Basic Feeding Protocol for TPR Horses



Basic Feeding Protocol for TPR Horses
Basic Feeding Protocol for TPR Horses This is a guideline and each horse should be treated as an individual. When we bring the horse directly from the track to the farm he is on a "grain high". Most of the horses coming off the track have been receiving huge amounts of grain. Upon arrival, our normal beginning point for feeding at Leighton Farm is two quarts of Safe Starch Forage and only 2 cups of Legends HayStretcher twice per day. We add ½ cup of soy oil in the evening feeding as a high quality source of fat. These amounts, we give for the first week. It is a “cleaning out” period. All horses are given access to free choice hay at all times. All horses are treated for Ulcers with Neighlox given orally, but not the traditional way. Neighlox is basically the same as Maalox for humans, it is calcium/magnesium only in a more palatable form for horses. I do not put it in their feed as part of the treatment of Maalox for humans is the coating action of the stomach. I put the Neighlox pellets in a Tupperware container with a lid and cover them with water – about 1 inch more water than pellets. You must either mix up a fresh batch each evening or refrigerate it as it will spoil. In the morning, the pellets will be soft but most likely you will need to add more water. I make it to the consistency of oatmeal so it won’t drop out of their mouths. I give them 2 – 3 ounces by dose syringe each morning before breakfast. You will find that after the first few days you only have to walk up to the stall with the dose syringe – most will come out and take to it like a baby bottle. It must taste really good because the horses here view it as a treat, not a treatment! This is a very cost effective way to approach ulcers, but in extreme cases we do treat with Gastrogard and then eventually transition to the Neighlox. This decision should be made with a vet. I don't worry if the horse doesn't want to eat this for the first few days or even a week ‐ as long as he is eating hay and not acting sick. They are used to eating "candy" feed that is rich and high in sugars and molasses. This diet is rather bland compared to that of the working racehorse and most horses take a few days to accept the fact that that's all they're going to get. They do learn to look forward to it and enjoy it as much as the race feed, and they feel better too. We generally do not feed any grain because I want to get them off of the "grain high" as soon as possible. I believe that many Thoroughbreds (maybe other breeds too, I just have experience with Thoroughbreds), are very sensitive to the sugars found in most grains. I avoid anything with large amounts of molasses or other sweeteners. Legends Hay Stretcher is fortified to be a complete meal for the horse, it is 11 percent protein. There are two main reasons I use the forage with the Legends Hay Stretcher pellets. The first being it stretches a small meal into a larger one. Racehorses are used to huge amounts of grain and a quart or two of Legends Hay Stretcher pellets are a meager meal when standing alone. The other and more important reason is that I have experienced a few horses that suffered from choke caused by straight pellets. I don't know if this is because the use of pellets at the track is rare or if it's just that some horses can't handle pellets. I can say that I've never had choke since I began mixing the pellets with the forage. In the second week we increase the Legends Hay Stretcher to 1 quart, keeping the Forage and vegetable oil at the same amounts. All horses have free choice hay at all times. Most horses on this diet maintain a good weight and settle into farm life quickly. Growing horses may require larger proportions or even more protein. When the horse begins to work hard enough that he is building muscle or if he is young and growing I add a 1/2 quart of alfalfa hay cubes twice per day for an easily digestible source of protein. Each horse’s diet is evaluated and updated on the individual’s needs. Some horses receive as much as 4 quarts of Legends Hay Stretcher and a cup of vegetable oil in each meal. At Leighton Farm, we have explored many different fat supplements and finally came back to soy oil. The reason is it is 100% fat and is also a good source of anti‐oxidants. It is also the most cost effective. It can be a little more work intensive due to its oily nature – meaning it can be messy, but its benefits far outweigh the disadvantages. If the horse hasn’t been receiving a source of fat in his diet, it will take about 30 days for his body to begin to utilize it. Horses that come to us in need of substantial weight gain are also fed soaked beet pulp which is 10 to 12% sugar on average but it is an effective food for weight gain. Once the horse is a good weight I normally am able to wean them off of it by increasing the Haystretcher, and oil. We don’t have to increase the hay because we give as much as they want. Horses over the age of 15 that are in training or show signs of having had extensive stomach ulcers or are over the age of 17 years old are fed Purina Senior, which also contains sugar. If you decide to try this diet there are many different companies that offer a variety of “hay stretcher” products. Check to be sure the one you use is fortified to offer the needed protein and minerals a horse in work requires. If the particular brand you select does not, you will need to supplement these. Also take special care when selecting forage. Many types of forage are sprayed with molasses. The Triple Crown Safe Starch Forage is not and that is the reason for our selection. This is the diet given to all horses at Leighton Farm and if you have the time to visit, you will find that the horses here are shiny, calm and carry good weight. THE FINEST IN FEED
Southern States® Hay Stretcher
Pelleted Horse Feed
11% Protein, 2% Fat, 28% Fiber
> Features alfalfa meal and good
palatability for consistent consumption
> Use it to replace forage (hay and pasture)
in the horse’s diet
> It can also be fed along with an existing
grain and hay feeding program
> Contains reduced dust and mold exposure
for horses with respiratory problems such
as heaves
> Pelleted form prevents sorting, reduces
waste and improves storage time
12-072 3/12
Southern States® Hay Stretcher Pelleted Horse Feed
Crude Protein
Crude Fat
Crude Fiber
60 ppm
20 ppm
0.30 ppm
Vitamin A
2,000 IU/lb
Vitamin D
200 IU/lb
Vitamin E
30 IU/lb
Hay Stretcher may be fed at a rate of 0.75% to 1.5% of body weight daily and can replace as much as 75% of the hay in a
horse’s daily diet.
900-lb Mature BW
1100-lb Mature BW
1300-lb Mature BW
Light Work
Southern States Hay Stretcher 1,2,3
Hay or Pasture Equivalent
6.0-14.0 lbs
5.0-18.0 lbs
8.0-17.0 lbs
6.0-22.0 lbs
10.0-19.5 lbs
7.0-26.0 lbs
Southern States Hay Stretcher 1,2,3
Hay or Pasture Equivalent
6.0-14.0 lbs
5.0-13.0 lbs
10.0-19.5 lbs
7.0-18.0 lbs
10.0-19.5 lbs
7.0-18.0 lbs
Total Daily Ration (lbs per day)1
If feeding less than 4 pounds daily, add EquiMin Horse Mineral to daily feeding program.
Add an electrolyte supplement to daily feeding program for horses in moderate exercise and above
Do not feed to growing, breeding, pregnant or performance horses without additional mineral and vitamin supplementation.
12-072 3/12
315 Lake Street East, Suite 300
Wayzata, MN 55391
800.451.9916 (Continental USA Calls)
952.473.6330 (Local / International Calls)
Triple Crown Safe Starch Formula
Specially selected for low NSC levels and the product is molasses and grain free.
When trying to create a balanced ration for their horse with as low as an NSC% as possible many horse owners are stymied
when it comes to the hay p. A number of factors make it difficult and often impossible to determine the actual NSC value of their
horses’s diet: 1) They only get hay in small batches - so even if the hay is tested, by the time they have the results the hay has
changed and so has the NSC%. 2) They get the hay tested and it comes back high in NSC but it is their only supply option. 3)
They board so they no control over the hay source their horse receives. Triple Crown Safe Starch Forage supplies the horse
with its’ enitre diet - forage as well as vitamins and minerals. The product is 6% fat and contains the EqiMix technology found in
all Triple Crown feeds. The grass hay used in Triple Crown Safe Starch is specially selected for low NSC levels and the product
is molasses and grain free.
Guaranteed Analysis
Crude Protein (min.)
Lysine (min.)
Methionine (min.)
Threonine (min.)
Crude Fat (min.)
Crude Fiber (max.)
Calcium (min.)
Calcium (max.)
Phosphorus (min.)
Magnesium (min.)
Iron (min.)
Potassium (min.)
Selenium (min.)
Zinc (min.)
Manganese (min.)
Copper (min.)
Vitamin A (min.)
Vitamin D (min.)
Vitamin E (min.)
Vitamin C (min.)
Biotin (min.)
Lactobacillus Acidophilus Bacteria (min.)
Saccharomyces Cerevisiae (min.)
Cellulase (min.)
Protease (min.)
150 ppm
0.30 ppm
110 ppm
120 ppm
35 ppm
3,500 IU/lb
750 IU/lb
100 IU/lb
25 mg/lb
0.15 mg/lb
1 million CFU/gm
2 million CFU/gm
75 CMC–ase Units/lb
0.3 Northrup Units/lb
Timothy Grass Hay, Orchard Grass Hay,
Vegetable Oil, Glycerin, Dehulled Soybean
Meal, Wheat Middlings, Rice Bran, Ground
Limestone, Dicalcium Phosphate, MonocalciumDicalcium Phosphate, Monosodium
Phosphate, Salt, Sodium Bicarbonate,
Sodium Sesquicarbonate, Magnesium
Oxide, Calcium Carbonate, Hydrated Sodium
Calcium Aluminosilicate, Manganous Sulfate,
Magnesium Proteinate, Manganese Proteinate,
Zinc Sulfate, Zinc Proteinate, Ferrous Sulfate,
Iron Proteinate, Copper Sulfate, Copper
Proteinate, Cobalt Sulfate, Ethylenediamine
Dihydriodide, Selenium Yeast, Vitamin A
Supplement, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Vitamin
E Supplement, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite
Complex (Source of Vitamin K Activity), Ascorbic
Acid (Vitamin C), Riboflavin Supplement, Niacin
Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, Vitamin
B12 Supplement, Choline Chloride, d-Biotin,
Thiamine Mononitrate, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride,
Folic Acid, Beta Carotene, Calcium Lignin
Sulfonate, Trichoderma Longibrachiatum
Fermentation Extract, Yeast Culture, Brewers
Dried Yeast, Dried Yeast Fermentation Solubles,
Lactobacillus Acidophilus Fermentation Product,
Enterococcus Faecium Fermentation Product,
Dried Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Fermentation
Solubles, Bacillus Subtilis Fermentation
Extract, D. L. Methionine, L-Lysine, Kelp
Meal, Lecithin, Fenugreek Seed, Anethole,
(Proprionic Acid, Sodium Benzoate, Potassium
Sorbate (Preservatives)). (Free from Restricted
Ruminant Protein Products per Title 21, CFR
589.2000) Packaged in 40 lb. bags.
Feeding Directions
Triple Crown Safe Starch Forage is an all in one diet for mature horses. No other hay, pasture, or mineral and vitamin supplement is
required to provide your horse a complete and balanced diet. Feed Triple Crown Safe Starch Forage to mature horses at a rate that
maintains desired body condition. Begin with approximately 2% of body weight (20 pounds for a 1000 pound horse) and adjust up or
down, depending upon the individual horse’s body condition. You want to feed a minimum of 1% of body weight. Provide access to
salt and fresh, clean water at all times.
For the Healthy Lifestyle
of Your Active, Aging Horse
Supports health and well-being of active, aging horses that can effectively chew and digest forages.
Based on over 15 years of Purina Equine Research, original Purina® Equine Senior® horse feed remains the industry gold
standard in senior horse health and nutrition. Today, new findings suggest that healthy aging horses may benefit from a
diet designed with controlled starch and sugar, and balanced nutrients to support their active lifestyles. Introducing
Purina® Equine Senior® Active Healthy Edge® horse feed for the caring owner of an active aging horse. Purina® Equine
Senior® Active Healthy Edge® is a concentrated, pelleted feed that will help ensure you and your horse enjoy more
quality years together. This diet is designed for moderate activity with a high fat and fiber, controlled starch and sugar
formula, that delivers all the vitamins and minerals your active aging horse needs. This feed gives you confidence
that you are providing balanced nutrition and support.
Purina® Amplify® Nugget - Patented, high fat, extruded particle that contains a proprietary blend of vegetable
oils, flax seed and rice bran for an optimal fatty acid profile.
Special blend of fiber sources including beet pulp to help maintain the aging
horse’s body condition and support normal digestive function.
High levels of vegetable oils for an appealing body condition and shiny coat.
energy sources
High Quality
More calories from fat, less from sugar - Provides a diet lower in nonstructural carbohydrates that may
help aging horses with difficulty managing blood sugar levels.
Proprietary amino acids: The building blocks of proteins, that support strong muscle growth, shiny coat
and healthy hooves.
Superior, consistent, natural nutrition
Purina® Equine Senior® Active Healthy Edge® horse feed is designed to be fed with hay and/or pasture.
Vitamin & mineral package - Designed to meet the nutritional needs of active aging horses,
helps support joint condition and immune function.*
Provides 100% of the required nutrients for horses when fed as directed* so no additional supplements
are necessary. *Based on “Nutrient Requirements of Horses Sixth Revised Edition – 2007” published by the National Research Council
The FeedGuard® Nutrition System is one of the industry’s most innovative and exacting quality assurance
programs. It can help deliver the trust, quality and performance that horse lovers demand every day.
Crude Protein, min ................................ 14.00%
Lysine, min ..................................................0.90%
Fat, min ........................................................8.00%
Fiber, max ................................................ 18.00%
Calcium (Ca), min ....................................1.10%
Calcium (Ca), max ....................................1.30%
Phosphorus (P), min ................................0.60%
Sodium (Na), min.................................... 0.10%
Sodium (Na), max.................................... 0.60%
Copper (Cu), min .......................... 80.00 ppm
Zinc (Zn), min................................ 280.00 ppm
Selenium (Se), min ............................ 0.60 ppm
Vitamin A, min.......................... 3,000.00 IU/lb
Vitamin E, min..............................125.00 IU/lb
Designed to be fed with hay or pasture
Thanks to extensive research and field testing,
Purina has learned how certain nutritional
advantages can help horses be more active
and productive during their lifetimes, even
with the added stress of training regimens,
performance expectations and aging.
The Purina® Amplify® Nugget is a palatable, highfat, extruded particle providing calories for
weight gain, performance, lactation and sales
prep in a nutritionally balanced formulation
that has controlled carbohydrate levels.
This Patented feed supplement can
be found only in Purina® Horse Feeds including
Equine Junior®, Equine Senior®, Omolene #200®,
#300®, #400®, #500® and Strategy® Healthy Edge®
horse feeds; and Ultium® Competition and
Ultium® Growth Horse Formulas.
Features of the Purina®
Amplify® Nugget include:
Balanced nutritional fortification
Palatable, extruded particle for easy
digestion and calorie absorption
Proprietary blend of vegetable oils,
flax seed and rice bran create an optimal
fatty acid profile
No trans-fats
Added amino acids help promote
healthy hair coats, skin and hooves
Calorie dense formula provides more
calories per mouthful, allowing you
to feed less
To learn more about the Purina®
Amplify® Nugget visit our web site at
Purina Mills, LLC
P.O. Box 66812 • St. Louis, MO 63166-6812
800-227-8941 •
600 lbs
800 lbs
1,000 lbs
1,200 lbs
1,400 lbs
Minimum Hay or Equivalent Pasture**
Equine Senior® Active Healthy Edge® horse feed (lbs/day)***
Maintenance - Minimum Activity
Maintenance - Average Activity
Maintenance - Elevated Activity
Light Work
Moderate Work
Early Gestation (first 250 days)
Late Gestation (last 90 days)
Breeding Stallion
**This is the recommended minimum amount of hay to be fed. If feeding more hay, reduce the feeding rate of Equine
Senior® Active Healthy Edge® horse feed by 1.0 lb for every additional 2.0 lbs of hay fed. EXAMPLE: Using the chart
above, if feeding 14 lbs instead of 12 lbs of hay to a 1,000 lb maintenance-elevated activity level horse, reduce Equine
Senior® Active Healthy Edge® horse feed offered by 1.0 lb from 5.25 to 4.25 lbs per day (2.0 lbs of additional hay divided
by 2.0 lbs = 1.0 lb less of Equine Senior® Active Healthy Edge® horse feed).
***Do not feed less than 0.3 lbs per 100 lbs of body weight per day. EXAMPLE: A 1,000 lb horse has ten 100 lb
increments (1,000 divided by 100 = 10). So for this horse, do not feed less than 3 lbs per day (10 x 0.3 = 3.0 lbs per day).
If your horse gains too much weight at that minimum feeding rate, then you should replace Equine Senior® Active
Healthy Edge® horse feed with Purina’s Nature’s Essentials® Enrich 12® or Enrich 32® Horse Supplement.
1. Any feed changes should be made gradually over a period of 7 to 10 days. Mix the new feed with the old, gradually
increasing the amount of the new feed while decreasing an equal amount of the old. Changes in the rate of feeding
should not exceed 1 lb per day for each horse. Feed at regular times – at least twice daily – with three daily feedings
preferred. Be sure to weigh your feed using a scale. A small scale can be purchased in the fishing department of many
sporting goods stores.
2. Reduce and/or delay feeding a horse which is hot, excited or showing pain, has fever or diarrhea. Consult your
veterinarian if any problems arise. Prevent rapid eating.
3. Let horses feed in natural position from large feed containers.
4. Have plenty of fresh, clean water available at all times.
5. Store in a dry, well-ventilated area protected from rodents and insects. Do not feed moldy or insect-infested feed to
animals as it may cause illness or death.
6. Observe horses daily. Consult your veterinarian for proper preventative health care. Maintain a regular deworming and
vaccination program.
7. Feeding added selenium resulting in total diet levels in excess of 0.3 ppm is prohibited.
There is no specific age that dictates when the horse becomes “Senior”. Their
nutritional needs are a function of the teeth and digestive tract. When your
horse is no longer able to effectively chew adequate roughage to meet his
needs, switch to original Purina® Equine Senior® horse feed. It contains all
the nutrients your older senior horse needs including a special blend of fiber
sources, beet pulp and top-quality hay. It is easy to chew and digest
regardless of teeth quality or digestive condition.
315 Lake Street East, Suite 300
Wayzata, MN 55391
800.451.9916 (Continental USA Calls)
952.473.6330 (Local / International Calls)
Triple Crown Premium Chopped Alfalfa Forage Blend
A processed alfalfa hay product for all classes of horses.
Now there’s a way to get more out of poor or average quality equine hay. Simply replace all or part of your hay with Triple
Crown Premium Chopped Alfalfa Forage Blend. Grown and manufactured with the highest standards. What makes our
chopped forage product superior to most others? First, our hay is harvested at the precise, immature, pre-bloom stage
of growth. Next, we chop and blend Alfalfa Hay, Timothy Hay, and Orchard Grass with computerized precision. Then
we lightly mix in molasses and glycerin while removing any excess dust particles. The result is a highly digestible and
consistent forage, ideal for any feeding need.
Guaranteed Analysis
Crude Protein (min.)
Crude Fat (min.)
Crude Fiber (max.)
Sun Cured Alfalfa, Timothy Hay, Orchard Grass, Glycerin,
Cane Molasses, (Propionic Acid, Sodium Benzoate, Potassium
Sorbate (Preservatives)). (Free from Restricted Ruminant
Protein Products per Title 21, CFR 589.2000)
Feeding Directions
Triple Crown Premium forages should be fed at a minimum rate of 1% to 1.5% of body weight (10 lbs. to 15 lbs. on a 1000 lb.
horse) per day if using as a complete hay replacement. Feed 4 lbs. to 6 lbs. per day if using as a supplement to normal long
stem hay. Feed separately in a feed bin or bucket, or mix with your grain ration. Mixing may help reduce rapid consumption
(bolting) and slow the digestive passage through the gut to maximize digestion.

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