uni 1 .

Comments

Transcription

uni 1 .
uni 1
Tfilsariisfsnu
-
.
structure)
(SO&
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(social Organization)
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A
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wqlnr3uibun'u iio iduir?wu'mrouni? i f l u ~ i [email protected]
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(socialization)
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2. 91%
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=la
1
B
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or'l#s'uni.rtlfluuggn in?~upnuiuji
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di3
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(double standard)
B ~ ~ ~ ~ Y ( u : ~ I ~(dualism)
u w P ? ~ M
29 4'
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8
9
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an
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ii.~viu~
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h: (sex) 1~a:nnuum~ii~rnc~wadgn~i~u~1au8~nu11a:a'01~u%ssu
(gender) na1U
d w
'
llmndiqluds:nisnii.ldu ii~#i~an?iu~oilriiliuufius:~iiq~wa
TRU~~~AUIQ#
& &
aA
%onin"lunaiuu.~n~
u(trol%uq~lardiuidiirilwaviu(Haralambos, 1983. P. 180)
A
d
lunaiu q 84nu o'oii6~ulsotnasruai~fiinum1~{nfjqtduq~~nk!a%w"iqiu
u'iu i:oqain~uudn?r: ilabnir~?:dilw'fw{qmui:fi'uqiul~riiUd
n 4
UYIU~IIVO~
~ n c y c a . r ~ ~ u n i s ~ ~ n ~ t o o n n ' t s s s u a i n ' u o t (female
n ~ i u ~ dnature)
un~~
el
w"n
d
#~nuairmiuitiiuuou?udsa~~unndia8i~ii
unuin~i.rlwnuo~vici~car~~~
(gender) ~ ~ 0 ~ 1 ~ ~ l d i i f i ~ f f n l ~ ~ 1 1 . ~ ~ ? ~ 9 1~6d9w' 1"1niut 1i yl lpa~~u~~f n
j 4u i ~ ~ ? ~ ~ u ? n ' ~
9 0 h qlmoi iuoiian (George Peter Murdock)
TLkii ~ 2 1 ~ 6 l f l n d 1 4 ~ 1 1 ~ ~ 2 : n ~ 0 ~ 1 ~
iiqniu& (6bu n?iu16$cll1rtuoqf(IIiun?iuq.a'ln~uaclfi%iu)
nirldfii~u'fiuo.riianiu
d
d
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Y
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doullauldoh l d u h
$4 Murdock
'l#%u:ii ~ a u l l r ~ n i u i i 1 ~ ' l l l r ~ ~ a 1 ~ ~ j i i i u o 9
fi;diudilw'muiroJii~iu6~na'ia!#~nii~w~
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iln:liuqQn
29
9
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1m:hurwquq~q.ra~q~wu"ou!8?u
dr:1uau'tfa:n'iaiu~uiniilla:niui~n$i~iudo~ln~n'uoifi~iu3~~~~iu
(Haralambos,
1983. P. 181)
1u.r:~: 3 n ~ a ~ r v $ c i i u u!k~nnirm~aulw2votnr:~~a~un?oq8~5nm?
i
(Women's Liberation Movement) d 1 ~ ~ ~ 6 u ~ ~ ~ u o a ~ n u i n v
(gender)
' 1 u ~ i~gan: ~ d ~
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l8~?uufunuin
I
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Gfi~naiwiq~qnu
(socialization process)
Y
~~od'u
d ~ :d~ fdi u ~ s o . r a r r u a i ~ ~ ~ ! d ~ ~ ~ f o u ~ u ~ i w ~ ~ ~ u ~ u i n u o ~ a ~ ~ ? ~ n ~ ~ ! d
nldlumnsauuo~lns~nfi~wi~J~nu~~"nua$o~n'uniso'msz~duuussw'miu
.
A
dd
(Normative Order) ~ ~ ~ ~ u t r ~ ~ w m u a ~ o ~ ~ u n i s ~ i ~ ~ u ~ ~ m v o ~ n u
rzldouusstgiuuil?Iunsou~aismilu~~o~vo~nm4
luu4vo~ussri~giu~~"nuaOo~
riu~duuunaiuds:wqPn'iiiuu n3Guu n ~ ~ n t u d dqi q~~ilrlnuimn~odinum?~#
4
s w s
4
lnnlmlnnnutdgumnso1dnasd~~~
aunaiul?IuiOillusssuIm~dmnaiu~~mn~i~wi~
&nulta:ncy'td~munszuaunis(u"m~ndiwi~J~nu
(socialization) lmudiunsruaums
m 5 o ' R 5 ~ l f i t I ¶ J ~ l l ~ l l ~ 1 (Differentiation
nd19
Order)
A a
~ ~ u a i i m $ o ~ l n r ~ ~ f i ~ w i ~ a r " ~ n u ~ ~ z J i unirakrailuu
iw'~is~i~n~~o~~u
n?iamniit (Differentiation Order) &$1l8Jqnulisqodl# uonmu'orzuuuss%
g i u ~ ~ ~ ~ u n ~ n ~ n t u . n " ~ ~ z n a u ~ u n q ~ n s s u v o1#diiu'u'ldodw6irqnu
~nui~n~uar"~nu
14
SO 378
3 2 dszmr 1k66 dr:nirllrn &I noiuniw~mrunuin (status and
roles) d m i r
dnoqn'o nir h.d.?q& niqii~nu(sociai itratification)
QQ10d~lW11813JW911Q (Status and roles)
~indi~uoclmn3ui
(Shakespeare) d j i "~andi%.~l?fh:nrn~qlmzaiudw
l8~gllfffi4"("All the worlds' a stage. And all the men and women merely players9')
441
9
~nuioZuiu#?uiiii
noiuniw uazunuin (Haralambos, 1983. P. 10)
9
Ad
diilnniumw (status) nuiu& ~ n ~ u t l m u i n n ~ ~ u n d ~ p 1 n a 6 o ~ % m ~ d ~ n n a
#oiordu?Uo.rijn?iu~w'uin"uqnnadu~~a:~~nuaiaurau
an3 ~ u i u i i ~ &dynna
r
n i ~ n i i l ~ i i ~ u n ? r a r ~ # ~ u ~ d o ~ n i r ~ f i ~ o ~ nfooianlii?1#iil9u8Ild
u~'ui~u~d
liunfo~loiein#qnuld 14iu ~rsu-ilfini'iundoqlla:1#ful~ur3 nGti'lfilonin
f u n i r l m i d ~13uRu e:l3ud.rknumiir(nnaEudndido:8oqd~~3dogduatiiq1r
9
A4
s?u~q~q~n?iuillw'fiaouotiiq1rsio(dulIaz#~nu
nuinar9ud~ifl(nn~Xo~~i~6u
nqiufu8clsou
~9udqdii.muiiunfo~~in~nnw
nnu&wira'uoilynna~~uldmiu
nniuniwn'o qnnnb;o~f$nnniuniwn"u11azn'u6ou~~a:11n~~naiuar'uw'uin'u1#
tf~iuniw! 2 lluu n'o muniwC(3~6i? (ascribed status) l l f l % f l n l ~ m ~ # ~ ~ n ~
(achieved status) flinfunniuniw~~i?~udau~n~oz~d~uu~~da~ti'ld~#
l i u nniuniw
nicmn &a:'l#fuui&ldli;~
finuriouqmsianrsu
miuniw~~AGndnnf~oi~u#~nu~np1m~nrru
llnz
A d
a~1mnaiue~1#funmuniw~o~w'o~~az~dn~a~~o:1#fu
amumwoinld ibu idiiaiau (Cheyenne) Bn~%iuoznaiu~~uuiun~iu
iquhau
ialiouociiqin'olau ~ a u ~ n r n a e z f l n ~ o u ~ s ' a ~ i ad~ui ~du iduiinwalliiqd
n~~ui
An
id~o9fl~mufll
(Haralambos, 1983. P.11) III~UflOlUmW?R~jij9iaM61iIMM9M~~ga
ui~uynna~nudazi~iuuii~~a~'l&;~ouuin
ciaunniuniwKuqnd (achieved status) -ozi~un(l7uni~~ynnadiui5ndo:
lid4
i&.~
%I~OIUO?~U
(aborigines)
~
nd'iCfnndi&io:i9uvoq$~+q
1~fiflin~ll;~
(Tasmania) d5~~~1t10nifl'li;~
nd
.19u4iu dthodi.rdinnql~iiod-11
unuin&~Su
Q
dauau~uo~~~u~5~uoiooziiandi~6u'ldo1iuiisia:ar"~nu
(Haralambos, 1983. P. 11)
~nuh'ldynnna~dg"~~"3o1iu8nt~~a:~d~~vo~o10do1~u~niuni~~iio~
lid
'li'l&;nuiunaiuiiynnao~'l0j04d~~u1ui~o~naiu~n~~od1uni~i~nn~uun
oioc:Jii
ro
d
.unodnwio'lunin'lb:
idu
ainnq~'nr.rutu&ad~uvouivfliKqnu~iwunwiouou~u'l#
unuinvo.rdodiirn~~n*onaaiuotii~lunis~in
ibu6ui1
qiinioilald
o u . i u 8 ~ n o u Q n ~ . A ' ~ ~ n u u u ~Rui
3 ~ u ~ui.iuind~~iu
iua
al~ll#ani~~~u-aqqn~u
I
~ ~ n u a m i n w i ~ ~ L S u u n u i n w ~ i d u o ~ ~~jdniiajiunuiwau13m
~ ~ i i n n ~ i ~ ' ~ ~ ai u d
qnnaa:nrounsoqunuifliiq q uinuiu ( ~ J u ~ f l u a ~ u ~ n i14Yiil.A'iii~
uni~)
ilqwinaiuCllbjrrwii~unuin (role
conflict)
uonain$unaiuffillkuo~unuim
o i o ~ i i ~ 1 ~ ; l u n r 8 d m ~ i w ~ # u a ~ u ~ n n i ~ w a " ~ o i n ~ ~ n n ~ ~ ~ i18u
ui1"nua~o~~~mn
naiu~n~~#~niu%uunuiw
(interrole
conflict)
n~~~aoU'i~~o~mia~n61#~~:w~i~
unuin liu unuimuoqllJ ioiocqaagn uol:inuaiiu6oio~diciwuondiu bqlasio
#uh~%uuiuh.r ~#oujau~iu
~o~l~fi~~naiu~uiin'11ou'1uwdidni~~iu4~oi0o~fii
16nuinuo~naiu~Sui~iu'owiou~d~iu
niiu#iu~'n~N"ovjai~lXiiu~iu
1Su81i t~taini
d
d
a : ~ n ~ o i u n u i n u o ~ ~ ~ d ~ ~ u w a " n f l o ~ ~ l i l # ~ u ~ ~ ~ adauiYasdiqnaiu
ailX~iu~man
Cukmuluunuin iiu n.~ru'd(~{~ijuwuiw~Sun'i3~1
~nmmwAoinn.rouniauo4
9
ed
muaimo~vjumlaniluni~d~uG1J'laifi11uun~~~iaQ~~rii
~lirioldqimnuoquoqdiu
4
1
9
1. 6 1 ~ 1(power)
~
a
~ u ' l f l & f i ? i u a i u i r n d a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~qwh.dhu
~~anu~u
~ ~ u d a i l n s n i i i n u ~ l ~ Z n ~ n n a ~ u " ~ n ~ ~ o ~ i ~T~u!J6iGs<1Zndiu
iun"~u~a~ni~
&tnirdiw?ali
luifoanir~~i~du9ova~~~~~~~~~~a~iw"aismi!n"ainni
iiu
6iuiai~iRauIaIunrounf~adi.rnsla~l'i~uduol"n~nua~iiiianiuniwdi
iwri:!rjij
d i u i a I u n i r ~ ~ u ~ o ~ uqBvacnraunY2
a~ii~
2.
ianiRawi (privilege)
W U I U ~~~n
~~~i~~diw~u~nnnui~nuw?6ui~n~
94 d
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ndi2lo
u'unud~go i a n ~ n f ~ a
drz~u%dw"i~~Rld!#uiadi~~8J'iauaninbda1fiuui~uun'u(a'u
Y
Y
h l d fiQaia!#uihtm~iuiimnii~ni~iwa
u7y i$avin' a~iuaiuirni 8 u h
3.
PnuGit~G(prestige) wuiuih mr!MYumrdrr~Gu(iiIuni~unria~ain#~nu
w
~ r a i a i i ~ a i u ~ d iiiiuuuR
dd
A R iPnur5ua
~
da~auqw?an~i~Qu~~inaimrmrvu
&diuia i a n ~ n frrariiiurlgll' rina:in~iui~u~riu~~n'uiiarn"u
i i u gviu
Gn~:!#YuianiRan~uifaqnirnr~plnra~wYwiiRau iaui8uduiv6.r~nur~1iarii~aia
w?aniridiuio8ari8un"~iva~~"nur5~Gi~arianiRaw~
TR~I&!~I&
3 ifad&$wdd
h u h iin:iuaiai~ntlqjwi ~ i nir~~u(u;J7wiruas(w~~~:1#YunirunEia~~inK~nu
u
2iuinurl ~diiianiRanf~inii(~iulu#~nu
lur:u:ui~Pnu.r5t~Gva~(u?wir~w~~8~ia
I
d d
I
iias
iftu~~qiiain+nuq
~n~nniuniwlbiiuaaun<iii~aunii
jiil#+~nuijn?iuiwn'oudi
d
inavu idu noiuniwvotviuiiazwdr azd~in~<inniurnwvo~viuo:l#~'~16iuio
ion
8wf ~ i a : ~ u ~ ~ ~ j o i n ~ ~ n u u ~ n < ~ i i a z W ^ i m n < ~ n o i u njil~#i~nn?iu
~wvaq~wd~
crA a
krh~~d~ri~uud~ni~in~ou~w~va~~~n~unm~iw
iw8oudszwiiqnn
nnumuonin iiazn?iuidii%uuiiuwi~iwn
luadvotniam~oulwawi~niaido~
insvp?~iiar8qnu ~?u&madimuod~zi~uni~3nviluaq~vini~luiiua~nvo~nm4
3nvi
d
~nu&ldni~k~~tvumt8~nuozi~ni~ooni$u
3 daqiu l#ud qq nnic liar
d i fauazQiinud?ulw~o~9uda~~u1wu
Ptoiao:muoi$umwd3znou8qd
~ l l d1
~ l l d2
pJ#3
Y
*
iaub3cnfiqvot&nucf!vu+u61uin
lu?d$ i
ru&gcimrauiunaw
aaunli
u 2 i~u~n~anhavo~+~nu$ijvuBunai~iia:di"1oj~imnii~~uuin
~ d
ua:
~
ru&.q.ra:iiiiou
d
~~~~n~~nfi~vo~+~nucfijvu~unai~o~in~~i~u1~1
3
W8qd313nui ii6fi&i$~?d?#fi~~~7n
nisknrju
a:~ain~~~d~in~l&~uiia:a:!ni~d~zi~uldmi0~naiu03~
(objective)
wiooionouoiaainnaiu~#nvo~nu<idn~iu.a~i~nlu611u
~u~ioloi
(subjective)
% o i ~ n u ~ u < i ~ n < i m u o ~ ~~ui ~ +u~~nuu~l ua i i k o ~ n i ~ d ~ z i G u m i u
Y
naiu~$ua3~oiavhlXin'anai0~~imn~i~n"uuin
idnuoioloif#n8tnaiuiwn'ooJdi~n
iw'-~"biiu +~nulwunCufiou
(Social Mobility)
nism~ouhvnit8qnu
- nuiu%
nl5id~~~~1~:~?6~i1ll~u'9'~6.j~flna1~
8.m~1mu~rmi~nisd'duu~~dn~o:i~uld1uni~~~$u
din4 ~iomdouiA'ud'ld($4
iiPjq!#i9u 2 ds:rnwZo
Js:mnian
iimrmn'ouhuni~n'~n1~1uiiuau6u
(horizontal mobility) i9u
msd~uu~da~oin~iiiwu'~~~~~dd~ndiiiwu'~~u"~1usr8ui~uan'u
ibu vkdi
Jrrmndnoq nisan'oubiunir~~nu~uiiuad~
(vertical mobility) 19ums
I d
K
d'du~iidn~~~~diiiwu~w~
ui(nfq~unjiigunislb6uiumiq8qnu
~vu~~6din~
44
K
muisoiii~vu!flu 2 i~nvol: o;
A 9 K
rnstiau~unmmvu~uia~~~mau~duan"~nisiiui
niiifu'utiiw (career mobility) 1du B n h ~ $ ~ ~ i u # ~ u n ~ i u ~ i n ~ ~ u s o u A 4 m n a i u ~ 9 u i f i v o ~
4
iioms
K
o n ~ n v a r r n ~ r i ~ u n i s 1 8 ~ u ~ u n ~ n m v u s r n ~ i(generational
~nu~8~u
mobility) idu w'oiipiuri9un?ui udwnuiudqlt7qn!#fiuuqq augn!#'l!oi'awns
nuiiwfiiimi ci!tr9urns~bouJuIujuW ~fIudiu
aindndi?uillh
shucture)
1mus?udu?iiuilu?gmlnsqns'iqniq8qnu
(Social
A'
4~~9ums#n~im~0ks~~~uuvo~8~nuli'u
~iii9uifo.rsi?wugiudi~ty
dsznimdc diniu[d~nvi8~nu?nuio:~~~~inaiui%iiIo'
Iuyn 9 8qnusr6io.rBnir
A
nqun'~nisakr~iduunaiuiiandi~t~~~~
Ba~rrnou~auaotuo~nniuniwiiarunu1~1
91
.rau~ms~.dac&nltknu Jiil#qnn~iUiloluilGwdildiiarunulnuo~auiu"~
A
4;o~ijnaiubvjuin"uqnnaouq ihlo~twqtn~~unaiunimna"~oinJ~nud1na4ori8u
iiu!r dol~~aiu~w"uin"~lqnnn~1ifiu!d6au~
'
ainn~iufnaiuid1Io~fo~ni4~m4~1~uuvoqJqnu~qndia
niu~.rn~iuiigu
nsouiinvi~fosriauoqnai Aluii4nniumvunuin
~lrii~'iiluun"~~~~luiidar
k n u oui~midunaiuindouiiiiiarnaiu!liinuoninni~iwauna~utbd.r:iduiid.rq
ni~m8ou!wa dunfoqlunrjuna!
iiaru'i!ddms~mininaiui~~duiiiar~oCudi~
q
A
d.4
i i ~ u a d o c ~qilobith~doci~qnuqnno
ifotuo.rusr~jiu &a.rijnaiuifluuioin
drrivle4 naiui6o Hinu1 ~~nri1a~~iiiu.r.rw"mjiui8udaunu'~uo~3ioillu~~~%~
iia:
A 0
9
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ l ~ ~ l ~ ~ ~ ~ 1 u l ~ ~ ~ 1 ~ ! & ; ~ ~ ~ n~ 1 ~ ! ~ 1 M
naiu6~0d~~mi~aa~~~iam~~~61uioin
. rdaounba~1u~s~f i~p?i 1u i u
~~s,~i~#
=.
,a
Q d 1 ~ ~ 0 f l d E l u f 1 9 ~ n ~ l ~ t g~~0~?aJla5plu
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 1 f 1 4(double
j1~
standard) 5 Y ~ i l q
nH
Q r hnaiuauloni~J~nu?nui$~1doioa~iau~~:8n'1~ids~~~uu~~~a!
dqiflu
e
A
au4nuotkni msnR'ian~aoauotna4dnviki8uyuuoadi3u!d!~uwa~uu'~i~
aulolun~oulmknuinui inyuu?nui Oainui ni3idoq i ~ s v j ~ i n assmnfl
ai
iSudiu iidhwiuJ;mu?nuinRi 1siRo:rjqiduo1~?insi:$
an~uninunu1n
lip:
flqniuo~adniuldinsouni5uo~~o~8~nu?~u1
n s h (8nvinas!6asrwod"nlu
A'
iuoq#uii!na~u~a~ui(u'ilo
Knvcur~ia:n~s:ua~#~nu~nui~wo~o:~il~in"m
d~:~ur&i6oi.r~np1iifo~siauo~aa!w~o!d~d1~1s
/
luundolda:!6i1inuonnui~uunotmsi1nviidnuaiiuna!
iia:iiuan'muoc
a- 2 A
raJiilRiim
o~'na1ufodi~~un~1uiiama~?6~in1soodu'1~ddni4#unfi
?mnrw' Tki& nu'uayu
fl6%7'1Jl
sau~qnisds:uaanq~~na?U"uu
(Feminist Theories)
Y
douuan'n nq~+iiqq UYU
MlflRVU

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