Simple and Compound Sentences

Transcription

Simple and Compound Sentences
for CHAPTER 13: THE PHRASE AND THE CLAUSE
Simple and Compound Sentences
Asimple sentence has one independent clause and no subordinate clauses'
A simple sentenca may have a compound subject or a comPound verb or both'
5V
SSV
The tacos and burritos are ready. [compound subiectl
5VV
got the lead role.
EXAMPLES Jamyce has no brothers or sisters.
[compound verb]
Damon auditioned for the play and
joined by a cornrna
compound senteice consists of two or more independent clauses, usually
and a connecting word.
A
EXAMPLE I like hot-and-sour soup, but won-ton soup is my favoriteOn thc 8in*
Decide whether each of the following sentences is simple or compound.
provided, write 5 for stmp le or C for compound'
A
Exencsr
Example
l. The Marshall Islands consist of thirty-four small islands in the Pacific Ocean.
2. The area is called Micronesia, and the people are known
as Micronesians'
3. Farming is vitat to the economy, but many islanders work at a military base'
4. The Republic of the Marshall Islands and the United States signed an agreernenh
5. The agreement allows for self*government, but the United States provides fc;"-r'
D
o
EXenCtSe
B Combine each pair of simple sentences to create one compound sentence.Write
-o
sentence on the lines Provided-
cq
Example 1. I will draw the map. Ed will color
c
6. Keeshawn worked on the puzzle for hours. He did not finish it.
'o
it. f
uill dra*t fie maF' md €d uilf color 4
c
;E
c
T
€
7. My brother practices the drums every day' He is improving'
-g
e
=_
o
I
a
q)
8. Frozen orange iuice is good. I prefer fresh-squeezed'
c
-s)
a
o
U
9.
Please proofread yonr essay. Then,
turn it in'
10. Nari held the kitten. Kevin checked its paws for thorns.
Grammar, llsage, and Mechanics: I-anguage Skills Ptactice
yoLsr
.
r:
new
*'.6AETER
13: THE PHRASE AND THE CLAUSE
Compound and ComPlex Sentences
6'r.
joined by a comma
A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses, usually
and a connecting word.
SENTENCE Darylwas reading the paper,and Jolene was writing a letter.
INDEPENDENTCLAUSE Darylwas reading the paper
TNDEPENDENTcLAUsE Jolene was writing a letter
A complexsenfence contains one independent
clause and at least one subordinate clause.
SENTENCE Yori raised his arms as he cros$ed the finish line'
IND€PENDENTCLAUSE Yori raised his arms
SUBORDINATECLAUSE as he crossed thefinish line
Exenctse On the line provided, identiff each of the following sentences as compaund or complex"
Example compound 1. The sgn twinkled on the new-fallen snow and a light breeze was blowing'
1.
A megawatt is a unit of power that is-equal to one million watts.
2. Edgar
Allan Poe's poem'The Raven" was scary, but his story "The Pit and
the Pendulum" was dowruight terrifying.
3.
I think the singer Mariah Catey,whose newest album is my favorite,
deserves a GrammY Award.
4.
Now that I can use e-mail,I write to my cousins much more often"
5. The sun was setting, so we had to end the game
with
a tie score.
!
6. \Alhenever the tide goes out, an island reaPPears in the canal'
7.
Tommy plays bass, Karen plays drums, and Chris plays the keyboard in our
o
-
E
o
_-
a
o
new band.
a
'=
8. The main ship stayed in orbit around
the distant planet, but the probe
E
c
t
t
plunged toward the surface.
c
E
Books on every conceivable subject surrounded and towered over Mario; he
to
couldn't have been haPPier.
o
I
E
o
'=
10. We can't use that photograph because Maria
blinked while it was taken"
o
o
@*
84
EuuEwrs op LeNcuecr I Introductory Course

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