PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA KECELAKAAN

Comments

Transcription

PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA KECELAKAAN
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA
KECELAKAAN
OBJECTIVE
1.
2.
3.
4.
SAVE VICTIM’S LIFE
MINIMIZE VICTIM’S SUFFER AND AVOID FURTHER
RISK CAUSED BY ACCIDENT
ESTABLISH/MAINTAIN VICTIM’S ENDURANCE
UNTILL HE GETS FURTHER AID
TAKE VICTIM TO THE NEAREST PARAMEDIC
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA
KECELAKAAN
MAIN ACTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Do not panic, observe and collect the informations of
accident
Pay attention to victim’s breath and give an aid if it is
needed
Stop bleeding if it is happened
Make the victim calm, and avoid shock
Aid is done at the place and do not move the victim in hurry.
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA
PADA KECELAKAAN
Relationship between accident caused
and threat
accident caused
Treatment duration
Crowded at place
ASAP
Breathing
Seconds-minutes
bleeding
Minutes-hours
Awakening
Hours-days
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA
KECELAKAAN
Breath gangguan
is difficult to breath (hard
breathing or can not breath
at all) cause of sumbatan jalan
pernapasan, kelemahan atau
kejang otot pernapasan or inhall
toxic gases.
Location: Nose, mouth, Esofagus
, lung
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA
KECELAKAAN
AID PRIORITY : lost of awakening
1. MOUTH TO MOUTH METHOD
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA
KECELAKAAN
2. SILVESTER’S METHOD
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA
KECELAKAAN
3. NIELSEN’S METHODS
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA
KECELAKAAN
BLEEDING:
CAN CAUSE LOST OF BODY LIQUID
OR BLOOD FROM FIRST MINUTE TO
HOURS.
EMERGENCY AID:
1.
2.
3.
4.
The bleeding part of body is lifted
Press the artery (pembuluh nadi) between
the bleeding and heart
Beri pembalutan penekan, and clean up
Going to the nearest doctor or
Puskesmas
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA
PADA KECELAKAAN
Burning injury
caused by heat or chemicals
Objective of aid:
•
•
•
Minimize heat and sick
Avoid/minimize blistering
Avoid shock
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA
KECELAKAAN
FIRST AID FOR BURNING INJURY
1. The burning part is immersed into ice water or
dikompres
2. Do not peel up the blistered part, because it will
make dehydration
3. the blistered or burnt part is covered by sofratule
or sterille gauze with bioplacenton gel in it.
4. If it is large injury and threat the health/safety,
bring to the doctor immediately.
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA
KECELAKAAN
4. Injury by chemicals need specific
treatment
- Caused by acids; rinse with water, 1%
bicarbonates solution, and then rinse again with
water
- Caused by bases; rinse with water, then with
dilute acetic acid (1:15), and then rinse again with
water
4. Injury by chemicals need specific treatment
-
Cause by Na dan K; clean the body from
those chemicals, rinse with water, and
spread vaseline on it, cover with sterile
gauze
Cause by Phosphourus
Cuci dengan air kemudian rendam dan
bersihkan posfor yang masih melekat saat
masih direndam dengan menggunakan pinset,
kemudian rendam lagi dengan tembaga sulfat
3% dan setelah itu tutup dengan kasa steril
Bandaging /Pembalutan
Objectives:
1.
Cover the wound from light/sun and dust
2. Press and stop the beeding
3. Minimize and prevent swollen/pembengkakan
4. limit the movement
First aid from bite of insects/animals
Chemical toxic from some
insects.
Chemical toxic from some
insects
Chemical toxic from some tiny animals
Toxic from Snakes
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA
PADA KECELAKAAN
Bandaging of snake bite
Toxic from plants
Bandaging
Tie bandage for armpit
Bandaging
Tie bandage for arm,thigh and calf
PEMBALUTAN
Tie bandaging for elbow
PEMBALUTAN
Knee bandaging
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA
KECELAKAAN
Broken bone bandaging
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA
KECELAKAAN
Pemindaian Tulang Paha Yang Patah
A. Apabila patah dibagi atas paha ( nyeri tekan di bagian atas),
bidai sisi luar harus sampai pinggang.
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA
KECELAKAAN
B.Apabila patah di bagian bawah paha (nyeri
tekan di paha bagian bawah), bidai cukup
sampai pinggul.
Perhatikan pula bahan yang dipakai untuk
pembidai.
PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA PADA
KECELAKAAN
Peralatan dan Obat P3K
1. Pembalut Segitiga
3. Kasa Steril
5. Plester
7. Sofratulle
9. Gunting Perban
11. Pisau Lipat
13. Obat Pelawan rasa Sakit
15. Antidiare
17. Antiseptik
19. Obat Pencuci (Mis. A. borat 1%)
20. Amoniak Cair
2. Pembalut Biasa
4. Kapas Putih
6. Plester Cepat
8. Bidai
10. Pinset
12. Pipet
14. Obat Penurun Panas
16. Antialergi
18. Obat Tetes Mata