NEIL WHITE • AEOp (Air Electronics Operator)

Transcription

NEIL WHITE • AEOp (Air Electronics Operator)
NEIL WHITE
• AEOp (Air Electronics Operator) - Nimrod MR2
• Licensed Retail Management
• 2002 Systems Operator / SSO Fisheries Protection Aircraft based in Exeter
• 2012 Business Development / Provide an Overview of Civilian Surveillance
Operations for C-Aviation
ISTAR
Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, and Reconnaissance.
CIVIL ISR
Use of military techniques for civil applications.
FISHERIES PROTECTION
A requirement to balance available fish stocks with the fishing effort conducted.
RAF Nimrod ‘Tapestries’
1977 Establishment of the 200 nautical miles Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
The UK area is over 298,000 square miles (773,000 km2)
With each fishing vessel being photographed and identified
Extent of Operations in UK Waters
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) - 200nm
limit or Median line denoted by red line
Territorial limits - 12nm limit
Internal (inshore) waters - 6nm limit
UK Search and Rescue Region
The UK has a very clear international obligation in
this regard and is coordinated by the Department
of Transport.
OSPAR Convention
Convention for the Protection of the
Marine Environment of the
North-East Atlantic
Common Fisheries Policy
The common fisheries policy was created to manage fish stock for the European Union
as a whole.
It sets quotas member states are allowed to catch in relation to each type of fish
The European Commission drafts new rules and regulations for the European fishing
industry.
Membership of the EU actually restricts how we control fishing in our waters.
Enforcement regulations can be applied through Licence restrictions, however these
only apply to UK registered vessels.
Fishery Protection Areas of Responsibilities within the UK
Marine Management Organisation (MMO) Manages UK fishing fleet capacity and UK
fisheries quotas, work with Natural England and the Joint Nature Conservation
Committee (JNCC) to create and manage a network of marine protected areas. It can also
respond to marine emergencies alongside the Maritime Coastguard Agency (MCA).
Welsh Assembly Government (WAG)
Department Agriculture and Rural Development, Northern Ireland (DARDNI)
Marine Scotland
Inshore Fisheries and Conservation Authorities (IFCA’s) - Responsible for inshore fisheries
in England.
Additionally … CROWN PROTECTORATES Guernsey, Jersey, Isle of Man - . Not part of the
EU. Separate legislation governing these areas
ENVIRONMENT AGENCY – Responsible for enforcing regulations relation to salmon, sea
trout and eels
Inshore Fisheries and Conservation Areas
Enforcement has been devolved splitting the
inshore areas into self-maintaining regions
with their own budgets.
The Marine Management Organisation,
Environment Agency and Natural England
each have a statutory seat on the IFCA.
The Welsh Assembly Government has
greater control over Welsh waters
Control was previously held by a number
of different Whitehall departments and
agencies.
Restrictions on the amount of fish that can
be caught.
The kind of fish, the fishing methods.
Methods of enforcement.
Aims:
Matching fishing effort with fishing stocks
Protection of the undersea habitat & traditional potting areas
Solutions:
Cap fleet sizes - Licensing and registration
Reduction of fleet sizes – decommission boats
Set total allowable catches - quotas
Set technical conservation measures – mesh sizes
Limit fishing effort by restricting ‘days at sea’
Impose closed / restricted areas
• Real Time Closures
• Celtic Sea Cod Boxes
• Lyme Bay Designated Area
Satellite Vessel Monitoring System
Since 2012 In place for all vessels with an overall length greater than 12m vessels.
Vessel Masters must ensure their satellite system is operational (data not altered,
antennae not disconnected/obstructed, power supply not interrupted, system not
removed).
Each EU member state has established 'Fisheries Monitoring Centres' (FMCs) to
monitor the activities of their flag fishing vessels (wherever they may be) and fishing
vessels within their waters.
If a UK vessel is at sea and the unit fails, the requirement is for manual position
reports every 4 hours to the UK Fisheries Call Centre.
Tells the FMC where the vessel is, not what it is doing.
Trawlers All sightings 2007 (6191)
Automatic Identification System (AIS)
AIS integrates a standardized
VHF transceiver with a GPS
receiver and is an automatic
tracking system used by ships
and the coastguard for
identifying and locating
vessels.
Information provided can
include unique identification,
position, course, and speed.
AIS is intended to assist a
vessel's watch keeping.
Devon & Severn IFCA – Lyme Bay
Succorfish
Based on GSM / GPRS (Global system for mobile communications / General packet
radio service) Mobile Network.
The majority of GSM networks use 900MHz and 1800MHz but in the US the 850MHz
and 1900Mhz are prominent and primarily used for voice but can be used for mobile
internet access via the GPRS Used to transmit data at speeds of up to 60 kbits per
second it is a tried and tested robust system for the transfer of information.
An effective range of 10 – 12nm is achievable with the system currently under trial
with Devon & Severn IFCA in the South West.
Purely a tracking system, it does not tell you if the vessel is fishing or not.
Accuracy / Resolution of 2m is achievable with updates every 10 minutes
Licensing restriction for scalloping in Cardigan Bay.
It is estimated that almost full compliance has been achieved, however………
4th April 2003 £1.6 million fine for Anglo-Spanish fisheries fraud at Swansea Crown Court
In June 2002 Whitesands was
intercepted by HMS Anglesey
and detained to Milford
Haven.
The charges against the
Whitesands related to a
series of fishing trips made in
the period January 2000 to
June 2002, in waters to the
west and south-west of
Ireland and to the west of
Scotland .
Lyme Bay Night Surveillance
G-SVEY. A P68 Observer fitted with a Star Sapphire III.
Two crew – one pilot, one operator. Fairly fuel efficient with five hours endurance.
What are the options?
Australia’s Coastwatch went from:
5 Dash-8 Q200 MPA
Immarsat communications, surveillance radar, infra-red sensors and daylight TV camera for long-range offshore
surveillance.
3 Cessna Reims F406
Surveillance radar and night vision systems for inshore surveillance.
6 Britten-Norman BN2B Islander’s and 1 AC500 Aero Commander
Visual Surveillance role.
To: 6 Dash-8 Q200 aircraft, plus 4 longer-range and larger Dash-8 Q300 aircraft.
NEIL WHITE
[email protected]
+44 (0) 7446 401646

Similar documents