How has the evolution of cinema buildings



How has the evolution of cinema buildings
How has the evolution of cinema buildings affected what
people expect when ‘going to the cinema’?
At first, films were shown mainly in variety theatres, and in
fairgrounds. Then came nickelodeons: converted shops c.1908
What did the inside of a nickelodeon look like? Thanks
to Griffith we know (Those Awful Hats, 1908)
The first super-cinemas seating 1000+ were built from
1913, like the Kilburn Grange in London, for big films
The influence of theatre on early cinema layout: Cine Atlas
Belgrano, Buenos Aires,1912, 110 seats
Then cinemas became exotic –
like the Tuschinski in Amsterdam
Cinemas as palaces, with foyer and
mezzanine space to match their vast
capacity – the Chicago Uptown (1925),
seating 4,300
The Modernist cinema: Amsterdam
Cineac, 1934, part of a chain that
Featured striking architecture.
Modernism reathe High Street: the Odeon Burnley,
1937, seating 2,100
1960s: the new ‘stadium/oyster’ designed for Cinemascope,
70mm and stereo sound – like the Cine Diana, Mexico City
Widescreen ‘roadshow’ films of the 60s
exploited the new generation of cinemas
with 70mm and stereo sound
The ABC Doncaster, seating 1400 , which opened in 1967,
with Doctor Zhivago
ABC Sidcup,
‘twinned’ in 1977,
to create two
screens. Below:
1920s Australian
theatre, converted
into a multiplex in
1988, as part of a
shopping mall
Multiplexes offered something new and modern – like Britain’s
first multiplex, The Point., Milton Keynes , 1986 by American
Multi Cinema
Age of the
multiplex: fantasy
space in 8-screen
Cracow, Poland
Refurbishing historic interio9: the Phoenix (built 1912) in North
London, a Europa Cinemas member (and my local cinema)
Europa Cinemas: new-build, like Le Sauvenière in Liege,
Belgium and heritage, like Watershed in Bristol, UK

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