OSHBulletin - Jabatan Kimia Malaysia

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OSHBulletin - Jabatan Kimia Malaysia
Untuk Edaran Dalaman Sahaja
Keluaran 2/2010
Mei – Ogos 2010
LAWATAN TIMBALAN MENTERI
Osh Bulletin
Keluaran 2/2010
LAWATAN DARI ILP PEDAS, NEGERI SEMBILAN
SUMBER MANUSIA
Pada 22 Julai 2010, Unit OSH Ibu Pejabat telah menerima pelawat dari
Institusi Latihan Perindustrian Pedas, Negeri Sembilan. Seramai 20 orang
pelawat termasuk Pihak Pengurusan ILP Pedas, NS telah hadir bersama
lawatan ini. Tujuan lawatan ini adalah untuk mempelajari dan memahami cara
pengurusan Sistem OSH yang diamalkan di Jabatan Kimia Malaysia. Taklimat
dan telah disampaikan oleh En. Mohamed Rafiq dan Pn. Noor Azimah. Banyak
maklumat, penerangan dan pendedahan telah diberikan supaya mereka
memahami perlaksanaan OSH dan boleh mengaplikasikan di tempat mereka.
Setelah taklimat, pelawat dibawa melawat ke beberapa lokasi seperti setor
bahan Kimia, setor gas, makmal OSH dan galeri IKTD.
Kandungan
Lawatan Timbalan
Menteri Sumber
Manusia
Lawatan dari ILP Pedas
Negeri Sembilan ke
JKM Ibu Pejabat
Minggu OSH 2010 di
JKM Perak
Globally Harmonized
System (GHS)
Part 2: Pictogram
Quiz
Penaung
N. Hithaya Jeevan
(Ketua Pengarah Kimia Malaysia)
Penasihat
Datin Maharam bt. Jusoh
(Timbalan Ketua Pengarah
(Operasi))
Ahmad Ridzuan bin Ibrahim
(Timbalan Ketua Pengarah
(Dasar))
Editor
Chang Hon Fong
Nur Fadzlina
Noor Azimah
JABATAN KIMIA
MALAYSIA
KEMENTERIAN SAINS,
TEKNOLOGI DAN INOVASI
(MOSTI)
Pada 3 Jun 2010, Jabatan Kimia Malaysia Ibu Pejabat telah
menerima lawatan daripada Timbalan Menteri Sumber
Manusia dan Ahli Majlis Negara yang diketuai oleh
Timbalan Menteri Sumber Manusia Y.B. Senator Dato
Maznah Mazlan. Tujuan lawatan ini adalah untuk
mendapatkan taklimat Sistem Pengurusan Keselamatan
dan Kesihatan Pekerjaan yang diamalkan di Jabatan Kimia
Malaysia. Turut hadir semasa lawatan ini adalah Y. Bhg.
Dato‘ Ir. Dr. Johari Basri, Ir. Hj. Rosli bin Hussin, Prof. Dr.
Omar Shawkataly, En. Davies Danavaindran , En. Foo
Chek Lee, Tn. Hj. Omar bin Hj. Osman dan En. S.
Veerasingam. Para pelawat telah dibawa melawat Makmal
Bahagian Forensik, Bahagian KAS dan PJK.
OSHBulletin
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Osh Bulletin
Keluaran 2/2010
Minggu OSH 2010 di JKM Perak
Minggu OSH 2010 di JKM Perak telah diadakan pada 19-23/07/2010 yang dirasmikan oleh
Tn. Pengarah Kimia Perak. Sebanyak 5 aktiviti telah dijalankan semasa minggu tersebut
iaitu kursus ‘Asas Pertolongan Cemas’ (Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Negeri Perak) yang
memberi pendedahan cara-cara memberikan pertolongan cemas seperti CPR, ikatan anduh
dan lain-lain; taklimat ‘Fire Prevention Programme’ (Fire Prevention Centre, Pulau Pinang)
menunjukkan bahaya api dan asap kebakaran serta cara-cara menggunakan alat pemadam
api mudah alih; taklimat ‘Job Safety Analysis’ (Pengurus-Pengurus OSH JKM Perak)di
mana staf dimaklumkan risiko kerja berdasarkan JSA yang telah disediakan; ‘Respiratory
Protection’ (VKI Marketing); dan latihan amali Audit Keselamatan di Tempat Kerja
(peserta Kursus Keselamatan dan Kesihatan Pekerjaan di Sektor Awam anjuran DOSH
Perak).
Osh Bulletin
Keluaran 2/2010
Globally
Harmonized
System (GHS)
Part 2: Pictogram
Hazard pictograms form part of the Globally
Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling
of Chemicals (GHS). The pictograms are used for
the labelling of containers and for workplace hazard
warnings.
Hazard pictograms are one of the key elements for the labelling of containers
under the GHS, along with:
1. An identification of the product
2. A signal word (either DANGER or WARNING) – where necessary
3. Hazard statements, indicating the nature and degree of the risks posed
by the product
4. Precautionary statements, indicating how the product should be handled
to minimize risks to the user (as well as to other people and the general
environment)
5. The identity of the supplier (who might be a manufacturer or importer)
The pictograms are divided into three classes as follows:
A. Physical hazards
Pictograms
Usage
ƒ Unstable explosives
ƒ Explosives, divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4
ƒ Self-reactive substances and
mixtures, types A, B
ƒ Organic peroxides, types A, B
Exploding
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Flame
3
Flammable gases, category 1
Flammable aerosols, categories 1, 2
Flammable liquids, categories 1, 2, 3
Flammable solids, categories 1, 2
Pyrophoric liquids & Solid, category 1
Self-heating substances and
mixtures, categories 1, 2
ƒ Substances and mixtures, which in
contact with water, emit flammable
gases, categories 1, 2, 3
ƒ Organic peroxides, types B, C, D, E,
F
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Osh Bulletin
Keluaran 2/2010
Osh Bulletin
Keluaran 2/2010
ƒ Oxidizing gases, category 1
ƒ Oxidizing liquids, categories 1, 2, 3
ƒ Oxidizing solids, categories 1, 2, 3
Flame over circle
ƒ Skin corrosion, categories 1A, 1B, 1C
ƒ Serious eye damage, category 1
Corrosion
ƒ Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation),
category 4
ƒ Skin irritation, categories 2, 3
ƒ Eye irritation, category 2A
ƒ Skin sensitization, category 1
ƒ Specific target organ toxicity following
single exposure, category 3
ƒ Compressed gases
ƒ Liquefied gases
ƒ Refrigerated liquefied gases
ƒ Dissolved gases
Gas cylinder
Exclamation mark
ƒ Corrosive to metals, category 1
Corrosion
Health hazard
ƒ Respiratory sensitization, category 1
ƒ Germ cell mutagenicity, categories 1A,
1B, 2
ƒ Carcinogenicity, categories 1A, 1B, 2
ƒ Reproductive toxicity, categories 1A,
1B, 2
ƒ Specific target organ toxicity following
single exposure, categories 1, 2
ƒ Specific target organ toxicity following
repeated exposure, categories 1, 2
ƒ Aspiration hazard, categories 1, 2
B. Health hazards
C. Environmental hazards
ƒ Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation),
categories 1, 2, 3
ƒ Acute hazards to
the aquatic
environment,
category 1
ƒ Chronic hazards to
the aquatic
environment,
categories 1, 2
Skull and crossbones
Environment
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Osh Bulletin
Keluaran 2/2010
The GHS hazard pictograms are intended to replace older systems of
hazard pictograms, such as the European Union pictograms defined in the
Dangerous Substances Directive or Canada's Workplace Hazardous Materials
Information System (WHMIS). The transport pictograms are the same as those
recommended in the UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous
Goods, widely implemented in national regulations such as the U.S. Federal
Hazardous Materials Transportation Law (49 U.S.C. 5101–5128) and D.O.T.
regulations at 49 C.F.R. 100–185.
Osh Bulletin
Insert (T) True or (F) False in the blank column.
13.
Hot glass looks the same as cold glass.
14.
All chemicals in the lab are to be considered dangerous.
15.
Return all unused chemicals to their original containers.
16.
Work areas should be kept clean and tidy.
Pipettes are used to measure and dispense small amounts of liquids. You should draw
the liquid into the pipette using your mouth.
Laboratory work can be started immediately upon entering the laboratory even if the
instructor is not yet present.
Never remove chemicals or other equipment from the laboratory.
17.
18.
quiz
19.
Identify the Personal Lab Safety Equipment every student should be aware of and wear, by
matching it with its function:
1. Visual protection:
To protect your eyes when mixing strong caustics
or acids, it is recommended you wear this.
2. Chemical spill:
If you spill a chemical, you should be wearing
these to protect your feet and eyes.
3. Flame retardant:
If you are working with an open flame, you should
wear something to protect your clothing
4. Handling hot substances:
If you are handling hot substances you should use
these
20.
Chipped or cracked glassware is okay to use.
21.
Read all procedures thoroughly before entering the laboratory.
22.
All unauthorized experiments are prohibited.
You are allowed to enter the chemical preparation/storage area any time you need to get
an item.
Laboratory aprons should be worn during all lab activities.
It’s okay to pick up broken glass with your bare hands as long as the glass is placed in
the trash.
Never leave a lit burner unattended.
23.
A.
24.
25.
B.
Keluaran 2/2010
26.
C.
Across
1. Chemicals that can harm a person's health causing
illness, injury or disease.
3. Any machinery, equipment or tools used at work.
6. Keeping people safe and healthy at their place of work
by preventing accidents.
9. A person from a union given legal power to enter a
workplace on OHS issues.
14. The sharing of information and exchange of views on
OHS matters between managers.
15. The premises of the employer and any place where
an employee carries out work.
D.
Identify the symbols by choosing the letter of the symbol which corresponds with the description of the
classification.
5. Compressed Gas
6. Biohazard
A
7. Toxic
B
C
D
8. Hazard to the aquatic
environment
9. Flammable
E
10. Oxidizing
11. Corrosive
12. Eplosive
Answer: 1.D 2.C 3.A 4.B 5.B 6.C 7.A 8.D 9.G 10.F 11.H
F
G
H
Down
2. The responsibility of the employer to look after the health and safety of people.
4. The process of managing risks that different hazards may represent in the workplace.
5. A person who carries out work for the employer.
7. Instruction given to employees so they can carry out their work safely.
8. Equipment used by workers to protect them from hazards in the workplace.
10. Anything that might cause harm to a person.
11. The probability that harm might come to a person.
12. The NSW Government organisation responsible for OHS law.
13. The organisation or individual who employs people to carry out work for them.
12.E
Jawapan pada keluaran akan datang.
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