Vlazneva Arina Arkhipova Katerina Shatalova Anastasiia Biryukova
Language of Russia
• The official language of Russia is Russian. Russian language
emerged on the basis east-Slavic languages. This dialect was the
basis of Old Russian literary language.
• The actual writing system emerged in Russia only after the adoption
• Cyrillic alphabet was invented in the 9th century by brothers Cyril
and Methodius. It was only in the 18th century the language was
modified and simplified. In 1917-1918 it acquired modern Russian
• In addition to the national language, in some republics of the Russian
Federation native languages are spoken (e.g. in Buryatia, Ingushetia,
Kalmykia, North Ossetia, Dagestan, Mordovia).
• The languages of other countries are also used in Russia: Ukrainian,
Belarusian, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Azerbaijani, German, Latvian, Bulgarian, Finnish,
Estonian, Armenian, Georgian, Greek, etc.
• In 2000 Russia had about 100 languages belonging to the family of IndoEuropean languages.
People of Russia
• Russia is multinational state. More than 145 million citizens reside in
• They represent over 160 nationalities, speaking their own languages.
Small population groups alive in specific locations. Only seven nations
have more than one million representatives – Russians, Tatars,
Ukrainians, Bashkir, Chuvash, Chechens and Armenians.
The greater part of the population are, of course, Russians - more than 80%. The
remaining percentage is - Tatars - 3.8%, Ukrainians - 3%, Chuvash 1.8%, Belarusians - 0.8%, Mordovians - 0.7%, Germans and Chechens - by
0.6%, Avars, Armenians, Jews - by 0.4% and others.
Each nation is seeking to preserve the language, customs and traditions, costumes,
traditional occupations and trades. Most of these people have maintained their
identity and traditional classes. The wealth of national cultures is the heritage of