Click Here - Gold Coast Succulent and Bromeliad Society Inc
OFFICE BEARERS 2012
Secretary GCS&BS Inc
P.O. BOX 94
Southport Business Centre
Southport QLD 4215
PRESIDENT………………………………... .Judy Paterson 07 55798894
VICE PRESIDENT………………………... . Graeme Bullen 07 55787874
IMMEDIATE PAST PRESIDENT………... .Tom Norris
TREASURER………………………………. .Glenda Hodgson 07 55946564
SECRETARY……………………………….. Eileen Kovic 07 55272882
MEMBERSHIP SECRETARY…………….. .Gwen Wayland 07 55717042
EDITOR…….……………………………… Jeanette Henwood 02 6687 9890
COMMITTEE………………………………. Carmon Burke, Monica and Colin Mead
Ann Schenk, Julie Hewetson and Gail
LIBRARIAN………………………………. . . . . .Jennifer Laurie
ASSISTANT LIBRARIAN………………... . . . .Jan Tobiano
GUEST SPEAKER CO-ORDINATOR……. . ...Kerry Tate
CONFERENCE CO-ORDINATOR………... . .Greg Aizlewood
PLANT DISPLAY CO-ORDINATORS… .. . .John Crawford, Paul & Karin Van Tol
and Berice Bragg
PLANT SALES CO-ORDINDATOR………Julie Hewetson
(General Meetings and Sales Days)
SPECIAL PROJECTS OFFICERS…………John Crawford and Julie Hewetson.
PLANT SALES STEWARDS…………… ...Carmon Burke, Norma Fleet, Maree
and Helen Mueller
SALES TABLE…………………………….. Tom and Marilyn Rivett
RAFFLE CO-ORDINATOR……………… John Paterson
HOST/HOSTESSES -- DOOR………… …Ann and Harry Schenk
NAME BADGES………………………… Harry Schenk
PUBLICITY OFFICER…………………….Ann Schenk
PHOTOGRAPHER/WEB MASTER............. Shane Weston
Mary Nicholson, Graham Besgrove, Genny Vauhkonen, John Catlan, Neville Ryan,
Wendy Hansen and Narelle Aizlewood.
Dates for your diary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Page 1
Plant of the month; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Page 2
President’s Annual report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 3
Field day Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .Page 4
Upcoming field day info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 5
Bromeliads & Mosquitoes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pages 6 - 9
Speakers and topics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 10
Planting in Trees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pages 11, 12
Find-a-word . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 13
Report on the combined show . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pages 14
Tillandsia topic – crocata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .Page 15
Ads / reminders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 16
CENT AUCTION SEPTEMBER – REMINDER
KEEP YOUR FIRST TICKET – THIS HAS YOUR WINNING
NUMBER ON IT
DATES FOR YOUR DIARY
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING – Carrara Community
Centre, Nielsens Road, Carrara.
Orientation for New members and visitors 11.30 a.m.
Plant Sales 12.00 p.m. Meeting begins 1.00 p.m.
CENT AUCTION TODAY.
September 29th and
Rose Society 12th Annual Show - Robina Community
October 11, 12 & 13
Pines Shopping Centre – display and sales.
General Meeting – Carrara Community Centre, Nielsens
Beginners Class 11.30 a.m.
Plant Sales 12.00 p.m. Meeting begins 1.00 p.m.
November 3 ,
8 am—4 pm
November 8, 9 & 10
AND LARGE PLANT
Bromeliad Bonanza – Bromeliad Society of Qld Spring
Show – Brisbane Table Tennis Centre, 86 Green Terrace,
Southport Park Shopping Centre – display and sales.
General Meeting – Carrara Community Centre, Nielsens
Orientation for New members and visitors 11.30 a.m.
Plant sales 12.00 p.m. Meeting begins 1.00 p.m.
Plant of the Month. A reminder to all members
if you have a good
specimen from the nominated genera, please bring it in to exhibit.
The plant doesn’t necessarily ha
ve to be in flower. We also grow for their
Billbergias & Guzmanias
Vrieseas, Neoregelias, Nidulariums, Guzmanias and
Not often seen Bromeliads & Succulents
Remember, if you have a plant with no name,
bring it along and let our experts check it out.
With the wealth of experience and knowledge
of our members, you might just go home with a
name on that tag.
EDITORIAL DEADLINE FOR THE NEXT EDITION OF
Please have any articles for inclusion to me by November 12th, 2012.
Email address—[email protected]
PRESIDENT’S ANNUAL REPORT
I would like to take this time to thank everybody who has made
my presidency such a pleasure to do, as this will be my last chance
to tell all members just how much I appreciate all the committee
members for the work they do. Also thank you to everybody who has helped on
the sales tables, the library, the special sales days and the field trips. Thank you
also to the speaker’s co-ordinator, the conference co-ordinator, the plant display
co-ordinators and the plant stewards. The refreshment supervisor, the host and
hostess, the name badges co-ordinator, the publicity officer and the web master
and all the life members.
I would especially would like to thank John Crawford, Kerry Tate, Julie
Hewetson, Harry and Ann Schenk, Glenda Hodgson, John Paterson, Janice
L’Ánson, Tom and Marilyn Rivett, Berice Bragg, The Aizlewoods, Jan Tobiano,
Carmon Burke, Monica and Colin Mead, Graeme Bullen, Tom Norris, Jeanette
Henwood, Rosie Kelly to John Catlan for taking on our new beginners class and
all the workers who are always on hand to help.
Not to mention the Field Trips, the Combined Show, the Refreshments, the
wonderful Grant we received from the Casino, to Denis Mills for giving a helping
hand to members, to Roly for his tips, to everyone donating to the raffle, to all the
Guest speakers, to everyone entering in the shows, to our new editor Jeanette the list goes on and on.
As you know the next meeting will be very special - a great guest speaker, a huge
cent auction and a meeting to select the new committee. It will be a meeting with
your new president as I will be stepping down and a new secretary and treasurer.
Thank you to everyone - I will be going back to selling raffle tickets and watching
from the side lines.
I wish the club all the very best for the future. I hear Tom will be in Western
Australia, I am sure he will be watching over us as we select our new office
Field Day Sunday 27th May
Wow! What a day. Where does one start?
On a brisk but sunny morning on the Gold Coast we set off on our field day to visit
three gardens kindly opened by members of our society.
The first stop was to Carol Landon’s garden at Currumbin Waters. What a lovely
garden Carol. At each corner we turned there was a little nook or cranny where we
could sit and admire the beautiful variety of plants such as Cordylines, flowering
Orchids and of course Bromeliads, scattered amongst the trees. A large Vriesea took
pride of place as you entered the garden. A few sun umbrellas adorned the garden
which we all thought were for us to sit under, but no, they were for the Broms. Know
where Carol’s priorities lie. Carol had built the garden up from just a few trees to the
lovely garden it is today. A pleasure to visit.
Our second garden of the day was Diana Bergmark’s at Ashmore.
A magnificent entrance framed by manicured hedges with large statues welcomed us
to this beautifully landscaped one acre property.
Most of us know Diana as “the lady with the trolley” and now we know why, as
scattered amongst the tall palm trees and throughout the property were the Broms
Diana so carefully wheeled from the club each meeting.
Here we had a relaxing lunch around the pool (no cossies could be seen) in a serene
setting surrounded by shady trees and the scattering of blue pots made it a picturesque
spot. The garden is a credit to Diana. Well done.
Last but by no means least we arrived at our final stop for the day at Denis Mills
Garden at Carrara.
Upon arriving we were met by these magnificent flowering Bougainvilleas cascading
along the fence and framing the front of the house. We thought this was the highlight
of the garden until we ventured into the back. It was simply stunning. Broms,
Cordylines and Succulents were all interplanted on a beautiful contoured area with a
number of Broms attached to Golden Palms and along with the fountain,
complemented the picture perfect scene. Dennis has cleverly built some interesting
wall hangings where he has attached mini Broms and also grows herbs from the top of
the planter, easy picking from the patio. He will have to bring one of these hangings to
the club for a “show and tell”.
On the patio a display of succulents bought together by the fact they were all in white
pots created a very nice display. Once again, an interesting and delightful garden. A
lovely day was had by all and many thanks to Carol, Diana and Denis for their
hospitality and sharing their gardens with us.
Although Marjorie was not available on the day, a special thanks to her for organising
a very successful field trip.
By Kay Edwards
Open gardens Saturday 20th October
To commence at John & Julie Crawford’s, 20 Sugargum Crescent, Molendinar, an
amazingly set-out Bromeliad production garden in an attractive fashion. You are
sure to enjoy the information you will be given.
Morning tea will be available before we leave for the next garden, at 10.30 am &
head for Mt. Tamborine.
Bruce & Heather Condon of 378 Main Western Road will welcome us at 11.30.
These kind people are members of Ipswich club & intend to join us soon. Lunch
will be in the Botanical Gardens. Our club will provide hot water.
Then your time is your own. It's spring! so the mountains should be a picture.
Looking forward to meeting many of you on the day, to share in fun & friendship
Marjorie Gale ph. 55787874
SUCCULENT QUIZ ANSWERS
This is how your page should look.
Draw a line between the word and the correct meaning.
emitting an odour
arched like a dish turned upside down
having suckers or stolons
rolled and folded so one part is almost covered by another
the largest family of flowering plants with over 13000 species, of which
few are Succulent
BROMELIADS and MOSQUITOS By: Rob Smythe M.Sc.
A bit of history
- as to why I am doing this research. The Townsville City Council in Queensland
has been prosecuting people for having mosquitoes in their bromeliads. They
have advertised these plants as the arch enemy. I contacted the World Health
Authority asking for any research where Aedes aegypti, the mosquito carrying
Dengue Fever has been found breeding in bromeliads. The latter are of no
concern to them so far as Dengue Fever is concerned as only two cases of finding
larvae in bromeliads have ever been reported and tthe
he number of wrigglers was
negligible. The Council (Health Department) is saying bromeliads are bad in the
tropics while I am saying that we in the dry tropics, like Hawaii, have the best
growing and colouring up conditions in the world. Bromeliads should be
promoted as a tourist attraction here in the tropics. Somewhere between the two
is probably correct. The Townsville City Council (Parks and Gardens) is helping
me resolve this dichotomy by supplying me with some of their larger bromeliads
to add to my study
tudy so that I would have a larger range of genera and species than
I had in my pilot study. While I was waiting for new growth of pest free plants,
and waiting for the vases to become large enough to possibly attract mosquitoes I
made a strange observation.
n. The council supplied plants were getting mosquitoes
in some of their plants while my plants weren't. How could this be? Was
someone trying to show me that we were both right? I had proposed in my
previous publication that I believed there could be a che
mical inhibitor to
mosquito released by bromeliads. My wild unspoiled plants up the trees never
had mosquitoes in them in 30 years so my hypothesis sounded reasonable. After
all some carnivorous bromeliads are known, so we know they can utilise flesh. If
his is true why were the council ones performing differently?
My son, Dr. Mark Smythe working at University of Queensland read and
forwarded to me an article found in their newsletter stating that a predator of
mosquitoes called Mesocyclops had been found by a Dr. Michael Brown
working at the Queensland Institute of Medical Research. My garden has been
pesticide free for thirty years while council plants would have been sprayed.
Could the council have killed a predator?
Now that I have started asking questi
ons I feel that I can explain my findings
better in a Question and Answer format.
Predators that is my favourite word at the moment. I have spent a lot of time
studying the water in vases of bromeliads, and so far have found several
thy of my research. As I am now retired, I do not have the funds to
exactly identify these so accept my names with some reservation, that is, until
someone gets paid to research them properly.
What are Mesocyclops?
Mesocyclops are found in the bromeliads with clearer water. These
have only recently been discovered as a mosquito predator by Dr.
Michael Brown working at the Queensland Institute of Medical
Research. They are very small and just visible to the naked eye.
They zig and zag about often carrying two large egg sacks. Several researchers
are using these creatures to study mosquito breeding in mine shafts and water
tanks. These fellows keep my bromeliads free of mosquitoes right through the
year up until the heat and heavy rains of summer. They are now gone, dead or
washed out of my bromeliads. They do not like putrid conditions and do best in
clearer waters in cooler conditions, however they can be replaced after the heat of
summer. (Uncle Derek says they look like very miniature Mitsubishi logos if you
clean your bifocals)
Where can I get the predators?
Up here in Townsville one looks for a pond that has no fish or tadpoles and as yet
no wrigglers. It (the pond) is under predator control if it has not been sprayed. I
brought the water home from two ponds and set up my own tubs in the yard. I
have never had to top it up, but I do watch that my ponds do not get too hot or
polluted. Midges have come to the ponds of their own accord and can be found in
most neglected collections up here.
Are there any other predators?
Blood worms, these little creatures are small red aquatic worms which multiply
via some weird divisionary process. They hatch into non-biting midges. These
appear to be predators only in the sense that they can kill wrigglers; I have never
seen them eat the wrigglers, though some midges can be carnivorous. While I
was ill I set up glasses of possible predators around the bed, I had time to observe
these creatures. Using wine glasses to simulate bromeliads, wrigglers came down
to the bottom where the worms were concentrated. Anything touching the worm
was wrapped in a ball of worm. These worms do not hunt. I found them in old
neglected billbergias on the trees, they concentrate at the bottom of the vase, they
are unusual creatures in that they can survive in putrid conditions. Their red
colour is due to their possessing haemoglobin like ours. This concentrates the
oxygen in their bodies, and is apparently very rare in insects.
Spirogyra, this is a filamentous algae found in ponds. When healthy, this collects
bubbles and floats to the surface of the bromeliads and eventually becomes
impenetrable to the wriggler, which subsequently drowns. Unfortunately, it can
hook on to the spines and be carried out of the water. It then bleaches and looks
ugly so you must be prepared to push it back into the water.
Bladder-worts, I have read about these as being mosquito traps in wild
bromeliads (in habitat). The first one appeared in my Neoregelia burle-marxii.
Maybe it was imported with the plant? When the plant was small, mosquitoes
appeared, I guess it was trapping and eating my Mesocyclops. Now the plant is
larger mosquitoes are not present. It may be useful, it's early days yet.
How do I treat my bromeliads to minimise mosquitoes?
For the dry season and incidentally the cooler season, they are totally under
predator control. I rarely find a single mosquito during this period. Spirogyra is
best, Mesocyclops are very efficient but so small you do not know they have died
until you find mosquitoes.
Do you recommend any particular spray treatment?
For the wet season I spray once a week. I have written of my aversion to
insecticide sprays in the environment, the spray I use is my own formula; it does
not contain harmful insecticides. I mix together 50m1 Alginox, 50m1 vinegar
and l00ml of kerosene shaken to make an emulsion and made up to 5 litres with
water. The kerosene is used only at swarming times. I walk around and spray the
plants at dusk - 5 litres covers a thousand plants. If I have too much on the leaves
of delicate plants I water these plants half an hour later, time enough for
wrigglers to go beyond the point of no return on the health charts. This dilute
emulsified kerosene, presumably because of the oil in water emulsion formed,
does not appear to damage the plants like kerosene or kerosene based sprays do.
Do not be tempted to try commercial white oil. Kerosene has a low boiling point
and hence higher vapour pressure and does not hang around like the damaging
If I add kerosene to the spray, how long should I leave it on delicate plants?
If you have delicate plants with soft new leaf, wash off 15 minutes after spraying.
My studies have shown that large wrigglers die quickly but minute ones can
survive 15 minutes under the spray in well-oxygenated water. Probably
something to do with thinner skin and larger surface area to body weight of the
How does the spray work?
The kerosene stays only long enough to smother the wrigglers. The Alginox is
surfactant, which would lyse and destroy eggs. It would also change the surface
tension of the water which might cause landing mosquitoes to get wet and sink,
and also make it impossible for hatching mosquitoes to escape from the surface.
The vinegar changes the pH of the vase water killing the larvae.
What is the easiest way to check for mosquitoes?
Tip the water into a white bucket is the surest method; a white bucket will show
the smallest wriggler. Should this method be impossible or even impracticable
then try the battery acid tester to sample the water. Check for surfacing wrigglers
looking for air after the spray treatment. Use a torch at night. All these methods
will work for you.
When/where am I most likely to find mosquitoes in my bromeliads?
Flowering neoregelias, these have rotting flowers in the vase supplying food for
the predators as well as the mosquitoes, and they release carbon dioxide as the
old flower ferments. Mosquitoes are attracted to water, flesh tones, heat, and
carbon dioxide. Flowered neoregelias score 3 out of 4. Shaded plants also attract
mosquitoes. Very rarely do I see a mosquito hatching of any size - the worst
offenders in my collection are neoregelias, frequently offending, but not big
hatchings unless their water is putrid. Screwing out the spent flower removes the
food source and also cleans up the plant's vase.
What else can I do?
When you are sitting in your garden amongst your broms having a coffee and a
cigarette just drop your coffee swill and your butts into the broms. The caffeine
and nicotine will kill just about everything in the animal kingdom including your
Before signing off I should point out two things. I will probably change the
recommended amounts in sprays in the future as experiments need a lot of time
and patience. I wish to get the Alginox as low as possible as it could harm frogs
and it wipes out the desirable algae and spirogyra. The spray does not seem to
worry the midges and I do not yet know what it does to the Mesocyclops.
The second thing is probably obvious now, and that is, the predator method and
the spray method cannot be carried out concurrently. The spray kills the algae
In conclusion, if you use insecticide, observe closely as in some areas of the
world there are mosquitoes now immune to all known insecticides. It is
happening here to a degree. If I am right, the next step would be to develop
chemical resistant organisms and then use integrated pest management.
(Taken from the FCBS website – fcbs.org/articles/mosquito.htma)
Main speaker – ALLAN (the) LADD
Topic - "SECRETS OF A BROMELIADDICT”. Allan has been working and
playing with bromeliads since a youngster. His knowledge and experience is vast.
Never boring, always entertaining, Allan will hold the floor with a range of topics
bromeliad-related – from seed-raising to latest hybrids to tales of woe and
success. Heckling from the audience is allowed.
No feature speaker this month due to Annual General Meeting.
Panel of debaters - JOHN CATLAN, KATHLEEN HENDERSON, ALLAN LADD
and KERRY TATE.
Master/Mistress of Ceremonies - To be confirmed at a later date. This person will
call to order any unruly behaviour. He/she will also time panel member's
responses, nominate questioners from the audience, and count audience votes for
each topic debated. If in doubt, the M.C. will make the final decision.
Topics - Some prepared contentious topics on bromeliads and succulents, as well
as suggested, spontaneous debate topics raised by members of the audience.
Feature speaker - John Catlan (to be confirmed in later Bromlink).
No speakers this month. It's our Christmas break-up party and monster
raffle. Please bring along a yummy plate of food to share.
Lots of beautiful raffle plant prizes – this is a highlight of our
meetings and one all members look forward to with anticipation.
REPRINTED FROM BROMLINK
INK 2001 – BY MARY NICHOLSON
REPORT ON THE COMBINED SHOW WITH THE ORCHID SOCIETY
What a show! 2 days, 1600
people, $10,600.00 sales
for our Society.
Thursday afternoon set-up
started with a big shuffle of
tables to accommodate the
entry doors/ power /cash
register set-up. Marjorie &
Carmon arranged a
display in the entry foyer,
with great plants supplied
by our members.
Friday, people lined-up at the doors, with 500 being admitted by lunch-time.
Glenda & her helpers took care of the tea/coffee /cake, while Janice very capably
looked after every ones appetite. Both rooms were filled to capacity with the
orchids filling the air with their fragrance.
Saturday, still more people!! with good sales up until about 2pm. The clean-up was
very efficient and we were away in no time at all. Once again, many hands making
light work of the whole two days. Graeme gave a “non demonstration" on repotting
on both days which was well received.
Congratulations to Glenda and her helpers; Janice
and her crew, the ladies on the till - Carole, Ruth and
the packers and not forgetting “dirty Harry” for his
Like all new ventures, it had its
hiccups!!......however, with a few "thinktanks" it ought to be bigger and better next
P.S. well done Barbara Stultz and Peter Wright on taking-out prizes in the
Tillandsia crocata is a little gem of the family. Although it is only small it makes
up for this in colour and sweet fragrance. The beautiful yellow petals and elegant
fragrance are irresistible attractions. The name comes from crocatus meaning
with saffron yellow. The plant grows saxicolously (on rocks) in Brazil, Argentina
and Uruguay at elevations of 90-2700 metres and forms an attractive clump. The
plant may be simple or few-branched and the leaves are
distichous (in opposing rows). The leaves are densely
covered with coarse scales.
Tillandsia crocata is easy to cultivate, requires bright light,
needs to be watered regularly but needs to dry out between
waterings. It will grow in a range of different conditions, is
fairly tough and a great favourite.
Acknowledgments to Paul Isley 111 and BSI Journal.
How many forms of crocata do you grow?
(taken from the website of the Sunshine Coast Bromeliad Society)
MEMBER SEEKING PLANTS
Dear members, I would like to purchase any orthophytums or neophytums
could bring into our meeting to sell to me.
I have O.Gurkenii, .O.Brunswick, O. Breeze.
N. Crackerjack., RalphDavis., Galactic Warrior, Blaze, Gary Hendrix.
Have you any others?
Thank you .Ann Schenk. Tel. 55730617.
WHOLESALE BROMELIADS of AUSTRALIA, THE POCKET
Large range of bromeliads. Agents for Deroose, exotic plant of Belgium &
Andrew Maly’s KIWI COLLECTION VRIESEAS.
Visitors welcome by appointment.
email: [email protected]
GUIDELINES FOR BORROWING FROM THE LIBRARY
New members must be financial for three months before borrowing books.
1. Books are on loan for (1) month only.
2. Members are responsible for replacement of lost or damaged books.
3. Members are advised that the above guide lines are part of the by-laws
approved by the members of the society.
4. All reference books are kept in storage and need to be ordered a month in
Advance. A list of those books is available from the library.
Library and book sales open at 12.00 p.m. meeting days.
BOOKS FOR SALE
Bromeliads - A Cultural Manual $5.00
Bromeliad Cultivation Notes
Starting with Bromeliads
We have a wide range of books and magazines available for you to borrow.
Our friendly librarian Jennifer Laurie along with assistant librarian Jan Tobiano will
be on hand to help you.
The aims of the society are:
To stimulate interest in the conservation, and to
promote the culture and development of
succulents and bromeliads.
(B) To acquire and disseminate information regarding
these plants and to encourage their production
(C) To ban totally from our collection any such plants
which become noxious.
(D) To enlighten members and the public on the dangers
of cultivating certain noxious species.
(E) To give exhibitions, arrange field days, and other
events, and to make such publications as are
(F) To associate, affiliate or otherwise joint or connect
ourselves with similar bodies or societies.
(G) To make seeds and plants available to members
under the control of the Society.
(H) To foster family membership and members.