6th Grade World History Final Review

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6th Grade World History Final Review
6th Grade World History EXAM REVIEW CHAPTERS 9, 10, and 14 - May, 2015
1. Omar Khayyam was a Persian Mathematician, Astronomer and poet.
2. A series of conflicts between France and England from 1337- 1453 were called the 100 Years War.
3. A mystical Muslim group who believed they could draw closer to God through prayer, fasting and a simple life was
the Sufis.
4. A knight was a person who would receive honor and land in exchange for serving is lord as a soldier.
5. When a government issues more money but it has less value, this is called inflation.
6. Jerusalem is a city in the Holy Land that is sacred to Jews, Christians, and Muslims.
7. Letters written by disciples in the Christian Bible were called epistles.
8. Feudalism is a system in which land was owned by kings or lords but held by vassals.
9. An apprentice was an unpaid worker trained in a craft or trade.
10. The Great Charter or Magna Carta limited the power of English kings beginning 1215.
11. A pilgrim is a person who travels to a sacred place.
12. A messiah is a savior in Judaism and Christianity.
13. An official count of people living in a place is called a census.
14. Nomads are people from people who move from place to place in search of food.
15. A Muslim ruler was called a Caliph.
16. A manor was a large estate that included farmlands and a village.
17. The Middle Ages were the years between 500-1500; between ancient and modern times.
18. The Model Parliament was the council that advised the English king in matters of government in the 1200’s.
19. A soldier who serves for pay in a foreign army is called a mercenary.
20. The military expeditions that the Church led against the Muslim Turks to regain the Holy Land were called the
Crusades.
21. A schism is a split.
22. A Gladiator was a person who fought to the death as entertainment for the Roman public.
23. The holy book of the Muslims is called the Quran.
24. The capital of the Byzantine Empire was Constantinople.
25. Describe the difference between the poor and wealthy people in Rome. Huge; most poor were jobless.
6th Grade World History EXAM REVIEW CHAPTERS 9, 10, and 14 - May, 2014
26. After the empire stopped conquering new lands for wealth, what effect did this have on Rome? Government raised
taxes and produced more coins of less value.
27. How does Rome compare in size to some modern day cities? It is comparable to modern day cities.
28. How is Islam’s golden age viewed by scholars? It is one of the most brilliant periods in world history.
29. Why did Constantinople grow rich? It is a crossroads of trade.
30. What did Constantine do for Christianity? He became a Christian, Christians could practice their religion openly and
he made Christianity the official religion of the empire.
31. Why did Islam spread quickly to Asia, North Africa, and the Mediterranean coast? Trade.
32. The Byzantines recorded and saved the knowledge of the Greeks and Romans.
33. The great contributions of the Islamic golden age are Algebra, medicine, literature, poetry.
34. Basil II was the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire during its final period of greatness.
35. The Commodus kept his power by bribing the army to support him.
36. When Jesus was born in Judea, what was the relationship between the Jews and Romans? Jews resented Roman
rule.
37. What belief do Jews, Muslims, and Christians share? They believe in one God.
38. What is the Arabian Peninsula? It is a peninsula in Southwest Asia in Mecca, the holiest city of Islam, is located.
39. What did Jesus teach about God? He promised everlasting life to his followers.
40. The 5 Pillars of Islam are: Declaration of faith, almsgiving, pilgrimage, prayer, fasting.
41. What are some of the rites practiced by Christians? They practice Baptism and the Lord’s Supper.
42. Kings and popes often disagreed over who should select bishops.
43. Most peasants needed a lord’s permission to marry or leave the manor.
44. Name the reasons that the Church was so powerful during the Middle Ages. It made its own laws, and set up its
own court system.
45. The first Christians to fight the Muslims for the Holy Land were Peter the Hermit and the Army of the Common
People.
46. What happened to peasants who escaped to a city and lived there for a year and a day? They were free.
47. Why is the Holy Land important? It is the place where Jesus lived, taught and died.
48. How was life in the towns different from life on the manor? In towns, people exchanged goods and services for
money; the manors were self-sufficient.

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