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Course Handbook
IAS PROFESSIONAL COURSE - PHASE I (2011-13 Batch)
December 12, 2011 to June 8, 2012
Lal Bahadur Shastri
National Academy of Administration
Mussoorie - 248 179
EPABX Lines: +91.135.2632405, 2632236, 2632489, 2632374
Web: http://www.lbsnaa.gov.in
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Course Handbook
IAS PROFESSIONAL COURSE - PHASE I (2011-2013)
12th December 2011 to 8th June 2012
Course Team
Ranjana Chopra
Associate Course Coordinator
Roli Singh
Associate Course Coordinator
Dr. Prem Singh
Associate Course Coordinator
Ashish Vachhani
Course Coordinator
Contents
From The Course Team
5
IAS The Training Canvas
7
IAS Professional Course Phase I
8
I. The Course Compass
8
II. Course Design and Content:
8
The Phase I Programme: A Typical Day
9
Academic Inputs
9
Assessed Academic Tasks
11
Outdoor Activities
11
Extra-Curricular Activities
11
III. Zonal Days
Phase I Administrative Issues
12
13
Group Formation
13
Discipline
13
Leave Matters
14
Guests
14
Attire and Turnout
14
Performance Evaluation
15
Awards for Meritorious Performance
16
Annexure
I.
Cadre Counsellors
18
II.
Director's Nominee for Clubs and Societies
19
III.
Lecture Group
20
IV.
Faculty Profile
28
V.
Course Participants
39
"You will not have a united India if you do not have a good All India
Service which has the independence to speak out its mind, which
has a sense of security... The Constitution is meant to be worked by a
ring of Service which will keep the country intact."
- Sardar Vallabhai Patel
From the Course Team
Dear Colleague,
The Academy and the Course Team welcome
you to the Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
and the Professional Course Phase I (20112013). You are amongst the privileged few to
have been selected into a public service widely
regarded as one of the most challenging in the
country and perhaps in the world as well today.
The idea of the IAS as the premier All India
Service, replacing the colonial Indian Civil
Service (ICS), crystallized at the Provincial
Premier’s Conference convened in October
1946. The first competitive examination for
recruitment to the IAS was held in July 1947 and
the new recruits joined the IAS Training School,
Metcalfe House, Delhi, in 1948. It was in 1959
that the National Academy of Administration
was established in Mussoorie, and was later rechristened as the Lal Bahadur Shastri National
Academy of Administration. Conceived as a
vital link between the Union and the States in our federal polity, this premier service was entrusted with the overarching
task of realizing Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of a self-reliant, inclusive and dynamic India. Looking back at the balance
sheet during the past six decades of India’s tryst with democracy and development, the picture that emerges is rather
mixed. While the IAS has, to a large extent, lived up to the vision of our founding fathers in institutionalizing democracy
and nurturing the country’s pluralistic social fabric, a lot still remains to be done. This Course is about preparing the
ground to enable you to lead and become officers with depth of character, breadth of vision and requisite skills to
deliver on tasks entrusted upon you. At a more fundamental level, this training is meant to build a foundation and
provide a perspective for the rest of your career in the civil services. As an entry level programme, it seeks to equip you
with the requisite domain knowledge, skill sets and attitudes that would stand you in good stead in the first decade of
your career – as Sub-Divisional Officer, Project Officer, District Rural Development Agency (DRDA), Chief Executive
Officer of Zilla Parishad, Municipal Commissioners, District Collector, and in some cases in the State Directorates,
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Public Sector Undertakings and the Secretariat. The stay at the Academy is not only mentally stimulating, but also
physically invigorating. We invite you to make full use of the Academy’s facilities for study and play. Use this time to
strengthen existing friendships and build new ones that would span a life time. We sincerely hope you actively
participate and enjoy the Course just as much as we have in putting it together for you.
Wishing you the very best – today and always.
Ranjana Chopra
Associate Course Coordinator
Roli Singh
Associate Course Coordinator
Dr. Prem Singh
Associate Course Coordinator
Ashish Vachhani
Course Coordinator
IAS – The Training Canvas
The training of an IAS Officer Trainee now spans about two years (104 weeks) and comprises the following courses:
!
The Foundation Course equips fresh entrants with requisite skills, knowledge, and appropriate attitudes to
shoulder responsibilities as public administrators; inculcates greater coordination among the different civil
services by building esprit de corps; and cultivates the spirit of cooperation and interdependence.
(15 weeks)
!
The IAS Professional Course Phase I imparts rigorous training to the IAS Officer Trainees in a wide range of
subjects to enable them to handle varied assignments that the officer typically holds in the first decade of
service.
(26 weeks)
!
State and District Training exposes the officer trainees to the ground realities and provides opportunities to
apply the knowledge and skills acquired during the Professional Course to field situations.
(Joining time and 52 Weeks)
!
The IAS Professional Course Phase II provides the Officer Trainees an opportunity to reflect on and
synthesize the knowledge and skills acquired during the Phase I and the experiential learning of District
Training.
(Joining time and 8 Weeks)
From 2007 onwards, the training scheme for the IAS has expanded well beyond the IAS Professional Courses and
now involves Mid-career Training Programmes (MCTPs). These programmes are now delivered in three stages – the
Phase III at seven to nine years of service, the Phase IV at fourteen to sixteen years of service and the Phase V at twenty
six to twenty eight years of seniority.
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IAS Professional Course - Phase I
I. The Course Compass
Aims
!
Equip Officer Trainees with the knowledge skills and attitudes to become effective civil servants
!
To create learning experiences with regard to ethical and developmental administration
Objectives
At the end of the IAS Professional Course Phase I, an Officer Trainee will be able to:
!
Acquire a pan-India perspective of emerging socio-economic, and politico-legal trends; an understanding of the
emerging role of the IAS and its shared administrative responsibilities with other services
!
Acquire knowledge and skills needed to discharge administrative responsibilities in the first decade of career in
the following areas:
!
#
Law and legal instruments
#
Administrative rules, procedures and programme guidelines
#
Modern management tools, and
#
Economic analysis
Demonstrate proficiency in the regional language of the allotted State to better appreciate its administrative and
cultural ethos.
!
Acquire an understanding on the cultural and socio-economic background of the allotted State
!
Demonstrate effective written/ oral communication skills both in interpersonal and organizational context
!
Exhibit right values and attitudes
!
Maintain physical fitness
!
Adhere to the spirit of ‘Sheelam Param Bhushanam’
II. Course Design and Content
The Course design of the Phase I programme is consciously liberal in spirit and content. While seeking to provide you
with ample space to study, learn, play and enjoy, it strives to build in you the complex matrix of knowledge, skills and
attitudes, which would enable you to shoulder future responsibilities that are staggering and complex, both in scope
and dimension.
The 26-week IAS Professional Course, Phase-I for the 2011 batch, commences on 12th December 2011 and
concludes on 8th June, 2012. It has two main components:
!
Winter Study Tour (eight weeks – commencing on 17th December 2011 to 10th February 2012)
!
On-campus training inputs commencing on 21st February 2012 till 8th June 2012, along with week-long
attachment with the Bureau of Parliamentary Studies and Training in New Delhi in April 2012
The Phase I Programme: A Typical Day
The Phase I is a full time training programme with an eclectic mix of curricular and extra-curricular activities. A typical
day would commence at 0630 hours with physical exercises at the Polo ground. Academic sessions would
commence at 0930 hours sharp. The details would be specified in the weekly timetable. Unless altered otherwise
through special notices, there would be following 55-minute sessions during a working day.
Sessions
Timings
Session I
-
0930-1025 hrs
Session II
-
1035-1130 hrs
Session III
-
1200-1255 hrs
Session IV
-
1305-1400 hrs
Session V
-
1500-1555 hrs
Session VI
-
1630 - 1730 hrs
Tea break
Lunch break
(Session VI would usually be stipulated for games/ extra-curricular activities)
The evenings would be dedicated to programmes by Clubs and Societies including cultural programmes.
Attendance in all the sessions listed in the weekly timetable is compulsory.
Academic Inputs
The on-campus academic training commences on 21st February 2012. While the syllabus prescribed under "The
Indian Administrative Service (Officer Trainees' Final Examination) Regulations, 1955" is the basic framework, suitable
modifications have been made to adapt it to the changing training needs of IAS Officers. The academic modules are
structured around thematic inputs covering varied domains that IAS Officers have to deal with. These would be
interspersed among sessions in Law, Economics, Political Theory and Constitution, Languages and ICT.
The training methodology being adopted in this Course would constitute a mix of lectures, case discussions,
seminars, panel discussions, order writing exercises, moot courts and mock trials, management games and role
plays, group exercises, films and slide shows, field and outdoor visits, among others. Several experts and eminent
persons from diverse backgrounds would be invited to address you during the Course. These would expose you to
alternative perspectives and diversity of opinion, which are necessary for making any considered decision.
As an IAS Officer, you have to become thorough with the language of the State of allotment. Statutory language
examinations would be held during the Phase I programme. Those of you already familiar with the cadre language will
be provided advanced instruction in administrative usage of the language and will also be required to undertake
alternative modules and activities. You would be required to present your State Paper in the cadre language, while the
hard copy of this assignment can be submitted in English. The ICT module for Phase-I has been designed specifically
to familiarize you with computing environment in districts, concepts/issues involved in computerizing a system, latest
trends in technology, web design, client/server computing, e-governance and so on. The idea behind this input is not
to make Officer Trainees “computer-professionals”, but to acquaint them with the capabilities of technology in their
real life working environments.
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The list of thematic modules and name(s) of module coordinator(s) are summarized below:
Modules
Module Coordinator(s)
IAS in Perspective
Tejveer Singh
Land Administration and Elections
Roli Singh and Jaspreet Talwar
Public Budgeting, Procurement and Audit
Prof. Gyanendra Badgaiyan/ Ashish Vachhani
Agriculture and Rural Development
Prem Singh
Health Nutrition and Education
Ranjana Chopra
Urban Management
Ashish Vachhani
Environment, Energy and Forests
Roli Singh
Project Management Appraisal and Engineering Skills
Prof. Gyanendra Badgaiyan
Infrastructure and Public-Private Partnership
Prem Singh and Nidhi Sharma
Leadership and Soft Skills
Tejveer Singh and Jaspreet Talwar
E-Governance
Nidhi Sharma
District Regulation
Jaspreet Talwar
Law & Order, Bandobast and Disaster Management
Dushyant Nariala and Jayant Singh
Weaker Sections and Minorities
Ranjana Chopra and SH Khan
Office Process and Inter-personal Management
Jayant Singh
BPST Attachment
Course Team
Examinations
Dr. S.H. Khan
Mentoring through counselling is an important component of this Course. There would be structured Counsellor
Group Meetings in the Phase I Programme. Each cadre has a designated Counsellor, who is a senior faculty member.
The list is provided at Annexure I. Beyond structured sessions, it is expected that the Counsellor and Officer Trainees
meet informally at mutually convenient times. The relationship between a Counsellor and an Officer Trainee is of a very
special nature that continues during the district training and Phase II programme. The Counsellor reviews and grades
all written assignments and initiates the Annual Confidential Roll of the Officer Trainees.
You are already familiar with the computerised feedback system in the Academy. Recording sessional feedback is
compulsory. Failure to do so constitutes dereliction to duty. Regularity in filling the feedback is an important input in the
assessment of your classroom performance. You are expected to actively participate in all classroom-based course
activities. The Academy believes in full freedom of expression and you are encouraged to express your views,
including points of disagreement. It is equally important to bear in mind that questions, views, observations and points
of disagreement are expressed in polite and temperate language and not in an offensive manner.
While reading material on different modules would be circulated to you, academic inputs should be supplemented
with self-study.. The Academy has a well-stocked library with large collection of books, articles, journals and audiovisual material. You are encouraged to make full use of the library during your stay at the Academy.
Assessed Academic Tasks
State Paper
All Officer Trainees are required to prepare a State Paper (2500 words) on specific aspects of the State of allotment.
The topic of the State Paper has to be finalized in consultation with the Cadre Counsellor. While the State Paper can be
written in English, its presentation will have to be in the Cadre language.
Book Review
All Officer Trainees would be required to review a book (2000 words). The book to be reviewed has to be decided in
consultation with the Cadre Counsellor.
Group Discussion and Exercises
The ability to present one's point of view in a cogent and logical manner is essential for a civil servant. The recognition
of team spirit, understanding of others' point of view and presenting one's case effectively, are all brought about well in
the group discussions and exercises. These will be scheduled regularly and on topics of contemporary or academic
interest.
Winter Study Tour (WST): Group Presentations, Individual WST Diary and Travelogue
Each WST Group is required to make presentation on the learning from various attachments and travel across India.
Every Officer Trainees is also required to submit her/his WST diary and travelogue for assessment. The details have
been spelt out in the WST Manual.
Outdoor Activities
Career in the IAS is often sedentary and tension-filled. Sound physical and mental health is an essential pre-requisite
for an Officer of the Service. In the Phase I programme, you would be encouraged to cultivate and sustain the habit of
regular physical exercises.
The morning Physical Training and designated sessions for games and sports in the evening are compulsory. All
Officer Trainees would also be required to take at least two horse riding sessions every week. Depending on the
session(s) when riding is slotted, you will not be required to attend morning PT/ evening games. There will be a final
Dressage and Horse Jump Show towards the end of the Course.
Physical exercises and outdoor activities are integral part of the Course and absence from them will be treated on par
with absence from academic sessions. In cases of sickness, you shall report to the play ground, sign the sick register
and leave after obtaining permission from the Course Team member present there. In cases of serious incapacitation
preventing movement, prior permission has to be telephonically obtained from Associate Course Coordinator
(Discipline) or Associate Course Coordinator (Outdoors).
On weekends, adventure sports activities including river rafting, parasailing, overnight treks, rock-climbing, etc.,
would be scheduled. These would be compulsory Course activities requiring mandatory presence.
Extra-Curricular Activities
Officers with interests and hobbies beyond just the official work are better equipped to handle the stresses that the job
creates. In the Phase I programme, you would be encouraged to develop passion for creative activities through extracurricular modules. There will be performances by national level exponents in music, dance and theatre including
fashion show and textiles of India exposition. You may also look forward to national and international film festivals
during the Course.
Elections to the Clubs and Societies would be held once you report to the Academy after the WST. The Course Team
solicits your active participation in the elections and all activities of Clubs and Societies. The list of Director’s Nominee/
Associate Nominee for various Clubs and Societies is at Annexure II.
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III Zonal Days
The Officer Trainees will organize four Zonal Days during the Phase I programme. The purpose of organizing a Zonal
Day is to acquaint the Officer Trainees with the culture and cuisine of their allocated cadres. They will be scheduled in
the time table of the week.
The constitution of groups for each zone would be based on the State of allotment. The details are as follows:
East Zone:
Assam- Meghalaya, Bihar, Jharkhand, Manipur- Tripura, Nagaland, Orissa, Sikkim and
West Bengal Cadres.
Date of Zonal Day: 17th March, 2012
South Zone:
Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu cadres
Date of Zonal Day: 31st March, 2012
West Zone:
Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan cadres
Date of Zonal Day: 12th May, 2012
North Zone:
Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, J & K, Punjab, U.P and Uttarakhand cadres
Date of Zonal Day: 26th May, 2012
(Officers of AGMUT cadre will be included in the Zone that has least number of Officer Trainees)
Phase I – Administrative Issues
Group Formation
Upon return from the WST following the announcement of your cadres, the lecture group allocated to you and your
Officer Trainee Code (OT Code) will change. Every Officer Trainees will receive a new OT Code and will also be
allocated to either A or B Group for all training sessions. These Groups will be further sub-divided into quarter groups,
A1, A2, B1 and B2 for quarter group sessions. Detailed Group wise allocation information will be made available after
your return from WST.
Discipline
The Academy believes that you are mature, motivated and inspired learners. But freedom brings attendant
responsibilities. In view of the fact that you will shortly be assigned responsible positions in Government, the Course
Team will brook no compromise on basic discipline in terms of regularity, punctuality and decorum. There will be no
compromise on these basic issues even if it implies displeasing someTrainees. Polite and graceful conduct with
colleagues, academy staff, guests and faculty would be the cardinal norm in the Course. Unauthorized absence, late
arrival for scheduled sessions, failure to comply with dress code, disinterested attitude and dishonest conduct would
be viewed very seriously and invite appropriate administrative action. The Associate Course Coordinator (in-charge
discipline) is the first reference point for all disciplinary matters, with a provision for appeal to the Course Coordinator
and then the Director. Please be advised that any contact with external agencies, institutions or authorities like the
Central/ State Government should only be through proper channel, that is, the Director of the Academy.
Penalties for breach of discipline
Within the Academy, the supervisory role in disciplinary matters has been delegated to the Course Team. This cannot
be bypassed under any circumstance. Any attempt to bear external influence or pressure on the Course Team on
discipline/ leave matters would be treated as gross misconduct, inviting extremely harsh penalty.
Discipline and conduct carry substantial weight in the overall Director’s assessment in the Phase I programme. Apart
from grading down marks allocated under the Director’s Assessment for deviant conduct, other penalties applicable
under the AIS Conduct Rules, which include non-confirmation of probation and discharge, following penalties can be
administered during the Course.
Offence
Penalty
Unauthorized absence/ late arrival/ wilful
Punitive physical training beyond scheduled sessions. Beyond
disobedience/ deliberate poor performance
three lapses, the Officer Trainee would lose ½-day Casual
in outdoor or academic activities/
Leave and undergo simultaneous punitive physical training.
disobedience/ dishonest conduct/ poor turn
Any further instance of indiscretion would invite disciplinary
out or grooming, etc.
action and would entail discharge from the Course
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Leave Matters
This Course is fully residential. You are required to stay on campus in the rooms allotted to you. This is a ‘No Leave’
Programme. However, in situations of extreme emergency, a maximum of four days leave (four days Casual Leave or
two days Casual Leave combined with two days station leave or four days station leave) can be considered by the
Associate Course Coordinator (in-charge discipline) on merits during the entire Course.
Application for leave (except in unforeseen emergent situations) needs to be made to the Associate Course
Coordinator (in-charge discipline) at least 15 days prior to the intended date of commencement of leave. An Officer
Trainee can leave headquarters only after receipt of formal sanction of leave.
Please take note that Officer Trainees who do not avail any leave in the Course would be rated higher than those
availing leave. There are clear limits to availing exemption from scheduled physical training/ academic sessions. In
case this limit is exceeded on account of repeated medical exemptions, the Officer Trainee can be asked to repeat the
Course in the following year.
Attempts to avail leave by citing false reasons, or leaving headquarters without prior sanction of the competent
authority on weekends/ holidays would be construed to be gross misconduct. It would invite punitive administrative
action including discharge from the Course.
Guests
Officer Trainees are not permitted to change rooms or keep their spouses or family members with them, either on the
Academy premises or in any other accommodation in Mussoorie.
However, you are permitted to have guests for a total of six days during the Course. You are required to inform the
Associate Course Coordinator (in-charge discipline) about the period of stay of the guest(s). Requests for allotment of
guest rooms in the Academy can be made to the Associate Course Coordinator (in-charge discipline), which would
be considered based on availability.
Attire and Turnout
Officer Trainees may take note of the following attire:
Ceremonial occasions: This shall be indicated in the weekly timetable. This means black bandgala coat and
trousers for gentlemen and sarees for ladies. The RBCS officers are permitted to wear their national attire on such
occasions. Tan or Black Leather lace tie up shoes shall be worn with the black bandgala coat and no sneakers shall be
allowed. Waist belt and shoes shall be of same colour. Lapel cards have to be worn in all academic sessions
irrespective of the occasion.
Formal wear: Gentlemen Officer Trainees should wear a jacket and tie or formal lounge suit to classes from Monday
to Thursday. Neck-tie and formal shoes should be worn. Pullovers/ sweaters may be worn on Fridays and neck ties
would be optional. Ladies are expected to wear sarees/ salwar suit to class, which are simple, sober and dignified.
Western formal wear may be worn only on Fridays.
Sports attire: T-shirt and tracksuit given during FC, knee length white shorts and predominantly white/grey
sneakers/sports shoes with gray/white socks. No other attire shall be permitted. In case of cold weather, a white
sweater or track suit top may be worn over T-shirt. The T-shirt shall always be tucked in and worn neatly.
Casual wear: On holidays, Officer Trainees can wear sober informal clothes. In no case shall an Officer Trainee enter
the Officers Mess, library, lounges or Sampoornand Auditorium in sneakers/ chappals/ T-shirt/ jeans, etc., on working
days. However, on weekends and on holidays when no course activity is scheduled, Officer Trainees can enter the
Officers Mess, library, lounges or Sampoornand Auditorium in sober informal clothes. Wearing slippers in the
Academic complex is prohibited on all occasions.
General Turnout: Gentlemen Officer trainees shall always sport a shaven chin. If they chose to wear a moustache or
beard the same shall be trimmed and well kept. Hair shall be worn short to one cm and cut periodically. Wearing long
hair is strictly prohibited for males. Exemption shall be given for members of the Sikh religion in this. Nails shall be
trimmed and general hygiene maintained. Piercing or such body accessories shall not be permitted. Ladies shall take
care to dress soberly and with neutral colored clothes. Flashy and frivolous clothing is strictly prohibited.
Performance Evaluation
All IAS Officer Trainees will be assessed for their performance in the Phase I programme. Rule 10 of the IAS (Probation)
Rules 1954 provides for determination of inter-se seniority of the directly recruited Officer Trainees. The factors
deciding the inter-se seniority are the aggregate marks obtained by each officer trainees under different heads shown
in the table below:
Phase
Civil Service Examination
Marks
2300
Assessments during Training
Foundation Course
Director's Assessment
150
Final Written Examination
150
IAS Professional Course Phase-I
Director's Assessment
200
Phase I Examination
300
IAS Professional Course Phase-II
District Training
200
Director's Assessment
200
Total for assessment during training
1200
GRAND TOTAL
3500
The assessment in IAS Professional Course Phase-I consists of the Final Examination and the Director's Assessment.
The final examination includes five main subjects – Law, Public Administration, Management, Economics and Political
Concepts and Constitution of India. In addition, there will be qualifying examinations in Information and
Communication Technology, and Hindi for those who allocated to non-Hindi speaking states.
Under the Rules, an Officer Trainees must pass in every subject in the written examination. An Officer Trainee who has
failed in a subject may be allowed to appear in a re-examination. In case of failure again, she/he will be liable to be
discharged from the Service.
One-third of the marks allotted for the final examination will be awarded on the basis of concurrent evaluation during
the Course. This evaluation would be on the basis of the periodic tests or written assignments, In the case of Political
Concepts and Constitution of India, 10 marks are set aside for the test conducted at the end of the BPST attachment.
The break-up of marks for the written examination is shown below:-
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15
Subject
Marks
Political Concepts and Constitution of India
60
Basic Economic Principles and Indian Economy
60
Law
60
Management and Behavioural Sciences
60
Public Administration
60
Total
300
Qualifying Tests (evaluated in the Director’s Assessment)
ICT
Language (Hindi for Officer Trainees going to non-Hindi speaking
States/ regional language)
The Director's Assessment is an objective evaluation of Officer Trainees by the Course Team and the faculty under the
guidance of the Director. The Course Team will monitor and evaluate Officer Trainees continuously and will assess
their capacity, willingness and determination to try and attain the broad objectives of the Course. The break-up of the
marks for the Director's Assessment is provided below:
Parameter(s)
Marks
WST Presentations
20
Discipline and Conduct
30
State Term Paper
15
Physical Training/ Outdoor activities
30
Horse Riding
15
Extra-curricular modules/ Clubs and Societies
10
Language
25
ICT
25
Peer Group Evaluation
5
Director’s Overall Assessment
25
Grand Total
200
Awards for Meritorious Performance
The following prizes and medals are awarded for outstanding performance by the IAS Officer trainees in Academic
and extra-curricular activities during the Professional Courses:
!
Director's Gold Medal/Trophy for the best performance based on the marks obtained in the Civil Services
Examination conducted by the UPSC, Foundation Course, Phase-I Final Examination and the Director's
Assessment, Phase-II Assessment and District Training – all put together
!
Ashok Bambawale Memorial Award (cash prize of Rs. 25,000/-) for being the outstanding IAS Officer trainees
based on the marks obtained in the Foundation Course, Phase-I Final Examination and Assessment and Phase-II
Assessment and District Training
!
Subhash Dua Memorial Gold Medal for the best all-round record in the IAS Professional Course, Phase-I and
Phase-II
!
Km. Reena Sandhu Memorial Gold Medal for the best performance in extra-curricular activities in the IAS
Professional Course, Phase-I and Phase-II
!
Gold Medal donated by the 1967 IAS batch for the best Village Study Assignment.
!
L.V. Reddy Memorial Award to an Officer Trainee allotted to North-East Cadre getting highest marks in UPSC,
Foundation Course, Phase-I and Phase-II
!
G. Krishnaiya Memorial Award for an Officer Trainee writing the best assignment on Law and Order
!
Km. Aroti Mukherjee Gold Medal for the Officer trainees obtaining highest marks in Public Administration
!
Director's Gold Medal for highest aggregate marks in the IAS Professional Course, Phase-I Final Examination
!
Director's Gold Medals for obtaining the highest marks in each of the following subjects:
#
Political Concepts and Constitution of India
#
Basic Economic Principles and Indian Economy
#
Law
#
Management and Behavioural Sciences
#
Public Administration
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Annexure I
Cadre Counsellors
State
Counsellor
Alternate Counsellor
AGMUT
Dr. Gyanendra D. Badgaiyan
Ranjana Chopra
Andhra Pradesh
A.S. Ramachandran
Sanjeev Chopra
Assam-Meghalaya
Moana Bhagabati (Ms)
Dr. Prem Singh
Bihar
Ranjana Chopra (Ms)
Nidhi Sharma (Ms)
Bhutan
Padamvir Singh
Tejveer Singh
Chhattisgarh
Dr. Gyanendra D. Badgaiyan
Nidhi Sharma (Ms)
Gujarat
P. K. Gera
Jayant Singh
Haryana
Tejveer Singh
Dushyant Nariala
Himachal Pradesh
Dr. Prem Singh
Jaspreet Talwar
Jammu & Kashmir
Dr. S.H. Khan
Jaspreet Talwar
Jharkhand
Nidhi Sharma (Ms)
Roli Singh (Ms)
Karnataka
P. K. Gera
A.S. Ramachandran
Kerala
Ashish Vachhani
Moana Bhagabati
Madhya Pradesh
Padamvir Singh
Punit Mohan
Maharashtra
Tejveer Singh
Jaspreet Talwar (Ms)
Manipur-Tripura
Dr. Prem Singh
Dr. S.H. Khan
Nagaland
Dr. Prem Singh
Dr. S.H. Khan
Orissa
Sanjeev Chopra
Ranjana Chopra (Ms)
Punjab
Jaspreet Talwar (Ms)
Tejveer Singh
Rajasthan
Roli Singh (Ms)
Jayant Singh
Sikkim
Dushyant Nariala
Ashish Vachhani
Tamil Nadu
Ashish Vachhani
A.S. Ramachandran
Uttar Pradesh
Roli Singh
-
Uttarakhand
Jayant Singh
Puneet Mohan
West Bengal
Dushyant Nariala
Sanjeev Chopra
Annexure II
Director’s Nominee for Clubs and Societies
Club or Society
Directors Nominee
Alternate / Associate
Directors Nominee
Adventure Sports Club
Dr. Prem Singh
Jayant Singh
Alumni Association
Roli Singh (Ms)
Tejveer Singh
Computer Society
Mantosh Chakraborty
Film Society
Dushyant Nariala
A.S. Ramachandra
Fine Arts Association
Tejveer Singh
Ranjana Chopra
Dr. Daljit Kuar
Saudamini Bhuiyan (Ms)
Hobbies Club
Nidhi Sharma
Roli Singh (Ms)
House Journal Society
Jaspreet Talwar
Roli Singh (Ms)
K. B. Singha
Management Circle
Dr. S.H. Khan
Puneet Mohan
Nature Lovers Club
Roli Singh (Ms)
Nidhi Sharma (Ms)
Dr. Alka A. Kulkarni
Officers Club
Dr. Prem Singh
Tejveer Singh
Officers Mess
Jayant Singh
Ashish Vachhani
Rifle & Archery Club
Ashish Vachhani
Dr. Prem Singh
Society for Contemporary Affairs
Dr. Gyanendra Badgaiyan
Jayant Singh
Society for Social Service
Ranjana Chopra
Ashish Vachhani
A. Nallasamy
Arshad M. Nandan
HAM Radio Club
Jayant Singh
Dr. Prem Singh
Committee for Overseeing
the Management of Hostels
Jaspreet Talwar
18
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Annexure III
Lecture Group- A
Name of the Candidate
Cadre Allotted
OT Code
Isha Khosla (Ms.)
AGMUT
A01
Alok Ranjan Ghosh
Bihar
A02
Pardhi Sourabh Zamsingh
Gujarat
A03
Rai Mahimapat Ray
Jharkhand
A04
Himanshu Kumar Rai
Kerala
A05
Kumar Saurabh Raj
Punjab
A06
Chandra Sekhar Sakhamuri
Tamil Nadu
A07
K Radhika Aiyar (Ms.)
West Bengal
A08
Tariq Thomas
AGMUT
A09
Rahul Kumar
Bihar
A10
Oak Aayush Sanjeev
Gujarat
A11
Chhavi Ranjan
Jharkhand
A12
Raval Hamendra Kumar
Manipur Tripura
A13
Haulianlal Guite
Rajasthan
A14
V Jaya Chandra Bhanu Reddy
Tamil Nadu
A15
R Menaka (Ms.)
AGMUT
A16
Mahendra Kumar
Bihar
A17
Kankipati Rajesh
Gujarat
A18
Anjaneyulu Dodde
Jharkhand
A19
Hungyo Worshang
Manipur Tripura
A20
Shivangi Swarnkar (Ms.)
Rajasthan
A21
Mantri Govinda Rao
Tamil Nadu
A22
Ravi Dhawan
AGMUT
A23
Mithilesh Mishra
Bihar
A24
Name of the Candidate
Cadre Allotted
OT Code
Mayatra Sujal Jayantibhai
Gujarat
A25
Manjunath Bhajantri
Jharkhand
A26
Killu Siva Kumar Naidu
Manipur Tripura
A27
Anupama Jorwal (Ms.)
Rajasthan
A28
Aneesh Sekhar S
Tamil Nadu
A29
Gaurav Singh Rajawat
AGMUT
A30
Himanshu Sharma
Bihar
A31
Sujeet Kumar
Gujarat
A32
Rajeshwari B (Ms.)
Jharkhand
A33
Mohammed Ali Shihab A
Nagaland
A34
Abhimanyu Kumar
Rajasthan
A35
P Madhusudhan Reddy
Tamil Nadu
A36
Kashish Mittal
AGMUT
A37
Pankaj Dixit
Bihar
A38
Amit Khatri
Haryana
A39
Waghmare Prasad Krishna
Jharkhand
A40
Rajesh Soundararajan
Nagaland
A41
Sandesh Nayak
Rajasthan
A42
Nikhil Nirmal
West Bengal
A43
Pooja Jain (Ms.)
AGMUT
A44
Shirsat Kapil Ashok
Bihar
A45
Vijaykumar Siddappa Bhavikatti
Haryana
A46
Gokul G R
Kerala
A47
Saurabh Tolumbia
Nagaland
A48
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21
Name of the Candidate
Cadre Allotted
OT Code
Bhagwati Prasad Kalal
Rajasthan
A49
Deepap Priya P (Ms.)
West Bengal
A50
Parthiban P
AGMUT
A51
Deore Nilesh Ramchandra
Bihar
A52
Aditya Dahiya
Haryana
A53
Karthikeyan S
Kerala
A54
Shruti Sharma (Ms.)
Punjab
A55
Nakate Shivprasad Madan
Rajasthan
A56
S Arun Prasad
West Bengal
A57
Danish Ashraf
AGMUT
A58
Thiyagarajan S M
Bihar
A59
Vinay Pratap Singh
Haryana
A60
Apneet Riyait (Ms.)
Punjab
A61
Mir Mohammed Ali
Kerala
A62
K Vijayakarthikeyan
Tamil Nadu
A63
U Swaroop
West Bengal
A64
Sandeep Kumar Singh
AGMUT
A65
Dinesh Kumar
Bihar
A66
Rahul Kumar Sinha
Jharkhand
A67
Jeevan Babu K
Kerala
A68
Aravind Kumar M K
Punjab
A69
Arvind Manickavasagam
Tamil Nadu
A70
Uma Sankar S
West Bengal
A71
Mitali Namchoom (Ms.)
AGMUT
A72
Name of the Candidate
Cadre Allotted
OT Code
Ajay Prakash
Gujarat
A73
Astik Kumar Pandey
Jharkhand
A74
Amit Meena
Kerala
A75
B Srinivasan
Punjab
A76
S Divyadharshini (Ms.)
Tamil Nadu
A77
Surendra Kumar Meena
West Bengal
A78
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Lecture Group- B
Name of the Candidate
Cadre Allotted
OT Code
Mahendra Bahadur Singh
Uttar Pradesh
B01
K V N Chakradhara Babu
Andhra Pradesh
B02
Arunkumar Kembhavi
Assam Meghalaya
B03
Ramesh Kumar
Jammu & Kashmir
B04
Manish Kumar Verma
Uttar Pradesh
B05
Ragapriya R (Ms.)
Karnataka
B06
Rekhawar Rahul Ashok
Maharashtra
B07
K Sudarshan Chakravarthy
Orissa
B08
Vishak G
Uttar Pradesh
B09
Nitin Singh Bhadauria
Uttarakhand
B10
Sweta Mohanty (Ms.)
Andhra Pradesh
B11
Rajesh Singh
Assam Meghalaya
B12
Andra Vamsi
Uttar Pradesh
B13
Bhupinder Kumar
Jammu & Kashmir
B14
Sharat B
Karnataka
B15
Deepa S Mudhol (Ms.)
Maharashtra
B16
Passang Wangchuk
RBCS
B17
Aravind Mallappa Bangari
Uttar Pradesh
B18
Hari Narayanan M
Andhra Pradesh
B19
Nileshkumar Mahadev Kshirsagar
Chhattisgarh
B20
Deepti Uppal (Ms.)
Jammu & Kashmir
B21
Kunal Silku
Uttar Pradesh
B22
V S Choudary Kolasani
Madhya Pradesh
B23
P Siva Sankar
Maharashtra
B24
Name of the Candidate
Cadre Allotted
OT Code
Choki Tashi
RBCS
B25
Rishirendra Kumar
Uttar Pradesh
B26
Patil Prashant Jeevan
Andhra Pradesh
B27
Deepak Soni
Chhattisgarh
B28
Girish Dayalan
Jammu & Kashmir
B29
Ruchika Diwakar (Ms.)
Madhya Pradesh
B30
Chaudhari Abhijeet Vishvanath
Maharashtra
B31
Ravindra Kumar
Sikkim
B32
Abhishek Singh
Uttar Pradesh
B33
Shweta Teotia (Ms.)
Andhra Pradesh
B34
Chandan Kumar
Chhattisgarh
B35
Saurav Kumar Suman
Madhya Pradesh
B36
M Devender Singh
Maharashtra
B37
Pulkit Khare
Uttar Pradesh
B38
Lathkar Shrikesh Balajirao
Andhra Pradesh
B39
Bhoskar Vilas Sandeepan
Chhattisgarh
B40
Sindhu B (Ms.)
Karnataka
B41
Vijayakumar J
Madhya Pradesh
B42
Sushil Khodwekar
Maharashtra
B43
Shiv Sahay Awasthi
Uttar Pradesh
B44
Lakshmanan S
Assam Meghalaya
B45
Bhure Sarveshwar Narendra
Chhattisgarh
B46
Anirudh Sravan P
Karnataka
B47
Harjinder Singh
Madhya Pradesh
B48
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Name of the Candidate
Cadre Allotted
OT Code
Sanjay Meena
Maharashtra
B49
Amit Kishore
Uttar Pradesh
B50
Roshni Aparanji Korati (Ms.)
Assam Meghalaya
B51
Sanjeev Kumar Jha
Chhattisgarh
B52
Abhiram G Sankar
Karnataka
B53
B Vijay Datta
Madhya Pradesh
B54
Arindam Dakua
Orissa
B55
Deepak Meena
Uttar Pradesh
B56
Anant Lal Gyani
Assam Meghalaya
B57
Lalit Jain
Himachal Pradesh
B58
Pommala Sunil Kumar
Karnataka
B59
Neha Marvya (Ms.)
Madhya Pradesh
B60
Samarth Verma
Orissa
B61
Krishna Karunesh
Uttar Pradesh
B62
Adil Khan
Assam Meghalaya
B63
Rugved Milind Thakur
Himachal Pradesh
B64
Mannan Akhtar
Uttar Pradesh
B65
Hephsiba Rani Korlapati (Ms.)
Karnataka
B66
Anugraha P
Madhya Pradesh
B67
Reghu G
Orissa
B68
Amit Kumar Singh
Uttar Pradesh
B69
Ravi Jha
Uttarakhand
B70
Sibhi Chakravarthy Sadhu
Assam Meghalaya
B71
Vivek Bhatia
Himachal Pradesh
B72
Name of the Candidate
Cadre Allotted
OT Code
Kurma Rao M
Karnataka
B73
Mohit Bundas
Madhya Pradesh
B74
Ashish Thakare
Orissa
B75
Navneet Singh Chahal
Uttar Pradesh
B76
Dr. Ashish Kumar Srivastava
Uttarakhand
B77
Shyam Vinod Meena
Jammu & Kashmir
B78
Manoj Kumar
Assam Meghalaya
B79
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27
Annexure IV
Faculty Profile
Padamvir Singh, IAS (1977: Madhya Pradesh) Director
Born on 16th February 1954, he did his schooling from the Doon School, Dehradun. He graduated in Economics
Honours from St. Stephen's College, Delhi. Thereafter, after pursuing post graduate studies in Philosophy and
Politics, he joined the Indian Administrative Service in 1977 and was allocated to the state of Madhya Pradesh. He was
a fellow at MIT, Boston in 1992. He took over as the Director of the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of
Administration in September 2009. Prior to that, he was the Special Director and the Joint Director. He was earlier
Principal Secretary, Public Works Department and Information Technology in the Government of Madhya Pradesh. He
has also worked as Secretary to the State Government, Head of Department, Managing Director of Public Sector
Undertakings and District Magistrate. He has served as Director of the Madhya Pradesh Academy of Administration
and as Secretary of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla. His academic interests are in governance,
administrative reforms, Total Quality Management, institution building, training, ethics, philosophy and psychology.
Personal interests and leisure pursuits extend to reading, computers, painting, photography, music, tennis,
badminton and yoga. He is married and has two children.
Kush Verma, IAS (1979: Uttar Pradesh) Executive Director
Joined NIAR, LBSNAA as Director General on 2nd August, 2010. Prior to joining NIAR, he has held various
assignments in Government of Uttar Pradesh as well as Government of India namely Asstt. Collector & Sub-Divisional
Magistrate, Rai Bareily & Pratapgarh, City Magistrate, Mathura, District Magistrate, Uttarkashi, Managing Director, UP
State Food & Essential Commodities Corporation, Lucknow, Secretary (Energy), Food Commissioner, Secretary,
Home & Confidential Affairs, Zonal Manager (North), Food Corporation of India, Executive Director, Tribal Cooperative
Marketing Development Federation of India Ltd.(TRIFED) and Principal Secretary, Administrative Reforms,
Government of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow. He has published several papers in the field of General Administration,
Development, Labour Issues and Tourism etc. He has also presented papers in International/National Seminars &
Workshops. He is currently pursuing his Ph.D. from Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi on the challenging
topic: ‘Redesigning India’s Civil Services’. He has also delivered lectures at places of repute including the National
Institute of Labour, NOIDA, LBSNAA, Mussoorie, Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi, Bankers Institute
of Rural Development, Lucknow etc. His hobbies are writing children’s poems, playing tennis and listening to semi
classical music.
P.K. Gera, IAS (1985: Gujarat) Joint Director
Date of Birth: 26.11.1959. Education-Graduation in Electrical Engineering, Post Graduation in Economics from
University of Birmingham (UK), Certificate in National Security from National Defence College, New Delhi. Prior to
joining the Academy as Joint Director on 24th May, 2010, he was posted in various capacities in Government of
Gujarat as well as in Central Government including Resident Commissioner, Gujarat Bhawan, New Delhi, Director
General, Sardar Patel Institute of Public Administration, Ahmedabad, Secretary, General Administration Department
(ARTD), Government of Gujarat, Joint Secretary and Registrar, Central Information Commission (GOI), Director
(Vigilance), DOPT, Director, Ministry of Textiles (GOI), Private Secretary to Chairman (Cabinet Minister Rank),, Task
Force set up to assess impact of WTO on Agriculture Ministry of Agriculture (GOI), Managing Director, Gujarat State
Finance Services and Additional Secretary, Institutional Finance (Govt. of Gujarat), Director (Services and Vigilancel),
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievance and Pensions (GOI), Deputy Secretary, DOPT (GOI), Deputy Secretary (Plan
Finance II), Ministry of Finance (GOI), Deputy Secretary (Budget and Resources), Finance Department, Government
of Gujarat, Collector and District Magistrate of Dangs, Collector and District Magistrate of Surendranagar, Deputy
Secretary (Finance), Deputy Secretary (Rural Development), Government of Gujarat, Assistant Collector, Porbandar.
His areas of interest include Human Resource Management, Good Governance and public finance.
Sanjeev Chopra, IAS (1990: Orissa) Joint Director
Born on April 17, 1967, he did his schooling from Delhi Public School, Mathura Road, New Delhi. Graduated in
Commerce from Shriram College of Commerce and later completed MBA from FMS in Delhi University. Joined the
investment banking division of the Deutsche Bank in 1989. Qualified for the IAS in 1990 and was allotted the Orissa
cadre. In the initial years, worked as SDM, Anandpur and Baripada before joining Kandhmal District as PD, DRDA and
later as Collector in the tribal District of Koraput. Upon completion of the field postings, he worked as MD Orissa Small
Industries Corporation, Director Industries and Technical Education, MD Orissa State Cooperative Bank and MD,
Orissa Mining Corporation. The work done by him in implementing Enterprise Resource Planning in the Orissa Mining
Corporation was recognized as a best practice by Government of India on the Civil Services Day in 2009. Joined the
Academy as Deputy Director (Sr.) on April 03, 2007. His areas of interest include Organisational Behaviour, Urban
Management, Corporate Governance in PSUs and Financial Inclusion. He has also published a book titled
"Restructuring and Reengineering in Cooperative banks". After availing a sabbatical in 2009-10, completed MSc in
Regional and Urban Planning Studies from the London School of Economics.
Ashish Vachhani, IAS (1997: Tamil Nadu) Deputy Director (Senior)
He completed M.Phil (international Organizations) School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New
Delhi, before joining the Indian Administrative Service. He joined as Sub-Collector, Sivakasi, Virudhunagar District, in
1999 before moving over to the Finance Department in Government of Tamil Nadu as Under Secretary/ Deputy
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Secretary (Budget)/ Joint Secretary. While in Finance Department as the State Budget Officer, he was responsible for
preparing the Annual Budget of the State Government, piloting it through the Legislature for approval and overseeing
its implementation. He was closely associated with revenue collection, Plan formulation, scheme expenditure,
preparation and posing of development projects for external funding from multilateral institutions etc. He has worked
as District Collector of Dharmapuri District and Tiruchirappalli District. He joined the Academy in March 2008. He
completed the MSc Programme in Public Management and Governance from the London School of Economics and
Politics as ‘Chevening HSBC scholar’. He has keen interest in riding and hiking.
Dr. A.S. Ramachandra, PhD (Law) Professor of Political theory & Constitutional Law
He is a Doctorate in Law and possesses Master's Degrees in Law, Politics as well as English Language and Literature.
After practicing at Bar, started his career in 1990 as a teacher in law for prospective legal practitioners and continued
to be so till 2002, prior to taking up service at “LBS National Academy of Administration” as 'Reader in Political Theory
& Constitutional Law' and later as 'Reader in Law' in this Academy till October 2004. Subsequently, worked at “National
Judicial Academy” Bhopal as 'Research Fellow'; as 'Senior Legal Consultant' at “Rural Litigation & Entitlement
Kendra”, Dehradun and as Assistant Director (Law)' at “SVP National Police Academy”, Hyderabad before joining
LBSNAA as Professor in the faculty of Political Concepts & Constitutional Law in April 2007.
Dushyant Nariala, IAS (1993: West Bengal) Deputy Director (Sr)
Basic Qualification: L.L.B. from Delhi University. Worked as Metropolitan Magistrate in Govt. of NCT Delhi before
joining the Indian Administrative Service. Experience in Government of West Bengal: Worked as Sub-Divisional
Magistrate, Durgapur; held post of ADM and AEO, Zilla Parishad, Cooch-Behar; worked as District Land and Land
Reforms Officer, ADM (Land Acquisition) and ADM (General) in North 24 Paraganas. Held posts of District Magistrate
and Collector in East Medinipur and then West Medinipur districts. Also worked as State Project Director, Sarva Siksha
Abhiyan in the School Education Department immediately before joining the LBSNAA.
Dr. Gyanendra Badgaiyan: IAS (1991, AGMUT) Professor of Economics
Joined as Professor of Economics on 18th May 2011. Prior to joining the IAS, Dr Badgaiyan had completed an M.A
(Economics) and M.Phil in Economics from Delhi School of Economics and Cambridge University, UK respectively.
Subsequently after serving for about a decade in the IAS he went on study leave and earned PhD from Princeton
University, USA. During his tenure in the IAS, he has served as District Collector in Dadar Nagar Haveli and Delhi;
Finance Secretary of Daman and Diu, Dadar Nagar Haveli & Andaman Nicobar Administration and Secretary to a
Chief Minister. He has worked as the Executive Head of a National Level Non Governmental Organization and as
Director, South Asia of a Research Group.
Jaspreet Talwar, IAS (1995: Punjab) Deputy Director (Sr)
Graduated in Science from MCM DAV College, Chandigarh. Completed LLB and LLM from Punjab University.
Awarded UGC Junior Reserarch Fellowship for pursuing Doctorate in Laws before joining the IAS. District training in
Ropar before being posted as SDM in Tarn Taran (then Amritsar district). Later served as Additional Chief
Administrator for both Anandpur Sahib urban Development Authority (ASUDA) and Punjab Urban Development and
Planning Authority (PUDA); Additional Registrar, Cooperative Societies and Secretary, Punjab State Electricity Board.
Deputy Commissioner of Fatehgarh Sahib District from 2005 to 2007. Served as Special Secretary, Finance & Tourism
along with charge of Director, Institutional Finance & Banking and Disinvestment. Areas of interest : Infrastructure and
Public Private partnerships, Health, Tourism, and Finance. Joined LBSNAA in April, 2009.
Jayant Singh, IRTS (1994 batch) Deputy Director (Senior)
Is a postgraduate in History from St. Stephens College, University of Delhi. Thereafter, he was allotted the Indian
Railway Traffic Service in 1994. He worked in Western Railways in Gujarat and Rajasthan, where he handled bulk
goods operations, passenger and freight marketing and was associated with the handling and transportation of port
traffic of Kandla and the rail linking of Adani Port at Mundra. He was extensively involved with the relief and
rehabilitation work at Kandla & Bhuj following the 1999 cyclone & 2001 earthquake respectively. He worked on
deputation with Container Corporation of Indian between 2002 and 2007 and launched the first double-decker
container train in Asia in 2006. His last posting was as Director Tourism & Catering in the Ministry of Railways from
2008-2011 where handled the management & operations of Luxury tourist trains like Palace on Wheels and played a
key role in the introduction of three new trains in eight different circuits during this period. Joined LBSNAA as Deputy
Director (Sr.) on 23.3.2011. His hobbies include reading History, current affairs, particularly military history and Central
Asian Affairs, watching films and quizzing and enjoys playing cricket and Squash and would like to learn horse riding.
Nidhi Sharma, IRS (2000) Deputy Director
PGDBM from GHSIMR Kanpur , and PGP-PMP from I IM Ahmedabad. Worked as Assistant Commissioner of Income
Tax Imphal for 3 years, Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax Imphal for 2 years, Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax
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(Central Circle) Delhi and Deputy Director of Income Tax (Infrastructure), Delhi. Joined as Deputy Director, LBSNAA on
2nd August, 2010. Areas of interest include Public Finance, Economics of the Public Sector, WTO and Climate
change.
Dr. Prem Singh IAS (2000: MT) Deputy Director
MBBS from JIPMER, Puducherry. Worked as SDO Chandel; Director, Youth Affairs and Sports, Manipur; Deputy
Commissioner, Senapati District; Secretary to CM and Director, Municipal Administration Housing and Urban
Development. He has done Post Graduate Program in Public Management and Policy (PGP-PMP) from IIM,
Ahemadabad. Was posted as Director, Municipal Administration Housing and Urban Development, State Mission
Director (NRHM). State Project Director (SSA) before joining the Academy in February 2010. Areas of interest include
applied economics of welfare state, service delivery in social sector (health, education).
Puneet Mohan, Professor of Social Management
Joined as Professor of Social Management on 8th August, 2011. He is Post Graduate in Human Resource
Management & Industrial Relations from Lucknow University in 1997. He has qualified UGC-NET examination with
Human Resource Management as a subject. He has coauthored nine books and more than ten research papers. He
has conducted several in house training programmes & Management Development Programme for ONGC, Bharat
Electronics Ltd., ESI doctors, Ghaziabad District officers, UP State officers, Forest Training Institute etc. His area of
interest includes - Competency Mapping, Performance Appraisal 360 degree, Psychometric Testing, Past Life
Regression Therapy, Team Building & Group Dynamics. He has more than twelve years teaching & training
experience with private B schools.
Ranjana Chopra, IAS (1994: Orissa) Deputy Director (Senior)
BA Punjabi University, LLB Utkal University, Orissa, MSc. Health, Community and Development, London School of
Economics and Political Science, Worked as charge officer Ganjam Settlement, ADM in Cuttak and Collector in
Dhenkanal, District. After the field assignments worked as the Project Director of two World Bank funded projects in
Health, Orissa Health Systems Development and Aids control project. Thereafter, worked as Director ST & SC
Development Department and Director, Agriculture before joining LBSNAA as Deputy Director on 3.4.07. Her areas of
interest include health, community participation in development, social welfare and agriculture.
Rajesh Arya, IPS (1994: Rajasthan) Deputy Director (Senior)
B. Tech. in Electronics & Communication Engineering from REC (Now NIT) Kurukshetra. M. Tech in Computer
Technology from IIT Delhi. Prior to joining IPS in 1994, taught Computer Science at REC Kurukshetra and worked as
ITS Officer in DoT, Gol. As IPS officer served as ASP in Alwar and Jodhpur, as SP in Karauli, Sikar, Alwar and Kota City in
Rajasthan. Served on UN Peacekeeping Operations in United Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) for one year for which he
was decorated with UN Medal for Peacekeeping Operations. Served on behalf of UNMIK Police to OSCE
(Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe) Department of Election Operations Kosovowide elections.
After coming back from UN Deputation served as staff officer to DGP Rajasthan. Joined LBSNAA, Mussoorie as
Deputy Director in November, 2007. He has undergone Anti Terrorists Assistance Programme in VIP Security from
Department of Diplomatic Security, USA, Faculty visit of Disaster Management Support Programme to USA, done
Basic Mountaineering Course from, NIM, Uttarkashi. Areas of interest: E-governance, Law and Order, National
Security, Disaster Management. Is currently on a sabbatical to the National University of Singaopre for a one-year
Masters Programme.
Roli Singh, IAS (1994: Rajasthan) Deputy Director (Senior)
Graduation in History (Hons.) from Lady Shri Ram College in 1989 & PG in History from Delhi University in 1991. She
belongs to the 1994 Batch of the IAS of Rajasthan cadre. She has held various administrative posts in Govt. of
Rajasthan as Sub Divisional Magistrate Ajmer from 1994-98, Deputy Secy Finance from 1998-1999 and Secretary
Rajasthan Public Service Commission from 1999-2002. She was Project Director of two World Bank Projects on
poverty Alleviation and Health Systems Development respectively. She also held the post of District Magistrate
Karauli, Dausa and Ajmer between 2004-2007. Before joining the Academy on 21/03/2011, Smt. Singh was Director
(Services)-I Dept. of Personnel and Training Govt of India since 2008. Her interest lies in Environmental issues,
Gardening, reading & listening to music (especially old Hindi songs & Ghazals) are her hobbies.
Dr. S.H. Khan, IDES (1991) Deputy Director (Senior)
BSc with Biology with top rank in Ruhilkhand University, MBBS with SSK Medal for out standing performance in MBBS
from K.G. Medical College, Lucknow, did M.D. first year from K.G. Medical College, Lucknow. Joined Indian Defence
Estates Service in 1991 and served various field posting as Defence land manager and Municipal Administrator of
various cantonments in different states like Defence Estates officers, Kashmir circle, Defence Estates officers for
Madhya Pradesh circle, Additional Defence Estates officer in Baramula (J&K). Served as Chief Executive Officer for
Srinagar Cantonment (J&K), Shahjahanpur (U.P.), Bareilly (U.P.), Dehradun Cantonment and Dehu Road (Pune),
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Cantonment (Maharashtra). Undergone training on Rainwater Harvesting & Non-Conventional Energy Resources
and financial management for cantonment boards at NIDEM, Delhi. Life member of National Academy of Hospital
Administration, New Delhi, Joined LBSNAA, Mussoorie as Deputy Director in March, 2006. Areas of interest are health
issues and public health management, dealing with the encroachments on govt. land, Defence land management in
India, civil-military relations in context of national security, urban management and municipal administration in India,
administrative accountability and implications of Right to Information Act.
Tejveer Singh, IAS (1994: Punjab) Deputy Director (Sr)
Born on 27th November 1970 was educated at Yadavindra Public School, Chandigarh and later at St. Stephen's
College, Delhi where he completed his Bachelors and Masters in History. Was originally allocated Maharashtra Cadre
where he served as Sub Divisional Magistrate in Malegaon (Nasik) from 1996 to 1998 before being transferred to
Punjab Cadre. Among the significant charges held in Punjab are Joint Secretary (Finance), Additional Principal
Secretary to Chief Minister and Deputy Commissioner of Patiala, Amritsar and SAS Nagar (Mohali) districts. He also
served as Chief Administrator, Greater Mohali Area Development Authority (GMADA); Director, Information and Public
Relations; Special Secretary, Planning and Commissioner, NRI Affairs. Enjoys reading on military matters,
landscaping, playing squash, music and the arts. Areas of interest in Government are public finance and planning,
health, agriculture, tourism and heritage conservation. Has occasionally contributed some humorous middles to local
papers in Chandigarh and to the Academy Newsletter. Joined the Academy in March 2009.
Dr. Moana Bhagbati, Ph D, Fellow, LBSNAA
MA/M Phil/PhD, from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Areas of professional interest; linkages between
globalization trade-development; developing-world perspectives in international relations; framework of
multilateralism and regionalism, global/regional trade negotiations under the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and
Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs); cross-border economic linkages along India's North-East. Published widely on
issues mentioned. Previous assignments: Faculty, Madras Institute of Development Studies, Chennai; Researcher,
Centre for Science & Environment; and The Energy Resources Institute, New Delhi, worked in Economic Research
and Analysis Division, WTO Secretariat, Geneva on Economic Integration. Initiatives in Central/Eastern Europe. joined
LBSNAA in January 2009.
FACULTY (Languages)
Dr Alka A Kulkarni : Joined the Academy in 1986 as a Language Instructor. M.A., M.Com. and doing Research, has
written three books.
Arshad M. Nandan: M.A. (Urdu), M.Phil (Anthrological Linguistics). Working as a Language Instructor (Urdu and
Punjabi) in the Academy since 9-8-1990.
A. Nallasamy: M.A. in Linguistics from Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai. He did one year Advanced Telugu
Language Course during his Post Graduate Studies. He was awarded the U.G.C Fellowship for the Research on
“Descriptive Grammar of Savara (unwritten) language. Savara, a Tribal Munda Family of Language spoken in Orissa
at Madurai Kamaraj University from 1984 to 1986. He had been working as a Research Assistant from 1986 - 89 in the
Central Institute of Indian Languages, Mysore. He wrote “Descriptive Grammar of Savara Language and did Field
work on Juang language, a tribal language spoken in Orissa in the year 1989. He worked on Acoustics and
Articulatory phonetics on Dravidian Languages and published Articles on the same in the Central Institute of Indian
Languages, Mysore. He prepared Primers for the Savara tribal children of Orissa as a Bridge Course during the year
1986-89. He was selected as Member of a Text Book Committee of Karnataka Government and had been working as
a Member from 1987-89. His Books titled “Tamil Bharathi” were published as Tamil Text Books for 6th and 9th classes,
by the Karnataka Government in the year 1993. He works on the Second Language Teaching/Learning mainly on its
Methodology and material production on Indian Languages. He joined the Academy in Dec.1989 as a Language
Instructor. He teaches Tamil and Telugu.
Dr. Bhawana Porwal : Graduated with Science, P.G. Diploma in Pathology & Boichemistry (G.M.C.Nagpur), Add.
B.A., M.A.( Hindi), Dissertation in Hindi stories of Vishnu Prabhakar, B.ED., Ph.D (Hindi) on topic “Nai Jeevan mulyon
ko talashati Nai Kahani” from Nagpur University, P.G. Diploma in Hindi Translation from Bangalore University.
Joined the Academy in September 2001. She teaches Hindi to non Hindi speakers as well as Hindi speaking
Probationers.
Work Experience - Worked as a Biochemist & Pathologist for one year in Govt. Medical College, Nagpur & in Central
school for Tibetans, Karnataka from 1997 to August 2001. She was on deputation from June2007-June2010 at
National Police Academy, Hyderabad & there worked as a Hindi Instructor cum Hindi Officer with Additional charge of
Administrative Officer (Training) for Basic & Senior courses. Conducted workshops on Hindi as a second language;
Editor of Smarika, Hindi yearly magazine (June2007- June2010), was Hindi commentator in major functions of NPA,
Hyderabad.
34
35
Dr. Daljit Kaur: M.A. (Hindi), M.Phil, Ph.D from Kurukshetra University. She did Diploma in Office Management &
Secretariat Training and Certificate Course in Urdu from Kurukshetra University. She did PG Diploma in Hindi
Translation from Dakshin Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha, Chennai. Joined Hindi Teaching Scheme, Deptt. of Official
Language, Ministry of Home Affairs as Hindi Pradhypika in Nov. 1989 worked at Chennai & Jammu. As a Hindi
Pradhypika she was teaching Hindi to Central Govt./Undertaking/Bank's employees. Before joining Academy on 6th
February, 2006 as an Asstt. Professor of Hindi, She was Asstt. Director in Deptt. of Official Language. At Present she is
doing Diploma in Urdu Language from National Council for promotion of Urdu Languages, New Delhi.
K. Braja Bashi Singha: M.A. (English) , M.A. (Linguistics) joined the Academy in August 1994. He did Refresher
Course in Assamese and wrote " The Basic Structure of Assamese Grammar", "Spoken Assamese", "Let's Learn
Manipuri" and " The Cultural Aspects of Assamese and Manipuri" for the second language learners. He teaches
Assamese, Manipuri and Nagamese
Saudamini Bhuyan: Teaches Oriya and Bengali. Joined the Academy in September 2004. M.A. In Oriya Literature
and B.Ed from Utkal University and M.Phil in Comparative Literature from Delhi University. Passed certificate course in
Bengali. Published several books and articles.
V. Muttinamath (Malayalam & Kannada): M.A., M.PHIL. in Kannada and M.A., (PH.D.) in Linguistics from Karnatak
University, Dharwad. He was awarded the U.R.S(University Research Scholarship) Fellowship for the Research on
"Cognates among Tamil and Kannada ; A Critical Analysis". These are family of South Dravidian Languages. Spoken
in southern part of India. He had been working as a Guest Lecturer from 2001-06 U.G.Colleges under Karnatak
University. He worked on "Monesties of Veerashaiva of Badami Taluq". It is M.PHIL. Thesis and prepared one
dictionery on "A Linguistic Analysis of Veerashaiva Technical Terms". Also written several articles on Language and
Linguistics, He recently Published one book "Samaaj Bhashe Samskriti and Jaagatikarna-2007" in Kannada
Language and Linguistics. As a Life Member of as followes:
1. Kannada Saahitya Parishad at Bangalore
2. Karnataka History Academy at Bangalore
3. National Book Trust at NewDehli Now as Language Faculty in Kannada and Malayalam at LBSNAA., Mussoorie
form July-2007.
NICTU FACULTY
M. Chakraborty: M.Sc., M.Phil. from Delhi University, and M. Tech. from I.I.T. Delhi. Worked as Senior Scientific Officer
at IIT Delhi under DST Project. Worked as Deputy Manager with Electronic Systems Punjab Ltd., Punjab Government.
Visited UK and USA under UNDP Fellowship for six month. Joined the National Informatics Centre in the year 1990
and posted at NIC Training Unit, Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie. Visited France
at Ecole nationale d'administration (ENA) Paris under the Faculty exchange Program. At present working as Senior
Technical Director and Head NIC Training Unit at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie.
Published a number of Papers/Articles in National and International Journals.
Azad Singh: M.Sc. (Nuclear Physics) from Meerut University in 1988. Post Graduate Diploma in Computer
Applications (PGDCA). Worked as Research Fellow in HRD Division, CSIR, New Delhi from March 1991 to December
1991. Joined National Informatics Centre (NIC), Ministry of Information and Communication Technology in 1991 and
posted at Shivpuri (MP). transferred to NIC Training Unit (NICTU) in July 2004 and working as Scientist "C"/Senior
System Analyst. Areas of interest are writing, yoga and badminton.
Amarjeet Singh Dutt: B.Sc. from H.N.B. Garhwal University, PGDCA from MCRP University Bhopal. Joined NIC at
Auraiya District (U.P.) in 2001. Joined at NICTU in Nov. 2003 and working as Scientific Officer /Engineer 'SB'.
MEDICAL OFFICERS
Dr. B.S. Kala: Dr. B.S. Kala, CMO (NFSG), M.B.B.S. and Diploma in anesthesia from KGMC Lucknow in 1978 and
1982 respectively. Joined Central health service in 1981 as medical officer. Did posting in Arunachal Pradesh, Merrut
and Dehradun. Last posted at RHTC Nazafgarh New Delhi and IGI airport, New Delhi as CMO (NFSG). Joined
LBSNAA, Mussoorie in May, 2010 in the same capacity.
LIBRARY
R.K. Arora: Library & Information Officer M.A. (Pol. Science), M. Lib. Sc. LLB. Joined Academy in May 1984.
PHYSICAL TRAINING INSTRUCTORS
Shri Hari Singh Rawat: Physical Training Instructor, Diploma in Martial art. He is All India Police Un-Armed Combat
Instructor, Feb, 188 to April, 1993, Neemuch (M.P.) Commando Trainer April 1993 to March 1997, AVADI (Chennai)
outdoor, Trainer for IPS OT March 1997 to December 2010. He joined the LBS NAA 20th December, 2010 on
Deputation from SVP National Police Academy, Hyderabad.
S. Anna Durai: Joined the Academy as Assistant Physical Instructor in 12.7.2011 on deputation from 6th Lancers
(Armoured Corps).
36
37
Dev Raj Adhirana: Tennis Coach, Sports Authority of India, Joined the Academy of 8th Sept., 2008 on transfer from
Netaji Shubhash National Institute of Sports, Patiala. He is the senior most serving Tennis Coach of S.A.I. He is also a
National Coach as of 1999. Born on 8th April, 1954 is a Science Graduate. He has been coach in charge Tennis at
National Institute of Sports from July, 1988 to June, 1990 and Chief Coach from July, 2005 to August, 2008 at NSNIS,
Patiala. He was the coach of the combined Indian Universities Tennis team for the World Universities games held at
Zagreb (Yougoslavia) in the year 1988.
Satish Brohi: Three times University Gold Medalist. Played for Railway and FCI. Topper and Gold Medalist from
National Institute of Sports Patiala. Coach and Player of National Level. Member of Indian Combined University team.
Risaldar Major Sukhbir Singh: Joined Academy as Riding Instructor on September, 2011 on deputation from the
Presidents’ Body Guard.
Baljit Singh: Joined Academy as Assistant Riding Instructor on February 1, 2012 on deputation from the Presidents'
Body Guard.
Course Participants
ikB~;Øe izfrHkkxh
Isha Khosla (Ms.)
AGMUT
Alok Ranjan Ghosh
Bihar
A02
Kumar Saurabh Raj
Punjab
A06
Rahul Kumar
Bihar
A10
Haulianlal Guite
Rajasthan
A14
Pardhi Sourabh Zamsingh
Rai Mahimapat Ray
Gujarat
Jharkhand
A03
Himanshu Kumar Rai
A04
Kerala
Chandra Sekhar Sakhamuri
K Radhika Aiyar (Ms.)
Tariq Thomas
Tamil Nadu
West Bengal
AGMUT
A07
Oak Aayush Sanjeev
Chhavi Ranjan
Gujarat
Jharkhand
A11
V Jaya Chandra Bhanu Reddy
R Menaka (Ms.)
Tamil Nadu
AGMUT
A15
A01
A08
A05
A09
Raval Hamendra Kumar
A12
Manipur Tripura
A13
Mahendra Kumar
A16
Bihar
A17
Kankipati Rajesh
Gujarat
Anjaneyulu Dodde
A18
Jharkhand
Mantri Govinda Rao
Ravi Dhawan
Tamil Nadu
AGMUT
A22
Hungyo Worshang
A19
Manipur Tripura
Shivangi Swarnkar (Ms.)
A20
Mithilesh Mishra
A23
Bihar
Rajasthan
Mayatra Sujal Jayantibhai
A24
Gujarat
Manjunath Bhajantri
Killu Siva Kumar Naidu
Anupama Jorwal (Ms.)
Aneesh Sekhar S
Jharkhand
Manipur Tripura
Rajasthan
Tamil Nadu
A26
Gaurav Singh Rajawat
Himanshu Sharma
AGMUT
Bihar
A30
Mohammed Ali Shihab A
Abhimanyu Kumar
Nagaland
Rajasthan
A34
A27
A28
Sujeet Kumar
A31
A35
Gujarat
A21
A25
A29
Rajeshwari B (Ms.)
A32
Jharkhand
P Madhusudhan Reddy
Kashish Mittal
Tamil Nadu
AGMUT
A36
A33
A37
Pankaj Dixit
Bihar
Amit Khatri
A38
Sandesh Nayak
Rajasthan
Haryana
Nikhil Nirmal
A42
West Bengal
Vijaykumar S. Bhavikatti
Gokul G R
Haryana
Kerala
A46
Deepap Priya P (Ms.)
Parthiban P
West Bengal
AGMUT
A50
Karthikeyan S
Kerala
A39
Punjab
Rajesh Soundararajan
Jharkhand
Nagaland
A40
Pooja Jain (Ms.)
A43
AGMUT
A51
Nagaland
Bihar
Rajasthan
Deore N Ramchandra
Aditya Dahiya
Bihar
Haryana
Rajasthan
A45
Bhagwati Prasad Kalal
A48
A52
Nakate S Madan
A55
A41
Shirsat Kapil Ashok
A44
Saurabh Tolumbia
A47
Shruti Sharma (Ms.)
A54
Waghmare P. Krishna
A49
A53
S Arun Prasad
A56
West Bengal
A57
Danish Ashraf
AGMUT
Thiyagarajan S M
A58
Mir Mohammed Ali
Kerala
Vinay Pratap Singh
A59
K Vijayakarthikeyan
A62
Dinesh Kumar
Bihar
Bihar
Tamil Nadu
Jharkhand
Arvind Manickavasagam
Uma Sankar S
Tamil Nadu
West Bengal
A70
Astik Kumar Pandey
Amit Meena
Jharkhand
Kerala
A74
Apneet Riyait (Ms.)
A60
U Swaroop
A63
Rahul Kumar Sinha
A66
Haryana
West Bengal
A71
Kerala
AGMUT
Punjab
Mitali Namchoom (Ms.)
Ajay Prakash
AGMUT
Gujarat
Punjab
A65
Aravind Kumar M K
A68
A72
B Srinivasan
A75
A61
Sandeep Kumar Singh
A64
Jeevan Babu K
A67
Punjab
A69
A73
S Divyadharshini (Ms.)
A76
Tamil Nadu
A77
Surendra Kumar Meena
Mahendra Bahadur Singh
K V N Chakradhara Babu
Arunkumar Kembhavi
West Bengal
Uttar Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Assam Meghalaya
A78
Ramesh Kumar
Jammu & Kashmir
B04
Manish Kumar Verma
Ragapriya R (Ms.)
Uttar Pradesh
Karnataka
K Sudarshan Chakravarthy
Vishak G
Orissa
Uttar Pradesh
B08
Rajesh Singh
Assam Meghalaya
B01
B05
B09
Andra Vamsi
B12
Uttar Pradesh
B02
Rekhawar Rahul Ashok
B06
Maharashtra
Sweta Mohanty (Ms.)
Uttarakhand
Andhra Pradesh
B10
Jammu & Kashmir
B14
Karnataka
Passang Wangchuk
Aravind Mallappa Bangari
Hari Narayanan M
Maharashtra
RBCS
Uttar Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
B17
B11
Sharat B
Deepa S Mudhol (Ms.)
B16
B07
Nitin Singh Bhadauria
Bhupinder Kumar
B13
B03
B18
B15
B19
Nileshkumar M Kshirsagar
Deepti Uppal (Ms.)
Chhattisgarh
Jammu & Kashmir
B20
P Siva Sankar
Maharashtra
Choki Tashi
B24
Deepak Soni
Chhattisgarh
RBCS
Jammu & Kashmir
B29
Abhishek Singh
B32
Uttar Pradesh
Saurav Kumar Suman
M Devender Singh
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
B36
Uttar Pradesh
V S Choudary Kolasani
B22
Rishirendra Kumar
B25
Girish Dayalan
B28
Ravindra Kumar
Sikkim
Kunal Silku
B21
Uttar Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
B27
Ruchika Diwakar (Ms.)
Chaudhari A Vishvanath
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
B30
Andhra Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
B31
Chandan Kumar
B34
Pulkit Khare
B37
B23
Patil Prashant Jeevan
B26
Shweta Teotia (Ms.)
B33
Madhya Pradesh
Chhattisgarh
B35
Lathkar Shrikesh Balajirao
B38
Andhra Pradesh
B39
Bhoskar Vilas Sandeepan
Sindhu B (Ms.)
Chhattisgarh
Karnataka
B40
Shiv Sahay Awasthi
Uttar Pradesh
Lakshmanan S
B44
Harjinder Singh
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
B52
Karnataka
Assam Meghalaya
Sushil Khodwekar
B42
Chhattisgarh
Uttar Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
Karnataka
B47
Assam Meghalaya
B51
Arindam Dakua
B54
Lalit Jain
B57
B43
Roshni Aparanji Korati (Ms.)
B50
B Vijay Datta
B53
Maharashtra
Anirudh Sravan P
B46
Amit Kishore
B49
Anant Lal Gyani
B56
Madhya Pradesh
Bhure S Narendra
B45
Abhiram G Sankar
Deepak Meena
Uttar Pradesh
Assam Meghalaya
Sanjay Meena
B48
Sanjeev Kumar Jha
Chhattisgarh
Vijayakumar J
B41
Orissa
B55
Pommala Sunil Kumar
B58
Karnataka
B59
Neha Marvya (Ms.)
Madhya Pradesh
Samarth Verma
B60
Orissa
Rugved Milind Thakur
Mannan Akhtar
Himachal Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
B64
Reghu G
Orissa
B65
Amit Kumar Singh
B68
Vivek Bhatia
Himachal Pradesh
Krishna Karunesh
B61
Uttar Pradesh
Karnataka
Adil Khan
B62
Anugraha P
Karnataka
Madhya Pradesh
B66
Uttarakhand
Madhya Pradesh
Assam Meghalaya
B74
Orissa
Dr. Ashish K Srivastava
Shyam Vinod Meena
Manoj Kumar
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
Jammu & Kashmir
Assam Meghalaya
B77
B67
B71
Ashish Thakare
Navneet Singh Chahal
B76
B63
Sibhi Chakravarthy Sadhu
B70
Mohit Bundas
B73
Assam Meghalaya
H Rani Korlapati (Ms.)
Ravi Jha
B69
Kurma Rao M
B72
Uttar Pradesh
B78
B75
B79
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vkSj O;olkf;d ikB~;Øe pj.k&1 ¼2011&2013½ esa
vki lHkh dk vfHkuanu djrh gSA vki yksx mu
fxus&pqus fo'ks"kkf/kdkj ÁkIr yksxksa esa ls gSa ftudk p;u
ml yksd lsok ds fy, gqvk gS ftls vkt Hkh u dsoy
ns'k esa cfYd 'kk;n nqfu;k esa Hkh vR;ar pqukSrhiw.kZ esa ls
,d ekuk tkrk gSA
vxz.kh vf[ky Hkkjrh; lsok ds rkSj ij Hkk-Á- lsok dk
fopkj vDVwcj 1946 esa Áksfoafl;y fÁfevlZ dkWUÝsUl esa
xgu fopkj&foe'kZ ds mijkar] Hkkjrh; flfoy lsok
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1947 esa vk;ksftr dh xbZ Fkh vkSj blds uofu;qDrksa us
vkbZ-,-,l- Vªsfuax Ldwy] eVdkSQ gkml] fnYyh esa 1948
esa dk;Zxzg.k fd;k FkkA 1959 esa jk"Vªh; Á'kklu
vdkneh dks elwjh esa LFkkfir fd;k x;k Fkk vkSj ckn esa
bldks yky cgknqj 'kkL=h jk"Vªh; Á'kklu vdkneh dk
uke fn;k x;kA
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chp vge dM+h ds :i esa Áfrf"Br] bl vxz.kh lsok dks
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dh ifjdYiuk dks lkdkj djus esa [kjk mrjh gS] fQj Hkh vHkh dkQh&dqN fd;k tkuk 'ks"k gSA
;g ikB~;Øe vki yksxksa ds fy, ,slh i`"BHkwfe rS;kj djus ds fy, gS rkfd vki usr`Ro djus esa leFkZ gksa] vkSj vki xgu pfj=oku] fo'kn
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50
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!
vk/kkfjd ikB~;Øe esa u, HkrhZ izf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks visf{kr dkS'ky] Kku rFkk mi;qDr O;ogkj fl[kk;k tkrk gS rkfd os
yksx iz'kkldksa ds :i esa vius mŸkjnkf;Roksa dk HkyhHkkafr fuoZgu dj ldsaA blds vfrfjDr muesa la?k Hkkouk fodflr djrs gq,
fofHkUu flfoy lsokvksa esa cgsrj leUo; LFkkfir djus rFkk ijLij lg;ksx ,oa fuHkZjrk dh Hkkouk dk Hkh fodkl djus ij cy fn;k
tkrk gSA
¼15 lIrkg½
!
Hkk-iz- lsok O;kolkf;d ikB~;Øe pj.k&1 esa Hkk-iz- lsok ds vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks fofHkUu fo"k;ksa dk xgu Áf'k{k.k Ánku
fd;k tkrk gS ftlls os viuh lsok ds igys n'kd ds nkSjku vius fofHkUu mŸkjnkf;Roksa dk fuoZgu djus esa leFkZ gksA
¼26 lIrkg½
!
jkT; rFkk ftyk Áf'k{k.k esa vf/kdkjh izf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks tehuh okLrfodrkvksa ls :&c&: djk;k tkrk gS vkSj O;kolkf;d
ikB~;Øe ds nkSjku ÁkIr Kku rFkk dkS'kyksa dk QhYM ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa mi;ksx djus dk volj Ánku fd;k tkrk gSA
¼dk;Zxzg.k vof/k rFkk 52 lIrkg½
!
Hkk-iz- lsok O;kolkf;d ikB~;Øe pj.k&2 esa vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks pj.k&1 esa ÁkIr Kku rFkk dkS'kyksa vkSj ftyk Áf'k{k.k
ds vuqHkotfur Kku ds Án'kZu rFkk fo'ys"k.k dk volj Ánku fd;k tkrk gSA
¼dk;Zxzg.k vof/k rFkk 08 lIrkg½
o"kZ 2007 ls] Hkk-iz- lsok dh izf'k{k.k ;kstuk dks O;kolkf;d ikB~;Øeksas ds vkxs Hkh foLrkfjr fd;k x;k gS vkSj vc blesa feM dSfjvj
Áf'k{k.k dk;ZØeksa ¼,e-lh-Vh-ih-½ dks Hkh 'kkfey fd;k x;k gSA bu dk;ZØeksa dks rhu pj.kksa vFkkZr~ lkr ls ukS o"kZ dh lsok ij pj.k&3]
pkSng ls lksyg o"kZ dh lsok ij pj.k&4 rFkk NCchl ls vV~Bkbl o"kZ dh lsok ij pj.k&5 esa Áf'k{k.k Ánku fd;k tkrk gSA
52
53
Hkk-iz- lsok O;kolkf;d ikB~Øe] pj.k&1
I. ikB~;Øe dk vk/kkj
y{;
!
vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks ÁHkkoh flfoy lsod cukus ds fy, visf{kr Kku] dkS'kyksa rFkk vfHko`fŸk;ksa ls lqlaiUu cukukA
!
vkpkj&uhfr rFkk fodklijd Á'kklu ds laca/k esa mUgsa O;kogkfjd Áf'k{k.k Ánku djukA
mn~ns’;
Hkk-iz- lsok O;kolkf;d ikB~;Øe pj.k&1 ds iw.kZ gksus ij] vf/kdkjh izf'k{k.kkFkhZ
!
vf[ky Hkkjrh; ifjÁs{; esa] mHkjrs gq, lkekftd vkfFkZd rFkk jktuSfrd fo/kk;h Ápyuksa ds lkFk gh] Hkk-iz- lsok dh mHkjrh Hkwfedk
rFkk nwljh lsokvksa ds lkFk blds lk÷ks Á'kklfud mŸkjnkf;Roksa dks le÷k ldsxkA
!
fuEufyf[kr {ks=ksa esa Kku ,oa dkS'ky vftZr dj ldsxk tks mldh lsok ds ÁFke n'kd esa Á'kklfud mŸkjnkf;Roksa ds fuoZgu ds
fy, visf{kr gksxk&
#
fof/k rFkk fo/kk;h lk/ku
#
Á'kklfud fu;ekoyh] ÁfØ;k rFkk dk;ZØe fn'kkfunsZ'ku
#
vk/kqfud Áca/k ds lk/ku] rFkk
#
vkfFkZd fo'ys"k.k
!
vkcafVr jkT; dh Hkk"kk esa n{krk gkfly dj ldsxk ftlls ogka ds Á’kklfud rFkk lkaLd`frd yksdkpkj dks HkyhHkkafr le> ldsA
!
vkcafVr jkT; dh lkaLd`frd rFkk lkekftd vkfFkZd i`"BHkwfe dks HkyhHkkafr le> ldsA
!
varoSZ;fDŸkd rFkk laxBukRed] nksuks gh lanHkksZ esa ÁHkkoh fyf[[email protected][kd laÁs"k.k djokus esa leFkZ gksxkA
!
mfpr thou&ewY;ksa rFkk vfHko`fŸk;ksa dks Ánf'kZr dj ldsxkA
!
'kkjhfjd :i ls LoLFk jg ldsxkA
!
^'khye~ ije~ Hkw"k.ke~* dh Hkkouk dk ikyu dj ldsxkA
II. ikB~;Øe dh :ijs[kk rFkk fo"k;&oLrq
pj.k&1 ikB~;Øe dh :ijs[kk dks dkQh lksp&le>dj Áklafxd cuk;k x;k gSA blesa u dsoy vki yksxksa ds fy, v/;;u] [ksydwn
rFkk vkeksn&Áeksn ds fy, i;kZIr le; NksM+k x;k gS] vfirq vki yksxksa ds Kku dkS'ky rFkk vfHko`fŸk;ksa dks fodflr djus dk Hkh Á;kl
fd;k x;k gS rkfd vki yksx vius mu Hkkoh mŸkjnkf;Roksa ds fuoZgu esa leFkZ gks ldsa] tks foLrkj rFkk ifjeki] nksuksa gh n`f"V ls pkSadkus
okyh vkSj tfVy gksrh gSaA
2011 cSp ds fy, Hkk-iz- lsok O;kolkf;d ikB~;Øe pj.k&1 dk 26 lIrkg dk ikB~;Øe 12 fnlacj] 2011 dks vkjaHk gksdj 8 twu] 2012
dks laiUu gksxkA blds nks eq[; ?kVd gksaxs&
!
'khrdkyhu v/;;u Hkze.k& 8 lIrkg& 17 fnlacj] 2011 ls 10 Qjojh] 2012 rd
!
vdkneh ifjlj esa fu;fer d{kk,a& 21 Qjojh] 2012 ls 08 twu] 2012 rdA blds lkFk gh] ubZ fnYyh esa lalnh; dk;Z Á.kkyh dk
v/;;u Hkze.k vÁSy 2012 esa djok;k tk,xkA
pj.k&1 dk;ZØe( nSfud dk;Zdyki
pj.k&1 ,d iw.kZdkfyd Áf'k{k.k dk;ZØe gS ftlesa ikB~; rFkk ikB~;srj] nksuksa Ádkj ds dk;Zdykiksa dk lekos'k gSA fnu dh 'kq:vkr
Ákr% 6-30 cts iksyks xzkmaM esa O;k;ke ds lkFk gksxhA 'kSf{kd l= Bhd lqcg 9-30 cts vkjaHk gksaxsA vf/kd fooj.k lkIrkfgd
le;&lkj.kh esa fn;k tk,xkA dk;Z fnolksa es 55&55 feuV ds fuEufyf[kr l= ¼;fn cnyko laca/kh vyx ls dksbZ uksfVl u fn;k x;k
gks½ gksaxs&
l=
le;kof/k
l= I
09-30& 10-25 cts rd
l= II
10-35& 11-30 cts rd
pk; gsrq fojke
l= III
12-00& 12-55 cts rd
l= IV
13-05& 14-00 cts rd
yap gsrq fojke
l= V
15-00& 15-55 cts rd
l= VI
16-30& 17-30 cts rd
¼l= VI lkekU;r;k [[email protected]~;srj dk;Zdykiksa ds fy, gksxk½
lk;adky Dycksa rFkk lkslkbfV;ksa n~okjk vk;ksftr fd, tkus okys dk;ZØeksa ds fy, gksxk ftlesa lkaLd`frd dk;ZØe Hkh 'kkfey gSaA
lkIrkfgd le;&lkj.kh esa fn, x, lHkh l=ksa esa mifLFkfr vfuok;Z jgsxhA
'kSf{kd fo"k;
vdkneh ifjlj esa 'kSf{kd Áf'k{k.k 21 Qjojh] 2012 ls ÁkjaHk gksxkA ;|fi ßHkkjrh; Á'kklfud lsok ¼vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dh vafre
ijh{kk½ fofu;ekoyh] 1955Þ ds rgr fu/kkZfjr ikB~;fooj.k ewyHkwr :ijs[kk gksxh] rFkkfi Hkk-iz- lsok ds vf/kdkfj;ksa dh cnyrh Áf'k{k.k
vko';drkvksa ds vuq:i blesa visf{kr la'kks/ku fd, x, gSA 'kSf{kd ekWM~;wy fo"k;ijd gksaxs ftuesa Hkk-iz- lsok ds vf/kdkfj;ksa ds fy,
lqlaxr fo"k;&oLrq dk lekos'k fd;k x;k gSA ;s fof/k] vFkZ'kkL=] jktuSfrd fln~/kkar rFkk lafo/kku] Hkk'kk vkSj lwpuk ,oa lapkj
ÁkS|ksfxdh ls lacaf/kr gksaxsA
bl ikB~;Øe esa viukbZ tkus okyh Áf'k{k.k fof/k esa O;k[;kuksa dk feJ.k] Ádj.k ifjppkZ,a] lsfeukj] iSuy ifjppkZ,a] vkns'k ys[ku
vH;kl] U;k;ky; udy rFkk udyh fopkj.k] Áca/ku xse~l ,oa Hkwfedk vfHku;] lewg vH;kl] fQYe rFkk LykbM 'kks] QhYM rFkk
vkmVMksj&Hkze.k] vkfn 'kkfey jgsaxhA fHkUu&fHkUu i`"BHkwfe;ksa ls dbZ fo'ks"kKksa rFkk x.kekU; O;fDr;ksa dks bl ikB~;Øe ds nkSjku vki
yksxksa dks lacksf/kr djus ds fy, vkaef=r fd;k tk,xkA ;s vki yksxksa dks ,sls oSdfYid ifjÁs{;ksa rFkk vyx&vyx fopkjksa ls voxr
djka,xs tks fd fdlh lqfopkfjr fu.kZ; ij igqapus ds fy, vko';d gksrs gSaA
Hkk-iz- lsok ds vf/kdkjh ds :i esa] vkidks vius vkacfVr jkT; dh Hkk"kk ls HkyhHkkafr ifjfpr gksuk gksxkA pj.k&1 dk;ZØe ds nkSjku
lkafof/kd Hkk"kk ijh{kk,a yh tk,axhA vki yksxksa es ls tks vius laoxZ dh Hkk"kk ls igys ls ifjfpr gSa] mUgsa ml Hkk"kk esa mUur Á'kklfud
Á;ksx fl[kk;k tk,xk rFkk mUgsa oSdfYid ekSM~;wyksa rFkk dk;Zdykiksa dks djuk gksxkA vki yksaxksa dks viuk jkT; vkys[k vius laoxZ dh
Hkk"kk esa ÁLrqr djuk gksxk rFkk bldh Áfr vaxzsth esa ÁLrqr dh tk ldrh gSA pj.k&1 ds fy, lwpuk rFkk lapkj ÁkS|ksfxdh dh
:ijs[kk vki yksxksa dks ftyksa esa daI;wVjh ifjos'k] daI;wVjhdj.k dh [email protected]"k;ksa] ÁkS|ksfxdh esa uohure Ápyuksa osc fMtkbfuax]
[email protected] daI;wfVax] bZ&'kklu bR;kfn ls fo'ks"k :i ls ifjfpr djkus dh n`f"V ls rS;kj dh xbZ gSA blds ihNs fopkj] vf/kdkjh
Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks daI;wVj O;olk;fon~ cukuk ugha gS cfYd mUgsa okLrfod thou ds dk;Z ifjos'k esa ÁkS|ksfxdh dh lkeF;ksZa ls ifjfpr
djkuk gSA
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55
fo"k;ijd ekWM~;wyksa rFkk muds leUo;dksa dh lwph fuEuor~ gS&
ekWM~;wy
ekWM~;wy leUo;d
Hkk-iz- lsok dk ifjÁs{;
rstohj flag
Hkwfe Á'kklu rFkk fuokZpu
jksyh flag rFkk tlÁhr ryokj
lkoZtfud ctfVax] Áki.k rFkk ys[kkijh{kk
Áks- Kkusanz cM+xS;[email protected]'kh"k oPNkuh
—f"k rFkk xzkeh.k fodkl
Áse flag
LokLF;] iks"k.k rFkk f'k{kk
jatuk pksiM+k
'kgjh Áca/ku
vk'kh"k oPNkuh
i;kZoj.k] ÅtkZ rFkk ou
jksyh flag
ifj;kstuk Áca/ku ewY;kadu rFkk bathfu;jh dkS'ky
Áks- Kkusanz cM+xS;ka
volajpuk rFkk lkoZtfud&futh Hkkxhnkjh
Áse flag rFkk fuf/k 'kekZ
usr`Ro rFkk varfuZfgr dkS'ky
rstohj flag rFkk tlÁhr ryokj
bZ&'kklu
fuf/k 'kekZ
ftyk fofu;eu
tlÁhr ryokj
dkuwu&O;oLFkk] minzo rFkk vkink
nq";ar ufj;kyk rFkk ta;r flag
detksj oxZ rFkk vYila[;d
jatuk pksiM+k rFkk MkW- ,l-,l-[kku
dk;Zdyki ÁfØ;k rFkk varoS;fDro Áca/ku
t;ar flag
ch-ih-,l-Vh- lacn~/krk
ikB~;Øe Vhe
ijh{kk,a
MkW- ,l-,p-[kku
ijke'kZ ds ek/;e ls f'k{k.k bl ikB~;Øe dk ,d egŸkoiw.kZ ?kVd gSA pj.k&1 ikB~;Øe esa lqO;ofLFkr ijke'kZnkrk lewg dh cSBdsa
gksaxhA ÁR;sd laoxZ ds fy, ukeksfn~n"V ijke’kZnkrk gSa tks fd ofj"B ladk; lnL; gSaA bldh lwph ifjf'k"V&1 esa nh xbZ gSA lqO;ofLFkr
l=ksa ds vfrfjDr] ;g vk'kk dh tkrh gS fd ijke'kZnkrk rFkk vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ ijLij lqfo/kkuqlkj Hkh vukSipkfjd cSBd djsaA
ijke'kZnkrk rFkk vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ ds chp laca/k cgqr gh [kkl rjg dk gksrk gS] tks fd ftyk Áf'k{k.k rFkk pj.k&2 dk;ZØe ds
nkSjku Hkh tkjh jgrk gSA ijke'kZnkrk lHkh fyf[kr leuqns'kuksa dh leh{kk rFkk xzsM fu/kkZfjr djrk gS vkSj vf/kdkjh Áf'k{kk.kkFkhZ dh
okf"kZd xksiuh; iath dks vkxs c<krk gSaA vki yksx vdkneh esa daI;wVjhd`r QhMcSd Á.kkyh ls igys ls gh ifjfpr gSaA l=okj QhMcSd
ntZ djuk vfuok;Z gSA ,slk u djuk dŸkZO; ds Áfr ykijokgh ekuh tk,xhA fu;fer :i ls QhMcSd Hkjuk] vkids d{kk dk;Z fu"iknu
ds ewY;kadu dk egŸoiw.kZ dk;Z gSA
vki yksxksa ls lHkh d{kk vk/kkfjr ikB~; dk;Zdykiksa esa lfØ;rk ls Hkkxhnkjh dh vis{kk dh tkrh gSA vdkneh] vfHkO;fDr dh iw.kZ
Lora=rk es fo'okl j[krh gS vkSj vki yksxksa ls vius fopkj] vlgefr okyh ckrsa Hkh] ÁdV djus dks ÁksRlkfgr fd;k tkrk gSA bl ckr
dks /;ku esa j[kuk Hkh mruk gh vf/kd egŸoiw.kZ gS fd fopkj] fVIi.kh] Á'u rFkk vlgefr dh ckrsa fouez rFkk la;fer <ax ls vfHkO;Dr
dh tk,a] vHknz rjhds ls ughaA
fofHkUu ekWM~;wyksa dh ikB~; lkexzh vki yksxksa dh nh tk,xh] rFkkfi 'kSf{kd fo"k;ksa ds fy, Loa; Hkh v/;;u djuk t:jh gSA vdkneh esa
iqLrdky; esa Ápqj ek=k esa iqLrdsa] vkys[k] i=&if=dk,a rFkk vkWfM;ks&fotqvy lkexzh miyC/k gSA vki yksxksa dks vdkneh esa jgrs gq,
iqLrdky; dk iw.kZ mi;ksx djus ds fy, ÁksRlkfgr fd;k tkrk gSA
ewaY;kadu 'kSf{kd dk;Z
jkT; vkys[k
lHkh vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks vius vkcafVr jkT; ds fof'k"V igyqvksa ij jkT; vkys[k ¼2500 'kCnksa esa½ rS;kj djuk gksrk gSA jkT;
vkys[k dk fo"k; laoxZ ijke'kZnkrk ds lkFk fopkj&foe'kZ djds fuf'pr djuk gksxkA Hkys gh vki viuk jkT; vkys[k vaxzsth esa rS;kj
djsa] ijarq bldks vius laoxZ dh Hkk"kk esa ÁLrqr djuk gksxkA
iqLrd leh{kk
lHkh vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa ls fdlh iqLrd dh leh{kk ¼2000 'kCnksa esa½ djus dh vis{kk dh tkrh gSA leh{kk fd, tkus okyh iqLrd dk
fu'p; laoxZ ijke'kZnkrk dh lykg ls djuk gksxkA
lewg ifjppkZ rFkk vH;kl
vius fopkj dks tksjnkj rFkk rdZlaxr <ax ls ÁLrqr djus dh ;ksX;rk dk gksuk flfoy lsod ds fy, vko';d gksrk gSA Vhe Hkkouk dks
ekuuk] nwljksa ds fopkjksa dks le>uk rFkk viuh ckr dks ÁHkkoiw.kZ <ax ls j[kuk ;s lHkh phtsa lewg ifjppkZ rFkk vH;kl esa vPNh ekuh
tkrh gSA ,slh ifjppkZ,a lelkef;d ;k 'kSf{kd #fp ds fo"k;ksa ij fu;fer :i ls vk;ksftr dh tk,xhA
'khrdkyhu v/;;u Hkze.k% lewg ÁLrqfr] O;fDro Mk;jh rFkk ;k=k&o`rkar ÁR;sd 'khrdkyhu v/;;u Hkze.k lewg dks fofHkUu
lacn~/krkvksa rFkk Hkkjr Hkze.k ls ÁkIr vuqHko ij ÁLrqfr nsuh gksxhA ÁR;sd vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ dks Hkh viuh 'khrdkyhu v/;;u
Mk;jh rFkk ;k=k&o`rkar dks ewY;kadu ds fy, ÁLrqr djuk gksxkA bl ckjs es vf/kd tkudkjh 'khrdkyhu v/;;u iqfLrdk esa nh xbZ gSA
ckg~; dk;Zdyki
Hkk-iz- lsok ds vf/kdkjh dk lsokdky Ák;% cSBdj dke djus okyk rFkk rukoiw.kZ gksrk gSA LoLFk 'kjhj rFkk ekufld LokLF; dk gksuk
bl lsok ds vf/kdkjh ds fy, vfuok;Z iwoZ&'krZ gSA pj.k&1 dk;ZØe esa] vki yksxksa dks fu;fer 'kkjhfjd dljr dh vknr Mkyus rFkk
mls dk;e j[kus ds fy, ÁksRlkfgr fd;k tkrk gSA Ákr%&dkyhu O;k;ke rFkk 'kke ds fy, fu/kkZfjr [ksydwn ds l= vfuok;Z gksrs gSaA
ÁR;sd vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ ls ÁR;sd lIrkg ?kqM+lokjh ds de ls de nks l= ysus dh vis{kk dh tkrh gSA ?kqM+lokjh ds fy, fuf'pr
[email protected]=ksa ij fuHkZj djrs gq,] vki yksxksa dks Ákr%dkyhu O;k;[email protected];dkyhu [ksydwn esa mifLFkr gksus dh t:jr ugha gSA ikB~;Øe
ds vkf[kj esa vafre Mªsl rFkk ?kqM+lokjh Án'kZu vk;ksftr fd;k tk,xkA
'kkjhfjd dljr rFkk ckg; dk;Zdyki bl ikB~Øe ds vfHkUu vax gSa vkSj buesa vuqifLFkfr dks 'kSf{kd l=ksa esa vuqifLFkfr ds leku
le>k tk,xkA chekjh dh fLFkfr esa] eSnku esa tkdj chekjh jftLVj esa gLrk{kj djsa vkSj ogka ekStwn ikB~;Øe Vhe ds lnL; ls vuqefr
ysdj pys tk,aA ;fn fLFkfr bruh xaHkhj gS fd pyus&fQjus esa vleFkZ gSa] rks lg ikB~;Øe leUo;d ¼vuq'kklu½ ;k lg ikB~;Øe
leUo;d ¼ckg~; dk;Zdyki½ ls VsyhQksu ij igys gh vuqefr ysaA lIrkgkar esa] lkgfld&[ksydwn vk;ksftr fd, tk,axs ftuesa
fjoj&jkf¶Vax] iSjklsfyax] vksojukbV Vªsd] jkWd DykbfEcax] vkfn dk vk;kstu fd;k tk,xkA ;s vfuok;Z ikB~;Øe dk;Zdyki gksaxs vkSj
buesa mifLFkfr vko';d gSA
ikB~;srj dk;Zdyki
ftu vf/kdkfj;ksa dh dk;kZy;h dkedkt ds vfrfjDr vU; rjg dh fnypLih rFkk vfHk#fp;ka gksrh gS] os vius dkedkt ds ruko dks
cgsrj <ax ls nwj dj ldrs gSA pj.k&1 dk;ZØe esa] vki yksxksa dks ikB~;srj ekWM~;wyksa ds tfj, l`tukRed xfrfof/k;ksa ds Áfr fnypLih
c<+kus ds fy, ÁksRlkfgr fd;k tkrk gSA bl nkSjku laxhr] u`R; rFkk vfHku; dyk ds jk"Vªh; Lrj dh gfLr;ksa }kjk ÁLrqfr nh tk,xh
vkSj QS'ku&'kks rFkk Hkkjrh; ifj/kkuksa dh Án'kZuh Hkh vk;ksftr dh tk,xhA vki yksx ikB~;Øe ds nkSjku jk"Vªh; rFkk varjjk"Vªh; fQYe
mRloksa dk Hkh vkuan mBk ldrs gSaA
Dycksa rFkk lkslkbfV;ksa ds fy, pquko] vki yksxksa ds 'khr&dkyhu v/;;u Hkze.k iwjk djds vdkneh esa ykSVrs gh djok fy;k tk,xkA
ikB~;Øe Vhe pkgrh gS fd vki yksx bu Dycksa rFkk lkslkbfV;ksa ds lkFk gh buds pqukoksa esa Hkh c<+p<+ Hkkxhnkjh fuHkk,aA fofHkUu Dycksa
rFkk lkslkbfV;ksa ds fy, funs'kd ukferh] lg&ukfeuh dh lwph ifjf'k"V&2 esa nh xbZ gSA
56
57
III. vapy mRlo
vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ pj.k&1 dk;ZØe ds nkSjku pkj vapy mRlo vk;ksftr djsaxsA vapy mRlo vk;ksftr djus dk mn~ns'; vf/kdkjh
Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks vius vkcafVr laoxksZ dh laLd`fr rFkk [kku&iku ls ifjfpr djkuk gSA bUgsa lkIrkfgd le;&lkj.kh esa Hkh vafdr
fd;k tk,xkA ÁR;sd vapy ds fy, lewgksa dk xBu vkcaVu okys jkT; ds vk/kkj ij fd;k tk,xkA bldk fooj.k bl Ádkj gSa&
iwohZ vapy %
vle] es?kky;] fcgkj] >kj[kaM] ef.kiqj] f=iqjk] ukxkySaM] vksfMlk] flfDde rFkk if'pe caxky laoxZ
vapy mRlo dh rkjh[k% 17 ekpZ] 2012
nf{k.k vapy %
vka/kz Áns'k] dukZVd] djsy rFkk rfeyukMq laoxZ
vapy mRlo dh rkjh[k% 31 ekpZ] 2012
if’pe vapy %
NRrhlx<+] xqtjkr] e/;Áns'k] egkjk"Vª rFkk jktLFkku laoxZ
vapy mRlo dh rkjh[k% 12 ebZ] 2012
mŸkjh vapy %
gfj;k.kk] fgekpy Áns'k] tEew&d'ehj] iatkc vkSj mŸkjk[kaM laoxZ
vapy mRlo dh rkjh[k% 26 ebZ] 2012
¼vXeqV laoxZ ds vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks ml vapy esa 'kkfey fd;k tk,xk ftlesa vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dh
la[;k lcls de gksxhA½
pj.k&1% iz'kklfud fo"k;
lewg xBu
'khrdkyhu v/;;u Hkze.k ls okil ykSVus rFkk vki yksxksa dks laoxZ vkcafVr gks tkus ij] ÁR;sd vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks u;k vks-VhdksM fn;k tk,xk rFkk mls lHkh Áf'k{k.k l=ksa ds fy, , vFkok ch lewg vkcafVr fd;k tk,xkA bu lewgksa dks pkSFkkbZ lewg l=ksa ds fy,
vkxs pkSFkkbZ lewgksa ;Fkk ,1] ,2] ch1 rFkk ch2 esa foHkkftr fd;k tk,xkA bldh foLr`r tkudkjh vki yksxksa dks ;Fkkle; ns nh tk,xhA
vuq’kklu
bl vdkneh dks fo'okl gS fd vki yksx ifjiDo rFkk LovfHkÁsfjr Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ gSaA fdarq Lora=rk ds lkFk ftEesnkfj;ka Hkh tqM+h gksrh gSA
;g tkurs gq, fd vki yksxksa dks tYnh gh ljdkj esa ftEesnkj in lkSis tk,xsa] blfy, ikB~;Øe Vhe fu;ferrk] le;&ikcanh rFkk
e;kZnk ds lanHkZ esa vki yksxksa dks dksbZ <hy ugha nsxh] Hkys gh blds fy, gesa dqN Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dh ukjktxh D;ksa u >syuh iMs+A
vius lkfFk;ksa] vdkneh LVkQ] vfrfFk;ksa rFkk ladk; lnL;ksa ds lkFk fouez rFkk leqfpr O;ogkj] bl ikB~;Øe dk Áeq[k ekud gksxkA
vuf/kd`r vuqifLFkfr] fuf'pr l=ksa es nsj ls igqapuk] Mªsl dksM dk ikyu u djuk] mnklhu joS;k rFkk vHknz vkpj.k dks] vR;ar
xaHkhjrk ls fy;k tk,xk vkSj rnuqlkj leqfpr Á'kklfud dkjZokbZ Hkh vey esa ykbZ tk,xhA
lHkh Á'kklfud fo"k;ksa ds fy, lg&ikB~;Øe leUo;d ¼vuq'kklu ÁHkkjh½ loZÁFke lanHkZ fcanq gksxk rFkk ikB~;Øe leUo;d vkSj
rnqijkar funs'kd vihy Áf/kdkjh gksaxsA d`i;k /;ku j[ksa fd dsanzh;@jkT; ljdkj tSlh fdlh Hkh ckg~; ,tsalh] laLFkku ;k Áf/kdj.k ds
lkFk laidZ dsoy mfpr ek/;e vFkZkr~ bl vdkneh ds funs'kd ds tfj, fd;k tkuk pkfg,A
vuq’kklughurk ds fy, naM
vdkneh esa] vuq'kklu lacaf/kr fo"k;ksa ds fy, i;Zos{kd dk nkf;Ro] ikB~;Øe Vhe dks lkSaik x;k gSA vr% fdlh Hkh ifjfLFkfr esa bldh
vuns[kh u djsaA vuq'[email protected]~Vh lacaf/kr fo"k;ksa ij ikB~;Øe Vhe ij ckgjh ncko Myokus dh fdlh Hkh rjg dh dksf'k'k dks ?kksj
dnkpkj ekuk tk,xk] ftlds fy, vR;ar dBksj naM dk Áko/kku gSA
vuq'kklu rFkk vkpkj.k dks pj.k&1 dk;ZØe esa funs'kd n~okjk lexz ewY;kadu esa i;kZIr Js; fn;k tkrk gSA ve;kZfnr vkpj.k rFkk
vU; naMksa ds fy, vf[ky Hkkjrh; lsok vkpj.k fu;ekoyh ds varxZr funs'kd n~okjk ewY;kadu ds rgr de vad fn, tkus ds vfrfjDr]
ifjoh{kk dh iqf"V u gksuk rFkk lsokeqDr djus ds Áko/kku ds vykok] ikB~;Øe ds nkSjku fuEufyf[kr naM fn, tk ldrs gSa&
vijk/k
naM
vuf/kd`r [email protected] ls [email protected]
tkucw > dj [email protected]~ ; vFkok 'kS f {kd
dk;Zdykiksa es [kjkc fu"[email protected]'k dk ikyu u
[email protected];kZfnr [email protected]&O;Lr utj
vkuk
fuf'pr l= ls gVdj naMkRed 'kkjhfjd Áf'k{k.kA rhu pwd ds ckn]
vk/ks fnu dh vkdfLed NqV~Vh dkVh tk,xh rFkk lkFk gh lkFk naMkRed
'kkjhfjd Áf'k{k.k Hkh djok;k tk,xkA blds ckn Hkh ;fn fdlh rjg dh
d`"Brk dh tkrh gS rks vuq'kklfud dkjZokbZ dh tk,xh vkSj ikB~;Øe ls
ckgj dj fn;k tk,xkA
58
59
NqV~Vh lacaf/kr fo"k;
;g ikB~;Øe iw.kZr% vkoklh; gSA vr% vki yksxksa dks ifjlj esa vius vkcafVr dejksa esa jguk gksxkA bl dk;ZØe ds nkSjku fdlh Hkh rjg
dh NqV~Vh Ánku ugha dh tk,xhA rFkkfi vR;ar vko';drk dh fLFkfr esa iwjs ikB~;Øe ds vf/kdre pkj fnu dh NqV~Vh ¼pkj fnu dh
vkdfLed NqV~Vh ;k nks fnu dh vkdfLed NqV~Vh ds lkFk nks fnu eq[;ky; NksM+us dh vuqefr ;k pkj fnu rd eq[;ky; NksM+us dh
vuqefr½ ij lg ikB~;Øe leUo;d ¼vuq'kklu ÁHkkjh½ ekeys dk ijh{k.k djds fopkj dj ldrs gSA
NqV~Vh ds fy, vkosnu lg&ikB~;Øe leUo;d ¼vuq'kklu ÁHkkjh½ dks NqV~Vh ij tkus dh rkjh[k ls de ls de 15 fnu igys
¼vÁR;kf'kr vkdfLed fLFkfr dks NksM+dj½ djuk gksxkA NqV~Vh Lohd`fr dh vkSipkfjd ikoZrh feyus ds mijkar gh vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ
eq[;ky; NksM+ ldsxkA
d`i;k /;ku j[ksa fd ikB~;Øe ds nkSjku fdlh Hkh rjg dh NqV~Vh u ysus okys vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ dks NqV~Vh ysus okys dh rqyuk esa
vf/kd Js; fn;k tk,xkA fuf'pr 'kkjhfjd Áf'k{[email protected]'kSf{kd l=ksa ls NwV ikus dh Hkh lhek fu/kkZfjr gSA ;fn fpfdRlk dkj.kksa ls bl
lhek ls vf/kd NwV dk miHkksx fd;k tkrk gS rks vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ ls vkxkeh o"kZ esa ikB~;Øe nksgjkus ds fy, dgk tk ldrk gSA
feF;k dkj.kksa ls NqV~Vh ysus dh dksf'k'k djus ij ;k [email protected]'k ds fnuksa ds fy, l{ke Áf/kdkjh ls iwoZ vuqefr fy, cxSj
eq[;ky; NksM+us ij bls ?kksj dnkpkj ekuk tk,xkA blds fy, naMkRed Á'kklfud dkjZokbZ djrs gq, ikB~;Øe ls ckgj dj fn;k
tk,xkA
vfrfFk
vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks dejksa dh vnyk&cnyh djus dh vuqefr ugha gksxhA lkFk gh] mUgsa vkdkneh ifjlj esa vFkok elwjh es
fdlh nwljs vkokl esa viuh [email protected] ;k ifjtu dks lkFk j[kus dh Hkh vuqefr ugha gksxhA
rFkkfi iwjs ikB~;Øe ds nkSjku vkidks dqy Ng fnu vfrfFk;ksa dks j[kus dh vuqefr gSA vkidks lg ikB~;Øe leUo;d ¼vuq'kklu
izHkkjh½ dks vfrfFk;ksa ds Bgjus dh vof/k ds ckjs esa lwfpr djuk gksxkA lg ikB~;Øe leUo;d ¼vuq'kklu izHkkjh½ ls vdkneh esa
miyC/k vfrfFk d{kksa ds fy, vuqjks/k fd;k tk ldrk gS] miyC/k gksus ij muds vkcaVu ij fopkj fd;k tk,xkA
iks’kkd
vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ iks'kkd laca/kh fuEufyf[kr ckrksa dk /;ku j[ksa%
lekjksgh iks’kkd% bldk mYys[k] lkIrkfgd le; lkj.kh esa fd;k tk,xkA bldk rkRi;Z gS fd iq#"k Áf'k{kk.kkFkhZ can xys dk dkyk
dksV vkSj efgyk,W lkM+h igusaxhA jkW;y HkwVku flfoy lsok ds vf/kdkfj;ksa dks ,sls voljksa ij viuh jk"Vªh; iks'kkd iguus dh vuqefr
gksxhA dkys can xys ds dksV ds lkFk twrksa esa Hkwjs ;k dkys jax ds Qhrs ca/ks gksaxs rFkk Lyhij iguus dh vuqefr ugha nh tk,xhA dej dh
isVh ¼csYV½ rFkk twrs Hkh ,d jax ds gksaxsA bl lekjksg ds lkFk&lkFk lHkh 'kSf{kd l=ksa ds nkSjku uke vafdr ysiy dkMZ /kkj.k fd, tkus
pkfg,A
vkSipkfjd igukok% iq#"k vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks lkseokj ls xq:okj rd d{kkvksa esa tSdsV rFkk VkbZ ;k vkSipkfjd lwV iguuk
pkfg,A lkseokj dks [email protected] iguk tk ldrk gS] rFkk muds lkFk VkbZ iguuk viuh bPNk ij fuHkZj gksxkA efgyk vf/kdkjh
Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa ls vis{kk dh tkrh gS fd os d{kkvksa esa tkrs le; [email protected] igusa] tks lknh] lkSE; jax dh rFkk xfjekiw.kZ gksaA if'peh
vkSipkfjd igukok] dsoy 'kqØokj dks /kkj.k fd;k tk ldrk gSaA
LiksV~lZ iks’kkd% vk/kkfjd ikB~;Øe ds nkSjku Vh&'kVZ rFkk Vªsd lwV fn, tkrs gS( lQsn gkQ&iSaV rFkk eq[; :i ls [email protected]
tqjkcksa ds lkFk [email protected] duokl ds [email protected]~lZ 'kw igus tk ldrs gSaA dksbZ vU; iks'kkd iguus dh vuqefr ugha nh tk,xhA BaM ds
ekSle esa Vh&'kVZ ds Åij lQsn LosVj ;k Vªsd lwV VkWi iguk tk ldrk gSA Vh&'kVZ ges'kk gkQiSaV ds vanj Bhd ls Mkyh tkuh pkfg,
rFkk lkQ&lqFkjh Vh&'kVZ iguh tkuh pkfg,A
vodk'k iks’kkd% vodk'k fnolksa ij vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ lkSE; vkSipkfjd iks'kkd igu ldrs gSaA dksbZ Hkh vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ dHkh
Hkh [email protected]@Vh&'[email protected] bR;kfn igudj vf/kdkjh [email protected];@ykamt ;k liw.kkZuan lHkkxkj esa Áos'k ugha djsaxsA
rFkkfi lIrkgksr ;k vodk'k ds fnuksa esa( tc dksbZ Áf'k{k.k xfrfof/k ugha gS] vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ] vf/kdkjh [email protected];@ykamt
;k liw.kkZuan lHkkxkj esa lkSE; vkSipkfjd iks’kkd igudj tk ldrs gSaA vdkneh ifjlj esa lHkh voljksa ij Lyhij iguuk Áfrcaf/kr gSA
lkekU; os'k&Hkw"kk% iq#"k vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks lnSo gtker cukuh gksxhA ;fn os nk<+h&ewaN j[kuk pkgrs gSa rks mls Bhd ls
laokj dj j[kuk gksxk vkSj mUgsa le;&le; ij dVok;k tk,A iq#"kksa dks yacs cky j[kus dh l[r eukgh gSA bl laca/k esa fl[k /keZ ds
lnL;ksa dks NwV ÁkIr gksxhA uk[kwu yacs u j[ks tk,a rFkk lkQ&lQkbZ dk /;ku j[kk tk,A vaxNsnu rFkk vaxHkw"k.k dh vuqefr ugha nh
tk,xhA efgykvksa dks lkns rFkk gYds jax ds diM+s iguus gksaxsA ped&ned okys diM+s iguus dh l[r eukgh gSA
ewY;kadu
Hkk-iz- lsok ds lHkh vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks pj.k&1 dk;ZØe esa muds dk;Zfu"iknu dk ewY;kadu fd;k tk,xkA Hkk-iz- lsok ¼ifjoh{kk½
fu;ekoyh( 1954 ds fu;e 10 esa lh/ks HkrhZ vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dh ikjLifjd ofj"Brk ds fu/kkZj.k dk Áko/kku gSA ikjLifjd
ofj"Brk dk fu.kZ; djus okys dkjd uhps lkj.kh esa n'kkZ, x, fofHkUu 'kh"kksZa ds varxZr ÁR;sd vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ n~okjk ÁkIr vadks dk
;ksx gksrs gSa%&
pj.k
flfoy lsok ijh{kk
vad
2300
Áf’k{k.k ds nkSjku ewY;kadu
vk/kkfjd ikB~;Øe
funs'kd dk ewY;kadu
150
vafre fyf[kr ijh{kk
150
Hkk-iz- lsok O;kolkf;d ikB~;Øe pj.k&1
funs'kd dk ewY;kadu
200
pj.k&1 ijh{kk
300
Hkk-iz- lsok O;kolkf;d ikB~;Øe pj.k&2
ftyk Áf'k{k.k
200
funs'kd dk ewY;kadu
200
Áf’k{k.k ds ewY;kadu dk ;ksx
1200
dqy ;ksx
3500
Hkk-iz- lsok O;kolkf;d ikB~;Øe pj.k&1 ds ewY;kadu esa vafre ijh{kk rFkk funs'kd dk ewY;kadu 'kkfey gksrk gSA vafre ijh{kk esa ikap
eq[; fo"k;& fof/k] yksd Á'kklu] Áca/k] vFkZ'kkL= rFkk jktuSfrd ladYiuk,a vkSj Hkkjr dk lafo/kku gksrs gSaA blds vykok lwpuk rFkk
lapkj Áks|ksfxdh vkSj fganhrj Hkk"kh jkT;ksa esa tkus okys vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy, fganh dh vgZrk ijh{kk,a yh tk,axhA
fu;ekuqlkj vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ dks fyf[kr ijh{kk ds lHkh fo"k;ksa es mŸkh.kZ gksuk vfuok;Z gSaA fdlh fo"k; esa vuqŸkh.kZ vf/kdkjh
Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ dks iqu% ijh{kkvksa es mifLFkr gksus dh vuqefr nh tk ldrh gSA iqu% vuqŸkh.kZ gksus ij mls lsok ls eqDr dj fn;k tk,xkA
vdknfed fo"k;ksa esa vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa ds dk;Z&fu"iknu laca/kh leorhZ ewY;kadu ds vk/kkj ij vafre ijh{kk ds fy, vkcafVr
vadksa dk ,d&frgkbZ vad fn;k tk,xkA ;g ewY;kadu vkof/kd ijh{kkvksa ;k fyf[kr leuqns'ku ds vk/kkj ij fd;k tk,xkA jktuSfrd
ladYiuk,a rFkk Hkkjr dk lafo/kku ds ekeys esa ch-ih-,l-Vh vVSpesUV ds var esa vk;ksftr ijh{kk gsrq vyx ls 10 vad fu/kkZfjr fd,
tkrs gSaA fofHkUu ijh{kk ds vadkas dk C;kSjk fuEuor~ gS %&
60
61
fo"k;
vad
jktuSfrd ladYiuk,a rFkk Hkkjr dk lafo/kku
60
ewyHkwr vfFkZd fl)akr rFkk Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk
60
fof/k
60
Áca/k ,oa O;ogkjijd foKku
60
Ykksd Á'kklu
60
;ksx
300
vgZdkjh ijh{kk ¼funs'kd ds ewY;kadu esa vkdyu½
lwpuk rFkk lapkj ÁkS|ksfxdh
Hkk”kk ¼fganhrj Hkk"kh jkT;ksa esa tkus okys vf/[email protected]Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy,
[email protected]{ks=h; Hkk"kk½
funs'kd dk ewY;kadu] funs'kd ds laiw.kZ ekxZn'kZu esa ikB~;Øe Vhe ,oa ladk; lnL;ksa n~okjk vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy, fd;k tkus
okyk ,d mn~ns';ijd ewY;kadu gSA ikB~;Øe Vhe vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dh lrr~ tkap rFkk ewY;kadu djsxh rFkk mudh {kerk
mRlqdrk rFkk ikB~;Øe ds O;kid mn~ns';ksa dks ÁkIr djus dh dksf'k'k dk fu/kkZj.k djsxhA funs'kd ds ewY;kadu gsrq vadkas dk C;kSjk
fuEuor~ gS %
ekinaM
vad
'khrdkyhu v/;;u nkSjk ÁLrqfr
20
vuq'kklu ,oa vkpj.k
30
jkT; l= vkys[k
15
'kkjhfjd Áf'k{[email protected]~; fØ;kdyki
30
?kqM+lokjh
15
ikB~;srj dk;[email protected] ,oa lkslk;fV;ka
10
Hkk"kk
25
lwpuk rFkk lapkj ÁkS|ksfxdh
25
lgikBh lewg ewY;kadu
5
funs'kd dk lexz ewY;kadu
25
dqy ;ksx
200
ljkguh; dk;Z fu"iknu ds fy, iqjLdkj
Hkk-iz- lsok ds vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa n~okjk vius O;kolkf;d ikB~;Øe ds nkSjku vdknfed ,oa ikB~;srj dk;Zdykiksa es mRd`"V dk;Z
fu"iknu ds fy, fuEufyf[kr iqjLdkj rFkk ind Ánku fd, tkrs gSa%
!
la?k yksd lsok vk;ksx n~okjk vk;ksftr flfoy lsok ijh{kkvksa] vk/kkfjd ikB~;Øe] pj.k&1] vafre ijh{kk rFkk funs'kd ewY;kadu]
pj.k&2 ewY;kadu rFkk ftyk Áf'k{k.k&lc es ÁkIr vadksa ds vk/kkj ij loksZŸke dk;Z fu"iknu gsrq funs'kd Lo.kZ [email protected]ªkWQhA
!
vk/kkfjd ikB~;Øe] pj.k&1 vafre ijh{kk rFkk ewY;kadu] pj.k&2 ewY;kadu ,oa ftyk Áf'k{k.k esa ÁkIr vadksa ds vk/kkj ij mRd`"V
Hkk-iz- lsok vf/kdkjh gksus ij v'kksd cEckoys Lekjd iqjLdkj ¼25]000 :i, dk udn buke½A
!
Hkk-iz- lsok O;kolkf;d ikB~;Øe pj.k&1 rFkk pj.k&2 esa ikB~;srj dk;Zdykiksa es loksZŸke vkyjkmUM fjdkMZ gsrq lqHkkt nqvk
Lekjd Lo.kZ indA
!
Hkk-iz- lsok O;kolkf;d ikB~;Øe pj.k&1 rFkk pj.k&2 esa ikB~;srj dk;Zdykiksa es loksZŸke dk;Z&fu"iknu ds fy, dq- jhuk la/kw
Lekjd Lo.kZ indA
!
Hkk-iz- lsok ds 1967 cSp n~okjk loksŸke xzkeh.k v/;;u leuqns'ku gsrq va'knku fd;k x;k Lo.kZ indA
!
la?k yksd lsok vk;ksx] vk/kkfjd ikB~;Øe] pj.k&1 rFkk pj.k&2 esa lokZf/kd vad ÁkIr djus okys iwoksZŸkj laoxZ vkcafVr vf/kdkjh
Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ dks ,y-oh-jsM~Mh Lekjd iqjLdkjA
!
dkuwu vkSj O;oLFkk ij loksZŸke leuqns'ku fy[kus okys vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ ds fy, th-d`".kS;k Lekjd iqjLdkjA
!
yksd Á'kklu esa lokZf/kd vad ÁkIr djus okys vf/kdkjh Áf'k{k.kkFkhZ ds fy, dq- vkjrh eq[kthZ Lo.kZ indA
!
Hkk-iz- lsok O;kolkf;d ikB~;Øe pj.k&1 vafre ijh{kk esa lokZf/kd dqy vadksa ds fy, funs'kd Lo.kZ indA
!
fuEufyf[kr ÁR;sd fo"k;ksa esa lokZf/kd vad ÁkIr djus ds fy, funs'kd Lo.kZ ind&
#
jktuSfrK ladYiuk,a rFkk Hkkjr dk lafo/kku
#
ewyHkwr vfFkZd fl)akr vkSj Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk o fof/k
#
Áca/k ,oa O;ogkjijd folku
#
Ykksd Á'kklu
62
63
vuqyXud I
laoxZ ijke'kZnkrk
jkT;
ijke'kZnkrk
oSdfYid ijke’kZnkrk
vXeqV
Áks- Kkusanz cM+xS;ka
jatuk pksiM+k
vka/kz Áns'k
MkW- ,-,l- jkepUnzu
latho pksiM+k
vkle&es?kky;
MkW- eksuk Hkxcrh
MkW- Áse flag
fcgkj
jatuk pksiM+k
fuf/k 'kekZ
HkwVku
ineohj flag
rstohj flag
NRrhlx<+
Áks- Kkusanz cM+xS;ka
fuf/k 'kekZ
xqtjkr
ih-ds- xsjk
t;ar flag
gfj;k.kk
rstohj flag
nq";ar ufj;kyk
fgekpy Áns'k
MkW Áse flag
tlÁhr ryokj
tEew&d'ehj
MkW- ,l-,p- [kku
tlÁhr ryokj
>kj[kaM
fuf/k 'kekZ
jksyh flag
dukZVd
ih-ds- xsjk
MkW- ,-,l- jkepUnzu
dsjy
vk'kh"k oPNkuh
MkW- eksuk Hkxcrh
e/; Áns'k
ineohj flag
iquhr eksgu
egkjk"Vª
rstohj flag
tlÁhr ryokj
ef.kiqj&f=iqjk
MkW- Áse flag
MkW- ,l-,p- [kku
ukxkySaM
MkW- Áse flag
MkW- ,l-,p- [kku
mM+hlk
latho pksiM+k
jatuk pksiM+k
iatkc
tlÁhr ryokj
rstohj flag
jktLFkku
jksyh flag
t;ar flag
flfDde
nq";ar ufj;kyk
vk'kh"k oPNkuh
rfeyukMq
vk'kh"k oPNkuh
MkW- ,-,l- jkepUnzu
mŸkj Áns'k
jksyh flag
&
mŸkjk[kaM
t;ar flag
iquhr eksgu
if'pe caxky
nq";ar ufj;kyk
latho pksiM+k
vuqyXud II
Dyc rFkk lkslk;fV;ksa ds fy, funs'kd ukferh
Dyc ;k lkslk;Vh
funs'kd ukferh
oSdfYid funs'kd ukferh
lkgfld [ksydwn Dyc
MkW Áse flag
t;ar flag
vyEukbZ ,lksfl,'ku
jksyh flag
rstohj flag
daI;wVj lkslk;Vh
earks"k pØorhZ
fQYe lkslk;Vh
nq";ar ufj;kyk
,-,l-jkepUnzu
yfyr dyk lkslk;Vh
rstohj flag
jatuk pksiM+k
MkW- nythr dkSj
lkSnkfeuh Hkw;ka
vfHk#fp Dyc
fuf/k 'kekZ
jksyh flag
x`g if=dk lkslk;Vh
tlÁhr ryokj
jksyh flag] ds-ch-fla?kk
Áca/k eaMy
MkW ,l-,p-[kku
iquhr eksgu
Ád`fr Áseh Dyc
jksyh flag
fuf/k 'kekZ
MkW- vydk , dqyd.khZ
vf/kdkjh Dyc
MkW Áse flag
rstohj flag
vf/kdkjh esl
t;ar flag
vk'kh"k oPNkuh
jkbQy rFkk ?kuqfoZ|k Dyc
vk'kh"k oPNkuh
MkW Áse flag
ledkyhu fØ;kdyki lkslk;Vh
Áks0 Kkusanz cM+xS;ka
t;ar flag
lekt lsok lkslk;Vh
jatuk pksiM+k
vk'kh"k oPNkuh] ,-uYykLokeh
,oa vj'kn ,e- uanu
gSe jsfM;ks Dyc
t;ar flag
MkW Áse flag
Nk=kokl Áac/k lfefr
tlÁhr ryokj
64
65
vuqyXud III
O;k[;ku lewg & ,
uke
laoxZ
vks-Vh-dksM
bZ'kk [kkslyk ¼lqJh½
vXeqV
,01
vkyksd jatu ?kks"k
fcgkj
,02
ikj/kh lkSjHk tkeflag
xqtjkr
,03
jk; efgekir js
>kj[kaM
,04
fgeka'kq dqekj jk;
dsjy
,05
dqekj lkSjHk jkt
iatkc
,06
pUnz 'ks[kj l[kkeqjh
rfeyukMq
,07
ds- jkf/kdk v¸;j ¼lqJh½
if'pe caxky
,08
rkfjd FkkWel
vXeqV
,09
jkgqy dqekj
fcgkj
,10
vksd vk;q"k latho
xqtjkr
,11
Nfo jatu
>kj[kaM
,12
jkoy gesUnz dqekj
ef.kiqj&f=iqjk
,13
gksfy;uyky xqbrs
jktLFkku
,14
oh t; pUnz Hkkuq jsM~Mh
rfeyukMq
,15
vkj esudk ¼lqJh½
vXeqV
,16
egsUnz dqekj
fcgkj
,17
d.dhirh jkts'k
xqtjkr
,18
vkatus;qyq nksM~Ms
>kj[kaM
,19
gqaX;ks okj'kax
ef.kiqj&f=iqjk
,20
f'kokaxh Lo.kZdkj ¼lqJh½
jktLFkku
,21
ea=h xksfoan jko
rfeyukMq
,22
jfo /kou
vXeqV
,23
uke
laoxZ
vks-Vh-dksM
fefFkys'k feJ
fcgkj
,24
e;a=k lqty t;afrHkky
xqtjkr
,25
eatqukFk HktU=h
>kj[kaM
,26
fdyyw f'ko dqekj uk;Mw
ef.kiqj&f=iqjk
,27
vuqie tksjoky ¼lqJh½
jktLFkku
,28
vuh'k 'ks[kj ,l
rfeyukMq
,29
xkSjo flag jktkor
vXeqV
,30
fgeka'kq 'kekZ
fcgkj
,31
lqthr dqekj
xqtjkr
,32
jkts'ojh ch- ¼lqJh½
>kj[kaM
,33
eksgEen vyh f'kgkc ,-
ukxkySaM
,34
vfHkeU;q dqekj
jktLFkku
,35
ih- e/kqlwnu jsM~Mh
rfeyukMq
,36
df'k'k feRry
vXeqV
,37
iadt nhf{kr
fcgkj
,38
vfer [k=h
gfj;k.kk
,39
ok?kekjs izlkn d`".k
>kj[kaM
,40
jkts'k ,l-
ukxkySaM
,41
lans'k uk;d
jktLFkku
,42
fuf[ky fueZy
if'pe caxky
,43
iwtk tSu ¼lqJh½
vXeqV
,44
'kh"kZr dfiy v'kksd
fcgkj
,45
fot;dqekj flnn~Iik HkfodRrh
gfj;k.kk
,46
66
67
uke
laoxZ
vks-Vh-dksM
xksdqy th vkj
dsjy
,47
lkSjHk rksyqafc;k
ukxkySaM
,48
Hkxorh izlkn dyky
jktLFkku
,49
nhiki fiz;k ih- ¼lqJh½
if'pe caxky
,50
ifFkzZcu ih-
vXeqV
,51
nsvksjs uhys'k jkepUnz
fcgkj
,52
vkfnR; nfg;k
gfj;k.kk
,53
dkfrZds;u ,l-
dsjy
,54
Jqfr ¼lqJh½
iatkc
,55
udkrs f'koizlkn enu
jktLFkku
,56
,l- v#.k izlkn
if'pe caxky
,57
nkfu'k v'kjQ
vXeqV
,58
R;kxjktu ,l-,e-
fcgkj
,59
fou; izrki flag
gfj;k.kk
,60
vtuhr fj;Sr ¼lqJh½
iatkc
,61
ehj eksgEen vyh
dsjy
,62
ds fot;dkfrZds;u
rfeyukMq
,63
;w- Lo:i
if'pe caxky
,64
lanhi dqekj flag
vXeqV
,65
fnus'k dqekj
fcgkj
,66
jkgqy dqekj flUgk
>kj[kaM
,67
thou ckcw ds-
dsjy
,68
vjfoUn dqekj ,e-ds-
iatkc
,69
uke
laoxZ
vks-Vh-dksM
vjfoUn ,e
rfeyukMq
,70
mek 'kadj ,l-
if'pe caxky
,71
ferkyh ukepqe ¼lqJh½
vXeqV
,72
vt; izdk'k
xqtjkr
,73
vkfLrd dqekj ik.Ms;
>kj[kaM
,74
vfer eh.kk
dsjy
,75
ch- Jhfuoklu
iatkc
,76
,l fnO;nf'kZuh ¼lqJh½
rfeyukMq
,77
lqjsUnzk dqekj eh.kk
if'pe caxky
,78
68
69
O;k[;ku lewg & ch
uke
laoxZ
vks-Vh-dksM
egsUnz cgknqj flag
mŸkj Áns'k
ch01
ds oh ,u pØ/kj ckcw
vka/kz Áns'k
ch02
v:i.kdqekj dsEHkkoh
vkle&es?kky;
ch03
jes'k dqekj
tEew&d'ehj
ch04
euh"k dqekj oekZ
mŸkj Áns'k
ch05
jkxfiz;k vkj ¼lqJh½
dukZVd
ch06
js[kokj jkgqy v'kksd
egkjk"Vª
ch07
ds- lqn'kZu pØorhZ
mM+hlk
ch08
fo'kk[k th iqrsu fd>Dds
mŸkj Áns'k
ch09
fufru flag HknkSfj;k
mŸkjk[kaM
ch10
'osrk eksgUrh ¼lqJh½
vka/kz Áns'k
ch11
jkts'k flag
vkle&es?kky;
ch12
vUnzk okelh
mŸkj Áns'k
ch13
HkwfiUnj dqekj
tEew&d'ehj
ch14
'kjr ch-
dukZVd
ch15
nhik ,l eq/kksy ¼lqJh½
egkjk"Vª
ch16
iklax okaXpqd
HkwVku
ch17
vjfoUn eYyIik caxkjh
mŸkj Áns'k
ch18
gfj ukjk;.ku ,e
vka/kz Áns'k
ch19
oh ,l pkS/kjh dksylkuh
NRrhlx<+
ch20
uhys'kdqekj egknso {khjlkxj
tEew&d'ehj
ch21
nhfIr mIiy ¼lqJh½
mŸkj Áns'k
ch22
dq.kky flYdq
e/; Áns'k
ch23
uke
laoxZ
vks-Vh-dksM
ih f'ko 'kadj
egkjk"Vª
ch24
pksfd rkf'k
HkwVku
ch25
+_f"kjsUnzk dqekj
mŸkj Áns'k
ch26
ikfVy iz'kkUr thou
vka/kz Áns'k
ch27
nhid lksuh
NRrhlx<+
ch28
fxjh'k n;kyu
tEew&d'ehj
ch29
:fpdk fnokdj ¼lqJh½
e/; Áns'k
ch30
pkS/kjh vfHkthr fo'oukFk
egkjk"Vª
ch31
jfoUnz dqekj
flfDde
ch32
vfHk"ksd flag
mŸkj Áns'k
ch33
'osrk rsofr;k ¼lqJh½
vka/kz Áns'k
ch34
pUnu dqekj
NRrhlx<+
ch35
lkSjHk dqekj lqeu
e/; Áns'k
ch36
,e- nsosUnj flag
egkjk"Vª
ch37
iqyfdr [kjs
mŸkj Áns'k
ch38
yFdj Jhds'k ckykthjko
vka/kz Áns'k
ch39
HkksLdj foyl lUnhiu
NRrhlx<+
ch40
flU/kq ch ¼lqJh½
dukZVd
ch41
fot; dqekj ts
e/; Áns'k
ch42
lq'khy [kksMsdj
egkjk"Vª
ch43
f'ko lgk; voLFkh
mŸkj Áns'k
ch44
y{e.ku ,l
vkle&es?kky;
ch45
Hkwjs ljos'oj ujsUnz
NRrhlx<+
ch46
70
71
uke
laoxZ
vks-Vh-dksM
vfu:) Jo.k ih
dukZVd
ch47
gjftUnj flag
e/; Áns'k
ch48
lat; eh.kk
egkjk"Vª
ch49
vfer fd'kksj
mŸkj Áns'k
ch50
jks'kuh ,- dksjkrh ¼lqJh½
vkle&es?kky;
ch51
latho dqekj >k
NRrhlx<+
ch52
vfHkjke th 'kadj
dukZVd
ch53
ch- fot; nRrk
e/; Áns'k
ch54
vfjane ndqvk
mM+hlk
ch55
nhid eh.kk
mŸkj Áns'k
ch56
vuUr yky Kkuh
vkle&es?kky;
ch57
yfyr tSu
fgekpy Áns'k
ch58
ikEeyk lquhy dqekj
dukZVd
ch59
usgk ekO;kZ ¼lqJh½
e/; Áns'k
ch60
leFkZ oekZ
mM+hlk
ch61
d`".k d:us'k
mŸkj Áns'k
ch62
vfny [kku
vkle&es?kky;
ch63
_xosn fefyan Bkdqj
fgekpy Áns'k
ch64
eUuu v[rj
mŸkj Áns'k
ch65
gsQflck jkuh dksyZirh
dukZVd
ch66
vuqxzg ih- ¼lqJh½
e/; Áns'k
ch67
j?kq th
mM+hlk
ch68
vfer dqekj flag
mŸkj Áns'k
ch69
uke
laoxZ
vks-Vh-dksM
jfo >k
mŸkjk[kaM
ch70
flfc pØorhZ l/kw
vkle&es?kky;
ch71
foosd HkkfV;k
fgekpy Áns'k
ch72
dekZ jko ,e
dukZVd
ch73
eksfgr cqanl
e/; Áns'k
ch74
vk'kh"k Bkdjs
mM+hlk
ch75
uouhr flag pgy
mŸkj Áns'k
ch76
MkW- vk'kh"k dqekj JhokLro
mŸkjk[kaM
ch77
';ke fouksn ehuk
tEew&d'ehj
ch78
eukst dqekj
vkle&es?kky;
ch79
72
73
vuqyXud IV
ladk; lnL;
ineohj flag] Hkk-iz- lsok ¼1977 % e/; izns'k½] funs'kd
tUe frfFk% 16 Qjojh] 1954( izkjafHkd f'k{kk nwu Ldwy] nsgjknwu ls izkIr dhA vFkZ'kkL= esa lsaV LVhQWUl dkWyst] fnYyh ls Lukrd
fd;kA rRi'pkr~] n'kZu'kkL= rFkk jktuhfr foKku esa ,d&,d o"kZ rd LukrdksÙkj fd;kA 1977 esa Hkkjrh; iz'kklfud lsok esa
dk;Zxzg.k fd;k rFkk e/; izns'k laoxZ vkcafVr gqvkA 1992 esa] ,e-vkbZ-Vh- ckWLVu ds v/;srk jgsA vdkneh esa flracj 2009 esa funs'kd
dk inHkkj xzg.k fd;kA blls iwoZ] os fo'ks"k funs'kd jgsA o"kZ 2007 ls igys] tc mUgkssaus vdkneh esa la;qDr funs'kd dk in xzg.k fd;k]
os e/; izns'k ljdkj esa yksd fuekZ.k foHkkx rFkk lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh foHkkx ds iz/kku lfpo jgsA vius rhu n'kd dh ljdkjh lsok esa jkT;
ljdkj ds lfpo] foHkkxk/;{k lkoZtfud miØeksa ds izca/k funs'kd rFkk ftyk eftLVsªV jgsA 1991 ls 1996 rd vdkneh ds
mifuns'kd Hkh jgsA e/; izns'k iz'kklfud vdkneh ds funs'kd jgs] rFkk Hkkjrh; mUur v/;;u laLFkku] f'keyk ds lfpo jgsA 'kSf{kd
#fp& 'kklu&lapkyu] iz'kklfud lq/kkj] lexz xq.koRrk izca/k] laLFkku fodkl] izf'k{k.k] vkpkjuhfr] n'kZu rFkk euksfoKkuA O;fDrxr
#fp& iBu] dEI;wVj] isafVax] QksVksxzkQh] laxhr] Vsful] cSMfeaVu rFkk ;ksxA os fookfgr gSa rFkk muds nks cPps gSaA
dq'k oekZ] Hkk-iz-lsok- ¼1979% mRrj izns'k½] dk;Zikyd funs'kd
2 vxLr] 2010 dks ,uvkbZ,vkj ds egkfuns'kd ds in ij dk;Zxzg.k fd,A ,uvkbZ,vkj esa dk;Zxzg.k ls iwoZ mRrj izns'k ljdkj rFkk
Hkkjr ljdkj esa fofHkUu inksa ij dk;Z fd,] ;Fkk& jk;cjsyh vkSj izrkix<+ ds lgk;d dysDVj ,oa miizHkkxh; eftLVªsV( flVh
eftLVªsV] eFkqjk( ftyk eftLVªsV] mRrjdk'kh( izca/k funs'kd] mRrj izns'k jkT; [kk| ,oa vko';d oLrq,a fuxe] y[kuÅ( lfpo ¼ÅtkZ½(
[kk| vk;qDr( lfpo] x`g ,oa xksiuh; ekeys( eaMy izca/kd ¼mRrj½] Hkkjrh; [kk| fuxe( dk;Zikyd funs'kd] Hkkjrh; tutkrh;
lgdkjh foi.ku fodkl la?k ¼VªkbQsM½( rFkk iz/kku lfpo] iz'kklfud lq/kkj] mRrj izns'k ljdkj] y[kuÅA lkekU; iz'kklu] fodkl]
Jfed ekeys vkSj i;ZVu bR;kfn fo"k;ksa ij dbZ ys[k izdkf'kr gq, gSaA varjkZ"Vªh;@jk"Vªh; laxksf"B;ksa ,oa dk;Z'kkykvksa esa Hkh dbZ vkys[k
izLrqr fd, gSaA laizfr tkfe;k fefy;k bLykfe;k fo'ofo|ky;] ubZ fnYyh ls ,d pqukSrhiw.kZ fo"k; ^^fjfMtkbfuax bafM;kt flfoy
lfoZlst** ij ih&,p-Mh dj jgs gSaA dbZ lqizfl) laLFkkvksa] ;Fkk& jk"Vªh; Je laLFkku] uks;Mk] yk-c-'kk-jk-iz vdkneh] elwjh] Hkkjrh;
yksd iz'kklu laLFkku] ubZ fnYyh] cSadlZ baLVhV~;wV vkWQ :jy MsoyiesUV] y[kuÅ vkfn esa O;k[;ku Hkh fn, gSaA vfHk#fp ds {ks= gSa&
cky dfork,a fy[kuk] Vsful [ksyuk rFkk lqxe laxhr lquukA
izse dqekj xsjk] Hkk-iz- lsok ¼1985 % xqtjkr½] la;qDr funs'kd
tUefrfFk% 26-11-1959- f'k{kk& fo|qr bathfu;fjax esa Lukrd] ;wfuoflZVh vkWQ MfeZa?ke ¼;wds½ ls vFkZ'kkL= esa LukRrdksRrj] us'kuy
fMQsal dkWyst] ubZ fnYyh ls jk"Vªh; lqj{kk esa izek.k&i=A vdkneh esa 24 ebZ] 2010 dks la;qDr funs'kd dk inHkkj xzg.k djus ls iwoZ
xqtjkr ljdkj rFkk Hkkjr ljdkj esa fofHkUu inksa ij dk;Z fd;k] ftlesa LFkkfud vk;qDr] xqtjkr Hkou] ubZ fnYyh( egkfuns'kd]
ljnkj iVsy yksd iz'kklu laLFkku] vgenkckn( lfpo] lkekU; iz'kklu foHkkx] xqtjkr ljdkj( la;qDr lfpo ,oa jftLVªkj] dsUnzh;
lwpuk vk;ksx] Hkkjr ljdkj( funs'kd ¼lrdZrk½] dkfeZd rFkk izf'k{k.k foHkkx( funs'kd] oL= ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj( v/;{k ¼dsfcusV
ea=h dk ntkZ½] d`f"k dk;Z cy ds futh lfpo] d`f"k ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj( izca/k funs'kd] xqtjkr jkT; foRr lsok,a rFkk vij lfpo]
laLFkkxr foRr] xqtjkr ljdkj( funs'kd ¼lsok ,oa lrdZrk½] dkfeZd] yksd f'kdk;r rFkk isa'ku ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj( mi lfpo]
dkfeZd rFkk izf'k{k.k foHkkx] Hkkjr ljdkj( ;kstuk foRr ¼AA½] foRr ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj( mi lfpo] ¼ctV ,oa lalk/ku½] foRr
foHkkx] xqtjkr ljdkj( dysDVj ,oa ftyk eftLVªsV] Mkax( dysDVj ,oa ftyk eftLVªsV] lqjsUnzuxj( mi lfpo] ¼foRr½( mi lfpo]
¼xzkeh.k fodkl½] xqtjkr ljdkj( lgk;d dysDVj] iksjcanj( #fp ds fo"k;& ekuo lalk/ku izca/k] lq'kklu ,oa vkfFkZd yksd foRrA
latho pksiM+k] Hkk-iz- lsok ¼1990 % mM+hlk½] la;qDr funs'kd
tUefrfFk % 17-04-1967- fnYyh ifCyd Ldwy] eFkqjk jksM] ubZ fnYyh ls izkjafHkd f'k{kk xzg.k dh] Jhjke dkyst vkWQ dkWelZ ls okf.kT;
esa Lukrd] ckn esa fnYyh ;wfuoflZVh esa ,Q-,e-,l- ls ,ech, fd;kA 1989 esa MWLps cSad esa dk;Z xzg.k fd;kA 1990 esa Hkk-iz- lsok esa izos'k
rFkk mM+hlk laoxZ feykA izkjafHkd o"kkZsa esa dk;Z& vkuaniqj ,oa ckfjikMk ds ,l-Mh-,e- jgs] da/keky ftys esa MhvkjMh, ds ifj;kstuk
funs'kd jgs] rFkk ckn esa vkfnoklh ftyk dksjkiqV ds dysDVj jgsA QhYM rSukfr;ka iw.kZ gksus ij] mM+hlk y?kq m|ksx fuxe ds izca/k
funs'kd jgs] vkS|ksfxd rFkk rduhdh f'k{kk funs'kd jgs] mM+hlk jkT; lgdkjh cSad ds izca/k funs'kd rFkk mM+hlk [kku fuxe ds izca/k
funs'kd jgsA mM+hlk [kku fuxe esa miØe lalk/ku fu;kstu ds fØ;kUo;u gsrq fd, x, dk;ksZa ds fy, Hkkjr ljdkj us 2009 esa flfoy
lsok fnol ds volj ij loksZRre iz'kfLr iznku dhA vdkneh esa 3 vizSy 2007 dks mifuns'kd ¼ofj"B½ ds in ij dk;ZHkkj xzg.k fd;kA
#fp ds fo"k;&laxBukRed O;ogkj] 'kgjh izca/k] lkoZtfud miØeksa esa fuxfer 'kklu rFkk foRrh; lesduA izdk'ku& "Restructuring
and Reengineering in Cooperative Banks". 2009&10 esa v/;;u vodk'k ds nkSjku yanu Ldwy vkWQ bdksuksfeDl ls {ks=h; ,oa 'kgjh
;kstuk v/;;u esa ,e,llh- dhA
vk'kh"k oPNkuh] Hkk-iz- lsok ¼1997 % rfeyukMq½] mifuns'kd ¼o-½
Hkkjrh; iz'kklfud lsok esa vkus ls iwoZ] tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky;] ubZ fnYyh ds Ldwy vkWQ baVusZ'kuy LVMht ls baVusZ'kuy
vkWxZukbts'ku~l esa ,e-fQy- fd;kA 1999 esa f'kodk'kh] fo#/kquxj ftys ds midyDVj jgs( voj [email protected]¼ctV½@la;qDr
lfpo] foÙk foHkkx] rfeyukMq ljdkj( foÙk foHkkx esa jkT; ctV vf/kdkjh jgrs gq,] jkT; ljdkj dk okf"kZd ctV rS;kj djus]
vuqeksnu gsrq fo/kkueaMy ds tfj, bls vkxs c<+kus rFkk blds fØ;kUo;u dh fuxjkuh dh ftEesokfj;ka fuHkkbZA jktLo laxzg.k] ;kstuk
fu/kkZj.k] Ldhe O;;] rFkk cgqi{kh; laLFkkuksa vkfn ls ckg~; fuf/k;u gsrq fodkl ifj;kstukvksa dh rS;kjh o izLrqr djus ds dk;ksZa ls Hkh
lac) jgsA /keZiqjh rFkk fr#fpjkiYyh ftyksa ds dyDVj jgsA vdkneh esa ekpZ] 2008 esa dk;Zxzg.k fd;k( ?kqM+lokjh ,oa iSny yach ;k=k
esa [kkl fnypLihA
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MkW- ,-,l- jkepanzu] ih,pMh ¼fof/k½] izksQslj] jktuSfrd fl)kar rFkk laoS/kkfud fof/k
fof/k esa MkDVjsV dh mikf/k rFkk fof/k] jktuhfr ,oa vaxzsth Hkk"kk rFkk lkfgR; esa LukrdksRrjA 1990 ls ysdj 2002 rda fof/k
v/;kid ds :i esa O;kolkf;d thou vkjaHk fd;k vkSj bl vdkneh esa iwoZ esa jhMj] jktuSfrd fl)kar ,oa laoS/kkfud fof/k rFkk
jhMj] fof/k ds in ij vDVwcj 2004 rd dk;Z fd;kA rRi'pkr~] vizSy] 2007 esa jktuSfrd ladYiuk,a rFkk laoS/kkfud fof/k ds
izksQslj ds :i esa yk-c-'kk-jk-v- esa dk;Zxzg.k djus ls iwoZ jk"Vªh; U;k; vdkneh] Hkksiky esa vuqla/kku v/;srk( :jy fyVhxs'ku
,.M buVkbVyesaV dsanz nsgjknwu esa ofj"B fof/k ijke'khZ rFkk ljnkj cYyHkHkkbZ iVsy jk"Vªh; iqfyl vdkneh] gSnjkckn esa
lgk;d funs'kd ¼fof/k½ ds in ij dk;Z fd;kA
nq";ar ufj;kyk]% Hkk-iz- lsok ¼1993 % i- caxky½] mifuns'kd ¼o-½
fnYyh fo'ofo|ky; ls fof/k LukrdA Hkkjrh; iz'kklfud lsok esa vkus ls iwoZ jk"Vªh; jkt/kkuh {ks= fnYyh ljdkj esa egkuxj eftLVsªV
dk dk;Z vuqHkoA if'pe caxky ds nqxkZiqj esa mi&e.Myh; eftLVsªV] ftyk ifj"kn] dwp fcgkj esa vij ftyk eftLVsªV rFkk vij
LFkkiuk vf/kdkjh vkSj mRrj 24 ijxuk esa ftyk Hkw ,oa Hkw lq/kkj vf/kdkjh] vij ftyk eftLVsªV ¼Hkw- v/;kfIr½ rFkk vij ftyk vf/kdkjh
¼lkekU;½ jgsA iwoZ esfnuhiqj rFkk if'pe esfnuhiqj esa Øe'k% ftyk eftLVsªV rFkk dysDVj ds nkf;Roksa dk fuokZg fd;kA yk-c-'kk-jk-izvdkneh esa dk;Z xzg.k djus ls Bhd igys fo|ky;h f'k{kk foHkkx ds loZ f'k{kk vfHk;ku esa jkT; ifj;kstuk funs'kd ds :i esa Hkh dk;Z
fd;kA
MkW- KkusUnz cMxS;ka] Hkk-iz- lsok ¼1991 % vXeqV½] izksQslj] vFkZ’kkL=
vFkZ'kkL= ds izksQslj ds in ij 18 ebZ] 2011 dks dkZxzg.k fd;kA MkW- cMxS;kaa us Hkk- iz- lsok esa vkus ls iwoZ] nsYgh Ldwy vkQ bdWuksfeDl
ls vFkZ'kkL= esa LukrdksRrj rFkk dsfEczt ;wfuoflZVh] ;w-ds- ls vFkZ'kkL= esa ,e-fQy fd;kA Hkk- iz-lsok esa yxHkx ,d n'kd rd lsok
djus ds mijkUr] v/;;u vodk'k ij jgdj fizUlSVWu ;wfuoflZVh] ;w-,l-,- ls ih&,p-Mh- izkIr dhA Hkk- iz- lsok esa jgrs gq,] nknj uxj
gosyh rFkk fnYyh esa ftyk dyDVj] neu rFkk nhm ,oa vaMeku fudksckj iz'kklu esa for lfpo vkSj eq[;ea=h ds lfpo ds :Ik esa dk;Z
fd;kA jk"Vª&Lrjh; ,d xSj ljdkjh laxBu ds dk;Zikyd v/;{k rFkk nf{k.k ,f'k;kbZ vuqla/kku lewg ds funs'kd ds :Ik esa Hkh dk;Z
fd;k gSA
tlizhr ryokj] Hkk-iz-lsok] ¼1995 % iatkc½] mifuns'kd ¼o-½
,elh,e Mh,oh dkyst] p.Mhx<+ ls foKku esa Lukrd( iatkc ;wfuoflZVh ls ,y,ych ,oa ,y,y,e- fd;k( Hkk-iz-lsok esa vkus ls iwoZ]
fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx us fof/k esa MkWDVjsV gsrq dfu"B 'kks/k v/;s;rk Nk=o`fRr iznku dhA ,lMh,e] rjurkju ¼rRdkyhu
ve`rlj ftys½ in ij rSukrh gksus ls iwoZ ftyk izf'k{k.k jksiM+ esa fd;kA ckn esa] vij eq[; iz'kkld] vkuaniqj lkfgc 'kgjh fodkl
izkf/kdj.k ¼,,l;wMh,½ rFkk iatkc 'kgjh fodkl ,oa ;kstuk izkf/kdj.k ¼ih;wMh,½ ds inksa ij dk;Z fd;k( vij jftLVªkj] lgdkjh
lfefr;ka ,oa lfpo] iatkc jkT; fo|qr ifj"kn( 2005 ls 2007 rd mik;qDr] ftyk Qrsgx<+ lkfgc( fo'ks"k lfpo] foRr ,oa i;ZVu ds
lkFk gh funs'kd] laLFkkxr foRr ,oa cSfdax vkSj fofuos'k ds in ij dk;Z fd;kA #fp ds fo"k;& lkoZtfud&futh Hkkxhnkjh] LokLF;]
i;ZVu vkSj foRr( vdkneh esa vizSy 2009 esa dk;ZHkkj xzg.k fd;kA
t;Ur flag] Hkk-jsyos ;krk;kr lsok ¼1994½] mifuns'kd ¼o-½
1993 esa lsaV LVhQsUl dkyst] fnYyh fo'ofo|ky; ls bfrgkl fo"k; esa ijkLukrd mikf/kA 1994 esa Hkk- jsyos ;krk;kr lsok esa p;uA
xqtjkr ,oa jktLFkku esa if'pe jsyos dh lsok dk vuqHko] tgka Fkksd oLrq lapkyu] ;k=h ,oa fdjk;k nj foi.ku rFkk dkaMyk ds iRru
;krk;kr ,oa eqanzk ds vnkuh iRru dks jsy fyad ls tqM+s dk;ksZa ls lac) jgsA dkaMyk vkSj Hkqt esa vk, Øe'k% 1999 ds pØokr rFkk 2001
ds Hkwdai ds mijkar ogka jkgr vkSj iquokZl dk;ksZa esa xgu Hkkxhnkjh dhA 2002&07 ds chp Hkkjrh; daVsuj fuxe esa izfrfu;qfDr ij jgs
rFkk 2006 esa ,f'k;k dh igyh Mcy Msdj daVsuj Vªsu dk 'kqHkkjaHk fd;kA mudh fiNyh rSukrh 2008&11 rd jsy ea=ky; esa funs'kd]
i;ZVu ,oa [kkuiku ds in ij Fkh] tgka mUgksaus ^iSysl vkWu OghYl* tSlh yXtjh i;ZVd jsyxkfM+;ksa ds izca/k ,oa lapkyu dk nkf;Ro
fuHkk;k rFkk vkB fofHkUu lfØVksa esa rhu ubZ jsyxkfM+;ka vkjaHk djus esa egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkbZA fnukad 23-03-2011 dks vdkneh esa
mifuns'kd ¼o-½ ds in ij dk;Zxzg.k fd;kA vfHk#fp ds {ks=% fo’ks”kdj bfrgkl] lelkef;dh] lsuk dk bfrgkl ,oa e/; ,f'k;kbZ
ekeyksa dk v/;;u] fQYesa ns[kuk] iz'uksRrjh( fØdsV ,oa LDoS’k [ksyuk] ?kqM+lokjh lh[kus dh bPNkA
fuf/k 'kekZ] Hkk-jk-lsok ¼2000½] mifuns'kd
th,p,l&vkbZ,evkj] dkuiqj ls ihthMhch,e rFkk vkbZvkbZ,e] vgenkckn ls ihthih&ih,eih( lgk;d vk;qDr] vk; dj] bEQky ds
in ij 3 o"kZ rd dk;Z fd;k( mik;qDr] vk;dj] baQky ds in ij nks o"kZ rd dk;Z fd;k( mik;qDr] vk; dj ¼dsUnzh; ifj{ks=½] fnYyh
rFkk mi funs'kd] vk; dj ¼volajpuk½] fnYyh ds in ij dk;Z fd;kA yk-c-'kk-jk-iz- vdkneh esa mifuns'kd ds in ij 2 vxLr] 2010
dks dk;ZHkkj xzg.k fd;kA #fp ds fo"k;& yksd foRr] lkoZtfud {ks= dk vFkZ'kkL=] MCY;wVhvks rFkk tyok;q ifjorZuA
MkW- izse flag] Hkk-iz-lsok ¼2000 % ef.kiqj&f=iqjk½] mifuns'kd
tsvkbZih,ebZvkj] iqMqpjh ls ,echch,l( ,lMhvks] pansy( funs'kd] ;qok ekeys ,oa ØhM+k] ef.kiqj( mik;qDr] lsukifr ftyk( eq[;ea=h ds
lfpo rFkk funs'kd] uxj iz'kklu] vkokl ,oa 'kgjh fodkl( vkbZvkbZ,e] vgenkckn ls yksd izca/k ,oa uhfr esa LukrdksRrj( funs'kd]
uxj iz'kklu] vkokl ,oa 'kgjh fodkl] jkT; fe'ku funs'kd ¼,uvkj,p,e½ jgsA vdkneh esa Qjojh 2010 esa dk;ZHkkj xzg.k djus ls
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77
iwoZ] jkT; ifj;kstu funs'kd ¼,l,l,½A #fp ds fo"k;& dY;k.kdkjh jkT; dk vuqiz;qDr vFkZ'kkL=] lkekftd {ks= esa lsok iznku djuk
¼LokLF;] f'k{kk½A
iquhr eksgu] ÁksQslj] lkekftd Áca/k
vdkneh esa ÁksQslj] lkekftd Áca/k ds in ij 8 vxLr] 2011 dks dk;Z xzg.k fd;kA y[kuÅ fo'ofo|ky; ls 1947 esa ekuo lalk/ku
Áca/ku rFkk vkS|ksfxd laca/kks esa LukrdksŸkj] fo"k; ds rkSj ij] ekuo lalk/ku Áca/ku esa ;w-th-lh-usV ijh{kk mŸkh.kZ] ukS iqLrdksa rFkk nl
vuqla/kku vkys[kksa ds lg&ys[kd] vks-,u-th-lh-] Hkkjr bysDVªkfuDl fyfeVsM] bZ-,l-vkbZ- fpfdRldksa] xkft;kckn ftyk vf/kdkfj;ksa]
m0Á0 jkT; vf/kdkfj;ksa] ou Áf'k{k.k laLFkku] bR;kfn ds fy, dbZ Áf'k{k.k dk;ZØeksa rFkk Áca/ku fodkl dk;ZØeksa dk vk;kstu fd;k
gSA :fp ds {ks=& dafiVsUlh eSfiax] iQkSesUl ,Ásty 360 fMxzh lkbdksehfVªd VsfLVax] QkLV ykbQ fjxzs'ku Fksjsih] Vhe fcfYMax ,aM xzqi
Mk;usfeDlA ÁkbosV Ldwyksa esa f'k{k.k rFkk Áf'k{k.k dk chl ls vf/kd o"kksZ dk vuqHkoA
jatuk pksiM+k] Hkk-iz-lsok ¼1994 % mM+hlk½] mifuns'kd ¼o-½
iatkch fo'ofo|ky; ls dyk Lukrd( mRdy fo'ofo|ky;] mM+hlk ls fof/k Lukrd( yanu Ldwy vkWQ bduksfeDl ,aM iksfyfVdy
lkbUl ls LokLF;] leqnk; ,oa fodkl esa foKku LukrdksÙkj-( xate iquokZl izHkkjh vf/kdkjh] dVd dh vij ftyk eftLVªsV] <saduy
ftys dh dyDVj ds :i esa dk;Z fd;kA QhYM rSukrh ds mijkar] mM+hlk LokLF; flLVe fodkl rFkk ,M~l fu;a=.k ifj;kstuk ij fo'o
cSad }kjk lgkf;~;r ifj;kstuk ds ifj;kstuk vf/kdkjh ds rkSj ij dk;Z fd;kA rRi'pkr~] yk-c-'kk-jk-iz- vdkneh esa 03-4-2007 dks
mifuns'kd ds in ij dk;Z xzg.k djus ls iwoZ] v-tk- rFkk v-t-tk- fodkl foHkkx ds funs'kd vkSj d`f"k funs'kd ds inksa ij Hkh dk;Z
fd;kA #fp ds {ks= gSa& LokLF;] fodkl esa lkeqnkf;d Hkkxhnkjh] lekt dY;k.k ,oa d`f"kA
jkts'k vk;Z] Hkk-iq-lsok ¼1994 % jktLFkku½] mifuns'kd ¼o-½
vkj-bZ-lh- dq#{ks= esa daI;wVj foKku dk v/;kiu rFkk nwjlapkj foHkkx] Hkkjr ljdkj esa vkb-Vh-,l- vf/kdkjh ds in ij dk;Z fd;kA Hkkiq- lsok vf/kdkjh ds :i esa] jktLFkku esa vyoj ,oa tks/kiqj ds vij iqfyl v/kh{kd vkSj djkSyh] lhdj] vyoj rFkk dksVk 'kgjksa ds
iqfyl v/kh{kd jgsA la;qDr jk"Vª 'kkafr fe'ku ij ,d o"kZ ds fy, dkslksoks ¼iwoZ ;wxksLykfo;k½ x, vkSj 'kkafr iz;klksa ds fy, la;qDr jk"Vª
ind izkIr fd;kA ;w-,u-,e-vkb-ds- iqfyl dh vksj ls vks-,l-lh-bZ- dkslksoksbZ fuokZpu foHkkx esa lsok dhA ;w-,u- izfrfu;qfDr ls ykSVdj]
jktLFkku ds iqfyl egkfuns'kd ds LVkQ vf/kdkjh ds :i esa dk;Z fd;kA yk-c-'kk-jk-iz- vdkneh esa mifuns'kd ds in ij uoacj] 2007
esa dk;Zxzg.k fd;kA jktuf;d lqj{kk foHkkx] ;w-,l-,- ls oh-vkb-ih- lqj{kk esa vkrad&fujks/kh lgk;rk dk;ZØe dk izf'k{k.k izkIr fd;k]
vkink izca/k lgk;rk dk;ZØe ds rgr ;w-,l-,- dk Hkze.k fd;k] ,u-vkb-,e- mÙkjdk’kh ls ioZrkjksg.k dk cqfu;knh izf'k{k.k izkIr fd;kA
fo'ks"k #fp % bZ&xousZU'k] dkuwu&O;oLFkk] jk"Vªh; lqj{kk] vkink izca/kuA orZeku esa us'kuy ;wfuoflZVh vkWQ flaxkiqj esa 1 o"khZ;
LukrdksRrj dk;ZØe esa v/;;ujrA
jksyh flag] Hkk-iz-lsok ¼1994 % jktLFkku½] mifuns'kd ¼o-½
1989 esa ysMh Jhjke dkyst ls bfrgkl ¼vkulZ½ fo"k; esa Lukrd rFkk 1991 esa fnYyh fo'ofo|ky; ls bfrgkl fo"k; esa ijkLukrd
mikf/kA jktLFkku laoxZ dh 1994 cSp dh Hkk-iz- lsok dh vf/kdkjhA jktLFkku 'kklu esa dbZ iz'kklfud inksa dk vuqHko] ;Fkk& 1994&98
rd vtesj dh mi izHkkxh; eftLVªsV] 1998&99 rd mi lfpo] foRr] ,oa jktLFkku yksd lsok vk;kx dh lfpoA fu/kZurk mUewyu
¼ftyk fu/kZurk igy ifj;kstuk½ rFkk LokLF; ra= fodkl uked fo'o cSad dh nks ifj;kstukvksa dh jkT; ifj;kstuk funs'kd jghaA
blds vfrfjDr 2004 ls 2007 ds chp djkSyh] nkSlk] vkSj vtesj ftyksa dh ftyk eftLVªsV Hkh jghaA 21-03-20011 dks vdkneh esa
dk;Zxzg.k djus ls iwoZ Hkkjr ljdkj ds dkfeZd vkSj izf'k{k.k foHkkx esa 2008 rd funs'kd ¼lsok,a½ ds in ij dk;Zjr FkhaA #fp ds fo"k;%
i;kZoj.k laca/kh eqn~ns] LokLF; {ks=] ckxokuh] v/;;u ,oa fo'ks"kdj iqjkus fganh xhr ,oa xt+ysa lquukA
MkW- ,l-,p- [kku] Hkkjrh; izfrj{kk laink lsok ¼1991½] mifuns'kd ¼o-½
ch-,l-lh- ¼tho foKku½ ftlesa #gsy[kaM fo'ofo|ky; esa loksZPp LFkku feyk( fdax tkWtZ esfMdy dkWyst] y[kuÅ ls ,e-ch-ch-,lfd;k ftlesa mRd`"V fu"iknu gsrq ,l-,l-ds- ind izkIr fd;k( fdax tkWtZ esfMdy dkWfyt ls ,e-Mh- izFke o"kZ( 1991 esa Hkkjrh;
izfrj{kk laink lsok esa dk;Zxzg.k fd;k rFkk fofHkUu LFkkuksa ij lsok dh ;Fkk& izfrj{kk Hkwfe izca/kd( fofHkUu jkT;ksa esa fHkUu&fHkUu
Nkofu;ksa esa uxjikfydk iz'kkld tSls& izfrj{kk laink vf/kdkjh] d'ehj eaMy( izfrj{kk laink vf/kdkjh( e/; izns'k eaMy( vij
izfrj{kk laink vf/kdkjh] ckjkeqyk ¼tEew&d'ehj½] eq[; dk;Zikyd vf/kdkjh] Jhuxj Nkouh ¼tEew&d'ehj½] 'kkgtgk¡iqj ¼m-iz-½] cjsyh
¼m-iz-½] nsgjknwu Nkouh rFkk nsgw jksM ¼iq.ks½] Nkouh ¼egkjk"Vª½A jsuokVj gkosZfLVax] xSj&ijaijkxr ÅtkZ lalk/ku rFkk foRrh; izca/ku ij
,u-vkbZ-Mh-bZ-,e- fnYyh esa izf'k{k.k fy;kA us'kuy ,dsMeh vkWQ gkWfLiVy ,MfefuLVªs'ku] ubZ fnYyh ds vkthou lnL;A yk-c-'kk-jk-izvdkneh esa mifuns'kd ds in ij ekpZ] 2006 esa dk;Zxzg.k fd;kA #fp ds {ks=& LokLF; lacaf/kr fo"k; rFkk lkoZtfud LokLF; izca/ku]
ljdkjh Hkwfe ij vfrØe.k ls fuiVuk] Hkkjr esa izfrj{kk Hkwfe izca/ku] jk"Vªh; lqj{kk ds lanHkZ esa flfoy&lSU; laca/k] Hkkjr esa 'kgjh izca/ku
rFkk uxjikfydk iz'kklu] iz'kklfud tokcnsgh rFkkk lwpuk dk vf/kdkj vf/kfu;eA
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rstohj flag] Hkk-iz-lsok ¼1994 % iatkc½] mifuns'kd ¼o-½
tUefrfFk& 27-11-1970- f'k{kk& ;knfoUnj ifCyd Ldwy] p.Mhx<+ rFkk lsaV LVhQUl dkyst] fnYyh ls tgka ls bfrgkl esa Lukrd vkSj
LukrdksRrj dh fMxzh izkIr dh( ewyr% egkjk"Vª laoxZ vkcafVr fd;k x;k Fkk tgka iatkc laoxZ esa tkus ls iwoZ 1996 ls 1998 rd
miizHkkxh; eftLVsªV] ekysxkao ¼ukfld½ ds in esa dk;Z fd;kA iatkc esa ftu egRoiw.kZ inksa ij dk;Z fd;k muesa la;qDr lfpo ¼foRr½]
eq[;ea=h ds vij iz/kku lfpo vkSj mik;qDr] ifV;kyk] ve`rlj rFkk ,l,,l uxj ¼eksgkyh½ ftys 'kkfey gSaA eq[; iz'kkld] xzsVj
eksgkyh ,fj;k MsoyesaV vkWFkksfjVh ¼th,e,Mh,½( funs'kd] lwpuk ,oa tu liadZ( fo'ks"k lfpo] ;kstuk rFkk vk;qDr] ,uvkjvkbZ ekeys ds
in ij Hkh dk;Z fd;kA #fp ds fo"k;& lSU; fo"k; ij i<+uk] Hkw&n`';koyh] LDoS'k [ksyuk] laxhr ,oa dykA ljdkjh {ks= ds fo"k; &
yksd foRr rFkk fu;kstu] LokLF;] i;ZVu rFkk fojklr laj{k.kA p.Mhx<+ ds LFkkuh; v[kckjksa esa dHkh&dHkkj gkL; ys[k izdkf'kr gq,A
yk-c-'kk-jk-iz- vdkneh esa ekpZ 2009 esa dk;Z xzg.k fd;kA
MkW- eksuk Hkxcrh] ih,p-Mh Qsyks] yk-c-'kk-jk-iz-v,e,] ,e-fQy] ih,pMh] tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky;] ubZ fnYyh- O;kolkf;d #fp ds fo"k;& oS'ohdj.k& O;kikj&fodkl ds chp
leUo;( varjkZ"Vªh; laca/kksa ds ifjizs{; esa fodkl'khy&fo'o( cgqi{kh; rFkk {ks=h;rk dk <kapk( fo'o O;kikj laxBr ¼MCY;wVhvks½ rFkk
{ks=h; O;kikj vuqca/k ds varxZr oSf'[email protected]{ks=h; O;kikj okrkZ( Hkkjr ds mRrj iwoZ ls yxs lhek ikj vkfFkZd laca/kA mfYyf[kr fo"k;ksa ij
O;kid izdk'kuA fiNys nkf;Ro % ladk; lnL;] enzkl baLVhV~;wV vkWQ MsoyiesaV LVMht] psUubZ( 'kks/kosRrk] lsUVj QkWj lkbUl ,.M
,uok;jesaV( rFkk ,uthZ fjlkslZ baLVhV~;wV] ubZ fnYyh( vkfFkZd lesdu ij vkfFkZd 'kks/k ,oa fo'ys"k.k izHkkj] MCY;wVhvks lfpoky;]
tsusok esa dk;Z fd;k- dsUnzh;@iwohZ ;wjksih; eqn~nksa ij dk;Z fd;kA tuojh 2009 esa vdkneh esa dk;ZHkkj xzg.k fd;kA
ladk; lnL; ¼Hkk"kk½
MkW- vydk ,- dqyd.khZ % vdkneh esa Hkk"kk vuqns'kd ds in ij 1986 esa dk;Zxzg.k fd;kA ,e-,-] ,e-dkWe-] 'kks/kjr] 3 iqLrdsa fy[kh gSaA
vj'kn ,e- uUnu % ,e-,- ¼mnwZ½] ,e-fQy- ¼ekuo Hkk"kk&foKku½( vdkneh esa 09-8-1990 ls mnwZ vkSj iatkch Hkk"kk ds vuqns'kdA
,- uYyklkeh % enqjS dkejkt fo'ofo|ky;] enqjS ls Hkk"kk foKku eas LukrdksRrj mikf/kA LukrdksRrj v/;;u ds nkSjku ,d o"khZ;
mUur rsyqxq Hkk"kk ikB~;Øe laiUu fd;kA enqjS dkejkt fo'ofo|ky; esa lu~ 1984 ls 1986 rd mM+hlk esa eqaMk ifjokj dh ,d
tutkrh; vfyf[kr Hkk"kk ^lokjk* ds o.kZukRed O;kdj.k ij 'kks/k gsrq fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx Qsyksf'ki ls lEekfurA dsanzh;
Hkkjrh; Hkk"kk laLFkku] eSlwj esa lu~ 1986 ls 1989 rd vuqla/kku lgk;d ds in ij dk;Z fd;kA ^^lokjk Hkk"kk dk o.kZukRed O;kdj.k**
dh jpuk dh rFkk lu~ 1989 esa mM+hlk esa cksyh tkus okyh tqvkax Hkk"kk ij dk;Z fd;kA nzfoM+ Hkk"kkvksa ds /ofu foKku rFkk okfXed Lou
foKku ij dk;Z fd;k rFkk bu fo"k;ksa ij dsanzh; Hkkjrh; Hkk"kk laLFkku] eSlwj esa ys[k izdkf'kr fd;kA lu~ 1986&1989 ds nkSjku lsrq
ikB~;Øe ds :i esa mM+hlk ds lokjk tutkfr ds cPpksa gsrq izkFkfed iqLrdsa rS;kj dhaA dukZVd ljdkj dh ikB~;iqLrd lfefr ds
lnL; pqus x, rFkk lu~ 1987&1989 ls lnL; ds :i esa dk;Z djrs jgsA lu~ 1993 esa dukZVd ljdkj }kjk d{kk 6 rFkk d{kk 9 gsrq vki
}kjk fyf[kr rfey ikB~; iqLrd ^^rfey Hkkjrh** dk izdk'ku djk;k x;kA f}rh; Hkk"kk f'k{k.k] eq[;r% dk;Zfof/k ij dk;Zjr gSaA
vdkneh esa rfey vkSj rsyqxq vuqns'kd ds :i esa fnlacj] 1989 esa dk;ZHkkj xzg.k fd;kA
MkW- Hkkouk iksjoky % foKku Lukrd] iSFkWyksth vkSj ck;ksdsfeLVªh esa ih-th- fMIyksek ¼th,elh] ukxiqj½( Lukrd] LukrdksRrj ¼fgUnh½(
fo".kq izHkkdj dh dgkfu;ksa ij 'kks/kdk;Z] ch-,M-( ßu;s thou ewY;ksa dks ryk'krh ubZ dgkuhÞ fo"k; ij ukxiqj ;wfuoflZVh ls ih,p-Mh(
caxykSj ;wfuoflZVh ls fgUnh vuqokn esa ih-th- fMIyksekA
vdkneh esa flrEcj] 2001 esa dk;ZHkkj xg.k fd;kA fganhrj ,oa fganh Hkk"kh izf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa dks Hkh fganh Hkk"kk dk v/;kiuA
dk;Z vuqHko % xouZeSaV esfMdy dkWyst] ukxiqj rFkk dsanzh; frCcrh Ldwy] dukZVd esa 1997 ls vxLr] 2001 rd ck;ksdSefLV ,oa
iSFkWyksftLV ds rkSj ij dk;Z fd;kA izfrfu;qfDr ij tuw 2007 ls twu 2010 rd jk”Vªh; iqfyl vdkneh] gSnjkckn esa dk;Z fd;k tgka
fganh vuqns’kd lg fganh vf/kdkjh ds vfrfjDr] cqfu;knh ,oa ojh; ikB~;Øeksa ds iz’kklu vf/kdkjh ¼izf’k{k.k½ dk nkf;Ro fuoZgu fd;kA
f}rh; Hkk”kk ds rkSj ij fganh dk;Z’kkyk,a vk;ksftr dh( fganh okf”kZd Lekfjdk ¼twu 2007 & twu 2010½ dk laiknu fd;k rFkk jk-iqvdkneh] gSnjkckn ds eq[; lekjksgksa esa fganh mn~?kksf”kdk dh Hkwfedk fuHkkbZA
MkW- nythr dkSj % dq#{ks= fo'ofo|ky; ls ,e-, ¼fganh½] ,e-fQy- rFkk ih&,p-Mh( dq#{ks= fo'ofo|ky; ls dk;kZy; izca/k vkSj
lfpoky; izf'k{k.k esa fMIyksek rFkk mnwZ esa izek.ki= ikB~;ØeA nf{k.k Hkkjr fganh izpkj lHkk] psUuS ls fganh vuqokn esa ih-th-fMIyksek(
uoacj] 1989 esa x`g ea=y; ds jktHkk"kk foHkkx dh fganh f'k{k.k ;kstuk esa izk/;kfidk ds in ij dk;Zxzg.k fd;k rFkk psUuS ,oa tEew esa
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81
lsok dhA fganh izk/;kfidk ds :i esa] dsanz [email protected] bdkb;[email protected] deZpkfj;ksa dks fganh fl[kk jgha FkhaA vdkneh es 06
Qjojh] 2006 dks lgk;d vkpk;Z] fganh dk inxzg.k djus ls iwoZ] jktHkk"kk foHkkx esa lgk;d funs'kd ds in ij FkhaA bl le; us'kyu
dkmafly QkWj izWeks'ku vkWQ mnwZ ySaXost] ubZ fnYyh ls mnwZ Hkk"kk esa fMIyksek dj jgh gSaA
ds- cztHkk"kh fla?kk % ,e-,-¼vaxszth½ ,e-,e- ¼Hkk"kk&foKku½( vdkneh esa vlfe;k rFkk ef.kiqjh Hkk"kk ds vuqns'kd ds in ij vxLr]
1994 esa dk;Zxzg.k fd;kA vlfe;k esa iqu'p;kZ ikB~;Øe fd;k rFkk f}rh; Hkk"kk lh[kus okyksa ds fy, "The Basic structure of
Assamese Grammar", "Spoken Assamese", "Let's Learn Manipuri" rFkk "The Cultural Aspects of Assamese and Manipuri" fy[kkA
vdkneh esa vlfe;k] ef.kiqjh rFkk ukxk Hkk"kk,a fl[kkrs gSaA
lkSnkfeuh Hkw;ka % mRdy fo'ofo|ky; ls mfM+;k lkfgR; esa LukrdksRrj rFkk ch-,M- vkSj fnYyh fo'ofo|ky; ls rqyukRed lkfgR;
esa "Kanci Kaveri in Oriya and Bengali” fo"k; ij ,e-fQy-A Hkkjrh; Hkk"kk foHkkx] ubZ fnYyh ls caXkyk Hkk"kk esa izek.ki= ikB~;ØeA
Qsyksf'ki% Hkkjr ljdkj ds laLd`fr ea=ky; esa nks o"kksZa rd "Kanci Kaveri and Growth of Hindu Consciousness” fo"k; ij ofj"B
v/;srko`fRrA izdk'ku% fganh ls mfM+;k esa vuqokn% eUuw HkaMkjh ds vkids caVh dk] izdk'kd% if'pek] chch,lvkj( lqjsUnz oekZ dk eq>s pkan
pkfg,] izdk'kd% lkfgR; vdkneh] ubZ fnYyh( caXkyk ls mfM+;k vuqokn% vk'kkiw.kZ nsoh dh Jc.kh] dknafcuh] chch,lvkj( cky lkfgR;%
cStw ekek] lksu igkM+h] us'kuy cqd VªLV] ubZ fnYyhA fn'kk izdk'ku ds fy, 25 cky iqLrdksa dk vuqokn fd;kA dgkfu;ka% mfM+;k
dgkfu;ka fy[krh gSa rFkk fganh] caxyk] vaxzsth vkSj mnwZ dgkfu;ksa dk caxyk esa lqpfjrk] >adkj vkSj dknafcuh tSlh if=dkvksa ds fy,
vuqokn djrh gSaA izeq[k ys[kdksa ij vkys[k% ts-ih- nkl ij izfrcs'kh ¼dksydkrk½] fd'kksjh pj.k nkl ij ¼e`R;qys[k½ bafM;u fyVªspj] ubZ
fnYyhA lekpkji=ksa esa ys[k% mfM+;k nSfud lekt vkSj izxfroknh esaA
oh- eqfÙkueB ¼ey;kye ,oa dUuM+½% dukZVd fo'ofo|ky;] /kkjokM ls dUuM+ esa ,e-,-] ,e-fQy vkSj Hkk"kk foKku esa ,e-,-] ih-,pMh-A “Cognates among Tamil and Kannada : A Critical Analysis” ij vuqla/kku gsrq ;wfuoflZVh fjlpZ LdkWyjf'ki izkIrA ;s Hkkjr ds
nf{k.kh Hkkx esa cksyh tkus okyh nf{k.k nzfoM+ ifjokj dh Hkk"kk,a gSaA dukZVd fo'ofo|ky; ds ;w-th- dkWyst esa 2001&06 rd vfrfFk
O;k[;krk jgs gSaA “Monesties of Veerashaiva of Badami Taluq” ij ,e-fQy fd;k vkSj “A Linguistic Analysis of Veerashaiva of
Technical Terms” ij ,d 'kCndks'k rS;kj fd;k gSA Hkk"kk vkSj Hkk"kkfoKku ij dbZ vkys[k fy[ks gSaA gky gh esa dUuM+ Hkk"kk ,oa Hkk"kk
foKku ij “Samaaj Bhashe Samskriti and Jaagatikarna – 2007” ,d iqLrd izdkf'kr dh gSA fuEufyf[kr laLFkkvksa ds vkthou
lnL; gSa&
1. Kannada Saahitya Parishad, Bangalore
2. Karnataka History Academy, Bangalore
3. National Book Trust, New Delhi
yk-c-'kk-jk-iz- vdkneh elwjh esa tqykbZ] 2007 ls dUUM+ ,oa ey;kye Hkk"kk ladk; lnL;A
jk"Vªh; lwpuk&foKku izf'k{k.k ;wfuV ds ladk; lnL;
,e- pØorhZ % fnYyh fo'ofo|ky; ls ,e-,l&lh-] ,e-fQy- rFkk vkbZ-vkbZ-Vh-] fnYyh] ls ,e-Vsd-A Mh-,l-Vh- ifj;kstuk ds rgr
vkbZ-vkbZ-Vh- fnYyh esa ofj"B oSKkfud ds in ij dk;Z fd;kA bysDVªkWfud flLVe~l iatko fyfeVsM] iatkc ljdkj esa mi izca/kd ds in
ij dk;Z fd;kA ;w-,u-Mh-ih- ds rgr ;w-ds- rFkk ;w-,l-,- dk Ng ekg dk Hkze.k fd;kA jk"Vªh; lwpuk&foKku dsanz esa 1990 esa dk;Zxzg.k
fd;k vkSj ,u-vkb-lh- izf'k{k.k ;wfuV] yk-c-'kk-jk-iz- vdkneh esa rSukrh gqbZA ladk; fofue; dk;ZØe ds rgr bZ-,u-,- isfjl dk Hkze.k
fd;kA bl le; ofj"B rduhdh funs'kd vkSj ,u-vkbZ-lh- izf'k{k.k ;wfuV ds izeq[k ds :i esa vdkneh esa dk;Zjr gSaA jk"Vªh; rFkk
varjkZ"Vªh; if=dkvksa esa dbZ 'kks/k&[email protected][k izdkf'krA vktkn flag % esjB fo'ofo|ky; ls 1988 esa ,e-,l&lh-¼U;wfDyvj HkkSfrdh½(
daI;wVj vuqiz;ksx esa LukrdksÙkj fMIyksekA ekuo lalk/ku fodkl izHkkx] lh,lvkbZvkj] ubZ fnYyh esa ekpZ] 1991 ls fnlacj] 1991 rd
fjlpZ Qsyks ds :i esa dk;Z fd;kA jk"Vªh; lwpuk&foKku dsanz] lwpuk rFkk lapkj izkS|ksfxdh ea=ky; esa 1991 esa dk;Zxzg.k fd;k vkSj
jk"Vªh; lwpuk&foKku dsanz] f'koiqjh ¼e-iz-½ esa rSukrh feyhA jk"Vªh; lwpuk&foKku izf'k{k.k ;wfuV esa 2004 esa LFkkukarfjr gksdj vk, vkSj
bl le; oSKkfud ^lh*@ofj"B iz.kkyh fo'ys"kd ds in ij dk;ZjrA #fp ds {ks= & ys[ku] ;ksx rFkk cSMfeaVuA
vejthr flag nÙk % gs-ua- cgqxq.kk x<+oky fo'ofo|ky; ls ch-,l&lh-] ,e-lh-vkj-ih- fo'ofo|ky;] Hkksiky ls ih-th-Mh-lh-,-A
jk"Vªh; lwpuk dsanz vkSjS;k ¼m-iz-½ esa 2001 esa dk;Zxzg.k fd;kA jk"Vªh; lwpuk&foKku izf'k{k.k ;wfuV esa 2003 esa dk;Zxzg.k fd;kA bl
le; foKku vf/[email protected];j ^,lch* ds in ij dk;ZjrA
fpfdRlkf/kdkjh
MkW- ch-,l- dkyk] eq[; fpfdRlkf/kdkjh ¼,u,Q,lth½ lh,p,l% bl rSukrh ls iwoZ xzkeh.k LokLF; izf'k{k.k dsanz] utQx<+ vkSj
bafnjk xka/kh varjkZ"Vªh; ok;qiRru esa dk;Zjr FksA 1978 esa fdax tkWtZ esfMdy dkyst] y[kuÅ ls fpfdRlk foKku esa Lukrd dj 1981 esa
dsanzh; LokLF; lsokvksa esa vk,A vdkneh esa 2010 esa dk;Zxzg.k fd;kA
iqLrdky;
vkj-ds- vjksM+k% lgk;d iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk vf/kdkjh( ,e-,- ¼jktuhfr'kkL=½] ,e-fyc-,l&lh-( ,y-,y-ch-( vdkneh esa ebZ] 1984
ls dk;ZjrA
'kkjhfjd izf'k{k.k vuqns'kd
gjh flag jkor% 'kkjhfjd izf'k{k.k vuqns'kd] ek'kZy vkVZ esa fMIyksekA iwoZ lsok,a& Qjojh 1988 ls vizSy] 1993 rd uhep ¼e-iz-½ esa
vf[ky Hkkjrh; iqfyl fu%'kL= ;q) dkS'ky ds vuqns'kd( vizSy 1993 ls ekpZ] 1997 rd voMh ¼psUuS½ esa dekaMks izf'k{kd( ekpZ] 1997 ls
fnlacj] 2010 rd Hkk- iqfyl lsok ds vf/kdkjh izf'k{k.kkfFkZ;ksa ds izf'k{kdA 20 fnlacj] 2010 dks ljnkj oYyHk HkkbZ iVsy jk"Vªh; iqfyl
vdkneh ls izfrfu;qfDr ij vdkneh esa dk;Zxzg.k fd;kA
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83
,l vUuknqjS % vdkneh esa 12-07-2011 dks 6oha ykUllZ ¼vkeZMZ dksj½ ls lgk;d 'kkjhfjd izf'k{k.k vuqns'kd ds :i esa izfrfu;qfDr ij
dk;Zxzg.k fd;kA
nsojkt vf/kjk.kk% Vsful izf'k{kd] Hkkjrh; [ksy izkf/kdj.k( usrkth lqHkk"k [ksy laLFkku] ifV;kyk ls LFkkukarfjr gksdj 8 flracj] 2008
dks vdkneh esa dk;Zxzg.k fd;kA ,l,vkbZ ds ofj"Bre lsokjr izf'k{kd gSaA 1999 ls jk"Vªh; izf'k{kd( tUefrfFk 08 vizSy] 1954( foKku
LukrdA tqykbZ] 2005 ls vxLr] 2008 rd ,u,l,uvkbZ,l ifV;kyk ds eq[; izf'k{kd jgsA t+kxjsc ¼;wxksLykfo;k½ esa 1988 esa
vk;ksftr fo'ofo|ky;h [ksy&dwn izfr;ksfxrk esa Hkkjrh; fo'ofo|ky;ksa dh lefUor Vhe ds izf'k{kd FksA
lrh’k cjksgh% rhu ckj Lo.kZ ind fotsrk( jsyos rFkk ,QlhvkbZ dk izfrfuf/kRo fd;kA ,u,lvkbZ ifV;kyk ds loksZPp LFkku ,oa Lo.kZ
ind fotsrk rFkk jk"Vªh; Lrj ds f[kykM+hA Hkkjrh; fo'ofo|ky;ksa dh lefUor Vhe ds lnL; FksA
fjlkynkj estj lq[kchj flag% jk"Vªifr ds vaxj{kd ny ls izfrfu;qfDr ij vdkneh esa flracj] 2011 esa ?kqM+lokjh vuqns'kd ds in
ij dk;Zxzg.k fd;kA
cythr flag% jk"Vªifr ds vaxj{kd ny ls izfrfu;qfDr ij vdkneh esa 1 Qjojh] 2012 dks lgk;d ?kqM+lokjh vuqns'kd ds in ij
dk;Zxzg.k fd;kA

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