03_GB_REGIONE ER_Depliant parchi_DEF
L if e in t h e
The High Apennines
Discover it in 17 parks
and 14 nature reserves
As of today, the Protected Nature Areas established in EmiliaRomagna consist of: 2 national parks, 1 interregional park, 14
regional parks and 14 nature reserves. Together with sites of the
Natura 2000 Network they represent a true system of protected
natural heritage which extends over nearly 300,000 hectares,
equivalent to about 13% of the regional surface area.
These are areas with ecosystems, biological communities, geomorphological and geological formations whose scientific, aesthetic, cultural, educational and recreational value is of national
and European importance. Two national parks are located in
Emilia-Romagna: that of Foreste Casentinesi, Monte Falterona
e Campigna and that of the Appennino Tosco-Emiliano. Both
parks also extend into Tuscan territory.
These are territorial systems which are managed in a unified way in
order to conserve and rehabilitate natural, scientific, historical, cultural and landscape features that are of particular interest within the
region, and in order to promote sustainable economic activities.
Regional parks are established by regional law and are managed by a consortium of Municipalities, Provinces and Mountain Communities.
The Apennines represent the backbone of the region, topped by Mount
Cimone (2165 m) in Modena. These mountain environments consist of
blueberry heaths, meadows and pastures, vast hardwood and coniferous
trees forests, lakes and peat-bogs. The wolf and the Golden Eagle are the
emblem species of these territories, whose return was certainly encouraged by the abundance of prey, especially ungulates. There is no lack of
other rare species such as the Snow Vole, a small mammal that is a true
relic of the Ice Age, the Fire Salamander, the Alpine Newt, the Apennine
Stream Frog, the European Common Frog among the amphibians, and
rare butterflies such as the Parnassius apollo and the Parnassius mnemosyne. There are cultural remnants as well: ancient villages, churches and
hermitages bear witness to the history of this territory, once densely populated and intenselyPARMA
used. The High Apennines territory is almost entirely
protected by national and regional parks as well as by sites belonging to
the Natura 2000 Network.
These are areas of limited size. They are classified as general, if
they protect the complexity and the functional mutual relation
between the natural environment of a territory and its historical
and cultural resources. They are classified as special if they pursue the preservation of characteristic and peculiar features of
geological, geomorphological, botanical, zoological and forest
particular interest. The management of the reserves is entrusted
to the Provinces.
Assessorato Ambiente e Sviluppo sostenibile
Servizio Parchi e Risorse forestali
Via dei Mille 21 - 40121 Bologna
tel. 051 5276080 - fax 051 5276957
Natura 2000 Network
This is the system of European areas for the conservation of
biodiversity and the protection of a range of habitats, animal
and plant species that are rare and endangered in the European
Community territory. Following the Community “Habitats” and
“Birds” Directives, in Emilia-Romagna 134 Sites of Community
Importance (SCI) have been designated for the protection of
habitats and species and 81 Special Protection Areas (SPAs) to
protect rare birdlife. In our region 50% of the sites that belong
to the Natura 2000 Network, coincide with parks and nature reserves that have already been established.
Enzo Valbonesi, Monica Palazzini and Maria Vittoria Biondi
Servizio Geologico, Sismico e dei Suoli and A. Lizzani
A. Samaritani, A.L. Cuccarini, B.M. Rizzoli, E. Razzetti,
L. Callegari, F. Ferretti, F. Liverani, F. Rossetti, I. Fabbri,
M. Bonora, M. Marchetti, M. Palazzini, M.V. Biondi,
V. Arbali, V. Rossi, W. Vivarelli, C.V. Saline Cervia,
Archivio Parco Stirone, Archivio Parco Boschi Carrega
EMILIA - ROMAGNA
Valli del Cedra e del Parma
Castelnovo ne’ Monti
Vena del Gesso Romagnola
Alto Appennino Modenese
Corno alle Scale
Rocca S. Casciano
With its large number of birds (which include very rare species of great naturalistic relevance) the Parco Delta del Po stands among the most important
European birdwatching sites.
The most remarkable sightings can be accomplished in spring and autumn,
at the peaks of migration.
The Kentish Plover, the Little Tern and the Oystercatcher nest in undisturbed spots along the coast. The brackish marshes are important nesting
areas for the Spoonbill, the Sandwich Tern, the Mediterranean Gull and the
Great Egret. Next to fresh water pools one can spot large “garzaie” (places
where herons nest in colonies). There, Little Egrets, Night Herons, Squacco
Herons, Purple Herons and cormorants breed. The Po Delta also hosts true
international rarities such as the only colony of Pygmy Cormorants in Western Europe, the only breeding pairs of Lesser crested Terns in the entire continent, and one of the very few European colonies of flamingos.
The Mesola Castle
Monte Falterona e Campigna
Bagno di Romagna
Along the ridge runs the “Alta via dei Parchi”,
a picturesque itinerary between Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany and Liguria
which crosses 2 national parks and 5 regional parks, making it possible to enjoy an area of great natural, scenic
and historic interest. From Berceto, in the Parma area, to La Verna, in Tuscany, the “Alta via dei Parchi” is a journey
of over 450 km composed of 29 stages. The route, which can be traveled on existing trails, is connected to the
ancient pilgrims’ roads. A regional project, aimed at reorganizing the trail signage and restoring accomodation and
parking facilities, will be inaugurated in spring 2011.
View of the Parco storico di Monte Sole
Bike lane of the parks
Thanks to the regional railways you can reach the main entrances to parks
and nature reserves by train, bringing a bicycle along. Both easy and challenging bike routes, which wind through charming rural landscapes, depart from those entry points.
Taking bike paths, dirt paths, gravel forest tracks or long and straight embankments covered by grass is a sustainable and pleasant way to spend
the day. One can stop occasionally to observe flying birds, explore the historic buildings along the way, or to taste delicious culinary delights at
restaurants or trattorias.
Snow and nature
The mountain parks of Emilia-Romagna organize tours that combine sports
with respect for nature. In addition to traditional downhill skiing you can
practice ski touring and cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, sleigh excursions, or simply observe nature in a calm and friendly atmosphere.
SCI Pietra Perduca and church of St. Anna (Piacenza)
The Abbey of Pomposa
Laghi Suviana e Brasimone
Two cyclists at the Parco dei Gessi Bolognesi
Birdwatchers in action
Birdwatching fans ought to not miss the International Po Delta Birdwatching Fair, which
takes place every year between late April and early May in Comacchio. On this occasion a
number of different activities are organized: photo workshops, photography and nature
documentary competitions, shows and guided tours of the most outstanding areas in the
Parco Delta del Po.
Protected areas are open-air laboratories, useful in enriching children’s
and teenagers’ education. Every year, protected areas offer a very wide
and diversified range of educational activities which attract tens of thousands of students, from kindergarten to high school. They participate
into guided tours and other in-depth activities, in search of a direct and
engaging relationship with nature and the territory.
This is especially true for schools located in municipalities of the protected area. For them, parks and reserves are the usual work background
for field, classroom and laboratory activities. Educational programmes include activities that last a few hours, workshops and guided tours, but
also - when the students are spending “green weeks” with full immersion in nature - activities that take several consecutive days.
Printed on ecological paper
The Po Delta is the the most extensive system of wetlands in Italy,
where you can still feel the atmosphere of the great lonely spaces and savour the slow pace of the relationship between man and nature that has
helped shape an area in constant evolution.
The regional park protects the southern sector of today’s deltaic area, while
the rest of it falls within the Venetian regional park of the same name.
Sand-banks, reed beds, coastal lagoons, pine forests, flooded forests, brackish valleys and freshwater wetlands form a natural heritage of European
The other invaluable wealth of the delta is represented by its wonderful
monuments, such as the Este Castle of Mesola, the Romanesque Abbey of
Pomposa, the Etruscan Necropolis of Spina, the lagoon city of Comacchio
and the Basilica of St. Apollinaris in Classe with its famous mosaics.
Silvia Rambaldi and Russell Bekins
The low mountains and hills are like a rich mosaic of environments and landscapes that contain a good share
of regional biodiversity: hardwood forests, meadows, shrubs and cultivated fields; rocky cliffs, gullies and gypsum
This is the part of the regional territory where the relationship between human activities and nature is most intense
and where there is an important and well-known historical patrimony, made of archaeological sites, castles,
churches, monasteries, medieval villages and stately homes. There are also remains that bear witness to minor
aspects of life in the past: small stone villages, chestnuts dryers, mills and majesty.
There are several protected areas that have been established since the ‘80s in the hills in order to protect both the
best preserved and the most endangered regional particularities.
First is the Parco regionale dei Boschi di Carrega in the Parma area, which hosts the splendid “Casino dei Boschi”,
originally a summer resort and hunting lodge. The most recently formed park is the Parco regionale del Trebbia in
the foothills and plains of the Piacenza area.
It protects the final stretch of the Trebbia River up to its confluence with the Po River. Monte Sole, in the Bologna
area, is the region’s only history park. It combines a natural environment of great value with the keeping of evidence
of the massacres of 1944.
Just outside Bologna, you may discover the Parco regionale dei Gessi Bolognesi e Calanchi dell’Abbadessa, with
its spectacular karst landscape made of sinkholes, blind valleys and caves.
The Po Delta
Cedar in the garden of the “Casino dei Boschi”
The park can be visited by several different means of transportation: on foot, bringing along binoculars to use in the cabins and in the
birdlife observation towers located at various strategic points; by bike,
riding along the many marked cycle routes; on a horse, departing from
horse-back riding centers; by canoe, gliding along the many navigable
canals; on a motorboat, either by booking a boat trip to Comacchio that
departs from the ports of Goro, Gorino and Porto Garibaldi and navigates
toward the silent mouth of the Po River, or by leaving from Casal Borsetti,
Porto Corsini and Cervia for excursions along the coast.
Excursion on an electric boat
A unique heritage
A great geodiversity
DELTA DEL PO
The park protects the most extensive system of wetlands in Italy
and is among the largest natural havens in Europe for vast
numbers of nesting, migratory and wintering waterfowl.
The area’s rich natural and artistic heritage includes the splendid
Byzantine mosaics of Ravenna, the Trepponti of Comacchio
and an expanse of blooming water lilies in Campotto.
The park extends for about twenty
km along the valley of the Taro,
one of the main migration routes for
birds, between the Po Valley and the
Tyrrhenian Sea. Birds are therefore
the item of greatest interest and
attraction of the protected area.
The historic heritage of the area is
also very important. It is linked to
the Via Francigena and the Court
of Giarola, the magnificent fortified rural complex that houses the
headquarters of the park.
Biodiversity, that is the variety of plant and animal species
on the planet, is in danger everywhere. As a consequence,
the valuable “services” that nature provides humankind in terms of air, water and soil quality, as well as beauty - are
at risk. That is why the European Union requires the states
to halt the loss of biodiversity, engaging themselves in the
very difficult challenge of safeguarding it and fighting the
pressure exerted by human activities. Emilia-Romagna has
more than 2,700 plant species, over 350 vertebrate animals and 71 habitats of European interest, spread over
a territory that goes from the Apennine ridge to the variegated hill landscape, up to the wetlands of the Po delta.
It’s a unique and extraordinary patrimony, due to the region’s peculiar geographical location: a true border area of
transition from the continental biogeographic zone - cool
and moist - to the Mediterranean - hot and dry.
Protected areas, together with the Natura 2000 Network sites are the main instruments in a strategy for biodiversity.
Many exclusive species
SALSE DI NIRANO
Emilia-Romagna’s long and fascinating history of geological and geomorphological change is evident in the composite mosaic of rocky outcrops, landforms, karst systems,
springs and phenomena such as the “salse”.
Protected areas are important elements of the regional
geological heritage and the most outstanding examples
are recognized as geosites.
Exemplary in this regard is the Riserva naturale geologica
del Piacenziano established to protect the cliffs, gullies
and outcrops that record the Piacenzian geological age.
Along the Secchia valley there are significant Triassic
gypsum outcrops, whereas important ophiolites mark
many places in the Emilian Apennines.
The gypsum sequences in the Bologna and the Romagna
area - protected by two regional parks - document in an
exemplary way a geological event considered unique in
the history of the planet: the “salinity crisis” which occurred
during the Messinian age. The landforms along the plain
and the coast as well are places where the intriguing stories of geomorphological and human history intertwine.
Many protected species
A group of flamingos in flight
VENA DEL GESSO
A mud cone
20 Parma Morta
7 Boschi di Carrega
Starting from Fidenza, the park covers about 14
km along the valley of the Stirone, the stream
that starts in the Parma Apennines and reaches
the plain, flowing into the Taro river. Fossils are the
priceless treasure of the park: the richest vein is located between San Nicomede and Laurano, where
the Stirone river flows in a deep canyon carved in
clay dating back to the Pliocene Epoch.
Canyon carved by the Stirone stream
8 Parco regionale
Valli del Cedra
e del Parma
In Emilia-Romagna, there are over 200 animal species of
European interest, including 80 birds. In particular, the species at risk of extinction currently reported in the region are:
The sturgeon, an extremely rare fish, linked to clear waters;
The Rosalia alpina, a beetle of the family Cerambycidae
that lives in some well-preserved beechwoods on the
The beetle Osmoderma eremita and the butterfly
Euplagia quadripunctaria, that live in hills and plains
The sea turtle Caretta caretta, elusive beach-goer in
some parts of the Ferrara and Ravenna coastline;
The toad Pelobates fuscus, that can be found only in the
Parco Delta del Po;
The wolf, elusive and mobile predator, spotted in the
area that goes from the Apennine ridge to the hills.
In recent years, thanks to extensive studies, we are witnessing the discovery of new species in the regional fauna: first
the Black Woodpecker and then the wild cat were found
in the Parco nazionale delle Foreste Casentinesi.
This mountain range extends between Emilia and Tuscany with imposing massifs, that
reach up to 2,000 m. From the tops one can
enjoy fantastic views of peaks meadows,
blueberry heaths, beechwoods and conifer
forests. Along the river Secchia, one can see
Triassic gypsum outcrops.
The unmistakable outline of the Bismantova
Stone, mentioned by Dante, also stands out.
Riserva naturale 28
Salse di Nirano
Corno alle Scale
The massif of the Corno alle
Scale, the highest peak in
the Bolognese Apennines
(nearly two thousand metres tall) is marked up to the
summit by a succession of
sandstone layers (hence its
name “Scale”, “Stairs”).
Solitary valleys, small
villages that emerge from
the forest, sanctuaries and
wonderful waterfalls are
arrayed fanlike at the foot of
Delta del Po
e Calanchi dell’Abbadessa
Vena del Gesso Romagnola
Parco nazionale Foreste Casentinesi, Monte Falterona e Campigna
tel. 0575 50301 - [email protected] (Pratovecchio)
tel. 0543 971375 - [email protected] (Santa Sofia) - www.parcoforestecasentinesi.it
Delta del Po
The Casentino Forests, composed of the Lama, Campigna and
Badia Prataglia Forests, are among the oldest in Europe.
They hold an immense patrimony of biodiversity and include
the first pristine natural reserve established in Italy: the gorgeous
Riserva Naturale Integrale di Sasso Fratino.
The Acquacheta waterfall, seventy metres tall, is emblematic of
the natural resources of the national park.
PU - RN
Parco regionale fluviale del Trebbia
tel. URP 0523 795346 / 795444 - [email protected] - www2.provincia.pc.it/partecipa/parcotrebbia
Parco fluviale regionale dello Stirone
tel. 0524 574418 - [email protected] - www.parcostirone.it
Parco fluviale regionale del Taro
tel. 0521 802688 - [email protected] - www.parcotaro.it
Parco regionale dei Boschi di Carrega
tel. 0521 836026 - [email protected] - www.parchi.parma.it
Parco regionale delle Valli del Cedra e del Parma (Parco dei Cento Laghi)
tel. 0521 880363 - [email protected] (Corniglio) - www.parchi.parma.it
Parco regionale dei Sassi di Roccamalatina
tel. 059 795721 - [email protected]
Parco regionale Alto Appennino Modenese (Parco del Frignano)
tel. 0536 72134 - [email protected] - www.parcofrignano.it
Parco regionale dei Gessi Bolognesi e Calanchi dell’Abbadessa
tel. 051 6254811 - [email protected]
Parco regionale Abbazia di Monteveglio
tel. 051 6701044 - [email protected] - www.parcoabbazia.it
Parco storico regionale di Monte Sole
tel. 051 932525 - [email protected] - www.parcostoricomontesole.it
Parco regionale Corno alle Scale
tel. 0534 51761 - [email protected]
Parco regionale dei Laghi Suviana e Brasimone
tel. 0534 46712 - [email protected]
Parco regionale Delta del Po
tel. 0533 314003 - [email protected] - www.parcodeltapo.it
Parco regionale Vena del Gesso Romagnola
tel. 0546 81066 (sede operativa) - [email protected] - www.venadelgesso.org
Riserva naturale orientata Monte Prinzera
tel. 0525 30195 - riservapr[email protected]
Riserva naturale orientata Parma Morta
tel. 0521 669706 - [email protected]
Riserva naturale orientata Fontanili di Corte Valle Re
tel. 0522 677907 - [email protected] - www.riservavallere.it
Sasso Simone e Simoncello
Riserva naturale Rupe di Campotrera
tel. 0522 248413 - [email protected]
Riserva naturale orientata Cassa di Espansione del Fiume Secchia
tel. 0522 627902 - [email protected] - www.parcosecchia.it
Riserva naturale Salse di Nirano
tel. 0536 921214 - [email protected] - 0536 833276 - [email protected]
Riserva naturale orientata Sassoguidano
tel. 0536 29974 / 347 1969163 - [email protected] - www.riservasassoguidano.it
Riserva naturale orientata Bosco della Frattona
tel. 0542 602183 - [email protected] - www.comune.imola.bo.it/boscofrattona
Riserva naturale Contrafforte Pliocenico
tel. 051 6598477 - [email protected]
Riserva naturale orientata Dune Fossili di Massenzatica
tel. 0533 790159 - [email protected]
Riserva naturale orientata Bosco di Scardavilla
tel. 0543 499411 - [email protected] - www.comune.meldola.fo.it/areenaturali/museoecologia.html
Riserva naturale speciale Alfonsine
tel. 0544 869808 - [email protected]
Riserva naturale orientata Onferno
tel. 0541 984694 - [email protected] - www.grottedionferno.it
Monte falterona e campigna
AR - FI - FC
Riserva naturale geologica Piacenziano
tel. URP Provincia Piacenza 0523 795346 / 795444 - [email protected]
The reserve, about thirty kilometers from Rimini, protects a
small karstic complex.
The most outstanding element
is the cave, 700 meters long
and 70 deep, which houses the
largest bat colony in the region, with six different species.
Uniform conical protuberances
- the so called mamelons protrude from the Sala Quarina’s
ceiling: they are among the
biggest and most beautiful in
Corno alle Scale
LU - MS - RE
Monte Falterona e Campigna
Parco interregionale Sasso Simone e Simoncello
tel. 0722 770073 - [email protected]
del Fiume Secchia
m e P
Delta del Po
Sassi di 9
Corte Valle Re
Alto Appennino Modenese
Emilia-Romagna’s flora plays a key role in the national
panorama both in terms of quantity and quality.
Quantity, because it includes one out of two of the 7,634
species and subspecies that constitute the Italian vascular
flora. Quality, because it includes endemic species, relict
species and some unique features.
In Emilia-Romagna there are about thirty plants of European interest, considered absolute rarities. They include
lichens, algae and mosses.
There are two species whose value is a priority. The Primula apennina, also known as “the Apennine bear’s ear”, can
be found only in the cracks of some of the Emilian Apennines’ rocks. The Salicornia veneta, a pioneer plant of
salty mud, can be found only in a few spots in the Po delta. The regional government, through the Regional Law
number 2 of 1977, has already issued specific regulations
to safeguard the most valuable and rare species of native
The park protects the gypsum ridge
that arises on the first hills between
Imola and Faenza. The Messinian
gypsums create a complex karstic
system with dolines, sinkholes, blind
valleys, deep chasms and caves of
great spelaeological and archaeological
value (such as the “Tana del Re Tiberio”
and the “Tanaccia”). The wide variety of
environments is a valuable refuge for
rare animals and plants.
o Parco nazionale dell’Appennino Tosco-Emiliano
tel. 0522 890111 / 890001 - [email protected] - www.parcoappennino.it
A wide basin contains numerous
mud cones, which lend a lunar
aspect to the landscape and attract
visitors from all over Europe. They
are called “salse” and they are an
important geological phenomenon which originates from deposits
of mainly gaseous hydrocarbons.
Coming to the surface, they soften
the clay and give rise to typical cone
A view of the gravel bed of the Taro
Cave: sala Quarina