Corners of Paradise - Château Les Carrasses

Comments

Transcription

Corners of Paradise - Château Les Carrasses
Sud de France
Sud de France
Jekh_ic_dj^[BWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbedh[]_ed
7]h[Wj^eb_ZWoZ[ij_dWj_ed
9ehd[hie\FWhWZ_i[
AVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc
GZ\^dcVaIdjg^hb8dbb^iiZZ
8H,.*%,
;"().+%BdcieZaa^Zg8ZYZm'
IZa/((%)+,'%%''%
mmm$ikd\hWdY[$Yec
AVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcGZ\^dcVaIdjg^hb8dbb^iiZZ"Heg^c\'%%-
J>;9E7IJ
<hecj^[9WcWh]k[
jej^[L[hc_bb_edYeWij
KD;I9E
^[h_jW][i_j[i
J^[9WdWbZkC_Z_"
9WhYWiiedd["
J^[FedjZk=WhZ
J^[IWdj_W]e
Z[9ecfeij[bW
f_b]h_cjhW_bi¾
E<<J>;
8;7J;DJH79A
IYhkXbWdZWdZcekdjW_di
>CIGD9J8I>DC
IkZZ[<hWdY[
Destination Prestige
Luxury, tranquillity and comfort
>ci]^hYZa^X^djhankVg^ZYgZ\^dcWg^bb^c\l^i]X]ViZVjm!egZhi^\^djhbdcjbZcih!\djgbZi
gZhiVjgVcih!X]Vgb^c\]diZahVcYViigVXi^kZWj^aY^c\h!^ilVhYZX^YZYi]Vii]ZhZ]VkZchd[eZVXZ
VcYh]g^cZhidZaZ\VcXZh]djaYWZXdkZgZYWnVheZX^VafjVa^inaVWZa/i]ZÆ8ZgXaZEgZhi^\ZÇ#
9ZkZadeZYWni]ZGZ\^dcVaIdjg^hb8dbb^iiZZidXdkZgegZhi^\Zidjg^hih^iZh!i]^hÆXajWÇ^cXajYZh
bdgZi]Vc*%ZhiVWa^h]bZcihhZZcVhi]Z_ZlZah^ci]ZXgdlcd[i]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcÉh
idjg^hihZXidg#I]ZcVijgZd[i]ZhZh^iZhkVg^ZhZcdgbdjhan!gVc\^c\[gdbVX]VcXZid\ZiWVX`id
cVijgZ^cV8ViVaVcdg8‚kZccZhbVhigVY^i^dcVagjhi^X]dbZ!VbV\^XVac^\]i^cV7ZcZY^Xi^cZ
bdcVhiZgn!VXVcYaZa^iZkZc^c\^cVXVhiaZdgVcdeedgijc^inidY^hXdkZgVcVcX^ZciGdbVck^aaV
XdckZgiZY^cidVcViigVXi^kZ]diZa#HZZcVhZmXZaaZciVbWVhhVYdgh[dgi]ZgZ\^dcÉhjc^fjZVgi
YZk^kgZVcYhZaZXiZY[dgi]ZlVgblZaXdbZegdk^YZYWni]Z^g]dhih!Vaad[i]ZhZZhiVWa^h]bZcih
VgZ\jVgVciZZYidbV`Zndjgeg^kViZdgWjh^cZhhhiVndcZndjl^aa[dcYangZbZbWZg#
?djheZkYj_ed
7Vh`^c\eZVXZ[jaan^ci]ZkVhiVgX]^iZXijgVaVcYcVijgVah]dlXVhZd[i]ZBZY^iZggVcZVc
XgZhXZci!i]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcgZ\^dcd[[Zghk^h^idghVlVgb!^ci^bViZVcY[g^ZcYaniVhiZ
d[i]ZHdji]#IdYVn!VXXZhh]VhWZZc\gZVian[VX^a^iViZYWni]ZdeZc^c\d[i]ZB^aaVjK^VYjXi!
l]^X]]VhWZXdbZi]ZXZcigZed^cid[V\^Vci]jbVcbZggn"\d"gdjcYa^c`^c\i]Z8aZgbdci
eaV^cidi]ZBZY^iZggVcZVck^Vi]Z6,*#H^ijViZY_jhii]gZZ]djgh[gdbEVg^hWnI<K]^\]heZZY
igV^c!l^i]hZgk^XZhidBdcieZaa^Zg^ciZgcVi^dcVaV^gedgi!i]ZgZ\^dcWdVhihVlZVai]d[Y^[[ZgZci
aVcYhXVeZh!igVY^i^dchVcYiVaZcihlV^i^c\idWZY^hXdkZgZY#L^i]^ihXdadjg[jaadXVabVg`Zih!
^ih(%%YVnhVnZVgd[hjch]^cZlVgb^c\^ihg^X]XdVhia^cZ!''%`bd[ÒcZhVcYnWZVX]Zh!^ih
X]Vgb^c\k^aaV\ZhVcYlZaXdb^c\idlch!k^h^idghXVcZmeZg^ZcXZV]Vgbdc^djhXdbW^cVi^dc
d[a^hiZYVgX]^iZXijgVah^iZhhdbZd[l]^X]]VkZJcZhXda^hiZYhiVijh!^cXajY^c\i]Z[dgi^ÒZY
daYidlcd[8VgXVhhdccZ!i]ZEdciYj<VgYh^iZ!i]Ze^a\g^bigV^ahVcYi]Z8VcVaYjB^Y^VcY
i]Z^ccdkVi^kZVgX]^iZXijgZd[BdcieZaa^Zg!VgZ\^dcVaeg‚[ZXijgZVcYi]ZXjaijgVaXVe^iVad[i]Z
Hdji]#>ci]ZgZ\^dcÉh]^ciZgaVcY!d[[i]ZWZViZcigVX`h!i]Zk^h^idgXVcVeegZX^ViZViÒghi]VcY
i]ZbVcni]^c\hl]^X]bV`Z;gVcXZhdjc^fjZ!^cXajY^c\^ihhbVaa"hXVaZl^cZ\gdlZgh!^ih
Xj^h^cZ^che^gZYWnhdji]Zgc;gZcX]igVY^i^dch!^ihedejaVgXjaijgZ!k^aaV\Z[Zhi^kVahVcYadXVa
igVY^i^dch#6_dndjhVgiYZk^kgZ!hjXXZhh[jaanXdbW^c^c\i]ZWZhid[igVY^i^dcVcYbdYZgc^in!
VcYjcYZge^cc^c\i]Z^YZci^ind[VigjanZcX]Vci^c\gZ\^dc#
mmm$ikd\hWdY[$Yec%fh[ij_][
&'
Sud de France
HJBB6GN
IkZZ[<hWdY[
IkZZ[<hWdY[
HJBB6GN
F$*J>;C;:?J;HH7D;7D
6eVgVY^hZ[dgadkZghd[lViZghedgih!hV^a^c\!`^iZhjgÒc\dghedgihÒh]^c\!i]ZAVc\jZYdXXdVhi^hVahdV]VkZc[dgi]dhZl]dh^bean
Zc_dnWVi]^c\VcYgZaVmVi^dc#>c8VbVg\jZ!i]ZaZ\ZcYd[i]Z<VgYgZ\^dca^kZhdci]Vc`hidi]ZWjaahVcYi]Z8VbVg\jZ]dghZh#L]^aZ
i]Z6^\jZh"BdgiZhhVaibVgh]ZhXdci^cjZVcV\Z"daYigVY^i^dc^cVa^kZanVcYXdadjg[jabVccZg!i]ZhVjc^ZghhVaildg`Zgh]VgkZhii]Z
hZVlViZgidZmigVXii]ZhVai#6gdjcYi]ZI]VjedcYVcY^ci]ZXdVhiÉhbVcnedgih!i]ZXdchiVciegdXZhh^dcd[Vgg^k^c\dgYZeVgi^c\
igVlaZghVcYijcVWdVihXdci^cjZhVadc\h^YZi]ZigVY^i^dcVaVXi^k^i^Zhd[i]ZÒh]^c\^cYjhignÉhÆhbVaaigVYZhÇ#9^hXdkZgVbVg^i^bZ
Vibdhe]ZgZ[gdbi]Z8VbVg\jZidi]ZKZgb^a^dc8dVhi#
F$'*B?L;BOJEMDI
NdjldjaYXZgiV^canWZ]VgYejh]ZYidÒcYVcnh^b^aVg^inWZilZZcBZcYZ!i]Zeg‚[ZXijgZd[i]ZAdoƒgZhigZiX]^c\djiVadc\i]ZWVc`hd[i]Z
g^kZgAdi!6aƒhl]^X]add`hdjiVXgdhhi]Z8‚kZccZh[gdb^ih=Zgb^iV\Z]^aa!8VgXVhhdccZ![Vbdjh[dg^ihdaYidlc!CVgWdccZ!dkZgadd`ZY
Wn^ih^begZhh^kZ6gX]W^h]deÉheVaVXZVcYEZge^\cVc!l]^X]lVh\^kZci]Z\gVcY^dhZi^iaZd[ÆXZcigZd[i]ZldgaYÇWnHVakVYdg9Va^6cY
l]ViheZX^Va[ZVijgZhh]djaYlZbZci^dc[dgi]ZGdbVcX^ind[CˆbZh!dg7‚o^Zgh!i]ZlZVai]n]Z^gidi]ZgZ\^dcÉhl^cZegdYjX^c\^cYjhign!
dgBdcieZaa^Zgl]^X]^c_jhi(%nZVgh]VhWZXdbZ;gVcXZÉhZ^\]i]aVg\ZhijgWVcVgZV49^hXdkZgZ^\]i[VhX^cVi^c\idlchl]ZgZa^k^c\^hV
eaZVhjgZ!l^i]hdbZi]^c\Y^[[ZgZciVgdjcYZkZgnXdgcZg#
F$(&>;H?J7=;
L^i][djgh^iZha^hiZYVhJC:H8DldgaY]Zg^iV\Zi]ZEdciYj<VgY!i]ZdaYidlcd[8VgXVhhdccZ!i]Z8VcVaYjB^Y^!VcYi]ZHVci^V\d9Z
8dbedhiZaVe^a\g^bigV^ah!i]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcgZ\^dchiVcYhdji[dgi]Zh]ZZgg^X]cZhhd[^ihVgX]^iZXijgVa]Zg^iV\Z#>ci]Z6jYZ!
i]Z8Vi]Vg[dgigZhhZhXdci^cjZidh^aZcianhiVcY\jVgYdkZgZ^\]iXZcijg^Zhd[]^hidgn#>ci]Z8‚kZccZh!i]ZBjh‚ZYj9‚hZgigZb^cYhjhd[
i]Z`ZngdaZeaVnZYWni]ZAVc\jZYdX^ci]Z]^hidgnd[;gZcX]EgdiZhiVci^hb!l]^aZi]ZK^V9db^i^VgZXVaahi]ZheaZcYdjgd[V'%%%nZVgdaY
X^k^a^hVi^dcWZcZVi]djg[ZZi#AZiÉh]ZVYd[[VcYZmeadgZi]ZhZigV^ah!l]^X]iV`Zjhidi]ZkZgnhdjgXZd[Wn\dcZX^k^a^hVi^dch#
F$)(CEKDJ7?DI7D:>?DJ;HB7D:
CLERMOND-FERRAND
G
;gdbi]Z6jWgVXeaViZVjmidi]ZgdjcYZYiZggV^cd[i]ZAdoƒgZÉhBVg\Zg^YZgZ\^dc![gdbi]ZhcdlneZV`hd[i]ZAdoƒgZ]^aahVcY
i]Z6^\djVaidi]ZkVaZhd[i]ZadlZg8‚kZccZh![gdbi]ZhXgjWaVcYVcYbdjciV^chd[i]Z=Vji"AVc\jZYdXidi]ZB^cZgkd^hVgZV!dg
[jgi]ZglZhi]ZVY^c\idlVgYhi]ZEngZcZZh!i]ZAVc\jZYdXXdjcignh^YZd[[ZghXdcigVhi^c\VcYViigVXi^kZaVcYhXVeZh!h^beaneZg[ZXi
[dgdeZc"V^gVXi^k^i^Zh#L]Zi]Zgdc[ddi!dc]dghZWVX`!WnW^XnXaZ!Wn]diV^gWVaaddc!dgVadc\i]ZlViZglVnhl]^aZXVcdZ^c\!gV[i^c\
VcYXVcndc^c\!i]ZgZ^hXZgiV^cancdh]dgiV\Zd[hedgihVXi^k^i^ZhVcYadXVi^dchlV^i^c\idWZY^hXdkZgZY]ZgZ#
é
v
a
u
d
a
n
F$*&7HJ7D:9;B;8H?J?;I
MENDE
I]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcgZ\^dc]VhValVnh]ZaYVXZgiV^cViigVXi^dc[dgVgi^hih!l]dhZldg`]VhWZZc^che^gZYWnidlchhjX]Vh
HƒiZ!7Vcnjah"hjg"BZg!8daa^djgZdg8‚gZi#8djgWZi!7Vo^aaZ!BVi^hhZ!9ZgV^c!BV^aadaVcYE^XVhhd]VkZVaaaZ[ii]Z^gbVg`]ZgZ!bV`^c\
i]ZGdjhh^aadcVWgZZY^c\\gdjcY[dgbdYZgceV^ci^c\#I]^c`Zgh!bjh^X^VchVcYcdkZa^hih]VkZVahdVYYZYi]Z^gXdcig^Wji^dcidi]Z
gZ\^dcÉhXjaijgVa]Zg^iV\Z#;daadl^c\^ci]ZlV`Zd[GVWZaV^h!Bda^ƒgZ!CdhigVYVbjhVcY7gVhhZch!E^ZggZHdjaV\Zh!E^ZggZG^X]VgY
VcYDa^k^VGj^oXdci^cjZi]ZegdjYVgi^hi^XigVY^i^dcd[i]^hgZ\^dchncdcnbdjhl^i]VgiVcY]^hidgn#
o
nt
Lo
zèr
e
ar
n
M
T
FLORAC
Gorges
du
F$**7HJI7D:9H7<JI
I]Zh`^aahd[i]ZgZ\^dcÉhXgV[ihbZcVcYldbZcXVcWZY^hXdkZgZY^cXdjciaZhhk^aaV\Zh!^cXajY^c\WVh`Zign^cKVaaVWgƒ\jZh!XZgVb^Xh
^c6cYjoZ!i]ZediiZgnk^aaV\Zd[HV^ciFjZci^caVEdiZg^Z^ci]Z<VgY!i]ZigVY^i^dcd[_ZlZaaZgnbV`^c\jh^c\8ViVaVc\VgcZi!i]Z
Wdd`bV`^c\VcYeVeZgigVYZh^cBdcida^Zj6jYZ!cdi[dg\Zii^c\i]ZVgZVÉhiZmi^aZ]Zg^iV\Zidd!l]^X]XVcWZVYb^gZY^ci]Z8‚kZccZh
i]gdj\]i]Zh^a`igVYZdg^ci]ZEng‚c‚Zh"Dg^ZciVaZhl^i]^ih8ViVaVc[VWg^Xh#I]^hdjihiVcY^c\XdcXZcigVi^dcd[XgV[i"gZaViZYVXi^k^i^Zh
gZkZVahVcdi]Zgh^YZidi]ZAVc\jZYdXÉhXjaijgZ###i]Vid[^ih[VhX^cVi^c\Vgi^hi^XigVYZh#
e
v
é
n
s
e
n
ALES
C
C
a
u
AVIGNON
s
s
e
d
u
L
ar
NIMES
za
MILLAU
c
TGV
F$*.<;IJ?L7BI7D:JH7:?J?EDI
Ca
I]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcgZ\^dc]VhhjXXZZYZY^c`ZZe^c\Va^kZ^ihedejaVgigVY^i^dchVcYi]Z^gVXXdbeVcn^c\[Zhi^kVah#IdYVnbdgZ
k^WgVcii]VcZkZg!i]ZnXdbW^cZaZ\ZcYh!gZa^\^dc![da`adgZVcY[jc^cV]VeenXdbW^cVi^dcd[hinaZhVcYZkZcih^cXajY^c\i]ZHVcX]
egdXZhh^dc^cEZge^\cVc!i]ZhVgYVcVYVcXZ^ci]Z8ViVaVcVgZVh!i]ZWZVg[Zhi^kVa^ci]ZEngZcZZh!i]ZA^bdjmXVgc^kVa!i]ZAVc\jZYdXÉh
egdjYigVY^i^dcd[_djhi^c\!i]Z8VbVg\jZWjaaÒ\]ihVcYWjaa[Zhi^kVah!cdiidbZci^dci]ZhZVhdcVab^\gVi^dc[Zhi^kVah#9ZeZcY^c\dc
i]Zi^bZd[nZVg!i]Z[jcVcY[Zhi^k^i^ZhVaiZgcViZWZilZZci]ZXdVhiVcYi]ZbdjciV^ch½cdi[dg\Zii^c\i]ZeaV^ch#
M
F$+*=7IJHEDECO
F$,&M?D;
lC
h
em
in
de
St
Ja
cq
ue
MARSEILLE
s
TGV
TOULOUSE
L]Zi]ZgndjVgZk^h^i^c\i]ZAdoƒgZ!i]Z<VgY!i]Z=‚gVjai!i]Z6jYZdgi]ZEng‚c‚Zh"Dg^ZciVaZh!ndjÉaahddcY^hXdkZgi]ViZVX]
Y‚eVgiZbZci]Vh^ihdlcXja^cVgnigVY^i^dch!cdiidbZci^dcVbjai^ijYZd[heZX^Va^i^ZhgVc\^c\[gdbX]ZZhZ^ci]Z]^\]aVcYhidh]ZaaÒh]
VcYÒh]dci]ZXdVhi#:VX]heZX^Va^in^hViiVX]ZYid^ihadXVaVgZV_jhia^`ZV[gj^iid^ihigZZ!^cXajY^c\/E‚aVgYdcX]ZZhZ[gdbi]Z8‚kZccZh!
igj[ÓZh[gdbJoƒh!dnhiZgh[gdb7djo^\jZh!VcX]dk^Zh[gdb8daa^djgZ!XdYWgVcYVYZ[gdbCˆbZhdgXVhhdjaZi[gdb8VhiZacVjYVgn!i]Z
ÆÓV\h]^eÇY^h]d[DXX^iVcXj^h^cZ#IV`Zi]Zi^bZidhVbeaZi]ZYZa^X^djhiVhiZhd[i]ZAVc\jZYdXVcYi]ZGdjhh^aadc#
na
MONTPELLIER
i s
v o
e r
i n
Vi a
Do
mi
tia
TGV
BEZIERS
i
Canal du Mid
CARCASSONNE
TGV
NARBONNE
0 km
M E R
e
è r
C o r b i
L]dXdjaY[V^aidÒcYVl^cZid]^ha^`^c\^cVgZ\^dchdgZcdlcZY[dgi]ZfjVa^inVcYh]ZZgY^kZgh^ind[^ihl^cZegdYjX^c\VgZVh!YgVl^c\
jedcVl^cZbV`^c\igVY^i^dcYVi^c\WVX`',XZcijg^Zh!l^i](%%!%%%]ZXiVgZhd[k^cZnVgYh#NdjXVcY^hXdkZgi]Z]j\ZgVc\Zd[gZ\^dcVal^cZh
Wnk^h^i^c\Vl^cZbZgX]Vci!Vl^cZVXVYZbn!VÆl^cZidjg^hbÇXajWdgdcZd[i]ZbVcnXZaaVgbZcidWZ[djcYVXgdhhi]ZY‚eVgiZbZci#LZ
ejii]Zhedia^\]idci]ZgZ\^dcÉhl^cZegdYjX^c\VgZVhVcYd[[ZgVhZaZXi^dcd[VYYgZhhZh[dgi]dhZ`ZZcidiVhiZi]ZhZZmXZaaZcil^cZh#
M E D I T E R R A N E E
10
20
30 km
© 2006 GEOATLAS.com
s
TGV
PERPIGNAN
PRADES
&(
&)
Sud de France
ESPAGNE
Sud de France
B:9>I:GG6C:6C
9eWij
9eWij
B:9>I:GG6C:6C
EVgVY^hZ^ci]Zhjc½
6''%"`^adbZigZhig^ed[hVcYWdgYZg^c\i]ZBZY^iZggVcZVc#''%`^adbZigZhd[
kVhiWZVX]Zhl]ZgZndjgidlZaYdZhcÉi]VkZiddkZgaVel^i]ndjgcZ^\]WdjgÉh#
;gdbi]Z8VbVg\jZidi]ZKZgb^aa^dcXdVhi!hZVh^YZeaZVhjgZhgZ^\chjegZbZ#
I]^hhigZiX]d[hVcY^hdcanWgd`ZcWnHƒiZl^i]^ih[VbdjhBdciHV^ci8aV^g!
i]ZkdaXVcddcl]^X]6\YZ^hWj^aiVcYi]ZEngZcZZhVhi]Zneajc\Z^cidi]Z
WajZd[i]ZhZV#
I
]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcXdVhia^cZ^hgVi]Zga^`Z
dcZd[6a^7VWVÉhhjbeijdjhXVkZh#A^`ZVi]ZVigZ
[VX^c\i]ZBZY^iZggVcZVc!^ihi]gZZi^ZghÓdl^c\
Ydlci]ZhadeZidi]ZhZV/i]ZbdjciV^ch!i]ZeaViZVj
VcYÒcVaani]Z7^\7ajZ#IdXdbeaZiZi]^hcVijgVahXZcZ!
VX]Vc\^c\XdVhia^cZ!g^X]^cXdcigVhih/gjhia^c\gZZY
WZYh^ci]ZEZi^iZ8VbVg\jZ!VhZVlZaa"hidX`ZYl^i]
Òh]!Wjhia^c\a^iiaZÒh]^c\edgih!l]ZgZhjc"WV`ZYVcY
lViZg"ÒaaZYaVcYhXVeZhVaiZgcViZ#=ZgZ!cVijgZ]VhWZZc
XdchZgkZYVcYadXVa^YZci^i^ZhegZhZgkZY#
7fbkhWbbWdZ
L]ViVgZi]Zh^b^aVg^i^ZhWZilZZci]Zedgid[<gVjYj
Gd^VcY^ihWjaa[Zhi^kVahdgAVc\jZYdX_djhi^c\ZkZcih!
VcY8daa^djgZl^i]^ihHVgYVcZYVcX^c\4L]ViVgZi]Z
gZhZbWaVcXZhWZilZZci]ZWZVX]gjcc^c\[gdbK^aaZcZjkZ
aZhBV\jZadcZid;gdci^\cVc!:he^\jZiiZWZVX]!VcY
i]ZbV\c^ÒXZciXdkZhdci]ZKZgb^aa^dc8dVhi!VY^kZgÉh
eVgVY^hZ4>[ndja^`Zine^XVaÒh]^c\edgih!ndjÉaaÒcYl]Vi
ndjÉgZadd`^c\[dg/AZ<gVjYjGd^!EVaVkVhaZh;adih!HƒiZ!
8daa^djgZ!Edgi"KZcYgZhl^aaYZa^\]indj#>[!dci]ZXdcigVgn!
ndj[VcXnigZcY^Zg!bdgZXdciZbedgVgnhedih!]ZVY[dgAV
<gVcYZBdiiZdg8VeYÉ6\YZ!l^i]i]ZW^\\ZhicVijg^hiVgZV
^c:jgdeZ#Hjc!hl^bb^c\![Zhi^k^i^Zh!
hVbea^c\hZV[ddYWni]Z:iVc\YZ
I]Vj!^cHVahZhdgAZjXViZ!VHZid^h
Òh]"hiZl!VÆ\VgY^VcZÇdgWjaahiZl!
dgi]ZVcX]dk^Zhd[8daa^djgZ0l^cY"
hjgÒc\!`^iZ"hjgÒc\VcYhedgiÒh]^c\!dgaVo^c\jcYZg
VeVgVhdae^cZ½!i]ZXdVhia^cZjcgVkZah''%`^adbZigZh
d[eVgVY^hZ!i]Zbjai^eaZ^YZci^ind[Vg^X]!_dn[jaVcY
hZYjXi^kZgZ\^dc#
« Sun, swimming,
festivities,
seafood…»
>eb_ZWoiWjj^[C[Z_j[hhWd[Wdi[Wi_Z[
Wjlll#hjc[gVcXZ#Xdb
'&+
Sud de France
B:9>I:GG6C:6C
9WcWh]k[
B:9>I:GG6C:6C
J^[9WcWh]k[0i]ZÓViXdjcignd[
i]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc
?jhi^bV\^cZ½adc\higZiX]Zhb^c\aZYl^i]aVcYVcYlViZg!eVYYnÒZaYhZmiZcY^c\
WZndcYi]Z]dg^odc!XVcVahXg^hh"Xgdhh^c\]ZgZVcYi]ZgZ!i]ZeaV^chWVh`^c\^ci]Z
hjcl^i]djigZaZci!\ZcianajaaZYWni]ViHdji]ZgcB^higVal^cY!VcYi]ZgZWZ[dgZjh!i]Z
`^c\Ydbd[i]Ze^c`ÓVb^c\dh!i]ZWaVX`WjaahVcYi]Zl]^iZ]dghZhd[i]Z8VbVg\jZ
L^i]^ci]^hegdiZXiZYVgZV!i]ZbZcd[i]ZaVcY!d]hdYZZeanViiVX]ZYidi]Z^ggddih!
]VkZhZgkZYa^[ZÉh^bejah^dc½Hi^aaidYVn!i]^hb^c^VijgZVgZVd[i]ZldgaYXdci^cjZhid
X]Vcii]ZbnhiZg^Zhd[^ihdg^\^ch#
L
]ViV[VciVhi^X^bV\Zd[i]^hhZZb^c\anYZhZgiZY
aVcY!l]ZgZbVcVcYBdi]ZgCVijgZXd]VW^i
^ciZaa^\Zcian#HdbZl]ViVjhiZgZdci]Zdjih^YZ!
i]Z8VbVg\jZ^hbVYZjed[lZiaVcYhi]ViVgZ]dbZid
bVcnVcZXdhnhiZb!l]ZgZkZga^[Z]VhhZi[ddi#:kZgh^cXZ
i]ZWZ\^cc^c\!i]^haVcY]VhWZZc^cÓjZcXZYWni]ZlViZgh!
l]Zi]Zgg^kZgdghZV!l^i]bVcZcYZVkdjg^c\idXdciV^c
i]Zi]ZG]dcZ9ZaiVÉhijgWjaZciÓdl#I]ZXdbWViV\V^chi
i]Zl^cYÉhXdchiVciVXi^dc!Vk^YZcZbnd[i]ZaVcYhXVeZ!
]Vh^ckdakZYeaVci^c\ZmigZbZangZh^hiVciXjgiV^chd[igZZh!
\gdjehd[l^cY"WgZV`ZggZZYhdghZii^c\jebdgZXdbea^"
XViZYhnhiZbh!hjX]Vhi]Z[dgbVi^dcd[hVcYYjcZh#
?jii[Yh[j
;gdbi]^hXdchiVciWViiaZWZilZZcaVcYVcYhZV]Vh
ZbZg\ZYViZgg^idgnY^[ÒXjaiidVXXZhh#>ihhZXgZi4I]Zdcan
lVnidY^hXdkZgi]Z8VbVg\jZ^hiddWiV^cVheZX^VaeVhh
HdbZd[i]ZajX`ndcZhVagZVYn]VkZi]Z`ZnhidjcadX`i]Z
Yddgh/]ZgYhbZcÆbVcVY^ZghÇ!hVaibZgX]Vcih![VgbZgh!
cVijgVa^hihVcYW^dad\^hih!VaaXdc[gdci^c\i]ZhZVhdchVcY
VgYZcianYZ[ZcY^c\i]Z^geVgi^XjaVgXdgcZgd[eVgVY^hZ#HeZX^Va
ViiZci^dc^heV^Yidi]ZÆEZi^i8VbVg"
\jZÇ!VcVgZVhegZVYdkZgbdgZi]Vc
'%!%%%]V&+'!&)'VXgZh^cWZilZZc
i]ZEZi^iG]cZXVcVaVcYAZ<gVjYj
Gd^!^ci]Zb^Yhid[l]Vi^h`cdlcVh
i]Z6^\jZh"BdgiZheaV^c"]ZgZ!i]Z
8VbVg\jZbni]!l^i]^ihÆ\VgY^VchÇ
Xdl"WdnhVcY ÆbVcVY^ZghÇ! ^h
XZaZWgViZY^cVaaheaZcYdjg#7jiWZlVgZ;dgi]Z^beVi^Zci
igVkZaaZg_jhidjiidhcVeVhdjkZc^ge]did\gVe]!Vaai]Z
VXi^k^i^Zhl^i]^ci]Z9ZaiV!l]Zi]ZgbVc!i]Z[VjcVdgi]ZÓdgV!
h]djaYWZVeegdVX]ZYVcYÆ\gVheZYÇh^aZcianVcYeVi^Zcian#
L]ViYZa^\]i!i]ZgZ[dgZ!idhZZi]ZÆbVcVY^ZghÇdc]dghZWVX`!
VÆig^YZciÇ^c]VcY!gdjcY^c\jei]ZWjaah^ci]ZZkZc^c\0dg
ZkZci]Ze^c`ÓVb^c\dh!i]Zbddg]ZchVcYi]ZiZgch!ZiZgcVa
^c]VW^iVcihd[i]^hbVg^cZ"Xjb"aVcY`^c\Ydb#
« The Camargue myth,
with its “gardians”
(cow-boys) and
“manadiers”, is celebrated in all splendour.… »
9WcWh]k[
C74C7A44<DB:4C44AB
3Tb_XcTQTX]VU^dacWThPaT]^cd][XZTcWTCWaTT<dbZTcTTabfXcWQa^cWTab?XTaaTP]S;PdaT]c
1TbbPRd]R[T9PR`dTb1[PcX}aTP]S2aXbc^_WT<Ta[TcWT®VPaSXP]¯CWTXabc^ahaTbT\Q[TbcW^bT
fT[XZTc^WTPaX]cWT2P\PaVdT8cP[[bcPacTSQPRZX] (! fWT]cWT6aTPc6aP]SUPcWTaSTRXSTS
c^aTPaPWTaS^UQd[[bPccWT<PbSTb8bR[TbX]EPdeTac
5a^\UPcWTac^b^]Qa^cWTaX][Pfc^]T_WTfcWT1TbbPR
1[PcX}aTWTaSXbPQ[Tc^Q^PbcbXg®1X^dbS±>a¯_aXiTbPRWXTeTS
^eTacWThTPabCWXb_aTbcXVX^dbca^_WhU^acWT2P\PaVdTQd[[
RWP[[T]VTXbPfPaSTSc^cWTQTbcQd[[^UcWTbTPb^]Z]^f]Pb
cWT®R^RPaSXTa¯=TTS[Tbbc^bPhcWPccWT1TbbPR1[PcX}aTWTaS
WPbQTR^\TaT]^f]TSU^acWXbch_T^UQd[[aTR^V]XbTSU^aXcb
·TaX]TbbXcbQaPeTahP]ScWTeTahb_[T]S^da^UcWTbW^f_dc
^]8] ($$cWTaTfPbcWTUP\^db6P]SPacWT]ETaVTi^Xb88
X] (% ETaVTi^Xb888X] (&3daX] (&"AX]V^X] (&'P]S
<^daeT]X] (($C^SPh?XTaaT1TbbPRPS\XcbWPeX]VPb_TRXP[
_aTUTaT]RTU^a:PQh[TP !hTPa^[SQd[[X]fWXRWWTWPbWXVW
W^_TbFXcWP""WTPSWTaScWT1TbbPRQa^cWTabP]SD]R[T
1[PcX}aTR^]cX]dTc^PUU^aScWTbP\T_PbbX^]c^fPaSbcWTXaQd[[b
P]SU^a]^cWX]VX]cWTf^a[Sf^d[STgRWP]VTcWXbWPaS[XUT^U
c^X[®FWT]h^dPaTQ^a]^]PQd[[UPa\P[\^bcX]cWTbPSS[T
_PbbX^]`dXRZ[hcPZTbW^[S]TeTac^QTaXS¯
8_ekiZÊeh0VccjVaeg^oZVlVgYZYWnVeVcZad[_jY\Zhidi]ZWZhiÆXdXVgY^ZgÇd[i]ZhZVhdc#
9eYWhZ_[h0i]Z8VbVg\jZWjaa]Vk^c\h]dlcegdd[d[WgVkZgnYjg^c\i]ZX]VaaZc\ZhdkZgi]ZhZVhdc#
=WhZ_Wd08VbVg\jZ"hinaZÆXdl"WdnÇiZcY^c\i]Z]ZgYhd[8VbVg\jZ]dghZhdgWjaah#
CWdWZ_[h08VbVg\jZ"hinaZ]ZgYhbZc!WgZZY^c\8VbVg\jZ]dghZhdgWjaah#
Jh_Z[dj0Vi]gZZ"egdc\ZYhiV[[jhZYWni]ZÆ\VgY^VchÇdc]dghZWVX`idgdjcYjei]Z]ZgYh#
IWkd_[h0VbVcjValdg`Zgl]dZmigVXihhVai[gdbi]ZhVaibVgh]Zh#
A443B>5?0A038B4
0a^d]SBRP\P]SaT;PZTX]6P[[XRXP]X]cWT6PaSR^d]chRP]QTU^d]ScWT[PaVTbcaTTS
QTSX]4da^_TATTSb[X]TSd_c^X]·]XchRaTPcTP"WPZX]VS^\!#"! PRaTbU^a
\P]hb_TRXTb0b^U (("cWT\XgTS0bb^RXPcX^]U^acWT?a^cTRcX^]P]S<P]PVT\T]c^UcWT
2P\PaVdT6PaS2^d]che^cTSc^[XbccWXbUP]cPbcXR®=^PW±b0aZ¯PbP]PcdaTaTbTaeTfWTaT
fX[SSdRZbVaThWTa^]b_PbbTaX]TbP]SbcPaaTS_^[TRPcbRP]QTbTT]^]Q^PaSc^cWT
ST[XVWc^UcWT^][^^ZTabHTccWXb\PVXRP[b_^c^fTbXcbT]RWP]c\T]cc^cWT[^]V[PbcX]V
caPSXcX^]P[[PQ^da^U\P]cWT\^bcT\Q[T\PcXRQTX]VcWT®bPV]T¯fWXRWXbcWTWPaeTbcX]V
^UaTTSbU^acWTcWPcRWX]V^UcWT®VPaSXP]¯Wdcb
&,
Sud de France
<eh\khj^[h_d\ehcWj_ed
J[b$((%)++,(*'%*
B:9>I:GG6C:6C
<_i^_d]
B:9>I:GG6C:6C
>HBC4AB5>A740;C7
0=3E8C0;8CH
I[WÓi^_d]WdZi]ZÆhbVaaigVYZhÇ
0]PcXeT^UB}cTP]S[XeX]VX]1^diXVdTbbX]RT (%'9TP]
?XTaaT<^[X]PXb^]T^UcW^bT^hbcTaP]S\dbbT[UPa\TabfW^
c^VTcWTa\PZTd_cWT®b\P[[caPSTb¯7TWPbfXc]TbbTSPVaTPc
STP[^URWP]VTPccWTCWPd_^]S^eTacWThTPab;^RPcTS^]
^]T^U4da^_T±b[PaVTbc[PV^^]b&$WTRcPaTbcWXb®_^]S¯
XbPeXacdP[X][P]SbTP]Tbc[X]VX]PW^[[^fX]cWT6d[U^U;X^]b
P]SWPbbTT]cWT]d\QTa^U^hbcTaP]S\dbbT[UPa\TabP]S
·bWTa\T]WTaTX]RaTPbTUa^\"c^'?a^SdRcX^]WPbP[b^
b^PaTSfXcW!##^hbcTa^a\dbbT[aPUcbU^a #c^ %
c^]]Tb^U^hbcTab_TahTPaP]S%c^]]Tb^U\dbbT[b
L^i]''%`^adbZigZhd[XdVhia^cZ!bdgZi]Vc)%%%bVg^i^bZegd[Zhh^dcVah!Òh]ZgbZc
BWTTaY^h
VcYdnhiZgdgbjhhZa[VgbZgh!cdiidbZci^dcVcVccjVaegdYjXi^dcd[hdbZ*%!%%%
FWT]cP[ZX]VPQ^dcWXb_a^UTbbX^]9TP]?XTaaT<^[X]PTg_[PX]bcWPcXcWPbQa^dVWcWX\
®]^cWX]VQdcbWTTaY^hFT±aT^dcX]cWT^_T]PXaP[[SPhP]STeT]XUcWTf^aZXbWPaSXc
WPbPRWPa\P[[Xcb^f]¯0dcW^aXiTSc^f^aZUa^\bd]aXbTc^bd]bTccWT_PRT^U[XUTU^a
P]^hbcTa^a\dbbT[UPa\TaePaXTbPRR^aSX]Vc^cWTcX\T^UhTPafXcWb^\TbTPb^]b
QTX]VQTccTacWP]^cWTab®>daY^QWPbX\_a^eTSPVaTPcSTP[P]SfTc^SPhWPeT\^aT
_^fTaUd[Q^PcbP]ST]VX]TbP]SQTccTaPSP_cTS^aVP]XbPcX^]P[bcadRcdaTbFTPaT°bTP
UPa\Tab±X]cWTcadTbT]bT^UcWTf^aS¯0bWP__hPbP]^hbcTaX]fPcTa9TP]?XTaaT
<^[X]PW^_TbcWPcWXbbTR^]SSPdVWcTa9TP]]TfX[[RPaah^]cWTUP\X[hQdbX]Tbb0c
&hTPab^UPVTbWTXbP[aTPShbW^fX]VPVa^fX]VX]cTaTbcX]WXbf^aZ
idccZh!i]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcgZ\^dc^ha^iZgVaanVcdeZcYddgidi]ZBZY^iZggVcZVc!
X]VgVXiZg^hZYWni]Zjched^aZYcVijgZd[^ihÒh]^c\edgihVcYi]Zh]ZZgg^X]cZhhd[
^ihlViZgh#>c^ih[djgbV^cedgihHƒiZ!AZ<gVjYjGd^!EdgiaVCdjkZaaZVcYEdgi
KZcYgZh!i]ZXdchiVciegdXZhh^dcd[Vgg^k^c\dgYZeVgi^c\igVlaZghVcYijcVWdVih
Xdci^cjZh\gVXZ[jaanV\V^chiVWjhia^c\WVX`Ygded[VXi^k^inegdk^YZYWni]ZVgZVÉh
adXVaegdYjXZgh!\ZcZgVaangZ[ZggZYidVhi]ZÆhbVaaigVYZhÇ#
L
^i]HƒiZ^ci]Z=‚gVjai!AZ<gVjYjGd^^ci]Z<VgY!
EdgiaVCdjkZaaZ^ci]Z6jYZVcYEdgiKZcYgZh^c
i]ZEng‚c‚Zh"Dg^ZciVaZh!lZY^hXdkZg[djgY‚eVg"
iZbZcihVii]ZkZgn[dgZ[gdcid[i]ZÒh]^c\^cYjhign!VcY[djg
idlchl]^X]]VkZ\gdlcjeVgdjcYi]Z^gigVY^i^dcVaedgih#
I]Z'*.igVYZhVcYVXi^k^i^ZhWVhZYdci]ZdXZVcÉhcVijgVa
gZhdjgXZhidWZ[djcYVadc\i]ZAVc\jZYdXXdVhiVaah]VgZ
VXdbbdcXjaijgZWVhZYdci]ZcdWaZVgid[Òh]^c\#>cHƒiZ!
i]ZBZY^iZggVcZVcÉhaZVY^c\Òh]^c\edgi!i]ZkdajbZd[Òh]
VcYhZV[ddYjcadVYZY[dgi]ZÒh]bVg`Zih^higjan^begZhh^kZ
VXXdjci^c\[dg)'d[i]ZgZ\^dcÉhegdYjXi^dcVcY'%d[
;gZcX]BZY^iZggVcZVcegdYjXi^dc!VaaWVX`ZYjel^i]V
bdYZgcVcYhjeZgWanZfj^eeZYÓZZi#
IWhZ_d[i"cWYa[h[behjkdW
;gdb(dÉXadX`^ci]Zbdgc^c\dclVgYh!i]ZigVlaZghVcY
ijcVWdVih]ZVYdjiidhZV!VcYgZijgcidedgiYjg^c\i]Z
V[iZgcddc!i]Z^gYZX`haVYZcl^i]WajZÒh]hVgY^cZhVcY
bVX`ZgZaVadc\l^i]hdaZ!l]^i^c\!bdc`Òh]!VcX]dk^Zh
VcYijcV#I]ZkZgnh^\]id[i]ZigVlaZgh]ZVY^c\WVX`^cid
edgi^hVc^begZhh^kZheZXiVXaZ^c^ihdlcg^\]i#
&.
Sud de France
7m[Wbj^e\ÇicWbbjhWZ[iÈ
>cXdcigVhiidi]^hÆW^\\VbZÇhZVÒh]^c\!lZVahdÒcYV
lZVai]d[ÆhbVaaigVYZhÇl]^X]VeeZVgZY[gdbi]ZB^YYaZ
6\ZhdclVgYh#;gdb6^\jZh"BdgiZhidi]Z6jYZXdVhii]Z
VggVnd[edcYhVcYeddahgjcc^c\Vadc\i]ZXdVhia^cZ]VkZ
\ZcZgViZYVaZkZad[VXi^k^inidYVnVXXdjci^c\[dg-%d[
i]ZBZY^iZggVcZVcÒh]^c\ÓZZi#I]Za^hid[V\Z"daYÒh]^c\
iZX]c^fjZhVcYZfj^ebZcijhZYWni]dhZV[[ZXi^dcViZanc^X`"
cVbZYi]ZÆhbVaaigVYZhÇ
^hk^gijVaan^cÒc^iZ!^cXajY^c\
adc\a^cZh!igVbbZacZihVcY
[n`ZcZihidcVbZWjiV[Zl#
6XXdgY^c\idi]Z^g^ciZcYZY
ejgedhZ!i]ZnbV`Z^iedhh^"
WaZidÒh][dg6iaVci^XWVhh!
h]ZaaÒh]!XaVbh!ZZah!l]^iZWgZVb!hZVWgZVbdghdaZ#Di]Zg
adXVaegdYjXih[VgbZYY^gZXian[gdbi]ZaV`Zh^cXajYZdnhiZgh
VcYbjhhZah#I]ZI]VjedcYl]^X]gjchVadc\h^YZHƒiZÉh
]^aa^hVbV_dghdjgXZd[bjhhZah!ÓVidnhiZghVcYEdgij\jZhZ
dnhiZgh#L^i]i]ZaViiZgidYVnZmigZbZanedejaVg!i]ZdnhiZgh
[gdbi]ZHVahZh"AZjXViZedcY!aZhhlZaa`cdlcWji_jhiVh
[VbdjhVahd]VkZVh^oZVWaZ[daadl^c\#
« From 3 o’clock in
the morning onwards,
the trawlers and tuna
boats head out to sea… »
;4BB0;8=B0C086D4B<>AC4B
0[^]VcWT6aPdSdA^Xa^PSX]cWT6PaSPaTP^UcWT2P\PaVdTcWT
bTPbP[cPccWT2^\_PV]XTSTbBP[X]bSd<XSXRP]QTPS\XaTSX]
cWTU^a\^UTgcT]bXeTb_PaZ[X]VSd]Tb!\TcaTbX]WTXVWcP]S
#\TcaTbX][T]VcW8UXcfPb]±cU^acWTUPRccWPccWTcT\_TaP
cdaTWXcb"$2X]cWTbWPSTSdaX]VcWTbd\\Ta\^]cWb^]cWXb
'WTRcPaTbXcTh^dR^d[STPbX[hQTU^aVXeT]U^acWX]ZX]V
cWXbfPbb]^f;TbBP[X]bSd<XSXPaTP\^]VcWT^[STbcbP[c
f^aZbX]cWT<TSXcTaaP]TP]aTVX^]fXcW$c^]]Tb^UbP[c
_a^SdRTSP]]dP[[hCWXbbP[cfWXRWXbTgcT]bXeT[h_aTbT]cX]
cWTR[Phb^X[bS^ccTSfXcW_^]SbaTRTXeTbeTah[^faPX]UP[[P]S
d]STaV^TbX]cT]bTTeP_^aPcX^]1TcfTT]<PaRWP]SBT_cT\QTa
h^dRP]fPcRWcWTbP[cQTX]VWPaeTbcTSQhcWTbPd]XTabVT]dX]T
®\PaXcX\TUPa\Tab¯^aTg_[^aTcWTTeP_^aPcX^]PaTPbfWXRWU^a\
PaTSSXbW[X`dXS_PcRWf^aZ`dX[cH^dRP]eXbXccWTBP[X]bSd<XSX
P[[hTPaa^d]STgRT_cX]=^eT\QTa3TRT\QTa9P]dPah5TQadPah
P]S<PaRWeXPP\X]XcaPX]fWXRWc^dabcWT_a^_Tach
J[b$((%)++,()%')
lll#hVa^ch#Xdb
<_i^_d]
B:9>I:GG6C:6C
MWj[hifehji
B:9>I:GG6C:6C
MWj[hifehji"`^c\d[i]ZXdVhi
I]Z''%@bd[XdVhi^hl]ViViigVXihbdhid[i]Z&*b^aa^dck^h^idghZVX]nZVgl]d
lVciidY^hXdkZgAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcVcYi]Z7^\7ajZ#>ci]ZldgYhd[i]Z;gZcX]
MWj[hifehji
40270CC748A>F=?024
AT[PgX]V^]cWTQTPRW^aVTccX]VcWT\^bc^dc^Uh^daW^[XSPhbcWTRW^XRTXb^_T]ST_T]SX]V^]
h^daUP]Rh>]cWTbTP^][P]S^aTeT]d]STafPcTacWT^_cX^]beXTU^ac^__[PRT
hdc\/»I]ZgZÉhi]Zh`n!i]ZhjcVcYi]ZhZV###¼#I]Z\ZciaZWZVX]ZhWZXdbZgdX`n
XdkZhdci]ZKZgb^aa^dcXdVhi#I]ZÒcZhVcY^hV_dnid[Vb^a^ZhVcYVcdeZc^ck^iVi^dc
idadjc\Zdci]ZWZVX]#
6
i i]Z ZcY d[ i]Z &.i] XZcijgn! i]Z daY [^h]^c\
k^aaV\Zhd[i]ZgZ\^dchWZ\VciddeZcjeidi]ZhZVh^YZ
]da^YVnigVY^i^dc#L^i]i]ZVeegdVX]d[i]Z&.,%h!
,VbW^i^dchWdVi^c\gZhdgihlZgZXgZViZY/Edgi"8VbVg\jZ!
Edgi"7VgXVgƒh!AV<gVcYZBdiiZ!EdgiAZjXViZ!8VcZiZc
Gdjhh^aadc!7VcnjahhjgBZgVcYHV^ci"8neg^Zc#I]ZhZ
fj^X`anWZXVbZi]ZheZVg]ZVYd[VkVhiWdVi^c\cZildg`
cZVgan(%edgih!'-!%%%bddg^c\hl^i]VXi^k^i^ZhnZVg"
gdjcY/gZhiVjgVcih![gZh]hjeea^Zh!gZ\ViiVh!WdVih]dlh!
i]ZWdVi[Zhi^kVa^cBVn###l]^aZi]ZbjhZjbh!XVh^cdhVcY
ZkZcihVYYVheVg`aZidZkZgnYVna^[ZYjg^c\i]Z]da^YVnh#
A^[ZÉh\ddY]ZgZ#
DWjkhWbWdZikijW_dWXb[
I]ZeVk^aadcWaZjZck^gdcbZciVafjVa^inaVWZaÓ^ZhdkZg+-
WZVX]Zh!&-XdbbjcZhVcY&*WdVi^c\gZhdgih/VgZXdgY[dg
;gVcXZ>ci]^hcdd`d[eVgVY^hZ!ZcYdlZYl^i]&'egdiZXiZY
h^iZh^cXajY^c\i]ZcVijgVabVg^cZeVg`d[8ZgWƒgZh7Vcnjah!
+%d[i]ZXdVhi^hhi^aacVijgVaVcY^hXVgZ[jaanbV^ciV^cZY#
>cheg^c\dghjbbZgndjXVcigVkZai]gdj\]i]^hcVijgVa
VgZVWnW^XnXaZVadc\i]Z=‚gVjaiXdVhiVaeVi]dg[dg(%`b
^ci]Z:VhiZgcEngZcZZh!Vadc\i]Z»K‚a^iidgVa¼\gZZcigV^a
hddcida^c`7VgXVgƒhid6g\ZaƒhhjgBZg#
FX]SPR^PbcfXcW^dcaTTUbP]SP[[XccPZTbc^_[TPbTcWaX[[
bTTZTab)\^]^bPX[X]VfPcTabZXX]V·bWX]VQ^PccaX_b$bPX[X]V
R[dQbcfT]ch^UfWXRWWPeTcWT5aT]RWbPX[X]VbRW^^[[PQT[
aTVXbcTa bdQbRaXQTabP]S"Q^PcbCWPcQXVbTPQXaS
cWTRPcP\PaP]¸XTb[XZTcWTfX]SVXeX]VP]X\\TSXPcTcWaX[[P]S
aTeTP[X]VXcbb_XaXcc^cWT\^aTSPaX]VfW^cPZTc^cWTfPeTb
X]cadT£·abc¸XVWc¤bch[TFX]Sbda·]VP[b^SXRTbfXcWb_TTS
EXbXccWT<^]SXP[SdET]cf^a[SfX]Sbda·]VTeT]c^];P5aP]`dX
QTPRWX];TdRPcT
H^dfX[[P[b^bTTcWTP\PiX]VZXcTbdaUbbdb_T]STSQTcfTT]bTP
P]SbZhfP[ciX]VQTcfTT]cWT<XbcaP[P]SCaP\^]cP]TfX]SbH^d
S^]±cWPeTc^QTPb_TRXP[Xbcc^cahcWXbUaTT¸hX]Vb_^accPdVWc
X]!"aTVX^]P[X]bcadRcX^]RT]caTbP]S^_T]c^P[[cWP]Zbc^
cWT[PcTbcX]]^ePcX^]b\PZX]V_X[^cX]VbPUTaCWTaTVX^]^UUTab
·UcTT]b_^cbc^_aPRcXbTcWXbb_^ac);TdRPcT;P5aP]`dX<^]SXP[
SdET]cb_^cbPUTZXcTi^]T<PabTX[[P]6adXbbP]b_^c^]P]
X][P]SbcaTcRW^Ub\^^cWfPcTa;P?^X]cTST[±4b_XVdTccT;P
6aP]ST<^ccT^a?^ac2P\PaVdT
=PcdaT[^eTabRP]SXeTc^SXbR^eTacWTb_[T]SXSP]SUaPVX[T
d]STafPcTa[XUT^UcWTaTVX^]0cadT]PcdaP[aTbTae^Xa^UcWT
AW‡]TU^aUPd]PfXcW[XUTWXSST]d]STaTeTaha^RZ3XeTPcST_cWb
^U'c^!\TcaTbUa^\;P6aP]ST<^ccTc^2P_S±0VSTfaTRZb
Pc"c^%\P]S^UU;TdRPcT1PaRPa}bP]S0aVT[}b5^acWT
\PVXRc^f^aZX]PSSXcX^]c^cWT &bRdQPSXeX]VPbb^RXPcX^]b
X]cWTaTVX^]!UPRX[XcXTb_a^eXSTX]bcadRcX^]^]cWTSXUUTaT]c
[TeT[b^UbRdQPSXeX]V)QTVX]]Tab[TeT[b !P]S"
;^^ZX]VU^aPbT]bT^UfT[[QTX]V.CWP[Pbb^cWTaP_h^a
QP[]T^cWTaP_hRT]caTbPaTX]RaTPbX]V[h_^_d[Pa^]cWT
<TSXcTaaP]TP])X]6aPdSdA^X?^ac2P\PaVdT;P6aP]ST<^ccT
2P]TcX]A^dbbX[[^]1P]hd[bbda\TacWTcWTaP_TdcXR_a^_TacXTb
^UbTPfPcTaP[VPTP]S\PaX]T\dSbR^\QX]TSfXcWcadTZ]^f
W^f^UUTaeXbXc^abP]TfSX\T]bX^]X]fT[[QTX]VAT[PgPcX^]
b[X\\X]V^abX\_[hVTccX]VX]c^bWP_T¥0[[cWTQT]T·cb^UcWT
\PaX]TT]eXa^]\T]cPaTPePX[PQ[TX]cWTU^a\^URdaTb\PbbPVT
bcTP\QPcWb)P_TaUTRcT]Sc^PaT[PgX]VW^[XSPh
<eh\khj^[h_d\ehcWj_edWXekjmWj[hifehji"fb[Wi[Yedikbjj^[i_j[lll#hjc[gVcXZ#Xdb
J^WbWiiej^[hWfo?dij_jkj[i0
šJ^WbWiiWC[hYkh[_dFehj#9WcWh]k[#J[b$((%)++,(+%+%#lll#VXXdgi]VaVhhV#Xdb
šJ^WbWYWfBWd]k[ZeY_d9WfZÊ7]Z[#J[b$((%)+,'+&)-%#lll#i]VaVXVe#[g
šJ^WbWiieCƒZ_j[hhWdƒ[_dBW=hWdZ[Cejj[#J[b$((%)+,'.&(&(#lll#i]VaVhhd"\gVcYZbdiiZ#Xdb
šJ^WbWYWf9WjWbe]d[_d8Wdokbi#ikh#C[h#J[b$((%)+-.-(+++
šJ^WbWiieb_dFehj8WhYWh„i#J[b$((%)+--+(%.%#lll#i]VaVhhda#Xdb
™J^WbWiie9Wd[j#IkZ¼B[i<bWcWdjiHei[i½#J[b$((%)+-*&+%+%#lll#]diZa"ÓVbVcih"gdhZh#Xdb
''
Sud de France
B:9>I:GG6C:6C
9_jWZ[bi
B:9>I:GG6C:6C
COLLIOURE,
Jemdiedj^[YeWij¾
eZVgad[i]ZKZgb^aa^dcXdVhi
6aaVgdjcYi]Z<ja[d[A^dc!XdVhiVaidlchlZgZ[djcYZYVihigViZ\^Xed^cih/dcV
XVcVa!Vbdjci!VeZV`!dg^cVhiZZe"h^YZYXdkZ#AZiÉhY^hXdkZgi]ZcVijgVaWZVjin
d[i]ZhZ]^hidg^XhZci^cZaidlch#
GRAU DU ROI,gdnVadjiedhi
SETE,_jhiVWdkZi]ZlViZg
I
=Vk^c\VXXZhhidi]ZhZV^hldgi]VcnX]VaaZc\Z#Hd!VhV
edgidci]ZBZY^iZggVcZVc!eZgX]ZYdci]Za^cZWZilZZci]Z
deZchZVVcYi]ZlViZghd[i]Z:iVc\YZI]Vj!HƒiZYZkZa"
deZYjei]ZhadeZhd[BdjciHV^ci"8aV^g#I]^h[dgbZg]Vjci
d[e^gViZhVcYhV^adgh!WZXVbZVedejaVgidlc!Zcg^X]ZY^c
i]Z&-i]XZcijgnWnVcZlgdnVa]VgWdjg#H^cXZi]Zc!i]^h
a^iiaZKZc^XZd[AVc\jZYdX]VhXZaZWgViZYi]ZVYkZciZkZgn
nZVgVadc\i]ZWVc`hd[i]ZXVcVa!l^i]i]Z[VbdjhlViZg
_djhi^c\ZkZcih!VeZg[ZXi^aajhigVi^dcd[i]ZVgYZci![Zhi^kZ
he^g^id[i]Zhdji]#I]gdj\]djii]Z
nZVg!HƒiZ^hcdjg^h]ZYWni]ZZcYaZhh
b^m^c\d[XjaijgZhi]gdj\]^ihedgi
VXi^k^i^Zh#6adc\i]ZXVcVaha^cZYl^i]
^ihXdadjg[ja[VXVYZh!higdaaZghiVhiZ
bVXVgdcVYZh!i^ZaaZhVcYdi]ZgHƒiZ
heZX^Va^i^Zh[gdbHƒiZ!l]^aZi]Za^[Z
d[i]Zedgi\dZhdcl^i]i]ZYV^anYVcXZd[igVlaZghVcYi]Z^g
hZV\jaaZhXdgih#;jgi]Zgdc!ine^XVaadXVacZ^\]Wdjg]ddYh!
a^`ZEd^ciZ8djgiZ!hi^aai]g^kZ!i^c\ZYl^i]i]ZX^inÉh>iVa^Vc
dg^\^ch#:mjWZgVcXZVcYVgiVgZVahdXZaZWgViZY^ci]^hgZ"
bVg`VWaZ^haVcY/EVjaKVa‚gnlVhWdgc]ZgZ!7gVhhZchhVc\
d[^i!6\cƒhKVgYVÒabZY^iVcYXgZVidg"YZh^\cZg;gVcd^h
A^\jdg^!`cdlcVhEZhXVidgZ!hXjaeih^ihk^iVa^inidYVn###L]^aZ
HƒiZ!i]ZhZXdcYW^\\ZhiÒh]^c\edgi^c;gVcXZ!ZmiZcYh^ih
Xdgc^XZVadc\i]ZWZVX]Zhd[i]ZA^Yd#
]Z»\gVj¼!dgXVcVa!deZchVeVhhV\Z[gdbi]Z
hZVidi]Z^caVcYedgid[6^\jZh"BdgiZh!V[dgi^ÒZY
X^iVYZaadXViZY-`bVlVnVcYWj^aiWnHV^ciAdj^h^c
i]Z&(i]XZcijgn#6i^ihbdji]!dcZi]^c\YgVlhZkZgndcZÉh
ViiZci^dc#I]Zhl^c\Wg^Y\Z\^kZhVXXZhhidi]ZXVcVa#I]Z
igVlaZghVgZXdb^c\^c[gdbVYVnÉhÒh]^c\#I]Z<gVjYj
Gd^gZkZVah^ihdg^\^chVcYi]Z`Znid^ihedejaVgVibdh"
e]ZgZ#6aaVgdjcY!i]ZbVch^dchVcYi]Za^kZanWdji^fjZh
VcYgZhiVjgVcihgZb^cYjhd[^ihhZXdcYkdXVi^dc/hZVh^YZ
]da^YVnh#7ZXVjhZ<gVjYjGd^^hVahdi]ZW^\\ZhiWdVi^c\
gZhdgi^c:jgdeZ!l^i]Edgi8VbVg\jZVcYi]Z\gZZcaVXZd[
^ihbVg^cVh#=ZgZi]ZhZV^hfjZZc!ZY\ZYl^i]ÒcZg^eea^c\
hVcYhigZiX]^c\[dg`^adbZigZh!hjX]Vh:he^\jZiiZWZVX]#6
[ZlhiZeh[jgi]Zgdc!i]ZcVijgVaXdchZgkVi^dcVgZVl]^heZgh
^ihWZVjin#AV`ZhVcYhVaibVgh]ZhhegZVYi]Z[gV\gVcXZ
d[i]Z8VbVg\jZ!gdVbZYWn]dghZhVcYWjaah#
=hWk#Zk#He_Jekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)++*&+,,%#lll#kVXVcXZh"Zc"XVbVg\jZ#Xdb
« Throughout the year,
Sète is nourished by the
endless mixing of cultures
through its port activities »
I„j[Jekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+,,),&,&#lll#di"hZiZ#[g
'(
Sud de France
9_jWZ[bi
>ci]Z]daadld[VXdkZ!hZi^cidi]ZgdX`!hiVcYhi]ZdaY
a^\]i]djhZ"gdjcYidlZgd[i]ZX]jgX]d[CdigZ"9VbZ"YZh"
6c\Zh#8daa^djgZ]VhdXXje^ZYVhigViZ\^Xedh^i^dch^cXZ
6ci^fj^in#>ihgdnVaXVhiaZiZhi^ÒZhid^ih[dgbZgheaZcYdjg
Vhi]ZhjbbZggZh^YZcXZd[i]Z`^c\hd[BV_dgXV#7ji^ih
Vibdhe]ZgZidYVnlVhÒghiXgZViZYWnKVjWVc!Vii]ZZcYd[
i]Z&,i]XZcijgn/higdc\[dgi^ÒXVi^dch!hZVhegVn!a^\]iVcY
Xdck^k^Va^in#I]ZidlclVhYZe^XiZYWni]ZWgjh]higd`Zhd[
i]Zbdhi^aajhig^djhVgi^hihd[i]Z&.i]XZcijgn!V[iZgVaa#>i
lVhbVYZ[VbdjhWni]Z;Vjk^hbd[BVi^hhZVcY9ZgV^c#
I]Z^ci^bViZWZVX]Zhl^aahZYjXZndj#NZi^iÉhl]Zcndj
ZmeadgZi]Za^iiaZaVcZhcZVgWn!WZilZZci]Z\V^an"XdadjgZY
]^\][VVYZhi]Vii]ZX]VgbgZVaanldg`h#I]ZhadeZÒcVaan
aZVYhWVX`Ydlcid_jhii]Zg^\]iVYYgZhh#6hndjiVhiZi]Z
VcX]dk^Zh!WVi]ZY^ci]Z8ViVaVcVibdhe]ZgZ!ndjXVchZZ
l]nhjX]VhbVaaidlcWZVghi]ZhiVbed[i]Z\gZVi#
9ebb_ekh[Jekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+--'&*),#lll#Xdaa^djgZ#Xdb
6AD8BB0=)A4<0A:01;40A278C42CDA4
0\^]VcWTR^PbcP[RXcPST[b6adXbbP]R^\TbPbPbda_aXbTBTc
aXVWcX]cWT\XSS[T^UcWT[PZTbXcaXbTbc^cWTc^_^UPa^RZh
_a^\X]T]RT0c"$\TcaTbPQ^eTbTP[TeT[X]cWT cWRT]cdah
cWTU^acaTbbP]S[PcTaXcbc^fTaZT_cP[^^Z^dcU^aP]hSP]VTa
cWaTPcT]X]V=PaQ^]]TP]SXcbbdaa^d]SX]VbCWT[TVT]S^U1Pa
QTa^dbbT\Ph]^cQTQPbTS^]P]hPRRdaPcTUPRcbQdcR[TPa[h
cWT6d[U^U;X^]SXS]±c^][hQaX]VcWTaXVWcb^ac^U_T^_[TCWTaT
fPbP]PXa^U_XaPRhPQ^dcXcR[X]VX]Vc^cWTeTahbc^]Tb^UcWT
_[PRT0U^a\^UR^]b_XaPRh.CWTeX[[PVTVaPSdP[[hQTVP]c^Va^f
PcXcbUTTc5Xabc^]cWTb^dcWbXSTP]ScWT]PbXcV^cR[^bTa
fWPcXbX]caXVdX]VXbcWTfPhXcbTT\TSc^Rda[QPRZ^]XcbT[U
CWTW^dbTb^UcWT\TSXTeP[eX[[PVTR^X[X]R^]RT]caXRRXaR[Tb
Pa^d]ScWTaT\PX]b^UcWTRPbc[TCWXb_[P]]X]V_WT]^\T]^]Xb
bcaXZX]VfWT]bTT]Ua^\cWTbZh<^aT^eTaP]Tcf^aZ^UcWTbT
£2XaRd[PSTeX[[PVTbUa^\cWThTPa ¤RP\TX]c^QTX]VX]
cWTaTVX^]8]0dSTP[^]T·UcTT]R^\\d]TbWPeTQTT][XbcTS
P__PaT]c[hQdX[c^]cWXbbch[TCWTaTXbP]^cWTa_PacXRd[PaXch[XZTS
c^cWT]P\T6adXbbP])cWTUP\^dbQTPRWfXcWRWP[Tcb^]bcX[cb
X\\^acP[XbTSX]9TP]9PR`dTb1TX]Tg±b·[\£"&!2[T\PcX]¤
>aXVX]P[[h·bWTa\P]±bWdcb¬P[aTPShaTUTaaTSc^X]PaRWXeTb
Ua^\cWT %cWRT]cdah¬PccWTR[^bT^UcWT (cWRT]cdahcWTh
=hk_iiWdCkd_Y_fWbJekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+-).%.%%#lll#\gj^hhVc"bZY^iZggVcZZ#Xdb
W^dbTScWTX]WPQXcP]cb^U2PaRPbb^]]TP]S=PaQ^]]TfXbWX]V
c^£V^QPcWX]V¤0UcTacWTfPaX]cWTXa\^STa]XbTSeTabX^]
¬STb_XcTcWT[PRZ^Uad]]X]VfPcTa^aT[TRcaXRXchd]cX[cWT[PcT
(&b¬cWThQTVP]c^QTeTahb^dVWcPUcTa
6<G:6IA>;:HINA:
Jemd
7bbj^[_d]h[Z_[dji\ehW]h[Wjj_c[
9^hXdkZgVjc^fjZgZ\^dcXdbeg^h^c\ÒkZY‚eVgiZbZcihi]ZAdoƒgZ!i]Z<VgY!i]Z=‚gVjai!i]Z
6jYZVcYi]ZEng‚c‚Zh"Dg^ZciVaZh!cdiidbZci^dcVhZaZXi^dcd[idlchndjÉaacZkZglVciidaZVkZ#
DkZgi]Z[daadl^c\eV\Zh!ndjÉaaÒcYVaai]Z^c\gZY^Zcih[dgV\gZVii^bZ!l^i]hdbZi]^c\Y^[[ZgZci
idhZZdgYdVgdjcYZkZgnXdgcZg#NdjldjaYXZgiV^canWZ]VgYejh]ZYidÒcYVcnh^b^aVg^in
WZilZZcBZcYZ!i]Zeg‚[ZXijgZd[i]ZAdoƒgZhigZiX]^c\djiVadc\i]ZWVc`hd[i]Zg^kZgAdi!6aƒh
l]^X]add`hdjiVXgdhhi]Z8‚kZccZh[gdb^ih=Zgb^iV\Z]^aa!8VgXVhhdccZ![Vbdjh[dg^ihdaY
idlc!CVgWdccZ!dkZgadd`ZYWn^ih^begZhh^kZ6gX]W^h]deÉheVaVXZVcYEZge^\cVc!l]^X]lVh
\^kZci]Z\gVcY^dhZi^iaZd[ÆXZcigZd[i]ZldgaYÇWnHVakVYdg9Va^6cYl]ViheZX^Va[ZVijgZh
h]djaYlZbZci^dc[dgi]ZGdbVcX^ind[CˆbZh!dg7‚o^Zgh!i]ZlZVai]n]Z^gidi]ZgZ\^dcÉhl^cZ
egdYjX^c\^cYjhign!dgBdcieZaa^Zgl]^X]^c_jhi(%nZVgh]VhWZXdbZ;gVcXZÉhZ^\]i]aVg\Zhi
jgWVcVgZV47g^\]iZcZYWni]Z^ghdji]ZgcigVY^i^dch!i]Zidlchd[i]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc
VgZa^kZan!lZaXdb^c\!dXXVh^dcVaanVhidc^h]^c\i]Vc`hidi]Z^gcjbZgdjhXdcigVY^Xi^dch!Wji
ValVnhg^X]^cigVY^i^dcVcY]Zg^iV\Z#9^hXdkZgi]ZbVcn[VXZhd[i]^h[VhX^cVi^c\gZ\^dc#
6<G:6IA>;:HINA:
Jemd
Cedjf[bb_[h
i]ZhiVgd[
i]ZAVc\jZYdX
6
idlcl^i]Vhigdc\jc^kZgh^inVcYhX^Zci^ÒXigVY^i^dc!
[Vbdjh[dg^ihWjh^cZhhidjg^hbl]^X]]Vh\gdlc
h]VgeandkZgi]ZaVhi&*nZVghi]Vc`hidi]ZegZhZcXZ
d[;gVcXZÉhaZVY^c\Xdc[ZgZcXZXZcigZ^ciZgbhd[VccjVa
k^h^idgcjbWZgh!BdcieZaa^Zg]VhValVnhWZZchdbZi]^c\d[V
XjaijgVa!hX^Zci^ÒXVcYVgi^hi^XXgdhhgdVYh#AdXViZYXadhZidi]Z
^ciZgcVi^dcVaV^gedgi!VcY_jhi(]djghVlVn[gdbEVg^hWn]^\]
heZZYigV^c!i]^hegdjYdaYaVYnd[i]ZAVc\jZYdXXdci^cjZh
i]^hV\Z"daYigVY^i^dc#I]^h[dgbZgk^aaV\Z[djcYZY^ci]ZÒ[i]
I]Z]^hidg^XVaidlcXZcigZ
XZcijgnViVXgdhh^c\ed^cidci]ZhVaigdjiZ]VhidYVn\gdlc
idWZXdbZ;gVcXZÉhZ^\]i]aVg\ZhijgWVcVgZV!VX]^Zk^c\i]^h
:cX^gXaZYWni]^hkVhijgWVceaVcc^c\ÆaVWdgVidgnÇ![dg^ih
^cWVgZan)%nZVghL^i]^ihhigZZihlVa`ZYYV^anWn)%%!%%%
eVgii]Z‚Xjhhdc!d[[Zghk^h^idghVaai]ZX]Vgbd[VbZY^ZkVa
eZdeaZ!ÆBdcieZaa^‚gV^chÇWnW^gi]dgWnX]d^XZ!VcYZca^kZcZY
idlc#I]^h[jaaneZYZhig^Vc^oZYidlcXZcigZegZhZcihk^h^idgh
Wn^ih,%!%%%hijYZcih!i]^hgZ\^dcVaXVe^iVa^hX]VgVXiZg^hZY
l^i]VbVoZd[cVggdlhigZZih!X]Vgb^c\hfjVgZhVcY
Wn^ihYncVb^hbVcY^begZhh^kZjgWVcYZkZadebZcih`^aah#
ViigVXi^kZeg^kViZWj^aY^c\h#I]ZEaVXZYZ
L^i]^ihigVbhnhiZb!i]Z;VWgZbjhZjb!i]Z
aV8db‚Y^Z!Vahd`cdlcVhi]ZÆZ\\Ç^hV
6bVodc^Vc\aVhh]djhZ!VcYi]ZBVgZCdhigjb « The city has entrusted
Òii^c\hnbWdad[i]Zh]ZZgY^kZgh^ind[i]^h
VfjVg^jbWjiV[Zl!Vaad[i]ZhZgZXZci the task of modernising
egdiZXiZYidlcXZcigZ!l^i]^ih&.i]XZcijgn
^c[gVhigjXijgZegd_ZXih]VkZWZZch`^a"
its suburbs to some of the deZgVbdYZaaZYdci]ZDe‚gV<Vgc^Zg^c
[jaanYZh^\cZY^c]Vgbdcnl^i]i]ZdaYidlc!
greatest names in con- EVg^hVcY^ihhiVijZd[i]ZI]gZZ<gVXZh#
bV^ciV^c^c\VcZmXZaaZcifjVa^ind[a^[Z]ZgZ#
6YY^i^dcVaan!Zck^gdcbZciVa^c^i^Vi^kZh]VkZ temporary architecture » Idi]ZlZhi!i]Z6gXYZIg^dbe]ZdeZchdji
dcidi]ZEgdbZcVYZYjEZngdj!i]ZÆGdnVa
[dgbZYV`ZneVgid[i]ZidlcÉhYZkZadebZci
hfjVgZÇYZY^XViZYidi]Z\adgnd[i]ZidlcÉhWZcZ[VXidg!
eda^Xn#>ck^\dgViZYWn^ihjgWVcgZcZlVaeda^Xn!i]ZX^in]Vh
Adj^hM>K#;gdb]ZgZdc!i]ZhigZZihdeZcjeVcYVaadl^c
ZcigjhiZYi]ZiVh`d[bdYZgc^h^c\^ihhjWjgWhidhdbZd[
bdgZa^\]i!l^i]i]ZaVg\ZWdjaZkVgYhgZ[Zgg^c\id7VaiVgY!
i]Z\gZViZhicVbZh^cXdciZbedgVgnVgX]^iZXijgZ!^cXajY^c\
=VjhhZbVccdgK^daaZi"aZ"9jXd[[Zg^c\VcVYYZYidjX]d[
cZdXaVhh^X^hb[dgi]Z6ci^\dcZY^hig^XiWni]ZVgX]^iZXiG^XVgYd
cdW^a^ini]Vc`hidi]Z^gEVg^h^Vc^cÓjZcXZ#
7dÒaa!VXaZVghiViZbZcid[bdYZgc^in[dgi]Zwb^aZOdaVbZY^V
a^WgVgnYZh^\cZYWn8]ZbZidk!i]Z8dgjb"De‚gV7Zga^doWn
I]ZdaYZhi[VXjaind[bZY^X^cZ
8aVjYZKVhXdc^!VcYd[XdjghZi]Z;VWgZbjhZjbgZhidgZY
id^ihg^\]i[ja\adgnidbViX]i]ZgZhid[i]Zidlc!ZcVWa^c\i]Z
^ci]Z8]g^hi^VcldgaY
gZ\^dcidgZXaV^b^iheaVXZdci]Z^ciZgcVi^dcVaVgihXZcZ#
C74A038>5A0=24
<>=C?4;;84A54BC8E0;
B><4C78=62;0BB820;¥B><4C78=6D=DBD0;
CWTAPSX^5aP]RT<^]c_T[[XTa5TbcXeP[fPbRaTPcTSX] ('$c^aTR^]RX[T
®R[PbbXRP[P]Sd]dbdP[\dbXR\PY^a_TaU^a\TabP]Sh^d]VT\TaVX]VcP[T]cb
b^d]SbUa^\cWT_PbcP]ScWTb^d]Sb^Uc^\^aa^f¯0bcWTU^d]SX]V_aX]RX_[Tb
^UcWXbUTbcXeP[X]R[dSTXcba^[TPbP_dQ[XRbTaeXRTP]SP\dbXRP[_a^SdRcX^]
_^[XRhST_[^hTSQhAPSX^5aP]RTXcfPb_TaUTRc[h]PcdaP[cWTaTU^aTcWPcXc
bW^d[S·]SXcbaXVWcUd[_[PRTWTaTX]cWXbaTVX^]UP\^dbU^aXcbTgcaT\T[h
SXeTabTPaRWXcTRcdaP[P]Sc^daXb\WTaXcPVTCWTAPSX^5aP]RT5TbcXeP[bTcb
]TfPccT]SP]RTaTR^aSbTPRWhTPaP]SfT[R^\TbP[\^bc _T^_[TCadT
c^cWTbTU^d]SX]V_aX]RX_[TbXcWPbbdRRTbbUd[[h\PX]cPX]TSP]SX\_a^eTSXcb
_a^VaP\\X]V_^[XRh^eTacWTcfT]chcWaTThTPab^UXcbTgXbcT]RT
HWZ_e<hWdY[Cedjf[bb_[h<[ij_lWb
J[b$((%)+,+&++-&#lll#[Zhi^kVagVY^d[gVcXZ#Xdb
7ZXdb^c\V[VkdjgZYYZhi^cVi^dc[dgi]^c`Zgh!e]^adhde]Zgh
VcYYdXidgh^ci]ZB^YYaZ6\Zh!VaaViigVXiZYWni]ZegZhi^\Z
VcYhiVcY^c\d[i]Z;VXjaind[BZY^X^cZ[djcYZY^ci]Z
&(i]XZcijgn!i]Zidlc[dg\ZYVadc\"iZgbeVXil^i]i]Z
hX^Zci^ÒXVcYa^iZgVgnXdbbjc^i^Zh#>ci]Z&+i]XZcijgn!
\gZVicVbZh^cXajY^c\GVWZaV^h!CdhigVYVbjhVcYGdcYZaZi
lZgZZYjXViZYVcYigV^cZY]ZgZ#AVeZngdc^ZAdj^hMKÉh
YdXidgVcYegZk^djhanVhijYZci^cBdcieZaa^Zg\VkZ]^h
cVbZidi]Z]j\Z]dhe^iVaadXViZY^ci]Zcdgi]d[i]Zidlc#
I]ZXdciZbedgVgnXdbbjc^ind[hX^Zci^hihVcYVgi^hih
VgZbZgZan[daadl^c\^ci]Z[ddihiZehd[i]ZhZi]^c`Zgh!Wn
bV`^c\i]^hX^inVcVi^dcVaXZcigZ[dg]^\]iZX]gZhZVgX]^c
ÒZaYhhjX]VhbZY^X^cZ!e]VgbVXZji^XVahVcYV\g^XjaijgZ
cdiidbZci^dcVXjaijgVa]diWZYl^i][Zhi^kVah^cXajY^c\
BdcieZaa^Zg9VchZ!GVY^d;gVcXZ!Eg^ciZbehYZh8db‚Y^Zch
VcY>ciZgcVi^dcVaZhYZaV<j^iVgZh^\c^ÒXVcianXdcig^WjiZY
idWddhi^c\i]ZX^inÉhhiVcY^c\VcY^cÓjZcXZ#
Cedjf[bb_[hJekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)+,+%+%+%lll#
di"bdcieZaa^Zg#[g
;Ykiied0BdcieZaa^ZgÉh]^hidg^XVaidlcXZcigZ!l]^X]iV`Zh
^ihcVbZ[gdbi]ZeZciV\dcVah]VeZd[i]ZVcX^Zci
'+
;gZcX]XjggZcXn!i]Z‚XjXgdlc#
Sud de France
6<G:6IA>;:HINA:
Jemd
EgdheZgdjhBEZIERS
PERPIGNAN,
DkZgadd`^c\i]ZXVcVaWg^Y\ZheVcc^c\i]ZDgW!7‚o^ZghÉ
]^hidgnYViZhWVX`ÒkZXZcijg^Zh#KZgna^iiaZigVXZgZbV^chd[
i]ZGdbVceZg^dYdi]Zgi]Vci]ZaVndjid[i]ZVcX^ZcibV^c
higZZih!i]ZVbe]^i]ZVigZVcYVlZaa`cdlchiVijZd[E‚e‚ojX!
i]Z^bV\^cVgnZbeZgdg[gdbadXVaaZ\ZcY#I]ZXVi]ZYgVaWZVgh
l^icZhhiddcZd[i]ZYVg`ZhiZe^hdYZh^c^ih]^hidgn#>ilVh
]ZgZdc?jan''cY&'%.i]Vii]ZXgjhVYZV\V^chii]Z]ZgZi^Xh
WZ\Vc#Cdadc\Zgl^aa^c\ididaZgViZi]ZadgYhd[i]ZAVc\jZYdX!
i]Z8]jgX]d[GdbZY^heViX]ZY^ihaZ\ViZH^bdcYZBdci[dgi#
I]Z8Vi]Vgh!l]didd`
gZ[j\Z^ci]ZX]jgX]Zh
d[AVBVYZaZ^cZVcY
HV^ci"CVoV^gZ lZgZ
haVj\]iZgZY^cVWaddY"
WVi]#;gdbi]ZcdclVgYh!i]Z^cfj^h^i^dchegZVYiZggdg
i]gdj\]djii]Zl]daZd[Hdji]Zgc;gVcXZ#>ilVhdcan^ci]Z
&.i]XZcijgni]Vii]ZbdYZgcidlcZbZg\ZY!l^i]^ihl^YZ
higZZiha^cZYl^i]i]Zajmjg^djhgZh^YZcXZhd[i]Zl^cZegd"
YjX^c\b^YYaZXaVhhZh#;dgb^c\i]ZWVX`WdcZd[i]^hjgWVc
eaVcc^c\hX]ZbZ!i]Z6aa‚ZhEVjaG^fjZi#6iZVX]ZcY!hiddYV
hnbWdad[^ihhjXXZhh#Idi]Zhdji]i]ZEaViZVjYZhEdƒiZh!Vc
ViigVXi^kZ:c\a^h]hinaZ\VgYZc^cl]^X]i]ZhXjaeidg>c_VaWZgi
eaVXZYVXdadcnd[ig^idchVcYcV^VYhVadc\h^YZ]^hXdadhhVa
i^iVc#Idi]Zcdgi]!i]Zi]ZVigZWj^ai^c&-))^hVbVgkZaadjh
>iVa^VchinaZhigjXijgZ#;gdbi]ZVaa‚Zhl]ZgZlZÒcYi]Z
hiVijZd[E^ZggZ"EVjaG^fjZi!i]Z^ckZcidgd[i]Z8VcVaYj
B^Y^!lZXdci^cjZdcidi]ZVgZcVh!]dbZd[i]Z[Vbdjh
[Zg^Vh]ZaY^c6j\jhi#
EZge^\cVc]VhWZZcVXgdhhgdVYhZkZgh^cXZi]Z>gdc6\Z!VcY
aViZgi]Vc`hidi]ZK^VYdb^i^V#6hi]ZXVe^iVad[i][email protected]^c\Ydb
d[BV_dgXVVi^ih]Z^\]i^ci]Z&(i]XZcijgn!VcYidYVni]Z
XVe^iVad[8ViVaVcXjaijgZ!i]ZidlcgZ^\chegdjYandkZgi]Z
Gdjhh^aadcVgZV#6\V^chii]ZWVX`Ygded[i]ZEngZcZZh!VcY
dkZgadd`ZYWni]Zhcdl"XVeeZY8Vc^\dj!EZge^\cVccZkZg"
i]ZaZhha^Zhl^i]^cZVhngZVX]
d[i]ZhZV#9Va†XVaaZY^iÆi]Z
XZcigZd[i]ZldgaYÇVcY^il^aa
hddcWZXdccZXiZYWni]ZI<K
]^\]heZZYgV^acZildg`idi]ZbV_dg:jgdeZVcYZhi^cVi^dch!
VcY_jhi*%b^cjiZh[gdb7VgXZadcVk^Vi]ZEZgi]jhijccZa#
I]ZXdckZghVi^dchcZkZgXZVhZ^ci]ZbZY^ZkVahigZZihVcY
a^kZanhfjVgZh^ci]Z]^hidg^XVaidlcXZcigZ#>ci]ZgZhiVjgVcih!
l]^X]VgZdeZcjci^aaViZ^ci]ZZkZc^c\!Vbdc\i]ZhiVaahd[
i]Zbjai^XdadjgZYbVg`Zih!i]Zk^WgVci]ZVgid[i]ZX^inWZVih
fj^X`an#I]ZXdadjg[jagZYWg^X`d[i]Z8Vhi^aaZiVcYd[i]Z
eVaVXZd[i][email protected]^c\hd[BV_dgXVgZbV^chi]ZX^inÉhZbWaZb#
>ci]ZejWa^XVgZVhndjXVcVYb^gZXdciZbedgVgnhXjaeijgZh
WnBV^aadaVcVi^kZd[i]ZgZ\^dc#6bdc\i]^hlZVai]d[
VgX]^iZXijgVahinaZh!^cXajY^c\VXdbW^cVi^dcd[i]Z8ViVaVc
VcY<di]^XhinaZh^ci]ZEaVXZYZaVAd\Z!dgi]Z^cXdbeVgVWaZ
\aVbdjgd[Gdjhh^aadcWVgdfjZVii]ZXVi]ZYgVad[HV^ci?ZVc!
i]ZadXVa[Zhi^kZigVY^i^dcXdci^cjZhl^i]ViigVXi^dchhjX]Vhi]Z
HZbV^cZHV^ciZ=danLZZ`!i]Z:hi^kVaZhhjbbZg[Zhi^kVa
dgK^hVedjgaÉ>bV\ZidcVbZWjiV[Zl#
VY^hi^cXian8ViVaVc^YZci^in
Dalí called the station “the
centre of the world”…
« The arenas, home of
the famous ferias
held in August… »
8ƒp_[hiJekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)+,,+-)%%
lll#WZo^Zgh"idjg^hbZ#[g
F[hf_]dWdJekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)+-++(%(%
lll#eZge^\cVcidjg^hbZ#Xdb
NARBONNE,VcY^ihVci^fjZ]Zg^iV\Z
I]^hGdbVcXdadcn!i]ZÒghiXgZViZYdjih^YZ>iVan^ci]ZhZXdcY
XZcijgn78!WZXVbZi]ZaVg\Zhi^ci]Zl]daZd[<Vja#6hV
XVe^iVaVcYVigVY^c\edgi!CVgWd"BVgi^jhlVhh^ijViZYViV
XgdhhgdVYhl]ZgZi]Zk^VYdb^i^VVcYi]Zk^V6fj^iVc^VbZi#
;gdbi]^h^aajhig^djhGdbVceVhi!CVgWdccZÉhk^h^idghXVc
hi^aaVYb^gZVlZVai]d[gZbV^ch!i]ZbdhihnbWda^Xd[l]^X]
^hi]ZgdjiZd[i]Zk^VYdb^i^V
l]^X]deZchdji^cidi]Zb^YYaZ
d[EaVXZYZaÉ=iZaYZK^aaZ#I]Z
idlcÉhVgX]VZdad\^XVabjhZjb
^h]dbZidVc^begZhh^kZXdaaZX"
i^dcd[GdbVceV^ci^c\h!hidcZh!
VcYi]Zk^VYdb^i^VÉhdaYZhib^aZhidcZ#8]g^hi^Vc^inVahdhegZVY
^ci]^hVcX^ZciX^inl^i]i]ZWj^aY^c\d[i]ZÒghiHV^ci?jhiHV^ci
EVhiZjgXVi]ZYgVa^ci]ZÒ[i]XZcijgn!^cXgZVh^c\i]Z^cÓjZcXZ
d[i]ZVgX]W^h]deg^X#I]Z]^hidg^XVaidlcXZcigZdkZgadd`ZY
Wni]Z^begZhh^kZ6gX]W^h]deÉheVaVXZ^haV^YdjiVgdjcYi]Z
EVhhV\ZYZaÉ6cXgZVcYi]Z8djgYZaVBVYZaZ^cZ#I]Z8VcVa
YZaVGdW^cZeVhhZhi]gdj\]i]Zidlc!VcYXdccZXihl^i]
i]Z8VcVaYjB^Y^!d[[Zg^c\k^h^idghVcjbWZgd[^ciZgZhi^c\
ig^ehYjg^c\l]^X]i]ZnXVcY^hXdkZgCVgWdccZÉh]^hidgnVcY
^ihaVcYhXVeZh#CVgWdccZ^hVahdi]Z]dbZidlcd[8]VgaZh
Ig‚cZi!i]Z[VbdjhÆh^c\^c\bVYbVcÇ#I]Z]djhZ^cl]^X]
]ZlVhWdgcXVchi^aaWZk^h^iZYidYVn#
« A wealth of remains,
the most symbolic of
which is the route of
the via domitia… »
DWhXedd[Jekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)+-+*&*+%
lll#cVgWdccZ"idjg^hbZ#Xdb
',
Sud de France
Jemd
6<G:6IA>;:HINA:
E8B0?>DA;±8<064)
0=>?4=F8=3>FC>
C74A4BC>5C74F>A;3
2aTPcTSX] (''cWXbX]cTa]PcX^]P[UTbcXeP[WPb\PcdaTS^eTacWT
[Pbc!hTPab0fX[[X]V]Tbbc^bW^f^UUcWTc^f]±b^dcbcP]SX]V
WTaXcPVT[TSc^cWTRaTPcX^]^UPWdVTUTbcXeP[UTPcdaX]VcWTcWT\T
^U_W^c^Y^da]P[Xb\fXcWTgWXQXcX^]bP]S^cWTaUTPcdaTbWT[S
cWa^dVW^dc?Ta_XV]P]PccWT<X]X\TbR^]eT]c2P\_^BP]c^TcR
CWTf^aZ^Ub^\T"_W^c^VaP_WTabP]SPbX\X[Pa]d\QTa^U_aTbb
bd__^acbcPUUXbWXVW[XVWcTSB^\TVaTPc]P\TbPaTX]e^[eTS
X]R[dSX]VU^aTgP\_[TcWT_W^c^VaP_WTaBTQPbcXP^BP[VPS^P]S
^cWTabfW^PaT]^c`dXcTb^fT[[Z]^f]QhcWTVT]TaP[_dQ[XRQdc
bd__^acTSQh\PY^aPVT]RXTbX]R[dSX]V<PV]d\6P\\PP]S
BX_PTcRCWT\PVPiX]TbPaTP[b^_aTbT]cWTaTX]R[dSX]V6|^
=PcX^]P[6T^VaP_WXR^a4[[TU^afW^\_W^c^bPaTPeP[dPQ[T
\TP]b^UTg_aTbbX^]CWT_da_^bT^UcWXbX]cTa]PcX^]P[[haT]^f]TS
UTbcXeP[Xbc^aTfPaScWTePaX^db_PacXRX_P]cbfXcWPEXbPS±^aF^a[S
_aTbb_W^c^TcRc^SXbRdbbP]SRP\_PXV]cWa^dVW\TTcX]Vb
P]SR^[[^`dXd\bc^_a^\^cTcWTa^[T^UcWT_aTbb_W^c^VaP_WTa
P]Sc^aTeTP[cWa^dVWTgWXQXcX^]bP]STeT]X]VbRaTT]X]VbYdbc
PUTf^UcWTcWX]VbfWXRW]TeTa\PZTXcX]c^cWT\TSXP
lll#k^hVedjga^bV\Z#Xdb
'-
Sud de France
6<G:6IA>;:HINA:
Jemd
Bjai^[VXZiZYCARCASSONNE
6]^hidg^XVaidlc!8VgXVhhdccZ^hVWdkZVaa`cdlcVhV[dgi^ÒZY
idlc#9Zhe^iZ^ihbVgkZaadjhbZY^ZkVadaYidlc!i]ZhjWjgWh
]VkZcdiWZZc[dg\diiZc#7j^aidci]ZaZ[iWVc`d[i]Z6jYZ
VcYa^c`ZYidi]ZdaYidlcWni]ZdaYWg^Y\Z!i]Zn^cXajYZi]Z
ÆIg^kVaaZÇ!VhbVaaY^hig^Xil^i]VkZgnhigdc\eZghdcVa^in#I]^h
VgZVXdciV^chhdbZ^ciZgZhi^c\GZcV^hhVcXZ"hinaZ]dbZh!
^cXajY^c\dcZ[ZVijg^c\i]ZhdXVaaZYÆBdcibdgZcXnÇ]Va[
i^bWZgZYYZh^\c#=ZgZ!i]Z7Vhi^YZHV^ciAdj^h^haV^Ydji
WVhZYdcVcdgYZganÆX]ZhhWdVgYÇeViiZgcVgdjcYEaVXZ8Vgcdi!
YZXdgViZYl^i]VhjeZgWWVgdfjZ
[djciV^cYVi^c\[gdbi]Z&-i]XZcijgn#
>i^h]ZgZi]Vii]ZbVg`Zi^h]ZaY!Vh
YZhXg^WZYWn7VaoVXVcYHiZcY]Va#
I]Zg^hZd[i]ZXadi]^cYjhignbVYZ
i]ZidlcegdheZgdjh!aZVY^c\idi]Z
ZbZg\ZcXZd[VXdb[dgiVWaZb^YYaZ
XaVhh!VhYZbdchigViZYWni]Zhjbe"
ijdjh]dbZh^cgjZ6^b‚GVbdc
^cXajY^c\i]ZGdaaVcYWj^aY^c\l]^X]idYVn]djhZhi]ZX^in
]VaaVcYi]Z;dgc^Zg"9jeg‚Wj^aY^c\^cgjZYZKZgYjc#I]^h
aViiZggZh^YZcXZ^h]dbZidi]ZBV^hdcYZhB‚bd^gZhXgZViZY
^cbZbdgnd[i]ZlZaa`cdlclg^iZg?d…7djhfjZi#I]Z8VcVa
YjB^Y^!Wj^aiWZilZZc&+++VcY&+-&dg^\^cVaanWneVhhZYi]Z
idlc#>ilVhdcan^c&-&%i]Vi^ilVhgZgdjiZYideVhhi]gdj\]
^i#6cjbWZgd[Wg^Y\ZhlZgZheZX^VaanWj^ai[dgi]ZdXXVh^dc
^cXajY^c\i]ZEdciYÉ>‚cV!i]ZEdciBVgZc\dVcYi]ZEdciYZaV
EV^m#HiVcY^c\Vii]Z[ddid[i]ZdaYidlc!i]ZadlZgidlcidYVn
ViigVXihVXa^ZciZaZd[eaZVhjgZWdViZghVcYdi]ZglViZglVn
idjg^hbZci]jh^Vhih!l]d]VkZ[djcYi]Vii]ZcZlanje\gVYZY
edgiegdk^YZhi]ZeZg[ZXieaVXZ[dgVhidedkZg#
« It is here that
the market is
held, as described
by Balzac and
Stendhal… »
9WhYWiiedd[Jekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)+-&%')(%
lll#XVgXVhhdccZ"idjg^hbZ#Xdb
<0AE4;B>5C74
0=284=CF>A;3
CWTPaT]PbfWXRWPaTRTacPX][hcWTQTbc_aTbTaeTSA^\P]
\^]d\T]cbX]cWTf^a[SWPeTQ^[S[hST·TScX\TfTPcWTaP]S
cWTf^aZ^U\P]1dX[cc^P]T[[X_cXRP[STbXV]P]S\TPbdaX]V
""\TcaTbQh \TcaTbcWT®P\_WXcWTPcaT¯PbXcfPbZ]^f]
X]cWT (cWRT]cdahWPbPRP_PRXch^U!#_T^_[T^]"#
cXTaTScTaaPRTb3T·]XcT[hP®\dbcbTT¯PccaPRcX^]5dacWTa
c^cWT]^acW^UcWTc^f]fT·]ScWT<PXb^]2Paa|T)cWT^][h
Ud[[h_aTbTaeTSP]RXT]ccT\_[TX]cWTf^a[SCWXbQdX[SX]V
TaTRcTSSdaX]VcWT·abcRT]cdah12P]Sc^SPhPbcaXZX]V
bh\Q^[^UcWTRXch^U=‚\TbcPZTbXcb]P\TUa^\Xcbb`dPaT
bWP_T7XVWTabcX[[d_X]cWTWXVWTbc_Pacb^UcWT9PaSX]bST
[P5^]cPX]TcWTC^da<PV]T[^^Zb^dcPRa^bbcWT[P]SbRP_T
CWXbXbcWTWXVWTbcc^fTaX]cWTA^\P]STUT]bXeTaX]VP]S
XcXbcW^dVWccWPccWT2T[cb^aXVX]P[[hSTRXSTSc^QdX[SXcPbP
bXV]^UcWTXabcaT]VcWP]SU^adbTPbP[^^Z^dcc^fTaCWXb
XbPa^[TfWXRWXcR^]cX]dTSc^_TaU^a\d]STacWTA^\P]b
FXcWXcb0aT]PbcWT<PXb^]2Paa|TP]ScWTC^da<PV]T=‚\Tb
fPbaTRT]c[hPfPaSTScWT®qc^X[TbST[±0RRdTX[¯ca^_Wh
'.
Sud de France
lll#VgZcZh"c^bZh#Xdb
lll#XjaijgZheVXZh#Xdb
Jemd
6<G:6IA>;:HINA:
GdbVcNIMES
MENDE,\adg^djhh^bea^X^in
DkZgi]ZXZcijg^Zh!b^hX]^ZkdjhCˆbZh]Vh]VY^ihÒc\Zgh
^cbVcne^Zh!l]Zi]Zg]^hidg^XVa!XdciZbedgVgndggZa^\^djh#
>i]VhgZiV^cZYcdcZd[i]ZVjhiZg^inndjldjaYZmeZXi[gdb
^ihegdiZhiVci]Zg^iV\Z#>cYZZY!VabdhiVh^[`ZZcidYd
egZX^hZani]Zdeedh^iZ!i]ZX^inegdjYanhedgih^ihViigVXi^kZ
h]VYZYhfjVgZh!^ihl^cY^c\cVggdlhigZZih!^ihWdjaZkVgYh
a^cZYl^i]eaVcZigZZh!^ihe‚iVcfjZeaVnZghVcY^ihhigdaaZgh
^ci]Z?VgY^chYZaV;dciV^cZ#6ai]dj\]i]^hViigVXi^kZGdbVc
idlciV`Zheg^YZ^cXjai^kVi^c\Vc^cXdbeVgVWaZVgid[a^k^c\!
^ihcVggdlhigZZihVgZeVgi^XjaVgana^kZanYjg^c\i]ZWjaaÒ"
\]i^c\ZkZcihdgi]Z[Vbdjh[Zg^Vhl]^X]ViigVXiXgdlYhd[
idjg^hihVcYZci]jh^Vhih#AdXViZYVii]ZWdgYZgWZilZZci]Z
AVc\jZYdXVcYEgdkZcXZ!CˆbZh^hkZgnYZÒc^iZanGdbVc!
^ihbdcjbZcihWZVg^c\l^icZhhidi]Zh]ZZgheaZcYdjgd[
VcX^ZciVgX]^iZXijgZ^cXajY^c\^ihgVbeVgih!i]ZVgZcVh!
i]ZBV^hdc8Vgg‚Z!i]ZIdjgBV\cZ!i]ZIZbeaZd[9^VcV
WjiVahdi]ZVcX^ZciGdbVci]ZgbVaWVi]hWj^aijcYZgi]Z
?VgY^chYZaV;dciV^cZ#Cddi]Zgidlc^c;gVcXZedhhZhhZh
hjX]^begZhh^kZgZbV^ch#I]ZCˆbZhd[idYVn^hcZkZgkZgn
[Vg[gdbGdbVcCˆbZh!VhhjeZgWanYZbdchigViZY^ci]Z
]^\]ank^hjVaXdcigVhiWZilZZci]ZBV^hdc8Vgg‚ZVcYi]Z
8Vgg‚YÉ6gi!l]^X]^h]dbZidi]ZbZY^Va^WgVgnVcYCˆbZhÉ
bjhZjbd[XdciZbedgVgnVgi#I]ZhZildWj^aY^c\h!hZeVgViZY
Wni]ZXZcijg^Zh!d[[ZgVldcYZg[jaXdcigVhid[daYGdbVc
hidcZVcYXdciZbedgVgn\aVhh#
7j^aiVadc\i]ZWVc`hd[i]Zg^kZgAdiheVccZYWni]Z&(i]
XZcijgnCdigZ9VbZWg^Y\Z!BZcYZWdVhihVcdjihiVcY^c\
Zck^gdcbZciVcY]Vhldg`ZY]VgYidZc]VcXZVcYejWa^X^hZ^ih
g^X]]Zg^iV\Z!aZVY^c\id^iWZ^c\gZXZcianVlVgYZYÆidlcd[Vgi
VcY]^hidgnÇhiVijh#6hdcZd[;gVcXZÉhhbVaaZhieg‚[ZXijgZh!
i]^hidlc^ci]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc]^\]aVcYh^hVcdeZc
l^cYdlidi]ZIVgc\dg\Zh!hZia^`ZegZX^djh_ZlZah^ci]Z]^aan
iZggV^cd[i]ZBVhh^[8ZcigVa8VjhhZh!8‚kZccZh!6jWgVX
VcYBVg\Zg^YZ#EgdbdiZYZe^h"
XdeVahZZYjg^c\i]ZÒ[i]XZcijgn!
i]Zidlcdcan\V^cZY^ih[gZZYdb
l^i]i]ZGZkdaji^dc!WZXdb^c\i]Z
bV^cidlc[dgi]ZAdoƒgZVgZV#>c
i]ZbZVci^bZ!^iWj^aigVbeVgihd[l]^X]i]Z&'i]XZcijgn
EZc^iZcihÉidlZgXVchi^aaWZVYb^gZYidYVn#>iVahdVXfj^gZY
VcZcdgbdjh\di]^XXVi]ZYgVaWj^aiWnEdeZJgWVcK^ci]Z
&)i]XZcijgn!d[l]^X]i]ZbVgkZaadjhÆ;gVcd^hÇWZaaidlZg
c^X`cVbZYi]ZÆdcZ"VcY"dcanÇl]^X]^cXajYZYi]ZaVg\Zhi
WZaa^ci]Z8]g^hi^VcldgaYlVhhVYanYZhigdnZYYjg^c\i]Z
gZa^\^djhlVgh#IdYVn!k^h^idghXVcVYb^gZi]ZdaYidlcXZcigZ!
i]Z]djhZhl^i]i]Z^ghjeZgWangZhidgZYXdadjgh![ZVijg^c\
ine^XVaaVjoZhaViZgdd[idehdXXVh^dcVaangZhZbWa^c\i]Z
]jaad[VcjeijgcZYWdVi#9jg^c\i]ZhjbbZgi^bZ!i]ZgZ^h
eaZcinidhZZVcYYd^ci]ZXdWWaZYcVggdlhigZZih#6aa^cVaa!
VcViigVXi^kZ]VkZcd[eZVXZ!lZaaldgi]Vk^h^i#
« One of France’s
smallest
préfectures…»
D‰c[iJekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)++*-(-%%
lll#di"c^bZh#[g
ALES,VWVhi^dcd[ldg`^c\XaVhh
EgdiZhiVci^hb
;gdbi]Z=Zgb^iV\Z]^aal]ZgZi]ZgZbV^chd[V<VaadGdbVc
]^aa[dgiXVchi^aaWZVYb^gZY!k^h^idghXVciV`Z^ci]ZbVgkZaadjh
k^ZldkZgi]ZVgZVVgdjcY6aƒh#?jhiVhidcZÉhi]gdl[gdb]ZgZ!
Vh]dlb^cZgZb^cYhjhi]Vi6aƒhdcXZ]VY')!%%%b^cZgh^c
&.)-!VcYlVhdcZd[;gVcXZÉhbV^cXdVaegdYjX^c\VgZVh!
l^i]b^c^c\WZ\^cc^c\]ZgZ^ci]Z&.i]XZcijgn#Adj^hEVhiZjg
bVYZVkVa^VciZ[[dgiidXdcfjZgh^a`ldgbcdhZbVY^hZVhZid
ignVcYhVkZi]Zh^a`^cYjhignl]^X]Ódjg^h]ZY]ZgZVXZcijgn
ZVga^Zg!WjiXdVab^c^c\!WVX`ZYWni]ZVgg^kVad[i]ZgV^alVnh
\gVYjVaanWZXVbZegZYdb^cVci!\^k^c\i]Zidlc^ih[Vbdjh
wXdaZYZhB^cZhb^c^c\VcYZc\^cZZg^c\hX]dda#6aƒh!i]Z
XVe^iVad[i]Z8‚kZccZh!cZhiaZhhcj\anVii]Z[ddid[VgVc\Z
d[]^aah!dcVWZcY^ci]Zg^kZg<VgYdc#
CZVgi]ZXZcigZd[i]ZdaYidlclZ
ÒcYi]Z[dgbZg8df=VgY^^ccl]ZgZ
^c&+'.i]ZÆEV^mYÉ6aV^hÇZhiVWa^h]^c\
[gZZYdbd[ldgh]^e^hhV^Yid]VkZWZZch^\cZYWnG^X]Za^Zj!
V`ZnZkZci[dgi]^hegdiZhiVciidlc#Cdi[Vg[gdb]ZgZ!i]Z
XVi]ZYgVad[HV^ci"?ZVcl]^X]XdbW^cZhGdbVcZhfjZ!
\di]^XVcYcZdXaVhh^XVaVgi^hi^X[ZVijgZhlVhWj^aidci]Z
gZbV^chd[VGdbVciZbeaZ#>ci]ZXZcigZ!eVg`h![djciV^ch!
eZYZhig^Vc^oZYhigZZihVcYiZggVXZhXgZViZVgZaVm^c\VcY
ViigVXi^kZVibdhe]ZgZ#HjbbZgh]dlhVcYXdcXZgihVgZ]ZaY
^ci]ZdeZc"V^g!dkZgadd`ZYWni]ZKVjWVc[dgigZhh#:VX]nZVg!
Yjg^c\i]Z6hXZch^dc9Vn[Zg^V!i]Zidlc^hWgdj\]iida^[ZWn
i]ZWdYZ\VhVcYXdgg^YVh!l]^aZ(%%%%%k^h^idghÓdX`idi]Z
idlcXZcigZ#9jg^c\i]Zl^ciZg!^iÉhi^bZ[dgi]ZÆ>i^c‚gVcXZhÇ
[Zhi^kVa!VcdiidWZb^hhZYZkZci[dgVaaÒabWj[[h
« Alès, the capital
of the Cévennes…»
7b„i[d9ƒl[dd[iJekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)++*'('&*#lll#k^aaZ"VaZh#[g
C[dZ[Jekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)++.)%%'(#lll#di"bZcYZ#[g
7i[b[Yj_ede\jemdioekÊbbd[l[hmWdjjeb[Wl[
Wjlll#hjc[gVcXZ#Xdb
8C8=4A0=24B
CA0E4;;8=6C7A>D67
C7420<4A0;4=B4
CWT0[}bRX]T\PUTbcXeP[PccaPRcb\^aTcWP]"eXbXc^ab
c^fWXRWbW^d[SQTPSSTSb^\T $bRW^^[RWX[SaT]
CWT '·[\bbRaTT]TSWTaT^eTaP_TaX^S^U SPhb
TPRWhTPaSdaX]V<PaRWaT\PX]UPXcWUd[c^cWT^aXVX]P[
b_XaXc^UcWXbTeT]c)QaX]VX]VcWTVT]TaP[_dQ[XRUX[\b
cWPccWThf^d[S]^cdbdP[[hVTcPRWP]RTc^bTTX]cWT
RX]T\PbCWTbT\PhQTbW^ac^aUd[[[T]VcW·[\bSTP[X]V
fXcWSaP\PS^Rd\T]cPaXTb^aP]X\PcX^]Ua^\TPa[hbX
[T]c·[\bcWa^dVWc^\^STa]SPh_a^SdRcX^]bP]SUa^\
P[[_Pacb^UcWTf^a[STeT]<^]V^[XPWPbWPSXcbW^da^U
V[^ahWTaTCWP]Zbc^Xcb_aTeXTfbd]aT[TPbTSU^^cPVT
cWT\TSbTPb^]bRX]TR^]RTacbP]SPbW^feXbXc^abRP]
PS\XaTVT]aTR[PbbXRbSXbR^eTa]TfUPRTcb^UP7XcRWR^RZ
_a^SdRcX^]^a_^TcXiTfXcW;^d3^X[[^]®8cX]|aP]RTb¯P[b^
_PhbcaXQdcTc^RT[TQaXcXTbPRc^ab^a·[\\PZTabX]eXcTSc^
cWTUTbcXeP[X]R[dSX]V2[PdSXP2PaSX]P[^acWTRWPaXb\PcXR
5X]]XbW_a^SdRTa0ZX:PdaXb\PZXfW^Sa^__TSQhX] ((!
7XbcaPeT[bTeT]bTaeTSPbPb^daRT^UX]b_XaPcX^]U^acWT
RdaaT]c]P\T^UcWTUTbcXeP[)®8cX]|aP]RTb¯
J^[?j_dƒhWdY[i<[ij_lWb_d7b„i
J[b$((%)++(%')'+
lll#^i^cZgVcXZh#dg\
'/
Sud de France
=:G>I6<:
>_ijeho
=:G>I6<:
Kd[iYei_j[
6adc\i]Z]Zg^iV\ZgdjiZh
6bdc\i]ZbVcnVgX]^iZXijgVaVcYaVcYhXVeZ[ZVijgZhd[djggZ\^dc!hdbZh^iZh]VkZ
WZZcbVg`ZYdjiVhigZVhjgZhd[XjaijgVa]Zg^iV\Z/EdciYj<VgY!i]Z[dgi^ÒZYX^ind[
8VgXVhhdccZ!i]Z8VcVaYjB^Y^!i]Ze^a\g^bgdjiZhidHV^ci?VXfjZhYZ8dbedhiZaaZ#
I]ZhZ hnbWdah d[ i]Z ^c\Zcj^in d[ eVhi X^k^a^hVi^dch! a^hiZY Wn JcZhXd Vh LdgaY
=Zg^iV\Zh^iZh!VgZVc^ck^iVi^dcidiV`ZVe^a\g^bV\Z"l]Zi]Zg^che^gZYWnXjaijgZ!
gZa^\^dcdgidjg^hb#Di]ZgigZVhjgZhVahdWZX`dcndjidiV`Zi]ZgdVY#>ci]Z6jYZ
Xdjcignh^YZ!8Vi]Vg[dgigZhhZh`ZZeVXVgZ[jalViX]dkZgZ^\]iXZcijg^Zhd[]^hidgn#
I]ZgdVYhaZVY^c\idi]ZhdjgXZd[i]^hXjghZYgZa^\^dcViigVXiadkZghd[VcX^ZcihidcZ
VcY]^hidgn!VhlZaaVhi]dhZhZZ`^c\\gVcY^dhZaVcYhXVeZh#>ci]Z8‚kZccZh]^aahd[
<VgYVcYAdoƒgZ!i]ZBjhZjbd[i]Z9ZhZgi!]ZVgid[EgdiZhiVcigZh^hiVcXZYjg^c\
i]ZgZa^\^djhlVgh!lZaXdbZhi]djhVcYhd[k^h^idghZkZgnnZVg!hZZ`^c\Va^c`l^i]
i]Z^ggZa^\^djheVhi#L]^aZi]ZK^V9db^i^VgdVY!Vcdi]ZghnbWdad[GdbVc^c\Zcj^in!
Wg^c\hi]Z\gVcYZjgd[V'%%%"nZVgdaYX^k^a^oVi^dcVa^kZjcYZgdjgkZgn[ZZi###
EdciYj<VgY!i]ZbZbdgnd[hidcZh
B
dgZi]Vc'%%%nZVgh]VkZ\dcZWnh^cXZ^ilVhWj^ai
VcYnZii]ZEdciYj<VgY!VbVhiZge^ZXZd[GdbVc
6ci^fj^in!^hhi^aa;gVcXZÉhbdhik^h^iZYVcX^Zci
bdcjbZci#GV^hZY^cVWdji*%69!i]ZegZhi^\^djhgZbV^ch
d[i]ZVci^fjZCˆbZhVfjZYjXi^hhi^aaVhijcc^c\[ZVid[
VgX]^iZXijgZ!VigjZ^aajhigVi^dcd[GdbVc^c\Zcj^in/)-
bZigZh]^\]!(+%badc\!).VgX]Zh!i]gZZi^Zghd[hidcZldg`!
dkZg*%!%%%idchd[hidcZ½>i^hcdYdjWii]Z]^\]ZhiGdbVc
VfjZYjXiWg^Y\Z^ci]ZldgaY#Dg^\^"
cVaan!XdchigjXi^dcd[i]ZVfjZYjXi
YZh^\cZYida^c`CˆbZhl^i]i]Z:jgZ
heg^c\h!cZVgJoƒh!aVhiZYVWdji
Ò[iZZcnZVgh!Wji^iidd`cdaZhhi]Vc
ÒkZnZVghidWj^aYi]ZWg^Y\Z^ihZa[#6adc\^ih*%`bgdjiZ!hdbZ
ldg`hgZbV^cWjii]ZEdciYj<VgY^hi]ZdcandcZid]VkZ
gZh^hiZYi]ZgVkV\Zhd[i^bZhdlZaa#6cVm^hd[Xdbbjc^XVi^dc
jhZY[dgXZcijg^ZhWnXVgihVcYaViZgWnXVgh!i]Zh^iZlVh
gZ\^hiZgZYVhV]^hidg^XVabdcjbZci^c&-)%!WZcZÒi^c\[gdb
ildhjXXZhh^kZgZhidgVi^dcXVbeV^\ch#>ci]Z'%i]XZcijgn!
i]ZhigjXijgZlVhi]gZViZcZYWni]ZeVhhV\Zd[igjX`h!_jhi
Vh^ihidjg^hiediZci^ValVhWZ\^cc^c\idWZgZVa^oZY#>c&.-*!
^ihXaVhh^ÒXVi^dcVhVJcZhXdLdgaY=Zg^iV\Zh^iZegd_ZXiZY
i]ZEdciYj<VgY^cidVcZlZgV#
« …the highest Roman
aqueduct bridge
in the world »
6gZbVg`VWaZcVijgVah^iZ
DkZgVb^aa^dck^h^idghXdbZidi]^hZbWaZbVi^XcVijgVa
VgX]VZdad\^XVah^iZZVX]nZVg!idXdciZbeaViZi]ZbV_Zhi^X
VgX]Zhd[i]ZWg^Y\ZXgdhh^c\i]Z<VgYdcg^kZg#I]ZhZii^c\
d[i]ZEdciYj<VgY^hVcZmXZei^dcVa&+*"]ZXiVgZh^iZ#
;gdbi]ZXVgeVg`!k^h^idghXVclVcYZgi]gdj\]Vine^XVaan
BZY^iZggVcZVcaVcYhXVeZ!^ci]Zb^Yhid[i]Z\Vgg^\jZ!
dgY^hXdkZgi]ZhidcZfjVgg^ZhjhZYidXdchigjXii]Z
Wg^Y\Z#AVWZaaZYVhV»<gVcYh^iZYZ;gVcXZ¼^c'%%)VcY
Xdbb^iiZYidVhjhiV^cVWaZYZkZadebZciVeegdVX]!i]Z
EdciYj<VgYXdci^cjZhidZmVaii]ZbV\^Xd[i]ZeaVXZ!
d[[Zg^c\igZbZcYdjhdeedgijc^i^Zh[dgZkZcihi]Vi]VkZ
WZXdbZZbWaZbVi^Xi]ZbhZakZh/i]Z»;Zhi^kZ<Vgg^\jZ¼!
»HjbbZgVii]ZEdciYj<VgY¼dg»aVCj^iYZaVX]VjkZ"
hdjg^h¼#I]ZgZ^hVeZgkVY^c\YZh^gZidWgZVi]ZcZla^[Z^cid
i]^hhnbWda^Xh^iZ#6cYndjXVcVabdhihZchZi]ZbZbdgn
d[i]ZhidcZh#
J^[\ekhKD;I9Ei_j[iWjlll#hjc[gVcXZ#Xdb
0=02C8E4B8C4
5^RdbTSPa^d]ScWT\^bceXbXcTSP]RXT]c\^]d\T]cX]5aP]RT
P]P\QXcX^dbRd[cdaP[_a^VaP\\TWPbQTT]bTcd_fXcW
_Ta\P]T]cSTSXRPcTS3XbR^eTah0aTPb5Xabc[hcWT<dbTd\R^eTaX]V
!$\!fXcWX]U^a\PcX^]^]6P[[^A^\P]RXeX[XiPcX^]cWT
R^]bcadRcX^]^UcWTbXcTP]ScWT\P]haT_aTbT]cPcX^]b^UcWT?^]c
Sd6PaS^eTacWTRT]cdaXTb<^ST[bVP\TbP[XQaPah\^]Xc^ab
X]cTaPRcXeTcTa\X]P[b\d[cX\TSXPbRaTT]bb^d]ST]eXa^]\T]cb
\PaZ^dccWTcaPX[P]S[XZTP[XeX]VbTcT]PQ[TeXbXc^abc^X\\TabT
(&
Sud de France
cWT\bT[eTbX]PR^\_[TcT[hSXUUTaT]cd]XeTabT5^aRWX[SaT]¬Ua^\
$c^ !hTPabP;dS^PaTPWPbQTT]bTcd_PZX]S^U[XUTbXiTS
Q^PaSVP\Tc^bcX\d[PcTRdaX^bXchP]S[TPa]PccWTbP\TcX\T
EXbXc^abfP]cX]Vc^·]S^dc\^aTRP]VTcP[[cWTX]U^a\PcX^]Pc
cWT\TSXP[XQaPahP]SP·RcX^]S^Rd\T]cPahCWTETbbT[^UcWT
6PaS^]XbbRaTT]TSX]cWTRX]T\Pa^^\
FedjZk=WhZi_j[
J[b$((%-'%.%(((%
lll#edciYj\VgY#[g
('
Sud de France
=:G>I6<:
Kd[iYei_j[
=:G>I6<:
:
VX]i^bZ!i]Zk^h^idg^hhigjX`l^i]i]ZhVbZVbVoZ"
bZciVii]Z[ddid[i]Z[dgi^ÒZYX^in/YgVlWg^Y\Zh!bV"
X]^XdaVi^dch!i]gZZ`^adbZigZhd[gVbeVgih[dgb^c\
ildXdcXZcig^XlVaah!ZVX]ÓVc`ZYWnilZcin"h^midlZgh#
6i]djhVcYnZVghd[b^a^iVgnVgX]^iZXijgZadd`^c\Ydlcdc
jh6cYnZi!i]Z8^incZVganY^hVeeZVgZY#6[iZg^iheZg^dY
d[\adgn^ci]ZB^YYaZ6\Zh!^iadhiVaahigViZ\^X^ciZgZhi^c
&+*.!l]Zci]ZigZVind[i]ZEngZcZZh_d^cZYGdjhh^aadc
id;gVcXZ#6ii]ZWZ\^cc^c\d[i]Z&.i]XZcijgn!i^gZYVcY
gj^cZYWni]ZXZcijg^Zh!^ilVhcdi]^c\bdgZi]VcVeddg
fjVgiZgVWVcYdcZYidi]ZVeeZi^iZhd[hidcZ]jciZgh#I]Z
]^hidg^Vc!?ZVc"E^ZggZ8gdh"BVngZk^Z^aaZhdjcYZYi]ZVaVgb
VcY:j\ƒcZK^daaZi"aZ"9jX!VWg^aa^Vcindjc\VgX]^iZXilVh
eaVXZY^cX]Vg\Zd[hVk^c\^i#=Z
lVheVhh^dcViZVWdji]^hhjW_ZXi!
bV`^c\h`ZiX]Zh[gdbZkZgnVc\aZ
VcYiV`^c\VXXjgViZbZVhjgZbZcih
d[Vaai]Z[dgi^ÒXVi^dchidgZhidgZ
i]Zb^ci]ZWZhiedhh^WaZlVn#=ZijgcZY8VgXVhhdccZ^cid
VaZhhdc^cdeZc"V^gb^a^iVgnVgX]^iZXijgZ#=^hYZigVXidgh
hed`Zd[VYgZVbd[i]ZB^YYaZ6\Zh!hig^`^c\VX]dgY
l^i]i]ZGdbVci^XbdkZbZcid[i]Z&.i]XZcijgn#;dg
dkZg*%nZVgh!i]Z8^inlVhigVch[dgbZY^cidV\^\Vci^X
Wj^aY^c\h^iZl^i]VcZYjXVi^dcVakdXVi^dc#;dgi]ZÒghi
i^bZ!VcVgX]^iZXijgVaZci^inlVhWZ^c\gZhidgZY[dgejgZan
XdchZgkVi^dcVaejgedhZhgVi]Zgi]Vc[dg^ihji^a^inkVajZ#
I]Zldg`lVhXdbeaZiZY^c&.&%#8VgXVhhdccZWZXVbZ
i]ZZe^idbZd[i]Z]^hidg^XVabdcjbZci!VYY^c\^ihhidcZ
id=jbVc=Zg^iV\Z[dgedhiZg^in/^c&..,!i]Z8^inlVh
gZ\^hiZgZYVhVJcZhXdh^iZ#
« …in 1997, the
City was registered
as a Unesco site»
8VgXVhhdccZ!i]Z^YZVa[dgi^ÒZYX^in
<^gYaZYWn^ihgVbeVgih!i]ZlVaaZYX^ind[8VgXVhhdccZ]VhgZijgcZY[gdbVadc\
kdnV\Z#;VaaZc^cidgj^c!h^c`^c\[gdb\adgn^cidb^hZgn!i]^hhigdc\]daYd[8Vi]Vg
Kd[iYei_j[
]^aahVcYi]Z7aVX`BdjciV^chVcYdkZgadd`ZYi]Z6jYZ!
Vc^bedgiVcig^kZggdjiZ#6hi^bZlZciWn!^ilVh[dgi^ÒZY
idWZXdbZi]Z`^c\e^cd[AdlZgAVc\jZYdX#I]Z8^in]VY
WZadc\ZYidi]ZIgZcXVkZa[Vb^anh^cXZi]Z&&i]XZcijgn#Dc
i]Z^gaVcYhVcYl^i]^ci]Zig^Vc\aZ[dgbZYWn8VgXVhhdccZ!
6aW^VcYIdjadjhZ!i]Z8Vi]VghX^gXjaViZY[gZZan!YZhe^iZ
gZXdbbZcYVi^dch[gdbi]Z8Vi]da^XXaZg\n#>c&'%.!Vii]Z
hiVgid[i]Z8gjhVYZ!IgZcXVkZaidd`gZ[j\Z^ci]Z8^in#Dc
6j\jhi&*i]!]ZgZcYZgZYVgbh!i]jhdWiV^c^c\i]ZhV[Zin
d[i]Za^kZhd[i]Z^c]VW^iVcih#I]Zeg^kViZ`^c\YdblVh
]VcYZYdkZgidH^bdcYZBdci[dgil]dlZcidcidYZ[ZVi
i]ZXVhiaZhd[i]ZbdjciV^ch#I]Z`^c\d[;gVcXZidd`i]Z
`Znhidi]Z8^in^c&''+#
6ji]Zci^XhZii^c\
L^i]HV^ciAdj^h!i]ZXVhiaZWZXVbZVgdnVaeVaVXZ#I]Z
VYb^c^higVi^dcidd`jegZh^YZcXZVcYjcYZgidd`bV_dg
ldg`h!l]^X]gVY^XVaanigVch[dgbZYi]ZVeeZVgVcXZd[i]Z
idlc#L^i]^ci]Z8^in!VcZllVaalVhWj^aiid^hdaViZi]Z
XVhiaZ#Djih^YZ!VhZXdcYlVaalVhWj^ai!ÓVc`ZYl^i]&)
idlZgh#I]Z8^in^hcdli]Zi]ZVigZd[VeaVni]Vi]VhWZZc
ZcVXiZYbVcni^bZh/i]Vid[VXgdlYd[k^h^idghVbVoZYWn
i]^h_djgcZni]gdj\]i^bZ#8^cZbVY^gZXidgh]VkZgZXd\c^oZY
^ihediZci^Va#H^cXZ&.%-!^i]Vh]VYigZbZcYdjhhXgZZc
egZhZcXZVadc\h^YZ?ZVcBVgV^[email protected]^c8dhicZgdg?ZVc
GZcd!Òaa^c\djgBZY^ZkVa^bV\^cVi^dcZkZgni^bZ#
9WhYWiiedd[Jekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+-&%')(%"lll#XVgXVhhdccZ#dg\
6higViZ\^Xedh^i^dc
I]Z[djcY^c\d[i]Zidlc\dZhWVX`idi]Z+i]XZcijgn78#
>ihhigViZ\^XadXVi^dcWZilZZcCVgWdccZVcY7dgYZVjm
egdk^YZYVa^c`WZilZZci]ZBZY^iZggVcZVcVcYi]Z6iaVci^X#
>iXdcigdaaZYi]ZcVggdlXdgg^YdgWZilZZci]Z8dgW^ƒgZh
]ZgZhn!hnbWdad[BZY^ZkVaYZ[Zch^kZVgX]^iZXijgZ!XVbZWVX`ida^[Z^ci]Z&.i]
XZcijgnidWZXdbZdcZd[i]ZbVhiZge^ZXZhd[JcZhXdLdgaY=Zg^iV\Z#
5A><BCA>=67>;3C><>=D<4=C)
F7>38320A20BA8=6
C7414;;5>A.
I]Z8^ind[8VgXVhhdccZ]VhcdiZhXVeZYaZ\ZcY#I]Z
Zinbdad\nd[^ihcVbZXdbZh[gdbAVYn8VgXVh!VBjha^b
eg^cXZhhVcYl^[Zd[i]Z[dgb^YVWaZHVgVXZc!7VaVV`#
I]ZWZa^Z[^hi]Vi!iddjihbVgii]ZÒkZ"nZVgh^Z\Z]ZaY
Wn8]VgaZbV\cZ!h]ZjhZYVcZ[[ZXi^kZeadn/ZkZci]dj\]
[Vb^cZlVhgV\^c\l^i]^ci]ZlVaah!AVYn8VgXVh!^cV
ÓVh]d[\Zc^jh!YZX^YZYidg^h`Vaai]ZdYYh#H]ZeaVXZY
((
Sud de France
cWTaTbc^aPcX^]^UcWT2Xch^U2PaRPbb^]]TX]cWT (cWRT]cdah
higVlYjbb^ZhVadc\i]ZgVbeVgih!Òg^c\i]ZXgdhhWdlh!
[dda^c\i]ZZcZbn^cidi]^c`^c\i]ZgZlVhhi^aahdbZhe^g^i
aZ[i^ci]Z8^in#L^i]i]ZZcZg\nd[YZheV^g!h]ZgZcYZgZY
]ZgaVhiXZgZVa"[ViiZcZYe^\idi]Z:beZgdgÉhhdaY^Zgh#
I]ZZcZbnlVhYZhiVW^a^hZY!i]^c`^c\i]Z8^inhi^aa]ZaY
eaZcind[gZhZgkZhVcYlVhcdigZVYnidhjggZcYZg!hd
i]Zh^Z\ZlVha^[iZY#AVYn8VgXVhi]ZcgVc\djii]ZWZaah
idXVaaWVX`i]ZZcZbnVcYh^\ci]ZeZVXZigZVin#6ÒcZ
aZhhdc^cb^a^iVgnhigViZ\n
CWT=PcX^]P[<^]d\T]cb2T]caTW^[SbP_Ta\P]T]cTgWXQXcX^]
PccWTRPbc[TaTcaPRX]VcWTWXbc^ah^UcWTaTbc^aPcX^]^UcWT2Xch
X]cWT (cWRT]cdahATbc^aPcX^]f^aZU^RdbTS^]Ra^f]X]VcWT
c^fTabP]ScWTc^_b^UcWTfP[[bEX^[[Tc[T3dRP__[XTSP[[WXb
X]VT]dXchX]aTbc^aX]VcWTSTUT]bXeTcTa\X]^[^Vh^UcWTcX\Tb
1PaQXRP]b\PRWXR^[PcX^]bRaT]T[[PcX^]b\Ta[^]b_^bcTa]b
CWT[XbcXb[^]VPb]TfU^a\bfTaT]TTSTSc^aTb_^]Sc^cWT
Te^[dcX^]^U\X[XcPahcTRW]X`dTbbWXUcX]VUa^\PSTUT]bXeTc^P
\^aT^UUT]bXeT\^STCWT4gWXQXcX^]XbcWT·abcbTRcX^]X]cWT
2T]caTU^acWTX]cTa_aTcPcX^]^UcWTWXbc^ahPaRWPT^[^VhP]S
PaRWXcTRcdaT^UcWT2XchbX]RTXcb^aXVX]b3aPfX]VbP]SfPcTa
R^[^dabQh4dV}]TEX^[[Tc[T3dR_W^c^VaP_WbPRR^d]cbX]cT
aPRcXeTcTa\X]P[bP]SP]PdSX^eXbdP[bW^fX]eXcTcWTeXbXc^ac^
SXbR^eTaP (cWRT]cdahfWTaTQTh^]ScWTTgP\_[T^UPU^acX·TS
c^f]aTbRdTSUa^\adX]P]^cX^]^U]PcX^]P[WTaXcPVTT\TaVTb
c^QTR^\T_Pac^U7d\P]7TaXcPVTc^SPh
9Wijb[e\j^[9_joe\9WhYWiiedd[
J[b$((%)+-&&,%,'
lll#bdcjbZcih"cVi^dcVjm#[g
()
Sud de France
=:G>I6<:
Kd[iYei_j[
=:G>I6<:
Kd[iYei_j[
10A64BC>;8E4>=
0¸^PcX]VVa^RTah
3^h^d]TTSbTP[TVbc^_XRZd_bd__[XTbUa^\B^\PX[P
RWPa\X]VadbcXReX[[PVTX]cWTb^dcWTa]<X]Tae^XbaTVX^]^U
0dST.1TRPdbTcWXbXbP¸^PcX]VVa^RTah^]cWT`dXTcfPcTab
^UcWT2P]P[Sd<XSXbdaa^d]STSQhbX[T]RTcWPcXb^][hQa^ZT]
QhcWT`dPRZX]V^UcWTS^\TbcXRVTTbTP]SVPaad[^dbSdRZb
2[PdSX]TFhca^fPPU^a\TaPRR^d]cP]cX]?PaXbWPb^RRd_XTS
cWTVa^RTahQPaVTbX]RT!%CWXb·UchhTPa^[SfXcWP]PcdaP[
X]R[X]PcX^]c^caPeT[P]SUTSd_fXcWcWTaPcaPRTfPbRWPa\TS
QhcWT_XRcdaTb`dTbW^_\^^aTS^]cWTRP]P[0ccWTT]cahc^WTa
QPaVT£;TCP\PcP¤QaXVWc<PSPVPbRP]QPbZTcbbTccWTc^]T
fWX[TaTVX^]P[_a^SdRcbQaTPSP]SST[XRPcTbbT]U^^SbY^bc[TU^a
P_[PRT^]cWTbWT[eTbP[^]VbXSTQPbXRbd__[XTbUadXceTVTcPQ[Tb
P]SSPXah_a^SdRcb?[TPbdaTQ^PcbRhR[X]Vc^daXbcbP]S[^RP[
X]WPQXcP]cb_PbbQhd]STa2[PdSX]T±bR^[^daUd[RP]^_h8c±b]^c
^UcT]h^dV^bW^__X]V^]cWTfPcTa
>_T]Ua^\0_aX[c^>Rc^QTaTeTahSPh
Ua^\'P\c^ _\P]S#_\c^("_\
0[^]VcWTc^f_PcWb
5PaUa^\cWTa^PSbP]ScWTRa^fSbc^f_PcWbX]eXcTh^d^]P`dXTc
caX_P[^]VcWT2P]P[Sd<XSXCWXb^cWTabXST^UcWT;P]VdTS^R
RP]QTSXbR^eTaTS^]U^^ca^[[TabZPcTb^aQhQXZTPdcW^aXbP
cX^]aT`dXaTSUa^\cWT]PeXVPQ[TfPcTafPhb^U5aP]RTFWX[T
cWTRP]P[¸^fb^]PcPbcPcT[h_PRTcWT_PcWbfWXRWdbTSc^QT
:cX]VcibZcidci]Z9WdWbZkC_Z_
7j^ai ^c i]Z &,i] XZcijgn! i]Z 8VcVa Yj B^Y^ idYVn Ódlh Vadc\ ^ih h^aZci XdjghZ!
[jaad[edZi^X^bV\Zh!i]gdj\]AVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc#9g^[i^c\Vadc\i]^heZVXZ[ja
lViZglVn!a^hiZYVhVJcZhXdLdgaY=Zg^iV\Zh^iZ!^hdcZd[i]ZadkZa^ZhilVnhid
Y^hXdkZgi]ZgZ\^dc#
I
]Z\ZciaZaVee^c\d[i]ZlViZg!VbV_Zhi^XXVcdend[
eaVcZigZZh!\a^Y^c\^beZgXZei^WaneVhii]ZX]Vc\^c\
aVcYhXVeZh!eaVXZh^aajb^cViZYWni]ZXdadjghd[i]Z
hZVhdc#6cYi]Zh^aZcXZ#9^YE^ZggZ"EVjaG^fjZi!XgZVidg
d[i]Z8VcVaYjB^Y^!`cdli]Vi]^h\Zc^jhldjaYegdYjXZ
i]^hZcX]VcibZci4I]^hg^X][VgbZg"\ZcZgVa!hVaiiVmXda"
aZXidg[dg`^c\Adj^hM>Ki]!lVhWdgc^c7‚o^Zgh#6ai]dj\]
]ZlVhcZ^i]ZgVcVgX]^iZXi!cdgVhjgkZndg!]ZYZkdiZY
]^ha^[ZidWj^aY^c\i]^hlViZglVn[gdbi]Z6iaVci^Xidi]Z
BZY^iZggVcZVc!\^k^c\Vhigdc\Wddhiidi]ZZXdcdbnd[
i]ZgZ\^dc#I]ZbVbbdi]iVh`idd`&)nZVghd[gZaZciaZhh
ldg`idXdbeaZiZ#I]^hgdnValVn!bVg`ZYdjil^i]jcjhjVa
(*
Sud de France
VcY^c\Zc^djhldg`hd[Vgi!XaVhh^ÒZYWnJcZhXd^c&..+!
lVh^cVj\jgViZY^cBVn&+-&#6[iZgG^fjZi!KVjWVcidd`
dkZgidXdbeaZiZhdbZd[i]Zldg`hdci]ZXVcVa#>ci^bZ!
XdbbZgX^VaXVcVaigVchedgin^ZaYZYidXdbeZi^i^dc[gdb
i]ZgV^aVcYgdVYcZildg`h!VcYi]ZXVcVaWZ\VcidWZjhZY
[dgeaZVhjgZhV^a^c\#IdYVni]Z\gVXZd[i]ZXVcVahZYjXZh
l]dZkZgkZcijgZhVadc\^i#6[iZgjckZ^a^c\i]Zg^X]Zhd[6jYZ
VcY=‚gVjai!i]ZaZ^hjgZanig^eZcYhl^i]i]Z[gV\gVcXZhd[
i]ZhZVVcYi]ZÓ^\]id[e^c`ÓVb^c\dhdci]Z:iVc\YZ
I]Vj#6cYi]ZgZ^ci]ZY^hiVcXZ!i]ZBZY^iZggVcZVc½
<khj^[h_d\ehcWj_edWjlll#XVcVa"Yj"b^Y^#dg\
cPZT]QhWTPehW^abTbP]SfWXRWaT`dXaTh^dc^Ra^bb^eTa
c^cWTaXVWcQP]Z^UcWTRP]P[P]ScWT]QPRZc^cWT[TUcPaT
[Xcc[T\^aTRP_aXRX^db)fWXRWYdbc\PZTbcWT_PcWfWTcWTaXc±b
Pb_WP[cQTPcT]TPacW^abc^]hP[[cWT\^aT_XRcdaTb`dTCWT
;P]VdTS^RbcaTcRWbcPacX]VUa^\2PaRPbb^]]T[TPSbcWTcaPeT[[Ta
cWa^dVWcWTbWPST^UcWTRT]cdaXTb^[S_[P]TcaTTbc^cWT4cP]V
STCWPdeXP<PabTX[[TccTP]S7^\_b0]^cWTa^_cX^]Xbc^cPZT
cWT=PaQ^]]TYd]RcX^]YdbcPUcTa[TB^\PX[QhcWT2P]P[ST[P
A^QX]TCWT[P]SbRP_TXb\^aTd]cP\TSP[cTa]PcX]VQTcfTT]
[PZTbP]SbP[c\PabWTb5TfTaeXbXc^abeT]cdaTWTaT)h^d±[[·]S
[PZTbXSTQXaSbP]Sc^cWT[TUccWT[X\Tbc^]Tb[^_Tb^U;P2[P_T
CWT_PaPb^[_X]TcaTTbQ^faXVWcS^f]c^cWTVa^d]SQPccTaTSQh
cWTCaP\^]cP]TfX]SPbcWTb\P[[RP]P[·]P[[h¸^fbX]c^£cWT
Q[dTX]Z^UcWT6d[U^U;X^]¤8U^]cWT^cWTaWP]Sh^dRW^^bTc^
V^eXP[TB^\PX[P]S2P_TbcP]Vc^Y^X]cWT4cP]VSTCWPdcWT
bdaa^d]SX]VPaRWXcTRcdaTfX[[X]eXcTh^dc^\PZTPUTfSTc^dab)
^]RTh^d±eT_PbbTS?^X[WTb[PA^\PX]TfWXRWSTeXPcTbUa^\cWT
RP]P[a^dcTcWTc^f_PcWb[TPSc^cWTWXVWVa^d]S^U4]b|ad]T
1TcfTT]cWTQT]SbcWT4cP]VST<^]cPSh^UUTabPb_[T]SXSeXTf
^UXcbaXV^a^dbVT^VaP_Wh1|iXTabY^X]TSeXP<P[_Pbcd]]T[^UUTab
P]^cWTaRWP]VT^UbRT]Tah^]cWXb_TPRTUd[fPcTafPhfWXRW
eXPcWT[Xcc[T_^ac^U2^[^\QXTabP]SPUcTa?^acXaPV]TbT]SbXcb
R^dabTX]cWTRP[\fPcTab^UcWT4cP]VSTCWPd
2PaRPbb^]]TC^daXbc>U·RTCT[)""#%' !#"
Ua^\'P\c^ _\P]SUa^\#_\c^&"_\
=:G>I6<:
Kd[iYei_j[
=:G>I6<:
A4<0A:01;4F>A:B>50AC
CWT2P]P[Sd<XSXXbSTbRaXQTSQhcWTD]TbR^Pb£^]T^UcWT\^bcaT\PaZPQ[TUTPcb^URXeX[
T]VX]TTaX]VX]\^STa]cX\Tb¤2^\_TcX]VfXcWTPRW^cWTaX]cTa\b^UWhSaPd[XR^aPaRWXcTRcdaP[
PRWXTeT\T]cXcb"!'bcadRcdaTbR^\QX]TcWT\P]hX]cTaTbcX]VUTPcdaTbcWPcWPeT\PSTXcb
X]b_XaTSRaTPc^a?XTaaT?Pd[AX`dTcP[TVT]S
;4B><08;
<0;?0BCD==4;
CWXbeTahadbcXRWP\[TcPU^a\TabcPVX]V_^bccWTX]]bcX[[TgXbcb
^UcWT1Pa`dTST?^bcTcWT bc_^bcP[P]S_PbbT]VTacaP]b_^ac
bTaeXRTXbP[XeT[h_[PRTX]cWTbd\\TaBXcTbc^bTT)cWT_^]c=TdU
QaXSVTQdX[cX]QPbP[cbP]Sbc^]TP]S[X\Tbc^]TcWT_^]cRWP_T[[T
cWTV[PRX}aTdbTSU^abc^RZX]VQ[^RZb^UXRT0]SP]P\PiX]V
Q^^ZbW^_fXcWPfTP[cW^U^[SQ^^Zb
1TcfTT]2P_TbcP]VP]S2^[^\QXTab?XTaaT?Pd[AX`dTcSTRXSTS
PVPX]bcP[[PSeXRTc^cd]]T[cWa^dVWcWTWX[[Pc4]b|ad]TbXcT
^UP]?__XSd\0]'\TcTaWXVW &"\TcaT[^]VePd[cTScd]]T[
fPbQdX[cCWTbcadRcdaTfPbeTahPSeP]RTSU^aXcbcX\T
;420=0;34;0A>18=4
CWXbfPbQdX[cP[^]VcWTU^a\TaQTS^UcWT0dSTaXeTac^[X]Z
=PaQ^]]TfXcWcWT2P]P[Sd<XSXeXPPYd]RcX^]RP]P[[X]TS
fXcW_PaPb^[_X]TbP]SeX]ThPaSb8cT]SbXcbR^dabTPc?^ac
[P=^deT[[TX]cWT<TSXcTaaP]TP]8cUTPcdaTbcWT\PV]X·RT]c
b_X[[fPhPc6PX[W^dbch^]T^UcWT\^bcd]dbdP[PaRWXcTRcdaP[
UTPcdaTb^]cWTRP]P[
?860BB41A83640=3?>BC7>DB4
0UcTa0aVT[XTabcWTQaXSVTP]S_^bcW^dbT^U?XVPbbTQdX[cX] %'#
U^a\P_XRcdaTb`dTVa^d_0[Xcc[TUdacWTa^]cWTX\_^bX]VbX[W^dTccT
^U2P_TbcP]VR^[[TVXPcTRWdaRWRP]QTbTT]Ua^\cWTRP]P[
5>=BqA0==4B;>2:B8=1qI84AB
CWXbX]RaTSXQ[TbcPXaRPbT^UfPcTaR^\_^bTS^U'bdRRTbbXeT
[^RZbU^aP[T]VcW^U!'\TcTabfPbQdX[cc^[^fTacWTRP]P[
Qh! \TcaTbX]c^cWTR^dabT^UcWT>aQaXeTa8cT_Xc^\XiTbcWT
PeP]cVPaSTVT]Xdb^U?XTaaT?Pd[AX`dTcCWT'cW[^RZfPb
T[X\X]PcTSSdaX]VcWTR^]bcadRcX^]^UcWT>aQQaXSVTRP]P[
fWXRWSXeTacbcWTRP]P[Ua^\Xcb^aXVX]P[a^dcT
C74A>D=3;>2:8=0634
CWXbbda_aXbX]V[^RZcWT^][h^]T^UXcbZX]S^_T]bXcbcWaTT
^dc[TcbX]c^cWTb\P[[Yd]RcX^]RP]P[P[^]VcWT7|aPd[caXeTa
cWT\PaXcX\TRP]P[P]ScWTbTP^acWT2P]P[Sd<XSX[TPSX]Vc^
1|iXTab8cfPb^aXVX]P[[hQdX[cX]Q[PRZe^[RP]XRbc^]T
8Whgk[Z[Feij[0a^`Zi]Z;VgLZhihiV\ZXdVX]Zh#
9Wd[b[j0hbVaaXVcVa#
;dÓbWZ[0gdVYXji^cidi]ZXa^[[#
;fWdY^e_h0ldg`d[Vgii]gdj\]l]^X]gjchi]ZdkZghe^aad[i]ZXVcVa#
=bWY_„h[0GdjcYWj^aY^c\[dghidgV\Zd[^XZWadX`h#
Kd[iYei_j[
;j[hdWbgdVYh
I]ZgdVYhaZVY^c\VXgdhh:jgdeZidi]ZhbVaaidlcd[HVci^V\dYZ8dbedhiZaV!^c
HeV^c!VgZhdbZd[i]ZdaYZhiVcYadkZa^ZhiigV^ah^ci]ZldgaY#AVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc
^hVgZ\^dci]Vi!i]gdj\]dji]^hidgn!]VhWZZcigVkZghZYWngZa^\^djhgdjiZh#6bdc\
i]Zbdhied^\cVciigVXZhVgZi]ZgdVYhid8dbedhiZaV!a^hiZYVheVgid[JcZhXdldgaY
]Zg^iV\Z#Ildd[i]ZhZgdjiZh!i]ZgdVY[gdb6gaZhVcYi]ZgdVY[gdbEjn"Zc"KZaVn!
igVkZai]gdj\]djggZ\^dc#
E
^X`jendjg]^`^c\hi^X`VcYWZXdbZVe^a\g^b#
:kZgh^cXZi]ZY^hXdkZgn^c8dbedhiZaV^c-&(d[
i]Z»hjeedhZY¼idbWd[HV^ci?VbZhi]Z:aYZg"V
XadhZXdbeVc^dcd[8]g^hi"i]djhVcYhd[WZa^ZkZghVcY
cdc"WZa^ZkZghlVa`i]Ze^a\g^bV\ZgdjiZd[Hi#?VbZh
ZkZgnnZVg#He^g^ijVaigV^ahlZgZaV^Ydji[gdb&&)%^ci]Z
8dYZm8Va^mi^cjhWnVEd^iZk^cbdc`!6nbZg^XE^XVjY!
VcY[djg]^hidg^XVagdjiZhXdckZg\ZY^c;gVcXZ!Wg^c\^c\
8]g^hi^Vch[gdbi]Z[djgXdgcZghd[:jgdeZ![gdbi]ZJgVahid
HXVcY^cVk^V#;gdb]ZgZi]ZnXgdhhZYi]ZEngZcZZhidgZVX]
i]Z^ghVXgZYYZhi^cVi^dc#I]ZÒghii]gZZgdjiZhXdckZg\Z
^ci]Z7VhfjZXdjcign!^cDhiVWVi#I]Zk^VIdadhVcVi]Zc
_d^chjel^i]i]Zb^cEjZciZaVGZ^cV!^cCVkVggZ!HeV^c!
id[dgbi]Z8Vb^cd;gVcX‚h!Vh^c\aZgdjiZidHVci^V\d#
6cYi]ZhZgZa^\^djhVcY]^hidg^XVagdjiZh!igVXZY^ci]Z
&'i]XZcijgn!VgZhi^aa[daadlZYWne^a\g^bhidYVn!l^i]i]Z
hVbZgZ\jaVg^inVcYd[iZc!i]ZhVbZ[V^i]#
THE «VIA TOLOSANA»
THE «VIA PODIENSIS»,
dgaZEjngdjiZ
I]^h^hi]ZdaYZhigdVYid8dbedhiZaV#&*(%`b^caZc\i]!i]Z
»EdYZch^h¼!^cVj\jgViZY^c.*&WnW^h]de<dYZahVX!aZVkZh
Ejn"Zc"KZaVnVcYXgdhhZhi]Z=Vji"<‚kVjYVc^cAdoƒgZ
<G+*#I]^h^hVXijVaanVcZmiZch^dcd[VXZcigVa:jgdeZVc
gdjiZ!i]ZDWZghigVhhZ»i]Z
]^\]gdVY¼#I]Zl]daZhZX"
i^dc[gdbaZEjnVcY8dcfjZh
XgdhhZhi]ZBVg\Zg^YZVcY
6jWgVX# I]Z bV^c VgiZgn!
[gdbHV^ci"6aWVcid6jWgVX
=dhe^iVa^hbVg`ZYdjil^i]
X]jgX]ZhVcYeg^dg^Zh!l]^X]lZaXdbZYe^a\g^bh^ci]Z
eVhi#I]Z»Ado‚g^Zc¼gdjiZaZYidCdigZ"9VbZYZhEVjkgZh
^c6jWgVX#I]ZaZEjngdjiZ!iV`^c\+'YVnhidXdkZgdc[ddi!
^hi]ZbdhiedejaVgidYVn#L]^X]^hl]ni]ZgZ^hhjX]V
lZVai]d[VXXdbbdYVi^dcVadc\i]^hgdjiZ#
« This is the
oldest road
to Compostela… »
dg6gaZhgdjiZ
AZVk^c\6gaZh!i]Z»k^VIdadhVcV¼dg»k^V6gaZiVcZch^h¼!
bZVhjg^c\&!*--`bid8dbedhiZaV+)YVnhdc[ddi!^h
bVYZjed[hZkZgVahiV\Zhi]Vi]VkZWZXdbZ^bedgiVci]^\]
hedih#I]ZgdjiZXVcWZ[daadlZYWniV`^c\i]ZgZ\^hiZgZY
]^`^c\igV^a<G+*(i]gdj\]i]ZGdbVc\ViZhd[HV^ci"
<^aaZhVWWZn"X]jgX]!VXgdhhBdcieZaa^Zg!dcidi]ZVWWZn
ViHV^ci<j^a]Zb"aZ"9‚hZgi!i]ZcidAdYƒkZ!=dhe^iVaaZg
XVhiaZ^cJhXaVh!VcYÒcVaanidi]Zeg^dgnd[HV^ci"B^X]Za
YZ<gVcYbdci#
DB45D;8=5>A<0C8>=
šIW_dj#=_bb[iJekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)++-,((,*#lll#di"hV^ci"\^aaZh#[g
šCedjf[bb_[hJekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+,+%+%+%#lll#di"bdcieZaa^Zg#[g
šIW_dj#=k_b^[c#b[#:ƒi[hjJekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+,*,))((
lll#hV^ci"\j^a]Zb"kVaaZZ"]ZgVjai#Xdb
šJ^[<h_[dZie\IW_dj#@WYgk[i#Z[#9ecfeij[bb[WiieY_Wj_ed0
XgZViZY^c&..+^cHV^ci"<j^a]Zb"aZ"9‚hZgi0i]ZV^bd[
i]^hVhhdX^Vi^dc^hidXVggndjigZhZVgX]!bV^ciZcVcXZ
ldg`!gZhidgVi^dcVcYZkZci"eaVcc^c\Vadc\i]Z
e^a\g^bV\ZgdjiZhd[Hi#?VbZh^cAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc#
9edjWYjWdZ_d\ehcWj_edWjlllX]Zb^c"VgaZh"Zc"ag#Xdb
(-
Sud de France
=:G>I6<:
J^[L_W:ec_j_W"VcVcX^ZciWdd`
6hi]ZÒghigdVYWj^aidjih^YZGdbZ^c&&-7#8#!i]ZK^V9db^i^Vh]dlhi]Zl^aad[i]Z
GdbVc:be^gZiddg\Vc^oZ^ihXdcfjZgZYiZgg^idg^Zh#I]ZcZildg`d[GdbVcgdVYh
Ä&%%!%%%`bVgdjcYi]ZBZY^iZggVcZVcVcYVXgdhh:jgdeZÄigVkZaaZYi]gdj\]
<Vja!igVX^c\Va^c`WZilZZci]Z>WZg^VcEZc^chjaVVcY>iVan#IdYVn!WZcZVi]djg
L_W:ec_j_W
>ci]Z[ddihiZehd[i]ZGdbVch
6hV\Vd[h^mXZcijg^Zh
>i^hhi^aaedhh^WaZidigVkZai]^hgdVYVcYlVcYZgVadc\'%%%
nZVghd[]^hidgn!idYVn/[gdb7ZVjXV^gZ!i]Z\ViZd[Zcign
idi]ZK^V9db^i^V^cAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc!ndj
[daadleVgid[i]ZigVX`[dg-`b!bVg`ZYdji
l^i]i]gZZ(b^aZhidcZhi]ViVgZhi^aahiVcY^c\#
6ahd`cdlcVh»8ZhVgÉhXdajbch¼!i]^hbVg`h
i]Zhedid[i]ZM>>>i]GdbVcb^aZWZilZZc
CˆbZhVcY7ZVjXV^gZ#Dci]ZAjcZah^YZ!Vii]Z
h^iZd[6Wgjhhjb!bV\c^[^XZcigZbV^ch]VkZ
WZZcegZhZgkZY^cVcVijgVahZii^c\/^i^hi]ZdcaneaVXZ
l]ZgZndjXVclVa`'%%bZigZhVadc\VeVkZYhZXi^dcd[
i]Zk^V9db^i^V!a^cZYl^i]YZZeX]Vg^digjih#HZchVi^dch
\jVgVciZZY
IdYVn!g^X]bjhZjbhCˆbZhVgX]VZdad\^XVabjhZjb!
CVgWdccZVgX]VZdad\^XVabjhZjb!6j\jhiZ?VXfjZi
bjhZjb^c7ZVjXV^gZ###VcYVgX]VZdad\^XVa
h^iZh8adhYZaVAdbWVgYZ!GjhX^cd###^ciZgegZi
i]Z XdaaZXiZY ^iZbh# Id fjZcX] djg i]^ghi!
VgX]VZdad\^XVagZhZVgX]Xdci^cjZh^ihldg`!
VaiZgcVi^c\WZilZZchjgeg^hZhVcYeV^chiV`^c\
eVi^ZcXZ/^cCVgWdccZ!VeVkZYedgi^dcd[i]ZK^V
9db^i^V]VhgZXZcianWZZcjcXdkZgZY#CZVgi]Z
:iVc\YZI]Vj!^ci]Zb^YYaZd[i]Zk^cZnVgYh!ndjXVcVahd
hVkdjgi]ZVgi^hi^XgZÒcZbZcid[<Vaad"GdbVcX^k^a^oVi^dc
Vii]ZK^aaVAdje^V/Y^hXdkZgZY^c&.(%!VcYZmXVkViZYjci^a
&..)!i]^hVcX^Zci[Vgb]VhaZ[ii]^giZZckZgnWZVji^[ja
edanX]gdbZbdhV^XhidedhiZg^in#
« Archaeological research
continues its
work… »
J^[^_ijeh_YWbfWj^mWoie\BWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbed
Wjlll#hjc[gVcXZ#Xdb
[ZZi!bdcjbZcihVcYVgX]VZdad\^XVah^iZheaVndji'%%%nZVghd[]^hidgn#
I
]ZGdbVcgdVYaZVYhndjVXgdhhVhigZiX]d[aVcY
[gdbi]Z8VbVg\jZidi]ZEngZcZZh!Wji^il^aaVahd
hjggZei^i^djhanaZVYndjidaZVÒc\i]gdj\]i]ZeV\Zh
d[i]Z»6cX^ZciWdd`¼d[i]Zb^\]id[GdbZ#>chXg^WZYdc
i]ZaVcYhXVeZ[gdb&&-7#8#dclVgYhVii]Z^c^i^Vi^kZd[i]Z
egdXdchja!8cZjh9db^i^jh6]ZcdWVgWjh![gdbl]db^i
idd`^ihcVbZ!i]ZK^V9db^i^VXgdhhZhi]ZXdjcignh^YZVcY
i]Z\Vgg^\jZ!^ci]Z[dgbd[Y^giigVX`h^c7ZVjXV^gZ0Vh
eVkZYgdVYhi]gdj\]X^i^ZhIdlc=VaahfjVgZ^cCVgWdccZ!
VcYXji^cidi]ZgdX`EVc^hhVgheVhh#AZVY^c\bV_Zh"
i^XVaani]gdj\]hidcZ\ViZh6j\jhijh<ViZh^cCˆbZh!
heVcc^c\g^kZghdaYWg^Y\Z^c7‚o^Zgh!VYkVcX^c\jcYZg
XadhZhjgkZ^aaVcXZ[dgihd[AV8ajhZ!dgVcZe^XhVajiZ
igde]nd[EdbeZn^cEVc^hhVgh!^ih\dVa^hValVnhXaZVg/
Z[[ZXi^kZZmX]Vc\ZhVcYegdÒiVWaZgZhdjgXZhl^cZ[gdb
BVhYZhIdjgZaaZhcZVg7ZVjXV^gZ!ediiZgn[gdbBVhYZ
HVaaƒaZh^c6jYZ#
0CC74C8<4>5C746;0380C>AB
BcP]SX]VX]cWTUPRT^UcX\TcWT\PbbP]S
\XVWc_Ta\TPcX]VcWTbc^]T^U=‚\TbPaT]P
XbPRWP[[T]VTX]XcbT[U=^caPRTXb[TUc^U
cWTR^\QPcbU^dVWcQhcWTV[PSXPc^abP_Pac
Ua^\cWTbWTTabXiT^UcWTbcadRcdaT¬cWT
\^bcX\_^bX]VA^\P]TSXUXRTX]5aP]RT
¬fW^bTUPRPSTXb\PSTd_^U%[PhTaTS
PaRWTbd_c^! \TcaTb0]X]RaTSXQ[T_XTRT^U
PaRWXcTRcdaTQdX[cX]cWTU^a\^UP]^eP[X]
?d\ehcWj_edWjlll#k^VZgdbVcVZ#dg\
lll#XjaijgZheVXZ#Xdb
cWT bcRT]cdahP]S_aTbTaeTS^eTacX\T
=‚\TbPaT]P\TPbdaTb ""\TcaTbQh
\TcaTb1T[^fcWTePd[cbcWTaTPaT$
RXaRd[PaVP[[TaXTb %!bcT_bP]S_PbbPVTfPhb
c^cWT"#cTaaPRTb£1aTPSP]SRXaRdbTb¤
Pb9deT]P[fa^cTaX]VbX]cWTST_cWb^UcWT
\X]Sb^UeXbXc^abbcd]]TSQhcWTbX[T]RT^U
bc^]TbcWPcWPSQTT]b^WTPeX[hP]ScTaaXQ[h
[PST]fXcWcWTRaXTb^UcWT!$b_TRcPc^ab
cWa^]VX]VcWTP\_WXcWTPcaTCWThWPSR^\T
c^fPcRWcWTV[PSXPc^abPcR^\QPc\T]fW^
fTaTd]S^dQcTS[hcaPX]TShTcaTPShc^SXT
U^aV[^ahP]S\^]Th0[cW^dVWU^acWT_Pbc
$hTPabcWTR[P\^da^UcWTRa^fSbWPb
TRW^TSc^cWTaWhcW\^UQd[[·VWcX]VWXbc^aX
RP[aTR^]bcadRcX^]bPaTaTVd[Pa[h^aVP]XbTS
_aTbT]cX]VcWTPac^UcWTV[PSXPc^ab
Lec_je_h[0l^YZZm^ihi]gdj\]l]^X]i]ZGdbVceZdeaZaZ[ii]Zi]ZVigZh#
DB45D;033A4BB4B
šD‰c[i7hY^W[ebe]_YWbCki[kc0>i]djhZhi]ZW^\\ZhiXdaaZXi^dcd[AVi^cZc\gVk^c\h^c;gVcXZ![gdbi]Z>gdc6\Zidi]ZGdbVcZgVK^V9db^i^V
b^aZhidcZh!cZXgdeda^h[jcZgVahiZaZhVhlZaaVhVXdaaZXi^dcd[YV^andW_ZXih[gdb<Vaad"GdbVci^bZh"J[b$((%)++,+,)*)
šDWhXedd[7hY^W[be]_YWbCki[kc0>i]djhZhVcZmXZei^dcVaXdaaZXi^dcd[[gZhXdZh[gdbi]ZYdbjhGdbVc]djhZd[8adhYZaVAdbWVgYZ#Ndjl^aa
VahdÒcYi]ZdaYZhib^aZhidcZd[<Vja!Y^hXdkZgZYhdji]d[CVgWdccZ#J[b$((%)+-.%(%*)
šI_j[e\7cXhkiikc0AjcZaIdjg^hiD[ÒXZ#J[b$((%)+,,&%&(,#lll#di"eVnhYZajcZa#[g
š=Wbbe#HecWdl_bbW_dBekf_Wd#J[b$((%)+,&-+-&-
š;di[hkd[eff_Zkc_dD_iiWd#b[p#;diƒhkd[#J[b$((%)+,(,%&'(#lll#dee^YjbYZchZgjcZ#Xdb
š>[dh_#FhWZ[iWhY^[ebe]_YWbcki[kc_dBWjj[i#J[b$((%)+,..,,'%#lll#bjhZZ"aViiZh#[gZZ#[g
0=284=C5A06A0=24B0C<0B34BC>DA4;;4B
0ccWTVPcTb^U1TPdRPXaTbdaa^d]STSQh_X]TbP]SRh_aTbbcaTTb<PbSTbC^daT[[TbRd[cXePcTb
[TS
cWTP]RTbcaP[caPSXcX^]^UA^\P]fX]TVa^fX]V[TSQh7Tae|3daP]SfXcWWXb_PbbX^]U^aeX]Tb
P]SPaRWPT^[^Vh
<PbSTbC^daT[[TbWPbQT[^]VTSc^cWT
3daP]SUP\X[hbX]RT &!%P]SXb[^RPcTS
]TPacWTb^RP[[TS£2TbPa±b2^[d\]b¤
\X[Tbc^]Tb^]cWT1TPdRPXaTa^PS8c
R^]RTP[bcWTaT\PX]b^Ub^\T!hTPab
^UWXbc^ah^]Xcb[P]SCWXbTgRT_cX^]P[
WTaXcPVTfPbPR`dXaTSX]cWTTPa[h'b
Qh7Tae|3daP]SP]PaRWPT^[^VhT]cWd
bXPbcfW^X]bcXVPcTSPbTaXTb^USXVb^]
WXb_a^_Tachc^d]R^eTacWTaT\PX]b^UP
A^\P]eX[[PP]SXcbP\_W^aPf^aZbW^_b
=^c\TaT[hR^]cT]cfXcWWXb·]SX]VbcWT
T]cTa_aXbX]VfX]TVa^fTafT]c^]c^X\P
VX]TcWTf^aZ^UcWTA^\P]b4]R^daPVTS
Qh0]Sa|CRWTa]XPPb_TRXP[XbcX]A^\P]
fX]TVa^fX]V7Tae|3daP]SSTRXSTSc^
_dcWXbXSTPbX]c^_aPRcXRTCWTR^]RT_c^U
_a^SdRX]VfX]TdbX]VP]RXT]cfX]T\PZX]V
cTRW]X`dTbXbPdSPRX^dbc^bPhcWT[TPbc
QdccWXb\P]WPbPbca^]VRWPaPRcTaP]S
PV^^SSTP[^UR^daPVT7T[Pd]RWTSX]c^
aTcaP]b[PcX]VcWTcTRW]X`dTbSTbRaXQTSX]
cWT;PcX]f^aZb2^[d\T[[T2Pc^]P]S?[X]T
PRRdaPcT[hST_XRcX]VeX]TRd[cXePcX^]P]S
fX]TRWPaPRcTaXbcXRb
2T[[PeX]PaXP
d]X`dTX]cWTf^a[S
C^Tg_TaX\T]c^]cWT¸Pe^dabP]SPa^\Pb
^UcWTcX\T7Tae|3daP]SX]R^[[PQ^aPcX^]
fXcWaTbTPaRWTabUa^\cWT2=ABfPbcTS
]^cX\TX]^QcPX]X]VP]TgRT_cX^]P[c^^[P
RT[[PeX]PaXPfWXRWXb]^cWX]V[TbbcWP]P
[XUTbXiTSaTR^]bcadRcX^]^UP6P[[^A^\P]
RT[[Pa7TaTcWTVaP_TbPaTcaTPSTS
_aTbbTSP]ScWT]UTa\T]cTSU^acf^c^
cWaTTfTTZbX]S^[XP^a[PaVTYPabBX]RTXcb
·abceX]cPVTX] (( <PbSTbC^daT[[TbWPb
RPaaXTS^]_a^SdRX]VcWaTTch_Tb^UfX]T
<db[d\PaTSfX]TfXcWadQhV[X]cbP]SP
WX]c^UW^]ThPa^\PcXRWTaQbP]Sb_XRTb
2PaT]d\RaTPcTSQhUTa\T]cX]VeTahaX_T
VaP_TbfXcW_[P]cbP]S`dX]RTbP]S·]P[[h
CdaaXRP[PTPSahfX]T_a^SdRTSQhPSSX]V
UT]dVaTTZPWTaQfXcWP]dcchP[\^]S
¸Pe^daP]SbTPfPcTa0ccWTVPcTbc^
cWTC^daT[[TbeX[[PP_PcW[X]TSQhRh_aTbb
caTTbRa^bbTbcWTbPRaTSf^^SP]S[TPSb
c^cWTP]RXT]ceX]ThPaSbaTR^]bcXcdcTSX]
((%CWa^dVW^dccWThTPaeXbXc^abPaTUaTT
c^SXbR^eTacWXb\PVXR_[PRTTg_[^aTcWT
6P[[^A^\P]RT[[PabP]S^UR^dabTcPbcT
cWTbTP]RXT]c¸Pe^dabP]S^cWTafX]Tb
_a^SdRTS^]cWTTbcPcT
CWiZ[iJekh[bb[i_d8[WkYW_h[
J[b$((%)++*.&.,'#lll#idjgZaaZh#Xdb
(/
Sud de France
=:G>I6<:
Fhej[ijWdj_ic
Fhej[ijWdj_ic0
gZa^\^dcd[i]ZL^aYZgcZhh
AVc\jZYdXVcYi]Z8‚kZccZheaVnZYV[ZYZgVi^kZgdaZ^ci]Z]^hidgnd[EgdiZhiVci^hb#
9jg^c\i]ZgZa^\^djhlVgh!i]^hbdjciV^cdjhaVcYhXVeZ![Vg[gdbi]ZX^i^Zh!WZXVbZi]Z
higdc\]daYd[i]ZEgdiZhiVciXdbbjc^in!d[[Zg^c\i]ZhV[Zhi]^Y^c\eaVXZidYZkdiZZh
[dgXZYidegVXi^hZi]Z^g[V^i]^chZXgZXn#I]Z9‚hZgi!dgl^aYZgcZhh!]VhcdlWZXdbZ
VbjhZjbVcYbZZi^c\eaVXZ[dgi]ZEgdiZhiVciXdbbjc^in^c;gVcXZVcYWZndcY#
>ci]Z8‚kZccZhndjXVcigVkZai]ZhZgdjiZhd[[V^i]!l]^X]lZgZVahdi]ZgdjiZhd[
haVkZgn/^ci]ZWVnd[6^\jZhBdgiZh!i]ZIdjgYZ8dchiVcXZidlZgd[hiZVY[VhicZhh
gZb^cYhjhd[i]ZhVY[ViZd[i]Z]jcYgZYhd[bZcVcYldbZcl]dlZgZXVeijgZY!
VcYl]dXdci^cjZYidgZh^hi^ci]Z^gdlclVn#
9Wj^WhkVciV\Zed^cih
HidcZk^\^ah^ci]Z]ZVgid[i]Z8dgW^ƒgZhVcYi]Z7aVX`BdjciV^ch!8Vi]VgXVhiaZh
`ZZe XVgZ[ja lViX] dkZg XZcijg^Zh d[ h^aZcXZ# 6\j^aVg! Fj‚g^Wjh! Ej^aVjgZch!
EZngZeZgijhZ½EZgX]ZYdci]Z^ggdX`neZV`h!i]ZhZ»X^iVYZahd[kZgi^\d¼]daYi]Z
bZbdgnd[i]ZYgZVbd[VWZiiZgldgaY!i]Vid[i]ZEVg[V^ih!dgi]Z:aZXi#
I
]ZhiZZeaVcYhXVeZd[i]Z8dgW^ƒgZh]VhVhZchZd[
i]Zi]ZVig^XVa!i]ZnhVn#7ji^ilVhi]ZadgYhd[i]Z
B^YYaZ6\ZhVcYi]Z`^c\hd[;gVcXZl]dhVl]dl
idiV`ZVYkVciV\Zd[i]ZhigViZ\^XVheZXid[i]ZkZgi^\^cdjh
gdX`[VXZh#I]ZX]V^cd[XVhiaZh"Ej^aVjgZch!Fj‚g^Wjh!
6\j^aVg###"[dgbV[VhX^cVi^c\g^c\d[k^\^aVcXZXa^c\^c\id
i]Zbdhi^c]dhe^iVWaZa^bZhidcZg^Y\Zh#L^i]i]Z^gb^a^"
iVgnVgX]^iZXijgZ!eZg[ZXiZYdkZgi]ZXZcijg^Zh!VcYi]Z^g
a^c`idi]ZdaYWdgYZgd[i]Z`^c\Ydbd[6gV\dc!i]ZnVahd
eaVnZYVegZX^djhgdaZ^ci]ZZkZcihgZaViZYidi]Z8Vi]Vgh#
I]ZaViiZgÄhi^aagZ[ZggZYidVh7dch]dbbZhdgEVg[V^ih
"[daadlZghd[V[dgbd[8]g^hi^Vc^ini]Vi
]VYXdbZ[gdbi]Z:Vhi"VYkdXViZYV
gZijgcidi]Zdg^\^cVakVajZhd[gZa^\^dc
VcYXaVh]ZYl^i]GdbVc8Vi]da^X^hb#
I]ZhVX`^c\d[7‚o^Zgh^c&'%.!l^i]
^ih''!%%%YZVY!]ZgVaYZYi]ZYVg`
nZVgh!i]dhZd[i]ZXgjhVYZV\V^chi
i]Z6aW^\Zch^VchfjVa^ÒZYVh]ZgZi^Xh#DgYZgZYWnEdeZ
>ccdXZci>>>!]ZVYd[i]ZGdbVc8]jgX]!i]^hlVhi]ZÒghi
XgjhVYZdc8]g^hi^Vchd^a#I]ZXVhiaZhldci]Z^gi^iaZhVh
»XVi]Vg¼!WnVXi^c\VhgZ[j\Zh[dgi]ZEVg[V^ih]djcYZY
Wni]Z^c[Vbdjh>cfj^h^i^dc#I]Z[dgigZhhZhlZgZYZ[ZcYZY
idi]ZZcYWnbZcVcYldbZcl^i]YZZeXdck^Xi^dch0i]Z
Ze^hdYZViBdcih‚\jgaZ[iVYZZebVg`#DkZg'%%Y^ZY^c
i]ZÓVbZh#>c&('&!i]ZaVhiEVg[V^i!<j^a]Zb7‚a^WVhiZ!
WjgcZY^ci]ZXVhiaZZcXdhjgZ^cK^aaZgdj\Z"IZgbZcƒh#
« The episode
at Montségur
left a deep
mark. … »
)&
Sud de France
BWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbed"WbWdZe\^_ijehoWj
lll#hjc[gVcXZ#Xdb
DkZgi]ZV\Zh!i]ZhZ»X^iVYZahd[kZgi^\d¼]VkZXdci^cjZYid
X]Vc\Z!Wdi]^ciZgbhd[i]Z^gYZ[Zch^kZgdaZVcYl^i]i]Z
h^\c^c\d[i]ZEngZcZZhIgZVin^c&+*.!_d^c^c\Gdjhh^aadc
idi]Z`^c\Ydbd[;gVcXZjcYZgAdj^hM>K!YgVl^c\i]Z^g
X]VeiZgd[]^hidgnidVXadhZ#>begZ\cVWaZkVciV\Zed^cih
i]Vi]VkZWZXdbZV[VhX^cVi^c\YZhi^cVi^dc[dgdjgXjaijgVa
e^a\g^bV\Zh!i]Z8Vi]VgXVhiaZhcdl]dhiZkZcihVcYiVa`h#
:kZgnnZVgi]ZnlZaXdbZi]djhVcYhd[cZlk^h^idgh!hdbZ
d[l]dbVgZXVei^kViZYZcdj\]id_d^ci]ZgVc`hd[i]Z
VgYZcihjeedgiZghd[i]Z8Vi]Vg8djcign#
C>58=3>DC<>A4
š9WhYWiiedd[Jekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+-&%')(%#lll#XVgXVhhdccZ#dg\
I
]ZEgdiZhiVcigZa^\^dc]VY^iheZg^dYd[Xgdhh^c\i]Z
l^aYZgcZhhdgYZhZgi#IV`Zc^c^ihW^Wa^XVahZchZ!i]Z
»9ZhZgi¼^ci]Z]^hidgnd[;gZcX]EgdiZhiVci^hb!
gZ[ZggZYidVeZg^dY[gdbi]ZGZkdXVi^dcd[i]Z:Y^Xid[
CVciZh&+-*idi]Z;gZcX]GZkdaji^dc#9Zeg^kZYd[i]Z^g
X]jgX]ZhVcYeVhidghVcYWVccZY[gdbegVXi^h^c\i]Z^g
[V^i]!i]Z»gZa^\^dcd[i]ZWdd`¼Vh^ilVhXVaaZY]ZgZ!
lVhXZaZWgViZY^ci]ZbVcn]^YYZceaVXZhd[[ZgZYWni]Z
8‚kZccZh!VaVcYd[bdjciV^chVcY[dgZhih#EZdeaZjc^iZY
»^ci]Z9ZhZgi¼!^ci]ZhZXgZXnd[VXVkZ!dgVgVk^cZVh^h
hi^aai]ZXVhZViBVhHdjWZngVc!^ci]ZXdbbjcZd[B^VaZi^c
<VgY#H^cXZ^ihXgZVi^dcdc')HZeiZbWZg&.&&!i]Z9ZhZgi
VhhZbWan!Vc^bedgiVciEgdiZhiVcibZZi^c\dg\Vc^hZY
dci]ZÒghiHjcYVnd[HZeiZbWZg!jc^iZhcZVgan'%%%%
eZdeaZjcYZgi]ZdV`hVcYX]ZhicjiigZZhd[V]djhZi]Vi
]VhWZXdbZV]Zg^iV\Zh^iZ#>[i]Z8‚kZccZhgZegZhZciZY
VaVcYd[[gZZYdbVcYZm^aZ[dgi]ZEgdiZhiVciXdbbjc^in!
i]ZgdjiZhd[[V^i][daadlZYWni]djhVcYhd[i]ZblZgZ
Vahd![dg]jcYgZYhd[aZhh[dgijcViZbZcVcYldbZc!
i]ZgdjiZhd[haVkZgn#8VeijgZYWni][email protected]^c\Éh9gV\ddch!
VcYgZ[jh^c\idgZcdjcXZi]Z^g[V^i]!i]ZnlZgZiV`Zcid
i]Zedgid[6^\jZh"BdgiZh0i]ZbZclZgZWdVgYZYdcid
\VaaZnh]^ehVadc\h^YZi]Z»`^c\ÉhXdck^Xih¼!i]ZldbZc
^beg^hdcZY[dga^[Z^ci]ZIdjgYZ8dchiVcXZ[dg»VXg^bZ
d[gZa^\^dc¼#I]Zbdhi[Vbdjh!BVg^Z9jgVcY!^beg^hdcZY
[dg(-nZVgh!XVgkZYi]ZldgY^cidhidcZi]ViXVchi^aaWZ
hZZcidYVn/»gZh^hi¼#
»I]ZHZgbdc^ci]ZL^aYZgcZhh¼!eV^ci^c\Wn?ZVccZAdbWVgY
&.()!^aajhigViZhi]ZhZXgZiVhhZbWa^ZhgZ\jaVgan]ZaY^ci]Z
8‚kZccZhV[iZgi]ZgZkdXVi^dcd[i]Z:Y^Xid[CVciZh
š7iieY_Wj_edZ[iI_j[iZkFWoi9Wj^Wh0i]^hXdbW^cZh&.VWWZnh!
bjhZjbh!VcY&&XVhiaZh6\j^aVg$IjX]Vc!6gfjZh!8VgXVhhdccZ!
AVhidjgh!EZngZeZgijhZ$9j^a]VX!Ej^aVjgZch!Fj‚g^Wjh$
8jXj\cVc!HV^hhVX!IZgbZh!Jhhdc!K^aaZgdj\Z"IZgbZcƒh^c
8Vi]VgXdjcign"J[b$((%)+-&&(,.,#lll#eVnhXVi]VgZ#dg\
š9[djh[\eh9Wj^WhijkZ_[i0ejWa^h]Zhi]ZgZk^Zl=ZgZh^h
YZiV^aZY]^hidgnd[8Vi]Vg^hbVcYVfjVgiZgangZk^Zl[dg
i]Zl^YZgejWa^X!»=^hid^gZYjXVi]Vg^hbZ¼#>i^hVahdV
heZX^Va^hZYYdXjbZciVi^dcXZcigZdeZcidi]ZejWa^X!
egZhZci^c\Zm]^W^i^dchVcYiVa`h#
CW_iedZ[icƒce_h[i_d9WhYWiiedd[#J[b$((%)+-),')++
šJ^[:[i[hjCki[kc"b[CWiIekX[ohWd_dC_Wb[j
J[b$((%)++-*%','#lll#bjhZZYjYZhZgi#Xdb
š7_]k[i#Cehj[iJekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)++*(,(%%#lll#di"V^\jZhbdgiZh#[g
šlll#bdcjbZcih"cVi^dcVjm#[g
)'
Sud de France
BDJCI6>C
VcYi]ZbdjciV^ch#I]Z<VgYdcg^kZgl]^X]gdVgZYVcYhjg\ZY
i]gdj\]i]ZVWgjei]^aahd[i]Z8‚kZccZh^hbjX]iVbZg]ZgZ#
;dgb^c\Va^c`WZilZZci]ZbdjciV^cVcYi]ZhZV!WZilZZc
i]ZgdX`VcYi]ZhVcY!i]^hlViZgl]^X]l^aahddcWZeVhh^c\
Vadc\h^YZi]Zk^cZnVgYhVcYda^kZ\gdkZhWVh`^c\^ci]Z[gV"
\gVcXZd[i]Z\Vgg^\jZhXgjWaVcYeVhhZhi]gdj\]i]ZeaV^ch
VgdjcYCˆbZhl^i]a^iiaZbdgZi]VcVbjgbjg!_jhiVh^iYdZh
Vii]ZEdciYj<VgYl]ZgZ^ieVhhZhi]gdj\]i]Z&%%%"nZVg
daYGdbVcVgX]Zh#>ildjaYWZ[V^gidhVni]VilViZg]VhaZ[i
Vegd[djcYbVg`dci]^hgZ\^dc#HidgbnVcYijgWjaZcije^c
i]ZbdjciV^ch!^i]ZVYhYdlcidi]ZeaV^ch^chZchjVaXjgkZh
hjX]Vh^ci]ZIVgc<dg\Zh!dg[jgi]Zgidi]Zhdji]_jhiV[Zl
`^adbZigZh[gdbHV^ci<j^a]ZbaZ9‚hZgil]ZgZi]Z=‚gVjai
]VhXVgkZYdjihdbZbV\c^ÒXZci\dg\Zh!XgZVi^c\VcZck^"
gdcbZcil]^X]^hWdi]eZVXZ[ja!idgbZciZYVcYl^aY#BVc
]Vh\^kZcdcZd[i]ZXZcijg^Zh"daYhigjXijgZhheVcc^c\i]Z
lViZglVnV]^\]anZkdXVi^kZcVbZ/I]Z9Zk^aÉh7g^Y\Z#>ci]Z
8dgW^ƒgZhVgZV6jYZ!i]Zhidcn!a^bZhidcZhd^ah]VkZaZYid
i]ZXgZVi^dcd[ldgaYgZcdlcZYl^cZhl^i]hjWiaZÓVkdjgh!
l]^aZ[jgi]Zgidi]ZlZhii]ZKVaaZhe^gd[[ZghVaai]ZiVhiZd[
i]ZEngZcZZh!VcZmX^i^c\b^mijgZd[[dgZhihVcYbdjciV^ch
dXXVh^dcVaanheg^c`aZYl^i]l]^iZ^ci]Zl^ciZgi^bZ#CVijgZ
]VhWZZceVgi^XjaVgan\ZcZgdjh]ZgZ#6hndjbV`ZndjglVn
Ydlc[gdbi]ZXdda!bd^hi]Z^\]ihd[i]Z8Vc^\dj!i]ZhadeZh
VgZ]dbZidbVcnZmXZaaZcieadih#
Ifehj
L]ZccVijgZbZZih]^hidgn
7ZilZZci]ZDgWkVaaZnVcYi]ZBdciV\cZCd^gZ7aVX`
BdjciV^c!l^i]^ihdjiZggZVX]ZhWZ^c\i]Zidlchd[
8VgXVhhdccZ!CVgWdccZVcY7‚o^Zgh!i]ZB^cZgkd^hVgZV
d[[ZghVc^cXgZY^WaZb^mijgZd[cVijgVaWZVjinVcY]^hidg^"
XVagZbV^ch#>ci]Z]ZVgid[i]^hgZ\^dc!B^cZgkZlVhi]Z
ÒcVagZ[j\Zd[i]Z8Vi]VggZh^hiVcXZl]dhZegZhZcXZaZ[i
VeZgbVcZcibVg`dci]Z6jYZ#=^hidgn^hVaaVgdjcYndj
]ZgZ!^ciZgldkZcl^i]i]ZhZhjeZgWcVijgVah^iZh#>c]VW^iZY
[dgi]djhVcYhd[nZVghcdl!i]Z=Vji"AVc\jZYdXVgZVVahd
^cXajYZhdcZd[;gVcXZÉhaZVY^c\bZ\Va^i]^Xh^iZh#>ilVh
VahdVeVhh^c\ed^ci[dge^a\g^bh
bV`^c\i]Z^glVnidHVci^V\d
9Z8dbedhiZaVVcYVgZ[j\Z[dg
Wdi]8Vi]VghVcYegdiZhiVcih#
6hndjldjaYZmeZXi!i]ZgZ\^dc
edhhZhhZhXdjciaZhhhbVaae^X"
ijgZhfjZk^aaV\ZhcZhia^c\^ci]Z
bdjciV^chdgk^cZnVgYh#:mVbeaZhVgZBdchAVIg^kVaaZ
cZVgDaVg\jZh![gdbl]ZgZndjXVcY^hXdkZgi]Z=‚g^X
<dg\ZhVcYi]ZgZbV^chd[V[ZjYVaXVhiaZl^i]^ih`ZZe#
I]ZhbVaabZY^ZkVaidlcd[HV^ciEdchYZI]db^ƒgZhl^i]
^ihXVi]ZYgVaVcY[VVYZhYVi^c\[gdbi]Z&'i]XZcijgn^h
Vcdi]Zgcdi"id"WZ"b^hhZYYZhi^cVi^dc#
« History is
omnipresent and
consistently set
in superb natural
sites… »
J^[bWh][ef[difWY[ie\j^[BWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbed
Wjlll#hjc[gVcXZ#Xdb
DjihiVcY^c\dWjkhWbi_j[i
=ZVY^c\^caVcY[gdbi]ZXdVhi!i]ZigVkZaaZgZciZghVaVcYd[aZ\ZcY!h]VeZYWnWdi]
]^hidgn VcY cVijgZ# 6adc\h^YZ i]Z ^begZhh^kZ gdX` [dgbVi^dch ^cXajY^c\ Xdgg^Zh!
XVcndch!\dg\ZhVcYkVaaZnhlZÒcYe^XijgZhfjZk^aaV\ZhVcYX]ViZVjmhi^aaVa^kZ
l^i]i]Z\]dhihd[VhidgbneVhi#DkZgi]ZXZcijg^Zh!i]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcÉh
cVijgVah^iZh]VkZVXfj^gZYVcVjgVd[X]VgbVcYeVhh^dc#
;
gdbi]ZbdjciV^cdjh[ddi]^aahidi]ZBZY^iZggVcZVc
XdVhi!i]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc^hWg^bb^c\l^i]
cVijgVaigZVhjgZhlV^i^c\idWZY^hXdkZgZY#>ci]^h
XdcigVhi^c\gZ\^dc!gVc\^c\[gdb]Vgh]VcYYgn
idb^aYVcYaZV[n!i]ZaVcYhXVeZhVgZValVnh
\jVgVciZZYidaZVkZVaVhi^c\^begZhh^dcdci]Z
k^h^idg#I]^h^hV\Zcj^cZeVgVY^hZ[dg]^`ZghVcY
bdjciV^cW^`Zgh!hedgiheZdeaZd[VaaVW^a^i^ZhVcY
VcndcZl]dh^beanadkZhi]Z\gZVidjiYddgh#
DcZd[i]ZhZgdVYhiV`ZhndjjeidBdciAdoƒgZk^VVcVggdl!
hiZZegdjiZ[gdb<‚cda]VX!^ci]Z<VgY]^\]aVcYh#>ci]Z
6^\djVagVc\ZndjXVcVahdigVkZajeidi]ZB‚i‚d;gVcXZ
b^Y"bdjciV^clZVi]ZghiVi^dc#;gdbi]^hkVciV\Z
ed^ci!l]^X]egdk^YZhVeVcdgVb^Xk^ZldkZgi]Z
gZ\^dc!i]Zk^ZlhlZZehYdlclVgYh[gdbi]Z
bdjciV^chidi]ZkVaaZnhVcYÒcVaanidi]ZhZV#
I]ZegZYdb^cVcXZd[b^cZgVahhdX]VgVXiZg^hi^X
d[i]ZAdoƒgZÉhcVijgVaVgZVh!l]^X]XdciV^caVg\Z
cjbWZghd[Xdc^[ZghVcYWZZX]!ZkZcijVaan\^kZh
lVnidX]ZhicjiigZZhVcYÒcVaanidi]ZYZchZhXgjWaVcYd[i]Z
8‚kZccZhkVaaZnh#I]^h^hVgZ\^dcd[hX]^hi!d[heg^c\hVcYd[
gdVX]#9dlcWZadli]ZhjcgZÓZXihd[[i]Zgdd[idehbVYZd[
aVjoZ!ViigVXi^kZhX]^hih]ZZihl]^X]]VkZWZXdbZVYZÒc^c\
X]VgVXiZg^hi^Xd[i]ZVgX]^iZXijgZ]ZgZ!^cVkVaaZnX]VgVXiZg^hZY
WnVaVcYhXVeZb^YlVnWZilZZci]Vid[i]ZBZY^iZggVcZVc
« The landscape
in the Cévennes
is harsh and
wild… »
L^aYcVijgZ
I]ZaVcYhXVeZ^ci]Z8‚kZccZh^h]Vgh]VcYl^aY!ZcX^gXaZY
Wni]ZeZV`hd[BdciAdoƒgZVcYi]Z6^\djVa#6cjbWZgd[
gdVYhaZVY^cidi]ZhZVgZVh!l]^X]h^cXZ&.,%]VkZWZZc
eaVXZYjcYZgi]ZegdiZXi^dcd[i]Z8‚kZccZhCVi^dcVaEVg`#
)(
Sud de France
C74A468>=02CBC>?A>C42C
8CB=0CDA0;0A40B0=3B?4284B
0bcWT[TPSX]V5aT]RWaTVX^]fWTaTQX^SXeTabXch
XbR^]RTa]TSPRR^d]cX]VU^a&^UcWTP]X\P[
b_TRXTbP]S#&^UcWT5aT]RW_aX^aXchWPQXcPcb
cWT;P]VdTS^RA^dbbX[[^]WPb_dcX]_[PRTPWXVW[h
TUUTRcXeT_a^cTRcX^]bRWT\TU^acWT]PcdaP[PaTPb
d]STaXcbR^]ca^[CWXbX]R[dSTbcWT2|eT]]Tb
=PcdaT?PaZX]cWT;^i}aTP]SX]cWT2|eT]]TbPaTP
^UcWT6PaSaTVX^]cWT7Pdc;P]VdTS^RATVX^]P[
=PcdaT?PaZX]P[^RPcX^]R^\QX]X]V\XS\^d]
cPX]T]eXa^]\T]cbeX]ThPaSbP]SVPaaXVdTbcWT
=PaQ^]]PXbTT]<|SXcTaaP]|TATVX^]P[=PcdaT?PaZ
P]ScWT?ha|]|Tb2PcP[P]TbATVX^]P[=PcdaT?PaZX]
P\^d]cPX]bTccX]V<P]PVX]VcWXbWdVT_a^cTRcTS
PaTPcWT2|eT]]Tb=PcX^]P[?PaZRaTPcTSX] (&
Xbb^\TcWX]V^UP]TgRT_cX^]P\^]VcWTePaX^db
5aT]RW=PcX^]P[?PaZbQTX]VcWT^][hX]WPQXcTS
]PcX^]P[_PaZCWa^dVW^dccWThTPab^\T# _T^_[T[XeT^]cWXbWdVT"! "'WTRcPaTbXcT
bP]SfXRWTSQTcfTT]cWT;^i}aTP]S6PaSPaTPb
^UcWT2|eT]]Tb^UfWXRW $WTRcPaTbPaT
f^^STS?aTeX^db[hWPaSWXcQhcWTPQP]S^]\T]c
^UUPa\X]VPRcXeXcXTbX]cWTb_PRT^U"hTPabcWT
[P]SR^eTaTSQhcWT2|eT]]Tb=PcX^]P[?PaZWPb
QTR^\TPaTUdVTU^ab^\T^UcWT\^bcT]SP]VTaTS
fX[Sb_TRXTbX]R[dSX]VVaXUU^]ed[cdaTbP]SQ[PRZ
ed[cdaTbX]cWTCPa]P]S9^]cT6^aVTba^TSTTaP]S
bcPVb^]<^]c;^i}aTP]SX]cWT2|eT]]TbeP[[Thb
^aQTPeTabRP_TaRPX[[XTbP]S?aiTfP[bZXW^abTb
^]cWT<|YTP][X\Tbc^]T_[PcTPdTcRCWTfX[S[XUT
aTX]ca^SdRcX^]_a^VaP\\TbRPaaXTS^dcX]cWT
(&bWPeTT]R^daPVTScWT_aTbT]RTWTaT^UP]
TgRT_cX^]P[aP]VT^UUPd]P
CWT]PcdaP[aTR^[^]XbPcX^]
QhP]d\QTa^U_aTbcXVX^db
b_TRXTbcWTV^[ST]TPV[T
cWT^ccTa^acWTVaTPcQ[PRZ
f^^S_TRZTaWPb\TP]c
cWPccWXbbXcTfWXRWfPb
[XbcTSPbPF^a[S1X^b_WTaT
ATbTaeTX] ('$QhD=4B2>
]^fWPb!# [XbcTSb_T
RXTbCWT2|eT]]Tb=PcX^]P[
?PaZXbP[b^fT[[Z]^f]U^a
cWT^dcbcP]SX]V_aTbTaeP
cX^]^UXcbcaPSXcX^]P[T]eXa^]\T]c1dX[cUa^\
VaP]XcT^]<^]c;^i}aTUa^\[X\Tbc^]T^]cWT
[X\Tbc^]T_[PcTPdb^aUa^\bRWXbcX]cWT2|eT]]Tb±
eP[[ThbcWT_XRcdaTb`dT\PbKQ[T]SX]_TaUTRc[h
fXcWcWXb\PV]X·RT]cd]RWP]VTS[P]SbRP_T0
·]TTgP\_[T^UPR^]bTaePcX^]bXcTbdQYTRcTS
c^eXVX[P]c\^]Xc^aX]VQhcWT_PaZ±bVdXSTbP]S
aP]VTabfT[[f^acWh^UPeXbXcQdcP[fPhbf^acWh
^Uh^daaTb_TRc
cWi0VigVY^i^dcVa[Vgb^cVgjgVaZck^gdcbZci
DB45D;033A4BB4B
šJ^[9ƒl[dd[iDWj_edWbFWha_d<behWY#J[b$((%)++).*(%&#lll#ecX#[g
šJ^[>Wkj#BWd]k[ZeYH[]_edWbDWjkh[FWha_dIW_dj#Fedi#Z[#J^ec_„h[i#J[b$((%)+,.,(-''#lll#eVgX"]Vji"aVc\jZYdX#[g
šJ^[DWhXeddW_i[[dCƒZ_j[hhWdƒ[H[]_edWbDWjkh[FWha_dDWhXedd[#J[b$((%)+-)''(,%#lll#eVgX"cVijgZa"cVgWdccV^hZ#[g
šJ^[Fohƒdƒ[i9WjWbWd[iH[]_edWbDWjkh[FWha_dCedjBek_i#J[b$((%)#+-#%)#.,#+%#lll#eVgX"engZcZZh"XViVaVcZh#[g
BDJCI6>C
Ifehj
BDJCI6>C
D=DBD0;B?>AC8=602C8E8C84B
270A<8=64G2DAB8>=B
8]cWT;P]VdTS^RA^dbbX[[^]PaTP<^cWTa=PcdaTbTT\bc^WPeT
WPSP[^c^UUd]_[PhX]VfXcWcWTfPcTaTPacWP]Sbc^]Tc^RaTPcT
\P]hbd_TaQP]S\PaeT[[^db[hePaXTS[P]SbRP_TbCWT]d\Ta^db
_PcWbP]ScaPX[bRa^bbX]VcWTaTVX^]\PZTcWXbP_PaPSXbTU^a
WXZTab8]cWT7Pdc;P]VdTS^RQTcfTT]cWT<PbbXU2T]caP[P]ScWT
<TSXcTaaP]TP]cWTbcTT_bXSTSa^RZbbWPaTRT]caTbcPVTfXcWcWT
\^^a[P]ScWTWTPcWTaP]SQa^^\cWTQTTRWP]S·aU^aTbcb]^c
U^aVTccX]VcWT[PZTb^afX[SaXeTabH^dRP]caPeT[Ua^\eX[[PVT
c^eX[[PVTUa^\A^`dTQad]c^;PBP[eTcPcU^[[^fX]VcWT>aQeP[
[ThP]SUa^\BPX]c?^]bSTCW^\X}aTbc^BPX]c6TaePXbbda<PaT
eXPcWT4b_X]^dbTWX[[b8]cWT7|aPd[ccWT2Pa^dgaP]VT^UUTab
R^d]c[Tbb_^bbXQX[XcXTbU^afP[ZTabCWXbXbPd]X`dTbXcTcWP]Zb
c^cWT_daXch^UXcbbWP_TP]SU^a\PcX^]CWTWXZX]VcaPX[bWTaT
[TPS^]c^cWT4b_X]^dbTPaTPfXcWXcb[PZTbP]SWdVTU^aTbcb
5^[[^fcWTcaPX[b^UcWT2PcWPaTaPTg_[^aTcWTbWTTabXSTSa^RZb
^UcWT7|aXR6^aVTbfWXcT]TSQhcWTbd]P]ScWTbdRRTbbXeT
¸^^Sb0Y^da]ThcWa^dVWcWT0dSTaTVX^]±bU^aTbcbfX[[TeT]cPZT
h^dPbUPaPbcWT?haT]TTbU^^cWX[[bFWPcQTccTa^__^acd]Xchc^
SXbR^eTacWT\P]h0QQThbfWTcWTaUP\^db^aU^aV^ccT]P]S
cWT\TSXTeP[eX[[PVTb^aRPbc[TbfXcWcWTXaQa^ZT]fP[[b^eTaad]
fXcWcWTQaP\Q[TbfWXRWbcP]SbcaPXVWcP]S_a^dSPbfXc]TbbTb
c^P]X[[dbcaX^dbhTccaPVXR_Pbc
20=>48=6)
WPeTUd]^]cWTfPcTa
7>C08A10;;>>=B)
0XaQ^a]T\PVXR
CWT;P]VdTS^RA^dbbX[[^]RP]TPbX[hQT
SXbR^eTaTSP[^]VcWTfPcTafPhbQhRP]^T
4PRWS|_PacT\T]cWPbXcb^f]d]X`dTaXeTab
bcaTP\bRP]P[b^a[PZTbc^WT[_h^dVTc
cWT\^bcUa^\cWTbTbd_TaQ[P]SbRP_Tb
X]R[dSX]V)cWTEX[[T]TdeTST[PAPW^[PZTX]
cWT?ha|]|Tb>aXT]cP[TbcWTCPa]6^aVTbP]S
cWT=PdbbPR[PZTX]cWT;^i}aTcWT2P]P[Sd
\XSXX]cWT0dSTP]ScWT7|aPd[ccWT>aQ
cWTBP[PV^d[PZTP]ScWT7|aPd[c6^aVTb
7|aPd[c]^cU^aVTccX]VcWT?TcXcAW‡]T
P]ScWT6PaS^]X]cWT6PaSCWaX[[bTTZTab
fW^_aTUTaaPUcX]VP]SRP]h^]X]VX]bcTPS
^URP]^TX]VfX[[WPeTcWTcX\T^UcWTXa[XeTb
X]cWTcdaQd[T]cfPcTab^UcWT3^daQXTcWT
>aQcWT7|aPd[ccWTCTRWcWTC~c^acWT0dST
fWXRWPaT_TaUTRcU^afWXcTfPcTab_^acbCWT
CPa]6^aVTbPaTP[b^eTah_^_d[Pa2PaeTS
^dc^UcWT[^RP[[X\Tbc^]TcWTbT^UcT]cPZT
cWTU^a\^UVT]dX]TRP]h^]b8]P[[RPbTb
h^dRP]TXcWTaaT]ch^daRaPUcP]SbTc^UU
P[^]T^aX]bcTPS^_cU^aPVdXSTScaX_5d]
P]STgRXcT\T]cPaTVdPaP]cTTSfWXRWTeTa
^_cX^]h^dRW^^bT
2[X\QPQ^PaSP]PXaRaPUcfWXRWXb[XVWcTacWP]
PXaXcbT[UP]ScPZT^UUc^Ud[[hP__aTRXPcTcWT
QTPdch^UcWXbd]X`dTaTVX^]fWX[T¸^PcX]V
bX[T]c[hQTcfTT]cWTR[^dSbP]ScWTTPacW
CWXbPSeT]cdaTXb_PacXRd[Pa[hTgRXcX]VfWT]
T]Y^hTSX]cWT;P]VdTS^RA^dbbX[[^]CWT
aT_dcPcX^]^UcWTPaTPXbbTR^]Sc^]^]T
fXcWXcbePaXTS[P]SbRP_TbR^\QX]X]VTPacW
bc^]TP]SfPcTaCWT;P]VdTS^RA^dbbX[[^]
aTeTP[bXcbWXSST]]PcdaP[caTPbdaTbX]P[[cWTXa
V[^ahP[[^fX]Vh^dc^cPZTb^\Tbcd]]X]V
P]Sd]dbdP[_W^c^VaP_WbCWXbWXVW[heXbdP[
PSeT]cdaTc^daXbPePX[PQ[TUa^\bTeTaP[
[^RP[^_TaPc^ab8c_a^eXSTbP]TgcaP^aSX]Pah
^__^acd]Xchc^¸h^eTabXcTbbdRWPbcWT?^]c
Sd6PaSfWXRWXb[XbcTSPbf^a[SWTaXcPVT
cWTa^^Uc^_bP]S\^]d\T]cb^UcWTaTVX^]±b
WXbc^aXRP[c^f]bcWTVPaaXVdTcWT[PZTbP]S
cWTaXeTabcWT^UcT]b_TRcPRd[PaV^aVTbX]cWT
PaTPP]ScWTVT]c[T^aadVVTS[P]SbRP_Tb^U
cWTWX]cTa[P]S0¸XVWcX]PW^cPXaQP[[^^]
T]PQ[Tbh^dc^Tg_[^aTcWT;P]VdTS^R
A^dbbX[[^]Pch^da^f]_PRTR^\_[TcT[hUaTT
P]Sd]WX]STaTSfWX[Tbdb_T]STSX]cWXbQP[[
^UPXa0cad[hd]U^aVTccPQ[T\^\T]c
=4F78:8=66D834)
£;0=6D43>2A>DBB8;;>=>=5>>C¥
0;>=678BC>A820;?0C7F0HB¤
20E4B)PY^da]Thc^
cWTRT]caT^UcWTTPacW
0fTP[cW^UWXSST]caTPbdaTbPaTcdRZTSPfPh
d]STacWTa^RZh\P]c[T^UcWT;P]VdTS^R
A^dbbX[[^]±bWX[[bP]S\^d]cPX]bATbT\Q[X]V
VT]dX]Tbc^]TRPcWTSaP[bfXcWcWTXabcP[PRcXcTb
P]SbcP[PV\XcTbcWTPaTP±bRPeTb^UUTaPW^bc
^UbTRaTcP]Sd]aTP[d]STaVa^d]Sf^a[Sb
fPXcX]Vc^QTSXbR^eTaTS7P]VX]V\X]TaP[
ST_^bXcb¸^fbc^]T\hbcTaX^dbcd]]T[bP]S
WdVTa^^\bWPeTQTT]RPaeTS^dc^UcWTa^RZ
QhcWTfPcTa^eTacWT\X[[T]]XPCWTXa]P\Tb
b^\T^UfWXRWWPeTQTR^\Tf^a[SUP\^db
P[aTPSh^UUTaPU^aTcPbcT^UcWTTgRXcT\T]c
c^R^\TX]R[dSX]VcWT6^dUUaT6|P]cST
2PQaTb_X]T2PQaTb_X]T6XP]c2WPb\P]S
cWTRPeTb^UCaPQdR3PaVX[P];P2^RP[X}aT
0eT]0a\P]S;PQTX[;P3Te}iT2[P\^dbT
;±0Vdi^d;X\^dbXb^a;Tb3T\^XbT[[Tb
0RR^aSX]Vc^[TVT]SUPXaXTbVPeTcWT[PccTa
cWTXa]P\TbXcdPcTSYdbcPbc^]T±bcWa^fUa^\
cWT7|aPd[c6^aVTb5^acWTXa_PaccWTCaPQdR
RPeTbcPZTcWTXa]P\TUa^\cWTfTP_^]b
dbTSQhcWTWXVWfPh\T]fW^dbTSc^WXST
X]cWTaTcWT®CaPQdRPXaTb¯4]Y^hP^]TW^da
VdXSTSc^da !\TcaTbd]STaVa^d]Sc^aTP[[h
P__aTRXPcTcWXbUPbRX]PcX]Vf^a[S^Ua^RZ
fWTaTcWTb[XVWcTbc[XVWcaTeTP[bcWTRPeT±b
R^[^dabX]P[[cWTXa\PVXRP[V[^ah
$^UcWT\^bcQTPdcXUd[bW^acWXZX]VcaPX[bWPeTQTT]
bT[TRcTSc^cPZTh^d^]PY^da]Thc^SXbR^eTaRd[cdaP[
P]S]PcdaP[WTaXcPVTP[^]VcWTWXbc^aXRP[a^PSbP]S
P]RXT]c_PcWfPhb^UcWT0dST6PaS;^i}aT7|aPd[cP]S
?ha|]|Tb>aXT]cP[Tb
4SXcTSQhcWTATVX^]P[2^\Xch
U^aC^daXb\X]_Pac]TabWX_fXcW
cWT5aT]RW7XZX]V5TSTaPcX^]
cWTcaPX[bX]cWXbVdXSTPaT
bdXcTSc^P[[cPbcTbP]S[TeT[b
^USXU·Rd[ch0ePX[PQ[TX]P]h
V^^SQ^^ZbW^_
8]SXRPcXeT_aXRT) "#`
DB45D;033A4BB4B
I]Z]^hidgnigV^ahd[i]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcgZ\^dcegdk^YZbVcnedhh^W^a^i^Zh[dgVcndcZ`ZZcid
ZmeadgZi]ZVgZV^cXajY^c\WnWdViVadc\i]Z8VcVaYjB^Y^!dc[ddidgWnW^XnXaZVadc\^ihWVc`h!Vadc\
i]ZXdWWaZhidcZhd[i]ZK^V9db^i^VdgWn[daadl^c\i]ZHVci^V\d9Z8dbedhiZaVe^a\g^bhÉgdjiZ#>c^ih
ÆAZ^hjgZVcYGZaVmVi^dcÇhZXi^dc!i]ZlZWh^iZd[i]ZGZ\^dcVaIdjg^hb8dbb^iiZZegdedhZhVcjb"
WZgd[hedgi^c\YZhi^cVi^dchVcYhj\\ZhiZY]^`Zh/lll#hjc[gVcXZ#Xdb
)*
Sud de France
Ifehj
9ec_jƒHƒ]_edWbZ[bWHWdZeddƒ[FƒZ[ijh[ZkBWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbed_dCedjf[bb_[h
J[b$((%)+,-'&+,(#lll#[[ge"ag#Xdb
š9ec_jƒHƒ]_edWbZ[9Wde†#aWoWaH[]_edWb
YWde[_d]#aWoWa_d]Yecc_jj[[#Cedjf[bb_[h
J[b$((%)+,-'&++(eh((%+'%-('-+&
lll#XgX`#dg\$aVc\jZYdXgdjhh^aadc
šB[iCed]ebӄh[iZkIkZ_dKp„i
J[b$((%)++(,'-%'
š9[hZW]d[Hekii_bbedCedj]ebӄh[
9Wd[j#[d#Hekii_bbed
J[b$((%)+--%.)-J[b$((%+..**(,,.
?DJ>;7K:;0
š=ek\\h[=ƒWdjZ[9WXh[if_d[#J[b$((%)+-'+&)''
šJ^[7]kpeYWl["l_i_jiikX`[Yjjeh[i[hlWj_ed
J[b$((%)+-'%)*(-
šJ^[B_ceki_iYWl[#J[b$((%)+-,,*%'+
?DJ>;=7H:0
šJ^[JhWXkYYWl[_dC_Wb[j#J[b$((%)++-*%('šJ^[9eYWb_„h[YWl[_dIW_dj7cXhe_n
J[b$((%)++')(),)
š7X‰c[Z[8hWcWX_WkJ^[8hWcWX_Wk7Xoii
_d9Wcfh_[k#J[b$((%)+,-'+%,?DBEPÞH;0
šJ^[:Wh]_bWdYWl[_dC[ohk[_i#J[b$((%)++)*+%'%
š7l[d7hcWdZ_dC[ohk[_i#J[b$((%)++)*+&(&
?DJ>;>xH7KBJ0
šJ^[BWX[_bYWl[_d9WobWh#J[b$((%)+,.+).),
šJ^[:[l„p[YWl[_d9ekhd_ek#J[b$((%)+,.,%(-*
šJ^[9bWceki[YWl[_dIW_dj#@[WdZ[<ei
J[b$((%)+,*,,&%*
šJ^[:[ce_i[bb[iYWl[_dIW_dj#8Wkp_bb[#Z[#Fkje_i
J[b$((%)+,,(,%%'
?DJ>;FOHxDx;I#EH?;DJ7B;I0
šJ^[=hWdZ[i9WdWb[jj[iYWl[_d
L_bb[\hWdY^[#Z[#9edÔ[dj#J[b$((%)+-%*'%'%
šJ^[<edjhWX_eki[YWl[#J[b$((%)+-(%.***
šJ^[9elW8Wij[hW^_ijeh_YWbYWl[_d
L_bb[\hWdY^[#Z[#9edÔ[dj#J[b$((%)+-%*'%'%
BDJCI6>C
9Wd_]ek
BDJCI6>C
B[_ikh[WYj_l_j_[i
B:80=3F4;;148=6
J^[9Wd_]ek"VhVXgZYbdjciV^c
8
dkZgZYWn^ihhcdlnbVciaZZkZcl]Zci]ZdgX]VgYh
VgZ^cWaddb!i]Z8Vc^\djÉhed^ciZYÆYd\iddi]Çh]VeZY
h^a]djZiiZadd`hdjiVXgdhhi]ZEngZcZZhgVc\Z#6iegZ"
X^hZan',-)#++bZigZh^c]Z^\]i!^ig^hZhh]Vgean[gdbi]ZkZgn
]ZVgid[i]ZGdjhh^aadceaV^c!WVgZan*%`^adbZigZh[gdbi]Z
hZV#=ZgZ!k^h^idghXVcY^hXdkZgV[VhX^cVi^c\gVc\Zd[[VjcV
^cXajY^c\^oVgYh!bVgbdih!XVeZgXV^aa^Zh!ZV\aZhVcYkjaijgZh#
I]Z8Vc^\dj^hi]ZhVXgZYbdjciV^cd[i]Z8ViVaVceZdeaZ!V
hnbWdad[jc^in[dgVXgdhh"WdgYZgcVi^dcegd[djcYanViiVX]ZY
idi]ZVcXZhigVaigVY^i^dchl]^X]]VkZ[dg\ZY8ViVaVc^YZci^in#
I]Z8Vc^\dj^hVaVcYd[VcX^Zci
aZ\ZcYhVcYWZa^Z[hVaagZaViZYidi]Z
]VgYna^[ZhinaZd[i]Z]^\]bdjciV^c
h]Ze]ZgYh#I]Vil^cY"idgcgZYVcY
\daYWVccZgÓn^c\dci]ZbdjciV^c
eZV`^hXZgiV^cancdii]ZgZWnX]VcXZ#I]Z8Vc^\dj^hVe]nh^XVa
VcYhe^g^ijVaaVcYbVg`[dgVaa^c]VW^iVcihd[i]ZgZ\^dc!l]d
Xa^bWidi]ZideVhhdbZi]^c\d[VcVcXZhigVae^a\g^bV\Z#
I]ZÆigdWVYZÇ[gdbi]Z8ViVaVcldgYIgdWVYV!l]^X]bZVch
ÆbZZi^c\Ç!^h]ZaYdci]ZlZZ`ZcYWZ[dgZHV^ci?d]cÉhYVn!
i]ZVgZVÉhbdhihnbWda^X[ZVhiYVn!VcYi]Z8ViVaVchXdbZ
]ZgZidYZedh^iWjcYaZhd[lddY^cl]^X]i]Zn]VkZeaVXZY
bZhhV\Zhd[eZVXZ![g^ZcYh]^edgadkZjedci]ZeZV`d[i]Z^g
hVXgZYbdjciV^c#I]Z8Vc^\dj^hVahdhncdcnbdjhl^i]i]Z
XZcijg^Zh"daYb^c^c\igVY^i^dc]ZgZ#6abdhiVaad[i]Zk^aaV\Zh
]VkZVihdbZi^bZWZZc^ckdakZY^cb^c^c\!l^i]i]Zb^cZgVa
hZVbXgdhh^c\i]ZbdjciV^c^ihZa[#6cÆ>gdcIgV^aÇ[dgidjg^hih
egdk^YZhVcdeedgijc^in[dgk^h^idghidY^hXdkZgi]ZhZVcX^Zci
b^c^c\h^iZh#I]ZeZV`d[i]Z8Vc^\dj^hVXXZhh^WaZ^ci]Z
hjbbZgi^bZWnXVg[gdbEgVYZhdgKZgcZi"aZh"7V^ch^ci]Z
Eng‚c‚Zh"Dg^ZciVaZh!VcYi]Zcdc[ddi#
« The Canigou is a
land of ancient legends
and beliefs … »
L[hd[j#b[i#8W_diJekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+-%***(*#lll#di"kZgcZi"aZh"WV^ch#[g
),
Sud de France
C74H4;;>FCA08=
5^d]STSX] ( c^[X]ZcWT2TaSPV]TP]S2P_RXa_[PcTPdgc^?Ta_XV]P]P]S
?aPSTbcWTCaPX]9Pd]THT[[^fCaPX]^_TaPcTb^]5aP]RT±bWXVWTbcaPRZ[Tbb
aPX[fPh[X]T8cbRPaaXPVTbP]S\^c^aR^PRWTbPaTPRR^\_P]XTSQh\^STa]
_P]^aP\XRR^PRWTb0[\^bcPRT]cdah^[ScWXbcaPX]bTaeXRTXb_Pac^UcWT5aT]RW
C4A[^RP[aPX[bTaeXRTP]SR^]bT`dT]c[h^_TaPcTbP[[hTPaa^d]SfXc]TbbX]V
X]cT]bXeTdbTU^ac^daXb\_da_^bTbCaPeT[[Ta]d\QTabPaTaXbX]VP[^]VcWXb
bcd]]X]V[hPccaPRcXeTaPX[a^dcTCWTHT[[^fCaPX]_PbbTbcWa^dVW^a^eTaPc^cP[
^U%$bcadRcdaTbX]R[dSX]V (cd]]T[b #eXPSdRcbP]S#ePd[cTSQaXSVTbP
]d\QTa^UfWXRW^UUTaX]RaTSXQ[TeXTfb^eTacWTeP[[ThbCWTcaPRZWTPSbd_
P[^]VcWTC~cV^aVTbUa^\EX[[TUaP]RWTST2^]¸T]cfWTaTXcY^X]bcWT]^a\P[
5aT]RWaPX[]Tcf^aZc^<^]c;^dXbP]ScWT]Ra^bbTbcWT2^[ST[P?TaRWTQTU^aT
T]cTaX]V2TaSPV]T0UcTa_PbbX]VP[^]VbXST5^]cA^\TdXcWTPSbS^f]c^fPaSb
BPX[[PV^dbT>bb|YP1^daV<PSP\TDaP]S·]XbWTbXcbY^da]ThPccWTaPX[fPh
bcPcX^]X];Pc^daST2Pa^[CWTHT[[^fCaPX]Xbc^SPhP]X]R^]cTbcPQ[T_Pac^U
cWTaTVX^]±bWXbc^aXRP[Rd[cdaP[P]ScTRW]XRP[WTaXcPVTP]SXbRdaaT]c[hX]cWT
_a^RTbb^UQTX]VaTVXbcTaTSU^a®F^a[S7TaXcPVT^U7d\P]Xch¯bcPcdb
BZXX]VX]cWT?haT]TTbP]S2|eT]]Tb
0[[cWTQT]T·cb^UfPcTa
FWTcWTaQhbZXb]^fbW^T^ab[TSUa^\cWT2TaSPV]Tc^cWT2P_RXa
PVaTPccX\TPfPXcbeXbXc^abX]cWT^dcbcP]SX]VbRT]Tah^UcWT
2PcP[P]?haT]TTb±WXVWP[cXcdST_[PcTPdbCWXbX]RaTSXQ[TbTccX]V
^UUTabYdbcPQ^dcTeTahZX]S^UfX]cTab_^ach^dR^d[S_^bbXQ[h
fP]cX]P]d\QTa^UTgcaT\T[hR^\U^acPQ[TaTb^acb>eTa[^^ZTSQh
cWTBTaaTST<PdahP]SQPRZX]V^]c^PRdaeTX]cWT6P[QTeP[[Th
cWTeX[[PVT^U5^a\XVd}aTbWPbaTcPX]TSP[[^UXcb^aXVX]P[RWPa\
fXcWXcbb\P[[A^\P]Tb`dTRWdaRW^eTa[^^ZTSQhPaT\PaZPQ[T
b_XaTCWXbXbP[b^^]T^UcWT\^bcUP\^dbP[_X]TbZXX]VaTb^acb
X]cWT2P_RXaPaTPP[^]VfXcW;Tb0]V[Tb?dheP[PS^acWT4b_PRT
2P\QaTS±0iTP]S;[email protected][[P]TCWTb_TRcPRd[Pa[P]SbRP_Tb
X]R[dSTWdVT_X]TU^aTbcbS^ccTSfXcWfX[S[PZTbP]SPccaPRcXeT
caPSXcX^]P[eX[[PVTbCWTW^dbTbWPeTaTcPX]TScWTXabc^]TfP[[b
P]S[PdiTb[PcTa^^UbCWXb[^fbcdaShPaRWXcTRcdaTb^ch_XRP[^U
cWT\^d]cPX]T]eXa^]\T]cXbfT[[bdXcTSc^cWTR^[SP]Sb]^fCWT
S|_PacT\T]c^UcWT?ha|]|Tb>aXT]cP[TbP[b^^UUTabP]d\QTa^U
aTb^acbPQ[Tc^\TTcTeT]cWT\^bcST\P]SX]V^U]TTSbFWTcWTa
h^d_aTUTa=^aSXRP[_X]T^aUaTTbch[TbZXX]Vh^d±[[·]STgPRc[h
fWPch^d±aT[^^ZX]VU^a^]cWTb[^_Tb^U5^]cA^\Td?ha|]|Tb
!?^ac|?dh\^aT]bP]S2TaSPV]T?dXV\P[BZXX]VRP]P[b^
QTT]Y^hTSX]cWT;^i|aTP]S6PaSPaTPb^UcWT2|eT]]TbfWTaT
bTeTaP[aTb^acbPaTSTe^cTSc^Ra^bbR^d]cahbZXX]VX]R[dSX]V
<PbST[P1Pa`dT0]d\QTaP[b^^UUTaP[_X]TbZXb[^_TbbdRWPb
1[Th\PaS<^]c;^i}aTP]S?aPc?Tha^c<^]c0XV^dP[
FWTcWTaW^c^aR^[SP]SUTaa^db^abd[_Wda^dbbTeTaP[cWTa\P[
b_aX]VbRP]QTT]Y^hTSX]cWTaTVX^]CWTbTPccaPRc\P]heXbXc^ab
fW^WTPSWTaTc^bP\_[TcWTXabP[dcPah_a^_TacXTbX]cWTaTb^acb
^U;P2WP[STccTPc0dQaPRX]cWT;^i}aT1PV]^[b[Tb1PX]bPccWT
<^]c;^i}aTb_aX]Vb5d\PSTb[T1PX]bX]cWT6PaS1P[PadR[Tb
1PX]b;P\P[^d[Tb1PX]bP]S0e}]T[Tb1PX]bX]cWT7|aPd[cQdc
P[b^Pa^d]ScWT2P]XV^dETa]Tc[Tb1PX]b;P?aTbcT0\|[XT[Tb
1PX]b;T1^d[^dP]S<^[XcV[Tb1PX]bPaTP[[TgcaT\T[h_^_d[Pa
STbcX]PcX^]bU^ac^daXbcbeXbXcX]VcWTPaTPU^aWTP[cW·c]TbbP]S
fT[[QTX]V8]cWT?ha|]|Tb>aXT]cP[TbPUcTaPSPhb_T]cWXZX]V
eXbXc^abRP]P[b^T]Y^hPSX_X]P]d\QTa^UP\PiX]V^dcS^^a
cWTa\P[b_aX]VbP]ScPZTUd[[PSeP]cPVT^UPR^\_[TcTaP]VT^U
Q^ShRPaTcaTPc\T]cb
FOHxDx;I
šB[i7d]b[i0',&&#(&&&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)+-%)(',+
š8ebgk„h[#Fohƒdƒ[i(&&&0'.&&#((+&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)+-(%&')'
š9WckhWY0'*&&#'.&&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)+-'%('',
š9[hZW]d[Fk_]cWb0'.&&#(-&&c[jh[i
J[b$((%)+-%),'.)dg((%)+-%),%&*
š;ifWY[9WcXh[ZÊ7p[;od[#IW_djF_[hh[Z[bi<ehYWji0
',&&#(*&&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)+-%)%-%&
š;ifWY[dehZ_gk[Zk9WfY_h9WfY_hDehZ_Y9[djh[0'+&&#(*&&c[jh[i
J[b$((%)+-%)).-+
š<edj#Hec[k0',&&#((+&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)+-(%+-(%
š<ehc_]k„h[i0'+&&#(*&&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)+-%)),(*
šFehjƒ#Fkoceh[di0',&&#(+&&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)+-%)-')&
šFkolWbWZeh0'-&&#(*&&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)+-%)))-(
šBWGk_bbWd[0',&&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)+-%)'''*
9;L;DD;I
šB[8b[ocWhZ#CedjBep„h[0'*&&#'-&&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)++)-++)šB[i8ekl_[hi0'*&&#'+&&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)++),)&*)
šBWkX[hj#FbWj[WkZkHeo0'(&&#'*+&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)++),,&(,
šCWiZ[bW8Whgk[0')*&#',.&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)++)+.','
šCedj#7_]ekWb%FhWjF[ohej0'(&&#'+&&c[jh[i
J[b$((%)+,,(&.-%$((%)+,-''*&%
šDWiX_dWbi0'*&&#'+&&c[jh[i#J[b$((%)++('**,(
CekdjW_di_dikcc[hWdZm_dj[hedlll#hjc[gVcXZ#Xdb
š?dBbe07ioek[dj[hj^[I„]h[]eh][i"d[Whj^[l_bbW][e\Bbe$<WY_b_j_[i
_dYbkZ[Wd_dZeehXWj^"Wdef[d#W_hfeeb"[email protected]_"ij[WcXWj^WdZiWkdW$
BW8WbdƒeZ[Bbe08Wbd[ej^[hWfo"X[WkjoYWh[WdZ^oZhe#cWiiW][Y[djh[$
J[b$((%)+-%),)**ehlll#aZhWV^chYZaad#Xdb
š?d:ehh[i0HecWdXWj^i_ddWjkhWbj^[hcWbifh_d]i$
J[b$((%)+-%)++-,ehlll#WV^ch"YZ"YdggZh#Xdb
š?dIW_dj#J^ecWi#b[i#8W_di0Ikbf^khekij^[hcWbifh_d]i$8Wj^_d]Wh[W
)ef[dW_hfeebi$Ij[WcXWj^Wh[W)kd_jiWj)-–"*&–WdZ**–$
J[b$((%)+-.,%(&(ehlll#WV^ch"hV^ci"i]dbVh#Xdb
KI;<KB7::H;II;I
š7b[j#B[i#8W_di#J[b$((%)+-+..(*+
š7bb„]h[#b[i#<kcWZ[i#J[b$((%)++*)%-%š7cƒb_[#b[i#8W_di#FWbWbZW#J[b$((%)+--,..%%
š7l„d[#b[i#8W_di#J[b$((%)+,'()((š8W]debi#b[i#8W_di#J[b$((%)++),+%%'
š8WbWhkY#b[i#8W_di#J[b$((%)+,*&,+%&
šBW9^WbZ[jj[#J[b$((%)++(&+-%%
šBWcWbek#b[i#8W_di#J[b$((%)+,.*,%.&
šBWFh[ij[#b[i#8W_di#J[b$((%)+--,**%%
šB[8ekbek#J[b$((%)+--,*%.*
šCeb_j]#b[i#8W_di#J[b$((%)+-%*%('šH[dd[i#b[i#8W_di#J[b$((%)+-+.-'.)
šL[hd[j#b[i#8W_di#J[b$((%)+-%***(*
6GI
F_Yjeh_WbYkhh[dji
6GI
F_Yjeh_WbYkhh[dji
C74A>DBB8;;>=0A40
01A4438=66A>D=35>A<>34A=?08=C8=6
CWTaTVX^]WPbQTT]P[XeT[hW^cQTS^URaTPcXeXchU^acWaTTZTh_T^_[TUa^\cWT!cWRT]cdah
<PcXbbTX]2^[[X^daT?XRPbb^X]2|aTcP]S3P[XfW^^UcT]eXbXcTS?Ta_XV]P]
3daX]VcWTbd\\Ta^U ($cWTb\P[[·bWX]V_^ac^U2^[[X^daT
fPbcWTbRT]T^UP_XRc^aXP[aTe^[dcX^]7T]aX<PcXbbTP]S
0]Sa|3TaPX]fW^RP\TWTaTc^_PX]ccWT[XVWcX]VTUUTRcbfT]c
^]c^[PhcWTU^d]SPcX^]bU^a\^STa]_PX]cX]VfXcWcWTRaTPcX^]
^U5PdeXb\CWThb^dVWcc^Tg_aTbbcWTXabT]bPcX^]bVdXSTSQh
bWTTaX]bcX]RcP]SQhcWTXaX\_aTbbX^]b^UcWT\^\T]cBca^]V
P]Sb_PaZ[X]VR^[^dabc^^Z_aTRTST]RT^eTacWTSaPfX]Vb
2^[[X^daTQTRP\TP®\dbceXbXc¯STbcX]PcX^]U^aP]d\QTa^U
PacXbcbP]SAP^d[3dUhWTPSTSWTaTc^ST[XRPcT[hRP_cdaTcWT
QTPdch^UXcb_^ac^]RP]ePb3daX]VcWTXabcPhb<PcXbbTP]S
3TaPX]\TcPacXbcbUa^\cWTaTVX^]X]R[dSX]V1PdbX[2^STc
<^]UaTXSCTaadb<PX[[^[5PhTcP]S5PQaTfW^X]ca^SdRTS
cWT\c^cWTXab\P[[PacXbcXRR^\\d]XchfWXRWcWaXeTSX]cWT
bWPS^f^UcWTXaVaTPcb_XaXcdP[[TPSTa?Pd[6PdVdX]3P]XT[
ST<^]UaTXSfW^WPSP_a^_TachX]2^a]TX[[PST2^]¸T]c
PccWTU^^c^UcWT2P]XV^dfPbcWT\^bcUPXcWUd[UaXT]SP]S
R^]·SP]c^UcWT_PX]cTa^U;Tb<Pa`dXbTb
7hj_ij_Y]Zg^iV\Z
I]Z AVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc gZ\^dc ]Vh ValVnh ]ZaY V XZgiV^c ViigVXi^dc [dg Vgi^hih#
HdbZd[i]Z\gZViZhicVbZh^ci]Z]^hidgnd[VgilZgZWdgc]ZgZ!l]^aZVgiZci]jh^Vhih
]VkZegdk^YZYi]Z^ciZgZhiVcYgZhdjgXZhcZZYZYidegdiZXii]ZgZ\^dcÉhdjihiVcY^c\
]Zg^iV\Z#=Vk^c\ZhXVeZYi]ZbV_dgVgi^hi^Xje]ZVkVah!i]Vc`hidi]ZViigVXi^dchd[[ZgZY
Wn HƒiZ! 7Vcnjah"hjg"BZg! i]Z edgi d[ 8daa^djgZ dg i]Z lZaa"egZhZgkZY ]^aah^YZh d[
8‚gZi!i]ZgZ\^dc]Vhegdk^YZYVhdjgXZd[^che^gVi^dc[dghdbZd[i]ZÒcZhiVgi^hih#
9
gVl^c\^che^gVi^dc[gdbi]ZXdadjgh!a^\]iVcYgZa^Z[d[
i]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcÉhhjeZgWaVcYhXVeZh!Yjg^c\
XgjX^VaeZg^dYhd[i]Z^gVgi^hi^XXVgZZg8djgWZi!7Vo^aaZ!
BVi^hhZ!9ZgV^c!BV^aadaVcYE^XVhhdegdYjXZYVcZmigVdgY^"
cVgnk^hjVaVcYVgi^hi^X^ciZgegZiVi^dcd[i]^hWZVji^[jagZ\^dc#
I]ZhZh^iZh]VkZWZZc^bbdgiVa^hZYZkZgh^cXZ!VcYi]ZlVn
^cl]^X]lZidYVnk^Zli]ZbVcYk^h^ii]Zb]VhWZZc\gZVian
igVch[dgbZY#9jg^c\i]Z'%i]XZcijgn!i]ZGdjhh^aadcVcYi]Z
KZgb^a^dcXdVhihZgkZYVhVhdjgXZd[^che^gVi^dc[dgXdjciaZhh
Vgi^hih#>c8daa^djgZ!i]Z;Vjk^hihidd`Vgi^cVcZlY^gZXi^dc
X]VgVXiZg^hZYWnejgZXdadjg#>c8‚gZii]Z8jW^hihZmeadgZY
i]Zcdi^dcd[VWhigVXi^dc#EZge^\cVcÉhgV^alVnhiVi^dcWZXVbZ
).
Sud de France
i]ZÆXZcigZd[i]ZldgaYÇ[dg9Va^ÉhhjggZVa^hb#BdgZgZXZcian!
E^ZggZHdjaV\Zh!l]dhZldg`hVgZXZaZWgViZY^cbjhZjbh
VcYVgi\VaaZg^Zhi]ZldgaYdkZg!lgdiZVcZlX]VeiZg^ci]Z
gZ\^dcÉhVgi^hi^X]^hidgnWnYdcVi^c\ilZcind[]^hldg`hid
i]Z;VWgZbjhZjb^cBdcieZaa^Zg#;daadl^c\VXdbeaZiZ
gZcdkVi^dcVcYgZYZh^\c!i]^hbjhZjbgZdeZcZY^c'%%,!
gZhiV`^c\i]ZgZ\^dcÉhXaV^bid^iheaVXZdci]Z^ciZgcVi^dcVa
VgihXZcZ#L]Zi]ZgcV^kZdgedejaVg^cHƒiZ!bdgZXdciZb"
edgVgn^c8‚gZi!VcYVWhigVXidgXdadjg[jaWZilZZcEZge^\cVc
VcY8daa^djgZ!VgiXVcWZVYb^gZY]ZgZ^cVaa^ih[dgbh^ci]Z
gZ\^dcÉhbjhZjbhVcY\VaaZg^Zh#:c_dnV\j^YZYk^h^iVhndj
Y^hXdkZghdbZd[i]Z\gZViZhicVbZh^ceV^ci^c\#
CWTR^]cT\_^aPaXTb
3daX]VcWT (&bcf^PacXbcb^aXVX]PcX]VUa^\B}cTA^QTac
2^\QPbP]S7Tae|3XA^bPRaTPcTSP]TfPacXbcXRbch[TZ]^f]
Pb®·VdaPcX^][XQaT¯CWTXaf^aZ\PSTdbT^UbX\_[TWXVW[h
R^[^daTSX\PVTbfWXRWfTaT^UcT]Wd\^a^dbP]S]PaaPcTS
X]b_XaTSQhcWTf^a[S^URPac^^]b
5^[[^fX]VcWTaT]^ePcX^]^UcWT5PQaT\dbTd\X]<^]c_T[[XTa
cWT_PX]cX]Vb^U?XTaaTB^d[PVTbWPeT·]P[[hU^d]SPW^\T
f^acWh^UcWTXaVT]XdbX]cWT%\!a^^\STe^cTSc^cWT\)
cWT?XTaaTB^d[PVTa^^\3PaZP]SPQbcaPRcfXcWPS^\X]P]c
dbT^UQ[PRZWXb\PY^aRP]ePbTbT\_[^haWhcW\b_PRTP]S
[XVWcc^RaTPcT]Tf_XRc^aXP[bT]bPcX^]bP]Sc^_[d]VTcWT
eXbXc^aX]c^Pd]XeTabP[SX\T]bX^]
=XRZ]P\TS®cWT2dQXbc<TRRP¯QhcWTRaXcXR0]Sa|BP[\^]
2|aTcQTRP\TPRaTPcXeTW^cQTSPa^d]S ( 7TPSX]VWTaT
c^\TTc0aXbcXST<PX[[^[X]1P]hd[b?XRPbb^±bUaXT]S<P]^[^
bTcc[TSWTaT8] ( ?PQ[^?XRPbb^WPSY^X]TSWX\U^[[^fTS
Qh1aP`dT<Pg9PR^QP]S\P]h^cWTaPacXbcbC^VTcWTacWTh
bWP_TScWTUdcdaT^U2dQXb\8] ( #cWTfPaQa^dVWcTeT
ahcWX]Vc^PbdSST]WP[c>][h9dP]6aXbaT\PX]TS;PcTaX]
cWT ("bB^dcX]TP]S2WPVP[[f^d[SP[b^[TPeTcWTXa\PaZ
WTaTCWT2|aTc\dbTd\^U\^STa]PacaTcaPRTbcWTXacX\T
X]cWTaTVX^]
0UcTa5PdeXb\P]S2dQXb\XcfPbcWTcda]^UBP[ePS^a3P[X±b
bdaaTP[Xb\c^_a^U^d]S[h\PaZcWTUdcdaT^U?Ta_XV]P]
_PacXRd[Pa[hPccWTaPX[fPhbcPcX^]fWXRWcWT2PcP[P]\PbcTa
\XbRWXTe^db[h]P\TS®cWTRT]caT^UcWTf^a[S¯
0]Sa|3TaPX]CWT2^[[X^daT[XVWcW^dbT ($
>X[_PX]cX]V""g# R\
50C;0384B0=3;8CC;4<4=¥
0[QTac 3dQ^dc ($ (&% cWXb
d]dbdP[RPac^^]XbcX]¸dT]RTSbTeT
aP[VT]TaPcX^]bfXcWWXbWd\^a^db
SaPfX]VbX]R[dSX]VWXbRa^fSbWXb
RPcb^aWXb®UPc[PSXTbP]S[Xcc[T\T]¯ PacXbc3XbR^eTaWXbf^aZPccWT0[QTac
7T_a^SdRTSP\PY^aR^a_db^Uf^aZ 3dQ^dc\dbTd\P]ScWT?TcXcCaPX]
PbPRPac^^]XbcX[[dbcaPc^a_^bcTafaXcTa \dbTd\X]?P[PePb
P]SP[cW^dVW[TbbfT[[Z]^f]PbP]
7bX[hj:kXekjCki[kc_dFWbWlWi#b[i#<beji#J[b$((%)+,+-*+)&#lll#YjWdji#[g
F[j_jJhW_dCki[kc_dFWbWlWi#b[i#<beji0eZgbVcZciZm]^W^i^dcd[*&YgVl^c\hVcY
'bV_dge]didhd[9jWdjidci]ZEVaVkVh"aZh";adihigV^c#
)/
Sud de France
6GI
F_Yjeh_WbYkhh[dji
E:GHDC6<:H
?dj^[\eejij[fie\¾
<DB4D<B0=30AC60;;4A84B
CWT2Paa|S±0ac
1dX[cX] (("X]cWT?[PRTST[P<PXb^]2Paa|T
X]=‚\TbcWT2Paa|S±0acR^]cT\_^aPah
Pac\dbTd\WPbWT[_TSQ^^bccWTc^f]±b
Rd[cdaP[bcP]SX]VFXcWcWT\X]X\P[Xb\^U
Xcb\^STa]V[PbbbcadRcdaTR^]caPbcX]VfXcW
cWT^[Sbc^]T^UXcbbdaa^d]SX]VbP]SXcb
T[TVP]cQdX[SX]VSTbXV]TSQhcWTPaRWXcTRc
BXa=^a\P]5^bcTafW^P[b^STbXV]TScWT
<X[[PdeXPSdRccWTVP[[TahXbW^\Tc^P
_Ta\P]T]cR^[[TRcX^]^U"f^aZbPRR^\
_P]XTSQhaTVd[Pa_Ta\P]T]cTgWXQXcX^]b
^UUTaX]VPb]P_bW^c^UcWTR^]cT\_^aPah
PacbRT]TUa^\cWT (%bcWa^dVWc^cWT
_aTbT]cSPhU^RdbX]V^]cWaTT\PX]PaTPb)
P]^eTaeXTf^U5aT]RWPac<TSXcTaaP]TP]
XST]cXchX]B^dcWTa]5aP]RTB_PX]P]S8cP[h
X]PSSXcX^]c^P_aTbT]cPcX^]^U0]V[^BPg^]
P]S6Ta\P]XRPacXbcXRcaT]Sb
CWT5PQaT<dbTd\
5aP]{^XbGPeXTa5PQaT &%% '"&XbcWT
]P\TQTWX]ScWT\dbTd\X]<^]c_T[[XTac^
fWXRWcWXbcP[T]cTS_PX]cTaP]ST]cWdbXPbcXR
R^[[TRc^aS^]PcTSWXbX]RaTSXQ[TR^[[TR
cX^]>_T]TSX] '!'cWT5PQaT\dbTd\
aTRTXeTSPUdacWTaQ^^bcfXcWcWTPSSXcX^]
^Ucf^^cWTaS^]PcTSR^[[TRcX^]bcW^bT^U
0]c^X]TEP[TSPdfW^R^]caXQdcTSf^aZbQh
cWT=^acWTa]bRW^^[bAdQT]bBcTT]P]S
AdXbSP[X]PSSXcX^]c^1^daS^]6aTdiTP]S
6Xa^STcCWXbfPbU^[[^fTSQhcWPc^UcWT
_Pca^]0[UaTS1adhPbc^fW^\fT^fTcWT
f^aZbQh2^a^c<X[[Tc2^daQTc3T[PRa^Xg
3PeXS6|aXRPd[cP]S8]VaTbAT]^ePcTS
P]STgcT]STScWXbXbc^SPhP\dbTd\U^a
cWT! bcRT]cdahP]SaT^_T]TSX]!&
4`dX__TSfXcWcWTeTah[PcTbccTRW]^[^VhXc
^UUTabeXbXc^abPR^WTaT]cPacXbcXReXbXcCWT
TgWXQXcX^]a^^\bX]R[dST5[T\XbWP]S3dcRW
_PX]cX]VbUa^\cWT %cWP]S &cWRT]cdaXTb
8cP[XP]_PX]cX]Vbf^aZbUa^\cWTAT]PXbbP]RT
P]ScWT &cWRT]cdah5aT]RW_PX]cX]VbUa^\
cWT &cWP]S 'cWRT]cdaXTb\^STa]PacUa^\
cWT (cWRT]cdahfXcWcWT2PQP]T[2^daQTc
1PiX[[TP]S9TP]7dV^a^^\b]^cU^aVTccX]V
cWT!cWRT]cdahP]SR^]cT\_^aPahPacfXcW
BX\^]7P]cPƒcWTBd__^acBdaUPRT\^eT\T]c
P]S5aP]{^Xb<^aT[[TcTcRCWTeXbXcT]Sb
]XRT[hfXcWPd]X`dTR^[[TRcX^]^Uf^aZbUa^\
CWT;^S}eT\dbTd\
0]T[TVP]c_aXePcTaTbXST]RTX];^S}eTcWPc ?XTaaTB^d[PVTb
^U2PaSX]P[5[Tdah;^dXbGE±bcPgX]b_TRc^a
WPbQTT]RW^bT]PbcWTbTccX]VU^aP\dbTd\
fW^bT\PY^abd\\TaTgWXQXcX^]bWPeTc^
SPhQTR^\TUP\^dbCWT;^S}eT\dbTd\
R^\_aXbTbcf^ST_Pac\T]cb5Xabc[hcWT
VT^[^Vh_P[PT^]c^[^Vh_aTWXbc^aXRP]S
PaRWPT^[^VXRP[R^[[TRcX^]bBTR^]S[hcWT
·]TPacbPaTfT[[aT_aTbT]cTSWTaTfXcW
PaP]VT^UbRd[_cdaTbP]S_P_TaQPbTS
f^aZUa^\cWT;^S}eTPacXbc?Pd[3PaS|X]
PSSXcX^]c^f^aZbQh1aP`dT2PX[[TQ^ccT
2P\^X]3dUh6aXbB^dcX]TE[P\X]RZ;|VTa
<80<
P]S?^[XPZ^UU
8]!P\dbTd\b_^acX]VP\^STbcUP
{PST^_T]TSP[^]VbXSTPRP]P[X]B}cTCWT
8]cTa]PcX^]P[<dbTd\^U<^STbc0ac<80<
¬<db|TX]cTa]PcX^]P[STbPacb\^STbcTbXb
cWTQaPX]RWX[S^Ucf^PacXbcbP]SR^[[TRc^ab
cWT_PX]cTa7Tae|SXA^bPUa^\B}cTP]S
1Ta]PaS1T[[dR1^cWX\\T]bT[hU^]S^U
SPhc^SPhXcT\bcWThSTRXSTSc^VXeT_aXST
^U_[PRTc^\PaVX]P[]PXeTP]S_^_d[PaPac
fXcWcW^dbP]Sb^Ub\P[[·VdaX]TbZThU^Qb
1^]dgVXUcb^aWP]S\PSTc^hbTcR0_^TcXR
hTcWXVW[hP\dbX]VeXbXcPfPXcbh^d
2|aTc<^STa]0ac<dbTd\
CWT2|aTc\^STa]Pac\dbTd\±bR^[[TRcX^]
QTPabfXc]Tbbc^cWTVaTPcPacXbcb^UcWT!cW
RT]cdahfW^bcPhTSX]^aeXbXcTScWTc^f]
P]SXcbbdaa^d]SX]VbX]R[dSX]V)?XRPbb^
1aP`dT6aXbB^dcX]T2WPVP[[7TaQX]<PcXbbT
<Pbb^]<P]^[^P]S?XV]^]X]PSSXcX^]c^
<Xa…Cv_XTbEXP[[PcP]SC^]X6aP]STcR
1TcfTT] ($P]S ($&?XRPbb^P]S<PcXbbT
S^]PcTSP]d\QTa^UTgcaP^aSX]Pahf^aZb
X]R[dSX]VPd]X`dTbTaXTb^U!'b\P[[RTaP\XR
SXbWTbUTPcdaX]VcWTcWT\T^UcWTR^aaXSP
Ua^\?XRPbb^P]S #SaPfX]Vb_a^SdRTSX]
2^[[X^daTX] ($Ua^\<PcXbbT
CWT<PX[[^[<dbTd\
0aXbcXST<PX[[^[fPbQ^a]X]1P]hd[bbda<Ta
P]SXcXbWTaTcWPcWTfPbTeT]cdP[[hQdaXTS
7XbVaPeTcWT\^]d\T]cU^afWXRWXbWXbf^aZ
;P<|SXcTaaP]|TXbbXcdPcTSX]cWTVPaST]
[TPSX]VX]c^cWT<PX[[^[\dbTd\W^dbTSX]
P_TPRTUd[P]SaT[PgX]VbcdSX^PaTP_TaUTRc
U^a\TSXcPcX^]P]SR^]cT\_[PcX^]B^\T#
Qa^]iT^aTPacWT]fPaTbcPcdTbPaT^]bW^f
WTaTX]PSSXcX^]c^SaPfX]VbP]S_PX]cX]Vb
P]S]d\Ta^dbaTR^]bcadRcX^]b^UbRT]Tb
Ua^\WXbSPhc^SPh[XUT
BeZ„l[Cki[kc#J[b$((%)+,---+&%#lll#adYZkZ#Xdb
<WXh[Cki[kc_dCedjf[bb_[h#J[b$((%)+,&)-(%%#lll#di"bdcieZaa^Zg#[g$bjhZZ"[VWgZ
I„j[?dj[hdWj_edWbCki[kce\CeZ[hd7hj#J[b$((%)+,&-+)%%#lll#b^Vb#dg\
CW_bbebCki[kc_d8Wdokbi#Ikh#C[h#J[b$((%)+---*,&&#lll#bjhZZbV^aada#Xdb
9ƒh[jCki[kce\CeZ[hd7hj#J[b$((%)+--,',,+#lll#bjhZZ"XZgZi#Xdb
9Whhƒ:Ê7hjÅCki[kce\9edj[cfehWho7hj_dD‰c[i#J[b$((%)++,+(*,%#lll#c^bZh#[g
*&
Sud de France
9kbjkhWbb_\[_dj^[BWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbedWjlll#hjc[gVcXZ#Xdb
?dj^[\eejij[fid[½
L]Zi]Zg i]Zn lZgZ Wdgc ^c i]Z gZ\^dc! a^kZY ]ZgZ dg h^bean hiVnZY ]ZgZ! V aVg\Z
cjbWZgd[Vgi^hihVcYXZaZWg^i^Zh]VkZaZ[ii]Z^gbVg`dci]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc#
6bdc\ i]^h ]j\Z VcY ^aajhig^djh gdaa"XVaa heVcc^c\ i]Z XZcijg^Zh! eV^ciZgh ]VkZ
gjWWZY h]djaYZgh l^i] \gZVi VXidgh! bjh^X^Vch VcY i]^c`Zgh# 6bdc\ di]Zgh! ^c
i]Z8‚kZccZhlZh]djaYbZci^dci]ZcdkZa^hiE^ZggZ8]VWgda!VcY^ci]Z6jYZi]Z
k^aaV\Zd[8jXj\cVcVcY^iheg^Zhi![gdbi]Zldg`Wn6ae]dchZ9VjYZi#>cE‚oZcVh
i]Zi]ZVigZWdVgYhhi^aagZhdjcYidi]ZXdbZY^ZhXgZViZYWnVXZgiV^cBg#Bda^ƒgZ#
LZ h]djaY Vahd cdi [dg\Zi BdcieZaa^ZgÉh ;VXjain d[ BZY^X^cZ! hi^aa ]VjciZY Wn i]Z
egde]ZX^Zhd[CdhigVYVbjhdgi]Z]jbdjgd[GVWZaV^h#BdgZgZXZcian!lZaa"`cdlc
;gZcX]Vgi^hihhjX]VhE^ZggZG^X]VgY!Da^k^VGj^o!<‚gVgY9ZeVgY^Zjdg?ZVc"Adj^h
Ig^ci^\cVci]VkZbVYZi]Z^gcVbZVbdc\i]ZhiVgh#8dbZVadc\VcYhVbeaZi]^h
aVcYd[VgiVcY]^hidgnidlcWnidlcVcYXZcijgnWnXZcijgn![daadl^c\^ci]Z[ddihiZeh
d[i]ZhZXZaZWg^i^Zh#
*'
Sud de France
E:GHDC6<:H
?dj^[\eejij[fie\¾
E:GHDC6<:H
>_ijehoÊi]Zg^iV\Z
MONTPELLIER
>cBdcieZaa^Zg!;gVcXZÉhÒghiZkZg[VXjaind[bZY^X^cZlVh
XgZViZY^c&().#6bdc\i]ZcdiZldgi]nhijYZcihl]dÓdX`ZY
]ZgZ[gdbVaadkZg:jgdeZlZh]djaYbZci^dcGVWZaV^h!l]d
XdbeaZiZY]^hhijY^Zh]ZgZ^c&*(%#6ii]Zi^bZ!]ZlVhadY\ZY
Vii]Z]dbZd[<j^aaVjbZGdcYZaZi&*%,"&*++!Vegd[Zhhdg
d[bZY^X^cZaViZg^bbdgiVa^hZYWni]Zlg^iZg^ci]Z[dgbd[
GdcY^W^a^h#I]ZWj^aY^c\idYVnWZVghVeaVfjZXdbbZbdgVi^c\
]^hhiVn]ZgZ#GVWZaV^hgZijgcZYidBdcieZaa^Zg^c&*(,idh^i
]^hÒcVaZmVb^cbZY^X^cZ#=Z^h[dgZkZg^bbdgiVa^hZY^c
i]Z;VXjaind[BZY^X^cZÉhWdiVc^XVa\VgYZchWnVbdcjbZci
ZgZXiZY^ci]Zh]VYZd[VcZiiaZigZZ#
Cedjf[bb_[hJekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+,+%+%+%#lll#di"bdcieZaa^Zg#[g
9[b[Xh_j_[i0»bVYZ^c
AVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc¼
SETE
I]ZbVg^i^bZXZbZiZgn^cHƒiZ^h]dbZidi]Z\gVkZd[EVja
KVa‚gn&-,&"&.)*#6cdi]Zgd[i]ZidlcÉh[VbdjhhdchlVh
<Zdg\Zh7gVhhZch&.'&"&.-&!l]dhjc\i]ZaZ\ZcYVgnFjV^
YZaVBVg^cZ#I]^hedZiVcYhdc\lg^iZg!l]d^hidYVnWjg^ZY
^ci]ZXZbZiZgnd[AZEn!]dcdjgZY]^hidlcWnYZY^XVi^c\
hZkZgVad[]^hhdc\hid^i#>i^hcdli]Zijgcd[HƒiZidXZaZWgViZ
i]Z\gZVibVcÉha^[ZWnYZY^XVi^c\V7gVhhZch8ZcigZid]^b#
I„j[Jekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+,,),&,&#lll#di"hZiZ#[g
NARBONNE
8]VgaZhIg‚cZi&.&("'%%&^hhi^aa[dcYangZbZbWZgZY^c
CVgWdccZ#I]Zh^c\Zga^kZY]ZgZ[dgVadc\i^bZVcYValVnh
hed`ZV[[ZXi^dcViZanVWdji]^hcVi^kZidlc#=^haZ\ZcYVgn
hdc\h![gdbAVbZgidNVYÉaV_d^Z!VgZidYVn`cdlci]Z
ldgaYdkZg#I]Z]dbZ^cl]^X]]ZlVhWdgc!deedh^iZV
gV^alVna^cZVcYcZVgi]Z[Vb^anXddeZgV\ZWjh^cZhh!]Vh
idYVnWZZcXdckZgiZY^cidVbjhZjb#
DWhXedd[Jekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+-+*&*+%#lll#bV^g^Z"cVgWdccZ#[g
DB45D;033A4BB4B
PEZENAS
I]Zidlcd[E‚oZcVhVahd]VYVeVgi^XjaVgan[Vbdjh
\jZhi#>c&)*+!i]Z:hiViZh<ZcZgVad[i]ZAVc\jZYdX
lVhWVhZY]ZgZ!l^i]\dkZgcdghhjX]VhBdcibdgZcXn
VcY8dci^Xdcig^Wji^c\idi]ZidlcÉhZXdcdb^XVcY
XjaijgVaYZkZadebZci#I]ZheaZcYdjgd[i]ZXdjgid[
i]ZEg^cXZd[8dci^ViigVXiZYVaVg\ZcjbWZgd[Vgi^hih!
^ciZaaZXijVahVcYVXidghidE‚oZcVh!^cXajY^c\Bda^ƒgZ
l]dhiVnZY]ZgZhZkZgVai^bZhWZilZZc&+*%VcY&+*+#
=ZWgdj\]i]^hXdbZYneZg[dgbVcXZhidhZkZgVakZcjZh
^cXajY^c\i]ZXdjginVgYd[i]Z=iZaYÉ6a[dcXZ!l]ZgZAZ
B‚YZX^ckdaVci#lVhhV^Yid]VkZWZZcXgZViZY#=Vk^c\
WZXdbZV\ddY[g^ZcYd[i]ZWVgWZg<‚an!Bda^ƒgZÉh
[gZfjZcik^h^ihbVYZ]^hViigVXi^kZ]dbZeVgi^XjaVgan
[Vbdjh^cEaVXZ<VbWZiiV!deedh^iZi]Z=iZaYZh
:iVih<‚c‚gVjmYjAVc\jZYdX#I]Z=iZaEZngVilVh
heZX^VaanÒiiZYdji^c6eg^a'%%-id]dhiVY^hXdkZgnidjg
VcYh]dl^aajhigVi^c\Bda^ƒgZÉha^[Z#
*(
Sud de France
?dj^[\eejij[fie\¾
F;P;D7I
šD[m\eh(&&.0;^kZgddbhVii]Z=iZaEZngVi&,i]XZcijgn
VgZYZY^XViZYidÆHX‚cdk^h^dcÇ!VY^hXdkZgnidjgVcYh]dl
gZXdjci^c\i]Za^[Zd[Bda^ƒgZl^i]i]ZV^Yd[hXZc^XVgiiZX]c^"
fjZh(9e^XijgZh!hdjcY!heZX^VaZ[[ZXih!ZiX##6ahd!YdcÉib^hh
»E‚oZcVhVjiZbehYZBda^ƒgZ¼E‚oZcVh^ci]ZYVnhd[Bda^ƒgZ/
i]^hhjeZgW\j^YZYidjg^ci]ZXdbeVcnd[V\j^YZ"aZXijgZgYZh"
Xg^WZhBda^ƒgZÉhi^bZ^cE‚oZcVhi]gdj\]i]ZkVg^djhadXVi^dch
]Zk^h^iZY#Fƒp[dWiJekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)+,.-(+)%
šJ^[8eXoBWfe_dj[Cki[kc!l]^X]^cigdYjXZhi]Z[VhX^cVi^c\
ldgaYVcYhdc\hd[i]^hVgi^hidg^\^cVi^c\[gdbE‚oZcVh#
J[b$((%)+,'&%'-,
I;J;
šJ^[FWkbLWbƒhoCki[kcdkZgadd`hi]ZhZV#=ZgZ!k^h^idghXVc
Y^hXdkZgVcZm]^W^i^dcYZkdiZYidHƒiZ!^cXajY^c\ldg`Wn
XdciZbedgVgnVgi^hih[gdbHƒiZVcYi]ZhjggdjcY^c\gZ\^dc#
I]ZEVjaKVa‚gnGddb^hheZX^VaanYZY^XViZYidi]^hedZi[gdb
HƒiZ#I]Zk^h^iZcYhl^i]VcjbWZgd[ldg`h[gdbi]Z&-i]VcY
&.i]XZcijg^Zh"J[b$((%)+,)+'%.šJ^[;ifWY[=[eh][i8hWii[di<Zdg\Zh7gVhhZch8ZcigZ/
Zfj^eeZYl^i]VhiZgZd]ZVYhZi!k^h^idghVgZ\j^YZYWni]Zkd^XZ
d[<Zdg\Zh7gVhhZch]^bhZa[!l]diVa`hVWdji]^ha^[ZVcYldg`#
IdgdjcYd[[i]Zk^h^i!VcjbWZgd[gVgZÒabhVcYgZX^iVahVgZ
hXgZZcZY^ci]Zk^YZdgddb"J[b$((%)+,*((',,
D7H8EDD;
šÇIkhb[ifWiZ[9^Whb[iJh[d[jÈ>ci]ZhiZehd[8]VgaZhIgZcZi!
V\j^YZYVcYbjh^XVaidjgVgdjcYi]Z]dbZ^cl]^X]i]Zh^c\Zg
lVhWdgc"J[b$((%)+-.%(%++
I]ZgVledlZgd[ÇH_dŽYƒhŽi[È
7VX`^cjc^kZgh^inl]ZgZi]ZnÒghibZi!i]ZnlZgZ`cdlcVh
?ZVc"E]^a^eeZ;gZjVcYEVidj8Vgg^‚#IdYVn!i]ZhZ[dgbZg
hijYZcih[gdbBdcieZaa^Zg]VkZadc\aZ[ii]ZXgdlYZYaZXijgZ
i]ZVigZhWZ]^cYi]Zb!XdbW^c^c\i]Z^geVhh^dc[dgZaZXigd
bjh^XWnXgZVi^c\G^cX‚ghZg]^cdXZgdh!VgVlVcYjcj"
hjVacVbZ[dgVbjh^XVahinaZXdbW^c^c\i]ZejahVi^c\WZVi
d[]djhZbjh^X!lVgbVcYZcX]Vci^c\WVhhhdjcYhh^b^aVg
idYjW!e^ZgX^c\\j^iVgg^[[hVcY^ciZchZ!hZYjXi^kZe]gVh^c\#
8]dhZc[gdbi]Z^g[djgi]VaWjbÆHX]^ode]gZc^VÇ!h^cXZ'%%+
i]ZigVX`Æ8jW^XaZÇ]VhWZZcjhZYVheVgid[6eeaZÉhcZl^EdY
XVbeV^\c#;dg&%nZVghcdl!i]^hYjd]VhZc_dnZYhjXXZhh
l^i]djiZkZgaZii^c\^i\didi]Z^g]ZVY#?ZVc"E]^a^eeZ;gZj
iZVX]ZhZXdcdb^XVcYhdX^VaVYb^c^higVi^dcVii]ZJc^kZgh^in
d[BdcieZaa^Zg!VcYa^kZhl^i]EVidj8Vgg^‚^cBdcieZaa^Zg#
AVhil^ciZg!i]ZXdjeaZegdYjXZYi]Zbjh^X[dgi]ZX]d"
gZd\gVe]^XhZfjZcXZhWnBVi]^aYZBdcc^Zg!VYVcXZg[gdb
BdcieZaa^Zg![dg\^c\a^c`hl^i]i]ZgZ\^dcVaXdciZbedgVgn
hXZcZ^ci]ZegdXZhh#
I]ZÇ<[cc[9^eYebWjÈh]dl
H]Zh^c\h!h]ZYVcXZhVcYh]Zh^beancZkZghiVcYhhi^aa
6hndjlViX]]ZgaZVe^c\VWdjidchiV\Zndjfj^X`an\Zi
i]Z^begZhh^dci]Vih]ZÉhWZZcYd^c\i]^hVaad[]Zga^[Z½#
VcYndjldjaYcÉiWZlgdc\#6cVi^kZd[i]Z6jYZgZ\^dc!
Da^k^VGj^ocdYdjWidlZh]Zg[VhX^cVi^dc[dgbjh^Xid]Zg
bjh^X^Vc[Vi]Zg9^Y^Zg7aVcX#I]Zndjc\Da^k^V\gZlje
^cBVghZ^aaZiiZ!cZVg8VgXVhhdccZVcYheZciadc\!]Veen
nZVgh^ci]Z[Vb^anXV[Z#6adc\l^i]bdb!YVY!]ZgWgd"
i]Zg!Vjci^Z!jcXaZ!\gVccn!\gVcYeVVcY_d_d]ZgWdn[g^ZcY
hZZÆI]‚gVe^ZYZ\gdjeZÇdc]ZgÆAV;ZbbZ8]dXdaViÇ
VaWjb!i]Z[g^ZcYana^iiaZldgaYd[Da^k^VGj^olVhdcZd[
XdchiVcibdkZbZci!_jhia^`Zi]ZXV[Z_j`Z"Wdm#I]ZhZ
lZgZ]Veeni^bZhVcYi]Zndjc\h^c\Zg!l]d[dgbZY]Zg
ÒghiadXVa\gdjeÆ;^kZÇVii]ZV\Zd[_jhi&*Zc_dnZYZVgan
hjXXZhh#6[iZg]ZgÒghiVaWjbÆ?ÉV^bZeVhaÉVbdjgÇ^c
'%%(!ÆAV;ZbbZX]dXdaViÇ'%%*ZVgcZY]ZgVY^VbdcY
gZXdgY#>c'%%,!Da^k^VGj^ohXddeZYi]Zi^iaZd[Æ[ZbVaZ
Vgi^hid[i]ZnZVgÇ#H]Z^hZmigZbZan[dcYd[]Zg[Vb^an
VcY]Zg6jYd^hdg^\^ch!l]^X]h]ZegdjYanY^heaVnhl^i]
]ZgXdadjg[jaVXXZci#
F_[hh[H_Y^WhZÊik^cZnVgY
8dbeaZiZanWnX]VcXZ!^c&.-)i]ZÆW^\WadcYÇE^ZggZG^X]VgY
hZije]dbZ^c<gj^hhVc!^ci]ZkZgn]ZVgid[i]Z8dgW^ƒgZh
l^cZegdYjX^c\VgZV#Dg^\^cVaank^h^i^c\i]ZVgZVVhV
idjg^hi!i]ZVXidghediiZYV]djhZhjggdjcYZYWnVWVcYdcZY
k^cZnVgYhl]^X]]Zfj^X`anXdc"
kZgiZY^cidV]da^YVn]dbZ#I]Z
egZhZcXZd[i]Zk^cZh!cVijgVaan
aZY]^bidhiVgiegdYjX^c\l^cZ
dci]ZegdeZgin#=^hk^cZnVgY
8]}iZVj7ZaÚkƒfjZXdkZghV
l^aYaVcYhXVeZd[hXgjWaVcYVcY
e^cZlddYhcZhia^c\WZilZZcild
]^aahVcYWdgYZgZYWnedcYh#I]Z
hd^a^hYgnVcYeZWWan#=^hÒghik^ciV\ZlVhbVg`ZiZY^c
&.-.!VcYgZlVgYZYl^i]V\daYbZYVa#
« The “big blond”
Pierre Richard set
up home in Gruissan,
in the very heart
of the Corbières wine
producing area… »
@[Wd#Bek_iJh_dj_]dWdjÊiaZXijgZh
I^gZYd[i]ZÆegd[Zhh^dcÉhegd[Zhh^dcVahÇ![gdbi]ZaViZ
Z^\]i^ZhdclVgYh!i]ZVXidg?ZVc"Adj^hIg^ci^\cVci]Vh
heZcibdgZVcYbdgZi^bZVi]^h]dbZ^cJoƒh#9Zhe^iZ
i]^h!]Zhi^aaXdci^cjZhidbV`Zi]ZdXXVh^dcVaX^cZbV
VeeZVgVcXZ!l^i]]^hXjhidbVgnhjXXZhh#K^ZlZghl^aa
]VkZhZZc]^b^[email protected]^Zhadlh`^ÉhI]gZZ8dadjgh/GZY^c&..(
dg8Zjmfj^bÉV^bZciegZcYgdciaZigV^cWn8]‚gZVj!^c
&..,#:kZg[V^i][jaidi]ZJoƒhVgZVVcYi]ZAVc\jZYdX"
Gdjhh^aadcgZ\^dc![gdbi^bZidi^bZ?ZVc"Adj^hIg^ci^\cVci
dg\Vc^hZhaZXijgZh^cJoƒh!AdYƒkZ!6aƒhdgCˆbZh#
*)
Sud de France
8G6;IH
9h[Wj_l[Whj_iji
0;464=30AHE0B4
7Tf^d[SP[\^bcRTacPX][h]TeTaWPeTX\PVX]TScWPc^]TSPhWXbePbTbf^d[ST]Sd_X]VPaST]b
P[[Pa^d]ScWTf^a[SP]ScWPcWXbcX]heX[[PVT^U0]SdiTX]5aP]RT±b6PaSaTVX^]f^d[SQTR^\T
bh]^]h\^dbfXcWPUPbRX]PcX]VP]RTbcaP[caPSXcX^]FXcWPbX]V[Tbca^ZTcWT_^ccTahVT]Xdb1^XbbTc
bdRRTTSTSX]bfTT_X]VPbXSTR^]eT]cX^]P]S\PZX]VcWT0]SdiTePbTPSTR^aPcXeT[TVT]S
0RR^aSX]Vc^_^_d[PacaPSXcX^]SdaX]VcWTAT]PXbbP]RT_TaX^S
P_^ccTaUa^\0]SdiTfW^WPSQTT]eXbXcX]VcWT1TPdRPXaTUPXa
bc^__TSSTPSX]WXbcaPRZbfWT]WTbPfP]8cP[XP]ePbTUa^\cWT
<TSXRX_TaX^SSTR^aPcTSfXcWVPa[P]SbUadXcP]S¸^fTab0\PiTS
QhcWTST[XRPRhP]SQTPdch^UcWTePbTWTWTPSTSQPRZc^WXb
f^aZbW^_STcTa\X]TScWPcWTc^^f^d[SRaTPcTP[dgdahXcT\fXcW
WXb^f]WP]SbX]cT]STSU^a_daT[hSTR^aPcXeT_da_^bTb1PRZ
X]cW^bTSPhb[XUTX]cWT2|eT]]TbPaTPfPb^]T^UWPaSf^aZ
fXcW]^cX\TU^abd_Ta¸d^dbSTR^a^aUP]cPbhCWTQaPX]RWX[S
^UcWT_^ccTa1^XbbTcfPbaPcWTa^SSQdcXc]TeTacWT[Tbbc^^Z
bWP_TfXcWcWTRaTPcX^]^U®cWT¯0]SdiTePbTPRXaRd[Pa\^ST[
UTPcdaX]Vb^\TfWPccWXRZTSVTbT[TVP]c[hSTR^aPcTSfXcWP
VPa[P]Sb_^acX]VcWaTTUTbc^^]bP]SQPSVTb0[TVT]SPahXcT\
fPbQ^a]P]S^]TfWXRWf^d[S`dXRZ[hV^^]c^QTR^\TcWT
SPa[X]V^UcWTVaTPcP]ScWTV^^SPccWTR^dac^U;^dXbG8E
X]R[dSX]VcWTSahX]VcX\TcWTb[X_R^PcX]VcWTePbTXbR^PcTS
fXcWP[PhTa^UfWXcTR[PhZ]^f]Pb®b[X_¯PX\TSPcRP]RT[[X]V^dc
cWTaTSR^[^da^UcWT0]SdiTR[PhU^[[^fTSQhPUdacWTaSahX]V
bTbbX^]CWT]cWT_^ccTaf^aZbWXb\PVXRQdbX[hP__[hX]VPaP]VT
^UR^[^dabP]SbWPSTbfWXRWRP]^][hQTP__aTRXPcTS^]RTcWT
ePbTWPbd]STaV^]TXcb®QP_cXb\^U·aT¯)QTX]VQPZTSU^a!#
W^dabX]P]^eT]Pc 8cT\TaVTbR^\_[TcT[hcaP]bU^a\TS
P]PccaPRcXeT\^cc[TSR^\QX]PcX^]^UR^[^dabP]SbWTT]b8cXb
cWXbRaPUcb\P]\PST_a^SdRcX^]_a^RTbbcWPcWPbVdPaP]cTTScWT
UP\TP]SaT_dcPcX^]^UPePbTfWXRWfWT]^[SXbP[fPhbWXVW[h
b^dVWcPUcTaQhP]cX`dTSTP[Tab^aSTR^aPc^abCWT0]SdiTePbT
R^\QX]Tb5[^aT]cX]TTgcaPePVP]RTcT\_TaTSQhch_XRP[2|eT]]Tb
PdbcTaXch¥0]PacX]Xcb^f]aXVWc
5XaTP]STPacW
7hjiWdZYhW\ji0
ijgc^c\YgZVbh^cidgZVa^in
I]ZVgi^hi^XVcYXgV[iegd[Zhh^dchZmegZhhi]ZXjaijgVa^YZci^ind[VgZ\^dcl]^X]]Vh
ValVnhhjXXZhh[jaanegZhZgkZYVcYcjgijgZY^ihigVY^i^dch#I]^ha^k^c\]Zg^iV\Z!i]ZYV^an
VheZXihd[l]^X]]VkZgZbV^cZYjcX]Vc\ZYdkZgi]ZnZVghgZhjai^c\^ci]ZXgZVi^dcd[
igVY^i^dcVa egdYjXih dg bdgZ XdciZbedgVgn kVg^Vi^dch! ^ck^iZh k^h^idgh id XdbZ VcY
ZmeadgZi]ZkZgn^ciZg^dgd[i]ZAVc\jZYdXVgZV#I]Zh`^aahd[i]ZgZ\^dcÉhXgV[ihbZc
VcYldbZcXVcWZY^hXdkZgZY^cXdjciaZhhk^aaV\Zh!^cXajY^c\WVh`Zign^cKVaaVWgƒ\jZh!
XZgVb^Xh^c6cYjoZ!i]ZediiZgnk^aaV\Zd[HV^ciFjZci^c aV EdiZg^Z ^c i]Z <VgY! i]Z
igVY^i^dcd[_ZlZaaZgnbV`^c\jh^c\8ViVaVc\VgcZi!i]ZWdd`bV`^c\VcYeVeZgigVYZh
^cBdcida^Zj6jYZ!cdi[dg\Zii^c\i]ZVgZVÉhiZmi^aZ]Zg^iV\Zidd!l]^X]XVcWZVYb^gZY
^ci]Z8‚kZccZhi]gdj\]i]Zh^a`igVYZdg^ci]ZEng‚c‚Zh"Dg^ZciVaZhl^i]^ih8ViVaVc
[VWg^Xh#I]^hdjihiVcY^c\XdcXZcigVi^dcd[XgV[i"gZaViZYVXi^k^i^ZhgZkZVahVcdi]Zgh^YZ
idi]ZAVc\jZYdXÉhXjaijgZ###i]Vid[^ih[VhX^cVi^c\Vgi^hi^XigVYZh#
**
Sud de France
OekYWdÓdZWm[Wbj^e\_d\ehcWj_edWdZWZZh[ii[i\ehWhj_ijiWdZYhW\jic[d
edj^[\ebbem_d]m[Xi_j[lll#hjc[gVcXZ#Xdb
FWTcWTaQ[dTVaTT]^aQa^f]^eTacX\T]TfR^[^dabP__TPaTS
QdccWT_a^SdRcX^]_a^RTbbU^acWTUP\^db0]SdiTePbTaT\PX]TS
d]RWP]VTS4eT]XUcWThWPeTc^SPhQTT]Y^X]TSQh^cWTa_^ccTab
fW^WPeTbTcd_bW^_X]cWTPaTPPbWTXabc^PaT\PaZPQ[TcaPSX
cX^]1^XbbTc±bSTbRT]SP]cbRPaah^]cWTf^aZ^UcW^bTfW^RP\T
QTU^aTcWT\P]STeTahhTPab^\T#c^]]Tb^UST]bT^RWaTR[Ph
XbTgcaPRcTSUa^\cWT`dPaah^]cWTUP\X[h_a^_TachCWXbR[PhXb
\XgTSd]cX[aTPShU^adbT8cXbcWT]cWPccWTbZX[[P]SZ]^fW^f^U
cWT_^ccTaaTP[[hR^\TbX]c^Xcb^f]X]R[dSX]VcWTbWP_X]V^UcWT
ePbT^aPSYdbc\T]cbc^cWTVPa[P]SP]ScWTQPSVT\PZX]VTPRW
XcT\cad[hd]X`dTCWTSXUUTaT]cbcPVTbU^[[^fX]`dXRZbdRRTbbX^]
7dZkp[Jekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)+++&.-&,#lll#di"VcYjoZ#[g
*+
Sud de France
8G6;IH
9h[Wj_l[Whj_iji
20C0;0=501A82BC0:424=CA4BC064
J^[XWia[jm[Wl[hid[KVaaVWgƒ\jZh
8
ZgiV^ck^aaV\ZhVgZ^cig^ch^XVaana^c`ZYidi]Z^g
VXi^k^i^Zh#>ci]ZXVhZd[KVaaVWgƒ\jZh!<VgY!WVh`Zi
lZVk^c\]VhWZZcVii]Z]ZVgid[egZdXXjeVi^dch
[dgXZcijg^Zh#;Vg[gdbWZ^c\a^b^iZYidVc^i^cZgVciigVYZ
egVXi^hZYWnV[ZlcdbVYh!i]^hhZYZciVgnXgV[iVXi^k^in
lVhegVXi^hZYWnVfjVgiZgd[i]Z^c]VW^iVcih>ci]Z
V\g^XjaijgVaeaV^chjW_ZXiidi]Zl]^bhd[i]ZG]cZG^kZg!
i]ZcjbZgdjhgZZYWZYhVaadlZYbVcnWVh`ZilZVkZghid
bV`ZVgi^XaZh[dgi]Z]dbZVcY[dgÒh]^c\#7jii]ZVgg^kVa
d[cZlbViZg^Vaha^`ZeaVhi^XVcYXVgYWdVgY!idaaZYi]ZWZaa
[dgVcZgVl]Zca^[Z^cVcYVgdjcYi]Zk^aaV\ZlVh^ciZchZ
VcY[Zhi^kZ#A^iiaZWna^iiaZ!i]ZgZZYWZYhY^hVeeZVgZY
VcYi]ZWVh`ZilZVkZghY^hVeeZVgZYl^i]i]Zb#>c&..%!
i]Z^c]VW^iVcihd[KVaaVWgƒ\jZh\diid\Zi]ZgidgZk^kZi]Z
he^g^id[i]Z»WV‰hh^Zgh¼Äi]Z_dndjhgZijgcidi]Zk^aaV\Z
d[i]ZbZcl]d]VYheZcibVcnlZZ`hdji\Vi]Zg^c\
8VbVg\jZhgZZYh#:kZgnhjbbZgh^cXZi]Zc![dgildYVnh
KVaaVWgƒ\jZhgZhjbZh^ihgdaZVh7Vh`ZilZVk^c\8Ve^iVa!
Vhhjc\d[Wn;g‚Y‚g^XB^higVa#6bjhZjblVhdeZcZY^c
&..)!egZhZci^c\VXdaaZXi^dcd[dkZgVi]djhVcYVgi^XaZh
VcYiddaha^c`ZYidWVh`ZilZVk^c\VcYXgV[ibV`^c\!
cVbZan[gdbKVaaVWgƒ\jZh#I]gdj\]djii]ZZm]^W^i^dc!
cjbZgdjhe]didh^aajhigViZa^[Z^ci]ZdaYldg`h]dehVcY
^ci]Zk^aaV\Z#I]Zk^h^iZcYhl^i]VÒab!hXgZZcZY^ci]Z
VjY^dk^hjVagddb#
šCkd_Y_fWbcki[kce\XWia[jcWa_d]WdZYhW\ji_dLWbbWXh„]k[i
J[b$((%)++*.)-&)#lll#[ZiZYZaVkVccZg^Z#Xdb
šJekh_ijE\ÓY[e\8[WkYW_h[
J[b$((%)++*.'+*,"lll#di"WZVjXV^gZ#[g
Ei[hW_[i0dh^ZgeaVciVi^dc
C745;D2CD0C8>=B
>5C74B8;:8=3DBCAH
8]P]PccaPRcXeT[Xcc[TeX[[PVTP]d\QTa^Ud]Tg_TRcTScaTPbdaTb
PfPXccWT\^bccT]PRX^dbeXbXc^aCT]PRX^dbQTRPdbTh^d±[[RTacPX][h
]TTSPS^dQ[TS^bT^URdaX^bXchc^\PZTh^dafPhd_cWTfX]SX]V
a^PSb^UcWT7PdcEP[[Tb_Xac^SXbR^eTacWTbTUP\^db®C^X[TbSd
B^[TX[¯bd]bWX]TUPQaXRbfWXRWRPaahcWTR^[^dab^UcWT;P]VdTS^R
aTVX^]fT[[QTh^]SXcbQ^aSTabH^dRP]cPZTX]cWTfX[SQTPdch^U
cWTPaTPPbh^dWTPSP[^]VcWTa^PSc^BPX]c;PdaT]cST2TaSP]b0
[Xcc[T_XTRT^U2PcP[^]XPXcbT[UXcb]P\TXbPbb^RXPcTSfXcWcWTTb_P
SaX[[Tbf^a]QhbPaSP]PSP]RTabCWT®C^X[TbSdB^[TX[¯PaTcWTSXaTRc
WTXabc^cWXbP]RTbcaP[caPSXcX^]8] ((#cWTSTR^aPc^a5aP]{^XbT
@dX]cPP]SWTaX]cTaX^aSTbXV]TaWdbQP]S7T]aXSXbR^eTaTSP]^[S
U^aV^ccT]UPRc^ahWTaTX]\dRWcWTbP\TfPhPbcf^]Tf[^eTab
\Ph\TTcPbcWThcda]PbcaTTcR^a]TaP]SbX\_[hcWaTfRPdcX^]c^
cWTfX]S®BP]bTc6PaRTaXT¯PbXcfPbcWT]Z]^f]fPbPQdbX]Tbb
fWXRWWPS¸^daXbWTSX]cWT[PcT (cWRT]cdahQdcfWXRWfPb]^f
cWaTPcT]TSfXcWR[^bdaTCWTTb_PSaX[[TWPSV^]T^dc^UUPbWX^]P]S
cWTUPQaXRfPbbX\_[h]^cVT]TaPcX]VP_a^·cP]h\^aTD]STcTaaTS
[email protected]]cPbSTRXSTSc^VXeTcWTcaPSXcX^]P[2PcP[P]bcaX_TSUPQaXRP
UPRT[XUcQhQaXVWcT]X]VXcd_P]Sd_SPcX]VXcbR^[^dab8]b_XaTSQh
cWTXa^f]Tg_TaXT]RTbPbUTaeT]ccaPeT[[TabR^]bcP]c[hTg_^bTSc^
TeTaRWP]VX]VbWP_TbP]SR^[^dabRWT\[email protected]]cPb±R^[[TRcX^]b
X]ca^SdRTSPfT[R^\Tc^dRW^U\^STa]XchP__TP[X]Vc^RdaaT]ccPbcTb
CWTUPRc^ahbW^_fPbb^^]Y^X]TSQhPbW^fRPbTbXcTX]?Ta_XV]P]
¬cWTUP\^db<PXb^]@dX]cP0SSXcX^]P[[[email protected]]cPb_aTbT]cTS
cWTXa[PcTbcRaTPcX^]bcfXRTPhTPaPccWT®<PXb^]Tc^QYTc¯bW^fX]
?PaXbCWTQdbX]Tbb`dXRZ[hfT]cX]cTa]PcX^]P[CWT9P_P]TbTP]S
0dbcaP[XP]bb^^]STeT[^_TSPcPbcTU^acWTbT®bd]bWX]TUPQaXRb¯fXcW
#^Ucda]^eTaQTX]VSTaXeTSUa^\Tg_^acbC^SPhcWTbTC^X[Tb
SdB^[TX[Ua^\PQhV^]TPVTRP]QTU^d]SX]^daW^\Tb^a^]^da
UPbWX^]PRRTbb^aXTbP]SR^]cX]dTc^RPaah2PcP[P]caPSXcX^]c^cWT
U^daR^a]Tab^UcWTTPacW
IW_dj#BWkh[dj#Z[#9[hZWdiJekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)+-(.**,*
B[iJe_b[iZkIeb[_b_dIW_djBWkh[djZ[9[hZWdi#J[b$((%)+-+-),'+Ålll#id^aZh"Yj"hdaZ^a#Xdb
CWTTPa[XTbccaPRTb^UcWT£caPWP]SXTab¤^abX[Z_d[[TabV^QPRZc^cWT "cWRT]cdah
X]0]SdiT0ccWXbcX\TP[\^bcTeTahUP\X[h£aPXbTScWTbX[Zf^a\P]S_d[[TScWT
cWaTPS¤PaPfcWaTPSb^[Sc^cWT\TaRWP]cb>]cWTTSVT^UcWT2|eT]]TbX]6P]VTb
EXVP]0]SdiT^aBPX]c9TP]Sd6PaScWTW^bXTahcaPSTfPbUPbcTg_P]SX]VP]SbX[Z
bc^RZX]VbUa^\cWT2TeT]]TbPS^a]TS[TVbX]P[[cWTR^dacb^U4da^_TCWT_a^b_TaXch
^UbX[Zf^a\QaTTSTabaTPRWTSXcbWTXVWcX]cWT·abcWP[U^UcWT (cWRT]cdahcWT
2|eT]]TbQTX]V^]T^UcWTc^_bX[Z_a^SdRX]VaTVX^]bX]cWTf^a[S¬QdcXcRP\Tc^
PQadcP[T]SSdTc^PSXbTPbT
_TQaX]TfWXRWaPePVTSfW^[T
bX[ZUPa\bCWTBX[Z<dbTd\
cTbcXUXTbc^cWXb_aTbcXVX^db
_Pbc8cP[b^cT[[bcWTbc^ah^U
cWXbPRcXeXchfWXRWbX]RTcWT
(&bWPbQTT]cT]cPcXeT[h
aTeXeTS\PZX]V_a^SdRcX^]X]
cWT2|eT]]Tb^]T^UcWT[PbcX]
PRcXeXchX]4da^_T
*,
Sud de France
J^[I_baCki[kc_d
IW_dj#>_ffeboj[Zk<ehj
J[b$((%)++,,++),
IW_dj#>_ffeboj[#Zk#<ehj
Jekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)++,,'*(+
CW]dWd[h_[Z[BWHegk[
_d<behWY
J[b$((%)++).*(%&
*/
Sud de France
;:HI>K6AH
FefkbWhjhWZ_j_edi
<[ij_l[cdiZh
9^\\^c\Ydlc^cidi]ZVcXZhigVaXgjX^WaZ!AVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc]VhbVcV\ZYid
`ZZeVa^kZ^ihedejaVgigVY^i^dchVcYi]Z[ZiZhi]ViXZaZWgViZi]Zb#BdgZa^kZani]Vc
ZkZg!hi^bjaViZYWnidjg^hb!i]ZnXdbW^cZaZ\ZcY!gZa^\^dc![da`adgZVcY]ZVgi^cZhh!
^cV]VeenbVgg^V\Zl]ViZkZgi]ZineZ#>cVXXdgYVcXZl^i]i]ZhZVhdch![Zhi^k^i^Zh
gjc[gdbhZVidbdjciV^c!eVhh^c\i]gdj\]i]ZeaV^ch#
;:HI>K6AH
FefkbWhjhWZ_j_edi
>
[Vcni]^c\]ZgZ^hVcZmXjhZid]VkZ[jc!i]ZgZa^\^djh
[Zgkdjg^hcdiidiVaan[dg\diiZc!bZVcYZg^c\Vadc\i]Z
higZZihd[8daa^djgZ!6gaZhhjgIZX]dgEZge^\cVc#
I]ZegdXZhh^dcd[i]ZHVcX]^h^cYZZYVa^k^c\ZmVbeaZ#
I]ZeZc^iZcihYgZhhZY^cÆ8VeZgjimVÇadc\gdWZhl^i]
XdcZ"h]VeZY]ddYh!gZYdgWaVX`^cXdadjg!hi^aaegdXZZY
ViV]Vjci^c\eVXZ^ci]ZY^gZXi^dcd[i]ZXVi]ZYgVa!
^che^gZYWni]Z^cÓjZcXZhd[i]ZÆB^hiZg^hÇgZVa"a^[ZhXZcZh
gZegZhZci^c\i]ZEVhh^dcd[8]g^hi!VigVY^i^dcÆgZa^kZYÇ
h^cXZi]Z&*i]8Zcijgn!VaWZ^iV[Zl^ciZggjei^dch#
GZVYn[dgVYVcXZ4
>cVbdgZX]ZZg[jaVcYgdjh^c\Vibdhe]ZgZ!ZheVYg^aaZdc
[ddi!i]ZHVgYVcZYVcXZghÓ^gil^i]i]Zbjh^X#:mXjhZhVgZ
bjai^eaZ/]ZgZVk^aaV\Z^ck^iZh!i]ZgZhjbbZghig^`Zh!i]Zc
Vaa8ViVaVche^chgdjcYVii]ZhdjcYd[i]ZÆXdWaVhÇkZghZh
^ci]ZadXVaY^VaZXi!i]ZÒ[ZVcYYgjbh!VcYi]ZdWdZ#6cY
Vbdc\i]ZbVaa!8‚gZiVcY^ih?jan[Zhi^kVa]VheZg]Vehi]Z
bdhiZmiZch^kZgZeZgid^gZl^i]XdcXZgihVcYXdbeZi^i^dch
\VadgZ8dcXZcig^XX^gXaZhVgZ[dgbZY!YZe^Xi^c\_dnVcY
[g^ZcYh]^edci]ZhfjVgZ#6cYi]Zc!^cidiVadWa^k^dc!V]VcY
\gVWhndjgdlc!YgV\\^c\ndjd[[[dgndjghe^cc^c\ijgc#
I]ViÉhl]Vi[jc^hVaaVWdji
š7hb[iikhJ[Y^"9ehiWloWdZCedj\[hh[hJekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+-(.&&..
lll#idjg^hbZ"]Vji"kVaaZhe^g#Xdb
šIWdY^FheY[ii_ed"EZge^\cVcIdjg^hiD[ÒXZ
J[b$((%)+-++(%(%#lll#eZge^\cVcidjg^hbZ#Xdb
šIWhZWd[:WdY_d]#8‚gZiIdjg^hiD[ÒXZ
J[b$((%)+--,%%*(#lll#di"XZgZi#[g
*/
Sud de France
;:HI>K6AH
FefkbWhjhWZ_j_edi
7dZj^[X[Wh5
Hd!]ZgZÉhidVhigVc\ZWVaaZid[i]gZZWZVg"a^`ZbZc!
lZVg^c\hiV^cZYh]ZZeh`^c!i]Z^g[VXZhXdkZgZY^chddi#Dc
i]ZhadeZhd[i]Z8Vc^\djbdjciV^c!^cEgVih"YZ"Bdaad!i]Z
WZVg"]jciWZ\^chI]jh^hXZaZWgViZY
i]ZZcYd[l^ciZgVcYi]ZYdb^cVi^dc
d[bVcdkZgWZVhi#:VX]nZVg!i]Z
WZVghi]ViXVj\]iVh]Ze]ZgYZhXVeZ
Ydlci]ZhiZZehadeZh!XadhZan]jciZYWni]Zk^aaV\ZeZdeaZ#
I]Z[VgXZXVjhZhfj^iZV]VkdX:ciZgi]Z»WVgWZgh¼l^i]
i]Z^gÓdjgZY[VXZhVcYlZVg^c\Vl]^iZh]^gi!]Vk^c\i]ZiVh`
idWg^c\VWdjidgYZg#H]Vk^c\i]ZWZVhijh^c\VcVmZ!i]Zn
gZkZVa!jcYZgi]Z[jg!bVcEVhhZgh"Wn!^ci]ZbZVci^bZ!
WZlVgZ7aVX`!i]Znl^aaVaaZcYje½YVcX^c\i]ZHVgYVcZ
V\V^cVcYV\V^c#I]ZXVgc^kVaVibdhe]ZgZ^hVi^ih]Z^\]i#
« The farce causes
quite a havoc! »
8[Wh<[ij_lWb#EgVihYZBdaadaVEgZhiZIdjg^hiD[ÒXZ
J[b$((%)+-(.,%-(#lll#egVihYZbdaadaVegZhiZ#Xdb
;:HI>K6AH
«LOS FECOS»d[A^bdjm
L]ZcaZVk^c\i]Z=^\]KVaaZnhd[i]Z6jYZ!lZÒcYVcdi]Zg
XVgc^kVa!Æadh[ZXdhÇ!i]Zadc\Zhi^ci]ZldgaY>ci]Z&)i]
8Zcijgn!b^aaZghlZgZhV^Yid]VkZXZaZWgViZYeVnbZcid[
i]Z^giVmZhidi]ZEgdj^aaZBdcVhiZgn!dcVXZgiV^cH]gdkZ
IjZhYVn#H^cXZi]Zc!^cA^bdjm!Vai]dj\]cdegdXZhh^dc!
i]ZgZ^hVkVhiXdYZYXdbZYn#DcHVijgYVnhVcYHjcYVnh
^c?VcjVgnVcY;ZWgjVgn!Veegdm^bViZan'%\gdjeheVgVYZ
i]gdj\]i]ZhigZZih&&V#b#!*VcY&%e#b#!iV`^c\ijgch#
;dgZVX]idjg!i]ZbVh`ZYeVgi^X^eVcih!`cdlcVhi]Z
Æ\djY^ahÇ!egZXZYZYWnbjh^X^Vch!XVaaZYÆadh[ZXdhÇ!VcY
YVcXZghYgZhhZYjeVhE^Zggdi!eVhh[gdbdcZXV[‚idVcd"
i]ZgjcYZgi]ZBZY^VZkVaVgXVYZhd[i]ZGZejWa^XHfjVgZ#
6gbhgV^hZY!WgVcY^h]^c\i]ZÆXVgVWZcVÇVg^WWdcZYgZZY
VcYi]gdl^c\Xdc[Zii^idi]ZXgdlYh!i]ZYVcXZgZkdakZhdc
VlVaio^c\bZadYn#I]ZYVneVhhZhWn!i]Z[VciVhi^X^hhZi
jeVcYi]ZXVgc^kVaWddbh!iddcanXdcXajYZdci]ZÆc^\]i
d[i]Z7aVcfjZiiZÇ!i]ZaVhiYVnd[i]Z[Zhi^kVal]Zci]^h
heVg`a^c\A^bdjml^cZÓdlh^cXZhhVcian
B_cekn9Whd_lWb#A^bdjmIdjg^hiD[ÒXZ
J[b$((%)+-(&&&-'#lll#a^bdjm#[g
FefkbWhjhWZ_j_edi
?djhi^c\i^bZ
H]dji4Cdidcani]Vi!lZVahdjhZdjg]VcYh#;dgXZcijg^Zh!
»`c^\]ih¼VWdVgYAVc\jZYdXÒh]^c\WdVihhiVcYgZVYnid
YdWViiaZ#;gdb<gVjYjGd^id7‚o^Zgh!i]ZhZV_djhiZgh!
WgVk^c\i]Z]VaWZgYWadlh!X]VaaZc\Zi]Z^gdeedcZciÉhWVaVcXZ
l^i]dcZd[i]ZbiV`^c\i]Zidaa###[Vaa^c\^cZk^iVWan^cidi]Z
lViZgHƒiZ!Xg^hh"XgdhhZYWn^ih
XVcVah!]dhihi]Zbdhi^bedgiVci
XdciZhid[i]^hhedgi^c\!nZi[Zhi^kZ
igVY^i^dc#Dc'*i]6j\jhiYjg^c\
i]ZHV^ci"Adj^h;Zhi^kVa!_djhiZgh
VcY^c]VW^iVcih[gdb6\YZ!;gdci^\cVcVcYBƒoZXdbZid
_d^c^ci]ZXgdlYhd[heZXiVidgh#6ii]ZhdjcYd[i]ZYgjbh
VcYi]ZdWdZ!YgZhhZY^cl]^iZVcYegdiZXiZYWnV]ZVkn
lddYZch]^ZaY!hZgk^c\VahdVhiVg\Zi!i]ZWZaa^\ZgZcih!
WgVcY^h]^c\i]Z^g'#-"bZiZg.[iaVcXZVcYeZgX]ZY(b
VWdkZi]ZlViZgdci]ZÆi^ciV^cZÇeaViZVj]^\]Zhied^cid[
i]ZWdVi!Xdc[gdciZVX]di]Zg^cViZgg^WaZWVc\!cdijca^`Z^c
gj\WnI]Zl^ccZgl^aaWZ!]Z]Vk^c\\V^cZYVaai]Z]dcdjgh!
]^hcVbZ\d^c\Ydlc^c]^hidgn!VhZc\gVkZY^ci]ZÆ?djhi^c\
GddbÇVii]ZEVjaKVa‚gnBjhZjb#
«The belligerents,
confront each other in
a terrible bang…»
šI„j[Jekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+,,),&,&#lll#di#hZiZ#[g
š7]Z[Jekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+,.)'.+-#lll#V\YZ"]ZgVjai#Xdb
š<hedj_]dWdJekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+,&-(&+%#lll#idjg^hbZ"[gdci^\cVc#Xdb
š=hWkZkHe_Jekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)++*&+,,%#lll#k^aaZ"aZ\gVjYjgd^#[g
<[ij_lWbiWdZjhWZ_j_edie\BWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbedWj
lll#hjc[gVcXZ#Xdb
šC„p[Jekh_ijE\ÓY[
J[b$((%)+,)(.(%-#lll#k^aaZ"bZoZ#[g
C>C4<0=8<0;B
5d]]h[^^ZX]VQTPbcbPaT
cW^bT cWPc \PaRW Ua^\
eX[[PVT c^ eX[[PVT X] cWT
7|aPd[c P]S 6PaS R^d]
cXTb8UcWTcaPSXcX^]^Uc^
cT\P]X\P[bV^TbQPRZc^
cWT %cWRT]cdahXcXb]^f
`dXcTP]RW^aTSfXcWX]cWT
\X]Sb^UcW^bTWTaTc^SPh
fXcWPa^d]S$T\Q[T\bc^
bW^f)cWT1|iXTabRP\T[cWT
<^]cPV]PRV^PccWT2P]Tc
£3aPR¤ch_T^USaPV^]
cWT<}iT^g^acWT;^d_XP]
f^[Uc^`d^cTQdcPUTf¥
4eTah^]TXbX]eXcTSc^_PaPST
c^cWTb^d]S^UcWT·UTP]S
Sad\bU^[[^fTSQhPY^hUd[
_a^RTbbX^]P]ScWXbTPRW
+&
Sud de France
cX\TPUTbcXeP[XbcWT^aSTa
^UcWTSPh)2Pa]XeP[cX\T
B_aX]VcX\T^aTeT]SdaX]V
cWTBd\\TaVPcWTaX]Vb
®2daX^db¯XbX]STTScWT^][h
cTa\T]PQ[X]Vc^ST·]TP[[
cWTbTc^cT\P]X\P[bX]P
bX]V[Tf^aS?TaWP_bcWTh
PaTSXaTRc[hX]b_XaTSUa^\cWT
Ca^YP]fPaW^abT.8]STTS
cWThPaT\PSTX]PbX\X[Pa
UPbWX^]fXcWPf^^ST]UaP\T
R^eTaTSX][X]T]^a_PbcT
Q^PaSP]S\P]^TdeaTSQh
bTeTaP[\T]_[PRTSX]bXST
B^\Tc^cT\P]X\P[bST_XRc
P]0]cX`dTbc^ah^cWTabPaT
X]b_XaTSUa^\P<XSS[T0VT
RWPaPRcTa^aTeT]P[TVT]S
0[cW^dVW^UcT]aT[TVPcTSc^
\T\^ahbPZTb^\T\^STa]
SPhPbb^RXPcX^]bcT]Sc^
aTeXeTcWTcaPSXcX^]1PbXRP[[h
^U_PVP]^aXVX]cWThfTaT
]^cVT]TaP[[hbW^f]X]_dQ[XR
_[PRTbP[cW^dVWcWT?|iT]Pb
5^P[^]Xcb_PacfPb[XbcTSX]
!%PbP<PbcTa_XTRT^UcWT
>aP[P]S8]cP]VXQ[T7TaXcPVT
^U7d\P]XchD=4B2>
Fƒp[dWiLWbZÊ>ƒhWkbjJekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)+,.-(+)%#lll#di"eZoZcVh"kVaY]ZgVjai#Xdb
;:HI>K6AH
FefkbWhjhWZ_j_edi
;:HI>K6AH
IgVY^i^dcVcYi]Z7jaa
FefkbWhjhWZ_j_edi
Hk]Xo
I]Z<VgYVcY=‚gVjaiXdjci^ZhVgZVahdlZaa`cdlc[dgi]Z^g
^ciZgZhi^ci]ZÆWjaaÇ!l]^X]^heZg]Veh]VgYanhjgeg^h^c\!^i
WZ^c\i]Z^gWgZZY^c\\gdjcY;gdbBVnidHZeiZbWZg!i]Z
8VbVg\jZX]VaaZc\ZhWZXdbZbdgZ[gZfjZci#BVcVcY
WZVhieaVnViiVXi^Xh^cVaai]ZVgZcVhd[i]ZgZ\^dc#I]Z
Wjaa^haZiaddhZ!ÒiiZYdjil^i]^ihh^mViig^WjiZh!^cXajY^c\
i]ZÆXdXVgYZÇVgZYg^WWdcViiVX]ZY^ci]ZXZcigZd[VXdgY
a^c`ZYid^ih]dgch#>ihVYkZghVgn!i]ZÆgVhZiZjgÇegZeVgZh
]^hcZmia^i]ZbdkZ!Yjg^c\l]^X]]ZViiZbeihidhZ^oZi]Z
igde]n!jcaZhhd[XdjghZ]Z]Vhidgjcfj^X`anVcY_jbeYZ[ian
dkZgi]ZWVgg^Zgh7gZZY^c\^ci]Z8VbVg\jZ^hXZaZWgViZY
]ZgZ!l^i]^ihbV_dgeaVnZgh!i]ZÆbVcVY^ZghÇ]ZgYhbZc!
i]ZÆ\VgY^VchÇXdl"WdnhVcYi]Z^g]dghZh#
AVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc^hVahdg^X]^chedgi^c\igVY^i^dc!bdgZ
eVgi^XjaVgangj\Wn!Xdch^YZgZY]ZgZVhGZVaXjaijgZ/WdVhi^c\
dkZg'%!%%%egVXi^h^c\eaVnZghVcY&++XajWh!i]Zgj\Wn
bZc]ZgZVgZVbdc\i]Zide^ci]ZXdjcign!hdbZZkZcd[
^ciZgcVi^dcVa[VbZ#DkZgi]ZeVhi[ZlnZVgh!i]ZgZ\^dc]Vh
Wj^aih^\c^ÒXVcihedgi^c\[VX^a^i^Zh!eaVX^c\^iVhVeaVi[dgb
[dg;gZcX]VcY:jgdeZVcgj\Wn/i]ZBdhhdchiVY^jb"&..-
LdgaY8je!GZc‚7dj\cdahedgihhiVY^jb!VcYfj^iZgZXZcian!
i]ZNkZhYjBVcd^ghiVY^jbhZVi^c\&'!%%%VcYXdch^YZgZY
VhdcZd[i]ZbdhiWZVji^[jagj\WnXZcigZh^c;gVcXZ#>cVj"
\jgViZY^c'%%,[dgi]ZdXXVh^dcd[i]ZGj\WnLdgaY8jeVcY
ZheZX^VaanYZY^XViZYidi]Z\VbZ!i]ZgZ\^dc^hegdjYd[i]Z
[ZVi!WZ^c\VXi^kZan^bea^XViZY^ci]Zhedgi#
J^[h[jkhdjej^[fWijkh[
54A80B0=3C741D;;A8=6B
CWTUTbcXeTb_XaXc^UcWTB^dcW]^[^]VTaWPbc^QT
_a^eT]bX]RTcWT5TaXPXb_aX\PaX[hPUTbcXeP[U^a
cWTcW^dbP]Sb^UeXbXc^abcWPcY^X]X]cWTSPhb^U
YdQX[PcX^]=X\TbcWTQd[[·VWcX]VRP_XcP[cPZTb
_aXST^U_[PRTCfXRTPhTPaSdaX]V?T]cTR^bc
fTTZT]SP]SU^acWTVaP_T_XRZX]VbTPb^]cWT
c^f]QTR^\TbPQ[PiTFWTcWTaWTaTX]1TiXTab
X]0[}b^aX]2|aTc5TaXPaWh\TbfXcW®Q^STVP¯
CWTaT_T^_[TR^\TP]SV^]TeTaU^aP]X]bcP]c
QTX]VT\_chYdbc[XZTcWTQdbc[X]VbcaTTcb^dcbXST
cWTRa^fSb\^eX]VWTaTP]ScWTaTUa^\PbW^f
c^PR^]RTacP]SfWPcTeTa1d[[·VWcX]VUP]b
cPZTPbTPcX]cWTPaT]Pbc^fPcRWcWT®]^eX[[PSPb¯
h^d]VQd[[·VWcb^acWTR^aaXSPbPS\XaX]VcWT
[XcWT\^eTb^UcWTc^aTa^X]=X\TbP]ScWT\^bc
X\_aTbbXeTQd[[bX]2|aTcX]9d[hB\P[[X]bXiT
cW^dVWVaP]SQhUP\TcWT2|aTcPaT]PVXeTb
d]ST]XPQ[TbT]bPcX^]b7T]RTTPRWRXchPS^_cb
Xcb^f]_Tab^]P[Xch0a^d]S $cW0dVdbc1|iXTab
WPX[bcWT®fX]TVa^fX]VX]SdbcahadVQhP]ScWT
QaPeTc^aTa^b¯X]PY^hUd[TeT]ccWPcRP_cXePcTbcWT
cW^dbP]Sb^Ubd\\TaeXbXc^abX]cWTPaTP
šD_c[iJekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)++*-(-%%#lll#di"c^bZh#[g
š8ƒp_[hiJekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)+,,+-)%%#lll#WZo^Zgh"idjg^hbZ#[g
š7b„iJekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)++*'('&*#lll#idjg^hbZ#[g$d[ÒXZ"YZ"idjg^hbZ$VaZh"Zc"XZkZccZh
š9ƒh[jJekh_ijE\ÓY[#J[b$((%)+--,%%*(#lll#di"XZgZi#[g
+(
Sud de France
>ci]ZkVaaZnh!i]ZYgn\gVhhVcYi]Z]dihjch]^cZg^c\dji
i]ZcZZY[dgi]ZXViiaZ!i]Zh]ZZeVcYi]Z]dghZhidbdkZdc
idhjbbZgeVhijgZh#I]ZigVch]jbVcXZi]jh\ZcianhiVgih
djiVadc\i]ZigVX`hd[6jWgVX!8dgW^ƒgZhVcY6aWƒgZh#>c
i]ZAdoƒgZgZ\^dc^cBVn!i]ZXdlh[Vaa^cidegdXZhh^dc
dci]Z^glVnjeidi]Z7dccZXdbWZEVhh#7ZcZY^Xi^dcd[
i]Z]ZgY!igVY^i^dcVaXdhijbZVcYadjYWZaahVgZhnbWda^X
d[i]Z^gVcXZhigVabVgX]jeidVai^ijYZeVhijgZh#IV`Zc
WnadggnidVWdjiÒ[iZZc`^adbZigZhWZ[dgZi]Z^gYZhi^cV"
i^dc!i]ZVc^bVahi]ZclVa`i]ZgZbV^c^c\eVgijeidi]Z
eVhijgZh#6iajcX]i^bZ!dc"add`ZghVcYk^XVghbZZije[dgi]Z
igVY^i^dcVabZVa#6a^\di^hhZgkZYVine^XVaY^h]d[ediVidZh!
\Vga^XVcY[gZh][VgbX]ZZhZ[dgi]ZYZa^\]id[Vaa#L^cZ
edjghVÓdl!hdc\hg^c\djiVcYi]ZadXVaegdYjXZ^hiVhiZY
^cVWjcYVcXZ#I]ZigVkZaaZgZc_dnhbVcnVcZl^bV\Z!cZl
hdjcYhVcYcZlhbZaahidVYYid]^hedgi[da^d#
JhWdi^kcWdY[\[ij_lWb0AdoƒgZ8djcinIdjg^hi7dVgY^c
BZcYZ"J[b$((%)+++*+%%%lll#adoZgZ"idjg^hbZ#Xdb
9eXbWi0kZghZh^cigVY^i^dcVaAVc\jZYdXY^VaZXi!i]Z»DX¼aVc\jV\Z!
dcXZhed`Zci]gdj\]djii]Zhdji]Zgc]Va[d[;gVcXZ#
<_\[0ÓjiZbVYZd[lddYl^i]Vh]VgehdjcY#
C_ij[h_i0bnhiZg^Zhd[?Zhjh8]g^hi#
HWi[j[kh0cVbZ\^kZcidi]ZeZghdcYgZhhZY^cl]^iZ!l]dÆXdbeZiZhÇ
l^i]i]ZWjaa^ci]ZÆgVhZiÇ\VbZa^i]ZbdkZbZcihXadhZidi]ZWjaa!
ZajY^c\^ihÆViiVX`hÇ#
J_djW_d[0eaVi[dgbVii]Z]^\]Zhied^cid[i]ZÒh]^c\WdVi#
+)
Sud de France
<6HIGDCDBN
H[]_edWbYeea_d]
<6HIGDCDBN
H[]_edWbYeea_d]
HAUTES TERRES:
IgVY^i^dcVaXdd`^c\
6;Zhi^kVad[<bWlekhi
I]ZcjbZgdjhaVcYhXVeZh^ci]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcVgZgZÓZXiZY^ci]ZY^ccZg
eaViZ>cYZZY![gdbhZVidbdjciV^c!i]^hkVhiVbe]^i]ZVigZ!add`^c\djiidlVgYh
i]Z BZY^iZggVcZVc! XVc WZ XVgkZY je ^cid V bjai^ijYZ d[ heZX^Va^i^Zh! [gdb i]Z
bVcnX]ZZhZhd[i]Z=^\]AVcYhYdlcidi]ZÒh]VcYh]ZaaÒh]d[i]ZXdVhia^cZ#
:VX] heZX^Va^in ^h a^c`ZY id V iZgg^idgn! hjX] Vh [gj^i ^h VcX]dgZY id ^ih WgVcX]/
i]Z E‚aVgYdc X]ZZhZ d[ i]Z 8‚kZccZh! dnhiZgh [gdb 7djo^\jZh! VcX]dk^Zh [gdb
8daa^djgZ! XdY 7gVcYVYZ [gdb CˆbZh! Vh lZaa Vh i]Z hZV WgZVbh! ijcV Òh] VcY
gZYbjaaZihVgg^k^c\Vii]Zedgid[HƒiZ6cYcdi[dg\Zii^c\!i]Z8VhhdjaZi½[gdb
8VhiZacVjYVgn!d[XdjghZ!VÆhiVcYVgYÇY^h]d[i]ZDXX^iVc#
>
ci]Z=^\]AVcYhd[AVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc!\Vhigdcdbn
^hi]ZgZhjaid[hZXjaVgigVY^i^dc!]VcYZYYdlc[gdb
\ZcZgVi^dcid\ZcZgVi^dc#>i^hÒghii]Z`cdl"]dld[
i]ZegdYjXZghi]ViZchjgZhVlVgb!\ZcZgdjhXj^h^cZ![jaa
d[X]VgVXiZg#I]ZE‚aVgYdc^hcdYdjWidcZd[i]ZWZiiZg
hnbWdah!h^cXZ^ihdg^\^chYViZWVX`id6cX^Zcii^bZh#I]^h
X]ZZhZbVYZd[cdc"eVhiZjg^hZY\dViÉhb^a`!l^i]^ihedlZg"
[jadgÓdgVahbZaa!aZVkZhVkZgneaZVhVciiVhiZd[]VoZacji
dci]ZeVaViZYjZid^ihhbddi]VcYXgZVbniZmijgZl]Zccdi
nZibVijgZ0ViVhiZXadhZan
a^c`ZYidi]Z:e^XjgZVc
bZVahd[i]Z 8‚kZccZh
VcYi]ZAdoƒgZgZ\^dch
I]^heVgid[i]ZgZ\^dc^h
VahdVÆ\djgbZiXgdhhgdVYhÇVcYVbZZi^c\ed^cil^i]
i]Z6jkZg\cZgZ\^dc!i]gdj\]l]^X]Vgg^kZYEVgbZci^Zg
VcY]^hediVidZh!VhlZaaVhGdjZg\jZl]daZ[iWZ]^cY]^h
[gZh]X]ZZhZi]ZIdbbZ#6h[dgi]ZHeVc^h]igVYZgh!i]Zn
Wgdj\]i^ci]Z\Vga^X!l]^X]lVhi]ZcXdbW^cZYl^i]i]Z
WjiiZgVcYi]Z<‚kVjY^cb^a`#AZ\ZcY]Vh^ii]ViV[dgbZg
hidcZ"]jiPWjgdcRYlZaaZgb^mZYVaai]ZhZ^c\gZY^Zcih^cV
]j\ZXVjaYgdc]ZVi^c\^ci]ZÒgZeaVXZ!hi^gg^c\^iVaa[gdb
i^bZidi^bZl^i]VlddYZcheddc½=ZcXZlVhWdgci]Z
6a^\di!VXja^cVgnheZX^Va^in[gdbi]Z6jWgVXgZ\^dc#I]^h
eVgid[i]ZAdoƒgZXdjcin^hVahdXadhZana^c`ZYidi]ZXViiaZ
This part of the
region is also a
“gourmet crossroads”…
WgZZYWZVg^c\^ihcVbZ/i]ZiVhinbZVid[i]Z6jWgVX^hi]Z
ÒcVaZd[i]ZVcXZhigVa`cdl"]dld[adXVaWgZZYZgh!l]d
`cZl]dlidZmigVXii]ZWZhi[gdbi]Z=^\]AVcYh#?jhia^`Z
i]ZWZZ`ZZeZgh!l]diV`ZVYkVciV\Zd[i]ZlZVai]d[i]Z
AdoƒgZaVcYhVcYd[^ihÓdgV[dgegZeVg^c\fjVa^in]dcZnh/
8‚kZccZhX]Zhicji"igZZ]dcZn!8VaajcZ"hjg"aÉ6jWgVX]ZVi]Zg
]dcZn!gVheWZggnWjh]]dcZnVcYBVg\Zg^YZÒg"igZZ]dcZn#
6cYaZijhcdi[dg\Zii]dhZ]dcZnh[gdbi]Z\gZVi8VjhhZh
d[AdoƒgZ!l]^X]l]ZcXdbW^cZYl^i]ÆbdjciV^ci]nbZÇ!
hV^c[d^c!l]^iZXadkZgVcYdi]ZggVgZheZX^Zh!Zcg^X]i]Z
dg^\^cVaÓVkdjghd[i]ZadXVaXj^h^cZ!egdk^Y^c\i]ViXja^cVgn
^YZci^ind[Y^h]Zh^ci]Z=^\]AVcYh#
07867B?>C>5;>20;60BCA>=><H
£2WTi2P\X[[^d¤X]0d\^]c0dQaPR
bcPaX]cWT<XRWT[X]VdXST
5^acWT_PbccT]hTPab2haX[0ccaPiXRX]WXb
ZXcRWT]bWPbQTT]STUT]SX]VcWTUP\X[hcaPSXcX^]
^[S^UU^daVT]TaPcX^]bbcPacTSPccWTcX\T^UWXb
6aTPc6aP]SUPcWTa2P\X[[T1^d[Tc^_T]X]VcWT·abc
aTbcPdaP]c®2WTi2P\X[[^d¯^]cWT^cWTabXST^U
cWTa^PS0bTeTacWT\T]dWTaTWPeX]VQTR^\T
PaTP[X]bcXcdcX^]Te^[eTbfXcWcWTbTPb^]b_a^_^
bX]VPb_PaPVdbf^^S[P]SRWP]cTaT[[Tb\TPS^f
\dbWa^^\bP]S[^RP[R^daVTccTbQTU^aTcWTbd\\Ta
bTPb^]^a_TaWP_bVP\TP]SRT_\dbWa^^\b
_aT_PaTSX]PRadbcfXcWcWTPaaXeP[^UcWTR^[S
Pdcd\]SPhbCaPSXcX^]U^a2haX[0ccaPiXRXbPQ^eT
P[[cWT[^RP[_a^SdRT0dQaPRQTTU;^i}aTeTP[
b\P[[[^RP[[P\QTcR1dccWT2WTUP[b^Z]^fb
W^fc^QTX]eT]cXeTbdRWPbbW^f]QhWXbSXbWTb
R^^ZTSPc[^fcT\_TaPcdaT
6>DA<4CC01;4B
šÇ=hWdZ>Žj[bFhek^„p[È_d7kcedj#7kXhWY0E^ZggZGdjY\‚ejihVcVXXZcidcadXVaegdYjXi^dc!hjX]Vhi]ZAdoƒgZaVbWdg
i]Z6jWgVXWZZ[#I]^h!]dlZkZg!YdZhcdiZmXajYZVXZgiV^c[VciVhn!VYdei^c\di]ZgXja^cVgnheZX^Va^i^Zh[gdbi]ZHdji]LZhi!
hdYZVgidi]Z8]Z["J[b$((%)++)'-%%,#lll#egdj]ZoZ#Xdb
šÇB[9^~j[WkZ[bW9Wp[È_dBWCWb„d[0I]^h^hl]ZgZlVhWdgci]ZDhhdWjXXdd[bdc`Òh]l^i]XVggdiejg‚Z#
I]Z^begZhh^kZ8]}iZVjVWdkZi]ZG^kZgIVgc^hVahdV]VkZc[dgVaaadkZghd[i]ZaVcY"J[b$((%)++)-*&%&
šÇBWBep[h[jj[È_d9eYkh„i06AdoƒgZXdcXZcigViZVii]Z\ViZhd[i]Z<dg\Zhd[i]ZIVgc!l^i]VlVgb!lZaXdb^c\
Vibdhe]ZgZ!^cijcZl^i]VcVji]Zci^XXj^h^cZ"J[b$((%)++)*%+%)#lll#aVadoZgZiiZ#Xdb
šÇBWIW\hWd_„h[È_dC[dZ[0I]ZgZheZXid[i]Z=VjiZh"IZggZhXja^cVgnigVY^i^dc^ci]Zb^Yhid[[dgbZgXdlh]ZYh!
YZa^\]i[jaanigVch[dgbZY^cidVXdciZbedgVgnhZii^c\"J[b$((%)++).(&*)
šÇBWIekhY[ZkF…Y^[hÈ_d<behWY06igjZXdjcignXj^h^cZl^i]AdoƒgZigdji!X]ZZhZbVijgZYdci]ZhediVcY
^ggZh^hi^WaZhd[i!\ddZnX]ZhicjiXV`Z"J[b$((%)++)*%(%&
++
Sud de France
<6HIGDCDBN
H[]_edWbYeea_d]
<6HIGDCDBN
=ekhc[jmWbai_dj^[=WhZYekdjho
8ekgk[j=Whd__dj^[BWd]k[ZeY
;gdbi]Z8‚kZccZhidi]ZBZY^iZggVcZVc!eVhh^c\i]gdj\]
CˆbZh!i]ZXdjcind[i]Z<VgYd[[ZghVeViX]ldg`d[
aVcYhXVeZhVcYVkVhiXja^cVgnkVg^Zin#G^X]an"XdadjgZY
igVY^i^dchi^ciZYl^i]VHdji]Zgche^g^iVgZgZÓZXiZY^cVc
^ckZci^kZXj^h^cZi]VibV`ZhVbjai^eaZX]d^XZ[gdbVbdc\
i]Zbjai^ijYZd[egdYjXZ#;gdbi]Zigj[ÓZidi]ZE‚aVYdc
X]ZZhZ![gdb\VbZid
i]Ze^`ZeZgX]![gdbi]Z
e^X`aZYda^kZidi]Zl]^"
iZVheVgV\jh!eVhh^c\
i]gdj\]i]Z<Vg^\jZiiZ
higVlWZggn!i]ZGZ^cZiiZVeeaZdgi]ZX]Zhicji!i]Z<VgY
XdjcinXdci^cjVaanjckZ^ah^ihdcZ]jcYgZYVcYdcZÓVkdjgh#
=dlidgZh^hijedchZZ^c\VgZYbjaaZia^\]ian\g^aaZYVii]Z
iVWaZl^i]^ihig^X`aZd[da^kZd^a4Dgl]ViVWdjii]^higj[ÓZ
ÓdVi^c\^haVcY^cVXgZVbd[8ZkZccZhXZehdje4DcZVcY
dcanhdaji^dc/cdiidgZh^hi!VcYaZindjghZa[WZ\j^YZY
i]gdj\]i]^h\djgbZieVgVY^hZnZiidWZY^hXdkZgZY
AVc\jZYdXXdd`^c\VYdeihi]ZÓVkdjghd[^ihXdjcignh^YZ#
8dd`^c\jh^c\da^kZd^aVcY]ZgWh[gdbi]ZhXgjWaVcY/
i]nbZ!gdhZbVgn!hV\Z!_jc^eZg![ZccZa###I]ZhZÓVkdjgh
XVcWZ[djcY^cbdhid[i]ZcjbZgdjhAVc\jZYdX
heZX^Va^i^Zh/hbVaahlZZiVcYhdjgeVi‚bjiidc[gdb
E‚oZcVh! \VbZ iZgg^cZ [gdb i]Z =‚gVjai VcY 6jYZ
]^ciZgaVcY!hij[[ZYbjhhZah[gdbHƒiZ#Dci]ZXdVhi!
AVc\jZYdXheZX^Va^i^Zhl^icZhhV
[gZh]VcYXdadjg[jaXj^h^cZ!l^i]
i]ZbVXVgdcVYZ!he^XnXjiiaZÒh]
gdj^aaZhVjXZ!hfj^Y!WgVhjXVYZ
bjhhZahVcYbVcnine^XVaan"
BZY^iZggVcZVc\g^aaZYÒh]#6cY
l]Zc i]Zn Yd cdi XdbZ [gdb
i]ZhZV!i]ZhZcVijgVag^X]ZhVgZÒh]ZY[gdbi]ZbVcn
aV`Zhhigjc\Vadc\i]ZXdVhia^cZ/WVhh!hbVaahdaZ!\gZn
bjaaZi!hVjXVcZaaZhbVaahZVWgZVb!XgVcfjZiiZhbVaa
\gZZc[ZbVaZXgVWa^k^c\^caV`ZhVcYXVcVah!VcYdi]Zg
ZZahZheZX^Vaan^ci]Z7V\ZhaV`ZVgZi]jhi]ZÆXaVhh^XhÇ
d[i]ZAVc\jZYdXXj^h^cZ!i]dj\]l^i]dji[dg\Zii^c\i]Z
« The Gard county continually
unveils its one hundred
and one flavours… »
« Languedoc
specialities
witness a fresh
and colourful
cuisine… »
H[]_edWbYeea_d]
egd[jh^dcd[hZV[ddYVcYh]ZaaÒh]bV^cangZVgZY^cVcY
VgdjcYi]ZI]VjaV`Z#6cYidÒcVa^hZi]ZhZY^h]Zh!i]Z
AVc\jZYdX\VhigdcdbnjhZhadXVa[gj^iVcYkZ\ZiVWaZh
l]dhZjc^fjZcZhh]VhX]VgbZYbVcnV\gZVi8]Z[!
cVbZan!i]ZA‚o^\cVc"aV"8ƒWZhlZZidc^dc!i]Z8VgaZcXVh
X]^X`eZVdgi]Z[VbdjhEVgYV^a]VcWaVX`ijgc^e/Vijgc^e
\gdlc^cVXaVnZn"X]Va`nhd^a\^k^c\^ijc^fjZhlZZicZhh
[dgegZeVg^c\hjXXjaZcihiZlh!l]Zi]Zg[dgV]ZVgin[Vb^an
Xj^h^cZdg[dgÒcZ\djgbZiY^h]Zh#
7867B?>C>5;>20;60BCA>=><H
2PiP[b0ccXcdST
9TP]?XTaaT2PiP[bcWT2WTUPccWT®B_X]PZTa¯
X]?^ac2P\PaVdTWPbPd]X`dT\P]]TaU^a
QaX]VX]VY^hc^UaXT]SbP]SVdTbcb8]WXb®2Paa|
STb6^da\Tcb¯aTbcPdaP]cfWXRW^eTa[^^ZbcWT
\^bcX\_^acP]c\PaX]PX]4da^_TWTWPbcWTVXUc
c^R^]R^RcST[XRX^dbaTRX_Tb_aT_PaTSPRR^a
SX]Vc^\PaZTcPePX[PQX[Xch®CWTR^d]ch^^iTb
X]_a^SdRTcWPc\PZTbR^^ZX]VP]X]cTaTbcX]V
eT]cdaTFWhQdhbcaPfQTaaXTbX]fX]cTafWT]
cWTaTXb`dXcTT]^dVWc^RW^^bTUa^\P\^]V
cWTbTPb^]P[_a^SdRT.¯R^\\T]cbcWT2WTU
7T]RTWXb\T]dbPaTPSP_cTSPRR^aSX]Vc^
cWTR^[^dabP]SPa^\Pb^UcWTB^dcWPbcWT
hTPaV^TbQh2Pa_PRRX^^UQTTUX]cadU¸T^X[
·[[Tcb^UaTS\d[[TcX]^[XeT^X[¥=^cWX]VeTah
R^\_[XRPcTSX]P__TPaP]RTcW^dVW\dRW
\PTbca^Ua^\cWT2WTU8]cT[[XVT]cR^^ZX]V
T\d[PcTSQhcWTR[XT]cT[TfWXRWXbcWTRPbT
^U2WaXbc^_WT2WPaPbbTWPeX]VY^X]TSU^aRTb
fXcW9TP]?XTaaT2PiP[bc^^_T]PaTbcPdaP]c
X]PcX]heX[[PVT^UcWT6PaS0X\PaVdTbRP[[TS
®8[|cPXcd]TU^Xb¥d]<PiTc¥b^db[Tb_[PcP]Tb¯
J>]RTd_^]PcX\T¥P?a^eT]RP[W^dbT¥d]STa
cWT_[P]TcaTTbL®8P\]^cP]Pdc^SXSPRc8P\
P2PiP[SXSPRc¯2^\X]VUa^\cWXb2WTUcWT
_WaPbTXb]^cT]cXaT[h\TP]X]V[TbbbX]RTWT
T]STPe^dabc^_a^_^bTPbT\XVPbca^]^\XR
\T]dPc[TbbcWP]"4da^
ÇB[If_dWa[hÈ_dFehj#9WcWh]k[#J[b$))&*,,+)),)Ç?bƒjW_jkd[\e_i¾kdCWp[j¾iekib[ifbWjWd[i_d7_cWh]k[iÈ#J[b$))&*,,+'-)&)
07867B?>C>5;>20;60BCA>=><H
®;T9PaSX]STbBT]b¯X]<^]c_T[[XTa
0UcTacfT]chhTPabPb2WTUcWT]P\T^U9PR`dTbP]S;PdaT]c?^daRT[bh\Q^[XbTbP]^aXVX]P[P]S
]^UdbbTg_TacXbTcWPcWPbb_aTPSUa^\<^]c_T[[XTac^C^Zh^_PbbX]VcWa^dVW?PaXbP]SBWP]VWPƒ
CWTR^^ZX]VbTRaTcb^UcWTUP\^dbcfX]bR^]eTaVTX]c^PbX]V[Tf^aS)®aTPSPQX[Xch¯0cTa\T[TePcTS
PbcWTV^[ST]ad[TPc®;T9PaSX]STbBT]b¯X]<^]c_T[[XTa!<XRWT[X]bcPabfWTaTcWTcfX]bPaT
P[fPhbaTPShc^X]eT]cdbX]VcWT[^RP[_a^SdRTCWTePbccTaaPRTSX]X]Va^^\^UcWT<^]c_T[[XTa
aTbcPdaP]caT\PX]bcWTXSTP[b_^cU^acPbcX]VU^^SWPeX]VXcba^^cbX]cWT;P]VdTS^RQdc^_T]X]V
^dcc^cWTf^a[ScWT\TTcX]V_^X]c^UcWT?PaSPX[WP]cda]X_P]ScWTa^PbcTS_X]TP__[TfXcWXcbb_XRh
RPaP\T[2^^ZX]VcWPcTe^ZTbRWX[SW^^SP]ScaPeT[[X]V\T\^aXTb¥Ydbcc^cXRZ[TcWTbT]bTb
J[b$((%)..*-(-(-#lll#_VgY^c"YZh"hZch#Xdb
6>DA<4CC01;4B
6>DA<4CC01;4B
šÇBWCW_iedZ[bWBep„h[È_dCedjf[bb_[h0:g^X8Zaa^ZgVcYE^ZggZBdgZa
]VkZXgZViZYVc^chi^iji^dcVii]^hVYYgZhh#I]Zh]dlXVcWZ[djcY_jhiVh
bjX]^cdcZÉheaViZl^i]cdiVWani]ZZiZgcVaVa^\di!hdXaZkZganegZhZciZY
VhjcYZgi]Z&'i]8ZcijgnhidcZkVjaihd[i]ZbV^cY^c^c\gddb#
J[b$((%)+,++)+(+#lll#XZaa^ZgbdgZa#Xdb
šÆAZA^h^iVÇ^hV\Vhigdcdb^XVYYgZhh^cCˆbZh&B^X]Za^chiVg#>cVcZaZ\VciVcYgZÒcZYhZii^c\!i]Z8]Z[Da^k^Zg9djZiZc_dnhXdd`^c\l^i]Òh]!
ZheZX^Vaani]Z?d]c9dgnVcYi]Zbdc`Òh]#L^cZVbViZjghl^aaWZYZa^\]iZYWni]ZVYk^XZ\^kZcWnHi‚e]VcZ9jWV^aaZl]degdedhZh
VcZmiZch^kZl^cZa^hi#B[B_i_jW}Dîc[i#J[b$((%)+++,'.&*
š>c]^hÆ6aZmVcYgZÇgZhiVjgVci^c<Vgdch!B^X][email protected]ÓVkdjghdcidVeZYZhiVa#=dbZ"bVYZheZX^Va^i^ZhVgZiVhiZYl^i]YZa^\]i!hjX]Vh
i]ZWgVcYVYZd[XdYdgi]Zigj[ÓZÓdVi^c\^haVcY^cVXgZVbd[8ZkZccZhXZehdje#IdWZZc_dnZY^ci]ZY^c^c\gddbl^i]VbdYZgcYZXdgdg
dci]ZYZa^\]i[jaan"VggVc\ZYiZggVXZ#Ç7b[nWdZh[È_d=Whedi#J[b$((%)++,%%-..
šÆAÉ:m6ZfjdÇ^cCˆbZhegdedhZh!^cVXdciZbedgVgnhZii^c\!Vc^ckZci^kZXj^h^cZl^i]ZmXZaaZciadXVaegdYjXZ#ÇBÊ[nW[gkeÈ#J[b$((%)++'&,&.+
š6ii]Zdg^\^chd[ÆAZhIgd^hHVadchÇgZhiVjgVci^cJoƒh!VCZl"OZVaVcYZg!VHlZYZVcYV;gZcX]bVc#LZaaldgi]Vk^h^il^i][ddYValVnhegdYjX^c\
i]ZjcZmeZXiZYÇB[iJhe_iIWbediÈ#J[b$((%)++''*,()
šGZXZciandeZcZY^cCˆbZh!ÆAÉ6ci^\dcZÇl^aacdYdjWihddcWZXdbZdcZd[i]dhZcdi"id"WZ"b^hhZYgZhiVjgVcih^ci]ZgZ\^dc#6gi^hi^XegZhZciVi^dc!
fjVa^in^c\gZY^Zcih!ZmeZgiXdd`^c\½VaaVXXdbeVc^ZYWnYZa^X^djh[ddYVcYVlVgblZaXdbZÇBÊ7dj_]ed[È#J[b$((%)++'(%-+*
š>ci]ZegZiinVWdYZd[i]ZÆBVg^ZGdh‚ÇgZhiVjgVci^c6^\jZh"BdgiZh!i]ZVibdhe]ZgZ^h[g^ZcYan!i]ZaVYnXdd`]Vk^c\egZeVgZYh^beaZ!nZiZcX]Vci^c\
Y^h]Zhi]ViX]Vc\ZZVX]YVn^cVXXdgYVcXZl^i]i]ZbVg`Zi/hij[[ZYbZVih!gViVidj^aaZ!HƒiZ"hinaZbjhhZah!ZiX#!VigjZZmVbeaZd[Hdji]ZgcXj^h^cZ#
CWh_[Heiƒ}7_]k[iCehj[i#J[b$((%)++*(,.-)
+,
Sud de France
2Pa]TcSTa^dcT
šÇBÊ7cXWiiWZ[_d8ƒp_[hiÈ0\djgbZi[ddYi]Via^kZh^ci]Zg]ni]bd[
i]ZhZVhdch!ÆWZXVjhZZbdi^dc^hi]ZegdYjXZÇ!hiViZhEVig^X`Dagn!8]Z[!
i]ZWZVgZgd[dcZB^X]Za^chiVg#
J[b$((%)+,,+%+')#lll#gZhiVjgVci"aVbWVhhVYZ#[g
šÇBÊä8edj[cfiÈ_dCW]WbWi0i]ZgZhiVjgVcii]Vi^hbjX]iVa`ZYVWdji
^cAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc½"J[b$((%)+,(+'%-'
šÇB[B[ddoiÈ_dIW_dj#CWj^_[kZ[Jhƒl_[hi0AjYdk^X9o^Zljah`^ZbWVg`hdc
i]ZX]VaaZc\Zd[VgZÒcZYVcYbdYZgcXj^h^cZ"J[b$((%)+,**(,.,
7dZWbie0
šÇBÊEYjefkiÈ_d8ƒp_[hi'C_Y^[b_dijWh
J[b$((%)+,)..%%%#lll#gZhiVjgVci"dXidejh#Xdb
šÇBW9ekhÈ_d<[hh_„h[ib[iL[hh[h_[i#J[b$((%)++-%---%
šÇB[9WbWZeYÈ_d9WfZÊ7]Z[#J[b$((%)+,'+-,%(
šÇB[C_ceiWÈ_dIW_dj=k_hWkZ#J[b$((%)+,.++,.+
+-
Sud de France
<6HIGDCDBN
H[]_edWbYeea_d]
<6HIGDCDBN
J^[bWdZe\EYY_jWdXbeiieciekj
9jX`l^i]]dcZnhVjXZ!A^bdjm[g^XVhhZZ!X^kZid[l^aYWdVg
[gdb;^idj!ZZahdje!ZiX#7gZVi]^ci]dhZYZa^X^djhhbZaah
I]Z7aVX`BdjciV^cVcYi]ZHVjaiXdjcignVgZ`cdlc[dg
i]Z^gedg`bZVih#I]Zl^aYgZa^Z[d[i]Z8dgW^ƒgZhZc]VcXZ
i]ZiVhiZ[djcY^c\VbZY^h]Zh#<gj^hhVcjcgZÒcZYhVai
Wg^c\hdjii]ZÓVkdjgd[i]ZadXVaXj^h^cZ!l]^aZEdgij\jZhZ
dnhiZghVgZh^bbZgZY^cAZjXViZ
EdgiVcYi]ZejgZlViZgh[Vaadci]Z
6aZi[ddi]^aah#;gdb[Vgbid[Vgb!
ViXdjcign[V^ghVcYdci]ZbVg`Zi!
i]Zhig^c\d[ÓVkdjghVYdeihi]Z
a^`Zhd[i]ZadXVah/8Vi]VgZXdjcign
aVbW!AVjgV\V^hXVedchVcY]Zch!EngZcZVcWaVX`idbbZ
X]ZZhZ!E‚aVgYdc\dViÉhb^a`X]ZZhZ!AjXfjZhda^kZhVcY
i]Z8^idjhlZZidc^dc#:VX]bZVa^hVcZmXjhZ[dgVcZl
eVgin!i^bZeVhh^c\Wn^cVlVgbVcYZcYZVg^c\Vibdhe]ZgZ#
LVhcÉi^i8]VgaZhIgZcZi![gdbCVgWdccZ!l]dhVc\/»AdnVa½
>]VkZgZbV^cZYadnVa½Ç4
« Gruissan unrefined
salt brings out the
flavour of the local
cuisine… »
6[iZgi]ZXVhhdjaZi###
IdigVkZa^c6jYZXdjcignbZVch[daadl^c\i]ZkVg^Zind[
hXZcih!VhcjbZgdjhVhi]ZY^[[Zg^c\aVcYhXVeZh#;gdbi]Z
aVhihadeZhd[i]ZBVhh^[8ZcigVaidi]ZEngZcZZhÄWVc`h!
hXgjWaVcY!XVjhhZVcY]^\]kVaaZnhÄi]ZgZ\^dc^h]^\]an
^cÓjZcXZY#CZZYaZhhidhVni]Vii]Z^cY^heZchVWaZ8VhhdjaZi
]^YZhbjai^eaZigVY^i^dchL]Zi]Zg[gdb8VhiZacVjYVgndg[gdb
8VgXVhhdccZ!i]ZgZ^hcdY^[[ZgZcXZ#H^c\jaVg^in!VhValVnh!
^h]^YYZc^ci]ZZmXZaaZcXZVcYi]Zg^X]cZhhd[i]ZegdYjXZ#
6gdbVlVhVagZVYneVgid[i]Z8Vi]VgZXdjcignXjaijgZVii]Z
i^bZd[i]ZGdbVch!l]Zc^cCVgWdccZ!i]ZÒghi\^ga[gdb
GdbZidXdbZid<VjahdaY]Zg]Vb!Òh]VcYhZV[ddY#
07867B?>C>5;>20;
60BCA>=><H
®;±0dQTaVTSdEXTdg?dXcb¯
X]5^]cY^]R^dbT
6X[[Tb6^dY^]±bR^^ZX]VWPbPRWXTeTScWT\XaPR[T^U_[PRX]V
cWT®0dQTaVTSdEXTdg?dXcb¯P]ScWTWd]SaTSb^UX]WPQXcP]cb
X]5^]cY^]R^dbTPb\P[[2^aQX}aTbeX[[PVT[^RPcTSPcP__a^gX
\PcT[hcWXachZX[^\TcaTbUa^\=PaQ^]]T^]cWTVPbca^]^\XR
\P_^UcWTf^a[SCWT2WTUWPeX]VcfXRTQTT]PfPaSTS
bcPabaT\PX]b[^hP[c^WXb[^RP[a^^cbR[TeTa[hRd[cXePcX]VcWT
Pac^UaTSXbR^eTaX]VcWTTgRT[[T]c[^RP[_a^SdRTP[[Pa^d]S
1dc]^cYdbccWTTbRPQ}RWTc^QTSad]ZfXcWPbcaPf^acWT
_^dcPaVdTbP]SfXRWc^QTRad]RWTS
WTP[b^WP__X[h_[Phb^]P__TPaP]RTb
X]eXcX]V^UUQTPccWTU^aRT^UcWT[P]Sc^
cWTcPQ[T8]^]T±b_[PcTcWTbRT]PaX^Xb
_aTRX^dbP]S^aVP]XbTS`dXcTPacXbcXRfXcW
PZ]^fX]VQP[P]RT^UUaPVaP]RTbR^[^dab
P]ScTgcdaTb6X[[Tb6^dY^]QTWX]SWXb
ZXcRWT]_XP]^bWX]TbU^acWX]cWT\XSbc
^UcWXbfX]TR^d]cah
+.
Sud de France
J[b$((%)+-))%,(,
lll#VjWZg\ZYjk^Zjmej^ih#[g
6>DA<4CC01;4B
H[]_edWbYeea_d]
8ViVaVcXdd`^c\
>ci]Z]ZVgid[i]ZBZY^iZggVcZVcVgX]!8ViVaVcXdd`^c\]Vh
VbVg`ZY^YZci^in#=ZgZlZXVcY^hi^c\j^h]i]ZXdVhia^cZ!
i]ZbVg`Zi"\VgYZceaV^ch!g^X]^c[gj^iegdYjXi^dc!VhlZaaVh
i]ZE^ZYbdciVcYi]Z]^\]bdjciV^c#I]ZgZVgZi]jhi]gZZ
ineZhd[Xdd`^c\/hZV!eaV^chVcYbdjciV^c#H^c\jaVg^in^h
cdiVhbjX]^ci]ZY^h]Vh^ci]ZlVn^i^hhiZVbXdd`ZY#
>cYZZY!lZÒcYcdidcandg^\^ch[gdbi]ZBjha^bXjaijgZ
l^i]i]ZXdkZgZYdgdeZcZVgi]ZclVgZXVhhZgdaZ!^cVYY^i^dc
idi]ZiV_^cZ!WjiVahdi]dhZ[gdb
i]Z]ZVknXVhi"^gdceVchVcYi]Z^g
i]^X`a^Y!^cl]^X]i]Z^c\gZY^Zcih
VgZh^bbZgZY^ci]Z^g_j^XZh#DcXZhdXdd`ZY!i]Z[ddY^h
hZgkZYVh^i^hdgi]^X`ZcZYl^i]Ve^XVYZ#8ViVaVcXj^h^cZ
^hi]jhi]Zdeedh^iZd[igVY^i^dcVa;gZcX]Xdd`^c\l]ZgZ
[ddY^hXdd`ZY^cVhVjXZ#;ddY\g^aaZYdkZgVk^cZ"h]ddi
ÒgZ^hVahdVeZgbVcZci[ZVijgZ#L]ZgZVhi]gdj\]djii]Z
BZY^iZggVcZVcWVh^c!i]ZWgZVY"l^cZ"d^aig^ad\n]VhWZZc
gZjc^iZYjcYZgi]Z8gZiZ"hinaZWVccZg!8ViVaVcXdd`^c\
h]VgZhl^i]i]ZAVc\jZYdXgZ\^dc!i]ZegVXi^XVah^YZd[da^kZ
d^a!\Vga^X!dgZ\VcdVcYidbVid#Hi^aaidYVn!^i^hZheZX^Vaan
bVg`ZYWni]Zg^X]Zhd[^ihaVcY!egdedh^c\bV_dg[gj^i
VcYkZ\ZiVWaZ^cYjhig^Zh!Òh]^c\!i]Z[VbdjhGdjhh^aadc
Veg^Xdi!i]Z8‚gZiX]Zggn!VcYVahdhjX]edejaVg^iZbhVh
i]Z8daa^djgZVcX]dkn#
« The famous
Roussillon apricot… »
8hWikYWZ[0bjhhZah\g^aaZYdcVlddYÒgZ#
;iYWX„Y^[0VbVccZgd[egZeVg^c\Òh]jh^c\VbVg^cVYZd[k^cZ\Vg!dc^dc!
\Vga^XVcYda^kZd^a#
CWYWhedWZ[0heZX^Va^in[gdbHƒiZXdbeg^hZYd[bVXVgdc^hVcYÆWgV\ZdaZhÇ
VheZX^Vab^mijgZd[WZZ[VcYidbVidhVjXZ#
F_YWZ[0Vb^mijgZd[Xgjh]ZY\g^aaZYVabdcYh!idVhi!he^XZh!hZVhdc^c\!
XgjYZda^kZd^al^i]VkZgnha^\]ihlZZicdiZhj\Vgdg]dcZnVcYVa^iiaZ
ÆgVcX^dÇhlZZil^cZ#
FekjWh]k[0Vahd`cdlcVhi]ZBZY^iZggVcZVcXVk^Vg!i]^hajmjgnegdYjXi
jh^c\hVaiZYVcYYg^ZYbjaaZiZ\\h^hVheZX^Va^ind[BVgi^\jZh^ci]Z
7djX]Zh"Yj"G]cZXdjcin#
BWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbed]WijhedecoWjlll#hjc[gVcXZ#Xdb
CWT\PTbca^b^U_a^SdRT
I]Z6jYZ^hlZaa"hidX`ZY^cÓVkdjgh![dgi]ZYZa^\]id[i]Z8]Z[hVcY
djgiVhiZWjYhI]Z\gZVicVbZhd[i]Z6jYZV\gZZi]ViXdbedh^i^dc
^hV`Zn!l]Zi]ZgVcVheVgV\jhdgVgZYbjaaZi/Æ>eVgi^XjaVgana^`Z
ldg`^c\l^i]Òh]Ç!VYb^ih?‚gbZGndcGZhiVjgVciAV7VgWVXVcZ!
VadkZgd[[gZh]cZhh#Æ<d^cidi]ZZhhZci^Vad[iVhiZÇ!hiViZhi]Z
jcXdbegdb^h^c\;gVcX`EjiZaViGZhiVjgVciAZEVgX#ÆHX^ZcXZ!
adkZVcYeVhh^dcÇ!gZhjbZhi]ZbdYZgcA^dcZa<^gVjYAVIVWaZ
YZHV^ci"8gZhXZci#I]Z^ggZX^eZ4IV`ZVYkVciV\Zd[i]ZhZVhdch!
dWiV^c^c\hjeea^Zh[gdbi]ZWZhiadXVaegdYjXZghVcYZc_dn^c\
gZcZlZYigVY^i^dcVagZX^eZh!XdcÒgbhE^ZggVBZhVGZhiVjgVciÆ6j
8dbiZGd\ZgÇ!i]ZVedhiaZÆ[dgViVhinXj^h^cZÇ!VXXdbeVc^ZY^ci]^h
hZchZWni]ZfjZhi[dgVji]Zci^X^ind[<‚gVaY<VgX^VÆAÉ=iZaaZg^ZYj
8]}iZVjÇVcYi]Vid[]dcZhin!VhegZVX]ZYWnE]^a^eeZ9jXdhÆAZ
9dbV^cZYÉ6jg^VXÇ!Æl^i]djiVcn[jhhÇ#6cYVaai]^hl^i]VcdjcXZd[
Zbdi^dc^ci]Z?ZVc"BVgX7dnZgbVccZgAZEj^ihYjIg‚hdg#
šÇBW8WhXWYWd[È_d9WhYWiiedd['C_Y^[b_dijWh
J[b$((%)+-,&.-,&
07867B?>C>5;>20;60BCA>=><H
®;P6P[X]TccT¯X]?Ta_XV]P] <XRWT[X]bcPa
2WaXbc^_WT2^\TbRd[cXePcTbWXb^f]eTVTcPQ[TbPfW^[TaP]VT^UU^aV^ccT]ePaXTcXTbcWPcWTR^^Zb
fXcWPcad[hB^dcWTa]cPbcTCWXbh^d]V2WTUPVPaST]TaPcWTPacWPb^]T^UcWTQTbcZ]^f]P]S
X]eT]cXeTcPQ[TbX]?Ta_XV]P]dbX]VcWTSTR^a^UPU^a\Ta^aXT]cP[aTbcPdaP]cR[TeTa[hSTR^aPcTSfXcW
\^aTb^QTa·]Tah8]WXbeTVTcPQ[T_[^c^]8[TbdaC~cPaT]^[TbbcWP]$SXUUTaT]cePaXTcXTbaP]VX]V
Ua^\c^\Pc^TbSXUUTaT]cch_Tb^UR^daVTccTPbfT[[PbPdQTaVX]TbP[[adQQX]VbW^d[STabfXcWWXb
R^[[TRcX^]^Ub`dPbWTbP]S_d\_ZX]b]^cU^aVTccX]VcWTUadXccaTTbP]SPa^\PcXR_[P]cbbdRWPbcWT
UT]]T[fWTaTWTSaXTbcWT[TPeTbc^RaTPcT^aXVX]P[[^^ZX]VZTQPQb
J[b$((%)+-(*%%.%
6>DA<4CC01;4B
šÇB[@WhZ_dZÊ7oc[h_YÈ_d9bWhW0<^aaZh7VhXdjd[[ZghVYZa^\]i[jacd"[jhhXj^h^cZl^i]adihd[\ddY^YZVh"J[b$((%)+-.+%-,'
šÇ7k9ecj[He][hÈ_d9WhYWiiedd[
J[b$((%)+-&&.()%
š>cVeaZVhVcibVg^cZhZii^c\!kVhiandeZc^c\djidcidi]ZWVn!i]ZÇ7b<WdWbÈh[ijWkhWdj_d8WdokbiikhC[hegdedhZhVYZa^X^djh
bZcjd[hZV[ddY!VhX]Zg^h]ZYWn9db^c^fjZIg‚[djml^i]djiYZcn^c\]^hCdgi]Zgcdg^\^ch"J[b$((%)+---%%-&
šÇB[:ecW_d[ZÊ7kh_WYÈ_d9WhYWiiedd['C_Y^[b_dijWh
J[b$((%)+-'*,'''
šH^cXZ]^hVgg^kVa^cAdoƒgZ!B^hVh]^A^_^bV]VhXdbZidadkZi]ZiVhiZd[i]ZadXVaXj^h^cZ#6ii]ZÆ+j^FƒY^ƒZ[9ebb_ekh[È!
]ZegdedhZhVegZiiniVWaZl]ZgZ]^h?VeVcZhZgddihYdldcYZghl^i]hZV[ddY"J[b$((%)+-.-%.,+
šÇB[FWhYÈ_d9WhYWiiedd['C_Y^[b_dijWh
J[b$((%)+-,&-%-%
šI]Z8]V^gbVcd[i]ZGdjhh^aadcIdfjZh7aVcX]ZhP=ZVY8]Z[hR!?ZVcEadjoZccZX!\^kZhadXVaegdYjXZeg^YZd[eaVXZ
^c]^hgZhiVjgVciÇB[9ƒZhWjÈWjj^[8ekbek9Wi_de#J[b$((%)+--(%&'%
šÇB[Fk_jiZkJhƒiehÈ_dBWijekhi
J[b$((%)+-,,*%')
šÇBWJWXb[ÈZ[IW_dj#9h[iY[dj_dDWhXedd['C_Y^[b_dijWh
J[b$((%)+-)&(,(,
šÇBÊ>Žj[bb[h_[Zk9^~j[WkÈ_dBWFecWh„Z[
J[b$((%)+-+%).+.
šÇ9^~j[WkIW_dj#CWhj_d#Jh[dYWl[bÈ_d9WhYWiiedd[
J[b$((%)+-,&%.*(
2Pa]TcSTa^dcT
7dZWbie0
šÇB[9^Wfed<_dÈ_dF[hf_]dWd#J[b$((%)+-(*&)&)
šÇBWL_bbW:kÔejÈ_dF[hf_]dWd#J[b$((%)+-*++,+,
šÇB[OkYYWÈ_dF[hf_]dWd#J[b$((%)+--**+*)
šÇB[:ekXb[OÈ_dF[hf_]dWd#J[b$((%)+-()*&&+
šÇBÊ7kX[h][IW_dj#FWkbÈ_dL_bb[\hWdY^[#Z[#9edÔ[dj#J[b$((%)+-.+(%.*
šÇBÊ7hWced=ekhcWdZÈ_dFƒp_bbW#BW#H_l_„h[#J[b$((%)+-.')(*.
šÇBÊ7kX[h][ZkHekWÈ_d7h][b„i#ikh#C[h#J[b$((%)+-.*-*-*
+/
Sud de France
K>C:H
IkZZ[<hWdY[
»HjYYZ;gVcXZ¼m_d[i
I]Z AVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc l^cZ"\gdl^c\ VgZV! i]Z aVg\Zhi ^c i]Z ldgaY! hegZVYh
VXgdhh(%%!%%%]ZXiVgZh'!)('!&(.VXgZhd[aVcYVcYWdVhih',XZcijg^Zhd[]^hidgn
>bedhh^WaZcdiidÒcYVl^cZiddcZÉhiVhiZ^cVgZ\^dcgZcdlcZY[dg^ihfjVa^inVcY^ih
Y^kZghZhd^ah#I]ZXdcigVhid[Bdi]ZgCVijgZVcYi]ZZmedhjgZd[i]ZaVcYVgZ![dgi]Z
bdhieVgi!i]Z`Zn[VXidgh^ci]^hkVhigVc\Zd[l^cZh!cdlVWaZidWZ\gdjeZYid\Zi]Zg
jcYZgi]ZÆHjYYZ;gVcXZÇaVWZa#
A
Vc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcl^cZhVgZZkdak^c\;^ghi!i]Z
gZ\^dcXgZViZYi]ZÆHjYYZ;gVcXZÇaVWZa/Vjc^fjZ
WVccZgjcYZgl]^X]Vaai]Zl^cZ"\gdlZghbVn\gdje
id\Zi]Zg!^[i]Znhdl^h]#HZXdcYan!i]ZegZhi^\^djhÆ6D8Ç
XdcigdaaZY"dg^\^cl^cZh]VkZVYdeiZY!h^cXZ6eg^a'%%,!V
jc^fjZ6D8!i]ZÆ6eeZaaVi^dcYÉDg^\^cZ
8dciga‚ZAVc\jZYdXÇ!l]^X]ZmiZcYh
]ZcXZ[dgi][gdbC^bZhidi]ZHeVc^h]
WdgYZg#>iWdVhihhiVcYVgYhi]ViZchjgZ
i]ZfjVa^ingZfj^gZbZcih[dgi]ZaVg\Zhi
k^cZnVgY^ci]ZldgaY!gZcdlcZY[dg^ih\gZVi
kVg^Zind[l^cZh!l]Zi]ZggZY!l]^iZ!gdh‚!
heVg`a^c\^cXajY^c\i]ZÆ7aVcfjZiiZÇVcYi]ZÆ8g‚bVciYZ
A^bdjmÇdghlZZicVijgVal^cZhd[l]^X]i]ZÆBjhXViYZ
;gdci^\cVcÇ!ÆAjcZaÇ!ÆB^gZkVaÇ!ÆHV^ci"?ZVcYZB^cZgkd^hÇ!
ÆG^kZhVaiZhÇ!dgZkZci]Z[VbdjhÆ7VcjnahÇVcYÆBVjgnÇ
l^cZh#=ZgZ!i]ZgZ^hhdbZi]^c\[dgZkZgndcZ!YZhe^iZi]Vi
Xdbbdc\gVeZ"ineZWVhZegdk^Y^c\VigjZgZ\^dcVa^YZci^in
<gZcVX]Z!HngV]!BdjgkƒYgZ!8Vg^\cVcVcY8^chVjai#
9ZeVgi^c\[gdbi]Z[gj^inl^cZh!ZmXZhh^kZangdjcYVcYYZa^XViZ
l^i]a^\]iiVcc^chigjXijgZh!eVhh^c\i]gdj\]i]dhZbdgZ
XdcXZcigViZY8dgW^ƒgZhdgIZggVhhZhYjAVgoVX!i]Zcbdk^c\
dcidi]ZVgdbVhd[he^XZhVcYhXgjWaVcY!
ZcY^c\jel^i]i]dhZbdgZbVijgZl^cZh
Z#\#7ZgadjVcYGdfjZWgjc!l]^X]ZmjYZ
higdc\cdiZhd[h]VaZVcYgdhZ#:VX]hd^a
]Vh^ihdlcX]VgVXiZg#Egdd[^hh]dlcWn
i]ZZaZ\VcXZVcYYZa^XVXnd[i]ZildcZl
l^cZaVWZahgZ\^hiZgZY^ci]ZAVc\jZYdX"
Gdjhh^aadcgZ\^dc/i]ZÆ6D8E‚oZcVhÇ!l]dhZX]VgVXiZg^hi^X
ÓVkdjghd[he^XZhVcYl]^iZeZeeZgdlZbjX]idi]ZkdaXVc^X
hd^ahjc^fjZ^ci]ZgZ\^dc0VcYi]ZÆ6D8YZBVaZeƒgZÇ!V
kZgnh^c\jaVgl^cZ!h^cXZ^i^hWVhZYdci]ZÆ6iaVci^XÇ\gVeZ
ineZhBZgadiVcY8VWZgcZiHVjk^\cdc#
« It boasts standards
that ensure the
quality requirements
for the largest vineyard
in the world… »
,'
Sud de France
K>C:H
IkZZ[<hWdY[
K>C:H
idi]ZeVhi!lZÒcYi]ZÒghi^beg^cihd[i]Zk^cZVagZVYn
WVX`^ci]Z+i]8Zcijgn78#7ZcZÒi^c\[gdba^V^hdchl^i]i]Z
:igjhXVch!VcYZhhZci^Vaani]Z<gZZ`h]Vk^c\hZiWVhZ^c
6\YZ!i]Zl^cZXjaijgZYZkZadeZY#>ii]Zc^ciZch^ÒZYl^i]i]Z
Vgg^kVad[i]ZGdbVch!VcYaViZgWni]Zbdc`h!l^i]igVY^i^dc
hi^aaXdci^cj^c\dcidYVn#L^cZ^cAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc^h
VahdV_djgcZni]gdj\]i]ZhZVhdch!ejcXijViZYWni]Zldg`h
^ci]Zk^cZnVgYhVcYi]ZZkZg"X]Vc\^c\Xdadjgh#8dbZVcY
l^icZhhi]Zk^cZnVgYhWgVcY^h]^c\i]Z^gY^heaVnd[Vjijbc
aZVkZhjcYZgVWg^\]ian"a^i>cY^Vc"hjbbZgh`n6cY[dgi]Z
\djgbZiigVkZaaZg!bVcnVhjgeg^hZ
VlV^ih]^bVXgdhhi]ZgZ\^dcl]ZgZ
i]ZÆHjYYZ;gVcXZÇl^cZhVgZ
i]Z^YZVaXdbeVc^dcid6jWgVX
WZZ[!8ViVaVcZXjgZYedg`bZVih!
7djo^\jZhdnhiZghdgE‚aVgYdc
X]ZZhZ#L^cZ^ci]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcgZ\^dc^h^cYZZYV
]jbVcVYkZcijgZ!cdidcanadXVaanl^i]i]ZbVcndeedgijc^i^Zh
idZcXdjciZgi]dhZbZcVcYldbZcl]did^ai]ZaVcY!i]Z
VbWVhhVYdgÉhd[i]ZÆHjYYZ;gVcXZÇaVWZa!WjihdbZi^bZh
ZkZcid[Vg"d[[eVgih#9Vjg‚!AVgdX]Z!7VggVa!<j^WZgi!dg
7gj!idcVbZWjiV[Zl!Vaa]VkZi]VihVbZeVhh^dc[dgi]Z
ÆbVYZ^cAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcÇl^cZ#
« In LanguedocRoussillon, the wines
guide you along a neverending journey! … »
Ie_bjof[i
6aai]ZhZl^cZh!l]^X]XdbW^cZ[gZh]cZhh^ciZgbhd[VX^Y^in!
gZY"[gj^iVgdbVhVcYV\ddY`ZZe^c\ediZci^Va!VgZVcX]dgZY
^cidi]ZXdcigVhiZYaVcYhd[i]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc/eZWWaZ
iZggVXZh^ci]ZgZ\^dcd[i]ZÆ<gƒhYZBdcieZaa^ZgÇPBdcieZaa^Zg
ediiZgnR!a^bZhidcZhd^ah^ci]Z8dgW^ƒgZhVcYGdjhh^aadc
gZ\^dch!Vaajk^VaVcYhidcnYZedh^ihdci]ZAVc\jZYdXeaV^ch!
dgh]VaZhd^ah^ci]Z]^ciZgaVcY½>cAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc!
i]Zl^cZh\j^YZndjVadc\VcZkZg"ZcY^c\_djgcZnAdd`^c\
;0=6D43>2A>DBB8;;>=;0=3>5F8=4C>DA8B<
5^acWTP\PcTdafX]TcaPeT[[Ta
;P]VdTS^RA^dbbX[[^]XbPaTVX^]
f^acWeXbXcX]VP]SaTeXbXcX]VWPeX]V
UPac^^\P]h_[PRTbc^bTTfXcWX]
PbX]V[TbcPhCWTFX]TP]SCPbcT
0RPST\hJ0RPS|\XTSdEX]TcSd
6^ŒcLX]A^`dT\PdaTR^d]ch^U
cWT6PaSXbP]TgP\_[TST_PacdaT
_^X]cU^aPc^daSTSXRPcTSc^fX]T
P]Sc^daXb\;^RPcTSPc2WwcTPd
ST2[PahaXVWcX]cWTWTPac^UcWT
;XaPReX]ThPaSbcWXbX]cTaTbcX]Vb_^c
^_T]bXcbS^^abc^T]R^d]cTaP]STg
RWP]VT6dXSTSQh^T]^[^VXbcbP]S
Tg_Tacb^UcWT^[XeT^X[X]SdbcahcWT
eXbXc^aXbPQ[Tc^SXbR^eTacWTVaP_T
ch_Tb^UcWTb^dcWTa]eX]ThPaSb
cWTSXUUTaT]cePaXTcXTb^U^[XeTb
P]S\^aTVT]TaP[[hcWTfTP[cW^U
;P]VdTS^RA^dbbX[[^]HTccWXbXb
^][hPbcPacTa^UfWPccWTW^[XSPh
2Pa]TcSTa^dcT
\T]d\XVWcQTRT]caTSPa^d]S
cWTeX]TX];P]VdTS^RA^dbbX[[^]
3^]±c\XbbcWTbd\\TaUTbcXeP[b
P]SbW^fbQdQQ[X]VfXcWfX]T
T]cWdbXPb\>]TTgP\_[TXbcWT
UTbcXeP[^UfX]TR^[^dabJ2^d[Tdab
eXV]Ta^]]TbLX]7XVW;P]VdTS^R
fWXRWP[[^fbh^dc^SXbR^eTaX]9d[h
P]S0dVdbccWTbRT]TahcWTWXbc^ah
P]ScWTfPh^U[XUTcWPcbcT\bUa^\
PfX]TRd[cdaTfWTaTUTbcXeXcXTb
cPZT_aXST^U_[PRTCWT]R^\TcWT
caPSXcX^]P[bc^__X]V_^X]cbbdRWPb
X]1Ta[^dfWTaT^]TRP]PS\XaTcWT
PaRWPT^[^VXRP[P]S_P[PT^]c^[^Vh
R^[[TRcX^]bX]cWTUaTbW]Tbb^UcWT
fX]TRT[[PaVdXSTSc^da0[^]VcWT
?haT]TP]a^dcTcWTfX]Tc^daXb\
caPX[b_PbbcWa^dVWcWT2Xch^UcWT
EX]TP]SFX]TJ2Xc|ST[PEXV]TTc
SdEX]LX]6adXbbP]0dSTR^d]ch
8cbPX\Xbc^X]ca^SdRTcWTeX]TP]S
fX]Tf^a[ScWa^dVWPaTRaTPcX^]P[
c^daPSP_cTSc^P[[PVTb0ccWT
T]S^UcWTeXbXcfX]TcPbcX]VP]S
SXbRdbbX^]bRP]QTWPSQhP[[X]
cWTR^\_P]h^UcWTfX]TVa^fTab
TPRW^UcWT\fXcW^dcS^dQcYdbc
Pb_PbbX^]PcTPb?PbRP[1^aT[[
cWTh^d]V2PcP[P]2WTUWPeX]V
cPZT]^eTa®;P<PXb^]SdCTaa^Xa¯
X]cWTWTPac^UcWT<PdaheX]ThPaS
?ha|]|Tb>aXT]cP[TbR^d]chhTc
P]^cWTa^UcWT\PY^afX]Tc^daXb\
b_^cbCWTaTh^dfX[[·]SPV^da\Tc
aTbcPdaP]cP]SPRT[[PaX]eXcX]Vh^d
c^cPbcTPfTP[cW^U[^RP[_a^SdRT
cWTfW^[TbXcTQTX]V]PcdaP[[h
bTcX]PfX]TT]eXa^]\T]cfXcW
®2Pb^cTb¯S^ccTSWTaTP]ScWTaT
fX]TVa^fTa±bbc^]TWdcb
054F6>>3033A4BB4B
š¼7YWZƒc_[Zkl_d[jZk]e“j½_dHegk[cWkh[#J[b$((%)++((%)-+#lll#VXVYZb^Z"Yj"k^c#[g
š¼7YWZƒc_[ZkL_d½_dCedjf[bb_[h#J[b$((%)+,%''-'-#lll#VXVYZb^ZYjk^c"ag#Xdb
š¼9_jƒZ[bWL_]d[[jZkL_d½_d=hk_iiWd#J[b$((%)+-,*''+'
š¼CW_iedZkJ[hhe_h½_dCWkho#J[b$((%)+--+'-'-#lll#bV^hdc"Yj"iZggd^g#Xdb
š¼Fhem_d[Jekh½_dBkd[b#J[b$((%+''.-+&%)#lll#egdl^cZidjg#[g
š¼J[hhWL_d[W½_dFehj[bZ[9ehX_„h[i#J[b$((%)+-)-+).%#lll#iZggV"k^cZV#Xdb
Sud de France
,*
IkZZ[<hWdY[
38B2>E4A8=6;0=6D43>2A>DBB8;;>=F8=4B
F8=4B5A><C74A>DBB8;;>=A468>=
CWT8]cTa_a^UTbbX^]P[2^\\XccTT^UA^dbbX[[^]FX]Tb
CWTA^dbbX[[^]aTVX^]QaP]SXbWTbP]TgcaT\T[hePaXTSaT[XTUfXcW
P]TgRTbbXeTcW^dVWVT]Ta^dbR[X\PcTaTeTP[X]V\^d]cPX]bP]S
bTPP[XZTB^c^VPX]h^daQTPaX]VbX]cWT\XSbc^UcWXb_PcRWf^aZ
^U[P]SbP]ScWT\P]h®0>2¯R^]ca^[[TS^aXVX][PQT[bX]R[dSX]VcWT
\P]hfX]TbUa^\fXcWX]cWT?ha|]|Tb>aXT]cP[TbR^d]chfWh]^c
R^]cPRccWT8]cTa_a^UTbbX^]P[2^\\XccTT^UA^dbbX[[^]FX]TbJ2^\Xc|
8]cTa_a^UTbbX^]]T[STbEX]bSdA^dbbX[[^]28EAL.CWTWXbc^ah^U
cWTeX]TcWT_TaUTRcWPa\^]hQTcfTT]U^^SP]SfX]TfXcWaTRX_Tb
VP[^aT¥CWa^dVWcWT_a^\^cX^]^UcWTbTeT]A^dbbX[[^][PQT[bJP_
_T[[PcX^]bLP]X]ST_cWfX]Tc^dacPZTbh^dX]cda]c^cWT2PcWPaT
aTVX^]0>2<Pdah^]c^cWTPQad_ccTaaPRTb^UcWT?haT]TTb0>2
1P]hd[bX]QTcfTT]_[PX]bP]S\^d]cPX]0>22^[[X^daTP[^]V
cWTeP[[Th^U0V[h0>22‡cTbSdA^dbbX[[^]EX[[PVTbX]QTcfTT]cWT
2^aQX}aTb<PbbXUP]ScWT?haT]TTb0>22‡cTbSdA^dbbX[[^]^a
X]c^cWT2PcP[^V]TaTVX^]0>2AXeTbP[cTbP]S<dbRPcSTAXeTbP[cTb
CWT28EAbXcTP[b^_a^_^bTbPR^\_[TcT[Xbc^U_a^SdRTabPbfT[[Pb
R^]UTaT]RTbP]ScPbcX]VbTbbX^]bP[[fXcWPA^dbbX[[^]fX]TP]S
[^RP[_a^SdRTcWT\T
2^\Xc|8]cTa_a^UTbbX^]]T[STbEX]bSdA^dbbX[[^]X]?Ta_XV]P]
CT[""#%'$ ! !!fffeX]bSda^dbbX[[^]R^\
2>C40DG3D;0=6D43>2F8=4B
CWT7^dbT^U;P]VdTS^RFX]Tb
CWT_Tab^]RP_PQ[T^UST·]X]VcWT2^cTPdgSd;P]VdTS^RfX]TbWPb
c^QT_aTcchb\Pac8]STTScWTVT^VaP_Wh^UcWXbeX]ThPaScWT^[STbc
X]5aP]RTb_aTPSPRa^bbcWTR^d]cXTb^UcWT0dSTcWT7|aPd[cP]ScWT
6PaSR^\_aXbTb]^[TbbcWP] fX]TVa^fX]VPaTPbBPX]c2WX]XP]
5PdV}aTb2[PXaTccTSd;P]VdTS^R;P2[P_T?XR_^d[ST?X]Tc6a}b
ST<^]c_T[[XTaCTaaPbbTbSd;PaiPR?XRBPX]c;^d_CTaaPbbTbST
1|iXTab?|iT]PbP]S2PQaX}aTbCTaaTbSTB^\\X}aTbP[[Qa^dVWc
c^cWTU^aTUa^]cQhcWT7^dbT^U;P]VdTS^RFX]TbJ<PXb^]STbEX]b
STb2^cTPdgSd;P]VdTS^RLCWXb 'cWRT]cdah?a^eT]RTbch[TfX]T
TbcPcTU^a\Ta_a^_Tach^UcWTBP_^acPUP\X[hWPb\^aTcWP]!$0>2
;P]VdTS^RfX]TbPePX[PQ[TU^acPbcX]V8cXbTeT]_^bbXQ[Tc^WPeTP
\TP[^]cWTb_^cT]Y^hX]VP_aXeX[TVTS\^\T]cfXcWcWTcP[T]cb^U
cWTFX]T6a^fTa2^^ZbX]cWTZXcRWT]JATbcPdaP]c£;Tb2dXbX]XTab
EXV]Ta^]b¤L0]SbW^d[Sh^dfXbWc^·]S^dc\^aTfWh]^cY^X]X]
cWTQTVX]]Ta±b^aX]cTa\TSXPcTcPbcX]VR^dabTbPccWT6dbcPaXd\.
7TaTTeTahCdTbSPhTeT]X]VX]9d[hP]S0dVdbcPcfX[XVWcR^d]cah
\PaZTcXbWT[SPb^U%_\
<PXb^]STbEX]bSdA^dbbX[[^]CT[""#%&%###
ATbcPdaP]c£;Tb2dXbX]XTabEXV]Ta^]b¤CT[""#%&%###
6dbcPaXd\CT[""#%&%###
A468>=0;0=3<438C4AA0=40=F8=4B
CWT7^dbT^UFX]T>[XeTbP]S;^RP[?a^SdRT
8]cWTST[XVWcUd[R^]cTgc^UcWT4b_XVdTccT4bcPcTJ3^\PX]T
ST[±4b_X`dTcTL[^RP[_a^SdRTabP]SfX]TVa^fTabW^[ScWT
U^ac8]STTScWXbU^a\TafX]TR^^_TaPcXeTR^]eTacTSX]c^P
fX]TW^dbTQ^PbcbP!$\!bdaUPRTPaTPfXcW^eTa!aTUTaT]
RTb^UaTVX^]P[P]S<TSXcTaaP]TP]fX]TbcWPcadQbW^d[STabfXcW
[^RP[_a^SdRTbdRWPb^[XeT^X[YP\bP]SRPZTbaXRTP]S2P\PaVdT
^hbcTabTcR4eTahSPhX]bTPb^]bTbbX^]bPaT^aVP]XbTSU^acPbcX]V
fX]TP]S[^RP[_a^SdRTUa^\cWT<TSXcTaaP]TP]1PbX]
£;P<PXb^]STbEX]bST[±>[XeTTcSTb?a^SdXcbA|VX^]Pdg¤
X]6aPdSdA^XCT[""#%%$"&$!
1qI84AB6A0=3BF8=4B
7^dbT^UFX]Tb1|iXTab<TSXcTaaP]TP]>T]^_^[T
CWT2‡cTbSTCW^]VdT[^RP[fX]Tb^a£eX]bST_Phb¤cWT2^cTPdgSd
;XQa^]eX]bST_PhbcWT?PhbS±>RfX]TbP]ScWT^aXVX]R^]ca^[[TS0>2
2^cTPdgSd;P]VdTS^RCTaaPbbTbST1|iXTabfX]Tb¥P[[R^\_aXbTcWT
U^daeX]ThPaSb^UcWT1|iXTabaTVX^]fXcWXcbfTP[cW^UfX]TVa^fX]V
WXbc^ahP]SXcbRT]caTU^aX]ca^SdRX]VP]S_a^\^cX]VcWT[PQT[)cWT
1|iXTab<TSXcTaaP]TP]>T]^_^[T[^RPcTSaXVWcX]cWTWTPac^U1|iXTab
P]SfWTaTh^d\PhSXbR^eTacWTbTU^daR^]`dXbcPS^aTb^UcWTeX]T
cPbcX]V_^bbXQ[TCWXbRT]caTP[b^_a^_^bTb^aXVX]P[SX]]TabW^fb
WXZX]VcWa^dVWcWTeX]ThPaSbP]SeXbXcX]VcWT®fX]TcP]ZTa¯RWPcTPdg
J®RWwcTPdg_X]PaSXTab¯L8]STTS[PcTX]cWT (cW2T]cdahfXcWcWT
PQd]SP]cX]R^\TUa^\cWTfX]TVa^fX]VX]Sdbcah_a^_aXTc^abbTc
PQ^dcQdX[SX]VRWPcTPdgST_XRcX]VPaRWXcTRcdaTcWa^dVWcWTPVTb
0cadTfX]TQPbTS_a^VaP\\T
1|iXTab<|SXcTaaP]|T>T]^_‡[TCT[""#%&&%!!
C74E8=40=3F8=428CH
;^RPcTSX]cWTWTPac^UcWT;P]VdTS^ReX]ThPaSX]6dXbbP]]TPa
=PaQ^]]TcWXbRd[cdaP[RT]caTd]X`dTX]5aP]RTQdX[cQh8=A0
aTbTPaRWTabJ8]bcXcdcSTATRWTaRWT0Va^]^\X`dT0Va^]^\XR
ATbTPaRW8]bcXcdcTLPX\bPcd]XcX]VfX]TcaPSXcX^]bP]SX]]^ePcX^]
0bRXT]cX·RRd[cdaP[RT]caTcWTEX]TP]SFX]T2XchXbX]UPRcP
\dbTd\^_T]c^cWTVT]TaP[_dQ[XR)$\!^UTgWXQXcX^]b_PRT
P$\!eX]TVPaST]P]P[[hTPaa^d]SVaTT]W^dbTbW^fX]V
cWTePaX^dbSTeT[^_\T]cbcPVTb^UcWTeX]TPbcWTbTPb^]bV^
QhCWT\dbT^VaP_WXRc^daWXVW[hX]cTaPRcXeT`dXiiTbSX^aP\Pb
P]ScWT£^aVP^STda¤PUd]]h[Xcc[TSTeXRTT]PQ[X]Vc^STRX_WTa
fX]TPa^\PbbcX\d[PcTbP[[^dabT]bTbfXcWcWTeXbXc^aQTX]V
T]R^daPVTSc^Y^X]X]c^f^aZcWT\PRWX]Tb
2Xc|ST[PEXV]TTcSdEX]P6adXbbP][Tb0hVdPSTb
CT[""#%'&$!!%!
,)
Sud de France
FJ6A>IN
IkZZ[<hWdY[
;0/0
E(('+
;-(
E/-
E,,.'
.'
;*/
K<
Jß
;*/
E,.'
E(
Á
;,.
'
E<
;0.0
[
I?å
E(('
>fi^
E..
EE.
.
;;,.0
;0.
0
;0'+
;*,
;(.
;(.
c ?
„iX
lck
ck
?„iX
l
[\MXZZXi…j
[\MXZZXi…j
=ifek`^eXe
9XcXilZc\j9X`ej
ykXe^
[@e^i`c
J…k\
GXiZj~_lŠki\j
()
E(
;(,
(*
;+/
`j
[\
E(('
[
;),
ykXe^
Golfe
du Lion
l
?C
?la
?de
ssif
MER
MÉDITERRANÉE
GfikcXEflm\cc\
CX=iXehl`
C\lZXk\
GfikC\lZXk\
8 0
E0
C\9XiZXi…j
GXki`df`e\
?\i`kX^\
KiX`ekfli`jk`hl\
Kfli`jkiX`cnXp
M`j`k\[Ë\eki\gi`j\
Kfli`e^cfZXc`e[ljki`\j
M`cc\[Ë8ik
:`kpf]8ik
JkXk`fe[\dfekX^e\
DflekX`ei\jfik
JkXk`fem\ik\[\mXZXeZ\j
>i\\ejkXk`fe
K„df`^eX^\Xek`hl\
8ek`Zj`k\j
Gfik[\gcX`jXeZ\
DXi`eX
GcljY\Xlm`ccX^\[\=iXeZ\
DfjkY\Xlk`]lcm`ccX^\j`e=iXeZ\
JkXk`fek_\idXc\
K_\idXcjgX
?Xck\]clm`Xc\
I`m\igfik
GXm`ccfe9c\l
GXm`ccfe9c\l
GcXe[Ë\Xl
CXb\
8„ifgfik
8`igfik
>fc]
>fc]Zflij\
>Xi\K>M
K>MjkXk`fe
:_\d`ej[\JkAXZhl\j[\
:fdgfjk\cc\
NXpjf]JkAXZhl\j[\
:fdgfjk\cc\
GXiZXe`dXc`\i
JX]Xi`gXib
AXi[`ei\dXihlXYc\
I\dXibXYc\^Xi[\e
8hlXi`ld
8hlXi`ld
GXiZEXkli\cI„^`feXc
JX`ekCXli\ek[\cXJXcXehl\
JX`ek\DXi`\cXD\i
K†k
:Xe\k\eIfljj`ccfe
ykXe^[\:Xe\k
\k[\
Jk$EXqX`i\
M`cc\e\lm\[\cXIX_f
JX`ek:pgi`\e
ykXe^[\j:Xg\ccXej
<ce\
;((
;+'
E0
E//-
E//
;0/-
?
KX
ie
>fi^\j[
Y
Fi
U
O
E0
;*)
E((*
;(-
E 0
Ma
; )-
80
M`X;fd`k`X
; ((
Gfik:XYXe\j[\=c\lip
! >fl]]i\[\cF\`c;flo
JX`ekG`\ii\cXD\i
EXiYfee\GcX^\
;-(,
-'
E))-
8..
,
;((
:(,
(
;0/-
8.,
;*)
MX
8 .,
8.
,
;;00
))
E?
SE
?
D
?
; ((
;-(
(
80
CO
NFLE T?
N
E(('
E0
[\
:_\
;;0)
((
//
;;0/
K8
IE
; -)'
; ('
; (*
Y`\l
\cFi
8l[\
(/
; (
F
[
;-()
; )'
S?
S?
I\Y
\e
kp
`
; -)+
A
C
E//--
;0)((
[l
Gl
p
E(())
))
8M<
PIF
E
;;0)
--
;;00)
))
R
RÉGIONAL
;*,
CE
8,,+
E,/
<
<
åE
I?
; -
E((((*
(*
DE??CAMARGUE
=cXdXekjifj\j
=`^l\iXj
=`^l
=`^
`^
<^c`j\Efki\;Xd\[\j8e^\j
',('(,)'bd
I`m`…i\j:XeXlo[lD`[`
I`m\ijXe[:XeXcjf]k_\D`[`
Mf`\;fd`k`\ee\
M`X;fd`k`X
Point de Repère Cartographie
www.pointderepere.fr
53 rue des Couteliers - 31 000 TOULOUSE
06 62 30 64 38
E-mail : [email protected]
8.
;0/-
;-),
-),
,
'
E/-
E,/
EE)'
\
LA
UR
AG
AI
S?
8..
:…q
DU RHÔNE
DXij
\`cc\
ykXe^
C\>iXl[lIf`&
Gfik:XdXi^l\
!
;;000
PARC??NATUREL
;,/
'
;,,..'
88----
8..
E..
0
;0.
E..
BOUCHES
8IC<J
?
UE
ARG
?CAM
PETITE
EE)
''
<
Cpfe
E<
åE<
I?å
;+)
ESPAGNE
8,+
GiXkj
JX`ekCXli\ek[\:\i[Xej
[\Dfccf :fljkfl^\j
;0.0
e?
8i^\c…jjliD\i
Jk>„e`j K\Z_
[\j=fekX`e\j ;-(/JX`ek8e[i„
:fcc`fli\
C\9flcfl
Jfi…[\
G`Z[l:Xe`^fl
JX`ekA\XeGcX[\:fikj
CXifhl\[\j8cY…i\j GfikM\e[i\j
;-(/
)./+d
DXli\`[email protected]
;((,
?
8d„c`\c\j9X`ej
E((9XeplcjjliD\i
IR
:yI<K C\j:clj\j
+
SP
GXcXc[X
C\G\ik_lj
:\iY…i\
8ic\jjliK\Z_
J\iiXcfe^l\
;0.0
ap
GXcXl[\M`[i\
d`k`X
`X;f
M`X
E(,
(,))
;%-()
:Xjk\cefl
;*+
CXGi\jk\c\j9X`ej
;*+
E
VALL
Kflcfl^\j
;0'.
JX`ekDXik`e
[l:Xe`^fl
)
;-(
K_l`i
E('-
Fc\kk\
J\iiXYfee\
;-(
,
;,(
[\JXcj\j
PERPIGNAN
D`ccXj E((-
E,.)
:8E8C
;L
yk^
[lGfeXek ;-) 8`^l\jDfik\j
Dfkk\
9\cc\^Xi[\
JX`ek>`cc\j
>Xcc`Z`Xe
Kfli[\
:fejkXeZ\
XifZ
[\
@cc\jliK†k
MXlm\ik
Cle\c
''
;0.
;000
9\XlZX`i\
E((*
[\K_Xl
DXij\`ccXe
;* )
9XiZ\cfe\
JX`ccX^flj\ Ccf
9fli^ E((?
NE
DX[Xd\?`o
AG
D Gl`^dXc
\
[
=flijfcX`i\
JX`ekG`\ii\[\j=fiZXkj
<pe\
^i\
J…
ANDORREE
=flijfcX`i\
Llivia
cc„
AVIGNON
AVIGNON
AVIG
VIG
IGNO
G ON
N
ykXe^[\
cXGXcd\
; -)
.
;-(.
ORIENTALES
E((JkXk`fej[\dfekX^e\
DfekCfl`j
9fchl…i\
!
F[\`ccf
MX
k
>XccXi^l\jc\Dfekl\lo
!Fgg`[ld[8dYiljjld
80
D
fi
EX[
Gpi„e„\j)'''
=fekIfd\l
!
9XiiX^\
[\M`eƒX
K †
M`
k
;((/
EE))
;fii\j
!
=fid`^l…i\j
C\j8e^c\j
CXZ[\j
9fl`ccflj\j K
†
E) :_Xfj[\KXi^Xjjfee\
'
Dfjj\k
X
c
;)
CXGXcd\
I`m\jXck\j ;/*
Kfii\`cc\j
JX`ek<jk…m\
9\c\jkX
0
;-(
Dfc`k^c\j9X`ej
<lj
M`eƒX
PNR DES
E((GiX[\j
PYRÉNÉES
CATALANES
JX`ekD`Z_\c
k
DXk\dXc\ M`cc\]iXeZ_\
K†
[\:loX
[\:fe]c\ek
cXCcX^fee\
M\ie\kc\j9X`ej
CXZ[\
;-(+
GXcX`j[\jIf`j[\DXafihl\
M\i^…q\
[\M`Z
:Xk_„[iXc\[\DX^l\cfe\
D…q\
G`e\k
;/(
:fc[\
Gfik\ glpdfi\ej
Glpdfi\ej
CXkfli[\=iXeZ\
PYRÉNÉES
GlpmXcX[fiGlpmXcX[fi
>ifkk\[\
=fekiXY`flj\
<jkX^\c
;((.
E((+
G`Z[l:Xic`k
)0)(d
8ej`^eXe
;((
KXlkXm\c
8 ^ c p
ykXe^
[\cFi
;000
c…j8m`^efe
MXccXYi…^l\j
M`X;fd`k`X
'-
;+'
JkCXli\ek
[8`^flq\
;-) CX>iXe[\
M`cc\e\lm\
c…jDX^l\cfe\
()
GXcXmXj :Xiefe
E(
M`ZcX>Xi[`fc\ ykXe^ c\j=cfkj
M`cc\e\lm\
C\j8e^c\j
'
=flie…j
E/-
NÎMESE(
80
>il`jjXe
ykXe^
[\C\lZXk\
fl
JXcj\jc\:_k\Xl
! Hl„i`Ylj
JX`ekGXlc
[\=\efl`cc\k
;-(/
<kXe^[l
CXeflo
R?
Gl`cXli\ej
; *0
)
;-(
I
PC
:lZl^eXe
!
;((.
k`X
EX^\j
\kJfcfi^l\j
;+'
9X`ccXi^l\j
DXl^l`f
ykXe^
[\D„a\Xe
E('
9flq`^l\j
XifZ \iD
KXe^
8oc\jK_…id\j
ILLÈDES?
>fi^\j[\>XcXdlj
fd`
;/(
E))''
PNR
DE LA
NARBONNAISE
! 8^l`cXi
KlZ_Xe
!
; ( -/
; 0
;((
E
; ( ( /
NÉ SE
R É O I !>ifkk\[\c8^lqfl
PYAUD
:XdliXZ
OU
EN
S?
ÈRE
C O R B I G\pi\g\iklj\
80
;(*
8oXk
j
i^\
>f
:_k\XloZXk_Xi\j
;
`X
JX`ekK_`Y„ip M
8i…e\j
ykXe^
[\J`^\Xe
J`^\Xe
I„j\im\X]i`ZX`e\
;()
;„]`c„[\
G`\ii\Cpj
E 0
(
(/
I\ee\j
c\:_k\Xl
(.
Hl`ccXe
;- ( *
9\cZX`i\
; -( *
I\ee\j
c\j9X`ej
ykXe^
[\9X^\j
; -(
M`cc\m\piXZ
I\dflc`ej
!
;0.
=c\lip[8l[\
; (
?
; (
Dfekj„^li
fekj„„
8ihl\j
:fl`qX
Gl`m\ik
*
<
; *
)
; .'0
CO
; ( )
; -)'
;
9X^\j
!
8YYXp\
[\=fek]if`[\
M`cc\ifl^\
K\id\e…j
K\id\j
8C
E8I9FEE<
; -(
; *(
C 8 [email protected]<
ER
:_XcXYi\
[\
CXZ[\
Dfek
fe
DfekY\c
CXm\cXe\k
8c\kc\j9X`ej
RB
ARIÈGE
\l
; *
AUDE
JX`ekGfcpZXig\
; -)'
Y
CX^iXjj\
;( ' +
[email protected]
; -)-
QU
Fi
8YYXp\
[\MXcdX^e\
DfekX^eXZ!
Cflg`Xe
G„q\eXj E((*
;(/
[email protected]<IJ
:Xl[\mXc
D`i\gf`o
\
\g
:8
8 -(
c?
; ( *
JX`ek?`cX`i\
E
GXcX`j[\j
8iZ_\m†hl\j
8
gne?d'Alari
'.
; -
(
[email protected];@
((
; -
; (
; *
; -)*
;((((00
Monta
:`k„d„[`„mXc\
\
l[
/ 8
Flm\`ccXe
; -( (
E ( ( *
Dfeki„Xc
; ( ')
E)-'
:8
Ki…Y\j
;((0
;( ' )
GfekM`\lo
;(+
E(()
Fgg`[ld
;L
C„q`^eXe
\
l[ :fiY`…i\j
C
E8
fl
80
:Xg\jkXe^ [<ej„ile\
M`Xj
M`cc\e\lm\
Gfik`iX^e\j
;((
8^[\
E`jjXe !
E(()
c…j9„q`\ij ;(0
c\q<ej„ile\
;(0
;*.
J„i`^eXeGcX^\
:Xg[8^[\
JXcc…c\j[8l[\
M\e[i\j
8l[\
MXciXjGcX^\
:loXZ[8l[\
:\jj\
; ,
I`\loD`e\imf`j
jliFiY`\c
CARCASSONNE
E0
!
C`i
j
FcfeqXZ
; ( (
Dfc`…i\
8YYXp\
[\=fekZXl[\
;*-
G\pi`XZD`e\imf`j
S?
D E :fehl\j
CABAR
E ( ( *
(
=Xea\Xlo
; ),
CW_iedZkBWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbed[d=hWdZ[#8h[jW]d[
*8VkZcY^h]HfjVgZ
L&<DE<!ADC9DC
Fh_dj[Z_d;khef[$:_ijh_Xkj_ed0DCFF#B[]WbZ[fei_j
# :[Y[cX[h (&&-# @e_dj Yecc_jj[[ de$ &,'&A.)..&$
?IIDde0'-,'#+&./
; ( '(
8 -
; -)0
9iXd
; -),
+
; -)
;)'
JX`ek:_`e`Xe
CXjkflij
8iX^fe
GXlc_Xe
;(C„q`^eXecX:…Y\
*
:\jj\efejliFiY
IS
D`e\im\
[\
!* >fl]]i\[\:XYi\jg`e\
! >ifkk\[\C`dflj`j:Xle\jD`e\imf`j c X : \ j j \ ; ( '*
9ifljj\j
\kM`ccXi\k
; (
(/
Dfekfc`\l
JX`ekGfej[\K_fd`…i\j
'.
; -
JX`jjXZ
JkGXgflc
:Xjk\ceXl[Xip M`cc\cfe^l\
E ( ( *
CXZ[\ 9XiX`^e\
cX>Xe^l`j\
; -)+
;-)'
^\
;(*
Dlim`\c
c…j9„q`\ij
\j
XZhl
ekA
JX`
E((*
:Xjki`\j
:Xjk\ceXl;-, \
c\C\q _\d`e
Ifhl\dXli\
;0/
Gfek
[l>Xi[
e
>Xi[f
;*,
Alm`^eXZ
MONTPELLIER
;)
-
;0/'
80
:Xjk`ccfe[l>Xi[
:fcc`Xj
E('
JkCXli\ek
[\j8iYi\j
'
;0/(
0
;0.
;000
Jfdd`…i\j
CXkk\j
MX`c_Xe
CXli\ej
Ifhl\Yile
FiY
E(()
;-('
!
DXj:XYXi[…j
;(+
:c\idfekc?„iXlck
;0/)
8iXdfe
:
;).
; -)0
VO
ER
M I N> f i
CXZ[\
C
CX
CXZ[l
CXgiX[\
CXXdgp
X
Xd
CXdgp
O I R E?
NE?N
M O N T A G :loXZ:XYXi[…j
CXZ[\
CX [
CXZ
CX
Jk=\ii„fc
JkGXlc\k
J\l`c
[\EXliflq\
HÉRAULT
FcXi^l\j
JX`ek>„cp[l=\jZ
8ek`^fe\
M`cc\e\lm\kk\
;(*
j\
/
;*)
E('0
!
/
9„[Xi`\lo
c\
C\jDXk\cc\j
8e`Xe\
>`^eXZ
:`ihl\[\Dfli…q\
;0'
;(*
.
;0'
EE(()
EE(()
I\m\c
m\c
cfl
M`cc\]iXeZ_\
[\CXliX^X`jj
[\
;((.
F^ejeYh[Z_ji0F$FWbWk"8$B_ƒ][e_i":$<Wkh["@$<$IWbb[i"
:$C[hb_d"9$8[hjhWdZ"H$Dekhho";$>Wddej[Wkn"E$CWodWhZ"
9$9Wl_bb["I$8WkZe_d%ICF=9"ECJZ[=hk_iiWd"=$Hek`Wi"
9$9^W_]d[Wk"Cedjf[bb_[h7]]becƒhWj_ed"F$IWb[i"F$HWcedZ"
9$H[YekhW$
!
DXqXd\k
DXqXd\
\k
\k
Kfl
9ec_jƒ:ƒfWhj[c[djWbZkJekh_ic[Z[bWBep„h[
&)7djaZkVgY=Zcg^7djgg^aadc™7#E)™;")-%%&BZcYZXZYZm
J[b$((%)+++*+%%%
9ec_jƒ:ƒfWhj[c[djWbZkJekh_ic[
Z[iFohƒdƒ[i#Hekii_bbed
&+6kZcjZYZhEVab^Zgh™7#E-%*)%™;"++%%*EZge^\cVcXZYZm
J[b$((%)+-*&*'*(
DfejcXKi`mXcc\
;0'
PNR
DU HAUT
LANGUEDOC
>ifkk\[\cX;\m…q\
;;-)
))
CXdXcfl
c\j9X`ej
=iX‹jj\jli8^flk
CXJXcm\kXk
jli8^flk
:
:8
:8JKI<J
EE()-
8^flk
CXZ[\
cXIXm`…^\
;-))
9ec_jƒ:ƒfWhj[c[djWbZkJekh_ic[Z[bÊ7kZ[
;"&&%**8VgXVhhdccZXZYZm.
J[b$((%)+-&&++%%
8.,
CXZ[l
JXcX^fl
>XlaXZ
JkHl\ek`e
cXGfk\i`\
Lq…j
:fccfi^l\j
AleXj
:XdYflj
!>ifkk\[\:cXdflj\
;*,
FZkfe
T
N I N JX`ek>\imX`j
O
jliDXi\
M ESP
;)
)
L'
\j[\
GARD
M„q„efYi\j
;0/)
M`cc\m`\`cc\
G`ZJX`ek$Cflg
-,/d
;0/-
S?
8(
;0')
)
E((
CleXj
;(*
JX`ek>l`c_\d
c\;„j\ik
CF;ßM<
;;-)
-)))
JX`ekDXik`e
[\Cfe[i\j
;),
Gfk\i`\
;0'
.
fli
FiXe^\
F
CXl[le
;0/(
Hl`jjXZ
;+,
VAUCLUSE
E.
I`YXlk\
c\jKXm\ie\j
CXIflm`…i\
!>ifkk\[\j;\df`j\cc\j
JX`ek9Xlq`cc\
[\Glkf`j
:cXi\k
M ;),
;0/-
-'..
;;-'
8m…e\c\j9X`ej
TARN
>iXlc_\k
>
i
[ fe
j
;;()
++
;0-
!
>ifkk\
[\CXY\`c
(
;0'
>Xi
M`
>Xe^\j
cX
>fi ^\j
8YYXp\[\>\ccfe\
!
GXj[\c<jZXc\kk\
JX`ek?`ggfcpk\ JXlm\
[l=fik
;000
!
;0'-
C<[email protected]>8E
;;000
000
;0
/
;0/)
Jld…e\
8cqfe
:`ihl\
[\EXmXZ\cc\j
! 8e[lq\
Jk9fee\k
KfieXZ
[\JXc\e[i`hl\
0000
;;00
GRANDS??CAUSSES
;;000
A
ALBI
[\KiXYlZ
>„e„iXi^l\j
9XdYflj\iX`\
[\GiX]iXeZ\
CXjXcc\
lck
JX`ekDXik`Xc
;000
E
åE
I?å
-
MXcc\iXl^l\
? „ iX
;0'(
;-
D`Xc\k >ifkk\
!
JX`ekA\Xe *
[l>Xi[
.
;0'
;0/-
;0/
es?
;0'.
Dfek8`^flXc
(,-,d
GiXk
:Xdgi`\l G\pifk
8.,
//
E//
;0'
e
;+/
Jk8]]i`hl\
>X`ccXZZ
-
!
ch
8`^l…q\
C\:fcc\k[\;…q\
+
8YŠd\
[\9iXdXY`Xl
ni
!
;0'(
;0/
;0/-
;(/
[email protected]
n é
e
?
CXel„afcj
f
Xep e[\
:
or
8m\e[\
cX=fi\jk`…i\
9XiaXZ
G\pi\dXc\
E('-
9Xii\[\j
;0/:„m\ee\j
*
Jk8e[i„ ? d e s ?
Cé
ven
[\MXcYfi^e\
n
ek\
D\pil\`j
;00)
)''
+
;('('
J„e„Z_Xj
G`\ii\cXkk\
\ii\\c
\c k\\
Gfik\j 9\jj…^\j Dfc`…i\j !>ifkk\[\cX:fZXc`…i\\j[\cX:…q\
Gfek
;0'
DfekZclj
j%:…q\ JX`ek8dYif`o >fi^
JX`ek<jgi`k
Jk\:„Z`c\[8e[fi^\ Jk=cfi\ek
!
D„aXee\j
;,(
;0/ :_Xiki\lj\
C\jDX^\j
jli8lqfee\k
' [\MXcYfee\
c\:Xg
;*.
E(
JkA\Xe[\
'Jk>\idX`e
JkAlc`\e[\:XjjX^eXj >fl[Xi^l\j CXIfhl\
M„e„aXe
MXc\i`jZc\
jli:…q\
[\:XcY\ik\ CX>iXe[:fdY\
ES
Ifljjfe
DXiZflc\
:XjZX[\j!
8cc…^i\
[lJXlkX[\k
9X^efcjjli:…q\
c\j=ldX[\j
Jk\:if`o
;:\e[iXj
CljjXe
MXcc„\=iXeƒX`j\
8C<J
<dgi\`ek\j
[\[`efjXli\j
D E S ? ? C CÉ V E N N
!
f
A
a
!
8laXZ
>„efc_XZ
8I;
ß:?
<
JkAlc`\e[8igXfe
JkCXli\ek !
[\Ki…m\j
??
!ek\
;0'(
Gfek\`cj\k9i„j`j
!
C\Gfek
[\Dfekm\ik
KX i e N?
EA
M`cc\]fik
DXj[\
cX9Xihl\
PARC??NATIONAL
=CFI8:
!
`\ iY
fl
cX;
r
ÉJ
-
E/
CXZ[\
M`cc\]fik
.
;0'
EŠd\jc\M`\lo
8m\e8idXe[
>fi^
;00\j
c
>ifkk\[\
\
X
;Xi^`cXe
Mer Noire
Athènes
r
?M
SSE
CAU
;00-
Af
RÉGIONAL
/
E///
M e d i t e
r
M e
CXDXc…e\
M`X[lZ[\D`ccXl
Tirana
Madrid
Lisbonne
9\cm„[…i\
[\jmXlkflij
PARC??NATUREL
CXZ[\
CXZ[\
XZ[\
\cflg
l
GXi\cflg
E00
Rome
l
Dfek„c`dXi
D
„c`d
('++
;;('
CX>Xi[\
>l„i`e
Lozère?
???
Kishinev
Lubljana
Belgrade Bucarest
Sarajevo
Mer
Sofia
Skopje
Adriatique
@jgX^eXZ !
Hl„qXZ
JkG`\ii\[\jKi`g`\ij
)
((''
CXi^\ek`…i\\
C\9c\pdXi[
Mont?
GiX[\j
DRÔME
E
MONTS??D'ARDÈCHE
(-00d
CX:_Xd
[\j9fe[fej
;0
Vaduz
; ,
;
,
Jk\ye`d`\
qXZ
;0'(
E('-
E
-
Bern
Bratislava
Budapest
RR
;0/
;0'.
))
;0))
Vienne
jj\
;00/
;*)
Kiev
;0((
0((
Paris
?SA
DU
TE
;*)
C\DXjj\^ifj
;0'
Varsovie
Prague
SE?
E//
CAUS
EE////
J„m„iXZ
m„iXZ
„iXZ
XZ
c\:_k\Xl
,
;0/
//
Bruxelles
Manche Luxembourg
:_XeXZ
E
UV
;00/
E//
;0
((
Londres
Océan
Atlantique
8M
<PI
FE
RODEZ
Berlin
;,/,
-
Riga
Kaunas
Minsk
[email protected]<=I8E:?<
[email protected]<=I
[email protected]<=I8
[email protected]
Amsterdam
;<IFL<I>L<
<I
[lCfk
;00/
Moscou
Copenhague
Mer
du Nord
Dublin
cc„\
C\M`ccXi[
CX:Xefli^l\
;00//
AVEYRON
:_X
9X^efcj
c\j9X`ej
Cfk
:Xk_„[iXc\[\D\e[\
(('+
'+
Cfi`fc
C
jjli;id\
DES
8lY\eXjj
E('
E((+
+''
Mer
;;0000+
+
Baltique
8--
9ec_jƒ:ƒfWhj[c[djWbZkJekh_ic[Z[bÊ>ƒhWkbj
6kZcjZYZhBdja^ch™7#E(%+,™;"()%()BdcieZaa^ZgXZYZm
J[b$((%)+,+,,&,&
Sud de France
-
;;0)))
Helsinki
Tallinn
Stockholm
CXe^f^e\
8cc`\i
MENDE
0
;,0
/
Oslo
CXlY\ik
;
PRIVAS
E//
:_k\Xle\l]
[\IXe[fe
I`\lkfik
[\IXe[fe
DXim\afcj
E0 E('
E//
/
;0/
++
EE('
ARDÈCHE
RÉGIONAL
CXZ[\
EXljjXZ
LOZÈRE
I`Y\ee\j
! GXiZ~cflgj
[l>„mXl[Xe
Jk\$ClZ`\
<jgXc`fe
<jg
K
CF
PARC??NATUREL
E('
(')
8liflo
JX`ek8dXej
CXZ[\
>Xe`m\k
CXZ[l
! Dflc`e\k
:_k\Xl[\
cX9Xld\
AU
BR
AC?
0/..
;0/
;;0)
''
ehl\j
:fehl\j
\eDXi^\i`[\
J\im\i\kk\
E('
d`e
8lYiXZZ
8lYiX
8lYi
<8:
[email protected]><8:
E0
EXjY`eXcj
LOT
EE((*
,*
8.,
..
;;/'
00
;000
CW_iedZkBWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbed[d;ifW]d[
X$;dciVcZaaV!'&"'(Ä)•(V™%-%&%76G8:ADC6
J[b$ ()+.&-'%(%*eh.(()',''+
<Wn0 ().((%&%*+*
FkXb_YWj_edWdZ;Z_jeh_WbcWdW][[email protected][Wd#9bWkZ[=Wbbe
7ii_ijWdjY^_[\[Z_jeh0?Z[b[jj[<h_jiY^
9edjh_Xkjehi09ƒY_b[9^W_]d[Wk"FWjh_Ya9hei"LWb[dj_d[:kYhej"
7dd_[<Woed"Lƒhed_gk[=_hWkZ"9Wheb_d[B[cWîjh["Ief^_[
CW]WZekn"<hWdY_iCWjƒe$
AXZhl\j CXG`e…[\
Jk
I`\lkfik\k
DES
9ec_jƒ:ƒfWhj[c[djWbZkJekh_ic[Zk=WhZ
(GjZYZaV8^i‚;djaX™7#E#&''™;"(%%&%CˆbZhXZYZm)
J[b$((%)++(+.+(%
If[Y_Wb [Z_j_ed e\ L[dj IkZ fkXb_i^[Z Xo ;Yefh[ii["
BÊEhƒ[ Z[i CWi" 7l[dk[ Zk =eb\" )* ,-& 8W_bbWh]k[i"
J[b$((%)..&(,+*%
;;,/,,
i`j
GX
'
;;00++'
)'
DXcYflqfe
GXiZ[\jY`jfej
! [<lifg\
>iXe[i`\l
A R Jk\<lcXc`\
GERIDE?
Jk8cYXe
M
jliC`dX^efc\
8ldfek
C\j9flm`\ij
f`\
CXjYifj 8lYiXZ M
Jk;\e`j
C\j<jki\kj
;0/.
[email protected]
<
;///
.
;0/
CX:_Xc[\kk\
EE(+
''
:XidXloo
CW_iedZkBWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbed[d?jWb_[
K^VHVc<^dkVcc^HjaBjgd!&-™>"'%&'&B>A6CD
J[b$ (.%'(+*.&-%%<Wn0 (.%')*),-*+&
CW_iedZkBWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbedWkn;jWji#Kd_i
&%:Vhi*(gYHigZZiHi=VgeZg8daa^ch7aY\
C:[email protected]!CN&%%''
8C
[email protected] <
I
JkIfZ_
C\j=Xlo
JX`ek:_„cp
[8gZ_\i
;0/0
VOLCANS?D'AUVERGNE
)))
;;-
CW_iedZkBWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbed[d9^_d[
Gddb&%&!&%'!&%(!&;!8]Vc\;V9Vh]V!
&'-LZ^]V^GdVY!H=6C<6>
J[b$ -+'&+(&-%%*+"<Wn0 -+'&*(,*&+,,
=flie\cj
????????DES
VALENCE
CE
AU - LOIRE
HAUTE
;,/.
:_Xl[\j8`^l\j
l[\
??PARC?RÉGIONAL
IfZXdX[fli
ZX
;;((()
()
CW_iedZkBWd]k[ZeY#Hekii_bbed[d8[b]_gk[
GdcY"Ed^ciHX]jbVc!&)™&%)%7GJM:AA:H
J[b$ ('''(*%.%%<Wn0 ('''-%()+,
JXl^l\jj
;;,,/00
C\DXcq`\l
+'
E((
I]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadc^hdcZd[;gVcXZÉhaZVY^c\
gZ\^dchl]Zc^iXdbZhid\ZcZgVi^c\VlVgZcZhhVcY
hjeedgiVbdc\idjg^hiegd[Zhh^dcVahXdcXZgc^c\i]Z
cZZYhd[Y^hVWaZYk^h^idgh#;daadl^c\i]Zd[ÒX^VaaVjcX]
d[Vidjg^hbY^hVW^a^inaVWZa^c'%%&!i]ZbV_dg^in
d[ZhiVWa^h]bZcih^ckdakZYl^i]i]ZXdbeaZiZgVc\Z
d[idjg^hbhZgk^XZh]VkZXdbb^iiZYi]ZbhZakZhid
i]^hkdajciVgn^c^i^Vi^kZ^cXajY^c\VXXdbbdYVi^dc
egdk^YZgh!gZhiVjgVcih!idjg^hidgaZ^hjgZh^iZhVcY
idjg^hid[ÒXZh!ZiX#I]Z\dVa^hXaZVg/idegdk^YZk^h^idgh
hj[[Zg^c\[gdbY^hVW^a^i^Zhl]Zi]Zge]nh^XVa!bZciVa!
k^hjVadg]ZVg^c\"gZaViZYl^i]gZa^VWaZ!hiVcYVgY^oZY
^c[dgbVi^dcXdcXZgc^c\VXXZhhididjg^hih^iZhVcY
Zfj^ebZci#6Idjg^hb9^hVW^a^inWgdX]jgZejWa^h]ZY
Wni]ZGZ\^dcVaIdjg^hb8dbb^iiZZVcYa^hi^c\Vaad[
i]ZZhiVWa^h]bZcihVcYh^iZhXdkZgZYWni]ZaVWZaXVc
WZYdlcadVYZYVimmm$ikd\hWdY[$Yec
;;((,,
;;,**
,**
CANTAL
AURILLAC
AC
AC
I]ZFjVa^i‚HjYYZ;gVcXZhX]ZbZ^hVgZ\^dcVa
egd\gVbbZV^bZYVi^begdk^c\VcYegdbdi^c\i]Z
fjVa^ind[i]ZZci^gZgVc\Zd[idjg^hiZhiVWa^h]bZcih
VkV^aVWaZ^ci]ZgZ\^dc#>iXdkZghilZakZhZeVgViZ
VheZXihd[i]Zidjg^hb^cYjhign/]diZah!gZhiVjgVcih!
deZcV^gVXXdbbdYVi^dcegdk^YZgh!idjg^hiVXXdbbd"
YVi^dcXdbeaZmZh!]da^YVnk^aaV\Zh!k^h^ih^iZh!Xdc[ZgZcXZ
XZcigZh!WVgh!WZYVcYWgZV`[Vhiegdk^YZgh![jgc^h]ZY
VXXdbbdYVi^dc!XjaijgVah^iZh!deZcV^gVXi^k^i^Zh!l^cZ
XZaaVghVcYhVaZhh^iZh[dggZ\^dcVaegdYjXih#I]ZhiViZY
V^bd[Zc]VcX^c\i]ZYncVb^hbVcYegd[Zhh^dcVa^hb
d[i]ZhZegd[Zhh^dcVaVcY^chi^iji^dcVahZgk^XZegdk^YZgh
]VhgZXZcianiV`ZcV[jgi]ZghiZe[dglVgYl^i]i]Zh^\cV"
ijgZd[VIdjg^hbFjVa^in6\gZZbZci#I]^hV\gZZbZci
Vji]dg^hZhi]ZAVc\jZYdX"Gdjhh^aadcGZ\^dcVaIdjg^hb
8dbb^iiZZidkZii]ZVeea^XVi^dchhjWb^iiZYWni]ZhZ
egd[Zhh^dcVah!ZcVWa^c\i]ZbiddWiV^cfjVa^inaVWZah
Wdi]ViVcVi^dcVaaZkZaFjVa^i‚Idjg^hbZVcYViV
gZ\^dcVaaZkZaFjVa^i‚HjYYZ;gVcXZ#Jc^iZYjcYZg
Vh^c\aZWVccZg!Vaad[i]ZgZ\^dcVahZgk^XZegdk^YZgh
^ckdakZY^ci]^hhX]ZbZl^aaVahdldg`id]Vgbdc^hZ
adXVaVXi^k^i^ZhVagZVYnjcYZglVnFjVa^i‚=‚gVjai!EVnh
8Vi]VgZ!FjVa^i‚6g\Zaƒh#
<eh\khj^[h_d\ehcWj_edfb[Wi[l_i_j
mmm$gkWb_j[#ikZ\hWdY[$Yec
LE
L
E PUY
PU
EN V
VELAY
LA
00
;;,/
;;++
8.
JK=CFLI
CFL
FL
LI
I
8.,
Jekh_icWdZZ_iWX_b_jo
;,0
'
;0)-
))
E((
CORRÈZE
Juin 2005
Protection des oeuvres graphiques
Droits d'auteur strictement réservés
Loi du 3 Juillet 1985
REPRODUCTION INTERDITE

Similar documents

Bohemian winebarroundup firstbitefinnegans

Bohemian winebarroundup firstbitefinnegans 7^cZWVghXdkZgi]ZCdgi]7Vna^`Z\gVeZk^cZh#=ZgZVgZhdbZbdgZ[dgndjg hl^[ianWjYY^c\eVaViZ I]Z7DJCIN=JCI:GXdbW^cZhVl^cZWVg!W^higdVcYl^cZh]deidegdk^YZVc Z[[ZXi^kZVaa"ejgedhZh...

More information

Massif des Vosges - Tourisme en Alsace

Massif des Vosges - Tourisme en Alsace B^aaZZck^ZhYZhVkdjgZg bÊ^_l[hWkjh[c[dj¾ ?Zh`^Z!ijhjg[Zh!^akdaZVj"YZhhjhYZh[dg„ihZiYZhXdjghYÉZVj!YZhk^aaV\Zh Zi YZh kVaa‚Zh ZccZ^\‚h! ZaaZ eVi^cZ VkZX \g}XZ Zi a‚\ƒgZi‚!...

More information