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tribunale penale dì roma
Senato della Repubblica
Camera dei Deputati
— 653
LEGISLATURA V i l i — DISEGNI DI LEGGE E RELAZIONI - DOCUMENTI
^ ' T R I B U N A L E P E N A L E DÌ R O M A
UFFICIO
ISTRUZIONE
Rema, lì
N.
Risocsta a nota dei
OGGETTO :
I8.I.I.I.976
ÉN. .
197
A l l e n i t i N.
jJroc....pcn...n..I482/78..A.G...I, Trib....Jioiaa.
A l l a Digos Questura à i
R
0
ivi
A
I n relazione a l l ' a r t i c o l o g i o r n a l i s t i c o apparso su " I l Tea
po" d e l ' 15 • 11 • 1S78 a f i r m a d i Giuseppe Lonj-o e concernente i l
"diario''-^ che sarà pubblicato n e l f a s c i c o l o d i dicembre d'Alia r i
v i s t a "Peirthouss!"- del noto s c r i t t o r e P i e t r o Di Donato, non savrebbe i n u t i l e a c q u i s i r e i l t e s t o o r i g i n a l e • d e l " D i a r i o " e l a
r e l a t i v a traduzione.
A proposito d e l sedicente "Zùcor" i l c u i ^adre,"poeta d i l e t
t a n t e d i un certo v a l o r e " sarebbe s t a t o amico d i Benedetto Croce
l a c u i madre sarebbe deceduta a l l ' i n i z i o .dell'anno a.95 anni,pot
bero compiersi ricerche anagrafiche a iloma e anche a L a p o l i , per
a c c e r t a r e se t r a l e dotme d i età anziana deceduta n e l 1 ^ 7 7 - i n i z i
d e l T978 ve ne fosse una d i " n o b i l e f a m i g l i a " e s c r i t t r i c e d i
" s t o r i e d i a.-ore s o t t o uno pseudonimo"ecc.
I n o l t r e , p o t r e b b e . e f f e t t u a r s i un c o n t r o l l o presse l a b i b l i c
t e c a d i Benedetto Croce a f i a p o l i i n r e l a z i o n e a l l a presenza-di e
v e n t u a l i l i b r i d i poesie d i p o e t i d i l e t t a n t i .
l i e i contempo, potrebbero V e r i f i c a r s i i n o m i n a t i v i d e i sospe
t i b r i g a t i s t i i n relazione a i d a t i concernenti i l o r o g e n i t o r i .
Va i n o l t r e accertato chi -fossero i t e s t i n c n i d e l l e nozze
Curcio-Ca^ol e i p r e s e n t i a l l a cerimonia, e se t r a l e s o s p e t t i
a p p a r t e n e n t i a l l e BR v i siano dorme- che hanno frequentato l ' U n i
versità d i Trento.
CAMEA
I DEI DEPUTATI - SENATO DELLA IEPUIIIIA
COMMISSIONE PABLAMENTA8E DI INCHIESTA
SUL IAPIMEMTO E SULU UDITE DI i l rifl UOin
I L GIUDICE I3TRUTT0RS
( d r . Frat.ce3C^AI.^i.TO)
30 SET. 2015
1
Prot. n
\
Senato della Repubblica
652
Camera dei Deputati
LEGISLATURA V I I I — DISEGNI DI LEGGE E RELAZIONI - DOCUMENTI
'
MODULARIO
I. P. S 391
MOD. A bis
(Serv. Anagrafico)
l 3 l
t2
<^2
D I G O S
N.0507U/DIGOS
Roma, 5 dicembre 1978
OGGETTO; Omicidio d e l l ' o n / l e Moro e d e l l a s c o r t a .
a l i .2
ALL'UFFICIO ISTRUZIONE
presso i l Tribunale di
R O M A
A parziale evasione della r i c h i e s t a d i codesta A.G. i n
data 18.11 .u.se, che s i allega i n copia, s i comunica che l a
Questura d i Trento, interessata da questo u f f i c i o , ha r i f e r i t o
che i l matrimonio t r a CURCIO Renato e CAGOL Margherita venne
celebrato i n data 1° agosto 1959 nel Santuario d i S.Roraedio
(Trento) ed i testimoni furono SAUGO Italo,'nato a Thiene (VC)
i l 26.2.1940,ivi residente i n v i a Zanella 13 e MULI NARI S Giovanni, nato ad Udine i l 14.7.1946, i v i residente i n v i a Duca
d'Aosta 4.
Entrambi sono n o t i esponenti d i "Lotta Continua", che,
all'epoca., dimoravano i n Trento.
Per quanto concerne i presenti a l l a cerimonia, é stato
possibile accertare che v i hanno preso parte l a sorella d e l l a
CAGOL e t r e comuni amici, non p o t u t i però i d e n t i f i c a r e , dato
i l lungo tempo trascorso dalle nozze.
Tra l e donne sospettate appartenere a l l e "brigate rosse"
che hanno frequentato l'università d i Trento, l a Questura d i
questo centro ha indicato l a nota BESUSCRTO Paola,nata a Verona
i l 15.11.1947,ivi residente i h v i a A.Sciesa 3>attualmente detenuta,che ha conseguito i l diploma d i laurea i n scienze s o c i a l i
nel febbraio del 1974.
Si allega copia del telex della Questura d i Trento.
Senato della Repubblica
— 654
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LEGISLATURA V I I I — DISEGNI DI LEGGE E RELAZIONI - DOCUMENTI
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SICUREZZA-224
NR. 0340/197B/DIBDS AT 050714/OIGOS DEL 26 NOVEMBRE
SCORSO PUNTO TESTIMONI MATRIMONIO RENATO CURCIO ET
MARGHERITA CAGOL, CELEBRATO 1" AGOSTO 1969 I N SANTUARIO
SAN ROMEDIO (T N ) , IDENTIFICANSI PER SAUGO ITALO, NATO
THIENE (VI) 26.2.1940, I V I RESIDENTE VIA ZANELLA 13,
ET «ULINARIS GIOVANNI, NATO UDINE 14.7.1946, I V I .
RESIDENTE VIA DUCA D'AOSTA 4, NOTI ESPONENTI LOCALE
MOVIMENTO EXTRAPARLAMENTARE SINISTRA LOTTA CONTINUA E,
AT EPOCA, DIMORANTI AT TRENTO PUNTO AT CERIMONIA,
OTRE TESTIMONI, ERANO PRESENTI SORELLA SPOSA ET TRE
AMICI COMUNI. CHE, DA ACCERTAMENTI RISERVATI, NON EST
STATO POSSIBILE IDENTIFICARE, ATTESO ANCHE PERIODO
TRASCORSO DA CELEBRAZIONE NOZZE PUNTO TRE STUDENTESSE,
SOSPETTATE APPARTENERE "BRIGATE ROSSE", CHE HAEENT'
FREQUENTATO LOCALE UNIVERSITÀ* INDICASI NOTA BESUSCHIO
PAOLA NATA VERONA 15.11.1947, I V I RESIDENTE I N VIA A.
SCT.E5A 3, ATTUALMENTE DETENUTA, LA QUALE HABET
CONSEGUITO DIPLOMA LAUREA SCIENZE SCCIALÌ DATA 6
PECORAIO 1974 PUNTO
QUESTORE MARGANI
FATE BENE AT 13* RIGO i.. TRA STUDENTESSE,
CT TRA,
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— 833 —
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LEGISLATURA V i l i — DISEGNI DI LEGGE E RELAZIONI - DOCUMENTI
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- All'Ufficio D.I.G.O.S.
Questure di TIC'A
Prego accertare presenza dolio scrittore
Pietro DI DORATO in Rona, o conunque nel territorio
della Piopubblica, nel periodo dol sequestro Moro
1
•
• "
ea inneaiatenente seguenti»
IL COUSIGLIEHE ISTRUTTORE
(Dr. Achille GALLUCCI)
53 • Dot. X X I I I , n. 5 - Voi. 34.
4
1
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Senato della Repubblica
— 834 —
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LEGISLATURA V i l i — DISEGNI DI LEGGE E RELAZIONI - DOCUMENTI
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TRIBUNALE PENALE DI ROMA
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Risposta a rota del ..J...
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n
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I n r e l a z i o n e a l l ' a r t i c o l o g i o r n a l i s t i c o apparso su " I l Tempo
d e l 15.11*1978 che r i p o r t a i n s i n t e s i i l contenuto d i uno s c r i t t o d i P i e t r o l ' i Donato concernerete l a p r i g i o n i a e l ' u c c i s i o n e
d v l l ' o n . r.oro da' parte d e l l e B r i g a t e Rosse - s c r i t t o che sarà
p u b b l i c a t o n e l f a s c i c o l o d i dicembre d a l l a r i v i s t a "Penthouse" —
s i chiede l'esame d e l predetto P i e t r o Di Donato-tradite I n t e r p o l segnatamente s u i seguenti p u n t i :
il
- c h i è i l senatore d e l P.C.I. che l o raise i n c o n t a t t o con
personaggio chiamato "R1";
- c h i è 'ta'le "R1 "(generalità;età;professione{abitazione ecc.)
- c h i è i l personaggio chiamato "R2" ( generalità,età,profess i o n e , abitazione ecc«);
'
- c h i sono i due b r i g a t i s t i amici d e l l a f a m i g l i a r.;oro"(gene
ralitàyetàfprofessione, a b i t a z i o n e ecc.)»
- c h i è t a l e "£ucor"indicato d a l Di Donato come " i l capo
d e l l a banda";
- c h i erano i g e n i t o r i d e l sedicente "Zucor".
IL
G I U D I C E ISTRUTTORI;
( d r . F r a n c e s c o AITATO)
"1*- •
Senati dèlia Repubblica
— 835 —
Camera dei Deputati
LEGISLATURA V i l i — DISEGNI DI LEGGE E RELAZIONI - DOCUMENTI
MOD. A bis
(Serv. Anagrafico)
D
N.050714/DIGOS
I G
0 S
Roma, 16 dicembre 1978
OGGETTO: Omicidio dell'on/le Moro e della scorta.
ALL'UFFICIO ISTRUZIONE
presso i l Tribunale d i
ali. 5
R O M A
Con riferimento a l l e r i c h i e s t e d i codesta A.G., r i s p e t t i v a mente i n data 18,22-11 .u.se., concernenti l ' a r t i c o l o apparso s u l
r i v i s t a "Penthsuse" d i dicembre, a firma Pietro Di Donato, s i
trasmette copia del telex i n data 12 corrente d e l l ' I n t e r p o l , da
cui s i evince che i l redattore capo della c i t a t a r i v i s t a ha r i f e r i t o che-Pietro Di Donato, i n considerazione del particolare
t i p o d i c o n t a t t i da l u i avuti n e l l a vicenda,"non consentirà d i
essere escusso .'
1
Ad ogni buon'fine,si allega copia del telex d i questo u f f i cio i n data 24.11.u.se. con cui s i richiedeva d i interessare l a
p o l i z i a degli USA perché "esaminasse" i l Di Donato sui punti i n d i c a t i da codesta A.G..
Circa l a presenza del Di Donato i n I t a l i a , durante i l periodo i n cui f u tenuto sequestrato 1*on/le Moro, essa sembra essere
sufficientemente provata dalla.foto apparsa sul settimanale "Panorama" del 5 corrente, n e l l a quale e g l i é r i t r a t t o insieme a
don Agostino Mancini,parròco d i T u r r i t a Tiberina.
Si r i n v i a i n proposito a l rapporto p a r i numero d i questo u f f i c i o i n data 1° corrente.
Per quanto concerne g l i a l t r i punti i n d i c a t i nelle r i c h i e s t e
di codesta A.G.,di cui s i allega copia,si f a presente che essi
sono s t a t i , i n parte,evasi,con precedenti r a p p o r t i .
z:
LEGISLATURA V i l i
6346
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DISEGNI DI,LEGGE E RELAZIONI - DOCUMENTI
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•05C714/DIGOS DEL 24/11/76 RELATIVO
ONOREVOLE ALDO UQKO ET SCORTA ET CONCERNENTE SChlITORE
.: 123/73-9-11/02 INTERPOL AT ti*
ITALO AiiFfvICANQ 0 1 DONATO PIETRO PUNTO TRASCRIVASI TESTO TRADOTTO
TELEX S I I TRASMESSO DA ACCE ij Tu LEGALE PRESSO AVbA-SC.IATÀ
STATUNITENSE IfJ ROMA DOE'PLliVTù VIRGOLETTE 29/«1/7S
JAMES GDGDE
- REDATTORE H^eDIvSABILE
DELLA
* 'PE^T.HOUSE I J
INTERNATIO N A LTD.'*, HABET ff.IFEKITD CHE PRENDERÀ'CC\TAT T1 Cùh
PIETRO D I OOwATO PEP. RIFERIRGLI CHE SE Dc5.IDERA:;0 It'TERPELLRE
A UT INTERPELLARLO I l i
MERITO AT SUO ARTICOLO APPARSO SU RIVISTA
PENTHGUSE DICEMBRE 19.76 STOP 6/12/75 JOHN LOMBARDI- REDATTORE CAPO' DELLA
I
PENTOHOUSE INTERNAI IOf'JAL''-' HAòcT RIFERITO CriE I X RAGIONE"
. NATURA CONTTATTI AVUTI DAL p i DONATO QUEST 'ULTIMO tiuU CONSENTIRÀ '
ESSERE ESCUSS STOP CHIUSE VIRGOLETTE PUNTO
D.C.C. MACERA
Senato della Repubblica
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— 837 —
LEGISLATURA V i l i — DISEGNI DI LEGGE E RELAZIONI - DOCUMENTI
D I G O S
TELEGRS
Reina, 24 novembre 1978
URGEHTÌr>STKO
INTERÌ-:I SICUREZZA —CRIKINALPOL INTERPOL EUR R 0 V. A
et conoscenza
INTERNI SICUREZZA - 224 "
R 0 M A
K.050714/DIG03 punto Omicidio onorevole Moro et scorta punto
Reiasione a r t i c o l i apparsi d i recente su alcuni quotidiani r i p o r t a n t i
i n c i n t e s i contenuto d i a r i o , t r a t t o da r i v i s t a "Psnthouse" dicembre
1978, noto s c r i t t o r e i t a l o americano DI DONATO Pietro tra vicenda on.
Kcro» pregasi, a t r i c h i e s t a U f f i c i o Istruzione Tribunale Roma, i n t e ressare polìaia U.SoA. perché esamini predetto DI'DONATO a t f i n o £-4
f C. V-
indicare ogni u t i l e elemento par i d e n t i f i c a z i o n e ;
- oOliatore P.C.I. "che l o cÌGe i n contatto, con personaggio ìniicato
coms Hì-j
RI rsecieoimo st a l t r o indicato come R2"f
n
(,
—
' due b r i g a t i s t i rossi amici famiglia Toro;
capo "brigate roseo"jindicato come "Zucor";
g e n i t o r i predetto Zucor punto QUESTORE DE FRANCESCO
\!
V
Senato della Repubblica
— 838 —
.
Camera dei
Deputati
LEGISLATURA VIII — DISEGNI DI LEGGE E RELAZIONI - DOCUMENTI
0% T R I B U N A L E PENALE DI ROMA
UFFICIO
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1.6.1.1.1.97&.
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OGGETTO :
.pr.oc.....per.....n..US2./7S..A.G..I.
Trib....iioiaa.
A l l a Digos Q u e s t u r a d i
R
O
M
A
I n relaziona a l l ' a r t i c o l o g i o r n a l i s t i c o apparso su " I l Tex
po d e l 15.11.191 8 a f i r m a d i Giuseppe Longo e concernente i l
" d i a r i o " - c h e sarà p u b b l i c a t o n e l f a s c i c o l o d i dicembre S t i l l a r i
v i s t a "Penthouse'j- d e l noto s c r i t t o r e Pietrò D i Donato, non sa[iU ! f r e g h e , i n u t i l e a c q u i s i r e i l t e s t o o r i g i n a l e d e l " D i a r i o " e l a
I r e l a t i v a traduzióne.
.
À. p r o p o s i t o | d e l sedicente "Zucor" i l c u i #adre,"poeta d i l e "
t a n t e d i un certo v a l o r e " sarebbe s t a t o amico d i Benedetto Croci a c u i madre sarebbe deceduta a l l ' i n i z i o dell'anno a 95 anni,po'
bere compiersi r i c e r c h e anagrafiche a Roma e anche a I.'apoli, pe.
a c c e r t a r e se t r a i l e donne d i età anziana deceduta n e l 1977-iniz:
d e l 1978 ve ne fosse una d i " n o b i l e f a m i g l i a " e s c r i t t r i c e d i
" s t o r i e d i amore jsc-tto uno pse"iAdcnimo"ecc.
I n o l t r e , porrebbe, e f f e t t u a r s i un c o n t r o l l o presso l a b i b l i '
t e c a d i Benedetto^ Croce a Mapoli i n r e l a z i o n e a l l a presenza d i •
v e n t u a l i l i b r i d i poesie.di p o e t i d i l e t t a n t i .
:
Pel contempo, potrebbero- v e r i f i c a r s i i n o m i n a t i v i d e i sosp
t i b r i g a t i s t i i h j r e l a z i o n e a i d a t i concernenti i l o r o g e n i t o r i ,
i
Va i n o l t r e a c c e r t a t o c h i fossero i t e s t i m o n i d e l l e nozze
Curcic-Ciigol e i j p r e s e n t i a l i a cerimonia, e se t r a l e s o s p e t t i "
appa.rter.er.ti a l l e BR v i siano donne che hanno, frequentato l ' U n i
versità d i Trento.
J
I L GIUDICE ISTRUTTORE
( d r . Fra:,cesco- ALIATO)
Camera dei Deputati
— 839
Stonato della Repubblica
LEGISLATURA VIII — DISEGNI DI LEGGE E RELAZIONI - DOCUMENTI
0&
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Questura - d i ROMA
Prego accertare presenza dello scrittore
Pietro DI DCKATO in Rena, o comunque nel t e r r i t o r i o
della Bcruibblica, nel periodo del sequestro l'oro
ed isuediatacente seguenti.
v,">
A.
Ai \
IL CONSIGLIERE ISTIÌUTTCK
(Dr. A c h i l l e GALLUCCI)
•Te
J
i
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LEGISLATURA V i l i — DISEGNI DI LEGGE E RELAZIONI - DOCUMENTI
,A
T R I B U N A L E , PENALE, DI ROMA
UFFICIO
;I S T R U Z I O N E
r^c
;*cma. lì 22.11.1976
N . ....... . ;
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Aiiegaxi N . .
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OGGETTO : ..©r.oc... .pén....n...14S2/75..A..&..1Trib....Runa ...^..py^::^-:.,:^.. :'^'^...
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A l l a Digos Questura d i
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I n relazione
f a l l 'articolo —G i o r n a l i s t i co apparso
su " I l 'Deh*
.
1
•
del 15.11.197t che r i p o r t a i n s i n t e s i i l contenuto d i uno s c r i i
te d i Pietro l'i Donato concernente l a prigionia''e l'uccisione
dell*'on. iloro da parte delle Srigate 2*osse - s c r i t t o che sarà
pubblicato nel fascicolo d i dicembre c a l l a r i v i n t a "Jenthouse".
s i chiede 1 *'esasie; del predetto Pietro Di Donate t r a d i t e I n t e r pol segnatamente sui seguenti p u n t i :
J«
. j.
- c h i è i l senatore del J-.C.I. che l o .Mise i n contatto con
il
*
t
-
personaggio chiamato " E l " ;
i
•'
-chi è tale i'R1 " (generalità'; età ; prof essi o;ie ;abitazione ecc.
-chi è i l personaggio chiamato "1:2" ( generalità,età,profes
sione, abitazionejecc.);
-chi sono i l due b r i g a t i s t i areici delia famiglia '. .<. ro" (gens
ralità,età,profescicne, abitazione ecc.);
-chi è tale;"Zucor"indicato dal Di Denato ceree " i l capo
d a l l a banda";
j
-chi erano | genitori del ?sedi u'sr.te ' "Zuet.-r".
J I U D I C E isTRurivRU"
( d r . ?rsn;ce:3C^.-A~.A!?C0
:L
^ 0 •i^ •
/\\\ rv>
vi'
*.*
Senato della Repubblica
— 609 —
Camera dei Deputati
LEGISLATURA V i l i — DISEGNI DI LEGGE E RELAZIONI - DOCUMENTI
IODULARIO
i. R S. 3S1
D I G O S
K.050714/EIGOS
Roma, 1° dicembre 1978
OGGETTO: Oraicidio d e l l ' o n / l e IToro e d e l l a scorta.
ali.2
ALL'UFFICIO-ISTRUZIONE
presso i l Tribunale d i
R O M A
Richiamando quanto già riferito sul noto scritto di Pietro
DI DONATO in inerito al sequestro e all'omicidio dell'on. IJoro, si
trasmette copia fotostatica di un articolo apparso sul! settimanale
"Panorama" del 5 dicembre, p.v., dal titolo "E Zucor disse a Koro..
nel quale appare anche una foto del predetto DI DONATO, ritratto in.,
Turrida Tiberina, insième a don Agostino Mancini.
.-~f\
Con l'occasione s i trasmette copia f o t o s t a t i c a d i una nota
del Commissariato d i P.S. "Kontemario" i n data 17.11 .u.sc. ,concer- ,,
nente g l i accertamenti e s p e r i t i nella zona della Balduina,alla l u ce d i quanto r i f e r i t o dal DI DONATO nel sud s c r i t t o .
;
39 - Doc. X X I I I , n. 5 • Voi. 34.
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rato da un anno. Si trattava di un ripostiglio isolalo acusticamente al
quale si accedeva attraverso un finto
muro ». Uomini delle Br lavoravano
nel garage sotterraneo montando la
Bga
. guardia 24 ore su 24. Alcuni poliziotChi ha rapito U presidente detta Oc? Zucor. CM Fha ucciso}
ti nei giorni successivi perquisirono
Anna. Che cosa è successo in quei SS giorni?
il garage, chiesero informazioni ai
Negli Stati Uniti c'i uno scrittore che sostiene di aver saputo
tutto.
brigatisti, si fermarono a chiacchierare con loro. Ma poi se ne andarono.
• t i trattamento. Di Donato sa tutto.
*fP «cor. I l capo della coSa che un medico visitò Moro e lo
i t a lonha che ha rapito Al.trovò anemico, con qualche probledo Moro, riceve 11 presidenma pc/ i l rene sinistro, ma compleste della De molto educatasivamente in buone condizioni di samente. « L e B r » , spiega Zulute. Che Moro non mangiava. Che
cor, « n o n tono dei banditi.
raccontava a Zucor della tua villa di
Lei deve considerarsi un priTorrita Tiberina dove aveva piantagioniera politico e. « Ma I
to le fave, i carciofi, i pomodori e i
prigionieri politici », risponpeperoni. Che poteva leggere, guarde Moro s Zucor, .debbono
dare la televisione, ascoltare dischi.
per f o n a estere rinchiusi co• Zucor. Col passare del tempo tra
me Balline i n un pollaio? ».
Moro e Zucor, secondo Di Donato, si
E un romanzo? Una ricosviluppò una certa amicizia. Si erastruzione d i fantasia? Un derio accorti di essersi già incontrati
lirio? • No ». spiega Pietro
ncl l95 in casa dello scritlorc Carlo
Di Donato, scrittore italo-.
Levi. Zucor, figlio di una scrittrice di
americano famoso negli artromanzi d'amore, morta lo «corso
ni Trenta per aver scritto.
anno a 9S anni di età. parlò di se a
Cristo Ira i muratori. «La
Moro. Gli disse che era caltolico. che
mia è la trascrizione fedele
andava a messa tutte le domeniche,
di ciò che "mi hanno racconche era molto affezionalo alla madre
talo le Brigale rosse ».
|
•(nella sua stanza della prigione del
Comparso sul numero di
*ponolo, Zucor aveva atlaccato ai mudicembre della rivista ameri I crocifissi e i rosari della madre).
ricana per soli uomini Pen- •
Zucor era Slato anche moltu amico
Ihouse (sullo stesso numera,
di Gianglacomo Feltrinelli: insieme
fra molte pesine di nudi
avevano fatto-vita da payboy e anfemminili, c'era anche una
nusato cocaina.
intervista a Fidcl Castro), I'.
• I «ogni di Moro. Gli amici brigatiarticolo di Di Donato. Cristo
sti di DI Donato sono siali precisi
mila plastica, ha fatto un
nel raccontare ciò che il presidente
certo scalpore negli Stati
della De sognava la notte: la villa di
Uniti e Di Donato deve ora
' Torrita Tiberina, la moglie triste, i
correre da una stazione rafigli che piangevano. Poi. lunghe pasdiotelevisiva all'altra per
seggiate con Zoccagnini che sorridespiegare come e riuscito a
va e con Cossiga. Sognava anche di
mettersi In contatto con le
tessere trame senza fine, di chiamarBr.
si Malvolio ma di essere più conó• Cinque anni fa ». racsciuto, nel sud, col soprannome di
conta Di Donato, « incontrai
Lenguanero.
in Italia, tramite un senato• CU mterrogatort. Erano stringenre del Pei. un industriale
ti? politici? duri? Un esempio ripormolto . famoso per idee di
tato da DI Donato: • E vero che la
estrema sinistra. Lo rividi
moglie del presidente Leone faceva
ancora e pian piano capii PI»*» DI Dsnsta • Torrlta Tlfeorln* Inil.m* *4 Agole oree nella villa Le Rughe? «. . No!
cìve II mio amico era un r i - Mise l&matm, »aiM«e>* <3 Alé* Uan
È falso! ». • Lei mentel ».
voluzionario coinvolto in «• GII sta»aa(nl. L'articolo di Di Dorioni eversive. Cosi, quando
nato rivela chi sono gli autori malel'editore di Penthoust mi affidò l'In- rloso: I quattro ventiti dà piloti dell' ria!! dell'assassinio di Moro: Anna
carico di scrivere una storU sull'as- Alitali* memre'aspctuno all'angolo (la bionda di via Fani) e Franco. An-'
sassinio di Moro, lo andai a trovare di via Fani che. arrivi l'auto di Moro na sarebbe una delle fondatrici delti mio amico che mi presentò un.*brl- vengono avvicinati da un vero pilota le Br: studentessa a Trcnlo insieme
<fatista che era in contatto con i ra- dcll Alitaliache offre a due di loro un a Curcio e a Mara Cagol. partecipò
pitori di Moro. £1 mio erticoSo e U passaggio sulla sua macchina sporti- al loro matrimonio religioso. Erano
frutto dei l«ro racconti ».
va. • Gran: ». rispondono I brigati- molto amici: era stata lei a dare un
Ed ecco I loro racconti, pieni di sti. « preferiamo viaggiare tutti insie- soprannome (Pippo) a Renato a cauepisodi tanto singolari da apparire me: aspettiamo l i pulmino ».
sa de! suo grosso naso. Durante la
»»oluiamenie fanuudofl, ricchi di erDi Donato e in grado di rivelare prigionia. Moro, secondo Di Donato,
rori tanto clamorosi da lar pensare anche i l primo rifugio di Moro: • un
tentò anche di corromperla: • Se mi
che siano i l prodotto di un mitoma- garage sotterraneo di un p r n « o com- aiuti », te disse, « ti prometto che
we disinformalo v superficiale.
plesso residenziale, dulia Balduina, non t i (arò ricercare ». E Anna, scuoI l rapimento. Del commastdo, com- dieci minuti da via Fani ». •
tendo la testa: « Le vostre promesse!
posto da 11 uomini e una donna bion- t» La p r i j ì o s j . • I l nascondiglio nel Sono come quelle del governo ameda, fa pane anche un motociclista ejuslc Moro avrebbe dovuto essere ricano ai pellerossa! ».
. _
vestito da poliziotto. Un episodio CU- tenuto prigioniero era stelo prepa-.
STAHFA
E Zàoor disse a [email protected]@
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li Po© Invoco: «È sfata la regina»
JR capo del compiono c'era ElisasWa betta 11 di Inghilterra. La Corona ori tannica d'accòrdo con le monarchie di lutto i l mondo (compresi I Savoia) da tempo cercava di
destabilizzare la situazione politica
italiana. 11 Poe, Partito opcrajo europeo (uno* strano gruppo pieno di
soldi, che si autodefinisce di estrema sinistra ma in realtà si sospetta
levalo ad ambienti conservatori amcricanl), ne e sicuro. In un libro
dal titolo promettente. Chi ha ucciso Aldo Moro, i l Poe ripercorre in
110 pagine i l tappe delia macchinazione. .
Innanzitutto l'organizzazione generale e 1 mandanti. La regina non
ha (allo tulio da sola: ad aiutarla
ci sono slati a fianco dei servizi segreti inglesi, lo Shin Bel israeliano, i l sovrano militare ordine di Malla, Henry Kizsinger, la mafia, l'intotiauionalc socialista, l'aristocrazia
in genere.
»
Poi ci sono I fiancheggiatori: « Il
nazi-britannlco Mitterrand, capo del
clan del marsigliesi », il socialista
Michele Achilli • organizzatore del
sequestro Mazzo: ti •. il « monarchico » Indro Ubnianelli, tutti 1 componenti delle famiglie Caracciolo, Pallavicini, Colonna, Ripa di Mcana,
Bassetti, poi Amlntorc pantani, Umberto Agnelli, Massimo De Carolis,
Giorgio Amendola, Giorgio Napolitano, Ugo La alalia. !'• ispiratore delle
rivolle nelle carceri » Stefano Rodo-,
ta, il • mafioso dell'Eni • Francesco
Forte, 11 «creatore delle Br» Francesco Albe remi, i l capo brigatista
Mario Scialoja, il • filoierrurisla ecologo » Marco Pannclia, il • teppista
crede al trono» Carlo di Inghilterra. )'• agente israeliano • Francesco
Cossiga. « il vertice da cui panano
sia le piste rosse che le piste nere »
Giacomo Mancini, i l • noto trafficante d'armi » Vittorio Emanuele e infine • l'uomo che ha lasciato la sua
carta intestala nel covo di via Gradoli », Cloe Bettino Craxi.
Tutti costoro, secondo il fpe, compongano un*, organizzazione perfet-
6» Gli errori. L'articolo di Di Donato
fa acqua da tutte le parti. Sembra la
versione romanzata di una ricerca
malfatta sul ritagli di giornali dell'
epoca. Di Donalo definisci. Pannella
« ministro ». Esrlinjuer « 11 duca sardo e railionirto »7 La Malfa e De Carolis • fasciati repubblicani ». Racconta che Anna, !a brigatista, partecipò al ma tri mono di Curcio Ignorando che vi parteciparono solo due
iasilmonl, entrambi
maschi
(Italo
Saugo e Vanni Mulinarli). Fa dire a
Zucor (rivolto a-Moro): « Lei e responsabile dell'uccisione del lavoratori in sciopero o l>!odena, Reggio,
Palermo, Catania s Sceiba,». Sbaglia
la data dello morta di Feltrinelli c
ta e collaudata. Hanno già uccisa
Martin Luther King, John e Robert
Kennedy, Enrico Malici. Nel loro
carnet ci sono altri Ire importanti!
appuntamenti: assassinare Helmut
Schmidl, Giulio Andreotti e soprattutto Il scmisconosciulo presidente
del partito laburista statunitense
Lyndon La Rouche, grande ispiratore del Poe, colpevole di avere anta- .
schcrato le loro trame.
Ma perché hanno rapito e ucciso
Aldo Moro? Il Poe svela anche questo: perché Moro, insieme alle forze sane dell'Italia (Michele Sindon i . Giulio Andreotti, Enrica Berlinguer. Luigi Granelli, Flaminio Pie- .
coni, Giovanni Leone), e del mondo portato al potere Aminlunr Fenia(Paolo V I , Breznev, lo scia di Per- ni, « rappresentante della corrente
sia, Giscard d'Estaing, .Helmut Savoia all'interno deUj De •) non è
Schmidl. Takeu Fukuda), cercava di riuscito? 11 Poe dice, im po' sommaportare avanti i l « Grande Disegno riamente, che la fermezza del Validi sviluppo economico e culturale cano,' del governo e del Pei hanno
che sapeva essere l'unica salvezza mandato a monte il losco compiono,
del suo paese ».
nonostante la slampa « anglofila »
L'ordine di rapire Aldo Moro, se- (Panorama. L'Esvresio, la Repubblicondo II Poe, f u dato dall'» asente ca, La Slampa e I I Messaggero) avesbritannico » Gianfranco ?iazzesi, no- se fatto di tutto per creare lo « scetista politico del Corriera della t i - nario favorevole».
ra. I l 12 marzo, infatti. Piazze;! ' Più precisi Invece 1 redattori del
scrisse un lungo articolo eh» termi- - dossier del Poe sono sul luogo dove
nava con la frase: • Moro ò uno Aldo iXoro 4 stato tenuto prigioniedi quei fatalisti che accettano stoi- ro: » & più che probabile che l'apcamente la morte a una sola condi- partamento in questione sia quello
zione: che giunga 11 più lardi possi- ' dei principe Johannes Schwarzenbile ». Più che un articolo, commenta berg ejnbasciatore dei Cavalieri di
il Poe, quello di PiazzesI era una Malta, i l palazzo Schwarzenberg.
campana a morte, l'ordine di marcia. che gode dell'Immunità territoriale,
D'altronde PiazzesI, secondo i l si trova all'angolo tra via delle 3olPoe, e uno di quegli «senti britan- Icehe Oscure e vis Caetani ».
nici che bisogna tenere maggiorMa perche nessuno ha chiesto
mente d'occhio. Cosi quando U I * chiarimenti al principe? 11 giallo si
agusto scrive sul Corriere della se- infittisce. « Lo stesso principe ». con.
ra che Andreotti è « un uomo vota- - 'tinua i l Poe, «si meravigliò che nesto al sacrificio, che sta mostrando suno degli inquirenti avesse cercalo
una vitalità e una energia assolu- di interroRario ». E adesso non si
tamente Insospettate in chi t quasi potrebbe chiedergli qualcosa? Troptempre dato per moribondo e qual- po tardi. La conclusione del Partiche voli» per morto », per il Poe 4 to operaio europeo e degna di un
chiaro che PiazzesI ha indicalo la classico del brivido: « l i principe
prussima vittima.
Schwarzcnberg e morto in un inciMa come mai i l piano dì destabi- dente stradale qualche giorno dopo
lizzazione (prevedeva anche un col- il ritrovamento del cadavere di Mopo di Slato In aprile che avrebbe ro».
_
sostiene che il 1" maggio l'Italia venne eliminata dalla coppa del Mondo
di calcio (che sarebbe slata giocata
colo in giugno). Racconta episodi incredibili, come quello di Paolo V I che
avrebbe fallo dire messa su un elicottero che sorvolava la casa di Moro
o quello di Eleonora Moro che insulta Poletti e Fanfani, chiamandoli pederasti, puttane e codardi e scagliando contro di loro un vaso di fiori.
Pietro Di Donato ammette di aver
commesso qualche errore. « Io non
sono Italiano », ha detto a Panorama, « e sono stalo un po' impreciso.
Ma la sostanza e vera ». Può essere
più preciso sulle fonti? a No; naturalmente.
r.on ho Jorse dello che
Sucor 1 S^io di unr. icrittrics .oonc
Y f . a a eccito & C? « n i ? . C e ~ Ì s l o
voi, no? ». Panorama l'ha cercata, rru.
l'unica scrittrice rosa
novanlacin
quenne. Carola Prosperi, è viva e abi
ta a Torino. Suo figlio invece. Leo Pc
stelli, giornalista e critico cincrruto
grafico, è morto nel 1976. « Io so soli
che le mie fonti sono credibili », in
siste Di Donato, « e mi hanno dati
alcuni nastri registrati». E i nasi"
dove tono? » U ho distrutti ».
t» Cos3ciuaiotz3- Dice Pietro Di Dona
lo,-riferendosi a un?, testimone trop
po ciarliera della strage di via Fani:
• Gli italiani non si preoccupano tar
lo che una storia si» pii' o meno vero. qur.i'o piuttosto che sia ben r2c
contato
J-i •jle.-co vale,
trob.^ti'rcc-iw, pr.ri kttori ii Pciukouis.
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'TII/TUO Signor
Qì'giTO^K
iltllSSAWATO r.s^j.:cifctE:.ki:to
' *2
-
OC«C-B'»''«*>' ^
a
- Papinichto On/le Moro
t
r,ri
I n relazione? a quinto pubblicato sul Tur>t.idi i " IL.
TK?TPO ,nell'arti rjoio a ri parso i n datn 15 corrente a panini tr«,
dal t i t o l o " Uno . s c r i t t o r e americano ricostruisce i l t ; i o H i r i " ,
s i comunica che sono s t a t i s v o l t i u l t e r i o r i - accertamenti n°ila
parte a l t a di Via della Balduina,ove - secondo l'autore dello
a r t i c o l o — esisterebbe un garage attraverso i l quale i r a p i t o r i
dell'On.le lloro l o avrebbero condotto nel luoro d i pri tri oni a.
•'
Tali accertara»nti hanno dato esito negativo,né sono
emersi elementi nuovi a i f i n i delle u l t e r i o r i indagini.
"'. "Tuttavia,si fa presente che i n v i a della Balduina
n.323 esiste l'atoesso del garage privato d i due palazzine
che hanno ingresso principale i n via Massimi 91|di proprietà
fiell'Istitufro
Opere 3eligiose,con sede i n via deli». Conci liasione
n.IO.
•
M
L'inrr^sso d i tale garage è i s o l a t o ed è stato rica=
vato da un muro,alto circa tre metri e lungo circa canto metri.
Trattasi i n e f f e t t i di un muro d i cinta dèi" ' conplesso
immobiliare sopraindicato' che potrebbe essere quello indicato
n e l l ' a r t i c o e d e f i n i t o " niimeti.r,zato".
eleménto
Anche tale autorimessa è stata ispezionata ma n?nsn
smerso a conferma di ouanto r i f e r i t o n e l l ' a r t i c o l o .
15
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! MODULARIO •
i I. P S. 391 |
;
l.:Ol>. A h *
S ( V , . Ai,-.:;:,jlico)
D I G O S
N. 050714/DIGOS
Roma, 6 dicembre 1978
OGGETTO: Omicidio dell*on/le Moro e della scorta.
ALL'UFFICIO ISTRUZIONE
presso i l Tribunale d i
all.1
R O M A
Con riferimento a l l a r i c h i e s t a d i codesta A.G. i n data 22.
11.U.SC, s i trasmette i l numero d i dicembre della r i v i s t a "Penthous!
i n cui é pubblicato i l noto a r t i c o l o d i Pietro DI DONATO sul sequestro e l'omicidio dell'on. Moro.^/
/
V.. CUESTCRE AGGIUNTO
{MiLkSAZSl)
/sf.'o."
£%• <\™&uifcu*. itti
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tuÀ
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MFiLASTIC
• Crucified, Aldo Mòro was
worth more votes-to the Christian
Democrats than he was
breathing: the Red Bri'gades shot
him eleven times, then
• wrapped him in orangévinyl.
:
On March 16.1978. Aldo Moro, presidenl ol
' Haly's ruling party, the Christian Democrats.
• was kidnapped by letrorists. an act setling off
'•the greaiesl rnànhunt in history and sertously
', shaking the Italian government. On May 8 Moro
,\
• was killed when Ihe government refused to " ' exchange thirteen terroris! leaders tor him. . '
• '•
'•'Penthouse sent Pietro Di Donalo, an
Italian-American novelist and the author ol •. . - ; • •
'- Chris!irìConcrete, to cover Ihe story.
; '
• '••","
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• For months the Aldo Moro case called
.
•
• worìdwide attention to the existence o l the
".'•'*• ;"••
• Brigate Rosse—Italy's RedBrigades—but lor
• alt ol its saturation coverage, the media never ' tafterf ro a BR member. Small wonder. Italians
. talk orty to other Italians.
- "...
Pive years ago. while writing a movie script in
.'
- liaty, l met. through a Comminisi senalor (riho .
' would today like to lorget the whole thing). a '
' manvihomttlcalIRt.
He was a successili! •
• BY PIETRO DI DOMATO
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LEGISLATURA V i l i — DISEGNI DI LEGGE E RELAZIONI - DOCUMENTI
businessman; \>e wasjlso a revolutionary,
though thSe was no ÌS>< ol the then-nonvblent Red Brigades.
Since I /fave/ ro llaly tiequently, we kepi in
touch. When I began to believe that Rt was
in earnesFT.was reatly involved in antigovemment actions. my interest deepened; l'd
joined ihe Communist party on August 23.
1927. the day càpitalism killed Sacco and
Vanzetti; I was sixteen. Oul ol their dealhs
and theearlier death ol my lathei. Geremio,
carne my nove/ Chris! in Concrete. Since
fhen /Ve grown more sophisticated about
the nature ol ali politicai groups—l'm no
longer a card carrier—but /Ve kepi on
j searching:
Last May I returned to Rome lor the Moro
affair. I was prepared to try to use R1 and to
let him try to use me. and I think lhe,bargam
worked out Ime. Through RI I met-.anolher
-ian—I might as weìt cali him R2—who
nad access to the master celi that kidnapped and ex'ecuied Aldo Moro. I spent
two months interviewing the two Brigatisti,
Iriends ol the Moro lamily, police. jóurnalisls, politicai
observers,
priests—
whoever would talk to me. From the material
I gathered I allowed mysell the license to
porlray Moro's lilty-lour-day ordeal and
crucilixion.
The word sacrifice, Irom the Latin, means
"lomake ho.'/" Rt and I discussed the taking ol lite—the bloodiest and cruelest and
• .perhaps the most necessary art- visited
. upon man by man—from the little Jewish
carpente! ol Nazareth, to the never-ending
bloodbath ol war. lo my Umerale bricklayer
lather. sacrificed in concrete to the Great
God Job. to Aldo Moro, the synthelic savior
ol Ihe Christian Democrats, the crucilied
politician. the modem plaslic Christ. . .
The killers o l Aldo Moro witl never be
tonno". . . . His mutuai sacnlicers will noi
permil it.—P. D D
Christian Democral party." Zizzi babbles to
Mrs. Moro.
grown children adiro. Eleonora goes abeo! f u
net chores.
The leader of the Christian Democrats
In the Balduina section o l Rome, lour men leaves his house at Via del Forte Trionfale
oline RedBngades (Brigate Rosse), wear- 79 and gets into his blue Fiat 130. Moro is a j
ing the blue hats. insignia, and unilorms ol methodical man. People in the neighbor-1
Alnalia pilots. pack machine guns in airline hood aie iamiliàr with his habits and route. |
bags.
Each morning he stops to pray at Ihe
Al 8:30 A M they aie driven in a white Fiat church of Santa Chiara, pauses at his lava- j
128, with a Diplomane Corps license piate, ite newsstand to buy the officiai organs of ',
tonard Monte Mario, the Roman suburb the six llalian politicai parlies. and then '
where Moro lives. Simullaneously. Irom goes on lo government business. (On the
•separate points ot departure. three more night before. however. Moro had told
Fiats, carrying seven men and a blonde, Leonardi that. for salety's sake. they would
and a motoreyclist dressed as a policeman use a new. devious way to get to the seal ol
head lor Monte Mario. The white Fiat stops government in the center of Rome. Then he
atthe curb on upper Via Mario Fani. The two phoned Leonardi and told him he'd demen in front remain in the car. The lour cided to go along Via Mario Fani, as usuai.
"pilots' casually walk one block to the in- The Red Brigades commandos were aplersection ol Via Mario Fani and Via Stresa prised ol both changes. They also knew
and stand chatting in troni ola closed bar. neither of Moro's cars was bulletproof.)
The corner is a bus stop lor Alilalia limDomenico Ricci drives carefully. By his
ousine service to Leonardo da Vinci airport. side is Marshal Leonardi; Aldo Moro is in
The thiee other cars and the "policeman' the left rear seat. The ofdaial escori car, a
white 130 Alfa Romeo "Alletta" model, carrying Rivera. Zizzi, and lozzino, follows.
Many aviation personnel live in Monte
Mario An airline employee. spotting the
four ANtalia "pilots," stops his sports car
and says he has room lor two passengers.
They thank him and say they'll wail for Ihe
Zucor told Moro:
Alitalia limousine, due shortly. becausa
"You are an
they want.to stay together.
embarrassment now tò
At the newsstand the vendor praises
Moro for having shaped the new coatichurch and state. tionJ-meaning Moro's "historic comCrucified, you may be
promise" with Enrico Berlinguer and the
Ciornmunists. This very morning a new govof more use."
ernment wili be formed; forty-six elected
officials, members of Moro's Christian
Democrats and Berlinguer's Par/i/o Communisti Italiano (PCI), wifl be selected.
The two Moro cars leave the newsstand
at 8:55. Moro hates fast driving. He glances
at
Paesa Sera, the Communist paper. and // •
on his high-powered molorcycle park beROME. MARCH 16.1978
hind the white Fiat. Several other comman- Messagero, then reads about himself in// '•
. Aldo Moro, the Godfather ol the ruling dos, dressed as telephorie workers. stand Giorno. Il Giorno emphasizes the loyalty to >
Moro ol llalian Presiderà Giovanni Leone, '
Christian Democrats. has espresso and by lo sabotage lelephone lines.
pastry shaves, dresses in a conservative
Two housevrives come oul o l the corner Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti. Senate '
suit. and listens to the cautionary counsel apartment building opposite the bus stop. President Amintore Fanfani, and Christian ;
of his homely v.ile. Eleonora.
One has a dog on a leash. They comment Democrat Secretary Benigno Zaccagnmi. j
Il is 8:30 A M. The beli rings; the voice on ihe absence ol a llorist, Antonio Spiritic- Moro has lo smile. Fanfani is openlyt
Irom the intercom at the Street entrance is chio. and his wile. In any weather the two maneuvering for his job. They are ali aboul ]
.'
that ot Marshal Oreste Leonardi. Moro's arrive in a van each morning to set up llow- as Irustworthy as vampires. - "
At 9:00 Ricci-dnves by the landmark ol i
protecting shadow. Eleonora Moro tells him . eis on the sidewalk. Today is crisp and
• - Pone Trionfate; three mìnu'.es later he turns
lo come up wilh his boys for coffee. The sunny. They should be here.
. j
ritual occurs every morning as though for
An old man on a balcony leeds and la/te left on Via Mario Fani.
the first time.
to his canaries. A police car filled with
Hats in hand, the bodyguards enter. carabinieri races by. speeding danger- The commandos' white Fiat begins lo trail
They wear ciyilian clothes. With ihe marshal ously lor no reason, as usuai. A few mid- the Moro cars. The other three BR cars
lotlow it. Ahead, on the corner, the pilots
are Domenico Ricci, the son of peasants die-aged professional men leave home.
Ihe BR has worked on this operalion lor unzip their bags and step imo the Street. A
and Moro's chauffeur for iwenty years;
young Giulio Rivera, from a Campobasso months. Ih Czechoslovakia they rehearsed fewyards Irom the ìntersection ol Via Stresa
tarm; chunky Raffaele lozzino, a laborer's . the ambush to come wilh cars and and Via Fani, the white Fiat speeds up,
son; and Francesco Zizzi. also from a poor dumrnies—each move laid out geometri- passes Moro's car, swerves in front ol it. and
cally, pinpointed and timed. The night be- stops dead. Ricci jams on the brakes lo
family. Zizzi is elated. It is his first day in the
envious job; he is replacing Officer Gen- loie. tuo. ol them had gone to Via Angelo avo/d a collision, and the second Moro
tiluomo, who has sucdenly and inexplica- Brunetti 38, where the llorist Spiriticchio guard car bangs into him, shaking eveiybly lefi Moro's employ (and who.sub- lives, and slashed the tires ol his Ford van one slightly. Moro, engaged with the politisequently disappears). "My whole family lit so that it wouldn'l obstruct their shooting. cai news, pays little altention.
candles lo Our Lady of Fatima in gratitude (They planned to do a to/ ol it.)
Belore Moro's guards can react, Ihe BR
for my being given the honor of guarding
commandos open tire. The telephone lines
the precious lìle of the president of the
Aldo Moro bids his wife and three of his fout are cut al the precise moment Ihe shooting
1
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starts. Tnéiwo meri Irom the white Fiat and
the pilbs are blasiìHg away Irom the Ironl
and Street sides, the lake motoreycle cop
and commandos Irom the other three cars
Irom the rear. They lire huntiretis ol bulìets.
riddling each guard Irom head to waist.
Only young lozzino mgkes it oul ol the second Moro car, and thè automatic-weapons
lire nearly cuts him in hall.
Moro, ennging, is spattered wilh the
blood a n d brains o l his guards. He is
dragged Irom his car. In his Iright he clings
to his portlolio. as il it can save him, bui in
lite Street he drops it and begms crying:
"Plvnsv lui mo go—what do you w.int ot
ino?'' Thu b i t cotnnundus ub.tiulim thuir
white car. shove Moro inlo onc o l Ihe olhers,
then screech outol Via Fani, turnmg righi at
the corner, and roaring up Via Strésa. The
motoreyclist brings up the rear....
The whole operation takes less than a
minute.
The BR cars turn on Via Trionfale and
race lo Via Casale De Bustis. Tivo pi the
cars stop and transfer Moro lo a wailing car.
Then everyone goes in dilferent directions.
Moro is held on the lloor and diugged;
taking him any dìstance is hazardous. despile the sabolaging ol the ielephone lines.
The car containing Moto and two ol the
Aliialia "pilots," who have now ditched their
hats and coats, stows down and pulls imo
the cavarnous underground garage ol a
large apartment comptex in Balduina, just
ten minutes away. The garage altendants
are BR, prepared to receive Moro.
There was an unnatural quiet in Via Fani.
Then Ihe residents carne oul to salely view
the b o d i e s . Young, l a i l o z z i n o was
sprawled in the guller wilh outstretched
arms, red openings in his groin. chest,
arms, and face. A woman placed // Giorno
over him. but a breeze blew the sports section Irom his indillerent (ace. In the escori
car. Zizzi and Ftivera. painied with blood.
looked like they'd been llung by the hand ot
God or the devil. In Moro's car Marshal
Loónardi's head was pressed on driver
Ricci's chesl. and Ricci's bloody mouth
was on Luonurdt's lorohoad, as though
kissing him.
Via Mario Fani became a Verdi opera;
police. carabinieri, and the army carne
careening at breakneck speed. sirens
screaming. Armbd helicopters hovered. as
though they could light and destroy the
Red Brigades at the scene ol the crime.
Then carne Cardinal Poletti. vicar ol Rome,
reinlorced by his monsignors and priests.
Eleonora Moro and her lour children
arrived. The pocr woman went trom corpse
to corpse. She said to people: "I knew
each. They were good boys. I would ralher
have wept the death ot my husband than to
see Ihese so young dead."
Before RAI Telegiornale television cameras. the politicians carne and held Eleonora's hands: They vowed fidelity and sotidarity, love and prayers. They vowed ali aid
to redeem her kidnapped husband.
In his high voice, (ascisi Republican Ug<.
La Malfa said. "We are in a state cf war Vile
need the dealh penalty relurned!" Socialist
Bettino Craxi brayed incomprehensibly
Prime Minister Andreotti. in his government
building, vomiled with excitement and had
to change his clothes. Francesco Cossiga.
minister of the interior and head of security.
became hysterical. He calied the Pentagon
and the CIA. the Bundeskriminalamt specialists in Wiesbaden. Scotland Yard,
the French Secret Service, the League ot
Privato Delectivos. and ali dop.vtrnenls
of his police. Ho ordorod thousands ol carubiniuri. grurutiori, und bvisaglivn troni
such distarli placos as Sicilia. Calabria,
and Sardegna calied out. "I want every
telephone in Italy controlled!" he shouted.
The BR calied the major newspapers.
saying they had killed "Cossiga's leatherheads" and kidnapped Aldo Moro. But so
did the Walter Alasia"£olumn of Revotutionary Action, the Armed Proletarian Cetls
(NAP). the Group Action Partisans (GAP),,
and the Baader-Meinhof gang.
The little Sardinian duke and millionaire
head of Italy's Communist party, "the father '
of Euro-Communism." Enrico Berlinguer,
swore that it was alj a plot by multinalional
conglomerates. According to "the cybernetics of probabilities." it was the "last
psychotogical chess move of universa!
capitalista' that was subsidizing the "fake
Communists" of the Red Brigades lo com
,.TOit alrocities in order to shock Ihe good
people of the world and turn them against
his Italian Communist party.
The families of the guards carne to Via
- Fani to identify Ihe bodies. Detectives and
reporters questionéd residents. An old lady
said a woman had been in command ot ihe
Biigatisti, a blonde who barked orders in
German. The Secret Police received a cali
from a guttural Iemale voice: "Aldo mit
unsi" A man al a window said the leader
had been a bearded fai man who shouted
with a Milanese accenl. A woman reported
that she had photographed the ambush
and turned the film over to the police. bui i t
"disappoarod." No two storios agroed.
The llonst, Antonio Spiriticchio. and his
wite were seized and giventhe third degree.
^ A neighbor who had a grudge against
' him said Spiritrcchio was a Brigatista.
Another swore she'd taken her dog out at
dawhto pée and had seen two men slashing the lire sof Spinticchio's Ford van. She'd
. calied the police. They did not appear..
Other neighbors spoke on the florisl's behalf. Antonio Spiriticchio. then was treated '•
" as a hero. Mrs. Spiriticchio was even interviewed on television. She said she had
seen the killings and the kidnapping of
Aldo Moto and gave a stirring. detailed account—never mina that she was ten miles.
away. helping her husband remove the (lai
. tires ol the van. when the slaughter happened. Italians don't care whether a story is
true or not so long as it is well told.
In his Turin prison, Renato Curdo, lound- •
er of the Red Brigades. and twelve other
BR members under charges of "kneecap:
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ping" (sflBoìiflg govèltìmen! olficials and
businessmen in the knees) and subversion. heard the news on the radio while in
the exercise yard. They raised their lists.
shouted revolutionary slogans. and sang
T h e Re8 Flag."
Pope Paul VI seni Eleonora Moro a telegrafi: "I desire to express my alarm and
unily with you al Ihe ambush that snatched
your beloved consorl and cui oli the lives ol
live innocenls. . . ." Fanlani, Berlinguer,
Zaccagnini. and the test ol Aldo's comrades and "(riends to the end" calied Eleonora in the night. Their messagos were lite
that ot the pope: saccharinc hopc and no
\ commitment.
Eleonora lalked with her children: Maria
Fida, a journalist wilh the Gazzetta del
Mezzogiorno; Anna, a peduli nata' Agnese, a librarian: and Giovanni, a law sluJent. Each was a child ol our lime, an intollectual o( the far left who had condemned
the father's reactionary establishment.
They spoke of the kidnapping in 1974 ol the
hated Genovese prosecutor, fascisi Mario
Sossi, in the BR's Operalion Sunflower.
The BR had tried Sossi, sentenced him to
death. and then said they would release
him if certain BR prisoners were (reed.
Sossi and his wife imploted tlje government
to negotiate. H refused. So Sossi and his
vvite clamored to the newspapers that his
tellow politicians had cynically signed his
- death warrant. The only moral government
in Italy was the press. The BR in Genoa.
having made their point and using the
propaganda to gain sympathy wilh the
people. released Sossi wrthout condition
atter"holding him for a monlh.
"But." said Eleonora, "the siluation wilh
Papa is diflerent. Unlil now Ihe BR has not
killed anyone. With Papa. Ihey wenl past
the point of no return. Now they will go ali
the way. I had a chili Irom the ambiguous
demeanor of Pope Paul and Zaccagnini
and the olhers. They will stand, cowardly,
on the mythical honor of church and state
and become our mortai enemies."
It was Eleonora who had said in 1964: "To
mo lite politicai wortd is tnhuman. Within
these wails [the Moro apartment J shatt prevali only human sentiments!" Hard lo believe. but Moro was forbidden to talk poliIcs in his own homo.
Socurily head Cossiga— who owod his
career to Moro and claimed lo love him wilh
ali his heart—overnight turned llaly inlo a
police state. The police actually searched
the labynnthine underground garage in the
apartment building where the master celi
held Aldo Moro, but their inspection was
superficial. They chalted with the Brigatisti
garage atiendants. then cleared the place
of suspicion. In a gestore of contempi, the
BR drove back lo within a block of the
scene of the massacra on Via Fani and
abandoned the three ambush cars.
MARCH 18
Al neon the BR calied Ezio Pasera. who is a
reporter for II Messagero.
"This is the Red Brigades."
*lf you're Ihe Red Brigades," said Pasera. T m Buffalo Bill."
But the caller was cairn and serious: "In
the underpassage between Largo Argentina and Via Arenual there is a boolh with a
Xerox machine. On top. under a ream ol
paper. is a yellow business envelope In it
you will ftnd Communicaiion Number One
and a photo."
Pasera hastened. knowing that atl press
phones were tapped. He got there belore
the cops and found the envetope. The
message was a decìaration of war upun the
system ol "corrupt clowns" of the goveinment and announced the beginning ot a
protracted trial ol the pnsoner beloir Ihe
sociillod pooplus' liitninii) nt>at:iH«i<irn>i;
subsuquunlly s j i d Ihut UHI UH had ulriudy
slam Moro and that the photo was a montage. But experis said il was an authenlic
Polaroid; Moro wilh an op$n white shirl was
seated before a big banner that said BRIGATE ROSSE; Ihe BR emblem. a fivepointed star in a circle. was clearly visible.
Moro had a querulous. mocking. anticlimactic expression: lucid apprehension
confrbnting grotesque destiny.
That aftèrnoon saw Ihe funeral of the
guards in the church of San Lorenzo.
The Red Brigades are relerred to by Ihe
"Sbiui" ano" "Sgherri V-the police and their
agefn provocateurs—as the "Bierre." the
Itali'a'n phonelic pronunciatici lor the letters
B and R. Italians like laconic labels, and so
the press a n d magazines always reduce
"Brigate Rosse" to (he simple "BR,"
In its lledgling days Ine BR had no precise setup. But after two notable belrayals
by alleged members Marco Pisetta and an
unsavory ex-priest. Silvano Girono, that led
to the arresi ol Renalo Curdo, the BR pertected an organic struclure ol autonomous
ce/te. Each celi has three members. Six
ce/Vs in a pyramid fbrm a nucleus. The natola/ pyramid is a loolprool construction ot
ali the successive, autonomous pyrvn rir.
The BR is like a worm cut into many pans. ti
exisls as separate enlilies. When police
chance upon a cell. Ihe cc.plured doni
know the whole BR operalion and Ihuì
connol botray it. Tho Sbirri don'l gel blcod
Irom stones. So Ihey coment themselvns
with ìrrelevant units. For cosmetic reasons
they falsily their lindings.
Itis not easy lo gel into Ihe BR. Leading
members include psychologisls. who entically evaluate prospective joiners. The
traitors Pisetta and Girono proved a lesson.
'Zucor"—not his rea! nàme—the director
of the master celi in charge of the March 16
operation, réceived the president of the
Christian Democrats with civility. The BR,
Zucor told Moro, were not brigands like the
boms kidnapping wealthy industrialists
Ihroughout the country. The BR was an as
yet unrecognized politicai group at war
wilh the "legitimate" régime. No mailer
whal you calied the régime, it was dominated. as through the centuries, by family
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dynasties. landowners, corporations. and
iQteigners—particularly American ime»ests. Moro had to admit that. no? So Moro
was not kidnapped-tor money, he was a
politica^,prisoner Moro grunted at Zucor
and ask'ed il politicai prisoners needed to
be Irussed up like chickens.
The BR master-cel! hìdeoul in which
Moro was to be held tot the next tifty-tour
days had been a year in prcparation. It was
a soundprool dead-slorage space in a
huge. anonymous apartment building:
entry was made through a false wall. It was
stocked with enough provisions so that enIries were minimal—once a day at most. at
t a'prearranged hour that changed constantly. Brigatisti attendants workirig in the
underground garage were son guard
twenty-four hours.' Zucor did not even
chance an illegai telephony.
' A doctor examinod Moro. He was
anemie and had a cysl of the Ihyrord and
some degeneration ol the lelt kidney.
Otherwise. he wasn't too bad.
Italy is a small place. It lurned out that
Zucor and Moro were not strangers.
Zucor and Moro recalled meeting
through the Communist writer. Carlo Levi.
Moro had been minister of public education. Fanfani was president, and Angelo
Roncalli had just become Pope John XXIII.
Moro and Zucor, both allractive men (Zucor
was a few years younger). had talked about
their mistresses and then about the per-
petuai pcJitics Zucor had said he was a to be pressured. just spoken to. He was ne:
revolutionary: "When you were a young, toyed with. Zucor totd him. "We are not you:
compliant officer in the Fascisi army. I was brutal Cossiga pobee. in your trial you wil.
underground, hiding Communists and cooperale and give us themnet workings o!
Jews and killing Blackshirts and Nazis." In the crimes your government has comrmt1970 ned left the "corrupt Communists" ted II condemned lo die. you may We. it
and Kjined the Brigate Rosse, a younger. exchanged for the BR phsoners in Tunn.
less "intellectuar group Ihal purged itsetf We would rather see you live We expeci
legularly, and had come lo believe in vio- you to hetp yoursetf and do hope you are
lence "when necessary."
saved by your friends."
Captor and prisoner now had graying
Moro's Inai was intorniai and grave. He
hair. Moro looked at Zuccor and said. "Poii- thought of Raskoinikov and his atfable
tics means lite to me. It is my art, more a proseculor. There was nothing Zucor and
melhodology than a system of ideas."
his jury could teli him about himself. In thirty
Zucor said. "I had ali the pleasures and a years of politicai juggling. the press had
chain of infatuations. but I had an empathy already caricatuted him as the Levantine
for the deprived. and that became my sen- Clausewitz, the Latin Kerensky the Trojan
suality. We are opposite parts. polanzed Horse ot Clerica! Marxism. the Pygmalion
lorces. but I leel for you and your family" ol Liberalism, the Machiavelli of Pasta PcJiMao watched Zucor. who made a sot- tics. the Theonst of Doubl. Ihe Hamlet of
emn ritual of cooking. The food was good, Dialectics. the Last Bus lor the Italian Bourbut Moro hardly ate and lost weight. He geoisie . . . Moro's irony asserted itself.
ttìought of his villa. "Three Geese." and little He grinned at the avatanche: "You have
farm in Torrita Tiberina, where only recently presided al the councils that decided upon .
Eleonora had planted fava beans, ar- reaclionary laws. You are responsible lor
tichokes, tornatoes, peppers, greens. and the kiltings of striking workers in Sceiba.
herbs.
Modena. Reggio Emilia. Palermo. Catania,
Eventually. Moro had the tun of the con- and many other places: and for the murder
fined space. He was given reading mate- of Mara. Renato Curcio's wite. and Ihe slurial, a lelevision set, and à record player, but dents Roberto Franceschi and Giorgiana
the sound on the lalter two were fixed on Masi. You are guilty ot invoivement in countless scandals involving oil deals. coffee
levi
As lime passed. Zucor and Moro devel- purchases, Lockheed, arms traflic. You ve
cped a curious fraternily. Moro did not have-held every government post; therefore
'.yóu're guitty of every crime."
The interrogata began. Moro's answers
were recorded- His denials were futile.
. "Leone embezzledlargesums. isit not so?"
"No." "You liei" "His wife. Vittoria, con
ducted sex orgies in the presidenti country mansion. 'Le Rughe.' is it not UueT
"No!" "You liei"
Moro was regularly inundateo v. .:
cai literature: the publication 'Cc.i.s..
rormation" and four books aboul ma .'
Brigades: Criminalization or irte Oasf
Struggle, BR—Docurrienls ariti Cliron^'-es
ot the Red Brigades, Red Emergerle*, ano
NeverAgain Withouta Rille!—Origin olthe
BR. He read about himself, the BH'r
analySTs of the phrases of the Moro-esquf
styte that was fashioned to "mesmerize tho
. mediocre Senale": "linguislic moduies seni
inlo politicai orbit," "paratlet coovergence."
"convergence of postures." "convergencs
of squared circìes." "convergence of con, trary rationales," "reciprocai comprehension of diverse fronts." Then there was tha*
term so dear to him. pluralismo, used in
combinations: "juridical pluralism." "practical and polemìcal pluralism." Moro had
coined "interclassism," "centrism." "experimentaf caution." "operalion wilhout
trauma," "fluid situational rapport," "angularity of confluenf visions." In a circumstance beyond his control (the first lime this
had happened to him since. as a student,
he'd learned the politicai poetry of duplic- ]
ity). Moro was reading about anolher Aldo '
Moro. This one was the Falher of Lies. He
saw his words covered wilh (lies.
At night, in what he'd hoped would be
mercilul slumber. he began lo dream ot
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now abandoned he was by politicians. reli- BR. They were in chains. caged like btrds io
gorv.«s and Inends. he carne to savor his a Tunn couilroom. Two ol their lawyets.
imprisonmeni. the absence ot power. suave Guisa and falcon-laced Oi Giovanni,
commuto mo» not u
Gradually. as he talked lo Zucor and ob- quesboned prospective jurors. The proEleonora and hit children in Ihe villa 'Three served the BR. a curious rcmanticism. the cess had been gang on lor a long lime,
6eése." Bui his wile was scowling and (he basis ol Mao» occutt Catholicism. long smee no one wanted'to SA in (udgrnent ol
children were sneermg More and more'of- burieej. reasserted itsell. perhaps re- the BR. Italian Chnslrani knew their
ten. he lound himseH m the reaim ot dor- awakened by the stress that tlooded him. Ecclesiasles: "A lime lo kit—a lime to keep
mant phantasmagoria wandering and According to Zucor. Moro seemed glad he one's mouth shul."
conterring with grmning Zaccagnini and was bemg pumshed . . .
Moro watched Cossiga. his lormer prctawrong Cossiga m the Palazzo Chigi. Mon- At the BR s direction. Moro wroie letters tégé. lustify the Itatian governmertt's imlecilorio. the Viminale, the Deparimeni ol. in his scholarly. middle-class manner to placable stand against making any deal
Justice. or in Christian Democrat head- each ol his associate*, trying to convince with the BR to save rum. Cossiga. viewed
quarters- oh the Piazza di Gesù. Moro them that the people* court was serious. by millions. mouthed a quote from the
Oieamed o( himsetl schemingwithout end: that the guerrìllas ol the Red Brigades were Cathoiic martyi Thomas Mote: "In out mot al
Maivoiio. or as they calied hirn m Napies at war with the govérnmeni. and thal the purpose we must proceed with utmost
and the soùth. "Lenguaneio" ("Black international rules ot warlare applied. An firmness not apparent to the public." Moro
tongue").
exchange ol prisoners was necessary. He saw his iron-taced wife laìking wilh the
He. Fantani. Andreotti. and Cossiga. in wrote nearly eighty tetters. On the outside. bizarrely attired. skmny old man of the Vatithe name ol democracy had struck laws people assumed he was being lortured can. the absurd claimanyo mfallibility and
more Unjust than those ol II Duce Moro had and drugged.
intimacy with the Creator of the cosmee. '
long (eli the hate ol thè young. bui in recent Moro and the BR watched the news of Eleonora asked the pope for the deliveryears naie seemèd universa). Zucor and their drama daily on Telegiornale. Au- ance of her husband. The pope broke wind
his jurors now reminded Moro of how indif- tonomous BRceJls calied in spurious on her burnmg heart; he bestowed pietist
(eient the IlaNan masses were to his plight. leads. and the police raced madly through vaporings- upon her Moro, immersed in a
He was far Irom a popular man. His kid- the streets and countryside to raid barns fathomless moment of truth. reasoned:
napping. Ske any other circus^ct. was and cellars. They even searched congre- "The pope has a language ditficulty—he
welcomed as a diversion (rem ine bleak gations at Mass. The affair was made for does not know how to utter sìmpte words: I.
boredom ol lile without work. money, or television, and Moro began to see his lite as the spiritual guide ot 700 million followers.
dreams.
a soap opera. Each day. following the can and will save Aldo Moro.' " And Moro
Moro and Zucor were botri veiy Cathoiic. exacting ordeal of his own trial. Moro saw Fantani and Zaccagnini. protecled by
a fact overlooked by many commentators watched Ihe televised legai proceedings a small army. enter his home to warn his
òn the case, including the" shrill bitch jour- against Renato Curcio. Roberto Ognibene. ..'wife and children not to negotiate wilh the
nalisl Oriana Fallaci. As Moro began to see and Alberto Franceschini. the chiefs of the. BR. He saw them then as false faces and
the mirre* of his soul told htm that he loo had
been the master of masks.
.1
Zucor told Moro that atler a strategy ol
tensicn his He could be exchanged for the
Turin comrades. However. in analyzing
Moro's posilion. he minced no words "You
are an embarrassment now to church and
state. Crucified. you may be of more use."
This situation was exacerbated by Aniello
Coppola's biography. Aforo. It had been
selling well before the kidnapping, and 't
breught to light the minuliae of thirty yeans
of Mephisio manipulation of Italy—Italians
calied Italy. 'Italia Uorotea.' Moro and his
government had been mute about Vietnam, Chile. and the South American dictatorships manufactured in the White
House. Worse. they had daily loused up
Italy In their weekly pre-Communion contessiohs. there was never the breath ol mea
maxima culpa.
Al one point. Moro asked Zucor the signrficance of his being snatched on March
16. "Giangiacomo Feltrinelli (the GAP revolulionaryl was murdered by your government and the CIA on the sixteenth." Zucor
replied.
Feltrinelli and Zucor. very wealthy and ol
the nobility. had long been Iriends. For a
brief peried Zucor and Feltrinelli had been
playboys. sniffing coke with the industriai
royalty»Zucoi's lather wasa dilettante poet.
and to their palazzo carne Benedetto
Croce and the towering Ihinkers and artista. By Ihe lime he was twelve. Zucor had
read the 2.000 books in his tather's library
Zucor's mother wrote love stories under a
pen name. To Zucor. she was queen of the
universe. Zucor wenl to mass because his
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LEGISLATURA V i l i
mother loved Chnst She died al ranetyIwe. a lew monlhs belore Ihe Via Fani venlure. Zucor s space in the Moro hideout
was hung with his mother s worn crucifixes
and rosaries
Brllliant Feltrinelli expanded his family's
publishing house and founded an inslitute
documenting the hìstory ol workers'
movemenls. He joined the Communists.
bui uncompromising revolution was in his
blood: in 1957 he broke with Palmiro Togliatti and the Italian Communist party, contending that il "pissed on the heads ol the
woikers."
t ,,
He visited Castro in the Sierra Maestra
and went with Che Guevara and Regis Debray to the jungles ol Bolivia (where. ironically. only his (ortune and status saved
him). He later tracked down one of Ché's
assassins. Roberto Quintanilla. in the Bolivian Consolale in Hamburg. The gun that
killed Quintanilla was Fellrinelli's Colt
Cobra.
The United States' military intervention in
South America and Indochina convinced
Feltrinelli that at any moment the CIA would
turn Italy into another Chile. In Italy he went
underground. Under many names. he furnished seed money for various radicai
groups: the "Hammer and Sickles." "llalian
Marxist-Leninist Party," "G A P." "XXII Ottobre." In 1969 at the University of Trento
and in the factories of Tunn, Genoa, and
Milan. through Feltrinelli. Zucor. Curcio.
and Curcio's wife. Mara; the Brigate Rosse
was born.
The soul and nucleus of the BR is now Ihe
imprisoned Brigatisti. Somehow they communicate with anonymous. sympathetic intellecluals. professional people. and workers. sending out guidelines to the mole'cular network of terrorism. Zucoi spoke of arl i c u l a t i o n in " c a p i l l a r y c i r c l e s " of
'simpatizzanti' " — a d h e r e n l s interconnected according to the sophisticated
techniques of modem clandestine war. The
BR has gone from minor lo major bloody
episodes relatively quickly. But the ruthless
character of ils attacks. Zucor points out, is
in the great tradition o! politicai killmgs in
Italy—even the Jesuits claimed the righi to
murder rulers who opposed the "will of God
and Ihe people." Power has its own logie.
Moro was the brains of ihe Cathoiic and
dollar democralic hierarchy. "Go with the
limes and absorb ine adversary." said
Moro, who had begun his career in Bari as
a sycophant 01 the Cathoiic Fascisi party.
Systematically, the BR mamtained. he'd.
brought the mufidane methods of the Holy
Roman Empire and the age ol the degenerate popes to the modem llalian ruling
class. Even now Street cynics sneer: "The
Holy Roman Empire can never die; if the BR
wins. Ihe Valican will simply bless it."
MARCH 29
Moro's letter io Cossiga: "Caro Francesco
. ." Atler b o u r g e o i s a m e n i l i e s . he
broaches the realism of a deal.
In the Corriere della Sera, Zaccagnini
says. .'Drd the maximum leader and insprrer ol Italian politics write it. or an Aldo
he
Ico
Bei
mei
mal
I '
wor
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Mof o reduced to impotence in a vile pnson.
stunned Dy drugs and psychological
bratnwashmg?.,. . Surely Ihe BR wrote the
letler and torged his signature—or Moro
has gone insane. The Christian Democrats
extend their protound sentiments ol moral
and politicai solidarity . . . to Aldo Moro,
but Ihe government judges it unthmkable to
have any dialogue with criminal enemies ol
Ihe state."
In the Cossiga lelter. Moro ciled the
agreement between Leonid Brezhnev and
Augusto Pinochet ter the exchange ol renegade dissrdent Vladmir Bukowski and
^thu Chitedn.Communist leader Luis. Corva1an. He also condcmnud Uni in^U.'xiblo
sland ol Israel and the Podurul Rupubliu ol
Gurmany lor relusing to nogotiatu wilh the
turrorists ol thu Block Scplembor group
"ur Ihuir ulluck on tho Ist.iuli Olympic
jn.
On Easter. television crews focus longdistance lenses on the Windows ol Moro's
home, but they are curtained. Eleonora and
the children have locked themselves away
from Ihe circus. Only sleadlasl Iriends
come and go al Via Forte Trionfate 79.
Nicolo Rana and Corrado Guerzoni mainlain secret communicatrens with the BR.
nogotiating lor Moro's lile. The police
hound them.
MARCH 31
Moro's Christian Democrats iormatly
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abandon him. A statement is issued: "As
long as the party stands firm against any
negotialions. the killing ol Moro will represent a spiritual viclory lor Italy and a definite deleat lor Ihe terrorists." Knowmg that
there are secrel Communications belween
the BR and the lamily Altorney General
De Matteo goes to the Moro home in
order to grill Eleonora sublly. She considera him an enemy. Then the pope belches
again: "The Church deplores Aldo Moro's
predicamene bui we dp not despair.
wepray"
Zaccagnini goes to Eleonora Moro and
tnos lo pursuadc bar that the honor and dignity ol thu stufo tiiko procudonnu ovur hur
emolions. Eleonora ali bui throws him oul.
APRIL 2
Now conscluuunuss bucutno Moro's
nighimare. He ollen daydreamed. He was
in a strange land, surrounded by menacing
blacks; he couldn'l find the police. and
there was no way back to Eleonora.
Eleonora had ollen said that politicians
were noi human. He. himself was not capable of compassion. only of the chess of
statecrafl. He rarely saw his family. Once.
Eleonora found a love letter in his coat.
From then on she went no more lo the
beauty shop, nor used cosmetics, nor
bought dresses. She mourned his infidelily
and linked it to his indifference to ihe fate of
ihe viclims of the power lui.
In some ways "Anna*—that is not her rear
name—the one Iemale member ol Zucor's
celi (who wore the blonde wig at Via Fani)
reminded Moro of Eleonora She had her
strength. Anna was pan ol the Trento University politicai larva of 1967-69 that
evolved from the dialeclical "Università
Negativa" into the BR. Anna had been
Margharila ("Mara") Cagol's bridesmaid
when she married Renato Curcio. Anna.
Mara. Curcio. Mauro Rostagno. and Ihe
German student leader Peter Schneider
were (he prenafal BR.
Anna had no illusions about a Castrotype victory. Sho had wnttim. "This is our
pruruvuluttonury momunt. Ituly's situatimi is
not similar to the oxpurioncu of tho Russians. Chinese. or Cubans Wo must udiust
to a long poriod ol blooily slrugglu Wo
must noi bo . . . ittlollucluiil vuyouis
who sii on ihe sidelines and 'interpret.' The
capitatisi enemy kills. as Ihey killed my father in the police-provokecftvtilan riot ol December'12.1969. Either we kill them or they
kilt us."
By accident. Anna happened not Io be
with Mara when Mara was Irapped and
shot to deaih by the police. Anna could
have passed for Mara Cago! Curcio: small.
frail. soft spoken. But it was Anna who gave,
Renalo Curcio his nickname. "Pippo." because ol his big nose.
Dunng Moro's trial. Anna brought Ihn
evtóence of Ihe charges. along with pi lotes
and films of police terrorism. She presented "prool" of government frauds. of its
.liaisons with the Mafia and ine Vatican lo
"keep Italy feudal." She made Moro feel
veryold.
Oncfe, feverishly. he dared whisper to
Anna that if she would help him. he'd pive
his word to exempt her from prosecution
"tour word .' As valueless as government
Irealies with Indians! As valueless as
summit conferences with the unconsciO'js'
We will not hesitate to tear your word 'o
shreds! Write your confessioni Cough up
your identity and restore the magical baiance of memory and desire!" She actually
spai at Moro. ,
They brought much—too
muori—
against him. He no longer answered al ali.
He became as ingenuous as Prince
Myshkin in The Idiot.
1
1
APRIL 10
Moro told Zucor he had a premonition of
dealh. President Leone had cynically
named his water spaniel "Moro."
APRIL 15
The editor of La Republica teceives a
phone cali: Communication Number Six is
in a certain garbage can on Via dell' ATnunciala. It begins: "L'interrogatrio al
prigioniero Aldo Moro e' terminato,' and
ends. "Non ci sono dubbi. ALDO MORO E
COLPEVOLE E VIENE PERTANTO CONDANNATO A MORTE." Moro's trial is completed. He is guilty beyond doubl and
forthwith condemned to die.
Charily Italy. Amnesty International, and
Kurt Waldheim of Ihe United Nalions im-
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)
medi?.:*, ofler lo mediale. The llalian gov- prisoners are freed. The government is alernment refuses. A clown sends an aileged lowed forty-eight hours. To erase any
BR message: Moro commiited suicide; his doubts about Moro's bemg alive, the BR
body Can be lound in Lake Duchessa, high calls the editor of /' Messagero. Nearby. on
m the Abruzzi Mountains. The government Via Tritone, is an envelope with a photo. In it
doesn't hesitate lo spend lavishly on a
Moro has a tranquil expression. Behind him
searcrToperation that could relieve il ot its is the Brigate Rosse banner: propped in
Moro problem.
front of him is La Republica wilh the headline HAS MORO BEEN KILLED?
Moro's son. Giovanni, however, secretly
in touch with the BR. knows his father is
The BR sends xerox copies of eight
alive. He organizes a petilion ol antipapal pages wrinen by Moro to cilies ihroughout
prelates lor an appeal to Ihe government. Il ' Italy Moro insists on the govemmenfs makis ignored.
ing a deal. He has doparled Irom his old
ChooGlng lo boliovu him rlii.-ul. Muro's
ochotillnncrinr utammur, hlu woulu dio an»
coiimUau In yuvumimiiil Ioni thu miiol ol gutuliud and plum; "You—Zaccagnini. Ancafharsrs; ineyquicklybtrgiri their telomous dreotti, Fanfani. Berlinguer. Leone, and
chatler; "hero of Ihe nation with grandiosity Cossiga—are ali guilty along with me and
of soul." "genius of conciliation." lAldo lives must rise lo the manliness of sharing my
on in our breasls!" Via Mario Fani has its fate. I am here for ali of you. and should you
name changed to Via Mart'yr ol March 16.
not agree to the prisoner exchange, 1 shall
hold you and the government as my murAPRIL 19
derers. Aldo Moro."
A corpse is found under the ice of Lake
Duchessa, but il is that ol a locai man. The APRIL 21
disappointment in Roman power circles is The pope addresses an appeal to the BR: "I
wrile you. men of the Red Brigades, and
palpable.
pray of thee on bended knees to restore to
The BR strikes ali over Italy.kneecapping—"lurning powerfùl reaclionaries*. Ihe common brotherhood of man our faithinto lame horses." They chili Lorenzo Cotu- ful son of the Church of Christ, the Honorgno, the sadislic warden ol Curcio's prison. able Aldo Moro, without conditions. Paul
VI." Bui the following day, from his balcony.
the pope squeals harshly of Moro's keepAPRIL 20
ers. This does not help the Moro family's
Communication Number Seven: Moro's
efforts. However, the BR does not act upon
death senjence can be commuted if BR
its deadlme. The government leàders seer
smug. Berlinguer, not lo b e outdone. pulì
out alt the stops. He shrieks against "Ih
assassins of the Brigate Rosse." Berlingu .?•
is particularly otlended (hat the BR are cali
ing themselves "the Irue Communists."
APRIL 22
The Bishop of Ivrea. Luigi Bettazzi, workinr
with the Moro family, oflers his. Me as hos
tage lo the BR. The pope indignante
squelches the bishop's invotvemenl. But
Ihe bishop delies Ihe popp, he a m i
arxmynuHJu rlch Inumili itvuv Siti niilliiw*
runsom and pludyo an addilioniil $20 million. Church and state negate the attemp"
as an act demeaning to the government .inviolable stance. A statement is issuec
"With the saving ot Moro, the lawless BR m i
kilt ànd kidnap continuali/"
The BR turn down the ransom olfer. They
are not interested in money They want Ihe
recognition of politicai ajatus.
A group of impotenf actors, bulfoon directors, narcissistic writers. and discarded
celebrilies, such as Federico Fellirii,
Eugenio Montale, Sergio Amidei, and Alberto Moravia, sign an anti-BR sermon. The
Communist Bernardo Bertolucci keeps his
mouth shut.
APRIL 24
Communiaation Number Eight: Thirleen
prisoners are to be freed, including Brigatisti. Nappisli, and members of the October
Twenty-second Group—"the llower ol
flowers of lerrorism." If not. Moro dies.
Minister Marco Pannella wanls the situation debated in Parliament. Cabinet President Pietro Irtgrao says no. Ingrao takes his
orders from Fanfani and Berlinguer.
APRIL 25
Moro's third letter to Zaccagnini: " Z a c . .
we are at the moment of my slaughter Ths
DC must depart from its attachmsn to
mythomania, admit to reality and f-ccrp!
the conditions ot the Brigate Rosse.
.i
do not accept the inequily and ingratm idt
and the atrocious death sent3nce visi'er
upon me by the Christian Democra! pfcfty
which is no! the people but you. my Ine •• >•
of thirly years—and. as I see now. .
•
men who will have to account fo my far": •/
the nation, history. and God for your participation in my m u r d e r . . . for what you have
committed against us. I demand thal ne
State authorities or men of the DC des£
crate my funeral with their presence. ! v/sh
my corpse tò be attended only by ;he leni
who in God's eyes were good and |rue ¥>
•me. . . . Aldo Moro."
As answer. church and state make imaginalive gestures to show the people Ihal
Ihey are aiding Aldo and Eleonora. The
pope has a helicopter containing a beauti'
fui slatue ol Our Lady of Falima and a priecl
saying a Salvalion Mass hover over Moro's
home; the Air Force has six jets paini the
red, white. and green Italian tlag in the
skies over the Via Martyr.
In Torrila Tiberina the white-haired paslor,
Agostino M a n c i n i . Moro's confessor.
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iks sadly ove' Marlooros ano wine: "In
wenty-five years that I conlcssed the
xacle Aldo-Moro. God and I heard
is about government that would make
hair stand on end. Signora Eleonora
jed him to relitte Irom what she calied
mhumanity ol his pursuit. but he had
i his soul as bail lo the state he oesd. The common people unarumously
hat Moro will be immolated by the lad
ilian democracy I will noi comment on
xxitill—he is not Pope John . . . bui
BR prisoners could be released.
ima has ollered them sanctuary and
' Moro is home, the government could
trt- 'the Israelis and West Gcrmans:
:k tnem down and |usiice' thom. Pooit
ro. He has not even picked out a'
rb. . ."
«
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DISEGNI D I LEGGE E R E L A Z I O N I - D O C U M E N T I
at his luneral. Then "I see that my party
wants my destruction—assumes that I am
wnting under the dictation ol the BR. Why
do youlie?. .-."
Jimmy Carter, in uphoiding human rights.
*'
President Carter s representative. Joe ^ u ^ " * *
Califano. whodoesn'l know his ass from a "
hole in the ground in Italy. applauds Zaccagnini's no.
MAY 1
Russia's Pravda calls the Brigate Rosse
A satyricon begins: the llalian soccer team "Red Bandits" and bad-mouths Socialist
is eliminated Irom World Cup competition. Craxi for trying to save Moro.
Television shows tho result ol Ihe defeat. Ali
An American novelist descrjbes for an
over Italy. there is rage. depression. drink- llalian magazine a Sgherri headquarters in
ing.
Trastevere: " . . . in their bare rooms they
Zaccagnini. whose hobby is the study of wile away the time like cretins. playing with
Nostradamus. announces that Nos- balls of paper. making airplanes. practictradamus prophesied the Moro ambush. ing fast draws like their heroes in American
This scems to comlort Zaccagnini.
cop movies. holding masturbalion conThe Society of Jesuits accuses tests."
piGOS—the secret service—of effemiThe Communist Saint. Enrico Berlinguer,
nale weakness and muddling. Fascisi Re- informs on "extreme leftists" who have left
pubticans Massimo De Carolis and La his party "to, most likely, ally Ihemselves
Mal|a vow Ihat there is underoable collusion with the clandestine politicai terrorists!"
ìli
between the police and the BR.
MAY 5
'atoiy. Sodatisi Craxi speaks ol an "auThe ninth and final BR communication arnmous initiative" bargain with the BR. MAY 2
xagnini goes crazy: "What the hell do Magistrate Mario Daniele ol Miian pro- rives: "The action initialed Marcii 16 is
i mean by 'autonomous initiative ? ' Craxi poses that in exchange for Moro, the gov- properly now reaching its climax with the
jgests one or two prisoners be allowed ernment commule the sentences of ali BR fullillment of the sentence to which Aldo
iig a tunnel and escape; then let others prisoners to a maximum of two years. Zac- Moro was condemned. . . . The Moro bat. on the pretended grounds ol en- cagnini. no doubt thinking ol Nostradamus, tte is the first of many. This is only the beginning."
tgered health. The pian leaks to the pa- thunders "No!" again.
s. There is a furor among the fescists,
Yassir Aralat defines the BR terrorism as
ixi modifies his pian: suspend à few sen- "mililary operations."
MAY 6
ces and give paroles; also, reform the
Idi Amin Dada, over Radio Kampala in Eleonora receives a cali: "This is the' BR.
k Ages prisco conditions. The Com- Uganda, says he will convince the BR to You have a few hours left in which to save
lisi party thunders no!
release Moro, since he believes. atong wilh your husband. Aldo Moro, the father of your
ÌIL 27
o's personal secretary. Nicolo Rana,
lily friends Corrado Guerzoni and
eno Freata. and Eleonora and Ihe chil-'
n come up with a scheme: BR prisoners
ild be Iranslerred from the Turin jail to a
vincial prison no more secure than a
;ken coop; BR commandos could raid
prison and (ree the comrades. with ihe
me placed on the rural authorities. Moro,
eleased. everybody is happy, and the'
/ernment's face is saved.
Zaccagnini and his boys fiercely reiecl
• idea. Eleonora appeals to Paul VI. but
i pope clasps his ringed hantìs deplor|ly and shakés his head.
•RIL 28
xo has never watched so much televixi. Along wilh 25 million other TV fans. he
ics a series, "Madame Bovary." He disj s s c it with Zucor and his keepers.
PRIL 30
Messagero publishes anolher Moro mesage. As president of the DC. he wants a
onvocation of the National Council. "I want
te irnpossible done lo save my lite! The
Jocialisls have shown more humanity. . . .
wish Misasi lo preside in my place.
"My social views and Ihe dialectics and
deàls ol Ihe BR have hardly anything in
common, but ali my public lite I have relained as humanely feasible the mercilul
exchange of prisoners of war. The Christian
Democrats have judged that Aldo Moro
must die." Moro repeats that he does not
want the men of power, not even the pope.
26
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n»t
I
children."
The phone is tapped by Cossiga's police,
but the message is just code anyway: decipheied, it means that a note irom Aldo
awaits. The daughter. Anna, leaves the
house. Anna takes bus 446 to Ponte Milvio.
She bides her turn patiently at a phone
booth, enters. does not make a cali, finds a
letter in one ol the directories. relurns home
by bus.
"Dearest Norina. This is i t . . .they have
told me that in a little while they are going to
kill me. The DC and the government. had
they wanted, could easily have saved me.
This is the end. I am to die very soon. I kiss
you lor the last time. Kiss the children lor
me.'
Eleonora immediately gives the letter to
ali the papers. They publish special editions.
The arch-reactionaries in-^ie DC severely criticize Moro's larewetl missive and
pressure the pope to teli Moro that it's
God's will lor him to die and that he should
tace death happily. as have many Calholics
beforehim.
Most government leade'rs have lelt Rome
on their efection campaigns.
The populace are lixed to their television sets as usuai, watching an Agatha
Christie murder mystery The Aldo Moro
show is (jetting boring.
The rJC sends the uncluous paunch,
Fanfani, to Eleonora, and Paul VI sends
Cardinal Potetti. She is to resign herself to
the martyrdom of her man for the ineffable
glory of The Law and Jesus Christ. Eleonora Chiavarelli Moro, erudite daughter of a
physician. Montessorian teacher. finally
explodes with truths. In her rage. she calls
the pope and the polilicians charlaians.
pederasls. whores. and cowards. They are
trailors. who are soon to be stained with ti»;
blood of Aldo Moro so that Italy won't tose
face belore the rotten superpowers anc
stinking multinational corporations. In her
wtath she curses man-made church and
state and smashes a large vase filled with
f lowers against the wall near Cardinal Potetti
and Fanfani.
Tho Christian Domoctalo had ptclcnnd
Moro as « murtyr pnor lo tho icgion:i>
and nalional eloctions. Thoy had calculaicd
that the shockod public would rotici emcllonallyforlawandorder, incroasing the power of the DC and diminishing notably,
if not disastrously. the standmgs that the
radicai parties had. Indeed. they were
right. In the subsequent election, the DC
pìcked up 8 percent of the national vote,
raising its share to 46. The Communists. to
Berlinguer's chagrin, dropped down to
30 percent.
=•)
tgeven
be350
Ito
iO.R.
"iew
onos
.
I
MAY8
A BR source in police intelligence reports
that a German cnminologist has correctly
deduced the area ol the Moro hide'out. At
night the master celi vacates. Moro is taken
in a van to a temporary hideout near the
sea. It's an area of.summer homes for Ihe
rich, relatively uninhabited until June. an
hour Irom Rome.
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MAY 9
Zucor. tells Moro that this is it.
Moro admits thal he is tired. He has been
thinking ol a message. sent by Eleonora.
"You have been abandoned by Church and
man. Only Aldo Moro can help you
now . . ." Moro thinks of defecling. then
rejecls the idea, "l'd look bad in khaki." he
tells Zucor.
rie doesn't eat his last meal. He refuses
sedatici. He just wanls to pf'rayj he has no
other desire.
'
t :
A priest is sent for. a young radicai who
will never inform. He is brought in a closed
van, then blindfolded from the van to
Moro's room. Moro softly conlesses his
sins. buf his Act of Contrtlion is lervent. The
young priest celebrates Mass and gives
Moro the lasl sacraments. The priest
weeps.
For collation Moro has a cup ot water.
Anna gives him a haircut. He showers and
brushes his teeth, but h%doesn't bother to
shave. He dresses in the clolhes he wore
when kidnapped. He puts on his socks of
midnight blue (which, he does not notice.
are inside oul), the wliite shirt with blue
stripes made by La Ninarelli in Bologna,
Suspenders, the beige Swiss sweater, the
carefully knotted tie with tiny. white designs, the dark blue suit, tlexible shoes
calied "mocassini." He puts his scapular. rosary as well as some medals of saints in
his pockets.
Zucor tells him. "You will go now with
Anna and Franco." Anna wears a red wig
this lime. Moro meekly fcJlows them out of
the house and along a dnveway lo a red
Renault 4 station wagon. Zudor says:
"Please get in and lie down." Aldo Moro
obeys. The- space in Ihe b a c k is so
cramped that he has lo (old his legs under
him.
Zucor gives the following orders to Anna
and Franco: "Park and lock the car on Via
Caelani. in the ancienl Jewish ghetto between Moro's Christian Democrats and the
building of Berlinguer s Commurnsts: Walk
slowly away with your weapons in tho
shopping bag."
Franco drives. while Anna covers Moro
from the front seat. The Renault, with the
stolen license "Roma N57686." is passed
by a few cars and trucks on Ihe highway by
the sea. It turns onlo an isclated, sandy
road. No one says anything.
Franco and Anna get out. He holds a 9
mm. pistol; she. a scorpion machine pistot.
Bolh are fitted with silencers. They tilt the
station wagon's rear door and fix the lalch.
Moro loote at them. To die in such a shabby
way...
Eleven bullets slam through Moro's
chest, leaving a path of punctures. They
wrap him in a large sheel of orange-colored
plaslic and place him on a heavy, soiled
overcoal. They put their guns in a STANDA
store bag and drive back onto the highway
toward Rome.
Utiili
COI
thi
as
(*/
t«
W
II S
I
TOT
I 5=
I E
I
Not one bulle! touched Aldo Moro's heart. It
took him Irom live'to tèn minules to bleed to
death. CH—a
G*i
I
ttedaU
28
Senato della Repubblica
— 671 —
Camera dei Deputati
LEGISLATURA V i l i — DISEGNI DI LEGGE E RELAZIONI -" DOCUMENTI
• '• . i &m.f;.,-.-
ygjlpfe'HMing'in fesponse lo Ihe essày "Detofe^Nopaiièf " by James E. LUÌ.' (Supicmta^ 1978) I am pteased lo see that the
pesete atPentftouse have me spini to ptim
ri ;a'yj^;4SS>osihg,lhat 01 your "Cartorgate"
,. àii«s:.;l ani in prison and don i rimi uve
":' it»mhmt<«iiutK<ialx»ittlvr-puhndit* «irti
: am gjulflul lor fho informano l yui Iran
. your magatine. You print the linest com• V°>ary of alt the magazines feceivfed tjere
.;Ì«Siopiison.
'
'. J wuutd UMI lo pomi out to your rUiileia
dui fruuidoiit CurHir's many Ciinip.iiyti
rxqihises are long in coming lo fruilion lor
•y reasons. I lee) that Ihe main reason is
ditlicuUy he has had in ridding his adrrunistration ot Nixon cronies. I think that
Carter is doing what he can; one step at a
lime. He is slowty ridding himself and the
nation of the ineffactua^ people within the
lederai government.
Penthaisè is also doing a splendid job of
exposmg the corporate poweis thal appear
to be running the government. President
Carter has his hands luti with these powerhungry (reaks thal continue io make our
government a laughingstock behind Ihe
c £oó òoors of corporale greed. In this
land ol free emerprise if a man wanta lo
make a taxi out ot his own car. it will cost him
r
1
S2Q0G0 to do so. Is this free enterprise?
No it's corporaiions digging mio our pock«ts. Their money makes the laws that rid
themselves of any competilion through
paid-otl congressmen and senators righi
nn down the Ime to our own city supervisore Mi. Carter is accepling new laws
thal wifl aflect Ihese no-compelition laws.
He must wòrk slowly. or he will be shot
down.
VVhat wo need is a sialo ol concerà
Fvery persoli who considera tintiseli an
Airxiricari shixiltì moki! an ulfort to bicorne
aware of Ihtt reat silualions that the people
lare every day Mr. Car lei is the president ol
It»; United States wholher wu like it nr noi.
Ile neeil:; the barking ol alt Iht: people lo
i-uiiniiue the strugglo to nyht many
wrongs.— K.W.G.. Vacavate. Calif.
In his arlicle "Defending Carter" James E,
Lee says. "One world is stili some dislance
away but the direction is clear And what
sane, sentient person would take exception to such a prospecj?" I do. I lake slrong
exception to Ihat prospect as well as lo Mr.
Lee's opinion of Carter. The one world Mr.
Lee speaks of is not a pleasant place if one
happens to believe In the principles of individuai freedorn. democracy. and justice.
The Global Society envisioned by Rockefeller. Carter, and Brzezinski is a lotalilarian.
socialistic society more similar to the Soviet
Union than to America.
The Rockefeller-Brzezinski pian for world
unity was actually conceived 200 years
ago by a small grnup ot ultianc.h men who
calied themselves "The Illuminali " or "The
Enlightened Ones." Their pian was simple:
to use whatevw means were. avaitable—
violenl revolution tirtmocraiic process.
bnbery • - to allow governments ali over the
world lo gam miai control ovf :r every aspect
ot the individuali lite and then to gam conimi of the governments themselves Tho
pian has worked ouife well so far and has
resulied m the sociali/ation ol Russia.
Easiorn Furopc mosl ol Alnca and to a
tesser degroe the United States Don't gut
contused by the lact that Rockefeller and
his cnhorls (hoirs of the Illuminali) oio
"rupiMlists": tliuy Un net deane j riiriliriiiiiImn. of the Irw.'-enierprise system Thuy
used it to gain their wealth. but Ihey know
that il free enlerprise continues. they might •
tose their wealth to anyone^ho could pio• vide consumers wilh bettèr produets at
lower prices. So Ihey seek to preserve the
power that wealth prings them by giving
control ol ali weallh (noi jusl their own. but
yours and mine too)to the government and
by putting themselves in control ol the government. .
These men are not stupid. They have
plotted carefutly for many years to bnng
their pian to fruition. They are noi about to
lei any^independenl source ol weallh and
power escape their control. A globat society with them in chargemust be totaluarian.
Any area ol human life that is lelt out ot their
control will attract the most creative and
energetic individuai in the society and
torm the beginning of a power base thal
would threaten the world order. Only by
blotting out ali freedorn can they ever hope
to maintain their power.
As an individuatisi and a lover of freedorn. I could not lolerate such a society.
Those who feel likewise shoulri rom the light
against The Tnlaleral Commission and Ino
Rockefeller-Brzezinski-Carter pian for tho
Global Sòciely. A true. heallhy world community can be brought about only by individuals who work together votuntanly. not
by some government tellinp them to dn so.
The way to tight Rockefeller's cronies is lo
oppose any mlrusion of the government
into the private affairs of the citizens and lo
demand that alt current intrusicms be repealed. What is left of Ihe true freeènterprise system cannot survive a
national-health-insurance program, the
conlinued expansion of welfare and social
securily. the regulation ol private businesses by parasitic bureaucracies. and
who knows whal else Mr. Lee's Iriends can
dream up.
The recent passage of Propositton 13 in.
California showed that "the powers that be" '
can be defeated. But the fighi to regam tosi
freedorns must not stop ihere. Taxes must
be limited in every state as well as at the
federai level. Conslitutional amendments
must be passed to prevent any furlher expansion of the government and to eliminate
many currenì programs. And. above ali
etse.JimmyCarter must not be reelected.
—M. Wagner. Middletown. NX CH—a
29

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