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1) Draw an atlatl:
2) Define Nomadic:
3) What part of North America did most people settle
in?
4) What development allowed people to settle and quit
constantly moving around?
Karankawas
REGION OF TEXAS
• Lived between Corpus Christi bay
and Galveston bay on the Texas
coast.
• Lived in mud huts and were
nomadic.
FOOD
• Used Dugout Canoes to fish with
traps and bows.
• Ate clams, mollusks, oysters, small
animals, and fish
• Used alligator or shark fat to
ward off insects.
• Made clothes out of animal
skins and moss.
• Painted their bodies with
tattoos.
• Would rarely practice
cannibalism for magic powers
• Other Natives called the
Karankawa “The dog lovers”
as they raised dogs as pets
Customs
Used
Dugout
Canoes
• The Karankawa are important to Texas
history because of their relationship with
Cabeza de Vaca and the La Salle’s Fort
Saint Louis.
La Salle
Cabeza de Vaca
Caddo
REGION OF TEXAS
• Lived in the East Texas piney woods
• Lived in grass huts villages and had furniture.
FOODS
• Were farmers who grew pumpkin, beans, and corn.
Hunted deer, bear, and the occasional buffalo.
• Also captured fish with a trotline
Customs
• Ruled by a chief called the Caddi
• Built mounds for their religion and to bury their dead.
• Though several gods were honored, the Caddo trusted
ultimately in one god- monotheism.
• Practiced crop rotation.
• The name of Texas
gets its name from
the Spanish
translation of the
Caddo word for
Friends.
• The Spanish called
the Caddo the Tejas
Indians.
The Plains Indians
Includes Apache, Comanche, Kiowa
REGIONS OF TEXAS
• All lived on the Great Plains
• All were nomadic except for the
Apache which would live in
villages part of the year and grow
crops.
HOMES
• All of these tribes lived in tepees.
Huts made from buffalo hide and
wood poles.
The Plains Indians
FOODS
• All hunted the buffalo. The
buffalo provided food, shelter,
clothing, weapons, and tools for
the Plains Indians.
The Apaches
REGIONS OF TEXAS
• They live in the Great
Plains but were forced to
move into Southwest Texas
and New Mexico by the
Comanche. (Their hated
enemy)
• The Apache were divided
into several bands, the
Texas band was the Lipan
Apaches.
The Apaches
FOODS
• They hunted Buffalo.
• Part of the year they lived
in villages and farmed.
They grew beans, corn,
squash, and pumpkins.
• Famous leader Geronimo
fought the U.S. and Mexico
between 1850 and the
1880’s
Geronimo
Comanche
REGIONS OF TEXAS
• Great Plains
• After acquiring the
horse from the
Spanish they migrated
to the southern plains
where they fought a
long war with the
Apache to take over
their territory.
FOOD
• BUFFALO!!!!!!
Comanche
• Called the “Lords of
the Plains” the
Comanche were fierce
warriors who fought
anybody on their land
which was known as
Comacheria
•Had multiple leaders,
including a war leader
and a peace leader.
•Amazing ability with the
horse once they acquired
it
Comacheria
The Comanche had a religious
practice known as the Vision Quest.
A young man would take a Vision
Quest to find one self and the
direction his life is supposed to take
according to the vision.
When an older child is ready, he or
she will go on a spiritual quest
alone in the wilderness usually
without food or water. The young
man stays outside for a number of
days and eventually a guardian
animal will come in a vision or
dream, and the child's life direction
will appear to them.
Kiowas
REGION OF TEXAS
• Great Plains
• Migrated from Canada
• They lived in teepees and painted pictures of important
events on them, developed a calendar, and made beautiful
beaded crafts.
Kiowa
• They were one of the most
feared tribes.
• They would often ally
themselves with the
Comanche. One of the few
tribes that was friendly with
them.
Jumanos
REGION OF TEXAS
• Lived in the Mountains and Basins
region of far west Texas.
• Lived in farming villages made of
one room adobe homes
Food
• Planted crops near rivers and streams
where they grew pumpkins, beans ,
and corn
• Also hunted small animals, deer, and
buffalo
Jumanos
• Wore Tattoos and face
painting for their religion
Coahuiltecans
REGION OF TEXAS
• Nomads who lived along the
coast in far south Texas
FOODS
• Hunted deer and small
animals.
• Gathered food such as
mesquite beans, nuts, berries,
cacti, worms, lizards, insects,
and roots.
HOMES
• Their homes were made of
mud, animal skins, and
brush.
Coahuiltecans
• They lived a harsh life with
little comforts because of the
dry climate they lived in.
Because of this they were one
of the few tribes to accept the
Spanish Mission system when
it came to Texas.
• Lacked formal political
organization instead life
revolved around family.
• Had amazing running ability.
Could run for hours while
hunting animals.

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