Preciosa 4

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Preciosa 4
LIGHTI N G P RO J E CT S
Bulletin No. III
YEAR 2004
DEAR FRIENDS,
You have just opened the third bulletin of our lighting projects. Browsing through it, you will find
projects that have been realized recently, such as Shangri-La Hotel in Sydney, the Moscow Bank, and
private residences in Hong Kong and Singapore.
An important part of any chandelier is its source of light enabling it to shine with all colors of light.
Therefore, various types of light sources are discussed in the Miscellanea section.
Apart from the lighting projects our company devotes itself to, we would like to present Preciosa from
a different perspective - not only as a producer of lighting fixtures, but also as a sponsor of the Miss
Universe contest, or as a benefactor of those who need our help. We do hope that the present Bulletin
will be inspiring and helpful to you in getting a complete impression about Preciosa.
The people of Preciosa
CONTENTS
The Company's Activities
A chandelier from Preciosa and the Most Beautiful Girls of the Planet
Prize for Innovation in Architecture and Technical Systems
2-3
4
Grand Prix 2004 of the Architects' Community of the Czech Republic
- sponsored by Preciosa - Lustry
Completed and Open Projects
New Creative Ideas
5
6 - 19
20 - 26
Miscellanea
Sources of Light
27 - 29
Update on Selected References
30 - 31
Contacts
32
News: Let us invite you to the FIAM 2004 Exhibition taking place in Valencia, Spain, 27th September
- 2nd October 2004. You are welcome in Hall 7, at our stand No. D - 84.
Bulletin No. III
3
A CHANDELIER FROM PRECIOSA
AND THE MOST BEAUTIFUL GIRLS OF THE PLANET
For the first time this year, Preciosa has become the official partner
of the following beauty contests: MISS USA, which took place in the
prestigious Los Angeles Kodak Theater on the 12th April 2004, MISS
UNIVERSE held in Quit, Ecuador, on the 1st June 2004, and MISS TEEN
USA, which will take place in the Palm Springs resort in August.
Why do we sponsor the MISS contests?
The answer is best expressed by the slogan of our involvement in the contests: Beautiful things attract
one another. That's clear.
In essence, the Preciosa companies' products tie in with beauty influencing fashion, jewels, decorative
objects, interiors and architecture in particular. All this is closely connected with the word 'beauty'
- and the synonym for beauty is woman. Preciosa has therefore decided to link its name with the most
beautiful women of the planet.
Preciosa Trophy for the winners
This sculpture, created as a part of an original set of 20 items, is based on the specific properties of
Bohemian crystal. The figurine's shape consistently preserves the elements of the competition logo
exemplifying perfect skills and artistry of Preciosa's experts. The most beautiful women hold
a crystal trophy with chatons symbolizing the Miss's tiara, and their evening gowns reflect the
interplay of light in perfectly cut facets. (For a photo of the Trophy see page 5)
Activities
Chandeliers for MISS 2004
Apart from the trophies, the winners of the
competitions received gifts, such as crystal
chandeliers by the Preciosa-Lustry company.
MISS USA 2004 Shandi Finnessey left Los
Company's
Angeles with a brand new product of the
company - a cut crystal chandelier from
the product line Bohemian Classic included
in the Valencia Collection. The most striking
feature of the chandelier is its mouth blown
and finely hand cut glass parts. Machine cut
full-lead chandelier trimmings of the highest
PREMIUM quality with more than 30% PbO
The
content put the finishing touch to this
extraordinary fixture.
A chandelier for this year's MISS USA 2004
AC 5596/00/006
65 x 68 cm / 26 x 27 in
4
Lighting Projects
MISS UNIVERSE 2004 Jeniffer Hawkins,
a beautiful Australian, received, in Quit, the
capital of Ecuador, a richly decorated crystal
'wedding chandelier' from the product line
Bohemian Classic. The aim of the designer
of this luxury fixture was to enhance the
beauty of full-lead crystal parts embellished
with delicate hand cut decorations in the
shape of tulips. The overall impression is
emphasized by perfect chandelier trimmings
machine cut from full-lead crystal of the
PREMIUM quality with more than 30% PbO
content.
A “wedding chandelier” for MISS UNIVERSE 2004
AC 5391/00/008
75 x 98 cm / 30 x 39 in
MISS TEEN USA 2004, to be voted in Palm Springs, will be presented with a Euroluce Collection chandelier
from the product line Contemporary. Its fresh, original design, based on glass rods fixed to two circles
made of polished chromium-plated metal, will undoubtedly please the winner of the contest.
Company's
Activities
(See the picture on page 6)
The
This year's MISS USA Shandi Finnessey with
Preciosa representatives - Mr. Stanislav Kadlec,
Marketing Director, and Mr. Scott Glaser, President
of Preciosa International, Inc., USA
The Trophy created by Preciosa
Bulletin No. III
The most beautiful girl of the planet
5
PRIZE FOR INNOVATION IN ARCHITECTURE AND TECHNICAL SYSTEMS
A competition announced for exhibitors whose new products result from a close cooperation with
designers and architects was one of the events at the Light+Building 2004 Exhibition in Frankfurt am
Main. Preciosa's lighting fixtures undoubtedly meet this condition. The company therefore took part
in the international competition “Prize for Innovation in Architecture and Technical Systems” with
one of its models from the Euroluce collection comprising contemporary lighting fixtures.
The story of this residential lighting fixture, currently being manufactured, is interesting mainly because
of its innovative design and a wide range of uses. Originally, this fixture was designed for the
arrivals hall of the Singapore airport where it was presented under the title of 'They are just
landing…'. This idea was later exploited in the serial production of the company's residential lighting
fixtures. The premiere presentation of this extraordinary fixture was given at the Euroluce Fair 2003
in Milan. Its exceptional design, based on glass rods fixed to two circles made of polished chromiumplated metal, makes the fixture attractive for the target commercial customers as well as for architects
Activities
and interior designers engaged in designing lighting projects, who are expressing serious interest.
The
Company's
'They are just landing…'
A standard residential lighting fixture
PS 5393/01/016
138 x 205 cm / 54 x 81 in
6
Lighting Projects
GRAND PRIX 2004 OF THE ARCHITECTS' COMMUNITY
OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC
SPONSORED BY PRECIOSA - LUSTRY
On the occasion of the Grand Prix 2004 competition, prizes were awarded to the best designers in
the field of architecture for the projects realized in the Czech Republic in 2003.
This annual competition is organized by the Architects' Community of the Czech Republic. As usual,
the entries were judged by an international panel of judges, this year under the foremanship of Prof.
Colin Stansfield Smith from Great Britain. The prizes for the year 2004 were awarded in six categories:
Grand Prix, New Buildings, Reconstruction, Landscape Architecture, Interior, Plastic Art in Architecture.
This year, The Preciosa-Lustry company became a sponsor of the above competition. We are well
aware that these types of competitions represent an opportunity to appreciate the year-long work,
invention and creativity of professional artists, and since Preciosa considers itself to be a part of the
world full of works of art created by architects, it was an honor for us to support this event.
The selected award winning works will tell much more about the quality of the competition than a flood
of words.
Activities
A detail of the interior
Company's
The award winning work in the Interior category
The
The award winning work (a cottage)
in the Grand Prix category
The interior of the cottage
Bulletin No. III
7
CHARITY PROJECT, HONG KONG
Cooperation with designers in aid of the fight against AIDS
The Hong Kong design studio Buzz Design asked our subsidiary in Hong Kong to take part in the charity
project in aid of the fight against AIDS. Sixteen lighting fixtures altogether, two of which are our company's
products, were exhibited and auctioned in Hong Kong. The proceeds of the auction went towards the
Projects
search for a cure for AIDS.
and
Open
The actioned fixture
Completed
Detail of the fixture
043 923 012 - 00 / “ TYPHOON”
50 x 150 + 50 L cm / 20 x 59 + 20 L in
This lighting fixture designed by the director of the Buzz Design studio was put up for auction under
the title TYPHOON. The design is based on a frame made of chromium-plated wire with glass shards
fixed to it in combination with glass beads. Using templates, the shards were made artificially from
sheet glass cut into chips.
8
Lighting Projects
CHARITY PROJECT, HONG KONG
An inventive lighting fixture typical of the Preciosa design was put up for auction under the title SOLARIS.
Distinct features of the fixture are formed by mouth blown flower-like glass parts, each of which is
an originally shaped piece. To make these, new color shades were used - reddish brown, light
orange and pink. All these decorations are fixed to hand bent metal pipes finished with a satin-nickel
Projects
patina coating.
Completed
and
Open
042 383 020 - 07/ “ SOLARIS”
140 x 90 + 110 cm / 55 x 35 + 43 in
Detail
Bulletin No. III
9
SHANGRI-LA SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA
Projects
043 940 020 - 01
200 x 75 x 130 + L cm
/ 79 x 30 x 51 + L in
Completed
and
Open
Detail of the fixture
Draft
The dominant parts of this lighting fixture are mouth blown and hand shaped crystal flowers, leaves
and fruits, randomly cut in several places, thus enhancing their brilliance. Metal parts are hand formed
and finished with sprayed chromium. The combination of crystal and chromium brings out the simplicity
and stylistic purity of the fixture's interesting design. Hand made parts assure its original look.
10
Lighting Projects
Completed
and
Open
Projects
SHANGRI-LA SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA
043 916 040 - 00
150 x 200 cm / 59 x 79 in
Metal parts of this lighting fixture are finished with sprayed chromium. The fixture's basic feature
is its regular geometric shape.
Bulletin No. III
11
PRIVATE RESIDENCE, SINGAPORE
Completed
and
Open
Projects
043 136 120 - 01
250 x 400 + 200 cm / 99 x 158 x 79 in
The design of this lighting fixture is based on a combination and modification of three fixtures included
in the current projects catalogue Elegant Light. The fixture, whose glass parts are mouth blown, consists
of flat glass leaves and glass stems with small amber leaves on their ends. The combination of the
leaves' colors - blue in the upper part of the fixture and smoky taupe (brownish-grey) in the
remaining lower part - creates an interesting color effect. A round bloom at the bottom, giving an
original final accent to the fixture, consists of small leaves cut by laser out of polished sheet brass
and joined together to make a spherical surface of the bloom, and finally interwoven with blue and
yellow chandelier trimmings. The entire fixture is lit up by halogen bulbs hidden among the flat leaves
and crystal stems with amber leaves.
12
Lighting Projects
PRIVATE RESIDENCE, SINGAPORE
Completed
and
Open
Projects
043 869 050 - 00
150 x 45 cm/ 59 x 18 in
Test assembly in the factory
Glass disks made of matt sheet glass and fixed to a metal frame with a glossy chromium-plated surface
form an elegant half-round shape of this lighting fixture.
Bulletin No. III
13
and
Open
Projects
BANK HEADQUARTERS, MOSCOW, RUSSIA
Completed
044 050 008 - 01
120 x 50 cm / 47 x 20 in
To assemble this lighting fixture, the designer made use of the bank's supporting columns fixing to
them two metal rings with a glossy chromium finish.
Mouth blown and hand bent crystal stems with leaves are clamped to the rings together with
halogen bulbs serving as a source of light.
14
Lighting Projects
Projects
BANK HEADQUARTERS, MOSCOW, RUSSIA
Completed
and
Open
A ceiling lighting fixture
044 071 004 - 00
48 x 32 cm / 19 x 13 in
A ceiling lighting fixture
044 075 008 - 00
115 x 75 cm / 45 x 30 in
Bulletin No. III
15
BANK HEADQUARTERS, MOSCOW, RUSSIA
Open
Projects
A wall bracket
044 073 001 - 00
34 x 50 x 22 cm / 13 x 20 x 9 in
Completed
and
A wall bracket (a view from above)
34 x 50 x 22 cm / 13 x 20 x 9 in
A table lamp
044 049 001 - 01
34 x 56 cm / 13 x 22 in
16
A floor lamp
044 049 002 - 03
34 x 190 cm / 13 x 75 in
Lighting Projects
Completed
and
Open
Projects
BANK HEADQUARTERS, MOSCOW, RUSSIA
041 416 072 - 08
250 x 500 + 200 cm / 90 x 198 + 79 in
The drawing pictures a central lighting fixture. An interesting device this fixture is equipped with is
its telescopic metal frame with halogen bulbs fixed to its inner movable part. To replace the bulbs,
the frame bearing the bulbs can be pulled out towards the floor.
The fixture, 2.5m in diameter and 5m in height, is lit up by 72 halogen bulbs (40W).
Bulletin No. III
17
HOTEL LOTTE - PART II., SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA
Open
Projects
Ground plan
Completed
and
Draft
043 963 001 - 02
50 x 100 cm / 20 x 40 in
This lighting fixture consists of a matt amber glass cylinder with crystal rods embedded in it. Inside
the cylinder is placed a light source of high luminosity. Its intense light passes through the rods whose
richly cut ends disperse it in many directions, thus creating an exceptional light effect.
18
Lighting Projects
HOTEL LOTTE - PART II., SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA
Completed
and
Open
Projects
044 062 001 - 02
15 x 15 cm/ 6 x 6 in
044 062 001 - 00
30 x 15 cm / 12 x 6 in
The dominant feature of these lighting fixtures is
a crystal hand shaped plate. While molten, the glass
was flared and then formed into the required
shape. To create the color decoration, glass threads
of various colors were hand stuck in hot condition
onto the warm surface of glass.
Bulletin No. III
044 062 001 - 01
20 x 12 cm / 8 x 5 in
19
PRIVATE RESIDENCE, HONG KONG
An interesting design of these lighting fixtures was created using sheet glass cut into regular strips
Open
Projects
and in hot condition melted down onto the base crystal layer.
Completed
and
043 774 003 - 01
60 x 60 + L cm / 24 x 24 + L in
043 857 004 - 01
40 x 45 + 20 cm / 16 x 18 + 8 in
20
Lighting Projects
PRIVATE RESIDENCE, HONG KONG
This lighting fixture consists
of cascades of chandelier
trimmings in crystal, light
amethyst, topaz, rosaline and
light rosaline.
043 820 000 - 00
250 x 120 x 10 + 20 cm
/ 99 x 47 x 10 + 20 in
Mouth blown glass drops ca 8mm in
Completed
and
Open
Projects
diameter.
043 758 005 - 02
58 x 90 cm/ 23 x 36 in
Bulletin No. III
21
Ideas
Creative
New
043 475 056 - 00
200 x 600 cm / 79 x 237 in
This flush mount is decorated with mouth blown glass 'fishes' hung up on metal wires finished with
an old-gold patina. The fixture 2m in diameter and 6m in height, is lit up by 56 halogen bulbs.
22
Lighting Projects
Ideas
Creative
New
044 122 020 - 00
287 x 500 x 110 cm / 113 x 198 x 43 in
This lighting fixture can be used either as a central, or staircase fixture. Crystal thorns, 1 - 1.20m in
length, with cut ends are unevenly hung up on chromium plated rods. Lit up by 20 halogen bulbs
from above, the light falling on the ends of the thorns creates interesting effects.
Bulletin No. III
23
Detail 1
Creative
Ideas
Detail 2
New
043 934 001 - 00
80 x 300 cm / 32 x 119 in
This lighting fixture is formed from colored chandelier trimmings making a dense round veil inlaid
with sea scenes created in hot condition by colored glass cullet melted down onto pieces of sheet
glass. Inside this crystal 'waterfall' is a powerful source of light lighting up the entire object from within.
24
Lighting Projects
Ideas
Creative
New
043 492 000 - 00
300 x 684 cm / 119 x 270 in
An example of creative lighting: Hand shaped leaves made of crystal and ruby glass form a facing
of the room's columns. It can be lit up from inside as well as from outside.
Bulletin No. III
25
A fountain created from glass parts.
Hand flared glass plates in combination with hand shaped glass leaves in amber, yellow, red and green
Ideas
color shades form an imaginative glass fountain.
New
Creative
044 017 000 - 00
400 x 150 cm / 58 x 59 in
Model 1
26
Model 2
Lighting Projects
GLASS SCULPTURES
Hand shaped glass flowers making a wall decoration. The flowers can be lit up from outside.
Ideas
044 018 000 - 00
Red grass:
Hand shaped and twisted grass leaves made of oran-
New
Creative
ge and red glass are embedded in a metal base.
043 692 000 - 00 / Red Grass
60 x 190 cm / 24 x 75 in
Bulletin No. III
27
GLASS SCULPTURES
A wall covered with glass mouth blown flowers of various sizes in light amber, dark amber, olive,
green and light orange.
Ideas
044 122 020 - 00
420 x 130 cm / 166 x 51 in
New
Creative
Variation 1
Variation 2
28
Lighting Projects
SOURCES OF LIGHT
Sources of light are the integral and very important part of all lighting fixtures. Their function substantially
affects not only the light the fixture emits, but also the overall impression it gives. Let us therefore
deal with sources of light in more detail.
Light bulbs for general use
Light bulbs for general use are currently the most widely used light sources. A low price and the widest
selection of types and shapes are their major assets. On the other hand, high electricity consumption
and a low efficiency are their main drawbacks.
One of the important features primarily of classical lighting fixtures is the design of the bulb.
Therefore, to achieve the classical impression of the fixture, candle-shaped or other decorative
bulbs are mostly used. Reflector bulbs form a special group. Giving spot light, they are especially
suitable for the lighting of shops, shop windows, restaurants and exhibition and museum halls. All
classical bulbs emit warm, softly yellowish light and can be dimmed.
Halogen light sources
It is a standard practice to use either low-voltage (12V), or common mains voltage (230V) halogen
bulbs. The main asset of this type of bulb is, first and foremost, its price and brilliant illumination
of the selected room at that. Lit up by the sharp and cold halogen light, glossy surfaces of silver or
chromium-plated objects shine very brightly, concurrently giving an illusion of colors being lighter.
It is therefore advisable to use halogen bulbs in chandeliers with PREMIUM trimmings as their light
brings out the brilliance of machine cut and polished full-lead crystal.
Compared to classical light sources, halogen bulbs have a longer lifetime, give more light using
the same wattage, and assure an unchanged quality of light throughout their lifetime. These
sources can also be dimmed. The special advantage of these bulbs is their small dimensions, the
correct angle of the emitted light and, first and foremost, their suitability for use in small lighting
fixtures. Their lower wattage and small size enable them to be arranged over the entire fixture. On
the other hand, they have higher electricity consumption and emit considerable heat. In designing
lighting fixtures fitted with halogen bulbs of
Mi sc ell a nea
the secondary voltage of 12V, it is necessary
to use a transformer as a part of the fixture.
Examples of halogen light sources
Bulletin No. III
29
Fluorescent lamps
Fluorescent lamps fall into two groups: economical lamps and compact lamps. Economical lamps
have low electricity consumption saving almost 80% of power compared to filament bulbs. They are
easy to maintain thanks to their compact shape, and have a fifteen times longer lifetime compared
to common light bulbs. Currently, there is a wide variety of types and shapes, e.g. fluorescent lamps
fitted with a voltage multiplier and with screw caps to be easily screwed in the E14 and E27 sockets.
Fluorescent lamps are usually used in technical lighting fixtures as required by the customer. The
disadvantage of this type of lamp is the impossibility of dimming and a comparatively high purchase
price, however compensated by savings of electricity power.
Compact lamps are economical as well, but,
compared to the former group, they do not
need a voltage multiplier. They require fixtures
to have special sockets (e.g. G24), a voltage
multiplier, and possibly a starter if the lamp
does not contain it. Provided the lamps are
equipped with a corresponding electronic
voltage multiplier, they can also be dimmed.
There are several types of lamps differing in
the color of light they emit.
Example of a compact lamp
Optical fibers
Optical fibers are conductors of light, i.e. transparent fibers of different diameters. With the source
of light (projector) placed either inside, or outside the lighting fixture, its light enters the fiber on the
end to which the projector is connected, and then proceeds inside the fiber to its other end in compliance
with the principle of the reflection of light.
Luminous effectiveness of the system oscillates between 15 - 20%, with the emitted light being exploited
without any loss. Optical fibers emit either cold white light, or light of various colors. Their
disadvantage is a high purchase price.
Every optical fiber system consists of a
M i sce ll ane a
source of light, which is the only active part
of the system based either on halogen,
discharge or LED (Light-Emitting Diode)
principle, optical fibers of various diameters
and lengths, and a terminal. There are two types
of the system: with a shining terminal, or a
shining surface of the fibers. These systems
are used primarily in modern lighting fixtures
to emphasize the fixture's design, e.g. fixtures
of the 'waterfall' type.
Example of optical fibers
30
Lighting Projects
LED sources
Light sources based on LED (Light-Emitting Diode) emit cold light and surpass classical electric bulbs
in low electricity consumption (0.9 - 1.5 W), long lifetime (1000 000 hours) and high shock and
vibrations resistance. LED diodes are equipped with common screw caps, e.g. E14 and E27, and made
in a variety of colors, e.g. white, yellow, green, blue and red.
Led diodes are easy to install and are suitable for the lighting of corridors, for spot lighting of
various interiors, and to serve as indicator lights. Thanks to their low overall demands, diodes save
energy as well as maintenance and operation costs.
LED modules of various sizes and using various
light sources are an integrated, compact
system for advertising purposes replacing
fluorescent lamps and other standard light
sources.
Mi sc ell a nea
Example of LED source
Bulletin No. III
31