Inventos de cada día

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Inventos de cada día
Nivel: N
EDL: 30
Ciencias
LESSON 10 TEACHER’S GUIDE
Estrategia:
Resumir
Inventos de cada día
Número de palabras: 645
3.2.5 Construir vocabulario
by Christine Forrest
Fountas-Pinnell Level M
Nonfiction
HOUGHTON MIFFLIN
Libritos nivelados
en línea
Selection Summary
This selection introduces readers to the history of some items they
use every day. From paper and pencil to the eraser and the zipper,
students learn the origins of many things they take for granted in
their daily lives.
ISBN-13: 978-0-547-04117-9
ISBN-10: 0-547-04117-9
1034376
3_041179_VR2_5CV_inventions.indd1 1
H O U G H T O N MI F F L I N
Number of Words: 547
15/04/2008 11:39:58
Characteristics of the Text
Genre
Text Structure
Content
Themes and Ideas
Language and
Literary Features
Sentence Complexity
Vocabulary
Words
Illustrations
Book and Print Features
• Nonfiction
• Organized by sections for each invention
• Starts with an Introducción and ends with a Conclusión
• Features different inventions
• Facts about how and why they were invented
• Inventions can change people’s daily lives.
• Creative thought can result in innovation and invention.
• Third person narrative with second-person for Introducción and Conclusión
• Terms defined within the text
• Sentences vary in length.
• Some sentences with introductory phrases: Dejas la nota sobre la mesa, cierras la
cremallera de tu abrigo y te diriges a la puerta.
• Questions within the text
• Technical vocabulary relating to inventions: materiales, sustancia, grafito
• Mostly two- and three-syllable words with a few multi-syllable words: cremallera,
artefactos, laboratorio
• One archival photograph
• Glossy photographs of children using inventions
• Nine pages of text with photos and illustrations on each page
• Important information provided in captions
© 2006. Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H.
Copyright © by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying
or recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner unless such copying is expressly
permitted by federal copyright law.
Permission is hereby granted to individual teachers using the corresponding (discipline) Leveled Readers to photocopy student worksheets from this publication
in classroom quantities for instructional use and not for resale. Requests for information on other matters regarding duplication of this work should be
addressed to Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, Attn: Contracts, Copyrights, and Licensing, 9400 SouthPark Center Loop, Orlando, Florida 32819.
Printed in the U.S.A.
978-0-547-32330-5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0940 15 14 13 12 11 10 09
If you have received these materials as examination copies free of charge, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company retains title to the materials and
they may not be resold. Resale of examination copies is strictly prohibited.
Possession of this publication in print format does not entitle users to convert this publication, or any portion of it, into electronic format.
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Inventos de cada día
by Christine Forrest
Build Background
Help students use their knowledge of inventions to think about the text. Build interest by
asking questions such as the following: ¿Qué inventos conocen? ¿Cómo han cambiado
nuestra vida? Read the title and author and talk about the cover. Explain that this book tells
facts about things we use every day and how they were invented.
Introduce the Text
Guide children through the text, noting important ideas, and helping with unfamiliar
language and vocabulary so they can read the text successfully. Give special attention to
target vocabulary. Here are some suggestions:
Page 2: Explain that this book is about everyday inventions.
Suggested language: Vayan a la página 2. Miren la leyenda: El teléfono es uno
de los inventos más populares de todos los tiempos. ¿De qué manera cambió el
teléfono la vida de las personas?
Page 3: Draw attention to the photo. ¿Qué inventos están usando los estudiantes?
Busquen la palabra artefactos. ¿Qué artefactos usan ustedes todos los días?
Page 4: Point out the section heading. ¿Qué les dice el encabezado de la sección
sobre lo que leerán en esta parte del libro? Busquen la palabra laboratorio. ¿Qué
hace un científico en un laboratorio?
Page 5: Point out that captions can give clues about information in the text. ¿Qué
les dice la leyenda de esta página?
Ahora vuelvan al comienzo del libro para descubrir cómo se inventaron muchas de
las cosas que usamos todos los días.
Target Vocabulary
artefacto – pequeña máquina o
herramienta útil, p. 3
genio – una persona muy
inteligente, p. 9
eléctrico – que funciona con
electricidad, p. 5
invento – algo nuevo que a
alguien se le ocurre y lo
construye, p. 3
experimento – prueba que ayuda
a los científicos a responder
sus preguntas, p. 9
Grade 3
laboratorio – un lugar donde los
científicos trabajan y hacen
experimentos, p. 4
2
ocasional – algo que sucede a
veces pero no muy seguido,
p. 10
señal – un sonido, movimiento o
signo que manda un mensaje,
p. 5
Lesson 10: Inventos de cada día
© Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
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Read
Have students read Inventos de cada día silently while you listen to individual students
read. Support their problem solving and fluency as needed.
Remind students to use the Summarize Strategy
parts of the text in their own words.
, and to tell important
Discuss and Revisit the Text
Personal Response
Invite children to share their personal responses to the text.
Suggested language: ¿Podrían vivir sin algunos de los inventos descritos en el libro?
¿Cuáles? ¿Sin cuáles de estos inventos NO podrían vivir? ¿Por qué?
Ways of Thinking
As you discuss the text, help students understand these points:
Thinking Within the Text
Thinking Beyond the Text
Thinking About the Text
• The telephone was invented by
Alexander Graham Bell.
• Failure and persistence are
integral parts of successful
inventions.
• The photographs, captions, and
section headings support and
extend the text.
• Inventions can make our lives
easier every day.
• The author uses an introduction
to get readers interested in the
text.
• Paper is one of the oldest
inventions.
• Paper, pencils and erasers were
invented at different times, even
though we use them all together
today.
• The conclusion summarizes the
text and invites readers to think
about their own ideas.
© 2006. Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H.
Choices for Further Support
• Fluency Invite students to choose a passage from the text to read aloud. Remind
them to pay attention to punctuation, and to pause at commas in longer sentences.
• Comprehension Based on your observations of the students’ reading and discussion,
revisit parts of the text to clarify or extend comprehension. Remind students to go
back to the text to support their ideas.
• Phonics/Word Work Provide practice as needed with words and word parts, using
examples from the text. Have students take apart multi-syllable words to decode in
manageable units. For example, cien-tí-fi-co (page 4), gra-fi-to (page 7), and cre-malle-ra (page 9).
Grade 3
3
Lesson 10: Inventos de cada día
© Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
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Writing about Reading
Vocabulary Practice
Have children complete the Vocabulario questions on Hoja reproducible 10.1.
Responding
Have students complete the vocabulary activities on page 11. Remind them to answer the
Word Teaser on page 12. (Answer: genio)
Reading Nonfiction
Nonfiction Features: Introduction and Conclusion Remind students that nonfiction has
many features to help readers find and understand important information. An introduction
and a conclusion are two of those features.
Explain that the heading Introducción is a signal that the text below will introduce the
information that will be in the book. Reading an introduction helps readers get ready for
the information and start thinking about it. Have students find the heading Introducción in
the book and reread that section. Ask them to write one sentence from the Introduction
that gives the most important idea.
Explain that the heading Conclusión signals text that will sum up what is in the book or
point out an important idea. Have students find the heading Conclusión and reread that
section. Ask them to write one sentence that tells the important idea.
Writing Prompt: Thinking Beyond the Text
Have students write a response to the prompt on page 6.
Assessment Prompts
• What words on page 2 name inventos?
• Tell one word that best describes the inventor of the zipper.
• Which word on page 4 names a place where scientists work?
Grade 3
4
Lesson 10: Inventos de cada día
© Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
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Responder
VOCABULARIO CLAVE Formar palabras
Haz una tabla con una lista de algunos
inventos que conozcas. Nombra el invento. Di
para qué se usa el invento. Después escribe si
lo usas seguido, a veces o nunca.
Inventos
Uso
Cuánto lo
uso
teléfono
para
comunicarme
¡seguido!
¡A escribir!
El texto y tú Escribe un párrafo sobre un
invento que pienses es importante. Elije uno
de los inventos de Formar palabras. Di cómo
se usa y por qué es importante.
Lección 10
Nombre
Vocabulario clave
11
3_041179_VR2_5BL_inventions_L10.11 11
HOJA REPRODUCIBLE 10.1
Fecha
11/2/09 3:29:57 PM
Inventos de cada día
Vocabulario clave
Escribe palabras e ideas que van con la palabra experimento
de la red semántica. Luego, haz una red semántica con cada una de
las demás palabras de Vocabulario clave.
Vocabulario
invento
experimento
laboratorio
señal
ocasional
genio
artefacto
eléctrico
crear
jugar
experimento
ver qué pasa
tener una idea
Lea las instrucciones a los estudiantes.
Vocabulario clave
Grado 3, Unidad 2: ¡Exprésate!
© Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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Grade 3
5
8/14/09 9:21:11 PM
Lesson 10: Inventos de cada día
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Nombre
Fecha
Inventos de cada día
Pensar más allá del texto
Lee el siguiente párrafo. Después escribe tu informe periodístico en el
espacio en blanco.
Elige uno de los inventos descritos en este libro. Imagina que se acaba de
inventar. Escribe un informe periodístico sobre este nuevo invento. Explica
qué es y por qué va a cambiar la vida de la gente. Usa detalles del libro al
escribir tu informe.
Grade 3
6
Lesson 10: Inventos de cada día
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Lección 10
Nombre
HOJA REPRODUCIBLE 10.1
Fecha
Vocabulario clave
Inventos de cada día
Vocabulario clave
Escribe palabras e ideas que van con la palabra experimento
de la red semántica. Luego, haz una red semántica con cada una de
las demás palabras de Vocabulario clave.
Vocabulario
invento
experimento
laboratorio
señal
ocasional
genio
artefacto
eléctrico
experimento
Grade 3
7
Lesson 10: Inventos de cada día
© Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
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Lección 10
Estudiante
Hoja reproducible
Fecha
Inventos de cada día
Inventos de cada día
Registro de lectura
nivel m
page
2
Selection Text
Errors
Self-Corrections
Accuracy Rate
Self-Correction
Rate
Imagina esta situación: suena el teléfono. Lo contestas. La
llamada es para tu mamá, pero ella salió. Tomas un lápiz del
lapicero de plástico. Escribes el mensaje en un pedazo de
papel. Dejas la nota sobre la mesa, cierras la cremallera de tu
abrigo y te diriges a la puerta.
3
A lo mejor estuviste en una situación así. ¿Se te ocurrió
pensar en todos los artefactos que usaste? ¿El teléfono? ¿El
lápiz? Todos son inventos. Usamos muchos inventos todos los
días. Sus historias te pueden sorprender. Casi siempre alguien
tuvo que intentar crearlo más de una vez antes de que
nosotros pudiéramos usarlo.
Comments:
(# words read
correctly/103 ×
100)
(# errors + #
Self-Corrections/
Self-Corrections)
%
1:
Read word correctly
Code
✓
lobo
Repeated word,
sentence, or phrase
®
Omission
lobo
lobo
Grade 3
Behavior
Error
0
0
1
8
Substitution
Code
lodo
lobo
1
Self-corrects
lodo sc
lobo
0
Insertion
el
1
Word told
T
lobo
lobo
ˆ
Error
1416198
Behavior
1
Lesson 10: Inventos de cada día
© Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
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