History - Lone Star College
A Little History
Three Types of Spaces
Proscenium – The picture frame stage where the
audience watches the actors through a
Thrust – Stage sticks out and the audience sits on
Arena – Audience on all sides
Theatron – Steep seating area that surrounded the stage on three sides.
Orchestra – Circular playing area.
Skene – The stage house from which actors made their entrances
Paraskenia – Long high walls, extended on each side of and parallel to
Proskenium – A columned arch at the rear of the platformed stage,
right in front of the Skene.
Eccyclema – wagon used for many things
Periaktoi – Three sided walls with different scenes on each side
Machina – A machine used to make the Greek gods come and go.
As with most things Roman they took the Greek
stage and evolved it.
Mainly they took all the separate parts of the
Greek theatre and made it one building called
the Scane Frons
News Flash – Rome fell and so did theatre for
about 500 years
Pageant Wagon – stages mounted on wagons,
toured around the country side
The plays performed on these stages were
moralistic tails or Biblical stories.
Secrets – special effects stage scenery used to
put on these plays
More modern recreations of Greek and Roman
Forced Perspective – a Painting style that
increases the apparent depth of an object
Raked Stage – Stage that is higher in the back
Stock Scenery – General location scenery
Drop – Large cloth onto which a scene is
Stages got fancy
Apron – flat extension of the stage floor in front of the
Borders – Cloth drops hung above the stage to hide the above
Elevator Trap – 4x4 or 4x6 area of the stage that could raise
and lower actors or scenery
Elevator Stage – Large area that could lift whole sets
Revolving Stage – Large disc built into the stage floor that
turned on a central axis
Concentric revolving stage - turntable inside another turntable