The PGMS project


The PGMS project
The PGMS project
Dr. Lisa L. Froholdt
Dr. Maria Progoulaki, Dr. Michael Baldauf
Dr. Thomas Pawlik & Research Ass. Enrico Lobrigo
• Introduction & background of PGMS project
• WP 1: Regulatory review of CSR concepts
• WP 2: Review on CSR issues in the maritime
WP 3: Field study in Manila
WP 4: CBT program
Progress and concluding remarks
Presentation of PGMS
Under the umbrella
of Corporate
Responsibility CSR,
create a
CBT in Safety and
Culture: case of
Filipino seafarers
Presentation of PGMS
• About capacity building in good governance
of multi-cultural employees and safe
operations as a part of a CSR activity
Presentation of PGMS- partners
WP: 1-6
WP: 3,4,5
WP: 2,5,6
Independent expert
Introduction - Why CSR?
• Nippon/IAMU has emphasised the importance
for addressing CSR.
Scientists agree that climate change is human
created. There is enough evidence of this for
politicans and businesses to act accordingly.
Universities also need to react to this evidence –
natural and social sciences - Hard and soft skills.
Provide knowledgeable students –
Provide research for informed decisions.
Introduction - Some action
Knowledge in CSR/sustainability might be introduced in
MET as a separate programme:
Australian Maritime College (Bachelor’s degree in Marine
Engineering with specialization in Sustainable Design and Risk)
Memorial University of Newfoundland in Canada (Bachelor’s degree
in Sustainable Aquaculture in Fisheries).
Or as integrated in programmes: Bremen created a CSR e-learning
module, WMU launching new Corporate Social Responsibility
GOOD, but, we need more education and frameworks to
talk about CSR in the maritime industry
Framework: Understanding Key CSR
components for shipping
4 main categories, 11 sub-categories, 45 impact areas: Coady
and Strandberg, 2012
CSR Governance
Social Responsibility
Environmental Responsibility
Ocean Responsibility
2.1 Employee well-being
• Health and safety
• Training and education
• Diversity and equity
• Family welfare
• Labour and living conditions, wages and
Coady and Strandberg 2012
1.1 Governance and management
• Corporate governance
• CSR governance and management
Transparency and disclosure
Stakeholder engagement
Stakeholder procurement
Coady and Strandberg 2012
A working definition of CSR…
CSR encompasses what you do as a company
to hinder adverse impact in regards to three
bottom lines;,
2.environmental &
3.economic sustainability.
1. Safety Culture and Environmental Stewardship
2. Education and training in maritime professions, and
support for seafarers
3. Energy efficiency and ship-port interface
4. Energy supply for ships
5. Maritime traffic support and advisory systems
6. Maritime Security
7. Technical co-operation
8. New technology and innovation
9. Finance, liability and insurance mechanisms
10.Ocean Governance
PGMS WP 1: review paper
• Review of relevant international
conventions and ways to channel these
into CSR strategies/Governance:
o Have been written and reviewed, currently revised
using review comments.
WP 2: review paper
• Review of CSR issues and studies dealing
with multi-cultural human resources in the
maritime industry:
Has been written and reviewed, currently revised
using review comments.
WP 3: data collection
• Data collection in Manila from the 19th
September to the 27th September 2014.
• Data was extracted from 15 settings.
• 65 questionnaires from seafarers from 3
different locations,
5 interviews with seafarers
3 interviews at educational institutions
8 interviews at manning agencies
1 interview at Authority
Perception survey-seafarer
Presentation of PGMS
Perception survey-seafarer/company/authority
The World Maritime University is conducting a survey of educational needs in relation to Corporate Social Responsibility, Safety and culture
an how this affects team performance in the maritime industry.
We are doing this together with Bremen University of Applied Sciences and a private Consultant called Dr. Maria Progoulaki from
University of Aegean, Greece.
The project is funded by the International Associations Maritime Universities (IAME).
Your answers will provide us with vital knowledge needs to consider when creating this course.
Your answers will be anonymous and will not be traced back to you.
If you would like to provide comments explaining your answers or additional feedback for us, feel free to use the comments box.
Thank you for participating in this survey; it should only take about 15 minutes to provide us with your feedback.
If you have any questions or would like further information, please contact Project Manager Dr. Lisa L. Froholdt [email protected], +4640356375
or Research Associate Enrico Lobrigo [email protected]
WP 3: pre. Findings CSR
• CSR is not understood as a concept by most
seafarers, but they recognise the actions
behind it.
CSR is not part of curriculum or company
CSR is big in Manila (Baskin 2006), environment
relief, soup kitchens, family services(Chapple &
Moon 2005).
CSR- philanthropic character(Carroll1991;1999).
WP 3: pre. findings
Safety training
Culture training
72% yes
12% no
26.1% no
to add
to add
WP 3: pre. findings
Self-rated culture level
Self-rated safety level
nothing to
nothing to
Recommendations design: open
comments Companies
• ”Has to be free of charge or they won’t do it”
• ”Design with a deadline to finish-make short”
• ”Do the course bilingual”
• ”It has to be mandatory or they won’t do it”
• ”Design with retests of knowledge – children
arent taught to recall, retention is therefore
low, they forget what they learn”
”Design it with pictures of consequences of
i.e. Not using a helmet, falling down a hatch”
WP 3: open comments -Filipino
“Easy to adapt, are flexible and open-minded”
“A Filipino has to adjust, they don’t adjust to you”
“Patience is a Filipinos greatest virtue, waiting for education, certification, job”
“Eating is a social event for him”
“Family is important”
“If he sees there is no rice he is insulted”
“Reprimands are personal”
“Look up to their superiors”
“Sensitive and emotional”
“A positive relationship is important-he might lie to keep the harmony”
“Filipinos are complacent”
“Like to touch”
“Regions are culturally different”
“Shy and are very proud”, “Are afraid they will be misunderstood”
“They keep things bottled up inside”, “Good language skills”
“Good at co-existing with others but not interacting with them”
WP 3: open comments - MET
“Training is sucking money from seafarers”
“Educational inst. are strong-we feel they are protected
so we don’t think it will improve”
“Training should be run by governments, not private
institutions. They are crooks”
“Seafarers are spending so much of their earnings,
employers should pay for education”
There is a cloud over education in the Philippines”
“We will only offer culture edu. if the owner wants it”
“Training in culture would be interesting if for free”
WP 4: CBT Program content
• We have created a playbook that we need to
discuss and then design it.
Open access, Colour, interactive, voice
overs, case stories involving Filipino
seafarers (using cases they contributed to
during interviews), videos, podcasts.
Project progress
Work packages
Analysis of relevant International Conventions
Review of CSR issues and studies
Collect data
Develop PGMS awareness program
Review and test PGMS awareness program
Write conclusions, report and follow-up styudy
FY 2014
May Jun
Sta rt of re s e a rch work
Pre s e nta ti on Interi m re port a t AMC 2014
Submi s s i on of Summa ry Re port (e nd of Ma rch 15)
Re vi e w a nd tes t CBT progra m
Submission of Final Report (End May 2015)
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
FY 2015
Jan Feb Mar Apr May
Concluding remarks: on track
• MARINA has agreed to endorse the program,
• PGMS new experience for Filipinos, MET can
be free, open access to education
Tailored for Filipino seafarers
Short course
Culture defined contextually
The program could be developed to suit other
national cultures
Thank you!
The PGMS project
Dr. Lisa L. Froholdt
Dr. Maria Progoulaki, Dr. Michael Baldauf
Dr. Thomas Pawlik & Research Ass. Enrico Lobrigo