EU-Outreach in Export Control of Dual-Use Items



EU-Outreach in Export Control of Dual-Use Items
“The European Union is made up of 28 Member States who have decided to gradually link together their know-how, resources and destinies.
Together, during a period of enlargement of 50 years, they have built
a zone of stability, democracy
and sustainable development whilst
maintaining cultural diversity, tolerance and individual freedoms.
Partner countries
The European Union is committed to sharing its achievements and its
values with countries and peoples beyond its borders”
This project is funded by the EU.
Over the course of the programme, the number of
partner countries has grown steadily. In line with
this geographical expansion particular attention has
been paid to the regional perspective. To this end,
the programme interlinks and interacts with the
CBRN Centres of Excellence, established under the
EU’s Instrument for Stability with the aim of utilizing
synergies and increasing sustainability.
The programme’s activities take place in different
regions: the Middle East; North Africa; South East
Europe; Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia;
South and South East Asia.
European Commission
Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid
B - 1049 Brussels
[email protected]
EU-Outreach in Export Control of Dual-Use Items
c/o Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA)
Division 225
Frankfurter Str. 29 – 35
65760 Eschborn
Phone: +49 6196 908-181
Fax: +49 6196 908-11181
Email: [email protected]/
in Export Control
of Dual-Use Items
This publication has been produced with the assistance of the
European Union. The content of this publication is the sole responsibility of BAFA and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the
European Union.
Reproduction in whole or in part, in print, electronic or in other form
without prior written approval of BAFA is prohibited.
November 2013
Picture credits
background picture inside & outside:
An EU project implemented by BAFA.
Working together to reduce the risk of
proliferation of weapons of mass destruction by enhancing international trade
© Selarep
© Lindsay
© Kwiatkowski
Cooperation in Export Control of Dual-Use
Guided by the European Union (EU) Strategy against
the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction
and as part of the Instrument for Stability (IfS), the
EU has mandated the German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA) to carry out cooperation programmes in the field of export control of
dual-use items. Within the framework of the existing
programme, experts from the EU collaborate closely
with their counterparts in the partner countries to enhance the effectiveness of controls of strategic items
worldwide. In doing so, the programme contributes to
the fight against the proliferation of weapons of mass
destruction by focussing on dual-use goods, software
and technologies and actively supports the implementation of United Security Council Resolution 1540
Scope of cooperation
Type of activities
The EU’s outreach activities in the area of export control of dual-use items are grounded on five pillars,
addressing the key areas: legal, licensing, customs
(enforcement), awareness (outreach to industry) and
sanctions (penalties). Apart from activities specific to
one of the pillars mentioned above, cross-pillar activities are also conducted such as seminars focusing on
interagency cooperation between licensing and customs authorities.
A various number of means are utilized to implement programme activities, among others:
• Legal reviews
• Training seminars and workshops
• Study visits
• Awareness raising events
• International conferences
• Support for producing relevant documents such
as publications
The EU Programme also coordinates and / or collaborates with a wide range of other donors of technical assistance.
Peer-to-peer approach
5 pillars
The programme aims at reducing the risk of proliferation by strengthening international cooperation in the
field of dual-use export controls and enhance national
and regional capacities, taking into account the careful
balance between security and economics interests.
The programme activities are adjusted to meet the
specific needs of and situations in each partner country. The scope of activities may address all five pillars
or may focus only on some of them, covering topics
such as export control legislation, licensing procedures, risk management, enforcement or industry
Experts from EU Member States are actively participating at EU outreach activities, providing technical expertise from a practitioner perspective in the
field of legal, licensing, customs (front line and enforcement), awareness (outreach to industry) and
sanctions (penalties). The basis of the cooperation
is sustainable partnerships through peer-to-peer
practitioners’ consultations. Experiences and best
practices are shared by Experts from all EU Member States, thus a unique richness of different approaches is offered.