The Integumentary System

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The Integumentary System
Chapter
5
The Integumentary System
Learning Objectives
After completing this chapter, you will be able to:
• Define the word parts used to create medical terms of the integumentary
system.
• Break down and define common medical terms used for symptoms,
diseases, disorders, procedures, treatments, and devices associated
with the integumentary system.
• Build medical terms from the word parts associated with the integumentary system.
• Pronounce and spell common medical terms associated with the integumentary system.
70 Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System
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Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 1
Phonetic Spelling Challenge
Spell the medical term correctly in the space provided.
1.kar sih NOH mah
____________________________
2.SEB or EE ik
____________________________
3.peh dik yoo LOH sis
____________________________
4.RIT ih doh PLASS tee
____________________________
5.kair ih TOE sis
____________________________
6.MELL ah nin
____________________________
7.sell you LYE tiss
____________________________
8.ak TIN ik kair ah TOH siss
____________________________
9.EK zeh mah
____________________________
10. imp eh TYE goh
____________________________
11. soh RYE ah sis
____________________________
12. al oh PEE she ah
____________________________
13. KAR bung kl
____________________________
14. der mah TYE tis
____________________________
15. HER peez
____________________________
16. KAP oh seez sar KOH mah
____________________________
17. mell AN oh sites
____________________________
18. ON ih KOHP ah thee
____________________________
19. sklair oh DER mah
____________________________
20. TIN ee ah
____________________________
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Spelling Challenge
These terms are spelled incorrectly. Spell each term correctly in the space provided.
1.tina capitise
____________________________
2.shinngles
____________________________
3.ackne
____________________________
4.careatosis
____________________________
5.folicullitis
____________________________
6.systemic lupuss erythermatosus
____________________________
7.hideradenitiss
____________________________
8.empetigo
____________________________
9.autograf
____________________________
10. rhythidoplasty
____________________________
11. melannin
____________________________
12. endema
____________________________
13. purrpurr
____________________________
14. pusteule
____________________________
15. allopechia
____________________________
Abbreviation Matchup
Select and match the correct abbreviation to the definition.
_______1.basal cell carcinoma
_______2.squamous cell carcinoma
_______3.total body surface area
_______4.systemic lupus erythematosus
_______5.biopsy
72 Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System
a.bx
b.SLE
c.BCC
d.SqCCa
e.TBSA
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Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
True/False
Mark each statement as true (T) or false (F).
_______1.Alopecia can be a sign of an infection of the scalp, of high fevers, or of emotional stress.
_______2.As some people age, their skin becomes lighter in color due to reduced activity of the
pigment-producing cells in the skin, the melanocytes.
_______3.The condition psoriasis is a skin eruption caused by the female itch mite, which burrows into the skin to extract blood.
_______4.Rhytidoplasty is the surgical repair of skin wrinkles.
_______5.Liposuction is the removal of subcutaneous fat.
_______6.Topical and oral antibiotics are used to manage infections, such as acne and carbuncles.
_______7.Onychomalacia is an infection around the nail.
_______8.An ulcer is an erosion through the skin or mucous membrane.
_______9.A keloid is the common result of an injury caused by a tear, or perhaps a cut, by a sharp
object with an irregular surface.
_______10. A discolored flat spot on the skin surface, such as a freckle, is clinically called a macule.
Fill in the Blank
Fill in the blank with the correct medical term from this chapter.
11. ____________________________ is the yellowing that results from an abnormal release of
pigments by the liver.
12. ____________________________ is the outermost organ of the body.
13. A clinical term for “scar” is ____________________________.
14. A localized elevation of the skin that is a sign of a local inflammation is a(n)
____________________________.
15. The clinical term for “pimple” is ____________________________.
16. Commonly known as a bruise, a(n) ____________________________ is a discoloration and
swelling of the skin that is symptomatic of an injury, such as a blow to the body.
17. A closed sac or pouch on the surface of the skin that is filled with fluid is called a(n)
____________________________.
18. If an abscess is associated with a hair follicle, the local swelling on the skin is called a(n)
____________________________.
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19. A(n) ____________________________ is a general term describing any small, solid elevation
on the skin.
20. ____________________________ is an abnormally pale color of the skin.
Short Answer
Write the definition for each of the following terms.
21. Ecchymosis
_____________________________________________________________
22. Onychomalacia
_____________________________________________________________
23. Debridement
_____________________________________________________________
24. Dermatome
_____________________________________________________________
25. Xeroderma
_____________________________________________________________
Word Search
Fill in the blank with the correct medical term from this chapter, then find those terms in the word
search puzzle that follows.
1.The most life threatening skin cancer is malignant ____________________________.
2.The Latin word for a parasitic body louse is ____________________________.
3.The medical field that specializes in the health and disease of the integumentary system is
known as ____________________________.
4.As the outermost organ of the body, the skin is more exposed to the extremes of the external
environment than any other organ, subjecting it to temperature fluctuations, physical injury,
and invasion by unwanted ____________________________.
5.The clinical term for a narrow break or slit in the skin is ____________________________.
6.The Greek word for “blush” is ____________________________.
7.Similar to a macule but darker in color, a(n) ____________________________ is a pigmented
spot that is commonly called a mole.
8.A(n) ____________________________ is a general term describing any small, solid elevation
on the skin.
9.A temporary, itchy elevation of the skin, often with a white center and red perimeter, is
called a(n) ____________________________.
10. In general, any form of ____________________________ produces a sign of scaly skin.
74 Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System
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11. A genetic condition characterized by the reduction of the pigment melanin in the skin is
known as ____________________________.
12. ____________________________ is an inflammation of the connective tissue in the dermis.
13. In the condition ____________________________, the individual suffers from excessive
perspiration.
14. In the nail condition ____________________________, a nail becomes buried in the skin due
to abnormal growth.
15. The condition ____________________________ is a fungal infection of hair.
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
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Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System 75
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Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 2
Dictation Report
Write each numbered term as you hear it, spelling each term correctly. This exercise will help you
learn to hear, comprehend, visualize, and spell the new medical terms accurately.
The medical field that specializes in the health and disease of the integumentary system is
known as (1) ____________________________. A physician specializing in dermatology is commonly known as a(n) (2) ____________________________. Dermatologists see patients with many
different types of skin conditions. But all their patients have a problem or concern with their
(3) ____________________________.
Some patients have infections such as a(n) (4) ____________________________, or a localized elevation of the skin that is a sign of a local inflammation. Other patients might have
(5) ____________________________, or elevated areas of the skin filled with pus that carry
­bacteria. Still other patients have (6) ____________________________, which is the clinical term
for “pimple.” Some patients have infection that spreads from the skin surface or hair ­follicles
to the dermis, which is bacterial in origin and is called (7) ____________________________.
Topical and oral (8) ____________________________ are used to manage infections, such as
(9) ____________________________ and (10) ____________________________.
Sometimes the dermatologist does not know what the problem is and decides to do a(n)
(11) ____________________________, or minor surgery involving the removal of tissue for evaluation. This is an important test to conduct to determine if a person is suspected to have a cancer. (12) ____________________________ is a form of skin cancer arising from the connective
­tissue of the dermis. The most life-threatening skin cancer is (13) ____________________________.
It arises from the cells normally providing the pigment (14) ____________________________.
(15) ____________________________ and (16) ____________________________ are tumors arising
76 Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System
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from the epidermis that usually remain localized, although the lesions do spread and can become
serious if they are not treated.
Other parts of the integumentary include the nails, hair, and sweat glands. A loss or lack
of scalp hair is a clinical sign known as baldness, or (17) ____________________________. In the
condition of (18) ____________________________, the individual suffers from excessive perspiration, due to the inflammation of sweat glands. In general, a disease of the nail is called a(n)
(19) ____________________________ The nail condition known as (20) ____________________________
occurs when a nail becomes buried in the skin due to abnormal growth. It is commonly called
“ingrown nail.”
People can have all kinds of things wrong with their integumentary system. Some are much
more serious than others. Some conditions cause a rash or an (21) ____________________________,
which is a general term meaning any redness of the skin. Others cause narrow breaks or slits in the
skin called (22) ____________________________. Sometimes the environment can cause damage to
the skin, as in sunburn. Even lying in bed can cause damage to the skin, resulting in a common form
of ulcer arising from lack of movement when lying supine for an extended period of time, called
a(n) (23) ____________________________. It is most important that we all take very good care of
our skin to avoid serious damage. The use of (24) ____________________________ is recommended,
especially in dry weather, as a chemical agent that softens, moisturizes, and soothes the skin.
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Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System 77
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Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 3
Word Surgery
Read the Medical Word. Break down the medical word into its word parts, and give the meaning
of each word part. Then give the definition of the medical word.
1.Anhidrosis
Definition: ____________________________________________________________________
Prefix and definition: ____________________________________________________________
Combining form and definition: __________________________________________________
Suffix and definition: ____________________________________________________________
2. Onychomycosis
Definition: _____________________________________________________________________
Combining form and definition: __________________________________________________
Suffix and definition: ____________________________________________________________
3.Xeroderma
Definition: _____________________________________________________________________
Combining forms and definitions: _________________________________________________
4. Dermatology
Definition: _____________________________________________________________________
Combining form and definition: __________________________________________________
Suffix and definition: ____________________________________________________________
5.Subcutaneous
Definition: _____________________________________________________________________
Prefix and definition: ____________________________________________________________
Combining form and definition: __________________________________________________
Suffix and definition: ____________________________________________________________
6.Melanoma
Definition: _____________________________________________________________________
Combining form and definition: __________________________________________________
Suffix and definition: ____________________________________________________________
78 Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System
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7.Keratosis
Definition: _____________________________________________________________________
Combining form and definition: __________________________________________________
Suffix and definition: ____________________________________________________________
8. Leukoderma
Definition: _____________________________________________________________________
Combining form and definition: __________________________________________________
9.Scleroderma
Definition: _____________________________________________________________________
Combining form and definition: __________________________________________________
10. Folliculitis
Definition: _____________________________________________________________________
Combining form and definition: __________________________________________________
Suffix and definition: ____________________________________________________________
11.Epidermis
Definition: _____________________________________________________________________
Prefix and definition: ____________________________________________________________
Combining form and definition: __________________________________________________
Suffix and definition: ____________________________________________________________
12.Rhytidectomy
Definition: _____________________________________________________________________
Combining form and definition: __________________________________________________
Suffix and definition: ____________________________________________________________
13. Onychectomy
Definition: _____________________________________________________________________
Combining form and definition: __________________________________________________
Suffix and definition: ____________________________________________________________
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Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System 79
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Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 4
Case Study
Fill in the blank with the correct medical term from this chapter.
Jane, who is 45 years old, is concerned about redness, itching, and scaling of her skin on her hands
and arms. There are also small fluid-filled skin elevations. After several attempts at finding the cause
for this condition and treating it, her family doctor refers her to a doctor who specializes in diseases
and conditions of the skin. She is diagnosed with eczema, which is an inflammation of the skin
caused by an immune system reaction.
While she is at the specialist’s office, she has another concern that she brings up. She is noticing that
her toenails are getting increasingly thickened and roughened. This is diagnosed as a fungal infection of the nail.
What is the appropriate medical terminology for:
1.Redness of the skin ___________________________________
2.Itching of the skin ____________________________________
3.Doctor who specializes in the skin ______________________
4.Fungal infection of the toenail __________________________
5.Small fluid-filled skin elevations ________________________
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Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 5
Medical Report Analysis
Consider the following excerpt from a clinician’s notes following completion of a dermatologic
examination. For the highlighted terms or word parts, provide the meaning.
Patient exhibits urticaria (A) _____________________________________________ with pruritis (B) _____________________________________ probably due to allergic response to antibiotic
therapy. Cellulitis (C) ____________________________ remains unresolved with marked erythema
(D) _______________________________ noted and pustules (E) _______________________________
developing.
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Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 6
Which Term Does Not Belong?
Circle the term that is not related to the other terms. Then explain why the term does not belong
with the others.
1.Skin lesions
a.
comedo
b.
contusion
c.
integumenatary
d.
macule
e.
papule
Why does it not belong? ___________________________________________________________
2.Skin color
a.
cyanosis
b.
jaundice
c.
mycosis
d.
pallor
e.
purpura
Why does it not belong? ___________________________________________________________
3.Inflammatory conditions of the integumentary system
a.
adenitis
b.
cellulitis
c.
dermatitis
d.
onychitis
e.
pruritus
Why does it not belong? ___________________________________________________________
4.Word roots
a.
chymo
b.
folliculo
c.
hidro
d.
malacia
e.
onycho
Why does it not belong? ___________________________________________________________
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5.Suffixes
a.
-itis
b.
-oma
c.
-osis
d.
-path
e.
-tricho
Why does it not belong? ___________________________________________________________
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Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 7
Labeling
Label the diagram below.
84 Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System
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Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 8
Key Terms Double Check
Remember that the chapter’s key terms appeared alphabetically within each section of this chapter.
This exercise helps you to check your knowledge and review for tests.
1.First, fill in the missing word in the definitions for the chapter’s key terms.
2.Then, check your answers using the answer key provided .
3.If you got the answer right, put a checkmark in the right column.
4.If your answer was incorrect, go back to the frame number provided and review the content.
Use the checklist to study the terms you don’t know until you’re confident you know them all.
Key Term
Frame
Definition
Know It?
1.abrasion
5.7
a common _______________ scraping injury to the
skin
❒
2.abscess
5.8
a localized skin elevation containing a cavity that
may be accompanied by the production of pus,
which is also known as _______________
❒
3.acne
5.36
a bacterial infection of sebaceous glands and ducts
resulting in numerous _______________
❒
4.actinic keratosis
5.37
a precancerous condition of the skin caused by
exposure to _______________
❒
5.albinism
5.38
a genetic condition characterized by reduction of
the skin pigment _______________
❒
6.alopecia
5.39
baldness; may be a sign of an _______________ of
the scalp, high fevers, drug reactions, or emotional
stress
❒
7.biopsy
5.64
a minor surgery involving the removal of tissue for
evaluation; abbreviated _______________
❒
8.burn
5.40
an injury caused by excessive exposure to
fire, electricity, chemicals, or sunlight, and
­measured by _______________ _______________
_______________ _______________, and depth of
the damage
❒
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Key Term
Frame
Definition
Know It?
9.carbuncle
5.41
a skin infection composed of a cluster of
_______________
❒
10. carcinoma
5.42
skin cancer; varieties include _______________
cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and
melanoma
❒
11. cellulite
5.9
a local uneven surface of the skin that is a sign of
subcutaneous _______________ _______________
❒
12. cellulitis
5.43
inflammation of the _______________ tissue in the
dermis caused by an infection
❒
13. cicatrix
5.10
the clinical term for scar _______________
❒
14. comedo
5.11
a skin blemish that is a local elevation caused by
a buildup of sebaceous oils; clinical term for a(n)
_______________
❒
15. contusion
5.12
a discoloration and swelling of the skin that is
symptomatic of an injury; commonly known as
a(n) _______________
❒
16. cyanosis
5.13
a blue tinge to an area of the skin that is a sign of
_______________ disturbance
❒
17. cyst
5.14
a closed sac or pouch filled with _______________
❒
18. debridement
5.65
excision of _______________ matter and
unwanted tissue from a wound
❒
19. dermabrasion
5.66
a form of _______________ _______________ in
which the skin is surgically changed to improve
appearance
❒
20. dermatitis
5.44
a generalized inflammation of the skin involving
_______________ of the dermis
❒
21. dermatoautoplasty
5.67
surgery in which the patient’s own skin is used as
a graft, also called a(n) _______________
❒
22. dermatome
5.67
an instrument used to cut thin slices of skin for
_______________ or to excise small skin lesions
❒
23. dermatoplasty
5.68
the _______________ repair of the skin
❒
24. ecchymosis
5.45
a condition caused by leaking blood vessels
in the dermis, producing purplish patches of
_______________
❒
25. edema
5.15
a condition of _______________ caused by fluid
accumulating in a confined space, such as beneath
the skin
❒
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Key Term
Frame
Definition
Know It?
26. emollient
5.69
a chemical _______________ that softens or
smooths the skin
❒
27. erythema
5.16
any _______________ of the skin, a common sign
of injury or infection
❒
28. fissure
5.17
the clinical term for a narrow _______________ or
slit in the skin
❒
29. furuncle
5.18
an abscess associated with a hair _______________
❒
30. herpes
5.46
a viral skin eruption that produces clusters of deep
blisters; major types are _______________, genital,
and shingles
❒
31. hidradenitis
5.47
excessive _______________ due to the inflammation of sweat glands
❒
32. impetigo
5.48
a contagious bacterial skin infection that produces
small vesicles with a golden _______________
­following their rupture
❒
33. induration
5.19
a local _______________ area on the skin or elsewhere in the body
❒
34. jaundice
5.20
abnormal _______________ coloration of the skin
and eyes, a sign of liver or gallbladder disease
❒
35. Kaposi’s sarcoma
5.49
a form of skin cancer arising from the connective
tissue of the dermis indicated by brown or purple
patches on the skin; common among people with
HIV infection and _______________
❒
36. keloid
5.21
an overgrowth of elevated scar tissue that is often
different in color from adjacent, _______________
skin
❒
37. laceration
5.22
the result of an injury caused by a(n)
_______________, or perhaps a cut by a sharp
object with an irregular surface
❒
38. leukoderma
5.50
a condition in which skin becomes lighter in color
due to _______________ activity of the pigmentproducing cells
❒
39. macule
5.23
a discolored flat spot on the skin surface, such as
a(n) _______________
❒
40. melanoma
5.51
a life-threatening skin cancer meaning
“_______________ tumor”
❒
41. nevus
5.24
a pigmented spot on the skin similar to a macule
but darker in color; a(n) _______________
❒
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Key Term
Frame
Definition
Know It?
42. onychocryptosis
5.52
a condition of a nail buried in the skin due
to abnormal growth, commonly called a(n)
_______________ nail
❒
43. onychomalacia
5.53
abnormally _______________ nails; often a sign of
calcium or vitamin D deficiency
❒
44. onychomycosis
5.54
a(n) _______________ infection of one or more
nails
❒
45. pallor
5.25
abnormal _______________ color of the skin,
a sign of a condition causing decreased flow of
blood to the skin
❒
46. papule
5.26
any small, solid elevation on the skin, such as a(n)
_______________, or pimple
❒
47. paronychia
5.55
a condition of infection alongside the
_______________
❒
48. pediculosis
5.56
a condition of head _______________; may also be
found in the pubic region and other parts of the
body
❒
49. petechia
5.27
the rupture of a small blood vessel supplying the
_______________ of the skin, a sign of a circulatory disorder
❒
50. pruritus
5.28
a symptom of _______________ skin
❒
51. psoriasis
5.57
a painful, chronic skin disease characterized
by red lesions covered with silvery epidermal
_______________
❒
52. purpura
5.29
a symptom of purple-red skin discoloration usually the result of a broken _______________
_______________
❒
53. pustule
5.30
an elevated area of the skin filled with
_______________
❒
54. rhytidectomy
5.70
a(n) _______________ _______________ in which
skin wrinkles are surgically removed
❒
55. scabies
5.58
a skin eruption caused by the female itch
_______________
❒
56. scleroderma
5.59
abnormal _______________ or hardness of the
skin, caused by overproduction of collagen in the
dermis
❒
57.systemic lupus
erythematosus
5.60
a chronic, progressive disease of connective tissue in many organs including the skin; commonly
known as _______________
❒
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Key Term
Frame
58. tinea
5.61
a fungal infection of the skin that is often called
_______________
❒
59. trichomycosis
5.62
a fungal infection of _______________
❒
60. ulcer
5.31
an erosion through the skin or mucous membrane; a sore that arises from lack of movement
when lying supine for an extended period is a(n)
_______________ ulcer
❒
61. urticaria
5.32
a common allergic skin reaction to medications,
foods, infection, or injury that produces small
fluid-filled skin _______________; also called hives
❒
62. verruca
5.33
a wart that is a sign of infection by a papilloma
_______________.
❒
63. vesicle
5.34
a small elevation of the epidermis that is filled
with fluid; an example is a(n) _______________
that results from injury to the skin
❒
64. wheal
5.35
a temporary, itchy elevation of the skin, often with
a(n) _______________ center and red perimeter
❒
65. xeroderma
5.63
a disease characterized by abnormally
_______________ skin and caused by hyposecretion of oil glands
❒
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Definition
Know It?
Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System 89
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 9
Crossword Puzzle
Directions: Fill in the crossword puzzle with the words missing from the sentences below. Match
the number of the sentence to the boxes placed across or down the grid. If filled out correctly, the
words will fit neatly into the puzzle.
1
3
2
4
5
6
7
8
9
ACROSS
2 A general term for a disease affecting
the hair is ___________.
7 The ___________ system forms the entire
surface area of the body.
8 ___________ is a superficial form of
dermatitis, with flakiness of the epidermis
as the primary sign.
9 Actinicis ___________ a precancerous
condition of the skin caused by exposure to
sunlight.
DOWN
1 The clinical term for “pimple” is ___________.
3 A common injury to the skin caused by scraping
produces a superficial wound called
a(n) ___________.
4 ___________ is an abnormally pale color of
the skin.
5 If an abscess is associated with a hair follicle,
the local swelling on the skin is called
a(n) ___________.
6 A(n) ___________ is a minor surgery involving
the removal of tissue for evaluation.
90 Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 1 Answers
Phonetic Spelling Challenge
1.carcinoma
2.seborrheic
3.pediculosis
4.rhytidoplasty
5.keratosis
6.melanin
7.cellulitis
8.actinic keratosis
9.eczema
10. impetigo
11. psoriasis
12. alopecia
13. carbuncle
14. dermatitis
15. herpes
16. Kaposi’s sarcoma
17. melanocytes
18. onychopathy
19. scleroderma
20. tinea
Spelling Challenge
1.tinea capitis
2.shingles
3.acne
4.keratosis
5.folliculitis
6.systemic lupus erythematosus
7.hidradenitis
8.impetigo
9.autograft
10. rhytidoplasty
11. melanin
12. edema
13. purpura
14. pustule
15. alopecia
Abbreviation Matchup
1.BCC
2.SqCCa
3.TBSA
4.SLE
5.bx
True/False
6.T
7.F
8.T
9.F
10. T
1.T
2.T
3.F
4.T
5.T
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System 91
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
Fill in the Blank
11. Jaundice
12. Integumentary system
13. cicatrix
14. abscess
15. comedo
16. contusion
17. cyst
18. furuncle
19. papule
20. Pallor
Short Answer
21. A condition of the skin caused by leaking blood vessels in the dermis, producing
purplish patches of purpura larger in size
than petechiae
22. An abnormally soft nail
23. To clean a wound
24. An instrument used to cut thin slices of
skin for grafting
25. A disease characterized by abnormally dry
skin
Word Search
1.melanoma
2.pediculus
3.dermatology
4.microorganisms
5.fissure
6.erythema
7.nevus
8.papule
92 Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System
9.wheal
10. keratosis
11. albinism
12. Cellulitis
13. hidradenitis
14. onychocryptosis
15. trichomycosis
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Y
Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System 93
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 2 Answers
Dictation Report
Write each numbered term as you hear it, spelling each term correctly. This exercise will help you
learn to hear, comprehend, visualize, and spell the new medical terms accurately.
The medical field that specializes in the health and disease of the integumentary system is
known as (1) dermatology. A physician specializing in dermatology is commonly known as a
(2) dermatologist. Dermatologists see patients with many different types of skin conditions. But all
their patients have a problem or concern with their (3) integumentary system.
Some patients have infections such as an (4) abscess or a localized elevation of the skin that is
a sign of a local inflammation. Other patients might have (5) pustule or elevated areas of the skin
filled with pus that carry bacteria. Still other patients have (6) comedos, which is the clinical term
for “pimple.” Some patients have infection that spreads from the skin surface or hair follicles to the
dermis, which is bacterial in origin and is called (7) cellulitis. Topical and oral (8) antibiotics are
used to manage infections, such as (9) acne and (10) carbuncles.
Sometimes the dermatologist does not know what the problem is and decides to do a (11) biopsy,
or minor surgery involving the removal of tissue for evaluation. This is an important test to conduct
to determine if a person is suspected to have a cancer. (12) Kaposi’s sarcoma is a form of skin cancer
arising from the connective tissue of the dermis. The most life-threatening skin cancer is (13) malignant melanoma. It arises from the cells normally providing the pigment (14) melanin. (15) Basal cell
carcinoma and (16) squamous cell carcinoma are tumors arising from the epidermis that usually
remain localized, although the lesions do spread and can become serious if they are not treated.
94 Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
Other parts of the integumentary include the nail, hair, and sweat glands. A loss or lack of scalp
hair is a clinical sign known as baldness, or (17) alopecia. In the condition of (18) hidradenitis, the
individual suffers from excessive perspiration, due to the inflammation of sweat glands. In general, a
disease of the nail is called an (19) onychopathy. The nail condition known as (20) onychocryptosis
occurs when a nail becomes buried in the skin due to abnormal growth. It is commonly called
“ingrown nail.”
People can have all kinds of things wrong with their integumentary system. Some are much
more serious than others. Some conditions cause a rash or an (21) erythema, which is a general term
meaning any redness of the skin. Others cause narrow breaks or slits in the skin called (22) fissures.
Sometimes the environment can cause damage to the skin as in sunburn. Even lying in bed can cause
damage to the skin resulting in a common form of ulcer arising from lack of movement when lying
supine for an extended period of time, called a (23) decubitus. It is most important that we all take
very good care of our skin to avoid serious damage. The use of (24) emollients is recommended,
especially in dry weather, as a chemical agent that softens, moisturizes, and soothes the skin.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System 95
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 3 Answers
Word Surgery
1.Anhidrosis
Definition: A condition characterized by a lack of sweat production
Prefix and definition: an-, without
Combining form and definition: hidr/o, sweat
Suffix and definition: -osis, condition
2.Onychomycosis
Definition: Fungal infection of the nail
Combining form and definition: onych/o, nail
Suffix and definition: -osis, condition
3.Xeroderma
Definition: Condition of excessively dry skin
Combining forms and definitions: xer/o, dry; derm/o, skin
4.Dermatology
Definition: Medical specialty that deals with the integumentary system
Combining form and definition: dermat/o, skin
Suffix and definition: -logy, the study of
5.Subcutaneous
Definition: Pertaining to the tissues underneath the skin
Prefix and definition: sub-, under or beneath
Combining form and definition: cutane/o, skin
Suffix and definition: -ous, pertaining to
6.Melanoma
Definition: The most malignant form of skin cancer caused by the proliferation of pigment
producing cells that forms one or more raised, black irregular lesions on the skin
Combining form and definition: melan/o, black
Suffix and definition: -oma, tumor
7.Keratosis
Definition: Condition characterized by excessive scaliness of the skin.
The term technically means “condition of keratin” a protein found in hair, skin and nails.
Combining form and definition: kerat/o, keratin
Suffix and definition: -osis, condition
8.Leukoderma
Definition: A lightening in the color of pigmentation of the skin due to the underproduction
of skin pigments that sometimes accompanies the aging process
Combining form and definition: leuk/o, white; derm/o, skin
9.Scleroderma
Definition: Hardening of the skin tissues
Combining form and definition: scler/o, hard; derm/o, skin
96 Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
10. Folliculitis
Definition: Inflammation of the hair follicle
Combining form and definition: follicul/o, pertaining to the pouch or pocket from which
the hair grows
Suffix and definition: -itis, inflammation
11. Epidermis
Definition: The outermost layer of the skin
Prefix and definition: epi-, upon
Combining form and definition: derm/o, skin
Suffix and definition: -is, pertaining to
12. Rhytidectomy
Definition: A surgical procedure to remove wrinkles
Combining form and definition: rhytid/o, wrinkles
Suffix and definition: -ectomy, surgical excision
13. Onychectomy
Definition: Surgical removal of a nail
Combining form and definition: onych/o, nail
Suffix and definition: -ectomy, surgical excision
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System 97
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 4 Answers
Case Study
1.erythema
2.pruritus
3.dermatologist
4.onychomycosis
5.vesicles
98 Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 5 Answers
Medical Report Analysis
A.Hives
B.Itching
C.Inflammation of cells within the skin
D.Redness
E.Raised lesion containing pus-filled exudate
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System 99
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 6 Answers
Which Term Does Not Belong?
1.C 2.C 3.D 4.D 5.E Integumentary is a body system not a skin lesion.
Mycosis is a fungal disorder of the skin rather than a skin lesion.
Pruritus is itching of the skin—a symptom rather than an inflammatory condition.
-malacia is a suffix that means softening.
Trich is a word root meaning “hair” rather than a suffix.
100 Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 7 Answers
Labeling
Sweat pore
Hair
Epidermis
Partial
thickness,
superficial
Partial
thickness,
deep
Dermis
Full
thickness
Subcutaneous layer
(adipose and connective tissue)
Blood vessels
Nerves
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Sebaceous
gland
Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System 101
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 8 Answers
Key Terms Double Check
1.superficial
2.suppuration, purulence, or pyogenesis
3.comedones
4.sunlight
5.melanin
6.infection
7.bx or Bx
8.total body surface area (TBSA)
9.boils
10. basal
11. fat deposition
12. connective
13. tissue
14. pimple
15. bruise
16. cardiovascular
17. fluid
18. foreign
19. cosmetic surgery
20. edema or swelling
21. autograft
22. grafting
23. surgical
24. purpura
25. swelling
26. agent
27. redness
28. break
29. follicle
30. oral
31. perspiration
32. crust
33. hard
34. yellow
35. AIDS
36. normal
37. tear
38. reduced
39. freckle
40. black
41. mole
42. ingrown
43. soft
44. fungal
45. pale
46. comedo
47. nail
48. lice
49. dermis
50. itchy
51. scales
52. blood vessel
53. pus
54. plastic surgery
55. mite
56. thickening
57. lupus
58. ringworm
59. hair
60. decubitus
61. elevations
62. virus
63. blister
64. white
65. dry
102 Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Worksheet 9 Answers
Crossword Puzzle
Solution:
C
O
N
Y
C
O
P
A
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B
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A
A
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B
I
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N
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E
S
Y
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
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Chapter 5/ The Integumentary System 103
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