Presentation_COLOMBIA

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Presentation_COLOMBIA
COLOMBIA
Ecosystem Services Policy Issues - 1
DISTRICT POLICY FOR BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION
Working with the District Secretary of Environment
Documents:
• Diagnostic document
• Formulation of Policy for District Biodiversity.
• Formulation of Action Plan for District Biodiversity conservation.
• Ecological Connectivity Guidelines
• Design of economic instruments that recognizes the Urban
Ecosystem Services and sensitive urban biodiversity
Ecosystem Services Policy Issues - 2
NATIONAL POLICY ON BIODIVERSITY
Working with the National Audit Institution
To monitor the public investments of Governmental Institutions for
the implementation of the National Policy on Biodiversity using a
technological tool based on an indicator system
http://200.32.81.75/OTUS/
Ecosystem Services Policy Issues - 3
ENVIRONMENTAL COMPENSATIONS
Working with the Ministry of Environment
Creating an early alert system of affectation on biodiversity from
infrastructure projects. Options of environmental compensation
including eligible areas for Forestry CDM, REDD+, Hydric PES
Compensation options related with
the affectation of elements and
advising a Governmental resolution
to implement this technological tool
to guide political decisions
in Colombia
http://200.32.81.75/TREMARCTOS/
Ecosystem Services Policy Issues - 4
MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR A WATERSHED
Working with the Regional Autonomous corporation of La Guajira
Department
To create a management plan for the Rancheria river (POMCA)
including a hydric PES scheme along part of the watershed
Planning and land use
Biodiversity ecosystem services.
Water ecosystem services and climate change.
Local communities well-being (Kogui, Wiwa,
Aruahaco and Wayuü) through payments
for ecosystem services
Ecosystem Services Policy Issues - 5
NATIONAL REDD TABLE
Working with NGO´s and Ministry of Environment
Technical advice to national government for international
negotiations on REDD, promote field demonstration projects,
support the R-PP construction.
Contribute to the construction of the National Strategy on REDD and
REDD +.
Ecosystem Services Policy Issues - 6
NATIONAL POLICY
Ecosystem Services Implementation - 1
Conservation corridor Bogota-region
CO2 sequestration: Forestry CDM to increment landscape
connectivity along altitudinal gradients. Eligible areas 174.000 ha
Ecosystem Services Implementation - 2
PROCUENCA: The Forestry Project for the Restoration of the
Chinchina River Basin
CO2 sequestration: 4000 hectares planted and growing, using
multiple native and commercial species restoring a conservation
corridor in an area of high Andean endemism. Includes species
monitoring program
Ecosystem Services Implementation - 3
Capacity Building in climate change, Ecosystem Services and
REDD:
Training for 20 local communities of the Amazon and environmental
government authorities to implement REDD projects
Training for academics to strength scientific research on ecosystem
services
Natural Capital Project for Colombia
Current Ecosystem Services Research - 1
Preliminary mapping for eligible potential areas to develop PES and
carbon based projects
Forestry CDM
Projects
REDD + projects
Hydric PES
projects
Ruiz y Bejarano 2009
Current Ecosystem Services Research - 2
Documentation of ecosystem service valuation per ecosystems in
Colombia and preliminary calculation of Natural Capital in climate
change (based on Constanza et al 1997)
1. Climate Regulation
2. Gas Regulation
3. Disturbance Regulation
4. Water Regulation
DRY5.
FOREST
PARAMOS
ANDEAN
FOREST
Water
Provision
Current:
7.429
milion
USD/year
Current:
milion
20.164
milionUSD/year
USD/year
6. 19.433
Soil Formation
Future:
9.046
milion
USD/year
14.796
milion
USD/year
Future:
Future:
14.878
milion
USD/year
7. Erosion Control
8. Nutrien Cycle and its regulation in function
with
production
REDUCED
IN 31.7%
14.1%
INCREASED
IN
41.1%
9. Recreation and ecoturism
Londoño, Urbina-Cardona, Ruiz and Santos. In press
Current Ecosystem Services Research - 3
Conservation area network prioritization for current and future
distribution of 74 threatened and endemic species (Connectivity
guidelines in the District Policy on Biodiversity)
Current
Future
A2a 2050
10% target
30% target
Urbina-Cardona, Ruiz y Bejarano. In Press
Ideas for future research - Country
Specifically with regard to your program, what are the key research
activities needed to support your work on ES in your region?
• Response of different ecosystem functions to spatio-temporal
gradients and anthropogenic drivers (e.g. land use change)
• Economic valuation of biodiversity functions that provide services
• Mapping ecosystem services along natural-anthropogenic
gradients
• Synergistic effects of biodiversity functions and ecosystem
services with habitat fragmentation, climate change, invasive
species, contamination, overexploitation and emergent diseases
Ideas for future research - Collaboration
Bennet et al. 2009
COLOMBIA
Thank you!!
J. Nicolas Urbina-Cardona, PhD
[email protected]
http://sites.google.com/site/nurbina77/
1- SELECCIONAR A LOS ECOSISTEMAS DE
ESTUDIO 1:500.000
A. PARAMO
B. BOSQUE ANDINO
C. BOSQUE SECO
= Orobioma alto de los Andes
= Orobioma medio de los Andes
= Bioma del bosque seco tropical
El procedimiento general para la
delimitación de ecosistemas continentales
consistió en la integración de información
de geopedologÍa (geomorfología y
suelos), zonificación climática
(temperatura y precipitación), coberturas
de la tierra y biomas (IDEAM et al 2007).
Los biomas terrestres se delimitaron por
factores climáticos de temperatura y
pluviosidad e identifican tres grandes
biomas definidos por Walter (1985): gran
bioma del desierto tropical, gran bioma del
bosque seco tropical y gran bioma del
bosque húmedo tropical.

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