PAST SIMPLE - My English Link

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PAST SIMPLE - My English Link
PAST SIMPLE
PAST PROGRESSIVE PRESENT PERFECT
‫עבר פשוט‬
‫עבר ממושך‬
‫הווה מושלם‬
PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE PAST PERFECT
‫הווה מושלם ממושך‬
‫עבר מושלם‬
PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE
‫עבר מושלם ממושך‬
‫ פעולה שהסתיימה‬/ ‫פעולה ממושכת בעבר‬
.‫ הזמן מוגדר‬.‫שתי פעולות שהתרחשו בעבר‬
‫ או פעולה ארוכה‬/ ‫באותו זמן‬
.‫שנקטעה ע”י פעולה קצרה‬
LAST / AGO
WHILE / AS / STILL
WHEN
.‫פעולה בעבר‬
/ ‫הזמן לא מוזכר כלל‬
.‫הזמן מוזכר אך לא מוגדר‬
.‫פעולה שהסתיימה לפני פעולה שהתחילה בעבר ועדיין מתמשכת בהווה‬
.‫פעולה אחרת בעבר‬
‫פעולה ארוכה שהסתיימה לפני פעולה‬
.‫אחרת בעבר‬
BEFORE / GENERALLY
SINCE / FOR / LATELY
NEVER / ALREADY
RARELY / RECENTLY
SELDOM / STILL / YET
EVER / OFTEN / JUST
FOR / SINCE
FOR / AFTER
WHEN / BEFORE
AS SOON AS /
BY THE TIME
FOR / AFTER
WHEN / BEFORE
AS SOON AS /
BY THE TIME
I-----x ------I
I---------------------------I
?
I--------------------------------
I-------*------x ------I
I-------******------x ------I
‫זמן העבר ידוע‬
1. I---------------------I
I---------------------I
2.
+ V2 / V+ed
? | Did + ‫גוף‬+ V1?
-
| ‫ גוף‬+ didn’t + V1
I-------------x -----I
‫זמן לא מוגדר‬
‫ ארוכה‬.‫ קצרה פ‬.‫פ‬
have + V3
has
Was +
+ Ving? Have +
+ V3?
Were +
Has
+ wasn’t + V ing
haven’t + V3
+ weren’t
hasn’t
+ was +
+ were +
V ing
+ have + been + Ving
+ has
Have +
+ been + Ving?
Has
Had +
+ V3?
+ hadn’t + V3
EXAMPLES
EXAMPLES
EXAMPLES
Last week I saw
a new movie.
While we were having
dinner, he came in.
He has got a new dog.
She has been smoking since 1980.
Did you like it?
He was dancing while
she was reading.
I have already seen that
film.
I have been reading this book for two
hours.
No, I didn’t!
+ had + V3
EXAMPLES
EXAMPLES
By the time I got home, he
had already prepared
dinner.
They had finished reading
the memo before we
arrived to the meeting.
+ had + been + Ving
Had +
+ been + Ving?
+ hadn’t + been + Ving
EXAMPLES
The babies had been sleeping for
an hour, when we got home.
She had been working for a long
time when she realized what
happened.
PAST SIMPLE
PAST PROGRESSIVE PRESENT PERFECT
‫עבר פשוט‬
‫עבר ממושך‬
‫הווה מושלם‬
PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE PAST PERFECT
‫הווה מושלם ממושך‬
‫עבר מושלם‬
PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE
‫עבר מושלם ממושך‬
‫ פעולה שהסתיימה‬/ ‫פעולה ממושכת בעבר‬
.‫ הזמן מוגדר‬.‫שתי פעולות שהתרחשו בעבר‬
‫ או פעולה ארוכה‬/ ‫באותו זמן‬
.‫שנקטעה ע”י פעולה קצרה‬
LAST / AGO
WHILE / AS / STILL
WHEN
.‫פעולה בעבר‬
/ ‫הזמן לא מוזכר כלל‬
.‫הזמן מוזכר אך לא מוגדר‬
.‫פעולה שהסתיימה לפני פעולה שהתחילה בעבר ועדיין מתמשכת בהווה‬
.‫פעולה אחרת בעבר‬
‫פעולה ארוכה שהסתיימה לפני פעולה‬
.‫אחרת בעבר‬
BEFORE / GENERALLY
SINCE / FOR / LATELY
NEVER / ALREADY
RARELY / RECENTLY
SELDOM / STILL / YET
EVER / OFTEN / JUST
FOR / SINCE
FOR / AFTER
WHEN / BEFORE
AS SOON AS /
BY THE TIME
FOR / AFTER
WHEN / BEFORE
AS SOON AS /
BY THE TIME
I-----x ------I
I---------------------------I
?
I--------------------------------
I-------*------x ------I
I-------******------x ------I
‫זמן העבר ידוע‬
1. I---------------------I
I---------------------I
3.
+ V2 / V+ed
? | Did + ‫גוף‬+ V1?
-
| ‫ גוף‬+ didn’t + V1
I-------------x -----I
‫זמן לא מוגדר‬
‫ ארוכה‬.‫ קצרה פ‬.‫פ‬
have + V3
has
Was +
+ Ving? Have +
+ V3?
Were +
Has
+ wasn’t + V ing
haven’t + V3
+ weren’t
hasn’t
+ was +
+ were +
V ing
+ have + been + Ving
+ has
Have +
+ been + Ving?
Has
Had +
+ V3?
+ hadn’t + V3
EXAMPLES
EXAMPLES
EXAMPLES
Last week I saw
a new movie.
While we were having
dinner, he came in.
He has got a new dog.
She has been smoking since 1980.
Did you like it?
He was dancing while
she was reading.
I have already seen that
film.
I have been reading this book for two
hours.
No, I didn’t!
+ had + V3
EXAMPLES
EXAMPLES
By the time I got home, he
had already prepared
dinner.
They had finished reading
the memo before we
arrived to the meeting.
+ had + been + Ving
Had +
+ been + Ving?
+ hadn’t + been + Ving
EXAMPLES
The babies had been sleeping for
an hour, when we got home.
She had been working for a long
time when she realized what
happened.