Rifton HTS Sample LMN for the Rifton HTS


Rifton HTS Sample LMN for the Rifton HTS
Rifton HTS a Hygiene & Toileting System
Sample LMN for the Rifton HTS
Rifton Equipment
PO Box 260
Rifton, NY 12471
©2014 by Rifton Equipment
Fax: 800-865-4674
Rifton Equipment
PO Box 260
Rifton, NY 12471
Rifton HTS
Components of a Letter of Medical Necessity
Describe who you are, what you want, and beneficiary’s name:
Fax: 800-865-4674
As John Doe’s therapist, I am requesting funding authorization for a Rifton HTS. This
durable medical device was prescribed by John’s physician for his current bowel and bladder
management program.
Explain the beneficiary’s condition, including diagnosis, or nature of the injury:
John has spastic quadriplegia with resulting difficulty in controlling his head, trunk, arm
and leg movements. He is currently positioned in a wheelchair as he can only sit upright
when supported at the trunk, hips and legs. John can bear his weight for ___ seconds to
minimally assist with transfers in and out of his wheelchair. Because of his spasticity and
balance deficits this transfer requires moderate to maximal assistance by his caregiver. John
also has recurrent episodes of constipation from decreased physical mobility and irregular
toileting opportunities. Poor physical mobility and fluctuating health prevent John from
independently using regular facilities during the day, resulting in incontinence and an
increased risk for skin breakdown. He has also had episodes of urinary tract infection and
an incidence of skin decubitus, now resolved. These were directly related to the difficulties of
maintaining proper hygiene.
Discuss the impact of the above mentioned diagnosis.
Because of John’s impairments, he is dependent for all positioning, transfers and activities of
daily living including toileting and hygiene care.
Currently, in the home environment, John’s father transfers him from bed to wheelchair
and then from wheelchair to the bathroom toilet, staying with him throughout the toileting
process to maintain his seated position. These are physically demanding transfers with
limited space to maneuver and are potentially hazardous on the often wet bathroom floor.
His father’s effort and fatigue in maintaining John’s seated position on the toilet limits
the time that John can sit for the necessary physiological functions to be performed.
Additionally, John’s own postural effort to maintain sitting balance on an uncomfortable
surface does not allow him to relax appropriately for voiding.
At times when John’s father is unavailable, on days when John is not well or during the night
when his sleep medications make him drowsy and less cooperative, his hygiene care is done
on his bed, impacting his dignity and quality of life. Having his diapers changed like a baby
in a horizontal position is humiliating and has a psychological cost. Additionally, as John is
a growing teenager, transferring him to the bed and positioning him for hygiene care can be
strenuous, time-consuming and risky.
Describe needs and safety factors for caregivers:
To prevent back injury, caregivers must have an accommodative environment with adequate
room to maneuver themselves, the wheelchair and the client. Current literature suggests
that no caregiver should lift more than 35lb of a patient’s weight, under ideal conditions.
[Waters TR (2007). When is it safe to manually lift a patient? American Journal of Nursing
107(8):53-58.] John’s father and caregivers are routinely lifting more than this guideline
weight to perform John’s hygiene care. Further, research has concluded that if the right
Rifton Equipment
PO Box 260
Rifton, NY 12471
equipment is available and lifting and transfers are made easier, more people with severe
disabilities may have a better chance at becoming toilet trained. [Pivato E. Breaching the
last frontier: Dignity and the toileting issue for persons with multiple and severe disabilities.
Developmental Disabilities Bulletin. 2009; 37(1): 153-64.]
State the type of equipment and accessories being requested.
Fax: 800-865-4674
I am requesting a Rifton HTS for John’s use in the home with the features and accessories
listed below.
The HTS is designed for toileting in instances of disease, injury, or disability, and provides
anatomical positioning to promote the physiological processes necessary for effective
toileting and hygiene health. This system provides the supports and positioning options that
John needs to sit comfortably, independently and safely while on the toilet. Additionally,
with this system John’s stand/pivot transfers are facilitated. The HTS has removable armrests,
a forward tilt option and a flip-up footboard so John can be assisted into a partial standing
position and from there helped to stand and pivot to the next location. This significantly
decreases John’s dependence on his father for the transfers. Increased opportunity and
practice with these stand/pivot transfers will strengthen trunk and leg muscles increasing
John’s participation in the toileting routine.
The provision of a Rifton HTS for John Doe is consistent for clients with his medical
condition and level of disability. Funding for this device is being requested for John Doe as it
offers practical solutions to his transfer and hygiene health issues
Describe why the device is medically necessary:
Toileting and bathing are activities of daily living that are essential to health and personal
hygiene. Current research indicates that effective toileting not only maintains a healthy
bowel and bladder but significantly impacts a child’s quality of life. [Sansome A. Bladder
and bowel management in physically disabled children. Paediatrics and child health. 2011;
21(10): 454-8.]
John’s physician has ordered a bowel and bladder management program combining use of
medications with routine opportunities to void in a toilet. The Rifton HTS can function as
a free-standing system, be rolled over the toilet or it can be secured directly on the toilet as
an adaptive and supportive toilet seat. It has an additional use as a shower chair. Its features,
support options and accessories directly address the areas of stability, comfort and good
positioning that are medically necessary for effective bowel and bladder elimination.
In the home setting, John’s family will use the device both as a free standing system and over
the toilet. This will allow John to consistently follow his toileting routine as prescribed by
his physician to address the constipation, incontinence and integumentary issues. Research
shows that children with disabilities who have been given the opportunity to void regularly
have shown remarkable progress in becoming continent. [Millard E, Benore E, Mosher K. A
multidisciplinary functional toileting pathway for children with cerebral palsy: preliminary
analysis. Clin Practice Ped Psychol. 2013; 1(1):81-8.]
With the Rifton HTS, John can be transferred to it with one stand/pivot transfer in the safe
and dry bedroom environment. Because of its mobile base, the commode can then be rolled
into the bathroom and over the toilet for voiding opportunity in the toilet.
The Rifton HTS will allow John to sit independently over the toilet without assistance from
his father, allowing privacy while voiding. The weight-bearing surfaces of this device are
contoured and padded with polyurethane foam so John can sit with comfort for longer
toileting sessions with less chance of skin breakdown.
Rifton Equipment
PO Box 260
Rifton, NY 12471
Fax: 800-865-4674
The adjustment range of seat, back and various accessories will allow John’s caregivers
to position him with stability and in an appropriate anatomical position for elimination.
Meeting John’s needs for adequate postural support will also effectively reduce tone and
promote relaxation while on the toilet.
Specifically, caregivers can adjust the footboard to provide the recommended base of
support for the feet and if appropriate, raise the footboard to position the knees slightly
higher than the hips to achieve a position of better elimination. The “squat” position
relaxes the puborectalis muscle, straightens the rectum and works with gravity for faster,
easier, and more complete elimination. [Rad S. Impact of Ethnic Habit on Defecographic
Measurements. Archives of Iranian Medicine. 2002; 5(2): 115-7.]
Additionally, caregivers can combine a slightly posterior tilt-in-space position with tilting
the backrest forward so the trunk is slightly forward. This in conjunction with an anterior
support achieves an ideal toileting position. The anterior support provides a surface onto
which John can lean or brace his upper extremities for additional stability.
This same device will act as a shower chair as well in the posterior tilt-in-space position.
Depending on John’s overall health, the option of using the device as a free-standing system
is necessary for the times when medical complications reduce John’s energy level and he
needs to utilize the system at bedside. This is also necessary for nighttime use when John
is drowsy and less cooperative from his sleep medications or exhibits an urgent need to
The Rifton HTS includes a portability base, required for continuity of John’s prescribed
bowel and bladder management program during weekend family travel. The portability base
along with the seat and backrest can be packed into a canvas tote bag for easy transport.
The HTS also allows for growth to adulthood. With the large size, John will need only one
system for both toileting and bathing for the rest of his life, an option not offered with other
toileting systems and thus another significant saving.
Make the person real and include IEP goals:
The Rifton HTS will allow John to be toileted regularly and to participate to a greater
extent in the stand/pivot transfers to and from this toilet system. Through being an active
participant in his own toileting and bathing routines, John will learn basic living skills of
personal hygiene that will help him achieve a sense of independence and dignity.
This also has tremendous benefits to John’s family and caregivers. As John becomes more
independent with his care and able to assist with transfers, the risk of caregiver injury and
fatigue will be reduced.
The Rifton HTS will fulfill John Doe’s need for security and freedom of movement to develop
the skills necessary for him to optimize his health and avoid adverse medical problems as he
grows to adulthood.
Discuss the cost of not having the equipment:
Without this device John will not experience toileting regularity, putting him at an increased
risk for medical complications including constipation, incontinence, urinary tract infection
and skin breakdown. All of these will drive up overall medical costs for pharmaceutical and
other medical interventions.
He will also remain dependent in his transfers and as he continues to grow larger he will
become a further liability for caregiver injury. This could result in potential additional costs
of future injury claims.
Rifton Equipment
PO Box 260
Rifton, NY 12471
Fax: 800-865-4674
Toileting and bathing often are the most difficult tasks for families and caregivers of persons
with significant support needs. Using the Rifton HTS can alleviate or overcome the many
difficulties presented in hygiene care or in the bathroom environment.
Foremost, the toileting system improves safety by reducing the number of dependent
transfers and enabling transfers to occur in a safe and dry environment.
Equally important, the Rifton HTSstem has the adjustability and adaptability to
accommodate the needs of the client for comfort, stability and function while seated on
the toileting system. It also accommodates a wide range of growth, eliminating the need
to obtain a second larger size as John grows older. It is also designed to be easily and
thoroughly cleaned between every use, assuring maximal sanitizing and infection control.
Taking all these factors into consideration, the Rifton HTS will certainly meet the needs
of John and his family and caregivers and at the same time, offer a less costly alternative to
hygiene care for John.
Itemization of the Rifton HTS
Rifton Equipment
PO Box 260
Rifton, NY 12471
Description of Medical Necessity
Z114 Stationary base:
Required to support toilet seat, back, and footboard for safe and independent sitting.
Adjustable legs allow client to be seated at appropriate height
Z123 Mobile base: Nontilt with
Required to support toilet seat, back, and footboard for safe and independent sitting.
Z122 Mobile base: Tiltin-space w/ footboard
Tilt-in-space moves the entire seat from 15° forward to 15° backwards tilt, maintaining
the seat-to-back angle throughout. The tilt-in-space feature is medically necessary for the
following reasons:
Fax: 800-865-4674
Adjustable legs allow client to be seated at appropriate height.
Rolls on lockable, corrosion-free casters. Unlocked casters enable caregiver to maneuver
system between room, bathroom and shower while client is seated for effective toileting/
showering eliminating unnecessary transfers.
• Forward tilt can facilitate a stand/pivot transfer, putting less demand on caregivers to
perform strenuous manual lifting.
• The forward-tilt feature in combination with a slightly increased backrest angle, use of
the anterior support and well supported feet provides optimal anatomical positioning
to promote bowel movement (forward-leaning). This position can also help reduce
abnormal postural patterns associated with increased muscle tone such as extensor
• Utilizing backwards tilt for a few minutes initially, can enable the client to relax
into the seated position, reducing spasticity and extensor tone prior to the voiding
• The back-tilt position can provide pressure relief as needed.
• The back-tilt position is appropriate when using the device as a shower chair.
Z115 Mounting bar
(round toilet) OR
Z125 Mounting bar
(elongated toilet)
Z147 Footboard
for mounting bar
Essential for safety in mounting of toilet seat, back, footboard and accessories onto a
regular toilet. Enables appropriate positioning for daily toileting opportunities on regular
toilet. Additional mounting bar is necessary for use of device in more than one bathroom.
Height and angle adjustments enable specific foot placement and some weight-bearing
through legs and feet during voiding. Allows placement of ankle straps and calf support
to meet a client’s specific positioning needs. Adjustment of footboard. Footboard can
accept client’s full weight as a step during transfer or can be folded up out of the way for
floor-level transfers.
Description of Medical Necessity
Z121 Seat and back
Adjustable seat depth accommodates 3" of growth. Seat and backrest are removable for
complete sanitizing. Backrest angle adjusts 6° forward and 18° backwards. The backrest
angle adjustment in combination with footrest placement can accomplish appropriate
seated positioning both to promote bowel movement (forward-leaning) and to provide
needed rest periods (back-leaning). Product includes seatbelt for safety. The backrest
provides for attachment and use of accessories as required for maximum support.
Rifton Equipment
PO Box 260
Rifton, NY 12471
Contours of the seat and back are designed to promote lower extremity abduction and
reduce likelihood of sacral sitting.
Fax: 800-865-4674
Z102 Medium armrests
Z103 High armrests
Z163 Open seat and
back pad
Z164 Closed seat and
back pad
Provide lateral boundaries as well as a surface for upper extremity weight-bearing assist
to aid trunk and head control. Armrests provide an attachment point for the anterior
support. Armrests are detachable to increase ease of stand/pivot transfer. The toilet seat
can accommodate any size of armrest as needed to optimize postural control of client.
Seat and back padding is required to provide a comfortable surface suitable for the
client, particularly in the case of sensitive skin or curvature of the spine during prolonged
periods of toileting or bathing. The Z163 Open seat option has an opening to the rear to
facilitate hygiene care. When combined with the 15° forward tilt-in-space, this opening is
ideal for cleaning the client posteriorly while client is still sitting and relaxed.
Z104 Headrest
Contoured head support adjusts in depth, angle and height for increased support for a
client with poor head control.
Z126 Butterfly harness
Provides anterior support while allowing freedom of movement. Adjusts to fit snugly and
comfortably, giving client sense of security and safety.
Z155 Anterior support
Provides support for a forward-leaning position to optimize physiological process of
defecation. This forward-lean position can help reduce abnormal postural patterns
associated with increased muscle tone such as extensor thrust. Can be utilized as a
surface for upper extremity weight-bearing assist to aid trunk and head control.
Surface for placement of communication devices or hygiene articles.
Z105 Small lateral
supports (pair)
Z106 Large lateral
supports (pair)
Lateral supports assist with good body alignment. Adjust separately, in height, angle and
width. Will ensure alignment, stability and safety during toileting and bathing.
Rifton Equipment
PO Box 260
Rifton, NY 12471
Description of Medical Necessity
Z107 Small lateral
supports w/ chest strap
Chest strap in addition to lateral supports provides anterior trunk support for clients
who do not have upper torso control. Will ensure comfort, stability, alignment and safety
during toileting and bathing.
Z108 Large lateral
supports w/ chest strap
Fax: 800-865-4674
Z109 Hip guides
Necessary for client needing maximum support for lateral control of pelvis while sitting.
Provides for adjustment of the width of the seat allowing for growth. For clients
with limited muscle control that results in abduction of lower extremities, provides a
comfortable lateral boundary.
Z127 Pan
Pan slips easily into place under the seat. Required when using device as a free standing
Z118 Standard deflector
Deflector can be positioned into seat after client is seated, and provides splash
protection to maximize personal hygiene.
Z119 Splash guard
Provides more coverage than the standard deflector for total splash protection. It is held
in place by the seatbelt or the butterfly harness.
Z124 Abductor
Used for controlling lower extremity adduction. Mounts on toilet seat to offer knee
comfort and positioning while toileting or bathing. Adding the abductor to the standard
deflector provides stability to the deflector.
Z156 Ankle straps
Necessary for clients unable to control leg movements. Used with footboard to position
user’s feet with a bounded range of movement Optimal foot positioning on the
footboard contributes to effective lower extremity load-bearing during toileting, which
promotes bone health.
Z158 Calf rest
Provides support at the back of the calf, to assure comfortable and stable positioning of
the lower extremities when footrest is elevated. This is particularly important when the
device is in posterior tilt.
Z138 Tub base
Required for use of the device when bathing client in a bathtub.
Z139 Portability base
with carry bag
A light-weight foldable frame with a carry-bag that allows the seat and back to be
utilized as a free-standing system or over a toilet. Required for continuity of prescribed
bowel and bladder management program between environments.
Don’t forget to include pictures of the Rifton HTS.
Rifton Equipment
PO Box 260
Rifton, NY 12471
Fax: 800-865-4674
ON the toilet
OVER the toilet
OFF the toilet

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