07 Los Folkloristas.indd


07 Los Folkloristas.indd
Wednesday, May 9, 2007
10:30 a.m. - 11:30 a.m.
Suffolk Center for Cultural Arts, Suffolk
What’s Inside:
What to Expect 2
Suffolk Center for Cultural Arts 3
Meet the Company 4-5
40 Years of Folkloristas 6
Los Folkloristas’ Instruments 7
History of Mexico 8-9
Teachable Moments 10
Activities 11
Arts Festival Calender 12
This Arts Event is made possible in part by the Virginia Commission for the Arts
and the National Endowment for the Arts
What to Expect
Getting on and off the bus
Most of the students, teachers, parents and school
administrators will arrive at the Suffolk Center for
Cultural Arts by bus. Plan to arrive at least twenty
minutes before the show. You will get on and off the
bus at the same location, so make sure to remember
where your bus is parked.
Bus Drivers
Buses should turn into the Suffolk Center, drop of
students in the front, and await instructions on
parking. You will be directed to park by Suffolk
Police Officers.
Festival staff and volunteers will be present to greet and direct you into the
Suffolk Center for Cultural Arts. Please make sure that your group stays together
and remains orderly and calm. Once inside, please present your seating voucher
to the usher who will seat your group. After the performance, leave as a group and
find your bus.
Audience Etiquette
You’re in for a real treat - experiencing a musical performance by a nationally
renowned group! Here are a few tips for your enjoyment as well as for that
of others:
Lights that are on before and after the performance are called “house
lights.” They will flicker when it’s time for you to stop talking and get settled
in your seat.
Make sure to turn off your cellular phone before the lights go down.
Photographing or taping the show is not allowed
Feel free to applaud at the end of each segment of the show.
Do not talk to anyone during the performances; do not yell at the performers.
Stay in your seat. If you need to use the restroom, wait for a break between
the performances.
Outside food is not allowed in the theater, so plan to eat before or after
the show.
The Suffolk Center for
Cultural Arts is located in the
heart of downtown Suffolk,
After the show, take a
moment to think about what
you liked best, what was
different from what you
expected, and what you’d
like to see more of. Then
e-mail us at [email protected]
virginiaartsfest.com with
any comments or questions
– we’d love to hear from
(And thanks for being
part of another Virginia
Arts Festival WorldClass®
Education performance!)
Suffolk Center for Cultural Arts
The closing of a
High School and
the dream come true
that followed.
Suffolk High School was built in
1922. It had the classic appearance
of that era, an inviting design that
looked like a school ought to look.
But the city closed it in 1990 and
consolidated its students with those
of Suffolk’s other high schools
into two new facilities. The other
three high schools became middle
schools, but Suffolk High School
was left to sit empty and soon
began to disintegrate from within.
In 1996, the city council invited
the public to discuss its future. A
public-private partnership was
born and work began in August,
2004. The Suffolk Center’s grand
opening was in late spring, 2006.
In addition to a fantastic season
of world-class performers in the
theater, the Suffolk Center offers a
variety of classes for children and
adults, changing exhibits in the
galleries, and education activities
for visitors of all ages. The Suffolk
Center has a number of beautiful
and unique spaces for rental events,
meetings or receptions.
The goal of the Suffolk Center is to
encourage and advocate the visual
and performing arts by providing
a forum where diverse audiences
can actively participate in cultural
experiences, providing citizens of
Suffolk and visitors with a chance
to learn more about themselves and
their world.
All information above provided by the Suffolk Center
for Cultural Arts’ website: www.suffolkcenter.org
For more information, contact the Suffolk Center for
Cultural Arts at 757-923-0003
Matting & Framing
Introduction to the Wheel
Are you ready to get your hands
dirty? Here’s your chance to learn
the ancient art of wheel throwing
in an intimate classroom setting.
Participants at all levels are
encouraged to learn how to center,
form and glaze. Work produced
during class will be fired.
Put your favorite image under
glass. Here’s your chance to
learn how to mat & frame that
special work of art or beloved
photo. Explore basic matting
and framing techniques with a
seasoned professional.
Participants will explore the basics
of taking a picture and learn
methods and techniques to make
every picture an image to be proud
Low relief to high relief and
full 3-D sculpture taught. From
design to armature creation and
finished sculpture, talented local
artist/instructor will guide you
through the world of sculpture.
Beginners and experienced artists
are invited.
Figure Drawing
The practice of drawing from life
is a centuries old tradition and
is considered a classic part of
an artist’s training. This informal
workshop is for artists of any level
to practice drawing directly from
a model.
Oil Painting
Painters of any level can sign-up
for this fun, but college-style oil
painting workshop. Instruction
will be basic to advanced, with
special emphasis on the studio
traditions of the Masters. Painting
instruction will be geared to the
needs of the individual student
or artist.
Introduction to Basic
Kids’ Arts Class
This is a 7 week totally fun “arts
sampler” class geared towards
youngsters. Each week the young
talented students will learn about
a different art form by creating
their own art. Topics included will
be pottery, painting, drawing and
much more.
Kids’ Dance
The Suffolk Center has two
spacious dance studios, featuring
large windows, sprung floors,
and an excellent sound system.
Lessons include:
Mommy And Me Dance
Hip Hop
Tap/ballet Combo
Meet the Company
Olga has been the in the group for over 20 years singing lead vocals in her own
infectious style and playing various percussions and strings. If not founder of Los
Folkloristas, Olga is a pioneer in the origin of Los Folkloristas and has contributed
in the knowledge of Latin-American music, genres, and instruments by sharing the
stage and work with almost all ex-Folklorists.
Jose is one of the two original Folkloristas still with the group since its origin.
Besides acting as principle arranger for the group, “Pepe” also runs the group’s
record label, Discos Pueblo. He was recently very involved in the creation of the
soundtrack to the movie “My Family” which was produced by Francis Ford Coppola and directed by Gregory Nava. He has privileged ear combined with profound
musical knowledge and the experience of a life dedicated to many areas of music.
Enrique began his musical journey in traditional Latin American music in 1982
in the group “Painani.” He founded the seminal group “Zazhil,” performing Latin
folk music and providing accompaniment for the Ballet Folkloricos of Amalia
Hernandez, Syliva Lozano, and Nieves Paniagua. They also produced 7
recordings and recorded with such popular singers as Amparo Ochoa, Oscar
Chavez, and Tehua. Enrique currently resides in Mexico City and plays strings,
flutes, and percussion for “Los Folkloristas.”
Meet the Company
Adrian is one of the groups’ founding members, joined as a performer on year after
Los Folkloristas’ inception. He has provided many of the arrangements for the
traditional material from Mexico and has also composed several original pieces,
which have been recorded by Los Folkloristas. He plays violin, guitars, and other
assorted strings.
Gabriela is one of the newest members of the group joining in the spring of 1993.
She sings alto and plays a variety of instruments. As guitarist and singer she
founds with the historian Antonio Alvitia the duet “Hojas Sueltas.”
Born in Mexico City, Omar began studying Mathematics at the University of
Mexico. When he was given the chance to continue with his music studies, his
lifelong vocation, he quit school and joined the andina music group Inti raimi
and later, joined the groups Inkallajta and Sariri. Omar studied music and guitar
in the Escuela de la Música Mexicana and it was on the wind instruments that
he focused the most. His work with diverse types of quenas, zampoñas and flutes
moved him toward folkloric music. Omar joined Los Folkloristas at the beginning
of 2001 spreading his knowledge and experience with great enthusiasm.
Born in Mexico City of Oaxacan parents, Efren began to play guitar at age 12. He
performed with “Vuelta a la Izquierda” and “Siembra” acquiring experience with
traditional Mexican musical instruments. He also began to explore the popular
music of Latin America performing on electric bass. Since 1988, Efren has been
part of the musical accompaniment to “Musical de Mexica,” the national touring
company of folk dance. In 2001, Efran recorded with the Kronos Quartet. He
joined Los Folkloristas in January of 1999.
40 Years of Folkloristas
40 Years
The Albums
Los Folkloristas started recording as soon as they created the group in 1966. They
began with a homemade recording, and soon after, they were professionally recording
under the mantle of other companies and institutions until in 1973, they founded their
own recording label Discos Pueblo.
35 Años (2003)
25 Años (1991)
El Son Mexicano (2001)
Concierto de Aniversario (1991)
Caminos De Los Andes (2000)
Mexico (1990)
Colores Latinoamericanos (1998)
Mexico US Version (1990)
Nueva Canión )1996)
Mexico: Horizonte Musical (1981)
30 Años (1995)
Nuestra América Negra (1980)
Latinoamerica (1995)
Canton a Los Niños (1978)
Coplas y Tonadas (1993)
Viaje Por Latinoamérica (1973)
Source: www.losfolkloristas.com.mx
Celebrating their 40th
anniversary season,
Mexico’s “Los Folkloristas”
continue their mission
set in 1966 “to preserve
& record the traditional
music of Mexico and Latin
America.” Carrying more
than 100 instruments in
their collection, and
performing music from up
to 15 different countries
and pre-Columbian Mexico,
a performance with this
seven-member ensemble is
like taking a musical journey
through Latin America.
Whether on traditional
guitars and violins, or with
dried butterfly cocoons,
turtle shells, and the Yaqui
water drum, Los Folkloristas
perform the traditional
music of Latin America with
expertise and spirit. Since
1966, their revered ensemble
has traveled extensively
across the countries of
Central and South America
as well as Mexico, learning
their music first-hand on
many occasions from
village elders and regional
campesino musicians. The
group has released nearly
30 recordings in Mexico,
South America, Europe,
and the United States as
well as contributing to the
soundtracks of the American
movie Under Fire and the
award-winning El Norte and
My Family (Mi Familia).
Los Folkloristas’ Instruments
Pre-Colombian South American Ocarina
Ocarinas are clay flutes shaped like various animals from pre-Columbian times.
The Ocarina has finger holes and a mouth piece and comes in all different sizes,
the larger ones having a mellow, hollow tone.
Tambor de agua
The tambo de agua is a water drum from the Yaqui Indians of Northern Mexico. It is a large gourd,
hollowed out and floating in a tub of water. It produces a very deep bass sound when it is struck with a
rubber stick.
Palo de lluvia or palo de agua
The palo de llubia (rainstick), or palo de agua (waterstick), is a musical instrument used
in many communities from ancestral times to present day. It derives its name from
the beginning,
the sound of falling rain that the instrument produces. Rainsticks are made from
Los Folkloristas
cacti and pebbles found in the deserts of Northern Chile. The sound is produced
has made it very clear
as it is tilted, allowing the pebbles to run through its hollow shape.
that the folkloric music
that they play has to be
made with the instruments
which give the piece its
Mexico has a very wide variety of guitar-like
original sounds. With
instruments. The most well known ones are used
this ongoing task of
in the Mariachi music style, which also includes
trumpets, violins, a guitarron (bass guitar), etc.
instrumental compilation
The vihuela is a guitar-like instrument but slightly
and learning, the group
The back of the body is made in a rather
has assembled over 100
high vault. Around the edges of the front and back
musical instruments
thick strips of a rounded ornamental border.
from throughout Latin
America. Among these
instruments are guitars,
A charango is a tiny guitar that is made from an armadillo shell (it even has
violins, many different
the hair!). It has five pairs of strings. The third pair is an octave apart while
flutes, rattles, reeds, rasps,
the other pairs are in unison.
and drums.
These instruments are acquired
in small cities, rancherias and
small towns during their work and
research trips. The group obtains
most of the instruments from the
original manufacturer or from the
skillful hands of artisans. Each
instrument has its own history
and brings a unique sound to
the music.
History of Mexico
In the beginning…
There is evidence of human existence in México since
20,000 B.C. In Tepéxpan, to the North of the Valley of
México, the remains of a human corpse were found beside
those of a mammoth. Using a special test, these remains
were dated at approximately 10,000 B.C.
The American continent was isolated during many centuries which explains the originality of its civilization.
Northern México was populated by peoples who lived
from hunting and collecting in a desert or semi-desert
geographical environment. The South was populated by
agricultural societies.
While there were many native cultures in México, six in
particular are considered to be the most influential.
The Olmecs
México’s first-established culture had far-reaching influence and later groups are known to have borrowed heavily
from them. Widely known today for their colossal heads,
the Olmec influence extended across Mexico into Central
From the decline of the Olmecs emerged Teotihuacán,
first settled in 300 B.C. By 150 A.D., it had grown to
become the first true metropolis of what is now called
North America. This city-state, located on the central
highland of México, covered an area of 22.5 sq. km. and
its population reached 200,000 inhabitants by the year
350 A.D. Being the most highly urbanized center in the
New World, its religious, political and economical influence covered almost all the Mesoamerican territory.
The Toltecs
The Toltec civilization took the reigns of cultural and
political power in Mexico from about 700 A.D. Many of
the Toltecs were comprised of northern desert peoples.
They fused their proud desert heritage with the mighty
civilized culture of Teotihuacan. This heritage gave rise
to a new empire in Mexico that reached as far south as
Central America and as far north as the Southwestern
United States.
The Mayans
Another great civilization was that of the Maya civilization. The period between 250 A.D. and 650A.D. saw an
intense flourishing of civilized accomplishments. While
the many Maya city-states never achieved political unity
on the order of the central Mexican civilizations, they
exerted a great intellectual influence upon Mexico and
Central America. They controlled a huge empire, created complex systems of mathematics, and built some
of the most elaborate cities on the continent. Of all the
indigenous cultures, they are considered to have been
the most influential.
The Zapotec and Mixtec
The Zapotec and Mixtec cultures developed in the Valley
of Oaxaca. They were magnificent builders and artists
who created great temples, pottery, and metal work.
Remarkably, the two ancient cultures still survive today
in the State of Oaxaca.
The Aztecs
With the decline of the Toltec civilization came fragmentation in the Valley of Mexico. Into this new game of political
contenders to the Toltec throne stepped outsiders: the
Mexica. They were a proud desert people, one of seven
groups who formerly called themselves “Azteca” but
changed their name after years of migrating.
In the Florentine Codex, Aztec Warriors are shown.
The Mexica, who were coined “Aztecs” by European
anthropologists, never thought of themselves as heirs to
the prestigious civilizations that had preceded them. In
1428, they led a war of liberation against their rulers from
History of Mexico
the city of Azcapotzalco. The revolt was successful, and
the Mexica managed to pull off a true “underdog” story.
They became the rulers of central Mexico At their peak,
300,000 Aztecs presided over a wealthy tribute-empire
comprising around 10 million people, almost half of
Mexico’s then-estimated population of 24 million. This
empire stretched from ocean to ocean, and extended into
Central America.
By 1519, the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan, was the largest
city in the world with a population of around 350,000
(although some estimates range as high as 500,000).
By comparison, the population of London in 1519 was
80,000 people. Tenochtitlan is the site of modern-day
Mexico City.
Spanish Conquest
The native civilizations of Mexico were invaded by Spain in
1519, and two years later, the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan
was conquered. Contrary to popular opinion, Spain did
not conquer all of Mexico in 1521. It would take another
two centuries after the overtaking of Tenochtitlan before
the Conquest of Mexico would be complete.
Tenochtitlan, looking
east. From the mural
painting at the National
Museum of Anthropology,
Mexico City. Painted in
1930 by Dr. Atl.
The Colonial Period (1521-1810)
The Spanish defeat of the Mexica in 1521 marked the
beginning of a 300 year-long colonial period. During
the colonial period, Mexico was known as “New Spain”.
Spaniards became familiar with claiming all lands they
walked across and all the land drained by the rivers they
saw. They walked over a good part of North America
looking for treasures and subsequently claimed all the
land. Finding no treasures or sedentary Indian tribes
they could control, they retreated back to their homes in
Mexico. The result was a lot of closely guarded maps that
showed a lot of territory, but not much else.
Mexican War of Independence
After Napoleon
I invaded Spain
in 1807 and put
his brother on
the Spanish
throne, Napoleon’s liberal
policies followed. Thus
an unlikely
alliance was
Mexico 1847
formed in
Mexico named liberales, or Liberals, who favored a democratic Mexico. The Liberals and other parties agreed only
that Mexico must achieve independence and determine
her own destiny.
With the weakness of Napoleon’s army, Miguel Hidalgo y
Costilla, a Catholic priest of Spanish descent and progressive ideas, declared Mexico’s independence from Spain
in the small town of Dolores on September 16, 1810. This
act started the long war that eventually led to the official
recognition of independence from Spain in 1821 and the
creation of the First Mexican Empire.
The war for independence lasted eleven years until the
troops of the liberating army entered Mexico City in
1821. Thus, although independence from Spain was first
proclaimed in 1810, it was not achieved until 1821, by the
Treaty of Córdoba.
In 1821, Agustín de Iturbide, a former Spanish general
who switched sides to fight for Mexican independence,
proclaimed himself emperor but only officially as a temporary measure until a member of European royalty could
become monarch of Mexico. A revolt against Iturbide in
1823 established the United Mexican States. In 1824,
“Guadalupe Victoria” became the first president of the new
country. His given name was actually Félix Fernández,
but he chose his new name for symbolic significance:
Guadalupe to give thanks for the protection of Our Lady
of Guadalupe, and Victoria, which means Victory.
Teachable Moments
Caribbean Sea
Los Folkloristas are not simply singers or
instrumentalists but people who express
their heritage, folklore, and culture. The
musicians accumulate songs, stories,
instruments, and traditions as they travel
throughout South America. As they meet
people face to face, Los Folkloristas spend
hours with village elders and masters of
local styles.
Help Los Folkloristas find their way by locating
and labeling each country and its capital in
South America.
Create your Own
Music Instruments
Drum – Stretch a balloon
over a jar and fasten with
a rubber band. Students
can beat with different
materials as drumsticks.
Tambourine – Staple or glue
two paper plates together
facing each other. Using
a hole punch, make holes
around the plates and tie
jingle bells to the holes
with string. Decorate with
Pan Pipes – Cut large
drinking straws in different
lengths. Put the straws in
order of size and tape them
together. Now you can blow
across each one and listen
to the sound it makes. Hint:
Short straws play high notes;
longer straws play lower
Kazoo - Have students fold
a piece of tissue paper over
the tooth edge of a comb.
To play, hum through the
tissue paper.
Guitar – Remove
the cover of an empty
shoe box. Stretch the
rubber bands around the
box and attach a ruler or
stick to the back of the
box on one end to act as
the arm of the guitar.
To play, strum
or pluck the
rubber bands.
Further Sailing
Books for students
De Colores and other Latin American Folk Songs for Children
Arranged by José-Luis Orozco and illustrated by Elisa Klevan
Ages 6-9
A collection of folk art accompanied by songs from locales ranging from
Argentina to the Dominican Republic. Complete with music and lyrics in
both Spanish and English, De Colores completes any children’s bookshelf.
Hands-on Latin America: Art Activities for All Ages
Designed and arranged by Yvonne Young Merrill
This collection of craft activities is based on the great pre-Columbian
civilizations of Latin America, with a nod to contemporary folk art. The
projects include jewelry, masks and clothing items, models made from
Styrofoam, musical instruments, and decorations.
Little Book of Latin American Folktales
By Carmen Diana Dearden
Ages 6-9
A collection told by storytellers who bring a very Latin American flavor to what
were originally European stories. When stories travel, they change. New storytellers draw on elements of their own culture, place and time, and adapt tales
to their own worlds.
Corn is Maize: the Gift of the Indians
By Aliki
Ages 5-9
An easy-to-read story about the science and role of corn, or more correctly
maize, in the life of South and North American Indians and the
Europeans who received the Indian’s life-sustaining gift.
Aliki’s easy reading style and fun pictures hide a wealth
of scientific and cultural information.
Virginia Arts Festival Calendar
Jennifer Warren Giddens
Education Director
Adam Pitzen
Research and Writing /
Education Assistant
Lisa Dagley
Page Design and Layout
Andre Rieu
Gil Shaham & Friends
Virginia International Tattoo
David Hurd
Virginia International Tattoo
Virginia International Tattoo
Cor Meibion Morlais
John Williams & John Etheridge
Academy of Ancient Music
Portfolio Weekly Music Series
Reduced Shakespeare Co.
Reduced Shakespeare Co.
Reduced Shakespeare Co.
Reduced Shakespeare Co.
Reduced Shakespeare Co.
8:00 PM
7:30 PM
7:30 PM
8:00 PM
7:30 PM
2:30 PM
7:30 PM
7:30 PM
7:30 PM
7:30 PM
8:00 PM
8:00 PM
8:00 PM
4:00 & 8:00 PM
2:00 PM
7:30 PM
7:30 PM
Constant Convocation Center, ODU (N)
Ohef Sholom Temple (N)
Scope Arena (N)
Christ & St. Luke’s Church (N)
Scope Arena (N)
Scope Arena (N)
St. John’s Episcopal Church (H)
TCC Roper Performing Arts Center (N)
Trinity Episcopal Church (P)
Granby Theater (N)
Wells Theatre (N)
Wells Theatre (N)
Wells Theatre (N)
Wells Theatre (N)
Wells Theatre (N)
Great Bridge Presbyterian Church (C)
First Presbyterian Church (VB)
Cheryl Bentyne
7:30 PM
Lunchtime Chamber Music Concert I
Bir. Royal Ballet The Sleeping Beauty
7:30 PM
Bir. Royal Ballet The Sleeping Beauty
7:30 PM
Bir. Royal Ballet The Sleeping Beauty
2:30 PM
Anonymous 4
7:30 PM
Anonymous 4
7:30 PM
Los Folkloristas
7:30 PM
PANorama Caribbean Music Fest
PANorama Caribbean Music Fest
PANorama Caribbean Music Fest
Brentano String Quartet
Itzhak Perlman
7:30 PM
Matthew Haimovitz
7:30 PM
Lunchtime Chamber Music Concert II
Evening Chamber Music
7:30 PM
Lula Washington Dance Theatre
8:00 PM
Virginia Beer Festival
1:00-7:00 PM
7:30 PM
JoAnn Falletta & Friends
7:30 PM
7:30 PM
The 5 Browns
7:30 PM
Fairport Convention
7:30 PM
Lula Washington Dance Theatre
7:30 PM
Lunchtime Chamber Music Concert III
8:00 PM
2:00 & 8:00 PM
Big Bad Voodoo Daddy
8:00 PM
2:30 & 7:30 PM
The Gene Krupa Orchestra
7:00 PM
The Gene Krupa Orchestra
7:00 PM
Lunchtime Chamber IV
Portfolio Weekly Music Seires
7:30 PM
Virginia Chamber Players
7:30 PM
Music & Wines
7:30 PM
Granby Theater (N)
Chrysler Museum Theater (N)
Chrysler Hall (N)
Chrysler Hall (N)
Chrysler Hall (N)
Trinity Episcopal Church (P)
Christ & St. Luke’s Church (N)
Suffolk Center for Cultural Arts (S)
Ohef Sholom Temple (N)
Chrysler Hall (N)
The NorVa (N)
Trinity Episcopal Church (P)
Phi Beta Kappa Hall (W)
Attucks Theatre (N)
Town Point Park (N)
TCC Roper Performing Arts Center (N)
Sacred Heart Church (N)
Phi Beta Kappa Hall (W)
Ferguson Center for the Arts, CNU (NN)
Granby Theater (N)
Ferguson Center for the Arts, CNU (NN)
Ferguson Center for the Arts, CNU (NN)
Ferguson Center for the Arts, CNU (NN)
Ferguson Center for the Arts, CNU (NN)
Cavalier Hotel Beach Club (VB)
Ferguson Center for the Arts, CNU (NN)
Cavalier Hotel Beach Club (VB)
Palace Theatre, Cape Charles (CC)
First Presbyterian Church (VB)
Granby Theater (N)
Chandler Hall, ODU (N)
Wessex Hall, Williamsburg Winery (W)
Student Arts Information &
All rights reserved. © 2007
Photocopying and duplicating
for educational purposes only.
1 Eroica Trio Under the Stars
2 Arturo Sandoval
3 The Crooked Road Project
(CC) Cape Charles
(H) Hampton
(N) Norfolk
(NN) Newport News
8:00 PM Sunken Garden, College of Wm & Mary (W)
8:00 PM Sunken Garden, College of Wm & Mary (W)
7:00 PM Sunken Garden, College of Wm & Mary (W)
(P) Portsmouth
(S) Suffolk
(VB) Virginia Beach
(W) Williamsburg