SKARVAN OG ROLTDALEN

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SKARVAN OG ROLTDALEN
SKARVAN
OG ROLTDALEN
Beautiful highland
valleysand vast mountains
2°
Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park
Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park
3°
Welcome to one of
trøndelag’s largest
unspoiled areas of
mountain and forest
Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park is situated
­between Neadalføret and Stjørdalsføret and it
contains within its boundaries mountain ­plateaus,
wooded valleys and extensive marshy areas.
It is an area that has remained untouched by
major ­technological development, such as power
trans¬mission lines or roads. Roltdalen is the
­largest wooded valley in the Sør-Trøndelag region
without any roads. The conifer forest here is subject
to national interest.
The area now defined as national park has been
in use for at least 2 000 years. The park therefore
­contains a broad range of cultural relics such
as house footings, ironworks, Sami settlements,
­pitfalls, traces of copper mines and millstone
­quarries, tar kilns, hill farm buildings, remote
­hayfields and old transport routes.
Close to Liavollen (ES)
4°
Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park
Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park
5°
Schulzhytta (ES)
In upper Roltdalen (ES)
E XPE R IENCE NATU RE
THE LANDSCAPE AND GEOLOGY
Plenty of hiking routes
The landscape in Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park is
varied. The extensive Roltdalen runs southwest through
the park. It is covered mainly by spruce forest and large
areas of bog, while the north is dominated by the vast
Skarvan massif, rising to 1,171 metres above sea level.
In the southeast of the national park, there is a range of
mountains that stretches from Fongen to Ruten, the first
of these being the highest peak, at 1,441 m.asl.
With its forests, mountains, lakes and marked trails, the
national park is a spectacular hiking area, on foot or by
ski. Organised horse-riding tours are also available.
The Trondheim Tourist Association started marking
out trails in this area in the 1920s. The national park
now contains a network of marked trails that connects
Roltdalen with the Nord-Trøndelag Tourist Association’s
network of trails, and also to the network in Sylan.
There are two tourist cabins in the national park, but
only Schulzhytta is staffed. It is located in the centre of
the national park at the hamlet of Stormoen, where there
are views out over the valley, with the Fongen massif in
the background.
The bedrock consists mainly of mica-rich slates that
were carried here 400-500 million years ago, though
other minerals, such as staurolite, garnet and kyanite,
are also found here. There is a vein of millstone about 1
km wide that runs from Brennrya in the north, through
Kvernfjellvatna and Høgfjellet and Rotla to Svartåsen in
the south.
Fishing lakes and small game
For those who enjoy hunting, the national park really is
worth visiting. It is well stocked with small game such as
hare, ptarmigan and woodland birds, and you can also
hunt moose. And for anglers, the park’s many lakes are
stocked with trout and char.
Fongen to the left and Litjfongen to the right (JSA)
6°
Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park
Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park
7°
Old trees (JSA)
Common Treecreeper (KA)
PLA NT L IFE
A N I M A L - A N D B I RS L I F E
Here the forest has most value as it is
The national park contains a full range of the most
­common species of birds and other animals. In particular
there are large populations of hare, ptarmigan and forest
birds. It is also possible to find a number of rare species,
such as arctic loons, greater scaup, chicken hawks, ­golden
eagles, gerfalcons and lesser-spotted wood¬peckers. Bird
species found especially in old-growth forests include
the crested tit, coal tit, common tree¬creeper, three-toed
woodpecker, Siberian jay and wood grouse.
The national park’s most valuable botanical asset is the
spruce forest in Roltdalen. In some places it is like a
pri¬mordial forest. Many of its trees are both immense
and old – it is not uncommon to find trees that are more
than 200 years old. These ancient forests also provide a
habitat for various species of mosses, lichens and fungi.
The national park also contains a lot of bog vegetation,
and a cool climate and a high rate of precipitation have
resulted in some stagnant areas.
Boreal Owl (JSA)
The national park is an important habitat for ­several
species of wetland birds, such as golden plovers,
broad¬billed sandpiper, ruff and red-necked phalarope.
In total the national park is home to 20 species of
birds that are on the national red list of threatened and
­vulnerable species.
KEY
County boundary
National Park
Nature Reserve
Millstone operation boundary
Accomodation
Cafe or Cafeteria
Camp Site
Tourist Cabin, staffed
Tourist Cabin, self service
10°
Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park
Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park
11°
Oter (GR)
A big millstone (JSA)
The remains of an old farming building at Nordre Hoemsvoll (JSA)
H I S T O RY AND CU L TU R A L HER ITA G E
Mining and millstone quarrying
The area contains a great many iron melting sites, at
Stormoen, Søndre Liavollen and elsewhere, where bog
iron and wood were used to make iron. These sites date
back about 2 000 years.
Gruvfjellet, which is in the southwest of the national
park, stands as a monument to the activity at Selbu
Kobberverk in Roltdalen. With just one interruption, the
mine was in operation from 1713 to 1761. There is also
an old mine at Litle Klepptjønna in the municipality of
Meråker. During a period that spanned the 18th and
19th centuries there was also a permanent settlement at
Stormoen that was associated with mining.
In addition to mining, the millstone quarrying at
Høgfjellet was also very important for Selbu. Kvernfjellet
is the largest area of millstone in Norway, and the deep
scars of old abandoned millstone quarries can be found
all over the mountain. Millstone was extracted here from
medieval times right up to the First World War, and
stone from here can be found throughout Norway and
abroad.
An important hill farming area
The clearings of hill farm enclosures are scattered
throughout Roltdalen, where they are a reminder of
extensive forest pasture farming and hill farming in the
mountains. These hill farms date back as far as the 17th
century. Even today there are still 99 hill farm enclosures
in the Roltdalen district.
12°
Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park
Remains of an tar kiln (JSA)
Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park
13°
Nedre Hoemsvoll, with view against Fongen (JSA)
H I S T O RIE OG KU L TU R M IN N ER ( c ont.)
Around 1940 there were between 200 and 600 ­cattle,
about 400 goats and 400-500 sheep in Roltdalen.
Traditional hill farming stopped around 1960, though a
lot of hill farm enclosures are still used today as pasture
for sheep and young stock.
In addition to hill farming and grazing, there were
also hayfields in the area. Ancient stumps and traces
from timber-floating on Rotla indicate that forestry was
also practiced here in earlier times. There has been
timber¬floating on Rotla from the 17th century up to the
1950s.
A tradition of Sami reindeer farming
Skarvan and Roltdalen are important Sami areas, and the
national park contains some extremely interesting Sami
cultural relics. Here you can see traces of earlier settlement and of holding and collecting sites for rein¬deer,
traces that bear witness to thousands of years of Sami
farming.
The Tydal Sami were divided into three groups from
time immemorial, and one of these groups had its
home in Skarvan. Now they are all united in the Essand
reindeer-grazing district. About 7 600 rein¬deer graze
in the area from the latter half of April up to the late
autumn, when the reindeer are moved to winter grazing
in Femundsmarka.
14°
Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park
Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park
15°
Skarvan og Roltdalen
National Park in brief
Red-necked Phalarope (PH)
In a national park, you are one
of Nature’s guests
• You may go wherever you like, on foot or ski,
but the basic rule is that anything with an
­engine is prohibited.
• You can stop wherever you like and pitch a
tent. Always tidy up after yourself and don’t
leave litter.
• You can light a fire, but remember the general
ban on lighting fires in forests from 15 April to
15 September. Be considerate when collecting
firewood.
• You can pick berries, mushrooms and ­common
plants for your own use. Be considerate of
cultural relics, vegetation and fauna. Be extra
careful during the breeding and nesting season.
• Make use of the hunting and fishing
­opportunities. Remember a hunting/fishing
licence. Never use live fish as bait, or transfer
live fish from one watercourse to another.
• You can take your dog with you, but remember
to keep it on a lead from 1 April – 20 August.
ISBN (Printed) 978-82-8284-041-5 ISBN (pdf) 978-82-8284-042-2
Layout: Guri Jermstad AS. Photo: Erik Stabell (ES), Jostein Sandvik /SNO (JSA),
Kim Abel / naturarkivet.no (KA) and Pål Hermansen (PH)
Front cover: Nauttjønna with Brennmyra in the background (JSA)
and black/white: Close to Finnkoiesjøen (ES). Back cover: Skiing in the National Park (ES)
Print: GRØSET™
Where:
Selbu og Tydal municipalities in Sør-Trøndelag county, Meråker and
Stjørdal municipalities in Nord-Trøndelag county.
How to get to Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park:
Take the train or fly to Stjørdal. From there, take the bus or a taxi to
Meråker or Selbu/Tydal.
By car: from the north: E14 Stjørdal – Kopperå. Several turnoffs
south into the national park. From Meråker, take the turning for
Mannsæterbakken. From Kopperå, take the turning for Rotvoll/
Bjørneggen.
From the west: Route 705 Stjørdal – Selbu. Several turn-offs east into
the national park – just follow the signs for Schulzhytta.
From south/east: Route 705 Selbu – Tydal. Several paths north into
the national park. There is a trail to Finnkoisjøen from Ås in Tydal.
Information on accommodation and other services:
Meråker Utvikling, tel. +47 74 81 27 00, www.merut.no
Selbu municipality, tel. +47 73 81 77 10, www.selbu.kommune.no
Stjørdal Næringsforum, tel. +47 74 83 45 80, www.stjordalinfo.com
Tydal Tourist Office, tel. +47 73 81 59 00, www.tydal.kommune.no
Tips:
Guided tours to the millstone area. A lot of the ground is wet
­underfoot, so don’t forget to bring waterproof footware! Cabin rental
from AS Meraker Brug, Selbu fjellstyre has open huts in Velskardet
and Vindlia.
Cabin:
Cabins to rent from AS Meraker Brug.
Vælskardet and Vindlia (Selbu fjellstyre)
Schulzhytta (DNT)
Maps: 4 maps in the N50 series (1: 50 000): 1721 I - IV.
Size: 441 km2
Established: 2004
Adjacent protected areas:
Stråsjøen - Prestøyan Nature Reserve. About 1 350 acres of wetland
of considerable ornithological value.
Management:
Local Management Board for Skarvan and Roltdalen National Park in
position in 2013, phone +47 73 19 90 00 or phone +47 74 16 80 00
Supervision:
Norwegian Nature Inspectorate, phone +47 73 58 05 00
More information:
www.norgesnasjonalparker.no
www.nasjonalparkstyre.no
NORWAY’S
NATIONAL PARKS
Norwegian national parks –
our common natural heritage
National parks are designated to protect large
areas of unspoilt countryside – from the sea to the
mountaintops – for the sake of Nature herself, we
ourselves and future generations.
The parks ­contain a wealth of splendid scenery and
varied animal and plant life, waterfalls, ­glaciers,
towering peaks, never-ending plateaus, deep
­forests, and beautiful fjords and coasts. Cultural
heritage sites also show how the areas were used
in bygone days.
The parks offer a vast range of thrilling and ­exciting
natural history. Make use of the fantastic Norwegian
­countryside – on Nature’s own terms.
Welcome to Norwegian national parks!
www.dirnat.no/english

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