hamdard dawakhana

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hamdard dawakhana
Traditional Medicine Industry
in Pakistan
Dr. Navaid ul Zafar & Muhammed A. Qayyum
Role of DRAP in Development of
Traditional Medicine Industry in Pakistan
Islamabad Feb 13, 2013
Tibb e Unani Origins
• Hippocrates / Galen (400 BC)
• Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi
(865-925)
• Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (936-1013)
• Abu Ali al-Ḥusayn ibn Abd Allah ibn
Sina (980-1037)
Difference
Tibb e Unani
Western Medicine
Diagnosis
Humoural: Blood, Phlegm,
Yellow Bile; Black Bile
Based on patient's history,
physical examination,
laboratory testing.
Disease
Humoural imbalance
Bacteria / Virus
Patient
Empower patient to make
changes in diet & life style
No patient involvement
Treatment
Objective
Restore the balance;
Provoke the healing crisis
Symptom suppression; kill
bacteria / virus
Treatment
Source
Herbs, minerals, animal
source
Chemotherapy
Tibb e Unani in South Asia
• Ghazni King Khusro Shah
– Ruled Lahore 1160-68
– First Center of Unani Medicine in Lahore
• Promoted by Mughal Kings
• Sher Shah Suri
– Unani physician at every stopover house
on caravan routes
Tibb e Unani Prominent
Personalities
Hakim Muhammed Hashim
1794
Introduction of Surma (KOHL) in Sub Continent
Tibb e Unani Prominent
Personalities
Hakim Muhammed Azam
Khan (1800)
Tayyebi Dawakhana
Unani, Indore 1815
Hakim Hafiz Muhammed
Ajmal Khan
1863 - 1927
Tibbia College Dehli 1916
Hakim Hafiz Abdul
Majeed
1883 - 1922
Hamdard Dawakhana
Dehli 1906
Tibb e Unani Prominent
Personalities
Hakim Muhammed
Hassan Qarshi
(1896)
Qarshi Matab, Lahore
1920
Molana Hakim Abdul
Rahim Ashraf
Ashraf Laboratories,
Verowal 1939
Hakim Muhammad Said
(1920 – 1998)
Hamdard Laboratories
Pakistan, Karachi 1948
Tibb e Unani Industry
Hakim Sheikh Mohammad Ali Tayyebi (1909 – 1988)
• First Matab in Karachi 1948
• Large scale manufacturing facility in
Karachi in 1960
• Tayyebi Dawakhana Pvt Ltd. 1984
• Over 350 products
• One of the oldest and leading
manufacturer
Tibb e Unani Industry
Hakim Mohammad Nabi Khan (1920 – 1990)
• Grandson of Hakim Ajmal Khan
• Ajmal Dawakhana, Lahore 1948
• One of the oldest and leading
manufacturer
• Hakim Ajmal’s work lead to discovery
of Reserpine, Ajmaline by
Dr. Salimuzzaman Siddiqui
Tibb e Unani Industry
Molana Hakim Abdul Rahim Ashraf
• Moved to Faisalabad in 1947
• Ashraf Laboratories 1947
• One of the largest manufacturer of
tibb e unani medicines
• Manufacturing over 250 productss
• Running multiple dispensaries and
matabs across Pakistan
Tibb e Unani Industry
Hakim Muhammad Said (1920 – 1998)
• Modest beginning Rs. 11 rented
furniture in 1947
• Hamdard Laboratories (Waqf)
Pakistan 1953
• Hamdard Foundation 1964
• Rooh Afza for over 100 years
Tibb e Unani Industry
Hamdard’s Contribution
• Madinat ul Hikmah
• Bait ul Hikmah
• Hamdard University
• Hamdard College of Medicine &
Dentistry
• Hamdard Al Majeed College of Eastern
Medicine
Tibb e Unani Industry
Hamdard’s Contribution
• Hamadard Institute of Mgmt Sciences
• Hamdard Institute of Info. Technology
• Hamdard School of Law
• Faculty of Pharmacy
• Dr. Hafiz Mohammad Ilyas Institute of
Pharmacology and Herbal Sciences
Tibb e Unani Industry
Hamdard’s Contribution
• Shifa-ul-Mulk Memorial Hospital for
Eastern Medicine
• Hamdard University Hospital
Tibb e Unani Industry
Hakim Muhammed Hassan Qarshi
• Qarshi Matab, Lahore 1920
• Qarshi Dawakhana 1968
• Qarshi Industries Pvt. Ltd.
• Qarshi Foundation 1994
• Qarshi Research International Pvt. Ltd.
• Manufacturing unani formulations,
herbal medicines and food products
Tibb e Unani Industry
Qarshi’s Contribution
• Qarshi University
• Faculty of Eastern Medicine
• Faculty of Mathematics and
Information Technology
• Faculty of Social Sciences
• Faculty of Management Sciences
Tibb e Unani Industry
Matab and Manufacturing
• Afghani Dawakhana, KPK 1890
– Manufacturing since 1935
– Hakim Abdul Waheed
– Over 100+ qarabadeeni formulations
• Wasay Dawakhana, KPK 1910
– Wasay Laboratories (Pvt) Ltd. 1975
– Mufti Sadiq Anees
– 200 qarabadeeni formulations
Tibb e Unani Industry
Matab and Manufacturing
• Hakim Mohammad Hussain Shaikh
– Companion of Hakim Ajmal
– Matiari, Sindh 1936
– Nazir Natural Cures herbal medicines since 1980
• Meezan Dawakhana, Multan
– Qarabadeeni formulations
– Proprietary blends
Tibb e Unani Industry
Matab and Manufacturing
• Javed Unani Laboratories, Mianwali
– 1980
– Qarabadeeni formulations / Proprietary blends
• Awami Laboratories, Lahore
– Qarabadeeni formulations / Proprietary blends
Tibb e Unani Industry
Herbal Medicines
• Herbion (Pvt) Ltd.
– A small setup established in 1983
– Now operating in 22 countries
– Largest exporter of medicinal products
from Pakistan
Tibb e Unani Industry
Pharmaceutical Trend
• Himont Pharmaceuticals Lahore
– Dedicated manufacturing unit
• Hilton Pharmaceuticals Karachi
– Dedicated facility
– Contract manufacturing
• CCL Pharmaceuticals Lahore
– Contract Manufacturing
• ISIS Pharmaceuticals Karachi
– Dedicated Facility
Pakistan Market 2013
Unani Medicines
Herbal Formulations
Food Products & Supplements
Nutraceuticals
Dietary Supplements
Health & Body Care
Contract Manufacturing
Progress to date….
• Several draft for separate law on
traditional medicines since 2000
(NIH & PTPMA)
• Traditional Medicine Policy and
Regulations, WHO Supported Project
2003 (NIH)
Progress to date….
• GMP Guidelines for Traditional
Medicines 2007 (NIH)
• Monographs of Unani Medicines (NIH
& HAMDARD UNIVERSITY)
Key Messages
1
Own your
HERITAGE
Key Messages
2
Long
HISTORY
of use
Key Messages
3
Significant
Contribution in
HEALTH &
ECONOMY
Key Messages
4
Inherently
DIFFERENT
from Western
Medicine
Key Messages
5
Need to
PROMOTE
not Control!