives for this period:
Checked and calibrated data archive of hydrodynamic, bathymetric and video data
Main Achievements:
Long term wave and tidal data of the National Stations, wave and current data of the
hydrodynamic intensive fieldworks, bathymetry data and video data were collected
and sent to Plymouth University (Project coordinator) for archiving in the central data
banking.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
The data were obtained from the proper station, or directly collected in the fieldworks,
then checked and sent to the Project coordinator.
Results:
All the data were collected.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Plan and objectives for next period:
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Partner Report
Partner:
Report written by:
Date:
University of Cantabria
Raul Medina
Wednesday, 01 June 2005
Work Package 1 – Coastal State Indicators
Objectives for this period:
•
•
•
To refine existing Coastal State Indicators
To promote interaction between scientist and coastal zone management
To complete reports on coastal state parameters for El Puntal site
Main Achievements:
•
•
•
A refined set of Coastal State Indicators for the “El Puntal” site.
Series of meetings between scientists and managers involved in El Puntal
A detailed description of each coastal state indicator for El Puntal issues
(navigation, recreation, coastal management) in a journal paper
Methodology and scientific achievements:
The generic and site specific coastal state indicators were revised and refined by
means of a series of meetings and workshop held with local end-users (Santander
Port Authority and Ministry of environment) and the rest of the CoastView project
partners (see point 3, “project meetings”). The “frame of reference”, as defined in 18month project meeting, was used to better define resource-related indicators
describing the coastal state dynamics in support of coastal zone management
Results:
A detailed set of Coastal State Indicators for the “El Puntal” site, including:
•
•
•
•
Issues of interest
Questions to be addressed
Inputs to be obtained from the Argus system and
Required field measurements.
A detailed description of each coastal state indicator for El Puntal issues (navigation,
recreation, coastal management) in a journal special issue paper.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Santander Port is one of the most important ports located along the Cantabria Coast
and, consequently, a safe and operational navigation channel is of major socioeconomic relevance for the region. Santander shipping channel needs to be dredged
to be operational for large bulk-carries and the Port Authority maintains the channel
by means of regular bathymetry surveys (monthly) combined with dredging activities.
The set of Coastal State Indicators defined in collaboration with the port authority will
help them to manage the maintenance of the shipping channel in a continuous way
preserving the recreation function of El Puntal and minimizing the environmental
impacts of the dredging activities.
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Work Package 2 – Video system development
Objectives for this period:
•
•
Continuous video monitoring at El Puntal
El Puntal station support
Main Achievements:
•
•
El Puntal Improved video monitoring system has been continuously running
during this period.
Station has been regularly maintained and data monitored to check that the
system was acquiring good quality data.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
In collaboration with WL partner, the system was continuously verified in order to
ensure that the cameras are providing the required images. Information was relayed
directly to an ftp server providing instant access for all members of the consortium.
Results:
The improved Argus system “El Puntal” has been running for two years and providing
very good quality images that were used to determine the inputs required to evaluate
the Coastal State Indicator defined by the end-users. The images were acquired at
hourly basis. A finer time step was used on a specific image strip for the evaluation
of the shoreline ( see WP4)
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
At present, the parameters required to manage the maintenance of the shipping
channel are obtained by means of expensive bathymetric field campaigns that are
carried out monthly. With the images, the related Coastal State Indicators needed to
manage the maintenance of the navigation channel will be determined “on line”.
Work Package 3 – Supporting in-situ measurements
Objectives for this period:
•
•
To provide supporting ground truth measurements for the video estimates of
CSIs at El Puntal.
To measure and gain a better understanding of the hydrodynamic and
sediment transport processes at El Puntal
Main Achievements:
•
•
A data set of supporting ground truth measurements of bathymetries for the
video estimates of CSIs.
A data set of supporting ground truth measurements of waves and sea level
for the video estimates of CSIs.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
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Final Report I
The ground truth measurements (waves and sea level) are being collected in a
continuous basis by the Spanish “Ports of the State” corporation and are kindly
provided to the Coastview project through Santander Port Authority. The data are
sent to the University of Cantabria on a monthly basis and after a quality check, the
data are sent to UPL. Beach topographies were obtained using a traditional manned
GPS.
Results:
•
•
A data set of supporting ground truth measurements of waves and sea level
for the video estimates of CSIs.
A data set of bi-monthly topographies of El Puntal
Work Package 4 – Image interpretation and analysis
Objectives for this period:
•
•
•
•
To test prototype CSI software against field data
To produce final algorithms and error bounds for CSIs
To evaluate coastal state parameters
To derive new models for the long-term coastal state evolution
Main Achievements:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
WL partner software for coastline determination has been tested against field
data
Errors bounds of video generated waterlines against actual topography have
been estimated and correlated with image quality
A new automatic algorithm for the determination of the coastline has been
developed.
A new automatic algorithm for counting the number of users at the beach has
been developed.
A procedure to evaluate coastal state parameters: a) coastline-navigation
channel inter-distance, b) beach width, c) number of beach users has been
developed.
Temporal evolution of coastal state indicator “beach width” after a dredging
activity has been evaluated
Spatial and temporal evolution of coastal state indicator “number of beach
users” during summer season has been evaluated.
Long term (one year) of coastal state indicator “coastline-navigation channel
inter-distance” has been evaluated.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
As a part of task 5.1, WL partner trained UCA on the use of the Inter-tidal Beach
Mapping software (IBM) developed by WL to determine the coastline form ARGUS
images. The software has been extensively used and its results have been compared
with bathymetry data from the field campaign performed in task 3.4. It was concluded
that the IBM software can reproduce the beach topography of the studied area of El
Puntal within a 10 cm error for most of analysed cases. Two major problems were
found for the system to be used for the end user SPA: (1) It needs a trained operator
to get the proper result and (2) error can be as much as 1.5 meters if the quality of
the image is not appropriated. Therefore, it was concluded that a new algorithm had
to be developed if the system was going to be used for end user application.
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An automatic algorithm for the determination of the coastline has been developed.
The main characteristics of the system are: Using a library of images, the system
performed a pre-quality evaluation of the image. If the quality is not appropriate, the
image is disregarded. If the quality is good enough, several pixel profiles at specified
locations are automatically extracted from the image. Gradient of colour intensities
from those specific video image lines are used to estimate the separation between
water and sand. An edge detector kernel is used for that task. In a general case,
several lines are usually detected by the edge detector. These lines include: different
water masses, sand-vegetation separation, sand-water… The later is distinguished
from the rest by means of the RBG properties of the water and the sand.
Also, an automatic algorithm for counting the number of users at the beach has been
developed. The algorithm uses a 3x3 or 5x5 kernel to check the pixel intensities of
the beach. The algorithm decides whether the central pixel of the kernel is sand or a
user by means of the variance and mean value of the adjacent pixels. A procedure
for the calibration, validation and utilization of the algorithm has also been developed.
Using these two algorithms a time series of coastal indicators: beach width, number
of beach users during summer season, coastline-navigation channel inter-distance
have been evaluated
Results:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A new automatic algorithm for the determination of the coastline
A new automatic algorithm for counting the number of users at the beach
A procedure to evaluate coastal state parameters: a) coastline-navigation
channel inter-distance, b) beach width, c) number of beach users
The temporal evolution of coastal state indicator “beach width” after a
dredging activity
The spatial and temporal evolution of coastal state indicator “number of beach
users” during summer season
The long term (one year) evolution of coastal state indicator “coastlinenavigation channel inter-distance”
A detailed information on errors bounds of video generated waterlines against
actual topography have been estimated and correlated with image quality.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
As stated, the parameters required by the Santander Port Authority to manage the
maintenance of the shipping channel are presently obtained by means of bathymetric
field campaigns that are carried out monthly. Since the information is only available
at monthly basis the Beach-Spit system is frequently dredged more than really
needed.
The utilization of the images for determining the evolution of the sandy Spit can
provide the SPA the proper Coastal State indicator for improving the environmental
management of the dredging activities carried out for the maintenance of the
navigation channel. In other words, can provide information on where, when, and
how much sand must be removed for a safety navigation channel
Work Package 5 – Dissemination and Exploitation
Objectives for this period:
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CoastView, Jun-05
•
•
•
•
•
Final Report I
To produce a demonstration CD
To produce a journal special issue
To disseminate the project in specific exploitation workshops
To disseminate the project objectives and expected results in scientific and
divulgation media
To coordinate WP5
Main Achievements:
•
•
•
•
A demonstration CD has been produced and distributed
All the papers for a Journal special issue are written and the editor of “Coastal
Engineering”, Elsevier, has kindly accepted to publish the special issue
Three specific exploitation workshops have been hold to disseminate the
project results and potentials
Several scientific and divulgation activities have been done (see point 4 of
this report “Dissemination / Promotional information)
Methodology and scientific achievements:
The demonstration CD has been edited by University of Cantabria using the
information provided by all partners. The CD allows a potential end user to know
about the project, its goals and major results as well as the potential applications of
video derived Coastal State indicators for Coastal management. The material has
been organized by a) the project, b) sites description and management problems, c)
management issues solution.
The journal special issue is been edited by University of Plymouth (project
Coordinator) and University of Cantabria (WP5 leader). The special issue has been
entitled: The CoastView project: Developing video-derived coastal state
indicators in support of coastal zone management, and is composed by strong
technical papers with the contributions of all partners. The papers included in the
special issue are:
1. Foreword: ‘Developing Video Systems in Support of Coastal Zone
Management’.
2. ‘The CoastView project: Developing video-derived coastal state indicators in
support of coastal zone management’.
3. ‘The history, capabilities and recent developments of Argus’.
4. 'Application of remote sensing video systems for coastline management
problems'.
5. ‘Recreation planning using video-derived coastal state indicators’.
6. ’Management of dynamic navigation channels using video techniques’.
7. ‘Video driven prediction of coastal evolution'.
8. ‘Future developments in costal management video systems’.
Three exploitation workshops were organized with the collaboration of the local endusers (Santander Port Authority, ministry of environment). The workshops were enduser oriented and focussed on the usual management problems of Port authorities
and Coastal manager. A third workshop oriented to the scientific community was also
held.
Results:
See point 4 of this report “Dissemination / Promotional information”
Work Package 6 – Data standards and management
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Objectives for this period:
•
•
•
To ensure that the appropriate data was collected to satisfy Coast View
objectives
To ensure synchronous ground truth and video measurements
To quality check calibrated data before sending to UPL main archive
Main Achievements:
•
A protocol for receiving, checking and sending the appropriate video images
and ground truth measurements to satisfy Coast View objectives
Methodology and scientific achievements:
As sated, the ground truth measurements (waves and sea level) were collected in a
continuous basis by the Spanish “Ports of the State” corporation and were kindly
provided to the Coastview project through Santander Port Authority. The data
were sent to the University of Cantabria on a monthly basis and after a quality
check, the data were sent to UPL. Also, In collaboration with WL partner, the
Video camera system was continuously verified in order to ensure that the
cameras are providing the required images.
Results:
•
A data set with the appropriate video images and ground truth measurements
to satisfy Coast View objectives
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Final Report I
Partner Report
Partner: 6 – RWS-RIKZ
Report written by: A.C. de Kruif
Date: 4 May 2005
Work Package 1 – Coastal State Indicators
Objectives for this period:
Evaluation which developed CSI’s will be used by which end users in the
Netherlands
Main Achievements:
Comparing the now used momentary coastline with the Argus CSI momentary
intertidalcoastline.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Interview the coastal zone managers and match their information need to the
possibilities of Argus at this moment.
Results:
Inside in the end users who are potentially going to use one or more of the Argus
CSI: beach width, intertidal volume, intertidal coastline, rip current location and high
water exceedance curves.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Cost/benefit ratio should be more clear
Discussion and conclusion:
It has become clear that Argus CSI’s are usefull for advices and process knowledge
of the nearshore zone but can not replace the bottom surveys which are done every
year for coastline management in the Netherlands.
Plan and objectives for next period:
Work Package 2 – Video system development
Objectives for this period:
Maintenance of two existing video systems.
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
- Argus Video images for the whole year with the exception of the last two months of
the Egmond station Coast3D-mast. This station broke down by lightening and is
under repare now.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Besides the strike by lightening the new video station was more stable than the one
before functioning very good on natural energy
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Plan and objectives for next period:
Work Package 3 – Supporting in-situ measurements
Objectives for this period:
- Deliver contious boundary conditions for this period
- Conduct bathymetric 1 survey
- Communication with co-workers at the Egmond-site (WL,UU, Uco)
Main Achievements:
- Boundary conditions (waves, waterlevels, ..) have been measured
- The last bathymetric survey at Egmond was done in November 2004
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
- Data of boundary conditions is available for the whole year
- The bathymetric surveys are available
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Plan and objectives for next period:
Work Package 4 – Image interpretation and analysis
Objectives for this period:
- Study the bed variability in the surf zone at the storm- and seasonal time scale ,
mapped by Argus.
- Report all Argus analysis tools and the possibilities
Main Achievements:
Discussions with UU and WL about CSI timeseries
Written two reports together with WL
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Clear describtion of the Argus analysis tools and possibilities
Report on the bed variability in the surf zone at the storm- and seasonal time scale ,
mapped by Argus
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Plan and objectives for next period:
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Work Package 5 – Dissemination and Exploitation
Objectives for this period:
Discussing the existing and developed CSI’s in the RIKZ – organization
Working on a vision how RWS is going to use Argus now and in the future
Main Achievements:
Discusions internal RIK – how the information that Argus Csi deliver now fits in our
day to day work.
Started with a report on the future and surplus value of the Argus.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Determined that Argus has a futher in the RIKZ advices for Coastline
Management and obtaining knowledge of the nearshore zone - Using CSI’s
measured with Argus for the evaluation of nourishments. - Using Argus for
nourishment design
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Argus information may in the future be used to inform the people on the beach about
the swimming conditions. The Argus stations in Egmond will possibly be used in a
pilot project of the safeguards to locate rip currents on the beach.
Discussion and conclusion:
Plan and objectives for next period:
Work Package 6 – Data standards and management
Objectives for this period:
Deliver all measured bathymetric data to the coordinator
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
All bathymetric data measured during the Coastview project (sofar) is made
transformed to the right format
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Plan and objectives for next period:
Deliver all bathymetric data in the right format to the coordinator
Partner Report
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Partner:
Final Report I
UK Environment Agency
Report written by:
Justin Ridgewell
Date: Wednesday, 01 June 2005
Work Package 1 – Coastal State Indicators
Objectives for this period:
•
•
Attendance at the 30 month meeting in Lisbon. Continue to represent the end user
perspective and discuss potential dissemination activities for the final 6 month
period. Participate in technical steering committee discussions relating to the
special issue journal and relating specific coastal state indicators from each study
site to the journal articles.
Attendance of the final meeting in Lanzarote. Report back on dissemination
activities and present feedback to the group from the end-users regarding potential
applied uses of the technology. Participate in the final technical steering
committee discussions.
Main Achievements:
•
•
Lisbon - General approach to dissemination activities discussed and agreed upon.
Participation in the discussion over the demonstration of specific coastal state
indicators within the articles put forward for the special issue journal.
Lanzarote – Presentation made to the group, discussion of end-user feedback,
further planned dissemination opportunities and looking ahead to applied uses of
video monitoring technology linking in with changing emphasis of flood risk
management techniques. Discussing and identifying potential institutional
challenges to the application of the technology. Participation in the technical
steering committee discussions, with particular emphasis on looking at potential
routes for taking the results of CoastView forward within the framework of an
end-user lead European project.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Influencing via further end user involvement in pushing forward the work undertaken
so far can effect long-term policy on use of innovative remote sensing techniques for
monitoring at the coastline.
Discussion and conclusion:
Work Package 2 – Video system development
Objectives for this period:
No work undertaken for WP2
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
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Work Package 3 – Supporting in-situ measurements
Objectives for this period:
No work undertaken for WP3
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Work Package 4 – Image interpretation and analysis
Objectives for this period:
No work undertaken for WP4
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Work Package 5 – Dissemination and Exploitation
Objectives for this period:
Participation in the dissemination of the results of the project, particularly within
England and Wales, through the activities of the Environment Agency’s Shoreline
Management National Advisory Service. Transfer of the knowledge about coastal
state indicators and the outcome of the project, including their relevance to coastal
management, to a wider group of coastal managers in the UK.
Where possible to contribute to the organisation of the dissemination workshops to
be carried out towards the end of the project and to contribute the coastal
management perspective where required to the Journal Special Issue.
Paper to be given at the Defra Flood and Coastal Management Conference, to take
place July, 2004, with UPl.
Co-ordinate presentations to be delivered to Environment Agency coastal survey
users. Identify any additional opportunities for dissemination of the project and results
to both internal and external audiences.
Main Achievements:
Presentation of the work and results of the project at the Summer 2004 Defra Flood
and Coastal Management Conference.
Co-ordination of presentations to survey user groups through the UKE’s National
User Survey User Group network.
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Final Report I
Dissemination of feedback reports following both 30 month and final meetings via the
Shoreline Management National Advisory Service and distribution of CoastView
material, including dissemination of the CoastView newsletter to other coastal
managers both within the Environment Agency and to other parties in the UK via the
same route.
End user oriented articles submitted for two quarterly UKE publications, for
publication in April ‘05 and July ‘05.
Contribution agreed for the ‘Future Developments’ Journal Special Issue paper, to
give current coastal management perspective on institutional challenges to uptake of
video monitoring technology.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Raising awareness of the available video technology and the approach pioneered
through the CoastView project with a wide representation of the end-user and coastal
management community is crucial in transforming an applicable monitoring technique
into an applied monitoring technique. Influencing policy makers through the same
routes starts to ensure that video technology is placed on the table and given serious
consideration alongside other monitoring or survey techniques when coastal
monitoring is being planned at a strategic level.
Discussion and conclusion:
It is felt that the dissemination activities outlined have been very useful in gaining an
insight into both opportunities and institutional challenges, which exist when looking
at to turn video monitoring into an applied technique. Opportunities that will arise
from new approaches to flood and coastal management and the likely increase in
coastal monitoring effort across the UK and wider Europe should be exploited to
demonstrate the potential of video monitoring techniques.
Work Package 6 – Data standards and management
Objectives for this period:
No work undertaken for WP6
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Partner Report
Partner: University of Copenhagen (Uco)
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Final Report I
Report written by: Troels Aagaard
Date: Wednesday, 01 June 2005
Work Package 1 – Coastal State Indicators
Objectives for this period:
None
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Work Package 2 – Video system development
Objectives for this period:
None
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Work Package 3 – Supporting in-situ measurements
Objectives for this period:
Finalize data analysis
Main Achievements:
All data are now analyzed and available in the public domain
Methodology and scientific achievements:
See earlier reports
Results:
Swash zone measurements of sediment resuspension and transport at
Egmond and Skallingen (DK) have shown that the transport describes a
characteristic function with maximum onshore transport rates in the midswash, decreasing transports towards the upper swash and a reversal of
sediment transport to offshore in the lower swash zone (Figure 1).
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Final Report I
2
qs, kgm-1s-1
1
0
SK - rising
SK - falling
EG - rising
EG - falling
-1
-2
0
20
40
60
% water coverage
80
100
Swash zone observations of sediment resuspension indicate that
resuspension is more dependent on turbulent fluctuations of the vertical
velocity vector than on horizontal velocity variance. Figure 2 illustrates
ensemble-averaged sediment loads plotted against turbulent kinetic energy.
load, kgm-2
Mid swash
3
3
2
2
1
1
0
0
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
Correlations are high, but lines of best fit are different indicating that sediment
resuspension is disproportionately larger in the uprush than on the backwash.
This is likely due to sediment advection and settling lag on the decelerating
uprush phase.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
The measurements of sediment transport in the swash zone indicate an
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almost consistent onshore transport except at low levels. These observations
challenge currently held views on beach erosion mechanisms. Such erosion
probably relies on surge conditions during which the lower swash/inner surf
zones become spatially translated to the upper beach and/or the initiation of
wave/swash reflection associated with steep gradient changes of the beach.
To avoid erosional losses, beaches should therefore be of low-slope.
The results have also indicated that current models on swash zone sediment
transport which virtually all rely on energetics principles are likely to fail as
sediment resuspension is more highly dependent on turbulent vortices than
cross-shore velocity moments. Future modelling efforts must take into account
the processes of turbulent energy production as well as sediment advection
and settling lag in turbulent flows.
Work Package 4 – Image interpretation and analysis
Objectives for this period:
The development of a multibarred beach state model.
Main Achievements:
An M.Sc. thesis (M.-L. Soendberg) has been completed on the subject.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Using video images, a three-stage morphodynamic model for the triple-barred
morphology at Egmond was proposed. At high energy levels, the bars are linear with
an increasing rhyhmicity for decreasing energy levels. The modal stage is undulating
bars. The bars migrated seaward in spring/summer and landward in the autumn
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
The bars at Egmond are large and their response time is quite slow compared to
other field sites, probably due to the large amounts of sediment contained in the bars
and the fact that outer bars will filter energy in the inner surf zone. Hence, the bar
system at Egmond is quite stable compared to other sites.
Work Package 5 – Dissemination and Exploitation
Objectives for this period:
Preparation of papers for submission to international journals; conference
presentations.
Main Achievements:
During this reporting period, two papers have been submitted to international journals
and three papers have been presented at conferences.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Work Package 6 – Data standards and management
Objectives for this period:
Final preparation and correction of data.
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Main Achievements:
The objectives have been met and all UCo data are now available at the UPl
server.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Work Package 1 – Coastal State Indicators
Objectives for this period:
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
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Final Report I
ERRG (RER) Report
No Report Received
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Final Report I
Partner Report
Partner:
University of Ferrara, Italy
Report written by:
Prof. Paolo Ciavola and Ms. Clara Armaroli
Date: Wednesday, 01 June 2005
Work Package 1 – Coastal State Indicators
Objectives for this period:
To study the CSIs defined within the project with both the video system and direct
measurements. The CSIs that are significant for the unprotected part of the beach at
Lido di Dante site are:
shoreline position;
beach width;
beach use – users presence on the beach;
bar position and shape;
rip current positions.
Main Achievements:
To define the behaviour of the study site, with respect to the defined CSIs; to assess
their variation due to forcing conditions (waves, storms) and their spatial and temporal
evolution.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
The frame of reference defined in cooperation with the managers of the Emilia
Romagna Region for the specified CSIs (Van Koningsveld, M. and Mulden, J.P.M., 2004.
Journal of Coastal Research, 20 (2), pp. 375-385).
Four specific strategic objectives for Lido di Dante were identified:
1. To maintain the area and safety of the bathing beach.
2. To maintain the beach area in order to meet tourist demand.
3. To assess user density.
The specific operational objectives pertaining to the Lido di Dante site that were
addressed during the CoastView project related to the strategic objectives were as
follows:
a) To ensure that the beach and the dunes are protected from flooding and erosion.
b) To inform the public of bathing hazards.
c) To count users.
Results:
The defined CSIs were studied for a long term period and their importance for the
study site was assessed. The data base covers a period of two years, starting on
February 2003.
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The Argus images were used to assess shoreline evolution, bar position and shape
changes due to storm events.
The evolution of the beach was also evaluated through the study of the variability in
beach width. At present the authors are trying to find a relation between beach width
and user density.
The dunes are not visible on the Argus images. The dune foot position, dune elevation
and vegetation were studied using direct surveys.
Long term topographic monitoring of the study site using video images gives an
important overview of the behaviour of the CSIs presented here. In particular, the
submerged part of the beach has a very complex behaviour, changing rapidly both in
space and time.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
The Lido di Dante unprotected beach was studied with both direct surveys and video
system. The results were used to plan a nourishment that has been done in April 2005
(Fig 1-WP1).
Fig 1-WP1: nourishment works on the unprotected beach
The managers used data derived from the shoreline position variation and the
erosional trends of the intertidal area close to the structures. The video data cover two
years while the direct surveys cover a two year and a half period.
The study of the bar and rip currents position revealed that the bar system has a feedback role for the subaerial beach, and where the bars are well developed and stable in
space and time, the beach and the dunes are “safe” and not touched by up-rush during
storms. The rip currents are clearly identified on Argus images. They appear to be
almost always in the same position. It is possible, with such data, to alert tourists of
the presence of dangerous currents and to tell them that it is better not to swim in
certain zones of the beach during energetic events.
Coastal managers used to plan bathymetric surveys, for the whole Emilia Romagna
coast, spaced every 500 m. The study of the submerged part of the beach at Lido di
Dante reveals that there are extremely dynamic rhythmic bars spaced 150-200 m, that
are present on the whole study area (2 km long). This is an extremely important result
for the future planning of surveys, to avoid loss of information, and mainly to avoid
errors in interpreting results.
Discussion and conclusion:
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The knowledge of the behaviour of the area was improved. More information are
available for the managers to plan interventions and to better use financial resources
for the areas that are in real danger, both regarding erosional trends and user safety.
The shoreline position is the main CSI used by managers to immediately understand
the evolution of the beach. The element chosen as “shoreline” is the mean sea level
contour, extracted by image analysis. The m.s.l. contour line was chosen because this
is the element usually used by coastal managers to define the evolution of a beach
from direct surveys.
The beach width has the same importance as the shoreline. The comparison between
the beach width of the study area before and after a storm gives an immediate idea of
the effect of a strong event on the beach and, if the area does not recover the original
(equilibrium) state, it is possible to plan ad hoc intervention schemes.
The presence of well defined bars is an element to take into account in the coastal
management policy. The study area revealed two different behaviours with respect to
the presence or not of subtidal morphologies. The knowledge of the spatial and
temporal evolution of such morphologies is crucial for coastal protection.
Tourists safety is another issue that was raised by the managers in order to alert the
swimmers of the presence of dangerous currents. With the video system it is possible
to monitor the variability in space and time of these currents.
Users presence on the beach is also crucial because tourists are the main source of
income for this coastal areas. The variation in tourists presence is also an indicator of
beach and water quality.
Work Package 2 – Video system development
Objectives for this period:
To develop automatic routines to study the shoreline position variability, the beach
width variability and density of users on the beach.
Main Achievements:
Erosional trends of the area that is close to the structures, intertidal beach variations
due to storm events, beach width variation after a storm and whether or not the beach
recovers its equilibrium profile.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Matlab routines to process video images.
Results:
A new routine for the study of the shoreline variability was developed. The routines
allow the operator to choose the period of the year in which he/she wants to study
shoreline evolution. The routine includes also a plot of the shoreline variability
between the two chosen days.
A new routine to study the variability of the beach width was also developed. The
routine allows the operator to choose the period of the year to be studied. The routine
includes plots of beach width variation, the comparison of beach width variation for a
certain period of the year (i.e.: one season) with respect to a reference beach width,
chosen by the operator. For example, it is possible to study the effect of a storm and
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whether or not the beach recovers the original width by comparing the beach width
before a storm with the one immediately after. The routine also plots the wave energy
for the chosen period. It also plots the wave climate (Hs, Tp, Dmt) and the tidal curve.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Two new easy-to-use routines to study the two most important CSIs that were defined
for the study area. It is possible for the coastal managers to use the video system data
automatically.
Discussion and conclusion:
The information will be available for CZM by local authorities. Data obtained trough
the new routines will help coastal managers to have an overview of the problems
related with the management of the study area.
Work Package 3 – Supporting in-situ measurements
Objectives for this period:
To continue to monitor beach profile variations (including the intertidal part of the
beach), dune foot and crest position.
Main Achievements:
Behaviour of the beach due to strong events, erosional trends of the study area,
classification of the beach based on a map risk assessment.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Direct surveys with a RTK DGPS
Results:
Two topographic and bathymetric survey:
28/09/2005
08/02/2005
The direct measurements were done with a RTK DGPS. The surveys were done along
profiles starting from the dune crest down to a depth of –1.5 m below mean sea level.
The dune foot position was also surveyed.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
The results revealed a strong retreat of the beach in the area close to the structures.
The beach width in the southern part of the study area is stable. There are intertidal
morphologies in the central and southern areas (low tide terrace, intertidal bars). The
northern area is instead characterised by non regular intertidal morphologies.
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The strong events occurred in winter 2004 generated erosion around the inland end of
the groin, that is the northern boundary of the unprotected part of the beach. This
caused a basal undermining of the inland end of the groin (Fig 1-WP3).
Fig 1-WP3: undermining of the inland end of the southernmost groin, December 2004 and February
2005
To avoid erosion of the groin end, the structure was elongated and joined to the dunes
at its back-root (Fig 2-WP3).
Fig. 2-WP3: works to join the groin with the dunes
Regarding the dune foot, there was retreat in the central area, while in the area close to
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the structures the dunes have almost disappeared. This was caused by overwash and
overtopping events occurred during storms in winter 2004/2005.
The dune vegetation cover is scarce in the northern area, while it is well-developed in
the southern one. There is only a small area (100 m long) at the back of the
southernmost groin with dunes covered by dense vegetation, artificially introduced.
Work Package 4 – Image interpretation and analysis
Objectives for this period:
To study shoreline variability using the IBM tool; to evaluate the intertidal beach
variations, both in slope and shape, after strong events; to study the bar position and
shape using the AST tool; to study the beach width variation; to assess the tourist
presence on the beach.
Main Achievements:
Using the video images it is possible to monitor morphologies that are present on the
subaerial and submerged part of the beach. Moreover it is possible to monitor users
presence and consequently the beach use.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Argus tools
New routines developed by the authors
Results:
Shoreline evolution
The effect of storms on shoreline evolution was assessed comparing images of the
study area at spring tides before the storm, images of the area immediately before the
storm, immediately after the event and at spring tides after the storm. This analysis
was undertaken to study the erosion caused by the storm and whether or not the beach
recovers its equilibrium state. The results show that the area is divided into two parts:
the one close to the structures is dramatically eroding, the central and southern areas
are oscillating or stable. The storms occurred in winter 2004/2005 generated beach
loss mainly in the area close to the structures (up to 500 m from the Argus tower).
This was caused by the clustering of storm events. The events were not particularly
strong (return period of one year) but their effect was amplified by their joint
occurrence in a short time. The dunes were touched by run-up and overtopped by
waves. Regarding the central and southern parts of the beach, the analysis done on the
images revealed that there are rhythmic features moving in alongshore direction,
according to the direction of the waves. The rhythmic features are strictly related to
the presence of intertidal bars that move longshore and that become attached or
detached to the shore. The dunes were touched by up-rush in the central area too, but
here the dunes are higher than the ones close to the structures, and their erosion put
some extra sand on the beach, available for the sedimentary budget of the area. Here
there are wide overwash areas but the beach is quite stable. The analysis done on the
shoreline position revealed that the southern part of the beach is wide and “safe”. Here
the dunes were not touched by the sea.
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Intertidal beach
The study of the intertidal beach variations was done with the same methodology used
for the shoreline variability assessment. The study revealed that the slope of the
intertidal area is steeper in the northern part of the beach. The effect of storms is to
steepen the intertidal slope and to flatten the upper part of the intertidal area. This
effect is due to the combined effect of waves and of storm surge. Comparing the
beach slope obtained using Argus with the one extracted from direct surveys the
results are very similar.
Bar shape and position
The bars were studied using the AST tool, by sampling the pixel intensity along
profiles regularly spaced (50 m). The study area starts at a distance of –1100 m from
the tower up to –1800 m. A preliminary qualitative study of the submerged features
was done on rectified images on which the bars were visible (white stripes generated
by the foam of breaking waves on a ten-minutes time exposure). This study revealed
that the area could be divided into two parts. The northern/central one is characterised
by the presence of not-well defined features, changing rapidly. Here the foam patterns
are extremely complex. The southern area is characterised by regular submerged
rhythmic features. The decision to study the southern area is supported by the need to
identify the natural behaviour of the submerged beach, far from the structures and not
influenced by diffraction/refraction of waves around the breakwater. The submerged
morphology was characterised by two lines of bars: the inner bar almost linear and
attached to the shore at a distance of –1100 m from the tower; the outer one crescentic
with a wave length of 300-350 m and a wave amplitude of 20-30 m. The bar system
was very stable during the whole 2003 year. A strong event, occurred on 25 December
2003, was able to straighten the bars. After 6 days the bars became rhythmic again,
increasing the numbers of rhythmic elements. Starting from January 2004 the outer
bar became rhythmic with a wave length of 150-200 m and a wave amplitude between
10 m and 40 m. The inner bar remained linear and attached to the shore almost always
at the same position. It is possible to divide the study period into two intervals: 2003
and 2004. The quantitative analysis was done on images captured between April 2003
and May 2004. A qualitative analysis was done between May 2004 and January 2005.
Considering the quantitative analysis the cross-shore distance from the shoreline of
both bars did not change. The changes were only in the long-shore direction and in
shape. Analysing wave data of the two periods they are not different in number of
events, directions of main storms and duration of each event. Another element taken
into account was the relaxation time of the morphological system. There were no main
differences between the two considered periods. What is very important is that the
event of December 2003 was not particularly strong but it lasted for a long time (24
hours). This was a perturbation event for the system, able to completely change the
shape of the bars. Using the information presented it is possible to create a conceptual
model of the area. The system is reorganising itself by distributing the sand almost
always at the same position, through the generation of rhythmic features. Using the
morphodynamic classification of Wright and Short (1984) only for the submerged part
of the beach it is possible to classify the beach as an intermediate type C. The
qualitative analysis on the images between May 2004 and January 2005 revealed that
the bars are rhythmic with the same number of rhythmic features as Spring 2004. The
effect of storms occurred in winter 2004/2005 was to straighten the bars and to move
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them slightly offshore. Another element to take into account is that stable bars
generate a feed-back effect on the subaerial beach.
Beach use
Between May and September (end of Spring and Summer seasons) the unprotected
beach is crowded, mainly during week-ends. August is the busiest period of the year.
Analysing the images it is immediately evident that the density of users on the beach
is very high and they are present allover the area, with a higher density in the
central/northern one. The decrease in beach width close to the structures will cause the
users to go southwards and to use the part of the beach that is still wide and stable.
This will generate higher pressure on the dunes that are in the southern area, as there
are no wood-paths to walk trough them to avoid trampling. The dunes in the central
area are extremely damaged by storms, but trampling is an important cause of
sediment instability and of damage to dune vegetation. One management issue that
outcomes out from this study is that the dunes need protection from trampling and
from wind, to avoid loss of sand. The authors are talking with managers to find a
solution to this problem.
The routine to evaluate the variability in beach width could be used to assess the
optimum width for a certain number of users. The authors are still working on a
relationship between beach width and user density.
An element to take into account for safety issues is the presence of rip currents in the
central part of the beach. In summer there is a life guard service, but only in July,
August and at the beginning of September. The rescue personnel stands in the central
part of the beach, quite close to the area where the rips are (Fig 1-WP4). Using the
images it is possible to alert users and the life guards that there are strong currents
almost always in the same place, and that it is dangerous to swim when there are high
waves. August is the month with lowest energy and rip currents were never detected
on the images. On the other hand, in July and September there are some strong and
potentially dangerous rip-current events. It would be very important to produce notice
boards with a description of rip-currents, including their position, when and how they
generate and what to do if one is caught into a rip.
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Fig 1-WP4: Life-guard and rip currents positions, August 2004
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Presenting the results to the managers it has been possible to plan interventions that
has been done recently (April 2005) and also to discover behaviours of the study site
that were not well known before. This will produce good results for the future
planning of direct surveys and engineering works.
Discussion and conclusion:
The study area reveals an erosional trend close to the structures. The beach
was affected by strong events occurred in winter 2004/2005. The dunes were
touched by the sea and wide overwash areas are now present in the zone
close to the groin. The beach width decreased dramatically and a nourishment
was done in April 2005 to protect the dunes and to increase the area available
for the tourists in the next summer.
The slope of the intertidal area increased and the shoreline retreated.
It is very important to continue monitoring the beach, and mainly, to monitor the
inteventions that have been done recently on the unprotected area.
Work Package 5 – Dissemination and Exploitation
Objectives for this period:
CoastView Special Issue of Coastal Engineering; Conference Proceedings;
CoastView workshop in Italy;
Main Achievements:
To give a contribution for the Coastal Engineering Special Issue. To hold a workshop
in Italy about the project and about the capability of Argus. To attend conferences in
Europe.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
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Results:
Conference proceedings
Armaroli, C., Balouin, Y., Ciavola, P., Gardelli, M., 2005. Bar changes due to storm
events using Argus: Lido di Dante, Italy. Proceedings of Coastal Dynamics 2005
Conference, Barcelona, Spain, in press.
Balouin, Y., Ciavola, P., Armaroli, C., 2005. Sediment transport pattern and coastal
evolution at Lido di Dante Beach, Adriatic Sea. Proceedings of Coastal Dynamics
2005 Conference, Barcelona, Spain, in press.
Balouin, Y., Ciavola, P., Armaroli, C., Capatti, D., 2005. Nearshore bars as a natural
protection of beaches, field evidences from Lido di Dante beach, Adriatic Sea.
Proceedings of ICCCM 05 Conference, Tavira, Algarve, Portugal, in press.
Ciavola, P., Balouin, Y., Armaroli, C., 2005. River mouth development in the northern
Adriatic: the Bevano case study and the dilemma of no-intervention. Proceedings of
ICCCM 05 Conference, Tavira, Algarve, Portugal, in press.
Journals
Ciavola, P., Billi, P., Armaroli, C., Balouin, Y., Preciso, E., Salemi, E., 2005.
Morphodynamics of the Bevano stream outlet: the role of bedload yield. Geologia
Tecnica e Ambientale, 1/2005, pp: 41-57.
Posters
Gardelli, M., Armaroli, C., Ciavola, P., 2005. Studio della variazione della linea di
riva tramite l’analisi di immagini video e strumenti GIS. Poster at AIGEO
Conference, Padova, Italy.
Master Projects
Gardelli, M., 2005. Studio della variazione della linea di riva tramite l’analisi di
immagini video e strumenti GIS. Master Project in Remote Sensing and GIS,
University of Bologna, Ravenna Campus.
Msc Thesis
Gessi, D., 2005. Meccanismi di formazione ed evoluzione di barre intertidali sulla
spiaggia di Lido di Dante (RA). Degree in Natural Sciences, University of Ferrara
(supervised by P. Ciavola and Y. Balouin)
Workshops
Armaroli, C., 15/02/2005. Monitoraggio topografico della spiaggia intertidale: la
zona non protetta da opere di difesa. Seminar at the workshop “La difesa della Costa:
una priorità del programma GIZC”, Riccione, Italy.
Ciavola, P., 15/02/2005. Dinamica di barre e truogoli. Seminar at the workshop “La
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difesa della Costa: una priorità del programma GIZC”, Riccione, Italy.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
At the workshop many managers at different levels were present. There were also
owners of Bagnos. It was possible to show them the capabilities of the video system,
and how to use it to better plan interventions. What was underlined is that the video
system is the best way to monitor an intervention trough time. Usually in Italy there is
not enough money to monitor engineering works for a long-term period. Using video
images it is possible to have much data and to better understand the mechanisms
related to a successful or unsuccessful intervention. The workshop was very
appreciated and all managers were extremely interested in the results coming out from
the Coastview Project.
Discussion and conclusion:
Work Package 6 – Data standards and management
Objectives for this period:
To give all the data obtained from direct surveys and from video images analysis to
the WP6 leader.
To assess data quality.
Main Achievements:
To obtain information from video data and direct surveys following the processing
protocols established within the project.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
All the video data were processed using the Argus system with the routines available
within the project. Two new routines were developed.
The topographic and bathymetric surveys collected during three years were given to
the WP6 leader, together with all the necessary information to use them (benchmark
coordinates, world coordinates characteristics).
The wave and tide data collected during the intensive fieldwork were formatted
following the Argus standards.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
The data CD and the dissemination CD were distributed to all partners during the final
meeting. This material will form the basis of management action by local and regional
authorities.
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Partner Report
Partner:
Report written by:
Date:
Santander Port Authority (SPA)
David Marcano
Wednesday, 01 June 2005
Work Package 1 – Coastal State Indicators
Objectives for this period:
•
•
To refine existing Coastal State Indicators
To promote interaction between scientist and coastal zone management
Main Achievements:
•
•
A refined set of Coastal State Indicators for the “El Puntal” site.
Series of meetings between scientists and managers involved in El Puntal
Methodology and scientific achievements:
The generic and site specific coastal state indicators were revised and refined by
means of a series of meetings and workshop held with local end-users (Santander
Port Authority and Ministry of environment) and the rest of the CoastView project
partners (see point 3, “project meetings”). The “frame of reference”, as defined in 18month project meeting, was used to better define resource-related indicators
describing the coastal state dynamics in support of coastal zone management
Results:
A detailed set of Coastal State Indicators for the “El Puntal” site, including:
•
•
•
•
Issues of interest
Questions to be addressed
Inputs to be obtained from the Argus system and
Required field measurements.
A detailed description of each coastal state indicator for El Puntal issues (navigation,
recreation, coastal management).
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Santander Port is one of the most important ports located along the Cantabria Coast
and, consequently, a safe and operational navigation channel is of major socioeconomic relevance for the region. In order to have a safe navigation channel,
dredging activities at El Puntal are needed.
The Port Authority also recognizes that El Puntal has many relevant natural values
and that several leisure and commercial activities are also held along this sandy spit.
Consequently, a set of Coastal State Indicators that may help the Port Authority to
measure the current state of el Puntal and the necessity of dredging is of high
environmental and socio-economic relevance.
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Work Package 2 – Video system development
Objectives for this period:
No task for SPA within this Work Package
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Work Package 3 – Supporting in-situ measurements
Objectives for this period:
•
•
•
To provide supporting ground truth measurements (waves and sea levels) for
the video estimates of CSIs at El Puntal.
To provide bathymetric changes data during the Coast View project.
To measure and gain a better understanding of the hydrodynamic and
sediment transport processes at El Puntal.
Main Achievements:
•
•
A data set of supporting ground truth measurements of bathymetries for the
video estimates of CSIs.
A data set of supporting ground truth measurements of waves and sea level
for the video estimates of CSIs.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
The waves and tidal level data set are being collected in a continuous basis by
Santander Port Authority though the Spanish “Ports of the State” corporation which is
in charge of data retrieval and the equipment maintenance. Data are sent to the
University of Cantabria on a monthly basis after a quality check.
Periodical bathymetric surveys are carried out by Santander Port Authority as
calibration data for the video estimates, (every month, roughly).
Results:
•
•
A data set of supporting ground truth measurements of waves and sea level
for the video estimates of CSIs.
A data set of monthly / bi-monthly topographies of El Puntal
Work Package 4 – Image interpretation and analysis
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Objectives for this period:
No task for SPA within this Work Package
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Work Package 5 – Dissemination and Exploitation
Objectives for this period:
•
•
To organise exploitation workshops to demonstrate the utility of the new video
image system
To disseminate the project objectives and expected results in scientific and
divulgation media
Main Achievements:
•
•
One specific exploitation workshop have been organized to disseminate the
project results and potentials
Several scientific and divulgation activities have been done (see point 4 of
this report “Dissemination / Promotional information)
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
See point 4 of this report “Dissemination / Promotional information”
Work Package 6 – Data standards and management
Objectives for this period:
No task for SPA within this Work Package
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
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Partner Report
Partner: CIIRC
Report written by: José A. Jiménez
Date: 23rd April 2004
1 – Project Delivery
1.1 Deliverables
Deliverable
Code
D..
Name/Description
Planned delivery
date
Actual/Expected
delivery date
(see Annex I Description of Work)
Paper for CoastView Special Issue
36
on time
1.2 Details of delayed Deliverables and corrective actions
For each of the milestones/deliverables delayed, please give further details as outlined
below:
Code
Causes of delay and description
Corrective actions
Not applicable
Not applicable
2 – Detailed description of activities
See Annex I - Description of Work pages 12 – 18 for full Workpackage details
Work Package 1 – Coastal State Indicators
Objectives for this period:
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Plan and objectives for next period:
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Work Package 2 – Video system development
Objectives for this period:
Main Achievements:
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Plan and objectives for next period:
Work Package 3 – Supporting in-situ measurements
Objectives for this period:
Data preparation according standards and data analysis to provide ground-truth data
for time series analysis of video images.
Main Achievements:
Recorded data in the field campaign in El Puntal were pre-analysed according
standards and supplied and stored in the Project database to provide ground-truth data
for time series analysis of video images.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Depurated time series.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Plan and objectives for next period:
Work Package 4 – Image interpretation and analysis
Objectives for this period:
To update/reformulate (if necessary) the beach use/exploitation indicator according to
real cases applications and feedback from end-users. To continue the building of a
conceptual model to describe the system functioning in terms of natural function of
beaches.
Application of the method to video-derived images
Main Achievements:
Formalisation of a coastal state index (aggregated indicator) to characterise the
interaction of beach evolution and the recreation function at different scales. The
index has been tested with real cases from the Catalonian coast.
Updating of coastal state index (aggregated indicator) to characterise the interaction of
beach evolution and the protection and natural function of beaches.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
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A coastal state index to characterise the recreation function of beaches has been
defined at different scales (long-term analysis, storm-event and seasonal scale in
pocket beaches).
A coastal state index to characterise the interaction of beach evolution and the
protection and natural function of beaches has been defined/updated using as input
data extracted from aerial photos and shoreline dynamics.
Results:
See achievements.
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
The developed indexes for the different functions have been tested in real conditions
in beaches along the Catalonian coast and its performance seems rather good.
Actually they are been used for analysing real problems for managers in some
stretches of the Catalonian coast.
Discussion and conclusion:
Plan and objectives for next period:
Work Package 5 – Dissemination and Exploitation
Objectives for this period:
Co-ordination of a paper on “recreational aspects of beaches” and contribution to a
paper on the “frame of reference” to be included in the CoastView Special Issue.
To attend to international and national conferences/workshops for disseminating
results of the Project.
To write papers presenting partial results of the project.
Main Achievements:
A CoastView paper on the application of video for analysing recreational aspects of
beaches entitled Beach recreation planning using video-derived coastal state
indicators has been prepared to be included in the Special Issue.
Attendance to international and national conferences/workshops for disseminating
results of the Project (see enclosed list).
Papers presenting partial results of the project (see enclosed list).
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
The paper illustrates the potential of video images and video-derived CSIs to be used
as a tool by managers to control/monitor/track different aspects involved in the
management of recreational beaches.
It shows the efficiency of the system to gather multi-purpose information in
comparison with other existing systems.
Discussion and conclusion:
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Plan and objectives for next period:
Work Package 6 – Data standards and management
Objectives for this period:
Preparation of data recorded during the field campaign in El Puntal according
standards for storage.
Main Achievements:
Data prepared and stored in the database.
Methodology and scientific achievements:
Results:
Socio-economic relevance and policy implication:
Discussion and conclusion:
Plan and objectives for next period:
Activity already finished.
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Technology Implementation Plan (T.I.P.)
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Appendix I.
98