Enclosure - City Montessori School

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Enclosure - City Montessori School
16,965 active nuclear bombs and the threat to the world from its
WEAPONS
MASS DESTRUCTION
OF
Compiled by the organizing committee of the
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES OF CHIEF JUSTICES OF THE WORLD
CITY MONTESSORI SCHOOL, 12, Station Road, Lucknow (U.P.) INDIA Mobile: 0091-9235394975
Phones : +91 522 2638738, 2638483 Fax : +91 522 2636008
Email: [email protected]; Website: http://www.cmseducation.org/article51
Threat to the world from its
Weapons of Mass Destruction
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_states_with_nuclear_weapons.
Statistics
By country
•
Albania
•
Libya
•
Algeria
•
Mexico
•
Argentina
•
Netherlands
•
Australia
•
North Korea
•
Brazil
•
Pakistan
•
Bulgaria
•
Poland
•
Burma
•
Romania
•
Canada
•
Russia
•
PRC
•
Saudi Arabia
•
France
•
South Africa
•
Germany
•
Sweden
•
India
•
Syria
•
Iran
•
ROC (Taiwan)
•
Iraq
•
Ukraine
•
Israel
•
United Kingdom
•
Japan
•
United States
The following is a list of states that have admitted the possession of nuclear weapons, the
approximate number of warheads under their control, and the year they tested their first
weapon and their force configuration. This list is informally known in global politics as the
"Nuclear Club."With the exception of Russia and the United States (which have subjected their
nuclear forces to independent verification under various treaties) these figures are estimates, in
some cases quite unreliable estimates. In particular, under the SORT treaty thousands of
Russian and U.S. nuclear warheads are inactive in stockpiles awaiting processing. The fissile
material contained in the warheads can then be recycled for use in nuclear reactors.
From a high of 68,000 active weapons in 1985, as of 2014 there are some 4,000 active nuclear
warheads and 10,144 total nuclear warheads in the world. Many of the decommissioned
weapons were simply stored or partially dismantled, not destroyed.
It is also noteworthy that since the dawn of the Atomic Age the delivery methods of most states
with nuclear weapons has evolved with some achieving a nuclear triad while others have
consolidated away from land and air deterrents to submarine based forces.
Country
Warheads active/total[nb 1]
Year of first test
CTBT status[4]
The five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT
United States
2,104 / 4,804 1945 ("Trinity")
Signatory
Russia
1,600 / 4,480 1949 ("RDS-1")
Ratifier
United Kingdom
160 / 225 1952 ("Hurricane")
Ratifier
France
290 / 300 1960 ("Gerboise Bleue") Ratifier
China
n.a. / 250 1964 ("596")
Signatory
Non-NPT nuclear powers
India
n.a. / 110[2] 1974 ("Smiling Buddha") Non-signatory
Pakistan
n.a. / 120[2] 1998 ("Chagai-I")
North Korea
n.a. / <10 2006
Non-signatory
Non-signatory
Undeclared nuclear powers
Israel
n.a. / 60–400 Unknown (possibly 1979) Signatory
:: 1 ::
Five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT
An early stage in the "Trinity" fireball, the first nuclear explosion, 1945
U.S. and USSR/Russian nuclear weapons stockpiles, 1945–2006
A Trident missile launched from a Royal Navy Vanguard class ballistic missile submarine
French nuclear-powered aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle (right) and the American nuclear-powered
carrier USS Enterprise (left), each of which carries nuclear-capable warplanes
:: 2 ::
United States
The United States developed the first atomic weapons, during World War II in cooperation with
the United Kingdom and Canada as part of the Manhattan Project, out of the fear that Nazi
Germany would develop them first. It tested the first nuclear weapon in 1945 ("Trinity"), and
remains the only country to have used nuclear weapons against an enemy state in warfare,
devastating the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It was the first nation to develop the
hydrogen bomb, testing an experimental prototype in 1952 ("Ivy Mike") and a deployable
weapon in 1954 ("Castle Bravo"). Throughout the Cold War it continued to modernize and
enlarge its nuclear arsenal, but from 1992 on has been involved primarily in a program of
Stockpile stewardship.[26][27][28] The U.S. nuclear arsenal contained 31,175 warheads at its
Cold War height (in 1966).[29] During the Cold War the United States built approximately 70,000
nuclear warheads, more than all other nuclear-weapon states combined.
Russian Federation
The Soviet Union tested its first nuclear weapon ("RDS-1") in 1949, in a crash project developed
partially with espionage obtained during and after World War II (see: Soviet atomic bomb
project). The Soviet Union was the second nation to have developed and tested a nuclear
weapon. The direct motivation for Soviet weapons development was to achieve a balance of
power during the Cold War. It tested its first megaton-range hydrogen bomb ("RDS-37") in 1955.
The Soviet Union also tested the most powerful explosive ever detonated by humans, ("Tsar
Bomba"), with a theoretical yield of 100 megatons, intentionally reduced to 50 when detonated.
After its dissolution in 1991, the Soviet weapons entered officially into the possession of the
Russian Federation.[32] The Soviet nuclear arsenal contained some 45,000 warheads at its peak
(in 1986); the Soviet Union built about 55,000 nuclear warheads since 1949.
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom tested its first nuclear weapon ("Hurricane") in 1952. Britain had provided
considerable impetus and initial research for the early conception of the atomic bomb, aided by
the presence of refugee scientists working in British laboratories who had fled the continent. It
collaborated closely with the United States and Canada during the Manhattan Project, but had
to develop its own method for manufacturing and detonating a bomb as U.S. secrecy grew after
1945. The United Kingdom was the third country in the world, after the United States and Soviet
Union, to develop and test a nuclear weapon. Its programme was motivated to have an
independent deterrent against the Soviet Union, while also maintaining its status as a great
power. It tested its first hydrogen bomb in 1957 (Operation Grapple), making it the third country
to do so after the United States and Soviet Union.[33][34] The UK maintained a fleet of V
bomber strategic bombers and ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) equipped with nuclear
weapons during the Cold War. It currently maintains a fleet of four 'Vanguard' class ballistic
missile submarines equipped with Trident II missiles. The British government announced a
replacement to the current system to take place between 2007-2024.
:: 3 ::
France
France tested its first nuclear weapon in 1960 ("Gerboise Bleue"), based mostly on its own
research. It was motivated by the Suez Crisis diplomatic tension vis-à-vis both the Soviet Union
and the Free World allies United States and United Kingdom. It was also relevant to retain great
power status, alongside the United Kingdom, during the post-colonial Cold War (see: Force de
frappe). France tested its first hydrogen bomb in 1968 ("Opération Canopus"). After the Cold
War, France has disarmed 175 warheads with the reduction and modernization of its arsenal
that has now evolved to a dual system based on submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs)
and medium-range air-to-surface missiles (Rafale fighter-bombers). However new nuclear
weapons are in development[citation needed] and reformed nuclear squadrons were trained
during Enduring Freedom operations in Afghanistan.[citation needed] France signed the Nuclear
Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1992.[35] In January 2006, President Jacques Chirac stated a terrorist
act or the use of weapons of mass destruction against France would result in a nuclear
counterattack.[36] In February 2015, President Francois Hollande stressed the need for a
nuclear deterrent in "a dangerous world". He also detailed the French deterrent as "less than
300" nuclear warheads, three sets of 16 submarine-launched ballistic missiles and 54 mediumrange air-to-surface missiles" and urged other states to show similar transparency.[37]
China
China tested its first nuclear weapon device ("596") in 1964 at the Lop Nur test site. The weapon
was developed as a deterrent against both the United States and the Soviet Union. Two years
later, China had a fission bomb capable of being put onto a nuclear missile. It tested its first
hydrogen bomb ("Test No. 6") in 1967, a mere 32 months after testing its first nuclear weapon
(the shortest fission-to-fusion development known in history).[38] The country is currently
thought to have had a stockpile of around 240 warheads, though because of the limited
information available, estimates range from 100 to 400.[39][40][41] China is the only NPT
nuclear-weapon state to give an unqualified negative security assurance due to its "no first use"
policy.[42][43] China signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1992.[35] On February 25,
2015 U.S. Vice Admiral Joseph Mulloy stated to the House Armed Services Committee's
seapower subcommittee that the U.S. does not believe the PLAN currently deploys SLBMs on
their submarine fleet.
:: 4 ::
Other states declaring possession of nuclear weapons
Large stockpile with global range (dark blue), smaller stockpile with global range (medium blue),
small stockpile with regional range (pale blue)

India
Launch of the first Intercontinental Ballistic Missile by India having a range of over 5000 km or
more.
India is not a party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. India tested what it called a
"peaceful nuclear explosive" in 1974 (which became known as "Smiling Buddha"). The test was
the first test developed after the creation of the NPT, and created new questions about how
civilian nuclear technology could be diverted secretly to weapons purposes (dual-use
technology). India's secret development caused great concern and anger particularly from
nations, such as Canada, that had supplied its nuclear reactors for peaceful and power
generating needs.
Indian officials rejected the NPT in the 1960s on the grounds that it created a world of nuclear
"haves" and "have-nots," arguing that it unnecessarily restricted "peaceful activity" (including
"peaceful nuclear explosives"), and that India would not accede to international control of their
nuclear facilities unless all other countries engaged in unilateral disarmament of their own
nuclear weapons. The Indian position has also asserted that the NPT is in many ways a neocolonial regime designed to deny security to post-colonial powers.[45] Even after its 1974 test,
India maintained that its nuclear capability was primarily "peaceful", but between 1988 and
1990 it apparently weaponized two dozen nuclear weapons for delivery by air.[46] In 1998 India
tested weaponized nuclear warheads ("Operation Shakti"), including a thermonuclear
device.[47]
In July 2005, U.S. President George W. Bush and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
announced plans to conclude an Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement.[48] This came to fruition
through a series of steps that included India’s announced plan to separate its civil and military
:: 5 ::
nuclear programs in March 2006,[49] the passage of the United States-India Peaceful Atomic
Energy Cooperation Act by the U.S. Congress in December 2006, the conclusion of a U.S.-India
nuclear cooperation agreement in July 2007,[50] approval by the IAEA of an India-specific
safeguards agreement,[51] agreement by the Nuclear Suppliers Group to a waiver of export
restrictions for India,[52] approval by the U.S. Congress[53] and culminating in the signature of
U.S.-India agreement for civil nuclear cooperation[54] in October 2008. The U.S. State
Department said it made it "very clear that we will not recognize India as a nuclear-weapon
state".[55] The United States is bound by the Hyde Act with India and may cease all cooperation
with India if India detonates a nuclear explosive device. The US had further said it is not its
intention to assist India in the design, construction or operation of sensitive nuclear
technologies through the transfer of dual-use items.[56] In establishing an exemption for India,
the Nuclear Suppliers Group reserved the right to consult on any future issues which might
trouble it.[57] As of early 2013, India was estimated to have had a stockpile of around 90–110
warheads.[1]
Pakistan
Pakistan also is not a party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Pakistan covertly developed
nuclear weapons over decades, beginning in the late 1970s. Pakistan first delved into nuclear
power after the establishment of its first nuclear power plant near Karachi with equipment and
materials supplied mainly by western nations in the early 1970s. Pakistani Prime Minister
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto promised in 1965 that if India could build nuclear weapons then Pakistan
would too, "even if we have to eat grass."
It is believed that Pakistan has possessed nuclear weapons since the mid-1980s.[58] The United
States continued to certify that Pakistan did not possess such weapons until 1990, when
sanctions were imposed under the Pressler Amendment, requiring a cutoff of U.S. economic and
military assistance to Pakistan.[59] In 1998, Pakistan conducted its first six nuclear tests at the
Chagai Hills, in response to the five tests conducted by India a few weeks before.
In 2004, the Pakistani metallurgist A.Q. Khan, a key figure in Pakistan's nuclear weapons
program, confessed to heading an international black market ring involved in selling nuclear
weapons technology. In particular, Khan had been selling gas centrifuge technology to North
Korea, Iran, and Libya. Khan denied complicity by the Pakistani government or Army, but this
has been called into question by journalists and IAEA officials, and was later contradicted by
statements from Khan himself.
As of early 2013, Pakistan was estimated to have had a stockpile of around 100–120
warheads,[1] and in November 2014 it was projected that by 2020 Pakistan would have enough
fissile material for 200 warheads.
North Korea
North Korea was a party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, but announced a withdrawal
on January 10, 2003, after the United States accused it of having a secret uranium enrichment
program and cut off energy assistance under the 1994 Agreed Framework. In February 2005,
North Korea claimed to possess functional nuclear weapons, though their lack of a test at the
time led many experts to doubt the claim. However, in October 2006, North Korea stated that
:: 6 ::
due to growing intimidation by the USA, it would conduct a nuclear test to confirm its nuclear
status. North Korea reported a successful nuclear test on October 9, 2006 (see 2006 North
Korean nuclear test). Most U.S. intelligence officials believe that North Korea did, in fact, test a
nuclear device due to radioactive isotopes detected by U.S. aircraft; however, most agree that
the test was probably only partially successful.[62] The yield may have been less than a kiloton,
which is much smaller than the first successful tests of other powers; boosted fission weapons
may have an unboosted yield in this range, which is sufficient to start deuterium-tritium fusion
in the boost gas at the center; the fast neutrons from fusion then ensure a full fission yield.
North Korea conducted a second, higher yield test on 25 May 2009 (see 2009 North Korean
nuclear test) and a third test with still higher yield on 12 February 2013 (see 2013 North Korean
nuclear test).
Other states believed to possess nuclear weapons
On October 5, 1986, the British newspaper The Sunday Times ran Mordechai Vanunu's story on
its front page under the headline: "Revealed – the secrets of Israel's nuclear arsenal."

Israel
Israel is widely believed to have been the sixth country in the world to develop nuclear
weapons, with "rudimentary, but deliverable," nuclear weapons available as early as 1967.[63]
Israel is not a party to the NPT. Israel engages in strategic ambiguity, saying it would not be the
first country to "introduce" nuclear weapons into the region, but refusing to otherwise confirm
or deny a nuclear weapons program or arsenal. This policy of "nuclear opacity" has been
interpreted as an attempt to get the benefits of deterrence with a minimum political
cost.[63][64] In 1968, the Israeli Ambassador to the United States, Yitzhak Rabin, affirmed to the
United States State Department that Israel would "not be the first to introduce nuclear weapons
into the Middle East." Upon further questioning about what "introduce" meant in this context,
however, he said that "he would not consider a weapon that had not been tested a weapon,"
and affirmed that he did not believe that "an unadvertised, untested nuclear device" was really
"a nuclear weapon." He also agreed, however, that an "advertised but untested" device would
be considered "introduction." This has been interpreted to mean that official Israeli policy was
that the country could possess a nuclear weapon without technically "introducing" it, so long as
it did not test it, and as long as it was "unadvertised".[65][66]
There is extensive evidence Israel has nuclear weapons or a near-ready nuclear weapons
capability. There is also speculation that Israel may have tested a nuclear weapon along with
South Africa in 1979, but this has not been confirmed, and interpretation of the Vela Incident is
controversial. The stated purpose of the Negev Nuclear Research Center near Dimona is to
advance basic nuclear science and applied research on nuclear energy.[67]
:: 7 ::
In 1986, a former Dimona technician, Mordechai Vanunu, disclosed extensive information about
the nuclear program to the British press, including photographs of the secret areas of the
nuclear site, some of which depicted nuclear weapons cores and designs. Vanunu gave detailed
descriptions of lithium-6 separation required for the production of tritium, an essential
ingredient of fusion-boosted fission bombs, as well as information about the rate of plutonium
production. Vanunu's evidence was vetted by experienced technical experts before publication,
and is considered to be among the strongest evidence for the advanced state of the Israeli
nuclear weapons program.[64][68] According to the Natural Resources Defense Council and the
Federation of American Scientists, Israel likely possesses around 75–200 nuclear
weapons.[22][69] The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute estimates that Israel
has approximately 80 intact nuclear weapons, of which 50 are for delivery by Jericho II mediumrange ballistic missiles and 30 are gravity bombs for delivery by aircraft. SIPRI also reports that
there was renewed speculation in 2012 that Israel may also have developed nuclear-capable
submarine-launched cruise missiles.[70]
On the 12th of February 2015, the Pentagon declassified a top-secret 386-page Department of
Defense document from 1987 detailing Israel's nuclear program. This represents the first time
Israel’s nuclear program has ever been officially and publicly referenced by the U.S.
authorities.[71]
Nuclear weapons sharing
U.S. nuclear weapons in Europe[46]
Country
Air base
Custodian
Warheads
Belgium
Kleine Brogel
52d Fighter Wing
10~20
Germany
Büchel
52d Fighter Wing
10~20
Netherlands
Volkel
52d Fighter Wing
10~20
Italy
Ghedi
52d Fighter Wing
20~40
Italy
Aviano
31st Fighter Wing
50
Turkey
Incirlik
39th Air Base Wing
50~90
Total

150~240
Belgium, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Turkey
Under NATO nuclear weapons sharing, the United States has provided nuclear weapons for
Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, and Turkey to deploy and store.[73] This involves
pilots and other staff of the "non-nuclear" NATO states practicing, handling, and delivering the
U.S. nuclear bombs, and adapting non-U.S. warplanes to deliver U.S. nuclear bombs. However,
since all U.S. nuclear weapons are protected with Permissive Action Links, the host states cannot
arm the bombs without authorization codes from the United States Air Force.[citation needed]
:: 8 ::
U.S. nuclear weapons were also deployed in Canada until 1984, and in Greece until 2001 for
nuclear sharing purposes.[74]
Members of the Non-Aligned Movement have called on all countries to "refrain from nuclear
sharing for military purposes under any kind of security arrangements."[75] The Institute of
Strategic Studies Islamabad (ISSI) has criticized the arrangement for allegedly violating Articles I
and II of the NPT, arguing that "these Articles do not permit the NWS to delegate the control of
their nuclear weapons directly or indirectly to others."[76] NATO has argued that the weapons'
sharing is compliant with the NPT because "the U.S. nuclear weapons based in Europe are in the
sole possession and under constant and complete custody and control of the United States."
States formerly possessing nuclear weapons
Nuclear Africa produced six nuclear weapons in the 1980s, but disassembled them in the early
1990s. In 1979, there was a putative detection of a covert nuclear test in the Indian Ocean,
called the Vela incident. It has long been speculated that it was possibly a test by Israel, in
collaboration with and support of South Africa, though this has never been confirmed. South
Africa could not have constructed such a nuclear bomb until November 1979, two months after
the "double flash" incident. South Africa signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1991,

South Africa
South Africa produced six nuclear weapons in the 1980s, but disassembled them in the early
1990s. In 1979, there was a putative detection of a covert nuclear test in the Indian Ocean,
called the Vela incident. It has long been speculated that it was possibly a test by Israel, in
collaboration with and support of South Africa, though this has never been confirmed. South
Africa could not have constructed such a nuclear bomb until November 1979, two months after
the "double flash" incident. South Africa signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1991.
Former Soviet countries

Belarus had 81 single warhead missiles stationed on its territory after the Soviet Union
collapsed in 1991. They were all transferred to Russia by 1996. In May 1992, Belarus acceded to
the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

Kazakhstan inherited 1,400 nuclear weapons from the Soviet Union, and transferred them all
to Russia by 1995. Kazakhstan has since acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

Ukraine has acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Ukraine inherited about 5,000
nuclear weapons when it became independent from the Soviet Union in 1991, making its
nuclear arsenal the third-largest in the world.[83] By 1996, Ukraine had voluntarily disposed of
all nuclear weapons within its territory, disassembling them in Russia.
:: 9 ::
Country
System
Status
Range
Propellant
Afghanistan
Scud-B
Unknown
300 km
Liquid
Armenia
Scud-B
Operational
300 km
Liquid
Bahrain
ATACMS (MGM-140)
Operational
Up to 300 km
Solid
Belarus
SS-21
Operational
120 km
Solid
Scud-B
Operational
300 km
B611 (CSS-X-11)
Operational
250 km
M-7 (CSS-8)
Operational
150-230 km
DF-3A (CSS-2)
Operational
2,800 km
DF-4 (CSS-3)
Operational
5,470+ km
DF-5 (CSS-4, Mod 1)
Operational
12,000 km
DF-5A (CSS-4, Mod 2)
Operational
13,000 km
DF-11 (CSS-7)
Operational
300 km
DF-11A (CSS-7)
Operational
600 km
DF-15 (CSS-6)
Operational
600 km
DF-15? (CSS-6 Mod 2)
Operational
880+ km
Solid
DF-15? (CSS-6 Mod 3)
Operational
720+ km
Solid
DF-21 (CSS-5, Mod 1)
Operational
2,500 km
DF-21A (CSS-5, Mod 2)
Operational
1,770+ km
DF-21C (CSS-5 Mod 3)
Operational
2,150-2,500 km
DF-21D ASBMvariant
Development
1,500 km
DF-31 (CSS-10 Mod 1)
Operational
7,250+ km
DF-31A (CSS-10 Mod 2)
Operational
11,270+ km
Julang (JL) 1 (SLBM)
Operational
1,700+ km
Julang (JL) 2 (SLBM)
Tested/Development
7400 km
Solid
Scud-B
Operational
300 km
Liquid
Project-T (Scud B)
Operational
450 km
Liquid
Scud-C
Operational
550 km
Liquid
China
Egypt
:: 10 ::
Liquid
Solid
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Solid
Solid
Solid
Solid
Solid
Solid
Solid
Solid
Solid
Solid
France
M4A/B (SLBM)
Operational
6,000 km
M45 (SLBM)
Operational
6,000 km
M51 (SLBM)
Tested/Development
8,000 km
Georgia
Scud B
Operational
300 km
Liquid
Greece
ATACMS (MGM-140)
Operational
165 km
Solid
India
Prithvi-1
Operational
150 km
Liquid
Prithvi-2
Operational
250 km
Liquid
Prithvi-3
Development
350 km
Solid
Dhanush
Operational
400
Liquid
Sagarika/K-15 (SLBM)
Tested
750
Solid
Agni-1
Operational
700 km
Solid
Agni-2
Operational
2,000 km
Solid
Agni-3
Operational
3,000 km
Solid
Agni-4
Tested
3,500 km
Solid
Agni-5
Development
5,000 km
Solid
Mushak-120
Operational
130 km
Solid
Mushak-160
Operational
160 km
Solid
Qiam-1
Operational
+300 km
Liquid
Fateh-110
Operational
200 km
Solid
Tondar-69 (CSS-8)
Operational
150 km
Solid
Scud-B
Operational
300 km
Liquid
Scud-C
Operational
550 km
Liquid
Shahab-3 (Zelzal-3)
Operational
1,300-2,000 km
Liquid
Ghadr 1/Ghadr 110
Tested/Development
2,500 km
Liquid
Ashura/Sejjil/Sejjil-2
Tested/Development
2,000-2,500 km
Solid
Al Fat’h
Unknown
160 km
Solid
Al Samoud II
Unknown
180-200 km
Liquid
Lance
Operational
130 km
Liquid
Jericho-1
Operational
500 km
Solid
Jericho-2
Operational
1,500 km
Solid
Jericho-3
Operational?
4,800 km
Solid/Liquid
Tochka-U (SS-21)
Operational
120 km
Solid
Scud-B
Operational
300 km
Liquid
Al Fatah (Itislat)
Tested/Development
200 km
Liquid
Scud-B
Operational
300 km
Liquid
Toksa/SS-21 variant
Tested/Development
120 km
Solid
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kazakhstan
Libya
North Korea
:: 11 ::
Solid
Solid
Solid
Scud-Bvariant/Hwasong 5
Operational
300 km
Liquid
Scud-Cvariant/Hwasong 6
Operational
500 km
Liquid
No-Dong-1
Operational
1,300 km
Liquid
No-Dong-2
Tested/Development
1,500 km
Liquid
Taepo Dong-1
Tested
2,000 km
Liquid
Taepo Dong-2 (2-stage)
Tested/Development
9,000+ km
Liquid
Taepo Dong-2 (3stage)/Unha-2 SLV
Tested/Development
15,000 km
Liquid
Musudan/BM-25/SS-N6 variant
Development?
4,000 km
Liquid
Hatf-1
Operational
80-100 km
Solid
Hatf-2 (Abdali)
Tested/Development
190 km
Solid
Hatf-3 (Ghaznavi)
Operational
300 km
Solid
Shaheen-1 (Hatf-4)
Operational
750 km
Solid
Ghauri-1 (Hatf-5)
Operational
1,300 km
Liquid
Ghauri-2 (Hatf-5a)
Tested/Development
2,300 km
Liquid
Shaheen-2 (Hatf-6)
Tested/Development
2,500 km
Solid
Ghauri-3
Development
3,000 km
Liquid
Romania
Scud-B
Operational
300 km
Liquid
Russia
Scud-B (SS-1c Mod 1)
Operational
300 km
Liquid
Scud-B (SS-1c Mod 2)
Operational
240 km
Liquid
SS-18
Operational
10,000 km
Liquid
SS-19
Operational
10,000 km
Liquid
SS-21
Operational
120 km
Solid
SS-21 Mod 2
Operational
120 km
Solid
SS-21 Mod 3
Operational
70 km
Solid
SS-24
Operational
10,000 km
Solid
SS-25
Operational
10,500 km
Solid
SS-27 (Topol M)
Operational
11,000 km
Solid
SS-27 Mod-X-2
Operational
11,000 km
Solid
SS-26 (Iskander)
Operational
400 km
Solid
SS-N-8 (SLBM)
Operational
8,000 km
Liquid
SS-N-18 (SLBM)
Operational
6,500-8,000 km
Liquid
SS-N-20 (SLBM)
Being Retired
8,300 km
Solid
SS-N-23 (SLBM)
Operational
8,000 km
Liquid
RSM-56 (Bulava-30)
Tested/Development
10,000 km
Solid
SS-26 Stone (Iskader-E)
Operational
280 km
Solid
Saudi Arabia
DF-3 (CSS-2)
Operational
2,600 km
Liquid
Slovakia
SS-21
Operational
120 km
Solid
Pakistan
:: 12 ::
South Korea
NHK-1
Operational
180 km
Solid
NHK-2
Operational
260-300 km
Solid
ATACMS Block 1/A
Operational
300 km
Solid
SS-21
Operational
120 km
Solid
Scud-B
Operational
300 km
Scud-C
Operational
500 km
Liquid
Scud-D
Tested/Development
700 km
Liquid
Ching Feng
Operational
130 km
Liquid
Tien Chi
Operational
300 km
Solid
ATACMS (MGM-140)
Operational
165 km
Solid
Project J
Development
150 km
Solid
Turkmenistan
Scud-B
Operational
300 km
Liquid
United Arab
Emirates
Scud-B
Operational
300 km
Liquid
United
Kingdom
D-5 Trident II (SLBM)
Operational
7,400 km
Solid
United States
ATACMS Block I
Operational
165 km
Solid
ATACMS Block IA
Operational
300 km
Solid
ATACMS Block II
Operational
140 km
Solid
Minuteman III
Operational
9,650-13,000 km
Solid
D-5 Trident II (SLBM)
Operational
7,400+ km
Solid
Vietnam
Scud-B
Operational
300 km
Liquid
Yemen
Scud-B
Operational
300 km
Liquid
SS-21
Operational
120 km
Solid
Scud variant
Operational
300-500 km
Liquid
Syria
Taiwan
Turkey
:: 13 ::
Liquid