A lgeria

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A lgeria
A l g e r i a
Quarterly report of the Post & Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
Evaluation of GSM networks
N°4 – March 2006
Editorial
Spectrum :
Planning and monitoring
Communication and information technologies (CIT)
use as support the electromagnetic waves which
propagate in space according to definite laws since
more than one century ago.
The frequencies of which
vary by some hertz (3 Hz) to
3000 Giga hertz. This interval of frequencies is defined
like the radio electric frequencies spectrum. Law 2000-03
of August, 5th 2000 fixing the
general rules relating to the
post and telecommunications
provides in Article 6 that it is "the State which has the
exclusive use of the radio electric frequencies spectrum and it manages its use by the operators, the
service providers and the direct users as well as it
takes care of the conventions application, payments
and
arrangements
of
the
International
Telecommunication Union". As regards the missions
that Law confers to the ARPT in Article 13 "to plan, to
manage, to assign and to monitor the use of the
bands allotted to it.... ". It is to show the importance
of the radio electric spectrum use not only from the
technical progress point of view but also and particularly the need for its rational, effective and equitable
use under the responsibility of the concerned State
institutions. Today, this step finds its justification with
the considerable deployment of the public and private radio communication networks taking quickly
and correctly the charges of the considerable needs
of development and houses.
It is similar in Algeria where the ARPT, created in
2001, has proceeded to the granting of eleven
licences and thousands of authorizations of various
techniques allowing the installation and the operation of public and private networks offering the communication service between about 15 million subscribers (that is 40% of the population) and to develop the economic activity. Today, this tendency continues by opening new communication fields particularly by the access to high flow Internet not only by
SOMMAIRE
Page 1 : Editorial
Page 2 : Evaluation of GSM networks
Evaluation of GSM networks
"Mobilis" , "Djezzy" and « Nedjma » page 2
the town users but also by the potential users in
remote and enclosed regions. The ARPT has within
this framework not only to accompany this development but especially to create the essential conditions
of its fast and effective deployment. For this reason,
it has launched various actions which will enable it to
acquire from this year 2006 human means, material
and software guaranteeing its role. Before the era of
the digital, this spectrum was not exploited enough in
an optimal way by the TIC.
Another field uses the spectrum in a considerable
way; it is indeed the televisual and sound radio
broadcasting which gathers today almost the whole
population. It is obvious that this massive use of the
spectrum was not possible but with new technologies massive introduction in the radio communications field. From now on, we can say that the rational use of the spectrum in Algeria has already made
enable us to carry out a significant jump towards the
information society.
With more than one billion users of mobile telephone
in the world, the Internet popularization especially in
the developed countries, and the new technologies
introduction in the field of television, radio, data transfer, space communications, radio astronomy and
others; the spectrum is more and more exploited with
a tendency directed towards the higher bands (SHF
and EHF bands) because the lower ones are almost
saturated.
The ARPT under the terms of Law 2000-03 of
August, 5th 2000 manages bands known as commercial which are allotted to it by the National Agency
of Frequencies (NAF) to the profit of the operators,
service providers and end-users. It has a planning
and it takes part in coordination with the other users.
Even if radio spectrum is not a palpable matter for the
human beings, its importance is no longer to be
shown since the simple citizen appreciates to the
right value the mobile electromagnetic field concept,
to steer a parabolic antenna, to install a radio antenna on his balcony, or to use a satellite mobile telephone. The new technologies offer new services but
in the other hand require broader spectrum bands. A
channel of IMT-2000 for instance is twenty five times
broader than that of GSM 2g, what shows that the
NCIT "puff out" more spectrums in offering more
services.
This tendency to go up in frequency obliges us to be
equipped as regulator with more efficient monitoring
methods with a rather broad band.
Monitoring is useful to fix the broadcasting sources
engendering the interferences, to neutralize the
sources of jamming, to detect the transmitting
sources of unauthorized electromagnetic waves and
to control the private networks if they respect their
engagements as regards powers, frequencies and
geographical positions.
Salah Mahgoun;
Member of the Council
The planning of the allotted bands is made with taking into account the standards, recommendations
and resolutions of the ITU, in coordination with the
NAF and the other Algerian large users. The author-
Page 5 : The market of telecoms
- The market of mobile telephony
- The SMS market in Algeria
Page 8 : The Poste
- Evaluation of GSM networks "Mobilis" and "Djezzy"
- Evaluation of GSM network "Nedjma"
- The Market of the International Accelerated Mail
- The Mass mailing
Page 4 : Regulation
Page 10 : Short news
- IPAT ( ISP) Referral against AT.
- Emergency calls in Algeria : how does it work?
ization procedures are indicated on Authority's Web
site.
In addition to the mobile telephony popularization,
the wireless local loop (WLL) introduction brought
into service by the fixed telephony operators connecting the most remote regions of the country consumes a lot bands or sub bands following the example of the operators like Algérie Télécom or the new
entrant Algerian Telecom Consortium reducing the
distances between the citizens as regards information and communications.
- The President of the council of the Post and
Telecommunications Regulatory Authority; Mr Mohamed
Belfodil at El Moudjahid Forum on March, 04th 2006.
- A new member in the Council
- The four operators' (AT, ATM, OTA and WTA) interconnection catalogues approval
- The interconnection convention approval between
the fixed operators (AT and ATC)
- Training course about the interconnection costing
by the Federal Commission of Communications'
experts (USA)
- Universal Service
Page 12 : ARPT
- The organization chart of the ARPT
Evaluation of GSM networks
1.Evaluation of GSM networks "Mobilis" and "Djezzy" at
the end of the fourth business year
According to Article 14 of GSM operators
schedule of conditions provisions relating
to the obligation of ensuring services of
quality levels in conformity with the international standards in force, particularly the
minimum quality criteria as defined in
appendix II of the same schedule of conditions, the Post and Telecommunications
Regulatory Authority had conducted during the period from 03/12/05 to the
08/01/06 a survey of evaluation of the
"Mobilis" and “Djezzy” networks service
cover and quality belonging respectively to
Algérie Télécom Mobile (ATM) and
Orascom Télécom Algérie(OTA).
Like the other series of measurements, this
operation was carried out according to a
standard methodology by the operators
who assumed all the expenses, under the
ARPT's supervision.
However, for this 4th year and because of
the importance of works related to the
national dimension of the workshop, the
ARPT had requested the support of a
French cabinet, specialized as regards evaluation of the telecommunications networks quality and audit, which assisted the
ARPT in the phases preceding and followparticularly in the
ing the campaign,
results issued from the measurements treatment.
The evaluation was thus related to 140
agglomerations distributed on all the
Wilayas except Tindouf which was evaluated during the previous campaign. These
agglomerations were selected among those
having a population density more than
2.000 inhabitants according to the National
Statistics Office (NSO).
In parallel, 8 road axes adding up a distance
of 1.200 KMs were retained for this evaluation which required the production of 5.
986 two-minute calls through 748 sites and
483 calls distributed on the various road
axes.
It should be recalled that the cover evaluation is founded on the service quality noted
upon each call test according to the following criteria:
- The access to the network ( the electromagnetic field availability);
- The communication continuity during 2
minutes;
- The communication hearing quality.
The assessment of this campaign has
brought out what follows:
- For ATM and upon a sample of 140
selected agglomerations, the "mobilis" network covers only 90 agglomerations, that is
64,29 % with a service quality higher or
equal to 90 % whereas its schedule of conditions requires a cover of 95 %.
cerned road axes, the cover level remains
on this side of 90 % as stipulated in the
schedule of conditions.
- For Orascom, the situation is almost similar with a cover level of 95 agglomerations
upon the 140 tested, that is 67,86 % with a
service quality higher or equal to 90 %.
For the majority of the road axes, the
threshold of cover remains lower than
90%.
In addition, this investigation had revealed
that the majority of the agglomerations
which present insufficiencies of cover are
located in the southern area of the country.
For this reason, and in light of the results,
the ARPT has decided, in substance, to
grant to the two operators a one-month
deadline to present a complete list of all
the agglomerations of more than 2000
inhabitants with the cover state of each
one. It has also urged the operators to
complete the cover of these agglomerations and road axes according to their
schedules of conditions obligations.
In addition, the ARPT has recalled to the
operators the need for ensuring the qualitaive aims of service and cover beyond
the fourth year.
Also, and upon the majority of the con-
Distribution of the agglomerations and Road Axes according to the cover rate
Orascom Télécom Algérie
Agglomerations
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Quaterly report of the Poste & Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
Road Axes
N° 4 - March 2006
Evaluation of GSM networks
Algérie Télécom Mobile
Road axes
Agglomerations
2.Evaluation of GSM network "Nedjma" at the end of
the second business year
According to article 14 of GSM operators
schedule of conditions provisions relating
to the obligation of ensuring services of
quality levels in conformity with the international standards in force, particularly the
minimum quality criteria as defined in
appendix II of the same schedule of conditions, the Post and Telecommunications
Regulatory Authority had conducted during the period from 23/01/2006 to the
16/02/2006 a survey of evaluation of the
"Nedjma" network service cover and quality belonging to Wataniya Télécom Algérie
(WTA).
The results of this study are the following:
according to its schedule of conditions
obligations in application of the bill book
which the operator will specify according
to article 36 of his schedule of conditions.
- The "Nedjma" network covers all the
08th wilayas' towns.
- Upon the 08th wilayas' territories, the
cover required by the schedule of conditions has not been respected in Sétif's localities.
- The road axes cover has not been respected in Jijel and Tlemcen.
- Complete the cover of 85 % of the road
axes of Tlemcen and Jijel according to the
bill book which the operator will specify
according to article 36 of his schedule of
conditions.
For this reason, the ARPT has invited the
Wataniya Télécom Algérie operator to:
(For more information consult the ARPT's
Web site: www.arpt.dz)
- Complete the Sétif's localities cover
Distribution of the head places, localities and road axes according to the cover rate
Watania Télécom Algérie
Localities
Road axes
Quaterly report of the Poste & Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
Head places
The cover rates by test type
N° 4 - March 2006
3
Regulation
1- IPAT (ISP) Referral against AT
The ARPT's Council met in October, 10th
2005 to make a decision about IPAT/AT
affair relating to the modification of an
ADSL partnership convention provisions.
The facts of this referral are the following:
- IPAT and AT had signed in April, 4th
2004 an ADSL partnership convention by
which IPAT had proceeded to an ADSL
platform installation for 720 subscribers'
lines exploitation through 02 telephone
exchanges in SBA wilaya.
- IPAT sent in September, 11th 2004 a correspondence to DMGQ/GC requiring
clarifications relating to the applied tariffs,
but no answer was returned, whereas a
report of putting into service was there-
after formally carried out between the
IPAT and AT officials according to the
convention rules.
- A report was elaborated in December,
04th 2005 preventing IPAT from exerting
in any form and calling into question the
convention concluded between the two
parts. Because IPAT was never informed of
the new modifications or directives, this act
was not justified.
IPAT had formulated several recourses at
the AT General Direction which didn't
change anything.
Several attempts to reach an amicable
agreement about this dispute were vainly
made. The claimant had decided then to
present the affair to the ARPT and constituted a referral in July, 18th 2005.
The Council had declared the IPAT request
not allowed after having examined the
instruction report of the referral presented
by the General Direction, and invited this
to seize the court of juridiction ( commercial court) , because the item of the referral does not come under the responsabilities of the ARPT , due to its commercial
nature.
2. Emergency calls in Algeria : how does it work?
According to the legal texts in force governing the public networks exploitation
rules and telecommunications service supply, the emergency calls constitute an obligation that should establish each operator
holding a licence for his subscribers. These
operators activating in the various segments of the markets: fixed telephony,
mobile telephony, satellite and even VoIP
have to meet the fixed obligations in their
schedules of conditions.
The emergency calls are conveyed free at
the corresponding centre nearest to the
calling person, according to the information transmitted by the public services concerned towards the public organizations in
charge of the human lives safeguarding, the
police and gendarmerie interventions, and
fire control.
To be done, the operators act in concert
with the organizations in charge of national safety and the local authorities for planning for and setting up the necessary provisions to supply or re- establish these services quickly.
4
It was also envisaged to put in charge of
the operators the services reestablishment
emergency measures as soon as possible, in
the case of exceptional damage in order to
ensure their perenniality.
The process launched by the ARPT:
Except Algérie Télécom, the incumbent,
who ensures the emergency calls routing
over his fixed network, the other operators,
particularly those of GSM have carried out
tests during 2005, following the ARPT's
request within the framework of its missions conferred to it by Law n° 2000-03 of
August, 5th 2000 fixing the general Post
and Telecommunications rules, particularly
the users interests respect. The ARPT had
organized a meeting with the mobile
telephony operators representative for the
emergency calls routing process implementation on their networks.
civil protection representatives to evaluate
the preparation for this operation.
It was concluded at these meetings that the
operators work to achieve the official
opening of the emergency calls as from
October, 10th 2005. Recent tests were,
however carried out in Algiers, through
which the ARPT had raised some technical
insufficiencies in these calls taking on by
the different mobile networks.
The ARPT has informed the GSM operators about the recorded defects nature so
that they can correct them and make the
necessary provisions to restore this service
as soon as possible.
The ARPT had, indeed, associated in
September, 28th 2005, the mobile telephony operators and the national safety and
Quaterly report of the Poste & Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
N° 4 - March 2006
The market of telecoms
1. The market of mobile telephony
a) Mobile market situation
Total
Total
Variation between
January and
February 2006
Net increase %
Source : Operators
The subscribers' number to GSM mobile
networks has reached the million subscribers, for a telephone density of 45,6%
at the end of February 2006. The increase
recorded between February 2006 and
January represents only 555835 subscribers
what is not very high compared with the
strongest periods (Eg: August 2005) when
the increase represents the double (1,3 million subscribers), this is primarily due to
the fact that the summer period followed
by the start of the social year (August and
September ) are the periods of keen
demand in mobile telephony, contrary to
the other periods of the year when the
operator has for only concern to preserve
its customers by fostering their loyalty and
by widening the range of the services
offered.
Monthly new subscribers’ evolution to GSM networks
For the three active operators on the mobile telephony market of GSM type, the growth general tendency remains towards the rise.
Quaterly report of the Poste & Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
N° 4 - March 2006
5
The market of telecoms
Evolution of subscribers' number per operator
By thousand
Contrary to the situation of mobile
telephony evolution, the shares of
market structure between the three
operators remains stagnant, indeed
the proportions are almost the
same ones between January and
February 2006, which confirms the
relative fall of the sales rate during
the beginning of 2006.
The operators' share of market - January 2006
The operators' share of market - February 2006
b) Profile of the mobile subscribers
Between the two available formulas on the market,
the Algerian subscriber is more inclined with the
prepaid, more than 97 % choose the prepaid
against 3% only for the postpaid. This phenomenon is explained by the fact that the prepaid grants
more freedom than that of the postpaid in the
spirit of each one.
The operators on their side start to adapt their prepaid offers to the needs of the consumers by
offering them more services as the prepaid roaming which has become available to two operators.
Although the prepaid poses the subscribers' loyal
Source : Operators
ty problem, the operator has the advantage of
solving the covering problems which the postpaid
could pose.
c) Mobile cover and equipment
Source : Operators
In February 2006, the number of basic stations had reached 6793, covering the national territory. OTA has 48 % of the stations, against
34% for ATM and l8% for WTA.
6
Quaterly report of the Poste & Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
N° 4 - March 2006
The market of telecoms
2 . The SMS market in Algeria
The majority of the mobile telephony terminals present on the market has SMS
function (short message service) or short
messages (of which the dimension can
reach 160 characters in Latin letters and
up to 70 characters in Arab letters).
Currently, the SMS service is known by
everybody and represents a very significant
traffic which generates a significant share
of the mobile operators' turnover (from 7
to 20 % of the turnover according to the
operators in Europe).
In the world, the majority of the operators
use them to propose to their customers
new services (publicity, games, price stock
exchange, etc...). They are «no voice” services, simple to use which permits to create
a new service dynamic.
In Algeria, the SMS service is new for the
subscribers to the mobile, but as in the rest
of the world, this service starts to be generalized. The SMS market has not known
a boom only after the entry on the market
of the third mobile operator WTA.
SMS pricing by the mobile telephony operators
The tariff of a local SMS in prepaid varies
between 5 DA and 7 DA with all taxes
included, whereas the International SMS
costs between 14 DA and 15 DA with all
taxes included according to the operator.
ATM and OTA apply locally less expensive
SMS tariffs (3,5 DA and 5,9 DA with all
taxes included) for their postpaid subscribers contrary to WTA (7 DA/ATI)
(see graph below)
By DA ATI
Tariff of the SMS service of the mobile telephony operators
Compared to the Arab countries, Algeria
displays a minimum local tariff comparable
to that of its two neighbours: Morocco
and Tunisia.
Among the studied countries, Jordan dis-
plays the cheapest tariff regardless to the
destinations.
Concerning international destinations, SMS
is more expensive for mobile subscribers of
Morocco than those of the other studied
countries; Algeria comes in the second
position with tariffs ranging between 14
and 15 DA/ATI per SMS, which represents
the half of the minimum tariff of the
international SMS of Morocco, and the
double of the tariff of the international
SMS of Tunisia
By DA ATI
Benchmarking of SMS Tariffs
Quaterly report of the Poste & Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
N° 4 - March 2006
7
The Poste
1. The Market of the International Accelerated Mail
«A growth of 6,21% »
The year 2005 has recorded the entry to
the lists of two new operators on the
accelerated market of the international
mail (Falcon Express Algérie and
Chronopost International Algérie) that
have begun the activity as from the 4th
quarter of 2005.
- Concerning the Export flow, the UPS
operator offensive is remarkable with an
increase in the order of 5035 postal
objects, that is 181,57% compared to 2004.
Whereas in the Import flow, UPS records
an increase of 13937 postal objects, that is
42,90% compared to 2004 as regards.
- DHL and EMS Operators as for them
know respectively and globally a downward trend (Import + Export) about 027% and -11,62%.
- Broadly, pertaining to the International
Accelerated Mail volume of the market, an
evolution of about 26920 objects is noted,
that is 6,21% of the growth during 2005
compared to 2004.
- The contribution of the two new operators to the growth is of 15799 objects
treated during the last quarter of 2005,
that is 58,68% of the global increase.
Share of market per operator 2005
By thousand of postal objects
Evolution of global traffic
per operator
8
Quaterly report of the Poste & Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
N° 4 - March 2006
The Poste
2. The Mass mailing
Till December, 31th 2005, the operators of
the simple declaration mode recorded at
the ARPT, are 18. The operator “Prestazi”
among them carries on the activity of Mass
mailing by sending this mail category in
CCP envelopes via Algérie Poste.
The mass mailing is a mean of communication which rests on the postal transmission of personalized information at the
aim of obtaining an answer from existing
or potential customers. It is thus a form of
direct advertising used by goods or services suppliers to directly target prospective
customers via the post.
small posters, or by impression of the
advertisements on the envelopes according
to the definite dimensions.
It is distributed to homes as soon as possible and through all the national territory,
either by the advertisements insertion in
CCP envelopes in the form of leaflet or
Concerning this service pricing, Algérie Poste proposes attractive and variable tariffs according to the advertising small
posters' number. The scale is as follows:
The tariff falls proportionally with the increase of the number of small
posters of 0,02 DA per stage of more than 100 000.
The turnover realized by Algérie Poste in
this activity segment at the end of 2005,
would be 5,1 million DA against 4,5 million DA in 2004, that is an increase of 13
% thus showing a significant improvement. The customers' number has passed
to 14 against 13 in 2004.
The volume of traffic carried out during
this period would rise with 24,3 millions
insertions against 7millions in 2004, which
represents a progression of 247 %.
However, it is appropriate to specify that
upon the 24,3 millions insertions, 15 millions i.e more than half, were distributed
freely. They were distributed as follows: 7
millions in favour of the “Ousratic” operation, 1 million in favour of the Mobipost
Distribution of the mass mailing types
card and 7 millions for the “Zakat” operation.
In addition, Algérie Poste carries out in
favour of Prestazi, the only operator
recorded at the ARPT as an operator carrying on the activity of Mass mailing, monthly advertising posters insertions.
per million of poster
Structure of traffic volume (%)
Number of poster inserted in CCP folds for the Prestazi account
During 2005, Algérie Poste has realized in favour of "Prestazi" a traffic
volume estimated at 2,2 millions insertions against 900 000 in 2004,
that is to show a progression of 144 %. However, this figure represents only 9 % of the global number of the insertions carried out by
the incumbent in favour of his customers.
Quaterly report of the Poste & Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
N° 4 - March 2006
9
Short news
1. The President of the council of the Post and Telecommunications Regulatory
Authority; Mr Mohamed Belfodil at El Moudjahid Forum on March, 04th 2006.
The President of the ARPT's Council was
invited to the Centre of the Daily National
Press El Moudjahid within the framework
of a conference. He had given an assessment of the authority activity and an evalPost
and
uation
of
the
Telecommunications markets, particularly
of the competition and the prospects
offered by the sector liberalization.
The sector actors and the journalists of the
national press were present in this meeting
to discuss the topical questions relating to
the sector.
A special report which will take again the
whole communication will be spread soon.
2. A new member in the Council
By the presidential decree of february 18, 2006, Mr Larbi ROUMILI is named member of the ARPTs’ Council
3. The four operators' (AT, ATM, OTA and WTA) interconnection catalogues
approval
According to the regulation and to the procedures in force, the Post and
Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
(ARPT) has approved the interconnection
catalogues of the incumbent (AT) and the
three mobile operators (OTA, ATM and
WTA) for the 2005/2006 fiscal year.
and according to the paragraph 3 of article
17 of the executive decree n° 02-156 of
May, 9th 2002 fixing the networks interconnection conditions and telecommunications services, the ARPT's Council has
approved the interconnection catalogues of
the fixed and mobiles operators:
The interconnection catalogues detail the
operators' technical and tariff offer.
Indeed, after examination of the interconnection catalogues of the quoted operators
- By the resolution n° 08 of August, 31st
2005, the catalogue of Algérie Telecom
(AT);
- By the resolution n° 14 of November,
28th 2005, the catalogue of OTA;
- By the resolution n° 15 of December,
10th 2005, the catalogue of WTA;
- By the resolution n° 16 of December,
10th 2005, the catalogue of ATM.
(For more information about the resolutions see the web site: www.arpt.dz/résolution)
4. The interconnection convention approval between the fixed operators
(AT and ATC)
The interconnection is the subject of a
convention between the concerned operators. This convention fixes the interconnection technical and financial conditions.
In the interconnection conventions
between the operators some measurements
are taken into account in order to guarantee the essential requirements respect and,
particularly:
10
- The networks working safety;
- The networks integrity upholding;
- The services interoperability including
contributing to a quality from the beginning to the end;
- Etc.........
Consortium (ATC) subject to the assumption of the amendments requested by the
resolution n° 01 of February, 18. 2006
responsibility.
(For more information see the Web site:
www.arpt.dz)
For this reason, the ARPT's Council has
approved the Interconnection Convention
signed between Algérie Telecom (AT) and
the
Algerian
Telecommunications
Quaterly report of the Poste & Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
N° 4 - March 2006
Short news
5. Training course about the interconnection costing by the Federal Commission
of Communications' experts (USA)
Within the framework of ARPT/FCC
(Federal Commission of Communication)
project and on the initiative of GIPI (Global
Internet Policy Initiative), a training course
about the interconnection - Costing and
pricing - has taken place in the ARPT's head
office on February, 06th to 08th 2006.
This program financed by US Aid, has
allowed the FCC's three experts: Mrs Tracey
Weisler, Messrs Donald K Stockdale and,
Jake Jennings to tackle the topical questions
in front of the ARPT's concerned executives
as well as the various invited operators representatives (Algérie Télécom, Orascom
Télécom Algérie, Algérie Télécom Mobile,
Wataniya Télécom Algérie, EEPAD, SLC,
Webphone network, Last Net, Vocalone,
Webcom...).
The program spread out over three days had
approached the major topics relating to the
interconnection costs namely those relating
to the costing, the rate level, the rate structure, the access pricing, the costing issues
and finally the emerging networks architecture.
The speakers had initially introduced the
interconnection policies objectives, distinguished then between the rate levels and the
rate structures, and finally defined the need
for cost-based pricing.
- The rate level issues chapter had stressed
the various components of the regulated
cost and the alternative cost methodologies
namely the historical cost, the forward-looking economic cost from which rise the long
run average incremental cost (LRAIC), and
finally, the effective components intervening
in the formula of pricing.
- The rate structure issues, within sight of
the United States experiment; setting efficient rate structure is as important as setting
efficient rate level. Thus inefficient rate
structure cause inefficient use of the network and may lead to regulatory arbitrage.
Examples of rate structures rules were quoted in order to facilitate the concept comprehension.
- For the experts, the access pricing refers to
various types of access according to the pricing regimes between the operators, thus we
find in the United States the inter carrier
compensation (ICC), Calling Party Network
Pays Regime (CPNP), and Bill & Keep
Regime (B&K) for various types of access
(Two-way Access, One-way Access, and
access Termination)
- Concerning pricing issues, the speakers had
approached the difficulty of the costing
which can generate problems in fixing the
prices.
- The emerging networks architecture: the
point relating to the local loops prices for the
converging networks and that relating to the
termination on IP networks prices were also
approached.
All the topics were discussed with much
attention by the persons attended the courses and were compared with the United States
experiment. The idea exchanges will facilitate thereafter the contacts and the experiences exchange.
telephone directory, the telephone service
cover and the service in phone boxes.
the
Post
and
Communication
&Information Technologies which will be
taken into account in the development of
the schedule of conditions project relating
to the invitation to tender upon the
telecommunications universal service.
6. Universal Service
Within the framework of the telecommunications universal service project preparation, the ARPT had invited on February,
22nd 2006 the fixed and mobile telecommunications operators to discuss the universal service components including: the
The objective of this meeting was the collection of the operators' relevant opinions
in order to propose them to the Ministry of
Quaterly report of the Poste & Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
N° 4 - March 2006
11