Prefabrication in the Nineteenth Century La

Comments

Transcription

Prefabrication in the Nineteenth Century La
Miles Lewis
Prefabrication in the Nineteenth Century
La Prefabricación en el Siglo Diecinueve
Universidad de Chile
November 2007
the prehistory of prefabrication
la pre-historia de la prefabricación
exploration
colonisation
gold rushes
war
fishing & whaling
exploración
colonización
la fiebre del oro
guerra
pesca y caza de
ballenas
Nonsuch
House,
London, 16th
century
fuente / from Speed's
Map of Surrey, 1611
portable hospital by Samuel Wyatt of London, as erected at Sydney in 1791
hospital portátil de Samuel Wyatt de Londres, tal como fue erigido en Sydney en 1791
detail from / detalle de 'East Side of the Town of Sydney. The Seat of Government', c 1803, attributed to /
atribuido a G W Evans: State Library of Tasmania, Allport Library and Museum of Fine Arts
demountable moveable station, Van Diemen's Land, 1847 onwards, from
British Parliamentary Papers 1849
estación portátil y desmontable, en las Tierras de Van Diemen, desde 1847
en adelante, fuente de documentos del Parlamento de Gran Bretaña 1849
J S Kerr, Out of Sight, Out of Mind (Sydney 1988), p 61
the Langlois-Étevenaux house, later customs house, Akaroa, New Zealand,
claimed to be of French manufacture, c 1849
la Casa Langlois-Étevenaux, que después pasó a ser la casa de aduanas,
Akaroa, Nueva Zelandia, considerada de elaboración Francesa, c 1849
Michael Fowler & Robert van der Voort, The New Zealand House (Auckland 1983), p 136
Smith & Baber tent,
labelled 'Smith Baber,
London', formerly in the
garden at Montagu House,
Whitehall, now at Boughton
House, Northamptonshire,
UK, late C18th
La tienda de Smith &
Baber, denominada 'Smith
Baber, London', antes
ubicada en el jardín de la
Montagu House, Whitehall,
Londres
Country Life, CXLIX (4 March 1971), p
429
George Mott & S S Aall, Follies and
Pleasure Pavilions (London 1989), p 38
'A View of Governor Philips [sic] House, Sydney Cove Port Jackson taken from
the NNW‘
acuarela / watercolour, British Museum (Natural History) Watling Collection, 19
detail from / detalle de la ‘View of Governor Philips House’
sources of prefabricated buildings in the eighteenth century
fuentes de edificios prefabricados en el siglo dieciocho
British innovators of the 1830s & 1840s
innovadores ingleses entre los años 1830 & 1840
S W Brooke
Peter Thompson
Henry Manning
S W Brooke's patent cottages
chalets patentados como de S W Brooke
Builder, I, 15 (21 May 1843), p 178
Peter Thompson's Emigrant's house [for South Australia] & pair of semi-detached cottages
la casa de emigrantes de Peter Thompson [en South Australia] & un par de chalets semi-pareados
[John Stephens], The Land of Promise (London 1839), advertisements, Builder, I, 6 (18 March 1843), p 70
first Government House, Auckland, by Henry
Manning, erected by William Mason, 1841
la primera casa de gobierno, Auckland, de Henry
Manning, erigida por William Mason, 1841
John Stacpoole, William Mason, the First New Zealand Architect
(Auckland 1971), p 3
Stacpoole, Colonial Architecture in New Zealand, pp 24-5
Henry Manning’s panelised prefabrication system
sistema de paneles prefabricados de Henry Manning
J C Loudon, An Encyclopædia of Cottage Farm and Villa Architecture (London 1846 [1833]), p 256
'Jolimont' by Henry Manning, 1839: pastel, by G A Gilbert
State Library of Victoria no H5278
Jolimont: reconstruction / reconstrucción
MUAS 6993
a Singapore house (at Mentone, Melbourne) during demolition, 1983
una casa de Singapur (en Mentone, Mebourne) durante la demolición, 1983
Miles Lewis
the Mentone house frame reassembled on another site
la casa Mentone re-ensamblada en otro lugar
Miles Lewis
Mentone house frame
roof structure showing
mortised king posts
estructura del techo,
mostrando postes
maestros perforados
Miles Lewis
Malay roof structure
estructura de techo
de Malasia
Showing alang muda
connecting mortised tunjuk
langgit posts
Miles Lewis
the Mentone house
la casa Mentone
roof post with Chinese character
bottom plate & scarf joint
postes del techo marcados con
caracteres chinos, solera y unión
en ángulo
Miles Lewis
sources of prefabricated buildings in the early nineteenth century
fuentes de edificios prefabricados de comienzos del siglo diecinueve
California
and the Pacific market in prefabrication
California y el mercado de la prefabricación en el Pacífico
access to California from Europe and the eastern USA
acceso a California desde Europa y el este de los Estados Unidos
access to California from Pacific ports
acceso a California desde los puertos en el Pacífico
iron warehouse for James Starkey & Co, California, by John Grantham,
engineer; Thomas Vernon & Co, fabricators, Liverpool 1849
bodegas de acero de James Starkey & Co, California, de John Grantham,
ingeniero; Thomas Vernon & Co, fabricantes, Liverpool 1849
Illustrated London News, 17 February 1849
early iron prefabrication
comienzos del acero prefabricado
the Tipton cottage, c 1843-4
King Eyambo’s house, Calabar River, 1843
Fairbairn’s mill for Constantinople, 1839-41
lighthouse, Gibbs Hill, Bermuda, 1843-4
iron house, Tipton, Staffordshire, possibly 1843-4, two views
casa de acero, Tipton, Staffordshire, posiblemente entre 1843-4, dos vistas
Birmingham Gazette, 6 December 1923
house for King Eyambo, Calabar River, West Africa,
by William Laycock, 1843
casa del rey Eyambo, Rio Calabar, Africa Oeste de William Laycock 1843
Builder, 13 May 1843
prefabricated iron-framed flour mill for Constaninople (Istanbul), Turkey, by
William Fairbairn, 1839-41
molino de harina de estructura prefabricada en acero, Constaninopla
(Estambul), Turquía
MUAS slide, unidentified
flour mill for
Constantinople
molino de harina en
Constantinopla
section / corte
William Fairbairn, Mills and
Mill-Work (4th ed, London
1878 [?c 1860]), p 401
lighthouses: Gibbs Hill, Bermuda, by Alexander Gordon, 1843-4, made by Cottam &
Hallen of London; Slotterö, Norway, 1858
faros: Gibbs Hill, Bermuda, de Alexander Gordon, 1843-4, construido por Cottam &
Hallen de Londres; Slotterö, Noruega, 1858
Illustrated London News, 20 April 1844; Norsk Arkitekturkalendar 1988 (?1987), July
iron buildings for the Californian
gold rush
edificios de acero
durante la fiebre del oro en California
Grantham/Vernon, Liverpool
John Walker, London
E T Bellhouse, Manchester
Peter Naylor, New York
iron warehouse for James Starkey & Co, California, by John Grantham,
engineer; Thomas Vernon & Co, fabricators, Liverpool 1849
bodegas de acero de James Starkey & Co, California, de John Grantham,
ingenerio; Thomas Vernon & Co, fabricantes, Liverpool 1849
Illustrated London News, 17 February 1849
one of nine iron 'houses' for California, made by John Walker, July 1849
una de las nueve ‘casas’ de acero construidas para California por John Walker,
Julio 1849
Illustrated London News, July 14, 1849, p 20
‘house’ or tenements for California, by E T Bellhouse of Manchester, 1850
‘casa’ o propiedad de inquilinato para Califoirnia,
por E T Bellhouse de Manchester, 1850
Allgemeine Bauzeitung, XIV (1850), pp 184-5
E T Bellhouse of Manchester:
warehouse & living quarters for California
bodega y alojamiento para California
Allgemeine Bauzeitung, 1850
detail of stanchions from E T Bellhouse’s patent, 1851
detalle de puntales patentado por E T Bellhouse, 1851
warehouse, Latrobe Terrace, Geelong, details
bodegas, Latrobe Terrace, Geelong, detalles
Michael Read, 'Prefabricated Buildings and Structures', pls 51, 56
40 Moor Street, as re-erected behind 399 Coventry St, South Melbourne
40 Moor Street, tal como fue re-eregido detrás de 399 Coventry St, South Melbourne
Miles Lewis
Europe, USA & Latin America
James Bogardus: Santo Domingo
Andrew Handyside: Spain
John Walker: Panama
E T Bellhouse: Peru
Lloyds, Fosters & Co: Chile
C D Young & Co: Chile
the later French connection / la posterior conexión francesa
James Bogardus's factory, Center Street, New York 1848-50
la fábrica de James Bogardus, Center Street, New York 1848-50
Monumentum, IX (1973), p 70
Laing Stores, Washington & Murray Streets, New
York, manufactured by James Bogardus, 1849
Monumentum, IX (1973), p 64
lighthouse for Santo
Domingo, Dominican
Republic, manufactured by
James Bogardus of New
York, 1853
el faro de Santo Domingo,
República Dominicana,
fabricado por James
Bogardus de New York, 1853
Illustrated News (New York), I
(1853), p 133
sugar sheds for Pesant Brothers, Havana, Cuba, by Daniel Badger & Co, New York
D D Badger, Illustrations of Iron Architecture made by the Architectural Iron Works of the City of New York
(New York 1865), pl lxxiii
ferry house, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, designed by J Whyte and fabricated by
Daniel Badger & Co, New York
D D Badger, Illustrations of Iron Architecture made by the Architectural Iron Works of the City of
New York (New York 1865), pl lxxxviii
the Tagus Bridge, Villa Nova da Constancia, Portugal, by Kennard Bros of the
Viaduct Works, Crumlin
el Puente de Tagus, Villa Nova da Constancia
Maynard, The Viaduct Works' Handbook, p 13
conservatory made for Spain by the Viaduct Works
conservatorio, España
Maynard, The Viaduct Works' Handbook,
iron markets
mercados de acero
Place de la Cebada &
Place des
Mostenses, Madrid,
1872-3, designed by
E Mathieu, fabricated
by Andrew Handyside
& Co
Ewing Matheson, Works in
Iron (London 1873), pp
246, 258
iron market building, Palencia, Spain
edificio de mercado, hecho en acero, Palencia, España
Miles Lewis
iron market building, Palencia / iron market building, Palencia
Miles Lewis
Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, Chagres, Panama, by John Walker
Builder, XI, 543 (2 July 1853), p 422.
custom house for
Payta, Peru, by E
T Bellhouse
casa de aduana en
Payta, Perú
Civil Engineer and
Architect’s Journal, 1854, p
185, pl 20
buildings of the Cuñapiro Gold Mining Co Ltd, Uruguay, by Francis Morton
& Co of London & Liverpool, c 1870
Francis Morton & Co, Iron Buildings, Roofing and Galvanized Iron Department. Catalogue,
8/b, 1873
Nictheroy Gasworks,
Brazil, by Andrew
Handyside & Co of Derby:
section & detail
Matheson, Works in Iron, p
256
the Viña del Mar Bridge / el puente de Viña del Mar
William Humber, A Practical Treatise on Cast and Wrought Iron Bridges and Girders, &c (London 1857), pl 30
Vino del Mar
Bridge: details
el puente de
Viña del Mar:
detalles
Humber, Cast and
Wrought Iron
Bridges, pls 30, 31
Charles D
Young & Co’s
catalogue for
South America
catálogo de
Charles D
Young & Co
station houses / casas para estaciones
Charles D Young & Co
building by Gustave Eiffel & Co, Iquitos, Perú
Jill Macfarlane
'Edificio Metálico' or Escuelas Graduados in San José, Costa Rica, by the Des
Forges company, Belgium, 1890
Sanou & Queseda, in Garnier & Fonseca, Historia de la Arquitectura en Costa Rica, p 259
'Edificio Metálico‘, San José, Costa Rica: details
Paolo Tombesi
Robertson & Lister
&
C D Young & Co
Glasgow
Free Presbyterian churches / iglesias Presbiteranian by Robertson & Lister, 1854, for Melbourne &
Sydney later St Stephen's church, Macquarie Street, catalogue illustration & photo of 1871
Charles D Young & Co, Illustrations of Iron Structures for Home and Abroad, pl 19
NSW Government Printer photo
Free Presbyterian Church, Macqauarie St,
Sydney, by Robertson & Lister
Photographs of Public and other Buildings (Sydney
1872), p 92 (no 256 , details
Charles D Young & Co, Illustrations of Iron Structures for Home and Abroad, consisting of
Dwelling-houses, Markets, Arcades. Railway Stations, and Roofing, &c. &c., constructed of
Wrought and Cast Iron and Corrugated Sheets. Manufactured by Charles D. Young & Co.
(Edinburgh, no date [c 1856]), pl 8
Legislative Council
Chamber, Macquarie
Street, Sydney, by
Robertson & Lister
Miles Lewis
iron house made for Land Commissioner W N Gray, designed
by Bell & Miller, made by Robertson & Lister
Young, Illustrations of Iron Structures, pl 9, design 14
Corio Villa, 56 Eastern Beach, Geelong, manufactured c 1854-5, erected c 1855-6
La Trobe Collection, State Library of Victoria
Corio Villa
Miles Lewis
Corio Villa
details
Miles Lewis
Brown Brothers Store, Ginn and Mercer Streets, Geelong, 1853
el Almacén de los Hermanos Brown, en la esquina de las calles Ginn y Mercer, Geelong
view from an old bill-head / extracto de una factura de la empresa
Brownhill, History of Geelong
Brown Brothers Store, Ginn and Mercer Streets, Geelong, 1853
el Almacén de los Hermanos Brown, en la esquina de las calles Ginn y Mercer, Geelong
Miles Lewis
iron cottage, Patterson Place, South
Melbourne
cast iron corner stanchion
wrought iron T-sections
cast iron sashes
chalet de acero
Puntales de esquina en hierro
fundido, Secciones “T” trabajadas en
hierro, hojas de ventana en hierro
fundido
Brian or Hilary Lewis
warehouse for California by Charles D Young & Co
bodegas para California por Charles D Young & Co
Young, Illustrations of Iron Structures
block of iron dwellings by C D
Young & Co, c 1857
manzanas de casas de acero
producidas por C D Young & Co,
c 1857
tenements for California, by E
T Bellhouse, 1850
viviendas para California por E
T Bellhouse, 1850
Young, Illustrations of Iron Structures, pl 3
Allgemeine Bauzeitung, XIV (1850), pp
184-5
papier mâché
papel mâché
the buildings of C F Bielefeld
los edificios de C F Bielefeld
papier mâché church
iglesia de papel mâché
C F Bielefeld, Portable Buildings
(London 1853), pl 5
papier mâché church
iglesia de papel mâché
sectional perspective &
plan
corte en perspectiva y
planta
C F Bielefeld, Portable Buildings
(London 1853), pl 6
papier mâché villa
C F Bielefeld, Portable Buildings (London 1853), pl 1
papier mâché villa, interior view & plan
vista del interior y planta de una casa de
papel mâché
C F Bielefeld, Portable Buildings (London 1853), pl 2
papier mâché cottage / chalet de papel mâché
C F Bielefeld, Portable Buildings (London 1853), pl 8
zinc
Henry Hewetson, London
William Kirkwood, Edinburgh
James Middlemass, Edinburgh
Boydell & Glasier, Birmingham & London
William Kirkwood's
Portable Metallic
Houses for Australia
las casas metálicas
portátiles de William
Kirkwood para
Australia
zinc house by James
Middlemass of
Edinburgh
casa de zinc de
James Middlemass
de Edimburgo
McPhun's Australian
News, no 4 (April 1853),
p 4 ; no 8 (August
1853), p 12
zinc house formerly at Guildford, now next to the Diggers Hotel south of
Castlemaine
casa de zinc antes ubicada en Guildford, ahora el lado del Hotel Diggers en el
sur de Castlemaine
Miles Lewis
some later buildings
algunos de los últimos edificios
Kiosk for India, by Jones & Ordish, manufactured by Handyside, 1866
Henry Bessemer's conservatory, London, by Andrew Handyside,1868
Sveti Stefan Bulgarian church, Istanbul, made in Vienna, 1871
San Sebastian church, Philippines, by Genaro Falacios, Belgium, 1891
Telok Ayer Market, Singapore, by P & W McLellan, 1894
Villa Blumenthal, sent from Chicago to Lauffen, 1893
the Nissen hut, invented 1916
kiosk designed for India, by Owen Jones & R M Ordish, fabricated by Andrew Handyside
& Co
Kiosco diseñado para India por Owen Jones & R M Ordish, fabricado por Andrew
Handyside & Co
Ewing Matheson, Works in Iron (London 1873), p 249
conservatory for Henry Bessemer's house near London, by Banks & Barry, fabricated by
Andrew Handyside & Co, 1868
el conservatorio para la casa de Henry Bessemer cerca de Londres, en Banks & Barry,
fabricado por Andrew Handyside & Co, 1868
Ewing Matheson, Works in Iron (London 1873), p 236
Sveti Stefan Bulgarian church, Istanbul, made in Vienna, 1871
la iglesia Búlgara de Sveti Stefan, Estambul, hecha en Viena, 1871
Miles Lewis
Bulgarian Church, Istanbul: east end, west end
iglesia Búlgara, Estambul: fachada este y oeste
Miles Lewis
Bulgarian Church, Istanbul
iglesia Búlgara, Estanbul
detail of apse ironwork
Screen
detalle del friso de Hierro
Miles Lewis
from a postcard
San Sebastian
church, Philippines,
by Genaro Falacios,
made in Belgium,
1891
Iglesia de San Sebastián,
Filipinas, por Genaro
Falacios. Hecha en
Bélgica, 1891
Peter James
Telok Ayer Market, Singapore, by P & W McLellan of Glasgow, 1894
MUAS 16,225
'Villa Blumenthal',
Lauffen, near
Ischl, Germany,
imported from
Chicago, 1893:
original drawings /
importada desde
Chicago, 1893.
Dibujos originales
Joachim Werle, 'Urahn
des Fertinghauses',
Schöner Wohnen, c
1983], p 108
Villa Blumenthal
View / Vista
Werle, 'Urahn des
Fertinghauses', p 106
Villa Blumenthal: interior
Werle, 'Urahn des Fertinghauses', p 107
Nissen hut: Captain Nissen's patent drawing of 1916
Cabaña Nissen: Dibujo patentado del Capt. Nissen, de 1916
Pedro Guedes, The Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architecture and Technological Change (London
1979), p 162

Similar documents