How to Prepare for Promotion - International Association of Chiefs of

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How to Prepare for Promotion - International Association of Chiefs of
IACP Smaller Law Enforcement Agency
Technical Assistance Program
Smaller Agency Conference Track 2015
Academy to Promotion:
Encouraging Officers to Train
in Smaller Agencies
Presented By:
• Chief Christopher Workman
Cheswold, DE, Police Department
• Cheswold, Delaware
• Cheswold, Delaware
About Me:
Police Experience:
Chief of Police - Cheswold Police Department Feb. 2013 – Present
Lieutenant - Elsmere Police Department Sept. 2002 – April 2011
Patrolman - Parkside Police Department March 1999 – Sept. 2002
Summary:
* Certified Instructor – DSP Training Academy (COPT)
• Instructor Kustom Signals Lidar
• Instructor Tactical OC
• Instructor Taser (X26, X26P, X2 & X3)
• Instructor SLATT - State and Local Anti-Terrorism Trainer Instructor
• Field Training Officer
• NJSACOP- 45th Command and Leadership Academy Graduate
FBI - LEEDA 16th Executive Leadership Institute *
FBI - LEEDA 76th Supervisory Leadership Institute
FBI - LEEDA 138th Command Leadership Institute
FBI –LEEDA Trilogy Award Recipiant
13th National Law Enforcement Leadership Institute on Violence Against
Women (IACP) – Alumni
Penn State Justice and Safety Institute- High Impact Supervision
Timeless
• The citizen expects police officers to have
the wisdom of Solomon, the courage of
David, the strength of Samson, the
patience of Job, the leadership of Moses,
the kindness of the Good Samaritan, the
strategical training of Alexander, the faith
of Daniel, the diplomacy of Lincoln, the
tolerance of the Carpenter of Nazareth,
and finally, an intimate knowledge of every
branch of the natural, biological, and social
sciences. If he had all these, he might be a
good policeman!
• - August Vollmer (approx. 1935) (IACP
President -1921)
Training Ideas Changing???
• The central theme of diversity training is that police officers
will be more effective if they are able to secure community
support, and that police officers will be better able to secure
that support if they have an understanding of the culture of
the residents (especially the marginalized groups). (White &
Escobar, 2008)
• “Training and education programs for police recruits have
begun to evolve in recent decades due to the increasing
expectations placed upon police organization's to provide
competent and ethical policing commensurate with
community expectations.” - Brett Shipton (Shipton,2011)
• “Implementing industrywide mental health response
programs can provide officers additional training to
successfully interact with individuals suffering mental health
crises and de-escalate these situations.- Nicholas Wilcox
(Wilcox, 2015)
Interim Report of the President’s
Task Force on 21st Century Policing
• Pillar Five: Training and Education
• 13 Recommendations in Training and Education
• Partnerships w/ Training Facilities, Community and
Institutions of Hire Learning
• Updating and adding basic recruit and in-service
curriculums to include:
• Social Interaction
• Tactical Skills
• Addiction
• Policing in a Democratic Society
• Bias and Cultural Responsiveness
• Crisis Intervention
Interim Report of the President’s
Task Force on 21st Century Policing
• Identified Ten areas of leadership
development
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Community Policing & Problem Solving
Interpersonal and Communication skills
Bias Awareness
Scenario –Based , Situational decision making
Crisis Intervention
Procedural Justice and Impartial Policing
Trauma and victim services
Mental Health Issues
Analytical Research and Technologies
Languages and Cultural Responsiveness
Smaller Agencies
Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2008
Brian A. Reaves, Ph.D., BJS Statistician
Smaller Agencies
For Smaller Agencies
do you as the Chief
of Police or
Administrative Head
have a big impact on
Training??
Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2008
Brian A. Reaves, Ph.D., BJS Statistician
State Training Requirements
Delaware – COPT (DE Title 11 Ch 84)
16 hours of training per year, firearms twice annually (one
qualification must be day and low light shoot)
Pennsylvania – MPOETC (037 Pa. Code§ 203.52)
12 hours in service training, annual firearms qualification
Texas – Texas Commission on Law Enforcement (Texas Occupations Code
1701.351(a))
40 hours in two year period, annual firearms
qualification
Illinois (50 CS 705) Illinois Police Training Act
20 hours of training per year (Annual Police Chief &
Deputy Training), , annual firearms qualification (for all
law enforcement officers)
Discussion :
• Where Does Training Start?
• Job Performance - Evaluations
• Job / Promotional Requirements
• Knowledge, Skills and Abilities
• Putting it all Together
Where Does Training Start???
Chief / Commander –
Develop People!!!! – Do you agree??
Do we hire people with the same GOALS and
IDEAS??
“Paid for what we know, not for what we do!!!”
– Dean Crisp, FBI-LEEDA
Training (Learned Behavior)
• Operant Conditioning – behavior that
leads to satisfying consequences is
repeated.
• Modeling – an individual acquires
responses by observing and imitating
others.
This is where it all starts!!!
Interviewing
• Be Prepared
• Train your Staff
• Look for employees who fit
• Place value in your very first
interview
Job Expectations / Performance
• Starts with Job Posting / Requirements
• Reinforced at Academy Level
Job Expectations / Performance
• Starts with Job Posting / Requirements
• Reinforced at Academy Level
• Continues with FTO
Job Expectations / Performance
• Starts with Job Posting / Requirements
• Reinforced at Academy Level
• Continues with FTO
• Is Observed on Daily Shift
• Reviewed on Bi Annual Evaluations
Performance Reviews
Performance Reviews
Job Requirements
• What is expected of your officers?
• Do you give them a job description?
Job Requirements
• Make them a part of your policies and
procedures.
Job Requirements
• Give officers a roadmap to their own success.
• Lay out Knowledge, Skills and Abilities required
for promotions for officers to advance.
Required Knowledge, Skills and Abilities:
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Knowledge of criminal law, investigation, and crime prevention methods.
Knowledge of department Directives and patrol Standard Operating Procedures.
Knowledge of geography and locations in the City.
Knowledge of statutes, ordinances and criminal Law.
Knowledge of rules of evidence and laws governing custody of persons.
Knowledge of police record keeping procedures.
Knowledge of criminal identification methods.
Knowledge of methods of deploying officers in actual or anticipated emergencies.
Knowledge of causes and prevention methods of crime committed by juveniles.
Knowledge of FCC rules and regulations regarding radio communication.
Knowledge or community policing practices.
Knowledge of data entry and retrieval procedures.
Knowledge of legal procedure in filing and presenting charges in court.
Skill in supervising, leading and motivating peers.
Skill in establishing and maintaining effective working relationships with other City
employees and the general public.
Skill in understanding and following written and oral instructions.
Skill in problem identification, problem solving and effective communication, both orally
and in writing.
Skill in the care and use of firearms.
Skill in maintaining effective public relations.
Skill in problem solving.
Ability to use computers as an investigative tool.
Ability to operate motorized vehicles.
Ability to operate two-way radio equipment.
Ability to apply knowledge of criminal law, investigation, and crime prevention
techniques.
Ability to follow departmental regulations.
Ability to administer CPR and first aid.
Ability to assess situations and make accurate decisions within a limited time frame.
Ability to operate vehicles under emergency conditions.
Ability to write legibly and to read.
Ability to perform multiple tasks simultaneously.
Job Requirements
• Adhere to Time Requirements !!
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Minimum Qualifications:
Corporal: Four (4) Years experience as an Cheswold Police Officer, must hold the rank of
Patrolman First Class for a period of two (2) years, and receive Satisfactory Performance
Evaluations.
Senior Corporal: Six (6) years experience as an Cheswold Police Officer must hold the rank
of Corporal for a period of two (2) years and receive Satisfactory Performance Evaluations.
Master Corporal: Eight (8) years experience as an Cheswold Police Officer, must hold the
rank of Senior Corporal for a period of two (2) years and receive Satisfactory
Performance Evaluations.
Education, Certification and Experience Requirements:
Valid vehicle operator’s license from their State of Residence Police Officer Certification
from the State of Delaware (COPT) Active First Aid and CPR
Maintain State of Delaware certifications in DELJIS, LEISS and any other Law Enforcement
Applications required by the Chief of Police.
NOTE: The above statements are intended to describe the general nature and level of work
being performed by the person assigned to this job. They are not intended to be an
exhaustive list of all responsibilities, duties, skills, and physical demands required of
personnel so classified.
Training
Encourage Officers to seek outside training!!!
Web and Online Training Broaden officers
skills at little to no cost.
Add incentives for officers who seek training
and advancement.
Utilize train-the-trainer courses to maximize
learning throughout department.
Online Training
Putting it all Together
• Career Development
• Counseling – Offers guidance to individuals
– Preparing, Choosing and Progressing in Job Assignments
• In Service Training
– Adhere to State Mandatory in- service Training
Requirements
– Maintain and enhance SKA’s
– Provide advanced levels of instruction
• Formal Education – Encourage employees to
continue education
– Utilize any special programs or tuition assistance available
through public and private sources.
– State of Delaware Criminal Justice Council – provides
reimbursement for two classes per semester
Putting it all Together
• Use Performance Evaluations
• Identify Strengths and Weaknesses
• Determine Officers Interests in Counseling
• Assist Officer in meeting their career goals
• Get Buy In
• IMPORTANT – Career Counseling is not
mandatory
– Supervisors should record Officers wish to
not participate at the time of their interview.
Summary
• Where Does Training Start?
• Job Performance - Evaluations
• Job / Promotional Requirements
• Knowledge, Skills and Abilities
• Putting it all Together
References
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Interim report of the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing /
President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing (March, 2015) United States.
President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing
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KLINGER, D. A. (2012). POLICE TRAINING AS AN INSTRUMENT OF
ACCOUNTABILITY. St. Louis University Public Law Review, 32(1), 111-121
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PR, N. (2011, July 26). BJS Releases Census of State and Local Law
Enforcement Agencies, 2008. PR Newswire US.
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Shipton, B. (2011). EXPANDING POLICE EDUCATORS' UNDERSTANDING OF
TEACHING, ARE THEY AS LEARNER-CENTRED AS THEY THINK?. Journal Of
Learning Design, 4(2), 1-19.
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Vick, K. (2015). What It's Like Being a Cop Now. (Cover story). Time, 186(7),
32-41
References (cont.)
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White, M. D., & Escobar, G. (2008). Making good cops in the twenty-first
century: Emerging issues for the effective recruitment, selection and training
of police in the United States and abroad. International Review Of Law,
Computers & Technology, 22(1/2), 119-134.
doi:10.1080/13600860801925045
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Wilcox, N. (2015). FBI - The Importance of Mental Health Training in Law
Enforcement. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 18-22.
Open Forum / Questions???
Chief Christopher Workman
Cheswold Police Department
Phone: (302) 734-2202
Cell: (302) 290-3009
Email: [email protected]

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