ppt - NKOS

Transcription

ppt - NKOS
Information Visualization
and
Semantic Search
Xia Lin
iSchool at Drexel
College of Information Science and Technology
Drexel University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104
Overview
! Motivations and challenges of information
visualization for semantic search
! Useful visualization for search
! Towards meaningful, useful and KOSbased visualization for search and
discovery.
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Information Visualization
! Definitions:
–  The use of computer-supported, interactive,
visual representation of abstract data to
amplify cognition. (Card, Mackinlay, and
Shneiderman,1999)
–  Creation of visual approaches to conveying
information in intuitive ways
–  Mapping of unstructured, linguistic data to
structured visual space for easy
understanding and discovery.
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Motivations of Visualization
! Taking advantage of human cognitive
capability for large amount of information
processing, quickly and intuitively
–  Using visual representations to show large
amount of information and enable visual
inference.
–  Letting computer do mapping and analysis first
and show only the most relevant associative
information the user.
–  Moving information processing from the data/
linguistic level to the cognitive level.
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Challenges of Visualization
!
A picture is worth a thousand words if
–  it is meaningful
! The picture conveys semantic structures or
relationships that the viewer can understand
–  It is trustful
! The structures and relationships on the picture
match the semantic structures of the underlying
data.
–  It is useful
! What users get from the picture will help them do
something useful.
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Meaningful?
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Meaningful!
Useful?
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Useful!
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More Examples
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My Research Questions
! What functions are needed to make
visualization useful?
! What characteristics of visualization
displays will make the displays
meaningful ?
! How to prepare the underlying data to
make the visualization trustful and
meaningful?
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Useful Visualization Functions
! Overviews
–  Overview of large document space
–  Search result summary
! Dynamic Interactions
–  Network of documents, concepts, citations,
–  Neighborhood of the focused point
! Discovery
–  Visual analytics and discovery tools
–  Mapping of data to visual space
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Washington Post – POTUS Tracker
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Google+ ripples
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Human Disease Network Graph
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My Current Projects
! Visual Concept Explorer (VCE)
–  UMLS-based semantic vocabulary
visualization and search
! Meaningful Concept Displays (MCD)
–  Getty-vocabulary based visual concept
exploration and query expansion
! Visual Semantic Discovery Tools (VSDT)
–  Testbed: A million fulltext documents on
neuroscience
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Project 1- VCE2
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Comparing to …
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Project 2 - MCD
! IMLS funded project
–  To develop a Meaningful Concept Display
(MCD) Appliance aiming to improve user’s
searching, browsing, and learning experience
with KOS and relevant content/collections.
–  To test the MCD appliance with ARTstor,
Getty, and Indianapolis Museum of Arts (IMA)
sites.
–  Collaborating with University of Buffalo, Getty,
IMA, and ARTstor.
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Demo 2 - VQE
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Project 3 -- VSDT
! Visual Semantic Discovery Tools
–  Develop a triple-store knowledge repository to
store the semantic entities and relationships
extracted from full-text.
–  Design and implement visual analytics
methods and interfaces to enable searching
and knowledge discovery.
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Demo 3 – Read with Annotation
Graphical Summary
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Summary: Visualize Semantics!
! Where do the semantics come from?
–  KOS + context + usage patterns
–  Annotation from text/context
–  citations/co-citations
–  Links/linked data
! How do we present the semantics to the
user?
–  Meaningful
–  Trustful
–  Useful
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