low carbon cities framework and assessment system

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low carbon cities framework and assessment system
MESYUARAT JAWATANKUASA PERUNDINGAN
PIHAK BERKUASA TEMPATAN (JPBBT)
TAHUN 2016
TAJUK KERTAS:
LOW CARBON CITIES FRAMEWORK
AND ASSESSMENT SYSTEM
KEMENTERIAN KESEJAHTERAAN BANDAR , PERUMAHAN DAN KERAJAAN TEMPATAN
Copyright Reserved Malaysian Green Technology Corporation
PENGENALAN KEPADA GREENTECH MALAYSIA
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
Registered under the Companies Act 1965, as a
company limited by guarantee and not having a
share capital.

Purpose: To catalyse Green Technology
deployment as Malaysia‟s strategic engine for
socio-economic growth.

Goal: Establish Malaysia as a world hub for Green
Technologies.

Strategic Focus Areas:
 Developing sustainable and widespread Green Technology
markets.
 Strengthening local Green Technology industry.
 Enhancing human competency and capacity in Green
Technology applications.
 Formulating support policies and financing frameworks to
promote Green Technology growth.
 Promoting and creating awareness on Green Technologies.
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KANDUNGAN PEMBENTANGAN
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



Tujuan
Latarbelakang
Perkara Untuk Makluman
Kesimpulan
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TUJUAN
Memaklumkan kepada Mesyuarat JK Perundingan Pihak Berkuasa
Tempatan (JPPBT) berkenaan Kerangka Bandar Rendah Karbon atau Low
Carbon Cities Framework & Assessment System (LCCF):
Copyright Reserved Malaysian Green Technology Corporation
Digunakan sebagai satu rangka kerja dalam perancangan
pembangunan mampan di kawasan perbandaran semua Pihak
Berkuasa Tempatan di Malaysia.
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Digunakan
sebagai
sistem
penilaian
penarafan
kawasan
perbandaran mampan di bawah Kementerian Perumahan dan
Kerajaan Tempatan bagi semua Pihak Berkuasa Tempatan
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Copyright Reserved Malaysian Green Technology Corporation
LATARBELAKANG
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 Perubahan iklim dan pemanasan global adalah merupakan fenomena nyata
yang menjejaskan kesejahteraan kehidupan seluruh alam ini.
 Penyumbang utama kepada masalah ini adalah pelepasan gas rumah hijau
(GHG) yang terdiri dari gas karbon dioksida (CO2) dari pembangunan yang tidak
terkawal, antaranya dari aktiviti perbandaran, peningkatan penduduk dan
pertumbuhan ekonomi
 Low Carbon Cities Framework (LCCF) adalah satu initiatif yang dibangunkan oleh
Kementerian Tenaga, Teknologi Hijau dan Air (KeTTHA) yang boleh digunakan bagi
mencapai pembangunan mampan secara holistik serta menyumbang kepada
pengeluaran karbon yang rendah
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LATARBELAKANG
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 Kerajaan Malaysia telah membuat komitmen berikut bagi menagani
fenomena sejagat ini dengan mengurangkan pelepasan karbon dioksida
berdasar KDNK
• 2009 (COP15) : Pengurangan intensiti pelepasan karbon dioksida per
KDNK sebanyak 40 % menjelang 2020 berbanding tahun 2005
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• 2015 (COP 21) : Pengurangan intensiti pelepasan karbon dioksida per
KDNK sebanyak 45 % menjelang 2030 berbanding tahun 2005, as
compared to 2005 level
45% CO2
2030
ASAS-ASAS PERTIMBANGAN
Copyright Reserved Malaysian Green Technology Corporation
 Laporan „Global Report on Human Settlements 2011‟ oleh UN-Habitat,
pembangunan bandar adalah penyumbang utama pemanasan global iaitu
sebanyak 50% dengan diikuti oleh sektor perindustrian sebanyak19%,
menyebabkan pentingnya rekabentuk bandar-bandar di kaji semula dan
prestasi pencapaiannya diukur.
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 Konsep „bandar rendah karbon‟ (Low Carbon City atau LCC) adalah penting
dalam senario pembangunan bandar dan tadbir urus bandar kerana
peningkatan paling ketara dari segi penggunaan tenaga dan pengeluaran
karbon dioksida (CO2) berlaku di kawasan bandar
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PERKARA UNTUK MAKLUMAN
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 Definisi yang digunapakai seluruh dunia bagi bandar mampan
menggambarkan perhubungan yang nyata dengan pengeluaran
CO2 dan elemen-elemen lain yang menyumbang kepada perubahan
iklim dengan mentakrifkan bandar mapan sebagai “bandar yang
direka bentuk dengan mengambil kira impak / kesan alam sekitar,
didiami oleh masyarakat yang beriltizam untuk mengurangkan input
seperti penggunaan tenaga, air dan makanan, dan output seperti sisa
yang melibatkan haba, pencemaran udara - CO2 , metana dan
pencemaran air” (Sumber: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/sustainablecity).
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PERKARA UNTUK MAKLUMAN
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 Bandar Rendah Karbon boleh juga ditakrifkan sebagai sebuah bandar
raya yang terdiri daripada masyarakat yang menggunakan teknologi
hijau/lestari, amalan hijau dan mengeluarkan karbon atau GHG yang
agak rendah berbanding dengan amalan hari ini untuk mengelakkan
kesan buruk ke atas perubahan iklim.
 LCCF pula adalah merupakan sistem berasaskan prestasi untuk
mengukur impak alam sekitar yang disebabkan oleh pembangunan
dari aspek jumlah pengeluaran karbon
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LCCF : Pengenalan Terhadap LCCF
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TO GUIDE STAKEHOLDERS TO LEAD BY EXAMPLE & IMPLEMENT LOW CARBON CITIES EFFORT
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OBJEKTIF
Semua
kawasan dan
perbandaran di
Malaysia: Pihak
Berkuasa
Tempatan,
Pemaju,
Universiti
LCCF
TARGET: Pengurangan
intensiti pelepasan
karbon dioksida per
KDNK sebanyak 45 %
menjelang 2030
berbanding tahun 2005,
 Mewujudkan kesedaran, galakkan dan mempromosi
konsep perbandaran rendah karbon di Malaysia.
 Memberi panduan kepada pihak berkuasa tempatan
merangka strategi dan membuat keputusan ke arah
penyelesaian secara ‘hijau’ bagi bandar
 Membantu mengukur tahap pengeluaran karbon semasa
dan mengenalpasti garis dasar mereka.
Dilancarkan : 8 September 2011
LCCF OVERVIEW
Copyright Reserved Malaysian Green Technology Corporation
Part 1: Framework
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Serves as a guide to uses on pertinent areas
(elements) that contributes to the reduction of
GHG emission. It comprises 4 key elements, 14
criterias and 35 sub-criterias. This information
would help the user identify areas in which they
could target an overall carbon reduction.
Part 2: Assessment System
An in built carbon calculator will help a user determine their
current baseline. The user will then apply the various
strategies recommended in the framework to achieve a
reduction level.
i. 100%
LCCF Rating:
Screening
Process
(LCCF Checklist)
i. >80%
ii. 70 – 79%
iii. 60 – 69%
iv. 50 – 59%
v. 40 – 49%
vi. <40%
: Outstanding
: Excellent
: Very Good
: Good
: Pass
: Unclassified
: Carbon Neutral
ii. 70 – 99% : Best Practice 5
Carbon
Calculation
(LCCF Track)
iii. 50 – 69%: Best Practice 4
iv. 30 – 49%: Best Practice 3
v. 10 – 29% : Best Practice 2
vi. 1 – 9% : Best Practice 1
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What is LCCF Calculator?
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LOW CARBON CITIES FRAMEWORK & ASSESSMENT SYSTEM (LCCF)
LCCF CARBON TRACKING - INVID Pre-Release
DATA UPDATE:
8-Nov-13
DATA COMPILER:
Fendi
Organisational Information
1
Name of City/ Development/ Complex/ Region/
Organisation
Hang Tuah Jaya
2
Name of Project Partner Focal Taskforce
HTJ LCCF
3
Boundary Location
HTJ LCCF
4
State
Malacca
5
Type of Organisation
a. Consultant
b. Developer
c. Local Authority
d. University
e. Others (Please Specify)
6
Person-in-charge (Project Partner) :
a. Name
b. Designation
c. Email
d. Contact No.
e. Team Members with responsible criteria
Type A
Type B
Type C
Type D
Type E
Pn Suraya
Project Leader
[email protected]
016-8524053
LOW CARBON CITIES FRAMEWORK & ASSESSMENT SYSTEM (LCCF)
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Period
Baseline Year
Projected Year (BAU and LCS)
2012
LCCF CARBON TRACKING
- INVID Pre-Release
2013
Input Navigation
0
Calculator Engine
Input Database
Based on LCCF Calculator Version: LCCF Final 26 Mac 2013
1
Input
Landuse
This is MGTC-derived calculator
variant
- INVID pre-release, V1F
Option 2 Selected
Biod Landuse Landscape Calc, V1
Input Biodiversity and Landscape
3
Input Embodied
UE 2-3, 3-2, 3-3
4
Input Energy
Option 1 Selected
Energy Calc, V1
B 1-1, 1-2
5
Input Water
Option 1 Selected
Water Calc, V1
NA
6
Input Waste
Option 1 Selected
Waste Calc, V1
NA
7
Input Transport
8
Summary of Results
Embodied Calc, V1
NA
In Progress
BASELINE CO2 Emmission Value
BAU CO2 Emmission Value
LCS CO2 Emmission Value
Based on LCCF Calculator Version: LCCF Final 26 Mac 2013
This is MGTC-derived calculator variant - INVID pre-release, V1F
CONFIDENTIAL
NA
2
Landuse
Landscape
Embodied Carbon In Construction
Operational Carbon
TOTAL CARBON EMMISION
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Framework Criteria Relation
0.00
0.00
0.03
25.51
25.54
%
%
%
%
%
indirect data from landscape
In Progress
In Progress
In Progress
Best Practise 2 (BP2)
-36,929,833 tCO2/year
-36,932,315 tCO2/year
To be defined in the Baseline Study Report
LCCF Calculator
measures the reduction/
increase of carbon
emissions from the
actions carried out
according to the
baseline, based on the
LCCF Framework. This
measured carbon
emission can guide
cities in making
choice/decisions
towards greener
solutions.
The measuring tool used
to determine Diamond
Rating by the
Government of Malaysia.
Used to measure and
track the carbon emission
performance of the cities
under the LCCF
Data Retrieval,
Ranking &
Centralised Online
Tracking
Data collection &
Database
LCCF Methodology
Copyright Reserved Malaysian Green Technology Corporation
PBT/
DEVELOPER
Identify
projects/cities/
townships
Establish
Approach
towards
measuring
GHG emission
for LCC
TOWARDS CARBON
NEUTRAL
Establish
Baseline
Carbon
Emission
Define Carbon Reduction
Strategies and Establish
Lower Carbon Footprint
Target
Measure
Performanc
e
Periodically
Implement Carbon Reduction
Measures
Apply
Calculator
Plan Further
Reduction
Apply
Calculator
Performance Criteria for LCCF
Copyright Reserved Malaysian Green Technology Corporation
4 Elements for GHG Reductions in Cities and Townships
Urban
Environment
• Site Selection
• Urban Form
• Urban Greenery & Air Quality
Urban
Transportation
• Shift of Transport Mode
• Green Transport
Infrastructure
• Green Vehicles
• Traffic Management
4 Elements Contribute
to GHG emission
Urban
Infrastructure
•
•
•
•
Infrastructure Provision
Waste
Energy
Water
13 Performance Criteria*
Buildings
• Low Carbon Building
• Community Service
35
Sub Criteria
*Performance Criteria are measurable strategies to reduce carbon emission through:Policy control, technological dev., better process & product management, change in procurement system, carbon capture, consumption strategies & others.
Copyright Reserved Malaysian Green Technology Corporation
BENEFITS OF LCCF
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1.Low carbon economics
To increase energy, water
efficiency and reduce
carbon emission based on
efficiency in use of
resources and green
technology.
2.Growth in green product
and services in market
3.Progressive and inclusive
economic growth without
trade- off on the natural
resources sustainability
LOW CARBON
CITIES
FRAMEWORK
(LCCF)
1.
2,
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Contribute to the overall
improvement on environmental
quality
Reduce GHG emission and
contribute to 45% of CO2 reduction
1.Low Carbon Consumption
To reduce carbon emission
from all aspects of city
living which include
recycling, protecting the
natural environment,
maintaining green areas in
the city and increasing
carbon sink.
2.Improve the quality of
life
HOW DOES THE SUCCESS OF LOW CARBON CITY LOOKS LIKE?
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Positioning Malaysia in the forefront of low carbon cities development
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Energy Efficient/ Low
Carbon Buildings
Energy & Water
consumption reduction
Solar Township/ Buildings
Reduction of Municipal
Waste
Renewable Energy for
decentralise energy
generation
Transit Oriented
Development – reachable
by walking and cycling
Electric Vehicles/ Energy
Efficient Vehicles
Lesser/ negligible traffic
congestion
More Green Spaces &
Green Connectors
Plant more high
sequestration trees
Low carbon emission
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Efficient & Effective Mass
Public Transport
Catalyst of Change and
Inspiration to other cities
and communities
Government effort is visible
& motivates people to
value the Environment
Improve standard of living
Malaysia‟s Inspiration
Outline for Sustainable Framework for cities
National Policy
SUSTAINABLE FRAMEWORK FOR CITIES
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National Assessment Tools
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LIVABILITY INDEX
Community
Well Being
Services
Equality & Diversity
CITIES & TOWNSHIPS
Economy
Governance
GREEN NEIGHBOURHOOD GUIDELINE
GHG INDEX
Transport & Mobility
Natural & Built
Environment
MISSION
(45% GHG REDUCTION)
LOW CARBON CITIES FRAMEWORK AND ASSESMENT SYSTEM
PERFORMANCE BASE
Rating Tools
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GAP/ STATUS
GREEN RATING TOOLS
ROADMAP
KESIMPULAN
Latihan bagi meningkatkan kesedaran dan keupayaan Pihak Berkuasa
Tempatan dipertingkatkan
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Pelan Induk Rendah Karbon dibangunkan oleh Pihak Berkuasa
Tempatan
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Pihak MGTC sebagai agensi pelaksana projek LCCF RMK11 di bawah
KeTTHA akan terus berkerjasama membantu pihak PBT melaksanan
pembangunan rendah karbon di PBT masing-masing
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CATALYSING
GREEN
GROWTH
Datin Paduka Che
Asmah Ibrahim
Vice President
Malaysian Green
Technology Corporation
[email protected]
malaysia.my
No. 2, Jalan 9/10,
Persiaran Usahawan, Seksyen 9,
43650 Bandar Baru Bangi,
Selangor Darul Ehsan, MALAYSIA
T: +603-8921 0800
F: +603-8921 0801/0802
E: info(a)greentechmalaysia.my
www.greentechmalaysia.my
Sekian, Terima Kasih
22-24 Mei 2016
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