The pharmacy of nature! - makeworldcleanandgreen

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The pharmacy of nature! - makeworldcleanandgreen
LET’S MAKE OUR WORLD
MORE GREEN AND CLEAN!
The pharmacy of nature!
Aromatic plants and herbs
COMENIUS PROJECT 2012-2014
Contents:
1. Teachers’ work of all the participants’ countries
about the aromatic plants and herbs.
2. The pharmacy of nature
(work about herbs as medicine)
GREECE
Βότανα και αρωματικά φυτά της Ελλάδας
ΙΔΙΟΤΗΤΕΣ - ΧΡΗΣΕΙΣ
Μέσα απ' αυτή τη σελίδα γίνεται μια προσπάθεια προσέγγισης μερικών από
τα πιο γνωστά βότανα και αρωματικά φυτά της Ελλάδας. Η αναφορά μας σ'
αυτά δεν είναι επιστημονική και δεν φιλοδοξεί να εξαντλήσει το θέμα της
χρησιμότητας και χρήσης των βοτάνων μέσα από αυτή τη σελίδα. Στόχος
μας είναι να δημιουργήσουμε το ερέθισμα στον αναγνώστη να ψάξει να
γνωρίσει και να εκμεταλλευθεί σωστά τις χρήσιμες ιδιότητες των φυτών
αυτών τόσο στην μαγειρική όσο και στην αντιμετώπιση ήπιων
προβλημάτων υγείας.
Οι πληροφορίες που δίδονται για τα βότανα, έχουν αντληθεί από βιβλία και
συγγράμματα βοτανολογίας, η δε αναφορά στις ιδιότητες των, είναι καθαρά
ενδεικτική και δεν αποτελεί σε καμία περίπτωση ιατρική συμβουλή ή
συνταγή. Ο χρήστης αυτών πρέπει να έχει υπόψη ότι τα βότανα δεν
αποτελούν πανάκεια ούτε μπορούν να θεραπεύσουν όλες τις αρρώστιες και
δεν μπορούν να αντικαταστήσουν ολοσχερώς τα κλασσικά φάρμακα. Η
χρήση τους πρέπει να γίνεται με μέτρο ή κατόπιν ιατρικής συμβουλής, αφού
αλόγιστη χρήση μπορεί να επιφέρει αντίθετα αποτελέσματα για την υγεία
μας.
Herbs and aromatic plants of Greece
PROPERTIES - APPLICATIONS
Through this page is an attempt to approach some of the most well known herbs
and aromatic plants of Crete. Our reference to these is not science and does not
purport to be exhaustive of the utility and use of herbs through this page. Our
goal is to create the stimulus to the reader to look to know and properly exploit
the useful properties of these plants both in cooking and treat minor health
problems.
The information provided about herbs, drawn from textbooks botany, and
references to properties are purely indicative and do not in any way constitute
medical advice or prescription. The user should be aware that herbs are not a
panacea, nor can they cure all sickness and can not fully replace the classical
drugs. Their use should be made to measure or on medical advice after excessive
use may cause adverse effects on our health.
Βασιλικός
Το όνομά του προέρχεται από την Ελληνική λέξη
βασιλιάς. Χρησιμοποιείται στην μαγειρική για
αρωματισμό σαλτσών. Το εκχύλισμα του βασιλικού
προλαμβάνει τις άφτρες, τους πονοκεφάλους, βοηθά στην
πέψη και καταπραΰνει νεύρα και σπασμούς.
Basil
The name comes from the Greek word king. Used in cooking to flavour sauces.
The extract of the Royal prevents afthes, headaches, aids digestion and soothes
nerves and spasms.
Δάφνη
Γνωστό φυτό της Μεσογείου, τα φύλλα του οποίου
νοστιμίζουν σάλτσες, ψαρικά, κρέατα και όσπρια. Με
δάφνινα στεφάνια αντάμειβαν τους Ολυμπιονίκες στην
αρχαιότητα. Το εκχύλισμα της δάφνης καταπολεμά τα
φουσκώματα, ανοίγει την όρεξη και τονώνει τα
τεμπέλικα στομάχια. Αντισηπτική, είναι πολύτιμη για
το συνάχι και τη βρογχίτιδα. Το δαφνέλαιο είναι
κατάλληλο για τους ρευματισμούς.
Daphne
Known Mediterranean plant, whose leaves relish sauces, fish, meats and
legumes. With laurel wreaths reward Olympians in ancient times. The extract of
laurel fights bloating, whet the appetite and stimulates the lazy stomachs.
Antiseptic, are valuable for colds and bronchitis. The laurel oil is suitable for
rheumatism.
Δενδρολίβανο
Το δεντρολίβανο θεωρείται τονωτικό και βοηθητικό της
σεξουαλικής λειτουργίας. Τονώνει τη λειτουργία του ήπατος,
βοηθά στη μείωση της χοληστερίνης και αναζωογονεί τον
κουρασμένο οργανισμό. Σαν προσθετικό σε διάφορα
παρασκευάσματα ανακουφίζει τον πονόδοντο. Κατά της
τριχόπτωση και της πιτυρίδας. Στην μαγειρική θεωρείται
εξαιρετικό αρωματικό για ψητά και τηγανητά ψάρια.
Rosemary
The rosemary is a stimulant and utility of sexual function. It stimulates the
liver, helps lower cholesterol and revives the tired body.
As anadditivein relieves toothache. Against hair loss and dandruff. The
cooking is excellent for flavouring grilled and fried fish
Δίκταμος
Από τα χαρακτηριστικά φυτά της Κρήτης και από τα
αγαπημένα βότανα των Κρητικών, οι οποίοι το
χρησιμοποιούν για να καταπολεμήσουν το συνάχι, τη
γρίπη, τους πονοκεφάλους, τις πεπτικές διαταραχές, τους
ρευματισμούς κλπ. Σε εξωτερική χρήση βοηθά στην
επούλωση τραυμάτων και εξάλειψη των μωλώπων. Στη
Μινωική εποχή είχε τιμητική θέση αφού θεωρούνταν το
πολυτιμότερο βότανο.
Dittany
From the characteristic plants of Crete and of the favourite herbs of the Cretans
,who use it to combat colds, flu, headaches, to digestive disorders, rheumatism,
etc. In out door use helps in healing wounds and removing bruises. In Minoan
times was consideredan honorary position as the most valuable herb.
Δυόσμος
Στον δυόσμο αποδίδονται πολλές ευεργετικές
ιδιότητες, όπως καταπολέμηση των πόνων του
στομάχου, της ναυτίας, του λόξυγκα και
υποβοήθηση στην πέψη. Επίσης προσφέρει πολλά
κατά της νευρώσεων και τις διάφορες εκδηλώσεις
της: αϋπνίες, σπασμοί, τρεμούλες, ημικρανίες,
ταχυπαλμίες. Στη μαγειρική χρησιμοποιείται
αρκετά ως μυρωδικό σε κεφτέδες, σκαλτσούνια,
μυζηθρόπιτες, σάλτσες κλπ.
Mint
The mint attributed many beneficial properties, such as fightings to mach pains,
nausea, hiccups, and assist in digestion. It also offers many of the neuroses and
in the various events: insomnia, convulsions, tremors, headaches, palpitations.
Used in cooking as a flavour in ginmany meatballs, skallitsounia, cheese pies,
sauces, etc.
Πράσο
Ο Ιπποκράτης ήταν ο πρώτος που ανακάλυψε τις πολυάριθμες
ευεργετικές ιδιότητες του φυτού αυτού. Σήμερα το πράσο είναι
γνωστό διουρητικό, χρησιμοποιείται κατά του πρηξίματος
ποδιών και χεριών και της κυτταρίτιδας. Πολύτιμο κατά της
κατακράτησης υγρών της κόπωσης και της ατονίας. Το πράσο
μπορεί να μαγειρευτεί με διάφορους τρόπους. Επίσης
προστίθεται με άλλα χορταρικά στις χορτόπιτες.
Leek
Hippocrates was the first to discover the numerous beneficial properties of this
plant. Today the leek is known diuretic, used in the feet and hands swelling and
cellulites. Valuable as fluid retention, the fatigue and debility. The leeks can be
cooked in various ways. Also use it with other greens vegetables in pies.
Θυμάρι
Εξαιρετικό φυτό και από τα καλύτερα αντισηπτικά
και τονωτικά βότανα. Το εκχύλισμά του μπορεί
να προλάβει το κρύωμα, ρίχνει τον πυρετό,
καταπολεμά τη γρίπη, τις εντερικές διαταραχές και
δερματικές λοιμώξεις. Αντισπασμωδικό των
πεπτικών οδών, διευκολύνει την πέψη, ηρεμεί τις
νευρικές συσπάσεις του στομάχου και του
εντέρου. Δεν συνιστάται η χρήση του από
υπερτασικούς γιατί ανεβάζει την αρτηριακή πίεση.
Στην μαγειρική θεωρείται από τα καλύτερα
μυρωδικά για το ψητό κρέας.
Thyme
Excellent plant and the best antiseptic and tonic herbs. The extract can prevent
colds, fever sheds, fighting the flu, intestinal disorders and skin infections.
Antispasmodic the digestive tract, facilitates digestion, calms the nervous
twitching of the stomach and intestine. Not recommended because hypertensive
by raising blood pressure. The cooking is considered one of the best herbs for
grilled meat.
Μαϊντανός
Από τα πιο αγαπημένα για την κουζίνα μας αρωματικά
φυτά, γνωστό από την αρχαιότητα οπότε και
χρησιμοποιούνταν σαν καρύκευμα και σαν φάρμακο.
Ισχυρό διουρητικό, πολύτιμο σε περιπτώσεις
κατακράτησης υγρών, πρηξίματος ποδιών και χεριών.
Χρήσιμος κατά της κυτταρίτιδας. Φυτό, εξαιρετικό ως
τονωτικό και αντιφλεγμονώδες. Τα φύλλα οι μίσχοι και
η ρίζα, σε πολτοποιημένη κατάσταση και σε τοπική
χρήση καταπραΰνουν τον πόνο και τη φαγούρα από
τσιμπήματα εντόμων. Έχει τη φήμη ότι δίνει πιο
φωτεινό δέρμα και εξαλείφει τους σκούρους λεκέδες
του δέρματος.
Parsley
One of the most favourite for our kitchen herbs, known since antiquity when it
was used as a spice and as medicine. Strong diuretic, valuable in cases of fluid
retention, swelling feet and hands. Useful against cellulite. Plant, excellent as a
tonic and anti-inflammatory. The leafstalks and the root, crushed instate and
local use to relieve pain and itcling from insect bites. He has a reputation for
giving more luminous skin and eliminates darks pots in the skin.
Ρίγανη
Η ρίγανη διευκολύνει την πέψη και καταπολεμά τη
δυσκοιλιότητα. Καλό δυναμωτικό και φίλος για
τους πνεύμονες βοηθά στις χρόνιες βρογχίτιδες.
Έχει διεγερτικές ιδιότητες και βοηθά άτομα που
υποφέρουν από κόπωση. Εξαιρετικό μυρωδικό
χρησιμοποιείται σε πολλές σάλτσες και σαλάτες –
ιδίως στη χωριάτικη-. Αρωματίζει ευχάριστα
κρέατα, ψάρια, τηγανητές πατάτες, φέτα.
Oregano
Oregano facilitates digestion and combats constipation. Good friend and tonic
for the lungs in chronic bronchitis helps. It has stimulant properties and helps
people suffering from fatigue. Excellent herb used in many sauces and saladsespecially in rustic-. Gives pleasant smell to a lot of meals, as meat, fish, fried
potatoes, and slice.
Σέλινο
Στην αρχαιότητα σαν στεφάνι αντάμειβε
τους νικητές της Νεμέας. Το σέλινο είναι
πολύτιμο στις δίαιτες αδυνατίσματος.
Ευεργετικό στο συκώτι, νεφρά και
καρδιά. Μπορούμε να το καταναλώνουμε
καθημερινά υπό μορφή αφεψήματος. Η
φήμη του είναι μεγάλη ως άριστο
αφροδισιακό. Χρησιμοποιούμενο στη
μαγειρική ανοίγει την όρεξη και
προσδίδει ευχάριστη γεύση στα ψάρια,
σούπες, φρικασέ.
Celery
In ancient times as a crown rewards the winners of Nemea. Celery is valuable in
slimming diets. Beneficial to the liver, kidneys and heart. Can we consume daily
in the form of decoction. His fame is great as an excellent aphrodisiac. Used in
cooking to whet the appetite and gives a pleasant flavour to fish, soup,
fricassees.
Μέντα
Υπάρχουν πάρα πολλές ποικιλίες. Περιέχει μια δροσιστική
ουσία, τη μενθόλη. Είναι εξαιρετικά αντισηπτική,
καταπολεμά το συνάχι τη γρίπη και τον πονόλαιμο. Είναι
επίσης χωνευτική, ηρεμιστική σε μικρή δόση και
αφροδισιακή σε μεγάλες δόσεις. Τα αιθέρια έλαια από από
αυτά τα φυτά έχουν εξαιρετική αξία στον αρωματισμό
αρκετών προϊόντων (οδοντόπαστες, τσίχλες κ.λπ.)
Mint
There are too many varieties. Contains a cooling substance, menthol. It is highly
antiseptic, fights cold flu and sore throats. It is also digestive, sedative and a
small dose of aphrodisiac in large doses. Essential oils of these plants have great
value to the flavour of several products (toothpaste, chewing gum, etc.)
Σκόρδο
Ο βολβός του σκόρδου αποτελείται από σκελίδες και
περιέχει αιθέριο έλαιο με έντονη οσμή και καυτερή γεύση.
Χρησιμοποιείται ευρέως σε όλη τη μεσογειακή μαγειρική
και γαστρονομία. Αντισηπτικό, καταπολεμά τις μολύνσεις
και τα παράσιτα των εντέρων. Ορεκτικό, βοηθά στη χώνεψη
και στη δυσκοιλιότητα. Ευεργετικό στη μείωση της
αρτηριακής πίεσης και της χοληστερίνης. Σε εξωτερική
χρήση, καταπραΰνει τις φλεγμονές των αρθρώσεων και τους
ρευματισμούς.
Garlic
The bulb of garlic cloves consists of and contains essential oil with strong
odorant and pungent taste. It is widely used through out the Mediterranean
cooking and gastronomy. Antiseptic, fights infections and intestinal parasites.
Appetizer helps in digestion and constipation. Beneficial in reducing blood
pressure and cholesterol. In out door use, soothes the Inflammation of joints and
rheumatism.
Ταραξάκο
Πικρόχορτο, το οποίο διεγείρει της εκκρίσεις της χολής,
τονώνει τη λειτουργία του ήπατος και καταπολεμά τη
δυσκοιλιότητα το ζαχαροδιαβήτη και τη χοληστερίνη.
Διουρητικό, καταπολεμά την κατακράτηση υγρών, τις πέτρες
στα νεφρά και την ουροδόχο κύστη. Θεωρείται εξαιρετικό για
την πρόληψη και ήπια αντιμετώπιση των ρευματισμών και
της κόπωσης του οργανισμού. Στη γαστρονομία
χρησιμοποιείται ως σαλάτα ωμό ή βρασμένο, με λίγο λεμόνι
και ελαιόλαδο.
Taraxako
Bitter herbs, which stimulates the secretion of bile, stimulates liver function and
combats constipation in diabetes and cholesterol. Diuretic, fight fluid retention,
kidney stones and bladder. Considered excellent for the prevention and
treatment of mild rheumatism and fatigue the body. In the gastronomy is used as
salad raw or boiled with a little lemon and olive oil.
Τσουκνίδα
Γνωστό σε όλους μας - κυρίως λόγω της φαγούρας που
μας προκαλεί το δηλητήριό της - φυτό των αγρών και των
εγκαταλειμμένων κήπων. Όμως αυτό το ανεπιθύμητο
χόρτο είναι στην ουσία από τα πολυτιμότερα στον
άνθρωπο, γνωστό από την αρχαιότητα. Το αφέψημα από
φύλα τσουκνίδας συνίσταται ως διουρητικό και
καθαρτικό. Πολύ αναζωογονητική, διαθέτει ιδιότητες
κατά της κόπωσης και του άγχους. Το κατάπλασμα από
πολτοποιημένα φύλλα τσουκνίδας χρησιμοποιείται για τη
θεραπεία των τραυμάτων.
Nettle
known to us all- mainly because of the it pinching at causes us the venom-the
plant of abandoned fields and gardens. But this unwanted grass is actually the
most valuable to man, known since antiquity. The decoction of its leaves is
diuretic and laxative. Very refreshing, possesses properties against fatigue and
stress. The poultice of pureed nettle leaves used to treat wounds
Φασκόμηλο
Το φασκόμηλο είναι εξαίρετο τονωτικό,
καταπολεμά την κούραση, βοηθά άτομα που
βρίσκονται σε ανάρρωση και διευκολύνει την
πέψη. Συνιστάται σε άτομα που υποφέρουν από
υψηλή εφίδρωση. Ισορροπεί ήπια τον οργανισμό
των γυναικών που πάσχουν από σπάνια έμμηνα ή
πρόωρη εμμηνόπαυση. (θα πρέπει να αποφεύγεται
σε συχνή χρήση από γυναίκες που εκκρίνουν
πολλά οιστρογόνα). Στη γαστρονομία πολλοί το
χρησιμοποιούν ως συνοδευτικό λαχανικών και
λευκών κρεάτων.
Sage
The sage is an excellent tonic, fights fatigue, helps people in recovery and helps
digestion. Recommended for people who suffer from high perspiration. Gently
balances the body of women who suffer from rare menses and early
menopause.(should be avoided in frequent use by many women who secrete
estrogens).In gastronomy, many use it as an accompaniment to white meats and
vegetables.
Χαμόμηλο
Ένα φλιτζάνι χαμομηλιού πριν το γεύμα ανοίγει την
όρεξη. Βοηθά στον ύπνο και ηρεμεί τους
πονοκεφάλους, τους πόνους των δοντιών και τις
νευρώσεις. Καταπολεμά το συνάχι. Το εκχύλισμα
του χαμομηλιού κάνει μια τέλεια λοσιόν για τον
καθαρισμό του προσώπου και του ευαίσθητου
δέρματος των βρεφών, ενώ δίνει ζωηρές ανταύγειες
στα ξανθά μαλλιά. Επίσης οφθαλμόλουτρα
χαμομήλιoυ καταπραΰνουν τις φλεγμονές των
βλεφάρων.
Camomile
A cup of chamomile before a meal to whet the appetite. It helps to sleep and
calms headaches, aching teeth and ribs. Fights colds. The extract of chamomile
makes a perfect lotion for facial cleansing and the sensitive skin of babies ,and
gives vivid highlights in blond hair. Also compresses with chamomile, soothes
the inflammation of the eyelids.
Ενδεικτικές χρήσεις βοτάνων
και αρωματικών φυτών
Αλόη βέρα: για έκζεμα, ζάχαρο, δυνάμωμα μαλλιών.
Αρχαγγελική: τονωτική αναιμία, βαρυστόμαχη, συκώτι, εντερίτιδα, ρευματισμούς,
αρθριτικά.
Αγριάδα: πέτρες νεφρών, προστάτη, χολή, πολύ διουρητική.
Άγριο τριαντάφυλλο: χοληστερίνη, ζάχαρο, άμυνα οργανισμού, περιέχει βιταμίνη
C.
Αγριμόνιο: ζαχαροδιαβήτη, φαρυγγίτιδα, πόνοι λαιμού, διάρροια.
Αλεξανδρινά φύλλα: δυσκοιλιότητα.
Αλθαία: μαλακτική, λαρυγγίτιδα, βήχα, φαρυγγίτιδα.
Αχιλλέα: Αιμορροΐδες, κιρσούς, γρίπη, άσθμα, λιποδιάλυση, κυτταρίτιδα.
Αψιθιά: ζάχαρο, διαταραχές έμμηνων, χωνευτική, εμετούς.
Βασιλικός: για καλή μνήμη, πονοκεφάλους, στομαχόπονους.
Βαλεριάνα: ηρεμιστική, νεύρα, αϋπνίες, υστερία.
Βάτος: ζαχαροδιαβήτη, διάρροια, πέτρες στα νεφρά, αρθριτικά, ρευματισμούς.
Γλυκάνισο: κολικούς, αεροφαγία, χώνεψη, λιποδιάλυση, κοιλόπονους.
Γλυκόριζα: αντιφλεγμονώδης, βήχα, κρυολόγημα, άσθμα, γαστρικά έλκη.
Δάφνη: διαλύει τα άλατα του σώματος, για πυρετό.
Δενδρολίβανο: Ελιξίριο νεότητας, τριχόπτωση, πιτυρίδα, καρδιά, συκώτι.
Δίκταμο Κρήτης: παθήσεις στομάχου αφροδισιακό, τονωτικό, ζάχαρο.
Ευκάλυπτος: βήχα, άσθμα, καλή λειτουργία αναπνευστικού, βακτηριοκτόνο.
Θυμάρι: Συκώτι, τονωτικό, χωνευτικό, στομάχι, καρδιά, ρευματισμούς.
Καλαμπόκι (φούντα): πέτρες νεφρών, κύστη χολής, ουρικό οξύ, προστάτη.
Καλέντουλα: κατά εκζέματος και ακμής.
Κάρδαμο/κακουλέ: αφαιρεί φακίδες και πανάδες, καρδιοτονωτικό, περιέχει βιταμίνη
C.
Κύμινο: αεροφαγία, ορχίτιδα, χιονίστρες, δυσπεψία.
Κυπαρισσάκι: προστάτη, κυστίτιδα, πέτρες νεφρών, ζάχαρο, διουρητικό.
Λεβάντα: γενικό παυσίπονο, καρδιά, πονοκέφαλο, ιλίγγους, αϋπνία, σκόρο.
Λιναρόσπορος: βήχα, δυσκοιλιότητα, αιμορροΐδες, πέτρες χολής.
Λουΐζα: αδυνάτισμα, αέρια εντέρου, δυσκοιλιότητα, τυμπανισμούς, καλή διάθεση.
Λυκίσκος: ζάχαρο, χοληστερίνη, ηρεμιστικό, αφροδισιακό.
Μάραθο: πέτρες νεφρών, αδυνάτισμα, λιποδιαλυτής.
Μαντζουράνα: στομαχόπονους, αέρια, αϋπνίες, κοιλόπονο.
Μαστίχα Χίου: ζάχαρο, χοληστερίνη, διουρητική, χρησιμοποιείται στη
ζαχαροπλαστική.
Μελισσόχορτο: ηρεμιστικό, αϋπνίες, διαλύει ουρικό οξύ, ταχυκαρδίες, υπέρταση.
Μέντα: Στομαχικές διαταραχές, γρίπη, ξηρόβηχα.
Μολόχα: μαλακτική για το λαιμό, βήχα, λαρυγγίτιδα, φαρυγγίτιδα, γαστρίτιδα,
άσθμα.
Πράσινο τσάι Κίνας: χοληστερίνη, τριγλυκερίδια, συκώτι, χολή, καρκίνο στομάχου.
Πικρόξυλο: ζάχαρο, χοληστερίνη.
Πασιφλώρα: ηρεμιστική, αϋπνίες, στρες, νεύρα.
Πιπερόριζα: τονωτική, αφροδισιακή.
Πολυκόμπι: πέτρες νεφρών, προστάτη, κύστη, ζάχαρο, αιμορροΐδες, σκώληκες
εντέρου.
Πολυτρίχι: βρογχίτιδες, τραχειίτιδες, κρυολόγημα, φλεγμονές ουρικών οδών,
άσθμα.
Σαπουνόχορτο: καθαρτικό, έκζεμα, δερματίτιδα, νεφρά.
Σαλέπι: πονόλαιμο, γρίπη.
Σιναμική: δυσκοιλιότητα.
Σινάπι: βρογχίτιδα, ρευματισμούς, πλευρίτιδα, νευραλγίες, καρδιά.
Σπαθόχορτο: στομαχόπονους, ρευματισμούς, πληγές και κρεατοελιές (λάδι με
σπαθόχορτο).
Σαμπούκο: γρίπη, φαρυγγίτιδα, κρυολόγημα, βρογχικά, αλλεργικό άσθμα, βήχα.
Σκορπιδόχορτο: πέτρες νεφρών, προστάτη, κυστίτιδα.
Τανατσέτο: παράσιτα, χαλαρώνει αιμοφόρα αγγεία, ανακουφίζει πόνους περιόδου.
Ταραξάκο: ίκτερο, ρευματισμούς, αιμορροΐδες, ζαχαροδιαβήτη.
Τσάι βουνού: θερμαντικό, γρίπη, βήχα, ηρεμιστικό, αϋπνίες, αναιμία.
Τσουκνίδα: αιμοκαθαρτικό, συκώτι, πέτρες νεφρών, διαλύει ουρικό οξύ,
αφροδισιακό, περιέχει βιταμίνες A, B, C και μέταλλα.
Ύσσωπος: ζάχαρο, άσθμα, χοληστερίνη, βρογχικά, υπέρταση.
Φασκόμηλο: ζάχαρο, υπόταση, αναιμία, δυναμωτικό, στομάχι, μυϊκούς πόνους,
γρίπη.
Χαμομήλι: Ηρεμιστικό, αϋπνίες, χωνευτικό, διουρητικό, ρευματισμούς.
Αρωματικά φυτά και βότανα
Αγνά αρωματικά φυτά και βότανα, συλλεγμένα από την φύση ή καλλιεργημένα
βιολογικά, επεξεργασμένα και συσκευασμένα. Βάλτε τη φύση στην κουζίνα και
στο φαρμακείο σας.
ΑΓΡΙΑΔΑ
ΑΧΙΛΛΕΑ
ΔΑΦΝΟΦΥΛΛΑ
ΔΕΝΤΡΟΛΙΒΑΝΟ
ΚΑΛΕΝΤΟΥΛΑ
ΛΕΒΑΝΤΑ
ΜΑΡΑΘΟΣ
ΜΕΝΤΑ
ΡΙΓΑΝΗ ΤΡΙΜΜΕΝΗ ΠΙΕΡΙΩΝ
ΡΙΓΑΝΗ ΠΙΕΡΙΩΝ ΣΕ ΜΑΤΣΑΚΙ
ΣΠΑΘΟΧΟΡΤΟ
(ΒΑΛΣΑΜΟΧΟΡΤΟ)
ΤΣΑΙ ΒΟΥΝΟΥ ΚΟΜΜΕΝΟ
ΤΣΑΙ ΒΟΥΝΟΥ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΑΣΜΕΝΟ
ΤΣΟΥΚΝΙΔΑ
ΦΑΣΚΟΜΗΛΟ
ΦΛΑΜΟΥΡΙ ΑΝΘΟΣ (ΤΙΛΙΟ)
ΦΛΑΜΟΥΡΙ ΦΥΛΛΟ (ΤΙΛΙΟ)
ΧΑΜΟΜΗΛΙ
Typical uses of herbs and aromatic plants
Aloe Vera: for eczema, sugar, turning hair.
Archangelic: tonic anemia efstomachi, liver, enteritis, rheumatism, arthritis.
Bermuda grass: kidney stones, prostate, bile, very diuretic.
Wild Rose: cholesterol, sugar, defence agency, contains vitamin C.
Agrimonio: diabetes, sore throat, neck aches, diarrhea.
Alexandrian sheets: constipation.
Althea: emollient, laryngitis, cough, sore throat.
Achilles: haemorrhoids, varicose veins, influenza, asthma, fat burning, cellulite.
Wormwood: sugar, menstrual disorders, digestive, vomiting.
Basil: for good memory, head paint, stomachaches.
Valerian: sedative, nerves, insomnia, hysteria.
Bush: diabetes, diarrhea, kidney stones, arthritis, rheumatism.
Anise: colic, aerophagy, digestion, fat burning, abdominal pains.
Licorice: anti-inflammatory, cough, colds, asthma, gastric ulcers.
Daphne: dissolve the salts in the body for fever.
Rosemary: elixir of youth, hair loss, dandruff, heart, liver.
Dittany of Crete: stomachopathiseis, aphrodisiac, tonic, sugar.
Eucalyptus: cough, asthma, respiratory functioning, bactericidal.
Echinacea: defence organization, immune stimulant, anti-allergy.
Thyme: Liver, Tonic, stomach, heart, rheumatism.
Corn (tassel): kidney stones, gall bladder, uric acid and prostate.
Calendula: emminagogiki in eczema and acne.
Cress / Kakouli: removes freckles and blemishes, cardio, contains vitamin C.
Cumin: aerophagy, chilblains, indigestion.
Cypress: prostate, cystitis, kidney stones, sugar, diuretic.
Lavender: a general painkiller, heart, headache, dizziness, insomnia, moth.
Linseed: cough, constipation, hemorrhoids, gall stones.
Louisa: weight loss, intestinal gas, constipation, bloating, good mood.
Hops: sugar, cholesterol, sedative, Fennel: kidney stones, weight loss, fat
soluble.
Marjoram: stomachaches, gas, insomnia, abdominal pains.
Chios Mastic: sugar, cholesterol, diuretic, used in confectionery.
Melissa: sedative, insomnia, dissolves uric acid, tachycardia, hypertension.
Mint: upset stomach, flu, xirovicha.
Mallow: softening for the throat, cough, laryngitis, pharyngitis, gastritis, asthma.
China Green Tea: cholesterol, triglycerides, liver, bile, stomach cancer.
Pikroxylo: sugar, cholesterol.
Pasiflora: sedative, insomnia, stress, nerves.
Ginger: tonic, aphrodisiac.
Polykompi: kidney stones, prostate, bladder, sugar, hemorrhoids, intestinal
skolikes.
Maidenhair: bronchitis, tracheitis, colds, urinary inflammation pathways,
asthma.
Sapounochorto: bile, laxative, eczema, dermatitis, kidney.
Salepi: sore throat, flu.
Sinamiki: constipation.
Mustard: bronchitis, rheumatism, pleurisy, neuralgia, heart.
Sedge: stomachaches, rheumatism, sores and warts (oil sedge).
Elder: flu, sore throat, colds, bronchitis, allergic asthma, cough.
Skorpidochorto: kidney stones, prostate, cystitis.
Tanatseto: parasites, relaxes blood vessels, relieve period pain.
Taraxako: jaundice, rheumatism, hemorrhoids, diabetes.
Tea Mountain: heating, flu, cough, sedative, insomnia, anemia.
Nettle: aimokathartiko, liver, kidney stones, uric acid dissolves, aphrodisiac,
contains vitamins A, B, C and minerals.
Hyssop: sugar, asthma, cholesterol, bronchitis, hypertension.
Sage: sugar, hypotension, anemia, tonic, stomach, muscle aches, flu.
Chamomile: Calming, digestive, diuretic, rheumatism.
Ηerbs in kitchen
Recipe: lavender sugar
If you think the lavender is used only to reject the moth from the closet you're mistaken. The
gourmet gardeners know that the flowers of lavender can lead in their kitchen! Prepared it
make a mixed of lavender sugar in a glass jar lavender flowers 1 part, 10 parts granulated
sugar. Leave for 2 weeks and then sprinkle with this at flavored fruit tarts, jam and donuts!
The lavender is combined with a delicious creamy cheese(mascarpone, ricotta, etc.),
rosemary, lamb, chicken, duck, dried fruit, honey, dairy products (cream) and nuts(walnuts)
.You just have to experiment!
Cooking with herbs for extra taste
An important part of traditional Greek cooking. They typically have special smell, is very rich
in active ingredients, including essential oils with antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiviral, antiinflammatory and anti-aging properties! The reason for herbs and spices, of course! Culinary
herbs from the foliage of the plant and most often used fresh. By contrast, spices are usually
derived from the seeds, roots or fruit of the plant and are usually dried. Herbs and spices are
not considered vegetables, since both are used in very small quantities, the other can not serve
themselves food.
ANITHOS:
Potatoes a ... worship. Fits with boiled or mashed potatoes. Added to pickles, salads, cooked
vegetables, peas, beans, pies and "white" fish. When cooking, add in the end, because cooking
destroys. Try to freeze either whole or chopped in airtight glass containers.
BASIL: Not just for "pesto." Fresh, frozen or dried, used with summer vegetables (tomatoes,
zucchini, eggplant), fish, omelet’s, sauces, pizza toppings (eg beans or potato salad) and in
confectionery (ice cream, sorbet). Mix it with olive oil as a condiment for pasta, rice and
salads. It is the most important ingredient of the famous sauce "pesto." Cloves (moschokarfi):
And the sweet smells delicious! The dried buds of the plant as a spice used primarily in
sweets, apple pies, cookies and cakes.But fits with the cooked meat to the pot, in sauces and
marinades.
ANISEED:
Another taste of the bread. The seeds used in breads, cookies, mixes for cakes made minced
meat and dried fruit.
Daphne: Try the sauce. The leaves (preferably whole) are added mainly in soups, legumes (eg
lentils), sauces of all kinds (but especially tomato and bechamel sauce), meat, stew, fish as
well
as
in
tea.
ROSEMARY: And the stew! It has a very strong flavor. Use dried soups, roasts, stew, classic
recipes with meat, various fish, potatoes, carrots, cauliflower, sauces based on milk, bread,
and
drink
while
being.
Dittany: Something Cretans know! It is mainly used as a soothing drink and a Cretan recipes,
usually with other herbs, especially oregano and rosemary.
SPEARMINT:
Everything you need for soups. Fits in soups with pasta or rice, cream based potato, steamed
vegetable, eggs and salads. The fresh cut just be used without rub or melt.
THYME:
The best marinades. Fresh or dried, flavoring meats (especially lamb), grilled tomatoes, eggs,
soups, vegetables, legumes and fish. Because the smell late lunch, placed early in the cooking
or going into marinades.
CILANDRO (coriander):
Another flavor to stuffed! It has been quite heavy perfume. Used as a garnish or to flavor
enhancer stuffed, sauces, vegetables, cereals, etc. The seeds of the tea made.
KROKOS Kozani:
And the rice was successful. You need a minimum amount of the stigmata! It gives a special
color on all food (risotto, pilaf, poultry, seafood, fish, etc.). Before you add the first dissolve
in warm water or wine. You can also dissolve in a glass of milk, leave in refrigerator
overnight and drink the next day.
MAINTANOS (parsley):
So ... everywhere! Use chopped or as a garnish or to enhance the flavor to stuffed tomatoes,
tomato sauces, vegetables, chorto crèmes, legumes, pasta and rice.
MARJORAM:
Τry it in sauces? Used leaves, fresh or dried. In olive oil or vinaigrette enhances the flavor.
Used in tomato sauces, pies and grilled poultry.
MARATHOS:
Greeks loves it! Ideal for marinades, pickles and spice mixtures. Performed in Cretan nuts and
cooked in Macedonia. The chopped fresh leaves are excellent in salads and match with fish
and rice recipes. The fennel is known as "fennel."
MINT:
For meatballs unique. Add in a stuffed meatballs, salad, fruit and drinks. And, of course, is an
excellent drink with digestive properties.
OREGANO
"Married" with tomato and olive oil. Use either dried (mostly) or fresh (the Greek variety is
native and has white flowers). It gives wonderful flavor to any meat, fish, omelet’s, eggplant
and tomato and includes any oil, such as salad and all the other red foods. You can also add
dried oregano sprigs in glass bottles or jars with olive oil and use in salads.
CELERY:
Perfect in white soups. Use the leaves and stems, mainly in white soups, soups with legumes
and vegetable salads.
GARLIC:
Not only in tzatziki. Especially suited to tomato sauces and meats made tzatziki and skordalia.
By cooking the taste becomes milder
TARRAGON (estragon):
Ideal for psaronostimies. It has a sweet anise flavor. It goes with fish, poultry, ham and egg
dishes.
SAGE:
For cheese crockets. Besides the manufacture of the famous drink, the leaves can be added to
roast turkey, pork and cheese recipes. When dried, it can be mixed with olive oil and blend to
be added to pasta, boiled or fried vegetables, meats and fish.
The nature of Greek herbs have antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and
anti-aging
properties.
How will we preserve them?
The spices should be consumed in very small quantities. Also, be protected from heat and
light, not exposed to air and are fresh, freshly ground if possible. Otherwise they lose in
intensity and aroma, while some are made when old, toxic! Uncontrolled, long-term
consumption of herbs or spices, especially for people with epilepsy or pregnant women, can
produce adverse effects on health and serious side effects.
Remember: Dried spices and herbs are kept up to one year, provided the proper storage.
Fresh herbs in cooking
A simple and nice way to give aroma and flavor to cooking is to add a few fresh herbs. It's
amazing transformation of flavors in dishes that are fresh herbs. Although you can find on the
market, and the popular in supermarkets all year round, is just as easy to have them in small
pots on your balcony or in your yard. They do not want special care, basic sun and water and
have
it
available
at
all
times.
Each herb course match different materials and, although we have some flavors blend
together dare to experiment with various cooking and fresh herbs to find the flavors you like.
Some
basic
things
about
using
herbs
in
cooking.
* Put them at the end of cooking so as not to destroy the flavor and aroma.
* If using dried, put the corresponding half have since dried stronger aroma.
* The best way to spend their flavor in cooking is to leave them within several days or oil to
mix with chopped butter. A few drops of scented oil or one tablespoon of the flavored butter
elevate the flavor in cooked vegetables - especially potatoes, but also grilled meat or fish.
* Even in sweets, beverages, soft drinks and in herbal teas, fresh herbs always give fresh
flavor.
Herbs - taste combinations
* Basil: Tomatoes (salad or sauces), white cheese, chicken.
* Coriander: All spicy dishes, seafood, chicken, zucchini.
* Marjoram: meat, potatoes, tomatoes, zucchini.
* Tarragon: Seafood, chicken, eggs, cream.
* Mint: Potatoes, beans, peas, lamb, seafood, beets, salad with tomato or cucumber, white
cheese (mainly halloumi).
* Thyme: In gravies, sauces, grilled meat or fish, potatoes.
* Oregano: meat, potatoes, chicken, salad with white wine.
* Melissa: seafood, fruits, sweet sauces for ice cream.
* Louisa: pork, fish, celery, celery root.
* Sage: Pork sausage, chicken, pumpkin.
* Rosemary: seafood (especially mussels), fish, lamb, chicken, potatoes.
Scented oil for more flavor in dishes.
The aromatic oils are great way to keep the flavor and aroma of fresh herbs. First of all, you
need good quality olive oil and fresh herbs of course. Rinse the herbs and allow to dry
thoroughly on a towel or absorbent paper. Put 2handfuls of roughly half a liter of olive oil and
2 weeks leave in a shady and cool place. Then drain the oil and transfer to a clean dry bottle.
The
aromatic
oil
is
ready
for
use.
Some ideas:
1. You can make vinaigrette dressing or any salad, replacing the simple recipe of olive oil
with aromatic oil.
2. Also you can cook meat, fish or vegetables in a little scented oil to pass the taste of herb sin
cooking.
3. Very nice idea is to pour boiled potatoes (both are hot) or grilled fish or chicken.
4. Try to even baked cheese (goat, feta or halloumi) or slices of grilled bread.
Ideas for mixtures of herbs for aromatic oils:
•Basil, lemon zest, chili pepper
•Rosemary, thyme, oregano, sage
•Dill, lemon zest, garlic
•Fresh cilantro, lime zest, chili pepper
•Marjoram, thyme, oregano
HERBS
List of aromatic plants and herbs
Put nature to the kitchen to your pharmacy Pure aromatic plants and herbs, collected from
nature or cultured biological for our kitchen or our pharmacy.
POLAND
Babka lancetowata
Babka lancetowata występuje w zmiennym
środowisku. Roślina mało absorbująca, rosnąca
na stanowiskach słonecznych do
półcienistych.
Babka lancetowata, podobnie
jak babka zwyczajna znana jest
ze
swoich
właściwości
leczniczych. Ziele pełne jest
substancji bioaktywnych, które
pozytywnie
wpływają
na
organizm człowieka.
Jako surowiec wykorzystuje się
liście
(Folium
Plantaginis
lanceolatae), które zawierają
flawonoidy, glikozyd aukubinę kwasy organiczne
(m.in. waniliowy, cynamonowy), śluzy, pektyny,
garbniki, sole mineralne, cynk, potas, krzem,
żelazo.
Babka
lancetowata
wykazuje
działanie
przeciwzapalne,
wykrztuśne,
ściągające,
bakteriostatyczne.
Ziele babki lancetowatej wykorzystuje się
głównie przy kaszlu, podrażnieniach jamy ustnej,
nieżytach górnych dróg oddechowych. Plantago
lanceolata pomaga przy nieżytach układu
pokarmowego,
wykazuje
działanie
antybiegunkowe, bakteriobójcze, osłonowe.
Stosowana w przypadku uszkodzenia błony
śluzowej,
chorobie
wrzodowej
żołądka,
dwunastnicy.
Plantain performs on different surfaces. Plant not
very absorbing, growing in full sun to partial
shade.
Plantain, like the plantain is known
for its healing properties. Herb is
full of bioactive substances that
have a positive impact on the human
body.
Uses leaves (Plantaginis lanceolatae
Folium) as a material which contain
flavonoids, glycosides aukubinę
organic acids (such as vanilla,
cinnamon), mucilages, pectins,
tannins,
mineral
salts,
zinc,
potassium, silicon, iron.
Plantain has anti-inflammatory, expectorant,
astringent, bacteriostatic.
Plantain herb is mainly used for cough, mouth
infections, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract.
Plantago lanceolata helps with catarrh of the
digestive system, has been shown to antydiarrhea,
bactericidal, shielding. Applied to mucosal
damage, ulcer, duodenum.
Babka zwyczajna
Babka zwyczajna to roślina nieuprawna
jest
bowiem
bardzo
rozpowszechnionym zielem i
rośnie
niemal
wszędzie.
Spotkać ją można zarówno na
polnych ścieżkach, dzikich
łąkach, leśnych polanach, przy
drogach jak i w naszych ogrodach.
Plantain is one of the most popular herb
found in Poland. it is a widely used herb
and grows almost everywhere. To meet
her you can both wild paths, wild
meadows, forest clearings, along the
roads and in our gardens.
Jest dość ekspansywnym ziołem i łatwo rozmnaża
się z nasion.
Liście babki zwyczajnej zawierają szereg witamin
(A, K, C), flawonoidy, substancje śluzowate,
kwasy organiczne (np. cytrynowy, cynamonowy),
garbniki i sole mineralne (np. magnez, cynk,
potas, krzem). Mają silne właściwości
przeciwzapalne, powlekające i wykrztuśne.
Kiedyś babka często była stosowana w postaci
okładów na trudno gojące się rany oraz ukąszenia
owadów. Również dzisiaj powoli wraca się do
takiego jej zastosowania.
Napary z suszu polecane są przy chorobach
żołądkowych, zapaleniach jamy ustnej i gardła,
kłopotach z drogami oddechowymi lub
uporczywym kaszlu. Może być również pomocna
przy oczyszczaniu organizmu z toksyn oraz
podniesieniu ogólnej odporności na choroby,
przede wszystkim wirusowe.
It is quite expansive herb and easily propagated
from seeds.
Plantain leaves contain a number of vitamins (A,
K, C), flavonoids, mucilaginous substances,
organic acids (e.g. citric acid, cinnamic acid),
tannins and mineral salts (e.g. magnesium, zinc,
potassium, silicon). They have strong antiinflammatory
properties,
coating
and
expectorants. Once my grandmother was often
used as a compress for hard to heal wounds and
insect bites. Also today, slowly returning to such
of its application.
Infusions of dried are recommended in diseases
of the stomach, inflammation of the mouth and
throat, problems with the respiratory tract or
persistent cough. It may also be helpful in the
purification of toxins and increasing the overall
resistance to disease, especially viral infections.
Ogórecznik lekarski
Bardzo ciekawa i oryginalna
roślina, należąca do
rodziny
szorstkolistnych. Dorasta nawet
do
70
cm
wysokości.
Kwiaty bardzo piękne niebieskie,
fioletowe lub różowe z białym
środkiem i czarnymi wydłużonymi
pręcikami i słupkiem.
Olejki tych roślina mają właściwości
redukujące cholesterol. Stosowany jest do
zmniejszania napięcia przedmiesiączkowego i
bólów reumatycznych. Leczy egzemę. Nadmierna
ilość zioła może prowadzić do zaburzenia pracy
wątroby.
Borage
Very interesting and original plant,
which belongs to the family of
szorstkolistnych. It grows up to 70
cm in height. Flowers very beautiful
blue, purple or pink with a white
middle and black elongated stamens
and a pistil.
Oils of these plant have a cholesterolreducing properties. It is used to reduce PMS and
rheumatic pains. Heals eczema. An excessive
amount of herbs can lead to disorders of the liver.
Czarny bez
Czarny bez (Sambucus nigra)
to właściwie niemal kultowa
roślina lecznicza. Jej cenne
właściwości wykorzystywano
już w starożytności.
W medycynie naturalnej
znaczenie
mają
przede
wszystkim owoce i kwiaty.
W kwiatach stwierdzono
obecność
flawonoidów,
olejków eterycznych, soli
mineralnych,
garbników,
kwasów organicznych i
związków
napotnych.
Natomiast w owocach dodatkowo
Elder
Elderberry (Sambucus nigra) is
actually almost cult medicinal
plant. Its valuable properties
were used in ancient times.
In natural medicine, the most
important are fruits and flowers.
The flowers revealed the presence
of flavonoids, essential oils,
minerals, tannins, organic acids
and
compounds
napotnych.
However, the fruit has been
observed in addition
zaobserwowano
występowanie dużej ilości
witamin
(B,
C),
karotenoidów, antocyjanów i
cukrów.
Wszystkie
te
substancje działają bardzo
skutecznie przy wszelkiego
rodzaju
kłopotach
zdrowotnych. Suszone kwiaty w
postaci
herbatki
mają
właściwości
napotne
i
przeciwgorączkowe, a wiec
znakomicie sprawdzają się przy przeziębieniach i
chorobach
górnych
dróg
oddechowych.
Wykazują też działanie moczopędne, przydatne
przy kłopotach ze strony układu moczowego.
Owoce mają podobne właściwości, ale
dodatkowo działają odtruwająco, przeciwzapalnie
i przeciwbólowo, a także oczyszczają organizm z
toksyn i wpływają korzystnie na poprawę
przemiany materii. Podczas infekcji stymulują
aktywność układu odpornościowego, działają też
silnie antywirusowo oraz nieco słabiej
przeciwbakteryjnie. Zawartość dużej ilości
antocyjanów, umożliwia wykorzystywanie ich
również w profilaktyce antynowotworowej.
Zewnętrznie stosuje się głównie wyciągi i napary
z kwiatów, które działają przeciwzapalnie. Do
celów leczniczych używa się też liści oraz kory
czarnego bzu, chociaż ich znaczenie jest nieco
mniejsze
niż
kwiatów
i
dojrzałych
owoców. Znajduje również zastosowanie w
kuchni. Dojrzałe owoce nadają się do
przyrządzania dżemów, konfitur, powideł, soków,
win. Intensywny kolor przegotowanego soku
umożliwia wykorzystanie go jako naturalnego
barwnika.
the presence of large amounts of
vitamins (B, C), carotenoids,
anthocyanins and sugars. All of
these work very effectively with
all kinds of health problems. Dried
flowers in the form of teas are
diaphoretic
and
antipyretic
properties, and thus perfectly
suited for colds and upper
respiratory tract diseases. They
show also a diuretic, useful for
problems with the urinary
system. Fruits have similar properties, but also
act as detoxication, anti-inflammatory and
analgesic, and cleanse the body of toxins and
have a positive effect on metabolism. During
infection stimulates the immune system, there are
also strong antiviral and antibacterial slightly
weaker. The content of a large amount of
anthocyanin also enables their use in anti-cancer
prevention. Externally applied mainly extracts
and infusions of flowers, which are antiinflammatory. For medicinal purposes is also
used leaves and bark of elderberry, though their
importance is slightly smaller than the flowers
and ripe fruit.
Elder is also used in the kitchen. Ripe fruits are
perfect for making jams, preserves, jam, juice or
wines. The intense colour of boiled juice allows
you to use it as a natural dye.
Czosnek niedźwiedzi
Czosnek niedźwiedzi (Allium ursinum) to gatunek
rośliny z podrodziny czosnkowych, powszechnie
występujący na naturalnych stanowiskach
leśnych w całym kraju.
Do
celów
leczniczych
i
kulinarnych wykorzystywane są
jednak nie tyle główki, co młode
liście czosnku niedźwiedziego i to
zbierane wczesną wiosną. Wtedy
są bowiem najdelikatniejsze i
zawierają
najwięcej
cennych
substancji odżywczych. W młodych
liściach można znaleźć ogromne
ilości witaminy C, a także wit. A i E, olejki
eteryczne, sallicynę, flawonoidy, aminokwasy,
siarkę, selen, mangan, żelazo i wiele innych
Ramsons (Allium ursinum) is a plant species in
the subfamily garlic, commonly found in natural
forest stands across the whole
country.
For the purposes of medicinal
and culinary uses but not the
head, which the young
leaves and bear's garlic is
harvested in early spring.
Then there are for the most
delicate and contain many
valuable nutrients. The
young leaves can be found large
amounts of vitamin C and vitamin. A and E,
essential oils, sallicynę, flavonoids, amino acids,
sulfur, selenium, manganese, iron, and many
mikro oraz makroelementów. Z tego powodu ma
podobne działanie prozdrowotne co znany nam
czosnek, a więc działa bakteriobójczo,
przeciwgrzybiczno, obniża ciśnienie krwi i
poziom
„złego
cholesterolu”,
wspomaga
trawienie, przeciwdziała miażdżycy i jest
polecany przy chorobach górnych dróg
oddechowych.
other micro-and macronutrients. For this reason is
similar health benefits as garlic known to us, and
so has antibacterial, przeciwgrzybiczno, lowers
blood pressure and levels of "bad" cholesterol,
aids digestion, prevents atherosclerosis and is
recommended in diseases of the upper respiratory
tract.
Dzika róża - Rosa canina
Róża dzika zaliczana jest do roślin różowatych
Rosaceae, charakteryzujących się pięknymi
kwiatostanami. Spotykamy ją przy
drogach
jako
element
krajobrazu.
Surowcem leczniczym dzikiej
róży są owoce. Bogactwo
witaminowe sprawia, że owoce
dzikiej róży są doskonałym
surowcem wzmacniającym. Tak
duża zawartość witaminy C,
powoduje,
że
kilka
owoców
wystarczy do zaspokojenia dziennego
zapotrzebowania organizmu na witaminę C.
Warto zaznaczyć, że witamina C
w takiej formie jest lepiej
przyswajalna,
w
przeciwieństwie do witaminy C
w
formie
syntetycznej.
Przetworzone owoce dzikiej
róży dobroczynnie wpływają
m.in. na wątrobę, procesy
trawienne, serce, przyspieszają
gojenie ran oraz poprawiają
wygląd skóry, działają lekko
moczopędnie oraz żółciopędnie.
W kuchni owocnie mogą być wykorzystane do
produkcji wina, nadają się także do produkcji
dżemów, konfitur, powideł, nalewek, herbaty itp.
Wilde Rose is considered to the plant
Rosaceae, characterized by beautiful
florets. We can meet it on the road
as a part of the landscape.
Used medicinally are fruit of a
wild rose. Vitamin wealth makes
rose hips as a great resource
strengthening. Such a high
content of vitamin C causes
some fruit enough to meet
the daily requirement of vitamin
C. It is worth noting that the vitamin C in
the form is better absorbed, in contrast to vitamin
C in a synthetic form. Processed fruits of wild
rose beneficially affect such the liver,
digestion, heart, accelerate wound
healing
and
enhance
the
appearance of the skin, act
slightly diuretic and cholagogue.
The kitchen can be fruitfully used
in the manufacture of wine, are
also suitable for the production of
jams, preserves, jam, tinctures,
teas, etc.
Dziurawiec zwyczajny
Jedną z najbardziej popularnych
leczniczych jest dziurawiec
zwyczajny
Hypericum
perforatum, zwany także
zielem
świętojańskim.
Jego liczne właściwości
lecznicze doceniono już w
starożytności.
Zawiera
m.in.
olejek
eteryczny,
garbniki,
czerwony barwnik, kwasy
organiczne, flawonoidy
roślin
One of the most popular medicinal plants is St.
John's Wort Hypericum perforatum,
also known as the herb świętojańskim.
His numerous healing properties
appreciated in antiquity.
It contains essential oil, tannins, red
dye, organic acids, flavonoids (e.g.
routine
hyperozyd),
lipophilic
components (hipercyna), mineral
salts.
(np. rutyna, hyperozyd), składniki lipofilne
(hipercyna), sole mineralne. Dzięki nim działa
rozkurczowo, dezynfekująco, uspokajająco. Poza
tym wykazuje pozytywne działanie w stanach
chorobowych skóry. Wpływa na poprawę
nastroju, obniżenia stanu zmęczenia i stresu.
Dobrze
wpływa
na
problemy
układu
pokarmowego poprawiając przemianę materii,
pobudza trawienie, przeciwdziała biegunce,
pomaga przy zapaleniu przewodu pokarmowego.
Stosowany przy schorzeniach wątroby, pobudza
wytwarzanie żółci. Działa wzmacniająco na układ
krwionośny. Dziurawiec wykorzystywany jest
również jako środek przeciwkrwotoczny i
dezynfekujący. Skutecznie eliminuje bakterie
gronkowca i paciorkowca. Dodatkowo pomaga
przy oparzeniach, zapaleniu gardła, problemach
skórnych. Wykorzystywany jest także w
przemyśle kosmetycznym (składnik wielu
odżywek, kremów, szamponów).
Thanks to the work relaxant, disinfecting,
reassuringly. Besides, has a positive effect on the
skin disease states. It improves your mood,
reduce fatigue and stress state. Its impact on the
problems of the digestive system by improving
the metabolism, stimulates digestion, prevents
diarrhea, helps with inflammation of the
gastrointestinal tract. Used in diseases of the
liver, stimulates the production of bile.
Strengthens the cardiovascular system. St. John's
Wort is also used as a antihemorrhagic and
disinfectant. It effectively eliminates the bacteria
staphylococcus and streptococcus. In addition,
helps with burns, pharyngitis, skin problems. Is
also used in the cosmetic industry (an ingredient
in many supplements, creams, shampoos).
Kalina
W Polsce, w stanie dzikim występują
dwa
gatunki
kalinykalina
koralowa (Viburnum opulus) oraz
kalina
hordowina
(Viburnum
lantana). Kaliny są bardzo
dekoracyjne i doskonale prezentują
się w ogrodach.
Biorąc pod uwagę właściwości
lecznicze kaliny, należy zauważyć,
że już od starożytności była ona znana
i wykorzystywana jako roślina lecznicza. W
Polsce najbardziej popularną kaliną na tej
płaszczyźnie jest rodzima kalina koralowa. Jako
surowiec leczniczy wykorzystuje się przede
wszystkim korę, a rzadziej owoce. Z kory
sporządza się odwary oraz ekstrakty, które
wykorzystuje
się
przy
dolegliwościach
kobiecych. Wykazują właściwości rozkurczowe
oraz przeciwkrwotoczne. Owoce wykazują
właściwości trujące. Zaszkodzić
może spożycie większej ilości
owoców. Szczególnie należy
uważać na dzieci, które są
bardziej wrażliwe na działanie
niebezpiecznych dla człowieka
substancji.
Owoce
kaliny
koralowej zawierają m.in. witaminę
C, kwasy organiczne, pektyny,
karoten, cukry. W lecznictwie
stosowane
przy
problemach
zdrowotnych, związanych z pracą serca, działają
uspokajająco oraz moczopędnie.
Viburnum
In Poland, in the wild, there are two
species
of
viburnum
viburnum-reef
(Viburnum
opulus)
and
hordowina
viburnum (Viburnum lantana).
Kalina are very decorative and
well presented in the gardens.
Taking into account the healing
properties of viburnum, it
should be noted that since
ancient times it was known and used as a
medicinal plant. In Poland the most popular
Kalina on this level is a native viburnum opulus.
As a therapeutic material used primarily bark and
less fruit. The bark is prepared decoctions and
extracts that are used by medical problems such
as women's with dysmenorrhea.
Exhibit antispasmodic and antihaemorrhagic.
Fruits have toxic properties.
Harm can intake more fruit. In
particular, watch for children
who are more sensitive to the
effects
of
substances
dangerous to man. Fruits
viburnum
reef
include,
among others vitamin C, organic
acids, pectin, carotene, sugars. In medicine used
for health problems related to the work the heart,
calming and diuretic.
Knieć błotna
Knieć
błotna
zwana
popularnie kaczeńcem lub
kaczyńcem jest byliną,
porastającą bagna lub
obrzeża
strumieni
i
sadzawek. W Polsce knieć
błotna występuje dziko na
bagnistych łąkach, brzegach
strumieni, a nawet rowów, w
miejscach
okresowo
zalewanych.
Surowcem zielarskim jest świeże i suche ziele –
Herba
Calthae
palustris.
Posiada
ono
zastosowanie w leczeniu kamicy żółciowej,
dyskinezy dróg żółciowych, wirusowego
zapalenia wątroby oraz obrzęków na tle
niewydolności krążenia. Zewnętrznie stosowane
jest na trudno gojące się rany, wypryski,
owrzodzenia. W surowcu stwierdzono obecność
alkaloidów izochinolinowych (w tym m. in.
berberyny). Aktywne są również inne składniki
kaczeńca: alkaloidy aporfinowe (magnofloryna),
laktony (hemiterpenowy – protoanemonina,
trójterpenowy – kaltolid) i saponinowy glikozyd
nasercowy (helleboryna), a także flawonoidy
(kwercetyna),
karotenoidy,
witamina
C.
Magnofloryna, laktony i berberyna działają
antybakteryjnie,
przeciwwirusowo
i
antygrzybiczo. Berberyna
ponadto działa żółciotwórczo, żółciopędnie i
rozkurczowo.
Caltha palustris popularly known
as marigolds or kaczyńcem is a
perennial plant, growing on the
periphery of wetlands or streams
and ponds. In Poland, there is
Caltha palustris wild in marshy
meadows, stream banks, and
even ditches in periodically
flooded.
Herbal raw material is fresh
and dry herbs - Herb Calthae palustris. It has
application in the treatment of gallstone disease,
biliary dyskinesia, viral hepatitis and swelling
against failure. Externally it is used for hard to
heal wounds, eczema, ulcers. The raw material
revealed the presence of isoquinoline alkaloids
(including, among others. Berberine). Active
ingredients are also other marigolds alkaloids
aporfinowe
(magnofloryna),
lactones
(hemiterpenowy - protoanemonina, trójterpenowy
- kaltolid) and saponinowy cardiac glycoside
(helleboryna) and flavonoids (quercetin),
carotenoids, vitamin C. Magnofloryna, lactones
and berberine an antibacterial , antiviral and
antygrzybiczo.
Berberine
also
works
żółciotwórczo, cholagogue and relaxant.
Koniczyna
Koniczyna łąkowa należy do
rodzimych i bardzo pospolitych
gatunków rodzaju. Występuje w
zaroślach,
na
bezdrożach,
pastwiskach.
Ze
względu
na
obecność
substancji aktywnie czynnych,
wiele z gatunków koniczyny
traktowanych jest jako rośliny o
właściwościach
leczniczych.
Najbardziej popularnym gatunkiem koniczyny
wykorzystywanym także na wspomnianej wyżej
płaszczyźnie jest koniczyna czerwona. Trifolium
pratense zawiera m.in. flawonoidy, glikozydy,
witaminę A, C, E, olejek eteryczny, garbniki,
żywice, kwasy organiczne oraz sole mineralne.
Jako surowiec traktuje się zarówno ziele jak i
kwiaty. Wyciągi oraz napary z koniczyny
Red clover is a native and
very common species of
the genus. There in the
bushes, off-road, pastures.
Due to the presence of
active ingredients, many
of the species treated as
clover
plants
with
medicinal properties.
The most popular species of clover used as
the above-mentioned plane is red clover.
Trifolium pratense contains among others
flavonoids, glycosides, vitamins A, C, E,
essential oil, tannins, resins, organic acids and
mineral salts. As the raw material is treated with
both herbs and flowers. Extracts or infusions of
red clover have expectorant, sedative, diuretic,
diaphoretic and mitigation dysmenorrhea.
czerwonej
mają
działanie
wykrztuśne,
uspokajające, moczopędne, napotne
oraz
łagodzące bolesne miesiączkowanie. Koniczyna
biała wzmacnia, działa przeciwbólowo, natomiast
białoróżowa
wykazuje
działanie
m.in.
przeczyszczające,
przeciwzapalne
oraz
przeciwbólowe.
Koniczyna
polna
ma
zastosowanie
jako
ziele
przeciwzapalne,
ściągające, przeciwbólowe, natomiast koniczyna
łubinowata wykorzystywana była przede
wszystkim jako środek moczopędny.
White clover strengthens, an analgesic, and has
been shown to include white-rose laxative, antiinflammatory and analgesic. Clover herb is used
as anti-inflammatory, astringent, analgesic, and
primarily as a diuretic.
Krwawnik
Krwawnik
pospolity Achillea
millefolium jest jedną z roślin
wykazującą
zróżnicowane
właściwości lecznicze. Możemy go
spotkać na całym terytorium
Polski- podczas spaceru na
przydrożach, łąkach, w zaroślach,
na miedzach, nieużytkach, również
w ogrodach.
Pod
względem
leczniczym
najwartościowsze jest ziele oraz kwiatostany.
O wyjątkowości krwawnika decydują substancje
czynne wchodzące w jego skład. W lecznictwie
wykorzystywany jest przede wszystkim na
płaszczyźnie schorzeń związanych z układem
pokarmowym. Pobudza trawienie, pomaga przy
zaburzeniach i nieżytach tego przewodu. Posiada
właściwości
ograniczające
krwawienia
wewnętrzne i zewnętrzne. Dodatkowo obniża
ciśnienie krwi, przyśpiesza gojenie ran oraz
oparzeń. Wykazuje właściwości przeciwzapalne,
pomoże przy zapaleniu pęcherza moczowego,
bolesnych miesiączkach, schorzeniach wątroby
oraz
poprawi
apetyt. Krwawnik
pospolity wykorzystywany
jest
także
w
przemyśle kosmetycznym.
Milfoil
Yarrow
Achillea
millefolium is one of the plants
having different medicinal
properties. We can be found
throughout the Poland -while
walking
on
roadsides,
meadows, thickets, for balk,
wasteland, also in the
gardens.
In terms of the most
valuable medicinal herbs and inflorescences.
The uniqueness of yarrow determine the active
substances in its composition. The therapy is used
primarily in the field of disorders associated with
the digestive system. It stimulates digestion, and
helps with disorders of the gastrointestinal
catarrh. It has the properties of limiting internal
and external bleeding. Additionally, lowers blood
pressure, accelerates the healing of wounds and
burns. Exhibits anti-inflammatory properties help
with inflammation of the bladder, painful
menstruations, liver disease, and improve
appetite. Yarrow is also used in the cosmetic
industry.
Mięta
Do roślin leczniczych należy także mięta. Poza
miętą
pieprzową,
najpopularniejszą
reprezentantką tego rodzaju, warto zwrócić
uwagę na mięte polną. Ona także ma wiele
właściwości, dzięki którym ulżymy sobie
przy konkretnych dolegliwościach.
Mięta zawiera olejek eteryczny,
zawierający m.in. mentol, menton,
garbniki, flawonoidy, pinen, gorycze,
sole mineralne, wykorzystywana
Mint is also the medicinal plant. Peppermint
and mint are
the most popular
representatives of the types. They
also have a number of properties
which help us with specific
medical illnesses. Mint contains
essential oil, which has, among
others menthol, menthone, tannins,
flavonoids, pinene, bitter, mineral
salts, is used for the symptoms
jest
przy
dolegliwościach
związanych
z problemami trawiennymi. Mięta polna tak jak
mięta pieprzowa należy do tych gatunków
rodzaju charakteryzujących się dużą zawartością
mentolu. Pomoże ona przy wzdęciach,
problemach trawiennych, nieżytach żołądka, jelit,
a także przy problemach z górnymi drogami
oddechowymi. Ma działanie wiatropędne,
żółciopędne, przeciwbakteryje.
with digestive problems. Peppermint also has a
beneficial effect onthe liver.
Mint such as peppermint belongs to the species of
the genus are characterized by a high content of
menthol. It will help with bloating, indigestion,
gastritis, enteritis, and the problems of upper
airways. It has an carminative, cholagogue,
antibacterial.
Rumianek
Rumianek poza odmianami
polnymi posiada, także
odmiany ogrodowe.
Rumianek
działa
przeciwzapalnie
oraz
odkażająco. Przy zapaleniu
spojówek i powiek używa się
go
do
zewnętrznego
przemywania oczu. Rumianek
pomaga, także w przypadku nie gojących się ran
czy przy wzdęciach. Poza tym wspomaga
trawienie i działa kojąco. Jest popularnym
składnikiem składnik wielu kosmetyków.
Chamomile has dirt outside varieties,
including garden variety.
Chamomile has anti-inflammatory
and
antiseptic
usage.
When
conjunctivitis and eyelid infections is
used
to
external
eyewash.
Chamomile helps, as in the case of
non-healing wounds or flatulence.
Besides chamomile aids digestion
and soothes. It is added as an ingredient in
cosmetics.
Mniszek lekarski
Mniszek
lekarski,
jest
bardzo
rozpowszechniony w naszym kraju.
Zwany pospolicie mleczem bądź
dmuchawcem jest zaliczany do bardzo
uciążliwych chwastów. Ta żółto
kwitnąca roślina należy do roślin
leczniczych, które mogą nam pomóc w
przypadku wielu dolegliwości.
Do celów leczniczych wykorzystywany
jest przede wszystkim korzeń rośliny oraz
kwiaty. Znajduje zastosowanie przede
wszystkim przy regulacji zaburzeń
związanych z przepływem żółci do
dwunastnicy. Takie dolegliwości mogą
wystąpić po przebytej żółtaczce czy też
uszkodzeniach wątroby. Poza tym poprawia
apetyt i reguluje proces trawienia. Na trawienie
dobry wpływ mają goryczki, które pobudzają
żołądek do wydzielania większej ilości soku
żołądkowego. Korzeń mniszka lekarskiego, a
przede wszystkim kwiaty powodują znaczne
zwiększenie wydalania moczu przy jednoczesnej
dezynfekcji układu moczowego. Lekarstwo
możemy spożywać pod postacią naparów,
odwarów, nalewek. Roślina jest wykorzystywana
także w celach kosmetycznych (problemy skórne)
oraz spożywczych.
Dandelion, is very common in
our country. milt or commonly
called Dandelion is classified
as a noxious weed. This
yellow flowering plant is a
medicinal plant that can help
us in many ailments.
For medicinal purposes, is
used mainly root crops and
flowers. It is used primarily
by
control
disorders
associated with the flow of
bile into the duodenum.
These symptoms may
occur with a history of jaundice or liver damage.
Besides, improves appetite and regulates the
digestive process. Good digestion is affected
bitterness that stimulate the stomach to secrete
more gastric juice. Dandelion root, and above all
flowers resulting in a significant increase in urine
output while disinfecting the urinary tract.
Medication can be eaten in the form of infusions,
decoctions, tinctures. The plant is also used for
cosmetic purposes (skin problems) and
foodstuffs.
Lawenda lekarska (wąskolistna)
Lewenda lekarska (Lavandula angustifolia)
należy do jednych z najbardziej wyrazistych i
najpiękniejszych krzewinek. Cechą szczególną
tych roślin jest ich aromatyczność. Nie sposób nie
wspomnieć o jej leczniczych
właściwościach.
Wynikają
one
z
dużej
zawartości substancji aktywnych
m.in.
linalolu,
terpeny,
garbników, kwasów organicznych
oraz soli mineralnych. Olejek
eteryczny dobroczynnie wpływa na
prawidłową
pracę
przewodu
pokarmowego,
wątroby
oraz
wykazuje działania moczopędne. Dowiedziono
także, że obniża napięcie nerwicowe i ułatwia
zasypianie.
Zewnętrznie
działa
przeciwgrzybiczno oraz przeciwbakteryjnie.
Olejek lawendowy znalazł szerokie zastosowanie
w perfumerii i całościowo w kosmetyce. Jest
składnikiem wielu perfum oraz środków higieny.
Lewenda Medical (Lavandula angustifolia) is one
of the most distinctive and beautiful shrubs. A
special feature of these products is their
aromaticity. It is impossible not to mention its
medicinal properties.
They result from the high content
of active ingredients such as
linalool,
terpenes,
tannins,
organic acids and mineral salts.
The essential oil has a beneficial
effect on the proper functioning
of the digestive tract, liver and
has a diuretic. It is also proved
that reduces the voltage
neurotic and facilitates sleep. External works
przeciwgrzybiczno and antibacterial. Lavender oil
is widely used in perfumery and as a whole in
cosmetics. It is used in many perfumes and
hygiene measures.
Szałwia lekarska
Szałwia Lekarska wydziela intensywny zapach,
który zbliżony jest do kamfory. Pozwala nam to
odróżnić inne szałwie od szałwii
lekarskiej.
Leczące
właściwości
mają
liście rośliny. Działają
między
innymi
przeciwzapalnie.
Świeże liście szałwii
wzbogacają
smak
potraw. Przyprawia się
nimi drób oraz mięso, jak
również dodaje je do
sosów.
Poza tym szałwia działa,
także
dezynfekująco,
grzybobójczo,
rozkurczowo, a także przeciwzapalnie. Liście
szałwii zawierają w sobie olejek eteryczny. W
roślinie znajdują się, także witaminy A, C i PP.
Napar z rośliny pomaga przy zapaleniu dziąseł
oraz przeziębieniach, łagodząc zapalenie gardła
oraz krtani.
Rośliny używa się do produkcji kosmetyków,
które między innymi pomagają w walce z
trądzikiem. Poza tym szałwia przeciwdziała,
także zbyt dużej potliwości. Zastosowanie
płukanki z zioła pomaga zwalczać łupież
i zmniejsza przetłuszczanie się włosów.
Sage has a strong smell that is similar to
camphor. This allows us to distinguish from other
salvia sage.
The curative properties of the plant
are listed. They work among other
anti-inflammatory.Fresh
sage
leaves enhance the flavor of foods.
Them seasoned poultry and meat,
as well as add them to the sauce.
Besides
sage
works
as
disinfectant, fungicidal relaxant,
and an anti-inflammatory. Sage
leaves contain an essential oil.
In the plant there are also
vitamins A, C and PP. An infusion
of the plant helps with gingivitis and colds,
relieving inflammation of the throat and larynx.
Plants used for the production of cosmetics,
which should help in the fight against acne.
Besides, sage prevents, as excessive sweating.
Use lotion with herb helps fight dandruff and
reduces oily hair.
Pokrzywa zwyczajna
Pokrzywa zwyczajna (Urtica dioica) należy do
bardzo pospolitych bylin. Możemy ją
spotkać na bezdrożach, obrzeżach
lasów, nieużytkach, polanach, w
zaroślach jak również w ogrodach,
gdzie traktowana jest jako chwast.
Najlepszą wartość odżywczą wykazują
rośliny o młodych liściach.
Bogactwo składnikowe sprawia, że
wykazuje ona dobroczynny wpływ na
wiele dolegliwości mogących nam
dokuczać. Przede wszystkim wykazuje działania
przeciwkrwotoczne i moczopędne. Właściwości
przeciwkrwotoczne wykorzystywane są do
tamowania krwawień wewnętrznych m.in.
macicznych, w układzie pokarmowym. Wpływa
na podniesienie zawartości hemoglobiny we krwi,
korzystne
przy
wszelkiego
rodzaju
dolegliwościach
związanych
z
anemią.
Właściwości
moczopędne
ziela
można
wykorzystać
przy
problemach
układu
moczowego oraz chorób nerek. Dowiedziono, że
pokrzywa
zwyczajna
podwyższa
ilość
wydalanego moczu i substancji toksycznych.
Pozytywnie działa na przewód pokarmowy
wzmagając przemianę materii. Pomaga przy
biegunce, obniża poziom cukru we krwi oraz
ciśnienie. Działa pozytywnie na wzrost włosów,
tak więc bardzo często możemy się spotkać z
szamponami pokrzywowymi oraz innymi
kosmetykami do których produkcji wykorzystuje
się pokrzywę.
Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a
very common perennial varieties
commonly can be found on the
off-road, edges of forests,
wastelands, clearings in the
brush as well as in gardens,
where it is regarded as a weed.
The best nutritional value of
plants show the young leaves.
Wealth component that makes
it has a beneficial effect on many
ailments that can annoy us. First of all exhibits
and
diuretic
action
antihemorrhagical.
Antihemorrhagical properties are used for control
of internal bleeding include uterine, in the
gastrointestinal tract. Raises the amount of
hemoglobin in the blood, beneficial to all kinds of
ailments associated with anemia. Diuretic herb
can be used for urinary problems and kidney
disease. It has been proved that the stinging nettle
increases the amount of urine and toxic
substances. Positive effects on the gastrointestinal
tract intensifying the metabolism. Helps with
diarrhea, lowers blood sugar and blood pressure.
Has a positive impact on the growth of hair, so
very often we meet with pokrzywowymi
shampoos and other cosmetics for the production
used nettle.
Skrzyp polny
Skrzyp polny (Equisetum
arvense) jest jednym z
wielu
gatunków
zaliczanych do rodziny
skrzypowatych
(Equisetaceae). W ogrodzie,
mimo swej wyjątkowej formy
traktowany jest jako chwast i
wskaźnik kwasowości podłoża.
Ziele
skrzypu
wykazuje
pozytywny wpływ na organizm
człowieka. Posiada działanie
remineralizująceproces
mineralizacji. Proces bardzo ważny ze względu
na ciągłe zapotrzebowanie organizmu na
poszczególne składniki mineralne, które wciąż są
wykorzystywane
do
prawidłowego
funkcjonowania organizmu. Warto się skupić na
krzemionce, gdyż krzem jako pierwiastek mimo,
Horsetail (Equisetum arvense) is
one of many species belonging to
the
family
skrzypowatych
(Equisetaceae). In the garden,
despite his outstanding form is
regarded as a weed and acidity
index of the substrate.
Horsetail herb has a positive
effect on the human body. It
has
a
remineralizingmineralization process. The
very important because of
the continuous body's need for individual
minerals, which are still used for the proper
functioning of the body. It is worth to focus on
silica as silicon as the element even though
present in trace amounts is very important. With
age, there is less and less in the body, so it should
be completed.
że występuje w śladowych ilościach jest bardzo
ważny. Wraz z wiekiem jest go coraz mniej w
organizmie, tak więc należy go uzupełniać. Ziele
skrzypu ze względu na łatwą przyswajalność
krzemionki sprawdza się w tej roli. Krzem bierze
udział w procesie zabliźniania się ran. Wykazuje
dobroczynny wpływ na błony śluzowe i naczynia
krwionośnie zapobiegając ich łamliwości i
nadmiernej przepuszczalności. Poza tym ma
dobry wpływ na skórę, włosy i paznokcie. Ziele
ma działanie moczopędne, przeciwkrwotoczne.
Działa pozytywnie w przypadku stanów
zapalnych dróg moczowych oraz miażdżycy.
Zapobiega tworzeniu się kamieni w układzie
moczowym. Zewnętrzne stosowanie poprawia
wygląd skóry oraz pomaga przy zapaleniu
spojówek. Poprzez okłady ze skrzypu polnego
można przyśpieszyć gojenie się ran oraz ulżyć
przy stłuczeniach i oparzeniach.
Horsetail herb due to easy absorption of silica
suited for this role. Silicon is involved in the
process of healing the wounds. Has a beneficial
effect on mucous membranes and blood vessels
by
preventing
excessive
fragility
and
permeability. Besides, it has a good effect on the
skin, hair and nails. Herb is a diuretic, antihaemorrhagic. Effective in cases of urinary tract
inflammation, and atherosclerosis. It prevents the
formation of stones in the urinary tract. Topical
application improves the appearance of skin and
helps with conjunctivitis. By poultice of horsetail
can accelerate wound healing and relieve the
bruises and burns.
Szczypiorek
Szczypiorek zaliczany jest do
najbardziej popularnych ziół
przede
wszystkim
o
właściwościach
aromatyzujących potrawy. Jest
rośliną
wieloletnią,
charakteryzującą
się
rurkowatymi, pustymi wewnątrz
liśćmi. Jego wysokość sięga
zazwyczaj do 30 cm. Allium
schoenoprasum zawiera m.in. witaminę C,
witaminy z grupy B, witaminę PP, a także żelazo,
fosfor, wapń, sód. Szczypiorek przyśpiesza
trawienie,
wzmaga
apetyt.
Powszechnie
wykorzystywany jest w kuchni, ale w stanie
świeżym.
Chives is one of the most popular
herbs is all about food flavoring
properties. It is a perennial
plant, which is characterized by
tabular, hollow leaves. Its
height reaches typically up to
30 cm.
Allium
schoenoprasum
contains among others vitamin
C, B vitamins, vitamin PP, as
well as iron, phosphorus, calcium, sodium.
Chives speeds up digestion, stimulates the
appetite. Widely used in the kitchen, but in a
fresh state.
Pietruszka
Pietruszka zwyczajna jest
rośliną dwuletnią, znaną już
w
czasach
starożytnych.
Zaliczana jest do roślin
baldaszkowatych.
W
pierwszym roku wytwarza
palowy korzeń, a w drugim
wysoki pęd kwiatowy. W
lecznictwie wykorzystuje się
korzeń oraz owoce. W kuchni
zastosowanie znajduje część podziemna oraz
pierzaste liście zwane natką. Podczas kwitnienia
roślina może sięgać do 80 cm wysokości, wielu
Parsley
Parsley is a biennial plant, known
since ancient times. Ranked among
the Umbelliferae plants. In the first
year produces a pile of root, and
the second high the flower. The
root is used medicinally, and fruit.
The kitchen is part of the use of
underground and feathery leaves
called parsley. During flowering plant may be up
to 80 cm in height, while the list of up to ca 30
cm in height.
natomiast liście sięgają do około 30 cm
wysokości. Roślinę rozmnażamy generatywnie
poprzez nasiona, każdej wiosny. Roślina
niezwykle popularna w ogrodach warzywnych.
W białym korzeniu pietruszki odnajdziemy m.in.
olejek eteryczny, witaminę C, witaminy z grupy
B, fosfor, wapń. Korzeń oraz owoce pietruszki
wykazują działanie moczopędne, wiatropędne,
antyseptyczne, wspomagają proces trawienia. W
stanie świeżym natka pietruszki dodawana jest do
potraw. Można ją także przechować w formie
mrożonej.
Generatively propagate the plant by seed each
spring. Plant very popular in gardens vegetables.
The white root parsley find such essential oil,
vitamin C, B vitamins, phosphorus, calcium.
Parsley root and fruit have diuretic, carminative,
antiseptic, aid the process of digestion. When
fresh parsley is added to many dishes. It can also
be stored in a frozen form.
Rozmaryn
Rozmaryn lekarski jest krzewem.
Liście rozmarynu zawierają
olejek eteryczny oraz inne
składniki, które w niewielkiej
dawce
wspomagają
proces
trawienia, wzmagają apetyt.
Rozmaryn można stosować do
aromatyzowania m.in. mięs, zup,
sosów, sałatek.
Rosemary is a shrub. The leaves contain
an essential oil of rosemary and other
ingredients that in small doses stimulate
the process of digestion, enhance
appetite. Rosemary can be used for
flavoring include meats, soups, sauces
and salads.
Tymianek pospolity
Tymianek pospolity to jedna z tych roślin
przyprawowych,
które
są
pospolicie
wykorzystywane w kuchni. Nie można także
zapominać o licznych właściwościach leczniczych
rośliny. Jest to roślina wieloletnia.
Roślina
zawiera
olejek
eteryczny, w którym możemy
odnaleźć m.in. tymol oraz
cyneol. Poza tym tymianek
zawiera flawonoidy, garbniki,
kwasy organiczne, saponiny, a
także sole mineralne. Zawartość
substancji bioaktywnych sprawia,
że tymianek pospolity wykazuje
właściwości
wykrztuśne
oraz
antyzapalne, tak więc pomaga w
problemach związanych z drogami
oddechowymi
np.
przypadku
przeziębienia. Thymus vulgaris
doskonale sprawdza się przy aromatyzowaniu
mięs, serów, zup, sosów.
Thyme is one of those spices, which are
commonly used in the kitchen. You cannot forget
about the many medicinal properties of the plant.
The plant contains essential oil, which can be
found among others thymol and
cineole. In addition, thyme contains
flavonoids, tannins, organic acids,
saponins, and mineral salts. The
content of bioactive substances makes
thyme has expectorant and antiinflammatory properties, so it helps
in problems related to the respiratory
tract such as the common cold.
Thymus vulgaris is ideal for
aromatyzowaniu meats, cheeses,
soups, sauces.
Koper ogrodowy
Koper ogrodowy uprawiany jest niemalże na
każdym warzywniku. Jego wysokość może
przekraczać 100 cm. Roślina
niezwykle aromatyczna. Jako
surowiec wykorzystuje się liście,
mające szerokie zastosowanie w
kuchni, natomiast owocostany
wykorzystywane
są
w
ziołolecznictwie.
Anethum graveolens zawiera
olejek eteryczny zawierający m.in.
karwon.
Poza
tym
zawiera
flawonoidy, białko, witaminę C, a
także
sole
mineralne.
Do
prawidłowego
rozwoju
koper
wymaga słonecznego stanowiska, podłoża
przeciętnego, umiarkowanie wilgotnego. Koper
ogrodowy rozmnażamy poprzez nasiona. W
kuchni możemy wykorzystać roślinę w stanie
świeżym, a także w formie mrożonej oraz
suszonej. W ziołolecznictwie pozytywnie wpływa
na trawienie, jest wiatropędny, a w kuchni
przyprawia się nim całą masę potraw, a także
wykorzystuje przy konserwowaniu oraz kiszeniu
ogórków.
Dill is grown on almost every grocery store. Its
height can exceed 100 cm. An aromatic plant. As
a raw material are used leaves and
have a wide application in the
kitchen, and the seed heads are
used in herbal medicine.
Anethum graveolens contains an
essential oil containing such
carvone. It also contains
flavonoids, protein, vitamin C,
as well as mineral salts. The
fennel
requires
proper
development of solar position,
the
substrate
average,
moderately moist. Dill propagate
by seeds. In the kitchen we can use the plant in
the fresh state, as well as frozen and dried. In
herbal medicine has a positive effect on digestion,
is a carminative, and the food is seasoned with a
whole bunch of dishes, as well as the preservation
and use of ensiled cucumbers.
Melisa
Melisa jest rośliną wieloletnią, której wysokość
może sięgać nawet 100 cm. Jako surowiec
wykorzystuje się górną część pędów.
Melisa lekarska zawiera olejek
eteryczny,
kwasy
organiczne,
flawonoidy, garbniki, sole mineralne.
Roślina słynie ze swych właściwości
leczniczych. Większość z nas
doskonale wie, że melisa działa
uspokajająco, a przy tym pozytywnie
wpływa na pracę żołądka. Melissa
officinalis jest bardzo ciepłolubna,
dlatego
preferuje
stanowiska
słoneczne, podłoże przepuszczalne,
żyzne, ciepłe, a także próchnicze. W
kuchni
możemy
ją
wykorzystać
przy
sporządzaniu napojów, może stanowić dodatek
do zup oraz sałatek.
Melissa is a perennial, the amount may be as
high as 100 cm. As a raw material used in the
upper part of the shoot.
Melissa contains essential oil, organic acids,
flavonoids, tannins, minerals.
The plant is known for its
medicinal properties. Most of
us knows that lemon balm has
a calming and at the same
positive effect on the stomach.
Melissa officinalis is extremely
thermophilic, and therefore
prefers the position of the sun,
well-drained soil, fertile, warm,
and caries. In the kitchen we can
use in the preparation of
beverages may be an addition to soups and salads.
Majeranek
Majeranek to jednoroczna roślina. Największą
popularność
oraz
najszersze
zastosowanie
majeranek
uzyskał
w
przemyśle
spożywczym oraz kulinarnym.
Jest niezastąpioną przyprawą
w kuchni.
Dzięki swojemu niezwykłemu
zapachowi, nadaje niezwykły i
cudowny
aromat
mięsom,
wędlinom, rybom, a także
zupom. W ludowej medycynie
bywał stosowany przy bólach
głowy,
skurczach,
kaszlu,
migrenie, problemach z trawieniem, a nawet
lekkich schorzeniach nerwowych.
Marjoram is an annual plant. The
most popular and most widely used
marjoram obtained in the food
industry and culinary. It is an
indispensable spice in the kitchen.
Thanks to its unusual smell, gives a
remarkable and wonderful flavor
meats, hams, fish, and soups. In
folk medicine frequented used for
headaches,
cramps,
cough,
migraine, digestive problems and even
diseases of the nervous light.
SPAIN
LITHUANIA
Herbs and aromatic plants of Lithuania
Adonis pavasarinis
Pavasarį.
Reguliuoja širdies ir
kraujagyslių sistemos darbą.
Grows in Spring.
Regulates the
cardiovascular system
Ajeras (Acorus calamus L)
Antžeminė
dalis
The useful
part of the
plants: flower.
Vasario - kovo mėn.
Šaknys
Gerina apetitą. Vartojama
esant virškinimo
negalavimams, skarandžio
sulčių rūgštingumui mažinti,
esant nenormaliam širdies
darbui, širdies skausmui, kaulų
skausmui, prie inkstų ir tulžies
ligų.
Roots
February - March.
Improves appetite. Used
in gastrointestinal
ailments, gastric
reduction, an abnormal
heart rate, heart pain,
bone pain, the kidney and
gall diseases.
Apinys paprastasis (Humulus lupulus)
Rudenį.
Spurgai
Labiausiai žinomas, kaip alaus
prieskonis, bet tuo pačiu, kaip
ir vaistas, keliantis apetitą,
raminanti priemonė. Jauni
ūgliai kaip ir šparagai pavasarį
vartojami maistui
Autumn.
Best known as the beer
flavor, but at the same
Young shoots
time as the drug
appetizing, soothing tool.
Young shoots like
asparagus consumed in
the spring.
Alijošius (Aloe vulgaris)
Auginamas vazonėliuose, todėl Lapai
jis naudojamas ištisus metus.
Gydo naujas ir senas žaizdas,
taip pat gilias, pūvančias
žaizdas. Juo gydomos
pūliuojančios žaizdos.
Naudojamas nuo vidaus ligų.
Grown in pots, so he
Leaves
used all year round.
Heal old and new
wounds, as well as deep,
rotting wounds. It is used
to treat festering wounds.
Aronija juodavaisė (Aronia melanocarpa)
Rudenį.
Vaisiai
Mažina kraujospūdį, reguliuoja
širdies ritmą.
Autumn.
Lowers blood pressure,
regulate heart rhythm.
Fruits
Arnykas (Arnica montana)
Kovo mėn.
Žiedai
Tinktūra vartojama esant
persitempimui, suspaudimui,
išnirimams, atviroms žaizdoms.
Apsaugo žaizdas nuo
kraujavimo ir pūliavimo.
March.
The tincture is used in
Flowers
overexertion,
compression,
dislocations, open
wounds. Protects wounds
from bleeding and
suppuration.
Asiūklis dirvinis (Equisetum arvense L)
Birželio - liepos mėn.
Stiebai
ATSARGIAI - dirvinio asiūklio
preparatų negalima vartoti
sergantiems inkstų ligomis
(nefritu, nefroze, nes jie dirgina
inkstus!)
Naudojamas šlapimo
išsiskyrimui skatinti, širdies
negalavimams gydyti, sergant
inkstų akmenlige, nuo
prostatos uždegimo,
kraujingam viduriavimui,
skrandžio bei kepenų
augliams, sergant hemorojumi,
reumatu, žaizdoms gydyti.
June - July.
CAUTION – asiuklis
Stems
dirvinis preparations
should not be used by
patients with kidney
disease .
Used to increase urine
production, heart
ailments, suffering from
kidney stones.
Ąžuolas (Quercus)
Naudojimui tinka ištisus
metus.
Stiprina silpną širdį, sulaiko
žarnų kraujavimą, kraujingą
kosulį ir vėmimą krauju. Gera
priemonė esant viduriavimui,
šlapimo pūslės uždegimui,
gausioms mėnesinėms. Tinka
esant kojų prakaitavimui ir
nuospaudoms. Gydo naktinį
šlapinimąsi.
Žievė
rind
Suitable for use all year
round.
Strengthens the faint of
heart, inhibits intestinal
bleeding, bloody cough
and vomiting blood. A
good tool with diarrhea,
bladder inflammation.
Fits under your feet
sweating and corns.
Beržas (Betula alba)
Vasario-kovo mėn.
Pagreitina inkstų veikimą ir
valo juos nuo akmenų.
Vartojama esant kosuliui,
vandenligei, dedervinėms,
niežams.
February-March.
Accelerates the kidney
function and cleanses
them from stones. Used
Lapai,
pumpurai,
sula, žievė
Leaves, rind,
juice
in cough, dropsy, itch,
itchy.
Bruknės (Vaccinium vitis idaea)
Rugsėjo mėn.
Uogos,
Gerina apetitą, vartojamos
lapai,šakelės
esant kraujuotam viduriavimui,
šlapimo pūslės uždegimui,
reumatui, stipriam kosuliui.
Valo virškinimo organus
September.
Improves appetite, used
under inflammation,
rheumatism, severe
cough. Cleans the
digestive organs
Fruits, leaves
.
Česnakas (Allium sativum)
Nuo liepos iki rugsėjo mėn.
Šakniagumbis
Profilaktinė priemonė nuo
(svogūnas)
infekcinių ligų. Varo įvairius
žarnyno kirminus. Stabdo
viduriavimą, vidurių skausmus,
gerina apetitą. Valo
kraujagysles nuo kalkėjimo,
reguliuoja kraujo spaudimą.
Slopina kosulį
From July to September.
Preventive measure
against infectious
diseases. improves
appetite. Cleans blood
vessels from scaling,
regulates blood pressure.
Suppresses cough
.
Degsnis (Potentilla tormentilla)
Vasario-kovo mėn.
Slopinamas vėmimas krauju,
kraujingas viduriavimas ir
šlapinimąsis. Gydomos
gausios mėnesinės. Stiprina
dantenas. Gydomos įvairios
žaizdos.
Šaknys
roots
February-March.
Used to treat wounds.
Dobilas raudonasis (Trifolium pratense L)
Birželio-rugsėjo mėn.
Vartojama kaip atsikosėjimą
lengvinantis, šlapimą varantis
vaistas. Tinka gydyti
mažakraujystę, cukraligę,
bronchinę astmą. Žiedų
nuovirai slopina uždegimus,
gydo kvėpavimo takų, inkstų
ligas, anemiją, aterosklerozę,
urologinius negalavimus.
Patariama gerti išsekus
organizmui. Išoriškai- dedami
ant žaizdų, vočių, nudegimų
Žiedai, lapai,
žolė
Flowers,
leaves.
Between June and
September.
Suitable for treating
anemia, diabetes,
bronchial asthma.
Advised to drink the
degradation of the body.
Externally-placed on
wounds, sores, burns.
Ežė - Auksažiedė (Tanacetum vulgare)
Nuo liepos iki rugsėjo mėn.
Vartojama nuo mėšlungio,
kaulų skausmo, sunkaus
šlapinimosi, akmenligės,
šlapimo pūslės ligų, skaudžių
mėnesinių. Varo askarides.
Lapai, žiedai
From July to September. Leaves,
Consumption of cramps, flowers
bone pain, difficulty
urinating, bladder stones,
bladder disease,
Kiaulpienė paprastoji (Taraxacum officinale
F.H.Wigg.)
Balandžio-gegužės mėn.
Visas augalas
ATSARGIAI - augalo negalima
vartoti viduriuojant,
nelaikantiems šlapimo. Jos
preparatais atsargiai reikia
gydyti vaikus.
Gerina virškinimą, didina
apetitą, reguliuoja medžiagų
apykaitą, padeda sergant
cukriniu diabetu. Taip pat
laisvina vidurius, gerina
atsikosėjimą, aktyvina
organizmo apsaugines jėgas.
Sultimis gydomos nuospaudos,
karpos ir strazdanos. Jos tinka
ir nuo kirminų.
All plants
Improves digestion,
increases appetite, helps
patients with diabetes
mellitus. It is also a
diuretic, expectorant
improves, activates the
body's protective forces.
Juice is used to treat
corns, warts and freckles.
Liepos-rugpjūčio mėn.
Gera priemonė esant kosuliui,
bronchitui. Veikia švelniai
raminančiai. Prieskonis.
Krapas
Liepa (Tilia)
July-August.
A good tool in cough,
bronchitis. Running a
gentle calming effect.
Spice
Sėklos
seeds
Liepos-rugpjūčio mėn.
Žiedai, sula
Naudojama kosmetikoje nuo
raukšlių bei odos valymui.
Gydomos įvairios plaučių ligos,
vandenligė, epilepsija. Puiki
priemonė nuo persišaldymo,
slogos, chroniško, ilgo,
sunkaus kosulio. Gydo
mažakraujystę.
flowers
July-August.
Used in cosmetics, antiwrinkle and skin
treatment. Used to treat
lung disease, dropsy,
epilepsy. An excellent
remedy for colds, rhinitis,
chronic, long, hard cough.
Treats anemia
Linas (Linum usitatissimum L)
Rugpjūčio mėn.
Sergant lėtiniu vidurių
užkietėjimu, chronišku
skrandžio ir kvėpavimo takų
uždegimu, inkstų akmenlige,
hemorojumi, dvylikapirštės
žarnos opalige, padidėjus
rūgštingumui. Kompresai - ant
pragulų, pūlinių, nudegimų,
išbertų kūno vietų. Daromos
veido kaukės. Naudojamas
maistui.
Sėmenys
Seeds
August.
Compresses - the
bedsores, abscesses,
burns, rashes of the body.
Draw a face mask. Used
for food.
Liepos-rugpjūčio mėn.
Vartojama nuo vėmimo,
mėšlungio, esant silpniems
šlapimo organams, kosuliui,
cukraligei. Puiki priemonė
esant viduriavimui. Stiprina
regėjimą.
Uogos, lapai,
šakelės
Mėlynės (Vaccinium myrtillus)
July-August.
Consumption of cramps,
a weak urinary organs,
cough, diabetes. A great
tool with diarrhea.
Strengthens eyesight.
Ramunėlė (Matricaria chamomilla)
Fruits, leaves.
Gegužės-rugsėjo mėn.
Žiedai
Varo prakaitą, šildo, ramina
vidurių skusmą, tinka nuo
reumatiškų skausmų,
skrandžio ir žarnyno
uždegimams gydyti. Taip pat
sergant kepenų bei tulžies
latakų ligomis. Tinka esant
išbėrimams galvoje, nuo odos
ligų, dedervinių, sunkiai
gyjančioms votims gydyti,
stiprina plaukų šaknis, naikina
pleiskanas. Dedami kompresai
pūliuojant akims. Ramunėlių
žiedų maišeliai padeda esant
dantų skausmui ir rožei. Gydo
flowers
sutrūkinėjusią rankų odą.
May to September.
. Fits in mind rashes from
skin diseases, herpes,
treatment of difficult to
heal, gatherings,
strengthens hair roots,
eliminates dandruff.
Placed compresses
purulent eyes. Camomile
flower bags help with
tooth pain.Treats
chapped hands.
Rugiagėlė (Centaurea cyanus L)
Nuo gegužės iki rugsėjo mėn.
ATSARGIAI -rugiagėlės
preparatų nepatartina vartoti
ligoniams, kurių sausas
kosulys ar padidėjęs šlapimo
išsiskyrimas.
Vartojamas plauti akims nuo
įvairių uždegimų, inkstų ligų.
Taip pat gydomas vaikų
peršalimas, plaučių
uždegimas, aštrus bronchitas.
Skalaujama burna nuo
gleivinės uždegimo, valoma
spoguota ir inkštiruota veido
oda. Ji naikina pleiskanas ir
stiprina plaukų šaknis
Žiedai
flowers
Used to wash the eyes of
a variety of inflammatory
kidney diseases. It is also
used to treat children's
colds, pneumonia, acute
bronchitis. It eliminates
dandruff and strengthens
hair roots.
Šalpusnis (Tussilago farfara L)
Kovo-balandžio mėn.
Žiedai, lapai
Gera priemonė nuo kvėpavimo
organų kataro, kosulio,
užkimimo, dusulio ir nuo
džiovos, bronchinės astmos.
Lapai dedami ant skaudulių
karščio ištraukimui, vočių. Taip
pat juo gydoma šlapimo pūslės
ir inkstų uždegimas, kepenų ir
tulžies akmenligė, odos ligos,
pleiskanojimas ir plaukų
slinkimas, bendras organizmo
nusilpimas
March-April.
Flowers,
A good remedy for
respiratory Qatar, cough, leaves
hoarseness, shortness of
breath and a hectic,
bronchial asthma. The
leaves are placed on the
heat extraction sores.
Šaltalankis dygliuotasis (Hippophae rhamnoides L)
Rugsėjo-spalio mėn.
Uogos,
ATSARGIAI- uogų nepatartina šakelės
vartoti sergant cholecistitu,
esant padidėjusiam skrandžio
sulčių rūgštingumui.
Plačiai naudojamas
kosmetikoje. jo uogų nuoviras
stiprina plaukus, o košelė
maitina ir jaunina odą.
Labiausiai vertinamas
šaltalankių aliejus. Juo gydomi
nudegimai, įvairios sunkiai
gyjančios žaizdos, skrandžio ir
dvylikapirštės žarnos opaligė,
vidurių užkietėjimas.
Fruits,
branches
September-October.
CAUTION-berry
recommended for use by
patients with cholecystitis
with elevated gastric
acidity.
Widely used in cosmetics.
decoction of the fruit
strengthens hair . Very
useful is buckthorn oil.
The treatment of burns,
various hard-healing
wounds.
Ugniažolė didžioji (Chelidonium majus L)
Gegužės-rugsėjo mėn.
ATSARGIAI- augalas
Žolė
nuodingas! Negalima kramtyti,
čiulpti šaknų, stiebų ar lapų,
laižyti sulčių. Augalas gali
sukelti kvėpavimo centro
paralyžių bei vėmimą.
Kaip išorinis vaistas vartojama
ugniažolės sultys ar žolės
užpilas. Jų gerti negalima, nes
augalo alkaloidai nuodingi.
Vartojant išoriškai, gydomos
karpos, niežai, furunkulai,
egzema, psoriazė, nudegimai ir
nuospaudos. Daromos
vonelės, kuriomis gydoma
podagra, reumatas
May to September.
CAUTION-plant
poisonous! Do not chew,
suck the roots, stems or
leaves, licking the juice.
The plant can cause
paralysis of the
respiratory center, and
vomiting.
Used as an external
medicine celandine juice
or grass dressing. They
should not be used as a
plant alkaloids toxic. used
to treat, psoriasis, burns
and calluses. Draw a bath
to treat gout, rheumatism.
Varnalėša didžioji (Arctium lappa L)
All plant
Anksti pavasarį arba vėlai
Šaknys
rudenį.
Naudojama nuo reumato,
podagros,prostatos adenomos,
vidurių užkietėjimo, cukraligės,
inkstų akmenligės. Gydomos
odos ligos, egzema, seborėja,
šunvotės, spuogai, naikina
pleiskanas ir stiprina plaukus.
Šviežios lapų sultys,
sumaišytos su aliejumi, gydo
žaizdas. Daromi lapų
kompresai.
roosts
Early spring or late
autumn.
Used from rheumatism,
gout, , constipation,
diabetes, kidney stones.
Used to treat skin
diseases, eczema,
seborrhea, boils, acne,
eliminates dandruff and
strengthens hair. Fresh
leaf juice, mixed with oil,
heals wounds. Made leaf
poultices.
Žemuogės (Fragaria vesca)
Gegužės-birželio mėn.
Uogos,
Vartojamos vidurių
žiedai, lapai
užkietėjimui, mažakraujystei,
inkstų akmenligei, kepenų ir
blužnies ligoms gydyti. Taip pat
tinka hemorojaus ir įvairių
išbėrimų gydymui. Valo kraują,
pašalina dusulį, katarą, kosulį,
stabdo viduriavimą.
Fruits, leaves,
May and June.
flowers
For constipation, anemia,
kidney stones, liver and
spleen diseases. It is also
suitable for a variety of
rashes treatment. Purifies
the blood, eliminates
breath, Qatar, cough,
stops diarrhea.
FRANCE
FRENCH
AROMATICS
PLANTS
A plant measuring 20 to 60 cm high, has oval
leaves, up to 2 to 3 cm. The leaves are light
green to dark green, sometimes purple in
some varieties.
Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a plant of the family Lamiaceae grown as aromatic
condiment plant. The best known is the common basil, also called Roman basil pesto or
royal herb. Common basil is widely used in the kitchen
Gastronomy
Basil leaves are used as a herb.
They are preferably used because their raw flavor fades
with cooking. They accompany raw vegetables (salads,
tomatoes zucchini), pasta, shellfish and fish, scrambled
eggs, chicken, rabbit, duck, sauces (salad dressing, lemon,
olive oil).
Pistou soup recipe is the traditional soup of Provence. This
is a soup that is eaten only in the summer.
in drugstore
• Part used: leaves and flowering tops
• Property: Stomachic, carminative, lactagogue, amazing light
• Instructions: Infusion, powder, gasoline, oenolé, poultice, spray
Sedative, antispasmodic digestive tract, diuretic, antibacterial, against indigestion and as a
vermifuge. This move away mosquitoes and it is a remedy against the héméralopie5.
Basil also would own narcotic properties.
SAUGE
Sages form the genus Salvia. These are
plants of the Lamiaceae family which includes
over 900 species of annual, biennial, or
perennial shrub. Ten sages are native to
Europe, such as meadow sage.
Gastronomy
Sage is also used as a herb in preparations as aiga
bolhida example. The taste is strong, slightly bitter and
camphor. It goes well with pork (arista, pork loin roast)
and dishes of poultry (chicken, turkey, duck) but also
with potatoes and other féculentsPistou soup recipe is
the traditional soup of Provence. This is a soup That is
eaten only in the summer.
in drugstore
The effects of salvia officinalis on stomach aches and digestive problems are due
to flavonoids and species. Its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic action could be
related to the presence of phenolic acids. In laboratory tests, extracts of sage
officinale showed estrogenic activity (similar to female hormones), but the
substances responsible for this effect have not been identified.
THYM
Thymus is a genus of plants of the
Lamiaceae family. They are creepers or pad
bearing small pale pink or white flowers.
These plants are rich in essential oils and as
such are part of the aromatic plants.
•Thyme is used as a flavoring in cooking and as a medicinal plant in herbal teas or
even candy (Ricola example).
• In tea, it is used to treat respiratory infections. A thyme tea is also effective to drain
the liver, so it is recommended by naturopathic for people undergoing chemotherapy
treatment very destructive to the liver.
• This is also a great calming
Gastronomy
Thyme is a condiment plant widely used especially in
rural and Provençal cuisine. With laurel parsley
rosemary, oregano, it is part of bouquet garni which falls
many recipes for meat sauce.
in drugstore
Thyme is antiseptic and has antiviral properties. It is
stomachic, expectorant and antispasmodic.
In herb or infusion, it is a digestive tract disinfectant
often used in combination with rosemary and sage.
Thyme relieves digestive problems.
The infusion of thyme can be used as a mouthwash in cases of inflammation
of the gums and gargle for sore throat or tonsillitis.
But especially thyme or preparations containing thyme are used in
fumigation to treat colds and sinusitis.
Thyme can be also used for liver disease.
MAKING AN AROMATICS PLANTS ALBUM
MAKING AROMATICS PLANTS MIXTURE FOR COOKING AND TASTING
OFFERING MOTHER AROMATICS PLANTS’ BOTTLE…
LATVIA
Parastais baziliks
(latīņu Ocimum basilicum)
(angļu Common basil)
Common basil is Herb, which can be grown in our latitudes. Known about 150 peter's
species, between which is also perennial.
One-year dead-nettle native vascular plants. Homeland considers South Asia. Propagated
by seed, and sowh in April. Plant height 20 to 80 cm. Common basil is very aromatic so
people grow it as the houseplant.
Use fresh leaves and flowering tops of page. It contains essential oils, vitamins C and P,
carotene and other biologically active substances. Basil is not suitable for drying, as light and
moisture loses flavor.
Basil has anti-inflammatory and central nervous system tonic effect, it promotes blood
circulation and breathing. It used to improve digestion, for colds, fever, headache, nausea. For
external use aromatic bath, rinse the throat, hoarseness and sore throat, as well as taxable and
compresses difficult healing wounds and heal eczema, insect bites.
Deters moths and other pests. Basil can be used in the garden as a natural repellent for
aphids, flies and mosquitoes.
Basil is not recommended in patients with renal and liver, during pregnancy because are
menstruation pull.
Parastais biškrēsliņš
(latīņu Tanacetum vulgare)
(angļu Tansy)
Perennial vascular plants. In Latvia frequently occurs as a weed in gardens, roadsides,
and river bluffs. Propagated by seed or plant distribution. Tiny yellow flowers, height 40-150
cm.
Use leaves and flowers. The flowers contain essential oils, tannins, flavanoids, vitamin C
and other biologically active substances.
Tansy is an antiseptic and spasmolytic effect, it promotes the secretion of bile. Used to
treat rheumatism, gout, headache, ascarids and pinworms, as well as the treatment of
enterocolitis.
Tansy leaves gives meats Rosemary-like odor. They can be used with rhubarb preparing
dessert.
Fresh tansy flowers or flower infusion is used garden and pet pest deterrence. Plant must
not be used for long periods. An overdose may be vomiting, diarrhea. Tansy preparations
should not be used during pregnancy.
Smaržīgā dille
(latīņu Anethum graveolens)
(angļu Dill)
The fragrant Dill is an herb grown in the garden in our latitudes. Annual plant. On the
Dill considers homeland in southern and western Asia. Propagated by seeds. Plant height from
0.4 to 1, 5 m. Blossoming yellow flowers which are aggregated into in clusters.
Use the tops and seeds. All parts of plants containing essential oils, C, B group, P and
vitamin PP.
Dill is a blood pressure lowering, calming, easily narcotic effects. In folk medicine
recommends dill shortness of breath, respiratory, inflammation, neurosis and treat insomnia.
Dill essential oil used in perfumery.
During pregnancy is not recommended to use dill in large doses.
Sējas koriandrs
( latīņu Coriandrum sativum)
(angļu Coriander)
Coriander is a medicinal plant and herb. Annual plant. Homeland considers Asia Minor
and the Mediterranean. withstands cold. Propagated by seeds and plant height: 40 - 60 cm.
Blossoming white or rosy flowers, good nectar plants.
Use the seeds, leaves and young shoots. All parts of the plant contain essential oils,
vitamin C, carotene, B vitamins, rutin.
Coriander seeds are used to improve appetite and digestion, anti-gastritis and expectorant
product.
Coriander essential oil is used in perfumery.
Piparmētra
(latīņu Mentha piperita)
(angļu Peppermint)
Peppermint is a medicinal plant, herb and ornamental plant. Peppermint is of a
multiannual herbaceous dead-nettle native, widely distributed in Europe, Asia, North
America. Propagated by rhizomes, cuttings and shoots surface strings. Flowering in tiny,
white, purple or pink flowers are good nectar plants. Plant height of up to 1 meter.
Use leaves. The plant contains essential oils, bitter substances, vitamin C, carotene,
microelements and other biologically active substances. Essential oil used in perfumery.
Peppermint is used to improve appetite and digestion, anti-sickness medication, migraine,
insomnia. Used to treat toothache and massages.
In cooking uses salads, sauces, soups, vegetables, and meat dishes, confectionery, tea and
soft drinks. Fresh mint kitchen creates a pleasant aroma put off by the flies, ants, mice, moths
and other pests.
Peppermint is not recommended for people with a significantly decrease in blood
pressure.
Ārstniecības rozmarīns
(latīņu Rosmarinus officinalis)
(angļu Rosemary)
Rosemary is a medicinal plant, herb and ornamental plant. Frost flimsy plant. Plant
homeland considers the Mediterranean region and South America. Propagated by seeds or by
cuttings. Plant height 0.5 - 1.5 m. Blossoming tiny, pale bluish, rarely rosy or white flowers.
Use the leaves and young shoots with flowers or flower buds. All parts of the plant
contain essential oils, resins, bitter substances and other biologically active substances. The
plant has phytoncides activity.
Rosemary is used for cardiac neurosis, epilepsy, irregular menstruation treatment and
improves digestion. Is used for skin care, hair roots strengthening and massage.
In cooking used in salads, soups, with meat, tea and soft drinks. Put off by moths and
other pests.
Vārpainā lavanda
(latīņu Lavandula officinalis)
(angļu Lavender)
Service-berry lavender is an herb and ornamental plant. Plant native country is considered
to be western Mediterranean. Propagated by seeds or cuttings. Blossoming blue or blue-violet
flowers, a good nectar plants. Plant height up to 60 cm.
Use flowers and stem endings. The flowers contain essential oils, flavonoids and other
compounds. Lavender essential oil is used in perfumery.
Lavender is used to improve appetite and digestion, heart rate regulation. Used externally
to treat neck rinsing and to treat migraine and rheumatism. Oil is used for massage, it soothes,
relieves tension, pain, especially muscle pain.
In cooking uses fresh lavender flowers to salads. Lavender is used as flavorings in soft
drinks. Flowers used in herbal compositions.
Parastā raudene
(latīņu Origanum vulgare)
(angļu Wild marjoram)
Oregano is a medicinal plant and herb. The plant native is southern Europe and Asia. In
Latvia this plant are found in the wild. Propagated by seed and cuttings. The plant height 3075 cm. The flowers are small, white, pink.
Use the leaves and tops. They contain essential oils, bitters, vitamin C, vegetable oils and
other biologically active substances.
The plant has antimicrobial effects. It is used for coughs and bronchitis, tuberculosis.
Improves digestion, bile secretion, relieves headache. Use for external mouthwash against
toothache, rashes and acne treatment.
In cooking used to salads, vegetables, eggs and meats, cheeses, tomato puree, beverage
perfuming, home brewing preparation.
Wild marjoram is not recommended for pregnant women.
Ārstniecības salvija
(latīņu Salvia officinalis)
(angļu Sage)
Sage is a medicinal plant, herb and ornamental plant. Native to the Mediterranean region.
Propagated by seeds or cuttings. Plant height up to 70 cm. Flowers blue-violet.
Use leaves. The plant contains essential oils, resin, tannins, flavonoids, organic acids and
phytoncides.
Sage is a tonic, sedative, an astringent, blood clotting promotes, pain soothing,
bactericidal action and antitumor activity. Used externally to treat if there are bleeding gums,
skin rashes and skin cancer. Sage prolong food shelf life, it is a natural preservative. The
aroma deters moths and other pests.
Sage is not recommended for use in patients with acute renal inflammation and pregnant
women.
Smaržīgā selerija
(latīņu Apium graveolens)
(angļu Celery)
Celery is a medicinal herb, vegetable and herb. The plant homeland Mediterranean
region. Propagated by seeds. Blossoming small white flowers. Use all parts of the plant. They
shall contain essential oils, vitamins B and C, carotene and minerals.
Celery considered to be invigorating the nervous system and calming plant. It increases
mental capacity for work, activates your metabolism tones up the body. Celery used to treat
rheumatism.
The plant juice or essential oils suggests to stimulate renal function. In cooking used in
salads, soups, with meat and preserving. Celery can be used in the garden as insect repellors.
ROMANIA
Bilberry:
Vaccinium myrtillus Fam. Ericaceae
Common name Bilberry:
Afeni, mountain bilberry, cranberry, black, afinghi, asinine, baking, Cucuz, Berries
PHARMACEUTICAL Bilberry:
The leaves of blueberry
- Are excellent anti-diarrheal
- Causes tissue tightening, moderate secretions and facilitates wound healing
- Consumers often lower blood sugar
- Acts on the multiplication of microbes
- Are great diuretics
- Bilberry is also a urinary antiseptic
- Blueberries increase visual acuity
- Used to treat diabetes
Diseases treated with blueberries:
disease treated with bilberry diarrhea, enterocolitis (inflammation of the small and large
intestine) fermentation enterocolitis (inflammation of the small and large intestine) from
rotting, oxiurază, diabetes, urinary infections, diarrhea, uremia, gout (uric arthritis),
rheumatism
Bilberry SPA
- Blueberry tea combined with other herbs is used in treating the symptoms of gout,
rheumatism, and hyperuricemia (meaning excess of urea in blood). This tea can drink 2-3
cups smoothly recommended on an empty stomach and every time before mass about 1 hour.
It still made excellent rexultate if long cures will make blueberry tea (at least 6 weeks). It is
very good in combination with root burdock and grass pansy
- In treating the oxiurazei - recommended combined cranberry tea, and it will cure 12 days:
Drink at least 1-2 liters of this tea every day. In addition, it may be enemas every 2-3 days
with combined infusion of the leaves of cranberry.
- People with capillary fragility which may be issued and bruising over large areas of the skin,
react extremely well to treatment consisting of blueberry leaf and vine leaves vines. This
treatment will last for 3 months during which it will take on an empty stomach in the
morning, noon, afternoon and evening, a teaspoon of powder (in English) from a combination
of bilberry leaf and vine vines (those black grapes) in equal
Method Bilberry - Bilberry tea, decoction affinity cold maceration
Infusion: blueberry tea - will put 2 teaspoons in half a liter of boiling water. It is best to drink
warm in 3 innings during a day
Decoction: bilberry fruit crushed in the one and a half teaspoon to 500 ml of cold water will
boil half an hour, then drink warm 3 times during the day
Cold maceration: bilberry fruit crushed in the one and a half teaspoon to 400 ml of cold
water, let soak at room temperature for 8 hours; drink 3 times during the day
Leaf
- in 250 ml boiling water will put 2 teaspoons chopped leaves of bilberry. Leave covered 10
minutes after which it will slip, and drink throughout the day.
- In 250 ml water will put 2 teaspoons of chopped leaves of bilberry - boil 15 minutes. It is
used to treat diarrhea, is a urinary bunantiseptic
Fruits
- 500 ml of water will put 2 tablespoons of blueberries. It will boil for half an hour. The
resulting tea will warm drink during an entire day
- 500 ml of water will put 2 teaspoons of crushed blueberries - let it soak in the evening until
morning to room temperature. Drink within the next 24 hours
- 1 kg of sugar will make 1 kg of crushed blueberries. Keep this fire for 30 minutes, oiar then
be poured into bottles with wider mouths.
- 700 g of sugar will put a liter of cranberry juice. Then simmer until thickened. It can be used
throughout the year
- Dried fruit to be milled - it has a pinch 3 times per day sublingually. It is maintained for 10
minutes, and then swallow.
- Jams and preserves, cranberry recipes are as known to every
Bilberry tincture
- (For diabetics is recommended to make the leaves) - used to tincture fresh fruit - some of
these will be crushed and will add 5 parts alimentary alcohol 70C. Thus take 15 days and then
it will slip. Stir often and keep only at room temperature, protected from frost and sun. From
this tincture can take 20 drops 3 times a day
Wine - 1 liter of wine grapes can put 50 grams of fresh blueberries. Allow within 8 days at
room temperature and shake whenever possible. Subsequently, filter and complete fluid
obtained wine. It is best to eat 15 minutes before meals.
Blueberry liqueur - about 500 ml of vodka put 50-100 ml cranberry tincture.
Affinity - is prohibited diabetics
Traditionally affinity
It is highly appreciated for sweet-sour fruit at harvest that began in the summer months, use
some special Pieptani.
From blueberries to prepare many things, from soft drinks and alcoholic foods. Blueberry fruit
juice is used to color wines in the past, and the dyeing of yarns and fabrics.
In mountain areas, blueberry dried fruit in brandy or formed, very much used against diarrhea.
Leafy branches that were previously left to dry, prepare all kinds of tea used in various
diseases. In some areas of the country, against diarrhea make some cakes and flour blueberry
pomace, which were given sick to eat, cooked mixed with birch leaves , laurel
and
shepherd's purse .
Aloe vera:
Aloe Ferox, Aloe Perry, Aloe vulgaris Aloe Barbadensis
Common name aloe vera:
aloe vera
Diseases that can be treated with aloe vera:
disease treated with aloe vera: abscess, stomach acid, eye diseases, intestinal disorders, skin
diseases, diseases of the mouth, liver disease, alcoholism, allergies, angina, anorexia,
heartburn, arthritis, bronchial asthma, inertia, nerve diseases, bronchitis, cancer, cataracts,
cramps, dermatitis, colitis, constipation, headache, diabetes and other
Contraindications aloe vera:
- Pregnant women with abnormal uterine bleeding, in patients with hemorrhoids, those with
nephritis.
Herbal treatments with aloe vera - Preparation and Administration:
- A pinch of powdered aloe vera will put under the tongue for 10 minutes, then swallow with
water. It is very bitter and therefore very difficult to take.
- Is put in capsules 0.5 g per capsule medicine and internal taken 3 times a day before meals.
- It will make tea powder 1 tsp placed in 250 ml boiling water. Cover for 10 minutes then
filtered and consumed, preferably sweetened with honey, if it's east and about diabetes
- Sprinkle dust on external injuries
- Powder mixed with oil, grease, other (butter, cream, lard, lanolin, petroleum jelly) turning
into creams or ointment to be applied externally. Place 1 part herb powder and 3 parts fat.
- Tincture - will put 50 g of powder in 250 ml Alcohol 70 °. Keep stirring often for 15 days
bottle. Filter and put in bottles of less than cool. It will take about 10 drops 1 teaspoon three
times a day. It can make fresh plant tincture and all this way.
- Plant fresh cut and put on the wound cut.
- Aloe plants are kept dry in the dark for 5 days. Only use plants that are past 3 years old
vegetation. After this period will be cut foliage. There are several processes:
- Place the dry dust around the plant getting sliced thinner.
- Extract the juice is put to dry forming dust.
- Fresh plant will use only external applications. Cut into slices with a special cut from the
wound or skin.
Aloe as a purgative: 1 teaspoon of tincture made with 100 l water or tea. Take after meals.
Action occurs after 8-12 hours, rarely after 24 hours, by increasing intestinal peristalsis due to
nerve irritation caused local intestinal walls.
- Also acts as a purgative, bitter tonic (anorexia), but also as a good eupeptic antitoxin
especially liver.
- A pinch of powder will be placed under the tongue for 10 minutes, then swallow with water.
It is very bitter and therefore very difficult to take.
- Is put in capsules 0.5 g per capsule medicine and internal taken 3 times a day before meals.
- It will make tea powder 1 tsp placed in 250 ml boiling water. Cover for 10 minutes then
filtered and consumed, preferably sweetened with honey, if it's east and about diabetes.
- Sprinkle dust on external injuries.
- Powder mixed with oil, grease, other (butter, cream, lard, lanolin, petroleum jelly) turning
into creams or ointment to be applied externally. Place 1 part herb powder and 3 parts fat.
Tincture of Aloe vera - will put 50 g of powder in 250 ml alimentary alcohol 70C. Keep
stirring often for 15 days bottle. Filter and put in bottles of less than cool. It will take about 10
drops, 1 teaspoon three times a day. It can make fresh plant tincture and all this way.
- Plant fresh cut and place the cut on rană.0
Aloe as a purgative - a teaspoon of tincture diluted in 100 ml of water or tea. Take after meals.
- Purgative dose can be given 2-3 times during the day. It will avoid the sensitive patients
have trouble with hemorrhoids. However those with hemorrhoids as well not take aloe
preparations than external form of ointments which are very active.
- It is noteworthy that these effects were noticed for a long time yet the locals who use this
plant population to these conditions for hundreds of years. Only recently been discovered that
these beliefs have a scientific background.
Aloe Propolis - 100 ml of tincture of aloe put together with 30 ml of 30% propolis tincture. It
is shown both internally and externally with the role of cell recovery, regeneration, cellular
healing, antibiotic, etc.. It is one of the most effective antibiotics used in many conditions.
Dosage teaspoon three times a day diluted with a little water.
Aloe buckthorn oil - it will make 100 ml aloe tincture 30 ml sea buckthorn oil. Shake well
before use. It is useful for all skin conditions when there is excessive dryness of the skin, but
also in eczema, psoriasis, ichthyosis. It can be applied in a thin layer to be applied as a
dressing. Dressing will be changed to 24 hours.
A LoE with honey - Aloe powder and honey as include internal uses a spoon 3 times a day or
in external topical application, and then bandaged for 24 hours. It is useful even cancer or skin
ulcers and so on within the body at various wounds, even after the operation.
Aloe olive oil - a teaspoon of aloe powder to 50 ml of oil. It can be used for all diseases in
domestic indicating the cleansing of the body, especially in chronic diseases.
Wine with aloe - a liter of red wine and 10 g of powdered aloe. Will be taken to soak for a
period of 8 days, after which the user. There is no need to filter. Shake the bottle before use
because it has a tendency to settle.
Creme with Aloe - use one teaspoon of aloe powder and 50 g of fat. It may be, lard oil (put
and beeswax), cream, butter, lanolin, vaseline, etc.. Indicate all cosmetic or dermatological
conditions both for healing and maintenance.
Contraindications aloe vera
- It is prohibited to pregnant women with abnormal uterine bleeding, in patients with
hemorrhoids, those with nephritis.
- Women who are breastfeeding should also not consume aloe as it passes into breast milk.
Armory:
Common name armory:
silver garden, armory, armories weed, crapusnic, variegated thistle
The therapeutic armory:
- Hepato-protective
- Favorable treatment of cirrhosis, hepatitis, hepatic failure, and in poisoning with mushrooms
- Leaves can be eaten in salads as a stimulator of the stomach and also a painkiller.
Diseases that can be treated with armory:
disease treated with armory: spleen disorders, liver diseases as diverse gallbladder disease,
cancer (reduces side effects for chemotherapy), cirrhosis, constipation, difficult digestion,
dyspepsia, chronic hepatitis, hemorrhoids, hypertension, jaundice, liver infections , hepatic
failure, hypochondria, cholelithiasis (with tourists big oil), menorrhagia, varicose veins,
vomiting.
Method armory - tea armory
- Tea armory - 250 d eml boiling water will put a teaspoon of seeds small armory. It will leave
covered for 10 minutes - drink 2-3 cups per day.
The first cup of tea is consumed in the morning before breakfast will then lie on your right
side for 30 minute.Se dpua cup drink on two occasions 15 minutes before meals. This diet
takes 15 to 20 days and then will pause for 15 days and can resume.
- Leaves the armory are great to eat fresh in salads - useful in digestive disorders or domestic.
Tincture armory - armor grind seeds and place in a resealable bottle with 250 ml Alcohol 70 ˚.
This mixture is kept at room temperature and shake daily - then strain and filter. Place the
smaller bottles cold where you can keep for 2 years.
Dust armory : the armory grind seeds and will be placed sublingually a very small amount, as
a pinch. Hold for 10 minutes, and then be swallowed with water. This treatment is done three
times a day. 20 days is also a break for 15 days, and then be resumed.
Warnings armory:
- No pauses or supradozeaza and 20 days between courses
Traditionally armory
Armory is grown by peasant gardens. The roots, leaves and fruits were always used in folk
medicine in diseases of the liver and spleen.
It was a normal cure for syphilis.
name:
Achillea milefolium, Compositae fam
Yarrow popular name:
peanuts, Brădăţel, ciureşică, tail mice milfoil, hârcelui tail, tail paper, indentations, crâvalnic,
Garve, grass, sheep, rat grass, grass-sneezing, sorocină, sneezing, father-bustle.
Yarrow therapeutic properties:
Yarrow Flowers
Intern:
- Yarrow dilates bronchi - bronchodilator reduces gastric secretions, topical astringent,
disinfectant and soothing gastrointestinal
- Yarrow soothe abdominal pain and helps eliminate gas
- Antiseptic biliary
- Expectorant
- Decongestant hemorodial
- Analgesic
External:
- Calming, anti-inflammatory and disinfectant (baths or compresses)
- Yarrow regenerating tissues
- Calming the anorectal mucosa
Diseases treated with yarrow:
disease treated with yarrow: burns, wounds effusion, eczema zemuinde, dental abscesses,
ulcers varicios, hemorrhoids, anorexia, enterocolitis (inflammation of the small and large
intestine), stomach cramps, liver colic, bronchitis, gastritis, hypermenorea (heavy menstrual
periods), dysmenorrhea , hemorrhoids, abdominal bloating, cystitis
Yarrow Herbal treatments:
- Sângerânzi treat hemorrhoids, epistaxis, hemoptysis in, in internal bleeding - is administered
as a powder, a teaspoon of yarrow every hour on an empty stomach.
- In conditions such as dyspepsia, bloating, digestion difficult - given a teaspoon of powdered
yarrow on an empty stomach before each meal 10-15 minutes. If desired amplification effects
associated with the powder coriander fruits
- If you suffer from allergies, allergic rhinitis and rhino-sinuzltă, allergic asthma, asthma - is
adimistreaza powder. In asthma and asthmatic bronchitis with much success using yarrow tea
from the flowers in the form of emergency medicine
- In the event of amenorrhea - powder administered yarrow flowers that are associated with
treatment with tincture of fennel
- For diseases such as enteritis, enterocolitis, entero-renal syndrome - Yarrow tea is taken in
combination with other plants, in half of 4 cups of yarrow daily on an empty stomach.
- Swelling in conditions such as cardio-renal hypertension - is given yarrow powder
- Penru those who are suffering from cystitis, hemorrhagic cystitis, nephritis and
pyelonephritis - Yarrow tea is taken in combination with other plants. For best results folseste
tincture is combined with the Juniper
- For wounds - is used as compresses yarrow leaves;
- Sângerânzi hemorrhoids, varicose ulcers, skin ulcers - are washing with a cotton swab and
apply compresses with yarrow tea
- If ano-rectal lesions - are loţionări sitz bath tea and yarrow combined with other herbs,
highly concentrated
- If you have sinusitis - can be inhaled Yarrow infusion 2 times per day.
Method Yarrow: Yarrow tea
Intern - yarrow tea - infusion: 500 ml hot water 2 teaspoons of yarrow flowers, drink hot tea
SHIP 4-5 innings during a day
External - yarrow tea - is an infusion 3 tablespoons yarrow who put in 500 ml of boiling
water, so use as compresses or baths
Traditionally Yarrow
Almost everywhere yarrow was used for cuts and wounds.
In some areas grind plant, or only its leaves, sap squeeze the wound or cut, and the remains
were linked. Elsewhere, beat it leaves is mixed with fat and so are put, or are dried it is
crushed and sprinkled dust. Leaf crushed and mixed with resin was placed on boils, as to
hasten ripening, breaking and healing. They were treating him spots on face scab.
Dried and crushed leaves arise between toes against scalds and raw and pounded on the toes.
Garlic mixed with them were linked against toothache.
Tea or decoction is used in many parts against breast disease. Tea in floral tops take cough
sometimes mixed with thyme and chamomile and cons when taking asthma. Bathrooms were
being made to foot pain mixed with hay flowers. Everywhere employed for digestive diseases,
stomach pain, intestinal colic, diarrhea.
For patients with ulcer leaves boiled down those who grew up there until the water drop by
half, and then take three times a day before meals one cup.
Chamomile:
Matricaria chamomilla.
Common name Chamomile:
Mamora, foaming dog, matrix, matrix, memory, beluga, Musat, Musat, muscatel, field
chamomile, aster, St. Mary's lap, Romania, Romona, Romona good Romona small, Rumania,
Rumania, rumoniţe
Chamomile therapeutic properties:
Chamomile Flowers
Intern:
- Chamomile is antiiflamator, sedative, relieves abdominal pain and helps eliminate gas
- Gastric and intestinal antispasmodic and healing
- Perspiration and diarrhea
- Powerful antiseptic - destroys germs - germicide
External:
- Prevents microbial infections - antiseptic
- Capillary tonic
- Emollient
- Antisepric descongestiv anorectal
Diseases treated with chamomile:
disease treated with chamomile: gastritis, enterocolitis (inflammation of the small and large
intestine), dysmenorrhea, intestinal colic, diarrhea, kidney infections, infected wounds, burns,
eczema, irritated and congested complexions, dental abscesses, laucoree, conjunctivitis,
vaginal inflammation, itching vulvar , inflammatory dermatoses, inflammation hemorodiale,
anal fissures, atrophic vaginitis
Herbal treatments with chamomile:
- For people who suffer from allergic reactions, asthma, chills - hot chamomile tea is given
because it has a strong and pretty fast - for a general treatment will be given 4-6 teaspoons of
chamomile powder day.
- For allergic skin reactions (urticaria) - is administeraza chamomile and other herbs . There
will be external and Treatment Chamomile poultice is put on the affected areas.
- Acute or chronic inflammatory conditions of the gastric mucosa, gastric hyperacidity, ulcers
in infancy, gastric irritation caused by excessive use of medications aggressive colitis
associated with ulcer disease occurring - is given powdered chamomile chamomile or
combined with other plants. In severe cases of ulcer and gastritis associated chamomile is
very effective with calamus and comfrey
- Abdominal cramps, intestinal spasms, colitis (adjuvant) - for fast soothing and
antispasmodic effects of colic is given chamomile tea hot - in treatments that will last longer
will be given chamomile powder
- Colic babies and children - are given firbinte chamomile combined with other herbs
- Cataruri chronic upper respiratory tract - chamomile powder. If you want efficiency in
function is given in combination with pansy and mint . This mix will take a teaspoon 3-4
times daily before meals - is good for asthma and allergic bronchitis
- For those who suffer from migraine headaches and nervous background - is administeraza
chamomile powder. For problems of this type that is associated with biliary dysfunction
chamomile blend with artichokes or wormwood
- For those who have feelings of restlessness and nervousness or insomnia in children and
nightmares - chamomile tea combined with other herbs
- For women who experience nausea during pregnancy - is given chamomile powder - one
teaspoon 2-3 times a day, always before meals
- The infection - is given chamomile tea combined with other plants, one liter per day. The
external treatment are douche or put poultices, baths or enemas is chamomile tea very
concentrated.
- For those who suffer from insomnia or nervous irritability - Chamomile tea is given 2 hours
before bedtime
- For women who suffer from premenstrual syndrome, dysmenorrhea, emntruale disorders,
abdominal cramps during menstruation and genital pain - drink hot chamomile tea. To treat
these imbalances will be given in equal combination of chamomile, sage and St John's wort .
Take a teaspoon 4 times a day before meals
- For those who have hormonal imbalances during puberty - it will be a combination of
chamomile, sage and shepherd's purse - 4 times a day a teaspoon
- In cases of radiation - is given chamomile powder, black tea and terrors in equal proportions:
a teaspoon of the mixture of 6 times per day. Meanwhile consume plenty of fluids chamomile and mint tea.
- Is very good in cases of pharyngitis and tonsillitis, epididymitis, diarrhea, dyspeptic,
purulent cystitis, chronic stress and stress-related diseases.
- TLS rash with itching and Weeping - Chamomile poultices are - they take a minimum of 1
hour per affected area.
- In case of upper respiratory tract disease and sinus, chronic sinusitis in children - are inhaled
daily for several days - 5 or 10 days
- For those who suffer from allergic asthma - are general hot baths where they will put 5 liters
of infusion of chamomile combined with other herbs.
- For those who suffer from conjunctivitis or any ocular inflammation - comrpese will make
chamomile tea and wash the combined infusion Masterbatches filtered through cotton
- For those who have eye pain - will put a chamomile compress on the eyelids
- Is given in case of neuralgia.
- Chamomile is very good for hair - last rinse after washing will be combined infusion
Masterbatche
- Chamomile is very good for skin care, spots and skin irritation - wash morning and evening
skin and affected areas with a cotton swab dipped well combined infusion Masterbatches. S
- Itching in the genital area in women (pruritus vulvae) - vaginal washings combined infusion
of chamomile Masterbatches.
- Star irritation of the large intestine - enemas combined infusion.
Method Chamomile - chamomile tea, chamomile infusion
Internal
- Chamomile tea: Prepare a teaspoon of chamomile flowers in 200 ml of hot water - Drink 2-3
cups of tea per day
External
- Infusion - the amount of chamomile flowers doubles, is used as compresses, baths, vaginal
lavage, enemas, gargling, etc.
Traditionally Chamomile
Decoction is used to wash and oblojeli against headaches. Cons earache he was done with
bullshit, or wash with the decoction of flowers. It is used in wounds, boils, sores, sweet,
hemorrhoids. Tea taking cough, colds, rheumatism.
Decoction is kept warm in the mouth, the pain of teeth longer made him gargle against sore
throats. Everywhere was used for stomach aches. Molded as a tea or in spirit, from evening to
morning, take counter vătămăturii.
Very often it was used to ease childbirth, complications or other feminine disorders.
Chicory:
Cichorium intybus, fam. Asteraceae
Chicory Common name:
chicory, chicory field, endive, chicory summer bitter chicory, cicoria bitter cocita,
DORULET, dudau, sunflower rye, girdle, Mesta
PHARMACEUTICAL chicory:
- Stimulates the liver and digestive functions
- Increases bile secretion of liver
- Stimulates contraction of the gallbladder and bile ducts and causes emptying of diuretic
- Stimuleză kidney function
- Depurativ - helps remove toxic substances from the body
- Laxative
Diseases treated with chicory:
disease treated with chicory acne, anemia, anorexia, irritability or pain cardiac arrhythmias.
Arthritis, fatigue, gastric and digestive atony, gallstones and kidney stones, liver colic, hepatic
and splenic congestion, constipation, depression, dermatitis, hypotonic biliary dyskinesia,
diabetes (soothes thirst), headaches, furunculosis, gout, chronic hepatitis and acute , dropsy,
jaundice, urinary infections, severe gall stones, chronic fatigue, malaria, intestinal parasites,
wounds, chronic degenerative rheumatism, cuts (fresh herb)
SPA Chicory:
- All very good cicoaresunt leaves used in salads mixed with other plants less bitter.
- 250 ml boiling water will put 2 teaspoons of leaves and flowers of chicory, leave covered for
15 minutes, strain and drink ulteriro around 2-3 cups a day in digestive problems such as
constipation
- Chicory root decoction is made from 2 teaspoons chopped chicory thrown in 250 ml of hot
water. This mixture is boiled for 10 minutes, strain and drink before meals, 2-3 times per day.
- Chicory is very good in combination with the salad with lemon, salt and garlic.
- Chicory juice can be consumed in quantities of 50-250 ml per day
- Chicory Syrup - for children and babies: combine with sugar. Boil until it reaches a syrup
consistency and is given a teaspoon 2-3 times a day.
- Is a good substitute for coffee, especially chicory root fry, cook and drink it instead of
coffee. It is not toxic and can be used straight years
Method Chicory: Chicory tea
Infusion - Tea is made from chicory root 2 teaspoons minced who put in 250 ml of cold water,
boil least for 5 minutes and drink warm before meals;
Traditionally chicory
Raw leaves of chicory are put on wounds and cuts, like flower petals sometimes formed, in
undelemn. Flower decoction is used against eye diseases, and against stomachache tea against
toothache, pain killers cancer and lower blood pressure.
Flower of chicory, red clover was mixed with tea for headaches.
For liver and stomach cleansing drink juice squeezed from the leaves of early spring chicory
mixed with dice.
Flowering plants pour over boiling water and place over your stomach to soothe the pain.
Chicory root is used to heartache. Grind and boil in water or vodka and drink.
Marigold:
Calendula officinalis
Common name Marigold:
marigold; Boanca step, Calin, cilimică, columbine Coconut, marigold, lamb's lettuce,
marigold, sunflower yellow flowers osenesti, jaundice, galbinele, hilimic, nacotele, yellow
eyes, ruginele, rujinele, rusculite Salome sinilii, salunii, rock , tataiasi
Marigold therapeutic properties
Marigold Flowers
Intern:
- Sudorific
- Stimulates contraction of the gallbladder and bile ducts and causes emptying of healing
- Inflammatory gastrointestinal
External:
- Healing
- Inflammatory hemorodial
- Stimuleză blood flow to the tissues
Diseases treated with Marigold:
disease treated with Marigold: hard to heal wounds, hemorrhoids, frostbite, burns, climbed
complexions, eczema, acne (pimples on the face, chest and back), abnormal uterine bleeding,
leucorrhoea (white vaginal leakage), biliary dyskinesia (ANROM gallbladder function and
biliary), gastric and duodenal ulcer, dysmenorrhea, enterocolitis (inflammation of the small
and large intestine)
Method Marigold: Marigold tea, calendula cream
Intern - marigold tea - is an infusion: in 300 ml hot water 2 teaspoons of marigold flowers,
this tea to drink before main meals during the day split
External - Marigold Tea Infusion is an infusion of 10 g of marigold flowers to be placed in
100 ml of boiling water, leave covered for half an hour, then strain and use;
Marigold SPA
- 250 ml hot water 2 teaspoons of flowers. This tea will leave covered for 10 minutes, strain
and drink these teas daily 3-4
- In 500 ml of water put 4 tablespoons of marigold flowers or ground into powder and then
will make 5oo ml of water. After simmer 5 minutes, strain and will use external or wash and
gargle.
- In a pot is put in the water bath 50 g of calendula flowers to be wet with a little alcohol and
100 ml of vegetable oil or fat. It is boiled for 3 hours in a water bath. This mixture is filtered
while hot and put then decanted. This oil will be disjointed both internally and externally.
- To prepare a cream will add 20 grams of beeswax - it melts into water bath and stir until it
becomes a paste eprmanent
- In a bottle will put marigold flowers and above sunflower oil or olive oil. Let ulteriro Sun
for 4 weeks, then strain, achieving a very good oil used in internal treatment. Since it can be
done and an ointment, adding that melts wax in a water bath and then strain
- Tincture of calendula - is made of 20 grams of marigold placed in 100 ml alimentary alcohol
70 degrees. The mixture is kept at room temperature for 15 days, stirring frequently. Finally,
strain and put in small bottles that will be hermetically sealed. It can be stored as two years.
Management module is failed by 10 or a teaspoon between meals.
Traditionally Marigolds
Marigold flowers are used for dyeing yellow. The plant is boiled in wine take against
jaundice, or boiled in water with saffron. Longer bathe put children to sleep. Decoction is
used against skin diseases. Tea leaves are dried in the shade take stomach ulcers, jaundice,
duodenal ulcer and uterine lesions.
Lavender:
Lavandula angustfolia, fam. Lamiaceae
Common name Lavender:
aspic, lavender, lavender garden, lavender forest, livanţ, livanţică, Livan, spichinel, spichinat.
Lavender therapeutic properties:
Lavender flowers
Intern:
- Calming the central nervous system
- Lavender is diuretic, stimulates contraction of the gallbladder and bile ducts and causes
emptying its contents, disinfectant, soothes abdominal pain and helps eliminate gas
- Levante stimulates appetite and increases bile
- Relieves abdominal pain, antispasmodic
- Reduce mental sensitivity, blurred fear
- Combat hair loss
- Drives away insects.
External:
- Analgesic
- Calming
Diseases that can be treated with lavender:
disease treated with lavender acne, thrush, skin disorders, diffuse alopecia, dizziness, anxiety,
cardiac arrhythmia, heartburn, asthma, abdominal distension, heart nervous substrate, kidney
and liver,
- Respiratory diseases, bronchitis,
- Thrush,
- Headache
- Cellulitis
- Cystitis
- Cuperosis, rheumatic pain, eczema, excessive excitation, flu, infections, insect bites or
vipers, nerve irritation, insomnia
- Leukorrhea
- Headache, nervousness, neurosis, fatigue, neurotic pathology, itching, cold sores,
rheumatism
- General stimulant, stress, overwork, cerebral blood
- Digestive disorders, cough, atonic ulcers, intestinal worms.
SPA lavender - lavender tea:
- Powder Lavant - will grind dried herb grinder then what will ground the dark because the
light negative influence is sealed to avoid losing flavor. It may take 3-4 times per day an
amount equal to a pinch or a teaspoon. It will take 15 minutes before meals. It is good that it
is kept just below the tongue and then be swallowed with water
- In lavender powder 2 teaspoons freshly ground with grinder will put in 250 ml boiling water.
Leave covered for 10 minutes after which it will be consumed. You can sweeten with honey if
you have diabetes. You can drink this tea on day three
- 50 g of finely ground lavender powder with grinder will put in 250 ml alimentary alcohol
70C. It will hold tightly closed and stirred for 15 days very often to the principles of the plant
extract. After 15 days strain and will put into dark bottles which can be hermetically sealed.
Administration lavender
- Depending on the nature and severity of the condition may be administered from 10 to drop
or teaspoon 3-4 times a day, or as needed. It may be, however, a treatment with the
preparation for 30 days by a teaspoon three times a day before meals taken neurological
disorders, are very useful.
- 20 g of powder to make a one liter bottle of wine quality, which was not sprayed with
chemicals. It will allow to soak for 8 days stirring frequently in order to extract active
ingredients from the plant. It will slip through cheesecloth and then be placed in smaller
bottles tightly closed cold. It may take one tablespoon or 50 ml three times daily in the
treatment or more serious conditions can take only 2 hours before bedtime to induce a
peaceful sleep.
- 50 g of powder will make a liter of apple vinegar and honey, and will allow to soak for 8
days stirring frequently. After this strain and will get flavored vinegar which is very useful in
various massages or just to soothe itchy skin.
- Liter sunflower oil-in it will put 50g of powdered lavender obtained with electric grinder. It
shall be stopped and allowed to warm while the sun or in a place for 21 days, after which the
filter. It will give an oil with a strong smell of lavender that can be used in biliary dyskinesia
or other diseases. It can take one tablespoon in the morning on an empty stomach, or using
different external conditions. By adding beeswax can get a cream that is useful in rosacea and
other skin disorders.
- Lavender aroma oil commercially available (in the household can not be obtained) can be
used to flavor the bath and which can be taken internally is very effective in diseases which
are higher. But we must be very careful because there are two types of oil. One internal and
one is external use. The foreign national will not ever.
- To ward off insects and mites is advisable to use together with sweet clover it is very
effective not only for lice or mites but also to other pests such as fleas, etc..
- Lavender baths are indicated in many conditions and they will be pouring oil into the
bathtub a few drops will do the bath to be fragrant and to make the desired effect. It can
however be a plus infiltrated by breaking the fall with the same effect on the body.
- In cosmetics is well suited not only for the particularly strong effect of oil but for the effects
it has on the body.
Traditionally Lavender
Lavender oil is used in perfumery and toilet soaps.
Floriferous stems arise between clothing against moths and smells so nice. The more use it as
a stimulant, antispasmodic, tonic and respiratory disease control.
Dough with a handful of flowers in one liter of spirits strong yeast, held two weeks and then
strained, place it in compresses to relieve pain from falls and bruises to heal wounds and
burns, and against hair loss.
A few drops of lavender oil in place in the vessels which watered the animals, the appetite.
Armory:
Common name armory:
silver garden, armory, armories weed, crapusnic, variegated thistle
The therapeutic armory:
- Hepato-protective
- Favorable treatment of cirrhosis, hepatitis, hepatic failure, and in poisoning with mushrooms
- Leaves can be eaten in salads as a stimulator of the stomach and also a painkiller.
Diseases that can be treated with armory:
disease treated with armory: spleen disorders, liver diseases as diverse gallbladder disease,
cancer (reduces side effects for chemotherapy), cirrhosis, constipation, difficult digestion,
dyspepsia, chronic hepatitis, hemorrhoids, hypertension, jaundice, liver infections , hepatic
failure, hypochondria, cholelithiasis (with tourists big oil), menorrhagia, varicose veins,
vomiting.
Method armory - tea armory
- Tea armory - 250 d eml boiling water will put a teaspoon of seeds small armory. It will leave
covered for 10 minutes - drink 2-3 cups per day.
The first cup of tea is consumed in the morning before breakfast will then lie on your right
side for 30 minute.Se dpua cup drink on two occasions 15 minutes before meals. This diet
takes 15 to 20 days and then will pause for 15 days and can resume.
- Leaves the armory are great to eat fresh in salads - useful in digestive disorders or domestic.
Tincture armory - armor grind seeds and place in a resealable bottle with 250 ml Alcohol 70 ˚.
This mixture is kept at room temperature and shake daily - then strain and filter. Place the
smaller bottles cold where you can keep for 2 years.
Dust armory : the armory grind seeds and will be placed sublingually a very small amount, as
a pinch. Hold for 10 minutes, and then be swallowed with water. This treatment is done three
times a day. 20 days is also a break for 15 days, and then be resumed.
Warnings armory:
- No pauses or supradozeaza and 20 days between courses
Walnut
Juglans regia, fam. Juglandaceae
Common name: Walnut
Nucarilor
Walnut therapeutic properties:
Walnut leaves
Intern:
- Disinfectant renal
- Prevents microbial infections - antiseptic
- Diarrhea
- Antidiabetic
External:
- Prevents microbial infections - antiseptic
Diseases treated with walnut:
walnut treated diseases: ulcers, eczema zemuinde (bathrooms), furunculosis (bathrooms), eye
disorders, oily skin (seborrhea), acute enteritis, leucorrhoea (white vaginal leakage), diabetes,
diarrhea, kidney infections, kidney swelling
SPA with walnut:
- A nut tea spoon of crushed walnut leaves placed in 250 ml of boiling water, after which the
cover for 10 minutes. It will slip. You can eat 2 cups per day. Externally this can wash the
head or various injuries or even pain killers helps to external alopecia, or if excessive
sweating.
- Double the amount of tea plant walnut (walnut leaves) can be used externally above
conditions.
- Green walnut shell half teaspoon is placed in 250 ml of water, then it is boiled for 5 minutes
after which the inner one can use a spoon to 2 hours, and will be able to use the external skin
disorders or dandruff hair dye or if you will use a little lemon juice.
- Seeds of nuts are consumed every day by 3 times 250 g in those cases where it is desired
mineral supplementation and after work where high fatigue, anemia, or when it is desired to
gain weight.
- Tea nut placed 20 g in 250 ml water. It will boil for 5 minutes then strain. You can drink 3-4
cups a day for pain.
- Tincture of walnut pericarp. It will take 50 g of walnut green pericarp will put in 250 ml
alimentary alcohol 70C. Will be taken for 15 days at room temperature stirring frequently. It
will slip after 15 days and will be put in bottles smaller capacity. Reference should be made to
the above conditions internal (domestic) by 5 drops 3 times a day diluted in a little water. It is
useful in internal diseases as: liver disease, endocrine, cardiac, etc..
- Coconut oil, is taken in the morning on an empty stomach one spoon where you want to
eliminate intestinal worms or different dyspepsia. The hair can put frecţionând, which helps
restore hair.
- Nutmeg apply warm piss boils to hasten ripening.
- Walnut poultices leading place in conditions outside tumors or adenomas. 2 changes twice a
day and kept moist.
- Cosmetic is used a lot in both leaf and seed walnuts, walnut oil or pericarp of which can be a
very persistent dye.
- Leaves alcohol tincture form of food will take 30-50 drops 2-3 times daily. Useful in
diabetes.
- Body oil frecţionarea in children rickets, anemia and dermatitis.
Method walnut - walnut tea, decoction of walnut
Infusion
- Walnut tea - one teaspoon of walnut leaves in 200 ml of water, drink 2 teas per day
- The more concentrated 20 g of walnut leaves in 200 ml of boiling water - tablespoons a day
taken 3-4
Infusion
- Tea, walnut - 15 g in 200 ml of boiling water, is used in disorders of the neck and stomatitis,
as a gargle, compresses the diseases of the eye
- Decoction of logs: - the bath: 100 g of leaves are boiled in 3 liters of water for 15 minutes,
the resulting liquid is mixed with the water bath must be at a temperature of 37 degrees. It sits
in the bath for 15-20 minutes.
Traditionally Walnut
Leaves, walnut peel contain a substance used in dyeing wood, of wool, hair and stain
preparation of phones. They used to paint in black, brown, yellow and red with other plants.
Leaves are also used for rheumatic pain sometimes mixed with other herbs. In villages around
which boil egg and flower stalks of hay or nettles. Put ameţii roots or oil and knead 3 weeks
manure, then were rubbing against rheumatic pain, or taking raw nuts, formed, with sugar.
The land Beius musculoskeletal washings were made with leaf decoction after plămădească
were left to two days, or bathrooms walnut leaves and branches of tomatoes, cooked
separately and then mixed, or hold legs in green leaves. Pool of green leaves is very much
used in scrofulous children with Galm. In some parts were taken against mange walnut leaves,
fir, yarrow and brimstone.
The toothache nut shell is boiled and the juice held in the mouth, or hold smicele walnut,
black peel out, take green peel, put into a new mug, pour vinegar over it come and put a piece
of stone and cob sour, pour wine vinegar over it. It is sealed with dough and boil until Down 2
Party and cooled juice held in the mouth, where the tooth hurt. Bullshit leaves against cold.
Cons jaundice patient branches gathered from 9 nuts, they burned and the ash was a lye,
which bathe once or many times, if you want to speed up recovery, drink this liquor. With
wine, green shells grease to ringworm. Green nutshell baked in brandy give each a glass.
Wash the head with decoction. Walnut kernels, crushed and mixed with flour and cream is put
on wounds, baking remover. Crushed and mixed with oil is put against boils sweet.
SALVIA (Salvia officinalis) is part labiates family (Lamiaceae) and comes from the
Mediterranean. It was used in ancient times as a medicinal plant and culinary ingredient.
From sage leaves are used fresh or dried. They have oval, gray-green and velvety in
appearance and touch, covered with soft hairs.
sage plant grows well in sunny locations with rocky soil, and in pots. Can reach a height of 70
cm. Summer flowers produce small purple circle around a common axis. It is a beautiful plant
and decorative.
Salvia is very fragrant and is used mainly in Italian cuisine, from soups, fish, a roast chicken,
pork or beef. Leaves placed in hot olive oil, crispy in less than 10 seconds and is used in
salads, snacks or decoration. In general there are used along with other herbs as strong sage
taste overshadows other spices. It's a bit bitter and so are people who avoid the kitchen. There
are several types of sage, with different taste and leaves of different colors. Tricolor species
has green dots on the leaves, pink and white PIacteria species has yellow spots on leaves and
purpurascens species has dark red leaves. If you want to cultivate salvia, you can use or you
can buy seeds from a young plant which flowers to plant in spring garden or to keep the pot.
If you plant in the garden, winter plant must be covered and must be trimmed spring to make
room for young twigs.
The leaves are harvested from spring to autumn, and can be eaten fresh or dried. Fresh may be
kept in the refrigerator up to 2 weeks. If you want to dry, choose a dry and dark place and
then keep the leaves in a jar with a lid. Hang a few months. As an herb, sage is used to treat
gallbladder disease, promotes digestion and milk secretion in new mothers.
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is part of labiates family (Lamiaceae) and is native to
the Mediterranean, where it was used in ancient times as an ingredient in the kitchen.
Rosemary is an herb very beautiful and has a pleasant smell, so it is often used in flower beds.
It can grow in the garden, and potted. If you plant in the garden, you should note that loves
the sun and is very resistant to cold, so winter must be moved indoors, or be "dressed" well.
The easiest is to buy a young plant rosemary at the supermarket, internet or a flower. Take
care to be healthy. If you keep in the house can be moved to a larger pot at any time if a
garden plant, this process should be done in spring. The soil should be loose and sandy well
and does not require frequent watering. Should be kept light. Can be cut herb sprigs of fresh
rosemary anytime you need. It's a pretty robust shrub, can grow to a height of 2 meters. It has
a greenish gray, older stems are woody and the young are flexible. The leaves are needleshaped and have a high comfor, hence the strong smell. Prodcut spring blue flowers, white or
pink. Stems and leaves is good to be used fresh, but can be eaten dry without losing too much
flavor.
Rosemary is very use to the Mediterranean cuisine and steaks made from baked or grilled
lamb, beef, pork and over. It is very easy to prepare your own flavored olive oil. Put in a
bottle of olive oil 2-3 sprigs of rozmatin and over nly a week it can be consumed. It is a good
idea for gift. As a medicinal herb, is a good digestive activates blood circulation, increases
fertility. Has aphrodisiac and increases fertility.
Oregano (Origanum vulgare) is part of labiates family (Lamiaceae). It is native to southern
Europe and is now used as a culinary ingredient in Europe, North and Central America.
Semilemnoasa is a plant, a shrub that can reach a height of 50 cm, with numerous branches on
stalks. Since the plant are mainly leaves that have oval, white fluff. They have dark green
color and a strong flavor. Summer is gathered lilac flower bouquets. Thanks to them, oregano
attract the bees and butterflies.
's a plant that can be used in combination with other herbs and used mostly in Italian recipes,
pizza, sauces, salads, pasta, and with chicken or fish. Oregano can be grown in pots or garden
by you. You can plant seeds purchased from the supermarket, or online flower inside in early
spring and then, after the heat outside, you can replant seedlings in the garden, at a distance of
20 or 30 cm apart, to have room for growth. If you keep them inside, be rare. Oregano need a
sunny and sandy soil and humid. In winter, the plant must be covered and spring stems will be
cut to allow young shoots to grow freely. Oregano leaves and flowers can be harvested
anytime you need. You can eat fresh or can be dried. Dried retains strong flavor. As a
medicinal herb, is beneficial in the treatment bile and stomach, eases breathing and relieves
coughing.
Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is part of labiates family (Lamiaceae) and is native to Asia. The
Indian plant is considered sacred. In Europe it spread very quickly, and is used mainly in the
Mediterranean. In our country it is used in the kitchen for a few years with the opening of an
Italian restaurant. Is marketed fresh or dried. The fresh flavor but is much stronger and it is
always recommended instead of dry. Basil is one of the plants that grow easily in pots. It
multiplies by seeds, sprinkle the earth and watered in the early days of abundance. In a few
days the seeds will germinate and young plants will have first basil. Let it grow a few inches
and then can replicate and rare or may be left still so dense, but seedlings will grow feeble and
crooked. After they grow several rows of leaves, plant tops can be cut and it will increase
further. Use both leaves and stems. The leaves should be gathered before the plant to flourish.
With time, the basil will wilt. If you want to always have fresh basil in the house, you can
plant many pots every 3-4 weeks.
basil can be used as soon as it is cut, and recommends what. It can put in the refrigerator for
several days. If left unused, however, lies on a towel and leave to dry for a few days until the
leaves become brittle. Then storing it in a jar or chop first with a food and also retains a jar
with a lid. Aroma is weak, but dry your house is nothing compared to the purchase of
commercial land in the envelope. Such land may be used in preparation of various dishes and
can be used to prepare a fragrant olive oil. Place a few tablespoons of chopped dried basil in a
bottle of olive oil can be consumed in a week. If you want to grow in your garden, do the
same as above, but after they grow a bit seedlings will be replanted in the garden, spring, in
April-May. The soil should be loose, and instead chose to be married. Caution! Basil matter
where we cultivate, should be watered frequently, otherwise it dries. If you forgot to wet and
loses its vitality, we recommend that you wet as soon as you remember, and it is likely to
recover. There are many species of basil leaves large or small, different in appearance and the
flavor. There basil green, purple and red. If we grow in pots, I recommend the one with small
leaves which I tried and I grew very well and very flavorful (you buy seeds, you see that the
envelope are pictures of the plant, and you'll realize if he leaves small or large). Basil is
mainly used in Italian cuisine, the preparation of sauces for pizza and pasta to salads and
bruschetelor. Generally used with tomatoes. In medicine, due to the essential oils contained, is
used to treat nerves and stomach cramps. Banish stress and stimulate appetite.
Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) belongs to the carrot family (Apiaceae) and is native to
the Middle East. Quickly adopted the Mediterranean, coriander is a plant used since ancient
times as a medicinal plant first and later as a condiment.
coriander from plants using green leaves or seeds. In Romania, there are on the market so
fresh leaf bags and bags of seeds.
In the kitchen, coriander is used in the same dishes as parsley, and resembles that. Thus, you
can use it in salads, soups, fish dishes.
's a little bitter and spicy. Most often used in Indian cuisine dishes belonging, Thai, Chinese
and Mexican.
seeds are used in pickles, sausages, curry powder. The seeds can be used whole or ground. If
you grind them, put the resulting powder in a sealed jar, because it loses flavor quickly.
coriander plant is an annual plant, so the seeds are planted each year in April-May. You can
plant them directly in the garden or in pots. Place coriander chosen to be sunny and the soil
rich in calcium. Are planted at a distance of 20-30 cm and a depth of 2 cm.
To ensure fresh herbs for a longer period, will advise to sow new plants every 2 weeks.
coriander plant looks very much like parsley . The leaves have a strong smell because of it
being avoided by some people. If you do not stand the smell, I advise you not grown at home
in pots. The seeds should be harvested when they turn brown. Cut rods containing seeds and
hang in bunches to dry. Afterwards, gather seeds, which retains properties, provided they are
kept in optimal conditions, up to one year.
In medicine use coriander seeds in the form of teas to treat many ailments stomach and
intestines. Contains vitamin C and A. Regulates cholesterol and blood sugar.
ITALY
ISTITUTO COMPRENSIVO
E. PATTI
TRECASTAGNI
ITALY
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The chili pepper (also chile pepper or chilli pepper), is the fruit of
plants from the genus Caspicum, members of the nightshade family,
Solanaceae.
Culinary uses
Chili pepper pods, which are berries, are used fresh or dried. Chilies are
dried to preserve them for long periods of time or may also be done by
pickling
Dried chilies are often ground into powders.
Chilies are present in many cuisines: in Sicily is used also in a special
flavour of Modica's chocolate.
Medicinal
Capsaicin is a safe and effective topical analgesic agent in the
management of arthritis pain, herpes zoster-related pain, diabetic
neuropathic, post mastectomy pain, and headaches.
Oregano is a common species of Origanum, a genus of the mint family
(Lamiaceae). It is native to warm-temperate western and southwestern
eurasia and the Mediterranean region..
Oregano is related to the herb marjoram, oregano also being known as
wild marjoram. It is a perennial, although it is grown as an annual in
colder climates, as it often does not survive the winter months. It has
purple flowers and spade-shaped, olive-green leaves. It prefers a hot,
relatively dry climate, but will do well in other environments. To cultivate,
it should be planted in early spring, in fairly dry soil, with full sun.
Culinary uses
Oregano is an important culinary herb, used for the flavor of its leaves,
which can be more flavourful when dried than fresh. It has anaromatic,
warm and slightly bitter taste, which can vary in intensity. Oregano's
most prominent modern use is as the staple herb of italian cuisine.It is
most frequently used with roasted, fried or grilled vegetables, meat and
fish. Unlike most Italian herbs] oregano combines well with spicy foods,
which are popular in southern Italy. It is less commonly used in the north
of the country.
Medicinal
Hippocrates used oregano as an antiseptic, as well as a cure for
stomach and respiratory ailments. A Crtean oregano (O. dictamnus) is
still used today in Greece as a palliative for sore throat.
Oregano is high in antioxidant activity.
WILD CABBAGE
Brassicaceae, a medium-sized and
flowering plants, are informally known
the crucifers or the cabbage family.
The family is cososmoplolitan but
temperate regions and reaches
mediterranean area.
Culinary use
In Sicily people eat it with sausages.
economically important family of
as the mustards, mustard flowers,
is concentrated in the northern
maximal diversity around the
CELERY
Celery (Apium graveolens var. dulce) is a plant variety in the family
Apiaceae, commonly used as a vegetable.
Uses
Celery is used around the world as a vegetable for the crisp petiole (leaf
stalk). The leaves are strongly flavoured and are used less often, either
as a flavouring in soups and stews or as a dried herb.
In temperate countries, celery is also grown for its seeds. Celery seeds
can be used as flavouring or spice, either as whole seeds or ground and
mixed with salt, as celery salt.
Celery, onions, and carrots make up the French mirepoix, often used as
a base for sauces and soups. Celery is a staple in many soups, such as
chicken noodle soup.
Medicine
The use of celery seed in pills for relieving pain was described byAulis
Cornelius Celsus around 30 AD. Celery seeds contain a compound, ,
that has been demonstrated to lower blood pressure in rats.
Celery is used in weight-loss diets, where it provides low-calorie dietary
fibre bulk.
Celery is among a small group of foods (headed by peanuts) that appear
to provoke the most severe allergic reactions.
MINT
Mints are aromatic, almost exclusively perennial, rarely annual,herbs.
Uses
Culinary
The leaf, fresh or dried, is the culinary source of mint. Fresh mint is
usually preferred over dried mint when storage of the mint is not a
problem. The leaves have a warm, fresh, aromatic, sweet flavor with a
cool aftertaste. Mint leaves are used in teas, beverages, jellies, syrups,
candies, and ice creams. In italian cuisine, mint is used i soups dishes,
specially in green beans soup. Alcoholic drinks sometimes feature mint
for flavor.
Mint essential oil and menthol are extensively used as flavorings in
breath fresheners, drinks, antiseptic mouth rinses,toothpaste,chewing
gum andcandies.
Medicinal and cosmetic
Mint was originally used as a medicinal herb to treat stomach ache and
chest pains, and it is commonly used in the form of tea as a home
remedy to help alleviate stomach pain. Mint tea is a diuretic. A common
use is as an antipruritic, especially in insect bite treatments. ] The strong,
sharp flavor and scent of mint is sometimes used as a milddecongestant
for illnesses such as the common cold. Mint is also used in some
shampoo products.
Menthol from mint essential oil (40–90%) is an ingredient of
manycosmetics and some perfum.
Mint oil is also used as anenvironmentally friendly insecticide for its
ability to kill some common pests like wasps, hornets, ants and
cockroaches.
GRASS WIND
Parietaria officinalis, the Pellitory-of-the-wall, also known as lichwort,
is a plant of the nettle family. Its leaves, however, are non-stinging. The
plant grows on rubbish and on walls, hence the name. It was once used
as a medicinal herb and in the making of certain metheglins.
It is in a different family from Anacyclus pyrethrum, also called pellitory.
Uses
It is helpful in soothing itching. This plant contain tannin, flavonoids and
potassium nitrate, it is diuretic, depurant emollient and expectorant.
It can provoke allergies in spring time for its pollens.
La lattuga selvatica (nome scientifico Lactuca serriola L., 1756) è una specie di piante
spermatofite dicotiledoni appartenenti alla famiglia Asteraceae
SALVIA OFFICINALIS
Salvia officinalis (sage, also called garden sage, or common sage) is a
perennial, evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and
blue to purplish flowers. It is a member of the family Lamiaceae and is
native to the Mediterranean region.
Uses
Culinary
It appears in many European cuisines, notably Italian, Balkan and Middle
Eastern cookery.
Medicine
Salvia and "sage" are derived from the Latin salvere (to save), referring
to the healing properties long attributed to the various Salvia species. It
has been recommended at one time or another for virtually every ailment
by various herbals. Modern evidence shows possible uses as an
antisweating agent, antibiotic, antifungal, astringent, antispasmodic,
estrogenic, hypoglycemic, and tonic. In a double blind, randomized and
placebo-controlled trial, sage was found to be effective in the
management of mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease.
THISTLE
Weedy species of Cirsium, Caruus, and other plant genera of the family
Asteraceae. The word thistle most often refers to prickly leaved species
of Caruus and Cirsium wich have usually pik or purple flowers.
CAMOMILE
Matricaria chamomilla (synonym: Matricaria recutita), commonly known
as chamomile (also spelled camomile), German chamomile,
Hungarian chamomile (kamilla), wild chamomile or scented
mayweed is an annual plant of the composite family Asteraceae. M.
chamomilla is the most popular source of the herbal product chamomile,
although other species are also used as chamomile.
The flowers bloom in early to midsummer, and have a strong, aromatic
smell.
German chamomile is used in herbal medicine for a sore stomach,
irritable bowel syndrome, and as a gentle sleep aid. It is also used as a
mild laxative and is anti-inflammatory and bactericidal. It can be taken as
an herbal tea, two teaspoons of dried flower per cup of tea, which should
be steeped for 10 to 15 minutes while covered to avoid evaporation of
the volatile oils.]
One of the active ingredients of its essential oil is the terpene bisabolol.
Other active ingredients include farnesene, chamazulene, flavonoids
(including apigenin, quercetin, patuletin and luteolin) and coumarin.
It has antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, cholesterol-lowering effects.
SWEET PEA
Sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus) is a flowering plant in the genus
Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to the eastern
Mediterranean.
Unlike the edible pea, there is evidence that seeds of members of the
genus Lathyrus are toxic if ingested in quantity. A related species,
Lathyrus sativus, is grown for human consumption but when it forms a
major part of the diet it causes symptoms of toxicity called lathyrism
COMMON VETCH
Vicia sativa, known as the Common Vetch, Tare or simply "the vetch",
is a nitrogen fixing leguminous plant. Although considered a weed when
found growing in a cultivated grainfield, this hardy plant is often grown as
green manure or livestock fodder.
This is an annual herb, a distant member of the vine and pea family, with
hollow, four-sided, hairless to hairy stems which can reach two meters in
maximum length.
WOAD
Isatis tinctoria
Woad as the common name, is a flowering plant in the family
Brassicaceae. It is commonly called dyer's woad. It is occasionally
known as Asp of Jerusalem. Woad is also the name of a blue dye
produced from the leaves of the plant.
Woad is native to the steppe and desert zones of the Caucasus.
Chemicals from woad might be used to prevent cancer, as it can
produce high levels of glucobrassicin.
The roots are harvested during the autumn and dried. The dried root is
then processed into granules, which are most commonly consumed
dissolved in hot water or tea. The product is very popular throughout
China. Possible minor side effects include allergic reactions and
dizziness; only large dosages or long term usage can be toxic to the
kidneys. Treatments have not generally been evaluated clinically.
MALVA
Malva is a genus of about 25–30 species of herbaceous annual,
biennial, and perennial plants in the family Malvaceae (of which it is the
type genus), one of several closely related genera in the family to bear
the common English name mallow. The genus is widespread throughout
the temperate, subtropical and tropical regions of Africa, Asia and
Europe.
Very easily grown, short-lived perennials often grown as ornamental
plants. Mild tasting young mallow leaves can be a substitute for lettuce,
whereas older leaves are better cooked as a leafy green vegetable. The
buds and flowers can be used in salads.
ROSEMARY
Rosmarinus officinalis, commonly known as rosemary, is a woody,
perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white,
pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region. It is a
member of the mint family Lamiaceae, which includes many other herbs.
The name "rosemary" derives from the Latin for "dew" (ros) and "sea"
(marinus), or "dew of the sea" because in many locations, it needs no
water other than the humidity carried by the sea breeze to live.
Rosemary is used as a decorative plant in gardens and has many
culinary and medical uses. The plant is said to improve the memory. The
leaves are used to flavor various foods, such as stuffings and roast
meats.
Uses
The leaves, both fresh and dried, are used in traditional Mediterranean
cuisine. They have a bitter, astringent taste and are highly aromatic,
which complements a wide variety of foods. A tisane can be made from
the leaves.
Rosemary oil is used for purposes of fragrant bodily perfumes or to emit
an aroma into a room. It is also burnt as incense, and used in shampoos
and cleaning products
Rosemary contains a number of potentially biologically active
compounds, including antioxidants carnosic acid and rosmarinic acid.
Other chemical compounds include camphor, caffeic acid, ursolic acid,
betulinic acid, rosmaridiphenol and rosmanol. Rosemary antioxidants
levels are closely related to soil moisture content.
LAURUS
Laurus is a genus of evergreen trees belonging to the Laurel family.
This plant is distribueted around the Mediterranean.
The plant is the source of several popular spices used in a wide variety
of recipes, particularly among Mediterranean cuisines. Most commonly,
the aromatic leaves are added whole to Italian pasta sauces
Aqueous extracts of bay laurel can also be used as astringents and even
as a reasonable salve for open wounds.
In massage therapy, the essential oil of bay laurel is reputed to alleviate
arthritis and rheumatism, while in aromatherapy, it is used to treat
earaches and high blood pressure.
PARSLEY
Parsley or garden parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a species of
Petroselinum in the family Apiaceae, native to the central Mediterranean
region (southern Italy, Algeria and Tunisia), naturalized elsewhere in
Europe, and widely cultivated as an herb, a spice and a vegetable.
Culinary use
Parsley is widely used in Middle Eastern, European, and American
cooking. Curly leaf parsley is often used as a garnish. In central and
eastern Europe and in western Asia, many dishes are served with fresh
green chopped parsley sprinkled on top. Green parsley is often used as
a garnish on potato dishes (boiled or mashed potatoes), on rice dishes
(risotto or pilaf), on fish, fried chicken, lamb or goose, steaks, meat or
vegetable stews.
Parsley is the main ingredient in Italian salsa verde, which is a condiment
of mixed parsley, capers, anchovies, garlic, and bread soaked in vinegar
that is traditionally served with bollito misto or fish.
Medicine
Parsley is a source of antioxidants (especially luteolin), folic acid, vitamin
C, and vitamin A.
Parsley should not be consumed in excess by pregnant women. It is safe
in normal food quantities, but large amounts can have uterotonic effects.
GARLIC
Allium stivum, commomly knowun as garlic, is a species in the onion
genus Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive
and rakko.
Culinary use
Garlic is widely used around the world for its pungent flavor as a
seasoning or condiment.
The garlic plant's bulb is the most commonly used part of the plant. Other
parts of the garlic plant are also edible.
Oils can be flavored with garlic cloves. These infused oils are used to
season all categories of vegetables, meats, breads and pasta.
Medicinal use and health benefits
Garlic is claimed to help prevent heart disease (including atherosclerosis,
high cholesterol, and high blood pressure) and cancer
.
Urtica
The species of the genus Urtica are herbaceous plants , rarely shrubs ,
with a height between 10 and 300 cm, annual or perennial . The leaves
are opposite, toothed, with stipules .
Uses
The plants of the genus Urtica are used and cultivated by man right from
' Bronze Age (3000-2000 BC). From woody stem of ' Urtica dioica paper
was produced and adult tissues. The green leaves were used for the
coloration of the fibers.
Nettles are used in the kitchen since the time of the Greeks and
Romans throughout Europe, and are still a popular food in rural areas.
In folk medicine, these plants have found use since the ancient
Egyptians . The applications take advantage of the stimulating and
irritating hairs, and include the treatment of anemia , rheumatism ,
arthritis , eczema , asthma , skin infections and intestinal pain, or
traditionally used as a shampoo or against hemorrhoids . The medicinal
use of U. dioica and U. urens has been scientifically proven against
arthritis, rheumatism, rhinitis allergic and for the treatment of ' benign
prostatic hypertrophy .
ONION
The onion (Allium cepa), also known as the bulb onion or common
onion, is used as a vegetable and is the most widely cultivated species
of the genus Allium.
Onions are cultivated and used around the world. As a foodstuff they are
usually served cooked, as a vegetable or part of a prepared savoury
dish.
Consumption is believed to benefit health in that onions contain
phenolics and flavonoids that have potential anti-inflammatory, anticholesterol, anticancer and antioxidant properties.
WILD FENNEL
.
Any of various Mediterranean and western Asian annual herbs of the
genus Nigella, having finely dissected leaves, showy white, blue, or
yellow solitary flowers, and an aggregate fruit composed of several
follicles. Also called nigella.
Culinary use
In Italy wild fennel is used in preparing various dishes, specially a sicilian
tipical dish: pasta con le sarde.
Medicinal uses
Fennel contains anethole, which can explain some of its medical effects:
It, or its polymers, act as phytoestrogens.
Fennel seeds
TURKEY
BAHARAT, AKTARİYE VE ŞİFALI BİTKİLER LİSTESİ
NO KDV BİRİM ÜRÜN ADI
1
2
3
8%
1%
18%
KG.
KG.
KG.
4
18%
KG.
5
18%
6
ÜRÜNÜN
ÜRÜNÜN İNGİLİZCE İSMİ
LATİNCE İSMİ
ACI BAKLA
ADAÇAYI (*)
AK GÜNLÜK
ALIÇ
(ÇİÇEK\MEYVA\YAPRAK)
Lupinus sp.
Salvia officinalis
Gummi olibanum
Lupin, seeds
Sage
Olibanum
Crataegus sp.
Hawthorn, flowers,fruit,leaves
KG.
ALTIN OTU ÇİÇEĞİ
Helianthemum
vulgare
Rock-Rose (flowers)
18%
KG.
7
18%
AD.
8
9
10
11
1%
1%
18%
18%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
AMONYAK
ARAP KIZI KREM(MAVİPEMBE)
ANASON (*)
ANAMUR ADA ÇAYI (*)
ANDIZ KÖKÜ
ARAPZAMKI
12
18%
KG.
ARDIÇ TOHUMU
13
18%
KG.
ARDIÇ KATRANI
14
15
8%
8%
AD.
AD.
16
18%
KG.
17
18%
KG.
18
8%
KG.
19
18%
KG.
20
21
22
23
24
25
18%
18%
18%
18%
18%
18%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
26
8%
KG.
27
8%
KG.
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
18%
18%
8%
18%
18%
18%
18%
18%
1%
18%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
38
8%
KG.
39
8%
KG.
ARI SÜTÜ (10CC ŞİŞE)
ARI SÜTÜ (25 GR ŞİŞE)
ASİT SALİSİLİK(DOMTS.İLACI
)C7H6O3
ASLAN PENÇESİ
Alchemilla alpina
Carthamnnus
ASPİR ÇİÇEĞİ
tinctorius
Aesculus
ATKESTANESİ
hippocastanum
AVAKADO YAPRAĞI
Persea gratissima
AYNISEFA (NERGİS)
Calendula officinalis
AYRIK OTU
Agropyron repens
AYRIK OTU KÖKÜ
Agropyron repens
AYVA YAPRAĞI
Cydonia vulgaris
BALMUMU INS NO. 901
BEYAZ BİBER (AKBİBER)
Piper nigrum
TANE (*)
Rosmarinus
BİBERİYE (*)
officinalis
BÖĞÜRTLEN KÖKÜ
Rubus fructicosus
BUHUR
BURÇAK
Vicia ervilla
BÖĞÜRTLEN YAPRAĞI
Rubus fructicosus
CENTİYANA KÖKÜ
Genitana lutea
CEVİZ YAPRAĞI
Juglans regia
CİVAN PERÇEMİ ÇİÇEĞİ
Achillea millefolium
ÇAKŞIR OTU KÖKÜ
Ferula elaeochytis
ÇAM FISTIĞI YERLİ (*)
Pinus pinea
ÇAM SAKIZI
Pinus nigra (resin)
Trigonella foenumÇEMEN (ÖĞÜTÜLMÜŞ)
graceum
Trigonella foenumÇEMENOTU (ÇEMEN TANE)
graceum
Ammoniac
Pimpinella anisum
Salvia officinalis
Inula helenium
Acacia arabica
Juniperus
communis
Juniperus
oxycedrus
Royal jell
Royal jell
Aniseed,fruit
Sage
Elecampane, root
Acacia
Juniper, seed
Prickly Cedar, fruit
Royal jelly
Royal jelly
Acid calicylic
Alpine ladies mantle
Safflower, flowers
Horse-Chestnut
Avocado,leaves
Marigold, flowers
Couch-Grass
Couch-Grass (root)
Quince, leaves
Wax, beewax
Pepper, fruit (white)
Rosemary, leaves
Blackberry, root
Blackberry, leaves
Yellow Gentian, root
Walnut, leaf
Yarrow, flowers
Stone pine, umbrella pine
Black pine resin
Fenugreek, seeds (powdered)
Fenugreek, seeds
40
18%
KG.
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
18%
8%
1%
18%
18%
18%
8%
1%
1%
18%
8%
KG.
KG.
KG.
DZ.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
52
8%
KG.
53
8%
KG.
54
18%
KG.
55
8%
KG.
56
18%
KG.
57
58
8%
18%
KG.
KG.
59
18%
KG.
60
61
18%
18%
AD.
AD.
62
18%
DZ.
63
64
65
66
18%
8%
18%
8%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
67
18%
AD.
68
18%
AD.
69
70
71
18%
18%
8%
KG.
KG.
AD.
72
18%
KG.
73
74
75
18%
18%
18%
KG.
KG.
KG.
76
1%
KG.
77
1%
KG.
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
8%
18%
18%
18%
18%
18%
18%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
85
8%
KG.
Capsella bursa
pastoris
ÇOBAN ÇÖKERTEN YAPRAĞI Tribulus terrestris
ÇÖREK OTU (*)
Nigella sativa
ÇÖVEN KÖKÜ
Saponaria officinalis
ÇUBUK TÜTSÜLER
DAMLA SAKIZI
Pistacia lentiscus
DARIFÜLFÜL/UZUN BİBER
Piper longum
DEFNE TOHUMU
Laurus nobilis
DEFNE YAPRAĞI
Laurus nobilis
DEFNE YAPRAĞI EKSTRA (*) Laurus nobilis
DEMİR BOZAN
DEMİRHİNDİ
Tamarindus indica
Anethum
DEREOTU KURUSU
graveolens
Anethum
DEREOTU TOHUMU
graveolens
DEVE DİKENİ TOHUMU(Boğa
Silybum marianum
dikeni)
DOLMA BAHARAT KARIŞIMI
(*)
Arctium
DULAVRAT OTU
tomentosum
EBE GÜMECİ YAPRAĞI
Malva sp.
EĞİR KÖKÜ(HAZANBEL)
Acorus calamus
EKİNEZYA ÇİÇEĞİ
Echinacea
(EKİNEZYA)
angustifolia
EMMAK AĞIZ SPREYİ
EMMAK AYAK SPREYİ
EMMAK RUSMA TOZ (tüy
dökücü)
ENGİNAR YAPRAĞI
Cynaria scolymus
FESLEĞEN (*)
Ocimum basilicum
FUNDA YAPRAĞI
Calluna vulgaris
GALETE UNU (*)
GIDA BOYASI(KAHV.-SARIYEŞİL)
GIDA BOYASI(ŞEKER
PEMBESİ)
GİNKGO BİLOBA
Ginko biloba
GİNSENG
Panas ginseng
GLABURU MEYVA SUYU 1 LT
GLİSEROL(Glycerin)INS
NO.422(C3H8O3)
HALİLE KARA
Terminalia sp.
HALİLE SARI
Terminalia sp.
HARDAL --SARI
Sinapis alba
Papaver
HAŞHAŞ BEYAZ
somniferum
Papaver
HAŞHAŞ MAVİ
somniferum
HATMİ ÇİÇEĞİ YERLİ
Althea officinalis
HATMİ ÇİÇEĞİ İTHAL
Althea officinalis
HAVA CİVA
Alkanna tinctoria
HAVLICAN--TANE
Alpinia officinarum
HAVLICAN--ÖĞÜTÜLMÜŞ
Alpinia officinarum
HAYIT TOHUMU
Vitex agnus-castus
HİBİSKUS BAMYA ÇİÇEĞİ
Hibiscus esculentus
HİNDİSTAN CEVİZİ RENDE(
Cocos nucifera
YAĞSIZ) (*)
ÇOBAN ÇANTASI
Shepherd´s purse, herb
Black cumin,seed
Incense
Mastix
Long pepper,fruit
Fructus lauri
Bay,Laurel, leaves
Bay,Laurel, leaves (extra)
Tamarind, tamarind tree , tamarindo
Dill (dried)
Dill (seed)
Eryngo, Sea holly, (seed)
Mixed spices
Burdock
Mallow, leaves
Sweet Sedge, Sweet Flag,rhizome
Echinacea, flowers
Mouth spray
Foot spray
Moulting powder
Artichoke,leaves
Basil, herb
Heather leaves
Food colouring (Brown-Yellow-Green)
Food colouring (Sweet pink)
Ginkgo, leaves
Ginseng
Glycerol
Fructus myrobalani(black),fruit
Fructus myrobalani(yellow),fruit
Mustard,seeds
Poppy ,white
Poppy ,blue
Marshmallow,flowers
Marshmallow,flowers
Alkanet
Lesser Galangal, rhizome
Lesser Galangal, (powdered)
Chaste tree, seed
Okra,flower
Coconut, flakes (defatted)
86
8%
KG.
87
88
89
90
91
92
1%
1%
8%
8%
18%
18%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
93
8%
KG.
94
95
8%
18%
AD.
PK.
96
18%
KG.
97
8%
KG.
HİNDİSTAN CEVİZİ RENDE(
YAĞLI) (*)
IHLAMUR ÇİÇEĞİ (*)
IHLAMUR YAPRAĞI (*)
HÜNNAP
ISIRGAN TOHUMU
ISIRGAN YAPRAĞI (*)
ISPANAK TOHUMU
İSOT(KAVRULMUŞ KIRMIZI
PULBİBER)(*)
KABAK LİFİ
KAFURE
KALSİT (kardeş kanıMERCAN)
KAKAO TOZU (*)
98
8%
KG.
KAKULE TOHUMU
99
18%
KG.
KANTARON ÇİÇEĞİ (SARI)
100 18%
KG.
KARA HİNDİBA
101 18%
KG.
KARA SAKIZ
102 18%
103 8%
104 8%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KARABAŞOTU ÇİÇEĞİ
KARABİBER TANE (*)
KARABİBER TOZ (*)
105
8%
KG.
KARANFİL TANE (*)
106
8%
KG.
KARANFİL TOZ
107 18%
KG.
108 18%
109 1%
110 8%
111 18%
112 1%
113 1%
114 1%
115 18%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
116 18%
KG.
117
118
119
120
18%
18%
18%
18%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
121
8%
KG.
122
123
8%
8%
KG.
KG.
124
8%
KG.
125
8%
KG.
126
8%
KG.
127 18%
KG.
128 18%
129 18%
130 1%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KARBONAT(SODYUM Bİ
KARB.) E 500 (*)
KAYIŞKIRAN OTU
KEÇİ BOYNUZU
KEÇİ BOYNUZU TOZ
KEDİ OTU KÖKÜ
KEKİK 2 (*)
KEKİK BİLYA (*)
KEKİK EKSTRA (*)
KEREVİZ TOHUMU
KETEN TOHUMU
ÖĞÜTÜLMÜŞ
KETEN TOHUMU
KINA RGS HİNDİSTAN
KINAKINA KABUĞU
KIRKKİLİT OTU YAPRAĞI
KIRMIZI BİBER (TATLI TOZ)
(*)
KIRMIZIBİBER(ACI TOZ) (*)
KIRMIZI BİBER (KURU) (*)
KIRMIZIBİBER(PUL)
BİBERYUM (*)
KIRMIZI KARABİBER TANE
(*)
KIZAMIK ŞEKERİ
KİBRİT OTU( KURT PENÇESİ
YAPRAĞI)
KİL TOZ
KİLERMENİ
KİMYON TANE (*)
Cocos nucifera
Coconut, flakes
Tilia sp.
Tilia sp.
Zizyphus jujuba
Urticae sp.
Urticae dioica
Spinacia oleracea
Lime, flowers
Lime, leaves
Jujube
Nettle, herb,seed
Nettle, herb,leaves
Spinach, seed
Capsicum annuum Roasted chilli pepper
Pumpkin strings
Calcite
Theobroma cocoa
Elettaria
cardamomum
Hypericum
perforatum
Taraxacum
officinale
Latex scorzonerae
latifolia
Lavandula cariensis
Piper nigrum
Piper nigrum
Eugenia
caryophyllata
Eugenia
caryophyllata
Cacao, husk (powdered)
Cardamom, seed
St. John´s Wort, herb
Chicory, herb
Pepper, fruit (black)
Pepper, fruit (black)
Clove, buds
Clove, buds (powdered)
Sodium bicarbonate
Ononis spinosa L.
Ceratonia siliqua
Ceratonia siliqua
Valeriana officinalis
Thymus sp.
Thymus sp.
Thymus sp.
Apium graveolens
Spiny Rest Harrow, herb
Carob, fruit
Carob, fruit (powdered)
Common valerian, garden heliotrope
Thyme, herb
Oregano, herb
Thyme, herb (extra)
Celery,seeds
Linum usitatissimum Linseed,Flax,seed (powdered)
Linum usitatissimum Linseed,Flax,seed
Hennas
Cinchona succirubra Peruvian bark, bark
Equisetum arvense Horsetail,herb
Capsicum annuum Paprika,(sweet, powder)
Capsicum annuum Paprika, (chilli, powder)
Capsicum annuum Parprika, (dried)
Capsicum annuum Chilli pepper
Piper nigrum
Pepper, fruit (red)
Lycopodium
clavatum
Club Moss, herb
Clay (powder)
Cuminum cyminum Cumin, fruit
131 1%
132 18%
133 1%
134 1%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
135 18%
KG.
136 1%
137 18%
138 8%
139 8%
140 18%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
141
1%
KG.
142 18%
KG.
143
8%
KG.
144 18%
KG.
KİMYON TOZ (*)
KİRAZ SAPI
KİŞNİŞ TANE
KİŞNİŞ TOZ
KINA TAŞI (OXIDATION BASE
10 )
KİTRE
KREM TARTAR (*)
KÖFTE HARCI (*)
KÖRİ BAHARAT KARIŞIMI (*)
KRİZOİDİN(KURBAN BOYASI)
KORİNT ÜZÜM(KUŞ ÜZÜMÜ)
(*)
KUŞBURNU
KÜCÜK TANE HİND.CEVİZİ(
MUSKAT) (*)
KÜKÜRT TOZ
Cuminum cyminum Cumin, fruit (powdered)
Cherry, stalks
Coriandrum sativum Coriander
Coriandrum sativum Coriander (powdered)
LAVANTA ÇİÇEĞİ
Lavandula
angustifolia
145 18%
KG.
146 18%
KG.
147 18%
KG.
148 18%
KG.
149
150
151
152
153
154
1%
1%
1%
8%
8%
1%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
155 18%
KG.
156
157
158
159
18%
18%
18%
18%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
LİMON TOZU SİTRİK ASİT
E_330 (TOZ) (*)
LİMON TOZU SİTRİK ASİT
E_330 7 NO (*)
LİMON TUZU SİTRİK ASİT 5
NO( İRİ) (*)
MAHLEP TANE (*)
MAHLEP TOZ (SAF) (*)
MAHLEP TOZ (UNLU) (*)
MATE YAPRAĞI
MAYDONOZ KURUSU
MAZI
MELİSA YAPRAĞI / LİMON
OTU
MENENGİÇ/ÇİTLENBİK
MENTOL (KRİSTAL)
MERCAN KÖŞK
MERSİN YAPRAĞI
160 18%
KG.
MEŞE PALAMUDU
161
8%
KG.
MEYAN BALI
162
1%
KG.
MEYAN KÖKÜ
163
1%
KG.
MEYAN LİF
164
8%
KG.
MEYAN TOZ
165 18%
166 8%
KG.
KG.
167
8%
KG.
168
8%
KG.
169 8%
170 18%
AD.
KG.
MISIR PÜSKÜLÜ
MISIR UNU
MISIR UNU EKSTRA (YEŞİL
ÇUVAL) (*)
MISIR UNU (TURUNCU
ÇUVAL) (*)
MİSVAK
MOR REYHAN (*)
171 18%
KG.
MÜRRİSAFİ(MİRHA)
172 18%
KG.
173 18%
KG.
174 18%
175 18%
KG.
KG.
NAR ÇİÇEĞİ(YERLİ)
NAR ÇİÇEĞİ(MÜRVER
ÇİÇEĞİ ) İTHAL
NAFTALİN (TOZ)
NAFTALİN (BİLYA)
Astragalus sp.
Tragacanth, gum
Curry
Ribes nigrum
Blackcurrant, fruit
Rosa canina
Rose Hip,fruits
Myristica fragrans
See muscat, nutmeg
Sulphur, (powder)
Lavender, flowers
Salts of lemon,citric,acid,citrate(powder)
Salts of lemon, citric acid, citrate
Salts of lemon, citric acid, citrate(granule)
Prunus mahaleb
Prunus mahaleb
Prunus mahaleb
Ilex paraguariensis
Petroselinum sp.
Thuja occiileritalis
Mahaleb (granule)
Mahaleb (pure)
Mahaleb (with flour)
Mate, leaves
Parsley,dry leaves
Melissa officinalis
Lemon Balm, leaves
Pistacia terebinthus Terebinth Tree, fruits
Menthol
Origanum majorana Marjoram, herb
Mytrus communis Myrtle,leaves
Quercus
Oak, fruits
inthaburensis
Glycyrrhiza glabra Licorice juice
Glycyrrhiza
Licorice, root
uralensis
Glycyrrhiza glabra Licorice (fibriform)
Glycyrrhiza
Licorice (powdered)
uralensis
Zea mays
Cornsilk
Zea mays
Corn flour
Zea mays
Corn flour (extra) (green sack)
Zea mays
Corn flour (extra) (orange sack)
Salvadora persica
Ziziphora sp.
Commiphora
molmol
Punica granatum
Stipites salvadorae (tooth brushes)
Sambucus nigra
Elder, flowers,fruit
Myrrh
Pomegranate, flowers
Naphthaline (powder)
Naphthaline
176 8%
177 8%
178 18%
179 18%
180 8%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
NANE EKSTRA (*)
NANE II (*)
NAR ÇEKİRDEĞİ
NİŞADIR
NÖBET ŞEKERİ
Mentha longifolia
Mentha longifolia
Punica granatum
181
8%
KG.
OĞUL OTU
Melissa officinalis
182
183
184
185
186
18%
18%
18%
18%
8%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
OKALİPTUS YAPRAĞI
ÖKSE OTU
ÖKSÜRÜK OTU YAPRAĞI
PAPATYA
PASTA SÜSÜ (*)
Eucalyptus
Viscum album
Tussilago farfara
Anhtemis tinctonia
187 18%
KG.
PELİN OTU
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
18%
18%
18%
8%
8%
18%
1%
8%
18%
18%
8%
8%
18%
18%
18%
8%
8%
8%
8%
18%
8%
1%
1%
1%
18%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
AD.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
213 18%
KG.
214 18%
215 18%
216 8%
KG.
KG.
KG.
PEYGAMBER ÇİÇEĞİ
POLEN
PORTAKAL NERGİZİ
POY
PUDRA ŞEKERİ
RASTIK KUTU BOYA
REZENE
SAHLEP TOZ
SANDALOS SAKIZI
SARI SABIR
SARIMSAK TOZU (*)
SARIMSAK KURUSU (*)
SIĞIR KUYRUĞU ÇİÇEĞİ
SİNAMEKİ YAPRAĞI (*)
SİNİRLİ OT
SOĞAN TOZU (*)
SOĞAN KURUSU (*)
SOYA UNU (*)
SOYA (TEKSTURE)KIYMA (*)
SÖĞÜT YAPRAĞI
SUMAK EKSTRA (*)
SUSAM BEYAZ (*)
SUSAM PASTANELİK
SUSAM SİMİTLİK
ŞAHTERE
ŞAP (POTSYUM
ALÜ.SÜLFAT)
ŞERBETÇİ OTU ÇİÇEĞİ
TALK PUDRASI
TAVUK HARCI (*)
Arthemisia
absinthium
Centaurea cyanus
217
8%
KG.
TARÇIN BORU (*)
218
8%
KG.
TARÇIN TOZ (*)
219
8%
KG.
TARHANA KOKUSU
220 18%
KG.
TARHUN
221 18%
222 18%
KG.
AD.
223
8%
KG.
224 18%
AD.
TERE TOHUMU
TOPUK TAŞI
TUZ OT(Sebzeli baharatlı acılı
çeşni)
TÜTSÜ STANDI
225 18%
KG.
UD UL KAHR
226 18%
KG.
UDUHİNDİ
Mint (extra)
Mint
Pomegranate, seed
Sal ammoniac, ammonium chloride
lemonbalm,gardenbalm,sweetbalm,beebal
m
Eucalyptus, leaves
Mistletoe, herb
Coltsfoot
Daisy, flower
Common Wormwood, herb
Cornflower, flowers
Pollen
Calendula officinalis Marigold, flowers
Powdered sugar
Foeniculum vulgare Fennel,fructus
Sandaraca,Thyine Wood, oleoresin
Indian aloe
Allium sativum
Garlic, bulb (powdered)
Allium sativum
Garlic, bulb (dried)
Verbascum sp.
Mullein, flowers
Cassia acutifolia
Senna leaf
Plantago lanceolata Plantain, herb
Allium cepa
Onion, bulb (powdered)
Allium cepa
Onion, bulb (dried)
Glycine max
Soy bean
Glycine max
Soy bean
Salix alba
Willow, leaves
Rhus aromatica
Sumac (extra)
Sesamum indicum Sesame (white)
Sesamum indicum Sesame
Sesamum indicum Sesame
Fumaria officinalis Fumitory, herb
[KAl(SO4)2.12H2O]
Humulus lupulus
Cinnamomum
zeylanicum
Cinnamomum
zeylanicum
Artemisia
dracunculus
Lepidium sativum
Hops,flowers,gland
Talcum powder
Cinnamon, bark
Cinnamon, bark (powdered)
Tarragon,estragon leaves
Garden cress, seeds
Anacylus(Anthemis)
Ud-ul kahr (üdülkahri)
pyrethrum
227 18%
228 8%
229 18%
KG.
KG.
KG.
230 18%
KG.
231
8%
KG.
232 8%
233 18%
234 18%
235 18%
236 8%
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
ÜVEZ YAPRAĞI
ÜZERLİK TOHUMU
ÜZÜM ÇEKİRDEĞİ
ÜZÜM ÇEKİRDEĞİ
(öğütülmüş)
VANİLYA ÇUBUK (MEYVASI)
(*)
VANİLYA TOZ (*)
YABAN MERSİNİ
YAKI OTU
YAPIŞKAN OTU
YASEMİNLİ ÇAY(*)
237 18%
KG.
YAVŞAN OTU
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
KG.
8%
8%
8%
8%
1%
18%
8%
18%
8%
8%
8%
8%
18%
18%
Sorbus domestica
Peganum harmala
Ribes nigrum
Sorb Apple
Peganum, seed
Grape,seeds
Ribes nigrum
Grape,seeds (powdered)
Vanilla fragrans
Vanilla,fruits
Vanilla fragrans
Vaccinium myrtillus
Epilabium sp.
Asperula odorata
Vanilla (powdered)
Bilberry, fruit
Willow herb, herb
Sweet woodruff, herb
Tea with Jasmine flowers
Veronica
beccabunga
YENİBAHAR TANE(*)
Pimenta officinalis
YENİBAHAR ÖĞÜTÜLMÜŞ(*) Pimenta officinalis
YEŞİL ÇAY(*)
Camellia sinensis
YEŞİL KARABİBER(*)
Piper nigrum
YILDIZ ANASON(*)
Illicum verum
YOĞURT OTU
Galium aparine
YULAF UNU
Avena sativa
ZAHTER(*)
ZENCEFİL TANE(*)
Zingiber officinale
ZENCEFİL TOZ(*)
Zingiber officinale
ZERDEÇAL TANE(*)
Curcuma longa
ZERDEÇAL TOZ(*)
Curcuma longa
ZEYTİN YAPRAĞI
Olea europea
ZIRNIK BARYUM SÜLFÜR
Brooklime, herb
Allspice, fruit
Allspice, fruit
Tea plant,leaves
Pepper, fruit (green)
Star Anise, fruit
Cleavers, herb
Oats (flour)
Ginger, rhizome
Ginger, (powdered)
Turmeric,rhizome
Turmeric,rhizome(powdered)
Olive, leaf
HORSE-CHESTNUT
Distribution
Aesculus hippocastanum is native to a small area in the Pindus Mountains mixed
forests and Balkan mixed forests of South East Europe. It is widely cultivated in streets
and parks throughout the temperate world.
Growth
A. hippocastanum grows to 36 metres (118 ft) tall, with a domed crown of stout
branches; on old trees the outer branches often pendulous with curled-up tips.
The leaves are opposite and palmately compound, with 5–7 leaflets; each leaflet is 13–
30 cm long, making the whole leaf up to 60 cm across, with a 7–20 cm petiole. The leaf
scars left on twigs after the leaves have fallen have a distinctive horseshoeshape,
complete with seven "nails". The flowers are usually white with a small red spot; they
are produced in spring in erect panicles 10–30 cm tall with about 20–50 flowers on each
panicle. Usually only 1–5 fruit develop on each panicle; the shell is a green,
spiky capsulecontaining one (rarely two or three) nut-like seeds called conkers or horsechestnuts. Each conker is 2–4 cm diameter, glossy nut-brown with a whitish scar at the
base.
Etymology
The common name "horse-chestnut" (often unhyphenated) is reported as having
originated from the erroneous belief that the tree was a kind of chestnut (though in fact
only distantly related), together with the observation that eating the fruit cured horses
of chest complaints despite this plant being poisonous to horses.
Uses
Cultivation for its spectacular spring flowers is successful in a wide range
of temperate climatic conditions provided summers are not too hot, with trees being
grown
as
far
north
asEdmonton,
Alberta, Canada the Faroe
Islands,
and Harstad, Norway.
In Britain and Ireland, the nuts are used for the popular children's game conkers. During
the two world wars, horse-chestnuts were used as a source of starch which in turn could
be fermented via the Clostridium acetobutylicum method devised by Chaim Weizmann to
produce acetone. This acetone was then used as a solvent which aided in the process
ofballistite extrusion into cordite, which was then used in military armaments.
A selection of fresh conkers from a horse-chestnut
The nuts, especially those that are young and fresh, are slightly poisonous,
containing alkaloid saponins and glucosides. Although not dangerous to touch, they
cause sickness when eaten; consumed by horses, they can cause tremors and lack of
coordination. Some mammals, notably deer, are able to break down the toxins and eat
them safely.
Though the seeds are said to repel spiders there is little evidence to support these
claims. The presence of saponin may repel insects but it is not clear whether this is
effective on spiders.
In the past, horse-chestnut seeds were used in France and Switzerland for whitening
hemp, flax, silk and wool. They contain a soapy juice, fit for washing of linens and stuffs,
for milling of caps and stockings, etc., and for fulling of cloth. For this, 20 horse-chestnut
seeds were sufficient for six litres of water. They were peeled then rasped, or dried and
ground in a malt or other mill. The water must be soft, either rain or river water; hard
well water will not work. The nuts are then steeped in cold water, which soon becomes
frothy, as with soap, and then turns milky white. The liquid must be stirred well at first,
and then, after standing to settle, strained or poured off clear. Linen washed in this
liquid, and afterwards rinsed in clear running water, takes on an agreeable light sky-blue
colour. It takes spots out of both linen and wool, and never damages or injures the cloth.
Horse chestnuts can also be used to wash human hair. By pouring about 3/4 cup of
boiling-hot water and 1 grated horse chestnut into a closed bottle and shaking it, a
frothy white liquid emerges. This can also be strained and later poured over the head in
the shower.
In Bavaria the chestnut is the typical tree for a beer garden. Originally they were planted
for their deep shade which meant that beer cellar owners could cut ice from local rivers
and lakes in winter to cool the Märzen Lager beer well into summer. Nowadays guests
enjoy the shade to keep their heads cool.
Horse-chestnuts have been threatened by the leaf-mining moth Cameraria ohridella,
whose larvae feed on horse chestnut leaves. The moth was described
from Macedonia where the species was discovered in 1984 but took 18 years to reach
Britain.
The flower is the symbol of the city of Kiev, capital of Ukraine. Although the horsechestnut is sometimes known as the buckeye, this name is generally reserved for
the New World members of the Aesculus genus.
SLOVENIA
KINDERGARTEN JELKA
Glavarjeva ulica 18 a
1000 Ljubljana
SLOVENIA
http://www.vrtec-jelka.si
[email protected]
HERBS AND AROMATIC HERBS AND PLANTS
DWARFS GROUP 3-6 years
old children
Preschool teacher: Martina
Hočevar Trontelj
Preschool teacher assistant:
Danilo Varga
Presented by Petra Kočar
[email protected]
In Kindergarten Jelka we put a lot of stress and effort into healthy leaving and
ecological activities.
In school year 2013 -14 we have also learned about aromatic herbs and plants.
Grandmother visited us and
together we learned about herbs
and aromatic plants.
We have prepared seeds for
planting.
We have explored and discover how herbs look like...
We grow herbs in our playroom and we have planted herb garden in the kindergartens
playground.
We take care of our herbs and aromatic plants and look how beautiful they grow…
We made herb tea, herb salts, herb burkes, sage lollipops…
In the end of school year we have presented our whole year work with exhibition in the
kindergarten and in the local library and we have received very positive and encourage
feedback from parents and local community.
NORWAY
Navn/Name
Bergmynte
(oregano)
Norwegian
Bergmynte er en flerårig plante
som tilhører slekten Origanum i
leppeblomstfamilien.
Den blir opptil 40 cm høy.
Bladene er ovale, svakt tannete,
stilkete. Blomstrer i hoder, krone
er rødfiolett, støtteblad
mørkfiolette. Vokser på tørre
bakker, kratt og ur.
Planten er velluktende
krydderurt og kan brukes i
matlaging, oftest til pastaretter
men også til pizza. I
dagligvarebutikken selges den
tørket, knust og fylt på glass
under navnet oregano.
Einer (Juniper)
English
Oregano, scientifically named
Origanum vulgare by Carolus
Linnaeus, is a common species
of Origanum, a genus of the
mint family (Lamiaceae). It is
native to warm-temperate
western and southwestern
Eurasia and the Mediterranean
region.
Oregano is a perennial herb,
growing up to 40 cm tall, with
opposite leaves 1–4 cm long.
The flowers are purple, 3–4 mm
long, produced in erect spikes.
The plant smells good and can
be used with food. Often with
pasta and pizza. It’s sold in
stores, dried on a glass.
Einer (latin: Juniperus
communis) er en art av bartrær
som tilhører einerslekten
Juniperus i sypressfamilien.
Einer kalles også enebær,
bresk, brake eller brisk.
Juniper grows wild all over
Norway, up to 1730 meters
above sea level. It occurs in
many different shapes, from low
bushes to high trees (up to 15 –
20 meters).
Planten kan enten ha form som
en busk eller et tre, og bli inntil
10 meter høy, men er oftest
lavere. Einer har blant annet blitt
brukt som prydplante,
matkrydder, øl- og
brennevinskrydder, medisin,
snop, brensel og trevirke.
Juniper berries are a spice used
in a wide variety of culinary
dishes and best known for the
primary flavoring in gin (and
responsible for gin's name,
which is a shortening of the
Dutch word for juniper,
genever). Juniper berries are
also used as the primary flavor
in the liquor Jenever and sahtistyle of beers. Juniper berry
sauce is often a popular
flavoring choice for quail,
Einer Juniperus communis
tilhører en liten familie av
bartrær, sypressfamilien
Cupressaceae, med bare ca
120 arter på verdensbasis.
Norge vokser einer vilt over hele
landet, fra havets nivå til 1730 m
o.h. i Lom. Einer opptrer i
mange former, både lave
fjellformer (subsp. alpina),
brede, buskaktige former og
ranke, opprette former.
Opprette, enstammete former
kan nå betydelige dimensjoner,
både i høyde (15-20 m) og
stammetykkelse.
Groblad
(Plantago major)
Groblad (Plantago major) er en
plante som regnes med til
kjempefamilien. Den blir 10 til 50
cm høy og er flerårig.
I Nord-Amerika ble den kalt
«Den hvite mans fotspor» av
indianerne, fordi den ble spredt
av europeiske immigranter.
Den er brukt som legeplante helt
fra oldtiden. Den skulle virke
blodstoppende på sår. Groblad
skal også ha evnen til å få sår til
å gro raskere. Den ble lagt i
bandasje, rett på åpne sår.
Groblad inneholder stoffer som
antas å virke gunstig i
behandling av kronisk bronkitt
og ved forkjølelse.
Undersøkelser tyder også på at
groblad har antibakteriell og
soppdrepende virkning.
Bladene til groblad kan høstes
på våren og forsommeren. De
brukes til salat og
grønnsaksblanding. Strimlet kan
de også bakes i brød eller
fungere som et vegetarisk
pålegg. Det presses også olje
av frøene og de kan gratineres
sammen med andre
grønnsaker. Blomsterknappene
kan spises rå eller stekt.
Smaken minner om
pheasant, veal, rabbit, venison
and other meat dishes. It is also
used for medical purposes.
Plantago major ("broadleaf
plantain" or "greater plantain")
is a species of Plantago, family
Plantaginaceae. The plant is
native to most of Europe and
northern and central Asia but
has widely naturalised
elsewhere in the world.
Plantago major is one of the
most abundant and widely
distributed medicinal crops in
the world. A poultice of the
leaves can be applied to
wounds, stings, and sores in
order to facilitate healing and
prevent infection. The active
chemical constituents are
aucubin (an anti-microbial
agent), allantoin (which
stimulates cellular growth and
tissue regeneration), and
mucilage (which reduces pain
and discomfort). Plantain has
astringent properties, and a tea
made from the leaves can be
ingested to treat diarrhea and
soothe raw internal membranes.
Broadleaf plantain is also a
highly nutritious wild edible that
is high in calcium and vitamins
A, C, and K. The young, tender
leaves can be eaten raw, and
the older, stringier leaves can be
boiled in stews and eaten.
The plant was called “The white
sjampinjonger.
Karve/Caraway
Karve eller kummin er et
krydderfrø som benyttes for å
smaksette brød, sterke
alkoholholdige drikker som
f.eks. akevitt, gryteretter og
annen mat. Frøet kommer fra
den botaniske familien
apiaceae, og har en smak som
kan ligne litt på anis. Frøene er
også brukt til å gi smak til oster
som bondost, piltost, nøkkelost
og havarti.
Planten vokser både i Europa,
nord-Afrika og vest i Asia; det er
mulig at den kom til Europa sist.
Det norske ordet karve er en
versjon av det som på engelsk
er blitt caraway, det greske
karví, og det franske carvi.
Bør ikke forveksles med
spisskummen.
Fruktene og den eteriske oljen
har følgende egenskaper:
krampeløsende,
appetittvekkende,
fordøyelsesbefordrende,
tarmgassdempende,
magestyrkende, antiseptisk,
melkedrivende, urindrivende,
luftrørsutvidende, slimløsende,
blodrensende og styrkende.
Mjødurt
(Meadowsweet)
man’s footstep” by the Indians in
North-America. That’s because
it was spread by European
immigrants.
Caraway (Carum carvi), also
known as meridian fennel or
Persian cumin is a biennial
plant in the family Apiaceae,
native to western Asia, Europe
and Northern Africa.
The plant is similar in
appearance to other members of
the carrot family, with finely
divided, feathery leaves with
thread-like divisions, growing on
20–30 cm stems. The main
flower stem is 40–60 cm tall,
with small white or pink flowers
in umbels. Caraway fruits
(erroneously called seeds) are
crescent-shaped achenes,
around 2 mm long, with five pale
ridges.
Caraway is also used in
desserts, liquors, casseroles,
curry and other foods. It is more
commonly found in European
cuisine. It is also used to add
flavor to cheeses such as
bondost, pultost, nøkkelost and
havarti. Akvavit and several
liqueurs are made with caraway.
Caraway fruit oil is also used as
a fragrance component in
soaps, lotions, and perfumes.
Oljen blir også brukt som en
ingrediens i såper, kremer og
parfymer.
Caraway also has a long
tradition of medical uses,
primarily for stomach
complaints.
Mjødurt er en flerårig urt som
kan bli opptil 1,5m høy.
Grunnbladenen har 3-5 par
store sidesmåblad og et stort
trefliket endesmåblad. Plantene
Filipendula ulmaria, commonly
known as meadowsweet or
mead wort, is a perennial herb
in the family Rosaceae that
grows in damp meadows. It is
har i tillegg mange store
stengelblad. Blomstringen skjer i
juni til september og de små
kremgule blomstene er
velduftende av en
mandellignende duft. Fruktene
er ca 2mm store. Stammene
kan bli 1 – 2 m høye.
Man finner mjødurt i europa og i
det nordlige Asia. Den ble
innført i Nord-Amerika. I Norge
er den vanlig over hele landet
og finnes også høyt til fjells. Den
vokser ofte i store bestander på
fuktige steder i skog og på
enger, og ved bekker og vann.
Mjødurt er en bitter og søt urt
som virker avkjølende og
opptørkende. Den er angitt å ha
følgende egenskaper:
Smertestillende,
betennelseshemmende,
syrenøytraliserende,
kvalmedempende,
astringerende
(sammentrekkende),
sårhelende,
slimhinnebeskyttende,
magestyrkende, urindrivende,
svettedrivende, febersenkende,
mildt antiseptisk, antibakteriell,
desinfiserende, lokalbedøvende,
krampeløsende, antirevmatisk
og blodfortynnende. Mjødurt
styrker kapillærårenes vegger
og virker som en antioksidant.
Nesle (Nettle)
Stornesle (urtica dioica) er en
flerårig plante som kan bli opptil
1,5 m høy med krypende
jordstengel og ugreina stengler.
Bladene er lansettformede eller
smalt hjerteformende og er 4-8
native throughout most of
Europe and Western Asia (Near
east and Middle east). It has
been introduced and naturalised
in North America.
Juncus subnodulosus-Cirsium
palustre fen-meadow plant
associations of Western Europe
consistently include this plant.
The stems are 1–2 m tall, erect
and furrowed, reddish to
sometimes purple. The leaves
are dark-green on the upper
side and whitish and downy
underneath, much divided,
interruptedly pinnate, having a
few large serrate leaflets and
small intermediate ones.
Terminal leaflets are large, 4–8
cm long, and three- to fivelobed.
Meadowsweet has delicate,
graceful, creamy-white flowers
clustered close together in
handsome irregularly-branched
cymes, having a very strong,
sweet smell. They flower from
June to early September.
It has many medicinal
properties. The whole plant is a
traditional remedy for an acidic
stomach, and the fresh root is
often used in infinitesimal
quantities in homeopathic
preparations. Dried, the flowers
are used in pot pourri. It is also a
frequently used spice in
Scandinavian varieties of mead.
Muchhistorical evidence of use
of nettles in medicine, folk
remedies, cooking and fibre
production relate to one species
- Urtica dioica, but a fair amount
also refers to the use of Urtica
cm lange. De har kvasse tenner
og brennhår.
urens, the small nettle, which is
preferred because it has more
stinging hairs per leaf area than
the more common species.
Stornesle er utbredt stort sett
over hele verden. I Norge er den
vanlig overalt bortsett fra høyt til You can find both types of the
fjells og lengst nord i landet.
nettles all over Norway, but
Planten betraktes som et ugras. Urtica dioica is most common.
Smånesle (Urtica urens) er
ettårig og mye mindre (ca 30 cm
høy). Den er mer sjelden enn
stornesle, men kan brukes på
samme som den.
The stems of Urtica dioica can
be up to 1,5 meters high. The
leaves are 4 – 8 cm long. Urtica
urens can be approximately 30
cm long.
Smånesle er utbredt i Europa og
Middelhavsområdet. I Norge er
den mer sjelden enn stornesle,
men likevel funnet over det
meste av landet. Den er vanligst
på tangvoller langs kysten.
Various types of Nettle have
been studied for their effects on
prostate hypertrophy, diabetes
mellitus, rheumatic disease,
hypertension, gastrointestinal
symptoms, osteoarthritis,
diarrhea, rheumatoid arthritis,
inflammation, pain, constipation,
gastrointestinal disease,
headache, nausea, common
cold, arthritis, asthma, bleeding,
respiratory tract disease, allergic
rhinitis, kidney disease, prostate
cancer, skin disease and urinary
tract disease. In terms of
allergies, nettle contains
properties of an antihistamine to
be used for treating reactions
associated with the respiratory
system. Nettles can also be
used to make a tisane known as
"nettle tea".
Urten har følgende egenskaper
og virkning:
Generell styrkende, demper
prostatakjertelvekst, stimulerer
dannelsen av røde blodlegemer,
blodstillende, sårheldende,
smertestillende,
betennelseshemmende,
immunstyrkende, urindrivende,
utrensende, renser nyrene,
galledrivende,
blodsukkersenkende,
blodrensende, stimulerer
hårvekst mm.
Ryllik (Yarrow)
Ryllik (Achillea millefolium) er
en 15–50 cm høy flerårig
urteplante i kurvplantefamilien.
Det er en av våre vanligste
planter, og vokser gjerne i
grøftekanter, tørre bakker og
enger fra lavlandet og helt opp
til snaufjellet (kjent opp til 1600
moh). De små 3–6 mm brede
blomstene vokser ut i en skjerm,
fargen er normalt hvit, men kan
Yarrow is an herb which can be
15 – 50 cm tall. It’s one of
Norway’s most common plants
and you can find it beside roads,
in dry places and up to 1600
meters above sea level.
The plant is purported to be a
diaphoretic, astringent, tonic,
stimulant and mild aromatic. The
plant also has a long history as
også gå over i rosa og (mer
sjelden) dyprød. Ryllik vokser
nesten alltid på eller i nærheten
av kulturbeite. Den blomstrer i
juni–september. Planten har
vært kjent som medisinplante
både fra Kina (ca. 2000 år f.Kr.),
fra antikkens Hellas og fra
europeisk middelalder.
Ryllik har mange kjente
bruksområder, blant annet ved
skjørbuk, som blodstillende
middel og som en komponent i
salve til sårheling (ved at friske
blad knuses, blandes med fett
og legges på sår med omslag),
og som te som har blitt brukt
mot tannverk, hodepine,
nyrestein, diare og innvollsorm.
Det finnes vitenskapelig
dokumentasjon for at ryllik kan
ha antibakteriell effekt på
enkelte bakterier. Selv om ryllik
regnes som trygt for folk flest, er
det flere grupper som bør unngå
å bruke ryllik eller rådføre seg
med lege før de benytter ryllik til
behandling.
Timian (Thyme)
Ryllik ble også brukt i ølbrygging
før humle ble innført, og hadde
rykte på seg for å gjøre ølet
sterkere, antagelig fordi den
etter sigende skal inneholde
tujon.
Timian er en gruppe aromatiske
krydderurt-arter som kan bli
opptil 40 cm høye. Den er
hjemmehørende i Europa, NordAfrika og Asia.
a powerful 'healing herb' used
topically for wounds, cuts and
abrasions. The genus name
Achillea is derived from mythical
Greek character, Achilles, who
reportedly carried it with his
army to treat battle wounds.
In the Middle Ages, yarrow was
part of a herbal mixture known
as fruit used in the flavouring of
beer prior to the use of hops.
The flowers and leaves are used
Yarrow has also been used as a
food, and was very popular as a
vegetable in the 17th century.
The younger leaves are said to
be a pleasant leaf vegetable
when cooked like spinach, or in
a soup. Yarrow is sweet with a
slight bitter taste. The leaves
can also be dried and used as
an herb in cooking.
Thyme is an aromatic herb
which can be up tpo 40 cm long.
You can find it in Europe, NorthAfrica and Asia.
Common thyme is well known in
Vanlig timian er et meget utbredt cooking. Lemon-thyme is also a
popular spice.
kjøkkenkrydder. Sitrontimian er
også et populært krydder.
Thyme is often used in
casseroles with meat and in
Timian benyttes gjerne til
smakssetting av kjøtt, supper og soups. In the French kitchen is it
a very important part I a bouquet
stuinger. I det franske kjøkken
garni and in Herbes de
er det en viktig bestanddel i en
bouquet garni og i Herbes de
Provence.
Malurt
(Wormwood)
Ekte malurt (Artemisia
absinthium) er i slekt med burot
og norsk malurt, blant mange
andre.
Prikkperikum
(St. Johns Wort)
Prikkperikum eller
johannesurt (latin: Hypericum
perforatum) er en flerårig urt.
Den blir 20-80 cm høy, og har
eggrunde og svakt perforerte
små blad, og sterkt gule
blomster med fem kronblad.
Stilken er grå nederst og grønn
øverst, og tidvis betydelig
greinet.
Provence.
Wormwood is the common
name for Artemisia absinthium,
the plant whose aromatic oil is
used to make absinthe.
Although absinthe contains
Ekte malurt brukes som krydder, extracts from a whole variety of
different plants, wormwood oil is
for eksempel i brennevin, både
fersk i absint (forbudt i Frankrike the key ingredient of the famed
green drink, and perhaps the
fra 1915) og tørket i bitterdram.
reason why absinthe is quite
Hele urten har ytterst besk
unlike any other liquor ever
smak, og sprer en
gjennomtrengende lukt hvis man produced.
maler den i stykker. Navnet
«malurt» kommer av den
Wormwood is a wild plant of the
påståtte, men tvilsomme evnen
daisy family. Native to Europe, it
å kunne beskytte klær mot møll. can now be found in many other
parts of the world, especially
North America. Wormwood is a
Malurt er en vill plante i
perennial plant that flowers year
prestekragefamilien. Det er en
after year. It can be 30 to 90 cm
flerårig plante og den kan bli
tall and has small, yellowish
mellom 30 og 90 cm høy. Den
flower heads.
har små gule blomster.
Prikkperikum har helt siden
oldtiden vært en kjent og mye
benyttet medisinplante.
Prikkperikum vokser vilt i store
deler landet. Det har blitt funnet
prikkperikum så langt nord som
til Sør-Varanger. Planten
blomstrer fra juli og utover hele
sommeren med gule blomster
St. John’s Wort (Hypericum
perforatum) is a yellowflowering, stoloniferous or
sarmentose, perennial herb
indigenous to Europe, which has
been introduced to many
temperate areas of the world
and grows wild in many
meadows.
St John's wort is widely known
as an herbal treatment for
depression. It is proposed that
the mechanism of action of St.
John's wort is due to the
inhibition of reuptake of certain
neurotransmitters.
St. John’s wort grows in most
part of Norway. The flowering
starts in July.
som vokser i klaser.
Prikkperikum blir brukt som
krydder til brennevin. Når de
gule blomstene blir lagt i
brennevin blir brennevinet farget
kraftig rødt, noe som i tidligere
tider har ført til en tro på at
planten har magisk kraft.
Gjennom tidene har planten blitt
brukt som universalmedisin mot
en lang rekke plager.
I våre dager påstås
prikkperikum å ha en effekt mot
tungsinn, altså lette depresjoner,
og dette har etter hvert blitt
gjenstand også for seriøs
forskning.
It is used as spices for
liquors/spirits. When you put
in the yellow flowers, the
liquor/spirits turns red.
COMENIUS 2012-2014
“This Project has been funded with support from the European
Commission.
This publication (communication) reflects the views only of the
author and the Commission is not responsible for any use which
may be made of the information contained inside.”
Gathered by Edyta Tworek-Gagolska
Poland

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