Wichita Standards - Catholic School System


Wichita Standards - Catholic School System
Fourth Grade
Catholic Diocese of Wichita Religion Curriculum Guide
Revised: 2013
Fourth Grade
Mlada Hill, St. Joseph Catholic School, Wichita
Michelle Leddy, St. Joseph Catholic School, Conway Springs - Kindergarten
Mary Jones, Blessed Sacrament Catholic School, Wichita – 1st Grade
Deanna Hanson, St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic School, Wichita – 2nd Grade
Connie Ronck, St. Elizabeth Ann Seton Catholic School, Wichita – 3rd Grade
Cathy Hardesty, St. Patrick Catholic School, Wichita – 4th Grade
Majel Breckunitch, St. Mary Catholic School, Newton – 5th Grade
Sr. Mary Clare, IHM, St. Peter Catholic School, Schulte – 6th Grade
Erin Hays, Holy Spirit Catholic School, Wichita - 7th Grade
Greg Goertz, St. Francis of Assisi Catholic School, Wichita – 8th Grade
Jamie Finkeldei, Catholic School Office, Wichita – Assistant Superintendent
Adam Butler, St. Cecilia Catholic School, Haysville – Administrative Intern
Aimee Dester, Magdalen Catholic School, Wichita – Assistant Principal
Cindy Chrisman, Christ the King Catholic School, Wichita – Principal
Mary Carter, St. Francis Catholic School, Wichita - Principal
Fourth Grade
Scope and Sequence
Below is a list of the terms and their definitions that will help you plan lessons to meet the
expectations of each new skill (per grade) in the Scope and Sequence.
“I”-Introduce: To “introduce” a skill a teacher must present material in a manner so that a student
becomes acquainted with basic knowledge and principles necessary to enhance these building
blocks for later application as understanding increases.
“D”-Develop: To “develop” a skill a teacher must have already introduced the material and now
directs a stronger focus of the material as understanding increases. A teacher must build upon the
basic knowledge, leading each student toward mastery of the particular skill.
“M”-Master: To “master” a skill a teacher must have introduced and developed a particular skill so
a student can demonstrate proven ability and control at the application and impact levels. This
control should include recall, but not only be limited to this basic level of learning.
“R”-Reinforce: To “reinforce” a skill a teacher must know that mastery has occurred. A teacher
must build upon this mastery level of knowledge to improve application and impact abilities.
Additional support and material that increases ability are at the core of reinforcement.
This grade level document draws just the relevant information from the entire K-8 religion
curriculum guide. As a result, there will be places where the numbering and lettering seem out of
order. For a complete understanding, please refer to the complete guide
Fourth Grade
Fourth Grade
Benchmark 1: The learner will define the Trinity.
1) Identify God as three Divine Persons (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) in one Being.
2) Attributes of the Trinity
c) Sustainer of everything in existence (CCC 301)
b) Author of Divine Revelation
3) Source of Salvation as offered by the Father, through the sacrifice of the Son,
and the guidance of the Holy Spirit in the sacraments
Benchmark 2: The learner will explain the core beliefs held by Catholics as
identified in the Articles of Faith.
2) Doctrine/Dogma: revealed teachings of Christ, proclaimed by the Church, CCC
3) God sent His Son to save us
3) “I believe in God the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth
a) God as Creator-Genesis, CCC 279-280; Creation by the Trinity, CCC 291
b) God as Father of all the baptized
c) Created Man “in the Image of God,” CCC 355
d) Created Man with a body and soul, CCC 362
e) Creation “out of nothing,” CCC 296
f) Inherent truth-creation is good, CCC 299
4) “and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord”
a) Jesus is the Son of God (fully divine, consubstantial with the Father and the
b) Jesus is also fully human
c) Titles of Jesus
i) Christ-“Messiah” in Hebrew-means anointed
ii) Name of Jesus “God Saves” in Hebrew
iii) Emmanuel: God is with us
iv) Kyrios-Lord
v) Word-made-flesh
vi) Alpha and Omega
5) “who was conceived by the Power of the Holy Spirit,” CCC 484-486 [Nicene: and
by the Holy Spirit was incarnate of the Virgin Mary ](Incarnation)
a) Definition: “into the flesh” God became Man, CCC 461-463
b) Why did the Word become flesh?, CCC 457-460
i) To save us
ii) To know God’s love
iii) To be our model of holiness
6) “Born of the Virgin Mary,” CCC 488
7) “suffered Under Pontius Pilate, was Crucified, Died, and was Buried”
a) Stress Jesus’ obedience to the will of the Father
b) Responsibility for Jesus’ Death
i) Humanity, CCC 598
Fourth Grade
c) Look to the Stations of the Cross (see Appendix A)
10) “from there he will come again to judge the living and the dead,” CCC 678
11) “I believe in the Holy Spirit”
a) Role of the Holy Spirit in the Church
i) Sent by Jesus to his disciples to guide them and His Church
ii) Jesus tells us to pray to the Spirit, who will sustain and guide us until
the Second Coming
b) Names of the Holy Spirit
i) Paraclete: Consoler and Advocate
ii) Spirit of Truth
c) Symbols of the Holy Spirit, CCC 694-701: see Appendix B
d) List the Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit: see Appendix B; Jn 14:26, 1 Cor 2:11.
These are gifts from the Spirit to sustain us.
13) “…Communion of Saints…”
g) Saints in Heaven (including all souls in Heaven)
h) Souls in Purgatory
i) Faithful on Earth
16) “…and the life everlasting.”
a) Heaven-perfect life with the Trinity
i) If we follow Jesus faithfully, heaven will be our final reward
b) Purgatory-final purification, CCC 1031
c) Hell-separated from God forever by our own free choice, CCC1033, 1035
Benchmark 3: Define and Apply the Four Marks of the Church CCC 810, 870
2) Be able to list the four marks.
2) One-just as the Trinity is one, so is the Church united by the Spirit (Eph 4:3-6,
Jn 17:17-23, 1 Cor 12:13)
a) Three causes of unity CCC 813
i) One Source: the Trinity
ii) One Founder: Jesus
iii) One Soul: Holy Spirit
b) Church as the Body of Christ
i) Christ is the head
ii) Every baptized person is a member and called to holiness
iii) The Holy Spirit is the guide.
c) We must pray for Christian unity
2) Holy-separated from the world and called to
a) Called to be holy through our baptism
b) Sustained in holiness through: the Sacraments, Scripture, Tradition,
Magisterium, Assembly, Prayer
3) Catholic-universal, everyone is invited (Rom 12:4-5)
Fourth Grade
a) We can practice our faith in the Mass anywhere in the world, despite
differences of language or culture, because the fundamentals of our Faith
and Tradition do not change
4) Apostolic-handing on of apostolic preaching and authority from the apostles to
their successors, the bishops, (Mt 16:18, Jn 20-21, Eph 4:11, 1 Tim 3:1,8, 1 Tim
5:17, Tit 1:5), CCC 882-886, 890, 897, 901, 916, 927
a) We are called to participate in the mission of the apostles-students can
participate through prayer, sacrifice, and almsgiving
b) Examine the hierarchy of the Church
iii) The pope is the leader of the Catholic Church throughout the world
iv) Name the current pope
c) Examine diocese
i) What a bishop does and how he leads and shepherds the diocese
ii) Wichita – Name the current Bishop of Wichita.
iii) Kansas City as archdiocese
iv) Dodge City, Salina as sister dioceses
v) Priest is the leader of the Church in the Parish
d) Discover how popes are elected (conclave of Cardinals under 80, voting process,
black/white smoke, papal name selection)
Fourth Grade
Fourth Grade
Benchmark 1: The learner will be familiar with the Catholic view of grace. CCC
1) Definition of grace
a) God’s life within us
b) The free and undeserved gift that God gives us to grow in holiness and become
more like Him
2) Sources of grace
a) Sacraments
b) Christ’s suffering, death, and resurrection
c) Life of the Trinity
3) Importance of grace: cannot reach heaven without it
4) Types of grace
b) Sanctifying grace
b) Actual/helping graces (every good act, thought, word proceeds from
Benchmark 2: The learner will define liturgy.
1) Definition of liturgy: participation of the people of God in the work of God
Benchmark 3: The learner will identify the seven sacraments and their elements.
CCC 1113-1134 (see Appendix C for chart and biblical references)
1) Students will identify the seven sacraments
2) Sacrament
a) Definition: An outward sign instituted by Christ to give grace
b) Categories of sacraments
i) Sacraments of Initiation (begin the life of grace in the soul)
ii) Sacraments of Vocation
iii) Sacraments of Healing
c) Why sacraments? Christ makes moral demands on us we cannot meet
without help
d) When instituted? During Christ’s visible stay on earth
3) Baptism CCC 1213-1284
a) Definition
iii) Sacrament that makes us members of God’s family
iv) Sacrament which removes original sin, makes us Christians, children of
God and heirs of heaven
b) Essential Action
i) Matter: triple pouring of/immersion in water
ii) Form: “N., I baptize you in the name of the Father and of the Son and of
the Holy Spirit.”
c) Minister
i) Ordinary: deacon, priest, or bishop
4) Confirmation CCC 1285-1321
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a) Definition: sacrament through which we receive the Holy Spirit to make us
strong and perfect Christians and soldiers of Jesus Christ
b) Essential Action
i) Matter: laying on of hands and chrism
ii) Form: “N., be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit”
c) Minister
i) Ordinary: bishop (or priest in context of RCIA)
5) Eucharist CCC 1322-1419
a) Definition: Sacrament which contains the body and blood, soul and divinity
of our Lord Jesus Christ under the appearance of bread and wine
b) Essential Action (essential rite)
i) Matter: wheat bread and grape wine
ii) Form: the Eucharistic prayer, specifically: “This is my Body” and “This is
my Blood.” (said at the last supper)
c) Disposition necessary to receive: baptized person in a state of grace; one
hour of fast; proper preparation
d) Eucharist derives from a Greek word meaning “thanksgiving”
e) Minister
i) Consecration
(1) Ordinary: bishop or priest
ii) Communion
(1) Ordinary: bishop, priest, or deacon
6) Reconciliation, CCC 1420-1498
a) Definition: sacrament by which sins committed after Baptism are forgiven
b) Essential Action
i) Matter: outward confession and contrition
ii) Form: “I absolve you from your sins, in the name of the Father and of the
Son and of the Holy Spirit.”
c) Disposition necessary to receive: contrition, confession, performance of
d) Purpose of the sacrament:
k) Because we keep sinning; sin hurts both God and other people;
confession heals our relationship with God; penance helps heal
relationship with others
iii) Obtain pardon and be reconciled with God and the Church (our
e) Minister: bishop or priest
7) Anointing of the Sick CCC 1499-1535
a) Definition: sacrament which, through anointing and prayer of the priest,
gives health and strength to the soul and sometimes to the body, when
there is a danger of death or serious illness
b) Essential Action
i) Matter: laying on of hands and anointing with Oil of the Sick
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ii) Form: “Through this holy anointing may the Lord in his love and mercy
help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit. Amen. May the Lord who
frees you from sin save you and raise you up. Amen”
c) Minister: bishop or priest
8) Matrimony CCC 11601-1666
a) Definition: sacrament which unites a Christian man and Christian woman in
b) Essential Action (essential Rite)
i) Matter: mutual and free consent of a man and a woman
ii) Form: approved formula of vows
c) Minister: man and woman being joined in Matrimony
9) Holy Orders CCC 1536-1600
a) Definition: sacrament administered by a bishop through which men receive
the power and grace to perform their sacred duties as ordained ministers
b) Essential Action (essential Rite)
i) Matter: laying on of hands for all three; anointing with Chrism (hands of
priest, head of bishop)
ii) Form: silent invocation of Holy Spirit and separate consecration prayer
for each order
c) Minister: bishop
Benchmark 4: The learner will demonstrate an understanding of the ritual,
symbolism, and effects of each sacrament.
1) Ritual and symbolism of Baptism
a) Sign of cross: claims person for Christ
b) Pouring of water and words: dying and rising to new life with Christ
through water
c) Putting on of white garment: putting on Christ
d) Receiving candle: receiving Christ, the light of the world
e) Anointing with oil of catechumens
f) Confessing the faith of the church: done by parents and godparents if child
g) Anointing with sacred chrism
2) Effects of Baptism
a) Purification from all sin
5) Ritual and symbolism of Eucharist:
a) As Thanksgiving: we offer thanks for Jesus and all we have received
b) As Memorial: we remember the Last Supper and the Paschal Mystery
c) Transubstantiation: Jesus is truly present
7) Ritual and symbolism of Reconciliation
a) use story of the Forgiving Father and the Prodigal Son
b) Necessity of Examination of Conscience
c) Ritual
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i) Confession
ii) Imposition and acceptance of penance (performance necessary)
iii) Act of Contrition
iv) Absolution CCC 1449
8) Effects of Reconciliation
a) Reconciliation with God
b) Reconciliation with the Church
Benchmark 5: The learner will examine the historical development of the Mass
from its inception at the Last Supper to the present day.
5) Revised English Translation of the Mass in
English implemented in Advent, 2011
d) Students should be able to provide correct responses.
e) Why? To move our translation closer to the Latin original
Benchmark 6: The learner will identify and be able to list the main parts of the
Mass as it is celebrated today.
1) Introductory Rites
a) Entrance Antiphon/Song
b) Veneration of the altar
c) Greeting
d) Penitential Rite/Confiteor
e) Kyrie
f) Gloria
g) Collect (Opening Prayer)
2) Liturgy of the Word
a) 1st Reading: Old Testament/Revelation/Acts of the Apostles reading
b) Responsorial Psalm
c) Second Reading from Epistles
d) Gospel Acclamation
e) Gospel
f) Homily
g) Profession of Faith/ Creed
h) Prayers of the Faithful
3) Liturgy of the Eucharist
a) Offertory
b) Prayer over the Gifts
c) Eucharistic Prayer
v) Consecration is when the bread and wine become the Body and Blood of
d) Communion Rite
i) Lord’s Prayer
ii) Rite of Peace
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iii) Fraction Rite/Agnus Dei (Lamb of God)
iv) Communion Antiphon/Song
v) Silent Prayer
4) Concluding Rite
a) Greeting
b) Blessing
c) Prayer over the people
d) Dismissal
Benchmark 7: The learner will display appropriate participation in Mass.
1) Genuflection
2) Sign of the Cross
3) Silent prayer before and after Mass
4) Appropriate responses and movements
5) Listening to readings
6) Participating in Communion
a) Reverence in receiving(bow before receiving)
b) One hour Communion fast
c) Lack of Mortal Sin/In the state of grace
7) Use of Holy Water
8) Singing
9) Attention on the Altar
10) Appropriate Dress for Mass
11) Lectoring
12) Altar serving
Benchmark 8: The learner will explain and experience the value of Eucharistic
Adoration, Benediction, and other paraliturgical celebrations.
1) Eucharistic Adoration
2) Rosaries
3) Stations of the Cross
4) Benediction/ Exposition
5) Novenas
6) Litanies
7) Liturgy of the Hours
Benchmark 10: The learner will participate in and explain the liturgical cycle,
including the seasonal (temporal) and sanctoral cycles. CCC 1163-1173
(see Appendix D for more information)
1) Temporal cycle: the drama of Christ’s life and our redemption (seasons)
a) Advent (1st season of the liturgical year)
i) Preparation for Jesus Preparation for the 3comings of Christ
(1) In hearts
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(2) At Christmas (historically)
(3) At second coming
ii) About four weeks: 1st Sunday to Christmas Eve
iii) Purple
iv) 3rd Sunday: Gaudete Sunday (rose)
b) Christmas
i) About 3 weeks: Christmas Day to Baptismof Jesus
ii) White
iii) Important Days
(1) Christmas (12/25)
(2) Holy Family (Sunday after 12/25)
(3) Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God (1/1)
(4) Epiphany (Sunday after 1/1)
(5) Baptism of Jesus (Sunday after 1/6)
c) Ordinary Time (first of two sections)
i) Green
ii) 7-10 weeks: day after Jesus’ Baptism to Tuesday before Ash Wednesday
iii) Celebration of Jesus’ life and growth in our faith
d) Lent
i) Roughly 40 days: Ash Wednesday to Holy Thursday
ii) Purple
iii) Important Days
(1) Ash Wednesday (mandatory fast and abstinence from meat)
(2) 4th Sunday: Laetare Sunday (rose)
(3) Passion/Palm Sunday
(4) Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday of Holy Week
(5) Sacred Triduum (Easter Triduum)
(a) Holy Thursday: Institution of Eucharist and Priesthood
(b) Good Friday: No consecration of Eucharist anywhere in world;
Passion and Death of our Lord
(c) Holy Saturday: Day of Waiting
(d) Triduum ends with evening of Easter Sunday: Triduum’s climax
is Easter Vigil
e) Easter Season
i) White
ii) Easter to Pentecost (50 days)
iii) Important days
(1) Octave of Easter: Easter + 7 days, each celebrated as Easter, ending
with Divine Mercy Sunday
(2) Ascension Thursday (40 days): moved to 7th Sunday of Easter
(3) Pentecost: 50 days after Easter
iv) Easter Sunday – Celebrate the resurrection of Jesus
f) Ordinary time (second of two sections)
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Fourth Grade
i) Monday after Pentecost to Saturday after Christ the King Sunday
ii) Important Days
(1) Trinity Sunday
(2) Solemnity of the Most Holy Body and Blood of Christ (Corpus
(3) Christ the King Sunday (last Sunday of the Church Year)
Benchmark 11: The learner will identify various types of sacramentals and their
uses. (1667-1679)
1) Types
a) Blessings of persons, meals, objects, and places (including consecrations)
b) Ashes: reminder of death and sin on Ash Wednesday
c) Medals (esp. Miraculous)
d) Crucifixes
e) Palms
f) Rosaries
g) Holy Water
h) Relics
i) Scapular
j) Incense (Psalm 141)
2) Sacrilege – disrespect for sacred persons, places, or things
3) Sacramental: sacred signs which bear a resemblance to sacraments which…
a) Prepare us to receive sacraments
b) Make occasions of life holy
c) Always include a prayer, often with a specific sign
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Fourth Grade
Fourth Grade
Benchmark 1: The learner will know and model the theological and cardinal
(moral) virtues, particularly the virtues of chastity and modesty in dress, speech,
and attitude.
1) Virtue
a) Define: A habitual and firm disposition to do good (CCC 1803)
b) Grace allows us to lead a more virtuous life
2) Theological virtues, 1 Cor 13:13
a) Define
i) Faith, CCC 1814
ii) Hope, CCC 1817
iii) Love (charity), CCC 1822
iv) Golden Rule, CCC 1823
b) Practice in thought, word, and deed
3) Cardinal (moral) virtues, Wis 8:7
a) Define, CCC 1805
i) Prudence, CCC 1806
ii) Justice, CCC 1807
iii) Fortitude, CCC 1808
iv) Temperance, CCC 1809
b) Practice in thought, word, and deed
Benchmark 2: The learner will apply the Ten Commandments, Beatitudes, and
Precepts of the Church to conscience formation.
1) Review decision making skills
2) Sin/vice, CCC 1849; 1850
a) Define: A deliberate thought, word, deed or omission contrary to the eternal
law of God
b) Every choice has a consequence – Our Conscience tells us to make good
c) Kinds of sin
i) Original, CCC 404
ii) Actual
(1) Venial, CCC 1855
(2) Mortal, CCC 1855
iii) Commission and Omission
d) Conditions for mortal sin, CCC 1857
i) Grave matter, CCC 1858
ii) Full knowledge, CCC 1859
iii) Complete consent – free will, CCC 1859
iv) Only free persons can make moral choices and be responsible for them
3) Ten Commandments
a) Memorize each by number & word
b) Explain what is commanded & forbidden by each, CCC 2084-2550
(see Appendix B)
c) Examination of Conscience (see Liturgy 4.7)
Fourth Grade
d) Two Great Commandments of Jesus (Mk. 12:29-31)
As summary of the two tablets of the 10 Commandments
The Law of Love
e) Locate in Bible, Ex 20:1-17
4) Beatitudes
a) Locate in the Bible (Mt.5:3-12)
5) Precepts of the Church, CCC 2041-2043 (appendix B)
a) Memorize as in Appendix B
Benchmark 3: The learner will demonstrate a reverence for the human body as a
Temple of the Holy Spirit.
1) Define and demand respect and self-respect
2) Define what it means to be a Temple of the Holy Spirit, 1Cor 6:19-20, CCC 364
a) Body
b) Soul
i) Free Will
ii) Intellect
3) Saints as examples (include but not limited to)
a) St. Maria Goretti
b) St. Agnes
c) St. Dominic Savio
d) St. Lucy
e) St. Aloysius Gonzaga
f) St. Mary Magdalen
g) St. Rose of Lima
h) St. Cecilia
Benchmark 4: The learner will develop an appreciation for family life and
Christian friendships founded on respect, reverence, and responsibility.
1) Holy Family as a model
2) Sacrificial Love
a) Demonstrate acts of kindness towards others
b) Recognize the sacrificial love of Jesus and love as He does
3) Developing relationships
i) Always rooted in our relationship with Jesus
b) Self-discipline
c) Self-awareness
d) Respect for others (likes/ dislikes)
Benchmark 5: The learner will put into practice the corporal and spiritual works
of mercy by performing acts of stewardship.
1) Practical love and care for God’s creation
2) Memorize and relate to stewardship activities
a) Corporal works of mercy, CCC 2447 (see Appendix B)
b) Spiritual works of mercy, CCC 2447 (see Appendix B)
Fourth Grade
Benchmark 6: The learner will examine and apply the teachings of the Catholic
Church to relevant social issues of the day.
4) Respect for human dignity as the most basic principle of Catholic social
5) Life Issues
a) Life is created in God’s image – We are children of God
b) Life is precious to God
6) Internet Safety (See appendix F)
a. Rules and Tools for home (See appendix F)
b. Online Predators
18) Learn about positive alternatives
a) Prayer groups (Daily prayer)
b) Christian radio
c) Deeper relationship with Christ
d) Friends who share your values
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Fourth Grade
Stewardship is a spirituality, a way of living, a step in our personal evangelization. As important as it is to
memorize the official diocesan definition, the virtues of a steward, and even the triad of “time, talent, and
treasure,” it is far more critical that students see stewardship witnessed daily by their teachers and parents
as their way of life and also have the opportunity to practice it in every routine of the day.
Three questions distinguish stewardship from the modern lifestyle espoused and glamorized by current
culture. What do I have? Where did it come from? What do I do with it?
Modern culture constantly teaches us that we do not have enough and deserve more. However, stewards
believe that they have everything they need and must of what they want.
Modern culture teaches us that whatever we have, we earned with our own two hands; whatever we want,
we have a right to; whatever we don’t want, we can dispose of. Stewards believe that everything we have
is a gift from God, and the most important things we have – life, love, family, health, children, happiness,
eternity, etc. can not be earned or purchased at any price.
Modern culture teaches us that what we have is ours to keep, and that we owe nothing to anyone else
because each person should take care of himself. Stewards believe, however, that because everything we
have is a gift from God, we have an obligation to care for these gifts, share them generously with others,
and be accountable to God for our stewardship of the gifts He has entrusted to us.
So teaching stewardship is not a matter of definition or service hours. It is a countercultural way of life that
each of us can choose or not. “To be or not to be?” was Shakespeare’s famous question. For Christian
disciples it is the question. Stewardship is the answer.
Benchmark 1: The learner will identify the elements of stewardship.
1) Identify the stages of conversion of stewardship
m) God calls each of us (Evangelization) to holiness CCC 1533, 1962, 1877
n) We agree to be his disciples (discipleship) CCC 618, 1533, 1275
o) We live out discipleship as stewards
ix) Define stewardship: the grateful response of a Christian disciple who
recognizes and receives God’s gifts and shares these gifts in love of
God and neighbor
14)Four elements of stewardship
i) Share our gifts generously.
j) Receive God’s gifts gratefully.
k) Cultivate God’s gifts diligently.
15)Characteristics of a steward
s) Prayer
t) Generosity
u) Trust
v) Patience
w) Gratitude
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x) Responsibility
y) Perseverance
16)Four pillars of stewardship
o) Hospitality
p) Prayer
q) Formation
r) Service
17)Stewardship in the Diocese of Wichita as unique
Benchmark 2: The learner will identify, define, and apply the role of a steward of
1) Define steward of vocation: one who responds generously to the call of God;
CCC 1, 358, 1700, 825, 898, 873, 931
2) Be open to God’s call
3) Discovering your gifts
4) Understand that our desire for God is written in our heart, because He is our
Creator, CCC 27
5) Love is the fundamental and innate vocation of every human being, CCC 1604,
2331, 2392
6) Pray for an increase in Religious vocations; for example, Vocation Prayer, 31
Club, and Adopt a Seminarian
7) Gifts and Responsibilities of each vocation
a) Priesthood
b) Consecrated Religious Life
c) Married Life
d) Single Life (state in life vs. vocation)
8) Fulfilling this desire leads to true happiness (vs. false happiness)
Benchmark 3: The learner will identify, define, and apply the role of a steward of
1) Define steward of creation: someone who cultivates and cares for God’s creation,
both living and nonliving, (Gen 2: 15)
2) Respect for human life, CCC 1700
a) All people from conception to natural death, CCC 2258-2283
b) Aged, CCC 2208
c) One’s own body, CCC 1004, 2288
d) Unborn, CCC 2270-2275
3) Protection of the environment, CCC 2415
a) Animals, CCC 2416-2418
b) Conservation
c) Recycling
Benchmark 4: The learner will identify, define, and apply the role of a steward of
the Church.
Fourth Grade
1) Define steward of the church: someone who works to spread the Catholic faith
throughout their community and the world.
b) We are all called to be missionaries. We don’t have to go to another country to be a
missionary. We are called to be an example and bring others to the church
wherever we are. (See below)
c) Mary is the perfect example of a steward of the Church- total
devotion to Christ
3) Role of the parish steward CCC 2226
h) Make and keep a sacrificial pledge to the parish (tithing)
i) Participate in Mass and the sacraments faithfully in the parish
Decades ago, missionary work was seen to be the task of a small number of zealous Catholics who traveled
to distant lands to convert pagans. The rest of the Catholic
population participated in this effort with occasional donations.
The Second Vatican Council proclaimed a very different vision of spreading the faith that was the vocation
of every baptized person and was to be reiterated at the conclusion of every Sacrifice of the Mass when the
faithful are sent from the liturgy to live the faith, to love and serve each other.
In recent times, this missionary call is best understood within the context of evangelization, a term
elaborated upon by Pope Paul VI in 1976 in Evangelii Nuntiandi. Evangelization is an umbrella term that
explains how a person comes to know, love, and live the Catholic faith. It includes the proclamation or
reception of the Gospel, the decision to accept God’s call to follow Him (discipleship), the decision to live
out that faith in service to God and to others (stewardship), and the obligation to witness to that faith and
spread it as missionaries.
The understanding of the missionary call also continues to evolve. We have always understood that the
Church has a mission to evangelize those who have never heard the gospel. However, in recent years, the
term New Evangelization has been coined to stir up the dormant or inactive faith of those who are already
members of the Church through Baptism, a group estimated to include more than 20 million people in the
United States alone. Clearly, then, to paraphrase recent popes, the work of every Catholic is to be a
Doctrinal Points
25. The Great Commission of Jesus is “Go, therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them
in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I
have commanded you…” (Mt. 28:20)
26. Christ has entrusted His mission to the Church. The Church, in obedience to the command of her
founder and because it is demanded by her own essential universality, strives to preach the Gospel
to all men” (CCC 849)
Fourth Grade
27. The Church is the Body of Christ where Christ the Head continues to work His mission. Through
Baptism, we became members of Christ’s Body.
28. “Because she believes in the universal (catholic) plan of salvation, the Church must be
missionary.” (CCC 851)
29. “All the members of the Church share in this mission, though in various ways.” (CCC 863)
30. “Modern man listens more willingly to witnesses that to teachers, and if he does listen to teachers
it is because they are witnesses.” (Evangelii Nuntiandi 41) Pope Paul VI.
Fourth Grade
Fourth Grade
Benchmark 1: The learner will develop a personal relationship with Jesus Christ
and the Church, which is anchored in a vibrant prayer life.
1) Necessity of prayer, CCC 2744, 2562 (praying at all times)
2) Jesus taught us to pray using the Our Father
3) What is prayer: Talking and listening with God
a) Prayer as God’s gift, CCC 2559
b) Prayer as a relationship, CCC 2562
c) Prayer as communion with the Trinity, CCC 2565
4) Jesus’ teachings on prayer, CCC 2600-2614
a) Faith
b) Persistence
c) As in Jesus’ name, through Holy Spirit
5) Our model for prayer, as expressed in the Our Father
a) For forgiveness, CCC 2631, 2838-41
b) For the sick, CCC 1499, 1510
c) For the dead, CCC 958, 1032
d) For deliverance from evil, CCC 2850-54
e) For daily bread, CCC 2828-37
f) For the coming of God’s Kingdom, CCC 2816
g) For ecumenism, CCC 821
6) Aids to prayer life
a) Time
b) Silence
c) Posture (see benchmark 4)
d) Environment/ Place
e) Sacramentals/Sacred Images
7) Stumbling blocks to prayer life, CCC 2729-32
a) Distraction
b) Lack of faith
c) Reciting words without meaning
Benchmark 2: The learner will define and practice different types of prayer.
1) Forms of prayer
a) Adoration
b) Contrition
c) Thanksgiving
d) Supplication/Petition
2) Expressions of prayer
a) Formula: Hail Mary, etc.
b) Vocal
c) Spontaneous
d) Mental
Fourth Grade
e) Communal
f) Meditation: reflecting upon a specific text or image; for example, lectio divina D
Benchmark 3: The learner will understand and memorize specific prayers as they
relate to Catholic spirituality. (see Appendix J)
1) Sign of the Cross
2) Glory Be
3) Angel of God (Prayer to Guardian Angel)
4) Grace Before Meals
5) Our Father
6) Hail Mary
7) Grace After Meals
8) Act of Contrition
9) Morning Offering
10) Apostles’ Creed
11) Hail Holy Queen
12) Rosary
13) Act of Faith
14) Act of Love
15) Act of Hope
16) Fatima Prayer
17) Stations of the Cross
18) Memorare
19) Queen of Heaven (Regina Coeli)
20) Glorious Mysteries
21) Joyful Mysteries
22) Sorrowful Mysteries
23) Luminous Mysteries
24) Come, Holy Spirit
25) Angelus (Angel of the Lord)
26) Nicene Creed
27) Prayer to St. Michael the Archangel
28) Magnificat
Benchmark 4: The learner will display appropriate gestures while participating in
various forms of liturgy.
1) Gestures and participation
a) Sign of Peace-express our desire to be at peace with each other. Customary
to shake hands, but a bow or nod is sufficient. Should be finished at the
beginning of the Lamb of God.
b) Folding our hands during Mass or prayer as a sign of respect and adoration.
(Vietnamese posture of folding arms)
c) Proper respect and treatment of missalettes, prayer books, and other prayer
Fourth Grade
d) Profound genuflection-both knees (pious practice, not liturgical)
e) Genuflection-right knee only
f) Sign of the Cross with holy water-reminder of our baptism and a sign of
respect (symbolic profession of faith)
g) Proper posture while sitting, standing, and kneeling. (Not leaning on the
pew in front of you or the seat behind you.)
h) Participation in congregation’s prayers and responses
i) Participation in hymns, refrains, and other singing parts
j) Proper reception of Communion in the hand or mouth
Benchmark 5:The learner will acknowledge the special honor due to Mary
through devotions to her (see Creed and Saints for more)
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Fourth Grade
Benchmark 1: The learner will identify essential elements of the Bible.
1) The Bible as God’s revelation of Himself to us
3) God is the author of the Bible
3) The Bible as Covenant
a) God’s faithfulness to man
b) Relevance to today’s life
4) Bible as the Inspiration of the Holy Spirit
5) The Bible as a Literary Form
a) The Division of the Bible/Chapter and Verse
i) Be able to use the table of contents to locate books in the Bible
ii) The Gospels record what Jesus said and did
iii) Know whether a book is in the Old Testament or New Testament
(memorization not required)
6) The relationship between Old Testament and New Testament
7) Categorize the books of the Old Testament by their literary divisions
a) Torah or Pentateuch
b) Historic books
c) Wisdom books Prophetic books
d) Prophetic books
8) Categorize the books of the New Testament by their literary divisions
a) The four Gospels
i) Definition
ii) The evangelists
b) Acts of the Apostles (early Church history)
c) The Epistles of St. Paul
d) Other Catholic letters
e) Revelation
Benchmark 2: The learner will identify and apply the content of specific
books and other important concepts contained in Holy Scripture.
(See Appendix H for more detail)
1) Pentateuch
a) Genesis and the Creation, (Gen 1-3)
i) The Fall: Original Sin
vi) God created all and rested on the seventh day
j) Cain and Abel (Gen 4): offering our best to God, not being jealous
c) Noah and the Flood, (Gen 6)
i) Covenant with God
d) Tower of Babel, (Gen 11) (overreaching pride)
f) Abraham and Sarah; covenant (Gen 17): patriarch
h) Jacob/Israel as the father of the 12 Tribes of Israel, (Gen 27-36): patriarch
i) Joseph foreshadowing Christ, (Gen 37-50)
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Fourth Grade
j) Moses
z) Yahweh as God’s revealed name: I am who am (Ex 3)
aa) Passover as prefiguring Paschal Mystery (Ex 12)
bb) Hebrews as chosen people/ led by God through Moses, (Ex 2-11)
cc) Exodus of Hebrews going from slavery to freedom, (Ex 14)
dd)10 Commandments (Ex 20-24) (CCC 2055-2074)
2) Israelite Settlement
c) The story of Ruth and parallel to God’s faithfulness, (Ru 1-4)
d) Samuel as last judge, who anoints the first king: Saul (1 Sam 10-15)
e) David (1 Sam 17, 2 Sam 24)
i) Writer of the Psalms
x) Goliath, (1 Sam 17): God often works through the small and meek; trust;
all is possible through God
1. The story of Solomon and the building of the Temple, (1 Kings 1-11)
g) Jonah and the Whale: Follow God’s will; prefiguring baptism and the paschal
k) Wisdom Literature: instructions in how to live in relationship with God; how
to live a virtuous life
3) Be familiar with or analyze the Synoptic Gospels
a) The Infancy Narratives
i) Annunciation/Incarnation: Lk. 1:26-38; 1 Jn 2:2-3; 2 Jn. 7
ii) Birth of John, Lk. 1:5-25, 57-80
iii) Visit to Elizabeth, Lk 1:39-45
v) Dream of St. Joseph, Mt 1: 18-24
vi) Genealogy of Jesus, Mt. 1:1-17
vii) Birth of Jesus, Mt. 1:18-25, Lk 2:1-20
viii) Visit of the Shepherds, Lk 2:8-10
ix) Presentation in the Temple, Lk 2:21-40
x) Magi (Epiphany) and their importance, 2: 1-12
xi) Flight into Egypt, Mt 2:13-23
xii) Massacre of the Holy Innocents, Mt 2:16-18
xiii) Finding Jesus in the Temple, Lk 2:41-52
b) John the Baptist: Mt. 3:1-12, Mk 1:1-8, Lk 3:1-18
c) Baptism of Jesus, Mt 3:13-17, Mk 1:9-11, Lk 3:21-22
e) Inauguration of the Kingdom of Heaven and the call to conversion,
Mt 4:12-17, Mk 1:14-15, Lk 4:1-13
f) Call of First Disciples, Mt. 4:18-22, Mk 1:16-20, Lk 5:1-11
g) Call of Matthew the tax collector, Mt. 9:7-13
h) The Sermon on the Mount and the Beatitudes, Mt 5-7
i) Beatitudes, Mt 5:3-12
i) Lord’s Prayer, Mt 6:9-15, Lk. 11
j) The Greatest Commandment, Mt 22:37, Lk 12: Love God with whole heart,
soul, mind, and strength, and love neighbor as yourself
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Fourth Grade
k) Peter’s primacy: Mt. 16:18
l) Parables (See Appendix H for more detail)
i) Definition of Parable: a short story that presents familiar imagery of
Jesus’ time to teach a truth about the Kingdom of God
ii) Purpose of parables: Mt 13:10-15, Mk 4:10-12, Lk 8:9-10
iii) The Parable of the Mustard Seed, Mt 13:31, Mk 4:30, Lk 13:18
iv) The Pearl of Great Price, Mt 13:45- 46
v) The parable of the Lost Sheep, Lk 15:1-7, Mt. 18:12-14
vi) The parable of the Prodigal Son, Lk 15:11-32
vii) The Parable of the Good Samaritan, Lk 10:29-37
viii) The Parable of the Sower of the Seeds, Mt 13:1-9, Mk 4:1, Lk 8:4
ix) The Parable of the Talents, Mt 25:14-30
x) The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant, Mt 18: 21-35
xi) The parable of the Persistent Widow, Lk 18: 1-8
xii) The Parable of Lazarus and the Rich Man, Lk 16:19-31
xiii) Parable of Judgment of the Nations; corporal works of mercy,
Mt. 25: 31-46 (“Whatever you do…you do unto me”)
m) Miracles (See Appendix H for more detail)
i) Feeding five thousand, Mt 14:13, Mk 6:32-44, Lk 9:10-17, Jn 6:1-13
ii) See appendix for other examples of miracles; teach some in each category
(healing, provision, resurrection, demons, nature)
iii) Walking on Water Mt 14:22-33, Mk 6:45-52
n) The Transfiguration, Mt17:1-8, Mk 9:2-8, Lk 9:28-36
o) The story of Martha and Mary, Lk. 10:38-42
p) Zacchaeus, (Lk 19:1)
q) Christ’s passion, death, and resurrection (i.e. Paschal Mystery), Mt. 26- 28;
Mk 14-16; Lk 22-24, Jn 18-20
r) The appearance on the road to Emmaus, Lk 24:13-35
s) The Ascension of Jesus, Mk 16:19-20; Acts 1:6-12
4) Be familiar with or analyze the New Testament Gospel stories of John
b) The Wedding Feast of Cana (first public miracle) and the purpose of signs,
c) The Bread of Life Discourse, 6:22-70
e) The Good Shepherd, 10:11
g) The Washing of the Disciples’ Feet, 13:4-15
h) Judas’ Betrayal, 13:21-30
i) The Last Supper Discourses, 14-17
i) The Vine and the Branches, 15:1
ii) New Commandment of Love “Love one another as I have loved you”
Jn 15:12
5) Introduce the Acts of the Apostles: the Church continues the mission of Christ
a) The apostles before Pentecost, Jn. 20:19
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Fourth Grade
b) Replacing Judas, Acts 1:15
c) Pentecost, 2:1-13
6) Key Christological Passages from Pauline and Catholic Epistles and the Book of
b) Fall of the Angels, Rev 12:9
Benchmark 11: The learner will be familiar with the geographical locations of the
main biblical events.
1) Holy Land: cities of Hebron, Jerusalem, Bethlehem
2) Galilee
3) Sea of Galilee
4) Nazareth
5) Jordan River
6) Dead Sea
7) Jerusalem
8) Bethlehem
Benchmark 5: The learner will apply specific terms connected with Sacred
1) Disciple: learner
2) Sacred Scripture
3) Sacred Tradition
4) The Magisterium - Authority to interpret
Benchmark 10: The learner will demonstrate reverence toward Holy Scripture.
1) Importance of Holy Scripture reverence
2) Examples of how to demonstrate this reverence
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Fourth Grade
Fourth Grade
Benchmark 1: The student will study angels.
1) Define angel
2) Kinds of angels
a) Archangels (9/29)
b) Guardian (10/2)
c) Cherubim
d) Seraphim
Benchmark 2: The student will study and analyze the life, virtues, and
contributions of Mary and the saints.
1) Contributions of Mary (the greatest saint)
2) Define saint: a person who leads a holy life in union with God and receives
the reward of eternal life in heaven
3) Patron saints
4) Parish patron saints
5) Types of Saints
a) Apostles (combined with Evangelists)
b) Martyrs
c) Evangelists
Benchmark 5: The student will study the life and contributions of specific saints
appropriate to their grade level.
*For the following saints, students should know:
 Time period
 Major achievements
 Patronage
1) Marian Feasts
a) Holy Days of Obligation dedicated to Mary
i) Mary, Mother of God, 1/1
ii) Immaculate Conception, 12/8 (Patroness of United States)
iii) Assumption, 8/15
b) Apparitions
i) Our Lady of Guadalupe, 12/12 (Patroness of Americas)
Benchmark 3: The student will outline the canonization process of saints.
1) Servant of God
2) Venerable
3) Blessed (Beatification)
4) Saint (Canonization)
Benchmark 4: The student will apply lessons to be learned from Mary and the
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ii) Our Lady of Lourdes, 2/11
iii) Our Lady of Fatima, 5/13
iv) Our Lady of Mount Carmel, 7/16
j) Other Marian celebrations
i) Annunciation, 3/25
ii) Visitation to St. Elizabeth, 5/31
iii) Immaculate Heart of Mary, day after Sacred Heart
2) Other Solemnities and Feasts
a) Joseph, Husband of Mary, 3/19
b) John the Baptist, 6/24 and 8/29
g) All Saints, 11/1
d) Apostolic Times
i) Peter & Paul, the Apostles, 6/29
ii) Joachim & Anne, 7/26
iii) Holy Innocents, 12/28
iv) Stephen, 12/26
v) Mary Magdalen, 7/22
vi) Thomas the Apostle, 7/3
vii) John the Apostle and Evangelist, 12/27
viii) Mark, 4/25
ix) Philip & James, the Apostles, 5/3
x) Matthias, 5/14
xi) James, 7/25
xii) Bartholomew, the Apostle, 8/24
xiii) Matthew, the Apostle, 9/21
xiv) Luke, 10/18
xv) Simon & Jude, the Apostles, 10/28
xvi) Andrew, the Apostle, 11/30
f) American Saints (See Appendix G for list)
i) Juan Diego, 12/9
ii) Katharine Drexel, 3/3 (gave away fortune, devoted to ministering to
Native and African Americans)
iii) Kateri Tekakwitha, 7/14
iv) Elizabeth Ann Seton, 1/4
v) John Neumann, 1/5
vi) Rose Philippine Duchesne, 11/18
h) Other Major Saints
i) Nicholas, 12/6
ii) Blaise, 2/3
iii) Patrick, 3/17
iv) Francis of Assisi, 10/4
v) Clare of Assisi, 8/11
vi) John Bosco, 1/31
Fourth Grade
vii) Isidore the Farmer, 5/15
viii) Joan of Arc, 5/30
ix) Tarcisius, 8/15
x) Peter Claver, 9/9
xi) Vincent de Paul, 9/27
xii) Faustina, 10/5 (Divine Mercy)
xiii) Margaret Mary Alacoque, 10/17 (Sacred Heart)
xxi) Blessed John Paul II
xxii) Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta (service in India: seeing Christ in all,
especially the poor, the dying, the unloved)
These definitions are intended for teacher reference. Please simplify to make age appropriate.
Absolution - The words of forgiveness the priest prays over the penitent in the sacrament of
Actual Grace – Temporary supernatural intervention given to perform a specific good act, thought, or
Actual Sin - Any thought, word, deed, or omission contrary to God’s eternal law. All actual sins are
classified on the basis of this division, where sinful thoughts are essentially desires, the words may
either be spoken or otherwise articulated, the deeds involve some external manifestation, and omissions
are failures to do what should have been done by a person in a given set of circumstances.
Adultery - Marital infidelity, or sexual relations between two partners, at least one of whom is married
to another party. The sixth commandment and the New Testament forbid adultery absolutely (CCC
Advent - The liturgical season of four weeks devoted to preparation for the coming of Christ at
Christmas (CCC 524).
Aeiparthenos – Greek word which means that Mary is ever-virgin; before, during, and after the birth of
Agnosticism – In general, not knowing about religious truth; more specifically, not having rational
certitude about it.
Alb - A white linen garment, reaching from the neck to the ankles with tight-fitting sleeves and held in at
the waist by a cincture (girdle), worn by the ministers at Mass. It is sometimes ornamented near the
hem with embroidery or other colored material, known as ‘apparels’. The alb was taken to symbolize
purity, and it was customary for the celebrant to say ‘Make me white…’ while putting it on.
Ambo - The ambo is a special stand or place from where the Scriptures are read at Mass. (Also called
lectern or podium)
Amice - A linen cloth, square or oblong in shape, with strings attached. It may be worn around the neck
by the priest when celebrating the Eucharist, or by other ministers who wear the alb.
Anagogical – one of the deeper senses used in interpreting Sacred Scripture that detects allusions to
heaven or afterlife.
Anamnesis - The “remembrance” of God’s saving deeds in history in the liturgical action of the Church,
which inspires thanksgiving and praise. Every Eucharistic prayer contains an anamnesis or memorial in
which the Church call to mind the Passion, Resurrection, and glorious return of Christ. (also called
Memorial Acclamation or Mysterium Fidei)
Anchorites - Men who renounce the world in order to spend their lives alone in penance and prayer;
women are known as anchoresses.
Angel - A spiritual, personal, and immortal creature, with intelligence and free will, who glorifies God
without ceasing and who serves God as a messenger of his saving plan (CCC 329-331).
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Angelus - A Catholic devotional practice performed in the early morning, at noon, and in the evening,
usually, in places where the custom is generally observed, during the ringing of a bell. It consists of three
verses with their responses, each followed by a Hail Mary, and it concludes with a prayer.
Anointing - Anointing is the signing of a person with holy oil. Anointing is used in the sacraments of
Baptism and Confirmation, and in other sacraments and rites of the Church.
Annulment - Official declaration by the Church that, for lawful reasons, a marriage was invalid and
consequently null and void, i.e. a marriage never sacramentally took place.
Annunciation - The visit of the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary to inform her that she was to be the
mother of the Savior. After giving her consent to God’s word, Mary became the mother of Jesus by the
power of The Holy Spirit.
Anointing of the Sick - One of the seven sacraments administered by a priest to a baptized person in
danger of death because of illness or old age, though prayer and the anointing of the body with the oil of
the sick. The proper effects of the sacrament include a special grace of healing and comfort to the
Christian who is suffering infirmities of serious illness or old age, the forgiving of the person’s sins, and
the possibility of physical healing (CCC 1499, 1520, 1523, 1526-32).
Apologetics - The theological discipline that deals with the reasons for believing God and accepting the
faith presented by the Christian Church; a defense of Catholicism by the use of logic, Scripture, and
Church teaching.
Apologist - One who writes or speaks in defense of Christian beliefs and practices.
Apostle - A term meaning one who is sent as Jesus was sent by the Father, and as He sent His chosen
disciples to preach the Gospel to the whole world (CCC 857).
Apostles Creed - A statement of Christian faith developed from the baptismal creed or “symbol” of the
ancient Church of Rome, the see of St. Peter, first of the Apostles. The Apostles’ Creed is considered to be
a faithful summary of the faith of the Apostles. See prayers.
Apostolate - The activity of the Christian which fulfills the apostolic nature of the whole Church by
working to extend the reign of Christ to the entire world (CCC 863). The specific work of a religious
Apostolic - One of the four attributes of the Church mentioned in the Nicene Creed. Refers to the
Catholic faith as having been received through the apostles; apostolic succession from Peter to the
current pope.
Apostolic Succession - The handing on of apostolic preaching and authority from the Apostles to their
successors the bishops through the laying on of hands, as a permanent office in the Church (CCC 77,
Archangels - A chief or ruling angel. The term occurs twice in the New Testament (Jude 5:9; I
Thessalonians 4:16) and has two Catholic meanings. In its wider sense an archangel is any angel of
higher rank. More strictly, though, archangels are those angelic spirits who belong to the eighth of nine
choirs of angels. As distinct from guardian angels, archangels are messengers of God to men. Three
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archangels are specifically mentioned in the Bible: Tobit 12:6, 15; John 5:1-4; Luke 1:26-38; Revelation
Arianism - A fourth-century heresy propagated by Arius denying the divinity of Jesus Christ. Following
views which gnostics had popularized, he regarded the Son of God as standing midway between God and
creatures; not like God without a beginning, but possessing all other divine perfections, not of one
essence, nature, substance with the Father and therefore not like him in divinity.
Articles of Faith - Those revealed truths which have a specific and proper identity, yet are broad
enough to include other revealed truths so as to form a unified body of Christian doctrine.
Ascension - The entry of Jesus’ humanity into divine glory in God’s heavenly domain, forty days after his
resurrection (CCC 659, 665); one of the Glorious Mysteries of the Rosary.
Asceticism – A type of religious order that emphasizes self-denial and poverty. Its object is the
attainment of Christian perfection.
Atheism – The denial in the theory and/or practice that God exists. Atheism is a sin against the virtue of
religion required by the first commandment of the law. (CCC 2124-2125)
Attributes - Characteristics that are associated with a saint or other figure that help identify them or the
manner of their martyrdom.
Baptism - The first of the seven sacraments, and the “door” which gives access to the other sacraments.
Baptism is the first and chief sacrament of forgiveness of sins, because it unites us with Christ, who died
for our sins and rose for our justification. The rite of baptism consists in immersing the candidate in
water, or pouring water on the head, while pronouncing the invocation of the Most Holy Trinity: the
Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit (CCC 977, 1213, 1275, 1278).
Baroque – A style of ecclesial architecture that developed during the Counter-Reformation; this style is
identified as busy-looking, ornate, and highly decorated.
Barrel vault – In ecclesial architecture, a type of ceiling shaped like a half barrel which requires thick
walls for support.
Basilica – A specific type of church architecture; specifically, a lengthy oblong edifice, rectangular in
shape with an apse (a dome or arched ceiling) at one end. Also, a church or cathedral accorded certain
ceremonial rights by the pope.
Beatitudes - The teachings of Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount on the meaning and way to true
happiness (Mt 5. 3-12; Lk 6. 20-26) (CCC 1716).
Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament - A Eucharistic devotion in the Catholic Church of the Latin Rite
that takes place in the context of adoration. In its traditional form, a priest, vested in surplice, stole, and
cope, places on the altar the consecrated Host in the monstrance, and then incenses it. Benediction
occurs when the priest lifts the monstrance containing the Host and blesses the congregation.
Bible –Sacred Scripture; the books that contain the truth of God’s revelation and were composed by
human authors inspired by the Holy Spirit. The Old Testament and the New Testament are the two main
parts of the Bible (CCC 105).
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Bishop – One who has received the fullness of the Sacrament of the Holy Orders, which makes him a
member of the Episcopal college and a successor of the Apostles. He is the shepherd of a particular
church entrusted to him and the head of a diocese. (CCC 1557; cf. 861, 886)
Blessed Sacrament - The Blessed Sacrament is a name given to the Eucharist, especially the
consecrated elements reserved in the tabernacle for adoration or for the sick (CCC 1330).
Byzantine Liturgy or Rite - The liturgy of the Byzantine Rite of the Catholic Church. The Byzantine Rite
differs from the Latin rite not in profession of faith, the seven sacraments, or in hierarchical unity, but in
its approach to theology, spirituality, liturgy, church law, and in particular cultural and linguistic
Canon Law - The rules which provide the norms for good order in the visible society of the Church.
Those canon laws that apply universally are contained in the Codes of Canon Law. The most recent Code
of Canon Law was promulgated in 1983 for the Latin Church and in 1991 for the Eastern Church.
Canon - The official list of books of the Bible commonly accepted by the Church as sacred and of divine
Cardinal (moral) virtues - Four pivotal human virtues that will govern our acts, order our passions,
and guide our conduct in accordance with reason and faith (CCC 1805, 1834). See appendix A.
Cassock - The long garment (usually black) worn by the clergy.
Catacombs - A subterranean cemetery consisting of galleries or passages with side recesses for tombs.
Catechesis - An education of children, young people, and adults in the faith of the Church through the
teaching of Christian doctrine in a unified and systematic way to make them disciples of Jesus Christ
(CCC 5, 426-427).
Catechumenate - The formation of those in preparation for their Christian initiation that aims at
bringing their conversion and their faith to maturity within the ecclesial community; a period of
Christian development in RCIA.
Catholic - One of the four marks of the Church, taken from the Nicene Creed. The Church is catholic or
universal both because she possesses the fullness of Christ’s presence and the means of salvation, and
because she has been sent out by Christ on a mission to the entire human race (CCC 750, 830).
Celibacy - The state or condition of those who have chosen to remain unmarried for the sake of the
kingdom of heaven in order to give themselves entirely to God and to the service of his people. In the
Latin Church, celibacy is obligatory for priests and bishops. In some Eastern Churches, celibacy is a
prerequisite for bishops only; priests may not marry after they have been ordained (CCC 1579, 1580).
Censer - A vessel suspended by chains used for burning incense at solemn Mass, Vespers, Benediction,
processions, and other important services of the Church. It is now commonly called the thurible.
Chalice – The consecrated cup, made of precious materials, used to hold the Blood of Jesus during the
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Charity (love) - The theological virtue by which we love God above all things for his own sake, and our
neighbor as ourselves for the love of God (CCC 1822) (See Appendix A).
Chastity - The moral virtue which, under the cardinal virtue of temperance, provides for the proper
living of one’s sexuality in the context of his or her vocation (CCC 1832, 2337). It is also a Fruit of the
Holy Spirit (see Appendix A).
Chasuble - The colored outermost garment worn by bishops and priests in celebrating the Eucharist.
Its color depends upon the liturgical season or specific memorial, feast, or solemnity celebrated that day.
Cherubim - One of the choirs of angels.
Ciborium - A vessel made of precious materials used to contain the Blessed Sacrament during Mass or
during reposition in the tabernacle.
Cincture (girdle) - One of six liturgical vestments, it is a cord or band of cloth worn at the waist over the
alb by priests, bishops, or altar servers.
Coadjutor – A bishop who assists a diocesan bishop in the rule of his diocese and in the exercise of the
Episcopal power of orders. The coadjutor bishop must also be appointed the vicar general.
Community - A group of people who share something important together; another name for a religious
Conception - The union of an egg and a sperm resulting in the formation of a new life; the beginning of
Conciliarism - The theory that councils, not the pope, hold supreme authority in the Church.
Conclave – A word used to describe the meeting of cardinals to elect a pope or to the place of election, a
sealed-off area in the Vatican. - - Initiated by Pope Gregory X in 1274, the process of election today is
governed by the regulations issued by Popes Pius XIII, John XXIII, and Paul VI. Fifteen days after the
death of a Pope, an election is held in an area cut off from all outside contacts. The cardinal camerlengo
presides, assisted by three senior cardinals. The customary method of election is by secret ballot, a twothirds majority required for election. Ballots are cast, two in the morning and two in the afternoon, until
a majority is achieved. Paul VI in 1973 added several regulations: no cardinal after age 80 may take part
in the conclave and the number of cardinals involved may not exceed 120. New instructions were given
as to how a deadlock should be resolved: all cardinals in the conclave vote to suspend the two-thirds
rule, or to delegate the election to a committee of cardinals, or to reduce the candidates to the two
having the highest number of votes.
Concupiscence – Human appetites or desires which remain disordered due to the temporal
consequences of original sin, which remain even after Baptism, and which produce an inclination to sin.
(CCC 1264, 1426, 2515)
Confession - An essential element of the Sacrament of Reconciliation, which consists in telling one’s sins
to the priest. By extension, the word confession is used to refer to the Sacrament of Reconciliation itself
(CCC 1455).
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Confessor - A priest qualified to hear the confessions of the faithful and grant sacramental absolution. A
confessor is also empowered to grant certain dispensations and to absolve from censures, according to
the provisions of ecclesiastical law.
Confirmandi - All the candidates preparing to receive the sacrament of Confirmation.
Confirmation – Sacrament which completes the Sacrament of Baptism with a special outpouring of the
gifts of the Holy Spirit, which seal or “confirm” the baptized in union with Christ and equip them for
active participation in the worship and apostolic life of the Church (CCC 1285).
Consecration – The dedication of a object, place, or person to divine service by prayer or blessing. The
consecration at Mass is that part of the Eucharistic Prayer during which the Lord’s words of institution
of the Eucharist at the Last Supper are recited by the priestly minister, transforming the bread and wine
into Christ’s body (CCC 1352, 1353).
Consubstantial-having the same substance, or in all essentials the same
Contrition - Sorrow of the soul and hatred for sin with resolution not to commit the sin again.
Contrition is necessary for the reception of Reconciliation (CCC 1451).
Cope - A semicircular cloak worn at certain liturgical functions, such as Eucharistic processions,
adoration, and Matrimony outside of a Mass, by a priest or bishop when the chasuble is not used.
Corporal - A square white linen cloth, now usually somewhat smaller than the breadth of an altar, upon
which the Sacred Host and Chalice are placed during the celebration of Mass.
Council – When all the bishops of the world meet together under the authority of the Pope to consider
matters affecting the whole Church.
Covenant - A solemn, binding agreement between human beings or between God and a human being
involving mutual commitments or guarantees (CCC 56, 62, 66).
Creationism – The doctrine that God created reality, including the universe and the world, out of
Creed - A brief summary statement or profession of Christian faith (CCC 187).
Cruets – Two small vessels containing the wine and water required for the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.
Crusades – Medieval military expeditions organized by the Church for the liberation of the Holy Land
and the defense of Christianity.
Deacon – A third degree of the hierarchy of the Sacrament of Holy Orders, after bishop and priest. The
deacon is ordained not to priesthood but for ministry and service. Deacons are ordained to assist the
bishop and priests in the celebration of the divine mysteries, above all the Eucharist, in the distribution
of Holy Communion, in assisting at and blessing marriages, in the proclamation of the Gospel and
preaching, in presiding over funerals, and in dedicating themselves to the various ministries of charity.
While the Churches of the East have always had a functioning order of deacons, in the West the
permanent diaconate was reestablished by the Second Vatican council (CCC 1569, 1571)
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Dei Verbum - Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation of the Second Vatican Council.
Deism - The theory that accepts the existence of God on purely rational grounds but denies, doubts, or
rejects as incredible Christianity as a supernatural religion. Accordingly, revelation, miracles, grace, and
mysteries are excluded from acceptance by what is called “the rational man.” Yet deism differs from
rationalism in stressing its acceptance of a personal God and adherence to what is called natural
religion, but with no recognition of a supernatural order.
Didache – A writing of the early Church (c. 100s) formally titled “The Lord’s Instruction to the Gentiles
through the Twelve Apostles” which contains our earliest descriptions, outside the New Testament, of
the early Church and its practices.
Diocese - A “particular church”, a community of the faithful in communion of faith and sacraments
whose bishop has been ordained in apostolic succession. A diocese is usually a determined geographic
area; sometimes it may be constituted a group of people of the same rite or language (CCC 833).
Disciple - (from Latin ‘to discern’) Learner; follower of Jesus Christ
Divine Office - The group of psalms, hymns, prayers, biblical and spiritual reading formulated by the
Church for chant or recitation at stated times every day. Also called Liturgy of the Hours.
Divine Revelation - The self-disclosure of God and the communication of the truth about His nature
and will.
Divorce - The claim that the indissoluble marriage bond validly entered into between a man and a
woman is broken. A civil dissolution of the marriage contract (divorce) may be morally permissible in
some cases but does not free persons from a valid marriage before God; remarriage would not be
morally licit (CCC 2382).
Doctrine/Dogma - The revealed teachings of Christ which are proclaimed by the fullest extent of the
exercise of the authority of the Church’s Magisterium. The faithful are obliged to believe the truths or
dogmas contained in Divine Revelation and defined by the Magisterium (CCC 88).
Dominions - One of the choirs of angels.
Double Predestination – A belief of John Calvin that all people are predestined for heaven or hell.
Catholics believe that all people are predestined for heaven; their actions may preclude them from the
destiny God would like for them.
Dualism – A belief in two gods or supreme beings; a logically impossible belief.
Ecumenical Council - A gathering of all the bishops of the world, in the exercise of their collegial
authority over the universal Church. An ecumenical council is usually called by the successor of St. Peter,
the Pope, or at least confirmed or accepted by him (CCC 884).
Ecumenism - Promotion of the restoration of unity among all Christians, the unity which is a gift of
Christ and to which the Church is called by the Holy Spirit. For the Catholic Church, the Decree on
Ecumenism of the Second Vatican Council provides a charter for ecumenical efforts (CCC 816,820-22).
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Edict of Milan – Decree issued by emperor Constantine in 311 which ended Roman persecutions and
allowed Christians to worship freely.
Election (of candidates) - Part of the RCIA process.
Encyclical - A pastoral letter written by the Pope and sent to the whole Church and even to the whole
world, to express Church teaching on some important matter (CCC 892).
Epiclesis – The part of a sacrament which calls down the Holy Spirit. An epiclesis is found in every
sacrament, usually accompanied by a laying on of hands (CCC1105,1127).
Episcopal - Pertaining to the office of bishop, hence Episcopal consecration, the Episcopal college,
Episcopal conferences (CCC883,887,1557).
Episcopos – ( from the Greek) The office itself or the tenure of a bishop; the body of bishops in a church
or region.
Epistles – Books of the New Testament; usually official communications of instruction or correction
sent to a church or a group of churches, written by an Apostle or sent under his authority.
Eremitical – Life of a hermit; a man or woman who practices extreme solitude.
Essenes – A Jewish-Palestinian ascetical sect. They practiced poverty, held their property in common,
were celibate (although one group could marry), were devoted to prayer, reading, self-support, and
frequent ritual baths. Their doctrine was similar to that of the Pharisees. John the Baptist shared many
practices in common with the Essenes but was not part of their sect.
Eucharist - The sacrament of thanksgiving to God which constitutes the principal Christian liturgical
celebration of and communion in the paschal mystery of Christ. The liturgical action called the Eucharist
is also traditionally known as the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. The Sunday celebration of the Eucharist is
at the heart of the Church’s life (CCC 2177).
Eucharistic Discourse - The Bread of Life Discourse as found in John 6: 22-71.
Eucharistic Prayer - The central part of the Mass, also known as the Canon of the Mass or “anaphora,”
which contains the prayers of thanksgiving and consecration (CCC 1352).
Euthanasia - An action or an omission which, of itself or by intention, causes the death of a
handicapped, sick, or dying person - sometimes with an attempt to justify the act as a means of ending
suffering. Euthanasia violates the fifth commandment (CCC 2277).
Evangelical counsels – Advisory directives that enable a person to imitate Jesus Christ; traditionally
they include active love of enemies, poverty, chastity, and obedience. The counsels are practiced both
privately and in community forms of religious life. All religious communitites (except Benedictines)
take vows based on the counsels of poverty, chastity, and obedience; Benedictines take vows of
obedience, stability, and conversion.
Evangelist – One who works actively to spread the Christian faith; specifically, the authors of the four
canonical Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John (CCC 125, 120).
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Evangelization - The proclamation of Christ and his Gospel by word and the testimony of life, in
fulfillment of Christ’s command (CCC 905).
Examination of Conscience - Prayerful self-reflection on our words and deeds in the light of the Gospel
to determine how we may have sinned against God. The reception of the Sacrament of Penance ought to
be prepared for by such an examination of conscience (CCC 1454). See Appendix C.
Excommunication - A severe ecclesiastical penalty, resulting from grave crimes against the Catholic
religion, imposed by ecclesiastical authority or incurred as a direct result of the commission of an
offense. Excommunication excludes the offender from taking part in the Eucharist or other sacraments
and from the exercise of any ecclesiastical office, ministry, or function (CCC 1463).
Faith – Faith is both a theological virtue given by God as grace, and an obligation which flows from the
first commandment of God. In faith, a believer gives personal adherence to God and freely assents to
the whole truth that God has revealed (CCC 26, 142, 150, 1814, 2087).
Feudalism – A term descriptive of the political and economic system of the early Middle Ages based on
land tenure.
Filial Boldness - Trusting in God to answer our needs as children trust their parents (Mk 11:24) (CCC
Finger bowl and towel - Used by any person who handles the Eucharist to remove any particles from
the hands.
Fornication - Sexual intercourse between an unmarried man and an unmarried woman. Fornication is a
serious violation of the sixth commandment of God (CCC 2353).
Fortitude - One of the four cardinal moral virtues which ensures firmness in difficulties and constancy
in doing the good. Fortitude is also one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit (CCC 1808). See Appendix A..
Free will – “The power, rooted in reason and will…to perform deliberate actions on one’s own
responsibility” (CCC 1731).
Frescoes – Paintings on plaster which were popular during the Renaissance; ex. The Sistine Chapel
General Judgment - Second coming of Christ in glory, marking the completion of salvation history,
when God’s plan will be revealed. The world as we know it will end, and the eternal destiny of every
person will be known.
Gifts/Fruits of the Holy Spirit – Fruits: the perfections that the Holy Spirit forms in us as the “first
fruits” of eternal glory. Gifts: permanent dispositions that make us docile to follow the promptings of
the Holy Spirit. There are seven gifts of the Holy Spirit. There are twelve fruits of the Holy Spirit (CCC
1830, 1832). See Appendix A.
Gnosticism –Heretical belief that knowledge of salvation is only given to some, and salvation is
dependent upon having this secret knowledge. Already in the first century of the Christian era there
were Gnostics who claimed to know the mysteries of the universe.
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Golden Rule - A (modern) name for the precept in the Sermon on the Mount: Do unto others what you
would have them do to you. (Mt. 7:12) ( Lk. 6:31)
Gospel – The “good news” of God’s mercy and love revealed in the life, death, and resurrection of Christ.
The four Gospels are the books written by the evangelists Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John which have for
their central object Jesus Christ, God’s incarnate Son: his life, teachings, Passion and glorification, and his
Church’s beginnings under the Spirit’s guidance (CCC 124, 514).
Grace – The free and undeserved gift that God gives us to grow in holiness and become more like Him.
As sanctifying grace, God shares his divine life and friendship with us in a habitual gift, a stable and
supernatural disposition that enables the soul to live with God, to act by his love. As actual grace, God
gives us the help to conform our lives to his will. Sacramental grace and special graces are gifts of the
Holy Spirit to help us live out our Christian vocation (CCC 1996, 2000).
Guardian Angel - Angels assigned to protect and intercede for each person (CCC 336).
Hanukkah - The feast of the Dedication of the Temple, from the Greek enkainia meaning renewal or
inauguation. The origin of the feast is given in 1 Mac. 4: 36-59.
Heaven - Eternal life with God; communion of life and love with the Trinity and all the blessed. Heaven
is the state of supreme and definite happiness, the goal of the deepest longings of humanity (CCC 1023).
Hell - The state of definitive self exclusion from the presence of God, reserved for those who refuse by
their own free choice to believe and be converted from sin, even to the end of their lives (CCC 1033).
Heresy - The obstinate denial after Baptism of a truth which must be believed with divine and Catholic
faith (CCC 2089).
Holy – From the Greek hagia, set apart: One of the four marks of the Church in the Nicene Creed; to be
set apart for God, separate from the world.
Holy Communion – Receiving the Body and Blood of Jesus in the Eucharist.
Holy Orders - The Sacrament by which the mission entrusted by Christ to his Apostles continues to be
exercised in the Church through the laying on of hands. This sacrament has three distinct degrees of
“orders”: deacon, priest, and bishop. All three confer a permanent, sacramental character (CCC 1536).
Homily - Preaching by an ordained minister to explain the Scriptures proclaimed in the liturgy and to
exhort the people to accept them as the Word of God (CCC 132, 1100, 1349).
Hope - The theological virtue by which we desire and expect from God both eternal life and the grace we
need to attain it (CCC 1817).
Host – The bread consecrated in the sacrament of the Eucharist.
Humeral Veil - A silk shawl laid round the shoulders serving to cover the hands. It is still worn by the
priest in processions of the Blessed Sacrament and at the service of Benediction.
Hypostatic Union - The union of the divine and human natures in the one divine person of the Son of
God, Jesus Christ (CCC 252, 468).
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Immaculate Conception - The dogma proclaimed in Christian Tradition and defined in 1854, that from
the first moment of her conception, Mary by the singular grace of God and by virtue of the merits of
Jesus Christ was preserved from original sin (CCC 491).
Incarnation - The fact that the Son of God assumed human nature and became man in order to
accomplish our salvation in that same human nature. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the second Person of
the Trinity, is both true God and true man, not part God and part man (CCC 461, 464).
Indefectibility – See Matt. 16:18. A gift, a charism, given the earthy Church through the presence of the
Spirit whereby the Church is preserved from destruction or total decay until the Second Coming of
Indifferentism – (religions) A term often used in reference to the view and attitude of those who hold
that the differences of belief that separate different religions or sects of Christianity are of no
Indulgence - The remission before God of the temporal punishment due to a sin which has already been
forgiven. A properly disposed member of the Christian faithful can obtain an indulgence under
prescribed conditions through the help of the Church which, as the minister of redemption, dispenses
and applies with authority the treasury of the satisfactions of Christ and the saints. An indulgence is
partial if it removes part of the temporal punishment due to sin, or plenary if it removes all punishment
(CCC 1471).
Inerrancy - The attribute of the books of Scripture whereby they faithfully and without error teach that
truth which God, for the sake of our salvation, wished to have confided through the Sacred Scriptures
(CCC 107).
Infallibility - The gift of the Holy Spirit to the Church whereby the pastors of the Church, the pope and
bishops in union with him, cannot definitively proclaim a heretical or incorrect doctrine of faith or
morals for the belief of the faithful (CCC 92).
Inquisition - The special court or tribunal appointed by the Catholic Church to discover and suppress
heresy and to punish heretics.
Inspiration – The working of the Holy Spirit, specifically in those men responsible for the Old
Testament and New Testament.
Intellect – The “thinking” aspect of humans, disembodied souls, and angels. The spiritual power of
cognition, knowing reality in a nonmaterial way; the faculty of thinking in a way essentially higher than
with the senses and the imagination.
Interdiction - An ecclesiastical penalty barring those punished from certain sacred rites.
Jewish and Protestant Apocrypha - The part of the Greek Septuagint that is not found in the Hebrew
Bible, i.e. books or part of books that were not originally written in Hebrew and most often not included
in Protestant translations.
Justice - The cardinal moral virtue which consists in the constant and firm will to give their due to God
and to neighbor (CCC 1807). See Appendix A.
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Justification – The gracious action of God which frees us from sin and communicates “the righteousness
of God through faith in Jesus Christ” (Rom. 3:22); justification is not only the remission of sins, but also
the sanctification and renewal of the interior man (CCC 1987-1989).
King James - Name generally used in the U.S. for the Authorized Version of the Bible. The Authorized
Version was published under the authority of King James in 1611. While literally beautiful, it is not
accepted as a historically correct translation of the Bible by Scripture scholars.
Kyrie/Kyrios - Greek for Lord.
Last Supper - The last meal, a Passover supper, which Jesus ate with his disciples the night before he
died. (CCC 610-11, 1329, 1340).
Lay Investiture - The appointing of clergy by lay people; not allowed in the Catholic Church.
Lectionary - The official, liturgical book from which the reader proclaims the Scripture readings used in
the Liturgy of the Word (CCC 1154).
Lector - The lector is the person who reads the first and second readings at Mass. Another name for
lector is reader.
Lent - The liturgical season of forty days which begins with Ash Wednesday and ends with the
celebration of the Paschal mystery (Easter Triduum). Lent is the primary penitential season of the
Church’s liturgical year, reflecting the forty days Jesus spent in the desert in fasting and prayer and the
forty years the Israelites wandered in the desert before entering the Promised Land (CCC 540, 1095,
Liberalism - Until the eighteenth century the term generally meant whatever was worthy of a free man,
e.g., as applied to the liberal arts or a liberal education. This meaning is still current, but at least since
the French Revolution liberalism has become more or less identified with a philosophy that stresses
human freedom to the neglect and even denial of the rights of God in religion, the rights of society in
civil law, and the rights of the Church in her relations to the State.
Liturgy of the Eucharist - The Liturgy of the Eucharist is the second main part of the Mass. In the
Liturgy of the Eucharist we remember and share in Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection through the
consecration of bread and wine, whereby they become the Body and Blood of Jesus, and their
distribution in communion.
Liturgy of the Word - The Liturgy of the Word is the first main part of the Mass. In the Liturgy of the
Word God speaks to us through the readings from the Bible.
Love - The theological virtue by which we choose God above all things for his own sake, and our
neighbor as ourselves for the love of God (CCC 1822). See Charity.
Lutheranism - Those Protestants who follow the teaching of Martin Luther.
Maccabees - Late Old Testament books (first and second) classified as deuterocanonical. Derives from
Hebrew Maggabath (hammer) a nickname given to Judas Maccabee.
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Magisterium - The living, teaching office of the Church, whose task it is to give as authentic
interpretation of the word of God, whether in its written form (Sacred Scripture), or in the form of
Tradition. The Magisterium ensures the Church’s fidelity to the teaching of the Apostles in matters of
faith and morals (CCC 85, 890, 2033).
Marks of the Church - The four attributes of the Church mentioned in the Nicene - Constantinopolitan
creed: “We believe in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church.” (CCC 811) See Appendix G.
Martyr - A witness to the truth of the faith. A martyr is willing to endure sacrifice and even death to be
faithful to Christ. Also, those who die for the faith before having received Baptism may also be
considered martyrs. (CCC 1258, 2473)
Mass - The Eucharist or principal sacramental celebration of the Church, established by Jesus at the Last
Supper, in which the mystery of our salvation through participation in the sacrificial death and glorious
resurrection of Christ is renewed and accomplished. It is called “Mass” (from Latin: missa) because of
the “mission” or “sending” with which the liturgical celebration concludes (CCC 1332, 1088, 1382,
Matrimony (Marriage) – Sacrament consisting of a covenant or partnership of life between a baptized
man and baptized woman, which is ordered to the well-being of the spouses and to the procreation and
upbringing of children. (CCC 1601).
Mendicants - Religious orders committed to an evangelical life of poverty. Members are required to
work or beg for their living.
Messiah - A Hebrew word meaning “anointed” (CCC 436).
Modesty – A virtue which encourages purity and chastity, in one’s words, actions, dress, and sex (CCC
Monastery - A place where religious dwell in seclusion.
Monasticism - The way of life, characterized by asceticism and self-denial, followed by religious who
live more or less secluded from the world, according to a fixed rule and under vows, in order to praise
God through contemplation and apostolic charity.
Monophysitism - The doctrine that Christ has no human nature, only a divine nature. This doctrine was
condemned at the Council of Chalcedon.
Monotheism – The belief in the existence of a single God.
Monstrance - The sacred vessel which contains the consecrated Host when exposed in adoration or
carried in procession.
Mortal Sin - A grave violation of the law of God that destroys the divine life in the soul of the sinner
(sanctifying grace), constituting a turn away from God. For a sin to be mortal, three conditions must be
present: grave matter, full knowledge of the evil of the act, and full consent of the will (CCC 1855, 1857).
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Mystagogy - A liturgical catechesis which aims to initiate people into the mystery of Christ. In a more
specific sense, the catechetical period following immediately after the reception of Baptism by adults
(CCC 1075).
Mystical Body – The Church is both visible and spiritual, a hierarchical society and the Mystical Body of
Christ. She is one, yet formed of two components, human and divine. That is her mystery, which only
faith can accept. (CCC 779)
Nationalism - Patriotism to the point of conquering and intolerance toward other nations.
Natural Law – (Ex. instinctively distinguishing right from wrong) The natural law expresses the original
moral sense which enables man to discern by reason the good and evil, the truth and the lie; a body of
moral principals that can be discovered through nature and do not require divine revelation to
understand (CCC1954)
Nepotism – Showing favoritism because of blood or family relationship rather than merit. Applied
especially to the conferral of Church offices.
Nestoriansim - A fifth-century heretical doctrine, condemned at the Council of Ephesus, that Christ is
two persons, one divine and one human, and that Mary is the mother of the human half of Christ only,
not “Mother of God”.
New Testament - The New Testament is the second part of the Bible. It fulfills the Old Testament and
tells us about Jesus and the early Church (CCC 124, 128).
Nicene Creed - The profession of faith, common to the churches of East and West, which came from the
first two ecumenical councils. (CCC 195-196).
Novena - Nine days of public or private prayer for some special occasion or intention. Its origin goes
back to the nine days Mary and the disciples spent together in prayer between Ascension and Pentecost.
Over the centuries, many novenas have been highly indulgenced by the Church.
Old Testament - The Old Testament is the first part of the Bible. It tells the story of God’s covenant with
the Israelites. (CCC 120-121)
One – A mark of the Church; just as the Trinity is one, so is the Church united, by the Spirit (Eph 4:3-6, Jn
17:17-23, 1 Cor 12:13)
Oral tradition - Talking, singing, and telling stories about God and all God does for us and handing them
down from generation to generation. (CCC126)
Ordo - One of several ritual books, published by the Holy See, for the administration of the sacraments
or other liturgical offices.
Orthodoxy – Right teaching; Schism of 1054 over these issues including authority of pope, led to
creation of Orthodox church.
Pall - (1) The small linen cloth with which the chalice is covered at the Eucharist, stiffened in its modern
form by a piece of cardboard. (2) A white cloth which is spread over the coffin at funerals.
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Papacy - The supreme jurisdiction and ministry of the Pope as shepherd of the whole Church (CCC 882).
Papal Inquisition - Punishment of heretics necessary to prevent contamination of the faithful
Parables – A characteristic feature of the teaching of Jesus. Parables are simple images or comparisons
which confront the hearer or reader with a radical choice about his invitation to enter the Kingdom of
God (CCC 546).
Paraclete - A name for the Holy Spirit. The term was used by Jesus in the New Testament to indicate the
promised gift of the Spirit as another consoler and advocate, who would continue His own mission
among the disciples (CCC 692).
Parousia - The glorious return and appearance of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ as judge of the living
and the dead, at the end of time; the second coming of Christ, when history and all creation will achieve
their fulfillment (CCC 1001).
Particular Judgment - The eternal retribution received by each soul at the moment of death in
accordance with that person’s faith and works (CCC 1021-1022).
Paschal Sacrifice - Christ’s work of redemption accomplished principally by His Passion, death,
Resurrection, and glorious Ascension, whereby “dying He destroyed our death, rising He restored our
life” (CCC 1067). The paschal mystery is celebrated and made present in the liturgy of the Church, and
its saving effects are communicated through the sacraments (CCC 2076) especially the Eucharist, which
renews the paschal sacrifice of Christ as the sacrifice offered by the Church (CCC 571, CCC 1362-1372).
Passover - A celebration of the deliverance from slavery in Egypt and the beginning of Israel as God’s
people (CCC 1334-1340).
Paten - The dish, usually gold or silver, on which the bread is placed in the celebration of the Eucharist.
Penance - Interior penance: a conversion of heart toward God and away from sin, which implies the
intention to change one’s life because of hope in divine mercy (CCC 1431). External acts of penance
include fasting, prayer, and almsgiving (CCC 1434). The observance of certain penitential practices is
obliged by the fourth precept of the Church (CCC 2043).
Pentateuch – Greek word, meaning “five scrolls”, given to the first five books of the Old Testament. (CCC
Pentecost - The outpouring of the Spirit gave birth to the Church and the manifestation of the Christian
community living and proclaiming the Gospel (CCC 726, 731, 1076). One of the Glorious Mysteries of
the Rosary.
Pharisees – A party within Judaism in New Testament times composed mostly of laymen, in contrast to
the sacerdotal Sadducees; calling themselves haberim, “comrades,” they were organized into societies
called haburoth, “brotherhoods,” that were pledged to maintain strict ritual in accordance with the
Torah and to keep separate from anyone who would not take similar vows
Plain Chant – A type of unmeasured singing without harmony; sometimes inaccurately called Gregorian
chant, but plain chant is a modification of the Gregorian, introduced among the Franks in the ninth
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Polytheism –The belief in and worship of many gods.
Powers - One of the choirs of angels.
The Praise of Folly - “A stinging attack on corruption in the Church and a passionate plea for reform”
written by Erasmus of Rotterdam (1469-1536).
Prayers of the Faithful - The last part of the Liturgy of the Word. During this prayer we pray for
ourselves and for people everywhere. Sometimes called the General Intercessions.
Precepts of the Church - Positive laws (sometimes called commandments) made by Church authorities
to guarantee for the faithful the indispensable minimum in prayer and moral effort, for the sake of their
growth in love of God and neighbor (CCC 2041). See Appendix B.
Presbyter – A priest; the presbyterate is one of the three degrees of the Sacrament of Holy Orders (CCC
1536, 1554); presbyters or priests are coworkers with their bishops and form a unique sacerdotal
college or “presbyterium” dedicated to assist their bishops in priestly service to the People of God (CCC
1554, 1562, 1567).
Primacy - First in rank. Applied to the Pope as Bishop of Rome, it is a primacy of jurisdiction, which
means the possession of full and supreme teaching, legislative and sacerdotal powers in the Catholic
Church (CCC 882).
Principalities – One of the choirs of angels.
Processional Cross - The cross that leads processions. (ex. Funerals, Mass. etc.).
Prodigal - The fault of being wasteful, or recklessly extravagant or spendthrift.
Prophet - One sent by God to form the people of the Old Covenant in the hope of salvation (CCC 702).
Prophetic Books - The longest of the four parts of the Old Testament: Torah, Prophetic, Historical, and
Wisdom Writings (CCC 64, 120, 522, 2581).
Providentissimus Deus - An encyclical letter of Pope Leo XIII (Nov.18, 1893) urging a deeper study of
Sacred Scripture in view of attacks by natural scientists and rationalists.
Prudence - The cardinal virtue which disposes a person to discern the good and choose the correct
means to accomplish it. (CCC 1806) See Appendix A
Psalms – A collection of prayers in the form of hymns or poetry (CCC 2585).
Purgative– Stage in spiritual development involving detachment from material world.
Purgatory - A state of final purification after death and before entrance into heaven for those who died
in God’s friendship, but were only imperfectly purified; a final cleansing of human imperfection before
one is able to enter the joy of heaven (CCC 1031, 1472).
Pyx - A small, flat, gold or silver box used to carry the Blessed Sacrament to the sick.
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Reconciliation – The Sacrament in which, through God’s mercy and forgiveness, the sinner is reconciled
with God and also with the Church, Christ’s Body, which is wounded by sin (CCC 1422, 1442-1445,
Relativism – As an ism, a classification – an incorrect belief that reality does not contain absolutes, that
all truth is dependent upon who believes it: ex. “Abortion may be wrong for you, but that does not make
it wrong for me.”
Renaissance – Rebirth in arts, education, and all areas of life. The complex era of transition between
Medieval and modern times.
Respect - To feel or show consideration for yourself or someone else.
Revelation – God’s communication of himself, by which he makes known the mystery of His divine plan,
a gift of self-communication which is realized by deeds and words over time, and most fully by sending
us His divine son, Jesus Christ (CCC 50). See Divine revelation.
Reverence - The gift of the Holy Spirit that enables us to show honor and respect to God, people, and all
Ribbed vault – Architectural style in which ribs that support thin stone panels that make up the roof.
Roman Catholic Apocrypha – Deuterocanonical books not found in Hebrew Scriptures but accepted by
the Church as inspired: includes Tobit, Judith, Wisdom, Sirach, Baruch, 1-2 Maccabees, and certain
additional parts of Daniel and Esther.
Romanesque – A style of architecture that began in the 11th century that incorporates massive vaulting
and round (rather than pointed) arches.
Sacrament – An efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church by which
divine life is dispensed to us through the work of the Holy Spirit (CCC 131, 774).
Sacramentals - Sacred signs which bear a certain resemblance to the sacraments, and by means of
which spiritual effects are signified and obtained through the prayers of the Church (CCC 1667).
Sacred Tradition –Beliefs held by the Catholic Church not necessarily found in Sacred Scripture but
handed down by work, custom, example, and oral teaching (CCC 78).
Sacrificial lamb - A symbol of Christ as the innocent lamb sacrificed for our salvation.
Sacrificial love - Total, self-giving love; agape.
Sacrilege – Profanation of or irreverence toward persons, places, and things which are sacred, i.e.,
dedicated to God, sacrilege against the sacraments, especially the Eucharist, is a particularly grave
offense against the first commandment.
Sacristan - A minister who is charged with the care of the sacristy, the church, and their contents.
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Sadducees – The priestly, aristocratic party in Judaism; the Sadducees arose sometime after the
Maccabean rebellion.
Saint - The “holy one” who leads a life in union with God through the grace of Christ and receives the
reward of eternal life. The Church is called the communion of saints, of the holy ones (CCC 823, 946,
Salvation - The forgiveness of sins and restoration of friendship with God, which can be done by God
alone (CCC 169).
Sanctification – A second work of grace, distinct from justification, bringing deliverance from
sinfulness, or inbred sin.
Sanctity - Personal holiness.
Sanhedrin - A council or senate of Jewish leaders and elders, first attested to during the reign of
Anthiochus the Great (223-187 B.C.) as a kind of priestly senate.
Schism - Refusal of submission to the Supreme Pontiff, or of communion with the members of the
Church subject to him (CCC 2089).
Scholasticism – The theology and philosophy of the Middle Ages under the influence of Aristotle and
early Christian writers.
Secular - That which belongs to this life, in contrast with the sacred, which pertains to the life to come.
Seraphim - Angels composing the highest choir of the angelic kingdom.
Simony - The buying or selling of spiritual things, which have God alone as their owner and master.
(CCC 2121)
Sin - Sin is a deliberate thought, word, deed, or omission contrary to the eternal law of God (CCC 1849,
1853, 1854).
Sinai Covenant - Agreement between God and man on Mount Sinai where the Israelites received The
Law, including The Ten Commandments.
Sola Fide – Salvation by faith alone (a core teaching of Martin Luther).
Solidarity – Union with the life and wants of the poor.
Steward – caretaker or manager of God’s gifts of time, talent, and treasure.
Stewardship—the grateful response of a Christian disciple who recognizes and receives God’s gifts and
shares these gifts in love of God and neighbor
Stole - A liturgical vestment consisting of a long strip of colored material, worn by a priest or deacon in
the exercise of his ministerial duties.
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Subsidiarity – Belief in Catholic social teaching that services should be provided by the agency closest
to the need.
Summa Theologica - The principal doctrinal synthesis of Catholic theology that applies reason to the
understanding of Church dogma and moral precepts, written by St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-74 AD).
Synod – A meeting of bishops of an ecclesiastical province or patriarchate (or even from the whole
world, e.g. Synod of Bishops) to discuss the doctrinal and pastoral needs of the Church. A diocesan synod
is an assembly of priests and other members of Christ’s faithful who assist the bishop by offering advice
about the needs of diocese and by proposing legislation for him to enact (CCC 887, 911). The words
“synod” and “council” are sometimes used interchangeably (CCC 900).
Synoptic Gospels - The name used to indicate the first three Gospels: Matthew, Mark, and Luke because
they share much of the same source materials . From Greek, meaning "seeing together”.
Tabernacle - A special place in a Church where the Blessed Sacrament is reserved (CCC 1183, 1379).
Temperance - The cardinal moral virtue that moderates the attraction of pleasure and provides balance
in the use of created good. It ensures the mastery of the will over instinct and keeps natural desires
within proper limits (CCC 1809). See Appendix A.
Temple of the Holy Spirit – Another name for the human body because it contains an immortal soul,
filled with grace, which is the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. (CCC 583, 797 2580).
Theological Virtues – Infused gifts given by God and centered on Him (faith, hope, and charity) (CCC
1813). See Appendix A.
Theotokos - A Greek term meaning God-bearer, or Mother of God, a central title for the Virgin Mary.
Thrones - Those angels who compose the lowest choir of the highest angelic order. Along with the
Seraphim and Cherubim, they form the court of the Heavenly King.
Torah – Another name for the Pentateuch; the body of Jewish teaching that includes both sacred
writings and oral tradition.
Transcendence and Immanence, God’s – Transcendence is a condition attributed to God as beyond
the limitations characterizing that which is created and as beyond comprehension by any created mind;
Immanence refers to a God that permanently fills the universe.
Transfiguration – The mysterious event in which Jesus, seen speaking with Moses and Elijah on the
mountain, was transformed in appearance – in the sight of Peter, James, and John – as a moment of
disclosure of His divine glory (CCC 554). One of the Luminous Mysteries of the Rosary.
Transubstantiation - The term used to designate the unique change of the Eucharistic bread and wine
into the Body and Blood of Christ. “Transubstantiation” indicates that through the consecration of the
bread and the wine there occurs the change of the entire substance of the bread into the substance of
the Body of Christ, and of the entire substance of the wine into the blood of Christ- even though the
appearances or “species” of bread and wine remain (CCC 1376).
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Trinity - The mystery of one God in three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (CCC 232, 237, 249, 253256).
Trope - Musical addition to the Alleluia that is specific to the feast of the day.
Unitive – Highest stage of spiritual development involving closer union of desires, soul, and prayer life
with God.
Utopia - Any imaginary state whose inhabitants live under perfect circumstances; ideal commonwealths
described by Plato, Bacon, and St. Thomas More in his book Utopia.
Venial Sin - Sin which does not destroy the divine life in the soul, as does mortal sin, though it
diminishes and wounds it (CCC 1855). Venial sin is the failure to observe necessary moderation, in
lesser matters of the moral law, or in grave matters acting without full knowledge or complete consent
(CCC 1862).
Vestibule - A semi-sacred space in a church where the faithful move from the outside world to the
presence of Jesus in the tabernacle.
Vestments - The vestments are special clothes the priest, deacon, or bishop wears to celebrate Mass and
other sacraments.
Vice - A habit acquired by repeated sin in violation of the proper norms of human morality. The vices
are often linked with the seven capital sins. Repentance for sin and confession may restore grace to a
soul, but the removal of the ingrained disposition to sin or vice requires much effort and self-denial,
until the contrary virtue is acquired (CCC 1866).
Virtue - A habitual and firm disposition to do good. The moral virtues are acquired through human
effort aided by God’s grace; the theological virtues are gifts of God. (CCC 1803)
Virtues - Angels who compose the second choir of the second or intermediate order of angels. They are
the ones whom God employs for the performance of stupendous works or extraordinary miracles.
Vocation - The calling or destiny we have in this life and hereafter (CCC 1, 358, 1700, 825, 898, 873,
Works of Mercy, Corporal and Spiritual- charitable actions by which we come to the aid of our
neighbor in his spiritual and bodily needs (CCC 2447). See Appendix D.
Yahweh - The name of God revealed to Moses from the burning bush (CCC 205).
Zealots – Those “zealous” for God and his Law
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Appendix A: Prayers
Appendix A: Prayers
For purposes of unity throughout the diocese the following versions of prayers are recommended;
however, acceptable variations may be used at the discretion of the pastor.
Sign of the Cross
In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.
The Lord’s Prayer “Our Father”
Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name.
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on Earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread,
and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us,
and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.
Hail Mary
Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee.
Blessed art thou among women,
and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.
Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners,
now, and at the hour of our death. Amen.
Glory Be
Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit:
as it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.
Angel of God “Prayer to Guardian Angel”
Angel of God, my guardian dear, to whom God’s love entrusts me here;
ever this day be at my side, to light and guard, to rule and guide. Amen.
Grace Before Meals
Bless us, O Lord, and these thy gifts, which we are about to receive from Thy bounty.
Through Christ our Lord. Amen.
Grace After Meals
We give Thee thanks, Almighty God, for all thy benefits, which we have received from Thy bounty.
Through Christ our Lord. Amen.
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Appendix A: Prayers
Act of Contrition from Rite of Penance, par. 45
My God,
I am sorry for my sins with all my heart.
In choosing to do wrong,
and failing to do good,
I have sinned against you
whom I should love above all things.
I firmly intend, with your help,
to do penance,
to sin no more,
and to avoid whatever leads me to sin.
Our Savior Jesus Christ
suffered and died for us.
In his name, my God, have mercy. Amen.
Nicene Creed
I believe in one God, the Father almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all things visible and invisible.
I believe in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Only Begotten Son of God,
born of the Father before all ages. God from God, Light from Light,
true God from true God, begotten, not made,
consubstantial with the Father; through him all things were made.
For us men and for our salvation he came down from heaven,
and by the Holy Spirit was incarnate of the Virgin Mary, and became man.
For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate, he suffered death and was buried, and rose again on
the third day in accordance with the Scriptures.
He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead and his kingdom will have no end.
I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son,
who with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified, who has spoken through the prophets.
I believe in one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church.
I confess one baptism for the forgiveness of sins
and I look forward to the resurrection of the dead
and the life of the world to come. Amen.
Apostles’ Creed
I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of Heaven and Earth
and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord.
who was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary,
suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried;
He descended into hell;
On the third day he rose again from the dead;.
he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of God the Father Almighty;
from there he will come again to judge the living and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church,
the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins,
the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.
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Appendix A: Prayers
Act of Faith
O my God, I firmly believe that You are one God in three divine Persons,
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit;
I believe that your divine son became man, died for our sins,
and that He will come again to judge the living and the dead.
I believe these and all the truths which the holy Catholic Church teaches,
because You have revealed them, Who can neither deceive nor be deceived.
Act of Hope
O my God, relying on Your infinite mercy and promises,
I hope to obtain pardon of my sins, the help of Your grace, and life everlasting,
through the merits of Jesus Christ, my Lord and Redeemer.
Act of Love
O my God, I love You above all things with my whole heart and soul,
because You are all good and worthy of all my love.
I love my neighbor as myself for love of You.
I forgive all who have injured me, and ask pardon of all whom I have injured.
Morning Offering
O Jesus, through the Immaculate Heart of Mary,
I offer You my prayers, works, joys, and sufferings of this day,
in union with the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass throughout the world.
I offer them for all the intentions of Your Sacred Heart:
the salvation of souls, the reparation for sin, the reunion of all Christians.
I offer them for the intentions of our Bishops, and all Apostles of Prayer, and in particular for those
recommended by our Holy Father this month. Amen.
Remember, O most gracious Virgin Mary, that never was it known,
that anyone who fled to thy protection, implored thy help, or sought thy intercession was left unaided.
Inspired by this confidence, I fly unto thee, O Virgin of virgins, my Mother.
To thee do I come, before thee I stand, sinful and sorrowful.
O Mother of the Word Incarnate, despise not my petitions, but in thy mercy hear and answer me. Amen.
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Appendix A: Prayers
Angelus “Angel of the Lord”
V. The angel of the Lord declared unto Mary.
R. And she conceived of the Holy Spirit. Hail Mary…
V. Behold the handmaid of the Lord.
R. Be it done unto me according to thy word. Hail Mary…
V. (genuflect) And the Word was made flesh.
R. And dwelt among us. Hail Mary…
V. Pray for us, O holy Mother of God.
R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ. Let us pray.
All: Pour forth we beseech Thee, O Lord, Thy grace into our hearts, that we to whom the Incarnation of
Christ, Thy Son, was made known by the message of an angel, may by His passion and cross be brought
to the glory of His resurrection, through the same Christ our Lord. Amen.
Regina Caeli “Queen of Heaven”
V. Queen of heaven, rejoice! Alleluia.
R. For He whom you did merit to bear. Alleluia.
V. Has risen, as he said. Alleluia.
R. Pray for us to God. Alleluia.
V. Rejoice and be glad, O Virgin Mary. Alleluia.
R. For the Lord is truly risen. Alleluia.
V. Let us pray:
All: O God, who gave joy to the world through the resurrection of Your Son our Lord Jesus Christ, grant,
we beseech you, that through the intercession of the Virgin Mary, His Mother, we may obtain the joys of
everlasting life, through the same Christ our Lord. Amen.
Magnificat Luke 1:46-55
My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord, my spirit rejoices in God my Savior
for He has looked with favor on His lowly servant.
From this day all generations will call me blessed:
The Almighty has done great things for me, and holy is His Name.
He has mercy on those who fear Him in every generation.
He has shown the strength of His arm, He has scattered the proud in their conceit.
He has cast down the mighty from their thrones, and has lifted up the lowly.
He has filled the hungry with good things, and the rich He has sent away empty.
He has come to the help of His servant Israel for He has remembered His promise of
mercy, the promise He made to our fathers, to Abraham and his children forever.
Hail Holy Queen
Hail, Holy Queen, Mother of Mercy, hail our life, our sweetness, and our hope.
To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve. To thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and
weeping in this valley of tears. Turn then, O most gracious advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us; and
after this our exile, show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus.
O clement, O loving, O sweet virgin Mary.
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Appendix A: Prayers
Come Holy Spirit
V. Come, Holy Spirit. Fill the hearts of your faithful.
R. And kindle in them the fire of Your love.
V. Send forth Your spirit and they shall be created.
R. And You shall renew the face of the earth. Amen.
Prayer to St. Michael the Archangel
St. Michael the Archangel, defend us in battle.
Be our safeguard against the wickedness and snares of the devil.
May God rebuke him, we humbly pray;
and do Thou, O prince of the Heavenly Host, by the power of God,
cast into hell Satan and other evil spirits who prowl through the world seeking the ruin of souls. Amen.
1. Sign of the Cross
2. Apostles’ Creed
3. Our Father
4. Three Hail Marys
5. Glory Be
6. For each decade: announce the mystery, Our Father, 10 Hail Marys, Glory Be, and Fatima Prayer.
7. After the Rosary: Hail Holy Queen and Prayer after Rosary
Fatima Prayer
O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell. Lead all souls into heaven, especially those
who have most need of Thy mercy. Amen.
Prayer after Rosary
Let us pray. O God, whose only begotten Son, by His life, death, and resurrection, has purchased for us
the rewards of eternal life, grant, we beseech Thee, that by meditating upon these mysteries of the Most
Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, we may imitate what they contain and obtain what they
promise, through the same Christ Our Lord. Amen.
Rosary Mysteries
Joyful Mysteries (Mondays and Saturdays; Sundays during Christmas)
1. Annunciation
2. Visitation
3. Nativity (Birth) of Jesus
4. Presentation of Jesus in the Temple
5. Finding of Jesus in the Temple
Luminous Mysteries (Thursdays)
1. Baptism of Our Lord
2. Wedding at Cana
3. Proclamation of the Kingdom and forgiveness of sins
4. Transfiguration
5. Institution of the Eucharist
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Appendix A: Prayers
Sorrowful Mysteries (Tuesdays and Fridays; Sundays during Lent)
1. Agony in the Garden
2. Scourging at the Pillar
3. Crowning with Thorns
4. Carrying of the Cross
5. Crucifixion and Death of Jesus
Glorious Mysteries (Wednesdays and Sundays)
1. Resurrection of Jesus
2. Ascension of Jesus into Heaven
3. Descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and Mary
4. Assumption of Mary into Heaven
5. Crowning of Mary as Queen of Heaven and Earth
Stations of the Cross: Meditations on the Suffering and Death of Jesus
1. Jesus is condemned to carry the cross.
2. Jesus accepts the cross.
3. Jesus falls the first time.
4. Jesus meets his sorrowful Mother.
5. Simon of Cyrene helps Jesus carry the cross.
6. Veronica wipes the face of Jesus.
7. Jesus falls the second time.
8. Jesus meets and speaks to the women of Jerusalem.
9. Jesus falls the third time.
10. Jesus is stripped of his garments.
11. Jesus is nailed to the cross.
12. Jesus dies on the cross.
13. Jesus is taken down from the cross.
14. Jesus is placed in the tomb.
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Appendix B: Useful Lists
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Appendix B: Useful Lists
Theological Virtues
Faith, Hope, Charity
Cardinal Virtues
Prudence: right judgment
Justice: giving someone their due
Temperance: moderation, self-control
Fortitude: courage to do the Christ-like action in difficult situations
Gifts of the Holy Spirit (CCC1831)
Fear of the Lord
The Seven Capital (Deadly) Sins
Pride: a vice and sin against humility; undue self esteem or self love
Lust: a vice and sin against chastity; inordinate desire for sexual pleasure outside of marriage and
contrary to its purpose (CCC 2352)
Avarice (Greed): a vice and sin against temperance; inordinate attachment to getting and keeping of
material possessions
Gluttony: a vice and sin against temperance; immoderate eating or drinking
Envy: a vice and sin against charity; sadness caused by another’s blessings or good fortune
Sloth (Acedia): a vice and sin against prudence; physical and/or spiritual laziness, apathetic towards
living a life of grace
Wrath: a vice and sin against charity; anger or desire for revenge because of a hurt done
Fruits of the Holy Spirit (CCC1832)
Faithfulness Modesty
Symbols of the Holy Spirit (CCC 694-701)
Water: Baptism, sign of new birth
Cloud and Light: the cloud reveals the living and saving God while veiling the transcendence of his glory
Hand: laying on of hands as a sign of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit in the sacraments
Anointing: Confirmation, anointing with holy oil (chrism)
Seal: Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Orders, the indelible “character” of these three sacraments
Finger: the finger of the Father’s right hand
Fire: Pentecost, the transforming energy of the Holy Spirit
Dove: Noah; after Jesus’ baptism
Symbols of the Church
Vine and Branches (Jn 15: 1-17)
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Appendix B: Useful Lists
Leaven (Mt 13:33, Lk 13:21)
Temple (Jn 2: 19-22) (CCC 756)
Body of Christ (1 Cor 12:20-27, Rom 12: 4-5) (CCC 779, 789, 805)
Bride of Christ (CCC 796, 808)
Sheepfold (Jn 10:1-18 (Good Sheperd), Lk 15:11-32) (CCC 754)
The Commandments of the Church
The Ten Commandments
1. I am the Lord your God, you shall not have strange gods before me.
theological virtues; avoid idolatry, agnosticism, atheism, superstition, indifference to or
forgetfulness of God
2. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.
show reverence in speech about God; avoid cursing, blasphemy, perjury, false oath
3. Remember to keep holy the Lord’s Day.
always attend Mass every Sunday and Holy day of Obligation; set aside time for prayer, renewal
and works of mercy, especially on Sunday
4. Honor your father and your mother.
obey those who have authority: parents, teachers, civil authorities; fulfill responsibilities deriving
from human relationships
5. You shall not kill.
promote care and respect for all forms of human life, including care for one’s health; avoid the evils
of murder, euthanasia, suicide, abortion (include reference to embryonic stem cell destruction),
fighting with or hurting others, unnecessary recourse to capital punishment, unnecessary recourse
to war, gluttony in food or drink, recreational use of addictive drugs
6. You shall not commit adultery.
chastity in marriage as part of God’s plan; avoid fornication, adultery, masturbation, artificial
contraception, reproductive procedures which violate God’s law (artificial insemination, in vitro
fertilization, cloning)
7. You shall not steal.
people have a basic right to private property and just treatment; avoid any kind of theft, fraud,
vandalism or actions which are unjust and harmful to others
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
the importance of truth; avoid dishonesty, lying, cheating, perjury
9. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife.
practice modesty; resist lust, avoid the evil of pornography
10. You shall not covet your neighbor’s goods.
practice simplicity of life and trust in God; avoid envy and greed
The Great Commandments (Mt. 22:37-39)
1. You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.
2. You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
Precepts of the Church (CCC 2041-2043)
1. You shall attend Mass on Sundays and on holy days of obligation and rest from servile labor.
2. You shall confess your sins at least once a year.
3. You shall receive the sacrament of the Eucharist at least during the Easter season.
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Appendix B: Useful Lists
4. You shall observe the days of fasting and abstinence established by the Church.
5. You shall help to provide for the needs of the Church.
Holy Days of Obligation
The Resurrection of Jesus Christ
Solemnity of Mary, the Mother of God
The Assumption of Mary
All Saints’ Day
Immaculate Conception
Christmas Day
every Sunday
January 1
7th Sunday of Easter (Diocese of Wichita)
August 15
November 1
December 8
December 25
Corporal Works of Mercy
Feed the hungry.
Give drink to the thirsty.
Clothe the naked.
Visit the imprisoned.
Shelter the homeless.
Visit the sick.
Bury the dead.
Spiritual Works of Mercy
Admonish the sinner.
Instruct the ignorant.
Counsel the doubtful.
Comfort the sorrowful.
Bear wrongs patiently.
Forgive all injuries.
Pray for the living and the dead.
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Appendix C: Sacraments
Sacraments Chart and Biblical References for
all the Sacraments
Appendix C: Sacraments
Laying on of hands
and anointing with
“N., I baptize you in the name of the Father, and Ordinary Minister (OM): Bishop, Priest,
of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”
Extraordinary Minister (EM): Anyone
who performs what the Church intends
“N., be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit.” OM: Bishop
EM: Priest commissioned by the Bishop
Unleavened wheat
Canon of the Mass, specifically the words “This OM consecration: Bishop or Priest
bread and grape wine is my Body” and “This is my Blood.”
OM communion: Deacon
EM communion: a properly trained and
commissioned man or woman
Reconciliation Outward confession Prayer of absolution, specifically, “I absolve you OM: Bishop or Priest
and sorrow for sins
from you sins in the name of the Father, and of
the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”
Anointing of the Anointing with oil of “Through his holy anointing may the Lord in his OM: Bishop or Priest
the sick
love and mercy help you with the grace of the
Holy Spirit. Amen.
May the Lord who frees you from sin save you
and raise you up. Amen.”
Silent invocation of the Holy Spirit and
Consecratory prayer, proper for each order
Holy Orders
Laying on of hands
and anointing with
Mutual and free
Approved formula of vows witnessed by a
consent of a man & a minister of the Church
OM: Bishop
OM: The man and woman being joined in
Matrimony (The priest is the official
witness of the Church)
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Appendix C: Sacraments
Biblical References for the Sacraments
Bible Passages on Baptism:
I. Foreshadowing
A. Ezekiel 47:1-12 water flowing from the temple
B. Ezekiel 36: 22-28 sprinkling clean water and new hearts
C. Genesis 7 Noah and the Ark
D. Genesis 1:1 Spirit breathed upon the waters
E. Exodus 14:15-22 crossing the red sea
F. Isaiah 12:3 "draw water from the springs of salvation"
II. The Baptism of Jesus
A. Matthew 3:5-11 John the Baptist is not it: water
B. Mark 1:4 John the Baptist baptized
C. John 1:31-34 baptism; John as forerunner
D. Matthew 3:13-17 Jesus was baptized w/ water
III. The Baptism of the Christian
A. Mark 16:15-16 "whoever believes and is baptized is saved"
B. Matthew 28:18-20 "go make disciples of all nations...Form"
C. Romans 6:3-11 (1) "we were baptized into his death and resurrection"
D. Galatians 3:26-28 baptism=clothed w/ Christ
E. John 3:1-5 you must be born of water
F. 1 John 3:1-3 we are purified for God
G. John 14:3 "whoever drinks this water will never be thirsty"
H. Ephesians 4:4-6, 20-24 one baptism of renewal
I. Ephesians 1:13 baptism=seal of HS
J. Galatians 2:20 Christ lives in me
K. Titus 3:5 we are saved thru the water
L. 1 Cor 12:13 We are baptized into one body
M. Col. 2:12-15 "buried and raised in baptism"
IV. Connected to Faith
A. Acts 2:38-41 "repent and be baptized"
B. Acts 8:12-13 Philip and Simon
C. Acts 8:35-38 Philip and eunuch
D. Acts 10:48 Peter and gentiles
E. Acts 16:15 Paul and Lydia
Bible Passages on Confirmation:
I. Foreshadowing
A. Is. 11:2 "the spirit of the lord will rest on him"
B. Is. 61:1 "the spirit of the lord is upon me"
C. Lk. 4:16-22 Jesus in the synagogue: "the ..."
D. Ezek. 36:25-27: new hearts and put statutes w/in you (share spirit w/ people)
E. Jl. 3:1-2: nations will be gathered together
F. Anointing as abundance and joy: Dt. 11:14, Pss. 23:5, Pss. 104:15
G. Anointing as healing: Is. 1:6, Lk 10:34
H. Seal: Gen 38:18, Gen 41:42; Dt. 32:34; 1 Kg. 21:8; Jer 32:10; Is. 29:11
II. The spirit descends on Jesus
A. Mt 3:13-17 baptism
B. Jn. 1:33-34 baptism
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Appendix C: Sacraments
C. Acts 10:38 HS anointed Jesus
D. Jn. 6:27 Jesus marked w/ seal
III. Jesus promises the spirit
A. Lk. 12:12 HS will teach you what you ought to say
B. Jn. 16:7-15 I send the HS to you after I go away
IV. The Spirit is Sent by Jesus
A. Jn. 3:3-8 must be born of water and HS
B. Jn 7:37-39 rivers of living water (HS)
C. Lk 11:13 giving gifts; Father gives HS
D. Jn. 20:19-22 (star) Easter Sunday night institution
E. Acts 2:17-18 Joel said the HS will be sent; here it is
F. Lk. 12:12 HS will teach you what you ought to say
G. Jn. 16:7-15 I send the HS to you after I go away
V. The Spirit "confirms" Baptism
A. Acts 1:4-8 You will receive power when you receive the HS
B. Acts 2:1-4 Pentecost
C. Acts 8:14-17 separate from baptism
D. Acts 19:5-6 baptism and HS
E. Acts 2:38 repent so you can receive the HS
F. Heb. 6:2 the foundations (laying on of hands)
VI. The gifts of the Spirit
A. Jn. 14:16-26 The Holy Spirit will be sent to you
B. 1 Jn. 2:20 (star) you were anointed w/ Holy One
C. 1 Cor. 2:10-12 Spirit helps us understand
D. Phil. 4:13 strength for everything
E. 1 Cor. 6:19 you are a temple of the holy spirit
F. 2 Cor 2:15: balm=aroma of Xt.
G. 2 Cor. 1:21-22, Rev. 7:2-3, 9:4, Ezek. 9:4-6 sealed
H. Rom 8:15 (cry Abba!)-filiation
I. 2 Tim 1:7 spirit of strength
VII. The Spirit enables us to bear witness in the image of Christ
A. John 15: 26-27 The spirit of Truth will testify for me
B. Mk 13:11 HS will tell you what to say
C. Eph 6:11-12 armor of Xt.
D. Lk 9:26 don't be ashamed of Xt.
E. 1 Pt. 5:8-devil is looking for you
F. Mt. 12:30-w/ or against God
G. Acts 5:41 bear all things
Bible Passages on the Eucharist:
I. Foreshadowing
A. Genesis 4:4 Abel sacrifice
B. Genesis 22:12 Abraham sacrifice
C. Psalm 104:13-15 bread and wine
D. Genesis 14:18 Melchizedek
E. Deuteronomy 8:3 manna
F. Exodus 16:15 manna
G. Malachi 1:11 sacrifice to my name always
H. Mt. 14:13-21 loaves and fishes
I. Mt. 15:32-39 loaves and fishes
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Appendix C: Sacraments
J. Mk. 8:6, 19 loaves and fishes
K. John 2:11 water to wine
L. Psalm 116:13, 17 cup of salvation, sacrifice of thanksgiving
M. Psalm 78:24f manna and food in abundance (frequency)
N. Proverbs 9:2f wisdom has slaughtered animals and mixed wine
O. Wisdom 16:20 manna (food of angels)
Institution and Early Celebration of the Eucharist
A. Matthew 26:26-29
B. Mark 14: 22-25
C. Luke 22:15-20
D. I Cor. 11:23-25
E. Acts 2:42 devoted to the breaking of the Bread
F. Acts 2:46 breaking of the bread
G. Acts 20:7 same
H. Acts 20:11 same
I. Luke 24: 13-35 road to Emmaus
The Eucharist as Sacrifice
A. Acts 10:4 prayers and alms as a memorial to God
B. 1 Cor. 11:26-27 proclaiming the Lord's death
C. Mark 14:24 blood of the covenant
D. John 19:34 pierced side; blood flowed out
E. Hebrews 13:15 sacrifice of praise
The Eucharist as Nourishment
A. John 6:30-33 bread of God comes from heaven
B. John 6:53-58 you must eat my flesh and drink my blood
C. I Corinthians 10:16-17 Bread we break is a sharing in his body
The Eucharist as the Present and Future "Wedding Banquet"
A. Luke 22:14-16 desiring to eat the passover; not until all is fulfilled
B. Luke 14:15-24 parable of the Great Dinner
C. Revelations 3:20-21 eating with the Lord
D. Revelations 19:9 marriage supper of the Lamb
Bible Passages on Penance:
I. Foreshadowing
A. Lam. 5:21 Lead us back
B. Ezekiel 36:26-27 new heart
C. Psalm 51:1-7 Create a clean heart
D. Joel 2:12-18 return to me
E. Is. 1:16-17 Wash yourself
II. Jesus invites us to repentance
A. Mt. 4:17 repent, for Kingdom of God is at hand
B. Lk. 5:31-32 come to call sinners
C. Lk. 13:1-5 repent or die
D. John 12:46-50 Jesus didn't come to condemn but to save
E. Luke 18:9-14 humble self
F. Mk. 2:16-17 come to call sinners
G. Mk. 1:15 repent
H. Luke 9:23 take up your cross and follow me
I. Luke 15:4-7 Lost Sheep
J. Luke 15: 11-32 Prodigal Son
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Appendix C: Sacraments
K. Eph. 1:4, 5:27 be w/o blemish
L. John 5:24 belief=saved
III. No one is without sin
A. John 8:7-9 no pride (stones)
B. 1 Jn. 1:8-10 all have sin
C. 1 Cor. 10:12-13 God is our strength
D. John 16:8-9 HS will convict us of sin
IV. Jesus himself remits sins
A. Luke 7:36-50 hair and perfume
B. John 8:10-11 go and sin no more
C. Luke 19:1-10 Zacchaeus
D. Mk. 2:5-12 Paralytic
E. Luke 23:43 good thief
F. 1 John 4:10 the son expiates our sins
G. Mt. 1:21 Jesus will take away sins
V. Forgive as you have been forgiven
A. Mt. 6:12-15 end of our father
B. Luke 11:4 same as above
C. Luke 6:36 be merciful as father is merciful
D. Mt. 18:21-35 unforgiving servant
E. Luke 23:34 father, forgive them...
F. Mk. 11:25 forgive so you may be forgiven
G. Mt. 5:24 be reconciled to your brother first
VI. The Church forgives by the power of Jesus
A. Mt. 16:18-19 keys to the kingdom
B. B. Mt. 18:18 bound as bound
C. John 20:19-23 institution (at Easter Sunday night)
D. Lk. 24:46-48 repentance and forvie sins
E. 1 Jn. 1:9 he can forgive us
F. 2 Cor. 5:18-28 Power to forgive from God
VII. Teachings of apostles
A. Acts 2:30 repent
B. Rev. 2:5, 16 repent
C. 1Pt. 4:8 love covers a multitude of sins
D. James 5:20 bring people back
E. Gal. 5:19-21 list of sins
F. Rev. 22:15 list of sins
Bible Passages on Anointing of the Sick:
I. Foreshadowing
A. Is. 61:1-3 sp. of Lord upon me; anointing
B. Ps. 32:5 take away guilt
C. Ps. 39:9 take away guilt
D. Ex. 15:26 God heals
E. Ps. 6:3 heal me, O God
F. Ps. 107:20 God heals
G. Is. 33:24 sin away plus healing
II. Christ cures the sick
A. Mt. 8:5-13 servant
B. Mt. 9:1-8 man
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Appendix C: Sacraments
C. Lk. 7:21-22 general
D. Mk. 8:22-25 blind
E. Lk. 7:1-10 centurion's slave
F. Lk. 7:11-15 widow's son
G. Mk. 4:24 general
H. Mk. 2:5-12 paralytic (17: came to heal)
I. Lk. 7:21-22 various
J. Mk. 7:32-36 deaf man
K. Jn 9:6-7 blind man
L. Lk. 6:19 people came out for healing
M. Mk. 1:29-31 fever of mother in law
N. Mk. 1:32-34, 40-41 various
III. Disciples receive power to heal
A. Mt. 10:1, 7-8: go heal
B. Mk. 6:7-13 power to heal
IV. Disciples anoint the sick with oil
A. Mk. 6:12-13 anointing
B. Jms. 5:14-16 rite
Bible Passages on Holy Orders:
I. Foreshadowing
A. Ex. 19:6 kingdom of priests (covenant w/ people)
B. Is. 61:6 you shall be named priests
C. Num. 1:48-53 Levites as priests
D. Ex. 29:1-30 Levites become priests
E. Mal. 2:7-9 Levites failed
F. Gen. 14:18 Melchizedek
II. Institution in Christ
A. Mt. 10:1-42: Jesus sends out disciples
B. Mt. 28:16-20 commission
C. Jn. 20:21-23 sins and Holy Spirit
D. John 13:20 sending and receiving
E. Jn. 17:17-19 consecrating and sending
F. Lk. 22:19 do this in memory of me
G. Lk. 10:16 he who hears you hears me
III. Christ's Priesthood
A. Heb. 7:21-27 priest forever through Christ
B. Jn. 14:1-9 you will follow
C. 1 Tim. 2:5 one mediator
D. Heb. 10:1-4 one sacrifice
IV. Priesthood of Ordained Priests
A. 1 Cor. 4:1-2 stewards and servants
B. Acts 6:1-6 assistants: deacons
C. Acts 14:23 ordination
D. 2 Tim. 1:6 laying on hands
E. Heb. 5:1-4 priest's role
F. Mk. 10:43-45 service
G. 1 Pt. 5:3 advice to priests
V. Characteristics
A. Mt. 19:29 blessed are those who give up all
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Appendix C: Sacraments
B. John 15:16 I chose you
VI. Laying on of Hands
A. Acts 1:8
B. Acts 2:4
C. 1 Tim 4:14
Bible Passages on Matrimony:
I. God's covenant with us
A. Hosea 2:16-22 espouse my delight
B. Isaiah 62:3-5 no longer desolate
C. Jeremiah 3:1-4 other gods
D. Malachi 2:13-17 hates divorce
E. Rev. 19:7, 9 wedding of the Lamb
F. Is. 54:1-10 I shall take you back and never abandon you
G. Jer. 2:1-5 infidelity of Israel
H. Jer 31:3 I have loved you with age-old love
I. Ezekiel 16, 23: faithless spouse (harlot)
J. Songs 8:6-7 seal; strong as death
II. Marriage examples and history
A. Old Testament
1. Genesis 1:28, 31; 2:18-24 creation; two will become one flesh
2. Tobit 8:4-9 prayer before consummation
B. Bond
1. John 2:1-11 wedding at Cana
2. Mk. 10:5-12 divorce
3. Mt. 19:1-9 divorce
4. 1 Cor. 7:39 bond cannot be broken
C. Epistles
1. Eph. 5:22-33 submission
2. 1 Cor. 7:3-7, 10-11 get along: compromise
III. Virginity for the Sake of the Kingdom
A. Mt. 19:10-12: different vocations
B. Mk. 10:19-21, 28-31 give up all and follow me
C. Mk. 8:34-37 take up your cross and follow me
D. Lk. 14:26 give up all for me
E. Rev. 14:4 the virgins in heaven
F. 1 Cor. 7:32 be free of anxieties
G. Mt. 25:1-13 wise virgins
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Appendix D: Liturgical Calendar
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Appendix D: Liturgical Calendar
The Liturgical Calendar
Advent : (Purple)
Means “coming”
1st season of the Liturgical Year
Time of preparation for Christ’s coming in history, at the end of time, and into our hearts.
Begins four Sundays before Christmas and ends on December 24
The Christmas Season: (White)
Begins on Christmas Day and ends on the Feast of the Baptism of the Lord
Jesus humbled himself to be born as a human and be baptized by John in the
Includes Feast of the Holy Family, Epiphany, and Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God
Ordinary Time I: (Green)
From the end of the Christmas season until Mardi Gras (Tuesday before Ash
Time of spiritual growth and learning about the mission of Jesus Christ
Lent: (Purple)
Means “springtime”
Begins on Ash Wednesday and ends on the evening of Holy Thursday
A time of reflection and penance.
The Paschal Triduum: (White/Red)
The holiest time of the Church year
From the Last Supper until Easter Vigil
Holy Thursday: The Last Supper and the institution of the Eucharist (White)
Good Friday: Christ’s Passion and Death (Red)
No Mass anywhere in the world this day
Holy Saturday: (Day) Jesus in the tomb; (Night) the tomb is empty (White)
The Easter Season: (White)
Begins with Easter Vigil and ends on Pentecost
Easter is celebrated for eight days (The octave of Easter)
Jesus’ Resurrection, Ascension, and sending of the Holy Spirit
Ordinary Time II: (Green)
From Monday after Pentecost to the Saturday after Christ the King Sunday
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Appendix E: Integrating Values
into the Classroom Curriculum
Appendix E: Integrating Values
Integrating Values into the Classroom Curriculum
For a more credible approach to values education, research indicates that values need to be integrated
at four levels of school life:
Interpersonal Level: through the lives of staff/parents/students as they relate to each other
and to the community they serve,
Organizational Level: through policies and procedures that govern the school,
Instructional Level: through the actual classroom instruction--explicitly and implicitly in each
academic/subject area, and
Family Level: through the reinforcement of the same value within the home.
Below are some ideas for integrating the gospel values at the instructional level. This is by no means an
exhaustive list.
Value of Community
emphasis on the virtue of Community in all areas of the curriculum
 in science, the topic of conservation
 in social studies, dignity of life
 in religious education class, emphasis on the parish as a community
 in literature, acceptance of cultures
instructional level - implicitly
 organization of material to meet individual needs to provide success experiences
 respect for the learning styles of students
 structures that encourage cooperative learning, e.g., peer tutoring, small group work/instruction
 a warm, inviting classroom environment
instructional level - assessment
 Are attitudes and skills for community building - such as caring, communicating, cooperating,
confronting - being developed in the classroom?
 Do the classroom materials and bulletin boards present a positive image of all people in regard
to race, creed, sex, various handicaps, etc.
 Does the religious education curriculum include faculty and parental
 involvement?
Value of Faith
emphasis on the value of Faith in all areas of the curriculum:
instructional level - explicitly
 exposure to the tradition of belief in religious education class, e.g. Bible stories, prayers, creeds,
worship, witness, service, history of the Church
 in science, explanation of God's wisdom in creating the balance of the universe
 beginning all classes with prayer
 field trips organized to cathedrals, monasteries, convents, seminaries, etc.
instructional level - implicitly
 studying the data of how faith develops so as to assist students to see God's plan in any area of
the curriculum
 in social studies, speak of life's events in terms of Christian belief
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Appendix E: Integrating Values
show reverence for each student as God's creation, despite talent or handicap
instructional level - assessment
 Does the religious education curriculum adhere to Catholic Christian tradition and current
Church teaching?
 Does the religion curriculum teach personal prayer and offer formation opportunities suited to
the development of students?
 Does the religion curriculum include methods that help the student develop in faith, form a
mature/correct conscience, and apply moral decision-making skills?
 Are Gospel values regularly and appropriately integrated in subject areas?
Value of Hope
emphasis on the value of Hope in all areas of the curriculum:
instructional level - explicitly
 the effects of the Resurrection are taught in Religious Education class
 in science, research efforts sparking new hope for those with illnesses such as cancer, heart
disease, and diabetes are studied
 possibilities for change in deprived areas are discussed in social studies
 hopeful themes are used in literature, art, music
instructional level - implicitly
 warm inviting classrooms with signs of positive possibilities for all students
 personalized instruction to meet individual needs
 when appropriate, learning about the Paschal Mystery and its application to sorrows of daily life,
e.g., when feeling rejected, when a friend is caught stealing, when families are having difficulties,
instructional level - assessment
 Is the content of curriculum relevant and appropriate?
 Does it prepare students to live in the present and look to the future with a sense of hope?
 Does the teaching/learning process prepare one to be a person of hope in imitation of Jesus
Value of Reconciliation
emphasis on the value of Reconciliation in all areas of the curriculum:
instructional level - explicitly
 conflict resolution methods are taught in social studies and through guidance counselors
 harmony is stressed in environment, creation in science
 appropriate experiences and proper instruction regarding sacramental
 reconciliation are given in religious education classes
 studies on peace occur through content of literature and social studies
instructional level - implicitly
 techniques are used to express agreement or disagreement in all classes
 students are taught to distinguish fact and opinion in all classes
 dialogue between teachers and students takes place when differences occur
instructional level - assessment
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Appendix E: Integrating Values
Does instruction include knowledge and application of attitudes and skills necessary for
community building, such as caring, communication, cooperation, confrontation?
Is the value of reconciliation taught in religious education classes?
Value of Courage
emphasis on the value of Courage in all areas of the curriculum:
instructional level - explicitly
 examples of situations in literature and social studies which exemplify and discuss the
relationship of senseless behavior vs. courage
 personal courage or lack of it is emphasized in curricular areas, e.g., Jesus, generals, traitors,
saints, founders, leaders, athletes
 human development classes deal with aspects of courage preparation and support for leadership
are stressed, e.g., choosing common good over personal good
instructional level - implicitly
 individuals are taught how they can stand alone when their peers are performing contrary
actions, e.g., focus on identifying feelings, clarifying values, seeking support systems other than
 all curricular areas can encourage perseverance in completing tasks
 students can be challenged to perform more difficult tasks, e.g., using
 skills of analysis, synthesis, and evaluation rather than merely knowledge and understanding
instructional level - assessment
 Does the curriculum include an examination of a personal Christian lifestyle -- patterns of
consumption, conservation, sharing, leisure, and celebration?
 Are social justice concerns integrated into appropriate areas of subject matter?
Value of Service
emphasis on the value of Service in all areas of the curriculum:
instructional level - explicitly
 the service role is emphasized as it appears in curricular areas, e.g., priests and religious,
physicians, government officials, police and fire personnel, as “community helpers”
 religious education class recognizes the service given by missionaries in the Church
 career education explores service professions
instructional level - implicitly
 students attitudes are prepared for service in the community
 the service of the teacher is recognized and appreciated
 students are able to perceive the teachers' attitude toward service
instructional level – assessment
 Does the school offer the use of a library to students and teachers?
 Is service integrated in the content and methods used by teachers?
 Are students taught to serve?
Value of Justice
emphasis of the value of Justice in all areas of the curriculum:
instructional level – explicitly
 in religious education classes, justice is taught as the obligation of every Christian
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Appendix E: Integrating Values
justice issues are included with social science classes, e.g., racism, sexism, elitism, handicapped,
aged, human rights
some themes in literature concern the poor and oppressed
science emphasizes stewardship of the environment
business education teaches fair and honest practices
instructional level – implicitly
 classroom environment provides opportunities for choices, and the application of decisionmaking and problem-solving skills
 varied cultural differences of students are accepted and appreciated
 accountability for the value of justice is modeled in grading practices and
 correction of papers and tests
instructional level - assessment
 Is Christian responsibility in everyday living emphasized throughout the curriculum?
 Do classroom textbooks and materials support Gospel values of justice and peace?
 Is student progress and achievement in accord with potential?
Value of Love
emphasis on the value of Love in all areas of the curriculum.
instructional level – explicitly
 reverence for the sacred in religion, art, music
 Christian attitude toward family life and sex education
 respect for life stressed in science
 social sciences stress reverence for others and appreciation of their contribution to society
instructional level - implicitly
 mainstreaming, as appropriate
 individual uniqueness honored
 acceptance of all persons despite failure, misunderstanding
 each student called by name, greeted daily instructional level – assessment
 Does instruction occur in a climate of respect and acceptance of each person and his/her
 Are attitudes and skills for community building - such as caring, communicating, cooperating,
confronting - developed in the classroom?
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Appendix F: Internet Safety
Page 335
1. Never give out personal information (such as name, age, address, phone number, school, town,
password, schedule, your picture) or fill out questionnaires or any forms online.
2. Never meet in person with anyone you have met online .
3. Do not enter a chat room without Mom and/or Dad's presence or supervision. Some “kids” you
meet in chat rooms may not really be kids; they may be adults with bad intentions. Remember,
people may not be who they say they are.
4. Choose a gender neutral online name to avoid harassment.
5. Be suspicious of anyone who tries to turn you against your parents, teachers, or friends. They
may have a hidden agenda.
6. Never respond to or send email or instant message to new people you meet online. Talk to your
parents first so that they can check it out. Also, do not engage in an online conversation that
makes you feel uncomfortable, log off and tell your parents. If you get such a message, DO NOT
respond. Sending a response only encourages the person. Instead, show it to your parents and
let them handle it.
7. Catholic Online Resources
a. Father Ken’s help articles: http://catholicdioceseofwichita.org/spiritual-life-centerprograms-a-retreats/ineedhelpfather
b. Reclaim Sexual Health: http://www.reclaimsexualhealth.com/
c. The Catholic Version will be up and running by May 2012
d. http://dads.org/strugglewithporn.asp
e. http://www.theporneffect.com/
f. http://www.diocese-kcsj.org/myhousekcsj/
Online Resources
a. http://kids.getnetwise.org/safetyguide/tips/teens.php
b. http://www.protectkids.com/index.html
c. http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/parent-guide
d. http://www.blogsafety.org
e. http://www.netsmartz.org
f. http://www.NSTeens.org
g. http://www.internetsafety.com
h. http://www.enough.org
i. http://getparentalcontrols.org
9. Guest Speakers
a. Fr. Ken Van Haverbeke - http://catholicdioceseofwichita.org/spiritual-life-centerprograms-a-retreats/ineedhelpfather
b. Kevin Honeycutt – www.essdack.org – will do various topics on internet safety,
predators, online bullying, etc.
c. Sedgwick County Regional Prevention Center – phone: 316-262-2421 – variety of topics
from internet safety, safe dating, abusive relationships, sex trafficking, online predators
d. Tim Relph – Homicide Detective Wichita Police force – (Resurrection parishioner, speaks
there but don’t know if he is willing to speak elsewhere)
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Dan Oblinger - National Screening Bureau (former WPD) - 316.263.4400 – speaks on
gangs, drugs, alcohol, internet saftey
f. Jim Williams – www.callmejim.org – national speaker on anti-bullying
g. Exploited and Missing Children’s Unit of the local police station
h. Rob and Becky Knapp
Dangers of Pornography
Several Priests have noted an increase of pornography related confessions, in an ever decreasing
age of student.
Average age of first internet exposure to pornography: 11 years old
15-17 year olds having multiple hard-core exposures: 80%
8-16 year olds who have viewed porn online (accidentally or on purpose): 90%
Number of cartoon characters names linked to porn cites if googled: 26
Number of Pornographic websites: 4.2 Million (12% of all websites)
Number of 11-16 year olds who have internet access in their room: 60%
Percent of Youth who received sexual solicitation online who told their parent: 25%
Number 7 year olds who have internet access in their room: 41%
Christians who said pornography is a major problem in the home: 47%
Adults admitting to Internet sexual addition: 10%
Percent of Parents who use blocking or filtering software: 50%
Five Stages of Addiction
1. Early exposure. Most people who get addicted to porn start early. They see the stuff when they
are very young, and it gets its foot in the door.
2. Addiction. Later comes addiction. You can't quit.
3. Escalation. After a while, escalation begins. You start to look for more and more graphic porn.
You start using porn that would have disgusted you when you started.
4. Desensitization. Eventually, you start to become numb. Even the most graphic, degrading porn
doesn't excite you anymore. You become desperate to feel the same thrill again but can't find it.
5. Acting out sexually. At this point, many men make a dangerous jump and start acting out
sexually. They move from images of porn to the real world.
1. Children often imitate what they’ve seen, read, or heard. When children watch cowboys
and Indians, they want to go play cowboys and Indians. When children watch
Superman, they pretend to be action heroes. When kids watch sex, it’s no surprise they
want to act out sexually. Some studies suggest that exposure to pornography can
prompt kids to act out sexually against younger, smaller, and more vulnerable children.
2. Clinicians, psychologists, and law enforcement officials have noted an increase in the
number of children seeking clinical help for issues relating to sexual exploitation; an
increase in the number of children “acting out” sexually and a jump in the incidences of
child-on-child sex attacks; and increased incidences of child-produced pornography.
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Parent Education Handout
I. Implement House Rules
A. Supervise Computer Use: Keep your child’s computer in an open area of your home
and be aware of other computers and other devices children may be using outside of
the home. Placing the computer in an area, such as the kitchen or family room, gives parents
the ability to supervise a child’s online navigation. Pay attention to other computer and
Internet-enabled mobile devices children are using.
30% of parents allow their teenagers to use the computer in private areas of the house such
as a bedroom or a home office. Parents say they are more vigilant about where their teen(s)
go online if the computer is in a public area of the household (NCMEC/ Cox5/24/05).
B. Know your kids’ online activities and friends. Regularly ask your kids about their online
friends and activities. Role-play with your child the various dangerous scenarios they could
encounter online.
Almost one in eight youth ages 8-18 discovered that someone they were communicating with
online was an adult pretending to be much younger (Internet safety: Realistic Strategies &
Messages for Kids Taking More and More Risks Online. December 21, 2005. Polly Klaas
Foundation. February 17, 2006 <http://www.pollyklaas.org/internetsafety/pkfsummary.pdf>).
C. Teach your children to never give personal information over the Internet, such as
name, address, telephone number, password, parents' names, the name of any club or
team he/she is involved in, name of his/her school, or after school job.
In January of 2005 in Lafayette, Louisiana, a 16-year-old girl was attacked by a 37-year-old
man who read her profile on MySpace.com and tracked her down at her after-school job.
D. Pay Attention to Online Photos: Know the type of photos your child is posting online. It
is wisest to encourage your child not to post any photos online. Children use various forms of
technology to post information and photos online, such as videos and web cams. Photos from
camera phones can also be uploaded. Parents should be aware of the imagery their children
post on the Web—these images most likely pose a risk to their children, exposing them to
online predators and strangers. Even innocent photos can attract a predator.
E. Keep the Lines of Communication Open: Use the Internet with your child. Parents
should be proactive about their child’s online activities. Spend time alongside your child and
establish an atmosphere of trust. This provides an opportunity for parents to engage in
dialogue about websites their children visit and programs they are using. Parents should be
open to learning about technology so they can keep up with their children. Understanding
how children use the Internet will give parents a better idea of the risks they may face.
Page 338
65% of all parents and 64% of all teens say that teens do things online that they wouldn’t want
their parents to know about (Pew Internet & American Life Project, March 17, 2005).
F. Act Like the Child: Search blog sites children visit to see what information they are
posting. To ensure that children are not engaging in risky online behavior, we recommend
that parents do a simple online search. Parents can type in their child’s name, nickname,
school, hobbies, grade, or residence to determine information availability. Supervise blogs not only what your child is posting but what other kids are posting about your child.
86% of the girls polled said they could chat online without their parents’ knowledge, 57% could
read their parents’ e-mail, and 54% could conduct a cyber relationship (Girl Scout Research
Institute, 2002).
G. Limit and monitor the amount of time your child spends on the Internet, and at what
times of day. Excessive time online, especially at night, may indicate a problem. Remind your
child that Internet use is a privilege, not a right.
23% of youth reported being “very” or “extremely upset” by exposures to sexual material
(Victimization of Youths on the Internet, 2003).
II. TOOLS (Windows Live Family Safety from Microsoft is free and does most of these)
A. Monitoring Software: Install software to manage where children go online. Monitoring
software gives parents the ability to view activity on the Internet and identify their child’s
online buddies. These programs give parents a better understanding of what their child is
doing online, where they are going, and empowers parents to set online boundaries for their
Over half (51%) of parents either do not have or do not know if they have software on their
computer(s) that monitors where their teenager(s) go online and with whom they interact
(NCMEC/Cox 5/24/05).
B. Exercise Parental Control: Implement Filtering tools. Parental control tools are provided
by some Internet Service Providers (ISP) or are available for purchase as separate software
packages. These tools allow parents to restrict websites a child can view from their home
computer. Settings are password-protected. Remember – no filter is a substitute for parental
More than 11 million teens regularly view porn online (The Washington Post, July 1, 2004).
C. Restrict Access: Use privacy settings to restrict access to the child’s website. Social
networking sites provide a variety of privacy settings that limit who can view the child’s
website. By using these privacy tools, parents may be able to approve which friends from
school, clubs, teams, and community groups are able to view a child’s profile or blog, and
block unknown individuals from accessing a child’s information. On most social networking
websites, you can access and change your child’s privacy settings by clicking on “account
settings.” Remember that no one can detect a disguised predator. Predators can still
penetrate ‘youth only’ spaces.
Page 339
Authorities say teens are finding trouble in the social networking environment where millions of
people, can in seconds, find out where they go to school, learn their interests, download their
pictures and instantly send them messages(Associated Press, 2/4/06).
D. Become a net-savvy parent. The best safeguard against online dangers is being informed.
Jump in and learn the basics of the Internet—read articles, take a class, and talk to other
parents. A good place to start with some basics is www.LearnTheNet.com. A good place to
stay current with the latest in online technology is mashable.com. You don’t have to be an
expert to have a handle on your child’s online world.
III. Catholic Online Resources
A. Father Ken’s help articles: http://catholicdioceseofwichita.org/spiritual-life-centerprograms-a-retreats/ineedhelpfather
B. Reclaim Sexual Health: http://www.reclaimsexualhealth.com/
C. The Catholic Version will be up and running by May 2012
D. http://dads.org/strugglewithporn.asp
E. http://www.theporneffect.com/
F. http://www.diocese-kcsj.org/myhousekcsj/
IV. Online Resources
A. http://kids.getnetwise.org/safetyguide/tips/teens.php
B. http://www.protectkids.com/index.html
C. http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/parent-guide
D. http://www.blogsafety.org
E. http://www.netsmartz.org
F. http://www.NSTeens.org
G. http://www.internetsafety.com
H. http://www.enough.org
I. http://getparentalcontrols.org
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Page 341
Appendix G: Saints
North American Jesuit Martyrs. Canonized in 1930.
St. Frances Xavier Cabrini (1850–1917). Canonized in 1946. Celebrated November 13.
St. Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton (1774–1821). Canonized in 1975. Celebrated January 4.
St. John Nepomucene Neumann (1811–1860). Canonized in 1977. Celebrated January 5.
St. Rose Philippine Duchesne (1769–1852). Canonized in 1988. Celebrated November 18.
St. Katharine Drexel (1858–1955). Canonized in 2000. Celebrated March 3.
St. Anne-Thérèse (or Mother Theodore) Guérin (1798–1856). Canonized in 2006. Celebrated
October 3.
St. Damien DeVeuster (1840–1889). Canonized in 2009. Celebrated May 10.
Saint Kateri Tekakwitha (1656–1680). Beatified in 1980. To be canonized October 21, 2012.
Celebrated July 14.
Blessed Junípero Serra (1713–1784). Beatified in 1988.
Blessed Francis Xavier Seelos (1819–67). Beatified in 2000.
Blessed Carlos Manuel Rodriguez (1918–1963). Beatified in 2001.
Blessed Mother Marianne Cope (1838–1918). Beatified in 2005. To be canonized October 21,
2012. Celebrated July 23.
Doctors of the Church
1. St. Gregory the Great (one of the original four Doctors of the Latin Church)
2. St. Ambrose (one of the original four Doctors of the Latin Church)
3. St. Augustine (Doctor of Grace) (one of the original four Doctors of the Latin Church)
4. St. Jerome (one of the original four Doctors of the Latin Church)
5. St. John Chrysostom (one of the original four Doctors of the Eastern Church)
6. St. Basil (one of the original four Doctors of the Eastern Church)
7. St. Gregory Nanzianzen (one of the original four Doctors of the Eastern Church)
8. St. Athanasius (one of the original four Doctors of the Eastern Church)
9. St. Thomas Aquinas (the Angelic Doctor)
10. St. Bonaventure (The Seraphic Doctor)
11. St. Anselm (The Magnificent Doctor)
12. St. Isidore of Seville
Page 342
Appendix G: Saints
St. Peter Chrysologus
St. Leo the Great
St. Peter Damian
St. Bernard of Clairvaux (the Mellifluous Doctor)
St. Hilary of Poitiers
St. Alphonsus Liguori
St. Francis de Sales (Doctor of Charity)
St. Cyril of Alexandria (Doctor of the Incarnation)
St. Cyril of Jerusalem
St. John Damascene
The Venerable Bede
St. Ephrem
St. Peter Canisius
St. John of the Cross (The Mystical Doctor)
St. Robert Bellarmine
St. Albert the Great (the Universal Doctor)
St. Anthony of Padua (the Evangelizing Doctor)
St. Lawrence of Brindisi
St. Teresa of Avila
St. Catherine of Siena
St. Therese of Lisieux
St. John of Avila (to be proclaimed October 7, 2012)
St. Hildegard of Bingen (to be proclaimed October 7, 2012)
Page 343
Page 344
Appendix H: Scriptural References
first 30 years
last 3 years
Hidden Life
Public Life
Infancy Narratives
Miracles, Parables, Teachings, Paschal Mystery: Passion, Death, Resurrection
How can God become human?
Jesus’ genealogy
Jesus’ coming is announced to Zechariah, Mary, Elizabeth
John the Baptist is born
Jesus’ birth is announced to Joseph
Jesus is born
Jesus goes to the temple for the first time
The wise men come
Jesus’ family escapes to Egypt
Jesus grows up
The work of John the Baptist
Jesus is baptized
Jesus is tempted
The first disciples
Jesus’ first miracle: making wine
Jesus takes a stand in the temple
Jesus and Nicodemus
John the Baptist teaches about Jesus
Jesus and the Samaritan woman
Jesus teaches in Galilee
Jesus heals a royal official’s son
Jesus teaches in Capernaum
Jesus begins a ministry of healing and teaching
Jesus eats at Matthew’s house
Jesus talks about fasting and introduces a new way of thinking
Jesus heals on the Sabbath
The twelve disciples are confirmed
The Beatitudes
Jesus discusses the law
Jesus discusses giving and prayer
Jesus teaches about getting to heaven
A Roman centurion shows faith
A widow’s son is raised from the dead
Jesus responds to the doubts of John the Baptist
Religious leaders express doubts if Jesus’ power comes from God
Jesus redefines His true family
Jesus teaches a series of kingdom parables
such as the parable of the sower
Jesus miraculously stills a storm
Jesus casts demons out and sends them into pigs
Jesus heals people of disease and death
8:1-4, 14-17
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Appendix H: Scriptural References
Jesus is rejected in His hometown: Nazareth
Jesus commissions the ministry of the twelve disciples
John the Baptist is beheaded
Jesus feeds over five thousand people by multiplying bread and
Jesus walks on water to the disciples’ boat
Jesus says He is the bread of life but the people do not understand
Jesus explains true purity rather than just ceremonial purity
Jesus casts out a demon
Jesus miraculously feeds over four thousand people by multiplying
fish and bread
Religious leaders ask for a sign and the tension grows between
their teaching and Jesus’ teaching
Jesus heals a blind man
Peter confesses that Jesus is the Messiah that God promised
Jesus begins to prepare the disciples for His death. He predicts
His death for the first time
Jesus is transfigured on the mountain, His body takes on a more
heavenly form, and He talks to Elijah & Moses, who had been for
Jesus casts out a demon
Jesus continues to prepare His disciples. He predicts His death a
second time.
Peter finds a coin in the fish’s mouth and uses it to pay temple tax
Jesus warns against temptation
Jesus addresses the cost of being a disciple
Jesus teaches with authority at the temple and the controversy
surrounding Him becomes heated
Jesus forgives a woman caught in adultery
Jesus speaks openly about Himself as deity and is almost stoned
Jesus explains Himself as the Good Shepherd
Jesus commissions seventy-two other disciples
Jesus tells the story of the Good Samaritan
Jesus visits Mary and Martha in their home
Jesus teaches about prayer
Jesus confronts the religious leaders
Jesus teaches with some very sobering parables
Religious leaders threaten to stone Jesus
Jesus spends time healing and teaching
Jesus tells parables about a lost coin, a lost sheep, and a lost son
Jesus teaches His disciples within hearing distance of the
Jesus raises Lazarus, His friend, from the dead
Jesus heals ten lepers, but only one says “thanks”
Jesus talks about the unexpected coming of the kingdom
Jesus tells two parables about prayer
Jesus teaches about marriage
Jesus welcomes, honors, and blesses little children
Jesus’ conversation with the rich young man
Jesus teaches about having a servant’s heart
Jesus heals the blind
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Appendix H: Scriptural References
Zacchaeus follows Jesus in faith
The parable of the servants who invested the king’s money
Religious leaders begin to plan Jesus’ assassination
Jesus’ famous ride into Jerusalem to a cheering crowd
Jesus curses a fig tree and it quickly dies
Jesus takes a stand in the temple again
Jesus clarifies His mission even more boldly
Jesus speaks of the power of prayer
Jesus stumps the religious leaders
Jesus tells more parables about the kingdom of God
Jesus fields significant questions from the religious leaders
Jesus stumps the religious leaders again. The tension mounts.
Jesus openly warns people about the religious leaders.
A widow gives all she has and Jesus teaches from her example.
Jesus talks with His disciples about being ready for events to
Religious leaders agree on the strategy for Jesus’ arrest
A woman anoints Jesus with expensive perfume
Judas closes the deal to betray Jesus
Jesus and the disciples prepare for the Passover meal
Jesus humbles His disciples by taking the role of a servant and
washing the disciples’ feet
Jesus practically gives away Judas’ plans to betray Him
Jesus and His disciples celebrate the Passover by sharing a meal
that we now call “the Last Supper”
Before they leave their last meal together, Jesus talks with His
disciples about the future
Jesus foretells Peter’s denial
Jesus describes our relationship with God in terms of a grapevine
and He teaches about the Holy Spirit
Jesus agonizes and prays for Himself, His disciples, the believers
of His day and for us, before He faces His betrayal
Jesus is betrayed by Judas and arrested by the soldiers
Jesus goes through a religious trial before Caiaphas
Peter denies knowing Jesus
Judas kills himself after betraying Jesus for thirty coins
Jesus stand a political trial before Pilate and Herod
Jesus’ execution hanging on a cross
Jesus’ burial in a borrowed grave
Jesus actually returns to life and appears to women who loved Him
A famous appearance by Jesus to 2 believers on “the road to
Jesus enters a room through locked doors to be with the disciples
Jesus contronts Thomas’s doubts
Jesus cooks breakfast on the beach for the disciples
2:1-11, 1417
26:57, 5968, 27:1
26:58, 6975
14:53, 5565
14:54, 6672
22:54, 6371
27:2, 11-31
Acts 1:1819
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Appendix H: Scriptural References
Jesus gives what we now call “The Great Commission” before He
returns to a heavenly existence
Jesus appears to the disciples one last time
Jesus returns to heaven
Acts 1:3-8
Acts 1:9-12
1. Miracles of Healing
o Jesus heals a man with leprosy
o Jesus heals a soldier’s servant
o Jesus heals Peter’s mother-in-law
o Jesus heals a paralyzed man
o A woman is healed by touching Jesus’ clothes
o Jesus heals a man’s withered hand
o Jesus heals the blind
Mt. 8:1-4
Mt 8:5-13
Mt 8:14-15
Mt 9:1-8
Mt 9:20-22
Mt 12:9-13
Mt 9:27-31
Mt 20:29-34
Jesus heals a man who cannot see or hear
Jesus heals a crippled woman
Jesus cures a sick man
Jesus heals ten lepers
Jesus reattaches a man’s ear
Jesus heals an official’s son without even meeting him
Jesus heals a man who had been an invalid for thirty eight years
Mk 1:40-42
Mk 1:29-31
Mk 2:1-12
Mk 5:25-34
Mk 3:1-5
Mk 8:22-25
Mk 10:46-52
Mk 7:31-37
Mk 5:22-24
A widow’s son is raised from the dead
Lazarus is raised from the dead
4. Miracles that involved Casting out of Demons
o Jesus casts demons out of a man and sends them into pigs
Mt. 8:28-34
Mk 5:1-19
o Jesus casts out a demon and a mute man can speak
Mt. 9:32-33, 12:22
o Jesus casts a demon out of the daughter of a foreigner
Mt 15:21-28
Mk 7:24-30
o Jesus heals a boy possessed by a demon
Mt 17:14-18
Mk 9:14-26
o Jesus casts out a demon at the synagogue
Mk 1:23-27
5. Other Miracles showing power over nature
o Jesus still the storm with His voice
o Jesus walks on top of rough waters
o Jesus curses a fig tree
Mt 8:23-27
Mt 14:22-33
Mt 21:18-22
Jn 9:1-7
Lk 13:10-13
Lk 14:1-4
Lk 17:11-19
Lk 22:49-51
Jn 4:46-54
Jn 5:1-16
2. Miracles of Provision
o Jesus feeds over five thousand people
Mt 14:15-21
Mk 6:35 –44
o Jesus feeds over four thousand people
Mt 15:32-38
Mk 8:1-9
o The disciples catch a miraculous net full of fish
o Jesus turns water into wine
o Jesus brings in another miraculous catch of fish after His resurrection
3. Miracles that involved Raising Someone from the Dead
o Jesus raises Jairus’s daughter from the dead Mt 9:18-26
Lk 5:12-13
Lk 7:1-10
Lk 4:38-39
Lk 5:17-26
Lk 8:43 -48
Lk 6:6-10
Lk 18:35-43
Lk 9:12-17
Lk 5:1-7
Lk 8:41-42
Lk 7:11-16
Jn 6:5-14
Jn 2:1-11
Jn 21:1-14
Jn 11:1-45
Lk 8:26-39
Lk 11:14
Lk 9:37-42
Lk 4:33-36
Mk 4:36-40
Lk 8:22-24
Mk 6:45-52
Mk 11:12-14, 20-22
Jn 6:17-21
Page 348
Appendix H: Scriptural References
The Sower, the Seed, the Soils
A story about seed sown on
different types of soils. These
soils reflect our own hearts and
the way we accept God’s truth.
The Weeds and the Wheat
An enemy of a farmer sows
weeds into his wheat field.
Alludes to the final judgment
when God identifies those of
true faith.
The Mustard Seed
Something so small as a seed
can grow to be a large plant or
tree. Faith works like this. A
small amount goes a long way.
The Yeast
The kingdom of God is like
yeast that, even in small
amounts, changes the shape of
a whole loaf of bread.
The Treasure
The kingdom of God is like a
The Pearl
The kingdom of God is like a
precious pearl. It is more
valuable than everything else.
The Good and Bad Fish
Alludes to the judgment when
evil people are separated from
the good people.
The Lost Sheep
A shepherd’s commitment to
one sheep mirrors God’s
commitment to each of us.
The Unforgiving Servant
A man who has had a great
debt canceled won’t cancel a
small debt owed to him. Deals
with a lack of mercy.
The Parable of the Sower. Sower-God. Seed-Word of God. Ground-different
people. Path-one who hears the Word w/o understanding. Rocky-one who hears
the Word w/ joy but falls away when trials come. Thorns-one who hears the Word
but is blocked by anxiety and riches. Rich soil-one who hears the Word and
understands it and bears fruit by living out the Word.
The Parable of the Weeds among the Wheat. Sower-Son of Man. Field-world.
Good Seed-children of the Kingdom. Weeds-children of the evil one who sin, cause
others to sin and evildoers. Enemy-devil. Harvest-end of the age. Harvestersangels. Fiery furnace, wailing and grinding of teeth- hell.
Mt 13:3-8
Mk 4:2-8
Lk 8:4-8
The Parable of the Mustard Seed. Mustard seed-Kingdom of Heaven (small
beginning). Large bush-Kingdom of Heaven (marvelous expansion). Birds of the
sky-good people and angels.
Mt. 13:31-32
Mk 4:30-32
Lk 13:18-19
The Parable of the Yeast. Yeast- Kingdom of Heaven (small beginning). Flourworld. Yeast causes leavening-Kingdom of Heaven (marvelous expansion).
Mt 13:33
Lk 13:20-21
More Parables. Treasure buried in the field-Kingdom of heaven (supreme value of
the Kingdom). Selling all that he had and buying the field-giving up everything for
the Kingdom.
More Parables. Fine Pearl-Kingdom of heaven (supreme value of the Kingdom).
Selling all that he had and buying the pearl-giving up everything for the Kingdom.
Mt 13:44
The Parable of the Net Thrown into the Sea. Net collects fish of every kindKingdom of Heaven is offered to all. Put good fish in buckets-good people enter the
Kingdom of Heaven. Bad fish thrown away-the final exclusion of evil persons from
the Kingdom. Fishermen-Angels. Fiery furnace, wailing and grinding of teeth-hell.
The Parable of the Lost Sheep. Shepherd-God, Heavenly Father. 100 sheep-all
people, God’s children. 99 sheep-good and faithful people. 1 sheep who goes
astray- sinner. Searching for the stray-bringing back the sinner to the
community/church (sacraments). Shepherd rejoicing-Heaven rejoicing.
The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant. King-God. Settling accounts/accountingJudgment. Debtor who owed a huge amount-great sinner. Debtor falling down and
doing homage-repentance. King showing compassion and forgiving loan-God
showing compassion and forgiving sins. Fellow servant who had a small loan-fellow
sinner. Choking and demanding payment-unforgiving. Torturers-eternal
The Workers in the Vineyard. Landowner-God. Hiring laborers for vineyard-inviting
people to the kingdom of heaven. Daily wage-Kingdom of Heaven. Laborerspeople. Laborers at dawn, at 9:00, at 3:00, at 5:00-people who accept the invitation
at various times of their lives. Evening-judgment. The parable teaches the equality
of all the disciples in the reward of inheriting eternal life.
The Parable of the Two Sons. Man-Heavenly Father. First son-sinners who repent
and change their ways. Second son-self-righteous people who are hypocrites and
are greater sinners. Going out and working in the vineyard-doing the Father’s will.
This parable points the difference between saying and doing.
Mt 13:47-50
The Workers on Payday
Explains the kingdom of heaven
in terms of workers who are
paid the same wage, no matter
when they signed on.
The Two Sons
One son says “no,” but then
does as he is told. The others
says “yes,” but never gets the
job done.
Mt 13:24-30
Mt 13 45-46
Mt 18:12-14
Lk 15:3-7
Mt 18:23-35
Mt 20:1-16
Mt. 21:28-32
Page 349
Appendix H: Scriptural References
The Vineyard
A man leaves some
sharecroppers in charge of his
vineyard. When they don’t care
for it, he finds others to take
their place. Speaks to our
accountability before God.
The Marriage Feast
Many are invited to a feast, but
not many come. Speaks to our
invitation into the kingdom of
The Foolish Manager
A manager ignores his
superior’s instructions and is
caught red-handed. Speaks of
our accountability at the final
The Bridesmaids
According to an old custom the
bridesmaids wait for the groom
but some are unprepared.
Speaks of our final
accountability before God.
The Three Investors
The boss goes away, leaving
money to be invested. Only
those who invest wisely are
The Wheat Harvest
The kingdom of God is like a
seed that by its own magic
grows into a harvest.
The Watchful Servant
A man leaves a servant in
charge of his house but doesn’t
give the time of his return. That
servant must always keep
watch. Speaks of Christ’s
second coming.
The Canceled Loans
Two loans are canceled. One is
large; one is small. Which
debtor will be the most grateful?
Speaks of God’s forgiveness.
The Good Samaritan
A man who is undesirable
himself is the true neighbor
because he cares for someone.
The Request at Midnight
Insight on prayer. A friend
makes a request at an
inconvenient time but gets what
he wants if he keeps on asking.
The parable of the Tenants. Landowner-God the Father. Vineyard-Israel, world.
Tenants-people, sinnners. Servants-prophets. Produce-good works demanded by
God and his claim to them is total. Son killed-Jesus killed. Wretched deathjudgment, eternal punishment. Stone that the builders rejected has become the
Mt 21:33-44
Mk 12:1-9
Lk 20:9-16
The Parable of the Wedding Feast. King-God. Wedding Feast-Kingdom of
Heaven, salvation. Son-Jesus. Servants-prophets, missionaries. Invited guestspeople, Israel. Rejecting the invitation-sinning. Burning of the city – destruction of
Jerusalem. Inviting anyone and everyone-Kingdom is offered to all people.
Wedding garment-the repentance, change of heart and mind, that is the condition
for entrance into the kingdom, must be continued in a life of good deeds. Wailing
and grinding of teeth-eternal punishment.
The Faithful or the Unfaithful Servant. Master-God. Faithful servant-good people.
Unfaithful servant-sinners. Distributing food at the proper time-readiness for the
master’s return means a vigilance that is accompanied by faithful performance of
the duty assigned. Master delayed-Parousia comes at an unknown time. Wailing
and grinding of teeth-eternal punishment.
Mt 22:1-14
The Parable of the Ten Virgins. Bridegroom-Jesus. Meeting the BridegroomParousia, Judgment. Five wise virgins- people who do good deeds. Five foolish
virgins- people who lack good deed. Oil- good deeds. Wedding Feast-Kingdom of
Heaven. Locked door-eternal punishment.
Mt 25:1-13
The Parable of the Talents. Man on a journey-God. Servants with different
amounts of talent- people with different gifts. Settling of Accounts- judgment.
Increase of talents – use of gifts. No increase in talents – non-use of gifts. Master’s
joy- heaven. Wailing and grinding of teeth- eternal punishment. Parable points to
faithful use of one’s gifts will lead to participation in the fullness of the Kingdom and
lazy inactivity will lead to exclusion from it.
Seed Grow of Itself. Seed-Kingdom of God. Man-God. The kingdom of God
initiated by Jesus in proclaiming the word develops quietly yet powerfully until it is
fully established by him at the final judgment.
Mt. 25:14-30
Lk 19:11-27
Need for Watchfulness. Man traveling abroad-Jesus. Servants in charge-people.
Work- good deeds. Gatekeepers-church leaders. Return of the Lord-Parousia.
Sleeping- sinning. Watch- live a good and holy life.
Mk 13:34-37
(The Pardon of the Sinful Woman) Creditor-God. Debt-Sin. Person who owed
500-big sinner. Person who owed 50 – small sinner. Forgiving of debt – forgiving
of sins. Loving the Creditor – loving God and being grateful.
Lk 7:40-43
The Parable of the Good Samaritan. Man who fell victim to robbers – good man.
Robbers – sinners. Priest and levite – religious representatives, self-righteous
people. Samaritan – sinner who shows good works. A neighbor is anyone who
needs our help. A good neighbor is anyone who helps and shows love and mercy.
Further teachings on prayer. Friend who asks for bread-people who pray. Other
friend-God. Persistence in asking – persistence in prayer.
Lk 10:30-37
Mt 24:45-51
Lk 12:42-48
Mk 4:26-29
Lk 11:5-10
Page 350
Appendix H: Scriptural References
The Rich Fool
A rich man keeps storing more
and getting more, but when he
dies, he loses it all.
The Fruitless Fig Tree
A tree that is supposed to
produce fruit doesn’t and is
given one more year.
The Best Seat
Don’t pick the best seat at a
feast or you might be
embarrassed. Pick the worst
seat and let the host move you
to the head table.
The Banquet Invitations
A man invites many to his
banquet, but when they don’t
come, he invites everyone he
can find. Speaks of the
Kingdom of God.
The Lost Coin
A woman’s search for a lost coin
mirror’s God’s commitment to
The Prodigal Son
A son’s journey away from
family and home and his
subsequent return mirror our
journey through life and God’s
ever-welcoming arms.
The Shrewd Businessman
A dishonest manager in danger
of losing his job makes a few
friends on his way down.
The Servant’s Duty
A servant shouldn’t expect to be
thanked for doing his duty.
The Unjust Judge
Insight on Prayer. A widow
receives justice from an unjust
judge because of her
Pharisee and Tax Collector
The Pharisee prays out of pride.
The tax collector prays out of his
humility. The tax collector is
justified in God’s eyes.
Parable of the Rich Fool. Rich man- people who store material possessions, who
sin. God-God. Focus on storing heavenly treasures.
Lk 12:16-21
The Parable of the Barren Fig Tree. Owner of Orchard- God. Fig Tree-repentance.
Gardener-people. Barren/fruitless-no repentance. Cut down-judgment,
punishment. God is patiently waiting for repentance.
Lk 13:6-9
Conduct of Invited Guests and Hosts. Parable teaches on humility. Wedding
banquet – Kingdom of Heaven. People who choose places of honor- people who
are self-righteous, exalts self and show pride. People who choose the lowest placepeople who are repentant sinners and show humility.
Lk 14:7-11
The Parable of the Great Feast. The Parable of the Great Dinner is a further
illustration of the rejection of Israel, God’s chosen people, of Jesus’ invitation to
share in the banquet in the kingdom and the extension of the invitation to other
Jews whose identification as poor, crippled, blind and lame classifies them among
those who recognize their need for and salvation, and to the Gentiles. Host-God.
Great Feast-Kingdom of Heaven. Servants-prophet. Invited guests-Israel, people
who are self-righteous. Excuses-sins. Poor, crippled, blind, lame-repentant sinners.
The Parable of the Lost Coin. This illustrates Jesus’ particular concern for the lost
and God’s love for the repentant sinner. Woman-God. Ten coins-people. Lost
coin-sinner. Searching for coin-calling the sinner to repentance. Woman rejoicing
with neighbors-God rejoicing with angels.
The Parable of the Lost Son. Forgiving Father-God who is forgiving. Prodigal
younger Son- sinner who eventually repents. Envious older brother – righteous
person who was envious. Forgiving the prodigal son – forgiving the sinner. This
illustrates Jesus’ particular concern for the lost and God’s love for the repentant
Lk 14:15-24
The Parable of the Dishonest Steward. Rich man-God. Steward-sinner.
Accounting-judgment. Steward rewriting loans in order to earn friends-giving up
commission to ingratiate self with debtors. The parable teaches the prudent use of
one’s material goods in light of an imminent crisis.
Attitude of a servant. Christian disciples can make no claim on God’s graciousness;
in fulfilling the exacting demands of discipleship, they are only doing their duty.
Servant-people, disciples. Master-God.
The Parable of the Persistent Widow. This parable teaches the need for persistent
prayers. Persistent Widow – people who persevere and persist in prayer. JudgeGod
Lk 16:1-10
The Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector. This parable teaches the need
to recognize one’s sinfulness and complete dependence on God and not selfrighteousness. This parable teaches humility and not pride as an attitude in
praying. Pharisee-self righteous, proud. Tax Collector-repentant sinner, humble.
Lk 18:9-14
Lk 15: 8-10
Lk 15:11-32
Lk 17:7-10
Lk 18:1-8
Page 351
Appendix H: Scriptural References
Famous Biblical Phrases from the New Testament used in Popular Language
Blind leading the blind (Lk 6:39)
Doubting Thomas (Jn 20:27)
Eat, drink and be merry (Lk 12:19)
Entertaining angels unaware (Heb 13:2)
Fall from grace (Gal 5:4)
Having someone’s head on a platter
(Mt. 14:8)
House divided against itself cannot stand
(Mk 3:25)
Keep the faith! (2 Tim 4:7)
Labor of Love (1 Thess 1:3)
Man after my own heart (Act 13:22)
Man shall not live by bread alone (Mt 4:4)
Many are called but few are chosen
(Mt 22:14)
More blessed to give than to receive
(Acts 20:35)
Physician, heal yourself (Lk 4:23)
Reaping what you sow (Gal 6:7)
Salt of the earth (Mt 5:13)
Spirt is willing, the flesh is weak (Mt 26:41)
Straight and narrow (Mt 7:13-14)
Sweating blood (Lk22:44)
The powers that be (Rom 13:1)
Thorn in my flesh (2 Cor 12:7)
Wolf in sheep’s clothing (Mt 7:15)
Names of Christ from the New Testament
(Last) Adam – 1 Cor 15:45
Advocate – 1 Jn 2:1
Almighty – Rev 1:8
Alpha and Omega – Rev 1:8
Author and Perfecter of Faith –
Heb 12:2
Beginning of the Creation of
God – Rev 3:14
Beloved Son – Mt. 12:18
Blessed and Only Sovereign –
1 Tim 6:15
Bread of Life – Jn 6:32
Chief Shepherd – 1 Peter 5:4
Christ of God – Lk 9:20
Consolation of Israel – Lk 2:25
Deliverer – Rom 11:26
Door – Jn 10:7
First and Last – Rev 1:8
First-born – Rev 1:5
God – Jn 20:28
Good Shepherd – Jn 10:11
Great High Priest – Heb 4:14
Head of the Church – Eph 1:22
Heir of All Things – Heb 1:2
Holy and Righteous One –
Acts 3:14
Holy One of God – Mk 1:24
Holy Servant – Acts 4:27
Image of God – 2 Cor 4:4
Jesus – Mt 1:21
Jesus of Nazareth – Lk 24:19
King Eternal – 1 Tim 1:17
King of Kings – 1 tim 6:15
King of the Jews – Mt 2:2
King of the Nations – Rev 15:3
Lamb – Rev 13:8
Lamb of God – Jn 1:29
Life – Jn 14:6
Light of the World – Jn 8:12
Lion of the Tribe of Judah –
Rev 5:5
Lord of All – Acts 10:36
Lord of Glory – 1 Cor 2:8
Lord of lords – 1 Tim 6:15
Mediator – 1 Tim 2:5
Nazarene – Mt 2:23
Only Begotten Son – Jn 1:18
Our Passover Lamb –
1 Cor 5:17
Prince of Life – Acts 3:15
Prophet – Lk 24:19
Resurrection and Life –
Jn 11:25
Righteous One – Acts 7:52
Rock – 1 Cor 10:4
Root of David – Rev 22:16
Ruler – Mt 2:6
Savior – Lk 2:11
Shepherd and Overseer of
Souls – 1 Peter 2:25
Son of David – Mt 1:1
Son of God – Mk 15:39
Son of Man – Mt 8:20
Son of the Most High – Lk 1:32
Source of Eternal Salvation –
Heb 5:9
True Light – Jn 1:9
True Vine – Jn 15:1
Truth – Jn 14:6
Word – Jn 14:16
Word of God – Rev 19:13
Page 352
Appendix H: Scriptural References
New Testament Fulfilled Prophecies in the Old Testament
Fulfilled Prophecy
The Messiah will not die permanently
The Messiah will be abandoned by God
The Messiah will be rejected by people
The Messiah will trust God from birth
His hand and feet will be pierced
The soldiers will divide His garments
His bones won’t be broken
He will be betrayed by a friend
He will be rejected by His family
He will be given vinegar to drink
The Messiah will teach in Parables
He will be born to a Virgin
The Spirit of God will be on the Messiah
God will send one to prepare the way for the Messiah
He stood silent before His accusers
The Messiah will be sinless
He will be born in Bethlehem
He will ride into Jerusalem on a donkey
His followers will be scattered for a time
Old Testament
Psalm 16:10
Psalm 22:1-2
Psalm 22:6; Isaiah 53:3
Psalm 22:9-10
Psalm 22:16
Psalm 22:18
Psalm 34:20
Psalm 41:9
Psalm 69:8
Psalm 69:21
Psalm 78:2
Isaiah 7:14
Isaiah 11:2
Isaiah 40:3; Malachi 3:1
Isaiah 53:7
Isaiah 53:9
Micah 5:2
Zechariah 9:9
Zechariah 13:7
New Testament
Acts 13:34-35
Mt 27:46
Mt 26:67; Jn 1:10-11
Lk 2:40
Jn 20:25; 20:27-28
Mt 27:35
Jn 19:33
Lk 22:47
Mk 3:21
Mt. 27:48
Mt 13:34-35
Mt 1:22-23
Jn 1:32
Jn 1:23; Mt 11:7
Mt 27:13-14
2 Cor 5:21
Lk 2:4-5
Mt 21:1-3
Mt 26:55-56
Appendix H: Scriptural References
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